(12) INTERNATIONAL International

APPLICATION Bureau

PUBLISHED

UNDER THE PATENT

COOPERATION

TREATY

(PCT)

(19) World Intellectual Property Organization
(43) International Publication Date

11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111

(10) International Publication Number

15 October 2009 (15.10.2009)
(51) International Patent Classification: C01B 3/00 (2006.01) C01B 6102 (2006.01) (21) International (22) International Application Filing Date: Number:

peT

WO 2009/125444 Al
(81) Designated States (unless otherwise indicated, for every kind of national protection available): AE, AG, AL, AM, AO, AT, AU, AZ, BA, BB, BG, BH, BR, BW, BY, BZ, CA, CH, CN, CO, CR, CU, CZ, DE, DK, DM, DO, DZ, EC, EE, EG, ES, FI, GB, GD, GE, GH, GM, GT, HN, HR, HU, ID, IL, IN, IS, JP, KE, KG, KM, KN, KP, KR, KZ, LA, LC, LK, LR, LS, LT, LU, LY, MA, MD, ME, MG, MK, MN, MW, MX, MY, MZ, NA, NG, NI, NO, NZ, OM, PG, PH, PL, PT, RO, RS, RU, SC, SD, SE, SG, SK, SL, SM, ST, SV, SY, TJ, TM, TN, TR, TT, TZ, UA, UG, US, UZ, VC, VN, ZA, ZM, ZW. (84) Designated States (unless otherwise indicated, for every kind of regional protection available): ARIPO (BW, GH, GM, KE, LS, MW, MZ, NA, SD, SL, SZ, TZ, UG, ZM, ZW), Eurasian (AM, AZ, BY, KG, KZ, MD, RU, TJ, TM), European (AT, BE, BG, CH, CY, CZ, DE, DK, EE, ES, FI, FR, GB, GR, HR, HU, IE, IS, IT, LT, LU, LV, MC, MT, NL, NO, PL, PT, RO, SE, SI, SK, TR), OAPI (BF, BJ, CF, CG, CI, CM, GA, GN, GQ, GW, ML, MR, NE, SN, TD, TG). Published: with international search report (Art. 21 (3))

PCT/IT200S/000532 4 August 200S (04.0S.200S) (25) Filing Language: (26) Publication Language: 9 April200S (09.04.200S) English English IT

(30) Priority Data: MI200SA 000629

(71) Applicant (for all designated States except US): PASCUCCI MADDALENA [IT/IT]; Via Ezio, 24, 1-00192 ROMA(IT). (72) Inventor; and (75) Inventor/Applicant (for US only): ROSSI, Andrea [IT/IT]; C/O PASCUCCI, Maddalena, Via Ezio, 24, 1-00192 ROMA (IT). _ (74) Agent: CICOGNA, Franco; UFFICIO INTERNAZIONALE BREVETTI, DOTT. PROF. FRANCO CICOGNA, VIA VISCONTI Dl MODRONE 14/A, 1-20122 MILANO - ITALY (IT).

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;

::: -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(54) Title: METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CARRYING OUT NICKEL AND HYDROGEN EXOTHERMAL REACTIONS
FIG. 1 106~ ~(107)

3 4

;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; 6

(57) Abstract: A method and apparatus for carrying out highly efficient exothermal reaction between nickel and hydrogen atoms in a tube, preferably, though not necessary, a metal tube filled by a nickel powder and heated to a high temperature, preferably, though not necessary, from 150 to 5000C are herein disclosed. In the inventive apparatus, hydrogen is injected into the metal tube containing a highly pressurized nickel powder having a pressure, preferably though not necessarily, from 2 to 20 bars.

1(101)

WO 2009/125444

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METHOD HYDROGEN

AND

APPARATUS

FOR

CARRYING

OUT

NICKEL

AND

EXOTijERMAL REACTIONS BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION relates nickel been finding to from being to a method and energy by and the

5

The present apparatus exothermal well
LO

invention out has of sources, and

for

carrying

hydrogen sources

reactions, ve to fossil

stimulated prevent

known

requirement contents the

al ternati carbon increased.

atmospheric unnecessarily energy health to oil and

di.oxi.de

For meeting sources
L5

above need non polluting which be do easily ve not with involve respect discovered energy biomasses, fuel competitive to abundant.

should are

be

found

risks, sources

economically and naturally

susceptible Many of the

exploited have 20 on an energy

above and

al ternati comprise energy, nature, ve to

sources even solar of sea the and well with near

already used or

been both

explored scale, for heating aeolian

and operatively and photovoltaic

tested

industrial

electric and is

generation vegetable wave energy 25 problems waste known,
30

purposes, and so on.

materials

agricultural al ternati

geothermal natural oil,

A possible uranium-fission affect material for

nuclear nuclear

energy. energy

However, yet such as great since, remain of

unresolved safety as is

processing waste or risks thousands

problems, materials millions for places.

radioactive great

dangerously years, living

active

consequent radioactive

persons

waste disposal-off

WO 2009/125444

rcr IIT200S/000532
2

To the above the fact should also be added that, at present, a nuclear fusion based on a laser actuated inertial 5 tritium times confining method does not allow to make efficient power systems. The above drawbacks are also true for deuteriumfusion processes, for to year the the as ITER shown by project, the operating should to estimated according the which

within the year 2025 should allow to construct power systems
10

so-called the

DEMO

project fusion

make,

within

2035,

first

power

station. In fact, up to now, the so-called "cold" fusion, after an early announcement by Fleischmann and Pons in 1989
15

(M. Fleischmann, Chern., useful

M.

Hawkins,

S.

Pons:

Journal

Electroanal. not provided

261,301-1989), and reliable

notwithstanding capable or of

several exploiting attempts on a world-wise scale, has systems generating 20 The energy most for normal, intelligent industrial work domestic in the

applications. performed fusion field, which work has been accurately studied by the present inventor for practicing his invention, is a study of Prof. Sergio Focardi, (Dipartimento di Fisica dell'Univerita 25 Piantelli, Siena) as documents: S.
30

di

Bologna), in the F.

and

Prof.

Francesco di

(Dipartimento di disclosed

Fisica dell'Universi t a following

bibliographic Produzione di

Focardi, Conferenza

Piantelli: Nazionale

energia e reazioni nucleari in sistemi Ni-H a 400°C, Atti della in sulla di politica 18-19 energetica aprile 2005. Italia, Universita Bologna,

WO 2009/125444

rcr IIT200S/000532
3

- 8. Focardi, R. Habel, F. Piantelli: Anomalous heat producti9n in Ni-H systems, Nuovo
I

Cimento

Vol. F.

107, pp 163-167, 1994 8. Focardi, V. 5 in Ni-H Gabbiani, V. Montalbano, 111 A pp.
8.

Piantelli, 8. Veronesi: Large excess in heat production systems, Nuovo Cimento Vol. A. Battaglia, L. Oaddi, in Ni-H 1233V. 1241, 1998 Focardi, Gabbiani, V. Montalbano, F. Piantelli, P .G . 8ona, 8 . systems, Nuovo F.

10

Veronesi:

Neutron

emission

Cimento Vol. l12 A pp 921-931, 1999 8. Focardi, V. Piantelli,
15

Gabbiani, V. Montalbano. On the Ni-H systems,

8.

Veronesi:

Asti

Workshop in Hydrogeldeuterium loaded metals, pp 35-47, 1997 E.G. Montalbano. Veronesi:
20

Campari,

8.

Focardi, V. E. Porcu, Proceedings

Gabbiani, E. of Tosti, the has

V.
8.

F. Ni-H

Piantelli, systems,

8th also U8-

Conference on Cold Fusion, pp 69-74, 2000. The accurately 6,236,225, 5,552,155,
25

present

inventor,

moreover,

studies the following related patents: U8U8-5,122,054, US-5,195,157, U8-H466, U8-4,014,168, US-4,782,303, US-4,341,730,

US-A-200l0024789. An shows that: 1amount 30 to all be experiments reliably and performed based on cold in fusion have not permitted to generate power in such an constantly based methods the problem exploited industrial applications; 2- all the uranium have not up to now and systems of safely solved analysis of the above mentioned references

WO 2009/125444
4

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disposing of nuclear waste materials; 3all the nuclear of fusion based while methods allowing and the systems have not been shown as capable of generating significative
. 5·

amounts

energy

fusion process to be safely monitored; 4- all the magnetic and inertial confining based methods and systems, such as the plasma fusion method, cannot be properly economically managed; and 5- the catalyzed fusion of negative muons based

10

methods and systems cannot be used because of the muon short life.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

15

Accordingly, the aim of the present invention is to provide a method allowing to produce energy in an economic, without materials. convenient, generating reliable and and repetitive manner, radioactive waste radiations

20 main

Within the scope of the above mentioned aim, a object of the invention is to provide such a method which can be carried out in small size systems, adapted to be easily controlled and allowing to heat individual places at an operating cost less than that

25

of commercially available heating systems. According to one aspect of the present invention, the above mentioned aim and objects, as well as yet other objects, which will become more apparent hereinafter, are achieved by a method and apparatus for

30

carrying between

out nickel

a

highly atoms not

efficient

exothermal atoms, made of

reaction a metal,

and hydrogen exclusively

in a tube,

preferably,

though

WO 2009/125444 5

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filled 150 tube
5

by

a

nickel by

powder though being to a

and not

heated into

to

a

high from metal to 20

temperature to said not In nuclei, therefor,
10

p'referably, nickel powder

necessarily, said 2

500°C,

injecting

hydrogen pressure

pressurized,

preferably,

though bars.

necessarily, applicant to are

from the atom the

exothermal absorbing about

reaction the metal by

hydrogen of nickel nuclei,

due said of of

a high compressed

capability generates thereby

while action capture

high

temperature made by elements, the of

internuclear catalytic a a a a the this by copper formed thermal by the are the + with and of in a having triggering

percussions

wh i.ch are

stronger nickel nickel larger

optional a proton

powder, to copper that that into of nucleus

consequent
15

transformation of the latter is by an

·beta+ mass

decay which The

to a nickel

unit inventor

than

starting reaction 20 a nickel nucleus unstable energy
25

nickel. present believes a capture transformed beta it decay be is possibly nucleus with is a copper involved is of a proton the

which

consequent as the

(Cu 59 - 64) since the produced will than energy that since isotope) starting the the introduced nickel than

larger,

thereinafter

demonstrated, electric It transformed final mass 30 status (energy) The invention is to

resistance. believed copper of the (copper nuclei of the mass (energy) (nickel

is less status

overall

isotope

proton). exothermal reaction from thereon those Applicant's by prior is based differs adopted

WO 2009/125444 6

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searchers demonstrate supporting 5 than the

since
.an a

the

inventor of
a

has theory, to

not but

tried he

to has a

emission validity of

elementary

particles

exclusively tried to provide an amount of energy larger consumed energy amount, just achieve practical method and apparatus for generating an energy amount larger than the consumed energy, and this by exploiting nuclear energy generating processes starting from electrochemical energy.
10

Thus, energy in
a

the

inventive easily

apparatus

has

been safe,

specifically designed for producing the above mentioned reliable, controllable, repeatable manner, for any desired applications. In particular, the inventive apparatus is coated
15

by boron without

layers and lead plates both generating residue radiations

for restraining and radioactive

noxious radiations and transforming them into energy, materials. In this connection it is pointed out that all 20 prior attempts to generate like types of energy, have brought to small energy amounts generating prototypes not suitable for a safe industrial use, because of the theoretical nature of the performed searches.
25

SUMMARY

OF THE INVENTION

Thus, the aim of the present provide operate
30

invention is to adapted manner to and an a

an in a

energy a

generating and of

aPP?ratus repeatable series thereby by so

reliable plurality

including connectable

and

parallel

apparatus high

modules,

generating bombarding

impressively

energy

amount

WO 2009/125444 7

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nickel atomic energy,
5

atom mass based The

by on

a

hydrogen the

atom, to

to be

provide plus

a

large into a beta as for

,loss copper

atom

transformed

Einstein's discussion Cu isotopes atom

equation, may be

decay energy of the radioactive following some copper copper decay valid for (radioactive)

copper atoms. considered but not A65Cu) isotopes, (A63Cu and an

the two

stable As the

which

do not decay. decays, energy to the emitting following 10 posi tive beta equations:
P

occurs,

according

= N+ e+ + v,
proton neutron

where P
15 N

E+ = positron v = neutrino The and W hence, electrons, thereby energy as
25

positron as

forms

the

electron against pairs

antiparticle, the nickel

positrons

impact

the electron-positron few grams more

are annihilated, produce an

generating In fact, amount will

a huge amount of energy. of Ni and H would apparent effects, to that of thousands hereinafter, or carbon in the by oil tons, without dioxide since the process beta

equivalent become greenhouse

it

pollutions, increases, radioactive will decay processes,

nuclear copper to

and other waste materials, isotopes produced stable nickel isotopes

+

in a very short time. understanding apparatus, for the following it is necessary nickel detailed to to at be of the

30

For clearly discussion first consider

that

allowing

WO 2009/125444
8

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transformed respect exothermal 5 number copper other of indispensable

into the, to to

stable use, a allow

copper, laws. for nickel it to the

it the

is

necessary it

to is

quantic

Accordingly, above into isotope transform Ni unstable 106 tons having

mentioned a mass a stable on the and,

reactions, 62, 62. All will

isotope hand,

other

isotopes, Cu,

generate that about

accordingly, 10 are produced disclosed generate by 15 517 amount, an tons

a beta decay. nickel for year would nickel nuclear (oil that the through energy oil, the world in thus amount only and since, as it will be nickel that produced

Considering

he~einafter

Table the

1, 1 g
to yearly

equivalent 1/10,000

produced generates

assuming

that

processes, equivalent) And yearly

will provide 51,700,000,000 considering could be from of the fact ton per year. this without production and easily nickel the most increased, oil, nickel scraps of

1,000,000,000,000*517/10000

nickel

20

depending can be steelwork metals

on demand, recovered

and that, remelted is

like mineral

and electronic nickel

applications. one abundant

Actually,
25

of the Earth crust. BRIEF DESCRIPTION Further OF THE DRAWINGS and more advantages of the

characteristics will become detailed by way

present 30 from which the though

invention following not

apparent of the

hereinafter invention, but not

disclosure

of a preferred,

exclusive,

embodiment

is illustrated,

of an indicative,

WO 2009/125444 9

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limitative, where:

example, 1 2 is is a a

in

the

accompanying diagram by a

drawings, of 1.400 the x

Figure apparatus 5 electronic Figure 1.400 x scale), Figures diagrams
10

constructional picture, showing 4 are taken

according

to the present

invention; powder (on a

microscope, 3 to and

the nickel electronic atomic

withdrawn the

by the apparatus; microscope at 2. powder composition,

related

the two points

shown by the arrows

in figure

DESCRIPTION With
15

OF THE PREFERRED to the number

EMBODIMENT references according of the to the 1, a

reference

above mentioned present enclosed A

figures,

the apparatus an

invention in a metal 3. solenoid the or can More be values.

comprises

electric

resistance therein

tube 2, further valve 4 adj usts

including the

nickel powder 20 which hydrogen Both resistance pressure pulsating
25

pressure tube. by to the

under

5 is introduced temperature resistor easily and

into the metal generated the either electric off as status heat hydrogen

electric injection or or A

adj usted the

constant

specifically, source, will is hold

resistance, the is triggered.

other

heat

switched said

exothermal operating, resistance from from the the

reaction thermostat depending
30

generating

energizing

source

on the temperature holding copper by

in the circuit. said electric is shielded respectively tube

The assembly and nickel outer environment

comprising using,

WO 2009/125444

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10

inside to the outside: a) a jacket 7 including boron b)
5

water and boron, 8, which,

or only

a further

lead

jacket

optionally, layer as

though
9.

not necessarily,

may

be coated coatings emitted

by a steel

The above mentioned to
10

are so designed by the into

restrain and The

all

radiations

exothermal thermal and

reaction energy.

transform

said by

radiation the heat

he at; generated borated water,

particle the said

decay

nuclear

transformations exchange energy

will

primary primary

fluid, fluid, circuit, the such and so

comprising
15

thereby

in turn, will in turn produced as on. heated

heat with to

the secondary fluid

by said primary heating,

and conveying applications, energy,

thermal

desired

electric

power,

mechanical

In the absence 20 be heated will exchange to steel jacket. According invention, following
25

of a primary

fluid,

the fluid to

heat directly a further

with the lead and of the the

embodiment

the features.

apparatus

further

comprises

Nickel a heating controlled adapted activated by

is coated a

in a copper tube 100, including resistance 101, adj usted (not 107. 102, 103, bottle and shown) is thermostat in a bottle

electric off

controlling said contained lead

to switch A first a both

resistance armored armored tube, the

101 as nickel construction construction hydrogen

by hydrogen second the

30 coated protect

steel-boron copper

by

WO 2009/125444

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11

connection cylinder the overall
5

assembly 107" radiation

106,

and

the

hydrogen

bottle

or to

thereby

restraining life, allowing energy.

radiations

through

said radiations

be transformed the copper steel thermal
10

into thermal cooling assembly disclosed which,

On the outside of the lead armored reactor pipe above water, 105, outer The as a heating coupling provide systems.
A

construction, through a to conveyed also

circulates and this can

energy

using devices. prototype in a series other size like and of day, the be used parallel will heating inventive provides of at an the module and/or power the and
18"

relCl-tionship with a basic core

modules,

desired

practical installed operating heat of EON

embodiment on October 24 hours to Carlo per heat

15'

apparatus, 'perfectly amount Company of

16, 2007,

is at present

sufficient via

factory

Ragazzi

Bondeno the main

(Province of Ferrara).
20

For better components The of the schematically

understanding above

the invention, apparatus which

mentioned

have has that, must

been not for be

shown in Table 2. above mentioned disclosed, the apparatus, has demonstrated injection pressure. temperature to switch of larger hours system, controlling off said operation, continuously than that which

been yet publicly
25

a

proper The

operation, electric has been

hydrogen

carried

out under a variable

resistance designed after 3-4

thermostat electric
30

resistance providing thermal generated

thereby emi tting initially

self-supplied energy by in an said

amount

electric

resistance,

WO 2009/125444

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12

mode of operation is actually achieved by an exothermal reaction. As it will be shown in a detailed manner in the following Table 5 1, it is possible to calculate that, supposing a full transformation, a mole, that is 58 g nickel, generate the same amount of energy obtained by burning about 30,000 tons of oil. Figures 2-5 2008
10

show data measured on January 30, demonstrate that the invention

which

basically

actually provides a true nuclear cold fusion. The pboto of figure 2 ,( obtained by a 1.400 x electronic microscope) 1.400 x scale, as shows the nickel from the powder on a in withdrawn apparatus:

particular said photo clearly shows the flake granules,
15

greatly promoting an absorption of the hydrogen atoms by the nickel nuclei. The microscope two tests arrows for in the figure the show powder the two posi,tions of the powder sample thereon the electronic detecting atomic

20

composition have been carried out. The two graphs of figures 3 and 4 have been made by the electronic microscope of Dipartimento di Fisica dell'Universita Prof. Sergio di Bologna, on under the 30, supervision 2008, at and of are Focardi, January

25

related to the powder In particular,

atomic composition said graphs clearly

the two that

above points of figure 2. show zinc is formed, whereas
30

zinc was not present

in the

nickel powder originally loaded into the apparatus said zinc being actually generated by a fusion of a nickel atom and two hydrogen atoms. This demonstrates that, in addition to fusion,

WO 2009/125444

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13

the inventive reaction also provides a nickel nucleus fission phenomenon generating lighter stable atoms. Moreover, it has been found that, after having generated energy the used powders contained both copper 5 and lighter than nickel atoms (such as sulphur, chlorine, potassium, calcium). This demonstrate that, also 10 a nickel It has nucleus been fission that lighter stable atoms occurs. found the invention fully achieves the intended aim and objects.
TABLE 1

in addition to fusion, phenomenon generating

15

Determining the energy produced by a nickel mol.
1

nickel mol = 58 g
X

Avogadro number 6.022 nickel atoms in 58 g nickel.

1023

mol-1

number of

The energy generated in each hydrogen capture 20 process has been evaluated (for each nickel isotope) (nickel + from the difference between the initial mass hydrogen) and the reaction end product mass. A reasonable estimate, considering the different values for the different isotopes, is 10 MeV electron 25 (a MeV corresponds to a million electron-volts and is the energy measuring nuclear physics) . Since 1 Mev is equivalent to a variation of mass of 1. 78 30
X

unit, as conventionally used

in

10-30 kg, the mass variation corresponding to
X

an energy emission of 10 Mev is 1.78

10-29 kg.

The mass loss corresponding to a transformation of an entire Ni mol can be calculated by multiplying

WO 2009/125444

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14

the

Avogadro

number reaction. (for 58 g Ni)

time

the

mass

variation

of ~he single 1023)

Thus is obtained M= (6.022
5
X

x 1. 7.8 X 10-29 kg=1.07 equation we have speed c c is the light

x 10-5 kg

From the Einstein E = mc m/s.
2

where

Thus, by replacing: J=1.07
10

x 10-5 x to defect a pci

(3

X

108)2
X

= 9.63
9

X

lOll J which can be

can

be

approximated

0.3

10

kcal

(which

approximated oil
15

Oy

to reserve). to about kcal/kg 30,000 ton mineral as of 10,000 for

This is an energy equivalent considering oil; thus, 58 g nickel will generate

the same energy

that provided

by 30,000 ton oil, that is 517 tons/gram. TABLE 2

List of materials 20 experimentally testing Electric

used. for making Frei, Brescia

prototypes

for

the inventive

apparatus

resistance:

Thermoadjuster: Lead shields: Hydrogen:
25

Pic 16- cod. 1705- Frei Picchi Srl-Brugherio Linde Gas Italia - Milan (Brescia) device: di Srl- Bologna Antezzate measuring (Milan) (Milan)

Linde Gas Italia, Arluno reducer: Gerli Metalli Dell'Amore Italchimicitemperature Elaborazione

Pressure Boron: Copper Laser

Powder nickel: Danilo tube: beam gauge:

30

Raytheon,

USA Dipartimento degli Studi di Bologna

Pressure

Fisica - UniversitA

WO 2009/125444 15

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Neutron Dipartimento Bologna di

measuring Fisica

device: Universita

Elaborazione degli Studi di di

Chemical-physical 5

analyses:

Dipartimento

Fisica - Universita degli Studi Bologna.

WO 2009/125444
16

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CLAIMS 1. reaction
5

A

method comprises by or and a nickel

for

carrying

out

an

isothermal in that a metal a high

of nickel

and hydrogen, inj ecting granules nickel powder,

characterized hydrogen even or bars, gas into of in

said tube

method filled

nanometric saturated

dimensions, temperature environment,
10 2.

pressurized generating according according catalyzer

hydrogen energy. to claim to claim

thereby

A method

1, characterized are used. from 150 to 1, characterized

in that in said method 3. A method 500°C.
15 4.

materials

in that said high temperature A method said metal according is tube

is preferably to claim injected

1, characterized into said nickel from preferably

in

that

hydrogen

powder

filled 5. An

at a pressure for carrying according apparatus powder and further

2 to 20 bars. apparatus a by a in that hydrogen An in An in An out an exothermal claim to into claim a
1, 20

reaction tube

by

method said being nickel

to heated injected to powder to is

characterized filled temperature, metal tube.
25

comprises

a metal set said 5,

6.

apparatus that said

according nickel according hydrogen according pulsating

characterized catalyzer 7. characterized 30 said tube under 8. characterized

contains claim 5, into 5,

materials. apparatus that said a non-constant apparatus inj ected pressure. to claim

in that said temperature

is variable.

WO 2009/125444

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17

9.
tube water
5

An

apparatus that or said steel

according nickel and thereof, boron,

to by and to is to

claim filled by a a jacket

5, metal of lead 9, by a 5, is a 5,

characterizeq. in is coated, and boron, An in An

powder

on an outside

layer.

10.
characterized steel layer.

apparatus that said

according lead layer

claim coated claim fluid, in

11.
10

apparatus said steel a flow said

according apparatus pipe

characterized pipe caused to

in that

comprises or other anempted to is

a steel

therethrpugh flow, An in An

of water,

being

heat exchanging

relationship apparatus that said

with said metal tube. according nickel claim a powder to nickel 5,

12.
15 characterized isotope

powder. 13. apparatus according powder claim in that An in said nickel is replaceable to is an claim 5,

characterized
20

by a copper powder.

14.
characterized module

apparatus that said

according apparatus and/or

apparatus coupled 5, is a

susceptible

to be series modules. apparatus that said

parallel to to of

with like apparatus

15.
25 characterized multiple different interacting

An in

according exothermal adapted an on

claim

reaction

exothermal atoms with nickel

reaction, nuclei.

provide protons

depending

amount

WO 2009/125444 114

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106~

~(107)

3 4

1(101)

6

FIG. 1

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kV:20.0 Tilt:O

FIG. 2

WO 2009/125444 3/4

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label:powder Small Ball dot left bottom
kV:20.0 Tilt:O.O Take-off:35.0 DetType:E3/4C Res:139 30-Jan-2008 17:21 :58 :50.0

FS : 237 Lsec: 97

2.00

4.00

6.00

8.00

10.00

12.00

14.00

FIG.

3

WO 2009/125444 4/4

rcr IIT200S/000532

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FIG. 4

INTERNATIONAL

SEARCH REPORT

International

application

No

PCT/IT2008/000532
A. CLASSIFICATION

INV. ADD.

COIB3/00 COIB6/02

OF SUBJECT

MATTER

According

to International

Palent Classification

(IPC) or to both national classification

and IPC

B. FIELDS SEARCHED Minimum

COIB

documentation

searched

(classification

system followed

by classification

symbols)

Documentation

searched

other than minimum documentation

to the extent that such documents

are included

in the fields searched

Electronic

data base consulted during the international

search (name of data base and, where practical, search terms used)

EPO- Internal

C. DOCUMENTS Category'

CONSIDERED

TO BE RELEVANT where appropriate, of the relevant passages Relevant to claim No.

Cnanon of document, with indication,

X Y

EP 1 551 032 A (OSAKA IND PROMOTION ORG [JP] ARATA YOSHIAKI [JP]) 6 July 2005 (2005-07-06) paragraphs [0014], [0043], [0046], [0064 ], [0073]; claims 1,4,7; figure 4· , example 1 MONTALBANO, F. PIANTELLI , S. VERONESI: "Overview of H_Ni systems: old experiments and new setup" 5TH ASTI WORKSHOP ON ANOMALIES IN HYDROGEN-DEUTERIUM LOADED METALS, ASTI, ITALY, 2004, XP0025 17911 figures 1,2,9; table 1
--------E. CAMPARI, S. FOCARDI, V. GABBANI, V.

1,3-5,7, 8,13,14 2,6, 9-12,15 2,6,11, 12,15

Y

-/--

IT]
, 'A' 'E' 'L'

Further documents

are listed in the continuation

of Box C.

[]

See patent family annex.

Special categories

of cited documents:

document defining the general state of the art which is not considered to be of particular relevance earlier document filing date but published on or after the international

'T' later document published alter the international filing date or priority date and not in conflict with the application but cited to understand the principle or theory underlying the invention 'X' document of particular relevance; the claimed invention cannot be considered novel or cannot be considered to involve an inventive step when the document is taken alone document of particular relevance; cannot be considered to involve document is combined with one ments, such combination being in the art. the claimed invention an inventive step when the or more other such docuobvious to a person skilled

document which may throw doubts on priority claim(s) or which is cned to establish the publication date of another citation or other special reason (as specified) document referring to an oral disclosure, other means use, exhiMion or

'Y'

'0' 'P'

document published prior to the international later than the priority date claimed of the international

filing date but search

'&' document

member of the same patent family search report

Date of the actual completion

Date of mailing of the intemational

6 March 2009
Name and mailing address of the ISN European Patent Office, P.B. 5818 Patenttaan NL - 2280 HV Rijswijk Tel. (+31-70) 340-2040, Fax: (+31-70)340-3016
Form PCT/ISA/210 (second sheet) (April 2005)

06/04/2009
Authorized officer

2

Cristescu, Ioana page 1 of 2

INTERNATIONAL

SEARCH REPORT

International application No

PCT/IT2008/000532
C(Continuatlon). Category' DOCUMENTS CONSIDERED TO BE RELEVANT Relevant to claim No. Citation of document, with indication, where appropriate, of the relevant passages

Y

S. FOCARDI, V. GABBANI, V. MONTALBANO, F. PIANTELLI, S. VERONESI: "Evidence of Electromagnetic radiation from Ni-H Systems" 11TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE 2004, MARSEILLE, FRANCE, 2004, XP002517912 figure 2 CERRON-ZEBALLOS E ET AL: "INVESTIGATION OF ANOMALOUS HEAT PRODUCTION' IN NI-H SYSTEMS" SOCIETA ITALIANA DI FISICA, NUOVO CIMENTO A, EDITRICE COMPOSITORI, BOLOGNA, IT, vol. 109A, no. 12, 1 December 1996 (1996-12-01), pages 1645-1654,XP008103248 ISSN: 0369-3546 the whole document G. MENGOLI, M. BERNARDINI, C. MANDUCHI, G. ZANNONI: "Anomalous heat effects correlated with electrochemical hydriding of nickel" IL NUOVO CIMENTO, vol. 20D, no. 3, 1998, pages 331-352, XP002517910 page 332

2,6,9-12

A

1-15

A

1-15

FORn PCT/lSAl210

(continuation

of second

sheet) (Ap"I2005)

page 2 of 2

INTERNATIONAL
Information

SEARCH REPORT

International

application

No

on patent family members

PCT/IT2008/000532
Patent family member(s)

Patent document cited in search report

EP 1551032

A

I

Publication date

06-07-2005

I

AU

WO

US

2003271180 Al 2004034406 Al 2006153752 Al

1

Publication date

04-05-2004 22-04-2004 13-07-2006

Form PCT/ISA/210

(patent family annex) (Apnl2005)

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