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Pressure Surge

Pressure Surge

Pressure Surge

Pressure Surge

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Pressure Surge A) Valve open B) Valve closes suddenly Shock wave Liquid flowing steadily E-15 Liquid flowing steadily Pipe support Liquid stationary Valve experiences a large force C) A time later Shock wave Liquid flowing steadily E-23 Liquid stationary High pressure Pipe support experiences large force Low pressure Liquid flowing steadily Liquid stationary Closed valve (or tripped pump) Cavity growing (vacuum) .

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orifice .Pressure Surge Barometric leg Vapour cavity Pump tripped A) Just before the strike Liquid flowing quickly Air E-39 Restrictor .

Pressure Surge .

Pressure Surge Consequences: High force Simple equation for force caused by passing pressure wave: F = A * dP A = pipe cross-sectional area F = force. N dP = Joukowski pressure rise .

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