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1. Qualities of a good driver Ans : A driver must concentrate on the road and drive defensively . 1. CONCENTRATION : Operating a vehicle safely demands that the driver concentrate on driving. The person should be rested, calm and not under the influence of alcohol or other drugs. 2. DEFENSIVE DRIVING : Plan ahead for the unexpected. Always be prepared to react to the other driver. Do not expect the other driver to do what you think he or she should do. Do not think you know what he or she is going to do. If you cannot avoid a crash, remain calm and try to choose the least dangerous situation. For example, running into a ditch is less dangerous than a head-on collision. Also, your chances of survival are greater if your vehicle is in good mechanical condition. BACK TO TOP 2. What is highway hypnosis? Ans : One of the greatest hazards of roadway driving is drowsiness or "highway hypnosis." Lack of sleep or fatigue impact the ability to safely drive the vehicle. When taking a long trip, avoid drowsiness by stopping frequently to drink coffee, exercise or nap. Exercise your eyes by reading road signs or shifting the focus of your eyes to different parts of the road. Make sure the driver is properly rested. BACK TO TOP 3. What is 2 seconds rule? Ans : Following a vehicle too closely is called "tail-gating." Use the 2-second rule to determine a safe following distance. Select a fixed object on the road ahead such as a sign, tree or overpass. When the vehicle ahead of you passes the object, count "one-thousand-one, one-thousand-two." You should not reach the object before you count to one-thousand-two. If you do, you are following too closely. Most rear end collisions are caused by the vehicle in back following too closely. The two-second rule also applies to the speed when one is on a good road and during good weather conditions. If the road and/or weather conditions are not good, increase your distance to a four or five-second count. If you are being tail-gated, move to another lane or slowly pull off the road and allow the vehicle to pass. BACK TO TOP 4. Can 2-second rule be reflected in numbers? Ans.
Vehicle Speed 25 m.p.h. 35 m.p.h. 45 m.p.h. 55 m.p.h.
Approximate Feet Vehicle Will Travel in 1 Second 37 ft. 52 ft. 66 ft. 81 ft.
2 Second Rule Distance 74 ft. back 104 ft.back 132 ft. back 162 ft.back
BACK TO TOP 5. What should be the speed of driving? Ans : A driver should use common sense when driving. Driving too fast or too slowly may create a dangerous situation . Regardless of the posted speed limit, weather and traffic conditions may make it necessary to drive more slowly. Your speed should be adjusted for the conditions and match the flow of traffic, as long as it does not surpass the maximum posted speed.BACK TO TOP 6. How to drive during fog? Ans : It is the best not to drive in fog. Otherwise, you ought to take the following precautions: 1. Slow down. If you see headlights or tail-lights, slow down even more. A driver may be driving in the center of the road or may be stopped or barely moving. 2. Drive with your headlights set on dim, or use fog lights.
dust. in your vehicle in case you become stranded. Take special care on curves and turns and while braking. Carry a blanket. and chains increase safety on snow or icepacked roads. steady strokes. and open your window to prevent carbon monoxide poisoning. If this happens. water. If you become stranded. They may remain icy after the rest of the road is clear and dry. . Gentle braking. Drive slower and increase your following distance. such as a shovel. 3." This means the tyres are riding on a layer of water and not on the road. Use your turn signal long before you turn and brake early when you approach a stop to warn other drivers. What to do in case of Equipment Failure? Ans : Crashes often happen when equipment fails. Avoid hydroplaning by slowing down.3. oil and leaves cause the road to become slippery. overpasses and turns slowly. including ice and snow at Hill Stations. Begin braking early when you come to an intersection or a stop. Stay within the limits of your vision. lower temperatures and fewer daylight hours. remain in your vehicle. try to regain control of the vehicle. release the accelerator and ride out the skid. 3. your tyres may "hydroplane. Your most important aid is remaining calm. Make sure your vehicle tailpipe is free of snow and debris. If you skid while hydroplaning. Snow tyres give you extra traction. Heavy rain often accompanies high winds. Driving in high winds? Ans : Wind can be a difficult problem for all drivers. LOSS OF A WHEEL: React as you would with a blowout. 5. You may have to stop suddenly. helps you find out how much traction you have. and do not start driving until your windshield is defrosted and clear. BLOWOUTS: A thumping sound may be a warning of a blowout. Be sure your vehicle is maintained properly. BACK TO TOP 10. Parking lights should not be used because it creates illusion. 4. radiator and other parts should be in good working order. You should be alert to wet or slippery areas and plan for those conditions. 2. Equipment failures may include: 1. Be sure you have non-freezing windshield washer liquid and that your headlights and tail-lights are visible. Do not drive at 5 or 10 Km per hour. Do not brake suddenly. Road conditions may vary depending upon the sun. Lights. Wind is especially difficult for drivers of trucks and other heavy vehicles. Your headlights must be ON when operating your wipers. ease your foot off the accelerator and keep a firm grasp on the steering wheel. 7. Pull safely off the road and check your tyres. Approach bridges. BACK TO TOP 9. 2. Clear all windows. In high winds. When this happens. Do not overdrive your headlights. increase your following distance. During these condiotions you should: 1. If the fog is too dense. Use snow tyres and/or chains (where allowed). in slow. Precautions during rain Ans : When rain begins to fall lightly. food and other survival equipment. Plan your winter driving. 4. Run your engine only for brief times. pull off the road and stop. you should reduce your speed. brakes. shaded spots. STEERING FAILURE: If you suddenly have no control of the steering wheel. Ease off the accelerator and pull off the road. BACK TO TOP 8. Remove all snow and ice from your vehicle. What is hydroplane? Ans : When rain begins to fall heavily. BACK TO TOP 11. ease your foot off the accelerator. Precautions during winter in Hills Ans : Winter is the most difficult driving season due to many reasons. Start slowly. Neither tyres nor chains allow you to drive on bad roads at normal speeds. defrosters. shade or road surface. Otherwise. windshield wipers. 6.BACK TO TOP 7.
glare from lights may interfere with vision. Take a deep breath and exit from a rear window. BLOCKED VISION: If for any reason your vision becomes blocked. use your emergency or parking brake. BACK TO TOP 12. Because of differences in water pressure. yawning. You can prevent it by regularly checking the exhaust system. shift your vehicle into neutral and brake gently to slow down. Bright lights must be dimmed 500 ft. You should remain in your vehicle until help arrives. BACK TO TOP 14. However. Brake very gently to prevent your vehicle from spinning. drive to a service station or pull off the road and seek help. pull off the road. Use of cellular phone during driving? Ans : Use of cellular phone is prohibited. 4. nausea. try your emergency flashers. parking lights and / or turn signals. 4. If street lights cause a lot of glare. you must jump clear of the vehicle. What if an electricity falls on your vehicle? Ans : If power lines fall on your vehicle. If you must stop. BACK TO TOP 17. BACK TO TOP 16. Use edge lines and center lines of the roadway as guides. Pull off the road. the danger of electrical shock exists. To slow down. BACK TO TOP 13. move away from the vehicle and call the fire department. do not turn off the ignition.Turn on your emergency flashers and allow your vehicle to come to a slow stop. shift your vehicle into a lower gear. Never overdrive your headlights. 3. Always keep them clean and aimed properly. carry and use a red warning light. Never run the engine in your garage. stop the car and then talk. dizziness. headache and ringing in the ears. 6. Use them at dusk and dawn. you may not be able to open your car door. Lleave the windows partially open when starting the engine. before passing a vehicle. Avoid using any other light inside your vehicle. Do not stop on the roadway. BACK TO TOP 15. roll down the side window to see. BACK TO TOP . Turn off the engine. Also. Turn on your emergency flashers and then pull your vehicle off the road. Vehicle fires can be very dangerous. dim your dashboard lights and use your sun visor. Remember: 1. If it does not become free. If that does not work. you will lose either your power steering or your ability to steer. STUCK Acceleraor: If the accelerator becomes stuck. 2. DO NOT ALLOW ANY PART OF YOUR BODY TO TOUCH THE VEHICLE AND THE GROUND AT THE SAME TIME. Precautions during water accidents Ans : If your vehicle runs off the roadway into water but does not sink right away. If your vehicle does sink. try to escape through a window. BRAKE FAILURE: If your brake pedal suddenly sinks to the floor. Roadway signs are more difficult to see at night. Symptoms of its poisoning are weariness. before meeting an oncoming vehicle or 300 ft. What is Carbon Monoxide Poisoning? Ans : Carbon Monoxide is a deadly poison. Precautions during night driving Ans : Night driving is difficult because things may appear differently than in daylight. If you have power steering or a locking steering wheel. pump it to build pressure. if fire is imminent. If your lights begin to dim. hook your toe under it to free it. HEADLIGHT FAILURE: If your headlights fail suddenly. Courtesy and common sense should be used when driving at night. move to the back seat area where an air pocket usually forms. 5. If it is important. 5. Do not fight the fire yourself. 7. What if a fire breaks out in car? Ans : If smoke appears.
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