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You are encouraged to use them whenever they might enhance a speech. Why use visuals? They have five important benefits: 1. They increase understanding Most of what people learn is ingested through their eyes - not their ears. Visual aids help to convey messages clearly. They save time Information that is presented visually is received and processes faster than a verbal message. They enhance retention They promote attentiveness People think faster than you speak... visuals help keep them focused on your message. They help control nervousness Displaying visual aids gives you purposeful physical activity that lets your body process nervous energy without distracting the audience 2.
* Display them high enough so that all can see * Avoid standing in front of them. Keep them simple * Use a single visual to illustrate a point * Make diagrams and wording simple and accurate * With overheads, no more than seven lines and seven words/line.
Adapted from Toastmasters International Communication and Leadership Program manual. Copyright © 2007 Toastmasters International Edmonton & Area Last modified: November 11, 2007 http://members.shaw.ca/toasted/
Edmonton & Area This web page has moved to:toastofedmonton.shawwebspace.ca Different Kinds of Visual AIDS Different Kinds of Visual AIDS
Types of Visual Aids Visuals range from simple handheld objects to expensive multi-media extravaganzas. Your choice for a particular speech should depend on several factors including: y y y y y y The information you want to convey, The size of the audience, The physical environment of the room, The equipment available to you, The time available to prepare visual aids, The amount of money you can afford.
Visual aids are useful in presentations for several reasons. People learn in different ways, and engaging their eyes as well as their ears helps to get the message across more easily. Visual aids also help to keep an audience engaged during the presentation. Good visual aids are interesting, relevant and support the presentation, but never overshadow it. 1. o Function Visual aids are used to illustrate and enhance a presentation and to create excitement. They engage the audience by asking them to use their eyes as well as their ears and add a dimension to the presentation that helps the audience to remember what they have heard. Types There are many different types of visual aids that can be used in a presentation and are limited only by the presenter's creativity. The most common include computer slide shows, white boards or transparencies and handouts. However, presenters may also use video clips, relevant objects and even people as models. Considerations In determining what kind of visual aid to use, the presenter should consider the purpose of the presentation, the type of audience, the level of formality and the effect they wish to achieve. A clip from a children's movie may not be appropriate for a business presentation while a chart may bore children. Presenters should also take care that their use of visual aids does not overshadow the presentation or distract the audience. Warning
The types of visual aids most commonly used include: y y y y y y Physical objects, props and models White boards, Charts and posters, Flip charts Overhead transparencies Computer presentations, e.g. Powerpoint.
There are pros and cons associated with using each of the above visual aids. o Tips for Using Visuals Effectively 1. Make sure they are visible to the entire audience * A good rule of thumb is one-half inch for each ten feet between the visual and the farthest audience member * Print neatly
Each slide should only have a few words and never contain the text of the speech. One student in a speech titled "The United States: a nation of immigrants". Graphs-audiences often have trouble grasping a complex series of numbers.html The Different Kinds Of Visual Aids By James Ruhle When giving a speech it can be quite a nerve racking experience. photographs. you may be able to work with the model.bringing the object of your speech to class can be an excellent way to clarify your ideas and give them dramatic impact. or suppose you are explaining the different kinds of roller coasters found in amusement Parks your best visual aid would be a video showing those coasters in action.com/5533898 December 10. Charts-charts are useful for summarizing large blocks of information.com/?The-Different-Kinds-Of-VisualAids&id=5533898 . 2010. they should not be passed around the room during the presentation as this causes a distraction. Models-if the item you want to discuss is too large. easy to create. Computer slide shows can also be a distraction. and video-in the same talk. One student. This helps keep the audience interested while at the same time helping them understand the subject matter easier. Consider the distance from the audience to the aid and make sure it is visible to everyone. If your specific purpose is "to inform my audience how to choose the right ski equipment" why not bring the equipment to class to show your listeners. used a chart to show the leading regions of the world for U. immigrants. Another used a scaled down model of the hang glider to illustrate Different techniques of hang gliding. by illustrating how a conductor directs an orchestra. The same is true of photo graphs-in books Article Source: http://EzineArticles. Multimedia presentations-multimedia presentations allow you to integrate a variety of visual aids-including charts. They will not work effectively. you may be able to use photographs. Transparencies are inexpensive. There are many different types of visual aids and in this article I would like to describe to you 10 of the most prominent types of visual aids and how they can be used. Transparencies-photographs. and produce strong visual images. sketches. a forensic science major. The speaker-sometimes you can even use your own body as a visual aid. If handouts will be referred to during the presentation. or unavailable. use a model of the human skull to show how forensic scientists use a bone fragments to reconstruct crime injuries. They can be designed to illustrate your points exactly. maps.ehow. Objects. Video-if you're talking about the impact caused by low speed automobile accident what could be more effective than showing slow motion video of crash tests. or by showing how to perform sign language. and graphs can all be converted into transparencies. the machines should be tested before the audience arrives.o When using handouts or objects. Slides should be used to summarize or illustrate a point. they should be given to the audience before it is begun. http://www. and other kinds of drawings are inexpensive to make and keep. Photographs-in the absence of an object or model. unless they are large enough for the audience to view without straining their eyes.S. http://ezinearticles. too small. Normal-size photos are too small to be seen clearly without being passed around-which only diverts the audience from what you're saying. This more than compensates for what they lack in the realism.com/about_5089336_different-kindsvisual-aids. o Just as presentations should be practiced in advance. Warning Drawings-diagrams. and so forth. preparations for effective visual aids should also be made in advance. You can ease the difficulty by using graphs to show statistical trends and patterns. If you are using any form of technology. Often times people will try to gain their audience's attention by using visual aids in their speeches. drawings. however. revealing the secrets behind magic tricks.
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