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T h e Error of Modern Missouri:

I T S INCEPTION, DEVELOPMENT, AND REFUTATION,


A s s e t forth in

I. T h e Present Controversy on Predestination: A Contribution to its History and Proper Estimate.


By F. W. S T E L L H O R N , D. D.,
Prof. of T h e o l o g y in t h e E v . L u t h . S e r n i n a r y , Colurnbus, O h i o ; A u t h o r of W o e r t e r b u c h z u m g r i e c h i s c h e n N e u e n T e s t a m e n t ; A Brief Comm e n t a r y o n t h e B o o k s of t h e N e w T e s t a m e n t ; A n n o t a t i o n ~ t h e Acts of t h e A p o s t l e s i n t h e on L u t h e r a n Cornrnentary.

11. " Intuitu Fidei."


By R E V . F. A. S C H M I D T , D. D.,
Prof. in t h e Theological S e m i n a r y of t h e N o r w e g i a n U n i t e d C h u r c h , M i n n e a p o l i s , Minn.

111. A Testimony Against the False Doctrine o Predesf t h a t ion recently introduced by the Missouri Synod.
By S E V E R A L F O R M E R M E M B E R S O F T H E M I S S O U R I SYNOD.

T r a n s l a t e d frorn t h e G e r m a n .

Edited by G E O R G E H . S C H O D D E , Ph. D.,


Prof. of T h e o l o g y in t h e E v . L u t h . S e m i n a r y , C o l u m b u s , Ohio.

COLUMBUS, OHIO: L U T H E R A N BOOK CONCERN

1897

G ) Coniparative' Suiiimary -- Concluded . 6. 3Iay we speak of niaii's decisioii or " self-deterniiilation "

PAGE

in coi~rersioii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ? a ) Old AIissouri . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . b ) AIoderii J l i s s o ~ ~ r i. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. C) T h e Calvanists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . d ) T h e Lutheran Cliiirch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 . TVhat is the differeiice betweeii the Lutheran and Redoctriiie of electioii ? a ) Old nlissouri . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . b ) Aloderii nIissoiiri . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C) Liitheraii Tlieologiaiis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . d ) Schiieckeilburger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S. How rriiist tlie cloctrine of the dogmaticiaiis of the sereii teeritli ceiitury be regarded ? . . . . . . . . . . a ) Old Jlissoiiri . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 ) AIoderii Nissouri . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C) Old Doginaticiaiis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. How is tlie doctrine of lloderii JIissouri to be regarded ? a ) Modern nIissouriaiis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . b ) E r e r y iinpartial iriaii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H ) Appendix: An Ally of 3Ioderii nlissouri iii Gerniany . . . . . . . . . T h e Docf rinc o f Predesf iun f ion iiz fhe 0 h i o Sjrnod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Theologiaiis of Seveiiteeiith Ceii tury . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Colloquiuiii in Coluiiibus, 1879 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Coluni bus Magazine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Meeting of Joint Syiiod ISS1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

171 171 171 171

172 173 173 174

175 173 175 176 146 147


1P.j

155 1S G 1S i ISS

" INTUITU FIDEL''


PART I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . li'hat wet-e fhe coufenfs01-fhe szrbsfnuce of fhe docfl-iue fnzlghf by ontLzlt1zc1-atz C ~ Z I I -fikfhe~.s. C/Z fhnt Godelecfcd ilz view o f i a i t h ? Introductory Reniarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Over agaiiist Roinaiiisin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. Sola Fide. Intuitu Fidei . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. Saniuel Huber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 . Correct uiiderstandi~igof Testiinonies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a ) Calrinists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . b ) Huber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C) Lutlieraiis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5. Jlissouri's New Discorery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 . AZissouri Holds Fast the Doctrine of our Olcl Teacliers and also Rejects it . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 . JIeetiiig of Syiiodical Coiifereiice iii Chicago . . . . . . . . S. Quotatioiis frorn 0rtl;odos Publicatioiis aiid Teacliers .. . A ) Azlfhors o j fhe Fo~-mzlLao f Co~zcord . . . . . . . . . . : . . . . . . . . . . . . David C h y t r z u s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jacob Aiidreze . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Christopher Koeriier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

C ) T h e Imnzedinte Pzlpils o f t h e Sz~bsbvibevs f the F. C. - Concluded . o Conrad Dietrich . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415 Closiug Remarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 447
PART I1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I. D i d uur Fnthel-s depart fi.onz the Cotz fessioiz by teachiizg thnt fhe election o f certnin p e ~ s o m took place iiz view o f fnith ? .... I1. Does Missouri claim that our Fatliers departed froin the Confession witli their doctrine of " electioii in view of faitli " .... Northern District and Prof. Fritschel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Professor Stoeckhardt on " i n view of faith." Philadelphia Faculty . Lehre und Wehre ................................. 111. Did Missouri hold to her present doctriue in 1S72?............. " Correct understandiiig " of a Symbol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I V. Colloquy iii Colunibus, 1879 and followiug i t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scripture, Fathers, Coiifessioii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Huberian Controversy-a test of the seuse of the Eleventh Article . . Three definitions of Election . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Church of Formula of Concord knew of no election to salvation escept of believers ............................................ Testimony of Wittenberg men . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rostock meii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tuebigen aiid Stuttgart Schools, Wuerternberg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V Scriptures, ordination t o Salvation, Acta Huberiana, Wuerteniberg men . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Specific election . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Regard to faith -TVittenberg aud Wuertemberg nien . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Election and subsequent will . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grace of God and nierits of Christ the complete cause of election ... Did Rostock, Witteilberg, Tuebingen know t h e Lutheran defiuition of electiori ? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

PAGE

PART 111 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I . 1s the Doctvi?ze thnt God elected meiz to snlvntion i 7 z uiew o fnitlz f ~ fozr 7zd i ?oul- L1rthem71 Coizfessions ? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I1. Intuiti Fidei found in Book of Concord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Augsburg Coufession and electiori . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Apology and electioii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Differerlce betweeu merl arld tlre clivine verdict . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Order of decree of election and order of eterrial purpose . . . . . . . . . A uiystery iii this cloctriiie . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I11. Tlie Foriiiula of Coi~corcl. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tliircl Article of Forulula of Loiicord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sonship ancl inheritance reflectiorl of eteriial cotinsel of God . . . . . . . . IV. Eleverith Article . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Election in detail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Treiid of Eleveuth -4rticle against Calvii~isticelectiori . . . . . . . . . . Revealed and liidderi will of God . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Definitiori of electioii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Election of grace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .