Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

U.S. Government Restricted Rights Legend
Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS 252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3. Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Intergraph Corporation P.O. Box 240000 Huntsville, AL 35813 Street address: 170 Graphics Drive, Madison, AL 35758

Terms of Use
Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

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All warranties given by Intergraph Corporation about equipment or software are set forth in the EULA provided with the software or applicable license for the software product signed by Intergraph Corporation, and nothing stated in, or implied by, this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification or amendment of such warranties. Intergraph believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date. The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document. The software discussed in this document is furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of this license. No responsibility is assumed by Intergraph for the use or reliability of software on equipment that is not supplied by Intergraph or its affiliated companies. THE USER OF THE SOFTWARE IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE FINAL EVALUATION AS TO THE USEFULNESS OF THE SOFTWARE IN HIS OWN ENVIRONMENT. Intergraph is not responsible for the accuracy of delivered data including, but not limited to, catalog, reference and symbol data. Users should verify for themselves that the data is accurate and suitable for their project work.

Trademarks
Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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............................... 111 API-2000 Venting Output ................................................. 85 Analysis/Solution Phase........................................... Thickness & Weights ........................................................................................................... 101 Error Checker LOG File .......................................................................................................................... 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box ...................................................................................................... 83 Warning & Error Options .............................. 88 Local Graphics Output .................................................................................................................................................................... 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data ........ 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) .................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) .............................................................................................................. 103 Wind............................................................................................................... 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed...................................................................................................................................................) Dialog Box ........ 70 Shell Settlement Data ............................... 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V.................................................................... 100 Job Title Page ................ 84 Completing the Error Check Phase ............................................................................................. 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 105 Seismic Analysis Results ......................................................................................... 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box ............................... 102 Solution Module TXT File ........................................... 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box .................................................................................................................... 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .................... 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams ........................................................................... 110 Settlement Checks ......................... 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 99 Output Report Discussions .................................................. 87 Solution Overview ........................................................................... 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box ........................... 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ................ Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) .......... 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ........... 92 Shell Settlement Plots ........................................................................................................................ Material......................................................................... 100 User Input Data ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 87 TANK Program Files ........................ 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box ............................................................... 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)............ 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ................................... 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches ............ 103 Roof Evaluation .. 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .................................................... 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results ......................................................................Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) .. 97 Output Report Generation ........................................................ 80 Error Checking ............................................................................................ 112 API-650 Bolting Report ........................................................................................................... 91 Tank Layout Sketch ........................................................................... 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box ......................................................................................

................. 127 * CSA Standards .................................................................................... 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) .......................................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem APP_P ........................................10 Changes (9/08) ....................................................................... 133 Version 3.............................................................................List of Materials ............................... 133 Version 3...... 133 Version 3....................................................................Standard Units Systems.............................................................................. 133 Version 3....................................Revision History ........ 125 Appendix C ................................................................................................... 115 Examples ........................... 114 API-650 External Pressure Output ............................... 129 * Unknown For API-653 ....................................................................................... 118 Example Problem B&Y ................................................. 127 * ASTM Standards ........................................................................................................................................................ 128 * ISO 630....................... 121 English Text Set .............................................. 135 Version 1............................................... 134 Version 2.................................. 134 Version 2................................................................. 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ................................................10 Changes (5/00) ....................................................................................................... 131 Appendix E .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Program File List ... 118 Example Problem SEIS01............................................................................................................................................................................................ 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 121 Help & Error Processing Set ..............................Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................00 Changes (1/99).........................................................................................Default Configuration Directives ................. 122 Examples Data Set .................................20 Changes (9/00) ......51 Changes (9/97) .................................................................................................. 121 Main Set ......................................................................................................................................................................... 117 Example Problem A_WC ................................................................... 118 Example Problem SSC1 ................... 134 Version 2.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 117 Example Problem APP_K ........................................................................................................................................................ 129 Appendix D .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 128 * National Standards .............40 Changes (9/96) .........................................................................................................................60 / 2............ 119 Appendix A ..................................................20 Changes (9/09) ........................................................ 134 Version 2........................................................................ 118 Example Problem TEST1 ...................00 Changes (11/07) ..................................................................................... 123 Appendix B ........................................ 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 .50 Changes (5/97) .................................................................. 136 Version 1......................................55 Changes (10/05) ......................................30 Changes (2/02) .................................................................... 133 Version 2.............................................................................................. 117 Example Problem O_WC .............................................................................. 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) ........................................................ 135 Version 1................................................................ 136 Version 1..............40 Changes (7/02) ................................................................................................................................................. 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ...50 Changes (3/04) ..................................................................................... 133 Version 2.........................................................................................30 Changes (9/10) ..... 122 API Data Set.......

.............. 137 (8/95) .................................30 Changes Version 1.............................................. 137 (11/94) ......................Contents Version 1............................................................................ 138 (6/94) ..............31 Changes Version 1..............................................................................20 Changes Version 1...........................10 Changes (2/96) ......................................................................... 139 Index ..................................................................................... 138 Appendix F .........................Selected References ........................................................................................... 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .......................................................................................

However. and expeditious designs.com Web: www. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation.com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 . It is expected. TANK support is available by telephone.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes. and operation of the program. economical. Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. and by mail. that questions focus on the current version of the program. and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution. e-mail. configuration. fax. the web site. TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input. To that end. cell specific help for guidance and information. rely on the help system. when in doubt. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users. input validation to avoid run time errors. which can be launched by pressing F1. however. Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible. Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade.coade.

These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file. Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1. the appropriate information displays in an interactive window. When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific. which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user. After the help system has been activated. Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section. Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system. Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. the help text includes the expected input units in the title line.

Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file. Reviewing Output . The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog. These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch). multiplication. the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary.Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system. there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis. For more information on the four standard supplied units systems. Even though TANK validates your input data. and division) are supported in the input cells. the program attempts to trap the error. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 . Creating Units Sets . This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach.New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units. user control is returned to the Main menu. The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them. This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system. TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation. When such a fatal condition occurs. Selecting a Units File . subtraction. Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module. After the review of a specific error message is complete. In some instances additional sets may be required. A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files. and finally reports the problem to you. see Appendix B .Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK. For example. This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis. assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database. In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells.Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files .Standard Units Systems (on page 125). a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0. The four basic math operations (addition.09375. Upon exit from the diagnostic utility.

Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary. TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes. and digitized data from Appendix P. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2. An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279.3. Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A. including the limiting load interaction diagrams. External pressure computations according to Appendix V. Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M. Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Seismic computations according to Appendix E. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes.2. Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance. Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders. These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method. This includes the material data from Table 5. Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S.Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices. Minimum metal temperature reporting. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M. Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P.

the system requirements. Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window. The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything. which installs TANK. TANK Information . Services Training . CD Content Additional Installations . Release Notes .Launches the main installation process.Displays a text file discussing the installation steps.Includes options to install the HASP. Support Forum . These options include: Install TANK .Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph. the HASP drivers. Additional Products . License Agreement .Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 .Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum.SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK.Displays the TANK License Agreement.Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD. Contact Intergraph .Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products. insert the CD into the drive. The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays.Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK. and all associated documentation.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page. ReadMe File . Browse the CD . and the CD contents.

Hardware Requirements minimum of 2. or Windows 7 (Ultimate. or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported.exe in the root CD folder.0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs. HASP Trouble Shooting .Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing. Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation.Displays a PDF document containing these instructions. Professional. Insert the TANK CD into your computer. HASP Licensing Overview . 1.Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System. or Enterprise). Business. 12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed. Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional. Click Install TANK to begin the installation. If the setup does not start automatically. double-click CDSpawn. Installation Instructions .Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer. Windows Vista (Ultimate. 2.

Installation 3. 5. If you accept the license agreement. and then click Cancel. To install the software in another location. and then click Next. The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>. Click Next to continue. 7. Read the license agreement. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 . select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement. You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement. 6. select I accept the terms in the license agreement. -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement. where <product name> reflects the program name and version. 4. click Change. Click Next on the welcome page.

Select the license type that you have.Installation 8. 14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . select the key color. If you are using a network ESL key. 9. select the SPLM license option. If you are using SmartPlant License Manager. You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run. Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation.

Click OK. Skip to step 11. the following dialog box displays. 10. After the TANK files have been installed. After successfully installing the HASP device driver. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 . you are not prompted to install the HASP driver.Installation As the installation progresses. the status displays. installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run. If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock. If this dialog does not display.

exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green. Setup.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR . To launch TANK in silent mode. Because a device driver was loaded. Command Cmd= setup. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary. Select Show the readme file to view the readme. Issue the installation command as detailed below. perform these steps: 1.Installation 11. Click Yes to reboot your computer now. 13. Setup. it is a good idea to restart Windows. Click No to reboot later. Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs.doc file.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally.The path to load the installation files. with no interaction from you. 12. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD. Click Finish. 2. such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging.

refer to the documentation files NETHASP. because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops). Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL. The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server). The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software. a user must then be logged into the network to access the software. The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems. The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs. A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility. The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location. Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software). if all of the licenses are on the network ESL. If the network ESL is attached to a workstation. The file server is a better location for this ESL. Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network.TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions. If your computer uses a local ESL. you can skip the remainder of this section. the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software. Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers. In order for the network to recognize the ESL. because the computer is usually always on. we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL. Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL.Installation ESL_COLOR .This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT . This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations.The ESL color. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 .Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs.TXT and ESL_RED. The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder. Alternatively. The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server.

the build is finalized. builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated.exe. databases grow. In order to alleviate this problem for our users. The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found. user requests. additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files. 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu. However. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking. Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www. but only one build is required at any given time.coade. Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released. and the build date. After the file has been downloaded and installed. This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build. a correction to the currently shipping version is made.Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static. Build Y contains Build X. the version indicator.com). they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available. file formats change. announced. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation. The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program. and corrections. and also displays when you click Help > About. and so on. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version. When this occurs. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web. and posted to the Web site. Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software. operating system modifications. When this occurs. In other words. and distributing the various builds generated between major releases.x<date>. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains. archiving. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement. This correction is referred to as a Build. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date. operational enhancements. In addition. Determine which build file you need and download it. A build is intended for one specific version of the software. before the next version can be released. and the date it was created. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds. its size.

you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory.TXT. This allows you to see. and build bevel. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 . From the Utility > Tools menu. A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. To see which program modules have been modified. and the software installation will update appropriately. the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level. Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level. Simply double-click the build file (the exe). on the Main Program menu. follow any prompts. Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package. click COADE EXE Scanner. Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released.Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD. This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size. This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. which build is in use. memory requirements. additional usage instructions may be found in this file. When necessary. This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version.

if it becomes necessary.Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. This will allow full use of this version at some later time. the last build should be installed. any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD. the distribution CD should be installed first. Additionally. you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release. 20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . To reinstall an older version of the software. Then. Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds. Patched Version When a new version of the software is released.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

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Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

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Select the material file to use. Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U.Select the units file to use.Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients. the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used.Specifies the anchor bolt database. This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients. structural shapes and materials. the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory. Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database .Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module. Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units. Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list.S. A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program. If a data directory does not contain a configuration file. You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command. Material File . Units File . Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory. which may be unique. Each data directory can contain its own configuration file. as well as International shape libraries. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory. Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory. Structural Database . followed by a scan of the installation directory. This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews.

analyzed. see Error Checking (on page 83). that the program has been properly installed and configured. and reviewed. After a solution data file is available. After the input has been defined. it must be error checked. Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input. select Analyze Only to start the analysis module. The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution. It is assumed. see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21). The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected. From here. defined. For more information on the error checker. a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu. For more information. and control is returned to the main menu.SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual.you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis. Upon completion of the analysis. If there are errors in the input data. analysis is prohibited .you must correct these errors before proceeding. Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon. Assuming that error checking completed successfully. you can select one of the Output menu options. The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive). and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above). an intermediate data file is created for analysis. Warning messages are acceptable to the program . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 .

5. 3.Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session. the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports. Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only. 4. click TANK. From the Start menu. 1. Select a job. The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu. Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output. either new or old. Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports. As long as the job input parameters remain fixed. Focus then returns to the Main menu. Define the input data. The steps outlined above are summarized below. quit the output processor. 2. 26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 .SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start. and ESL review. The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK. the Material Database editor. The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options. corresponding to the major topics on the menu. configuration. The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched. Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition. launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu. or by double clicking the desktop icon. and help. analysis. utility tools. but also include output review (both text and graphics). output review. diagnostics. The options are arranged in groups.

Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk. and printing the input for a specific job. saving.Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening. Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration.

the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 . each accessed from the menu. Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39). Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen. Upon completion of the input. The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon.Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job. The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups.

If the input data successfully passes the error checker. Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel. written to the . cannot be located.Starts the error checker.TKE file was generated. 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Analyze.Starts the solution module. with a . If the verified problem data. The Analyze option is deactivated until the . Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83). and Error Check and Analyze. This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed. automatically starts the solution module. The analysis module performs the solution step. an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description. Error Check and Analyze . see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87). The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker.TKE suffix. (grayed out).Starts the error checker. Steps not required are disabled. based on your input parameters. which produces the output file for the job. As each phase is completed. TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked. or the input data contained errors and no . Error Check . In any event. an analysis file for the job is written. Analyze . either designing a tank or re-rating a tank. and if the input passes the error checker. the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data.TKE file is written by the error checker. For more information on the analysis processor.Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check. the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu.TKE file. Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text.

Starts the graphics processor. Review Latest Reports . Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created. The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. If this data is not specified. shell settlement graphs. and review latest reports.Generates a new set of reports. in the current units system.Creates a new set of output reports. For viewing text based reports. the batch stream processor and a text file review option. the Material Database editor. Overwrite Reports . custom units systems. append reports.Displays the output review control panel. and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner. Local Graphics . three options are available: overwrite reports. the current CPU time and date are used. in the current units system. completely replacing any existing reports. Append Reports . Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 .Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers.Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports. and changing the time stamp in the report headers. at the end of the last set of reports. This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically. Nozzle load interaction diagrams. in multiple units systems if necessary. Time Stamp . viewing graphical results. see Local Graphics Output (on page 91). For more information on output processing.

Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis. Calculator . Custom Units . The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter.Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase.Starts Notepad to review a selected data file. Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the batch log file.Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data. Message File .Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database. The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter.Using the Main Menu Configuration . Material Database Editor . The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties. see Program Configuration (on page 21).Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations.Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives.Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created. This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed. Batch Log File . File Review . There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. For details of the program configuration.Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis. and the solution message file. Error Check Log File . Batch Stream Processor . The file is created by a prior analysis.

Using the Main Menu CRC Check . This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations.Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory. Corruption could indicate bad distribution media.Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number. However. then the file has been corrupted in some manner. If a CRC Check error occurs. This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure.Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number. This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name. a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed. If the values do not match. This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available. clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column. the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation. if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 . Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module . or a virus infection. The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software. Should a “fatal error” occur. Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker . However. the software attempts to invoke this module automatically.

all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu). The ESL is the External Software Lock. which is required to access the software. this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu.Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time. If there is an access problem with the ESL. most of the Main menu items will be disabled. However. Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL. Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel. reset a date. Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a . and accepting instructions from the user. where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL. versioning information. The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task. Generate Fax Codes . These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified. generating data for the user. and the time stamp of the last access. and ID number.TXT file of the information. Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 .Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software. or change the client name. Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes. as generated by the Intergraph support staff. Receive and Enter Fax Codes . This information consists of the client name. This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel. This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information. or by clicking the ESL icon.TXT”. This option is similar to the phone update option. The file will reside in the program’s \system folder. Phone Update . These updates encompass changes requested by the client. usually to extend limits. to interact with the user on the telephone. suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored.Starts an interactive procedure.Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes. Occasionally. date or run limits.Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes. some of this date may require updating in the field. The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx.

found in the frame area of the Main menu. all options are selected. Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph. Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options. . click OK to enable the changes to the ESL. Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . By default.Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid. The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar. When all codes have been entered.

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

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Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

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This dialog is an optional input. course thickness. For more information. depending on the tank. see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72). pressure. and fire. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53).7. This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. depending on the tank. 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . fluid specific gravity. For more information. Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog. For more information. For more information. see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65).) Dialog Box (on page 70). see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78). For more information. see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71). This dialog is an optional input. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis. Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog. see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed. out-breathing. As mentioned above. see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. and in the text by Brownell & Young. For more information. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog. see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing. Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E. This dialog is an optional input. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell. Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. the number of courses. see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). Activates the Grillage Review dialog. Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. fluid depth. and the desired code. Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification. depending on the tank. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P. Section I. depending on the tank. This dialog is an optional input. see API 650 External Pressure (App V. depending on the tank. see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76). For more information. depending on the tank. course material. The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters. For more information. temperature. the course height. This information consists of the diameter. This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions.TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog. This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. For more information. external loads. For more information. This dialog is an optional input. This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters.

with the input data. this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. As with most software programs. users can save the input by using the File menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . found in the file TITLE. there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file. The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar. If necessary. We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session. Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog. With TANK. The first displays the title page. or by clicking the Diskette icon.TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad.HED. to the General Data dialog. This serves as a good starting point for a tank design. The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options. The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically). any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes. but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too. on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters. Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog. the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page.

a descriptive comment defines the expected input. and Anchor Bolt Details. Shell Courses. This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data. 42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . For each input cell. Where applicable. Wind Details.TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study. Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. the expected units display to the right of the input cell.

This context menu is shown below. used as the default for all individual shell courses. in which you can select any valid material from the active database. the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below). Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 . The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material.TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field.

Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank. Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu. the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below).TANK Input Alternatively. you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database.

the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog. thickness. material design stress. all courses acquire the same material. as necessary. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. However. on a course-by-course basis. corrosion allowance. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height. as described previously. if necessary. For carbon steels from Table 3-2. the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time. Initially. material name. and material test stress can be specified for each shell course. When you right-click the Material cell. For stainless steels. For stainless materials. The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output. for stainless materials.TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 . the program fills in the Sd and St values. Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material. the software displays the Material context menu. as specified on the Tank Data tab. or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. Therefore.

The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs. but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files.12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank). Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage. The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3). if necessary. TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults. If these times are not defined. Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. API-650 Section 5. and may result in the design of required anchorage.

Design Pressure at Top . Design Temperature . API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C. or Analyze mode. The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation. If the value of the design temperature is changed. If you select A.TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank. Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line. API Design Code .The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file. For each input cell.5 psi / 17. If the design temperature exceeds this limit. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses. Appendix F. TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method . API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes. Where applicable.Enter the design pressure in the indicated units.2 kPa. API-650. it can only be used in analysis mode.Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements. Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error. subsequent calculations for wind girders. A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only. ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights. then the rules of Appendix M are applied. which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table.Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box. seismic. or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code. the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C.Enter the design temperature in the indicated units. Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks. Select the entry from the list. or Design mode. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4. Run Objective . and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 . limits the design pressure to 2. If you select D.

85 1. Tank Shell Height (HTK) . This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device. this value is used only in the Design case.70 0.00 0. and is used in the wind load computations. the joint efficiency should be either 0.70.6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1.As per Appendix A. No other computations use this value. such as for a walk-way.3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency. API-653 Section 2.4.75 0.TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) . This value should be the sum of the individual course heights.Enter the specific gravity of the fluid. Liquid Specific Gravity (G) .0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations. enter the actual distance. this value should be entered as zero.00 0.50 + k/5 0. As per API-650.85 or 0.No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .3. Note.85 0. so the default of 1.85 0.70 0. Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] . Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder . Weight Attachments & Structures .85 0. If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell.3.85 0.Enter the diameter of the tank.Enter the total height of the tank shell.0 for the Hydrotest case.70 0. Design Liquid Level (H) .50 + k/5 0.Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation.Spot RT Appendix A . If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank. the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates. API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown.85 0.35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A .Enter the height of the design liquid level. The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1. This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st .Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder.

Turns on an off wind loads on the roof.7.Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank.11 stability. to display the same context menu. Section 5.11 Wind Pressure . uncheck this checkbox. Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954.7. This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary. Alternatively. Insulation Density .As per API-653 Section 4..4.TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded. which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height. left-click the .1a. These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment . tensile strength.b. right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen. Wind Velocity ..Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5. uncheck this checkbox. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 . 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment .3. Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank. The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53.3.1. To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition).Enter the number of shell courses in the tank. wind gust. which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height. activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course.As of API-650 9th Edition.This field displays the material name. Entire Shell Course Evaluation .As per API-653 Section 4. check this checkbox. internal pressure. A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional.6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height. If the tank will not have an annular base ring.9.3. This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use. The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank. This selection uses equation 4. yield strength.2 Calculations .1. Local Area Shell Only . To include the wind moment term.2 includes a wind moment term. grade. the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F. check this checkbox.Enter the density of the tank insulation.1.3.3.a.Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell. If the material varies over the shell courses. Insulation Thickness .If the tank will have an annular base ring. Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4. Due consideration should be given to Section 5.1. The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course. (d) Single lap welded only.9.3. and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use.3.Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5. select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course. Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form.3. Include Annular Base Plate Details . Number of Shell Courses . its allowable stresses. Default Shell Material . This selection uses equation 4. To properly access a valid material name and its properties. After a valid material is selected. or open-top tanks. this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box.

referred to as St in the API code.Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units. If it is constant. the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero.Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S. The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously. For stainless steels.TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. Material Design Stress . If necessary. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course.Enter the thickness for the current shell course.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n. 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. If it is constant. Hydro Test Stress . on a course-by-course basis. this value will be displayed as zero.Represents the allowable design stress. If this cell is left blank. if necessary. For this reason. These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. Height . If it is constant. referred to as Sd in the API code. Table S-2.6. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database.6. Thickness . You can use the options on this tab to change the material.Represents the allowable test stress. the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. If this cell is left blank. since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. If necessary.1). SSD1 through SSD5 .1. For stainless steels. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. Corrosion Allowance . If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness.1. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5. the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. If this cell is left blank.1. these values will be interpolated during the solution phase. If this cell is left blank for the first course. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5.

Enter the wind directionality factor. it will be evaluated using this data.Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage. This is an optional entry. In order to size the anchor bolts.The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5. This value should be 1. TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults. API 650 recommends a value of 0.7500 2. Kz .Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7. If left blank. Gust Factor . If these times are not defined.85.0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments. Threads per Unit Length .0. and the anchorage is necessary. If left blank. If entered.1250 1. If left blank. The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch. Kzt .5 4. the value defaults to 1.95 (the default) for this parameter.5000 0.7500 0.0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4. Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units.0000 2.5000 1.12. This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage.Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7.Enter the wind speed up factor for hills.6250 0. Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0.Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7. Kd .3750 1.5000 2.TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7.2500 2. the thread pitch is necessary.2500 1. the value defaults to 1.04.5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 .0000 1.7500 3. I . Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter . the value defaults to 0.8750 1.

2500 3. If the software redesigns the anchorage. the bolt allowable stress was required input.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value.0 is used.12. The software internally multiplies this value by 2. As of this addendum. the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5. Bolt Yield Stress . This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. As a result. but is maintained for compatibility with older input files.25 inches. API-650. If this value is left blank.7500 4. this value is no longer used. Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter .4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0.Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650. the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration.0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress . This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank. Number of Anchor Bolts . Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance .Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5. an offset of 0.7. enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage.Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle.TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3.Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts.12.5000 3. 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .For evaluation of an existing anchorage. Section F.

define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k). Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below. Data entered in these fields will not be saved.2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box. Note that this is a scratchpad. Supported Cone Roof Data. a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made. This data is used in further analysis. At this point. This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary. the top half of this dialog must be filled out. and Girder Rings. wind over turning. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 . and then click Compute. This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof. The Net Area Scratchpad (F. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab. The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box. such as seismic analysis. Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design.TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. or a supported cone roof will be designed. and maximum allowed pressure. The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs. To use this scratchpad.

and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. depending on the active structural library. and in the available cross sections. This tab. and columns. The allowed cross sections vary. the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database.TANK Input If instead. in the usage of the various structural types. shown below. For the structural and roof plate materials. The help system provides guidance here. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . a supported cone roof is to be designed. displays the parameters used in the roof design. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank. the material for the cross sections and roof plate. girders. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab.

as the number of girder rings. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters. which are supported by girders. Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs. and rafter rings is known. alternate positioning is desired. For rafter supported cone roofs. If this information is specified. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths.Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 . columns and girders. Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof. All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell. Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring. Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only. the software can design the rafters.Defines the roof type of the tank. and how many girders make up the ring. the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab.TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young. Angle Between Roof & Horizontal . the software can design the rafters. Roof Type . If however. column rings. then the members are sized only. which are supported by columns.

For details.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations.Since the analysis hasn’t been performed. This value will not be used. This value will not be used. if any. Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations. This value will not be used.Enter the area resisting the compressive force. After the data has been defined.Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates. % of Weights Supported by Shell . For supported cone roofs. corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F. refer to API-650 Figure F-2.Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates. TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally.1. click Compute.2.Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course. it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed). After the analysis. Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) . TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally. an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required. This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad.TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction . Thickness of Roof Plate . Figure (a-k) .If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar.Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks. specify the bar thickness in this field. TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. Weight of Snow on Roof . the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations. Specify this estimate in the tc field. If the input value is greater. this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot.Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations.Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. the computed roof plate weight is always used. or a supported cone roof is being designed. Weight of Roof Framing .Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. Weight of Roof Plates . Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) . 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here. This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness.2.Select the desired cross section.10. TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally. Roof Live Load . The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box.Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. According to API-650 5. Thickness of Bar (tb) . The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load. This value should include the corrosion allowance. Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance . Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) .

column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. column rafter. C. column rafter. The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below. DC. Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) . and P. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below.Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters. column rafter. DI. girder. girder.Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. and M. girder. girder. WT. For the 1989 AISC library. C. The specific section types depend on the active structural database.TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) . S.Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type . column rafter.

and UC. girder. column rafter. girder. column Preferred Girder Type . valid types for this cell are: IP. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. girder. column rafter. and C. valid types for this cell are: I.Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders. T. girder. girder. parallel USAGE rafter. girder. girder. HP. CP. column CT Channels. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. column For the 1990 Australian library. girder. girder. girder. U. valid types for this cell are: UB. UC. column For the 1990 South African library. column For the 1993 UK library. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below. and CT. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column rafter. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. column rafter. column rafter.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. and T. girder. column rafter. girder. column rafter. taper rafter. girder. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. column For the 1991 German library.

and C. column rafter. column rafter. WT.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. column For the 1993 UK library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. C. girder. S. valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. and P. girder. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 . girder. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. T. girder. UC. column rafter. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. DC. girder. column rafter. girder. DI. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. C. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. girder. and M.

girder. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. column For the 1991 German library. girder. column CT Channels. girder. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. column rafter. taper rafter. and UC. girder. girder.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter. column rafter. girder. girder. column For the 1990 Australian library. column rafter. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: IP. valid types for this cell are: I. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. column For the 1990 South African library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. parallel USAGE rafter. and CT. column rafter. girder. girder. U. HP.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns. CP. column Preferred Column Type . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. and T. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder.

column rafter. DC. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. C. girder. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. WT. T. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. column rafter. girder. U. UC. girder. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. girder. girder.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. DI. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. girder. column For the 1993 UK library. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. column rafter. and P. S. column rafter. column For the 1991 German library. valid types for this cell are: UB. and C. girder. and T. and M. column rafter. girder. girder. column rafter. C. girder. girder. column rafter. girder. and UC. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 . column rafter. valid types for this cell are: I. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. girder. column For the 1990 Australian library.

Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders. 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. a value of zero will be used.1 to 7. arranged in concentric circles. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. taper USAGE rafter.0 feet /7. In the design of the supported cone roof. valid types for this cell are: IP. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [.3. girder. column rafter. For compliance with API-650 Section 3. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members. Center Column Cap Plate Diameter . Typical values for this cell are 20.] button.0 feet (6. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders.1 meters.4. HP. In the design of the supported cone roof.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. arranged in concentric circles. Typical values for this cell are 24. column rafter. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. and CT. Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress .TANK Input For the 1990 South African library. This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. from the center of the tank. The girders are supported by columns. column rafter. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.3 to 9. This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings.0 to 24.. The rafters are oriented along radial lines.] button.. Structural Member Material . Maximum Allowed Girder Length . from the center of the tank. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. parallel Channels. This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring. Maximum Allowed Rafter Length .10.Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters. girder. column Roof Plate Material . The girders are supported by columns. CP.Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary. This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified.. girder. this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa).. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.0 to 30. If this cell is left blank. girder. The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected.3 meters). Structural Member Allowable Design Stress .

This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary.The number of girders in each ring may also be specified. Number of Girders in Ring .Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring. if the number of girders in any one ring is specified. Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input. however. the distance to all girder rings must be defined. If the location of one girder ring is specified.TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring . These entries are optional. Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 . the number of girders in all rings must be also specified.

which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods.2 and E. Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) . the software will design bolting. If no value is specified.3. Seismic Use Group . Valid entries for this field are 1. Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec. where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations.Usually this value is 1. Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec. the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required. which is the design.Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations. Importance Factor . which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. 5% damped. in seconds. Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) . This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0. design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures. unless specified otherwise by the purchaser.2s).Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material. which is the 5% damped. %g. refer to API-650 Sections E.4. 5% damped. Unless otherwise specified.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. Earthquake Type . For more information about earthquake types. API recommends that this value not exceed 1. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure).4.25. Bottom Plate Thickness .TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient .7. %g.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) .6. See API-650 Section E. 2. Transitional Period (TL) .Defines S0.Defines Sa0*. and that this value (1. In this instance.Defines SDS.2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods.Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped. Period (S1) . Scaling Factor (Q) .Defines Ss. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. 5% damped. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0. and III). the coefficient defaults to 1. Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank. or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I. API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0. Site Class .5.3. II. %g. Valid choices are A through F. %g. 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Defines the seismic site class according to Section E.4.Defines SP.Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion.Defines S1. The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7.Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K). Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material . Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7. Initial Anchorage Type .25) only be used for emergency services. %g. Period (S0) .The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser. Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods .Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E.0.5% damping. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second.4.1 for details on the various SUG categories. 5% damped. Friction Factor .6.Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted).

bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0. the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate. Section 7.Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate. which is the 5% damped. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . In this case. %g. leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it.Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members). Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate .Defines Sa*. If left blank.1. This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. As stated in API-650 5. Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I. Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage.Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness. This value is optional. If a value is entered here.4. This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered.TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) . If a value is entered. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 .Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate. design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures. you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I .25 inches (6.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate . Maximum Allowed Spacing . this value defaults to zero.35mm). Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate .

If you check Use PVP-1279. TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses. These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650. Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed.TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles.Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle. NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P. This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks. The data specification can include external piping loads. Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate .Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle.Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate. This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits. the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated. Nozzle Designation / Number . Nozzle Outer Diameter . if available from a pipe stress analysis.

7 13.3E6 7.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient. 200. 300. Modulus of Elasticity .0 12. 260. Modulus (psi) 28.5E6 28. 400.1E6 500. 200. You can change this value.67E-6 6.87E-6 7.3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.8E6 28.0E6 27.6E6 26. 29. 150.4E6 26. 200.67E-6 6.TANK Input Delta Temperature . If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70. 25.7E6 27.4 12.87E-6 7.Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature. 203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 . the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100. then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used.25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. 90.07E-6 7.8E6 28. 400. 300. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1. Instead. 500.07E-6 500 27.1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20.3E6 27. reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29.25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12.2E6 Expansion Coefficient .3E6 27.7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. if necessary.5E6 28.Enter the modulus of elasticity.

acting on the nozzle. Applied External Circumferential Moment . API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled. units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations.Enter the weight of this nozzle. This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 . resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses. by Lengsfeld. Taagepera. This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness. Nozzle Weight . Nozzle RePad Thickness . Applied External Longitudinal Moment .Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations.Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle. LaBounty. Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? . You can change this value. Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness. 68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P.TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal. if necessary. Use PVP-1279 . The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter. Bardia.Enter the value of any applied radial force.Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. but not actually used in the computations.A value defined in PVP-1279. If reinforcing on the shell is indicated.Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses. This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks. This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P. Hathaitham. RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 . Applied External Radial Force . Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 . English. If you specify a pad thickness. if any.Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located.Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell.The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad. These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software. and Lengsfeld.

TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input.Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature. The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld. The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0. K = 4. Factor B .Enter the foundation factor.Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank.Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion. K = 2. Temperature Difference . This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 .0.0 for tanks on earth foundations 4.0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination.0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C . Factor K . The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing. The value of C shall be 0.0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates. The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate .empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis.Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld.25 to a maximum of 1. Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference .Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.85 if not specified by the purchaser. This value is: 2.

Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency . Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material . Where fc = 0.) dialog box is an optional input. JEr = 0.70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) .Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency .fc.000 psi (103 MPa).4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners. Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) .) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V.JEr. However.Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe.85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0. Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) .JEs. Where fc = 0.000 psi (140 MPa).6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region. However.Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress . 70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . fc need not be less than 20.00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0.85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) . Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) . JEst = 1.TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V.70 for double lap welds JEr = 1.JEst.fc.00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) .00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0. JEs = 1.Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E. fc need not be less than 15.35 for single lap welds JEr = 0. This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank.Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency .

If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4. API-653 Appendix B. in API-653 Section B.Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points. Angle Between Measurements . Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement .3. use every other point when generating the input. The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points. This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs. and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature. Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle. This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees.f. this limit was 30 feet / 9.5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used. a default of 29.Define the Dish Radius of Roof .1m. Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement.TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) . If this value is left blank. Roof Dish Radius (R) .R. Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference. Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 .Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.1. The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9. of the roof plate material.6m.3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank.Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress . This value must be less than 45-degrees.8 m. Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2. the shell plate material.2. Appendix B.

Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom. Above Ground Storage Tanks.7.Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank.1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653. Post 3rd Ed.3.1.1. This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4. 4. Hydrocarbon Engineering. each discussed in the following subsections.3. Elevation . API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data. Post 3rd Ed.4.7.3.4. obtained from tank inspections. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed.3. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed. Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9. The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs.2. Bottom. Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh.1m intervals. May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers. Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and 4. Pre 3rd Ed.

after repairs.TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) .As per API-653 Section 4. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 .4. enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate.Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates. Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) .Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.0. on a yearly basis. and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code).0.As per API-653 Section 2.1 of previous editions of API-653. Pre 3rd Ed. Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) .7.Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates.1.7. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate.4.7. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).1. Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) .1. according to Section 2.As per API-653 Section 2. This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code. Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) .1. Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) .4.7.7.As per API-653 Section 4. after repairs. then this value should be specified as 0.4. If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652). on a yearly basis. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate.As per API-653 Section 2. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion.1. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion. This value is measured from the original thickness. this value should be specified as 0. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) .4. Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined.7. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651).4.

7. on a yearly basis. StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom.As per API-653 Section 2.4. Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) . Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) .As per API-653 Section 2.4.7. Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) .Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates. (GCa).1.1.1.TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) . Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .7. on a yearly basis.1.As per API-653 Section 2.Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr). This value is measured from the original thickness. Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) .As per API-653 Section 2.4.7. enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed.4. enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area. enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion. 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .As per API-653 Section 2. This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65). Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) . If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0.4.1.0.7. if specified.

Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course. If the t1 or t2 values are left blank. above the bottom of this course. the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used. If this value is left blank. In subsequent thickness computations. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 . the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L". "L" Location Above Course Bottom . exclusive of pits. Lowest Average Thickness . Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank.TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L. If this value is left blank. the inspection values of t1 and t2.Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region. Minimum Thickness . if the L location is left blank.Enter the average thickness in the "L" region. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations. Joint Efficiency .Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion. the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course. Similarly. Use specified shell "L" values? . "L" is the critical length. and a joint efficiency for each shell course. they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box. the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. Additionally. controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis.

The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998).Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course.1. Instead. Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L". Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input. as per API-653 Table 2.3.3. Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2. which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses.3. the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2. When this box is checked. Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2. as well as the environmental factors. the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box.3. Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies.3.3. This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate. and liquid characteristics. Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations.TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level. Use specified shell "E" values? . This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed.3.1. Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed . Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? . This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank. Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition. The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations.1.

3 0.3 0.2000.7 3.03 0. see API-2000 Section 4. Liquid Flash Point .TANK Input Emptying Rate .0 0.8 2.5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22.40 0.5 5 10 15 20 25 1. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4.0 1.3.1.50 0.67 0.05 0.15 0.05 0.Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point.0 0.375 0. Filling Rate .300 0.025 see note C 1. For more information.2.3. Environmental Factor .8 2.1. Boiling Point .Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API.33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1.Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.7 11.0 0.Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point.2.075 0.15 0.1.0 2.0 1.4 5.0 0.075 0.375 0. see API-2000 Section 4.3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2. For more information.0 0.Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 .2.

which consists of the required tank volume. and the height and diameter ranges.025 see note C 1. and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations.0 0. the unit cost of plate. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved.19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0. You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary.5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank. After exiting the Scratch-pad. based on the required volume. you have the option of transferring the diameter.03 0. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .0 0.0 1. There is a minimum amount of user-specified data. the plate allowable stress. the fluid specific gravity. height. This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses.TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0.

you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. all other courses being equal to the specified input value. the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table. The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank. The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition. located to the right of the output display. you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations. contains two slider bars. and four for a height range. This sizing tool. The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated. or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). the input data can be altered. If necessary. The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate. Alternatively. After the scratchpad calculations have been performed. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 .TANK Input After the necessary data is specified. the necessary diameter (or height) is presented. and new estimates obtained. When the desired results have been achieved. Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad. The height of the top course is also reported. The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range. a report can be printed. as well as the thickness required for each shell course.

A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. For each height/diameter value. the minimum value for this entry should be 1. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. Plate Allowable Stress . Minimum Tank Diameter . This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. and lb/cu. Average Course Height . The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined.Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes. Cost/Unit Weight of Plate .Enter the unit cost of the plate material. since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. followed by plate weight and cost. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. Required Volume . The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. For each height/diameter value. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank.in. followed by plate weight and cost. and lb/cu. For consistent application. The height range is independent of the diameter range.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells.Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank.cm. exclusive of the diameter range. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. exclusive of the diameter range. Fluid Specific Gravity .in.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. For each height/diameter value. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. or KG and KG/cu. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. The height range is independent of the diameter range. For each height/diameter value. or KG and KG/cu. The diameter range is independent of the height range.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter.cm. Minimum Tank Height . 80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . exclusive of the height range. followed by plate weight and cost.Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume. followed by plate weight and cost.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. The top course may be less than the value specified here. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. Since the tank must be hydrotested. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined.TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below.0. For consistent application. Maximum Tank Diameter . Maximum Tank Height .

Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined.TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. exclusive of the height range. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 .

TANK Input

82

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

the analysis files will not be created. Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition. the procedure halts until you click Continue. Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu. The typical response to this prompt is Yes. This gives you time to review the message. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 . If the summary report shows that errors were found. You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker. click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction. click File > Exit.Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box. If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated.

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 . and enhancement. Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation. A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files. the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays. As each solution step is entered.SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module. and which solution steps are required by the current input data. the major solution steps to the analysis. After the solution module has been launched. This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes. maintenance. an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress. The program files used are listed below.

control is returned to the Main menu. Shell weight and center of gravity .Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing. The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs. Because there is no TKO file.The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements. The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details.This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination. entry into the output processor is not allowed. 2. and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E.9. The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials. Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module. 3. the velocity factory. variable point. the analysis module creates the . The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics. Wind girder requirements . The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases. newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file. some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file.1. These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations. Required shell course thicknesses . or printed to the system printer. 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . As important milestones in the analysis are reached. All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification. 4. Allowed fluid heights . Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases . This file contains the solution data in binary format. the message file can be very helpful. 6. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details.1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section. The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu. 1. Overturning stability . and no output (TKO) file exists. The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries.6. Wind effect .11. Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation. and the overturning moment.The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure. 5. their section moduli.This value is checked according to Section 5. the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations.TKO file. a diagnostic message is presented to the user. In this instance.The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user. In the case of the variable point method. and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5. Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22. either one-foot. This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set. 7.This thickness is based on the specified design method. Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5. or Appendix A. this is an iterative process.The number of girders. If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank. In this instance. It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows.

10. the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated. required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5. After all sizing. the required number of bolts and the bolt size. Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B .These computations are based on API-653 Section 2.These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 . Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E . analyze.4 begins. Section 7. and seismic computations have been completed. API-650 Appendix F requirements .6. test. the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M. Section M.10. test. The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young.3 checks are implemented.This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads. Service/maintenance computations .Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data . and empty.The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions. Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations. API-2000 Venting calculations.12 and determines.These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement. Following the cycle life calculations. and user input).After the actual roof computations are completed.5 or 5. the program will now evaluate. the bolting requirements are checked. A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity. Following the roof design. design. Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P . Grillage computations . or design the roof. the Section 5. Roof evaluation involves weight summations. if necessary. roof. This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5. The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design. After the cosine curve is known. with the corresponding stress for each load case.If the roof data has been specified. the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined.10.

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

In addition to the menu options. Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch. nozzle interaction diagrams. A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design. used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P. or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot.SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete. A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results.Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu. shell settlement plotting. Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 . These options include both text based reports and graphics.Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram. the following icons are also available. Plot Nozzles . Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections. If output is not available for the current job. Return to Main Menu . Plot Cone Roof . This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing. Plot Settlement .Plots the shell settlement data. both of these items are grayed out. and supported cone roof sketches. The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams.Produces the basic tank sketch. The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics. or modify the input data. the output options are available. Plot Tank Elevations . the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls. After you enter the local graphics mode.Plots the supported cone roof sketch.

Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank. 92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details.

Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes. The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points. the out-of-plane deflection. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 . The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve. The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves. These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization. The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement. The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements. as well as an option to spline the data. the optimum cosine curve.Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations.

test.either longitudinal or circumferential. and which thickness to use . which interaction diagram to plot . or user entered. necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded. The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15). 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .either design.Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P.

the interaction point plots at the origin. as an asterisk. If the piping loads are not specified.Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 . The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads.

Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P. 96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the interaction point must plot inside the diagram.

defining the roof nomenclature. structural cross section sizes. showing cross section sizes is shown below. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 . These roof sketches are not shown to scale. and quantities can be noted on the sketch. lengths. A typical roof sketch. Besides the basic roof sketch.Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. the resulting design can be shown graphically. . they are provided for information purposes only.

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

showing only those jobs that have output.Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word. The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window. by topic. The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs. Print . View Report using Microsoft Word . the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated. The intent is that the header. (Items can be de-selected in the same manner). Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 . if a file named header.Enables switching to the output of a different job. Save . After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected. Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click. This option opens a standard File Open dialog.Saves the selected reports.doc file contains the company logo and address details. When you send reports to Microsoft Word. its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word. This menu lists the available reports.SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports.Prints the selected reports. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is. the Output Report menu displays. When the analysis phase completes.doc exists in the \tank\system folder. Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report. Open .

in the following sections. This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended.Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box. Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user. Disable/Enable Page Numbering .Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box. Select Heading Fonts . and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen. in general. Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here. 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . time. major and minor level text. job name. You can also suppress the ending page number. Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data. The header contains the user’s name. Each of these reports is discussed. date. Previous Report .Turn on or off the page numbering. Each page of output begins with a header. From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings. From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers. Select Font .Changes the font when printing reports. and program version number.Erases the selected reports.Displays the previous report. Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings.Displays the next report.Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports . Next Report . page number. Modify the Starting Page Number .

as well as whether or not roof. and settlement details were defined.Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data. Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 . Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined. This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module. seismic.

This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data.Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker. Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases. test allowable stress. and the wind moment.Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module . and Appendix M reduction factor are listed. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind. as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table. ENGLISH. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 .TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module. the area exposed to the wind. The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases. The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system. the material name. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here. consisting of the velocity factor. For each shell course. The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results. design allowable stress. The next section of the report reflects the material properties used. The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases. the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course. as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1. Material. It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis. For API-653 analysis. including the wind girder height reduction factor. All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified. Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program.

The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check". Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method. This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders. the b dimension is also included in the report. based on API-650 Section 5. Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .11.Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width. The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations. and the center of gravity of the shell. The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components. For each wind girder required. the geometry detail and angle size are also reported. as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell. the weight of the shell. If Detail e is required.

Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. Note that at the center of the tank. and at the shell. the number of rafters resting on the inner girders. the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring. the radius to each girder ring. and the rafter length. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 . the spacing on the inner girders. This information begins with the number of girder rings. the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero. The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates. and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F. Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details. and the number and length of the girders in each ring. the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. This report is shown below. and the design roof load. the spacing on the outer girders. If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed.

This information includes the unit load on the member. and is shown below.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters. Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the required section modulus. This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring. the selected cross section. and the actual section modulus.

and required radius of gyration. and the actual radii of gyration. Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 . the actual compressive stress.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. This information begins with the column load. This is followed by the selected cross section. This information is shown below. height. allowable compressive stress.

and the compression ring failure pressure. Following the roof design/analysis report.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5.6. are the results of the Appendix F computations. These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths.10.10. All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”.3. Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components. and either 5. the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction.5 or 5. an API unit. This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift. This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight. The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F.5.10. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E. test fluid. These computations were made for three cases: design fluid. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 . and empty.

rotation. These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness. the flexibilities. deflection. and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported. test shell thickness. Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . For each case. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input. and user input thickness.Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P.

Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 .Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B. and the out-of-plane deflection. This table also includes the settlement measurements. This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points. the optimum cosine curve through these measured points. the out-of-plane settlement.

Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . outbreathing and fire exposure. This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing.3 of API-2000.Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4. The venting report is shown below.

The second section shows the required number of bolts. and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases. The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases.Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5.12. the required bolt diameter. There are two sections to this report. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 .

Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The report lists the exclusions and checks made.Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M. as well as the number of allowed cycles.

Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V.

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

................tki......................... 118 Example Problem APP_P ... In This Section Example Problem APP_K .................................................................... 118 Example Problem B&Y ........................................................................ 118 Example Problem SSC1 .......tki..................................................................... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ....................... as defined by the One Foot method... 117 Example Problem O_WC ..... 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k................ 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 .............................................. 118 Example Problem SEIS01 .................................. Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations.............. 117 Example Problem A_WC ................................................ 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ......tki.................... is located at \examples\a_wc........................................... is located at \examples\o_wc.......................... Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations..............SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code.................................................. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 .... as defined by Appendix A of API-650............................... 118 Example Problem TEST1.......

tki.tki. Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1. Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1.tki. (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara. is located at \examples\sstest1. This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations.tki. For more information see the file \examples\b&y. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S. for stainless steel tanks.tki. including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M. Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V. Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p. Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young.tki. 118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E.

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

EXE .EXE .Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.EXE .Material database editor OUTPUT.Main program TKERCK.Units generation module MATEDIT.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.Error check module OUTWORD. The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.Configuration program help pointer file TANK.EXE .EXE .Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A.Solution module COADEXE.EXE file scanner CRCCHK.EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B.EXE.DLL .EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.EXE .EXE .Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B.EXE .EXE .EXE .Input module help data file API02.CHM .CRC check program MAKEUNIT.APPENDIX A Appendix A .EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR.EXE .EXE .Help file TIPS.Output preprocessor APISOLV.EXE .TXT . Main Set APIOUT.Input module help pointer file TKER01A.EXE .Configuration program help data file TKSET02.EXE .Output report review processor TANK.Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.EXE .

1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.HED .2005 API-650 material database A650_08.Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.FIL .1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.MAT .ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.MAT .MAT .2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.TXT .MAT .MAT .Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.FIL .Messages for input processor SCREEN3.Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.2008 API-650 material database AISC89.MAT .1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.Structural database file API650.Millimeter units file MPH.MAT .TXT .1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.Data from Table 3-22 XX.1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.MAT .1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.MAT .MAT .MAT .FIL .DIG .TXT .1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .ENGLISH units file MM.EXE .EXE .SI units file T2A.MAT .Messages for output processing TITLE.1988 API-650 material database A650_93.MAT .Appendix A .DAT .MAT .CRC .MAT .Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.1993 API-650 material database A650_94.MAT .FIL .

TKI .TKI .Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC.TKI .TKI .Stainless steel example SSC1.Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 .TKI .TKI .TKI . SEIS01.Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1.Example seismic computations for Appendix E.TKI .TKI .TKI .Example computations for Appendix.Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1.Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01.Sample input for variable point method APP_P.TKI .Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y.Appendix A .Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA.

Appendix A .Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary.APPENDIX B Appendix B . Figure B.1 .Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK.English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 .

MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .SI Units File Figure B.3 .4 .2 .Appendix B .MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.Standard Units Systems Figure B.

705 A-516.List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database.C A-537.B A-737.D A-678. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.70 A-662.B A-662.58 A-573. When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.A A-678.EH36 A-573.APPENDIX C Appendix C .C A-633.65 A-573.60 A-516.B A-131.65 A-516.A A-131.B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 .2 A-633.1 A-537.55 A-516.CS A-36 A-131.

21 G40.D E-275.C E-275t.235 NS.C E-355.275 * ISO 630 E-275t.D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.21 G40.C E-275.21 G40.C E-355t.Appendix C .21 G40.21 G40.21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.D E-355.D E-355t.250 NS.

Appendix C .List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .

List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix C .

MAT ENGLISH.Default Configuration Directives Ver. 1. 1.3.200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES .2835648E+00 YES . 1.0000000E+00 . 1. 1.3000000E+00 .9. 0.APPENDIX D Appendix D . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 . 1. 0. 1.7.1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO .5000000E-02 YES .1 YES A650_94. 1.FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1. 2.4000+E01 Sect.

Appendix D .Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

to provide more information and detail.APPENDIX E Appendix E . Version 3. BS3643.20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1. Version 3.30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2.00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API . Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 . Version 3. Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%.653 3 Edition.Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK. rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API . Added several minor changes as requested by users.10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition.650 10 Edition. Added a Wind Parameter input dialog. South African Bolt. Implemented API-653 4th Edition. Added JIS structural steel shape library. Added many “text” changes to the output. Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights. th Version 2. Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric. Version 3.55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density.

2 through E. Revised documentation. this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section. as a result of Addendum 1.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition. Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses.6. Version 2. from PVP-1279.6. Version 2.1. for easier usage. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E. Since bolting data is now a required input. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates.Revision History Version 2. Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition. Incorporated API-650 10th Edition. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database. This provides better capability to notify users of software updates. Version 2.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E. The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E. Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad. Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition. Addendum 1.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials. Addendum 3.Appendix E . The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1.50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration. Revised the output processor. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary.4.

Section 3.2.4. Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A.2 has been incorporated.Appendix E .5.00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2. API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum. in accordance with the recent addendum. which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches. to include the bottom shell course thickness. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 . This involved removing both A442 materials. Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination.60 / 2. Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height). Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference.25 inch plate.Revision History Version 2.10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition. Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1. Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power. Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height. Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0. A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3.

Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated. Previous versions treated zero as a blank. Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations.50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated.Appendix E . Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added. now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1.51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated. Addendum 2 changes incorporated. API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates. Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic. Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added. versions prior to 1.40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included.Revision History Version 1. this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database. Version 1. Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added. Note.3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress.5. Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports. Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations. Version 1.50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file. The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero.50.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet. Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory. First. This ability has been added for Version 1. Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added. permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses. Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet. A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E. Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases).

10. Version 1. API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2.7. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization.Appendix E . test. Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment.e has been added. Bold design procedure for Section 3. Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module. the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3.8.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs.10. Consideration of Section 17. A material database editor is provided.3.5. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated.1. Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3. Additionally the weights for operating.8 added. Bolt design references to standard bolt size table. “Variable Point” location reported. Mouse support has been added to all modules. The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary.1. Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module. API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified.1. Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L. Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3.11 added.31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added.4. and empty conditions are reported. A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available.2.3 is reported.6.5.9.1.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 .Revision History Version 1.1 added. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank.

Revision History Version 1.11 and Appendix E computations. Version 1. The calculator supports the basic four math operations. A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu. Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design. This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections. For API-653 analysis. This units file. which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young.11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added. An additional "English" units file is provided. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . a network hardware lock. The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P. Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles. and square roots. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes.FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour. and a segregation of program and system files. Version 1.5 curves.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3. there was no interpolation between curves. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case. trigonometric functions.11. Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E. squares. MPH. PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports. This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives.0 used one or the other set of curves. Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added. Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads. Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program. A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs. The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1. and the setting of the default output report generation parameters. For API-653 runs. Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell.0 and L/2a=1. Several new configuration directives have been added. an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3.Appendix E . Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3.6 added.

Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. Bardia. LaBounty. August 1982. Billimoria. ASME 1995. ASME 1996. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Bardia. 118. Improve Storage Tank Inspections. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. Malik. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. ASME. Vol 108. ASME 1996. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules. Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks. October 1996. Billimoria and Tam. Swenson. 1959. Vol. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement. Hydrocarbon Processing. April 1998. Morton. Taagepera. Hydrocarbon Processing. API-620. and Lengsfeld. Tenth Edition. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. Transactions of the ASME. November 1978. Hydrocarbon Processing. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 . Revise Storage Tank Inspections. ASME 1995. and Ruiz.Selected References API-650. An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks. Above Ground Storage Tanks. F. Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. Hendrix & Carucci. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. PVP Vol 315. PVP Vol 315. FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. 1997. PVP Vol 336. June 1990. McGraw-Hill. Eighth Edition.. Brownell & Young. Bardia and Taagepera. 2002. Hathaitham. Process Equipment Design. Fifth Edition. August 1980. American Petroleum Institute. Lengsfeld. Osage. 1977. America Petroleum Institute. PVP Vol 336. Lengsfeld. A. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). Koczwara. Lengsfeld. Lu. and Taagepera. January 1995. August 1980. and Lambe. Ramos. Journal of Strain Analysis. Marr. American Petroleum Institute. August 1996. Parikh. John Wiley & Sons. Smith. Third Edition. November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653. Myers.APPENDIX F Appendix F . No 4. API-2000. American Petroleum Institute. Philip E. PVP-1279. and Horwege. Inc. Vol 12. and Fenton. and Hagstrom. Carucci & Ay. Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks.

Appendix F .Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Program File List • 121 Appendix B .Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V.Revision History • 133 Appendix F .List of Materials • 127 Appendix D .Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E .Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. 83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C .) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A . Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 . 83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9. Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30.

87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87. 121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31.

Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1.10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3.10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1. 99. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 .20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1.55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3. 125 Units • 9 units files • 24. Material.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2.60 / 2.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind.10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1. 76 Version 1. Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42.40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1.20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2.31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1.20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3.50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2.40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2.30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2.

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