Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

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Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS 252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3. Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Intergraph Corporation P.O. Box 240000 Huntsville, AL 35813 Street address: 170 Graphics Drive, Madison, AL 35758

Terms of Use
Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

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All warranties given by Intergraph Corporation about equipment or software are set forth in the EULA provided with the software or applicable license for the software product signed by Intergraph Corporation, and nothing stated in, or implied by, this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification or amendment of such warranties. Intergraph believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date. The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document. The software discussed in this document is furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of this license. No responsibility is assumed by Intergraph for the use or reliability of software on equipment that is not supplied by Intergraph or its affiliated companies. THE USER OF THE SOFTWARE IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE FINAL EVALUATION AS TO THE USEFULNESS OF THE SOFTWARE IN HIS OWN ENVIRONMENT. Intergraph is not responsible for the accuracy of delivered data including, but not limited to, catalog, reference and symbol data. Users should verify for themselves that the data is accurate and suitable for their project work.

Trademarks
Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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................ 83 Warning & Error Options ............................................................ 80 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad .............................................................Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ........................................................................ 87 TANK Program Files .......... 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box ........................................................................................................................................................ 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 70 Shell Settlement Data .............................................................. 91 Tank Layout Sketch ..................................................................... 101 Error Checker LOG File ..... 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams ..... 110 Settlement Checks .................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ......... 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .......................................................... 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results ........................ 102 Solution Module TXT File .......... 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 99 Output Report Discussions ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 92 Shell Settlement Plots ................................................................................. Material..................... 103 Wind......................................................................... 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data ................................................ Thickness & Weights ................................. 85 Analysis/Solution Phase................. 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ........................................ 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V.......................................................................................................................................................................... 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches ...... 105 Seismic Analysis Results .... 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ................................................................................................................................................................. 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box ......................... 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box ............................................................ 100 Job Title Page ...................... 103 Roof Evaluation ........................................ 97 Output Report Generation ................................................. 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box ................................................................................................................................................................. 88 Local Graphics Output ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 111 API-2000 Venting Output ......... 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed....................................................................................................... 87 Solution Overview ......... 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ........................................................................................... 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ....................... 112 API-650 Bolting Report ........................................................................... 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box ............ 84 Completing the Error Check Phase .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)............................................................................................................................................................................. 100 User Input Data .................................................................................................................................................... 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box ......................................) Dialog Box ................... Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) .........................................................................

............................................ 125 Appendix C ............................................ 134 Version 2..................20 Changes (9/09) ..................................................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem TEST1 ....... 121 English Text Set ........................................60 / 2.....................................................................50 Changes (5/97) ........................................................... 128 * National Standards ............................................................................................................... 115 Examples ..................................................................................................................................................... 121 Help & Error Processing Set ..................................................................Default Configuration Directives ...................................................... 114 API-650 External Pressure Output ................................................... 122 API Data Set........................................................................................................40 Changes (7/02) .................................. 119 Appendix A ..................40 Changes (9/96) ..................................................................................... 128 * ISO 630....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 127 * CSA Standards ...................................................................................................................................................................30 Changes (9/10) .... 131 Appendix E ......................................................................................................................... 133 Version 3.................................................................. 135 Version 1......................Program File List ......................00 Changes (1/99)...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................55 Changes (10/05) ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Version 3............................................... 117 Example Problem O_WC .....................................................................................................................Standard Units Systems.......... 117 Example Problem A_WC ......... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 .... 134 Version 2.................................................................... 118 Example Problem B&Y ........................ 133 Version 3......................................................................................... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 .......... 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) .. 121 Main Set ........................ 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) ......................................................................................................................... 133 Version 2..... 135 Version 1.............................Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output .............................................................................................................. 118 Example Problem SSC1 ................................................................................. 129 * Unknown For API-653 .............. 123 Appendix B ............................................................ 136 Version 1............................................................................00 Changes (11/07) ......................................................................... 133 Version 3...................... 118 Example Problem APP_P .................................30 Changes (2/02) ......................................................................................................................................................................10 Changes (5/00) .................. 118 Example Problem SEIS01................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 117 Example Problem APP_K ......................................................... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA .......................................................50 Changes (3/04) .......................................................................................List of Materials .................................................................................................................... 136 Version 1......................... 129 Appendix D ................................................................... 134 Version 2....................................................... 133 Version 2............................................................................................... 127 * ASTM Standards ............................................................................................................................................20 Changes (9/00) ................................................................................................................. 122 Examples Data Set ...............................................Revision History ................................................................................. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 .................................................................................................................................10 Changes (9/08) .........................................................51 Changes (9/97) ................................................................................... 134 Version 2..........................................................

.............. 138 Appendix F .............................................. 138 (6/94) .............................Contents Version 1...........31 Changes Version 1.................................................................... 137 (11/94) ........................................................... 137 (8/95) ................ 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................30 Changes Version 1.... 139 Index .....10 Changes (2/96) ........Selected References .............................................................20 Changes Version 1......................................................................................................

however. configuration. It is expected. fax. and expeditious designs. TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input.com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 . and operation of the program. economical.com Web: www. input validation to avoid run time errors. the web site.coade. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation. which can be launched by pressing F1. cell specific help for guidance and information. To that end. and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution. and by mail. Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade. that questions focus on the current version of the program. However. TANK support is available by telephone. Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible. Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. when in doubt. rely on the help system. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users. e-mail.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes.

Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1. These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file. After the help system has been activated. the appropriate information displays in an interactive window. Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the help text includes the expected input units in the title line. When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific.Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section. Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system. which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user.

Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module. TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation. Even though TANK validates your input data. This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach. Upon exit from the diagnostic utility. and division) are supported in the input cells.Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file. In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells. For example. These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch). After the review of a specific error message is complete. the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary. user control is returned to the Main menu. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files . Creating Units Sets . This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis. For more information on the four standard supplied units systems. A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files.Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK. The four basic math operations (addition. subtraction. Reviewing Output . a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0. assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database.New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units. The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them. Selecting a Units File . This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system.Standard Units Systems (on page 125). The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog. multiplication.Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program.09375. the program attempts to trap the error. and finally reports the problem to you. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 . In some instances additional sets may be required.Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system. When such a fatal condition occurs. see Appendix B . there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis.

These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method. This includes the material data from Table 5. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2. Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000. TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes.3. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes. including the limiting load interaction diagrams. and digitized data from Appendix P. Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A.Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices. Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P. Minimum metal temperature reporting. Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance. Seismic computations according to Appendix E. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M.2. An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B. External pressure computations according to Appendix V. Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary. Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M.

Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products. which installs TANK.Includes options to install the HASP.Displays a text file discussing the installation steps.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page.Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum. Services Training . Additional Products . Contact Intergraph . the HASP drivers.Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph. License Agreement . Browse the CD .Launches the main installation process. and the CD contents.Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD.Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products. Support Forum . and all associated documentation. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 .Displays the TANK License Agreement.SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK. The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything. The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays. Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window. CD Content Additional Installations . These options include: Install TANK . ReadMe File . TANK Information . insert the CD into the drive. Release Notes . the system requirements.

Insert the TANK CD into your computer. Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation.Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing. Business. HASP Trouble Shooting . The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed. Hardware Requirements minimum of 2. 2. Windows Vista (Ultimate.0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs. 1. HASP Licensing Overview . Click Install TANK to begin the installation. Professional.Displays a PDF document containing these instructions.exe in the root CD folder. Installation Instructions . 12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional.Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System.Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer. double-click CDSpawn. or Enterprise). or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported. If the setup does not start automatically. or Windows 7 (Ultimate.

If you accept the license agreement. select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement. 4. 6. You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 . and then click Cancel. where <product name> reflects the program name and version. Read the license agreement. Click Next on the welcome page. The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>. 7. -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement. select I accept the terms in the license agreement. 5. Click Next to continue. click Change. and then click Next. To install the software in another location.Installation 3.

select the SPLM license option. You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run.Installation 8. An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation. 14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. select the key color. 9. If you are using a network ESL key. If you are using SmartPlant License Manager. Select the license type that you have.

the following dialog box displays. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 . Click OK.Installation As the installation progresses. 10. Skip to step 11. installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run. the status displays. If this dialog does not display. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock. After successfully installing the HASP device driver. After the TANK files have been installed. you are not prompted to install the HASP driver. If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type.

Click No to reboot later. it is a good idea to restart Windows. Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary. Select Show the readme file to view the readme. Issue the installation command as detailed below. such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging. Click Finish. Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs. 2.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally.Installation 11. Because a device driver was loaded. To launch TANK in silent mode. Click Yes to reboot your computer now. with no interaction from you.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR . Setup.doc file. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD. 13.exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green.The path to load the installation files. Setup. 12. perform these steps: 1. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Command Cmd= setup.

Alternatively.The ESL color. The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software. If your computer uses a local ESL. A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility. because the computer is usually always on. The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server. In order for the network to recognize the ESL.TXT and ESL_RED. The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder.This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT .TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions. Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations.Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs. we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL. refer to the documentation files NETHASP. The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 . The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server). because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops). Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL. Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software). if all of the licenses are on the network ESL. a user must then be logged into the network to access the software. If the network ESL is attached to a workstation. The file server is a better location for this ESL. you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL.Installation ESL_COLOR . you can skip the remainder of this section. The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location. Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems. Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers. The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs. the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software.

announced. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found. In order to alleviate this problem for our users. the build is finalized. Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds. and posted to the Web site. When this occurs. user requests. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available. This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build.x<date>. databases grow. but only one build is required at any given time. Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www. file formats change.com). The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date. and distributing the various builds generated between major releases. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version. builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated. before the next version can be released. and so on. and corrections. Determine which build file you need and download it. archiving. In addition. they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda.coade. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web. and the date it was created. Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released. its size.exe. operational enhancements. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains. additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files. 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. In other words. However. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement. a correction to the currently shipping version is made. A build is intended for one specific version of the software. After the file has been downloaded and installed. operating system modifications. This correction is referred to as a Build.Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static. the version indicator. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking. Build Y contains Build X. When this occurs. and the build date. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu. and also displays when you click Help > About. The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation.

the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level. you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory. This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size. and build bevel. From the Utility > Tools menu. Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package. This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version. click COADE EXE Scanner. This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. Simply double-click the build file (the exe). on the Main Program menu.Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD. A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. To see which program modules have been modified. additional usage instructions may be found in this file. This allows you to see. and the software installation will update appropriately. When necessary. memory requirements. follow any prompts. Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 .TXT. which build is in use. Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level.

To reinstall an older version of the software. Then.Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. if it becomes necessary. you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release. Patched Version When a new version of the software is released. 20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD. Additionally. the last build should be installed. This will allow full use of this version at some later time. the distribution CD should be installed first. Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

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Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

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This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews. the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory.Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients. Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list. Structural Database .S. A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program. which may be unique. You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command. Material File . Each data directory can contain its own configuration file. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory. Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units. Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored. Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database . Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Select the material file to use. Units File . Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory. This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients. followed by a scan of the installation directory. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory.Specifies the anchor bolt database. Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U.Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module. structural shapes and materials. the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used. as well as International shape libraries. If a data directory does not contain a configuration file.Select the units file to use.

and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above). Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 . analyzed. Warning messages are acceptable to the program . Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon. From here. The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected. After a solution data file is available. After the input has been defined. The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution. For more information. see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21).you must correct these errors before proceeding. and control is returned to the main menu. see Error Checking (on page 83). The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive).SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual. it must be error checked. It is assumed.you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis. an intermediate data file is created for analysis. If there are errors in the input data. you can select one of the Output menu options. defined. analysis is prohibited . that the program has been properly installed and configured. select Analyze Only to start the analysis module. a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu. Upon completion of the analysis. and reviewed. Assuming that error checking completed successfully. For more information on the error checker.

click TANK.Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session. 2. Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output. From the Start menu. either new or old. Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports. quit the output processor. 26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 5. Select a job. the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports. As long as the job input parameters remain fixed. Define the input data. The steps outlined above are summarized below. The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu. 4. 3. 1. Focus then returns to the Main menu. Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only.

corresponding to the major topics on the menu. and ESL review. the Material Database editor. Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition. configuration. but also include output review (both text and graphics). and help. The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK.SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start. utility tools. or by double clicking the desktop icon. output review. The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 . The options are arranged in groups. launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu. diagnostics. analysis. The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options.

Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk. Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . saving.Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening. and printing the input for a specific job. TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration.

Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen. each accessed from the menu. Upon completion of the input. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 .Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job. Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39). The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon. the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job. The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups.

written to the . 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . If the input data successfully passes the error checker.Starts the solution module. based on your input parameters. which produces the output file for the job. The Analyze option is deactivated until the . or the input data contained errors and no . an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description.Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check. the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data. For more information on the analysis processor. Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text. automatically starts the solution module. with a . Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83). The analysis module performs the solution step. If the verified problem data. an analysis file for the job is written. either designing a tank or re-rating a tank. Analyze. (grayed out).Starts the error checker. The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker.TKE suffix. Analyze . and Error Check and Analyze. TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked. see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87). This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed.TKE file. cannot be located. Steps not required are disabled.TKE file was generated. Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel.Starts the error checker. the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu. and if the input passes the error checker. Error Check .TKE file is written by the error checker. Error Check and Analyze . In any event. As each phase is completed.

the current CPU time and date are used. and review latest reports. For more information on output processing. For viewing text based reports. Append Reports . the Material Database editor.Starts the graphics processor. and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner. This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically. the batch stream processor and a text file review option. Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created. shell settlement graphs.Creates a new set of output reports. Time Stamp . Overwrite Reports . in multiple units systems if necessary. If this data is not specified. Review Latest Reports . viewing graphical results. see Local Graphics Output (on page 91).Displays the output review control panel.Generates a new set of reports. and changing the time stamp in the report headers. in the current units system.Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers. completely replacing any existing reports. Nozzle load interaction diagrams. append reports. three options are available: overwrite reports. at the end of the last set of reports. custom units systems. in the current units system. Local Graphics .Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports. The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 .

Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the batch log file. Message File .Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data.Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis. Material Database Editor . Batch Log File .Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations. Calculator . and the solution message file.Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase. The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties. The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter.Using the Main Menu Configuration . The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter.Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database. see Program Configuration (on page 21). Error Check Log File .Starts Notepad to review a selected data file. File Review .Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. The file is created by a prior analysis. For details of the program configuration. Batch Stream Processor .Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created. Custom Units . This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed. There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file.Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives.

clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column. if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 . However. This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available. the software attempts to invoke this module automatically. However. This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure. then the file has been corrupted in some manner. a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed. Should a “fatal error” occur. If a CRC Check error occurs. Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker .Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number. If the values do not match. Corruption could indicate bad distribution media. This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations. or a virus infection. Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module .Using the Main Menu CRC Check . the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation. The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software. This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name.Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number.Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory.

Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu). Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL.Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time. which is required to access the software. most of the Main menu items will be disabled. this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu. If there is an access problem with the ESL. However. The ESL is the External Software Lock.

The file will reside in the program’s \system folder.Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software. as generated by the Intergraph support staff. These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified. the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored.TXT file of the information. suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx. and accepting instructions from the user.TXT”. This option is similar to the phone update option. This information consists of the client name. Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a . Generate Fax Codes . Occasionally. generating data for the user.Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes. versioning information. reset a date. usually to extend limits. This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel. some of this date may require updating in the field. These updates encompass changes requested by the client. where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL. Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes. date or run limits. The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task. except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel.Starts an interactive procedure.Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes. This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information. to interact with the user on the telephone. and the time stamp of the last access. Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 . or by clicking the ESL icon. or change the client name. Receive and Enter Fax Codes . Phone Update . and ID number.

The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar. . Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph. When all codes have been entered. found in the frame area of the Main menu. By default. click OK to enable the changes to the ESL. Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . all options are selected. Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options.Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid.

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

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Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

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This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis. data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed. see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72). This dialog is an optional input. external loads. This dialog is an optional input. and fire. Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog. This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions. Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog. For more information. see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53). depending on the tank.TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog. the course height. course material. depending on the tank. Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. For more information.7. see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). depending on the tank. This information consists of the diameter. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. and in the text by Brownell & Young. depending on the tank. Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. depending on the tank. This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. Activates the Grillage Review dialog. pressure. This dialog is an optional input. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell. This dialog is an optional input. This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. For more information. This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters. fluid specific gravity. depending on the tank. 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . For more information. Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog. the number of courses. see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65). see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). out-breathing. Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. As mentioned above. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. temperature. Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog. course thickness. This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P. see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76). For more information. fluid depth. and the desired code. For more information. For more information. see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71). The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E. This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing. This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters. For more information. For more information. see API 650 External Pressure (App V. The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78). see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). Section I. This dialog is an optional input. Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification.) Dialog Box (on page 70). For more information. Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog.

users can save the input by using the File menu. The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar. The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document. there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file. but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too. The first displays the title page. If necessary. on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters.HED. Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog. any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes. the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page. Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically). The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options.TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad. We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session. This serves as a good starting point for a tank design. As with most software programs. this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. With TANK. to the General Data dialog. with the input data. found in the file TITLE. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . or by clicking the Diskette icon.

This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. 42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the expected units display to the right of the input cell. and Anchor Bolt Details. Where applicable. For each input cell. Shell Courses.TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study. Wind Details. Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank.

This context menu is shown below. The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 .TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field. the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below). in which you can select any valid material from the active database. used as the default for all individual shell courses. Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu.

Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database.TANK Input Alternatively. which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank. Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu. the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below).

the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. For stainless steels. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height. For stainless materials. Initially. For carbon steels from Table 3-2. material name. as necessary. the program fills in the Sd and St values. on a course-by-course basis. the software displays the Material context menu. if necessary. as described previously. and material test stress can be specified for each shell course. Therefore. all courses acquire the same material. The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output. Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 . the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time.TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses. thickness. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. as specified on the Tank Data tab. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material. When you right-click the Material cell. However. material design stress. or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. corrosion allowance. for stainless materials. the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog.

The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs. The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3). but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files. API-650 Section 5. and may result in the design of required anchorage. TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults. Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank).TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. If these times are not defined. if necessary. Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage.

The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation. a descriptive comment defines the expected input.Enter the design pressure in the indicated units. If you select D. For each input cell. API Design Code . If the value of the design temperature is changed.TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. Appendix F. TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method . ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses. Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error. or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code. The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box. limits the design pressure to 2.5 psi / 17.The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file. seismic. Where applicable. which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses. Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. or Design mode. If you select A. Select the entry from the list. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only. Design Temperature .Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements.Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input. Design Pressure at Top .Enter the design temperature in the indicated units. API-650. or Analyze mode. it can only be used in analysis mode. API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4. If the design temperature exceeds this limit.2 kPa. Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line. the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 . API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C. Run Objective . but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C. A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected. This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank. subsequent calculations for wind girders. then the rules of Appendix M are applied.

enter the actual distance.6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1. This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st .85 0. the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates.50 + k/5 0.50 + k/5 0.70. Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder .Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation.Enter the total height of the tank shell. the joint efficiency should be either 0.Enter the diameter of the tank.Enter the height of the design liquid level. such as for a walk-way. this value should be entered as zero. Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] . API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown.35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A .Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder.3. so the default of 1. No other computations use this value.Enter the specific gravity of the fluid.3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency. Liquid Specific Gravity (G) .85 0.85 1.As per Appendix A. If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank. and is used in the wind load computations.85 0.No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .3.85 0. If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell.70 0. Weight Attachments & Structures . this value is used only in the Design case. This value should be the sum of the individual course heights.75 0.0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations.85 or 0. Design Liquid Level (H) .4.0 for the Hydrotest case.00 0. Tank Shell Height (HTK) . This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device.85 0.70 0. As per API-650. API-653 Section 2.Spot RT Appendix A .TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) .00 0. The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1. Note.70 0.

this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box.Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5. Local Area Shell Only . Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form. Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank. check this checkbox.3.2 Calculations . its allowable stresses.11 Wind Pressure .1. The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank. activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course.3.2 includes a wind moment term. yield strength.1. Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4. Entire Shell Course Evaluation . These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment .11 stability.4.9. left-click the . After a valid material is selected. uncheck this checkbox.Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5.Enter the number of shell courses in the tank.3.This field displays the material name.1a.3. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 . Due consideration should be given to Section 5. This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use.9. 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment .3. This selection uses equation 4..Enter the density of the tank insulation. The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53.Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell.Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank. The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course. A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional. This selection uses equation 4. right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen. and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use. select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course. wind gust.b.3. Section 5. tensile strength.1. Wind Velocity .Turns on an off wind loads on the roof.. Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954.3. Default Shell Material . which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height. uncheck this checkbox. Insulation Thickness .a.TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded. (d) Single lap welded only.7.6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height. check this checkbox. Include Annular Base Plate Details . If the material varies over the shell courses. internal pressure.As per API-653 Section 4.7.3. Insulation Density .If the tank will have an annular base ring. If the tank will not have an annular base ring. Alternatively. or open-top tanks.As per API-653 Section 4. To properly access a valid material name and its properties. to display the same context menu.1.As of API-650 9th Edition. which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height. To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition). This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary. grade. the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F. To include the wind moment term. Number of Shell Courses .

For stainless steels. Table S-2. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course.1.Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units.Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S. If this cell is left blank. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. on a course-by-course basis. Height . the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. SSD1 through SSD5 . If it is constant. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n. Thickness .1. You can use the options on this tab to change the material.TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses. If this cell is left blank. the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses.Enter the thickness for the current shell course. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. if necessary. If this cell is left blank.6.Represents the allowable design stress. If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness. Corrosion Allowance . If necessary. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. this value will be displayed as zero.6. 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .1. If necessary. These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value. For stainless steels. referred to as Sd in the API code.Represents the allowable test stress. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5.1). Material Design Stress . these values will be interpolated during the solution phase. If it is constant. For this reason. If this cell is left blank for the first course. referred to as St in the API code. The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5. Hydro Test Stress . the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead. the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero. If it is constant.

0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments. Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter . API 650 recommends a value of 0. If entered.95 (the default) for this parameter. Kd . Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0.04.7500 3.5000 2. the value defaults to 1.Enter the wind speed up factor for hills. If left blank. Kz .Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7.5000 0. This value should be 1.6250 0.85.0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4. If these times are not defined.7500 0. and the anchorage is necessary.3750 1. This is an optional entry. This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage.0000 2. Threads per Unit Length .0. The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch.7500 2. If left blank.12.0000 1.5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 . Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units.5 4.8750 1. Kzt . I . the thread pitch is necessary.Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7.TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7.5000 1. the value defaults to 0.Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7.The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5. the value defaults to 1.2500 1.1250 1. Gust Factor .Enter the wind directionality factor. If left blank. In order to size the anchor bolts. it will be evaluated using this data. TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults.Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage.2500 2.

0 is used. This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank. The software internally multiplies this value by 2. Section F. the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5.Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle. Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance .7500 4. API-650.Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650. If this value is left blank. the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration.12. 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .12. This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage.Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts.25 inches.Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5.4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0.7. As a result.2500 3. Bolt Yield Stress . Number of Anchor Bolts . this value is no longer used.TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3.For evaluation of an existing anchorage. If the software redesigns the anchorage. the bolt allowable stress was required input. Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter . an offset of 0.0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress .5000 3. As of this addendum. enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value. but is maintained for compatibility with older input files.

The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 . the top half of this dialog must be filled out.2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box. and maximum allowed pressure. The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box. and then click Compute. Supported Cone Roof Data. This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab. or a supported cone roof will be designed. Data entered in these fields will not be saved. define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k). wind over turning. This data is used in further analysis. The Net Area Scratchpad (F. This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary. and Girder Rings. Note that this is a scratchpad. At this point. such as seismic analysis. To use this scratchpad.TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below. a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made. Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design.

The help system provides guidance here. displays the parameters used in the roof design. and columns. in the usage of the various structural types. shown below. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank.TANK Input If instead. depending on the active structural library. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . girders. This tab. For the structural and roof plate materials. and in the available cross sections. the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database. a supported cone roof is to be designed. and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab. the material for the cross sections and roof plate. The allowed cross sections vary.

TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young. Angle Between Roof & Horizontal . column rings. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters. and how many girders make up the ring. the software can design the rafters. and rafter rings is known. Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths. alternate positioning is desired. All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell. columns and girders.Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction. Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring. Roof Type . Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 . For rafter supported cone roofs. General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof. then the members are sized only. Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs.Defines the roof type of the tank. If however. which are supported by columns. as the number of girder rings. the software can design the rafters. which are supported by girders. If this information is specified. the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab.

1.Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. Thickness of Roof Plate . TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally.Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates. click Compute. Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) . TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. % of Weights Supported by Shell . Weight of Snow on Roof . it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed).Since the analysis hasn’t been performed. Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) .Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks. or a supported cone roof is being designed.Select the desired cross section.2. the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations.2. corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F. specify the bar thickness in this field. This value will not be used. the computed roof plate weight is always used. Thickness of Bar (tb) . If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here. After the data has been defined.10.TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction . 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad. Figure (a-k) .Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks.Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. For supported cone roofs. refer to API-650 Figure F-2. The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load. This value will not be used. TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally. the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations. this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot. According to API-650 5.Enter the area resisting the compressive force.Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. Weight of Roof Framing . Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance .Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. Roof Live Load . Weight of Roof Plates . If the input value is greater. Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) . an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required. This value should include the corrosion allowance.If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar. TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. After the analysis. This value will not be used. if any. This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness. Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved.Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course. Specify this estimate in the tc field.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations. For details. The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box.

These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. column rafter. girder. DI. S.Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. column rafter. C. For the 1989 AISC library. column rafter. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. C.Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. girder. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 . girder. Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) . valid types for this cell are: W. Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type . girder. and P. WT. and M. valid types for this cell are: W. DC. girder.TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) . column rafter. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter.Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch. The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below.

column Preferred Girder Type .Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders. column rafter. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. HP. column For the 1991 German library. column rafter. T. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. girder. column CT Channels. girder. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: IP. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. UC. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. column rafter. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: I. and C. parallel USAGE rafter. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below. CP. column For the 1993 UK library. girder. and T. column rafter. girder. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. taper rafter. column For the 1990 South African library. column For the 1990 Australian library. girder. girder. and CT. girder. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . girder. U. column rafter.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. and UC.

These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 . and M. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. C. S. UC. column rafter. girder. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. girder.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. and P. column rafter. girder. girder. girder. T. column rafter. column rafter. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. C. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. girder. girder. and C. valid types for this cell are: W. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. WT. DI. column For the 1993 UK library. column rafter. column rafter. girder. DC. girder.

column Preferred Column Type . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. column rafter. taper rafter. girder. column For the 1990 Australian library. valid types for this cell are: IP. girder. U. The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. column For the 1991 German library. girder. column rafter. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. parallel USAGE rafter. girder. column CT Channels.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns. girder. and T. column For the 1990 South African library. column rafter. and CT. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. CP. girder. column rafter. column rafter. and UC. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. HP. valid types for this cell are: I. girder. girder. girder.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. column rafter. and UC. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 . S. column rafter. girder. girder. girder. column rafter. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. U. WT. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. column rafter. T. and T. girder. column For the 1990 Australian library. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. girder. column rafter. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. girder. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. girder. column rafter. UC. column rafter. DC. girder. and C. column For the 1993 UK library.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. DI. C. and M. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: I. column rafter. and P. column For the 1991 German library. C. girder.

The girders are supported by columns.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. from the center of the tank. arranged in concentric circles. this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa). Center Column Cap Plate Diameter . Structural Member Material .This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates..Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary. a value of zero will be used. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. In the design of the supported cone roof.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels.] button. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. column Roof Plate Material . where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. taper USAGE rafter. Typical values for this cell are 20.4.0 to 24. 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .3. CP.0 to 30. column rafter. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [. parallel Channels. Maximum Allowed Rafter Length . The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [.TANK Input For the 1990 South African library.. girder.Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters. Typical values for this cell are 24. If this cell is left blank. column rafter. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. HP. In the design of the supported cone roof.10. and CT.0 feet /7. Structural Member Allowable Design Stress . This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. column rafter. girder. For compliance with API-650 Section 3. girder. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters.. Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress .0 feet (6.1 meters. Maximum Allowed Girder Length . girder. from the center of the tank. This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders.. This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified. arranged in concentric circles.Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.3 to 9. valid types for this cell are: IP. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring. The girders are supported by columns.3 meters).] button.1 to 7.

If the location of one girder ring is specified. Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 . Number of Girders in Ring . Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input. These entries are optional.The number of girders in each ring may also be specified. the distance to all girder rings must be defined.Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring. This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary. if the number of girders in any one ring is specified. the number of girders in all rings must be also specified. however.TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring .

Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec.25) only be used for emergency services.6. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.7. Earthquake Type . which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. in seconds. %g. See API-650 Section E. Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted).4. Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec. Valid choices are A through F. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure). Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7. refer to API-650 Sections E. and that this value (1. 5% damped. %g.4.0. the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required. Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient .4. %g. or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I.Defines Ss.3.3. which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods.2s).2 and E. the software will design bolting. Unless otherwise specified. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0.The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser.Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped.Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion.Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations. 2.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. the coefficient defaults to 1.Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material. Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) . which is the design. API recommends that this value not exceed 1. Period (S1) . design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures.5. which is the 5% damped. %g.6.5% damping. Valid entries for this field are 1. 5% damped. The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7. Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) . II. Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material . Friction Factor . 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .4.Defines Sa0*.Defines the seismic site class according to Section E.1 for details on the various SUG categories. unless specified otherwise by the purchaser.Defines SDS. %g.Usually this value is 1.Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K). This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0. Importance Factor . where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations. Transitional Period (TL) . Seismic Use Group . Site Class .TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods .Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E. 5% damped. In this instance. Bottom Plate Thickness . For more information about earthquake types. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0. Period (S0) .Defines S0. Scaling Factor (Q) . Initial Anchorage Type . and III). If no value is specified. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second. 5% damped.Defines SP. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.25. Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) . API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0.Defines S1.2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods.

4. Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I. which is the 5% damped. leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it. Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate .Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. Maximum Allowed Spacing .TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) . As stated in API-650 5.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate. you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I .Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate. design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures. Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate . Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate . In this case. If a value is entered here. bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0. If left blank. %g.1. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 . This value is optional.Defines Sa*. This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered.Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members). the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate.35mm). you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage. If a value is entered.25 inches (6.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. this value defaults to zero. Section 7. This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet.

Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate. Nozzle Designation / Number . This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks. Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P. Nozzle Outer Diameter . TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses. Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate . If you check Use PVP-1279. Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed. The data specification can include external piping loads. NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle.Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle. the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated. if available from a pipe stress analysis. This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits. These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650.TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles.

300.Enter the modulus of elasticity.8E6 28. 203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 . Instead.25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet.4 12.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient.2E6 Expansion Coefficient . reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29.1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20.0E6 27. 200.25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12. 300.Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature.67E-6 6.3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.7 13.5E6 28.0 12. If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel. 200. if necessary.6E6 26. 400.3E6 7. 500. then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used.5E6 28.3E6 27.4E6 26. 25.7E6 27. 260. 400.87E-6 7. Modulus of Elasticity . 29.1E6 500. You can change this value. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70.3E6 27. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1.07E-6 500 27.07E-6 7.7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.67E-6 6. 150. the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100.87E-6 7. Modulus (psi) 28.8E6 28. 90.TANK Input Delta Temperature . 200.

Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle. Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 . Bardia. acting on the nozzle. Nozzle Weight . This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P. by Lengsfeld. if necessary. These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software. and Lengsfeld. You can change this value. Applied External Longitudinal Moment . Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness. English.TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. Applied External Circumferential Moment .A value defined in PVP-1279. If reinforcing on the shell is indicated.Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses.Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle. it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations.Enter the weight of this nozzle.Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations. The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell. This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness.Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located. The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter. if any. resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses. Applied External Radial Force .The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad. Taagepera.Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks.Enter the value of any applied radial force. This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks. RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 . units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? . API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled. Use PVP-1279 . 68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 . LaBounty. Hathaitham. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. If you specify a pad thickness. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. Nozzle RePad Thickness . but not actually used in the computations.

This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full .Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank. This value is: 2.0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination.Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion. The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature.0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates. The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade.empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis.0. Factor K .Enter the foundation factor. Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference . The value of C shall be 0.85 if not specified by the purchaser. K = 2. The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing.25 to a maximum of 1. K = 4. Temperature Difference .0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C . Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate .0 for tanks on earth foundations 4.TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 . The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld.Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld. Factor B .

85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0. JEst = 1. 70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0.Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe.Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency .000 psi (140 MPa). Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material .35 for single lap welds JEr = 0.70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) . Where fc = 0.70 for double lap welds JEr = 1.JEr.) dialog box is an optional input. Where fc = 0.) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V.000 psi (103 MPa).JEs.fc.TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V.00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0. Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) . Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) .Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency . This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank. fc need not be less than 15. JEs = 1. Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) . JEr = 0.Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E. fc need not be less than 20.85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) . However.4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners.Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region. However.Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency .JEst.fc.00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) .

API-653 Appendix B.3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank. If this value is left blank. If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4. this limit was 30 feet / 9. This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees. Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement . This value must be less than 45-degrees. The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points. Appendix B. Roof Dish Radius (R) .Define the Dish Radius of Roof .R. Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653.8 m. of the roof plate material.6m.5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used.3. This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs. in API-653 Section B.2.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement. The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9.f.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle. Angle Between Measurements . the shell plate material. a default of 29.Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points.1. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 . Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference.1m. and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature. Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2.TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) .Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress . use every other point when generating the input. Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) .

3. Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh. The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs.3. 4. Pre 3rd Ed. Post 3rd Ed. Above Ground Storage Tanks. and 4. API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data.3.Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank. May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom. Bottom.1.1m intervals. Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed. Hydrocarbon Engineering.1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653. each discussed in the following subsections.4. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4. This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit.1.2. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed.7. obtained from tank inspections.3.4. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom.7. Post 3rd Ed. Elevation .

4. after repairs.As per API-653 Section 4.As per API-653 Section 4. This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code. on a yearly basis.7. after repairs. Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom.1. Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) . enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion.Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates. Pre 3rd Ed. Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) .1 of previous editions of API-653.0.TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) . Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) . and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code).4. Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) .As per API-653 Section 2.7.7. This value is measured from the original thickness. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).4. Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined.1. enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate.1. according to Section 2. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate.7.4. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651).4. this value should be specified as 0. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate. Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) .As per API-653 Section 2.0. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . on a yearly basis. then this value should be specified as 0. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 . If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652).1.7.Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.1.7.4. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion.Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates. Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) .As per API-653 Section 2.

If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0.As per API-653 Section 2. Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) . enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed. enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area.1.7. enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion.1.1.Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates.0. Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) .4. This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65).As per API-653 Section 2.1.As per API-653 Section 2.7. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). (GCa).7. on a yearly basis. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate.4. if specified.4. This value is measured from the original thickness. Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) .4. The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . on a yearly basis.Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr).7. 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) . Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) .4.As per API-653 Section 2.7.1. StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom. Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) .As per API-653 Section 2.

Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region. the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used. and a joint efficiency for each shell course. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis. the inspection values of t1 and t2. the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L". it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. "L" Location Above Course Bottom . "L" is the critical length. Minimum Thickness .This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations. if the L location is left blank. they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box. Use specified shell "L" values? . above the bottom of this course. In subsequent thickness computations.Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course. If this value is left blank. the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities. exclusive of pits. Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank.Enter the average thickness in the "L" region. Lowest Average Thickness . Similarly. If the t1 or t2 values are left blank. Additionally. If this value is left blank. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 .TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L.Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion. the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course. Joint Efficiency .

The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998). When this box is checked. the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. as well as the environmental factors. Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition. Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies.3. the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2. and liquid characteristics.1.3. Use specified shell "E" values? .1.3. This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate. Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations. Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2. This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed. which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses.3. Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L". Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input. The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course.TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level. as per API-653 Table 2.3. Instead.3. Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed .3. This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank. Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2. Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? .Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations.1.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations.

5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22. Boiling Point . see API-2000 Section 4. Liquid Flash Point .4 5.15 0. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4.TANK Input Emptying Rate .0 1.1.Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point.2.300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 .3.0 0.15 0. Environmental Factor .Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.375 0.0 0. Filling Rate .7 11.2.50 0.300 0. For more information.2.075 0.0 0.2000.33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1.Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point.7 3.3 0.075 0.375 0.3.Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank. For more information.0 1.40 0.5 5 10 15 20 25 1.1.Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API.0 0.05 0.67 0.3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2.05 0.8 2.0 0.1.03 0.8 2. see API-2000 Section 4.3 0.025 see note C 1.0 2.

TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0.025 see note C 1. There is a minimum amount of user-specified data.0 1.5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved. you have the option of transferring the diameter. height. the plate allowable stress.0 0. the unit cost of plate. You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary. which consists of the required tank volume. based on the required volume. the fluid specific gravity. and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations. This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses.03 0. and the height and diameter ranges.0 0.19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . After exiting the Scratch-pad.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 . contains two slider bars. Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank. If necessary. a report can be printed. The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range. located to the right of the output display. and new estimates obtained. and four for a height range. Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated. as well as the thickness required for each shell course. the necessary diameter (or height) is presented. as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table. The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate. The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition. you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations. Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad. the input data can be altered. Alternatively. the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. The height of the top course is also reported. When the desired results have been achieved.TANK Input After the necessary data is specified. This sizing tool. you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. After the scratchpad calculations have been performed. all other courses being equal to the specified input value.

the minimum value for this entry should be 1. Fluid Specific Gravity . followed by plate weight and cost. The diameter range is independent of the height range. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. Cost/Unit Weight of Plate . The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. followed by plate weight and cost.Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. Maximum Tank Diameter . or KG and KG/cu.0.in. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. exclusive of the diameter range.in. The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. exclusive of the height range. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. exclusive of the diameter range. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter.cm. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. For each height/diameter value. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Minimum Tank Height . the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. or KG and KG/cu. Maximum Tank Height . The height range is independent of the diameter range. Plate Allowable Stress . followed by plate weight and cost. followed by plate weight and cost. For consistent application. The height range is independent of the diameter range.cm. For consistent application. 80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Since the tank must be hydrotested. and lb/cu. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. For each height/diameter value. Minimum Tank Diameter . and lb/cu. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. For each height/diameter value. Average Course Height .Enter the unit cost of the plate material. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined.Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. Required Volume . This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells.Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume. For each height/diameter value.Enter the unit cost of the plate material.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height.TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below. The top course may be less than the value specified here.

TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 . exclusive of the height range. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined.

TANK Input

82

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

84

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker. the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction. click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete. If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. click File > Exit. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 . Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu. the procedure halts until you click Continue. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition. Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated. the analysis files will not be created.Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box. This gives you time to review the message. The typical response to this prompt is Yes. If the summary report shows that errors were found.

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays. There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase. Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes. the major solution steps to the analysis. This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked. an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress. and which solution steps are required by the current input data.SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module. TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation. As each solution step is entered. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 . The program files used are listed below. A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section. maintenance. After the solution module has been launched. and enhancement.

The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics. Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module. 7. newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details.This value is checked according to Section 5. 4. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section.The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user. The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu. Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5. Wind effect . 1. control is returned to the Main menu. and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E. 5. In the case of the variable point method. their section moduli.1. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. and no output (TKO) file exists. The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs. The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries. the analysis module creates the . The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases.TKO file. Wind girder requirements .9. 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file.1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met. Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases . either one-foot. In this instance. As important milestones in the analysis are reached. Overturning stability . Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation. A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required. and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5.This thickness is based on the specified design method. the velocity factory. a diagnostic message is presented to the user. It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows.Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing.11. The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials. Shell weight and center of gravity . 2. This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set. this is an iterative process. Required shell course thicknesses . Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22.The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements. the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations. 3. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details. or printed to the system printer.6. Allowed fluid heights . If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank. This file contains the solution data in binary format. or Appendix A. entry into the output processor is not allowed.The number of girders. In this instance. Because there is no TKO file. 6.The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure. All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification. and the overturning moment. The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors.This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination. variable point. the message file can be very helpful. These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations.

required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5.Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data . API-2000 Venting calculations. This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5. the required number of bolts and the bolt size. After the cosine curve is known. The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M. if necessary.These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I. the program will now evaluate. or design the roof.After the actual roof computations are completed. design. Section 7. Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B . A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity. test. After all sizing. Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations.If the roof data has been specified. analyze.10.3 checks are implemented.This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads. The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design. and seismic computations have been completed.The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions. roof. Service/maintenance computations . the bolting requirements are checked.5 or 5. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 . Roof evaluation involves weight summations. test.6.4 begins. the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated.10. Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E . API-650 Appendix F requirements .10. Section M. Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P .12 and determines. Grillage computations . the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined. and user input). Following the roof design.These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement. and empty.These computations are based on API-653 Section 2. Following the cycle life calculations. with the corresponding stress for each load case. the Section 5.

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot. A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design. Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports.Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram.SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 . or modify the input data. Return to Main Menu .Produces the basic tank sketch. In addition to the menu options. Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch. If output is not available for the current job. Plot Settlement . shell settlement plotting. the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls. both of these items are grayed out. Plot Tank Elevations . The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams.Plots the shell settlement data. Plot Nozzles . the following icons are also available. The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics. Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections. A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results.Plots the supported cone roof sketch. nozzle interaction diagrams. After you enter the local graphics mode. the output options are available. Plot Cone Roof . This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing. and supported cone roof sketches. used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P.Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu. These options include both text based reports and graphics.

92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank.Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details.

The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves. These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization. The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points. the optimum cosine curve. The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement. The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements. as well as an option to spline the data. Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations. The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve. the out-of-plane deflection.Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 .

The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15). necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded. test. which interaction diagram to plot .Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P. and which thickness to use . or user entered.either design. 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .either longitudinal or circumferential.

as an asterisk. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 . If the piping loads are not specified.Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point. the interaction point plots at the origin. The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads.

96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P. the interaction point must plot inside the diagram.

and quantities can be noted on the sketch. . lengths. structural cross section sizes.Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. they are provided for information purposes only. A typical roof sketch. defining the roof nomenclature. These roof sketches are not shown to scale. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 . the resulting design can be shown graphically. showing cross section sizes is shown below. Besides the basic roof sketch.

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word. by topic. Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is. the Output Report menu displays.Prints the selected reports. This menu lists the available reports. When you send reports to Microsoft Word. The intent is that the header. showing only those jobs that have output. When the analysis phase completes. if a file named header. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 . Open . After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected. (Items can be de-selected in the same manner). The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window.Saves the selected reports.SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports.doc exists in the \tank\system folder. Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click. Save . Print .Enables switching to the output of a different job. the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated.doc file contains the company logo and address details. its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word. The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs. This option opens a standard File Open dialog. View Report using Microsoft Word .

From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings. Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data. time. Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here. Select Font . and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen. Each of these reports is discussed. Each page of output begins with a header. major and minor level text.Turn on or off the page numbering. Modify the Starting Page Number . Next Report . The header contains the user’s name. This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended. job name. You can also suppress the ending page number.Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box. Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings.Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box. Select Heading Fonts . in general. 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Previous Report .Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports . date. and program version number. Disable/Enable Page Numbering . in the following sections.Displays the next report. Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user. page number.Displays the previous report. From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers.Changes the font when printing reports.Erases the selected reports.

Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 . This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module.Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data. as well as whether or not roof. Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined. and settlement details were defined. seismic.

Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data.Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker.

test allowable stress. Material. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 . including the wind girder height reduction factor. The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases. and the wind moment. as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1. All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified. as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table. the area exposed to the wind.TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here. design allowable stress. The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results. It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis. For each shell course. For API-653 analysis. The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases. the material name. The next section of the report reflects the material properties used. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind. The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system. Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program.Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module . the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course. ENGLISH. and Appendix M reduction factor are listed. consisting of the velocity factor. The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases.

Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width. For each wind girder required. based on API-650 Section 5. Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method. If Detail e is required. the b dimension is also included in the report. Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders.11. The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components. as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell. The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations. The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check". and the center of gravity of the shell. the geometry detail and angle size are also reported. the weight of the shell.

the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. and the design roof load. and the number and length of the girders in each ring. and the rafter length. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 . and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F. The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates. the number of rafters resting on the inner girders. This information begins with the number of girder rings. Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details. the spacing on the outer girders. Note that at the center of the tank. the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero. This report is shown below. and at the shell. If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed.Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. the spacing on the inner girders. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring. the radius to each girder ring.

and the actual section modulus.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters. and is shown below. the selected cross section. This information includes the unit load on the member. Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the required section modulus. This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring.

Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. This is followed by the selected cross section. Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 . and required radius of gyration. allowable compressive stress. height. This information begins with the column load. This information is shown below. and the actual radii of gyration. the actual compressive stress.

Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components. The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F. All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”. the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .6.5 or 5.10. and the compression ring failure pressure. an API unit.10. Following the roof design/analysis report. These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths. This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift.5.3. This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight. and either 5. are the results of the Appendix F computations.10.

and empty. These computations were made for three cases: design fluid. test fluid.Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 .

the flexibilities. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input. For each case. and user input thickness. and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported. These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness.Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P. test shell thickness. Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . deflection. rotation.

the out-of-plane settlement.Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B. This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points. Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 . This table also includes the settlement measurements. and the out-of-plane deflection. the optimum cosine curve through these measured points.

outbreathing and fire exposure. Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing.3 of API-2000. The venting report is shown below.Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4.

12. The second section shows the required number of bolts. There are two sections to this report. The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 .Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5. the required bolt diameter. and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases.

Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M. as well as the number of allowed cycles. The report lists the exclusions and checks made. Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V.

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

.....SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code. 118 Example Problem SEIS01 ..... 118 Example Problem TEST1................................. is located at \examples\a_wc...................... In This Section Example Problem APP_K ................................................................................ Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 . 118 Example Problem APP_P .. 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k................................................................tki... 118 Example Problem SSC1 ..................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ................................................ 118 Example Problem B&Y ........... Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations.................... 117 Example Problem O_WC .. as defined by Appendix A of API-650......................................... as defined by the One Foot method........................ is located at \examples\o_wc...................................tki.................... Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations....................................................................tki........................... 117 Example Problem A_WC ...... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA . 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ..............................

tki. is located at \examples\sstest1. including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M.tki. Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p. For more information see the file \examples\b&y. This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young. (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara.tki.tki. Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1. 118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V.tki. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E. for stainless steel tanks. Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1.tki.

Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR.DLL .Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.EXE .EXE .Output preprocessor APISOLV.EXE .EXE .Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.EXE .TXT .EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B.Input module help pointer file TKER01A.Main program TKERCK.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B.Help file TIPS.Error check module OUTWORD.EXE .EXE .EXE .EXE .Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .EXE.EXE .APPENDIX A Appendix A .EXE .EXE .Output report review processor TANK.Input module help data file API02.Units generation module MATEDIT.EXE .Material database editor OUTPUT.CRC check program MAKEUNIT.Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A.EXE file scanner CRCCHK. Main Set APIOUT.EXE . The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.Configuration program help pointer file TANK.CHM .EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.Configuration program help data file TKSET02.EXE .Solution module COADEXE.EXE .

MAT .1988 API-650 material database A650_93.MAT .1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.SI units file T2A.HED .2005 API-650 material database A650_08.MAT .EXE .EXE .Millimeter units file MPH.DIG .TXT .Data from Table 3-22 XX.1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.Appendix A .1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.FIL .MAT .MAT .FIL .MAT .ENGLISH units file MM.1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.MAT .Structural database file API650.TXT .CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .MAT .Messages for input processor SCREEN3.MAT .1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.MAT .FIL .Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.Messages for output processing TITLE.2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.TXT .1993 API-650 material database A650_94.MAT .Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.FIL .CRC .2008 API-650 material database AISC89.MAT .MAT .MAT .MAT .Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.MAT .1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.DAT .Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.

TKI .TKI .Example computations for Appendix.TKI . SEIS01.TKI .TKI .Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1.Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC.Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K.TKI .TKI .Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y.Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA.Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1.Stainless steel example SSC1.Example seismic computations for Appendix E.TKI .Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01.TKI .Sample input for variable point method APP_P.Appendix A . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 .TKI .Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.TKI .

Appendix A .Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK.English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 . Figure B.APPENDIX B Appendix B . You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary.1 .

Appendix B .SI Units File Figure B.Standard Units Systems Figure B.2 .4 .MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.3 .

CS A-36 A-131.D A-678.C A-633.EH36 A-573.A A-131.APPENDIX C Appendix C .B A-737.2 A-633.B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 .70 A-662.705 A-516. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.65 A-573.1 A-537.List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database.55 A-516.60 A-516.65 A-516. When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.B A-131.C A-537.58 A-573.A A-678.B A-662.

Appendix C .21 G40.C E-275.C E-275t.235 NS.275 * ISO 630 E-275t.D E-355t.250 NS.List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.D E-275.21 G40.21 G40.C E-355.C E-355t.21 G40.21 G40.D E-355.D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.

Appendix C .List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .

List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix C .

1. 1.FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1. 1.3000000E+00 .1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 .Default Configuration Directives Ver.APPENDIX D Appendix D .0000000E+00 .7. 0.1 YES A650_94.5000000E-02 YES . 1.200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES .2835648E+00 YES .3.9. 1. 1. 1. 1. 0.MAT ENGLISH. 2.4000+E01 Sect.

Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix D .

Added several minor changes as requested by users. Added many “text” changes to the output. rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API . Version 3. Added a Wind Parameter input dialog.APPENDIX E Appendix E .00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API .10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition. Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights. th Version 2. Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric.20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1. South African Bolt.Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK. Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%. BS3643.650 10 Edition. Version 3. Implemented API-653 4th Edition.55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density. Version 3.30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2.653 3 Edition. to provide more information and detail. Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 . Added JIS structural steel shape library. Version 3.

Version 2.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition.4.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database. as a result of Addendum 1. for easier usage. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration.1. Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition. Version 2.6.Appendix E . The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E.20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E. Revised the output processor. Addendum 3. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E. Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition. Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses. this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .2 through E.6. Version 2. from PVP-1279.Revision History Version 2.50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M. Addendum 1. This provides better capability to notify users of software updates. Since bolting data is now a required input. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary. Revised documentation. Incorporated API-650 10th Edition. Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad. The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1.

10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 .25 inch plate.Appendix E .5.4. API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum. Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A. Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1.60 / 2. Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height). Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power. in accordance with the recent addendum. to include the bottom shell course thickness.00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2. which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches. Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination. A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3. Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference. Section 3. Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height.Revision History Version 2.2 has been incorporated.2. This involved removing both A442 materials. Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0.

3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress. Version 1. Note. Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added. The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero. Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations.Revision History Version 1. Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added.50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated. Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added. Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic. API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates. Addendum 2 changes incorporated. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file. A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E. Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added. Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations. Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added.51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated. Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated.Appendix E .5.40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition. This ability has been added for Version 1. Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases). First. this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database. now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1. Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory. versions prior to 1.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet. Version 1. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included. Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports.50. Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet. permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses. Previous versions treated zero as a blank.

Appendix E . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 .10.6. Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3. API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3. The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary. Bold design procedure for Section 3. Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment.5. Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added.8 added.11 added.3 is reported. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank. A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available. Mouse support has been added to all modules. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated. and empty conditions are reported.8. “Variable Point” location reported. Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L.1.1.2.7.3. test.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs. Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module.5.e has been added.Revision History Version 1. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization. the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3. API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2. Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3.31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added.1.1.10. Consideration of Section 17.4. Bolt design references to standard bolt size table.9. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module.1 added. Additionally the weights for operating. Version 1.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated. A material database editor is provided.

0 and L/2a=1.11 and Appendix E computations. Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design. A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . An additional "English" units file is provided. The calculator supports the basic four math operations. and a segregation of program and system files. Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3. Version 1. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3. Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program. which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file.Revision History Version 1.6 added.FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour. A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs. and square roots. Version 1. Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young. The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1. PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports. a network hardware lock. Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E. squares. trigonometric functions.Appendix E . Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles. This units file. Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell.11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added.5 curves. there was no interpolation between curves. and the setting of the default output report generation parameters. MPH.0 used one or the other set of curves. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case. This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections. an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added. Several new configuration directives have been added. This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives. For API-653 analysis. For API-653 runs. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P. The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations. Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes.11.

and Taagepera. 118. August 1980. Eighth Edition. Revise Storage Tank Inspections. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules. Vol 108. Above Ground Storage Tanks. PVP-1279. PVP Vol 336. ASME 1996. American Petroleum Institute. Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. Lengsfeld. Taagepera. Morton. Myers. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. and Lengsfeld.Selected References API-650. Bardia. Vol 12.. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. Lengsfeld. Hydrocarbon Processing. ASME 1996. American Petroleum Institute. Vol. Tenth Edition. and Fenton. Koczwara. Philip E. Osage. No 4. June 1990. Hendrix & Carucci. August 1996. Bardia and Taagepera. Hydrocarbon Processing. A. John Wiley & Sons. Lu. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement. Parikh. Hathaitham. 1959. LaBounty. Malik. Marr. Improve Storage Tank Inspections. ASME. Third Edition. Swenson. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. PVP Vol 336. August 1982. November 1978. ASME 1995. Inc. and Ruiz. 1977. Smith. and Lambe. America Petroleum Institute. January 1995. 1997. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks. Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653. Hydrocarbon Processing. and Hagstrom. PVP Vol 315. Billimoria. Process Equipment Design. Fifth Edition. Lengsfeld. FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. McGraw-Hill. Brownell & Young. and Horwege. Carucci & Ay. ASME 1995. Transactions of the ASME. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. August 1980. October 1996. Bardia. Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks. API-2000. Journal of Strain Analysis. API-620. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 . Ramos.APPENDIX F Appendix F . F. April 1998. PVP Vol 315. An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks. American Petroleum Institute. 2002. Billimoria and Tam.

Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix F .

Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30.) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A . Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 .Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E .List of Materials • 127 Appendix D .Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C .Revision History • 133 Appendix F . 83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V. 83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9.Program File List • 121 Appendix B .

Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31. 87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87. 121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1.40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 .10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2.Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39. 99.20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3.40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1.50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2. 76 Version 1.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3.55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3. Material. Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42.30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2.20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1.10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1.10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3.20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind.60 / 2.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2. 125 Units • 9 units files • 24.

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