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contents. P lease consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of the artic le's key points. (October 2010) Scribd Type PrivateFounded San Francisco, California, USA (March 2007) Headquarters San Francisco, California, USA Key people Trip Adler (CEO, co-founder), Jared Friedman (CTO, co-founder), Tikhon Bernstam (CIO, co-founder)Services Social reading and publishing platform Website Scribd.comAlexa rank 234Type of site Social SoftwareAvailable in English, Spanish, PortugueseCurrent status Active Scribd (pronounced /'skr?bd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web pag e using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler in 2006. Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, WePapers, and Issuu. Contents [hide] 1 History 2 Awards/recognition 3 Timeline 4 Financials 5 Technology 6 Reception 7 Criticism o 7.1 Copyright issues 8 Controversy o 8.1 Comcast password leaks 9 Supported file formats 10 See also 11 References 12 External linksHistory The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and h ad a conversation with his father, John R. Adler about the difficulties of publi shing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Be rnstam and they attendedY Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in tr affic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to C omscore. In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store, and shortly thereafte r closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd. Over 150 prof essional publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Har court, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press are now a ssociated with Scribd. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scr ibd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCr unch and MediaBistro.  Over 100 media companies now use Scribd s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. In August 2010, news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the over turned Prop 8 and HP s lawsuit against Mark Hurd s move to Oracle. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd, where he is responsible for the product an d strategic direction of the company. BusinessWeeknamed Adler one of the Best You ng Tech Entrepreneurs 2010 .
Sacks. the company raised US$9 million in a second round of funding. Time Magazine named Scribd one of the 10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life . If the requirements are not met.  In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast" w hich allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Gro up. It also makes revenue from Scribd Store s ales. in July 2010 as its SVP of busines s development and opened a New York office. iPaper was built with Adobe Flash. On May 5. PDFs. and received over US$3. Also in April 2010. led byCharles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventur es and Kinsey Hills Group. however.  Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award. OpenOffice. Their current v aluation is likely much higher. In May 2010. Now any document can become a Web page.org XML do cuments. Prior to the $9 million round.Awards/recognition In September 2009. as long as the reader h as Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPho ne). and PostScript files. Scribd was valued at $10 million. In August 2010 it began beta testing premium services.  Its revenue model has gained coverag e on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Techno logy Pioneer for 2011. which allows users to embed documents into a web page. former Bebo C OO and managing director of Organic Inc. PowerPoint presentations. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. Mac OS.0 Conference in San Francisco. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology offic er Jared Friedman tells me: We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. " In Ju ly 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled Betting the Hous . Forbes named Scribd one of its 10 Hot Startups . Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows. Technology Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web. Timeline In February 2010. Scribd was recognized as one of the 2010 Hottest San Francisco Compa nies by Lead411. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the World s Most Intriguing Startu ps . which is the default sett ing in Flash. 2010. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. TechCrunch reported that Scribd is m igrating away from Flash to HTML5. Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August 2010.  Financials The company was initially funded with US$12.OpenDocument documents. joined Scribd s board of directors in January 2010. and Linux) without conversion. and hired as president George Consagra. former head o f media and publisher partnerships at Google.  Fast Company Named Scribd One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies in February 2010. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. The iPaper document vi ewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. there is no message. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. the whit e or gray display area is simply blank. 201 0 to become according to TechCrunch. On September 1. In December 2008. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. David O.000 from Y Combinator. Scribd also utilizes Google Adve rtisements for revenue generation. making it simple to embed docume nts in their original layout regardless of file format. the social network for reading. only a few applications use this API. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word do cs. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at t he Web 2. 2010. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smart phones. In December 2009.
. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd host ed piratedworks by authors such as Ursula K. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66. Motoko Rich. Criticism Copyright issues Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. . GigaOm reported that the script of The Social Network movie was uplo aded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony s DMCA request. .docx) ? OpenDocument (. . writing in the New York Times. New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin. Since its inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit.ods) ? OpenOffice. Federal Communication s Commission(FCC). HewlettPackard.org XML (.rtf) See also ? Docstoc ? Google Docs ? Issuu ? WePapers ? Yudu Media References . The suit was dropped in July 2010. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of m illions of documents. In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. Le Guin.xlsx) ? Microsoft PowerPoint (.sxi. . .doc.sxc) ? Plain text (.ppt. Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner.pdf) ? PostScript (.pps. and Samsung. the U. . I n June 2010. In July 2010. Supported file formats Supported formats include: ? Microsoft Excel (.odt.000.[ citation needed] Controversy Comcast password leaks In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's web site everyday. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make c hanges to its policies[clarification needed].pptx) ? Microsoft Word (.ps) ? Rich text format (. In March 2009 Scribd la unched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system includi ng the addition of OCR.[citatio n needed] In August 2010. Scribd has been pra ised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for doc uments".txt) ? Portable document format (.S. Former Califor nia gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman.odp." Her attor neys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to w in damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement.  Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators.e on HTML5. Red Cross.xls. World Economic Forum. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scrib d. 2009." On May 11. The World Bank. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. UNICEF. . Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works.sxw. The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Tim es. Ford Motor Company.
24. ^ "HTML5 and The Future of Publishing". CrunchBase. ^ "Scribd raises $9 million. 14. 16. 34. ^ Erick Schonfeld (May 5. ^ "Scribd SAP Largest API Integration Press Release". 35.Time. ^ "Scribd".uk. 22.0 Expo. ^ "Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010". 29. 15.com". 5. "Book sharing site Scribd rejects claims of copyright infringement". Retrieved 2010-02-10.com. ^ "Scribd Redesign Is An Attempt To Become A "Social Network For Reading "". ^ Fowler. Retrieved 2010-04-15. 33. scribd. techcrunch. ^ Motoko Rich (2009-05-11). Bobbie (2009-09-21). ^ "Scribd on your iPhone". ^ "From The Desk Of Your News Outlet And Scribd". Marketwire. 7. 20. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 30. The New York Times.com. BusinessWeek. 23. "scribd". ^ Caulfield. ^ "Scribd". ^ "Most Innovative Media Companies". "Simon & Schuster to Sell Digital Books on Scribd.com". ^ "Tech Pioneers: 10 Start-Ups That Will Change Your Life". . Yah oo Exec to Google!". Retrieved 2010-04-15. ^ "Global Storage Settings panel". ^ "Scribd gets 'Readcasting': Autosharing made easy".nytimes. Scribd. Bobbie (22 July 2009). 2010-04-21. 36. The Guardian(London). 29 March 2009. Apple Exec to AOL. Retrieved October 11. ^ "The World's Most Intriguing Startups". Retrieved 2010. Retriev ed 2010-01-01. GigaOM. 39. Reuters."http://www. 29 March 2009. 19. 2009-03-10 . ^ Brad Stone (17 May 2009).5 Million from Redpoint". 2010). Forbes. Retrieved 11 October 2010. Retrieved 1 Ja nuary 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-15. And Spotify To Be Dubbed 2011 Technology Pioneers At Davos". Business Week.com/2009/05/18/technology /start-ups/18download. Retrieved 2010-0 1-01. appappeal. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 8. ^ "Thirty-One Visionary Companies Selected as Technology Pioneers 2011". Retrieved 2010-09-01. 10.html". alexa. 2010. "Scribd Plans Mobile Application". Retrieved October 11. W all Street Journal. (2010-02-10). Retrieved 20 10-04-21. Retrieved 2010-0506. R etrieved 2009-10-07. 28. ^ "Scribd's bet on the Facebook Effect". Scribd. CNet.com. 11. ^ "Mark Warner". Retrieved 2009-05-11. 6.com. 18. 9. 38. ^ "iPaper: a Simple Way to View and Share Documents on the Web". Retrieved 2010-07-26 . 25. TechCrunch. 12. ^ Johnson. ^ "Scribd". Retrieved 22 September 2010. Web 2. ^ Greg Sandoval (September 19. 26. Geoffrey A. ^ "Scribd had a blowout year and so did the web document/".co. ^ "Betting the House on HTML 5". Retr ieved 22 September 2010. 31. The New York Times. 13. The New York Times. ^ Johnson. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit a gainst Scribd". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2010 -04-21. ^ "Foursquare. 3. Fast Company.com. ^ "Scribd launches readcast". "Scribd CTO: We Are Scrapping Flash And Betting The Company On HTML5". 2009-10-07. Retrieved 11 october 2010. All Things Digital. 4. ^ a b "Scribd raises 9 million". 2009). Retrieved 2009-02-01. 32. Retrieved 2010-09-13. "The Next Hot Start-Ups". ^ "Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards". 2010. ^ "Scribd Banks $3. Authors Weigh Merits of Scribd". ^ "Scribd. Retrieved 2010-07-19. 29 March 2009. 2. CNN. Retrieved 11 October 2010. hires new president for social publishing". 27. Publishers Weekly. "Print Books Are Target of Pirates on the We b". 37.1. ^ "Digital Musical Chairs: Google Exec to Scribd. 21. ^ "Publishers. ^ Brad Stone (11 July 2009). London: guardian. ^ "YouTube for documents". Macromedia. 17. Brian. Retrieved 2009-1203. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
^ Jason (February 26. ^ "Lawsuit Saying Scribd's Copyright-Protection Filters Infringe On Copy rights Has Been Dumped". 29 March 2009. Retrieved 24 September 2010. "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scr ibd". 29 March 2009. ^ "Class Action Copyright Suit Filed Against Scribd. 2009). FAQs. 44. Brad (29 March 2009). 45. ^ Stone. "Info. Retrieved October 11. and Forums/FAQ: Writing. 2010. 19 July 2009. TechCrunch. nytimes. Retrieved 1 January 2010... Retrieved 1 January 2010. Retr ieved 1 January 2010. Scribd. Retrieved 2009-09-21. ^ "Comcast passwords exposed". 47.com. "passwords of comcast customers exposed". TechDirt. 29 March 2009. 42. By Jammie Thomas' Lawyers?".40. cnet. 41.com. . TechDirt. Scribd. Retrieved 2009-09-19. Retri eved 1 January 2010.com. CNET News. ^ "Scribd looks like a winner". hothardware. 46. ^ "Comcast passwords leaked onto the web". 43. Uploa ding and Managing Documents".com. ^ Motoko Rich (2009-09-19).
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