q DTicTF

Tr-f.rnr nhl

B ORE D P ILE S

(Co n t ' d ) .

SECTION Z

2 .1

GENERAL

2.L.1

Pile

Lt>ads,

B eha v lo r The d ra v rin g s (a)

I,aycut s h c w: -_

a n d L _ o a d De f le c t io n

t h e ma c rn it u d e s a n d d is p o s it io n s of the v ' J o rriin g L o a d s a n c i mo me n t s t h a t witr l : e t ra n s mit t e d t o t h e p ile s a t t rlmmed Icrre: I . a h : I e l, o u t . t y p e s a n d c lime n s ic n s of the p il-e s wh ic h a re t h o s e c o n s ld e re d to ; ; s u it a b lr: b y t h e E n q j-n e e r h a v in g re g a r d t o . t h e rc q u ire n e n t s o f t h e t jo r[ s to U e b u ilt u p o n t h e p ile s a n d t h e g ro u n d c o n d it io n s re v e a le c l b y t h e s it e in v e s t ig a t io n .

(b)

iJ':

n.!y c h a n g c s in t h e ra y o u t t y p e a . n d d ime n s i o n s of th e p 1 -1 e s _ n a y a f f e it t rre ' ' i; iru c t u ra l a"iign and s h a ll o n ly b e ma d e if a g re e d v rit h th e E ngin e e s . 2.1.2 Sg I'ihen a ll Contra c t agreeil. p ile s T ria l h a v e b e e n a p p ro v e d t h e p lle s iz e a n d le n g t h s s ira f l b e

2 .I. 3 th q -Ugjn
$:, :

jltund

Conditions

f f tlu rin g r t h e in s t a lla t io n o f t h e Co n t rac r _ g ro u n d , c o n d irio n s Dro v e d if f e ren r l:i:". lh trom t h o u c o b s e rv e d in t h e t ria t s p ile s cr those s h o wn in t h e S it e T n v e s t iq a t io n Report. of if s u c h c o n d it io n s a re s u s p e c t e d t h e Contr a c t o r s h a ll. v a ry t h e s iz L s a n (r. f e n g t n s of the r: ile s v rit h t n lh e limit s u g i. . a --' betwee n t h e E n q in e e r a n d t h e c o n i. . . " t o , to r:nsu re t h a t t h e p ile s a re c a p a b le o f me e C i n g the re c ru ire me n t s o f t h e S p e c it lc a t io n . . Co n t ra c t o r S houl d t l-re c o n c lu d e t h a t h e cannof rneet il:e requirements of the Specifica_ tion b y c o n s t ru c t in g p ile s wii: h in t h e lim i t s of si z e s a n d le n g t h s a g re e d h e s h a ll a t o n c e notify the ,inqiineer .

SPL-CTFICATTON.

p B OP .FD rL n S

(Co n t t d )

,

2.2

D ESIGN clllTEF.I/\ "

2.2.1

Ult ima t e

Load

p ile t e s t is c a rrie d I'Ih e n a T ria l out the Ultima t e L o a d is d e f in e d a s t h ; c o n s t an t loa d a t wh ic h t h e T rla l p 1 le c o n t in u e s to set t le a t a s t e a d y ra t e o r t h e ] o a d a t which the ma x imu m s e t t le me n t _ o f t h e p ile top dur in g o n e c o n t in u o u s f o a a in g iy c f . is o n e ten t h o f t h e p ile b a s e d la me i. e r' v rh ic h e ve r ls the le s s e r. Wh e n n o t ria l p ile t e s t i s carrle d c u t ilre u lt lma t e r, o ia is d e f in e d a s the i\ g re e d C. rlc u la t e d Ult ima t e io a a .
*

2.2.2 L.=.igg_L_""9_
The De s iq n L o a d is d e f in e c l ln re ra t io n to a pile lo a d e d 1 n is . c la t io n , n o n e a rb y p i l e s exc e p t t h o s e p ro v ld ln g t e s t re a c t iin be i n g Ioad e d " . tr,Jhenthe Ultimate Load is measured. the Des ig n L o a d is t h e Ult ima t e L o a d d iv id ed the s p e c lf ie d L o a d F a c t o r. I'7h e n t rre u lt ima t e L o a d is Desig n L o a d is t h e le s s e r (a) . (b) t h e A g re e d c a lc u la t e d f o r-t h e p lle d iv id e d L o a d F a c t o r.

by

n o t me a s u re d t h e o f : -u lt lma re Load b , y t h e s p e c if l e d

i ffii

S. - r

t h e A , g re e d c a rc u ra t e d u lt ima t e L oa d o f t ! " -p ile b a s e d lv id e d by a Load Factor of_3.5 together wlt h rh l a g re e d c a lc u la t e d s h a f t a d h e s io n .

2.2.J

Load F a c t o rs The o v e r. a ll
of ) \

L o a d F a c t o rs

is

to

be a mini:num

2.2.4

y/orf1ry_!,oad
The Wo rk in g L o a d is t h e De s ig n L o a d mo d l f l e d tr-r a llo l f o r g ro u p L c t io n p f ie any othe r f a c t o rs . c h a n g in g t h e e f f lc iep u " f'n g -o , " ncy of the total f o u n d a t io n f io m t h a t o f a s f n g ie lsola t e d p ile .

. t ic e instal la t io n s h .rt ic a l " . e a o p ro v a r cf the Sry1rr:gr.3.rveme n tb t -: c o me s le s s t h a n s p € c if ic : c l ra t e (see A p p e n ili: i A ). wirh th e E nqinee r 2. 2 D ESIG N CR. p ra n t a n d in the s a me ma n n e r a s Co n t ra c t p lle s u n les s othervr is e a g re e c l.2 A rr.'L 9_. is t h a t a t wrrlc h t h e ra t e o f v e rt ic a l mc.ne!gg!1gl p ile s Trial s h a ll b e o f t h e s a me ma L e ria ls and drrv e n c r f o rrn e d wit h ir. movem e n t . rll b e g rlv e n a t le a s t 2 4 o f t h c c o f iu n e n c e me n t c . n. f t h e . rd d e d t o t h e mo s t a d v e rs e c o mn t n ll i o n of cha ra c t e ris t ic d e a d a n c l imp o s e rl L o a rls . ._ charac t e ris-bV t lc wln c i 1 c a d a s c le f in e d in C p r t 0 is .r" instarl-arion of Trlal plles o r-E E E F a s s e mb lie s . ?i :. S hafts -q t re s s Thc al1 0 lv a b 1 : c o mp re s s iv e s t re s s on the shaft of any p lre d u e t .ed e d .6 P r:rmlssil:Ie Overloac'l due to l. f e a c h and each tcst.SPECIT'TCATIObI.3 Notj_ce o f Co mlre n c e me n t o f f n s t a lla t ic n The E n q in e e r hours n c .: 2 . 2. r..2. . tt. B ORID P ILES (Co n t ' d ) " 2 . lo a d (includ in q z e rc lo rd a t e n d i" " J r" g cycle) " i-. o J J * . . F o r p ile s 1oaded and unlc.lind The tr^lor\irg Load cleflned above may be exceeded not more than 25g vrhen tli. s of the rria l p ile s s h a li b. . it ro_ v e i. .p ro p o s e c r a rra n c { e me n t f o r te s t loac1lnq s h a 1 1 lrl .-3.2 . T f ru -p o s it io n .5 S ettleme n t The s e b t le me n t o f a p lle s h a ll rn e a n t h c vertic a l mc v c me n t f ro m t h e p c s it lo n b e f or e the co n u n e n c e me n t o f lo a c iln g . PILES. 2. s u b rn lt t e d r.3. d a n e I e n gt h s -. L r o f tnent s t ra ll ] re t h e c u mu la t iv e " y .3 TnIilI.ITERTA ( Co n tr d) " 2. F o r a p ile uncler t e s t t h e s e t t le rn e n t a t a n \ . t h e h ro rk i" g -i" o o s h a 1l n o t exceed o n e c lu a rt e r o f t h e s p e 6 iire A cube crushin g s t re n g t h a t Z g d a v ll---2.rnge me n t for L o a t lin g *4 s- DetalIs . t h ro u q h a n u mh .eii. ri-f i-.

4.r gval of Tr iir 1 plles p lle -will A T ria l b e a p p ro v e d a f t e r corn p le t lo n o f t e s t lo a d in q if : _ (a) t h e Ult l_ ma t e L o a d is e q u a l t o o r g re a t e r t h a n t h e De s ig n L o a d n u lt ip lie d t ry t h e f . 3. rs Trial " 2 . If o n e o r in o re T ria l p ile s a re n o t a p p r o v e d an in s t ru c t io n wiI I b e is s u e d f o r t h e Con t ra c t o r t o in s t a ll a n d t e s t a d d it io n a l p ile .4 " 3 Detalls load ln g test o f t h e p ro p o s e d a rra n g e me n t for test s h a lf b .SPECTFTCATION. t h e ma t e ria ls v ro rk ma n s h lp a n d met h o d o f c o n s t ru c t io n a re a c c e p t e d . .2 S elec t io n of p il_ e _ s t o will t h e lr be Tested to be F : lrg ile e r fhe d cesre atter s e le c t t h e p ile s in s t a lla t lo n .f. ( Co n t rd) 2. 2. 2.L Inst ru c t io n to Test The Co n t ra c t o r ma y b e in s t ru c t e d to tesc p ile s load Co n t ra c t ln o rc le r t o c o n f lrm that t h e y me e t t h e rc q u ire me n t s of the spec if ic a t io n f o r ro a d -d e f re c t i-o n behavior. k.4 L O AD T E S TS OI'i CONTRACT PTL ES. Thu s e q u e n c e o f lo a d in g s h a L l b e Cy c les I t o 5 in c lu s iv e f o llo we d b y Cy c le 6 w h i c h sha 1 l h e e it h e r I n c re me n t a l-lo ld in g to 2\ r)es ig n L o a d o r c o n s t a n t Ra t e o f p e n e t ra t i o n to Ult ima t e L o a d a s s p e c if ie d in A p p e n d i x A .'4. .l ?-j. n a s s e mb lv . B ORtrDF I L E S (Co rrt . (b) p ile s ff a ll T ria l a re a p p ro v e d a n ln s t r u c _ tion will b e is s u e d f o r L ire Co n t ra c t o r to proce e d wit h t h e in s t a ll-a t io n of the p ile s Con t ra c t wh lc h s h a ll b e s imila r to the p ile s Tria l o r s u c h mo d if le d s iz e (s ) a n d lengt h (s ) a s a g re e d . o a d F a c t o r. .-. = . . 3 .3 TRr AL PILES.4 " S equ e n c e o f L o a c lirg test p ro c e d u re Loa d ln g s h a l1 f o llo w the spe c lf ie d in A n p e n d ix B . * t t t " a t o t h e E n q lne e r for a p p r o v a l b e f o r e r h e in s t ir i" t r # f f i. 2 . 2 . i A p p..5 . d ) . : . 2. rf .

4 OI{ CONTRACT PILES ( C on t'd ) " 2"4.Ir-. I ' J o o t h e r in g u e d le n t s wil-l b e p e rn it t e d u n le s s s p e c lf le d . L 2.DT B S TS 2. A Il ma t e ria ls s h a ll c o mp ly wit h t h e appr o p ria t e B rj_ t -i-s h S irn d a rd a s spec if ie d o r a p p ro v e d . t ime s De s ig n L o a d . _SSS. t h e re s id u a l s e t t le me n t wh e n t e s t lo a d is re mo v e d is le s s t h a n C" 0 0 2 i n .4 . p e r t o n o f t h e t e s t lo a d o r O . .nce of Lcst foading The.SPECIFICATION " BORED PILES (Cont'd) .4. of Ma t e rig ls (b) 2 .s e o u e n c e o f lo a d in g s h a ll to 3 u s in g t h e t e s t p ro c e d u re in A p p e n d ix A .._. the materiaLs chosen and their p ro p o s e d s o u rc e s o f s u p p ly s h a ll b e subje c t t o a p p ro v a l. 2 S 1n .sts 24 The Eng-yr'rgr shall be gi-ven at l-east hourE-ffifdG of the commencement of each t e s t .6 #.rks. aggr e g a t e a n C wa t e r. in the V.5 M ATER IA LS . A I1 c e me n t s h a ll b e d e liv e re d to the si-te in scaled c o n t a in e rs o r b u lk c e me n t lo rri-e s cf suitab le d e s ig n a n d s h a ll b e s t o re d in a wate rp ro o f s h e d wit h a ra is e d f lc o r or a silo of an accepted type.5 .5 Notlc e of Co mme n c e me n t o f Te. wh ic h e v e r -ls t h e lo we r.4 L O P. 2.i i€\ b e Cy c le s s rre c if ie d t Load De f le c t io n Cont ra c t wlth t h e if:(a) Crlt e ria b e d e e n c d t o c o mp l v o f t h e S p e c if t c it lo n P lle s s h a ll re q u ire me n t s t h e c u mu la t iv e s e t t le me n t of the p ile Co n t ra c t a t ] l t i: n e s De s ig n Load does not exceed one and naft t irn e s t h e c u mu la t lv e s e t t le me n r_ o f p ile a s irn lla r f rla l a t L r. 2 .1 Qualit y :#& E"d **-:a l'Jhe re t h e s p e c if ic a t io n a n d d ra wln g s a l l o w the Co n t ra c t o r a c h o lc e o f ma t e rla ls to be used. 2q) Concre t e Ccnc re t e s h a I l b e ma d e v rlt h c e me n t .

mix t u re a n d t h e a s s o ci a t e d conc re t e n iix a n d t ria l re s u lt s a re a p pr o v e d .ance wlth Cla u s e 6 . ' n s iq n e e a n d q u a n t it le s of the cons t it u e n t rn a t e rla l_ s ln c J -u d in g wa t e r a n d acidlt iv e s . Calc iu m calciu m. s s e p a ra t e d b y d iv id in g v ra lls . A gg re g a t e s d e liv e re d t o t h e s it e s h a ll b e clea n a n d s h a 1 l b e k e p t f re e f ro m dere t e rio u s ma t t e r.'IhTFRr/TLS (Cont'd) . A g g re g a t e s o f d rf f er e n t type s a n d s iz e s s l-ra lL b e s t o re d in s e pa r a t e hopRe rs o r s e lf . ? Con c re t c (Co n t ' d ) . 5 o f Cp t f 0 a n d c o lrn p ly wit h t h e regu ire me n t s l1 s t e d in A p p e n d ix B o f t h i s spec if ic a t io n . the o rd e r 1t ls Cem e n t s h a ll b e u s e d in ri:ceiv e d c n s it e . -c lra in t n g c o n c ru t e p a v ea drt:d. 6 o f Cp lf 0 e x c e p t t h a t appr o v a l s h a ll b e g a in e d f o r a n y c h a n g e l n cem e n t o r t h e c u rre n t ma rg in " 5. d e liv e ry r s u p p ly a n d j-n d e p e n d en t test s s h a ll b e in a c c o rd a n c e v rit h RS 19 2 6 : 1962 e x c c p t wh e re d ire c t e d o t h e rwis e ln t h i s S pec if ic a t io n . The t ria i rn lx d e s iq n a n c l t h e re s u lt s of a l l prelirn in a ry tests s h a lr b e s u b mit t e d as soon as'the y a re a v a ila b le a n d b e f o re c o n c ret e work s t a rt s on s1te. The c o n c re t e s h a ll b e a De s lg n e d l4 1 x in acco rd a n c e wit h t h e re c o mme n d a t io n s o f clau s e s 6 . 2. .ma y b e withd ra wn if t h c c o n c re t e f a ils to conrlly. l4ixln g . 2r5"3 Conc re t e c h lo rid e c h lo rid e Mix e s a n d a d mix t u re s c o n t a inl n g will n o t b e p e rmit t e d . A dm ix t u re s ma y b e p e rmlt t e d p ro v id e d t h e detairs o f t h e a d . ffi Mix p ro p o rt lc n s ma y b e a d ju s t e d 1n accord. . 5 I. E ach lo a d s h a ll b e a c c o mp a n le d b y a d e l i v e r y note s t a mp c d wit h t h e t ime o f mix ln g an d statln g t lie c (.4 Rea d y -mj-x e d Co n c re t e S ub je c t t o a p Dro v a l f o r e a c h s ra d e o f conc re t e t h e Co n t ri-c ' 1 o r rn a y u s e re a d y mixed c o n c re t e c o mp ly in g wlt h t h is S p ec l f i c a tlon ln t h e p illn g wo rk s " A p p rc v a l. +' 5l:::. 7 .SPECfFTCATTCN " BORED Pf LES (Cont. 2t r .d) .

'Ihe wo rk a b ilit y o f e a c h s a mp le : s h a lt b e chec k e d a n d s h a ll b e wlt h in given t h e } imit s ln ip p e n d ix I n t h e c a s e c f re a d y rn l x e d C. e ll b e re mo v e d belio re p la c in g . 5. A t le a s t o n e s a m p l e shall b e t a k e n o n e a c h d a y t h a t c c n c re t e of the g ra d e is u s e d . 5"5 S amp lin g a n d T e s t in q Co n c re t e Thc s a mp lin g o f v lo rk s c o n c re t e f ro m desig n e d n rix e s s l: ra I l b e ln a c c o rd a n c e w i t h clause 6 . Reirr f o rc e me n t s h a ll b e b e n t in a c c o rd a n c e wj-th B S 4 4 6 6 t o t h e c o rre c t s h a p e b e f o re flxln g a n d p la c in g . l'itelding shall be carried out only with the agree mc rr' t o f t h e E n g in e e r. 2 o f CP f 1 0 . BORED PILES (Contf d) . f lx in g a n d p la c ln g . 6 Reinf o rc e -me n t Relnf o rc e me n t s h a ll b e d e llv e re d t c s it e 1 n a cle a n c o n d lt io n a n d s h a ll b e k e p t c le a n durl-n g s t o rin g . 8 -" 2 . 8 . m d e s ig n e d mix e s s h a 1 l ccmp ly wit f r c la u s e 6 . 2 . 2 5 I'IATERrALS " ( C on t'd). i\ny ccnc re t e wh ic h d o e s n o t c o mp ly wit h t h e s e regu ire me n t s wiI l not be accepted. 2 o f Cp 1 1 0 e x c e p t t h a t s am p l e s shall b e t a k a n a t t h e mlx e r o r a t t h e p o i n t cf ca s t in q a s d ire c t e d .SPFCTFIC. The c o n c re t e f rc . We ld in g mate ria ls s h a ll c o n f o rm t o a n d we ld in g proc e d u re s s h a ll b e c a rrie d o u t in a c co r d ance wit h t h e a p p ro p ria t e B rlt ls h S t a n da r d . Cold-wo rk e d re ln f o rc e me n t to ES 446L shall not b e we ld e d .I\T ION . Loos e ru s t a n d mill s c a le s h . ft siral-I L re s t o re d o n ra c k s c le a r c f t h e gr c u n d . '. i ii: i . S a mp le s f o r b e n d t e s t s lf r e q u ire d will b e s e le c t e d b v t h e E n g l n e e r . ccnc re t e a s lu mp t e s t s h a ll b e ma d e o n e a c h truck lo a c l p rio r t o t h c c o n c re t e b e in g plac e d .

2 Reo u ire d re ln f o rc e me n t re g u ire me n t s are a \{ '": t: The rn in imu m re ln f o rc e me n t siro wn o n t h e Dra win g s . b e p la c e c l until . an d i n no c a s u mL \ rii t h a n h a lf a n h o u r a f t e r r n l x i n g .trr(i homr:geneous. Adequate prec a u t lo n s s h a ll b e t a k e n b y t h e u s e o f a hon p e r. nt a ll t ime s wh e n c o n c re t e is b e in g pl a c e d ste e l f ix e r s h a ll h e in c o n t in u o u s a t te n d : anc e t o a d ju s t a n d c o rre c t t h e p o s lt io n of any re in f o rc e in e n t wh lc h ma y b e d is p la c ed . Con c re t e s h a ll b e t ra n s p o rt e d f ro m t h e m i x e r to t h e p o s it lo n o f t h e p ile in s u c h a m a n n e r th: rt s e g re < la t lo n o f t h e mix d o e s n o t o c c u r . Con c re : t e s h a lI o n ly b e p la c e d t h ro u g h v r a t e r lf a g re e C b y t h e E n g in e e r. c r b y c t h e r a p p ro v e d me a n s t o e n s u r e tha t t h e c o n c re t e is n o t c o n t a min a t e d . h e c o n c re t e in it s f in a l posltion ls clense i.3 Fla c in q { y ln f o rc e T e n t Iiel n f o rc e me n t s h a ll n o t ins p e c t e d and accepted. t rV c rt e r s h a L l n o t be allovred to bullE-[p-6 top of tiie conc re t e c lu rln g t h e p la c in g o f c t x c re t e . . The me t h o d o f p la c in g s h a ll b e s u c h a s t o ens u re t h a t L . 2.5. 2. mix in g t ru c k o r agi t a t c ' r.6 COIISTIIUCTf OI\i GENERAL. n c f u rt h e r c o n c re t e shaIl be plac e d u n t il a g re e d b y t h e E n q in e e r. 2^ 6. If thie c o n t in u it y o f p la c in g t h e c 6 n c re E e 1 s interru p t e d . Any such water shalt be rt?rnoV€d before fur t h e r c o n c re t e is p la c e d " E ac h p l} e s h a l1 b e c o n c rc t e d in o n e c on t l n uous o p e ra t io n imm.I Fla c in q c o n c re t e S ite mix e d c o n c re t e s h a l] b e p la c e d in t t s p o s lt ic n flna l a s s o o n a s p o s s ib le .SPECIFICATION " B ORE DP ILn S (Co n t ' d ) 2 .6. Rr: a d y -mlx e il c o n c re t e s h a L l b e p lt rc e d w i t h i n thc a q re c d t ime a f t e r a d d in q wa t e r a n d imr n e d ia t e ly lt le a v e s t h . : Cie t e ly a f t e r the excava_ tlon ' h a s b e e n c o mp le t e d a n d in s p e c t e d .

6 . : mr: n t c a . l.. 6 Tem p r> ra rlr L in in g s _ _ g t _ lc a s in g s Tem p o ra ry lin in g s s h a ll b e o f q u a llt y of mat e rla l le n q t h a n d t h ic k n e s s adequate to the p u rp o s e r: f p re v e n t j_ n g wa t e r a n d unst a b le s o il f rc n e n t e rin g t h e p ile exca v a t i.A- C""vz.t ln ing tubc d o (. Con s e c u t iv e ! : i1 e s :. {*.6.6 . {'.3 GENERAI. .. )n s . (Cont 'd ) ._ t-r. Ecah tc:mpey6ry lining shall be straight and true . iire c t io n f .r the bottcm of the temporary Linin c l t u b e s h a ll b r: 3 m" The ln in imu m c o v e r shall n o t b e le s s the d ra win g s . 2. Rein f c rc . n-<1) .S PECTFIC ATION" B ORE D rIL E S (Co n t ' C) " 2 . lilaci-ri re in f o rc e m+ n t (Co n t ! d ). g t ls s h a ll b e s u f f ic le n t ly Icnq t c e n s u rc t h a t t h e y re ma in a t t h e i r corre c t le v e l d u rln g t h e p la c ln g o f t h e cr-rn c re t e a n d t h e e x t ra c t io n o f t e mp c ra r v lining tubes. t o a ll re in f o rc e me n t t h a n t h a t s p e c if le d i:*' on Det a ils c f t h e me a n s b y wh ic h t h e Con t ra c t o r p la n s t o e n s u r€ t h e c o rre c t ccve r t o a n d p o s it io n o f t h e re in f o rc e me n t shaI l b e a g re e d .'21-{-.'ir*--. ' s n c t e x t e n c l t o t h e b o t t o m o f t h e excav a t i-c n t h c d is t a n c e b y wh ic h t h e rr:in f c .{ l.*. 2.^ {. 2.5 P ile s s h a ll b e f o rme d in a n o rd e r a n d l n slrc h a ma n n e r t h a t n o d a ma g e L s s u s t a ln e d by p re v ic u s ly f o rme d p j_ 1 e s . rc e me n t c a g c s h a ll L x t e n c l b c lo v r t h e botto m o f t h e t e mp o ra ry lin in g t u b c s ha l l extend be:lcr..6 .-* 1 {.e t f io m naxlmu m p e rmi-s s lb le d e v ia t lo n the vert ic a l a t a n y ] e v e ] o f a f ln ls h e d pile is I in 7 5 . The in t c rn a l s u rf a c e s h a ll b e c lb a n a no smoo t h a n d f re e f ro m d ls t o rt lo n s that mav affec t p lle in t e g rit y d u rin g re mo v a l o f the t c mp o ra ry lin in .2 . ln d o f u n if o rm c ro s s s e c t io n t h io ug h o u t .J5 *.&. Wh e rc t h e t e rn p o ra ry . $ 6i* ---.6 CONSTRUCTTOIJ .$ i.4 Tole ra n c e s The ma x imu rn p e rmis s lb le d e v ia t lo n at tri-mme d I e v e l o f t h e c e n t re o f e a c h com p le t e c -l p ile f ro m t h e c o rre c t c e n t re poln t is 7 5 mm in a n y . tf.

SP6CIFICATION BORED PILES (Contta) 2 .e shaft. n in g s o r Ca s in s s ( C o n t t A J Temponary h-nings shall be placed whenever water and soil nray enter the pi1e excavations. agaJ-nst the wal-1. are used in the casings the proposed excavation.e in such a nanner that no damage pile. concrete When the casing is being extracted quantity a sufficient of concrete shall be rnaintained it within to pressure that from external enslre drilling fJ-uid on soil water.be taken in a].6 CONS TRUCTION generaJ. sectional cross Each temporany lining shall be removed in the line of the pil.Jtri-'. s-1 .1i splacement of water by or f luid flows the concrete as it into its position final. No concrete -excavation shalJ.J.n the once the bottom of the has been J-ifted casing above the top of the concretei shall it be placed continuously as the casing i-s extracted unti]the desired is obtained. head of concrete precautions Adequate shal. cases where exc ess fluid heads of rvater or drilli-ng be caused as the casing i-s could because withdrawn of the . ( Cont t a) 2. Where double of the piJ.d in section nor contanr-Lnated.1 Temporary c'asings shall be whi-le the concrete extracted wj-thin them remains sufficiently to ensure workable that the is not lifted.]. is caused to the newly cast . and shall maintain the excavations to their rli mensions full and ensure that piles are completed to their full rl'imensions. is exceeded and that the pile is neither reduce.6.6 T e mp o ra rv L i. method shall of working be approvedo . be placed i.

e excavation the concreted level shal]be at least l0rr above the stanr{ing level of groundwater.6 CONSTRUCTION general ( Cont t a) 2.J.]-ows. Tri-mmed 1evel is the leveJ.ing fluid the concreted level shall Zr above be at least leveln trimmed emptrr boring tl i:i ii) iii) iv) 2. trimmed For each L0rt by whi-ch the depth of trimmed level exceeds 41 6n the upper for lirrri-t the concrete surface is raised above 1t6't by 2"o Where temporary linings are used to prevent rvater entering the pil.e after trimrulng to remove surplus below the concreted concrete level and is the level of the head of the pile shorv-n on the drarv j-ngs. Where concnete is placed under water or driJ..lng shal-l be with sand of colour contras'bing the with adjacent soi-lo .s to be between surface below 6'r and 1t 6'r above ]-eve]. B Backfilling shall.6.of the head of a piJ. 6r of the backfill. i) Fon a pile with trimmedlevel not more than 41 6tl ground J-evel the concrete j.SPECIFICATION BORED PILES (Contta) 2.be Every empty boring above concreted level backfi]-]-ed to ground J-evel not more than 24 hours after is concreting The lorvest completed.6.7 Concreted Level After and removal concreting of all temporary li-nings the level (tfre of the concrete surface Level) Concreted shall be as fo].

One set of the records for a]. plles shal-l be kept on site and be available for inspection during the progress of the Contract.J. be kept at least 3t above the standing J.7.6 CONS TRUCTION g eneral ( Contt 6) 2.eveJ' of groundwatero If this level cannot be kept the Engineer shal].SPECIFICATION BORTD PILES (Contta) 2 .9 Records The Contractor complete record shall make a of each pile. 2.7.]. copies of the complete records shall be supplied to the Engineer wi-thin two weeks of completion of site worksr 1 2 .1 Use of dri1ling fluid DriJ.7 D ETA ILS OF CONSTRUCTION BOREDPILES This section of the Specifi-cation shal. .d The fJ-uid shal.uid does not comply the fluid shal-l. be wholly or partly replaced before reinforcement and concrete are placed.7.uid shall be used in conjunction rvith temporary casing to maintain stabilitv of excavated hole. as in Appendlx C. Two signed.J.6. apply to piling operations in which soil is excavated by grab or drop bucket or by mechanical. augerr 2. be prepareds sampled and tested as specified. immerli ately be inf ormed and the Contractor shal1 take measured to prevent coll. If tests shorv the fJ.ling fJ. 2. J Sqrface Level of Drilline Fluid The surface 1-evel of driJ-ling fluid shalJ.apse of the ground.2 te+ Dnilline F]-uj.

The Contractor shalJ.7. a preferred method of control is the Standard Penetration Test (S. rlisturbed loose all and remoulded soil shall be removed from the base of the pile. In this respect.ely on a qualitative visual exarn-Lnation of the soil samples taken out of the borehole during install not be accepted. provide al1 necessary faciliti-es to enable the Engi-neer to rnake the inspection of each pile excavation facilities including to check the depth verticality and position.P.L Determ-ination and founding of pile length strata of the piles l The tenderer shall al]-ow j.7 DETAILS OF CONSTRUCTION BORED PILES (Contta) 2.7.L377 with or any other quantitative equivalent test to be approved by the Engineer " ti .7 . A control method in the form of quanti-tatj-ve tests shal1 be the criterion for acceptance. 2./ Pile Inspection The Contractor shall allow for each piJ. 2.7. Fi-eld Control in Construction .6 Cleaning of Pile Bases On completion of excavati-orr. B 2.SPECIFICATION BORED PILES (Conttd) 2.) or Deep Sounding performed in accordance B.e excavation to be inspected by the Engineer before reinforcement and concrete are placed.S.T.8.n his tender for carrying out fieJ-d control tests for detern-ining the length of each pile to be cast" Any control method based soJ.

of the cast-in-situ concrete of the pi-les instal.SP iJCI.PoT. the tenderer i. test 5% of the pi-les installed.ed" One of the preferred rnethod is to load.J.7Q'r a a / CA a L Deterrnination and founrli ng of piJ. shall be carried" oub a'b every 510'r j_nterval or at any change of soil if strata the carrying capacity of the pile is partially based on pile shaft resistance. ')1R ') 'a / a va - Soundness Concrete of the Cast-1n-situ The tenderer shall propose method for checking the soundnes.ITICATION BORED PILES (Contta) '1 "7 uii't'ArLS 0F C(]NS TlTUCTION tJ0tioD I'ILts ( Corr.berty to propose any otirer..T.tt d) . t . as the field control test. S.s at lj. to tlice rvorking loado Horvever.metl-rod for checking the sound:ress of the cast-i-n-situ concrete of the pile.P.e lengtl-r stra'ba of the Should the tenderer elect to use S.

1 The t e s t e is s e mb ly s h a ll b e c a p a b le o f t h e safe a p p lic a t io n o f t h e f o llo wln g lc . Drlv e n p ile s shatl niles f o r c o n t ra c t n o t b e u s e -l 3 s t e n s i o n p . B 1/671 ^ TOW trk pIL" TTT /I { . a ds .rd the pire shalr be provrd. -.2. j and suppo rt e rl s u c h t h a t s a f e a c c e s s t o a ll parts o f t h e a s s e mb ly ma y b e ma Ce a t aI I times t L u rin r: a t e s t " The force tr: lo. ii. BORED ITf LES (Cont'd ) . by ja c k ln g a q a ln s t t h e re a c t j. rn b llr s h a ll b e c o n s t ru c t e .? t J-Ir. L is c o n s t a n t iiate o f p e n e t ra t io n L o a d irg ) . The me t h o d o f c o n c lu c t ln g t h e s t x ih cycle of P reLlmln a ry F lle lo : d in g ls s n e c if ie & .E ror. (Tr. 2 T-e_:!_..Cl Cc . If ln t h e o p in ic n o f t h e E n c in e e r t h e s l t e is s u c h t h a t p ll.ed.re ron 3 Ton .19 egm]:fy Layc u t s o f t h e t e s t a s s e mb ly apprc v e d b y t h e E n q in e c r.Y 2. .JD TEST PI?OCEDUNN (APPEITDD{A) trILE TEST ASSEI4BJ. le s -t. n t ra c t P 1 le s T e s t c a p a c it y tc be If tlmes De s ig n L o a c l s t a t e d in th e [ ' i] -e S c h e d u L e A p p e n d ix A . is in c re rn e n t a r L o a d in E a n d c Rt . mu s t b e Y" -T-t Thg t e s t a s s e . c lio n for trial s h a ll 1 ri1 e t e s t s b e p ro v lc le d b y tens io n 1 . B. f rj_ v e n i-n a n orde r t o b e a s re e d wlt h t h e E n g ln e e r. : u p lif t c a is e A T y Criv l n g adja c e n t p ile s ma v o c c u r t h e r* . 2 .SPECTFICATION. fr uc r'.8 FTL E TE S T ASSEMBLY AI..r:. ile t e s t s . . o n o f k ln tl e d g e . jf g s v rh ic h s h a lt b c .8. w lTtnn qf * . + a Dc s iq n Load Requir ed Test Caeaclty q$t (a ) (b) T ria l P i.

8 .2 V ertj-c a l mo v e me n t s h a ll b e me a s u re d b y f o u r r1lal g n u c re e x t e n s o me t e rs .4 Z 8. 2 .8. B OttE D IIL E S (Co n t ' d ).8. i of a n n ly in q Load to the Test p ile s ": The t e s t f o rc e s h a ll b e a n n lie C c o n c e n tr i cally t o t h e t e s t p ile b y me a n s o f a si n g l e ja c k .ECTFICI.rr .' e_rs_1bl1 2.I " pi1_C*_tgs.4 . ITL E TES T ASSEI4BLY 1\ND TEST PR.r e-me L _gr_*I.tI.: e x t e n s o me t e rs mutu a lly a t rig h t dista n c t : f ro m t h e s h a ll b e p o s it io n e d a n q le s a n d a t e s u a l c c n t re of the tJst pile.2 39:.3 a' Thesa ctetairs shaf-ll-riFrfiEE a comprere rlst The S u l: -Co n t ra c t c r s h a ll s u t rmit c o mp le te deta ils o f t h e t e s t a s s e mb ly h e o ro p o s e s to ad o p t f o r t h e E n c lln e e ro s -A c c e n E a n c e . e marlc f o r " t a k e -u l-r" c f t h e re a c t ic rn c -t s s t . n c n t s o f deflec t io n u p t o I 0 t o f t h e t e s t p ile c. thlck me t a l o r ! . u s e c l in t h e t e s t inclu d in g rn a n u f a c t u re r' s n a mc a n c c a t a ro g u e nunrb e r a n d a n y o t h e r id e n t lf ic a t lo n ma r k s . 2. . ]]II. a te o f P ene t ra i: ic n t e s t is s p e c lf le d t h e ja c k p u n p capa c it y s h a l1 b e a c le q u a t e t c ma in t a in the regu ire < 1 ra t e o f p ile mo v e me n t .ac k in g l f o r a d j-s t a n c e f 5 t o f t h e t e s t plle b a s e d ia me t e r.TION. 1 s-vver!'v*i l . B. of a ll e q u ip me n t t o b e . hyCra u llc h t h e n t h e Cc rn s t a n t p .!. 2.. Th.-l€-:g!ly (cont'd) . " 81 / 6'1 -j rlArrrrlr. e d h y a n ip p ro r r e o autho rit y .. bear set The p lu rig e rs o f t h e e x t e n s o n re t e rs s h a lr on p la n e g la s s o r ma c h in e d me t a l p la t c s Ievcl. o a a n The'w h o le lo a d s h a ll b e me a s u re C l: y a calib ra t e c l s a u g e c a llb ra t .. 8 . A llo v ra n c e s h a 1 1 l: .8 (appsr. la s s b lo c k s wit h p a ra lI e l surfa c e s s h a ll b e p rc v ic le c l in s u f iic ie n t nunbe r t o a ] I c w c o n t ln u o u s me a s u re . The p e rmls s ib le e x t e n s lo n o f t h e ja c k s h a l l be su c h t h a t f o r e a c h t ria l p l1 e lh e p l t e can b e mo v e d c o n t ln u o u s ly a n d wit h o u t rep. !te!!c.t_ l:Ie a s _u.i r. mw . Tc ex t e n c l t h e ra n le o f t h e e x t e n s o me t e rs 1.rou( A) ( Co n t 'd ) .liane t e r.OCEDURE 2.

L ) Ct( l at v.Ilnqinecr tc. ?.Il rlccessarv ti.Trt T1: Drr \( ^r r L/ Z' \ T'hc r e f c re rrc e i-re a ms s h e ll L -. LavaJrJ ? AR? Iracilltrcs icr thc Enlincer I e proviCeC facilities sha]1 -i.:n.r I I i. . PILE TXST ASSJ]I!$LY A}{D T]1ST 2* B_-1. t h ro u .atl i nc:s !vr. piogress of the te sts. benc h ma rk rv h ic h h c -\ s it s r:f s it e c o n . I with e p t ic . e re 1n b. h t a n C a n y c t h e r d ls t u rb a n c e of which c o u lrl a f f e c t t h e re lia b l] it v reaci in g s . . : s t h e lc we r period cf t i-mr:. '. 'l f (o C) s h a ll sh.rrp re t c -: C ln t h e rn a n n -r s p c c if ic C ) t o b e at lea s t t wic e t h e p ile s t re s s at the great i: s t t e s t lo a d (ig n o rln g a n y re in f o rc e mcnt) o r t h e p lle c o n c re t e is a t l" e a s t s e v e n . q u la r tcst n e ric .:ck rsJili n. i: -rmnr. A nrax in ru m/ min imu n i t h e rmo me t c r nr ^r r i rl.'1 (Cont ' d ) indcpcnJcnt The le v c l in s t ru me n t anC staff s h a ll i: c t o q liv ln q d j..3 Referunce Beams and Renchmark PnoctrDUrdl / lr D A!!r v. corlpe-tcDt supervision satis f act j-.SI'lIC I i: ICA'I TON BORED I)ILES (Cont'd). s io n cf TesLs undcr to tirc Tfrc C<rrrtr. -lit io n s shaIl IeVi:1 l-. .e be ).sts continu. q J taken a t r.t'i i rote : c t ic . c s e c u re ly f ixed Lr: ad e q u a t c s u p p o rt s .rl a n .lctor shall keep the t. R 4 av . g " a n r .iLrs and. r . rr g iv .. 0 0 4 " (* . t.\C1 S up(irv i. e .-. . rc c t ra a c lin c rs t o a n sultr) -le r. 1:. and an Invar staff) 2.gL l. lh o u t t e s t in g cllrect s u n lic . ra s u rin g r a s s e mb ly s h a ll l: e The e n t lre a g a in s t rai n .i q .lkt t ntl ch. J a* PaatJ . . : C f o r t e s t in g s h a ll not be Ioaded u n t il t h e c c n c re t e s t re n q t h is s h o w n (t h e re s u lt s l-.1avs o lrl wh ic h t . rl rn ic ro m* t c r. q t" i: o lt e d r-rr wel c l e d to st rle l s t a k e s c lriv e n in t c r t h e q ro u n d .rhle tht. B. v . n cf the Test Assenb.Iy mi. ^ -.y c u b e t e s t s o f wh ic h .I c v .urrrr> ln t e rv a ls t h ro u q h o u t ti r e @ Concre t r: S t re n rit h iilt:s s c le c t .f ai-ttf r{vur i: u rr.s rlr-rrinc the.ccura c y o f .8'*1.-rrj of the Enoineer. . protr-c t e t " .- ? ( .

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