The ten avatars of Vishnu.

Afghanistan "Land of the Afghans"; from Arabic: Afġān (‫ )افغان‬via Prakit: Avagānā (आभगन) which is derived from the Sanskrit tribal name Aśvaka (अशक) meaning "horseman", as the country was noted for its fine breed of horses; and the Persian suffix ‫- ننننن‬stan meaning "land". This name was used in reference to the Kambojas in antiquity. Ahimsa from Sanskrit अिहंसा ahiṃsā, which means "not-harmful".[1] Ambarella through Sinhalese: ඇඹරැල්ලා ultimately from Sanskrit: अमबरेलला, a kind of tree.
[2]

Amrita Aniline from Sanskrit अमृतम् amṛtam, nectar of everlasting life.[3] (see Ambrosia) through German: Anilin, French: Aniline and Portuguese: Anil from Arabic ‫النيل‬ al-nili and Persian ‫ نيل‬nila, ultimately from Sanskrit नीली nili.[4] Apadravya from Sanskrit which refers to a male genital piercing were a barbell passes through the penis. Mentioned in Indian literature in the Kama Sutra Aryan from Latin Ariana, from Greek Ἀρεία Areia, ultimately from Sanskrit आयर Arya-s "noble, honorable".[5] Asana from Sanskrit आसन āsanam which means "seat", a term describing yoga postures.
[6]

Ashram ultimately from Sanskrit आशम āśramaḥ, a religious hermitage.[7] Atoll through Maldivean: ު‫ އަތޮޅ‬probably ultimately from Sanskrit अंतला antala.[8]

[12] Basmati through Hindi बासमती ultimately from Sanskrit वास vāsah.[20] Buddha from Sanskrit बुद buddha. maybe from the name of Belur.[15] Bhakti from Sanskrit भिकत bhakti. via Latin beryllus.[19] Brinjal from Persian ‫ بادنجان‬badingān.[18] Brahmin from Sanskrit ब I हण brahmana-s. probably from Sanskrit भणटाकी vātingana. refers to Siddhartha Gautama.[13] Bahuvrihi from Sanskrit बहुवरीिह bahuvrīhih. Banyan from Hindi baniyaa ultimately from Sanskrit विणज्‌ vaṇij.'[14] Beryl from Old French beryl. who also manifested himself as an avatar many other times to make a total of ten. which means "knowledge of life". which means "loyalty".[10] Ayurveda from Sanskrit आयुवेद āyurvedah. founder of Buddhism[21] Also refers to one who is enlightened in accordance with the teachings of Buddha or a likeness of Buddha[22] [edit] C .[16] Bhang from Hindi भाग bhang. Thus. which means "awakened. which means "a merchant". an refers to the human incarnation of God during times of distress on earth.[11] [edit] B Bandana from Sanskrit बनधन bandhan. "a bond".Aubergine from Catalan alberginera. Krishna and Rāma were both avataars of Vishnu. Avatar from Sanskrit अवतार avatāra. which is from Sanskrit भङ bhaṅga "hemp". which means "descent". meaning 'much rice. a composite word. enligtened". via Arabic (‫ باذنجان‬al-badinjan) and Persian (‫بادنجان‬ ِْ badin-gan) ultimately from Sanskrit वाितगगम vātinganah. from brahman. of Dravidian origin. Greek βήρυλλος and Prakrit ववववववव (veluriya) ultimately from Sanskrit ववववववव vaidūrya-.[17] Bidi through Hindi बीडी ultimately from Sanskrit िवितकम vitikam.[9] meaning eggplant.

[27] Chakra ं from Sanskrit चक cakra. a wheel". ultimately from Sanskrit छततम् chattram. an evergreen tree. [29] Cheetah from Hindi िचता chita "a leopard". Tamil காசு kacu.[26] The name Kashmere is derived from Ka (का. which means "a circle. Cambodia via Khmer ្បេទសកម្ុជ Kâmpŭchea.[31] Chintz from Hindi छीट chint. Persian ‫ چين‬Cin. which means "speckled".A cheetah. which is from Sanskrit कषर karsha.[23] Carmine from French carmin. common noun "cash" is not of Sanskrit origin.[24] Cash from Portuguese caixa. "water") and shimir (िशिमिर. table-cloth". derived from Dravidian. and Sanskrit चीन Chinas. a weight of gold or silver. bright". Cashmere from Kashmir. from Sanskrit िचताका chitraka. this is the proper noun related with the miscellaneous coins of small value. via Middle Latin from Arabic: ‫ قرمز‬qirmiz "crimson".[32] . mantle.[25] Ultimately of Dravidian origin. which is from Sanskrit िकिमगा krimiga. Chador through Urdu ‫ چادر‬čâdor and Persian ‫ چادر‬čâdar "tent.[30] China via Latin Sina.[28] Champac through Hindi कामपक ultimately from Sanskrit कामपका campaka. from Sinhalese කසි kasi. veil. land of Kambuja). ultimately derived from the name of the Qin Dynasty (秦). scarf. which is from Sanskrit िचतस chitra-s "clear. ultimately from Sanskrit: Kambujadesa (कमबोजदेश. sheet. "to desiccate"). via Arabic: ‫ قندي‬qandi and Persian: ‫ قند‬qand probably ultimately from Sanskrit खुड् khanda "piece of sugar". the Himalayan region where this wool is from. Candy from Old French sucre candi.

which means "law. which is ultimately from Sanskrit कृिमज krmi-ja literally: "red dye produced by a worm. also refers to lentil in the US.Chit from Hindi िचटी chitthi "a letter. probably from Sanskrit दोणम drona-m. a kind of flowering plant. which is from Sanskrit खटवा khatva. a wheel". which is ultimately from Sanskrit कपदर kaparda.[41] Das Datura Deodar Deva Devi from Sanskrit देवी deva. which is from Sanskrit िचतस chitra-s "uniquely marked".[45] from Sanskrit देवी devi.[39] Crimson from Old Spanish cremesin. "a circle. which means "a god". from Marathi कवडइ kavadi. akin to Latin deus. traditional garment of men's wear in India.[36] Citipati from Sanskrit िचित पित citi-pati.[37] Cot from Hindi खत khat "a couch". via Middle Latin cremesinus from Arabic ‫ قرمز‬qirmiz "a kermes". justice". a kind of tree. a slave or servant.[49] from Sanskrit दासा daasa. which means "a goddess". meaning cotyledon of a pea pod. which means "a funeral pyre lord".[42] through Latin and Hindi: धतूरा dhatūra "jimson weed" ultimately from Sanskrit धतुरह dhattūrāh.[34] Chukar via Hindi काकोर cakor and Urdu ‫ چکور‬chukar ultimately from Sanskrit चकोर cakorah.[46] Dharma from Pali धमम dhamma and Sanskrit: धमर."[40] [edit] D Dahl through Hindi दल dāl ultimately from Sanskrit दलह dalah.[48] Dinghy from Hindi िदनगी dingi "a tiny boat". a type of Indian food. note". "god".[35] Chukker from Hindi चकर chakkar.[33] Chuddar through Urdu ‫ چادر‬ultimately from Sanskrit छततम् chattram.[43] through Hindi दोदर deodār ultimately from Sanskrit देवदार devadāru.[47] Dhoti through Hindi: धोती ultimately from Sanskrit धुनोित dhūnoti.[38] Cowrie from Hindi कुरी kauri and Urdu ‫ کمتدب‬kauri. from Sanskrit चक cakra.[44] .

[58] Guru via Hindi गुर ultimately from Sanskrit गुर guru-s.[55] through Hindi गार ultimately from Sanskrit गॊपिल gopālī.[53] perhaps finally from Sanskrit गतर gartah via Hindi: गाडी. a kind of crocodile. a kind of vehicle.[54] through Hindi: घी ultimately from Sanskrit: घृतं ghritam.[61] Himalaya from Sanskrit िहमालय himalayah.[52] via Hindi गोनी ultimately from Sanskrit गोणी goni "sack". "a cowherd".[57] Gurkha via Nepalese गोखा ultimately from Sanskrit गोरकसाह goraksah.[60] Hare Krishna from Sanskrit Hare (हिर) and Krishna (कृषण). [edit] G Ganja via Hindi गज "Elephant bull" ultimately from Sanskrit गाजा gāñjā.[59] [edit] H Hanuman through Hindi हनुमान from Sanskrit Hanuman (हनुमान्).[63] [edit] I . which means "place of snow".[50] Gaur Gavial Gayal Gharry Ghee Guar Gunny perhaps ultimately from Sanskrit गौह gauh via Bengali গযল. via Persian: ‫ هندو‬Hindu "Sind" ultimately from Sanskrit िसनधु sindhu. an annual legume.[edit] E This section is empty. which means "a river". a kind of animal.[62] Hindi from Hindi िहंद Hind. name of Hindu mythological God.[51] through French and Hindi घिडयाल ghariyāl ultimately from Sanskrit घंितक ghantikah. which means "a teacher".[56] via Hindi गौर "consider" ultimately from Sanskrit गौरह gaurah. You can help by adding to it. which means "of hemp".

[68] [edit] K Karma from Sanskrit कमर karman. perhaps ultimately from Sanskrit: कृिमज kṛmija meaning "worm-made.[65] Juggernaut through Hindi जगनाथ jagannath ultimately from Sanskrit जगनाथ jagat-natha-s.[67] Jute via Bengali পাট jhuto ultimately from Sanskrit जुतास juta-s. ultimately from Sanskrit सृगाल srgalah "the howler". a shout". Arabic: ‫ قرمز‬qirmiz and Persian ‫ قرمز‬qermez. [edit] J Jackal from Turkish çakal. which means "twisted hair". forest" ultimately from Sanskrit जंगल jangala-s.[75] ."[71] Kos through Hindi कोस kos ultimately from Sanskrit रोस krosah.[70] Kermes via French: Kermès. jagre and Malayalam ഛകര chakkara perhaps ultimately from Sanskrit शकररा sarkara derived from proto-Dravidian. a kind of snake. fate". ultimately from Sanskrit लकं laksha.This section is empty. You can help by adding to it.[72] Krait through Hindi करैत karait probably ultimately from Sanskrit: काराइट.لاااک‬Persian ‫ لاک‬and Hindi ववव lakh from Prakrit लकख lakkha. from Middle Indic shagal. which means "lord of the world". which means "a call.[64] Jaggery via Portuguese jágara.[73] [edit] L Lac through Urdu ‫ھ‬ ‫ .[69] Kedgeree probably ultimately from Sanskrit कृशर krśara.[74] Lacquer through French: Laque and Portuguese: Laca from Arabic ‫ لك‬lakk.[66] Jungle through Hindi जंगल jangal "a desert. from Persian ‫ شغال‬shaghal. which means "work. which means "arid". via Prakrit ultimately from Sanskrit लकं laksha.

which means "a great vehicle". like a crocodile.[80] Maharishi from Sanskrit महिषर maha-rishi. which means "a great breath. which means "a disc.[85] Mandarin via Portuguese mandarim.[92] Mung bean . which means "a friend". circle". [86] Mantra Maya from Sanskrit मनत mantra-s which means "a holy message or text".[88] Meerkat from Dutch meerkat "monkey" (literally: "lake cat"). Malay mantri. Dutch mandorijn. ultimately from Sanskrit नील nila.[76] via Arabic ‫ للك‬lilak from Persian ‫ نيلک‬nilak meaning "bluish". stolen thing".[82] Mahayana from Sanskrit महायान maha-yana. and Hindi मंती mantri "a councillor" ultimately from Sanskrit मिनतन् mantri. liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth.[91] Mugger via Hindi मगर and Urdu ‫ مگر‬magar ultimately from Sanskrit मकर makara ("sea creature"). soul".[84] Mandala from Sanskrit मणडल mandala.[89] Mithras from Sanskrit िमत Mitrah.[79] Maharani through Hindi महारानी finally from Sanskrit महा रानी mahārājnī.[81] Mahatma from Sanskrit महातमा mahatman. a religious term related with illusion. which attacks stealthily.Langur Lilac Loot through Hindi लुट lut probably ultimately from Sanskrit लंगुलम langūlam. which means "dark blue".[78] [edit] M Maharajah through Hindi महाराजा ultimately from Sanskrit महा राजन् maha-rājān. which means "consort of a maharajah". or probably through Hindi मरकत markat ultimately from Sanskrit मकरट markata meaning "an ape".[83] Mahout via Hindi माहुत (variant of महावत) ultimately from Sanskrit महमतह mahāmātrah. which means "a great sage".[77] ultimately from Sanskrit लुणटा lota-m or लूिनत luṇṭhati meaning "he steals" through Hindi लूट lūṭ. which means "a booty.[90] Moksha from Sanskrit मोक moksha. which means "an advisor".[87] from Sanskrit माया māyā. which means "a great king".

[103] Nilgai through Hindi नीलगाय nīlgāy lit.[93] Musk via Middle English Muske. a kind of fabric. probably ultimately from Sanskrit औपल upalah.[97] Mynah [edit] N Nainsook through Hindi नैनसुख nainsukh and Urdu ‫ نينسوکھ‬ultimately from Sanskrit नयनमसुख् nayanam-sukh..[99] Nard through Old French narde and Latin nardus from Greek νάρδος nardos.[94][95][96] through Hindi मैना maina ultimately from Sanskrit मदन madana-s. via Persian ‫ نارنگ‬narang and Sanskrit नारङ naranga-s meaning "an orange tree". Middle French Musc. Middle Latin orenge and Italian arancia from Arabic ‫ نارنج‬naranj.[105] [edit] O Opal Orange through French opalle from Latin opalus from Greek ὀπάλλιος opallios. from a diminutive of मुस mus ("mouse"). ultimately from Sanskrit मुसकस् muska-s meaning "a testicle". via Hindi नक् nak ultimately from Sanskrit नक nakra.[98] Namaste through Hindi ultimately from Sanskrit नमसते namaha-te.[107] . a kind of bean. blue cow ultimately from Sanskrit िनल‌गौह nīlagauh. derived from proto-Dravidian. which means "I bow to you".[104] Nirvana from Sanskrit िनवाण nirvana-s which means "extinction. blowing out". perhaps ultimately from Sanskrit णलदम् naladam.[100] Narghile through French Narguilé and Persian ‫ نارگيله‬nārghīleh ultimately from Sanskrit नािरकेला nārikelah.[102] Neem through Hindi िनम् nīm ultimately from Sanskrit िनमबह nimbah.through Hindi मुग mū̃g and Pali/Prakrit मुगग mugga ultimately from Sanskrit मुगदह mudgah.[106] through Old French orenge. which means "love". a kind of tree. Late Latin Muscus and Late Greek μόσχος moskhos from Persian ‫ موشک‬mushk.[101] Nark probably from Romany nak "a nose". an ox-like animal.

[111] through Hindi ultimately from Sanskrit रमितलह rāmatilah. ultimately from Sanskrit शकररा sarkarā.[119] Sambal through Afrikaans.[114] Rook From Persian ‫ رخ‬rokh. which means "a king". through an Indo-Iranian tongue finally from Sanskrit रीिह vrihi-s "rice".[edit] R Raga via Hindi ultimately from Sanskrit राग rāgah."[118] Samadhi from Sanskrit समािध samadhi." Raj means kingdom or domain of a ruler. rye is used to define a gypsy person.[121] . a kind of Asian deer. and Tamil சம்பல் campāl ultimately from Sanskrit समबार sambhārei.) Rupee through Hindi रपया rupiyā ultimately from Sanskrit रपयकम् rūpyakam.[116] through Hindi राज from Sanskrit राजन् rājān. consort of a rajah." (This is the chess piece. which is from Greek ὄρυζα oryza.[112] [edit] S Saccharovia Latin Saccharon and Greek σάκχαρον from Pali सकखर sakkharā. which means "a dark sesame".[110] Rajah Ramtil Rani Rice through Hindi रानी ultimately from Sanskrit राजिन rājnī. a south Asian condiment and side dish made of yogurt and vegetables. Malay. which means "putting together". not the bird.[109] Raj through Hindi राज and Pali/Prakrit रजज rajja ultimately from Sanskrit राजय rājya.[120] Sambar through Hindi ultimately from Sanskrit संभारह śambarah.[115] Rye via Romani from Sanskrit राजा rājā. which means "a king" or "kingdom.[113] via Old French ris and Italian riso from Latin oriza. an Indian silver coin.[117] Sadhu ultimately from Sanskrit साधु sādhu meaning "good man. melodic modes used in Indian classical music.[108] Raita ultimately from Sanskrit रिजकितकतक rājikātiktakaḥ via Hindi रायता rāytā. derived from proto-Dravidian. ultimately from रत rath "chariot.

[129] Sattva from Sanskrit सततव sattvah.[136] Singapore via Malay Singapura ultimately from Sanskrit िसंहपुर ं Simhapuram. which means "insisting on truth". which means "achieved. Hebrew: ‫ ספיר‬sapir).[130] Shaman through Russian шама́н from Tungus shaman. [124] Sangha from Sanskrit संघ saṅgha.[128] Satyagraha from Sanskrit सतयागह satyagraha.[137] Sinhala .[134] Sikh through Hindi िसख sikh "a disciple".[132] Shawl from Persian ‫ شال‬shal. finally from Sanskrit सतल् satI.[125] Sanskrit from Sanskrit संसकृतम् samskrtam "put together.Samsara from Sanskrit संसार saṃ-sāra." this is the word sandalwood. which means "kneads".[122] Sandal via Middle English sandell. Medieval Greek σανδάλιον sandalion (diminutive of σάνδαλον sandalon) and Arabic and Persian ‫ . literally "the lion city".f. well-formed". accomplished".[126] Sapphire via Old French saphir.صندل‬perhaps ultimately from Sanskrit चनदनम् candanam meaning "wood for burning incense. a wide variety of phonological processes.[135] Singh via Hindi िसंह Singh finally from Sanskrit िसंह simhah which means "a lion".[123] Sandhi ultimately from Sanskrit संिध samdhih. Old French sandale. a community of Buddhist monks and nuns. finally from Sanskrit षाटी sati "garment". via Prakrit समन finally from Sanskrit शमण sramana-s "a Buddhist monk". Latin sapphirus and Greek σάπφειρος sappheiros from a Semitic tongue (c.[131] Shampoo via Anglo-Indian shampoo and Hindi चापो champo probably from Sanskrit चापना capayati.[127] Sari through Hindi साडी sari and Prakrit सिद sadi. perhaps from Chinese 萨满 sha men. not related to sandals which is a type of footwear. which means "passing through". which means "truth". which means "a strip of cloth". ultimately from Sanskrit िशकशते siksati which means "studies".[133] Siddha from Sanskrit िसद siddhah. Medieval Latin sandalum. possible ultimate origin in Sanskrit शिनिपय sanipriya which literally means "Sacred to Saturn (Shani)".

a kind of Asian plant." Stupa from Sanskrit सतूप stūpah which means "crown of the head". [152] . a kind of tree.which originated as a Sanskrit compound: ित (trí. which means "an honorable woman". which means "one associated with well-being. “three”) and पाद (pā́da.[143] [144][145] Sunn Sutra Suttee Swami through Hindi सवामी swami ultimately from Sanskrit सवामी svami. Arabic: ‫سكر‬ sukkar and Persian: ‫ شکر‬shakar ultimately from Sanskrit शकररा sharkara which means "ground or candied sugar" (originally "grit" or "gravel").[151] through Hindi and Malay talipat from Sanskrit तलपततं tālapattram. which means "a master". Middle Latin succarum. from protoDravidian.[148] [edit] T Taka Talipot Tendu Tantra Teapoy Thug via French "stretched" and Hindi ultimately from Sanskrit तालपततम् tainduka.[142] and Latin sulfur and Arabic ‫ صفرا‬sufra meaning "yellow.[154] via Hindi ितपाई tipāi and Urdu ‫ تپائي‬tipāʼī.[141] Sulfur from Middle English sulfur. “foot”).[150] via Hindi: सुन ultimately from Sanskrit: सन sāna. a lucky charm".[146] from Sanskrit सूत sutram which means "a rule".[140] Sugar through Old French sucre. via Bengali: টাকা from Sanskrit तनकह tankah.[138] Sinhalese from Sanskrit िसंहल simhala which means "of lions".[139] Sri Lanka from Sanskrit: री लंका which means "venerable island.from Sanskrit िसंहल Simhala which means "Sri Lanka".[153] from Sanskrit तनत tantram. Old French soufre.[149] Swastika from Sanskrit सविसतक svastika." perhaps ultimately from Sanskrit गनधक sulvari. which means "weave".[147] through Hindi finally from Sanskrit सती sati. Italian zucchero.

a kind of tree. Medieval Latin tūtia. a Dravidian origin is also probable. also referred to the top of the temple tower. finally from Sanskrit सतूप stūpah. Old French.[156] through Hindi तरी tari ultimately from Sanskrit तल tala-s.[155] Til Toddy Tola via Hindi: तोला ultimately from Sanskrit तुला tulā. and Persian ‫ توتيا‬ultimately from Sanskrit तुतथं tuttham meaning "blue vitriol".[158] Toon Tope Tussah through Hindi तसर tasar "shuttle" finally from Sanskrit तसरम् tasaram.[159] through Hindi टॉप ṭop probably from Prakrit थुपो thūpo.[166] Wat via Thai: วัด ultimately from Sanskrit वात vātah meaning "an enclosure. a traditional Indian unit of mass.[160] from Sanskrit ितल tilah. a kind of instrument. [edit] W Wanderoo through Sinhalese: වන්ෙඩරූ finally from Sanskrit वानर vānarah. also referred to the Creator of Universe. [164] Veranda A verandah or veranda is a roofed opened gallery or porch वरणडः. a kind of monkey. which means "a scoundrel". sanctum santorum. a kind of plant.through Marathi ठग and Hindi ठग thag probably ultimately from Sanskrit सथग sthaga.[157] [edit] V Vimana from Sanskrit िवमान vimana meaning plane.[165] Virinchi from Sanskrit virinchi meaning Brahma.[163] Vina ultimately from Sanskrit वीणा vīṇā through Hindi वीणा vīṇā. Arabic ‫توتي‬ tūtiyā.[161] Tutty through Middle English tutie. a large moth.[162] through Hindi तुन tūn ultimately from Sanskrit तुनह tunnah. a Dravidian origin is also probable."[167] .

union". which means "a meditation". holyman" (this might have come to use as one might have mistaken a sage for the real Yeti)[citation needed] [edit] Z Zen through Japanese 禅 and Chinese 禪 Chán ultimately from Pali झन jhāna and Sanskrit धयान dhyana.[168] Yogi through Hindi योगी yogi from Sanskrit योगस yoga. which means "yoke. which means "great sage. one who practices yoga or ascetic.[170] .[edit] Y Yoga through Hindi योग ultimately from Sanskrit योग yoga-s.[169] Yeti यिथ yathih.

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