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Born on July 9, 1934 in Indianapolis, Indiana, Michael Graves had a childhood interest in drawing and painting that has stayed with him throughout his career in architecture. Michael Graves received his architectural training at the University of Cincinnati in a cooperative program that allowed him to work in the architectural office of Carl A. Strauss and Associates while completing his formal classroom education. It was at Strauss's office that Michael Graves met an early mentor, Ray Roush. Upon receiving the degree of Bachelor of Science in Architecture in 1958, Michael Graves entered Harvard University's Graduate School of Design and received a Master of Architecture degree the following year. After graduation, Michael Graves went to work for the designer and architect, George Nelson, where his long-standing interest in furniture design was encouraged. Michael Graves's stay at Nelson's office was short-lived however, because in 1960 he was the recipient of the Prix de Rome fellowship of the American Academy in Rome. Under the auspices of the American Academy, Michael Graves spent the next two years in Rome and its environs, studying painting, and drawing the buildings and the landscape. At the Academy, Graves was exposed not only to the buildings of the great classical architects but also to the writings of the great classical critics and theorists. It was in Rome that Graves finally learned about the language of architecture. Also, in all of his previous education, Graves had never been exposed to the literature of criticism of architecture. This experience at the Academy had enormous influence on Michael Graves's subsequent academic career as well as on his architectural design practice. In 1962, Michael Graves accepted a teaching position at Princeton University. Michael Graves is currently the Schirmer Professor of Architecture at Princeton. The courses that Graves teaches in architectural theory and composition address various thematic topics including the relationship of buildings to landscape, the traditional elements of architecture, the idea of metaphor in architecture, the contrast between open space and the making of rooms, and the origins of furniture. In addition to teaching at Princeton, Michael Graves has been a visiting professor at the University of Texas at Austin, the University of Houston, the University of California at Los Angeles, the University of Maryland, the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, and the New School for Social Research in New York, among others. Graves regularly participates in design critiques and juries for many universities, professional organizations, and publications here and abroad, and he lectures to audiences around the world.
Michael Graves has published a number of scholarly writings on his teaching and his own work. "The Swedish Connection," published in the Journal of Architectural Education in 1975, describes a short design exercise Michael Graves often assigns his graduate design studio. The exercise introduces students to issues of architectural character within an existing context, one of Michael Graves's major concerns in his own work. "The Necessity of Drawing: Tangible Speculation," published in 1977 in England's Architectural Design magazine, is a highly influential and much quoted article characterizing several motivations and methods of drawing and the roles each plays in the process of architectural design. Using the conceptual basis developed in this article, Michael Graves later wrote Le Corbusier's Drawn References, an essay on selected drawings of Le Corbusier, published by Academy Editions in London, as an introduction to a catalog of drawings. Drawing is central to Michael Graves's way of working on and thinking about architecture, and he is well known for his evocative sketches and drawings. In 1979, Michael Graves was one of the first architects currently practicing to be presented in a one-man show in a commercial art gallery. The exhibition, held at the Max Protetch Gallery in New York, greatly advanced public interest in architectural drawings as works of art. Michael Graves's prints and drawings are among the most collectible today. Graves has exhibited his drawings and models in over 150 exhibitions through-out the world and his work is in the collections of such notable institutions as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Cooper-Hewitt Museum, The Newark Museum, the Deutsches Architekturmuseum, the Berlin Museum, and the Canadien Centre of Architecture. In the 1970s, Michael Graves was known as one of the "New York Five" as a result of the publication of Five Architects, the outcome of a meeting of CASE (Conference of Architects for the Study of the Environment) held at the Museum of Modem Art in New York in 1969. Michael Graves's work was represented along with that of Peter Eisenman, Charles Gwathmey, John Hejduk, and Richard Meier. The work of each of these architects is rooted in modernism and cnaractenzed as "white." Since that time, Michael Graves's own work has evolved dramatically, relative both to his use of color and to his interest in a figurative architecture that incorporates traditional elements along with the lessons of modernism. Michael Graves was referred to as "the man who is rewriting the language of color" by House and Gardens's editor Martin Filler As a colorist, Michael Graves uses what he terms representational colors, colors that are derived primarily from nature and materials. For example, terra cotta, representing the earth, is usually seen near the base of his structures. Blue used as a metaphor for the sky, is often chosen for the ceiling. According to Douglas Davis of Newsweek, "Michael Graves is a man obsessed with communicating the meaning of every element of his work. His soft, muted colors reinforce this concern for symbolism".
the San Juan Capistrano Library. floors. Kentucky. municipal. cultural and educational facilities such as libraries." discusses the relationship of the human figure to architectural form as figurative architecture. conformance to this style was required of any new development. where Spanish colonial architecture is prevalent. a phrase Graves coined to describe his theories. titled "A Case for Figurative Architecture. documenting work completed since that time. increasing the hierarchical differences between inside and outside. Figurative architecture reinstates the traditional language of architecture that. a so-called window wall. Buildings and Projects. single-family and multiple-family housing. The building program required that a public fountain and plaza be included in the project. a window wall in architecture is akin to slang in spoken language.In a monograph on Graves's work. framing the occupant's view to the outside. corporate. and expressing the general size of the human figure on the outside of the structure. schools. In order to reinforce the edge of the street. ceilings. The Michael Graves office has completed a wide variety of projects that include urban and master planning. 1966-1981. and speculative office buildings. the building's context is of foremost concern. and furniture and artifacts. windows. Michael Graves. To Michael Graves. Michael Graves is also interested in the positive lessons of the modern movement in architecture and includes both traditional and modern concepts in his palette. unlike the abstractions of much of the Modern Movement. these public facilities are located within a loggia under the basic form of the structure. showrooms and other special interiors. A sequel to Michael Graves's 1966-1981 monograph. is based on man's social. an essay by Graves. and physical occupation of the environment. Ints massing mediates the scale between the historic cast-iron buildings on one side and the modern steel and glass skyscraper on the other. is located in southern California. Michael Graves would oppose making a full wall of glass. completed in 1983. Michael Graves would rather see the windows as distinct elements within the wall. and columns. for example) does not imply simply returning to the past. which Michael Graves regards as an essential urban form. museums. is being published by Princeton Architectural Press in 1988. is unique to its city and its site. The large waterfall fountain located in the ground-floor loggia makes reference to the nearby Falls of the Ohio River where Louisville was founded in the late nineteenth century. as in many modern developments. psychic. For example. as the facade of a building. The Humana Building. . For instance. and performing arts centers. completed in 1985. Another example. Graves's interest in reinstating the familiar and traditional elements of architecture as distinct elements (walls. doors. This requirement prompted Michael Graves to examine the properties of this style as a generic type transformed from its Renaissance beginnings. With each of Michael Graves's projects. rather than being located in front. shopping centers and retail stores. producing a building that is neither historicist nor superficially derived from local precedents. a corporate office tower in downtown Louisville.
and in the competition entry for the Clos Pegase winery in the Napa Valley. Henry Hornbostel. and support space for storing and curating the collections. the facades are organized in a classical three-part division of base. Michael Graves renovated a historic structure designed in 1916 by the Pittsburgh architect. includes new galleries for the permanent collection. an auditorium. administrative offices. illustrated by the New York artist Edward Schmidt. Michael Graves incorporates the associative interests of the existing context into the character of the new composition. classrooms. reinterpreted by Michael Graves to represent a broader cultural tradition and renamed Portlandia. includes galleries for the University's permanent collection of archaeological artifacts and for temporary art exhibitions. In order to reinforce the building's associative or figurative qualities. In collaborating with artists. Michael Graves locates the artwork within his buildings to reinforce the reading of the architecture and uses their narrative qualities to reinforce themes related to the buildings' uses and location. middle or body. which won a design-build competition in 1980 and was completed in 1982. Renovations of The Newark Museum. and a statue of Pegasus were proposed by Michael Graves. This award-winning museum. The design of the building addresses both the public nature of the program and the urban context. was placed above the main entry to tGraves building as a new symbol of the city. a municipal office building for the City of Portland. In recent examples of such work. a summer music pavilion for the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra. where giant billboardlike statues representing musical muses. the Michael Graves office has been involved in a number of renovations and additions. and attic or head. where murals. starting with a 1968 master plan and continuing to major construction being completed in 19871989. friezes. Over the past 25 years. completed in 1985. because of critical debate in architecture and is considered one of the seminal buildings in the architectural design movement known as postmodernism. to house the Museum of Art and Archaeology as well as faculty offices and classrooms. The Portland Building. now called Michael C. again in collaboration with Edward Schmidt. Oregon. The figure of Lady Comerce from the Portland City seal. line the cornice of the front facade. At Emory University in Atlanta. Michael Graves's collaboration with the sculptor Raymond Kaskey earned them the Henry Hering Medal of the American Sculpture Society for incorporation of public sculpture in architecture. Carlos Hall. a minizoo for the education Department.A similar concern for the street occurs in Michael Graves's design of The Portland Building. . further enhanced by the use of color. Other notable collaborations with artists have occurred in Michael Graves's design of Riverbend. The articulation of the various parts of the building on the facades also reflects the internal uses of the building.
such as the Diane von Furstenberg boutique in New York City and the Plocek House in Warren. the Breuer building. include furniture.In the project for the expansion of the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York. therefore. Stylistically. Graves has not done what many architects would do. Perhaps best known is his teakettle with a whistling bird. is in distinct contrast to the surrounding context of smaller scale and more elaborated facades. designed for Alessi in Italy. ballet sets and costumes. 14 from Progressive Architecture magazine. In the past few years.. According to New York Times critic Paul Goldberger: Mr. Boston University. Michael Graves has received many honors and awards for his designs of buildings. interiors. Michael Graves is continually recognized for his unique and personal approach to architecture. 31 design awards from the New Jersey Society of Architects. Included in these awards are 7 National Honor Awards from the American Institute of Architects for completed buildings. a composition that integrates the stark modernism that the Breuer building represents with the kind of colorful abstracted classicism that has become the trademark of Michael Graves. wristwatches. The particular design challenge of this project for Michael Graves is. Graves's use of color and his sense of architectural composition have dramatically influenced not only the design of buildings but also interior design. clocks. and Savannah College of Art and Design. and even a telephone. In 1980. jewelry. which is to lie down and play dead beside such a powerful and difficult building. a modern monument finished in dark gray unpolished granice. carpets and rugs.. lamps and lighting fixtures. porcelain coffeepots. to respond to the disparate natures of the surrounding neighborhood and the existing building. flatware. What he has done is endeavor to incorporate the Breuer building as an element of a large and complex architectural composition. He has received honorary doctorates from the University of Cincinnati. Brunner Memorial Prize in Architecture from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters. Many of Michael Graves's interiors. Other designs include dinnerware. he has become one of the most influential . From 1979 through 1987 he designed a number of furniture showrooms for Sunar all of which are characterized by strong hierarchical plans and the use of color to articulate the various rooms and their individual characters and uses. and occasionally murals designed by the architect." according to former New York Times critic Ada Louise Huxtable. and products. posters and other graphic work. New Jersey. tables and chairs. within the Upper East Side Historic District. Through his interiors and his buildings. artifacts. sugar bowls and cream pitchers. Graves's early interest in furniture and artifacts has flourished. including 1980 Designer of the Year. to use to his advantage the apparent contradictions of words. he also received the Arnold W. new gallery space for the permanent collection and a theater are to be added to Marcel Breuer's 1966 structure located on Madison Avenue and East 75th Street in New York City. and 7 from Interiors magazine. an approach that simply creates "special relationships between the worlds of man and nature.
NEW JERSEY. *Newark museum carriage house renovation: 1975 . USA *Indianapolis art ¢ENTER 1992 Indianapolis Indiana USA *NCAA HEAD QUARTERS AND HALL OF CHAMPIONS :1997.history Taiwan . NEW JERSEY.NEW JERSEY. NEW JERSEY.USA *Newark museum planetarium:1991 . NEW YORK . USA. GEORGIA USA *Whitney museum of American art: 1985 & 1990. "Michael Graves is the most truly original voice that American architecture has produced in some time".NEWARK. NEWARK. and he has greatly contributed to the advancement of what is now known as postmodern architecture. architecture critic of The New York Times.architects practicing today. USA *Newark museum renovation 1982. *MICHAEL C. Indianapolis Indiana USA *Detroit institute of arts expansion and renovation 1999 Detroit Michigan USA *Museum of THE Shenandoah valley 1999 Winchester VIRGINIA USA *National automobile museum 2004 the HAGUE the Netherlands * National museum of pre. Projects: * Newark museum: master plan 1967. NEWARK. In the words of Paul Goldberger.ATLANTA. NEWARK . CARLOS museum expansion :1990 . USA.
MICHAEL C. CARLOS museum .
Detroit institute of arts expansion and renovation Museum of THE Shenandoah valley .
NCAA HEAD QUARTERS AND HALL OF CHAMPIONS .
Newark museum .
National museum of pre.history Taiwan .
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