Constitutional Law 1 - Course Syllabus 1st Semester, School Year 2008-2009 POLITICAL LAW Defined - People v.

Perfecto, 43 Phil. 887 - Macariola v. Asuncion, 114 SCRA 77 THE PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION Nature of the Constitution Definition; Classification; Qualities and essential parts of a good written Constitution Ratification / Political vs. Justiciable Question - Javellana v. Executive Secretary, 50 SCRA 33 Constitutional Construction - Perfecto v. Meer, 85 Phil. 552 - Endencia v. David, 93 Phil. 696 - Nitafan v. Commisioner of Internal Revenue, 152 SCRA 284 Self-executing provisions - Manila Prince Hotel v. GSIS, GR 122156, Feb. 3, 1997 Constitutional History Pre-1935 Constitution Schurman Commission; Taft Commission; Spooner Amendment; Philippine Bill of 1902 Jones Law of 1916; Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934 1935 Constitution

AMENDMENT PROCESS Amendment vs. Revision Procedure 1. Proposal a. By Congress b. By a Constitutional Convention Theories on Position of Constitutional Convention c. By the People thru Initiative RA 6735 - Defensor-Santiago v. Comelec, GR 127325, March 19, 1997 2. Ratification Doctrine of Proper Submission - Tolentino v. Comelec, 41 SCRA 702 Judicial Review of Amendments - Javellana v. Executive Secretary, 50 SCRA 30 - Sanidad v. Comelec, 73 SCRA 333 POWER OF JUDICIAL REVIEW - Marbury v. Madison, 5 US 137, 2 L.Ed. 60 - Defensor-Santiago v. Guingona, GR 134577, Nov. 18, 1998 - Francisco v. House of Representatives, GR 160261, Nov. 10, 2003 Judicial Supremacy vs. Constitutional Supremacy Political vs. Justiciable Question - Baker v. Carr, 396 US 186 - Nixon v. US, 506 US 224 - Goldwater v. Carter, 444 US 996, 62 L.Ed.2d 428 - Sanidad v. Comelec, 73 SCRA 333 - Estrada v. Arroyo, G.R. No. 146738, March 2, 2001 - Brillantes v. Concepcion, GR 163193, June 15, 2004 Presumption of Constitutionality - Lim v. Pacquing, GR 115044, Jan. 27, 1995 Requisites of Judicial Review:

Declaration of Martial Law - Aquino v. Enrile, 59 SCRA 183 1973 Constitution - Javellana v. Executive Secretary, 50 SCRA 33 1986 Snap Presidential Election - Philippine Bar Association. v. Comelec, 140 SCRA 455 People Power Revolt Proclamation No. 1, Feb. 25, 1986 Proc. No. 3, Mar. 25, 1986 - Lawyers League v. Aquino, GR 73748, May 22, 1986 - In re: Bermudez, 145 SCRA 160 Freedom Constitution 1987 Constitution - In re: Letter of Reynato Puno, June 29, 1992, 210 SCRA Effectivity of the 1987 Constitution - De Leon v. Esguerra, 153 SCRA 602

1. Actual Case or Controversy - Board of Optometry v. Colet, GR 122241, July 30, 1996 - Mariano v. Comelec, 242 SCRA 211 - Fernandez v. Torres, 215 SCRA 489 - La Bugal-B’laan Tribal Assn. v. DENR Secretary, GR 127882, Jan. 27, 2004 Ripeness - City of Los Angeles v. Lyons, 461 US 95, 75 L.Ed.2d 675 Mootness

45 L. 50 L. 1995 Standing of Integrated Bar of the Philippines . May 22.Kilosbayan v. 1993 CONCEPT OF STATE 1. Seldin. 343 Representative Standing Jus Tertii standing . Vera. No. RA 8171 Retroactivity of Repatriation .Yu v.By naturalization in a foreign country . Guingona. May 3. CA.Mercado v.Drilon v.Craig v. 41 SCRA 292 . 40 L. 2001 . 169 SCRA 364 Reacquisition of citizenship. May 26.2d. July 10. 174 SCRA 245 . 8. Government Functions Constituent vs. Morato. v.Ed. GR 73748. 1995 Election of Philippine citizenship . 2004 Dual citizenship & dual allegiance . May 7.La Bugal-B’laan Tribal Assn.Warth v. 16.David v.In re: Vicente Ching. 2004 . Comelec. DENR Secretary. 35 Phil. G. 65 Phil. 141284.R. 1999 Doctrine of implied election .R. 243 SCRA 436 . GR 171396. GR 112399. 58 SCRA 94 Classification .Ed.De Jure . 235 SCRA 506 . 1995 Standing of members of Congress . G.Akbayan Youth v. March 3.Cabanas v.Co v. Ministrant Laissez-faire vs. UN Convention on the Law of the Sea 3.Bengson v. Commissioner of Immigration. 416 US 312. 1991 Natural-born citizens . Zamora. 232 SCRA 110 . Morato (Recon. 232 SCRA 785 Loss of citizenship .Republic v. G.Bayan v. March 26. Welfare State Doctrine of Parens Patriae . August 15. Garcia. October 1. 914. Comelec. Question must be raised at the earliest possible opportunity 4. 2003 2. Committee on Privatization.R. 92191-92. Nov.Gonzales v. 2001 .R.Philconsa v. Monte de Piedad.Kilosbayan v. De la Rosa. Zamora. Enriquez. 422 US 490. 2000 . GR 118910. 1994 Functions of Judicial Review Effects of Declaration of Unconstitutionality Doctrine of Operative Fact . 728 . 2006 .Labo v. 397 Transcendental importance to the public . Odegaard. Islands v. GR 135083. Comelec. Lim.2d.). 257 SCRA 727. Defensor-Santiago.Republic v. 138570.Tatad v..By express renunciation or expatriation . Constitutional question must the very "lis mota" of the case Doctrine of Purposeful Hesitation . Narvasa. G. GR 127882.DeFunis v. Macapagal-Arroyo (PP1017). Proper Party Conventional Standing . Archipelago Doctrine.Frivaldo v. Nov. People Citizenship Distinguished from nationality Modes of Acquiring citizenship Citizens of the Philippines . HRET.R. 1. 246 SCRA 540 . 56 Taxpayer’s Suits . G. Dec. Comelec. July 14.R.R. Manzano. 1999 Res judicata in citizenship cases Doctrine of Indelible Allegiance Naturalization . GR 79732.Kilosbayan v.IBP v.People v. Bar Matter No.Tecson v.Frivaldo v. of Phil. Domingo. June 28. No.Djumantan v. 147066.Gov't. GR 112497.Bagatsing v. July 30. 4. Boren. 140835. Jan. HRET. 2000 3.Makalintal v. No. 176 SCRA 1 . 142840.2d 164 2. Comelec. Comelec. No. Pilapil. 2000 Standing of the Government to question its own laws . Territory Philippine Archipelago. 1996 Suffrage . 161434.De Facto . No. 429 US 190. Aug. GR 157013. G. August 14. G. 1986 4.Lawyers League v.Moy Ya Lim Yao v. October 10. No. No. Aquino.Ed. Sovereignty . 30.

Reyes. 39 Phil.SEAFDEC v. Tariff Powers to the President b. 43 Phil. Feliciano. 22.464). Sept. 136 SCRA 487 Suability not outright liability .Second Emergency Powers cases. Delegation to the Administrative Bodies Power of Subordinate Legislation . Maliaman.Republic v. Act No. No.Fontanilla v. Zamora. Dec. Bill of Rights 5.Callado v. G.Miners Association v.Bayan v. 148 SCRA 424 General Law . January 28. The Visiting Forces Agreement . Ruiz. 92 Phil. Perfecto. of the Phil. March 1.DFA v. Sept. 190 SCRA 206 Immunity cannot be used to perpetrate an injustice on a citizen .1996 .Municipality of San Miguel v. CA.Bowsher v. 343 US 579. 30. Gov't.Veterans Manpower v. 2180. 1997 Potestas delegata non delegare potest Permissible Delegation a. Islands. 1996 Immunity of Government Agencies Incorporated Municipal Corporations . G.Villavicencio v.Municipality of San Fernando v.A. Ermita (E. Synar.Meritt v. 138570. 3038 Special Law . 1995 . vs. 2000 DOCTRINE OF STATE IMMUNITY Basis . Rule of majority 3.People v. 2000 Immunity of International Organizations and Agencies . 34 Phil. 40 SCRA 464 PRINCIPLES AND STATE POLICIES Preamble Republicanism Manifestations 1. 195 SCRA 692 Unincorporated If principal function is governmental .Effects of Change in sovereignty . CTA 217 SCRA 298 If proprietary suable Suits against Public Officers .Meritt v. G. v. Pan Oriental Shipping. 214 SCRA 286 . CA. No. October 10. Judge Firme. 1. 54 SCRA 84 .Macariola v. 194 SCRA 486 Consent to be sued does not include consent to execution . 1993 Immunity of Foreign States & Diplomats Principle of par in parem non habet imperium Process of Suggestion . 114 SCRA 77 Effects of Belligerent Occupation 311 Doctrine of Jus Postliminium Dominium vs. 209 SCRA 357 Consent to be sued Express Consent . RTC. of the Phil. Villasor.Farolan v. 16.O. 311 Implied Consent When State commences litigation . Delegation to Local Government Units e. NLRC. . 1153 . Aug. 96 L. Non-delegation of powers .The Steel Seizure case.CA 327. Emergency Powers to the President . 244 SCRA 210 .S. 125865. NLRC. Jan. 28. Factoran. PD 1445. Separation of Powers Principle of Blending of Powers Principle of Checks and Balances . IRRI. 34 Phil. Islands. Delegation to the People d. 1994 Determination of Immunity by the Department of Foreign Affairs . People.Liang v.Ed. 887 . CA. Nemo est supra leges .Wylie v. Legislature cannot pass irrepealable laws 6.First Emergency Powers cases. 130 SCRA 56 . 478 US 714 .U. GR 100481. 368 .R. 603 c. 1954 When State enters into a business contract . CFI of Cebu. Gov't. Accountability of Public Officials 4.R. 778 2. Asuncion.Municipality of Makati v. Lukban. Jan.Ministerio v.Republic v.R. Fernandez. Imperium Derogation of Philippine Sovereignty.USA v. 18.Phil. GR 101949. CA. Interisland Shipping Ass'n.Senate v. Art. 241 SCRA 580 . No.Froilan v. 169777 7. Rarang.The Holy See v.City of Angeles v. GR 98332. 84 Phil.

Unicameralism Senate (Composition. G. Yoder.Oposa v.Disomangcop v. Angara (GATT case).R. science and technology Protection to labor Land Reform . Jan. Carr. Election through popular will Act of State Incorporation Clause Conflict between municipal law and international law . 175 SCRA 343 Regalian Doctrine . 2003 Independent People's organizations Family and Youth 1995 - Meyer v. G.Basco v. v. No. Oct. Qualifications. GR 133250. Sufficient Standard Test . 112 SCRA 294 Legislative standard need not be expressed .Limbonas v. CCP Intervenor. 2004 Indigenous Cultural Communities . Completeness Test b.La Bugal-B’laan Tribal Assn.Evardone v. 2000 Government to serve and protect the people People to defend the State Separation of Church and State Independent Foreign Policy Nuclear Free Philippines Just and dynamic social order Social Justice . G. 147589. No. July 30. 101 Phil. 245 SCRA 253 8. Party-list Representatives) Party-list Representatives . 1997 Indirect Initiative .Ang Bagong Bayani-OFW Labor Party v. G.De la Llana v. Comelec. Hernandez. No. 27. 1998 . Comelec.Principle of Subdelegation of Powers Doctrine of Qualified Political Agency Tests for valid delegation a.Defensor-Santiago v. Nebraska.Republic v. G. Mangelin.Ynot v. DENR Secretary. 268 US 510 Wisconsin v. No.R. 1997 Communication and information in nation-building Autonomy of Local Governments Decentralization of Administration vs. 19. 135385.SBMA v. Term of office) House of Representatives Composition (District Representatives.Hirabashi v. 263 US 393 Pierce v. IAC. 369 US 186 .Ass'n. March 19. Nov. Sept. 5. 11. 26.Ichong v. Comelec. Gerrymandering Doctrine of Equal Representation . December 6. 58 SCRA 94 Self-reliant and independent national economy .R.R. 2000 Honest public service and full public disclosure LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT Legislative power Initiative. 40 LW 4476 Cabanas v. May 2.Cruz v. United States.Calalang v. 2000 .Tañada v. 135385. 136781.Baker v. December 6. referendum and Recall . GR 118295. 1993 Loss of confidence. Zamora. 1996 Recall . of Agrarian Reform. Comelec. CA. 472 Bicameralism vs. GR 103882. Alba. Comelec. Orbos. GR 149848. 70 Phil. Society of Sisters.R. 242 SCRA 211 . June 26. 726 Respect for human dignity and human rights Fundamental Equality of men and women Promotion of health and ecology . Sec. GR 118702.Chavez v. 141284.Mariano v. State Immunity (supra) 9. 197 SCRA 52 Autonomous Region . PAGCOR.Garcia v. PEA & AMARI. 204 SCRA 464. 1993 Priority to education. 2000 . of Small Land Owners v.Veterans Federation Party v. 148 SCRA 659 . Mar. DENR Secretary. DPWH Secretary. No. DENR Secretary. GR 127325. Pilapil. decentralization of Power . a political question . 2001 Apportionment of Legislative Districts . GR 1010183. August 15. 320 US 99 . GR 127882. October 6. Comelec. 25. Comelec. 170 SCRA 786 . Comelec. Factoran.IBP v. 115 Civilian Supremacy .Chiongbian v.Montejo v. Nov. November 25.Cruz v. Williams. 2004 Inalienable Lands of the Public Domain .

Prado. 203 SCRA 767 Power to Punish contempt . Senate Blue Ribbon Committee. G. 196 SCRA 221 Constitutional limitations and rules Riders Sub rosa appropriation Prohibition against transfer of appropriation . Ermita (E. 201 SCRA 792 .Phil. 83 Phil. HRET. Cuenco. 18.Immigration Service v. 235 SCRA 506 Power of Taxation . No. G. Comelec.Sampayan v.Guingona v. Maryland. No. Daza.. Pineda. 166 SCRA 651 Powers . 1995 .Arnault v. 248 SCRA 300 . No.Santiago v. July 19.2d 317 . GR 105371. Enrolled Bill Electoral Tribunals Composition .Bondoc v. 245 SCRA 253 Bills that must originate exclusively from the House .Eastland v. 169777 .Senate v. 443 US 111 . 2000 Sessions.R. 7 SCRA 347 Legislative Journal vs.Caruncho v. 11.Aquino v. Adjournment. 421 US 491 .Marcos v. 1994 . Sept.R.O. Preventive Suspension . 316) Power of Legislative Investigation . September 30.Decision on Motion for Reconsideration. 1995 Theory of legal impossibility Natural-born . Constitution Association v.Bengson v. 25.Sarmiento v. 147589. 235 SCRA 506 Power of the Purse Implied limitations on appropriation measure . US Servicemen's Fund. Comelec. GR 115455.McCulloch v.Chongbian v.Phil. No. 1999 Commission on Appointments Composition . Senate Electoral Tribunal. G.464). Nazareno. June 26. Proxmire.R. G. Mison. No. 213 SCRA 807 Jurisdiction over Proclamation Controversy . Aug. One-House Veto . Orbos. 1 .Bengzon v.Tolentino v. Oct. Jalosjos. 14.Mabanag v. Judges Association v. Chadha. Secretary of Finance. Nov. Drilon. 13287576.Guingona v. Comelec. 17 Rules of Proceedings . 156 SCRA 549 Qualifications . 214 SCRA 789 Powers 133 Legislative veto. February 3. Lopez Vito. Comelec.Santiago v.Casco Chemical v. Guingona. 77 L. No. 17 SCRA 714 Disqualifications and Inhibitions Effect of Imprisonment . Sept.Guzman v. Constitution Association v. 2001 Enrolled Bill Theory .Jimenez v.Avelino v. Gonzales. Officers . 1995 Three readings on separate days Bicameral Conference Committee Legislative Process Approval of Bills Presidential veto Pocket veto Item veto . 1997 Discipline of members Suspension vs.Bengzon v. 129118. 1993 .R. GR 127255. Comelec. G.Arroyo v. Aug.R. 2001 Quorum . Sandiganbayan. 17 US (4 Wheat. Cabangbang. De Venecia (Sin-taxes case). April 18. 2001 Term of office Privileges Freedom from Arrest Parliamentary Immunity .Hutchinson v.Phil. 128055. Enriquez. 2000 Sufficiency of Title . 30. 78 Phil. one subject .Aquino v. Enriquez. 29 Powers of Congress General Legislative Power Limitations Substantive Limitations Procedural Limitations One Bill.Abbas v. 462 US 919. G. 208 SCRA . G. Nos.R.Ed. 18.People v.R. May 7. 135996. 87 Phil. Gimenez. 142840. Carague.

Balagtas.The Prize cases.Gordon v. March 2.R. G. 143 SCRA 327 Classes of Appointment . April 3. 140335.Decision on Motion for Reconsideration. 247 SCRA 652 Creation of Preparatory Committee on Constitutional Reforms .Clinton v.Arnault v. 4.Webb v. 167 SCRA 393 . United States. April 3. Residual Powers . 1994 Alter-ego Principle or Doctrine of Qualified Political Agency . PET Case no. Nixon.Ed. Jones. 1993 . GR 104732. 150 SCRA 144 .Luego v.US v.Carpio v.R. De Leon. 2006 . CA. 2. 67 US 635. 21 SCRA 895 Military Powers Commander-in-chief clause . Military Commission No. CA-GR Sp No. Executive Secretary. 156 SCRA 549 . 62 . May 3. GR 107369. March 3.Gordon v. 358 1998 Power to declare existence of state of war . 96 L. Fitzgerald.Planas v.Mora v. 48339. No. 1998 . G.Estrada v. Lim. 1. Manglapus. 2001 Powers Executive Power .2d 1039 .Aquino v. July 23. Arroyo.Defensor-Santiago v.Gaminde v.Manalo v. COA. Makasiar. 272 US 52 Legislative Powers . Comelec. 418 US 683. 343 US 579. Feb.Ople v. McNamara. 140835.Municipality of San Juan v. CA.Flores v. 14. Aug.David v. 161434. GR 134900.The Steel Seizure case. 520 US 681. 2001 Prohibitions and inhibitions Rules on Succession Vacancy at beginning of term Vacancy during the term Temporary Disability Removal of the President .2d 287 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT President and Vice-President Qualifications Natural-born Citizen . 146738. Torres. 63 SCRA 546 . 001.R. 17 L.Nixon v. 19 L. Mison. 389 US 934. G.Gonzales v. Judge Santos.Ed.Myers. Sistoza. Civil Service Commission. No.Estrada v. 21. No. 1153 Prosecution of Crimes . 459 . 1997 . Aug. 457 US 731 . 67 Phil. Pano. GR 127685. 145 SCRA 160 .Drilon v. Arroyo.Ex Parte Milligan. No. 177 SCRA 668 Power to Determine National Policy . G. 2004 Election Congress as canvassing board Supreme Court as Electoral Tribunal . 2001 . GR 171396.Beltran v. G.Sarmiento v. 41 L. 1992 The Executive Secretary . Sept.Olaguer v.R. 34. 1998 . March 2. 11. May 27.Ed. Administratrix v. 2000 Appointing Power Discretionary power . 97 Phil.R.Decision on Motion for Reconsideration. Military Commission No. Feb. 1997 . 1999 Limitations on the Appointment Power Power of Removal Power of Control Control vs. Drilon. 146738. 2001 . GR 112497.Tecson v.Lacson-Magallanes v. June 22.Ed. August 14. Narvasa. Ramos. Sept. Aug. December 13.In re: Bermudez. Supervision . Gil. 2000 Appointments subject to confirmation of Commission on Appointments . 71 US 2 . 13. 1996 Term of office Privileges Official residence Salary Presidential Immunity .. 29.Marcos v. No. Macapagal-Arroyo (PP1017).

141284. Office of the Ombudsman. Commisioner of Internal Revenue. 121 SCRA 472 Pardoning Power .Philconsa v.DOH v.Ramonte v.R.Montenegro v.Carpio v.Lansang v. 251 SCRA 700 Approval of appointments .Dames & Moore v. August 15. Jan.Luego v.Endencia v. 20. 147780. Esparas.Garcia v.Nicos Industrial Corp. 696 . 1994 JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT Judicial Power Expanded jurisdiction Effect on the political question doctrine Jurisdiction . Comelec. 453 US 654 Treaties vs. Amnesty Diplomatic Power . 1999 Powers Supervision over the Judiciary . 4. Castañeda. 87 . 1994 Constitutional Safeguards to insure independence of the Judiciary Justices/judges may not be designated to any agency performing non-judicial functions Fiscal Autonomy Power of Judicial Review Appointment to the Judiciary Procedure for Appointment Judicial and Bar Council Supreme Court Composition En Banc & Division cases Fortich v. Civil Service Commission Scope of the Civil Service . 158 SCRA 646 Power to control execution of decision . Chairman. 24.Garces v. Aug.Galido v. 552 . 212 SCRA 307 Powers and Functions . Oct. Gacott. CA. May 10.Aquino v.Sarmiento v. v. NLRC. CA. 882 .Monsanto v.Echegaray v. No. 1991 . Baker..Barcelon v. David. 5 Phil.Maceda v. Dec. 206 SCRA 127 . Yorac. 1994 . 85 Phil. August 19. 143 SCRA 327 . Enrile. No. July 17. 1-95 1. Garcia. G.People v.Maniago v.Diaz v. 170 SCRA 190 . Executive Secretary. 93 Phil. 1996 Rule-making powers . Alba. COA. Secretary of Justice. Zamora. 152 SCRA 284 INDEPENDENT CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION Safeguards to insure the independence of the Commissions Prohibition on appointment in an acting capacity . 250 SCRA 581. Dec.People v. CA. G.Certiorari to the Supreme Court . Enriquez. 1996 Writ of Amparo Equipoise Doctrine Decisions of the Court . No. 19.Dolalas v.Lacson v. GR 132601. 1995 .Garcia-Padilla v. Ombudsman.Reyes v. supra Calling Out the Armed Forces . GR 102781. 244 SCRA 498 2. Factoran. 1999 Tenure of Justices/Judges . 2001 Declaration of martial law . 246 SCRA 52 Salaries . 42 SCRA 448 . Executive Agreements Power to Impound . Aug. Apr. G. 1996 SC Revised Admin. Jan. Commission on Elections En Banc and Division cases . 59 SCRA 183 Suspension of the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus . Enrile.People v.R. 253 SCRA 674 Mandatory Review of Death Penalty Cases .Prudential Bank v.Nitafan v. Cir. Dec. 192 SCRA 358 Disqualifications and Inhibitions Decisions . RTC. Corona.First Lepanto Ceramics v. Salle. GR 120034. CA. 22. Comelec. 112 SCRA 294 Removal and Discipline .Perfecto v.De la Llana v. 2000 Declaration of State of Rebellion .R.Brillantes v. Castro. 5. Meer.IBP v. 7. 226 SCRA 356 Pardon vs. CSC. 18. CA. 1993 . 131457. 244 SCRA 41 . 19. Civil Service Commission. Regan. 91 Phil. Perez.

146738. G.R. 2001 3. 244 SCRA 266 Power to Investigate Administrative Charges Concurrent with the Office of the President .Honasan v. 1994 Fiscal Autonomy . 130140. Sandiganbayan. 147066. 1997 Power to issue subpoena. Form of complaint . Sandiganbayan. January 20.Agbay v. Apr. 5.Estrada v. 258 SCRA 685 . 155336. 229 SCRA 117.CHR Employees Assn. Sandiganbayan. CHR. 9. 1999 . Guerrero.Camanag v. 248 SCRA 566 Prosecutorial Powers . GR 96681.Almonte v. CHR.Cariño v.Republic v.R. October 25. 1997 Imprescriptibility of Right of State to Recover Illgotten Wealth . DOJ Panel of Investigating Prosecutors.Simon v. March 2. No. Office of the Ombudsman. 25. Political Rights . 244 S 152 Sequestration . Sandiganbayan.Republic v. Sept. No. 1996 . 1999 Exclusive Original Jurisdiction and Appellate Jurisdiction . 24.R. 2001 Sandiganbayan Jurisdiction .Relampagos v.Loong v. No. No. Desierto. 2. Dadole. G. 1994 Ombudsman for the Military .Akbayan Youth v. 2004 Power to investigate cases of ill-gotten wealth after Feb. G. v. 29.Commissioner of Internal Revenue v.Lacson v. 14.Romualdez v.Romulo v. Yniguez. GR 133676. Jan. No. 195 SCRA 797 .R.Acop v. 243 SCRA 690 . Dec. July 2.Hagad v. PCGG. 1998 . 160 SCRA 843 Commission on Human Rights Powers and Functions of the Commission . 7.Republic v. GR 159747. GR 106244. 2001 . 1993 ACCOUNTABILITY OF PUBLIC OFFICERS Impeachment Impeachable Officers Grounds for Impeachment Procedure . Feb. Fontanilla. 14. CHR. 25. 17. Vasquez. Nov. Comelec. Gonzales. 247 SCRA 348. COA.Presidential Committee on Behest Loans v.Republic v. GR 121017. G. Arroyo. Commission on Audit . Jan.Cojuangco v. 1997 Order signed by only one commissioner .Decision on Motion for Reconsideration. 1999 Special Prosecutor . GR 130716. 1999 Ombudsman Supervision and control . Jan. Deputy Ombudsman for the Military. GR 113420. Executive Secretary. 128096. 141 SCRA 263 Impeachment and Criminal Prosecution . 13. Cumba. Mar. 1995 Special Registration of New Voters . 241 SCRA 242 Concurrent with the DOJ . Aug.R. GR 101976. 1991 Civil Rights vs. April 3. March 26. Dec.Zaldivar v. Apr. Sandiganbayan. 134503. 2004 Presidential Commission on Good Government . G. Comelec. 22..Chavez v. GR No.Guieb v. Roxas.

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