This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Peter Ferdinand Drucker
19 November 1909 Kaasgraben, Vienna,Austria-Hungary
11 November 2005 (aged 95) Claremont, California
University of Frankfurt
Writer, Professor, Management Consultant
Joseph Schumpeter, John Maynard Keynes
2002 Presidential Medal of Freedom
Peter Ferdinand Drucker (November 19, 1909 – November 11, 2005) was a writer, management consultant, and selfdescribed “social ecologist.” His books and scholarly and popular articles explored how humans are organized across the business, government and the nonprofit sectors of society. His writings have predicted many of the major developments of the late twentieth century, including privatization and decentralization; the rise of Japan to economic world power; the decisive importance of marketing; and the emergence of the information society with its necessity of lifelong learning. In 1959, Drucker coined the term “knowledge worker" and later in his life considered knowledge work productivity to be the next frontier of management.
• • • • • •
1 Personal life and roots of his philosophy 2 Career 3 Awards and honors 4 Main works 5 Further reading 6 References
the capital of Austria. and how workers can find a sense of community and dignity in a modern society organized around large institutions. He also reconnected with Doris Schmitz. writing for Der Österreichische Volkswirt (The Austrian Economist).) The couple permanently relocated to the United States. Drucker came to California in 1971. Drucker wrote two pieces — one on the conservative German philosopher Friedrich Julius Stahl and another called “The Jewish Question in Germany” — that were burned and banned by the Nazis. He taught his last class at the school in 2002 at age 92. (His wedding certificate lists his name as Peter Georg Drucker. an acquaintance from the University of Frankfurt. who impressed upon Drucker the importance ofinnovation and entrepreneurship. After graduating from Döbling Gymnasium. “I have been saying for many years.” Drucker wrote. Drucker found few opportunities for employment in post-Habsburg Vienna. He grew up in a home where intellectuals. As a young writer. His experiences . He taught at Bennington College from 1942-1949. whom he heard lecture in 1934 in Cambridge. so he moved toHamburg. The university's management school was named the "Peter F. While in Frankfurt. high government officials. (Drucker disliked the term “guru. as opposed to the crunching of numbers. “I suddenly realized that Keynes and all the brilliant economic students in the room were interested in the behavior of commodities. Drucker Graduate School of Management" (later known as the "Peter F. Among his early influences was the Austrian economist Joseph Schumpeter.” though it was often applied to him. Career His career as a business thinker took off in 1942. where he became a university professor as well as a free-lance writer and business consultant. then as a journalist. in a small village named Kaasgraben (now part of the 19th district of Vienna.Personal life and roots of his philosophy The son of a high-level civil servant in Austria-Hungary – his mother Caroline Bondi had studied medicine and his father Adolf Drucker was a lawyer – Drucker was born in Vienna. one of the largest companies in the world at that time. he worked for an insurance company. and scientists would meet to discuss new ideas. Drucker was also influenced. In London. Döbling). Drucker became a naturalized citizen of the United States. Drucker and Masatoshi Ito Graduate School of Management") in his honor in 1987. They married in 1934. Germany.” Drucker once remarked. “that we are using the word ‘guru’ only because ‘charlatan’ is too long to fit into a headline. then as the chief economist at a private bank. where he took a job at the Daily Frankfurter General-Anzeiger. when his initial writings on politics and society won him access to the internal workings of General Motors (GM). Drucker then moved to Frankfurt. a friend of his father’s. Drucker left Germany for England. in a much different way. by John Maynard Keynes. In 1933. “while I was interested in the behavior of people. he also earned a doctorate in international law and public law from theUniversity of Frankfurt in 1931. then at New York University as a Professor of Management from 1950 to 1971.”) In 1943.” Over the next 70 years. From 1971 to his death he was the Clarke Professor of Social Science and Management at Claremont Graduate University. His books were filled with lessons on how organizations can bring out the best in people. where he developed one of the country's first executive MBA programs for working professionals at Claremont Graduate University (then known as Claremont Graduate School). Drucker’s writings would be marked by a focus on relationships among human beings. first working as an apprentice at an established cotton trading company.
interviewed employees. do not take responsibility for the common good. Practices. he was appalled when the level of Fortune 500 CEO pay in America ballooned to hundreds of times that of the average worker. large corporations had developed the basic manufacturing efficiencies and managerial hierarchies of mass production. By that time. In 1943 Brown invited him in to conduct what might be called a "political audit": a two-year social-scientific analysis of the corporation. including General Electric. the honorary chairman of Toyota Motor Corp. Alfred Sloan. employee relations and more. “that in modern society there is no other leadership group but managers. dealer relations.. Drucker worked with many major corporations.” Drucker later recalled. The resulting book. was hardly thrilled with the final product. and additional books. His approach worked well in the increasingly mature business world of the second half of the twentieth century. He argued in a 1984 essay that CEO compensation should be no more than 20 times what the rank and file make — especially at companies where thousands of employees are being laid off. a narrow conception of problems. Drucker analyzed it and explained how it challenged the common thinking about how organizations should be run. Intel’s Andy Grove. sociology. and analyzed production and decision-making processes. If the managers of our major institutions. have a responsibility to the whole of society. Citicorp. But he did so in a sympathetic way. the honorary chairman of the Ito-Yokado Group. he believed it was usually because of outdated ideas. He shared his fascination with Donaldson Brown. GM.G. culture and religion. Inside the corporation. Drucker attended every board meeting. Concept of the Corporation.in Europe had left him fascinated with the problem of authority. Executives thought they knew how to run companies. If their organizations struggled. “This is morally and socially unforgivable. psychology. Shoichiro Toyoda. “never mentioning it and never allowing it to be mentioned in his presence. and Intel.” Drucker wrote in his 1973Management: Tasks. and Masatoshi Ito. GM's revered chairman. He consulted with notable business leaders such as GE’s Jack Welch.” and he infused his management advice with interdisciplinary lessons from history. the mastermind behind the administrative controls at GM. lest organizations become stale. hardworking people of good will. was so upset about the book that he “simply treated it as if it did not exist. or internal misunderstandings. the second largest retailing organization in the world. however. philosophy.” Drucker taught that management is “a liberal art. Coca-Cola. Although he helped many corporate executives succeed. Lafley. rational. Procter & Gamble’s A. no one else can or will. including those in the private sector. “The fact is.” Drucker wrote. During his long consulting career. He assumed that his readers were intelligent. “and we will pay a heavy price for it. and Drucker took it upon himself to poke holes in their beliefs. popularized GM's multidivisional structure and led to numerous articles. He also believed strongly that all institutions. and especially of business. consulting engagements. He was intrigued by employees who knew more about certain subjects than their bosses or colleagues and yet had to cooperate with others in a large organization. Responsibilities. Rather than simply glorify the phenomenon as the epitome of human progress. Drucker had suggested that the auto giant might want to reexamine a host of long-standing policies on customer relations. Edward Jones’ John Bachmann. IBM.” Drucker was interested in the growing effect of people who worked with their minds rather than their hands. Drucker’s counsel was viewed as hypercritical.” .
California. Czech.” Awards and honors Drucker was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by U.. now the Leader to Leader Institute. Spanish and Swiss Universities. In 1969 he was awardedNew York University’s highest honor. Belgian. the American Red Cross.” Drucker wrote. Business Hall of Fame in 1996. C. Drucker anticipated the rise of the social sector in America. He also received honors from the governments of Japan and Austria. maintaining that it was through volunteering in nonprofits that people would find the kind of fulfillment that he originally thought would be provided through their place of work. Drucker was inducted into the Junior Achievement U. English. but that had proven elusive in that arena. Among the many social-sector groups he advised were the Salvation Army. Practices . Eleventh Street between College Avenue and Dartmouth Avenue was renamed "Drucker Way" in October of 2009 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of Drucker's birth Main works 1939: The End of Economic Man 1942: The Future of Industrial Man 1946: Concept of the Corporation 1950: The New Society 1954: The Practice of Management 1957: America's Next Twenty Years 1959: Landmarks of Tomorrow 1964: Managing for Results 1966: The Effective Executive 1969: The Age of Discontinuity 1970: Technology. Bush on July 9.S.A. often consulting pro bono. Harvard Business Review honored Drucker in the spring of 2005 with his seventh McKinsey Award for his article.S.E. In Claremont. the most awarded to one person. “It restores the civic responsibility that is the mark of citizenship. 2002. but it may be a prerequisite for tackling these ills. Management and Society 1971: Men. Additionally he holds 25 honorary doctorates from American. “Citizenship in and through the social sector is not a panacea for the ills of post-capitalist society and post-capitalist polity. from 1990 through 2002. Responsibilities. Drucker Foundation for Nonprofit Management. and the NavajoIndian Tribal Council. He was the Honorary Chairman of the Peter F. the NYU Presidential Citation. President George W. and the civic pride that is the mark of community. "What Makes an Effective Executive". In fact.R. the Girl Scouts of the USA.Drucker served as a consultant for various government agencies in the United States. Ideas and Politics 1973: Management: Tasks. Canada and Japan. He worked with various nonprofit organizations to help them become successful.
Drucker: The Man Who Invented the Corporate Society (1976). Jack. ISBN 0-8436-0744-0 Beatty. John C. 1976: The Unseen Revolution: How Pension Fund Socialism Came to America 1977: People and Performance: The Best of Peter Drucker on Management 1977: An Introductory View of Management 1979: Adventures of a Bystander 1979: Song of the Brush: Japnese Painting from Sanso Collection 1980: Managing in Turbulent Times 1981: Toward the Next Economics and Other Essays 1982: The Changing World of Exceutive 1982: The Last of All Possible Worlds 1984: The Temptation to Do Good 1985: Innovation and Entrepreneurship 1989: The New Realities: in Government and Politics.. in Society and World View Further 1990: Managing the Nonprofit Organsation: Principles and Practices 1992: Managing for the Future 1993: The Ecological Vision 1993: Post-Capitalist Society 1995: Managing in a Time of Great Change 1997: Drucker on Asia: A Dialogue between Peter Drucker and Isao Nakauchi 1998: Peter Drucker on the Profession of Management 1999: Management Challenge for 21st Century 2001: The Essential Drucker 2002: Managing in the Next Society 2002: The Functioning Society 2004: The Daily Drucker 2006: The Effective Exceutive in Action reading Tarrant. ISBN 0-684-83801-X . in Economics and Business. The World According to Peter Drucker (1998).
^ Drucker. ^ Drucker. Retrieved November 2.. ^ Drucker. Gladius (eds. 75-76.. William A.” Business Review Weekly. (1998) ^ Beatty.. Kulothungan. The World According to Peter Drucker.. Peter F.The Drucker Legacy ^ The Drucker Institute Archives. p. Concept of the Corporation.druckerinstitute.Additional Sources . Flaherty. Folder 11 10. p. Peter F.com/showpage. Lindsey (November 28. Management: Tasks.. Jack. ^ “Peter Drucker. Peter F. Jack.About Peter Drucker ^ a b c Byrne. Managing the Nonprofit Organization (1994) 16. ^ Drucker. 7. p.. The Definitive Drucker (2007). ISBN 978-39810228-6-5 References 1. (1993) 17. 49 11. p. May/June 1992 ^ Drucker Institute . p. Peter F. 8. ISBN 07879-4764-4 Edersheim. (2006) 18. ^ Drucker. 325. Preface to the 1983 edition. p. Box 39. The Ecological Vision. 4. Peter F. 163. Peter F. p. p. Peter F. (1993)abcdefghijklmnopqr ^ Drucker Institute . (1979) 12. Elizabeth.. Peter F. ISBN 978-0-8144-0919-0 Weber. Post-Capitalist Society. Practices. xvii.). California.aspx?Section=WN&PageID=110 . (1973) 14. Drucker's Next Management. (1983) 5... ^ http://www. 6. Winfried W. vii. 2005). Gerdes. BusinessWeek. John A. "Classic Drucker". New Institutions. ^ Drucker. ^ Drucker Institute 15. 5-7. 177. ^ Drucker Institute . 9. 288. Peter Drucker: Shaping the Managerial Mind (1999). Responsibilities. 2. 15 September 1997. (1998) ^ Drucker. “Reflections of a Social Ecologist.. John E. ^ Drucker.” Society. "The Man Who Invented Management". 3.Other Pieces About Drucker 13.. the man who changed the world.. New Theories and Practices (2010). ISBN 0-07-147233-9 Cohen.About Peter Drucker . p. 2009. The World According to Peter Drucker. A Class with Drucker: The lost lessons of the World's greatest management teacher (2008). Peter F. Claremont. Adventures of a Bystander. ^ Beatty.
Categories: 1909 births | 2005 deaths | American business theorists | University of Frankfurt alumni | Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients • • • • • • • New features Log in / create account Article Discussion Read Edit View history Top of Form Bottom of Form • • • • • • • • • • • Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Interaction About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact Wikipedia Donate to Wikipedia Help Toolbox Print/export Languages • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • العربية Azərbaycanca Brezhoneg Български Català Česky Deutsch Eesti Español فارسی Français Galego 한국어 Bahasa Indonesia Italiano עברית ქართული Nederlands 日本語 Norsk (bokmål) Polski .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.