1.In many countries, schools have severe problems with student behaviour.

What do you think are the causes of this? What solutions can you suggest? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Poor student behaviour is a major problem faced by schools across the globe especially in the western world. This is due to (this can be attributed to) certain sociological and psychological problems that are encountered, while bringing up children. Both parents and teachers should play a responsible role in tackling (handling, solving, dealing with) this problem effectively. Parents today have too many responsibilities, other than (apart from) looking after the affairs of their families, which has resulted in children getting less attention and care. Parents need to inculcate (instill) good values in young children and discipline them at an early age, or else (if not) it would result in disruptive (unruly) behaviour at home and in school. In many instances, children are left alone in the company of television sets, computer screens and toys, and consequently, (as a consequence, as a result) they fail to develop (lack) interpersonal skills and human values, which they learn by interacting with their parents and siblings. Furthermore, parents provide them with many material comforts, which can sometimes (may) make them selfish and greedy. Children who come from such family backgrounds (would) often create many problems for teachers and their schoolmates. Parents should never shy away from (shirk their responsibility of) spending quality time with their children on a regular basis, which would help them to monitor their children’s behaviour and give suitable advice whenever there is a need. Another reason for problematic behaviour among children is that teachers lack effective training in dealing with children who have various behavioural and psychological inadequacies (problems). Children, who come from broken or problematic families, in order to ventilate their frustration, often create problems in schools, which can only be tackled by trained teachers or counsellors. Many teachers become defensive and show little tact when children show such behavioural abnormalities. Erratic handling of such problems can result in (lead to) aggravating the issue. I believe that this problem can be effectively addressed if parents and teachers are trained in scientific ways of dealing with children. Schools should appoint specially trained counsellors, who can assist teachers in dealing with problematic children. As mentioned above, both parents and teachers have a crucial role to play in normalising the behaviour of children in schools. Scientific ways of handling children with troublesome behaviour can go a long way in dealing with them efficiently.

. These are minor distractions in the face of the enormous benefits that such multi-storey buildings can bring. Large areas are not available in big cities and hence people can operate businesses and live within the city limits. they remain the most beneficial invention of man concerning the organisation of space within the geographical limitations of a particular area. Another important benefit of skyscrapers is that it gives an outstanding look to the skyline of big cities. citing the social as well as the physical dangers. For instance. In conclusion. Many architects believe that taller buildings have greater scope for architectural liberties. which can used for other purposes. The objections to skyscrapers are unfounded as they are found to be the only remedy for the ever increasing demand for space for housing and other purposes. which means that most of these buildings are constructed in an aesthetic fashion. If one takes the example of a city like Bangalore in India.2. As price for land is skyrocketing especially in big cities and its availability is does not increase. this seems to be the only solutions for people to own space at moderate expenses. The most important benefit of skyscrapers is that maximum space can be made available within a limited geographical area. huge buildings are erected within the city limits for residential as well as commercial purposes. sky scrapers are here to stay and people are constructing more and more such buildings and enjoy their benefits. Moreover. especially cities. which can cause enormous damage to life and property. Although certain social as well as physical dangers are attributed to such buildings. living within the limited space make life congested with more people and cars making the city congested. If you would examine the landmarks of most of the cities. As populations grow and cities become more crowded. where the land prices are very high. Many people object to such developments. Do you agree with objections to skyscrapers? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. There are people who believe that such buildings are always at a greater risk of crumbling down. Such high rise structures usually give a magnificent look to the city compared to smaller buildings. This saves huge amount of money and land for individuals and organisations. the Opera House in Sydney and the destroyed World Trade Centre in New York are examples of such architectural wonders. there is pressure throughout the world to construct ever-taller building to provide accommodation and offices. they are certainly these high rise buildings.

cardiac problems and diabetes. Many diseases like cancers and strokes cannot be avoided just by educating people about preventive measures. Educating people about taking precautions against diseases is definitely an important aspect of ensuring the health of the people. The idea of diverting the money assigned for expensive medical technology and procedures towards health education will not ensure the health of the people. An ideal example would be the increasing popularity of fast foods. in order to treat patients who meet with serious accidents huge expenses are required to diagnose and perform medical procedures. Furthermore.3. which can cause many life style diseases like blood pressure. like heart ailments and psychiatric problem which require expensive treatment. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. in spite of continuous awareness programmes through the media or education. health education has only a limited role in dealing with a large number health related problems. Greater allocation of funds is required in this area of healthcare but it should not be at the expense of reducing the expenses involved in expensive medical technology and procedures. Secondly. This money should be spent instead on health education to keep people well. The prevention of AIDS has been made possible through the world wide awareness programme undertaken by WHO and similar organisations. bird flu and other viral infections. For example. On the other hand. . the present system of giving greater budgetary allocation to expensive medical care is reasonable. Firstly. People have realised the importance of living in a hygienic environments in order to keep away from many common ailments. many people do not have the discipline to keep away from unhealthy practices. health awareness programmes have made great contributions in reducing spread of many epidemics like small pox. there are many diseases that are hereditary. but greater importance should be given to treatment of people who are affected by diseases. In conclusion.Most developed countries spend a large proportion of their health budgets on expensive medical technology and procedures. especially among the young.

Teachers can help students to interpret the events of today using similar happenings from history. Historical movies and documentaries also can generate interest among students about history. which would make them understand the relevance of history in their daily lives. I believe that history will never be a boring subject for them. This can increase the curiosity of students in history and make it attractive for them. they can be taken to ancient palaces and similar archaeological sites. Students can also be asked to do projects on specific areas of history by producing posters and information booklets. This will help them to familiarise with events and figures of yesteryears. Another important method to attract student’s attention is to encourage them to conduct research in history. using the internet and other resource materials.4. many students find it not very interesting either because they need to remember many dates and facts or they believe that it is not relevant to their life. but many others think it is very boring. when teaching about the rulers of the past. . students would show greater interest in gaining such information. Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. For instance. In what ways can history be brought to life for all school children. Although history forms a significant portion of the school curriculum. Teachers can adopt a number of ways to make history alive and interesting to students. If teachers take a special interest in engaging students in such activities. Some children find learning history at school very exciting. One of the best ways to make history exciting to students is to take them to historical sites and museums where they can have a direct experience of the objects of history. Subsequently.

5. The challenges are intense even in competitive examinations to get into professional courses. in spite of their educational qualifications. On the other hand. the present young generation experience lower levels of stress and lead an easier life. In the past. What is your opinion? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. the physical. the level of stress experienced by today’s young generation is comparatively less. You should write at least 250 words. if a young person wanted to pursue higher studies. one should not ignore the fact that young professionals today experience enormous stress at work due to stiff targets. For instance. Others think they have a much easier life than their parents did. Therefore. The economic freedom enjoyed by the young generation of the present age has helped them to lead a more comfortable and relaxed life. Nonetheless. In contrast. For example. I believe. Some people feel that young people face more pressure today than the equivalent age groups did in previous generations. in securing a job or moving from one to another. the economic condition in many families. . Hence. especially in developing countries like India. However. Answer The youth of the previous generations. if you would take a country like India. many young people a few decades ago experienced a great deal of stress because of the lack of job opportunities. it was often not possible as it was not affordable to many families. demanding deadlines and long working hours. social and professional issues they encountered. was not as stable as it is today. today’s youth have greater opportunities. in the last few years the economic progress achieved by the nation has created enormous job opportunities for the educated youth. owing to several economic. even in professional fields. it is much easier for today’s children to get higher education because of the better economic situation in modern families. professional and recreational needs of young people were not sufficiently met. did experience greater pressure compared to the present generation of young people. educational. compared to the past. Secondly.

for example. they would begin to appreciate such constrains on their freedom. in certain case. Littering and spitting in public places is considered a serious offence in Singapore. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement. that do not have such strict rules on public hygiene may not realise the value of such a regulation but this has made Singapore one of the most beautiful and cleanest countries in the world. Governments have the responsibility of ensuring the safety of their citizens by imposing certain restrictions that might seem unnecessary. Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. many accidents that could cause great damage to human life and property. However. Although it may restrict their freedom to a certain extent. People in countries like India. The conclusion one can draw from these experiences is that people should tolerate certain inconveniences. Since there are many rules against driving under the influence of alcohol. in order to protect their lives from possible dangers. experiences have proved that many dangers have been averted by imposing these safety measures. Those who believe that such rules interfere with their freedom pay with their own lives and that of others. by making people wear seat belts in cars or not allowing smoking in public buildings. Any sensible government would revoke such rules and regulations if it finds them unproductive. Governments make many rules to protect people from danger. In general. The absence of such controls would lead to chaos and confusion in public life . we may find that some rules are unnecessary and ineffective. the rules that we have are not too many but essential for the smooth functioning of any civil society. many people believe that there are too many rules nowadays.6. It is a reality that hundreds of accidents are caused due to drunken driving. These are only rare instances and citizens have the right to raise objections against them. are avoided. which is dealt with serious fines. When people learn the benefits of certain restrictions. Rules and regulations cause minor inconveniences to people but it should be weighed against the safety aspects of individual and social living. However.

In conclusion. capitalist free economies have encouraged increasing levels of competition in the market.More and more people claim that modern work patterns are a source of stress. where employees can work effectively in a comfortable manner. Effective management practices to deal with such situations can play a significant role in reducing the severity of this problem considerably. Again. Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. who are forced to improve their skills at work. Modern work patterns have definitely led to a stress filled work environment. Strict supervisory policy of managerial staff is another prime reason for this situation. so that it may not exceed the physical and psychological capacity of workers. the most obvious solution is to create relaxed environments at work. to reduce the hours of work. Another possibility is to encourage workers to use their weekends and holidays more effectively by spending with their families or for picnics. The major responsibility of achieving these goals would obviously be transferred to workers at various levels. Firstly. it would naturally increase their levels or stress. For example. companies often need to deliver their services within a stipulated time frame with the required quality. Scientific human resource management policies can tackle this situation quiet effectively. I believe. employees have to work for long hours and this can definitely lead to a stressful work environment. which has led to a situation where companies compete with each other in order to establish the superiority of their products and services and increase profit. A further step would be. . most software companies today provide gym facilities and other sports activities for employees. a certain level of stress is inevitable in today’s workplaces but effective human resources policies can reduce it considerably. When people work in target oriented and quality conscious work places. This could be attributed to several professional and personal issues guiding quality and productivity in modern work places. What do you think are the causes of this? Can you suggest some possible solutions? 7. which they can use during their break times. Software companies and travel agencies are ideal examples of such work practices. To meet these deadlines.

although their expressions may take different forms in the passage of time. In fact. sometimes at the cost of ignoring traditional value systems and customs. which in many instances used to be the case in the past. Such attitude of today’s generation is sometimes misinterpreted as lack of respect for their parents. which can be clearly proved by our own experiences to that effect. But this has been effectively compensated by the formation of neighbourhood clubs and similar groups where people meet during weekends and engage in many entertainment and social activities. Although the circumstances change. man remains the same old ethical being. the major portion of the society still upholds traditional values in the midst of material prosperity. since people are too busy as they work for long hours outside their homes to meet the ever-increasing demands of modern life. children are more independent and stand on their feet earlier than before. However. . modern man strives to achieve better financial status. Visiting neighbourhood houses used to be a favourite custom for people in the past. Today. It is sometimes said that respect for elderly parents. This provides them greater opportunities to develop a friendly relationship with their neighbours. although a minority falls into this category. which helped them in fostering friendly relationship with one’s neighbours. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? Essay In pursuit of material comforts. I believe. What one can derive from this example is that traditional values remain unchanged. Man’s quest for material prosperity does not always lead to the loss of traditional values. Today’s children maintain a friendly relationship with their parents but that does not mean that they do not respect them. This is purely a based on the wrong assumption that old parents should be allowed to interfere into the affairs of their children and make decisions for them. but many traditional values and customs have been lost and this s a pity. People nowadays work hard to buy more things. This has generally made our lives more comfortable. which was a traditional value does not find any place in today’s families.8. this is not possible today. This may be. However. respect for parents is borne out of children’s freedom and not a result of fear. today’s parents respect the freedom of their children and in turn.

Although certain human right groups and religious organisations may raise objections to the legalisation of mercy killing. Strict laws and proper surveillance can definitely prevent the occurrence of crimes related to this issue. since such people are unlikely to recover. or mercy killing. there are arguments that there could be incidents of illegal elements misusing this law for their personal advantage. the last few days are often a trying time for both the patients and their close relatives and friends. Legalisation of this practice can definitely give these patients a peaceful end through a clinically assisted death. . In the first place. Although many people are strongly against such a practice. Religious people who object to the legalisation of mercy killing or moral grounds should consider the practical difficulties involved in preserving a life in vegetative state.9. Governments in many orthodox Muslim countries spend millions of dinars for sustaining the lives of patients in vegetative state. Euthanasia. medical personnel and equipments. legalisation of euthanasia can save the expenditure involved in sustaining lives of many terminally ill patients. Since the law does not allow mercy killing. It is unreasonable to spend huge amounts of money on medicines. from a practical point of view it has enormous benefits for the critically ill patients who have no hope of coming back to normal life. to determine the validity of a legal euthanasia. who just live with the help of sophisticated medical equipments like ventilators. In fact. has been a controversial issue for many years. there is a growing demand to have it legalised. the money wasted for this purpose can be used for treating other patients who can be brought back to a healthy life. How far do you agree with euthanasia being made legal? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. On the other hand. in certain extreme cases. it can also be end the hardships and excruciating physical and mental agony of patients who are in the last stages of certain critical illnesses like cancer. because their religious law prohibits euthanasia. it will prove to be a great blessing for many patients who survive just because of a life-sustaining equipment attached to their body. Again. If proper guidelines are put forward by the authorities.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.