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Secondary 4 Chemistry Practice 1. Which of the following is a pure compound? A Ethanol B Petrol C Steel D Tap water 2.

Which substance, when added in excess, neutralises the acid without leaving an alkaline solution? A Aqueous ammonia B Aqueous sodium hydroxide C Calcium carbonate D Water 3. Which statement does not describe a property of a weak acid in solution? A It forms a salt with sodium hydroxide B It has a pH of between 8 and 9 C It is only partly dissociated into ions D It reacts with sodium carbonate to give off carbon dioxide 4. If a strip of magnesium is dropped into excess hydrochloric acid an exothermic reaction occurs. Why does the rate of this reaction increase during the first few seconds? A The amount of magnesium is decreasing B The magnesium is acting as a catalyst C The solution is becoming hotter D The surface area of the magnesium is increasing 5. Which two gases each change the colour of damp red litmus paper? A Ammonia and chlorine B Ammonia and hydrogen chloride C Carbon dioxide and chlorine D Carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide

6. The cover plate is removed from the gas jars shown in the diagram. After several days, the colour of the gas is the same in both jars.

Which statement explains this change? A Oxygen and bromine gases have equal densities B Oxygen and bromine molecules are in random motion C Oxygen and bromine molecules diffuse at the same rate D Equal volumes of oxygen and bromine contain equal number of molecules 7. In which reaction is the pressure least likely to affect the rate of reaction? A C(s) + CO2(g) 2CO(g) B 2SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO3(g) C N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g) D NaOH(aq) +HCl(aq) NaCl(aq) + H2o(l) 8. What is the mass of aluminium in 204g of aluminium oxide? A 26g B 27g C 54g D 108g 9. Which process does not results in the formation of both carbon dioxide and water? A Addition of a dilute acid to a carbonate B Burning ethanol C Burning methane D Heating crystals of hydrated sodium carbonate

10.One mole of compound X gives three moles of ions in aqueous solution. X reacts with ammonium carbonate to give an acidic gas. What is compound X? A Calcium hydroxide B Ethanoic acid C Sodium hydroxide D Sulphuric acid 11.The table shows the energy released by the complete combustion of some compounds used as fuels Compound Methane Ethanol Propane Heptane Formula CH4 C2H5OH C3 H 8 C7H16 Mr 16 46 44 100 H in kJ/mol -880 -1380 -2200 -4800

Which fuel produces the most energy when 1g of compound is completely burned? A Ethanol B Heptane C Methane D Propane

12.Which reaction if the fastest?

13.Which manufacturing process uses a catalyst? A Fractional distillation of crude oil B The production of aluminium by the electrolysis of aluminium oxide C The production of ammonia by the Haber process D The production of iron in a blast furnace 14.When 20cm3 of a gaseous alkene burns in an excess of oxygen, 60cm3 of carbon dioxide is formed. Both volumeswere measured at r.t.p. What is the formula of the alkene? A C3 H 6 B C3 H 8 C C6H12 D C6H14 15.Which compound has both ionic and covalent bonds? A Ammonium chloride B Carbon dioxide C Ethyl ethanoate D Sodium chloride

16.The experiment shown is used to test potassium bromide crystals.

The lamp does not light Distilled water is then added to the beaker and the lamp lights. Which statement explains these results? A Electrons are free to move in the solution when potassium bromide dissolves B Metal ions are free to move when potassium bromide melts C Metal ion are free to move when potassium reacts with water Indicator Colour at pH 1 pH at which colour changes Thymol blue Congo red Phenolphthalein Red Blue Colourless 3 5 10 Yellow Red Red Colour at pH 12

D Oppositely charged ions are free to move in the solution when potassium bromide dissolves 17.The table gives information about three indicators. Which colours would be obtained when each indicator was added separately to pure water? Thymol Congo red Phenolphthal

blue A Red B Yellow C Yellow Blue Blue Blue Red

ein Red Colourless Red Colourless

D Yellow

18.Which reactants could be used safely to prepare potassium chloride? A Aqueous potassium hydroxide and dilute hydrochloric acid B Aqueous potassium sulphate and sodium chloride C Potassium and aqueous sodium chloride D Potassium and dilute hydrochloric acid 19.Which series of changes includes both oxidation and reduction A C CO CO2 B PbO2 PbO Pb C N2 NH3 NO D C2 H 2 C2 H 4 C2 H 6 20.From which reaction is a gas produced? A Adding calcium to water B Adding dilute hydrochloric acid to silver C Adding dilute sulphuric acid to copper D Electrolysing aqueous copper(II) sulphate, using copper electrodes 21.Which physical property of alkanes does not increase as relative molecular mass increases? A Boiling point B Flammability C Melting point D Viscosity

22.In polymerisation of ethene to form poly(ethene), there is no change in A Boiling point B Density C Mass D Molecular formula

23.The gas was passed backward and forward over heated copper turnings. The results obtained were used to plot the graph.

What is the percentage of oxygen in the bottled gas? A 20% B 30% C 70% D 80% 24.Which of the following gases cannot be removed from the exhaust gases of a petrol powered car by its catalytic converter? A Carbon dioxide B Carbon monoxide C Hydrocarbons D Nitrogen dioxide 25.Old steel drums corrode quickly in a damp atmosphere but aluminium cans do not. Which of the following correct statements explains this behaviour of aluminium?

A Aluminium has only one valency B Aluminium has a lower density than iron C Aluminium is above iron in the reactivity series D Aluminium is protected by its oxide layer 26.Caesium is a metal that is more reactive then aluminium. Which reaction would produce caesium? A Electrolysing aqueous caesium chloride B Electrolysing molten caesium chloride C Heating caesium carbonate D Heating caesium oxide with carbon 27.Which property decides the order of the elements in the periodic table? A The masses of their atoms B The number of electrons in the outer shell C The number of neutrons in the nucleus D The number of protons in the nucleus 28.The proton number of indium, In, is 49. What is the most likely formula for the oxide of indium A In2O B In2O3 C InO D InO2 29.Which process does not involve either oxidation of reduction? A Formation of ammonium sulphate from ammonia and sulphuric acid B Formation of nitrogen monoxide from ammonia C Formation of sulphuric acid from sulphur D Formation of zinc from zinc blende (ZnS) 30.If a strip of magnesium is dropped into excess hydrochloric acid an exothermic reaction occurs. The rate of this reaction increases during the first few seconds because A The amount of magnesium is decreasing B The magnesium is acting as a catalyst

C The solution is becoming hotter D The surface area of the magnesium is increasing

1. Use the substances named in the table to answer the following questions Name of substance Melting point /

Boiling point /

Percentage by volume in clean air

Argon Carbon dioxide Helium Nitrogen Oxygen



0.93 0.03 0.00005 78.03 20.99

Sublimes at -78 -270 -210 -219 -269 -196 -183

a. Name a monoatomic gas Name the gas used in the Haber process to make ammonia Which substances are liquids at -187oC Name the substance which is a liquid over the largest range of temperature. b. Draw the arrangement of particles in carbon dioxide at -77oC

2. Propanol reacts with ethanoic acid to form the ester proyl ethanoate a. Name the other product formed in this reaction b. Draw the structures of the following compound i. Propanol

ii.Ethanoic acid

iii.Propyl ethanoate

c. Suggest one commercial use for propyl ethanoate

3. Propane and propene are organic compounds a. State one similarity and one difference between the structures of propene and propane

b. Name a substance that can be used to distinguish between propan e and propene. In each case, describe what you would see. Substance: Propane: Propene: c. Another compound, Z, can be polymerised to form polystyrene. Part of the structure of polystyrene is shown below

i. Draw the structure of compound Z ii.Name the two products which are formed by complete combustion of polystyrene. iii.Give one advantage of disposing of waste polystyrene by burning.