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. This plug obstructs the normal flow of Blood and can result in a heart attack or stroke. THALASSEMIA - A group of fatal genetic Blood disorders. The WHO recognizes Thalassemia as the most prevalent inherited genetic Blood disorder in the world. An estimated 2 million Americans are carriers of the genetic trait for thalassemia, predominately those of Mediterranean and Asian Indian, South Asian and Chinese ancestry SICKLE CELL DISEASE - A hereditary Blood disease resulting from a single amino acid mutation of the red Blood cells. A Blood condition of anemia. People with sickle cell disease have red Blood cells that contain mostly hemoglobin S, an abnormal type of hemoglobin. Sometimes these red Blood cells become crescent shaped "sickle shaped" and have difficulty passing through small Blood vessels. There is currently no universal cure for Blood borne sickle cell disease. SEPSIS - Also known as gram-negative bacteremia and grampositive bacteremia, Sepsis is an overwhelming and lifethreatening bacterial infection of the Blood and body organs caused by bacteria that has entered body tissue, most often through a wound or incision, that leads to the formation of pus, and/or to the spread of the sepsis bacteria throughout the Blood stream. Sepsis is often caused by organisms that are resistant to most standard antibiotics and more often than not, is found in people with a weakened immune systems. Commonly affected areas are the lungs, the genitourinary tract, the liver or liver secretion tract, the gastrointestinal tract, surgical wounds or drains, and spots of skin disturbance known
as decubitus ulcers or bedsores. Sepsis infection can lead to a form of shock, known as septic shock. POLYCYTHEMIA VERA - Occurs in one to five of every 100,000 people. With this Blood disorder, patients not only have more red cells, that is, hematocrits can almost double in some cases, but there is also a slow, steady buildup of white cells and platelets. Blood volume also increases, which masks the disease from the doctor while putting the patient at a higher risk of Blood clots and stroke. Women under the age of 40 are at particular risk for clotting complications. LEUKEMIA - Often referred to as cancer of the Blood, a malignant condition affecting the immature Blood-forming cells in the bone marrow. HIV/AIDS - A Blood-borne disease of the human immune system that is characterized cytologically especially by a reduction in the numbers of CD4-bearing helper T cells, to 20% or less of normal, rendering the subject highly vulnerable to lifethreatening conditions, such as pneumonia. There are others that become life-threatening (such as Kaposi's sarcoma) and that are caused by infection with HIV. HIV has been found in Blood, semen, saliva, tears, nervous system tissue, breast milk, and female genital tract secretions; however, only Blood, semen, female genital tract secretions, and breast milk have been proven to transmit HIV to others. It is most commonly transmitted in infected Blood and bodily secretions (e.g. semen), commonly during illicit IV drug use and/or sexual intercourse. HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE - The most common risk factor for heart and kidney diseases and stroke. High Blood pressure, or hypertension, is defined in an adult as a systolic pressure (top
With less Blood. but it does cause extreme discomfort. hemolytic anemia. it produces immeasurable emotional and economic costs in terms of the disruption of family and community life. this mosquitotransmitted Blood borne disease is "potentially eradicable" through drug therapy and vector control. Anemia may. Approximately 120 million people in 73 endemic countries world-wide located primarily throughout tropical and subtropical regions of South America. There are several diseases properly known as Anemia. immune hemolytic anemia. hemolytic anemia due to g6pd deficiency. idiopathic aplastic anemia. be a manifestation of an non-hematologic disorder. the greater your chance of this buildup. swelling of the limbs and genitals. Larval worms circulate in the Bloodstream of infected persons." The disease (which is actually many diseases) has also been known to develop as a result of dietary iron intake in sufficient quantity. BLOOD CHOLESTEROL . impairment of the body·s ability to fight infection. but. by early diagnosis and treatment. and it happens so slowly that you are not even aware of it. In addition. When you have too much cholesterol in your Blood. and general malaise. Although designated by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the world·s second leading cause of permanent and long-term disability. The condition may be due to decreased number of red Blood cells. Its worst effects are preventable. pernicious anemia. in some cases. secondary aplastic anemia.A most often hereditary Blood disorder that causes body tissue to absorb and store too much iron. These include: anemia of B12 deficiency. or decreased volume of red Blood cells. Infection rates are increasing with the continued expansion of urbanization that is underway in the tropics. the excess builds up on the walls of the arteries that carry Blood to the heart.An important attribute in deciding a person's risk of getting coronary heart disease. With not enough oxygen to the heart. damage to the kidneys and lymphatic system. Asia. if the patient is not found in time. idiopathic autoimmune hemolytic anemia. HEMOPHILIA . This buildup is called "atherosclerosis" or "hardening of the arteries. it is crippling and potentially fatal. decreased amount of substance in red Blood cells which transports oxygen hemoglobin. LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS .A common Blood disorder condition that is caused by an acquired or inhered abnormality of red Blood cells to provide adequate oxygen supplies to body tissues. . and sickle cell anemia. or even death. Cholesterol buildup is the most common cause of heart disease. the heart gets less oxygen." It narrows the arteries and can slow down or block Blood flow to the heart.Lymphatic filariasis is a debilitating Blood disease caused by nematode worms of the genera Wucheriaand Brugia. and adult worms live in the lymphatic vessels.number) of 140 mm Hg or higher and/or a diastolic pressure (bottom number) of 90 mm Hg or higher. drug-induced immune hemolytic anemia. the Pacific Islands and Africa. heart attack. Lymphatic filariasis is not life threatening. The higher your Blood cholesterol.(also Haemophilia) A genetic Blood disease that causes the Blood to be unable to form a firm clot normally and quickly. megaloblastic anemia. HEMOCHROMATOSIS . there may be chest pain. Blood pressure is measured and noted in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). iron deficiency anemia. anemia of folate deficiency. Hemochromatosis is not "caught. ANEMIA . anemia of chronic disease.