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BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE

Date: May 5, 2010

from fiction to Second level

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Third level

reality
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Presented by :
Suman Mondal Priyabrata Majee Arpan Giri Chinmoy Mallick Surajit Sannigrahi
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Fourth level ● Fifth level

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GENERAL PRINCIPLE Click to edit Master text styles Second level ● Ø Signals from an array of neurons are read Cerebral electric activity is recorded Signals are amplified & transmitted into computer Transformed to device control commands Signals are translated into action Third level ● Ø Fourth level ● Fifth level Ø Ø Ø .

COMPONENTS Ø The implant device or chronic multielectrode array The signal recording and processing section An external device for producing and controlling motion A feedback section to the subject Click to edit Master text styles Second level ● Third level ● Ø Fourth level ● Fifth level Ø Ø .

SIMPLIFIED MODEL OF BCI Click SYSTEM to edit Master text styles Second level ● Third level ● Fourth level ● Fifth level .

B● I C N I V A S I V E BCI APPROACHES .

EEG BASED BCI FOR BCI 6.channel EEG Ø used Click to edit Master text styles Second level ● Ø TETRAPLEGICS ● Sensory & motor cortices activated during attempts Third level Fourth level ● Fifth level Ø Control scheme sends movement intention to Prosthetic Controller Prosthetic Controller returns force sensory information to Control scheme Feedback processed Ø Ø .

impaired patients a mode of communication through the translation of thought into direct computer control.‘BRAINGATE’ BCI The ‘Braingate’ device can provide motor. Click to edit Master text styles Second level ● Third level ● Fourth level ● Fifth level .

FEATURES OF edit Master text styles Neural Interface Device Click to Second level Consists of signal BRAINGATE sensor and external processors BCI Ø ● Third level ● Ø Fourth level ● Fifth level Ø Converts neural signals to output signals Sensor consists of tiny chip with electrode sensors Ø Ø Chip implanted on brain surface Cable connects sensor Ø .

Click to edit Master text styles Second level ● BRAIN CONTROLLED ROBOTS Robot hand mimics Ø Third level ● subject’s finger movements Fourth level ● Fifth level Ø Signals extracted and decoded by computer program Transferred to hand shaped robot To simulate original movement performed Robot executes commands using onboard sensor Ø Ø Ø .

BCI MOTOR IMAGERY to edit Master text styles Click Second level ● Third level ● Fourth level ● Fifth level .

Military applications Counter terrorism Multimedia and virtual reality applications Ø Ø Ø . Artificial Vision etc.BCI APPLICATIONS to edit Master text styles Click Second level ● Third level ● Fourth level ● Fifth level Ø Medical applications such as Cochlear Implant.

There are chemical processes involved in nerve system as well. which EEGs can't pick up on. The signal is weak and prone to interference. The equipment is heavy(~10 lbs.) & Click to edit Master text styles Second level ● Third level ● Fourth level ● Fifth level Ø Ø .DRAWBACKS Ø EEGs measure tiny voltage potentials.

BCI System is nominated for the European ICT Grand Prize.CONCLUSION Click to edit Master text styles Second level ● Ø A potential therapeutic tool. Potentially high impact technology. Third level ● Fourth level ● Fifth level Ø Ø .

tugraz.wikipedia.com/wiki/Braincomputer_interface Graz Brain-Computer-Interface http://bci.org/wiki/Brain_computer_inter face Berlin Brain-Computer Interface http://ida.org THANK YOU http://en. www.wikipedia.de/projects/bci/bbcioffici al/index-en.html Ø Ø Ø Ø .REFERENCES Ø Brain Computer Interface.first.com http://www.fraunhofer.at/index.howstuffworks.html www.nanoaging.