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2.1 Holography...6. 2.2 Collinear Holography.......8. 3. STRUCTURE.....9. 3.1 HVD Structure......9. 3.2 HVD Reader Prototype11. 4. DATA STORAGE.....12. 4.1 Recording Data....12. 4.2 Reading Data..........15. 5. HARDWARE.....18. 5.1Spatial Light Modulator..................18. 6. MORE ON HVD....20. 6.1 Advantage......20. 6.2 Comparison............21. 6.3 Interesting Facts.........21. .4 HVD at a Glance....22 6.5 Standards....22. 7. CONCLUSION.....23. 8. REFERENCES..24 LIST OF FIGURES

NO. NAME PAGE 1. Interference 6. 2. Hologram 7. 3. Collinear Holography 8. 4. Fringes Pattern 8. 5. Disc Structure 10. 6. HVD Reader Prototype 11. 7. Recording Data 13. 8. Data Image 14. 9. Page Data Store as Hologram 14. 10. Reading Data 16. 11. Page Data Store in HVD 17.

12. Page Data Recreated by CMOS 17. 13. SLM 18. 14. Data Storage 19. 15. HVD 2 1. INTRODUCION An HVD (holographic Versatile Disc), a holographic storage media, is an advanced optical disc thats presently in the development stage. Polaroid scientist J. van Heerden was the first to come up with the idea for holographic three-dimensional storage media in 1960. An HVD would be a successor to todays Blu-ray and HDDVD technologies. It can transfer data at the rate of 1 Gigabit per second. The technology permits over 10 kilobits of data to be written and read in parallel with a single flash. The disc will store upto 3.9 terabyte (TB) of data on a single optical disk. Holographic data storage, a potential next generation storage technology, offers both high storage density and fast readout rate. In this article, I discuss the physical origin of these attractive technology features and the components and engineering required to realize them. I conclude by describing the current state of holographic storage research and development efforts in the context of ongoing improvement to established storage technologies. 1.1 BRIEF HISTORY Although holography was conceived in the late 1940s, it was not considered a potential storage technology until the development of the laser in the 1960s. The resulting rapid development of holography for displaying 3-D images led researchers

to realize that holograms could also store data at a volumetric density of as much as 1/ whereis the wave-length of the light beam used. Since each data page is retrieved by an array of photo detectors, rather than bi-by-bit, the holographic scheme promises fast readout rates as well as high density. If a thousand holograms, each containing a million pixels, could be retrieved every second, for instance, then the output data rate would reach 1 Gigabit per second. 4. In the early 1990s, interest in volume-holographic data storage was rekindled by the availability of devices that could display and detect 2-D pages, including charge coupled devices (CCD), complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) detector chips and small liquid-crystal panels. The wide availability of these devices was made possible by the commercial success of digital camera and video projectors. With these components in hand, holographic-storages researchers have begun to demonstrate the potential of their technology in the laboratory.By using the volume of the media, researchers have experimentally demonstrated that data can be stored at equivalent area densities of nearly 400 bits/sq. micron. (For comparison, a single layer of a DVD disk stores data at ~ 4.7 bits/sq. micron) A readout rate of 10 gigabit per second has also been achieved in the laboratory.

2. UNDERLYING ECHNOLOGY 2.1 HOLOGRAPHY Holographic data storage refers specifically to the use of holography to store andretrieve digital data. To do this, digital data must be imposed onto an optical wavefront, stored holographically with high volumetric density, and then extracted fromthe retrieved optical wav front with excellent data fidelity. A hologram preserves both the phase and amplitude of an optical wave front of interest called the object beam by recording the optical interference pattern between it and a second coherent optical beam the reference beam. Fig 2.1 shows this process. FIG 2.1 INERFERENCE


The reference beam is designed to be simple to reproduce at a later stage (A common reference beam is a plane wave a light beam that propagates without converging or diverging). These interference fringes are recorded if the two beams have been overlapped within a suitable photosensitive media, such as a photopolymer or inorganic crystal or photographic film. The bright and dark variations of the interference pattern create chemical and/or physical changes in the media, preserving

a replica of the interference pattern as a change in absorption, refractive index or thickness. FIG 2.2 HOLOGRAM 7. WIKIPEDIA
he Holographic Versatile Disc (HVD) is an optical disc technology developed between April 2004 and mid-2008 that can store up to several terabytes of data on an optical disc the same size as a CD, DVD or Blu-ray disc. It employs a technique known as collinear holography, whereby a green and red laser beam are collimated in a single beam. The green laser reads data encoded as laser interference fringes from a holographic layer near the top of the disc. A red laser is used as the reference beam to read servoinformation from a regular CD-style aluminium layer near the bottom. Servoinformation is used to monitor the position of the read head over the disc, similar to the head, track, and sector information on a conventional hard disk drive. On a CD or DVD this servoinformation is interspersed amongst the data. A dichroic mirror layer between the holographic data and the servo data reflects the green laser while letting the red laser pass through. This prevents interference from refraction of the green laser off the servo data pits and is an advance over past holographic storage media, which either experienced too much interference, or lacked the servo data entirely, making them incompatible with current CD and DVD drive technology.[1] Standards for 100 GB read-only holographic discs and 200 GB recordable cartridges were published by ECMA in 2007[2][3], but no holographic disc product has appeared in the market. A number of release dates were announced, all since passed[4].

1 Technology 2 Competing Technologies 3 Holography System Development Forum 4 Standards 5 See also 6 References 7 External links 7.1 News


Optical discs

Optical disc Optical disc drive Optical disc authoring Authoring software Recording technologies

Recording modes

Packet writing Optical media types



Compact Disc (CD): Red Book, CD-ROM,CD-R, CD-RW, 5.1

Music Disc, SACD,PhotoCD, CD Video (CDV), Video CD (VCD),SVCD, CD+G, CD-Text, CD-ROM XA, CD-i

Universal Media Disc (UMD) Enhanced Versatile Disc (EVD) Forward Versatile Disc (FVD) Holographic Versatile Disc (HVD) China Blue High-definition Disc (CBHD) HD DVD: HD DVD-R, HD DVD-RW, HD DVD-RAM High definition Versatile Multilayer Disc (HD VMD) VCDHD GD-ROM MiniDisc (MD) (Hi-MD) Laserdisc (LD) Video Single Disc (VSD) Ultra Density Optical (UDO) Stacked Volumetric Optical Disk (SVOD)

Five dimensional disc (5D DVD)

Nintendo optical disc (NOD) Standards

Rainbow Books File systems

ISO 9660 Joliet Rock Ridge / SUSP El Torito Apple ISO 9660 Extensions Universal Disk Format (UDF)

Mount Rainier See also

History of optical storage media

High definition optical disc format war

This box: view talk edit

Holographic Versatile Disc structure 1. Green writing/reading laser (532 nm) 2. Red positioning/addressing laser (650 nm) 3. Hologram (data)(shown here as brown) 4. Polycarbonate layer 5. Photopolymeric layer (datacontaining layer) 6. Distance layers 7. Dichroic layer (reflecting green light) 8. Aluminium reflective layer (reflecting red light) 9. Transparent base P. Pit pattern (Illustration is not to scale.)

Current optical storage saves one bit per pulse, and the HVD alliance hopes to improve this efficiency with capabilities of around 60,000 bits per pulse in an inverted, truncated cone shape that has a 200 m diameter at the bottom and a 500 m diameter at the top. High densities are possible by moving these closer on the tracks: 100 GB at 18 m separation, 200 GB at 13 m, 500 GB at 8 m, and most demonstrated of 5 TB for 3 m on a 10 cm disc.[citation needed] The system uses a green laser, with an output power of 1 watt which is high power for a consumer device laser. Possible solutions include improving the sensitivity of the polymer used, or developing and commoditizing a laser capable of higher power output while being suitable for a consumer unit.[citation needed] [edit]Competing


HVD is not the only technology in high-capacity, optical storage media. InPhase Technologies was developing a rival holographic format called Tapestry Media, which they claim will eventually store 1.6 TB with a data transfer rate of 120 MB/s, and several companies are developing TB-level discs based on 3D optical data storage technology. Such large optical storage capacities compete favourably with the Blu-ray Disc format. However, holographic drives are projected to initially cost around US$15,000, and a single disc around US$120180, although prices are expected to fall steadily.[5] [edit]Holography

System Development Forum

The Holography System Development Forum (HSD Forum; formerly the HVD Alliance and the HVD FORUM) is a coalition of corporations purposed to provide an industry forum for testing and technical discussion of all aspects of HVD design and manufacturing. As of February 2011, the HSD Forum comprised these corporations[citation needed]: Sony Hoplon Infotainment Alps Electric Corporation, Ltd. CMC Magnetics Corporation Hitachi Mitsubishi Apple Inc. Dainippon Ink and Chemicals, Inc. (DIC) EMTEC International (subsidiary of the MPO Group) Fuji Photo Film Company, Ltd.

Konica Minolta Holdings, Inc. Lanix LiteOn Technology Corporation Moser Baer, (India) Mexican Digital Media Storage Organization Mitsubishi Kagaku Media Company, Ltd. (MKM) Nippon Kayaku Co., Ltd. Nippon Paint Company, Ltd. Optware Corporation Pulstec Industrial Company, Ltd. Shibaura Mechatronics Corporation Software Architects, Inc. (?) Suruga Seiki Company, Ltd. Targray Technology International, Inc. Teijin Chemicals, Ltd. Toagosei Company, Ltd. Tokiwa Optical Corporation

[edit]Standards On December 9, 2004 at its 88th General Assembly, the standards body Ecma International created Technical Committee 44, dedicated to standardizing HVD formats based on Optware's technology. On June 11, 2007, TC44 published the first two HVD standards:[6] ECMA377,[2] defining a 200 GB HVD "recordable cartridge" and ECMA-378,[3] defining a 100 GB HVDROM disc. Its next stated goals are 30 GB HVD cards and submission of these standards to the International Organization for Standardization for ISO approval.[7] New High Definition Video Technologies Road Map (20042010) From Maxell Corporation of America [8] shows the road map of HVD. [edit]See


Holographic Versatile Disc

DVD Blu-ray Disc HD DVD Ultra Density Optical (UDO) Professional Disc for DATA (PDD or ProDATA) Holographic memory Tapestry Media 3D optical data storage Protein-coated disc Magneto-optical drive (MO) Holographic Versatile Card Stacked Volumetric Optical Disk (SVOD) InPhase Technologies, developer of competing holographic disc General Electric holographic disc Holographic Drive



^ "What's New". 2004-08-23. Archived from the original on 2004-10-09.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

^ a b "Information Interchange on Holographic Versatile Disc (HVD) Recordable

Cartridges Ca pacity: 200 Gbytes per Cartridge".ECMA-377. ^ a b "Information Interchange on Read-Only Memory Holographic Versatile Disc (HVD-

ROM) Capacity: 100 Gbytes per disk".ECMA-378. ^ "Maxell focuses on holographic storage". CNET 2005-11-28. Retrieved

2007-05-28. ^ "Hitachi-Maxell to Ship Holographic Storage this Year".DailyTech. 2006-08-03.

Retrieved 2007-05-28. ^ "Ecma releases new Holographic Information Storage Standards". Ecma press release.

2007-07-04. ^ "Ecma standardizes Holographic Information Storage". Ecma press release. 2005-01-





DaTARIUS signs agreement with InPhase Technologies to be their sole sales, service and support

supplier of Tapestry Media hardware and media to ship starting in 2007 (300 GB WORM discs) with 600 GB discs and re-writable technology in 2008 as well as 1.6 TB media available in 2010.

HVD Forum standards consortium. Optware, creator of HVD format. InPhase, a company developing a competing holographic storage format (*See Above). Video explaining holographic storage PC Magazine, October 4, 2006 Holography system rides single beam EE Times, 27 February 2006 interview with Hideyoshi

Horimai and Yoshio Aoki of Optware Corp.

Holographic storage standards eyed EE Times, 28 February 2006 article about the upcoming

technical committee meeting to begin standardization of HVD.

How stuff works explains how HVD works. Elusive Green Laser Is Missing Ingredient Wall Street Journal 13 February 2008

27 April 2009: General Electric unveils a 500GB disc, "Optical disc unveils 500GB storage"
[show]v d eVideo storage formats

[show]v d eStandards of Ecma International

Categories: Optical disc authoring | 120 mm discs | Ecma standards | Holographic