Seating Arrangement | Car | Vehicles

Car Engineering Concept Design

When setting to the task of conceiving a new car, I remind myself what the basics of an automobile are:

“a self-propelled means of transporting PEOPLE”
The starting point I use is the PEOPLE needing to be transported In the Ferrari case, it so far means 1 (racing single seaters), 2, or 4 people
April 1st, 2006

3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show

Meet OSCAR, the car designer’s manikin:

April 1st, 2006

3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show

2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show . which corresponds to the hip joint H-point April 1st.OSCAR’s “zero” is the so-called H-Point.

Starting from the H-point. the interior space requirements may be defined: H-point April 1st. 2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show .

The H-Point travels as a result of the seat’s adjustment travel envelope H-point travel envelope April 1st. 2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show .

If the car we are designing needs a more upright stance. the foot-to-H point vertical distance will increase. while the longitudinal distance will decrease H-point April 1st. 2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show .

Extreme sports cars need a very reclined stance in order to reduce vehicle height. 2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show . while the longitudinal distance will increase H-point April 1st. the foot-to-H point vertical distance will decrease.

Cars with more than one row will derive their overall dimension also from the distance between the rows of seats April 1st. 2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show .

Ferraris historically have never had more than two rows April 1st. 2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show .

this dimension directly influences wheelbase April 1st. 2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show .The distance between front and rear row determine the leg space the second row will have.

the vehicle’s height becomes an almost direct consequence 4 3 2 1 These consideration are needed in three dimensions (width) April 1st. 2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show .Once the stance and interior space have been established.

Some basic requirements for cabin entry and exit need to be defined → door seal limits → possible door hinge axis April 1st. 2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show .

suspension) if not with a complete platform April 1st.Other vehicle components can now be laid out Rarely can component characteristics be specified as a vehicle’s concept progresses. 2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show . transmission. we are usually dealing with a given component set (engine.

TRACTION . otherwise it will turn into a journey in the unknown.Wheel positioning is very critical in determining front-to-rear mass bias.BRAKING It is a very iterative process. which in turn affects greatly the vehicle’s three main dynamic areas: CORNERING . it helps if the general vehicle architecture has been envisioned before starting. 2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show . which is generally unsatisfatory April 1st.

2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show . Vehicle centerline April 1st. structure.. Front wheels are placed allowing for engine..Wheel positioning in width is affected by relatively few elements. and steer angles.

2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show .…rear wheels are placed allowing mostly for cabin space and/or alignment with front wheels Vehicle centerline Cabin Space profile April 1st.

2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show . → fuel capacity as a consequence of desired range → luggage space April 1st..Other vehicle requirements have to be brought in..

.. as well as safety considerations.. 2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show . → crash collapse space → occupant space for safety April 1st...

. and legislation: → visibility → bumper placement April 1st.. 2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show ..

the vehicle’s main dimensions and proportions are preliminarily set longitudinally. vertically. → wheelbase → overhangs and therefore overall length → ground clearance and overall height April 1st.. 2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show ...At this point.

…and laterally → front and rear tracks → front and rear passenger access Vehicle centerline H-point → head space (roof width) → overall width + door opening Front and rear head envelopes Body access April 1st. 2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show .

2006 3rd Georgia Tech Auto Show .THE BASICS NEEDED IN ORDER TO KICK OFF THE STYLING ACTIVITY ARE ESTABLISHED → we have the VEHICLE PACKAGE! April 1st.

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