CORPORATION  OF THE CITY OF BURLINGTON SPECIFICATIONS INDEX FOR STREET LIGHTING & CONDUIT

Street Lighting Design Manual (SPEC NO.: SS08A) To be read in conjunction with

STREET LIGHTING & CONDUIT MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS
(SPEC NO.: SS08B) Issued April 2008 INDEX 1. Street Lighting Design and Installation Requirements .......................................................... 2 1.1 Glossary: ............................................................................................................................. 2 1.2 General: .............................................................................................................................. 3 1.3 Replacement and Upgrade Policy: .................................................................................... 3 1.4 Downtown Lighting Policy: .............................................................................................. 4 2. IES Illuminance and Luminance Design Criteria .................................................................. 4 Maintained Illuminance Values for Sidewalks .......................................................... 5 2.1 Maximum Recommended Spacings for Street Lighting on the City of Burlington’s Standard Sections......................................................................................... 5 2.2 Maximum Recommended Spacings for Decorative Street Lights on the City of Burlington’s Standard Sections: ................................................................................... 7 2.3 Lighting for Urban Intersections ....................................................................................... 8 2.4 ESA Lighting Design Requirements................................................................................. 8 2.5 Curves and Hills ................................................................................................................. 9 2.6 Culs-de-sac ......................................................................................................................... 9 2.6.1 Lighting in Culs-de-sac........................................................................................................ 9

1. Street Lighting Design and Installation Requirements 1.1 Glossary:
ANSI/IESNA RP-8-00 - Illuminating Engineering Society of North America's American National Standard Practice for Roadway Lighting, issued June 27, 2000 and reaffirmed in 2005 Luminance Design – A design based on the amount of light which is reflected from a surface and reaches the eye of the observer. It is based on the “light” the observer sees at a given point and is based on the reflectance of the Illuminance Design - A design based on the amount of light which incident on a surface. Illuminance ignores the surface upon which the light falls. See RP-8-00, Annex G. page 56 for further information on illuminance. Pedestrian Conflict Area Pavement R1, which is concrete or old asphalt pavement, coloured aggregate,

Classification – Road classifications describe general conditions of vehicular traffic conflict in urban areas. A second type of conflict is the v

Classifications – Luminance calculations require information about the directional surface reflectance of the pavement. There are four genera

R3, which is asphalt with a normal aggregate mix and normal age and wear – this is the typical road classification for roads and the pavemen

1.2 General:
Street lighting design in the City of Burlington shall be generally based on ANSI/IESNA RP -800. Modifications to RP-8-00 have been made in certain areas to better conform to the City’s requirements. This manual shall be used together with RP-8 (latest revision). Street lighting design in Burlington must provide uniform lighting at a level that is adequate and Recommended maximum spacings or arrangements given in the following sections are to be It is the responsibility of the street lighting designer to ensure they have the latest revisions of the As of January 1, 2003, all street lighting design and construction is subject to ESA inspection and approval. All materials used for street lighting in the City of Burlington must meet CSA specifications. Decorative street lighting may be used in the City only with the City’s permission and in accordance with the City’s requirements and specifications.

comfortable for vehicular and pedestrian movement on the City’s roads and sidewalks. All street lighting systems in the City of Burlington s

used for the specific cross section or road layout shown. Variations in cross section, road layout and/or pedestrian conflict levels must be dea

City of Burlington’s street lighting standards and specifications and a current list of approved suppliers prior to designing the street lighting s

1.3 Replacement and Upgrade Policy:
New installations shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the specifications contained in this manual wherever possible. Where the designer wishes to use materials or specifications not contained in this etc. shall be replaced with materials in accordance with the new standards.

1.4 Downtown Lighting Policy:
It is the policy of the City that all street and sidewalk lighting design shall be based on ANSI / IESNA RP-8-00 as referred to above. All lighting designs for the downtown area must be submitted to the City for review with the

necessary back-up material. Shop drawings, lighting design data, cross sections, etc. must be provided. Where the City’s standard cross secti

2. IES Illuminance and Luminance Design Criteria
The design requirements for luminance and illuminance given below in Tables 1 and 2 are taken TABLE 1: LUMINANCE DESIGN CRITERIA FOR STANDARD ROADS Average Maintained Luminance (cd/m2) 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.3 Maximum Luminance Uniformity Ratios Lmax to Lmin 10 to 1 8 to 1 8 to 1 6 to 1 10 to 1 Lave to Lmin 6 to 1 4 to 1 4 to 1 3.5 to 1 6 to 1 Maximum Veiling Luminance Ratios Lv to Lave 0.4 to 1 0.4 to 1 0.4 to 1 0.3 to 1 0.4 to 1

from ANSI/IES RP-8-00. The values given for luminance shall govern; the values given for illuminance are for use in intersection and sidew

Road and Area Classification

Local Residential Roads (IES Local – Low1) Standard Cross Sections S-15, S-16, S-17, S18 &S20 (8m pavement) Residential Collector Roads (IES Collector – Low1) Standard Cross Sections S-19, S-20 (9m pavement) & S-26R Employment Collector Roads (IES Collector – Low1) Standard Cross Sections S-20 (9m pavement) & S-26E Arterial Roads (IES Major – Low1) Standard Cross Sections S-30 & S-35 Rural Local Residential Road (IES Local – Low 1) Standard Cross Section S-20-RURAL

Rural Collector Road (IES Collector – Low1) Burlington Standard Cross Section S-26- RURAL

0.4

8 to 1

4 to 1

0.4 to 1

Note 1. Pedestrian Conflict Area Classification as defined in ANSI/IES RP-8-00 in TABLE 2: ILLUMINANCE DESIGN CRITERIA FOR INTERSECTIONS, CULS-DESAC AND SIDEWALKS Minimum Average Maintained Illuminance Maximum Illuminance  (horizontal only 3) (R2 & R3  Uniformity Ratio Eave to Emin Pavements 2) Eave in lux 4 6 6 6 to 1 4 to 1 4 to 1 3 to 1 6 to 1 4 to 1 6 to 1

paragraph 2.2 on page 4. The only standard exception to the low PCC used in lighting calculations in the City is in school zones, where a me

Road and Area Classification Local Residential Roads (IES Local – Low1) Standard Cross Sections: S-15, S-17, S-18 & S-20 (8m pavement) Residential Collector Roads (IES Collector – Low1) Standard Cross Sections: S-19, S-20 & (9m pavement) & S-26R Employment Collector Roads (IES Collector – Low1) Standard Cross Section: S-26E & S-20 (9m pavement)

Arterial Roads (IES Major – Low1) 9 Standard Cross Sections: S-30 & S-35 Rural Local Residential (IES Local – Low1) Standard 4 Cross Section S-20-RURAL Rural Collector Road (IES Collector – Low1) Standard 6 Cross Section S-26-RURAL Maintained Illuminance Values for Sidewalks Low Density Residential 3 Note 1. Pedestrian Conflict Area Classification as defined in ANSI/IES RP -8-00 in paragraph 2.2 on page 4. Note 2. Pavement Classification as defined in ANSI/IES RP-8-00 in Table1, pg. 5.

Note 3. Meeting the IES Evmin specification (minimum vertical illuminance at 1.5 metres above the sidewalk/bikeway 2.1 Maxi mu m  R e c o m me nde d  S pac i ng s  fo r  Str e e t  Lig hting  o n  the  C ity  o f  Bur li ng to n’s  
Standard Sections Using the luminaire/pole combinations listed in Table 5 under Equipment Specifications, the The spacings given below are to be used for the design of street lighting on residential streets having the same dimensions for the essential items of the road cross section indicated, i.e., pavement width, luminaire offset and sidewalk width and offset. Variations in any of these The Light Loss Factor (LLF) used for the spacings in Tables 3 and 4 is 0.77. TABLE 3: MAXIMUM RECOMMENDED SPACINGS ON STRAIGHT SECTIONS FOR FLAT GLASS “COBRA-HEAD” STREET LIGHTS Luminaire Wattage 100 watt HPS 100 watt HPS 100 watt HPS Type of R.O.W. Burlington Standard Cross Section Number 15 m Minor Local Residential - Standard S-15 17 m Minor Local Residential - Standard S-17 18 m Local Residential - Standard S-18 Single Sided Spacing 43 m 43 m 42 m Two Sided Spacing;  Staggered 43 m 43 m 42 m

table below gives the maximum allowable spacings for flat glass "cobra-head" street lights for straight sections, gradual curves and gently slo

essential items, such as pavement width in or near intersections, must be dealt with on an individual design basis and a specific lighting desig

gradual curves and gently sloping grades for single sided and t .5 m from streetline. Assuming hydro pole mounting height of 7. Assuming hydro pole mounting height of 6.Standard S-35 Not HPS (4-lane pavement.0 m for regular 2. Note 4.Standard S-20 (8m pavement) 20 m Rural Local Residential .4 meter bracket on the 10. Assuming hydro pole mounting height of 7.W. Spacing for Cooper OVH – type 3 luminaire only (curve #OVH10S3D.Standard S-19 20 m Residential Collector – Standard S-20 (9m pavement) 26 m Residential Collector .5 m sidewalks) Recommended 30 m Arterial Road . Burlington Standard Cross Section Number 15 m Minor Local Residential . Note 5.100 watt HPS 100 watt HPS 100 watt HPS 150 watt HPS 150 watt HPS 150 watt HPS 150 watt HPS 150 watt HPS 150 watt HPS 150 watt HPS 200 watt HPS 200 watt HPS 20 m Local Residential .7 19 m Residential Collector .Standard S-20-RURAL1.4. Opposite 39 m 39 m Not Recommended Not Recommended maximum allowable spacings for decorative street lights for straight sections. Based on 0.Standard S-26E 41 m 54 m 53 m 41 m 41 m Not Recommended 41 m Not Recommended Not Recommended 60 m 41 m 54 m 53 m 48 m 48 m 40 m 48 m 37 m Not Recommended 58 m 46 m Not Recommended 40 m 37 m Not Recommended Not Recommended 26 m Employment Collector .Standard S-20 (9m pavement with Hydro pole line 2) 26 m Employment Collector .Standard S-30 (4-lane Not pavement.8 m elliptical brackets. 1. the table below gives the TABLE 4: MAXIMUM RECOMMENDED SPACINGS ON STRAIGHT SECTIONS FOR DECORATIVE STREET LIGHTS Luminaire Wattage 100 watt HPS 100 watt HPS Type of R.Standard S-35 Not HPS (4-lane pavement) Recommended 200 watt 35 m Arterial Road . Based on 0.Standard S-15 17 m Minor Local Residential . Spacing for Cooper OVF – type 3 luminaire only (cur Note 8.8 30 m Arterial Road .9 m grade difference between road and pole location.7 m street light poles.4 m elliptical brackets. assuming modified pole offset of 4. Note 6.Standard S-26R 20 m Industrial Collector .6 m for regular 1.6 m for high-rise brackets. with Recommended Hydro pole line) 5 200 watt 35 m Arterial Road .Standard S-35 Not HPS (5-lane pavement) Recommended 200 watt 35 m Arterial Road .8 m grade difference between road and pole location in the ditch Note 3. or 7.O. with Hydro pole line) 5 Recommended 200 watt 35 m Arterial Road . Note 7.Standard S-35 Not HPS (5-lane pavement.Standard S-26E (with Hydro pole line) 3 26 m Rural Collector . 2.Burlington Standard S-30 Not (4-lane pavement.2 Maximum Recommended Spacings for Decorative Stree t Lights on the City of  Bur li ng to n’s  Sta nd ar d  Se c tio ns :  Using the decorative luminaire/pole combinations listed in Table 6.7 20 m Rural Local Residential – Standard S-20-RURAL (with Hydro pole line) 1. or 8.IES) Note 2. with Hydro pole line) 5 Recommended Note 1. Assuming hydro pole mounting height of 7.1 m for high -rise brackets.6.Standard S-26-RURAL (with Hydro pole line) 4.Standard S-17 Single Sided Spacing 37 m 37 m Two Sided Two Sided Spacing. Staggered Spacing.8 m for high-rise brackets and a standard 2.4 m for high-rise brackets.

street lighting system from the electrical distribution system and to allow parties other than the local distribution company to maintain the str between the electrical distribution system and the street lighting system.Standard SHPS 26E (with Hydro pole line) 2.9 m grade difference between road and pole location.4 ESA Lighting Design Requirements The new ESA regulations that came into effect as of January 1.1 m bracket mounting height on Hydro poles. Staggered Spacing.Standard S-26. Using a 10.Standard S-20 HPS (9m pavement) 150 watt 26 m Residential Collector – Standard SHPS 26R 150 watt 26 m Employment Collector .3 Lighting for Urban Intersections The luminance method is difficult to use with the design of lighting for intersections due to the Typical lighting layouts for intersections are given in ANSI/IES RP -8-00 in Annex “D”.8 m grade difference between road and pole location in the ditch. Note 5. Figure D3 on page 40. Based on 0.Standard S-35 Not Recommended Note 1.5 m from streetline.RURAL 4. including the secondary service to the disconnect switch. Therefore illuminance criteria and calculations are re 2.Standard S-30 30 m Not Recommended 42 m 38 m 37 m Not Recommended Not Recommended Not Recommended 43 m 39 m 39 m 44 m 52 m 52 m 38 m 41 m Not Recommended 44 m Not Recommended Not Recommended Not Recommended 60 m 60 m 51 m 52 m 64 m Not Recommended Single Sided Spacing Two Sided Two Sided Spacing. basic assumptions inherent in luminance design and the methods used in its calculation. When lighting curves and/or hills. must be CSA approved and will be subject to ESA inspection and approval. Note 4.5 HPS Table 4: Continued Luminaire Wattage N/A Type of R. All materials.Standard SHPS 26E 150 watt 26 m Employment Collector . Opposite Not Recommended Not Recommended Not Recommended Not Recommended Not Recommended N/A 35 m Arterial Road . The method approved by the City of Burlington at this time is to run 2. Assuming 7. assuming modified pole offset of 4. the lighting designer must place a service entrance rated disconnect A maximum of a 5% voltage drop will be allowed in the street lighting cable from the transformer to the last light in the circuit. Maximum Spacings on Straight Sections for the two types of luminaire/pole combinations. Burlington Standard Cross Section Number 30 m Arterial Road .7 meter pole due to ditch. Based on 0. 2003 are intended to separate the In order to accomplish this. mounted on high rise brackets (S/L part #BSL03-03).100 watt 18 m Local Residential HPS . 2.4 150 watt 19 m Residential Collector – Standard S-19 HPS 150 watt 20 m Residential Collector .W. Note 3. the spacings in the aforementio . The street lights on the hydro poles shall be 150 watt flat glass cobra -head luminaires (S/L part #BSL-02-02. latest revision). are to be used on relatively straight and level sections only.Standard SHPS 20-RURAL 1.O. Note 2. 3 150 watt 26 m Rural Collector .5 Curves and Hills Tables 3 and 4.Standard S-18 100 watt 20 m Local Residential HPS .Standard S-20 (8m pavement) 100 watt 20 m Rural Local Residential .

Designs for street lights using arrangements other than the standard locations given above shall be accompanied by a full set of lighting calculations for review by the City. See Table 2 for appropriate illuminance lev Option B consists of a street light placed as close as possible to neck of bulb and two street lights tilted at 5° at angles .6. wattage and pole size are to match the luminaire/pole combination specified for the type of street. the use of luminance criteria at the ends of culs-de-sac (or any other “dead-end” arrangement) is not recommended. Illuminance 2. the space available for the placement of the luminaires/poles is generally quite limited due to the convergence of driveways in the boulevard due to the basic assumptions inherent in luminance design and the methods used in i ts calculation. They are: the area to be lit is not readily adaptable to the standard luminaires used in Burlington. See Table 2 for appropriate illuminance levels.1 Lighting in Culs-de-sac It is suggested that lighting in culs-de-sac be arranged in accordance with the sketches given below.6 Culs-de-sac There are several design problems to be dealt with when designing lighting for the end (bulb) of culs-de-sac.2. Option A Option A consists of a street light placed as close as possible to neck of bulb and a street light tilted at 5° at the top of Option B and pole size are to match the luminaire/pole combination specified for the type of street.

Annex G. . There are th ce of the pavement. page 57 for f n areas. There are four general pavement classifications given in RP-8-00. Pedestrian activity is nearly always related to the adjacent land uses.int and is based on the reflectance of the surface and the angle and distance of the observer from the point observed. See RP-8-00. A second type of conflict is the vehicular/pedestrian interaction.

d classification for roads and the pavement classification to be used in Burlington unless otherwise directed by the City. he must first contact the City to obtain their approval. Where the City’s standard cross sections are not applicable. the designer shall submit the appropriate road cross section(s) and the proposed road and ance are for use in intersection and sidewalk designs. ded. it was assumed that the pedestrian con Pedestrian Conflict Area Classification LOW 1 LOW 1 LOW 1 LOW 1 LOW 1 . ghting systems in the City of Burlington shall be designed by a qualified lighting designer using the luminance method as described in RP-8-00 (unless no d/or pedestrian conflict levels must be dealt with on an individual design basis and a specific lighting design and its associated calculations must be submit iers prior to designing the street lighting system. For the purposes of lighting design in the City of Burlington. als or specifications not contained in this manual.

Maximum Illuminance  Uniformity Ratio Eave to Emin 6 to 1 4 to 1 4 to 1 3 to 1 6 to 1 4 to 1 6 to 1 metres above the sidewalk/bikeway measured in both directions parallel to the main pedestrian flow) is not being required by the he  C ity  o f  Bur li ng to n’s   ght sections. gradual curves and gently sloping grades for single sided. where a medium PCC shall be used. Opposite Not Recommended Not Recommended Not Recommended . l design basis and a specific lighting design and its associated calculations must be submitted to the City for review. two sided staggered and two sided opposite arrangements.LOW 1 in the City is in school zones. Two Sided Spacing.

Cooper OVF – type 3 luminaire only (curve #767456.5 m from streetline.8 m elliptical brackets. Two Sided Spacing.IES) ffset of 4. ently sloping grades for single sided and two sided.Not Recommended Not Recommended Not Recommended Not Recommended Not Recommended 59 m Not Recommended 59 m 59 m Not Recommended 70 m 67 m 76 m 74 m 67 m 62 m 1. staggered arrangements. Opposite Not Recommended Not Recommended .

5 m from streetline. Intersections should be illuminated to a level equal to the sum l distribution company to maintain the street lights. Fig . he City of Burlington at this time is to run an appropriately sized service cable to a street light pedestal (see City of Burlington Dwg. Opposite Not Recommended Not Recommended ffset of 4. S-156) and from d/or hills. the spacings in the aforementioned tables should be modified in accordance with the procedures given in ANSI/IES RP-8-00 in Annex “D”. lluminance criteria and calculations are recommended for use in the design of intersections.Not Recommended Not Recommended Not Recommended 60 m 60 m 51 m 52 m 64 m Not Recommended Two Sided Spacing. No.

The luminaire ee Table 2 for appropriate illuminance levels.to 70° +/. wo street lights tilted at 5° at angles of 45° +/. as specified in Table 2.5° off the “north” line. The luminaire wattage . Illuminance criteria and calculations are recommended for use in the design of culs-de-sac.nvergence of driveways in the boulevard areas.from the top centre of the bulb. street light tilted at 5° at the top of the bulb at an angle of 0° +/. and ement) is not recommended.

. See RP-8-00. the pede . page 57 for further information on luminance. For the purposes of this manual. high. d to the adjacent land uses. medium and low. There are three levels of pedestrian conflict used by RP-8-00. Annex G.

hod as described in RP-8-00 (unless noted otherwise). s section(s) and the proposed road and pedestrian conflict classifications to the City for review. as well as incorporating both the City’s and Burlington Hydro’s standards and specifications as give associated calculations must be submitted to the City for review. No design shall proceed without the City’s approval of the it was assumed that the pedestrian conflict area classification area is low. All roads requiring a medium or higher pedestrian conflict designation will requ .

. It is the opinion of the City that the need for this level of lighting on the sidewa arrangements.ow) is not being required by the City at this time.

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S-156) and from there to the individual street lighting circuits. Figure D2 on page 39.illuminated to a level equal to the sum of the recommended average illumination levels for each of the intersecting roads. These levels are given in Table Burlington Dwg. ANSI/IES RP-8-00 in Annex “D”. No. .

as specified in Table 2.-sac. aire wattage .

or the purposes of this manual. the pedestrian conflict level is assumed to be low or medium (adjacent to schools only) unless otherwise determined by the .

Street lighting design in Burlington must take into consideration all of the approved luminaires of a given ceed without the City’s approval of the road and pedestrian conflict classifications. edestrian conflict designation will require the preparation and submission of a suitable design to the City for review. .o’s standards and specifications as given below.

is level of lighting on the sidewalks is excessive for a City like Burlington and the spacings needed to meet this requirement are .

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roads. No f . above. The pedestrian conflict classification of “low” is included in the illumination levels given in table 2. These levels are given in Table 2.

ly) unless otherwise determined by the City. High PC Areas are areas with significant numbers of pedestrians on the sidewalks or crossing the streets duri

l of the approved luminaires of a given type in order to allow interchangeability of luminaires during maintenance operation s.

.ded to meet this requirement are excessively short.

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No further adjustment of lighting levels is required due to pedestrian conflict classifications unless a higher classificatio .lumination levels given in table 2.

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concert halls stadiums and transit terminals. . areas near theatres. Examples are downtown retail areas.e sidewalks or crossing the streets during darkness.

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assifications unless a higher classification is chosen. .

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Examples are downtown office areas.rt halls stadiums and transit terminals. Medium PC Areas are areas where fewer pedestrians use the streets at night. .

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Low PC Areas are areas wit . neighbourhood shopping and streets with transit lines. apartments.Examples are downtown office areas. areas with libraries.

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Low PC Areas are areas with low volumes of pedestrian traffic at night. low density developments and rural or . Examples are suburban streets.ansit lines.

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See RP-8-00. pages 4 & 5 and 9 & 10 for further information of pedestrian conflict classification .low density developments and rural or semi-rural areas.

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.ion of pedestrian conflict classifications.

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