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Supply Chain Management (SMC) is the process of planning, implementing and controlling the operations of the supply chain with the purpose of satisfying the customer requirements as efficiently as possible. SCM encompasses the planning and management of all activities involved in sourcing and procurement, conversion and all logistics management activities. Healthcare is a gigantic sector in India, estimated to be around 80,000 crores. But unfortunately the sector remained fragmented and non-competitive till very recently. It is projected that in the next few years approximately Rs 4000 will be pumped in to modernize the Indian health care services. The new facilities provided particularly in superspeciality hospitals with the start-of–art equipment should be able to provide not only quality services to the patients but also meet the expectations of all the stake holders. Corporate sector has come up in many states of India, who are adopting different business models like “Hub and Spoke Model”, and “Networking Model” to achieve their strategic objectives and goals. Regretfully, money is generally at the top of the agenda. To meet the rising demands, India will need 80,000 beds every year for the next 5 years. It is uncertain whether the public sector could fill the gap. Private sector has the potential to meet such a huge demand.
HOSPITAL SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (HSCM)
HSCM is a set of approaches to efficiently integrate suppliers or vendors, transport, hospital services (including outpatient, emergency, in-patient, laboratory, radiology, stores and purchase, food, laundry and medicines /equipments) to achieve Total Quality Management (TQM) in health care services by optimum utilization of resources. The HSCM deals with the management of materials/equipments, manpower like doctors, nurses and other supporting staff, to transform sick patient to healthy person at a reasonable cost, in the shortest possible time with utmost satisfaction of the patient. It is necessary that the departments related to materials, finance, receiving and store-keeping work in tandem to process effectively the high volume of purchases, receipt and payment transactions that take place at regular intervals. The task of the purchase department is to procure the inventory at lower prices without compromising on the quality by reducing the lead times with the suppliers through competitive bidding, direct negotiation and group purchasing. An efficient inventory policy should link the supply to the consumption patterns for reducing overall inventory level. The transactions should be online so that the database gets updated automatically subsequent to each and every issue of material /medicine etc to enhance efficiency. Purchase Activity Procurement is one of the crucial factors in purchasing activity. Several day -today operations and functions of each and every department of a hospital depend upon the activities of the
purchase department. Right from the sophisticated life saving drugs used by doctors to stapler pins used in the hospital office are purchased by the purchase department. The purchase department should concentrate on 5 R’s – right source, right quantity, right quality, right price and right time for continuous supply of all types of materials/medicines required by the hospital. It is important at this stage that the hospitals undertake vendor analysis and keep the list of vendors rated on a multi-parameter rating. Vendor Analysis must take into account the factors like quality, quantity, pricing, reliability, speed, financial position, production capacity, process capacity, and transport facilities available with the vendors. Vendor Rating: Parameters COMPANY Size/Capacity Financial strength Operational profit Manufacturing range Research facilities Geographical location Labour relation Trade relation PRODUCTS SERVICE Quality Price Packaging Uniformity Warranty Delivery on time Condition on arrival Follow-up instructions Number of rejections Handling of complaint Technical assistance Emergency aid Supply update catalogues
The Supply Chain Management in hospitals is linked with purchase function so as to minimize cost, time and delivery of better services to the patient. Since a huge portion of revenue is devoted to purchasing, an effective purchasing strategy is vital. SCM is a major link in having effective vendor relations, vendor evaluation, vendor development and negotiatons. Activity of Stores ‘Stores’ is one of the most crucial departments of a hospital. It is responsible for performing vital functions – acquisition, receiving, evaluation, warehousing, maintenance, accounting and distributing goods and supplies to all the departments of the hospital. The issue of material from the stores to the user department is an intricate system. The stores department in-charge should be well versed with accounting or should be trained for the same. The stores department has to maintain a co-operative relationship with other departments of the hospital. A good interaction with other departments of the hospital ensures efficient functioning of the stores department. The materials/medicines used in the hospital can be classified based on their usage or purpose: 1. Diagnostic 2. Surgical
Logistics is the process of strategically managing the procurement. government agencies and other local bodies (Unions) and has to satisfy a large number of internal customers. the movement and the storage of materials. movements etc. The Logistics Department in the hospital should have a fool-proof strategy and mechanism of provisioning. arrangement for replacement within some agreed months of the remaining life may be had with the suppliers. services. storing and issue of such ‘shelf-life’ drugs in a manner that they are stored and carried in a temperature-/ humidity-controlled atmosphere and issued on a FIFO (First in. Such material should have the longest ‘remaining’ life. house keeping. canteens. and if possible. An early warning report should automatically be generated to alert the doctors on the anticipated expiry of the shelf life. 8. 6. through the organization and its marketing channels in such a way that the current and future supply flow is maximized through the cost effective fulfillment of orders.3. 5. first out ) basis. Medicines (and biologicals) have a shelf life and many drugs/medicines are expensive. 7. The materials manager interacts with a variety of external agencies such as vendors. There should be contractual arrangement with the vendors for drugs supplied to the hospitals without the loss of shelf life. The Manager in obtaining an exceptional service and commitment from the external agencies in satisfying the needs of their internal customers through whom they provide complete satisfaction to their ultimate customer namely the patients who look for a healthy future life. Therapeutic Bedside Service Engineering Housekeeping and Printing and Stationery. 4. such as doctors. transporters. .
Supply Chain Management (SCM) The ‘Logistics Manager’ is the most important actor behind the scene in achieving the hospital’s objective. DRIVERS WORKING IN SUPPLY CHAIN OF HOSPITALS .
Hospital Management Information System helps to force orderliness and standardization of the patient records and procedures in the clinic and increasing accuracy & completeness of medical records of Patient . patient safety.Hospital Management Information System helps as a good managerial tool to provide total. efficiency and reduced costs. 6.Patient Registration 5. The LCS -Hospital Management Information System is developed on the latest relational database system technology ORACLE 8. faster data retrieval.The LCS .0. missing records and confusions. INFORMATION : The LCS -Hospital Management Information System addresses the entire major functional areas of modern multi-specialty hospitals. This is achieved by avoiding duplications. BENEFITS: 1. higher quality data and more versatility in data display. enhanced administration and control.x and Visual Basic 6. LCS . cost-effective access to complete and more accurate patient care data to offer improved performance and enhanced functions. both on the cost and the clinical care perspective. The LCS -Hospital Management Information System can be easily customized to the requirements of any hospital. The package enables improved patient care.Hospital Information Management System provides the benefits of streamlining operations. LCS . thereby enabling management to make better decisions on time. delays. 3. repetitions. improved response. LCS .Hospital Management Information System helps in improved healthcare delivery by providing medical personnel with better data access. LCS . LCS . cost control and improved profitability. It provides easy access to critical information.Hospital Management Information System helps in maintaining a totally secured database of Patients and business information. INFRASTRUCTURE: Two Tier Architecture (Client Server Setup) .Hospital Management Information System helps in gathering information to meet management challenges. This information can be available at fingertips. 4. LCS . 2.Hospital Management Information System helps in improving efficiency.
20+ HDD.BLOCK DIAGRAM Hardware Server Client Intel Server Class High End Thick Client with PII or higher.x Server.0 Production Windows NT Server Windows NT Client/9x Oracle 8. 128 MB RAM Server Software Development VB 6.x clients Module Data Flow Diagram . Oracle 8.
The following details are part of this module: Patient Registration • • • • • • • • OPD.FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS: MODULES: 1. Patient This module facilitates the capturing of patient-related data at different entry points. enables queries at different workstations and generates reports at required frequency. IPD and Investigation Cases Ward Allocation Patient Admission Patient Transfer Deposits and Advances Automatic Charge Calculation Estimate and Final Billing Operation Theatre Scheduling .
Patient ID and OPD/IPD ID. OPD / IPD Investigation Cases This module of the Hospital Management System deals with all kinds of investigations suggested by doctors. i. The function enables the entry of investigations /procedures for a particular patient. for either OPD or IPD and issuing unique identification numbers to the patients.e. The OPD or IPD identification number is also created for each of the patient's separate visits. the entries of the same go to their respective diagnostics centers.• • • • • • Receipts and Refunds Discounts and Concession Doctor Register Patient Discharge Patient Inquiries Comprehensive Search Engine for Patient Search and Analysis Patient Registration This function of the Hospital Management Information System deals with registering new patients. All medical records of the patient are identified by a combination of numbers. A patient can be registered either at the IPD front office or at the OPD reception. The numbers allow for a flexible search in terms of finding the patient's history record. These numbers are unique throughout the system. This flow is not compulsory for IPD patients since the billing for IPD patients is done at the time of . The entered investigations are rooted through the billing/cash office and once the patient pays for the investigations. The IPD/OPD ID is used for tracking the medical records of the patient for that particular OPD visit or IPD admission. This also serves as a part of patient registration.
The case paper of the patient is printed from the system and is sent to the proper nursing station. The system informs. In the case of MLC. The category of the patient can be Company. IPD Admission and Ward Allocation This function. facilitates the admission of patients according to requirements. Patient IPD Admission. Occupancy status on that particular position can be ascertained while allocating the bed. Investigation requisition is created and printed with function and the same is available at respective diagnostics centers for the preparation of reports. The IPD Admit Card is also printed along with the case paper. with audio visual alerts . Insurance or MLC . the system stores the details of the police station. or be a referral from a consultant or hospital. an IPD identification number is created by the system for that particular admission of the patient.depending on which the admission procedure is completed. Once the patient is admitted to the hospital. Self. . Once the admission of the patient is completed. The admission of a patient can be direct. facilitates the process of patient admission and the allocation of beds to patients. Government Schemes.discharge. as well as the name of the official informed about the Medical Legal Case. This function gives information on vacant beds in a hospital. the room charge starts from the time of admission. The system identifies the patient as either a new IPD patient. or an intern referred from hospital OPD/CMO. Patient Admission. allowing them to prepare room for the patient. considering the type of admission and the patient's condition. The main function.the respective nursing station of the admission of the patient under them.
The accounts official authorizes this transaction. . Deposits. The interim bill versus advances ratio is also maintained in order to carry out recovery planning. the ratio analysis between the interim bill and the amount stated in the authority letter from the company is compared for further action. the patient’s actual position can be updated online so that internal functions such as billing. The position of the patient is very important since charges for surgery procedures and investigations are related to room category. The discount categories are flexible and can be changed by the administrator. The advances from the patient depend on the type of admission and the patient category is prompted by the system. This function plays a vital role in payment recovery from patients throughout their stay. Discounts and Concessions This function of the Hospital Management System facilitates all types of payments received from the patient. Advances and deposits accepted by the billing/cash counter are directly posted into Accounts. investigation and surgery can be planned. Refund cases are considered when excess advances have been paid. Refunds. If a patient is to be given a discount.Patient Transfer This function of the Hospital Management System is to facilitate the transfer of a patient from one room to another within the hospital. In the case of company category patients. Advances. With this function. after which a refund is processed. then the amount is authorized and the discount is processed.
Admission / Discharge Register. The admission and discharge register is maintained by the system. This report gives information on bed occupancy at any given time room category-wise. advances paid by the patient with the percentage of payment. Neurology. OPD. Radiology. This report gives the ratio of interim bill vs.Reports Following are the main reports / outputs • • • • • • • • • • Patient List –Admitted/Discharged. Bed occupancy Reports. Casualty. Patients/ by Doctor This report categorizes patients by attending physician at any point of time. discharges ratio. Cardiology. Appointment List The appointments for consultants are maintained on the system. Interim Bill v/s Advance Report. Functions: The following areas are covered in this module: . Prescriptions written by doctors are routed through a billing system to the respective diagnostic centers. This report gives allocated room reports for tracking of patients. This report gives information on admitted/discharged patients during a certain time period. Diagnostic Centers This module enables the retrieval of the patient’s investigation and procedure record from different locations i. The module covers a laboratory system for Pathology.e. Performed operation list. Prescriptions Discharge Card 2. IPD. Ward Allocation Reports. This facilitates keeping track of the admissions vs. This report gives details regarding patient admissions and discharges during specific period. and Chest Medicine. Patient follow-up report.
Investigations can be undergone only after the billing is done. the supervisor has to approve the result. Tests are grouped under various sections and sample types (specimens). Laboratory personnel can also generate requests. The scheduling of radiology resources is possible. Tests can be performed only after the billing is done. The system stores all the result details of various tests and makes a report based on the test results. If the test result requires approval. the user can input a sample and generate a sample number. This rule is exempted when the case is declared as urgent. Pathology The laboratory module starts with the receipt of online requests from doctors. • • • • • • • Integration of tests Ordered from Clinical Modules Comprehensive online laboratory reports Fast Entry of Results Enables Doctors to see the Results On-Line from any Location at any time Up-to-date status about request Provision for templates of Input of test Results Radiology The Radiology module caters to services such as x-ray scanning. Results can be based on the sample type. Results can be entered for either one. This rule is exempted when the case is declared as urgent. or multiple tests. The system generates a unique image number for each scan. This facilitates investigations for referral patients. Based on the request. • • • • CT Scanning Direct capturing of CT scanned images -easy reporting facility MRI -easy reporting X-rays -direct capturing of x-ray images Sonology • • Sonography Reporting Capturing of Images Cardiology • ECG Notes Neurology • EMG Reporting . These tests are carried out for both inpatients and outpatients. The system stores all the details (such as patient number. etc. ultra sound. test reports and x-ray scanning details). Test reports can be made confidential. Test results are available to concerned doctors.
as well as preoperative instructions are maintained in the system. The system also gives facility to store details regarding conduct under anesthesia. ascertaining the consultant's OPD schedule and the availability of equipment necessary for surgery. Name of surgeon. risk assessment. The system enables theatre scheduling. OPERATION THEATRE SCHEDULING Operation booking The Theatre Booking module facilitates the booking of a theatre for surgery on OPD/IPD patients. investigations required. confirming both the patient’s and surgeon's awareness of the procedure. type of anesthesia . Preoperative Check Preoperative notes are an essential part of surgery and are stored in the system once the preoperative anesthesia assessment is done. Recording Operation details . details regarding preanesthesia. OT Scheduling The OT Scheduling module enables OT time slot scheduling for specific surgeries. An intimation note is printed a day prior to a planned surgery.
This is directly linked with depreciation calculation. Recording Item Issue Details Items used during surgery are recorded by the system as consumption. • Job Card Creation . Reports • • • • • OT booking list Circular for Operations List of patients operated(IPD/OPD) List of operations done Item issue register etc. etc. utilization and maintenance. pulse. are also maintained in the system. It will take care of overall accounting with respect to spare parts. are specifically added as Special Notes on Surgery. drugs. to be charged to the patient. BP. Equipment Operation and Maintenance This module maintains a list of surgical/general equipment used in the hospital.. This information is available at any time following surgery.R. are recorded into the system.Facility to store details of operation notes during surgery such as vital signs. pain management. The entry of complications. etc. recovery conditions. R. The chargeable items are then transferred to Billing and the remainder is stored as information. 3. etc. events. problems. Recording Nursing Order for Postoperative Care Postoperative details such as investigations. The following are the broad features: • Complaint Recording (for department or ward) Complaints from the department are recorded into the system and the downtime is used to calculate usage of the equipment. IV fluids.
The scheduling of such equipment is available in this module. BLOOD BANK This module was developed keeping in mind the legal and other requirements of operating the blood banks. are vital. . This facilitates keeping an accurate stock at all locations. Allocation planning for certain equipment is done on the system for specific surgeries or procedures. • Monitoring of third party maintenance contracts for equipment. • Maintaining Vendor information Vendor information such as preliminary data account details. allowing the user to carry out further action to correct the problem. PAN/TAN numbers and supplied items are maintained on the system. It deals in detail with blood transfusion centers as well as component laboratories and works as an interactive online system. therefore the complaints data regarding such equipment is kept on high priority. This eliminates confusion in the transferring of equipment from one location to another. Third party maintenance contracts are also maintained along with item stock. The details regarding problem analysis are also stored in the system for future reference and downtime calculation. • Issue and Consumption of Spares Issue and return transactions of spares are maintained on the system from location to location. When the capital item is moved to any location of the hospital. The complaints logged on because of problems are given high priority and are always shown on the system. • Identification and Scheduling of High Priority Complaints Some hospital equipment. It also generates legal as well as internal operation records. The main store maintains the stock of accessory items and spare parts. 4. The period of maintenance with the number of fixed visits and other details on the maintenance contract are maintained in the system. such as life-saving devices. the accessory items belonging to that equipment are also moved automatically. Spares required for certain equipment are maintained as an accessory item to the capital item.Job cards for each individual piece of equipment is maintained on the system for identification and tracking • Work allocation and monitoring Monitoring of equipment for its performance based on hours used.
Function Captures front office transactions such as billing data. collections etc.Functions: Donors data entry • • Details of donors such as name. The effect of the transaction carried out at the front office is routed through an authorized person into . To facilitate hospital management decisions. A mailing list from the available donor data can be printed for correspondence Investigation Data Entry • • • • • • Various tests details are stored in the system as per rules of the blood bank Maintains data of tests Tests data details required for blood bank records are stored into the system with specific results on HIV. FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING An online link with the accounting department helps management to control the activities of the hospital completely and meaningfully. automatically Front office transactions include IPD/OPD billing. Such a report can be printed for reference to manage shortcomings. contact number and blood group are maintained in the system through Donor Data Entry The details can be printed as and when required. cash/check/credit card receipts. address. the prompt back up from the accounting department gives a sound foundation for success. Reports • • • • • Blood Stock Register Donor register as per FDA requirements Investigation Report Blood Issue Register Demographic data of Donors 5. HB details Facilitates component level administration of the blood units Keeps track of distribution / disposal of the whole blood and the components Signals expiry dates and components characteristics The system signals the expiry date of components.
tenders and generation of store related transactions such as receipts. different order levels and spare parts. • Facilitates the status of accounts receivables from patients. period-wise or doctor –wise in the case of private patients or voucher-wise in respect to other transactions. companies or government departments having credit for their employee’s medical treatments. • Provides for online booking of cash transactions and bank transactions at multiple points. This will also facilitate the replenishment of stock. as well as with the Billing office. The front office staff receives reports concerning receipt numbers and the total receipts from a specific time period. This enables the PRO of the Hospital to plan recoveries from outside patients. returns and adjustments . employees. Provision in the accounts payable module regarding full details of the party’s bills. receipts. Functions • Vouchers generation for issue. The reports on receivables are available with the Accounts. Detailed daily cash collection reports are made available to the accountant. Multiple point transaction levels are maintained on the system to facilitate the entry of all transactions to Accounts. Reports • • • • • • • • • • • • Trial Balance General Ledgers Accounts payable Accounts Receivable Cash Register Bank Register Cash Flow Statutory Reports / Data Balance Sheet Income / expenditure statement activity – wise Doctor-wise Professional Charges IPD / OPD-wise Professional Charges Stores This module facilitates the accounting of general purchases.Accounts. type of services or goods provided. issues. payment terms. Focus on cash outflow with emphasis on the prevention of outflows occurring sooner than necessary. stock items. etc. • • • Details availability bill-wise.
In the normal course. At a point in time. Functions • Classification of cost centers . A proper analysis of costs on a regular basis then becomes unavoidable. along with the utmost effort to save precious life remain the guiding principle. Issue and Consumption Automatic weighted average stores pricing of stocks and issues Automatic reminder system for placing orders and follow ups Billing from Vendors Reports • • • • • • • • • • • • • Purchase order listing Purchase orders Inquiry reports MIS reports Slow. Still. Costing A hospital has a philanthropic mission to render services to alleviate human suffering on a priority basis. It may provide an indication and/or a guideline for revision or restructuring. Service to humanity. cost control is a relevant factor in ensuring efficient management. thereby avoiding a potentially disastrous situation. management would like to know the cost of the services and utilities provided in order to ensure timely control.• • • • • • • • • • • Inventory control and store accounting Vendor History / Appraisal Preparation of Purchase Orders Inquiries for Stock Level / Vendor / Items Inquiries for Quantity available / ordered / to be ordered Inventory ABC Analysis Trend Analysis for Purchase price / Consumption Conversion of Units for Receipts. the cost reports provide management with important tools to ensure this mission on a longterm basis. vendor wise Purchase register Issue of items during the Patients Stay 6. fast moving items Location wise stock statement Daily GRN register Purchase per vendor during the year Tender preparation Lowest selected tenders with approved rates Lowest selected tenders iI tem wise.
maintenance of hospital documents. PF statements and gratuity statements. water. vehicle registration. Reporting method for extraordinary costs. etc. fixing allowances and deductions. insurance details. leave encasements. leave entitlements. The personnel & payroll department is responsible for employee related activities such as staff appointment. waste disposal. It also deals with the maintenance of employee attendance/overtime details.• • • Determining tests. loans. Function • • • • • • • Creation of master data PF calculation Loans and advances Employee time sheet Employee work allocation Pay calculations Performance-based incentives planned Reports • • • • • • Employee listing Loans and advances Listing and summaries Pay slips Employee IT reports Incentive summary System Security . maintaining the employee database. salary certificates. services and technical details for allocating material. leave sanctions. technical labor and a rational method for allocating other overheads. Method of analysis of various activities to ensure the long term survival of the hospital Reports • • • • Department-wise income /expenditure statement Service /test-wise cost reports Cost per bed Comparisons of general services costs such as electricity. along with reports on absenteeism. tenancy contracts. Payroll and Administration The Payroll & Personnel module deals with pay (and deduction) calculation. termination processes. printing of salary slips. providing a monthly analysis. etc. etc.
Unit testing and Integration testing. User-defined error messages and help messages are also maintained and customized in this module. A professional project management approach is ensured throughout the execution of the project. The User Manager module basically deals with security through controlling access to information available in the application. Function • • • • Group creation User creation Assigning user writes User authentication PROJECT MANAGEMENT • Project Execution The success of a project is dependent upon an efficient and effective project management approach. maintenance of company documents. user defined error message. The following steps are involved in Project Execution: • • • • • • • • Planning and Scheduling the Project Defining Milestones and tasks. Ensuring mock process audits by Senior staff members at every milestone Stage wise reviews and corrective action.The Security and Administration module deals with controlling access to information available in the application. Any user associated with a user group is able to access only those screens for which the user group has rights. Ensuring instant corrective action in case of Project Schedule overrun. etc. generating daily statistical summary. Functional specification / test case creation. The following software development life cycle stages will be followed: • • • • • Requirement gathering and opting final sign off by the client. database. Quality aspect . It also deals with system related activities such as user monitor. Code Construction. Designing application and preparing Design document with WBS. Information sharing with clients concerning the progress of the project / issues and concerns by way of a status report at a certain frequency. Estimating task wise time required Tracking task wise actual time v/s estimated. creating a user group master.
Resource availability with vendor because of attrition. concepts such as configuration management. Natural Disaster Vendor Both Ensure and document proper job handover process between resources Mutual action INVENTORY : The inventory management system basically divided into two separate sub.In order to ensure ultimate product quality.systems . defect prevention activity etc. The risks identified are as below Risk Responsibility Contingency / mitigation Plan Follow up and get a response up to a predefined time period Absence of expected response Client by the client for our queries / sign offs on documents / various approvals / testing and acceptance. Risk Management approach Probable Risks are well identified. are inducted into Project Management. work product reviews. root cause analysis of defects identified. Mitigation and Contingency plans are in place..
medical ] . dispatch note etc. dispatch note etc. Generation of goods received note. only add new records. utilization. batch ids & expiry dates. the security section becomes critical for maintaining the ‘privacy. Generation of goods received note. Billing & cash management available through the module.Pharmacy ] Complete database of non-pharmacy inventory like equipment [ medical as well as non. thereby acting as a control tool & deterrent for misuse. Even if only an independent module like Inventory is installed. generics. Simultaneously. stationary. goods rejected note. as the core module includes critical commercial as well as IPR – related data. It also maintains an audit log. sundry items etc. Database of the approved suppliers for each item is maintained with relevant commercial terms & specifications. purchase order. The system permits only authorized users with preset user rights to access the core module screens from pre-specified workstations. . from where & for how long. Alerts for ROL. ward indent.Inventory Management [ Pharmacy ] Complete database of Pharmacy inventory is done according to the generic molecules. Not just the EMRs [ electronic medical records ]. Supply made to individual patient as in the case of a chemist shop & to a department / ward for an inpatient. modify / edit records. confidentiality & security’ of any type of patient related data within the other core modules implemented. goods rejected note. Inventory Management [ Non . Each item is located & logged for uptime & downtime. ward indent. linen. Reports & MIS as per suppliers listed. thus tracking its maintenance too. items. purchase order. but other related data need to be maintained in highest security to honor the physician-patient relationship & the implied consent thru it. utilization etc can be easily generated. a detailed chronicle of who accessed the HIMS when. Billing & cash management is available through the module. maintenance etc can be easily generated. QOH for each medicine to intimate reordering stock. Database of all authorized suppliers with specific details maintained. as it ensures standardization across health systems. Provision for incorporation of bar coding software for ease of stock maintenance Systems administration & security module This module goes with every module implemented by the client. Supply made to individual patient as in the case of a chemist shop & to a department / ward for an inpatient. All generics & their respective brands. delete records etc ]for accessing the HIMS from any given workstation in the hospital. Provision for incorporation of bar coding software for ease of stock maintenance. this module allows the administrator of the module to institute a protocol for accessibility & user rights. Reports & MIS as per suppliers listed. used by the hospital are maintained in a database with the relevant commercial terms applicable from time to time. The system admin module allows the system administrator to set users & their rights [ read only.
Report Generation Conclusion Supply Chain Management is a concept. Master Maintenance 2. 40% increase in on-time delivery. . even when a truck is caught in a snowstorm. 1. integrated through effective sharing of data and cost saving at every point. Every touch point to hospital has to be converted into a bond through which close relationships could be established and maintained. currently. The supply chain. The multifaceted technologies are in the forefront of new logistic applications. has become a glass pipe where information about an order is completely visible. A fully computerized inventory will let the hospital to run the SCM at the speed of thought. The tomorrow’s supply chain management will be completely a virtual organization with advent of rapid implementation of internet biotechnologies. Enquiry 4. Inventory Maintenance 3. strategy and approach that is proving its worth in hospital management all over the world. doubling of inventory returns coupled with nine-fold reduction in out of stock rates. from supplier to manufacturer to distribution centre to transporter to customer. Hospitals which implemented SCM successfully have recorded a 50% inventory reduction. Vehicles will become warehouses and order status will be visible along the entire supply chain.The Inventory System includes the following modules.
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