Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

U.S. Government Restricted Rights Legend
Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS 252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3. Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Intergraph Corporation P.O. Box 240000 Huntsville, AL 35813 Street address: 170 Graphics Drive, Madison, AL 35758

Terms of Use
Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

Warranties and Liabilities
All warranties given by Intergraph Corporation about equipment or software are set forth in the EULA provided with the software or applicable license for the software product signed by Intergraph Corporation, and nothing stated in, or implied by, this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification or amendment of such warranties. Intergraph believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date. The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document. The software discussed in this document is furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of this license. No responsibility is assumed by Intergraph for the use or reliability of software on equipment that is not supplied by Intergraph or its affiliated companies. THE USER OF THE SOFTWARE IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE FINAL EVALUATION AS TO THE USEFULNESS OF THE SOFTWARE IN HIS OWN ENVIRONMENT. Intergraph is not responsible for the accuracy of delivered data including, but not limited to, catalog, reference and symbol data. Users should verify for themselves that the data is accurate and suitable for their project work.

Trademarks
Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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........................................................................................................................................ 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box ..................................................... 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box ................................................................................................. 102 Solution Module TXT File ...................................................................... 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ...................... 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box ................................................................. 85 Analysis/Solution Phase.......................................................................... 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .............................................................................. 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ..... 103 Wind...... 87 TANK Program Files ........................................................................................................................................................................................... Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) . 110 Settlement Checks ................................................................................................................................................................... 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ............................ Thickness & Weights ................................. 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V............................................................ 101 Error Checker LOG File ...................................................................................................................... 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed......................................... 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)............................................................ 87 Solution Overview ................ 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ......................................... 99 Output Report Discussions .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ................................................ 80 Error Checking ..... 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad ............................................................................................... 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) .................................................................................................................................................................................... 97 Output Report Generation .....................................................................................................) Dialog Box ............ 100 User Input Data ....................................................... 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box ........................ 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data ........... Material............................................................................................................................................................ 91 Tank Layout Sketch .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box ........................... 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 103 Roof Evaluation ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 100 Job Title Page ................................................................................................................................................. 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 111 API-2000 Venting Output ........... 112 API-650 Bolting Report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ...................................................................................... 105 Seismic Analysis Results ....................................................................... 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches ................. 92 Shell Settlement Plots .................................. 83 Warning & Error Options ................Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) .......................... 84 Completing the Error Check Phase ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 88 Local Graphics Output .............................................................. 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams ........................................................................................... 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box).................................................................. 70 Shell Settlement Data .................................................................. 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box .......................................................

............................................... 135 Version 1....................................................................................................................................10 Changes (5/00) .....................................10 Changes (9/08) ............................................................................................................... 129 * Unknown For API-653 ..................40 Changes (9/96) ...............20 Changes (9/09) ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................List of Materials ..............00 Changes (11/07) ............................................................20 Changes (9/00) .....................................................................................................................30 Changes (2/02) ........................................................... 134 Version 2........................................................................................40 Changes (7/02) .......................................Standard Units Systems.......................................... 128 * National Standards ............................................................................................................................................................ 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ......................................................... 134 Version 2....................................................................................................................................... 123 Appendix B ......................................................................................00 Changes (1/99)................................................................................ 118 Example Problem APP_P ......................... 134 Version 2................................................................ 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 127 * CSA Standards ................................................ 118 Example Problem SSC1 .....................................................................50 Changes (5/97) .......................................................................................................... 117 Example Problem A_WC ....................... 133 Version 3.................................................................................Revision History .................................................................................... 118 Example Problem TEST1 ............... 117 Example Problem O_WC ................................................................................ 133 Version 3................................... 121 Main Set .............................................................................................. 133 Version 2.......................................................Program File List ......................50 Changes (3/04) .............................................. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 ................................................................................................... 121 Help & Error Processing Set ........................................................................................51 Changes (9/97) ..............................55 Changes (10/05) ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 136 Version 1.............................................................................................................................................................................................. 122 Examples Data Set ............................... 135 Version 1....................................................... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ................................................30 Changes (9/10) .....................................................................................................60 / 2................................................................................................. 133 Version 3............................................. 128 * ISO 630................................................................. 122 API Data Set........... 125 Appendix C ............................................................................................................Default Configuration Directives ............................................................................................................................................... 131 Appendix E .... 118 Example Problem B&Y .............................. 133 Version 2.................................................................................................................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem SEIS01............................................................................................... 129 Appendix D ..... 121 English Text Set ..................... 127 * ASTM Standards ................... 136 Version 1..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Version 3................ 134 Version 2................... 119 Appendix A ...................................................................... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ............................................. 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) ........ 115 Examples ..........................Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output ........................................................ 117 Example Problem APP_K ...................................................................... 114 API-650 External Pressure Output .......................................

...........................31 Changes Version 1............................................................ 138 (6/94) ............ 139 Index .......................................... 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ..................10 Changes (2/96) ....................................................30 Changes Version 1..............20 Changes Version 1................................................................................................................. 138 Appendix F .......................................Contents Version 1.................................................................................................... 137 (8/95) .............................................................................................................. 137 (11/94) ...............................Selected References .....................................................

com Web: www. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users. Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade. rely on the help system. Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible. It is expected. and by mail. that questions focus on the current version of the program. the web site. and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution. TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input. and operation of the program. cell specific help for guidance and information. when in doubt. input validation to avoid run time errors. fax.com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 . To that end. which can be launched by pressing F1. However.coade. TANK support is available by telephone. economical. e-mail. configuration. however. and expeditious designs. Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes.

After the help system has been activated. Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file. the appropriate information displays in an interactive window. Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1. which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user. When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific. Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section.Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system. the help text includes the expected input units in the title line.

and division) are supported in the input cells. When such a fatal condition occurs. The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them. Even though TANK validates your input data. a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0. assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database. The four basic math operations (addition. This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis. Selecting a Units File .Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files . subtraction. The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog. A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files. multiplication. the program attempts to trap the error. In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 .Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program. Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module.New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units. After the review of a specific error message is complete. For example.09375.Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system. This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system. the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary. These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch).Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK. For more information on the four standard supplied units systems. and finally reports the problem to you. Upon exit from the diagnostic utility. see Appendix B . This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach. TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation. Reviewing Output . user control is returned to the Main menu. Creating Units Sets . there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis. In some instances additional sets may be required.Standard Units Systems (on page 125).

Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S. An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method. Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M. Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes. This includes the material data from Table 5. Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P.2. Minimum metal temperature reporting. External pressure computations according to Appendix V. Seismic computations according to Appendix E.Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B. Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A. Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2. Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M.3. Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes. including the limiting load interaction diagrams. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. and digitized data from Appendix P. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000. Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance.

TANK Information .Displays a text file discussing the installation steps.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum. Additional Products . insert the CD into the drive.Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products. and all associated documentation. CD Content Additional Installations . Browse the CD .Launches the main installation process.Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 . The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything. Release Notes . which installs TANK. and the CD contents. License Agreement . Support Forum . ReadMe File . These options include: Install TANK .Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products.Includes options to install the HASP.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page. Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window. Services Training .Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph.Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD. the HASP drivers. Contact Intergraph .Displays the TANK License Agreement.SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK. The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays. the system requirements.

exe in the root CD folder. HASP Trouble Shooting . or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported. If the setup does not start automatically. or Enterprise). Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional. Click Install TANK to begin the installation.Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing.Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System.0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs.Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer. 12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 2. Installation Instructions . The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed. double-click CDSpawn. Insert the TANK CD into your computer. Professional. Windows Vista (Ultimate. or Windows 7 (Ultimate. 1.Displays a PDF document containing these instructions. Business. Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation. Hardware Requirements minimum of 2. HASP Licensing Overview .

select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement. 4. and then click Cancel. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 . Read the license agreement. where <product name> reflects the program name and version. 6. -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement. If you accept the license agreement. You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement. 5. To install the software in another location. Click Next on the welcome page. click Change.Installation 3. Click Next to continue. 7. The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>. and then click Next. select I accept the terms in the license agreement.

If you are using SmartPlant License Manager. Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. select the SPLM license option.Installation 8. 14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run. Select the license type that you have. An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation. If you are using a network ESL key. select the key color. 9.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 . you are not prompted to install the HASP driver. After the TANK files have been installed. the status displays. If this dialog does not display. Skip to step 11.Installation As the installation progresses. Click OK. the following dialog box displays. installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run. 10. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock. After successfully installing the HASP device driver. If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type.

Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally. Click No to reboot later. 13. it is a good idea to restart Windows. 12. such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging. with no interaction from you. Click Finish. 2.exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR . Command Cmd= setup. Because a device driver was loaded.doc file. Issue the installation command as detailed below. Click Yes to reboot your computer now. perform these steps: 1. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD. Setup. Setup. Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs. To launch TANK in silent mode.The path to load the installation files. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Installation 11. Select Show the readme file to view the readme.

In order for the network to recognize the ESL. The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software. A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility.TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions. This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations. you can skip the remainder of this section. The file server is a better location for this ESL.This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT . refer to the documentation files NETHASP. Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers. Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL. The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server). The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location. the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software.Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs. Alternatively. The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems. Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. If the network ESL is attached to a workstation. If your computer uses a local ESL. you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL. because the computer is usually always on. The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder. a user must then be logged into the network to access the software. if all of the licenses are on the network ESL.TXT and ESL_RED.The ESL color. because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops). we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL.Installation ESL_COLOR . The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 . Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software). The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network. The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs.

Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released. and so on. the version indicator. Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www.exe. and posted to the Web site. A build is intended for one specific version of the software. a correction to the currently shipping version is made. However. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking.com). The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation. operating system modifications. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation. announced. but only one build is required at any given time. before the next version can be released. they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda. In other words. databases grow. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu. In addition. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found.Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static. The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program. When this occurs. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available.coade. file formats change. This correction is referred to as a Build. Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software. archiving. After the file has been downloaded and installed. Build Y contains Build X. builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated. and the build date. 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . In order to alleviate this problem for our users. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web. its size. operational enhancements. user requests.x<date>. and the date it was created. When this occurs. and distributing the various builds generated between major releases. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds. additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files. and also displays when you click Help > About. This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build. the build is finalized. and corrections. Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version. Determine which build file you need and download it.

Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released.TXT. click COADE EXE Scanner. you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory. the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level. To see which program modules have been modified. A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. follow any prompts. This allows you to see. This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version. Simply double-click the build file (the exe). which build is in use. and the software installation will update appropriately. When necessary. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 . and build bevel.Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD. This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size. memory requirements. Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level. This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. on the Main Program menu. additional usage instructions may be found in this file. From the Utility > Tools menu. Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package.

the distribution CD should be installed first. Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds. any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD. 20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Then. Additionally.Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release. if it becomes necessary. To reinstall an older version of the software. the last build should be installed. Patched Version When a new version of the software is released. This will allow full use of this version at some later time.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

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Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

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followed by a scan of the installation directory. the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory. Each data directory can contain its own configuration file. This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients.Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module. as well as International shape libraries. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory. Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units. Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored. which may be unique.Select the material file to use. the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used. Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U. structural shapes and materials. Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory. You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command. Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory.Select the units file to use. Structural Database . This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews. Material File . Units File .Specifies the anchor bolt database. If a data directory does not contain a configuration file.Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients.S. A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program. Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database .

defined. it must be error checked. see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21). The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution. Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon. For more information on the error checker. The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive). After the input has been defined. and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above). and reviewed. Assuming that error checking completed successfully. that the program has been properly installed and configured.SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual. Upon completion of the analysis.you must correct these errors before proceeding. and control is returned to the main menu. see Error Checking (on page 83). For more information. you can select one of the Output menu options. analysis is prohibited . It is assumed. From here. The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected.you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis. If there are errors in the input data. a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 . an intermediate data file is created for analysis. Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input. select Analyze Only to start the analysis module. analyzed. After a solution data file is available. Warning messages are acceptable to the program .

click TANK. 3. Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only. Select a job. 4. Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output. Define the input data. As long as the job input parameters remain fixed. The steps outlined above are summarized below. the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports. 26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 1. The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu. From the Start menu.Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session. Focus then returns to the Main menu. 2. 5. Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports. either new or old. quit the output processor.

but also include output review (both text and graphics). Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 . The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK.SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start. The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options. or by double clicking the desktop icon. configuration. corresponding to the major topics on the menu. diagnostics. launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu. The options are arranged in groups. analysis. and help. the Material Database editor. The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched. Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition. and ESL review. utility tools. output review.

TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration. and printing the input for a specific job. saving. Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk. Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening.

Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job. The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon. The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups. the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job. Upon completion of the input. Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 . each accessed from the menu. Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39).

an analysis file for the job is written. (grayed out). Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel.TKE file is written by the error checker. Steps not required are disabled. For more information on the analysis processor. TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked.Starts the error checker. see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87). cannot be located.Starts the error checker. automatically starts the solution module.Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check. which produces the output file for the job. and Error Check and Analyze. The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker. If the verified problem data. Analyze. The Analyze option is deactivated until the . with a .Starts the solution module. Error Check and Analyze . Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83). Error Check .TKE suffix.TKE file. The analysis module performs the solution step. the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu. the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data. an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description. If the input data successfully passes the error checker. As each phase is completed. This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed.TKE file was generated. written to the . Analyze . and if the input passes the error checker. based on your input parameters. Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text. or the input data contained errors and no . either designing a tank or re-rating a tank. In any event. 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

If this data is not specified. append reports. For viewing text based reports. Time Stamp . This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically. For more information on output processing. in the current units system. in multiple units systems if necessary. and changing the time stamp in the report headers. and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner.Starts the graphics processor. and review latest reports.Creates a new set of output reports. at the end of the last set of reports. The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. three options are available: overwrite reports. the current CPU time and date are used. the batch stream processor and a text file review option. Nozzle load interaction diagrams. in the current units system. completely replacing any existing reports.Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers. Overwrite Reports . Local Graphics . Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created.Displays the output review control panel.Generates a new set of reports. shell settlement graphs. Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 .Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports. see Local Graphics Output (on page 91). custom units systems. the Material Database editor. viewing graphical results. Append Reports . Review Latest Reports .

Error Check Log File .Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase. Message File .Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis. Custom Units .Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database. File Review .Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis. Material Database Editor .Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives.Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data. For details of the program configuration. The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties. the batch log file.Starts Notepad to review a selected data file. see Program Configuration (on page 21). Batch Log File . There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file. This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed. The file is created by a prior analysis. Batch Stream Processor . The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter.Using the Main Menu Configuration . Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Calculator .Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations. and the solution message file. The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter.Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created.

Corruption could indicate bad distribution media. However. If the values do not match. or a virus infection. This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations. the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation. Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker . If a CRC Check error occurs. then the file has been corrupted in some manner. Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module . This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available.Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number. This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure. Should a “fatal error” occur. if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 .Using the Main Menu CRC Check . the software attempts to invoke this module automatically. This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name. a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed. clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column.Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory.Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number. The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software. However.

However. this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu.Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time. The ESL is the External Software Lock. If there is an access problem with the ESL. all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu). which is required to access the software. most of the Main menu items will be disabled. Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL. Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel. These updates encompass changes requested by the client. and accepting instructions from the user.Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes. Generate Fax Codes . This information consists of the client name.Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software.TXT”. The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task. This option is similar to the phone update option.Starts an interactive procedure. date or run limits.Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes. and the time stamp of the last access. versioning information. suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. Occasionally. Receive and Enter Fax Codes . This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information. The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx. generating data for the user. the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored.TXT file of the information. Phone Update . Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes. some of this date may require updating in the field. as generated by the Intergraph support staff. except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel. where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL. Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a . or by clicking the ESL icon. Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 . or change the client name. and ID number. usually to extend limits. These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified. to interact with the user on the telephone. reset a date. The file will reside in the program’s \system folder.

When all codes have been entered. Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . found in the frame area of the Main menu. Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options. By default.Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid. all options are selected. Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph. . The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar. click OK to enable the changes to the ESL.

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

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Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

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7. see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72). depending on the tank. see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78). This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . For more information. For more information. and in the text by Brownell & Young. see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). For more information. see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71). depending on the tank.TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. out-breathing. depending on the tank. pressure. For more information. This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing. This information consists of the diameter. This dialog is an optional input. Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog. fluid specific gravity. depending on the tank. data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed. see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog. Activates the Grillage Review dialog. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis. the course height. external loads. This dialog is an optional input. see API 650 External Pressure (App V. see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53). For more information. The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. course thickness. This dialog is an optional input. As mentioned above. and the desired code. temperature. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E. course material. For more information. For more information. This dialog is an optional input. Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification. Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog. depending on the tank. Section I. see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76). Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). For more information. fluid depth. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell. Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. depending on the tank. This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions. and fire. This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters. Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog. the number of courses.) Dialog Box (on page 70). Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog. see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65). Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). For more information. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P.

If necessary. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically). to the General Data dialog. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . With TANK. the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page. on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters. users can save the input by using the File menu. The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar. The first displays the title page. The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document. any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes. found in the file TITLE. this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. As with most software programs.HED. This serves as a good starting point for a tank design. there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file.TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad. with the input data. Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog. but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too. The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options. or by clicking the Diskette icon. We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session. Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog.

Wind Details. Where applicable. This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data. and Anchor Bolt Details. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. Shell Courses. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. 42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study. Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. For each input cell.

TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field. the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below). used as the default for all individual shell courses. This context menu is shown below. The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 . in which you can select any valid material from the active database. Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu.

Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu. you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database.TANK Input Alternatively. which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank. the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below). Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output. thickness. all courses acquire the same material. as specified on the Tank Data tab. for stainless materials. the program fills in the Sd and St values. the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. as necessary. material name. material design stress. corrosion allowance. For stainless materials. the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog. the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time. For stainless steels. Initially. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height. as described previously. For carbon steels from Table 3-2. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material.TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses. the software displays the Material context menu. Therefore. and material test stress can be specified for each shell course. When you right-click the Material cell. However. if necessary. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 . or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database. on a course-by-course basis.

TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. and may result in the design of required anchorage. Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage. but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files. TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults. If these times are not defined. API-650 Section 5. The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3). The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs.12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank). if necessary. Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input.TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected. ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights. For each input cell.Enter the design temperature in the indicated units. seismic. the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. API Design Code . subsequent calculations for wind girders. If you select A. API-650. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4. If the design temperature exceeds this limit. API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses. The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation. The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box. but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C. Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line. TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method .2 kPa. If the value of the design temperature is changed.Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. limits the design pressure to 2. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 . Design Temperature . then the rules of Appendix M are applied. Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error. or Design mode. Select the entry from the list.The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file. Run Objective . Where applicable. it can only be used in analysis mode. Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks. This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank. Appendix F. which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. If you select D. API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C. and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses. or Analyze mode.Enter the design pressure in the indicated units.5 psi / 17. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code. Design Pressure at Top .

70.6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1.Enter the diameter of the tank.75 0. No other computations use this value.As per Appendix A.Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder. Tank Shell Height (HTK) . The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1.70 0. this value is used only in the Design case. enter the actual distance.00 0.Enter the specific gravity of the fluid.3. If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank.Spot RT Appendix A .50 + k/5 0. Design Liquid Level (H) .50 + k/5 0.85 0.3.Enter the total height of the tank shell.85 1.35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A . This value should be the sum of the individual course heights.85 0.TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) . Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder . API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown.0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations. the joint efficiency should be either 0. API-653 Section 2.Enter the height of the design liquid level.85 or 0.85 0. so the default of 1. Liquid Specific Gravity (G) . Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] . If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell.4. Note. the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates.85 0. As per API-650.00 0.70 0. This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device.3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency. and is used in the wind load computations.No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .85 0.70 0. This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st . such as for a walk-way. Weight Attachments & Structures . this value should be entered as zero.Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation.0 for the Hydrotest case.

If the tank will have an annular base ring. check this checkbox. Due consideration should be given to Section 5. Number of Shell Courses . activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course. or open-top tanks. 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment .9.As of API-650 9th Edition. To properly access a valid material name and its properties. A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional. Local Area Shell Only . Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form. Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4. This selection uses equation 4. This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary. Insulation Density . check this checkbox. uncheck this checkbox.1. Default Shell Material .Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell.a..3. Entire Shell Course Evaluation .Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5.Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5. Include Annular Base Plate Details . to display the same context menu. and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use. yield strength.1a. uncheck this checkbox. this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box..11 stability.3. This selection uses equation 4. This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use. Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954.2 Calculations . If the tank will not have an annular base ring.2 includes a wind moment term. grade. select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course. left-click the .Turns on an off wind loads on the roof. The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course.11 Wind Pressure .3.b.As per API-653 Section 4. To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition). These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment . which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height.As per API-653 Section 4. Wind Velocity . The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53.Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank. To include the wind moment term.3.1.7. Section 5. The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank.1. wind gust. which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height. its allowable stresses. (d) Single lap welded only. Insulation Thickness .Enter the number of shell courses in the tank. internal pressure.Enter the density of the tank insulation.3.4. right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen. Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank.9.3.7. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 . After a valid material is selected.6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height.This field displays the material name. the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F.1. Alternatively. If the material varies over the shell courses.TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded.3. tensile strength.3.

the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses.TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses.Represents the allowable design stress. If it is constant. Hydro Test Stress .1. If it is constant. referred to as Sd in the API code. the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value.1). If this cell is left blank for the first course.1. The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously.Represents the allowable test stress. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5. Table S-2. If this cell is left blank. if necessary.6.1. For stainless steels. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. referred to as St in the API code. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. For stainless steels.Enter the thickness for the current shell course. For this reason. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. Material Design Stress . since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead. this value will be displayed as zero.Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S. If it is constant.Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units. Corrosion Allowance . 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . If necessary. the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. Height . the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. If this cell is left blank. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. Thickness . these values will be interpolated during the solution phase.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n. the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5. If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness. the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero. on a course-by-course basis. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. If this cell is left blank. SSD1 through SSD5 .6. If necessary.

it will be evaluated using this data. TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults.0. If left blank.0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4.6250 0. I .2500 1. This value should be 1.Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7.5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 .7500 0. If left blank. Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0.0000 1.1250 1. In order to size the anchor bolts.12.Enter the wind directionality factor. the value defaults to 1.TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. Gust Factor .04.The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5. If these times are not defined.5 4. API 650 recommends a value of 0.5000 1.0000 2. If entered. Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units.5000 2.2500 2. This is an optional entry. and the anchorage is necessary.Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7. If left blank.8750 1. the thread pitch is necessary.5000 0. Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter . Kz .85.7500 3. The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch. the value defaults to 1. Kzt .7500 2. Threads per Unit Length . This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. Kd .0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments.Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7. the value defaults to 0.Enter the wind speed up factor for hills.3750 1.Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage.95 (the default) for this parameter.

0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress . 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the bolt allowable stress was required input.7500 4. Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter .12.12. the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration.For evaluation of an existing anchorage.Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650.4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0. This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank. Bolt Yield Stress .25 inches. As a result. enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage.2500 3.TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3. If the software redesigns the anchorage. Number of Anchor Bolts . but is maintained for compatibility with older input files.Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts. an offset of 0. This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage.5000 3. Section F. the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5.0 is used. Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance .7.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value.Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5. this value is no longer used. If this value is left blank. As of this addendum. API-650. The software internally multiplies this value by 2.Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle.

define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k). This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof. This data is used in further analysis. and then click Compute. Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below. Data entered in these fields will not be saved. Note that this is a scratchpad. a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made. The Net Area Scratchpad (F. Supported Cone Roof Data. wind over turning. or a supported cone roof will be designed. the top half of this dialog must be filled out. To use this scratchpad. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab. This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary. and maximum allowed pressure. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 .TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. such as seismic analysis. and Girder Rings. Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design. The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs.2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box. The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box. At this point.

the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank. and in the available cross sections. For the structural and roof plate materials. displays the parameters used in the roof design. and columns. The help system provides guidance here. depending on the active structural library. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. girders. the material for the cross sections and roof plate. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . in the usage of the various structural types. and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab. The allowed cross sections vary. This tab.TANK Input If instead. shown below. a supported cone roof is to be designed.

General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof. and rafter rings is known. Angle Between Roof & Horizontal . Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs. the software can design the rafters. Roof Type .TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters. All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell. Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths. then the members are sized only. If this information is specified. Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only.Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction. which are supported by girders. the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab. which are supported by columns.Defines the roof type of the tank. If however. For rafter supported cone roofs. column rings. as the number of girder rings. the software can design the rafters. Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring. columns and girders. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 . and how many girders make up the ring. alternate positioning is desired.

For supported cone roofs. Figure (a-k) . click Compute.2.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented.Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks. the computed roof plate weight is always used. This value will not be used. If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here. Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved. Weight of Snow on Roof . 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations. The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box. refer to API-650 Figure F-2.Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course. TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally. Weight of Roof Framing . This value should include the corrosion allowance. This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness.10.Select the desired cross section. The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load. Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) . TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally.2. specify the bar thickness in this field. % of Weights Supported by Shell .1. Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) . Roof Live Load . Weight of Roof Plates . If the input value is greater. Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance . TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally.Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks. or a supported cone roof is being designed. After the analysis. This value will not be used. corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F.Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. According to API-650 5. the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations. For details.TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction . TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally.Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations.Since the analysis hasn’t been performed.If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar. After the data has been defined.Enter the area resisting the compressive force. Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) . if any. an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot. This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad. Specify this estimate in the tc field.Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed). Thickness of Bar (tb) . Thickness of Roof Plate .Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented.Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates. This value will not be used.

and M. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. DC. girder.Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters. column rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 . valid types for this cell are: W. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) .Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. column rafter. column rafter. C. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter. WT. girder.Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch. C. and P.TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) . girder. For the 1989 AISC library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below. S. girder. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. girder. column rafter. Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type . DI.

girder. taper rafter. girder. column For the 1991 German library. CP. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. column For the 1990 Australian library. girder. column Preferred Girder Type . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: I. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. girder. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. UC. parallel USAGE rafter. column rafter. girder.Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below. column For the 1993 UK library.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. and CT. girder. 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . girder. girder. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. column rafter. girder. and UC. column For the 1990 South African library. girder. column rafter. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. column rafter. U. girder. and T. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. and C. valid types for this cell are: IP. T. column rafter. column CT Channels. HP. girder. column rafter.

girder. column rafter. column For the 1993 UK library. column rafter. girder. column rafter. DI. valid types for this cell are: W. T. valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. column rafter. WT. girder. UC. column rafter. DC. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. and P. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. girder. girder. girder. girder. girder. and C. girder. C.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. girder. C. and M. S.

The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. column For the 1990 Australian library. girder. girder. column rafter. girder. column Preferred Column Type . and CT. girder. column CT Channels.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. valid types for this cell are: I. column rafter. girder. and UC.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns. column For the 1990 South African library. and T. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. U. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. column rafter. HP. parallel USAGE rafter. girder. girder. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. column For the 1991 German library. valid types for this cell are: IP. CP. girder. taper rafter. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter.

girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 . valid types for this cell are: I. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. T. girder. and M. girder. U. girder. girder. C. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. girder. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. and T. and P.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. DI. column rafter. column For the 1990 Australian library. girder. column For the 1991 German library. C. girder. UC. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. and C. column rafter. column For the 1993 UK library. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. S. girder. and UC. column rafter. WT. girder. column rafter. DC. girder. column rafter. column rafter. column rafter. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. column rafter. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: W.

Typical values for this cell are 24. parallel Channels. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. In the design of the supported cone roof. In the design of the supported cone roof.1 meters. girder. from the center of the tank. This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring. girder.Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters. The girders are supported by columns.. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified. arranged in concentric circles.1 to 7. Typical values for this cell are 20. 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .0 feet /7.3. HP. valid types for this cell are: IP. and CT. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. column rafter. Maximum Allowed Girder Length . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. Structural Member Allowable Design Stress .. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. girder. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. Center Column Cap Plate Diameter .This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates..0 to 24. a value of zero will be used.0 feet (6.0 to 30.4. CP. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. The girders are supported by columns.TANK Input For the 1990 South African library. Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress . column Roof Plate Material . Maximum Allowed Rafter Length .3 to 9.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. taper USAGE rafter. Structural Member Material . This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [. this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa).3 meters). girder. For compliance with API-650 Section 3. arranged in concentric circles. from the center of the tank.Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary. column rafter. The rafters are oriented along radial lines.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders. If this cell is left blank. column rafter.] button..] button. This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders.10.

the distance to all girder rings must be defined. Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 .Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring. however. This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary. These entries are optional. if the number of girders in any one ring is specified.TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring . If the location of one girder ring is specified.The number of girders in each ring may also be specified. the number of girders in all rings must be also specified. Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input. Number of Girders in Ring .

Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. in seconds.TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . Valid choices are A through F. which is the 5% damped.The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser. 2. Initial Anchorage Type .2s).4.5% damping.6. unless specified otherwise by the purchaser. the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required. 5% damped. In this instance. Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec.2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods. or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I.Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E. The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) . %g. the coefficient defaults to 1.Usually this value is 1. API recommends that this value not exceed 1. 5% damped. Earthquake Type .4.Defines Ss. Scaling Factor (Q) . Friction Factor . See API-650 Section E.Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K). which is the design.Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations. 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Defines SDS. Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7. %g. the software will design bolting. and III). spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0. Period (S0) . Valid entries for this field are 1. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. and that this value (1. Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods . II.Defines S0.25) only be used for emergency services.Defines S1.Defines the seismic site class according to Section E. %g.Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.25. 5% damped.5. Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient . For more information about earthquake types. 5% damped. If no value is specified. API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0. Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec.Defines Sa0*. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second.2 and E. Seismic Use Group . Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) . Importance Factor . design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures. Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material .Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material. Transitional Period (TL) . Period (S1) .6.4. This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0. Unless otherwise specified.3. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. Bottom Plate Thickness .Defines SP.4. refer to API-650 Sections E.7. %g.1 for details on the various SUG categories.3.0. which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure).Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped. where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations. Site Class . %g. Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0. Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) .Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted).

Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate . If a value is entered.TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) . %g. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . this value defaults to zero. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 . leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. which is the 5% damped. If a value is entered here. This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered. bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0. design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures. In this case.Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members). the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate.25 inches (6. Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I. If left blank.Defines Sa*. As stated in API-650 5.4. Section 7. Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate .Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness. Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I .Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate.1. This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. This value is optional.35mm).Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate. Maximum Allowed Spacing . Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate .

Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle. if available from a pipe stress analysis. TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses. Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P.TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles. Nozzle Outer Diameter . If you check Use PVP-1279.Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle. This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits. This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks.Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate. NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed. These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650. The data specification can include external piping loads. Nozzle Designation / Number . Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate . the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated.

3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. 400.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient.Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature.67E-6 6. 203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 . 200. 200.0 12.3E6 7. 300. If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel.8E6 28.7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. 400.1E6 500.25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet.2E6 Expansion Coefficient .6E6 26.7 13.87E-6 7.07E-6 500 27. 150.1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20.4E6 26. 29.4 12.5E6 28. 300.87E-6 7.3E6 27.Enter the modulus of elasticity. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70.67E-6 6. You can change this value. Modulus of Elasticity . Modulus (psi) 28. 25. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1. if necessary. then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used.0E6 27. 500. 260.TANK Input Delta Temperature . 90. Instead. 200.7E6 27.5E6 28.25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12. the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100.3E6 27.07E-6 7. reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29.8E6 28.

Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 . acting on the nozzle. Taagepera. The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter.Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses. This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 .A value defined in PVP-1279. API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled. Use PVP-1279 . but not actually used in the computations.Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. Applied External Radial Force . LaBounty.Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations.Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses.The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad. it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations. If you specify a pad thickness. Bardia.Enter the weight of this nozzle. if necessary. Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness. Applied External Circumferential Moment .Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located. This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks.TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal. by Lengsfeld. The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. 68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and Lengsfeld. units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. You can change this value.Enter the value of any applied radial force. This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P. Hathaitham. If reinforcing on the shell is indicated. Applied External Longitudinal Moment . Nozzle Weight . if any. English. RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 . Nozzle RePad Thickness . The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P.Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle. Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? . These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software. This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness.

This value is: 2.0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates. The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing.85 if not specified by the purchaser. The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0. This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full .0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C . K = 4. Temperature Difference .Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion. Factor K . The value of C shall be 0.Enter the foundation factor. Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference . The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade.Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 .TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input.25 to a maximum of 1. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate .0 for tanks on earth foundations 4.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.0.0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination.Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank. Factor B .empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis. K = 2. The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld.Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld.

However.4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners. Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) .00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) .Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency .fc. Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) .00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0.70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) . fc need not be less than 20. 70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .JEst. JEr = 0.JEr. Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) .85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0.000 psi (103 MPa).Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E.JEs. Where fc = 0.) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V.Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .35 for single lap welds JEr = 0.TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V.6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region. JEs = 1.70 for double lap welds JEr = 1.Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress . This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank.000 psi (140 MPa).) dialog box is an optional input. fc need not be less than 15. Where fc = 0.Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency . Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material .fc. JEst = 1.Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency .00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0.85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) .Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe. However.

This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs. This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees. Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference.Define the Dish Radius of Roof . The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9.3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank. Angle Between Measurements . a default of 29.5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used. Appendix B. API-653 Appendix B. Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement . Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement.Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress . Roof Dish Radius (R) .1m. in API-653 Section B. If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 . and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature.1. of the roof plate material. Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle. use every other point when generating the input.8 m.6m.f.Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) . If this value is left blank. This value must be less than 45-degrees.TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) .2. the shell plate material.R. Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653. this limit was 30 feet / 9. The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points.3.

The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs. obtained from tank inspections. Post 3rd Ed. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom.1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653. Above Ground Storage Tanks.1. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit.1.3. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed.7. each discussed in the following subsections. Bottom.4. Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed.3. and 4. Hydrocarbon Engineering. This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4. Pre 3rd Ed.4.2. May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers. Elevation . Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh. Post 3rd Ed.Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank.3. API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data. Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9.3. 4.1m intervals.7.

This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code. enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate.1. after repairs.1. Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. according to Section 2.4. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate.1.7. on a yearly basis.1 of previous editions of API-653. Pre 3rd Ed.7.0.As per API-653 Section 2.7.4.4. and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code). This value is measured from the original thickness.7. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 . If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651).As per API-653 Section 4. Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) . tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate.As per API-653 Section 2. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion. after repairs.4. Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) .7.4. Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) . then this value should be specified as 0.Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates.0. Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) .7.Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) . on a yearly basis. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion.1.As per API-653 Section 4. If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652). Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) .As per API-653 Section 2.Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.1. Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) . Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined. this value should be specified as 0.4.

If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0. on a yearly basis. on a yearly basis.4.0.1. Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) . enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed.1.Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates.As per API-653 Section 2. (GCa). Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) . Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) . enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate.As per API-653 Section 2.7. 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .As per API-653 Section 2. This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65).Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr).4. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).1.1.7. enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area.4.7.4.As per API-653 Section 2. StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom. This value is measured from the original thickness.7. enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion. Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) .TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) . if specified.4.1.7. The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) .As per API-653 Section 2.

the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used. they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box. the inspection values of t1 and t2. exclusive of pits. and a joint efficiency for each shell course. above the bottom of this course. "L" Location Above Course Bottom .Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion.Enter the average thickness in the "L" region. "L" is the critical length.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations. Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank. In subsequent thickness computations. Lowest Average Thickness . controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis.Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course. Joint Efficiency . it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course.Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region. Additionally. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. If this value is left blank. Use specified shell "L" values? . if the L location is left blank. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 . Minimum Thickness . If the t1 or t2 values are left blank. Similarly. If this value is left blank. the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L".TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L. the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities.

The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998).3.3.3. Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L".3. Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition. as well as the environmental factors. and liquid characteristics. When this box is checked. Use specified shell "E" values? . Instead. which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses. Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies. The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations. This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed. the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box.1.3. as per API-653 Table 2. Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? . API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input. Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box.Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course. This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank. Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations. This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate. Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2.TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level. Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed .1.3. the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations. Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2.3.1.

2.5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22.0 0.075 0.0 0.0 0.3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2.05 0. Boiling Point .03 0. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4. For more information.3 0.0 2.2000.075 0.5 5 10 15 20 25 1.8 2.3.375 0.7 3.15 0.Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.8 2.15 0.2.40 0.67 0.0 1.1.375 0. Filling Rate .33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1.7 11.TANK Input Emptying Rate .0 0.05 0.0 0.Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API. Liquid Flash Point . Environmental Factor .3.300 0.Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.2.0 1. see API-2000 Section 4. For more information.Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point.50 0.1. see API-2000 Section 4.3 0.Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point.1.4 5.300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 .025 see note C 1.

There is a minimum amount of user-specified data.0 1. which consists of the required tank volume. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .0 0.025 see note C 1. height. You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary.5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank.03 0. the unit cost of plate.19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0. the plate allowable stress. and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved. you have the option of transferring the diameter. and the height and diameter ranges. This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses. After exiting the Scratch-pad. based on the required volume.0 0. the fluid specific gravity.TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0.

Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad. you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. and four for a height range. as well as the thickness required for each shell course. you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations. The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate. When the desired results have been achieved. and new estimates obtained. a report can be printed. all other courses being equal to the specified input value. located to the right of the output display. Alternatively. This sizing tool. The height of the top course is also reported. If necessary. the necessary diameter (or height) is presented. The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank. Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated. contains two slider bars. The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range. or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42).TANK Input After the necessary data is specified. The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 . as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table. The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition. the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. the input data can be altered. After the scratchpad calculations have been performed.

Fluid Specific Gravity . Plate Allowable Stress . Maximum Tank Diameter . Minimum Tank Height .cm. For each height/diameter value. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. The diameter range is independent of the height range. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank.TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. Minimum Tank Diameter . followed by plate weight and cost. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. For each height/diameter value. and lb/cu. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank.cm. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined.Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes. The height range is independent of the diameter range. Cost/Unit Weight of Plate . Since the tank must be hydrotested. Average Course Height . Required Volume .Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. For each height/diameter value. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume. The height range is independent of the diameter range.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. 80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and lb/cu.Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume. followed by plate weight and cost. For consistent application. For consistent application. or KG and KG/cu. followed by plate weight and cost. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. or KG and KG/cu. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. Maximum Tank Height .Enter the unit cost of the plate material. exclusive of the diameter range. exclusive of the diameter range.in. For each height/diameter value. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. exclusive of the height range.0. The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. the minimum value for this entry should be 1. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. followed by plate weight and cost. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost.Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank.in. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. The top course may be less than the value specified here. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined.

TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 . exclusive of the height range.

TANK Input

82

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box. This gives you time to review the message. Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated. You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker. The typical response to this prompt is Yes. Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition. the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction. the procedure halts until you click Continue. the analysis files will not be created. click File > Exit. click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete. If the summary report shows that errors were found. If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 .

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section. There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 .SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module. the major solution steps to the analysis. As each solution step is entered. This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked. an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress. After the solution module has been launched. and enhancement. maintenance. the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes. and which solution steps are required by the current input data. The program files used are listed below. TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation.

Required shell course thicknesses . 1. or printed to the system printer.This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination.The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements. 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors. The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics. Because there is no TKO file.9. Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22. the message file can be very helpful. The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases. The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries. 2. newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file. their section moduli. some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. This file contains the solution data in binary format. 4. or Appendix A.1. 6. this is an iterative process. In the case of the variable point method. All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification. Shell weight and center of gravity . Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module. The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu.The number of girders. Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases .TKO file.6.1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met. These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations. As important milestones in the analysis are reached.This thickness is based on the specified design method. It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows. control is returned to the Main menu. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details. A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required. Wind girder requirements . the velocity factory. the analysis module creates the . In this instance. If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank. Wind effect . 7.Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing. Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5. and no output (TKO) file exists. In this instance. entry into the output processor is not allowed. and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5.This value is checked according to Section 5. and the overturning moment. The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials.11. Overturning stability . Allowed fluid heights . The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs.The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure. variable point. a diagnostic message is presented to the user. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section. This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set. and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E. 5. the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details. 3. either one-foot.The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user. Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation.

Service/maintenance computations . Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E . API-650 Appendix F requirements . or design the roof. This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5. The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B . After the cosine curve is known. test. with the corresponding stress for each load case.4 begins.12 and determines.The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions. Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations. Section M. Roof evaluation involves weight summations.10.3 checks are implemented. analyze. and seismic computations have been completed. Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P . Following the roof design. and empty.Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data . Section 7.These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement. After all sizing.6. the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M.After the actual roof computations are completed. the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined. the bolting requirements are checked.This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads. Following the cycle life calculations. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 . design. Grillage computations . the program will now evaluate.10.These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I. the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated. roof. A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity. if necessary. required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5. The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design. the Section 5. the required number of bolts and the bolt size.10. API-2000 Venting calculations. test. and user input).5 or 5.These computations are based on API-653 Section 2.If the roof data has been specified.

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

nozzle interaction diagrams. In addition to the menu options.Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram. Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports. If output is not available for the current job. Plot Nozzles . The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics.Produces the basic tank sketch. or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 . the following icons are also available. Plot Settlement . or modify the input data. and supported cone roof sketches.SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete. Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch. Return to Main Menu . Plot Tank Elevations . the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls. the output options are available. This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing. Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections. shell settlement plotting. A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design.Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu.Plots the shell settlement data. Plot Cone Roof . used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P. These options include both text based reports and graphics. The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams. both of these items are grayed out. A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results. After you enter the local graphics mode.Plots the supported cone roof sketch.

Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details. Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank. 92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

the optimum cosine curve. The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points. Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations. These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization. as well as an option to spline the data. the out-of-plane deflection. The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement. Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes. The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve.Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements. The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 .

which interaction diagram to plot .either longitudinal or circumferential. The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15). and which thickness to use .either design. necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded. or user entered.Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P. test. 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point. The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads. the interaction point plots at the origin. If the piping loads are not specified. as an asterisk. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 .

96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P. the interaction point must plot inside the diagram.

Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. A typical roof sketch. . lengths. structural cross section sizes. they are provided for information purposes only. These roof sketches are not shown to scale. Besides the basic roof sketch. showing cross section sizes is shown below. and quantities can be noted on the sketch. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 . defining the roof nomenclature. the resulting design can be shown graphically.

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

doc exists in the \tank\system folder. showing only those jobs that have output. by topic. its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word. Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is. (Items can be de-selected in the same manner).SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports. This option opens a standard File Open dialog. View Report using Microsoft Word . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 .Prints the selected reports.Saves the selected reports. When the analysis phase completes.Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word. the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated. Save .doc file contains the company logo and address details. Print . The intent is that the header. the Output Report menu displays. Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click. Open . After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected. When you send reports to Microsoft Word. This menu lists the available reports. if a file named header. The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs. The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window.Enables switching to the output of a different job.

Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports . Select Font . 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . job name. page number. Select Heading Fonts . time. in general. major and minor level text. Each of these reports is discussed. You can also suppress the ending page number. and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen. Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user. Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data. in the following sections. From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings. This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended. Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here.Turn on or off the page numbering. date. The header contains the user’s name. and program version number. Next Report .Displays the previous report.Erases the selected reports.Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box. Previous Report .Changes the font when printing reports. Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings.Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box. Each page of output begins with a header.Displays the next report. Disable/Enable Page Numbering . Modify the Starting Page Number . From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers.

Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 . Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined.Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data. This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module. seismic. as well as whether or not roof. and settlement details were defined.

Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data.Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker.

The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results. For API-653 analysis. the material name. as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table. The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases. The next section of the report reflects the material properties used. For each shell course. All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified. the area exposed to the wind. ENGLISH. test allowable stress. the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course.TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module.Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module . The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases. consisting of the velocity factor. as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1. It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis. and the wind moment. Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program. The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind. including the wind girder height reduction factor. Material. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 . and Appendix M reduction factor are listed. The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here. design allowable stress.

the geometry detail and angle size are also reported. based on API-650 Section 5. The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations. The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components. If Detail e is required. and the center of gravity of the shell. as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell.Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width. the weight of the shell.11. This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders. the b dimension is also included in the report. Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method. Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check". For each wind girder required.

and the design roof load. and the rafter length.Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. and at the shell. the radius to each girder ring. If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring. the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero. The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates. This report is shown below. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 . and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F. the spacing on the inner girders. the number of rafters resting on the inner girders. the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. Note that at the center of the tank. This information begins with the number of girder rings. and the number and length of the girders in each ring. the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details. the spacing on the outer girders.

Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters. the required section modulus. This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring. This information includes the unit load on the member. and is shown below. Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and the actual section modulus. the selected cross section.

This information begins with the column load. the actual compressive stress.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. This is followed by the selected cross section. and required radius of gyration. height. allowable compressive stress. This information is shown below. Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 . and the actual radii of gyration.

6.5 or 5. Following the roof design/analysis report. are the results of the Appendix F computations. The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5. an API unit. and either 5. This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift. All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”.10. the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction.5. and the compression ring failure pressure. This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight. Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components.3. These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths.10.10. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

and empty. test fluid. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 .Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E. These computations were made for three cases: design fluid.

deflection. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input. and user input thickness. the flexibilities. For each case. Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness. and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported. test shell thickness.Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P. rotation.

This table also includes the settlement measurements. the optimum cosine curve through these measured points.Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B. the out-of-plane settlement. and the out-of-plane deflection. Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 . This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points.

Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . outbreathing and fire exposure. This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing.3 of API-2000.Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4. The venting report is shown below.

Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5. There are two sections to this report.12. and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases. the required bolt diameter. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 . The second section shows the required number of bolts. The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases.

as well as the number of allowed cycles. The report lists the exclusions and checks made. Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M.

Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V. Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

...... is located at \examples\o_wc................ is located at \examples\a_wc........... 118 Example Problem TEST1...................................................................tki.................................................................................................................................... 117 Example Problem A_WC ................... as defined by the One Foot method............. 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 .......................... Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations................ 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ...............................................tki............................................................ 118 Example Problem SEIS01 .............................. 117 Example Problem O_WC ................. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 ............................SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code.........................tki....... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA .......... 118 Example Problem APP_P ............................................. 118 Example Problem B&Y ............. 118 Example Problem SSC1 ............................................... Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations..... 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k...... as defined by Appendix A of API-650. In This Section Example Problem APP_K ...

tki. Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p. (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S. Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1. 118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . For more information see the file \examples\b&y.tki.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations.tki. Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1.tki.tki. Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V.tki. This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young. is located at \examples\sstest1. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E. Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M. for stainless steel tanks.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E.

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

EXE .EXE .EXE .Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A. Main Set APIOUT.EXE .EXE .EXE .Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.EXE .Error check module OUTWORD.Configuration program help data file TKSET02.Input module help data file API02.EXE .EXE .EXE .Main program TKERCK.EXE.APPENDIX A Appendix A .CHM .Configuration program help pointer file TANK.TXT .Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.EXE file scanner CRCCHK.EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B.EXE .EXE .EXE .Input module help pointer file TKER01A.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR.EXE .DLL .EXE .Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .Units generation module MATEDIT.EXE .Output report review processor TANK.Solution module COADEXE.Material database editor OUTPUT.CRC check program MAKEUNIT. The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.EXE .Help file TIPS.EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B.Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.Output preprocessor APISOLV.

Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.Messages for input processor SCREEN3.DAT .MAT .Appendix A .HED .Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.TXT .1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.EXE .CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.2005 API-650 material database A650_08.1988 API-650 material database A650_93.Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.TXT .1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.FIL .MAT .MAT .ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.TXT .MAT .MAT .MAT .Data from Table 3-22 XX.1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.FIL .MAT .FIL .1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.MAT .Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.EXE .1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.1993 API-650 material database A650_94.MAT .MAT .MAT .Structural database file API650.SI units file T2A.2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.ENGLISH units file MM.MAT .MAT .Messages for output processing TITLE.1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.MAT .DIG .CRC .MAT .Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.FIL .Millimeter units file MPH.MAT .2008 API-650 material database AISC89.

TKI .TKI .Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1.Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 .Example seismic computations for Appendix E.Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1.TKI .Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.Example computations for Appendix.Appendix A .TKI .TKI .TKI .Sample input for variable point method APP_P.TKI .TKI . SEIS01.Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC.TKI .TKI .Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K.Stainless steel example SSC1.TKI .Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA.Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y.

Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix A .

Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK. Figure B.1 .English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 .APPENDIX B Appendix B . You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary.

Standard Units Systems Figure B.SI Units File Figure B.4 .MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .2 .3 .Appendix B .MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.

EH36 A-573.B A-662.2 A-633.B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 .65 A-573.705 A-516.APPENDIX C Appendix C .70 A-662. When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.58 A-573. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.60 A-516.D A-678.List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database.A A-678.C A-633.1 A-537.B A-737.CS A-36 A-131.B A-131.55 A-516.C A-537.65 A-516.A A-131.

C E-355.275 * ISO 630 E-275t.21 G40.21 G40.D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .D E-275.C E-275t.235 NS.C E-355t.C E-275.D E-355t.21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.21 G40.21 G40.21 G40.D E-355.List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.Appendix C .250 NS.

Appendix C .List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .

List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix C .

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 .2835648E+00 YES .1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO .5000000E-02 YES . 1. 1.200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES .3000000E+00 .3.FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1.0000000E+00 .7.9. 0. 1. 1.MAT ENGLISH. 2.APPENDIX D Appendix D . 1.4000+E01 Sect. 0. 1. 1.1 YES A650_94.Default Configuration Directives Ver. 1.

Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix D .

Added many “text” changes to the output. Added several minor changes as requested by users.650 10 Edition.APPENDIX E Appendix E . Version 3. Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 .10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition.30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2. th Version 2. South African Bolt. Version 3.20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1.00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API . Added JIS structural steel shape library. BS3643. Version 3. Added a Wind Parameter input dialog.Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK. Implemented API-653 4th Edition. Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%. rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API . Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric.653 3 Edition. Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights.55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density. to provide more information and detail. Version 3.

this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section.6. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary. Incorporated API-650 10th Edition.6. The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E.1. Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad. for easier usage.Appendix E .50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M.Revision History Version 2. Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses. from PVP-1279. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database.20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Since bolting data is now a required input.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials. Revised documentation. Version 2. Addendum 3. Revised the output processor.4. Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition. This provides better capability to notify users of software updates. Version 2. Addendum 1. The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1. Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration. as a result of Addendum 1.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition. Version 2. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates.2 through E.

5. Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A.2. This involved removing both A442 materials.Appendix E .10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition. Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference.00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2. Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height. A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3. API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum. Section 3. to include the bottom shell course thickness.Revision History Version 2. Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination. Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power. Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height).2 has been incorporated. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 . Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1.25 inch plate. in accordance with the recent addendum. which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches. Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0.4.60 / 2.

51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated.50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated. Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included.40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition. Version 1. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . versions prior to 1. A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E. API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates. Addendum 2 changes incorporated. Previous versions treated zero as a blank. Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added. Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated. First. this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database. Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added. Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added. Version 1. permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses. Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added. now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1. Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations. Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports.Revision History Version 1. Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases). Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations. Note. Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added. The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero. Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet.5. This ability has been added for Version 1.50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet.50.Appendix E .3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress. Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic.

Additionally the weights for operating. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module.8 added.1. The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary.11 added. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 .8.10.3.5. A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated.3 is reported.9.5.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs.1.1.2. Consideration of Section 17.31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added.e has been added.Revision History Version 1. Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3. Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3. Mouse support has been added to all modules. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated.7. A material database editor is provided. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization. Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment. test. Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module.1.6.1 added. Bold design procedure for Section 3. the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3. API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2. “Variable Point” location reported. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank. Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added.4. and empty conditions are reported.Appendix E . API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified. Bolt design references to standard bolt size table. Version 1. Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3.10.

Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell. and square roots. Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads.11. This units file.5 curves. A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu. A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs. An additional "English" units file is provided. Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3. squares. and the setting of the default output report generation parameters. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes. The calculator supports the basic four math operations. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P.0 used one or the other set of curves. Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles. there was no interpolation between curves.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young. MPH.FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour. Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E. For API-653 analysis.6 added.0 and L/2a=1. Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program. a network hardware lock. Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design. trigonometric functions.Revision History Version 1. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix E . The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations. This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections. The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3. PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports. Several new configuration directives have been added.11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added.11 and Appendix E computations. Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added. which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case. Version 1. Version 1. and a segregation of program and system files. For API-653 runs. an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3. This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives.

Third Edition. ASME 1996. Osage. 118. American Petroleum Institute. Process Equipment Design. Improve Storage Tank Inspections. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. PVP Vol 336. PVP Vol 315. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. F. Hendrix & Carucci. Transactions of the ASME. August 1996. Eighth Edition. and Lambe. Bardia. McGraw-Hill. November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653. Lengsfeld. August 1980. ASME. Vol 12. and Fenton. August 1982. ASME 1995. and Taagepera. Fifth Edition. Vol 108. and Horwege. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 . PVP Vol 315. Koczwara. Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. Lu. Hathaitham. ASME 1995. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks. John Wiley & Sons. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. Hydrocarbon Processing. PVP Vol 336. Malik. LaBounty. 1997. FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. Inc. American Petroleum Institute. Brownell & Young. API-620. Myers.Selected References API-650.. Lengsfeld. Hydrocarbon Processing. Taagepera. Bardia. and Hagstrom. Billimoria and Tam. Swenson. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. American Petroleum Institute. A. Tenth Edition. Ramos. ASME 1996. 2002. An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks. Billimoria. and Lengsfeld. Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. Journal of Strain Analysis. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement. Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. August 1980. Hydrocarbon Processing. Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks. Parikh. PVP-1279. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). 1977. Lengsfeld. Philip E. No 4. Marr. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. America Petroleum Institute. Morton. Bardia and Taagepera. and Ruiz. Vol. Carucci & Ay. April 1998. 1959.APPENDIX F Appendix F . October 1996. Smith. November 1978. June 1990. Revise Storage Tank Inspections. Above Ground Storage Tanks. API-2000. January 1995.

Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix F .

Program File List • 121 Appendix B . 83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V.Revision History • 133 Appendix F .Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C .Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old.) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A . 83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 .List of Materials • 127 Appendix D .Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E . Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30.

Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31. 87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87. 121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1.60 / 2.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind. Material.10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3.10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2.Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39. 125 Units • 9 units files • 24. 76 Version 1.30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2.40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2.55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3. Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42.31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1.50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2.20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1.20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 .40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3. 99.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1.20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2.