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34 italy inspired To create this Palm Beach landscape, the
design team of Sanchez & Maddux drew on their love for tropical plants and classic European gardens. By cara greenBerg
44 JacK FrOst: Master gardener Frost is the beautiful
bane of the late-fall garden. It stops plants in their tracks, turns the backyard into a sparkling wonderland, and gives gardeners a welcome respite from their labors. By Valerie eastOn
52 pOwer FlOwers The editors asked top-ﬂight ﬂoral designers to craft arrangements especially for Garden Design. Here are the ravishing results. By williaM l. haMiltOn
C L O C K W I S E F R O M T O P L E F T: R O B I N H I L L ; T O D D C O L E M A N ; M I C H A E L K R A U S
6 8 editOr’s letter/cOntriButOrs Fresh A new park in Brooklyn; the James Rose Center rethinks suburban gardens; ﬂoral art by Bella Meyer. plant. But these varieties—in pink, orange, white, and marbled— will make you think beyond traditional red. liVing green A lush low-maintenance meadow and a very sustainable house in Pennsylvania are proof that an energyconscious state representative knows how to walk the walk. style Our editors have picked a collection of holiday gift ideas that are perfect for any gardener. grOundBreaKer Author, gardener, artist Amy Goldman is the champion of heirloom edibles. sOurceBOOK A listing of products and services mentioned and shown in our pages. One shOt Landscape architect Randy Thueme creates a stunning wall of copper in a small San Francisco garden.
16 plant palette The poinsettia is the quintessential holiday 22 26 64 70 76
on the cover Designed by Sanchez & Maddux, this Palm Beach land2 gardendesign.com n o v/d e c 2010 scape was inspired by Old-World gardens. phOtOgraphy By rOBin hill
Debra Prinzing. Jason Dewees. . London. Orlando Ave. b o n n i e r c o r p .com Fax: 407-628-7061 buSineSS & editoriAL offiCeS 460 N. Box 25542. Winter Park.. Louisa Jones.us Modern temples and sacred space installations available. Donna Dorian. Lauren Grymes. Shelley Easter customer service & subscriptions For subscription-related queries: gardendesign.com/cs 386-447-2491 For editorial correspondence: P.o.) pool Julia Arana.editoriAL direCtor James Oseland exeCutive editor Jenny Andrews MAnAging editor Leigh Ann Ledford art group CreAtive direCtor Dave Weaver Art direCtor Jerry Pomales direCtor of photogrAphy Larry Nighswander photogrAphy editor Chelsea Stickel StAff photogrApherS Zach Stovall. Winter Park.o. Box 8500. c o m The paper used for this magazine comes from certiﬁed forests that are managed in a sustainable way to meet the social. Tovah Martin. ontario n6c 6B2 Tel: 805. FL 32789 pubLiCAtion AgreeMent nuMber: 40612608 canada retUrn maiL: Pitney BoWes P. Ken Druse. Damaris Colhoun.us | allison@allisonarmour. Jon Whittle copy Copy editor Kathryn Kuchenbrod hortiCuLture fACt CheCker Dora Galitzki fACt CheCker Rebecca Geiger editor eMerituS Bill Marken editor-At-LArge Joanna Fortnam Contributing editorS Charles Birnbaum. Emily Young production & design group produCtion direCtor Jeff Cassell produCtion MAnAger Courtney Janka deSign ServiCeS direCtor Suzanne Oberholtzer grAphiC deSignerS Aqualens in 2-metre (6 ft.000 e m p l o y m e n t o p p o r t u n i t i e s at w w w . Sommer Hatfield Coffin.6422 | www. Davis Dalbok.allisonarmour. Flora Grubb.450. economic and environmental needs of present and future generations. Suite 200. FL 32790 editor@gardendesign. Allison Armour Prices from $7.
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” And that’s just a taste. robinhillphotography. the festivals of harvest and thanks. I welcome this season with open arms. I take a lot of pleasure in looking back at the ﬂeeting progression of our gardens: the promise of spring in a seed. the bounty of fall and its last fruits. about 25 miles from Seattle. and we can enjoy longer bike rides.” In “Power Flowers” on page 52. William L.editor’s letter SEASON OF CHANGE ore than almost anything else in our lives. is the subject of Valerie Easton’s evocative essay on page 44. the beauty of summer in the soft warmth of the air. and. but she lets her garden slumber during winter regardless of the weather. With the arrival of the short. it is. The New Low-Maintenance Garden (Timber Press). I’m always reminded of this as the holiday season approaches. Hamilton describes the ﬂoral arrangement techniques that bring color and beauty indoors. gardens teach us the great. with even more wisdom and eagerness.” Hill’s images have appeared in numerous publications. The haunting beauty of the year’s ﬁrst frosts. stealthy though its arrival may have been. the windows are open. valeaston.com Robin Hill. Can winter be upon us already? Well. We can’t wait to see you again in January. welcomes the arrival of winter in Miami.” she says. sharing inspired holiday ideas from some of the best ﬂoral designers around. the blackness of winter nights. tends a beautiful home garden on Whidbey Island in Puget Sound. frosts don’t typically herald the end of the gardening season. C I N DY B O S C O H I L L . So. In fact. “Even though we can garden year-round in the Northwest.com For quick ship info contact: GD@royalbotania. raise a glass of something ﬁzzy and join me in toasting the season. those harbingers of harder weather to come. by way of South Florida. “Jack Frost. And. who photographed the Sanchez & Maddux–designed garden featured on pages 34–43 (“Italy Inspired”). with her article on a remarkable garden designed by the M Palm Beach–based ﬁrm Sanchez & Maddux. whose musings on frost (“Jack Frost: Master Gardener”) appear on pages 44–51. in December. reassuring value of change. And the season will be over. which always gets me to pondering life on earth in all its cosmic variety. In this part of the Paciﬁc Northwest. where he has lived since 1992. “The winter season in South Florida brings clear blue skies and exceptional light. mosquito-free evenings. We’ll have some new beginnings of our own to celebrate at Garden Design. Because it won’t be long before the year will have faded into history. Her latest project is her recently released book. K AT H E R I N E E A S T O N contributors Valerie Easton. “In the winter I love to catch up on novels and go to yoga class. and comfortable walks. the joys of winter are what this issue of Garden Design is all about. “The cooler temperatures mean the air conditioner gets turned o . Editorial Director Arrangement by David Stark C L O C K W I S E F R O M T O P : M I C H A E L K R A U S . chilly days of winter.334 5045 6 gardendesign. we don’t have to. and from 2005 to 2008 he was the host for the Suncoast Regional Emmy-winning public television series Art 360˚. And on page 34. and there are plenty of surprises in store. writer Cara Greenberg gives us a healthful wintertime dose of warm Mediterranean beauty. —James Oseland.net 212.com n o v/d e c 2010 . “Italy Inspired.” says the British-born photographer.” Easton is a regular garden writer/columnist for Paciﬁc Northwest Magazine of the Seattle Sun Times. just in time for us to begin again.
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” Regina Myer.com n o v/d e c 2010 JULIENNE SCHAER For a city with 578 miles of coastline. along this prime stretch of riverfront abandoned 8 gardendesign. Until recently. which is bordered by the East River and has two mon- umental bridges and Manhattan’s glittering skyline for a backdrop. But last spring. giving new life to the old industrial waterfront. city oﬃcials. The New York Times heralded it as “one of the most positive statements about our culture we’ve seen in years.A new pArk in brooklyn suburbAn gArdens trAnsformed fresh florAl Artist bellA meyer The remains of a pile ﬁeld from the original structure of Pier 1. with a landscape design masterminded by Brooklyn/Cambridge–based Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates. real estate developers. a stately old neighborhood. New York in the post-steamship era has had a remarkably inaccessible waterfront. the . the president of Brooklyn Bridge Park. warehouses sat forlornly on piers in varying states of disrepair. opened to the public. the ﬁrst phase of the longawaited Brooklyn Bridge Park. left in place for its arresting play of pattern. and environmental activists. after two decades of wrangling among community members. separated from the neighborhood by a roaring expressway and a chainlink fence. harks back to the history of the site. Down by the Riverside By CaRa GReenBeRG Nowhere has this been truer than in Brooklyn Heights.
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a hotel. here’s a preview of what’s in store for Piers 2 through 5: Pier 2 The original steel frame of an existing shed building. with a new translucent roof designed by architect Maryann Thompson. bocce courts.fresh ➊ ➋ ➌ ➍ The BesT Is YeT To Come Someday. plus in-line skating tracks. Brooklyn Bridge Park will stretch for 1. retail stores. ﬁshing piers. They are scheduled to open in 2012. I n c / b R O O k Ly n b R I d G E pa R k c O R p O R aT I O n . L E F T T O R I G H T: R E n d E R I n G b y m I c H a E L va n va L k E n b E R G a s s O c I aT E s . Construction is to begin in 2011. paddling waters. The piers will be devoted to recreation. Construction is not yet scheduled. and parking—none of it on the piers themselves but on the uplands or mainland portion of the site. with a six-acre marina. Pier 4 A collapsed gantry (bridge system) will be cut free of the shore and transformed into a bird habitat. Construction is not yet scheduled.com n o v/d e c 2010 ELIzabETH FELIcELLa. including a 30-story tower. Pier 3 The most remote spot in the park—that is. jogging trails. Piers 1 and 6 are already nearly complete. along with a picnic peninsula. ➎ ➏ 10 gardendesign. restaurants. will house six basketball courts and 10 handball courts. About 10 percent of the site will be revenue-generating housing.3 miles along the East River and beyond. farthest from the two entrances—will be a setting for large-scale civic and cultural events on informal lawns connected by wild plantings. Pier 5 Three soccer fields with artificial turf and night lighting are expected to get heavy use. and other game areas. juLIEnnE scHaER . and much more.
” says Nancy Webster. “The big move was building a 30-foot hill in the middle of the pier. Riprap forms a stone edge where once there was a bulkhead.” she says. founded in 1988. at left. ➋ Sedges grow in a canal-like segment of Pier 1’s water garden.” says Matthew Urbanski. where innovative playgrounds are linked by meandering paths. Some 8. quickly became a destination for young families.000 people showed up on an open-air movie night last summer on Pier 1’s expansive lawns. to see the light in people’s eyes when they enter the park and see the magniﬁcent harbor views and amazing playgrounds. n o v/d e c 2010 gardendesign. construction. executive director of the Brooklyn Bridge Park Conservancy. while others came to picnic. curving shape is dictated by the existing industrial footprint. after 25 years of work and dreams. have opened. “It’s been extraordinarily gratifying. bird-watch. nonproﬁt entity responsible for the planning.com 11 . at opposite ends of the park. a majestic reimagining of six ﬂat. that was instrumental in fundraising and coordinating the complex eﬀorts needed to bring the park into being. Pier 1 is the heart of the project so far. “In one act. all while providing spectacular views and activities. “It’s a symbol of New York’s optimism. Pier 6. maintenance. even do Pilates. which have been transformed into a topographically and ecologically varied space. reconciling its industrial past with a genius design that uses the latest sustainability practices. a principal with Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates. only Piers 1 and 6. launch kayaks.1 2 ➊ A path through Pier 1’s uplands wends past a re-created salt marsh on the right and a water garden on the left. exposed acres. we got a horseshoeshaped lawn facing the harbor and the Statue of Liberty. and operations of the new public space— which will eventually comprise six piers and a strip of mainland connecting them and extending north to the Manhattan Bridge—is even more eﬀusive: “This is the most signiﬁcant park development in Brooklyn since the building of Prospect Park in 1873. kept the waterfront separated from the neighborhood for decades. So far.” The park’s narrow. The Brooklyn-Queens Expressway. and both immediately began drawing crowds. the nonproﬁt citizens’ advocacy group.
which give additional shade. eventually to total 85 acres. Rifts of sumac. “Instead of making a lawn and scattering trees on it. pAge 70 ELIzabETH FELIcELLa ➊ A 1. they will make shaded tubes of space.” as Urbanski puts it. The man-made hill also serves to redirect storm water into underground cisterns. and it’s not more of the same.” At the top of the granite prospect. Hundreds of trees have been planted on Pier 1. bayberry. a valley in between that we call the Vale.” see soUrcebook for more informAtion. and water play areas.” innovative climbing structures. while the Vale is ﬁlled with deciduous conifers like dawn redwood and bald cypress.fresh 1 another lawn oriented to the bridge view. most in atypical ways.com n o v/d e c 2010 the main paths through the park. which provide 75 percent of the park’s irrigation needs. has been a major goal. Pier 1 includes a boat ramp for non-motorized craft and a section of naturalistic shoreline where a bulkhead wall was replaced with riprap and plantings of Spartina (smooth cordgrass) in order to create a salt marsh—an attempted return to the days when the East River estuary was an important ecosystem for birds and ﬁsh. and the granite prospect”— a ﬂight of wide stone steps overlooking the river that doubles as stadium seating for the towering city view. When the ﬁnal third will be done.6-acre “destination playground” on Pier 6 includes such attractions as a two-story-high “slide mountain” that empties into a sandbox ﬁlled with stone animals. Two-thirds of the park. London plane tree. All this is just the beginning. a “swing valley. no one is saying. who chose multi-stemmed specimens of Kentucky coﬀee tree. “The park was designed as an ensemble.” Urbanski says. we made stylized hedgerows that parallel 12 gardendesign. a collection of diﬀerent experiences. “There’s much more to come. . a grove of tough Catalpa bignonioides (southern catalpa) and Paulownia tomentosa (princess tree) provide a place to pause and take in the view. will be completed by 2013. and honey locust. “In a short time. and sassafras will also run throughout the park. Giving visitors a “dynamic relationship with the water.” says Urbanski.
” Earlier this year. For a concert at the Brooklyn Academy of Music featuring Shaker spirituals. architectural pots set on metal trays—“a little skyline. near Union Square. © h e N r i C A r t i e r . Asked recently to create a ﬂoral display for a beneﬁt honoring one of the owners of the Empire State Building (proceeds went to the Natural Resources Defense Council). ➌ Earlier this year. arrangements included purple calla lilies and tulips.fresh / cutting edge Today. continue to inﬂuence her work and she has inherited his love of color and storytelling. Meyer opened her new ﬂoral shop. who was born in Paris and studied art history at the Université Paris-Sorbonne. a ﬂower—and compare it to its counterpart on the canvas to see whether his work evoked the essence of the thing. seen here holding an abundant arrangement of roses.com n o v/d e c 2010 3 l e f t t o r i g h t: r o B i N B l A i r r i l e Y ( 2 ) . has been enthralled by ﬂowers since childhood. Meyer opened a shop called Fleurs Bella in New York City’s Union Square area. 14 gardendesign.B r e s s o N / M A g N u M P h o t o s . a branch. says her love of ﬂowers was inspired by trips to Chagall’s home near Nice in the South of France when she was a child. It was a gesture of love and respect. she created a display of burlap linens and plain white planters filled with herbs. 1 An Artistic Legacy in Flowers By LisA CregAn On completing a painting. and silvery-gray dusty miller. the arrangements on display demonstrate that the designer has inherited her grandfather’s ability to tell stories through color and natural beauty. Meyer chose art deco– style centerpieces to echo that iconic landmark’s motifs.” as she calls it. Chagall’s granddaughter—the New York City–based artist and floral designer Bella Meyer—has turned her grandfather’s custom on its head. with each design rising from shiny.com 2 ➊ Artist Bella Meyer. artist Marc Chagall. ﬂeursbella. using objects of nature to create representations of the world around her. peonies and calla lilies. Fleurs Bella. the great early-20th-century artist Marc Chagall would allegedly hold up an object of nature—a rock. ➋ Memories of Meyer’s grandfather. “We’d never visit without stopping at the local market and getting a big bouquet of ﬂowers. The 55-year-old Meyer.
us ■ Front Ridge Residence (Penobscot. The success of the ﬁrst competition has prompted a second one. dinorahm-melendez. The guiding spirit of Suburbia Transformed—and the research center’s namesake—is the iconoclastic landscape architect and theorist James Rose (1913– 1991). The renovations added solar roof panels. While many people are doing ‘green design.fresh Winner’s Circle ■ Modern Revival (Sausalito. page 70 n o v/d e c 2010 gardendesign. and permeable surfaces.com.” For more information visit jamesrose center. In Sausalito. successful residential environments are “neither landscape nor architecture. with the call for entries in spring 2010. and habitat restoration. architects. FL). “We will continue with the theme Suburbia Transformed. See the full gallery of the 2010 winners at gardendesign. storm-water retention. NY). “the winning projects represent all kinds of diﬀerent environmental problems. the State University of New Jersey.com 15 co u rt e sy t h e ja m e s ros e c e n t e r ( 3 ) . MA). Florida.com/suBurBia Among the projects recognized was landscape architect Dane Spencer’s exterior revival of a midcentury cinder-block ranch house in Sarasota. NY).” says Dean Cardasis.com (shown. CA).” The 10 residential landscapes honored in the competition—and showcased in a companion exhibition at the Rose Center this past fall—were chosen by jury from among a variety of submissions by garden designers.” Spencer says. The designs addressed issues such as shoreline erosion control. dirtworks. detached single-family. Maine. Dinorah M Melendez Architecture & Landscape Design/Todd Haiman Landscape Design. Landscape Design Studio. TX).” He is also the head of the new graduate program in landscape architecture at Rutgers. “Rose incorporated a conservation ethic into a modern design aesthetic for the residential garden.” says Cardasis. and clover to achieve greater biodiversity and reduce maintenance and water use. CT). sculptural. Dane Spencer Landscape Architecture.com (shown far left) ■ Midcentury Revival (Sarasota. neither indoors. but both.com (below) ■ The Carriage House Garden (Amherst. Keith LeBlanc Landscape Architecture.000gallon rainwater cistern (disguised as a planter). Ive Haugeland/Shades of Green Landscape Architecture. Billie Cohen. there is a cultural shift under way. one that is making conservation and sustainability an integral part of the everyday suburban residential environment. which is housed in Rose’s 1953 residence and has been open to the public since 1993. MA). Lisa L. Matthew Cunningham Landscape Design. That shift is precisely what inspired Suburbia Transformed. California. PC Landscape Architecture.” Cardasis adds.com A competition changes the status quo in residential landscapes storY bY Debra prinZing suburban revolution In the sea of cul-de-sacs and cookie-cutter developments that has come to characterize North America’s suburbs. Ltd. Ive Haugeland of Shades of Green Landscape Architecture removed a dead lawn and replaced it with an attractive pattern of gravel and cast-in-place linear pavers—a modern and permeable surfacing solution that dovetails with both the home’s modern architecture and the site’s coastal setting. and internationally. shadesofgreenla. Jenkins ■ Latitude: 41° 24’ 39” Longitude: -73° 20’ 32” (Newtown. Dirtworks. landscape designer Matthew Cunningham replaced a vast expanse of intensively fertilized lawn with a meadow of native grasses. In Rose’s view. it’s more successful. billiecohenltd.edu/larp/faculty/jvolpe ■ Remembering Their Effort (Dallas. “I wanted to show that all these sustainable solutions are great in and of themselves. landscape architects. Joseph S. a 3.” For his clients in Penobscot. see sourcebook for more information. umass. R. aims to recognize “solutions to the ubiquitous small-lot. ME). kl-la. left) ■ Water Treatment Facility as Neighborhood Asset (New Haven.com ■ Pamet Valley (Truro. CT). wildﬂowers. “but if they blend in with the surroundings and work with the site.com ■ A Subdivision in the Sand (Amagansett. and homeowners from around the country. New Jersey. native plantings. residential condition in the hope that we may better understand how to transform suburbia.org. most often remembered as one of the three Harvard students who rebelled against their Beaux Arts training in the 1930s and who helped to usher the profession of landscape architecture into the modern era. and utilized in their solutions recycled and sustainably produced materials and lowwater-use plantings. and artistic experiences in the suburban landscape. mvvainc. a provocative competition and exhibition mounted this year by the James Rose Center for Landscape Architectural Research and Design in Ridgewood.com ■ Schain Residence: Applied Sustainability (Brooklyn. according to the call for entries. Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates. but both. dane spencer-landscapearchitect .’ we feel it is also important to recognize inspiring. matthew cunningham. the director of the James Rose Center. toddhaiman. The competition. nor outdoors. Volpe Associates. “because this subject hasn’t been fully exploited yet.
they burst forth with dazzling color just as the world outside turns gray and cold. others with dramatically curled bracts. To mark the centennial of its focus on poinsettias.” And this poinsettia keeps getting better. Ecke Ranch is introducing the rich-red cultivar ‘Red Jubilee’ this December. And it’s no wonder.com n o v/d e c 2010 1 ‘ICE PUNCH’ Marbling is all the rage in poinsettias. “is that ‘Ice Punch’ looks like frost has landed on the bracts. On this version from Ecke Ranch. There’s nothing blah-humbug about poinsettias these days—they’ve entered a new age. 16 gardendesign. peach. speckles. Euphorbia pulcherrima. tiny topknots of ﬂowers jut from colorful yellow pockets (called cyathia) while the bracts—actually modiﬁed leaves— take on colors that sing to you from across the room. and still others that impress with their size. zigzags. lightning streaks of white emblazon the heart of red. and many other hues. turned its full attention to poinsettias.plant palette 1 Poinsettias That Pop By Tovah MarTin ■ PhoToGraPhy By roB CarDiLLo Poinsettias have become as entwined with our Christmastime traditions as carols and mistletoe.” says Jack Williams of Ecke. Now there are many more forms to seduce us. Right on cue. “What is cool. 100 million of them were sold in North America. Poinsettias have come a long way from their Mexico-native species. with bracts embellished by streaks. holly leaf–shaped bracts. But that was only the beginning. . week to week the central streak is joined by more white. marbling. and creamy hems. There’s something magical about poinsettias. Decades ago. ﬂaming orange. Later the discovery of a chance seedling in 1963 transformed the poinsettia from holiday cut ﬂower to lush. lanky species into the beautiful plant we know and love. Sparked by shortening days. poinsettias (named for the 19th-century ambassador to Mexico Joel Poinsett) were bred to have broader and brighter leaves. from huge specimens to itty-bitty pocket-size ones. Last year. begun by Albert Ecke in 1906. And then there are the colors: deep crimson. In 1911 their California nursery. The Ecke family is credited with brokering the poinsettia’s Cinderella transformation from a tall. compact superstar.
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Given the season.” Not only has ‘Winter Rose Early Red’ revolutionized the holiday container-plant market. Te trees and shrubs that shade us and grow along with us are valuable assets that deserve care and protection. almost winged bracts. global resources and innovative practices. cinnamon seemed like the perfect name. PRUNING FERTILIZATION REMOVAL PEST & DISEASE MANAGEMENT CALL 877 BARTLETT 877. 5 ‘WINTER ROSE EARLY RED’ No less than 30 years in the making.plant palette 2 4 5 BA RT L E T T. our experts provide you with a rare mix of local service. the bracts are a tad smaller than your average wide-winged poinsettia. the Early Series hit the scene and. 18 gardendesign. quoting Jack Williams from Ecke. ‘Cinnamon Star’ boasts a rounded shape with expansive. H E A LT H Y LIVES. it also made a splash with ﬂorists looking for a new spin on holiday décor. So it came as a welcome shock 14 years ago when a funky little version with a pageboy hairdo was the talk of the trials. For the life of your trees. Given their curliness. “something good got better. or frothy? All are apt descriptors for the salmon-pink bracts of this cultivar. Trees add so much value to our lives. frilly. H E A LT H Y TREES MAKE FOR F U L L . especially around Thanksgiving.COM 3 ‘WINTER BLUSh’ One of the most recent bombshells to land on the poinsettia market and the latest example of the marble trend is ‘Winter Blush’. For over 100 years. from Syngenta Flowers. 20 to 30 percent of poinsettias sold throughout the early holiday season sport alternative shades rather than the traditional red. the holy grail has been a ﬂat-bracted. For poinsettia breeders.8538 OR VISIT BARTLETT. strong plant that can be transported easily from the garden center without fear of damage. In fact.227. and the younger central bracts begin with a darker sizzle before fading paler with the countdown to the winter holidays. This Ecke variety was chosen for both its patterned foliage (peach and yellow twilight colors dance around the veins) and for the pronounced contrast between the pink centers and the cream etching on the margins of its bracts. No matter the size or scope of your tree and shrub care needs. this novelty started the “nontraditional” streak at Ecke. Syngenta Flowers is the mastermind behind this luminous coral colored version. B E C AU SE F U L L . It’s also prone to linger long in average home conditions. big red poinsettia. introduced two years ago. 3 2 ‘CAROUSEL PINK’ Who would have thought we’d be describing poinsettia bracts as wavy. Four years ago. As with its sister ‘Carousel Dark Red’. And Bartlett adds even more value to your trees. Bring it to friends and family as a holiday gift without fear—the strong stems withstand breakage. 4 ‘CINNAMON STAR’ Although red is still king for poinsettias. holiday revelers are also excited by other hues. we’ve led both the science and services that make your landscape thrive.com n o v/d e c 2010 . this poinsettia begins showing color in late November. But the Carousel types branch beautifully to form a broad.
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Soil: Average potting soil is ﬁne if you’re repotting your poinsettia. it can even be used for Halloween decoration. 20 gardendesign. and protect it with a light covering when transporting it from store to car or car to home. Remove any foil around the container that might inhibit drainage. Overwatering is a common killer. highlighted against dark foliage. This poinsettia starts to show color early. Nearly 30 years later. smooth. Now other colors have joined the party. it’s primed and ready to perform and will keep on looking good for several weeks no matter where it’s displayed. The eﬀect is a two-toned fantasia.plant palette Zones: Poinsettias will not withstand a frost and can be killed if temperatures go below 50 degrees for an extended period. Nature. All parts of the poinsettia plant are mildly toxic. The bracts of ‘Orange Spice’ are long. cheery cherry red ﬂecks spangle the bracts immediately encircling the yellow and red central cyathia. Avoid wetting the foliage. give it as much natural light as you can in midwinter. upright posture. 8 ‘WHITESTAR’ Pink was the ﬁrst non-red poinsettia color to become popular. ﬂat bracts ﬂaring out like doves from the central topknot of ﬂowers. Generally. sleek. Nurture 6 7 8 9 6 ‘ORANGE SPICE’ Originally. smooth-edged bracts. the outer bracts range from pure white to palest pink. delicate pink and equally demure milky cream colors on open-faced. and warmth will help plants resist pests. The latex in poinsettias can cause a dermatological reaction in some people— play it safe and wear gloves when grooming. seemingly airbrushed look. notably Syngenta Flowers’ ‘Mars Marble’. fertilizer isn’t necessary. pioneered in the 1970s. with its soft. burning sunset orange like never before. The ideal temperature for growing poinsettias is between 65 and 70 degrees. Care: Since poinsettias are blooming but not growing when purchased for the holidays. When you purchase a poinsettia for the holidays. and will show color in time for Thanksgiving. and graceful. A true. watering once a week will suﬃce if you moisten the soil thoroughly. is generously branched. water. so keep the plants away from children and pets. delivers an especially diﬀuse. in the late 1960s. Meanwhile. Early attempts were actually just a yellowish shade of red rather than their own spin on the spectrum. ‘Whitestar’ has a rounded habit. by the German plant breeder Dümmen. it holds for Thanksgiving and is still going strong at Christmas. 7 ‘MARS MARBLE’ The earliest marbled poinsettias. Syngenta Flowers came out with ‘Whitestar’. which are the plant’s true ﬂowers. To make your poinsettia last even longer. Proper light. 9 ‘PREMIUM PICASSO’ “Jingling” is the term breeders use to denote white speckling on poinsettia bracts. with its huge. except in hot south-facing windows. Better yet. ‘Premium Picasso’. Avoid leaving your new purchase in an unheated car. All that changed with the chance discovery of an orangecolored seedling at Ecke Ranch. That means getting a poinsettia home during the holidays can be dicey if you live in colder zones. were almost all based on red. orange poinsettias were only imagined and wished for. and the plant maintains a sturdy. the ﬁrst white poinsettias were introduced in 1970. but white was not far behind. But the biggest news is the color. Against a pinkish white background. Exposure: Poinsettias need short days to form their bracts.com n o v/d e c 2010 .
OH Río Piedras Ficuses San Juan. grandeur. and uniqueness of these extraordinary specimens and help reveal their stories.The Cultural Landscape Foundation Every Tree Tells a Story The Cultural Landscape Foundation is pleased to announce the 2010 Landslide selections ese horticultural specimens. NC Japanese Flowering Cherry Trees Branch Brook Park. TCLF has partnered with American Photo to create an original traveling exhibition about these seminal trees. FL Sycamore Row Ames. MA See more images in the November 2010 issue of American Photo. NJ Elms of East Hampton East Hampton. Cummer Oak Cummer Museum of Art. gardens. many under threat. Weymouth. capture the magniﬁcence. IA Olmsted Parks and Parkways Louisville. Jacksonville. stand as living reminders of our country’s past and have the potential to witness future generations. NY Black Oak Tree Katewood. Washington. CO Tulip Poplar Tudor Place. The images. horticultural features. and working landscapes. KY (Pictured) Boxed Pines Weymouth Heights. PR Commonwealth Avenue Mall Boston. Bratenahl. for the ﬁrst time. 2011 . ADDITIONAL SUPPORT Landslide 2011 > Call for Nominations www.org/landslide Deadline: March 31. by prize-winning and renowned photographers. PRESENTING SPONSOR Since its inception in 2003. D.C. CA Arborland Old Growth Tree Farm Milliken.tclf. the Landslide initiative has spotlighted more than 150 signiﬁcant at-risk parks. Aoyama Tree Los Angeles. Newark. Photo by Bob Hower Photo Exhibit This year.
living green The dining terrace at the Ross home aﬀords an ideal view of the meadow garden.com n o v/d e c 2010 . 22 gardendesign.
including the Alternative Energy Portfolio Standards Act of 2004. or wildlife out of sight across the ﬁelds.” Beyond those basic imperatives. solar panels—the Rosses even sell excess energy back to the grid). She didn’t want a geodesic dome. the Rosses decided it was time to create their dream home next door. and started from scratch. put the garden close at hand. adjacent to their previous house. After their two children moved out. Moger n o v/d e c 2010 gardendesign.At the entrance. surrounded by a low-maintenance meadow. “This place enables me to see how green issues work on the ground. 15 miles from Wilmington. green backdrop for the orange-tinged. As Alderson explains. Delaware. A longtime proponent of responsible energy use. So in 2003 they tore down the existing 1970s house.” In order to achieve a synchronistic end result. and keep maintenance idiotproof. The Rosses had been eyeing the three-acre property. he recently helped usher a bill through the House on recycling electronic waste. perhaps loftier. a manicured landscape. clearing everything essentially down to bare dirt. Moger and Alderson collaborated in tight tandem. Ross has a record of sponsoring legislation to that e ect. demolished the concrete swimming pool.com 23 . grasses and sedges create a soft. a storm-water collection system. goal: he saw the project as an opportunity to demonstrate to constituents and colleagues the potential for sustainable living. the guidelines were simple: to get o the electrical grid. was ultimately transformed into an earthy. Proving Ground A homestead in rural Pennsylvania becomes a standard-bearer for sustainable style sToRy by JENNy ANDREWs PhoToGRAPhy by Rob CARDILLo When Cecilia Ross. as well as e orts to establish minimum requirements for electricity conservation. Of his own house and garden he says. sleek home with all the sustainable amenities. laid out her requirements for a new house and garden in the horse country of southeastern Pennsylvania. for several years. “I consider the Ross garden a sensitive marriage between sustainability and aesthetics. the Rosses gave local architect Matthew Moger—then with Lyman Perry Architects but now a principal of Moger Mehrhof Architects—and landscape architect Jonathan Alderson freedom to work their own nature-meets-art magic. Chris Ross had another. and bought it in 1997. Though the new house incorporates all manner of modern green technology (a green roof. rough-textured trunks of river birch trees. What was initially a blank-slate property in the midst of urban ﬁelds and farms. the wife of Pennsylvania state representative Chris Ross.
. both the house and the garden comprise subtly delineated private and public spaces. Beneath the gravel drive lies a base partly made up of concrete from the old swimming pool. “blended at the edges” with the surrounding terrain.” which are partly embedded in the side of a hill. 1 3 and Alderson also heeded old principles of good siting to achieve energy-conservation goals. ➍ At the entrance to the terrace. Much of the stone used for the project is local Avondale stone. along with landscape designer Chris Pugliese. Alderson didn’t truck away any materials accumulated during construction. in his words. ➋ Even the container plantings reﬂect the meadow theme. while Amsonia hubrichtii (at right) adds a feathery texture. but it also puts the landscape at eye level so that the Rosses can see the garden even when they’re sitting down. is a homestead that has “not only a sense of place. Echinacea purpurea is in full bloom. making sure he created views from all the windows. one of the Rosses’ horses grazes near the meadow garden. the Rosses 24 gardendesign. and it bears a strong resemblance to traditional “bank barns. which smoothly segues to ﬁelds and pastureland beyond. the grade was built up as a ramp to provide winter insulation. Though the couple wanted to limit the amount of lawn on the property.” In building the landscape. Alderson.living green 2 ➊ Before the project began. it serves as the connective tissue for the site. a planting of Sedum ‘Autumn Fire’ softens the edges and coral honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens ‘Cedar Lane’) climbs the stucco columns. the Rosses entertain often and host numerous events at their home.com n o v/d e c 2010 T O P L E F T: C O U R T E S Y J O N AT H A N A L D E R S O N L A N D S C A P E A R C H I T E C T S . he sculpted excess soil into an earthen ramp and recycled the concrete from the old swimming pool into a base for the driveway. As forward-thinking as the house’s design is. Accordingly. but they also want areas that are all their own. It incorporates local Avondale stone. one was included in the project to accommodate larger gatherings. ➌ In a scene that exempliﬁes the horse-country nature of the area. and a swimming pool. For more-intimate family get-togethers. relating the newly built elements to the neighboring agricultural and wild properties. says Cecilia Ross. taking advantage of shifting sunlight patterns through the seasons. who acted as the project manager. accomplished this by creating a meadow that is. The house and garden stretch the 4 imagination and make you think about the materials in more expansive and imaginative ways. its architectural style is a snug ﬁt for the locale. and creating an earthen ramp for insulation and wind protection during cold weather. On the north side. The result. I N C . the property was a barren landscape that included a 1970s ranch house. As for the garden. Given Chris Ross’s role in the public sector. Throughout the process he also remained sensitive to the garden’s relationship to the house. but also its own identity. outside the living room. The Ross home employs such smart construction concepts as channeling natural breezes (the Rosses rarely use air conditioning). lawn areas.
depending on your budget and space. we go from window to window to get diﬀerent views. but it’s temporary. And the plantings smoothly transition from bold gestures in the “public” spaces to complex.” Adds Chris. “It’s amazing what you can do with plugs if you prepare the site and time the planting right. the Rosses are enthralled. seeds of native switch grass drifted in and took hold. n o v/d e c 2010 gardendesign. the garden is now a ﬂourishing meadow alive with birds and insects. installing plants can speed the maturing process and provide better placement control. small plants called “plugs” were the top choice. Plants If you have a smaller space and/or more money. North Creek founders Steve Castorani and Dale Hendricks even developed a guide for contractors and designers. nonnative thistle. You need a client who’s willing to wait just a little longer. Then seeds can be sowed among the plants. Birch trees shade the house in summer but allow warming sunlight through bare branches in winter. “It’s like watching the curtain come up. “I’ll be really interested to see what happens in the next 10 years. On the green roof. healthy root systems. Even though the ﬁrst two years were challenging. go to gARDENDESIgN. visually taking the meadow up with it. Not only did North Creek oﬀer the material Alderson was seeking. and they are available year-round. which blows in from nearby ﬁelds). Installing plants of “backbone” species can establish structure and bring instant gratiﬁcation. where initial plantings of grasses To see more of this garden.COm/ROSSgARDEN died. “It’s a dynamic. It humbles you. “I thought. But it takes time and money to get it under way—no one believes anymore that you can just throw a can of seeds on the ground and stand back.” she says. They are cheaper.’ And I love how it changes all the time. showing them how to plant the plugs for optimum success.com 25 . A stone wall. but the plugs are half the cost of larger plants per square foot and in 15 months’ time you have a phenomenal garden. There are several approaches. Joe-Pye weed and sedges have found new spots for themselves. “not a series of rigid blocks. Says Alderson. Remember to choose species appropriate for your area. and they have called Alderson in midwinter to tell him how much they’re enjoying the garden.” says Alderson. especially when it came to staying ahead of the weeds (like invasive. changing thing. and screening plants create the line of demarcation between the two areas but not in a way that obviously interrupts the landscape. but at the Ross garden. subtle patterns in the “private” spaces. seeds can be the best choice. the meadow garden is resplendent in its late-summer glory. with black-eyed susan.Making a Meadow Once established.” The Rosses are indeed clients who appreciate the process. and stuck to suppliers within a 50-mile radius of the location. weed control will be labor intensive. which are smaller than plants sold in quart or gallon containers but have big. favor their cozy dining terrace. the germination rate won’t be 100 percent.” see sourcebook for more information. But it is diﬃcult to control placement. a raised landform. particularly North Creek Nurseries. and the meadow will take longer to mature. To make the half-acre meadow. but they grew plants as plugs.” says Alderson. a meadow garden requires only basic maintenance and little water. Cecilia says the transformation of the property was instantly captivating. Seeds If you have a big space and a small budget.” Planted in early May 2006. ‘This is so cool. They are available in a variety of sizes. and quicker to establish than seeds. Alderson chose native species and their cultivars. Combination You can also employ a mix of plants and seeds. so a combination can lend diversity. Some species are more readily available in one form or the other. Plugs are cheaper than larger plants. “In the ﬁrst summer. a wholesale grower based in nearby Landenberg. A thunderstorm is so much fun.” Even in what most would consider a garden’s downtime. Joe-pye weed and Eupatorium hyssopifolium in full bloom. “Will the garden still resemble the planting plan? We as designers can think about a space and make an intervention. page 70 there is a good selection of species.
com GARDENER’S GIFT GUIDE STORY BY DAMARIS COLHOUN ■ PHOTOGRAPHY BY TODD COLEMAN 26 . Available at all Hermès stores. dibble. for locations. and cotton canvas Demeter gardening gloves.hermes. also supplies the gardener with a bit of style: hand-forged stainless steel. visit usa. the French fashion house known for its handbags and scarves. $310. and trowel.Luxury Digs Hermès. cherrywood-handled tools (set of pitchfork. $345).
With black stitching detail. shopterrain. $48. this braided raﬃa hat travels nicely and has a UPF of 50+.Avid gardeners can never have too many hats to protect themselves from the sun.com The Constant Gardener .
com 28 . In a nod to its funkier ancestors. $88. $48. when a light sensor keeps him quiet. $490.The Collector Terrariums are the perfect way to grow a miniature collection of plants indoors. hwd-felt.com Early Riser With its sleek design. crafted with the help of artisans in Nepal. These brassy. shopterrain. except at night. We especially like this classic version called Lantern. modern ﬂowers brighten darkened corners and bring pizzazz to empty walls. jaysonhomeandgarden. Riccardo Paolino and Matteo Fusi’s Cucuruku White Tree Clock turns traditional cuckoos on their heads. blossom-loving friend. conranusa.com Artful Botany Help out an urban-dwelling. a little bird pops out on the hour. $45 to $85.com Northern Zones Lesley Hansard and Rebecca Welsh design these folksy and bright handmade felt slippers.
and runners for Teroforma. the collection was inspired by Lady Bird Johnson’s campaign for national beautiﬁcation. Named Wildﬂowers + Powerlines. which.A Gardening Legend Austin-based artist Leah Duncan has decorated trays. in the 1960s.S. coasters. $45. note cards. teroforma.com 29 . saw sweeping banks of wildﬂowers planted alongside U. Six coasters. highways.
Berkeley-based sculptor Marcia Donahue shapes.50. ﬁres. $27. and carves lively clusters of acorns. livinggreen .com .Magical Thinking Mixing various colors of stoneware clay.50 to $37. 415-864-2251.
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chroniclebooks . Tabori & Chang). $24. amazon.com The New Encyclopedia of Gardening Techniques (Mitchel Beazley/ Octopus Books). and ready to take notes on what they’ve seen. $12.com What’s Wrong With My Plant (and How Do I Fix It)? (Timber Press). Tending. Calabrese broccoli. sprouthome .com DIY Heirloom D. All-Weather Birder’s Journal (Rite in the Rain). Below is a selection of recent works on a variety of subjects. It oﬃers 12 types of heirloom seeds.com The Dirt Cheap Green Thumb Book (Storey Publishing).com For the Birds (Stewart. Harvesting. $19.95.Winter Reading Gardeners are readers and recorders. which arrive with a guide in a vintage-look burlap sack. Landreth Seed Company is the oldest seed company in the U. amazon. $10.com From Seed to Skillet: A Guide to Growing.S.95. shopterrain.com 32 .95. $30. Viroﬂay spinach. these include Christmas Pole lima beans. and Cooking Up Fresh. shopterrain. Healthy Food to Share with People You Love (Chronicle Books). always on the lookout for new ideas and advice on gardening. $30. $24. shopterrain. and Chervena Chujski peppers.
When Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius. taschen.com History Bu 33 . the men were knighted by the King of Bavaria. $150. and Johann Baptist von Spix. where they’d spent three years collecting and sketching every species of palm they encountered. an exquisitely drawn history of palm trees. a zoologist. returned in 1820 from the Amazon Basin. The Book of Palms does justice to the pair’s landmark achievement. a professor of botany.
Italy InspIred A South FloridA lAndScApe by SAnchez & MAddux iS reSplendent with old-world chArM stOry By Cara GreenBerG phOtOGraphy By rOBIn hIll .
Arches cut out of massive Cuban laurel hedges are a decorative and functional leitmotif throughout the property. .
mysterious. “We left the swimming pool and a little terrace. depending on how it was handled.Vaux-le-Vicomte. A few years ago. John. she contacted principals Jorge Sanchez and Phil Maddux. Maincy. “Boats would anchor and look in at us. “The view could have been either beautiful or common. who use the property as a winter getaway (they also have homes in New York. her head ﬁlled with images of northern Italy’s lake district.com 36 L E F T: H O R A C I O V I L L A L O B O S / E PA / C O R B I S 1.” vaux-le-vicomte. Old World. fountains.” Achieving this sublime vision fell to the Palm Beach–based landscape architecture firm of Sanchez & Maddux. Sanchez describes the garden succinctly: “Grandeur—completely over the top. “We removed all of the walkways and some of the plants. a problem since the early days. Some initial landscaping had been done in the mid-1990s. and patterned parterres. and are building a home in Aspen). “I wanted charming. but the buildings on the opposite bank less so.” says Sanchez.” she says. France . romantic. Michigan. but that’s about it. A clever workaround was needed. The term they use to describe their signature style—“the civilized jungle”—is also the title of a book about their work published last year by Grayson Publishing. The eventual result was an extensive redo of hardscaping and plantings. also wanted more privacy. “I just didn’t know how to get there from a big house sitting on a lot. but Rakolta was never completely satisﬁed with it. known for their synthesis of classical European garden design elements with exotic tropical plants. Harbor Springs and Bloomﬁeld Hills. when the new house was surrounded by a “moonscape. TOP 4 INSPIRATIONAL GARDENS A few years before creating Louis XIV’s park at Versailles. landscape architect André Le Nôtre participated in the design of this mile-and-a-half-long 17thcentury garden.” says Sanchez.” with not a single tree.” The most difficult challenge was the water view. often joined by their four children and four—soon to be five— grandchildren. when the house was built.” she says. which was the dominant structure of a great complex of water basins and canals. Rakolta and her husband. which is lovely. The house faces the Lake Worth lagoon.T erry Rakolta has no trouble reeling off words to describe what she desired for her South Florida waterfront property. a wedge-shaped halfacre mostly swallowed up by a Mediterranean-style villa. gravel walks.
rendering it private and a bit mysterious. 37 .The distinctive arched hedges hug the sides of the swimming pool.
on the more formally designed waterfront side of the house. overlooking the lawn. comprising Ficus retusa (Cuban laurel) formed into arches.” used for entertaining. Brown converted most of the existing ponds and parterres to lawn. Moving counterclockwise from there. palecolored stone. says Rakolta: “I like to set tables on the grass. and the Seahorse and Willow Tree Fountains. ‘You paid so much for the water view. A tiny waterside terrace with footed urns brings in still more of what Rakolta loves about Italian gardens.” Paved with coquina. while the eye tends to skip over the buildings across the way. were spared. She proposed a similar approach to taming the too-open view of the waterway. which create a long view to the water from the house’s front entrance. is “a gathering place. a locally quarried. there’s the rectangular-shaped swimming pool “hugged by hedges. England Sanchez loves the “broad sweep and scope” of the work of Capability Brown. the landscape architect commissioned by the fourth Duke of Devonshire to transform his baroque estate in the fashionable naturalistic style of the 18th century. There’s a change in elevation here. “Everyone fought me on it. says Maddux. as well as a classical temple.’” The sculpted hedge.” says Sanchez. including the Cascade.” says Rakolta.” The irregularly shaped spaces around the sprawling house were organized as a series of outdoor rooms. “It feels to me like a cathedral. saying.org 38 L E F T: B A R B A R A O P I T z H E I m /A R C A I D / C O R B I S . and also encloses the swimming pool on two sides. chatsworth. each with a strong character of its own. but important earlier features.” Sanchez says. “You get views to the water without it being shown completely. The most dramatic of these is deﬁned by an allée of eight towering date palms. between the lawn and a newly built sea wall. the loggia could very well be somewhere in the hills of Italy. runs about one-third the length of the property’s 200-foot waterfront. who plans to put a long harvest table in that serene space. which makes it very private. and topped by a bougainvillea-clad pergola.On a trip to Italy’s Lake Como. ‘Good idea. A recessed open-air dining loggia. Rakolta had noticed hedges with arches cut out of them. “The terrace drops from 2. in which water ﬂows over 24 stone steps. Derbyshire. an expert on rain forest plants who has worked with Sanchez since 1980. why hide it?’ Only Jorge said. “There’s a little bit of mystery.Chatsworth.
a pergola tops the dining loggia. The homeowner also likes to set tables on the lawn. 39 .Clad in bougainvillea.
a covered open-air patio modeled closely on classical European architecture. 40 .The dining loggia. overlooks a lawn used for entertaining.
in a “jungly” area appropriated from a former driveway. in collaboration with Jorge Sanchez. 41 . the homeowner.Peace lilies surround a stone rill and fountain designed by Terry Rakolta.
Opposite top: Bougainvillea ‘New River’. O P P O S I T E . B O T T O m L E F T T O R I G H T: R O G E R FO L E Y. N E D R A W E S T WAT E R / R O B E R T H A R D I N G .mirrors set within lattice arches create an illusion of great depth. making the property appear more expansive than it is.
Now I feel the love. “Farrand had an incredible eye for detail. Granada. “I’m more than happy. “You can take a short walk and ﬁnd diﬀerent views. “You look out the windows of the den and you’re right on the water. was closely modeled on Italian Renaissance gardens. intensively planted area. and bay laurel–draped staircase.” he explains.” SEE SOuRCEBOOk FOR mORE INFORmATION.” Terry Rakolta knew she was asking for a lot. but the illusion is that it’s a lot more than that. “It’s wonderful in the evening. I really wasn’t too excited about the house. Heliconia (the “rhododendron of Florida. for its ubiquity). Formal terraces step down a steep slope.” Maddux says.” Sanchez calls it. Centered around a big banyan tree. Sanchez counts the Generalife gardens next to Spain’s Alhambra palace (whose origins date to the 9th century). Sanchez & Maddux created an informal. the Generalife is famous for its crenellated hedges. 4.org “Placid pools and private spaces” are among the features Sanchez admires at the 14th-century palace of Spain’s onetime Muslim rulers. “Usually one or the other is in bloom.” Rakolta says. gingers. and confederate jasmine.” Clusters of sky-blue blooms of Thunbergia grandiﬂora hang from above. Andalusian gardens are historically designed to “draw the eye. “It’s very Venetian in feeling.” she says.Dumbarton Oaks.” Rakolta says. pool court. Reorganized in the 1920s and ’30s by landscape designer Torres Balvas in classical French style. accomplished between 1922 and 1940. D. next to which. and little private spaces. Not all of the antecedents for the landscape are Italian.” Here the classical symmetry and careful balance of the more formal waterfront areas give way to a naturalistic style. referred to as “the jungle. chalice vine. ﬁll this part of the property with tropical scent and splendor.” Sanchez says.org 43 . in space reclaimed from an oversized driveway.C.” as Sanchez says. dissolving into more naturalistic eﬀects toward the creek that runs along the bottom of the estate. orchids in pots.” among his inspirations for the Rakolta property.” Bougainvillea ‘New River’ climbs the walls of a brick-paved interior courtyard with a circular wall fountain. Closing off part of the original driveway with a decorative iron gate to create the space was a “stroke of genius. oﬀering tantalizing glimpses from one discrete space into the next as you move through them. with its “placid pools. squirts of water. alhambra.the level of the house to the sea wall. with curved brick walkways and plantings inspired by the rain forests of South America. but she got it. while diﬀerent varieties of palms. this hidden garden is redolent with the seductive fragrance of Cananga odorata (ylang-ylang) and Michelia champaca. Generalife. doaks. Washington. “Until we redid the garden. The drop is only a couple of feet. So it is at the Rakoltas’ home. bananas. PAGE 70 3. “You don’t see everything all at once. and it makes the space very romantic.” notes Sanchez. Spain Pioneering landscape architect Beatrix Farrand’s most notable work. a magnolia relative (think Joy perfume).
Jack Frost: Master Gardener STORY BY VALERIE EASTON .An early frost coats each blade of grass and every twig in this silvery landscape.
J E R RY H A R P U R 45 .
grapes. killing only the tenderest of plants. light. and light penetrates the garden. Frost also gives the garden a break from slugs. I’m on the lookout for hints of that ﬁrst serious frost. the product of simple chemistry: water vapor forms frost when surface temperatures it comes in contact with are below freezing. So is stepping outside on an autumn evening to sniﬀ the air—in many parts of the country. frost sweetens them and is said to boost their overall quality. or even November. paring away 46 F Degrees of Frost Maybe we should think of frost not as a great destroyer. She swore by an old wives’ tale that ﬁrst frost hits six weeks from the date these pink lilies drop their blooms. My children used to vie to be ﬁrst out the door to crunch their boots across the newly frosted lawn. Frost dates. My terrier runs around the garden barking wildly at foraging squirrels she’s suspected were there but hadn’t been able to get a bead on before the garden died down. there’s usually plenty of warning. but as something more akin to. believed that her naked ladies. Although winter can be like a slap in the face after a warm. dangling berries. then melts away as quickly as chocolate on the tongue. Left: Heuchera ‘Chocolate Ruﬄes’. foretold frost dates. I dig the dahlias and cart pots of aeoniums and fragrant-leaved geraniums indoors. and lilacs and peonies won’t set ﬂower buds. I rush out to pick the last raspberries and the ‘Sungold’ tomatoes. My mother. as the day warms up. When the air is dry and the temperature barely freezing. are really just a convenient way to look at seasonal weather changes. The subtle splendors of tree bark. A moderate freeze. ﬂuﬀs out. aphids. is a sign that frost is on its way. In anticipation of its inevitable arrival. no matter what the calendar says. a cold. Will tomorrow be the day? There are myriad types of frost. but the arrival of frost brings plenty of pleasures. that there’s a 50 percent possibility of frost occurring earlier or later than these dates. a n d r e w l aw s o n / m m g i . The swaying inﬂorescences on ornamental grasses sparkle and shine like diamonds. We monitor drizzle and downpours for how deeply they penetrate the soil. It turns conifers and ornamental grasses to tawny shades of bronze and russet. no matter how much I’ve prepared myself and my garden for that ﬁrst killing frost. leaving a trail of footprints. and many weeds. depending on your latitude and altitude—when the temperature dips into the mid-20s and a hard. Finally I see the birds I’ve only heard rustling through the tree branches all summer. There are few more dismal sights than a lovely clump of coleus taken down overnight. October. say. with glittering stars and a brilliant moon. their quality and appearance dependent on temperature and the amount of moisture in the air. pods. and cones come into their own once frost has done its work to expose them. check out the average frost-date map in the Farmer’s Almanac (farmersalmanac. though based on hard data. the massings of summer to reveal the underlying structure. It also works constructive magic. Still. the sunrays weak and slanting but welcome all the same. clear night. killing frost will have its way with your garden. and semi-hardy plants. then. between 25 and 28 degrees. it’s time to pick the last of the zucchinis. One wintry morning. a k a Belladonna lilies.com/ weather/2007/02/14/averagefrost-dates). Japanese beetles. These light. who taught me to garden. After weeks of frosty ﬂirtation. As soon as I’ve started to pull on warm gloves and a wooly hat before going outdoors. but its eﬀect on the garden lasts until foliage returns in spring. fruit. snails. o p p o s i t e : m a r i a n n e m a j e r u s / m m g i . teasing frosts can go on for weeks. I pull pots close to the house for protection and spread a blanket of insulating mulch over beds and borders. Frost has its own variables and can be categorized by its eﬀect on plants: In a light freeze the temperature dips just below freezing. frost can look as ephemeral as the lightest dusting of pow- Many plants hold up quite well to a light frost. lingering autumn. Instead of killing parsnips and collards. causes destruction of blossoms. Be aware. It’s as if frost turns the garden transparent. Hydrangea heads take on soul-stirring hues of burgundy. As far as I’m concerned. or deep. much as gardeners tend to do even today.rost is a beautiful assassin. and continues to bloom and fruit as if never nipped. In most climates. too. but the time will come—in September. We pay close attention to whether shade is partial. however. turned sweeter by their brush with the impending freeze. Without a period of serious cold. tender lettuces and herbs. frost comes and goes through the winter months. Opposite: The last roses of the season. this time most plants without a stout woody stem will be reduced to compost. and mossy green. we wake to a garden silvered with ice. Conifers look as if ﬂocked for Christmas. mauve. If you’re a precise type of gardener who counts backward from the ﬁrst killing frost to determine vegetable planting dates. Chill fall mornings find roofs and evergreens delicately coated with sparkling white. it’s a shock to wake up and ﬁnd the entire scale and density of it all changed overnight by startling destruction. Winter has arrived in the garden. knowing it makes all the diﬀerence as to what can grow in it. New and unexpected sights are exposed. bringing an end to herbaceous plants and the gardening season. Before modern meteorological forecasts. and green tomatoes. Frost transforms the world. to 29 degrees. When the frost still sits lightly on the pumpkin. A heavy or killing frost means the temperature has dropped to 24 degrees and below. which chronicles the normal averages for the ﬁrst and last frosts around the country. Tree branches glisten. the garden rebounds. including tomatoes. tulips won’t bloom in the spring. rain or shade. people predicted weather by careful observation and memories of seasons past. Crystalline white replaces autumnal browns and greens. feeling the weather “in your bones” is as good a way to anticipate frost as any chart or map of averages. rebounding as the sun melts it away.
” —Thomas Hood .“Frost is the greatest artist in our clime—He paints in nature and describes in rime.
Shown here are purple coneﬂower and sea holly (opposite). especially when rimmed with frost.One reason to refrain from cutting back perennials at season’s end is to enjoy the architectural quality of their seedheads in winter. OPPOSITE: ANDREA JONES . MARIANNE MAJERUS/MMGI.
die down and go dormant until the warmth of spring coaxes them out of the ground again. A little urn holding sedum became an object of strange beauty when touched with hoarfrost. The garden is at rest. but if it lasts several hours or more. Tolkien Opposite: Spent blossoms of Hydrangea paniculata. 51 . other mornings it was as thick as fur. Beware especially the frost pocket. Then there is black frost. But isn’t the ﬁrst hard frost something of a relief? For more on frost in the garden. white fuzz of feathery ice crystals. and air frost. it tends to pool in low-lying areas. glazed frost. we don’t often get hoarfrost. pulling weeds.Com/Frost o p p o s i t e : C l i V e n i C H o l s . was held responsible for fern frost.R. ground frost. Because cold air sinks. and we are too.“All that is gold does not glitter. Sometimes the ice lay in ﬁne swirls on the glass. for a few months.” —J. Only after a killing frost puts the garden decidedly to bed do I have guilt-free time to read a novel or go to the movies. and deadheading ﬂowers. what I most appreciate about frost isn’t its ﬂeeting beauty or its transformative eﬀect on my garden. delineating every edge and curve of clipped hedges and garden ornaments. At the other extreme is hoarfrost. The rapscallion Jack Frost. clear nights encrusts surfaces with a thick. Above: A blanket of frost can highlight the “good bones” of a formal garden. plants can bounce back. r i g H t: j e r r y H a r p u r It signals an end to dragging hoses about. In fact. the patterns etched across windowpanes on cold mornings. Plants then blacken and seem to melt. or in the case of perennials. In my part of the Paciﬁc Northwest. When I was little. What I love best is how frost clears my calendar of routine garden chores as surely as it winnows out the plants in my garden. deep roots are not reached by the frost. it was a treat to help my dad scrape the intricate frost patterns oﬀ the car windshield. anyway. the old that is strong does not wither. which on cold. an elﬁsh creature of English and Scandinavian folktales. When a frost is brief. dered sugar. But one morning late last November my garden was coated in what looked like a dense albino pelt—could it be frozen fog? Each ice crystal was so long and thick that the frost looked pettable. which can damage even hardy plants. and I was sorry to look out at noon and see it gone. it ruptures cell membranes by freezing the moisture inside the leaves and stems. creating spots where frost hits earlier and lingers longer. go to gardendesign. my garden now plain by comparison.R. not all those who wander are lost.
the Frick Collection. They created six arrangements for the home. exclusively for Garden Design. So. the directors at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. throws a party. he knows who to call to make it superb. and other well-known institutions. 53 . director of special programming and events at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. HamIlTOn ■ PHOTOGRaPHy By mICHaEl KRaUs When Nicholas Apps.pOwer flOwers Our “A-list” pArty experts shOw yOu hOw tO mAke yOur hOlidAy tAble the tAlk Of the tOwn sTORy By WIllIam l. We asked for their favorite ﬂoral designers and made our own calls. too.
whose clients include Rachael Ray. created two arrangements for us. An assembly of beautiful bottles (below) deconstructs a formal spray and makes it easy to arrange. and the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater. a dressy silver palette of whites and steel-blues (right) is set in a glass container with a clipart collar.. Tiﬀany & Co.David Stark Design & Production Stark. ➌ ➏ ➋ ➊ ➎ ➍ 54 . giving the vase an inexpensive antique look that you can change at will.
rosemary—would work.➐ ➑ ➒ ➓ Materials include: ➊Ranunculus ➋ rex begonia ➌ drumstick allium blossoms ➍ miniature pomegranate branches ➎ blue Viburnum berries ➏ dusty miller ➐ Echinops ➑ French anemones ➒ silver Brunia ➓ white tulips SUBSTITUTIONS: Use your favorite vases or bottles (as seen far left) to create your own still life. paperwhites. any tumble of whites and blues— hydrangeas. lavender. with a clever clip-art vase as its base (above). 55 .
➌ ➊ ➋ ➊ 56 .
exotic holiday arrangement that would work in a guest bedroom as well as in a hallway or on a dining table or sideboard. whose clients include Diane von Furstenberg and HBO. Banchet suggests alternates of ‘Green Goddess’ calla lilies for the green orchids. red roses for the red callas. 57 . tightly edited grouping of bold.Banchet Flowers Banchet Jaigla. ➍ ➎ ➏ Materials include: ➊ an Anthurium clarinervium leaf ➋ red ‘Indian Summer’ calla lilies ➌ green Cymbidium orchids ➍ Mokara Red Azacoff orchids ➎ white Dutch hydrangea ➏ aspidistra leaves SUBSTITUTIONS: The arrangement is based on making a big statement. red hypericum berries for the Mokara orchids. graphic elements. Monstera for the Anthurium clarinervium leaf. it features a simple. white roses or tulips for the hydrangea. Inspired by her childhood in Thailand. not intricacy. The inside of the glass vase is wallpapered with foliage to hide the arrangement’s stems. created an unexpected. colorful.
Then add the most delicate elements. and form dramatize an arrangement of relatively ordinary elements. orchids would make the piece particularly elegant for New Year’s Eve. skyrocketing work of the millet. Oak and magnolia leaves could be replaced with chestnut. Using your largest branches ﬁrst. sweet gum. like grasses and ﬂowers. Choose a vase. Push the ball halfway into the vase: this will secure your branches. pear. Fall fruits look perfect for a Thanksgiving table.A. and cut a piece of chicken wire wide enough to form into a ball that can sit in the opening of the vase. build a form and silhouette that you like. Any type of grain. would do the expressionistic. height. Wire the stems of fruit onto wire skewers that can be inserted into the arrangement and secured to the branches. with some branches hanging down toward the table and some reaching up. or plum leaves. such as wheat or broomcorn. . C. ➊ B. leaving enough length of wire skewer so that the fruit will either be at the surface of the leaves or dangle below the arrangement. for a more naturalistic eﬀect. ﬁlling in and extending beyond the leaves in a spray. Thompson favors asymmetrical shapes. 58 Materials include: ➊ ‘Purple Majesty’ millet ➋ bittersweet ➌ magnolia leaves ➍ purple clematis flowers ➎ pinecones SUBSTITUTIONS: Shape.
based her arrangement on a belief that humble materials can have as strong an impact as hothouse ﬂowers.➋ ➌ Emily Thompson Flowers Emily Thompson. She chose oak and magnolia branches for shape. whose clients include the Horticultural Society of New York. and plums add color and cue the eye for a banquet feast. ➍ ➎ 59 . grapes. and millet for texture. Pears.
➌ ➋ ➊ 60 .
a strategy that van Vliet equates with a painter’s technique. rather than the chaos typical of grander arrangements. which becomes a part of the design. created an arrangement largely based on texture: the use of many textures in the same family of colors lends peace to the eye. berries. he let go the vase in favor of a twig bowl.or sand-colored roses such as ‘Sahara’ or ‘Silverstone’ for the ‘Amnesia’ roses. Van Vliet recommends dark-colored dahlias or miniature dark sunflowers for the orchids. He calls it a “Dutch still life” — not surprising since van Vliet is Dutch. any other blush. whose clients include Ralph Lauren and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. field flowers or grasses for the fern fiddleheads. 61 ➑ . or succulents would work to bring texture and shape to the arrangement.➎ Van Vliet & Trap ➍ ➏ Remco van Vliet. miniature eggplants or plums for the artichokes. ➐ Materials include: ➊ lotus seed pods ➋ ‘Schwarzwalder’ calla lilies ➌ chocolate cosmos ➍ Scabiosa seed pods ➎ fern fiddleheads ➏ ‘Amnesia’ roses ➐ Cymbidium orchids ➑ purple artichokes SUBSTITUTIONS: Other seed pods. As a ﬁnishing touch.
the season’s signature color.LMD New York Lewis Miller Design Lewis Miller. The pillars are wrapped like gifts at the bottom like gifts and set on pedestals of tree-branch sections. Pillar candles. complete the look. and craft stores. the quintessential holiday lighting. garden centers. whose clients include Gucci and the New York Public Library. Most of the elements can be found easily at local ﬂower shops. created an arrangement based on the winter-forest associations of wood and bark. and red. ➋ ➌ ➊ .
Line the pine box with plastic—a heavy-duty garbage bag cut to ﬁt is ﬁne—and ﬁll with Oasis ﬂoral foam. 63 . Staple the bark to a plain pine box: in addition to craft stores. C. organic contrast. such as birchbarkstore . Wrap the ribbon with natural rope. there are good online resources for birch bark. which will support the arrangement. Red-onred flowers are complemented by the silver Brunia. ➍ B. Start by arranging around the perimeter of the box.Materials include: ➊ ‘Black Magic’ roses ➋ ‘Piano’ cabbage roses ➌ silver Brunia ➍ Protea nana SUBSTITUTIONS: Miller says the flowers were chosen for their rich color and contrast against the white tones of the birch bark. if it’s uniform. It is available at craft stores or from online sources. Continue to ﬁll in the center. Cut the candle pedestals to the desired heights. Miller suggests natural cork or green sheet moss as an alternative to the birch bark. such as linen twine or raﬀa. Another color palette different from red would also work. Wrap the pillar candles with grosgrain ribbon and fasten with pins. to conceal the edges of the container. varying height to create depth and movement. for a textural.com. A. which also sells ﬁreplace logs to create the candle pedestals. which also relates to the silver in the bark.
waiting to be sorted. 64 gardendesign.com n o v/d e c 2010 . weighed and graded.groundbreaker HEIRLOOM ACTIVIST StorY BY BiLL mArken When it comes to preserving traditional varieties of fruits and vegetables. Amy Goldman is a force of nature A barnful of squash. then photographed for her book in an improvised studio in a corner of the barn. harvested from Amy goldman’s garden.
While scientists and agricultural experts continue to press the case for genetic diversity.com 800. melons. there was no stopping her. she may cook a favorite winter squash such as ‘Musquée de Provence’.4242 ™ . and other vegetables. and organizations such as Seed Savers Exchange and a few mail-order companies (including Burpee) do their part Above: The bump-encrusted rind of the turban squash ‘Marina di Chiogga’ masks highly edible golden insides.hanoverpavers. O P P O S I T E : V I C T O R S C H R A G E R . after her leeks and red onions won blue ribbons at the Dutchess County Fair. She says this year she’ll probably decorate with cheese pumpkins. and planted an orchard and grape vines. as one of her books describes it. a variety that was introduced to American gardeners 111 years ago and. and the holiday reﬂects much of what she has been doing in the ground. design possibilities are endless. For a side dish. thanks in large part. grew tomatoes. With a wide range of sizes. authoritative books on heirloom produce. She makes us want to grow them and eat them.Patios. squash. you have a mental picture of what her Thanksgiving table will look like. she sprouted seeds in a greenhouse. the “color of milk chocolate and just as addictive. Later. M E G H A n M C C A R T H y/ Pa l m B e a c h D a i ly N e w s If you’ve looked at any of Amy Goldman’s beautiful. T O P T O B O T T O M : V I C T O R S C H R A G E R .” to collect. she always managed to have a plot in Rhinebeck bursting with good things to eat. her produce hauled in 38 blue ribbons. and disseminate seeds of heirloom plants. R I G H T. With both parents (her mother a gardener herself) oﬀering encouragement. Prest® Bricks and Garden Walls create unique outdoor living areas. while working as a clinical psychologist in upstate New York. “born to be gnocci and ravioli. store. Goldman has a more direct approach to promoting precious varieties from the past. she says. colors and textures available.426. which resemble a wheel of cheese with an exterior that looks likes terra-cotta—too ﬁbrous and coarse for eating but beautiful to stack. Five years later. Driveways and Landscape Products to Inspire Hanover® Patio Pavers. making her the fair’s grand-champion winner. Author Amy Goldman (below) describes this Italian heirloom as an oddball.” Goldman says she thinks of Thanksgiving as a harvest festival. to “mastering the growing n o v/d e c 2010 gardendesign. In 1990. in print. Cultivating edibles and cooking the harvest have been passions for Goldman since she was a teenager growing up on the North Shore of Long Island.com 65 Hanover® Pavers made with: PAV E R I N F U S I O N T E C H N O L O G Y LAMININ www. and in public for three decades. corn.
com cast stone and cast stone garden ornaments. www. such as steel and acrylic. columns.com n o v/d e c 2010 .com Everything you need for the ultimate outdoor kitchen. lead and bronze. when the new replaces the old. The ideal way to grow healthy gardens–here.haddonstone.com www. cabinets and pizza ovens. FL 34101-3050 To ﬁnd out more about our advertisers. Please send me information about (check all that apply): 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 8 9 10 11 12 ALL MAILING ADDRESS: Name _____________________________________________________ Address ___________________________________________________ City/State/Zip____________________________________________ Email ______________________________________________ SEND CLIPPED COUPON TO: GARDEN DESIGN P. 11 | WaLpoLE WoodWorKErs Since 1933.summerclassics. taste them. fence. Walpole has brought style to outdoor areas with handcrafted arbors.com 12 | WooLLy pocKEt GardEn company Meet Woolly Pockets. www.gardentelescopes.tuscanimports. with the product range endorsed by the Royal Botanic Gardens. www. not conserved.bartlett. commercial.hartley-greenhouses. complete the following section. including statuary and fountains in cast stone. porticos. sundials and park benches. door surrounds. and. including balustrading. those often curiously named open-pollinated varieties of fruits and vegetables passed down by generations of farmers and gardeners which have typically been shoved aside in the stampede toward produce developed for commercially appealing looks and durability in shipping. Schrager improvised a studio in Goldman’s barn.a dv e rt i s e m e nt GardEn dEsIGn READER SERVICE 1 | aLLIson armour Allison designs fountains and www. by Cary Fowler and Pat Mooney.kalamazoogourmet. collector. groundbreaker 2 | BartLEtt trEE EXpErts For all your tree and shrub care needs.allisonsgarden. “Fowler’s and Mooney’s warnings about the dangers of genetic uniformity and seed monopoly were prescient. Importer of handmade Italian terra-cotta and lightweight poly planters. where she would cut the melons. and considered multipurpose though it’s recommended for sauce. there and everywhere.” Schrager would arrange the winners on sawhorses and shoot them with a large-format wooden Deardorﬀ view camera. weathervanes. As Goldman says.com 10 | tuscan Imports. Politics. including grills. steps and more. peppers. furniture and more. architectural www. www.com 5 | HartLEy BotanIc GrEEnHousEs www. refrigeration. and soon the avid gardener went from being the subject of articles to being a contributor. founded on the principle of truly classic design. Goldman asked New York City–based ﬁne-arts photographer Victor Schrager to collaborate on a book about heirloom melons based on what she had learned growing them in her 1¼ acres of gardens in Rhinebeck. Inc. 9 | tELEscopEs oF VErmontThe Garden Telescope is a permanent sculptural garden installation and superb telescope with removable optics.gardendesign.” the competition’s largest category of vegetables.com English manufacturers of bespoke horticultural glasshouses for over 70 years. place in a stamped envelope and mail to the address below. A few years later.O.walpolewoodworkers. and advocate” of heirloom edibles.com www. call the experts. 6 | KaLamaZoo outdoor GourmEt www. this is ‘Goldman’s Italian American’ tomato—blood red. and residential on-grade and roof applications. and cabbages.com garden furnishings.com N OV/ D E C 2 0 1 0 For more information about our advertisers.com 8 | summEr cLassIcs A manufacturer of ﬁne www. Box 413050. Naples. Reading it. Kew. log on to www. Goldman says. writing articles on melons. turned her into a “card-carrying seed saver. To create a more bountiful future. and the Loss of Genetic Diversity. Then she fell in love with heirlooms. Shattering: Food.klynchandsons.” In 1997.hanoverpavers.com sculptures using modern materials. we need to preserve the vast genetic reservoir of food crops that is our heritage. 7 | KEnnEtH LyncH & sons An industry leader in providing site furnishings.woollypocket. www. Extinction happens when seeds are not passed along to the next generation. 3 | HaddonstonE usa Cast stone. “pronounce them fabulous or ﬁt only for the local pigs. and the old is Above: named for Amy Goldman’s father’s grocery store in Brooklyn. 4 | HanoVEr arcHItEcturaL products Manufacturers of concrete unit pavers for architectural. says Schrager. She credits her conversion to the seminal 1990 book on preserving genetic diversity. 66 gardendesign. deeply ribbed.com/freeinfo of squash. Goldman won a Golden Trowel award from Garden Design magazine for her vegetable garden.
A single crate of heirloom vegetables sold for $1. packets of open-pollinated heirloom seeds.” was a day of seminars and a reception and dinner—organized with the help of advocates like Amy Goldman. an auctioneer stepped to the podium to sell just that: prized ‘Ozette’ potatoes. Given Sotheby’s involvement. n o v/d e c 2010 gardendesign. Among the lots was a limited-edition set of Amy Goldman’s bronzed squashes.Heirlooms on the Block For evidence of just how highly esteemed heirloom fruits and vegetables have become these days. Not everything on the block that day was edible. which supports and educates immigrants with agricultural experience to become local farmers.com O P P O S I T E : V I C T O R S C H R A G E R . ‘Lady Godiva’ squash. and for the Sylvia Center at Katchkie Farm. There. Project. you need look no further than Sotheby’s in New York City. R I G H T: J u l I E S k A R R AT T Above: Sotheby’s auctioneer Jamie niven takes bids for crates of heirloom vegetables and produce-related art.CharlestonGardens. Allen Smith.com 67 . including a squash painting by P. “The Art of Farming. The auction event. and other rare treasures. sculptural appeal.000. a New York–based nonproﬁt that strives to teach children good nutrition through hands-on experience with gardening and farming. ‘Isis Candy Cherry’ tomatoes. much was made of the heirloom vegetables’ artistic. and farm-totable movement visionaries—to raise money for GrowNYC’s New Farmer Development Free Catalog 800-469-0118 www. on a late September afternoon.
www. and pink ﬂesh of ‘Gold Medal’. which she describes as “a tool of industry and the market economy. Winner will be notiﬁed by email or phone. she became a member of the Seed Savers Exchange. EST on 12/31/10. heirloom varieties are as impressive to look at as they are to taste: the yellow and green stripes of ‘Green Zebra’.a d v e r t i s e m e n t GARDEN VARIETY groundbreaker Melons for the Passionate Grower came out in 2002 to instant acclaim.” But Goldman’s most ambitious work. for the chance to win amazing prizes in our ﬁrst-ever Design-a-Day Giveaway.com for the latest in design trends.000 diﬀerent types. visit gardendesign.com/gardendesignmag All entries must be submitted by 5:00 p. Portraits. “We are in the midst of a mass extinction event in agriculture at precisely a moment in history when diversity for further adaptation is most needed. yellow. Goldman’s early role model and executive director of the Global Crop Diversity Trust.com From designer proﬁles to garden-inspired recipes and tips on living green.” And she makes the point that sublime taste and fascinating histories are only part of the reason to grow heirloom varieties: “We need their germplasm. garden accessories. com/designadayrules. PROMOTIONS & PRODUCTS JENSEN LEISURE FURNITURE The Ruby Rocker by Jensen Leisure Furniture is a true heirloom treasure that will be passed down through generations. Squashes and Gourds. She disparaged many modern hybrids as “the green bowling balls that pass for watermelons or the melons posing as cantaloupes in grocery stores across America. visit gardendesign. Often their names oﬀer tantalizing hints of the cultivars’ rich histories: ‘Nebraska Wedding’. For full rules.com n o v/d e c 2010 . No purchase necessary. The melon book also staked out Goldman’s strong advocacy for heirlooms. Plus. She’s been A GUIDE TO EVENTS. In 1991. “Without their genetic diversity.jensenleisurefurniture. enter this November and December. a nonprofit formed in 1975 to save and share heirloom seeds— and a major source of her seeds when she ﬁrst started growing heirlooms. on the other hand. porch or outdoor deck.000 estimated cultivated tomato varieties. garnering such recognition as the American Horticultural Society’s Annual Garden Book Award. 200 of which made it into the book. The work reﬂects Goldman’s nearly lifelong aversion to standard supermarket hybrid tomatoes. is The Heirloom Tomato: From Garden to Table: Recipes. and History of the World’s Most Beautiful Fruit. then. Cary Fowler.” Goldman’s second book.” As the book amply attests. gardening news and more. or the stunning orange. Must be a legal resident of the United States to enter. The Compleat Squash: A Passionate Grower’s Guide to Pumpkins. six years in the making. 68 gardendesign.com/gardendesignmag Follow us on Twitter Twitter. for example.m. published in 2004. had an equally earnest mission: “to catalog these marvels before they disappear. Goldman’s activism has extended beyond gardening and writing. published in 2008. “How. gifts and more at gardendesign.” Heirloom tomatoes.” she writes.com FIND MORE INSPIRATION AT gardendesign. Enter for the chance to win inspiring design books. Handcrafted using 100% FSC pure ipe wood and traditional dowel and mortise and tenon joinery.” Over the years. we will be prey to ever more virulent pests and diseases. can we ensure that these wonderful varieties do not go the way of the dinosaurs and the dodo?” he writes. the enduring Ruby Rocker is the quintessential accent to any veranda. are “designed to be homegrown…living legacies… valued by generations of gardeners. she grew over 1. wrote the preface for The Heirloom Tomato.com/win EnTER now Fan us on Facebook Facebook. Of nearly 6. jewelry. Winner will be chosen randomly from all eligible entries.
membership in the organization has signiﬁcantly increased. Since Goldman came on as board chair. Prizes from: Abrams Books * Calico Juno Design * Eric Erf Wood Design Etsy * Foxgloves * Harper Collins * Kodak * Lisa Leonard * Little Korboose Nature by Design * Relax The Back *Tempaper Designs * Thumbtack Press Tiny Showcase * A N D M O R E ! v i cto r s c h r ag e r with some 400 varieties of eggplant: round. goldman’s book points out its characteristic “outie belly button at its blossom end. Goldman is continuing to support the work of Seed Savers and doing book tours as she develops ideas for another book. oval. She says she is especially proud of Seed Savers’ contribution of hundreds of heirlooms to the Svalbard Global Seed Vault in Norway. .m. photographer victor schrager posed melons to reveal their distinctive exteriors and luscious ﬂesh. and in 2007 she became chairperson of the board. Must be a legal resident of the United States to enter.com/win Enter for the chance to PRIZES! This November and December. But by August. this is ‘Jenny Lind’. Last spring and summer. Winners will be notiﬁed by email or phone. and we’ll be giving prizes away for the rest of the year. visit gardendesign. She’s now ﬁrming up her planting plan for next year. EST on 12/31/10. the Doomsday Vault. No purchase necessary.com/win to enter for a chance to win! All entries must be submitted by 5:00 p. she realized. named after the celebrated soprano and introduced around 1846. log on to gardendesign. “My heart wasn’t in eggplant. white. For full rules. This fall and winter. stores seed collections from around the world as a safeguard against the extinction of the genes of plants that may be valuable in the future.ADVERTISEMENT a Seed Savers board member since 2001. Garden Design above: Using plain backgrounds and dramatic lighting. as it is colloquially known. See Sourcebook for more information. bat-shaped. other heirlooms that can form the basis of a next book based on her heart and hands. page 70 Starting November 1.” She scrapped that idea. Winners will be chosen randomly from all eligible entries. green.” WIN GREAT is giving you the chance to win big! Our Designa-Day Giveaway will feature some of our favorite design-inspired items. from ‘Antigua’ to ‘Zebrina’. purple. Chiseled into a mountain. and tomatoes plus. she filled her garden gardendesign. squash.com/designadayrules. while researching. we can hope. which will include the usual melons.
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fresh / p. 8 “down By ThE RiVERSidE” GARdEn dESiGnER Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates Cambridge, MA 617-864-2076 Brooklyn, NY 718-243-2044 mvvainc.com pARK inFoRMATion brooklynbridgepark.org brooklynbridgeparknyc.org
plant palette / p. 16 “poinSETTiAS ThAT pop” plAnTS Ecke Ranch To the trade info@pauleckepoinsettias .com Syngenta Flowers To the trade 800-344-7862 syngentaﬂowersinc.com living green / p. 22 GARdEn dESiGnER Jonathan Alderson Jonathan Alderson landscape Architects Wayne, PA 610-341-9925 jonathanalderson.com ARchiTEcT Matthew Moger Moger Mehrhof Architects Wayne, PA 484-343-2099 mmarch.net plAnTS north creek nurseries Wholesale only Landenberg, PA 877-326-7584 northcreeknurseries.com
Emily Thompson Emily Thompson Flowers 323-896-1494 emilythompsonﬂowers.com Remco van Vliet Van Vliet & Trap 212-352-3385 vanvlietandtrap.com groundbreaker / p. 64 Amy Goldman rareforms.com FuRniTuRE Terrain at Styer’s Glen Mills, PA 610-459-2400 styers.shopterrain.com or shopterrain.com features • p. 34 “iTAly inSpiREd” GARdEn dESiGnERS Jorge Sanchez and phil Maddux Sanchez & Maddux, inc. Palm Beach, FL 561-655-9006 sanchezandmaddux.net • p. 52 “powER FlowERS” FloRAl dESiGnERS Banchet Jaigla Banchet Flowers 212-989-1088 banchetﬂowers.com lewis Miller lMd new york lewis Miller design 212-614-2734 lmdﬂoral.com david Stark david Stark design and production 718-534-6777 davidstarkdesign.com The Heirloom Tomato: From Garden to Table: Recipes, Portraits, and History of the World’s Most Beautiful Fruit Bloomsbury, 2008 The Compleat Squash: A Passionate Grower’s Guide to Pumpkins, Squashes and Gourds Artisan, 2004 Melons for the Passionate Grower Artisan, 2002 Seed Savers Exchange seedsavers.org one shot / p. 76 GARdEn dESiGnER Randy Thueme design San Francisco, CA 415-495-1178 randythuemedesign.com
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postal information Garden Design, Number 169 (ISSN 0733-4923). Published 7 times per year (January/February, March, April, May/June, July/August, September/October, November/December) by Bonnier Corporation, P.O. Box 8500, Winter Park, FL 32790. © Copyright 2010, all rights reserved. The contents of this publication may not be reproduced in whole or in part without consent of the copyright owner. Periodicals postage paid at Winter Park, FL, and additional mailing offices. SuBScRipTionS: U.S.: $23.95 for one year, $39.95 for two years. Canadian subscribers add $8.00 per year, foreign subscribers add $21.00 per year. For subscription information, please call 800-513-0848. poSTMASTER: Send address changes to Garden Design, P.O. Box 420235, Palm Coast, FL 32142-0235. For faster service, please enclose your current subscription label. Occasionally, we make portions of our subscriber list available to carefully screened companies that offer products and services we think might be of interest to you. If you do not want to receive these offers, please advise us at 800-513-0848. EdiToRiAl: Send correspondence to Editorial Department, Garden Design, P.O. Box 8500, Winter Park, FL 32790; e-mail: email@example.com. We welcome all editorial submissions, but assume no responsibility for the loss or damage of unsolicited material. AdVERTiSinG: Send advertising materials to Attn: Garden Design Ad Management Module, 460 N. Orlando Avenue, Suite 200, Winter Park, FL 32789. Phone: 407-571-4798. Retail sales discounts available; contact Circulation Department. Following are trademarks of Garden Design and Bonnier Corporation, and their use by others is strictly prohibited: Fresh; Plant Palette; Style; Garden Gourmet; Living Green; Landscape; Groundbreaker; One Shot.
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designed by San Francisco–based landscape architect Randy Thueme. PagE 70 76 gardendesign. “Sheltered from the wind. which is continued in a row of succulents at the base of the fence. I feel as if San Francisco has retreated and I am at peace. decks. with a soft glow illuminating the garden. the Chinese-limestone patio ﬂooring incorporates bands of pale green. but Thueme anticipates that over time the materials will change and continue to harmonize. both physically and visually (the patio can be seen from multiple rooms through French doors and ﬂoor-to-ceiling windows). a wall of woven metallic strips doubles as screening and sculpture sTORy by JENNy aNDREWs COPPER TONE T hink your tiny backyard is too small for big drama? Then take a peek at this private garden. Thueme’s goal was to block out the surroundings and create an inviting spot that extends the homeowners’ living space out of doors. In expectation of this metamorphosis. and walls. The warm tones of the cedar slats on other outdoor walls now coordinate with the copper. clad over a supportive structure of cedar slats and steel. with unsightly views of neighboring fences. Undulating like an oversize detail of basket weaving. Up-lit at night by low-voltage bulbs.” Before the new garden was installed the space was dank and dark. As the homeowner says of the space at night.one shot In a San Francisco garden. 32-foot-long fence of 12-inch-wide bands of perforated copper.com n o v/d e c 2010 B a r B a r a B o i s s e va i n . only 550 feet square and tucked behind a classic Victorian house in Paciﬁc Heights. railings. as the copper turns verdigris and the cedar mellows to gray. the fence was sculpted to allow three whitebarked Himalayan birch trees to interlace through the copper strips. the fence fairly glitters. sEE sOuRCEbOOk fOR mORE iNfORmaTiON. What really makes the space sing is a stunning 10-foot-tall.
Made from 100% recycled materials. modular and infectiously fun! And they’re made right here in the USA by our Woolly little family. On the ﬂoor or on the wall.Now you can create a lush oasis just about anywhere. jwpictures. so let’s give them a cozy home they’ll love and thrive in. In a tiny apartment or covering the Empire State Building. breathable. Inside or out. Pockets are soft-sided. The plant-abilities are endless! Plants are natural friends.com .
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