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Confidentiality, Freedom of Speech, Security, and Computer. When it comes to communicating on the web ones conversation are subject to another person listening or seeing the transmitted message. The information gathered can give specifics on the identities of individual consumers and this information can be sold whereas leading to a breach of privacy and confidentially. If one can respect others PRIVACY on Internet or just in general the activity on the Internet can limit the chances for identity theft or other criminal activities. Unfortunately, the large number of activities, and their complex nature, conducted by information technology professionals, and users, can sometimes have serious repercussions, and affect the well being of many individuals. When these activities include, theft, destruction, or fraud, most would agree these types of activities are wrong. Developing a set of rules or codes of conduct will identify accepted actions for technology users. Codes of ethics are generally used in the business and professional context to assure the public that corporations and members of regulated professions are acting in a socially and professionally acceptable manner. Information Technology systems come in the shape of many technologically advanced devices which help deliver important information to managers who in turn, use this information to make crucial decision regarding the operations of their organization.
Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics
Computer ethics relates to the ethical values that should guide the computer professionals in their conduct. The Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics establish guiding principles for all of us to follow. Read on to know these Ten Commandments.
Being involved in the circulation of incorrect information is unethical. The development or the spread of such malicious software in unethical. Computers are the easiest sources of spreading information to the masses by means of Internet. is in itself unethical. The stealing of sensitive information such as the personal information of the employees from an employee database. Every science of life needs to base itself on ethics and so does computer technology! The Computer Ethics Institute came up with The Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics. It is not ethical to hack passwords for gaining an unauthorized access to a passworded computer system. Software is the outcome of a programmer's intellect and it is important to respect talent and give due regard to his/her rights. Thou shalt not use a computer to steal. This also means that false news or rumors can spread speedily and easily through the Internet. Obtaining illegal copies of copyrighted software is unethical. thus indulging into his private space on the network is unethical.Every sphere of life is guided by a set of rules of what is right and what is wrong. software is also subject to copyrights. in 1992. This commandment makes clear that it is unethical to use a computer to harm another user. . Thou shalt not interfere with other people's computer work. or breaking into bank accounts for the retrieval of confidential information is nothing less than robbery. Obtaining another person's private files is as wrong as breaking into someone's room. Like any other artists or literary work. Breaking into some other user's password. Thou shalt not use other people's computer resources without authorization. Some viruses aim at overloading the computer memory by an excessive use of computer resources. it is unethical to read another person's email messages. Multi-user systems are supported by user specific ids and passwords. The difference between the 'right' and the 'wrong' has to be demarcated in any walk of life. We know that it is wrong to read another person's letters. The intent behind the creation of these Ten Commandments was to establish a set of standards to instruct people to use computers ethically. Snooping around in another person's files or reading someone else's personal messages is the invasion of his/her privacy. On similar lines. It iterates the fact that writing a programs intended to bring perform ethically wrong actions. Following is a list of the ten commandments of Computer ethics along with their brief explanation. Spreading the wrong information by means of Internet is like taking an undue advantage of technology. society had to confront ethical issues relating to the harnessing of technology. Thou shalt not use or copy software for which you have not paid. Thou shalt not snoop around in other people's files. It is unethical to manipulate or destroy the files of other people through the use of a computer. Thou shalt not use a computer to bear false witness. In order to protect the information from being attacked. Viruses are small programs built with intent to harm or disrupt the useful computer programs. With the development of technology and the increase in its use. It includes harming or corrupting some other user's data or files. An illegal electronic transfer of funds is one type of a fraud. Thou shalt not use a computer to harm other people. it is ethical to apply encryption schemes to it. They lead to the dysfunction of a computer. These viruses tend to fail a computer in executing the desired tasks. The commandment states that it is wrong to steal someone's personal information by means of a computer.
Thou shalt use a computer in ways that show consideration and respect. The commandments are a way to make people understand the ethics involved in the use of technology. Programs developed by a programmer in an organization are his/her property. Copying them and propagating them in one's own name is unethical. However. we face situation wherein we need to be courteous to our fellow mates. In case of software.Thou shalt not appropriate other people's intellectual output. Computer crimes and computer fraud are now common terms. There are laws against them. Every society has its rules about whether certain acts are ethical or not. Here is our interpretation of them: 1) Thou shalt not use a computer to harm other people: If it is unethical to harm people by making a bomb. In the real world. A creative work. On similar lines. while interacting through a computer. is indeed unethical. and everyone is responsible for knowing what constitutes computer crime and computer fraud. a program or a design that a particular employee comes up with. Copying it with selfish intentions is indeed not ethical. when one knows that it is going to serve as a malware. The Ten Commandments of computer ethics have been defined by the Computer Ethics Institute. discussions in computer ethics resulted in some kind of a consensus. it is necessary for the creator of such content to be careful about the social consequences it is bound to have. It is the output of someone's intellect and efforts. many of these rules have been formulated as laws. Writing a virus. If a particular content is intended for children or when children are prone to gain access to the content. either national or international. Computer Ethics Ethics deals with placing a ³value´ on acts according to whether they are ³good´ or ³bad´. the absence of ethical standards about their use and related issues caused some problems. it is important for the programmer to realize the prospective use of the software. A computer program goes a long way to reach homes of the masses. we need to cooperate with them and give each of the fellow individuals the consideration due. a person needs to be nice to the ones he/she interacts with. Looking at the social consequences that a program can have. In case a person is working for animation films or he/she is designing a video game. Many times. for example. as their use became widespread in every facet of our lives. The Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics are the means to build a set of regulations to guide the individual users to base computer related operations on strong ethical values. is his/her ownership. These rules have been established as a result of consensus in society and are often written into laws. it is equally bad to write a program that handles the timing of the . Thou shalt think about the social consequences of the program you write. describes a broader perspective of looking at technology. Today. it is the programmers responsibility to pay heed to the effects of his/her creation. When computers first began to be used in society at large.
Generating and consciously spreading computer viruses is unethical. taking huge amounts of computer time or memory. or by simply displaying annoying messages. spreading false rumors about a person or false propaganda about historical events is wrong. Or. the Communications Decency Act was an attempt by lawmakers to ban certain types of content from Internet websites to protect young children from harmful material. That law was struck . Information about the copyright owner can be embedded by a process called watermarking into pictures in the digital format. 6) Thou shalt not use or copy software for which you have not paid: Software is an intellectual product. you are responsible for their contents. to put it more simply. Hacking a system to break and bypass the authorization is unethical. and to safeguard information. it is equally bad to access and destroy their files. Copying somebody else¶s program without proper authorization is software piracy and is unethical. if it is bad to steal and destroy other people¶s books and notebooks. You should not try to bypass this authorization system.bomb. Obtaining other people¶s non-public files should be judged the same way as breaking into their rooms and stealing their documents. 5) Thou shalt not use a computer to bear false witness: The Internet can spread untruth as fast as it can spread truth. 7) Thou shalt not use other people's computer resources without authorization: Multiuser systems use user id¶s and passwords to enforce their memory and time allocations. 9) Thou shalt think about the social consequences of the program you write: You have to think about computer issues in a more general social framework: Can the program you write be used in a way that is harmful to society? For example. it is like a book: Obtaining illegal copies of copyrighted software is as bad as photocopying a copyrighted book. In that way. Intellectual property is a form of ownership. For instance. 2) Thou shalt not interfere with other people's computer work: Computer viruses are small programs that disrupt other people¶s computer work by destroying their files. There are laws against both. It is illegal and there are strict laws against it. and are producing animated films for children. 3) Thou shalt not snoop around in other people's files: Reading other people¶s e-mail messages is as bad as opening and reading their letters: This is invading their privacy. if you are working for an animation house. Text documents on the Internet may be protected by encryption. 8) Thou shalt not appropriate other people's intellectual output: For example. Do the animations include scenes that can be harmful to children? In the United States. the programs you write for the projects assigned in this course are your own intellectual output. and may be protected by copyright laws. Putting out false "information" to the world is bad. 4) Thou shalt not use a computer to steal: Using a computer to break into the accounts of a company or a bank and transferring money should be judged the same way as robbery.
people using computer communications systems may find themselves in situations where there is some form of queuing and you have to wait for your turn and generally be nice to other people in the environment. . 10) Thou shalt use a computer in ways that show consideration and respect: Just like public buses or banks. The discussion. is going on. of course. The fact that you cannot see the people you are interacting with does not mean that you can be rude to them.down because it violated the free speech principles in that country's constitution.
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