Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

U.S. Government Restricted Rights Legend
Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS 252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3. Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Intergraph Corporation P.O. Box 240000 Huntsville, AL 35813 Street address: 170 Graphics Drive, Madison, AL 35758

Terms of Use
Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

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All warranties given by Intergraph Corporation about equipment or software are set forth in the EULA provided with the software or applicable license for the software product signed by Intergraph Corporation, and nothing stated in, or implied by, this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification or amendment of such warranties. Intergraph believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date. The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document. The software discussed in this document is furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of this license. No responsibility is assumed by Intergraph for the use or reliability of software on equipment that is not supplied by Intergraph or its affiliated companies. THE USER OF THE SOFTWARE IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE FINAL EVALUATION AS TO THE USEFULNESS OF THE SOFTWARE IN HIS OWN ENVIRONMENT. Intergraph is not responsible for the accuracy of delivered data including, but not limited to, catalog, reference and symbol data. Users should verify for themselves that the data is accurate and suitable for their project work.

Trademarks
Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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..................... 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams ............................ 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)............................... 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad .......................................................................... 110 Settlement Checks ......................................................................................................................................................................................Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ......... 97 Output Report Generation ............................................................................................................................ 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches . 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box .............. 87 Solution Overview .......................... Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) .................................. 70 Shell Settlement Data ................... 111 API-2000 Venting Output ......... 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ........................................................................... 102 Solution Module TXT File ..............................................................................................................................................) Dialog Box ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 88 Local Graphics Output .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 100 Job Title Page ........................... 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box ... 100 User Input Data ...................................................................................................................... 105 Seismic Analysis Results ........................... 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ................................................................................................................. 92 Shell Settlement Plots ............................................................................................................................................................................... 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ............... 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .............................. Material................................................... 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ...................................... 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 99 Output Report Discussions ............................. 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ..................................... 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ........................................................ 101 Error Checker LOG File .................................................................................................................... 83 Warning & Error Options .................................................................................... 103 Roof Evaluation ................................................................................................... Thickness & Weights .............................. 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box .............................................................. 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data ......... 84 Completing the Error Check Phase ........................................................................................ 85 Analysis/Solution Phase.............................. 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box ...................................... 91 Tank Layout Sketch ........................................................................................... 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) .............................................. 87 TANK Program Files ................................................................................................. 80 Error Checking ................................. 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box ........................................................................................................ 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.................................................................................................................................... 103 Wind............................ 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results .......................................................... 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box ................................................................................................................... 112 API-650 Bolting Report ......................................................................

........................................ 128 * ISO 630............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 119 Appendix A ......Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output ............................. 121 English Text Set ............................................60 / 2......................................................................... 134 Version 2.......List of Materials .............................................................. 135 Version 1............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Version 3...............................................40 Changes (9/96) ........................................................ 133 Version 3...................................................20 Changes (9/09) ................................................... 118 Example Problem APP_P ............................................................................................. 117 Example Problem APP_K .................................................................... 122 API Data Set................................................................................................................................................................... 117 Example Problem O_WC ................................... 118 Example Problem B&Y ..................................................................................................................30 Changes (9/10) ....................................................................................... 121 Main Set ............................................10 Changes (9/08) .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 135 Version 1................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Program File List ....................... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ...............................................................................Revision History ............................. 118 Example Problem TEST1 ..........................................................................55 Changes (10/05) .................................................Standard Units Systems....................................................................................................................................................................... 121 Help & Error Processing Set ............... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ................................... 129 Appendix D ........................... 136 Version 1........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 131 Appendix E .........................................................................................................................................Default Configuration Directives ...... 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) .........................................10 Changes (5/00) ....................................... 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 ................ 117 Example Problem A_WC ......................................................................................................................50 Changes (3/04) ...................................... 122 Examples Data Set .... 127 * ASTM Standards ............................................. 129 * Unknown For API-653 ... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ................................................... 125 Appendix C ......................................... 114 API-650 External Pressure Output .................. 118 Example Problem SEIS01.....00 Changes (11/07) .....50 Changes (5/97) ....................40 Changes (7/02) ..................................................................................................................................................................... 128 * National Standards .................................................................00 Changes (1/99).......................................................................... 123 Appendix B ................................... 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) ....................................................... 133 Version 2....... 134 Version 2.............................................................................................................................................................................................20 Changes (9/00) .....................51 Changes (9/97) ................................................ 127 * CSA Standards ............................... 133 Version 3....................................................................... 136 Version 1................................................................................................................................................................................................. 133 Version 3....................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem SSC1 ......................................30 Changes (2/02) ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 134 Version 2..................................... 115 Examples ................................... 133 Version 2............................................................ 134 Version 2.....

....................................................... 138 Appendix F .................................................................................................. 137 (11/94) .........................................................Contents Version 1............................................................................................................ 139 Index ..............................20 Changes Version 1.............................10 Changes (2/96) ...30 Changes Version 1............................................................. 138 (6/94) ................................ 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .....................................31 Changes Version 1..................................................................... 137 (8/95) ..Selected References ..........................................................................................

However. Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. e-mail. which can be launched by pressing F1. and by mail. It is expected. rely on the help system. however. TANK support is available by telephone. Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible. To that end. and operation of the program.com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 . and expeditious designs. economical. the web site. fax. and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution. input validation to avoid run time errors. cell specific help for guidance and information.coade. configuration. that questions focus on the current version of the program. Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users. TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input. when in doubt.com Web: www.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes.

After the help system has been activated. Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section. the appropriate information displays in an interactive window. When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific. Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1. the help text includes the expected input units in the title line.Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user. Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system. These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file.

assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database. Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module. This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis. there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis. This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach.Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program. The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them. In some instances additional sets may be required. Reviewing Output . The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog.09375. multiplication. When such a fatal condition occurs. see Appendix B . and finally reports the problem to you.Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system. subtraction. Even though TANK validates your input data. A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files. a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files . For more information on the four standard supplied units systems. Creating Units Sets . TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation. In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells.Standard Units Systems (on page 125). After the review of a specific error message is complete. These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch). Upon exit from the diagnostic utility.New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 . the program attempts to trap the error. For example. The four basic math operations (addition. and division) are supported in the input cells. This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system. user control is returned to the Main menu. the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary.Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file. Selecting a Units File .Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK.

2. and digitized data from Appendix P. These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method. Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P. Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M. Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M.Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices. Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. Minimum metal temperature reporting. This includes the material data from Table 5. Seismic computations according to Appendix E. Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A.3. Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance. including the limiting load interaction diagrams. External pressure computations according to Appendix V. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2. TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes. Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S. Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes. Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000. Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary.

The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything. the system requirements. Release Notes . insert the CD into the drive. Browse the CD .Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK.Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products. The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays.Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph. which installs TANK. the HASP drivers. These options include: Install TANK . Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window.Displays a text file discussing the installation steps.SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum.Displays the TANK License Agreement. Services Training . ReadMe File .Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products.Launches the main installation process.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page. and all associated documentation. TANK Information . Additional Products . License Agreement . Support Forum . Contact Intergraph .Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD.Includes options to install the HASP. and the CD contents. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 . CD Content Additional Installations .

Professional.Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System. Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional. If the setup does not start automatically. or Windows 7 (Ultimate. 2. 12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 1.Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer.Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing. Hardware Requirements minimum of 2. or Enterprise). The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed. double-click CDSpawn.Displays a PDF document containing these instructions. or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported. Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation. Insert the TANK CD into your computer. Click Install TANK to begin the installation. HASP Trouble Shooting . Installation Instructions . Windows Vista (Ultimate. HASP Licensing Overview .exe in the root CD folder.0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs. Business.

Installation 3. 4. The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>. select I accept the terms in the license agreement. Read the license agreement. select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement. 7. If you accept the license agreement. where <product name> reflects the program name and version. -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement. and then click Cancel. and then click Next. You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement. click Change. 6. 5. Click Next to continue. Click Next on the welcome page. To install the software in another location. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 .

Select the license type that you have.Installation 8. If you are using SmartPlant License Manager. An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation. select the key color. Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. select the SPLM license option. You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run. 9. 14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . If you are using a network ESL key.

10. the status displays. Skip to step 11. After successfully installing the HASP device driver. you are not prompted to install the HASP driver. If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type. If this dialog does not display. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock. the following dialog box displays.Installation As the installation progresses. Click OK. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 . installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run. After the TANK files have been installed.

Click No to reboot later. such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD. 2. To launch TANK in silent mode. Issue the installation command as detailed below. Click Finish. Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary.Installation 11. Command Cmd= setup. Setup. Click Yes to reboot your computer now.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR . Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs. perform these steps: 1.exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green. Setup.The path to load the installation files. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 12.doc file. with no interaction from you. Select Show the readme file to view the readme. it is a good idea to restart Windows. 13. Because a device driver was loaded.

you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL. The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network.TXT and ESL_RED. a user must then be logged into the network to access the software. If your computer uses a local ESL. Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder. The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server). This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations. The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems. A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility.Installation ESL_COLOR . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 . If the network ESL is attached to a workstation. The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software. The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs. The file server is a better location for this ESL. The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server. Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software). because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops).TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions. Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers. In order for the network to recognize the ESL. if all of the licenses are on the network ESL. refer to the documentation files NETHASP. we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL.Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs. Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . you can skip the remainder of this section. because the computer is usually always on.This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT . Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL. The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location. the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software.The ESL color. Alternatively.

When this occurs. announced. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date. Build Y contains Build X. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available. and so on. This correction is referred to as a Build. and the date it was created. user requests. and also displays when you click Help > About. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation. However. the version indicator. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains. they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda. its size. In order to alleviate this problem for our users. In addition. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking. operational enhancements. builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated.coade.Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static. This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu. file formats change. and the build date. 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .exe. the build is finalized. databases grow. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found. Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released. archiving. The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program. but only one build is required at any given time. before the next version can be released. operating system modifications. and corrections. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement.x<date>. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version. Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www. Determine which build file you need and download it. A build is intended for one specific version of the software. additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files. In other words. Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software. When this occurs. After the file has been downloaded and installed. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds. a correction to the currently shipping version is made.com). and distributing the various builds generated between major releases. and posted to the Web site. The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation.

the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level. This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size. This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version. which build is in use.Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD. Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released. To see which program modules have been modified. Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level. This allows you to see. click COADE EXE Scanner. additional usage instructions may be found in this file. you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory. A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. follow any prompts. and build bevel. When necessary. Simply double-click the build file (the exe). This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package. From the Utility > Tools menu. and the software installation will update appropriately. on the Main Program menu.TXT. memory requirements. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 .

you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release. This will allow full use of this version at some later time. the distribution CD should be installed first. Patched Version When a new version of the software is released. 20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . To reinstall an older version of the software. the last build should be installed. Additionally.Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. if it becomes necessary. Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds. any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD. Then.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

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This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory. the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used. Material File . which may be unique. You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command. Each data directory can contain its own configuration file. Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list. Structural Database . Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . as well as International shape libraries. A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program. Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory. If a data directory does not contain a configuration file. Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database .Select the material file to use.S. Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units. the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory.Select the units file to use. structural shapes and materials.Specifies the anchor bolt database. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory. Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U.Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module. Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored.Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients. followed by a scan of the installation directory. Units File . This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients.

and control is returned to the main menu. The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected. For more information on the error checker. analyzed. It is assumed.you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis. see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21). defined. see Error Checking (on page 83). Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input. Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon.SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual. a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu. an intermediate data file is created for analysis.you must correct these errors before proceeding. analysis is prohibited . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 . and reviewed. For more information. Warning messages are acceptable to the program . After a solution data file is available. If there are errors in the input data. Assuming that error checking completed successfully. After the input has been defined. that the program has been properly installed and configured. you can select one of the Output menu options. and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above). The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive). select Analyze Only to start the analysis module. From here. The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution. it must be error checked. Upon completion of the analysis.

The steps outlined above are summarized below. The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu. either new or old. Define the input data. Focus then returns to the Main menu. Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports. Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output.Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session. Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only. 3. click TANK. From the Start menu. As long as the job input parameters remain fixed. the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports. 26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 2. 5. Select a job. 4. 1. quit the output processor.

or by double clicking the desktop icon. Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition. analysis.SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start. corresponding to the major topics on the menu. and ESL review. The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched. The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK. and help. but also include output review (both text and graphics). diagnostics. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 . the Material Database editor. configuration. output review. utility tools. The options are arranged in groups. The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options. launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu.

Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk. and printing the input for a specific job. TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration. Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . saving.Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 . Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen. each accessed from the menu. Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39). The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon. the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job.Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job. Upon completion of the input. The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups.

Analyze. see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87). and if the input passes the error checker.TKE suffix. cannot be located. with a . automatically starts the solution module.Starts the error checker. In any event. Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel. which produces the output file for the job. The analysis module performs the solution step.TKE file was generated. based on your input parameters.TKE file. The Analyze option is deactivated until the .Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check.Starts the solution module. The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker. Steps not required are disabled. either designing a tank or re-rating a tank. an analysis file for the job is written. If the input data successfully passes the error checker. Error Check and Analyze . the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu. As each phase is completed. written to the . Error Check . 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Analyze . Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text.Starts the error checker. Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83). This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed. If the verified problem data. and Error Check and Analyze. or the input data contained errors and no . the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data. an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description. (grayed out). TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked. For more information on the analysis processor.TKE file is written by the error checker.

Generates a new set of reports. Nozzle load interaction diagrams. in multiple units systems if necessary. see Local Graphics Output (on page 91). append reports. at the end of the last set of reports. This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically. completely replacing any existing reports. Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created. three options are available: overwrite reports. and changing the time stamp in the report headers. Overwrite Reports . the Material Database editor. Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 . and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner. For more information on output processing.Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers.Displays the output review control panel.Creates a new set of output reports. Append Reports . the batch stream processor and a text file review option. shell settlement graphs. the current CPU time and date are used. viewing graphical results.Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports. The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. in the current units system. custom units systems. For viewing text based reports.Starts the graphics processor. Review Latest Reports . in the current units system. Time Stamp . Local Graphics . and review latest reports. If this data is not specified.

Using the Main Menu Configuration . The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter. File Review . Batch Stream Processor .Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis. Material Database Editor .Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data. Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed. the batch log file.Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter.Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created. There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. Calculator . The file is created by a prior analysis. Message File . and the solution message file.Starts Notepad to review a selected data file. For details of the program configuration.Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations. The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties. Batch Log File .Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis. see Program Configuration (on page 21). Custom Units .Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database. Error Check Log File .Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase.

the software attempts to invoke this module automatically. then the file has been corrupted in some manner. clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column. a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed. or a virus infection. This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure.Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory. This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available. The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software.Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number. Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker . Corruption could indicate bad distribution media. the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation. Should a “fatal error” occur. If the values do not match. This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations. This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name. if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 . However.Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number.Using the Main Menu CRC Check . If a CRC Check error occurs. However. Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module .

However. most of the Main menu items will be disabled.Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time. this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu. If there is an access problem with the ESL. Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL. which is required to access the software. The ESL is the External Software Lock. all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu).

TXT file of the information. to interact with the user on the telephone. generating data for the user.TXT”.Starts an interactive procedure. These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified. some of this date may require updating in the field.Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes. This option is similar to the phone update option. suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored.Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software. and accepting instructions from the user. Generate Fax Codes . This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information. Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a . These updates encompass changes requested by the client. date or run limits. or change the client name. and the time stamp of the last access. as generated by the Intergraph support staff. Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes. This information consists of the client name. except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel.Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes. Phone Update . The file will reside in the program’s \system folder. and ID number. where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL. This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel. versioning information. Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 . reset a date. The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx. The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task. Receive and Enter Fax Codes . usually to extend limits. Occasionally. or by clicking the ESL icon.

. Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph. found in the frame area of the Main menu. Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid. Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options. When all codes have been entered. By default. The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar. all options are selected. click OK to enable the changes to the ESL.

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

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Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

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and fire. depending on the tank. For more information. Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog. 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing. out-breathing. This dialog is an optional input. This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters. For more information. course material. This information consists of the diameter. For more information. depending on the tank. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. see API 650 External Pressure (App V.TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P. For more information. The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. course thickness. see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72). and the desired code. For more information. For more information. Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. depending on the tank. see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65). The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E. fluid specific gravity. fluid depth. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis. see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71). This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions.) Dialog Box (on page 70). pressure. This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters. Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog. see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53). For more information. For more information. Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification. external loads. This dialog is an optional input. the course height. Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. As mentioned above. and in the text by Brownell & Young. see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76). Section I. For more information. This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. depending on the tank. see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell. data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed. see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. the number of courses. This dialog is an optional input.7. Activates the Grillage Review dialog. see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78). Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog. depending on the tank. see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. temperature. Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog. depending on the tank. This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog. This dialog is an optional input.

there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file. the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page. with the input data. or by clicking the Diskette icon. to the General Data dialog.TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad. The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options. Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog. The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document.HED. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically). but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too. This serves as a good starting point for a tank design. If necessary. found in the file TITLE. this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. The first displays the title page. With TANK. As with most software programs. any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes. The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar. We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session. Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog. users can save the input by using the File menu.

and Anchor Bolt Details. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. Wind Details. 42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . For each input cell. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data. Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. Where applicable. Shell Courses.TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study.

This context menu is shown below. Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu. used as the default for all individual shell courses. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 .TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field. in which you can select any valid material from the active database. the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below). The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material.

which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank. the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below). Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TANK Input Alternatively. you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database. Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu.

material design stress. corrosion allowance. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height. The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output.TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses. for stainless materials. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. When you right-click the Material cell. Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database. the program fills in the Sd and St values. and material test stress can be specified for each shell course. For stainless materials. Initially. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material. the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog. thickness. or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. all courses acquire the same material. the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time. However. For carbon steels from Table 3-2. as specified on the Tank Data tab. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 . For stainless steels. on a course-by-course basis. as described previously. Therefore. the software displays the Material context menu. material name. as necessary. if necessary.

TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults. The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs. If these times are not defined. but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files. The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3). Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage.12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank). and may result in the design of required anchorage.TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. API-650 Section 5. if necessary. Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Enter the design pressure in the indicated units.Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input. If the design temperature exceeds this limit. Design Pressure at Top . The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box. or Design mode. If you select A.2 kPa. then the rules of Appendix M are applied. Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line. or Analyze mode. If the value of the design temperature is changed. Select the entry from the list.The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file. limits the design pressure to 2. Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only. Where applicable. ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights. the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank. which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4. If you select D. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 .TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation. API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C. Run Objective .Enter the design temperature in the indicated units.5 psi / 17. API Design Code . Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks. and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses. API-650. For each input cell. API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes. it can only be used in analysis mode. Design Temperature . A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected. seismic. TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method . Appendix F.Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C. subsequent calculations for wind girders.

Enter the total height of the tank shell.Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation.3.70.Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder.3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency. If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell. Design Liquid Level (H) . Weight Attachments & Structures .6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1. This value should be the sum of the individual course heights. Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] .50 + k/5 0.85 1. Note. and is used in the wind load computations.00 0. Tank Shell Height (HTK) .35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A .70 0.Enter the height of the design liquid level.Enter the specific gravity of the fluid.85 0.00 0.0 for the Hydrotest case.Enter the diameter of the tank. Liquid Specific Gravity (G) . This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device. such as for a walk-way.70 0.85 or 0. This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st . API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown.No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . this value should be entered as zero.85 0. The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1.85 0. If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank.As per Appendix A.4.70 0. Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder . enter the actual distance.50 + k/5 0.3. the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates.85 0.75 0. API-653 Section 2.TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) .0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations.Spot RT Appendix A .85 0. No other computations use this value. As per API-650. so the default of 1. the joint efficiency should be either 0. this value is used only in the Design case.

to display the same context menu. or open-top tanks. check this checkbox. tensile strength.. This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary.9. left-click the .a.3. internal pressure.11 Wind Pressure . Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4. Insulation Thickness . Section 5. yield strength. Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954. which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height.Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5. Default Shell Material .Turns on an off wind loads on the roof.1a. which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height. This selection uses equation 4. After a valid material is selected.Enter the density of the tank insulation. check this checkbox.1.This field displays the material name.7.TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded.3. To properly access a valid material name and its properties. If the material varies over the shell courses. activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course.b. Alternatively. The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course. Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank.As per API-653 Section 4.11 stability. This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use.3. Due consideration should be given to Section 5.1. (d) Single lap welded only.3. Insulation Density . This selection uses equation 4. These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment . Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form.6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height. Local Area Shell Only . 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment . Entire Shell Course Evaluation .If the tank will have an annular base ring. grade.Enter the number of shell courses in the tank. and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use.. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 . Include Annular Base Plate Details .3. select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course. its allowable stresses. uncheck this checkbox.9.3.2 Calculations . To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition).7. If the tank will not have an annular base ring. To include the wind moment term. this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box. The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53. uncheck this checkbox.Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank.As per API-653 Section 4. A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional.1.1.As of API-650 9th Edition. right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen.Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5.2 includes a wind moment term. Wind Velocity . Number of Shell Courses .4.Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell. wind gust. The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank.3. the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F.3.

the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses.Enter the thickness for the current shell course. Corrosion Allowance .1.1. the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. Table S-2. If this cell is left blank for the first course. referred to as St in the API code. If this cell is left blank.Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units. If it is constant. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database.TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n. if necessary. For stainless steels. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course.1). Height . the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. on a course-by-course basis. If this cell is left blank.Represents the allowable design stress. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . If it is constant. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. For this reason. The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously. For stainless steels.Represents the allowable test stress. the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. referred to as Sd in the API code. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5. If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness. If necessary. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. Thickness .Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S. These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value. this value will be displayed as zero.1. SSD1 through SSD5 . these values will be interpolated during the solution phase.6. You can use the options on this tab to change the material.6. Material Design Stress . since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead. If it is constant. the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. If necessary. Hydro Test Stress . If this cell is left blank. the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5.

0.8750 1. If entered.5 4. the value defaults to 1.2500 1.0000 1.5000 2. This value should be 1. If these times are not defined. If left blank.Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7.5000 0. API 650 recommends a value of 0.7500 0.0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4. Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0.7500 2.7500 3. the thread pitch is necessary.0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments. In order to size the anchor bolts. Kd .Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7. Kz . it will be evaluated using this data. the value defaults to 0. Gust Factor . Kzt . and the anchorage is necessary.12.85.The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5. This is an optional entry. Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units. the value defaults to 1. The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch.Enter the wind speed up factor for hills. Threads per Unit Length .1250 1.Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7. This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage.Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage. I .5000 1.TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7.3750 1. If left blank. Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter .6250 0.04.Enter the wind directionality factor. If left blank.95 (the default) for this parameter.0000 2.2500 2.5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 . TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults.

Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance . but is maintained for compatibility with older input files. If the software redesigns the anchorage.0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress . Section F. enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage. This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage.7500 4. the bolt allowable stress was required input. This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank. this value is no longer used.25 inches. As a result. If this value is left blank. The software internally multiplies this value by 2. the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration. 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .12.Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5.2500 3.12.4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0.7.0 is used. Number of Anchor Bolts .5000 3. the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5.Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle. Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter . API-650.Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts.Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650.TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value. Bolt Yield Stress .For evaluation of an existing anchorage. As of this addendum. an offset of 0.

and maximum allowed pressure. Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design. and Girder Rings. Supported Cone Roof Data.TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made. To use this scratchpad. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 . This data is used in further analysis. and then click Compute. The Net Area Scratchpad (F. Data entered in these fields will not be saved. Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below.2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box. At this point. define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k). Note that this is a scratchpad. the top half of this dialog must be filled out. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab. wind over turning. The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs. such as seismic analysis. This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof. or a supported cone roof will be designed. The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box. This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary.

and in the available cross sections. girders. displays the parameters used in the roof design.TANK Input If instead. The help system provides guidance here. in the usage of the various structural types. depending on the active structural library. This tab. shown below. For the structural and roof plate materials. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and columns. the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank. the material for the cross sections and roof plate. The allowed cross sections vary. a supported cone roof is to be designed.

Roof Type . the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab.Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction.TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young. which are supported by columns. All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell. as the number of girder rings. columns and girders. and how many girders make up the ring. the software can design the rafters. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 . column rings.Defines the roof type of the tank. For rafter supported cone roofs. then the members are sized only. Angle Between Roof & Horizontal . Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring. the software can design the rafters. alternate positioning is desired. Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only. If however. Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths. Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. which are supported by girders. General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof. and rafter rings is known. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters. If this information is specified.

this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot.Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks.Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks.Enter the area resisting the compressive force.1.Since the analysis hasn’t been performed. or a supported cone roof is being designed. Weight of Snow on Roof . After the analysis. Roof Live Load . The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box. TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally. Weight of Roof Framing .Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally. the computed roof plate weight is always used. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. This value will not be used. Specify this estimate in the tc field. click Compute. Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) .Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed). TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally. If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here.Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle.If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar.TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction . Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) . specify the bar thickness in this field.Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates. This value should include the corrosion allowance.10. Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved. Thickness of Roof Plate . TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally. the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations. % of Weights Supported by Shell . This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness.Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course.Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates. refer to API-650 Figure F-2. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F. an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required. This value will not be used.2. 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . if any. The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load. For supported cone roofs. Thickness of Bar (tb) . This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad. For details. Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) . According to API-650 5. Figure (a-k) . the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations. After the data has been defined.Select the desired cross section. If the input value is greater.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations. Weight of Roof Plates .2. This value will not be used. Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance .

DC. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. girder. and M. column rafter. The specific section types depend on the active structural database.TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) . valid types for this cell are: W. C. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. column rafter. Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type . C.Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters. and P. For the 1989 AISC library. girder. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 . Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) . girder. S.Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. girder. girder. WT. DI. girder. column rafter.Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below. column rafter.

valid types for this cell are: UB.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: I. and UC. column rafter. column rafter. girder. girder. column For the 1990 Australian library. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. girder. column For the 1991 German library. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. column rafter. U. column CT Channels. taper rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. CP. column rafter. column For the 1990 South African library. girder. column Preferred Girder Type . column rafter. and T. valid types for this cell are: UB. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below. UC. girder. T. girder. girder. column rafter.Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders. girder. 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . parallel USAGE rafter. and CT. column rafter. column rafter. girder. girder. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. girder. column For the 1993 UK library. and C. girder. HP. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: IP. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels.

column For the 1993 UK library. girder. S. valid types for this cell are: W. DI. column rafter. C. UC. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. DC. T. girder. and P. column rafter. column rafter. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 . girder. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. and C. C. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. WT. girder. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. column rafter. column rafter. girder. girder. and M. column rafter.

column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. girder. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . column For the 1990 Australian library. and UC. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column For the 1991 German library.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter. and T. girder. column CT Channels. valid types for this cell are: I. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. column rafter. and CT. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. U. valid types for this cell are: IP. The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. taper rafter. column rafter. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. CP. parallel USAGE rafter. column For the 1990 South African library.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns. HP. girder. girder. column rafter. girder. girder. column Preferred Column Type . girder.

girder. column rafter. DI. girder. girder. column rafter. column rafter. girder. girder. and T.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. column rafter. column For the 1991 German library. and C. WT. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. C. UC. and M. column rafter. girder. girder. and P. column rafter. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column rafter. girder. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. T. S. DC. C. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. U. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: I. valid types for this cell are: UB. column For the 1990 Australian library. girder. girder. girder. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. girder. column For the 1993 UK library. column rafter. and UC. column rafter. girder. valid types for this cell are: W.

where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. Structural Member Allowable Design Stress . where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified. The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders.0 to 24. 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .. Typical values for this cell are 20. parallel Channels. arranged in concentric circles. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters.0 feet (6. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings. CP. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank.4. Structural Member Material . girder.3. Maximum Allowed Rafter Length . Center Column Cap Plate Diameter . The girders are supported by columns. this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa).Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters. from the center of the tank.0 feet /7. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders.1 to 7. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.] button. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. a value of zero will be used.] button. valid types for this cell are: IP. taper USAGE rafter. and CT. Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress .This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates. The girders are supported by columns. If this cell is left blank. column Roof Plate Material ..0 to 30. girder.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected.10. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. girder. Typical values for this cell are 24.3 meters). The rafters are oriented along radial lines. column rafter.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. HP.TANK Input For the 1990 South African library. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. For compliance with API-650 Section 3.. This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified. In the design of the supported cone roof.Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary. column rafter.3 to 9. In the design of the supported cone roof.. column rafter. The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected. girder. from the center of the tank. Maximum Allowed Girder Length .1 meters. arranged in concentric circles.Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders. This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring.

These entries are optional. If the location of one girder ring is specified. if the number of girders in any one ring is specified. the distance to all girder rings must be defined. Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 .Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring.The number of girders in each ring may also be specified. Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input. the number of girders in all rings must be also specified. however. This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary. Number of Girders in Ring .TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring .

5% damped.Defines SP.Defines SDS. or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I.Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations.5% damping.Defines Ss. Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods . refer to API-650 Sections E.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.3.25) only be used for emergency services.Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures.7.TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) . which is the design. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second.Defines S1. Friction Factor . unless specified otherwise by the purchaser. Importance Factor .Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K). and that this value (1.0. Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) .Usually this value is 1.2s). See API-650 Section E. API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0. and III). For more information about earthquake types.Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted). which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods. 5% damped. Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) .Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped. Earthquake Type . Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient .Defines S0.1 for details on the various SUG categories. Initial Anchorage Type .Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion. the coefficient defaults to 1.4. in seconds. Transitional Period (TL) .3. Unless otherwise specified. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.6.4. Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec. where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations.4.The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser. %g. Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7. Valid entries for this field are 1. In this instance.4. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure). the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0. 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 5% damped. The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7. If no value is specified.Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material.Defines Sa0*. %g.5. %g. 2. API recommends that this value not exceed 1. Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec. This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0. %g. %g. II. Valid choices are A through F. Site Class .Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. Period (S0) . Bottom Plate Thickness . Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank.25. Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material .2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods. 5% damped. Scaling Factor (Q) .6. the software will design bolting. Period (S1) . which is the 5% damped.2 and E. Seismic Use Group .Defines the seismic site class according to Section E. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0.

Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate.25 inches (6. %g. If a value is entered. Maximum Allowed Spacing . the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate. As stated in API-650 5. Section 7. This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet.1.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered. This value is optional. If left blank. design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures. you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0. Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage.4.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate . Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate .Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate. this value defaults to zero.TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) .Defines Sa*. In this case. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 .Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness. which is the 5% damped. leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it. you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I .Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members). Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I. Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate .35mm). If a value is entered here.

Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P. This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks. This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits. If you check Use PVP-1279. The data specification can include external piping loads. the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated.TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles. Nozzle Outer Diameter . Nozzle Designation / Number . Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate . NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate. Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed. TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses.Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle.Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle. if available from a pipe stress analysis. These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650.

3E6 7.8E6 28.4 12. Instead. the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100. 400. 29. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1.25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12.7 13. 300.Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature.87E-6 7.25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used. 203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 . 90. You can change this value. 400. 200. 200.6E6 26.Enter the modulus of elasticity.7E6 27. Modulus (psi) 28. If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel.3E6 27.5E6 28. Modulus of Elasticity .2E6 Expansion Coefficient .0E6 27.07E-6 500 27.8E6 28.1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20.1E6 500. 25. 500.07E-6 7.7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. if necessary. 260. reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29.4E6 26.67E-6 6.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient. 200.87E-6 7. 300.5E6 28.0 12. 150.3E6 27.67E-6 6. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70.TANK Input Delta Temperature .

Taagepera.Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses. Hathaitham. This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks.Enter the value of any applied radial force. RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 .Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks.Enter the weight of this nozzle. resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. Applied External Circumferential Moment . units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. Applied External Radial Force .TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal. Bardia.Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle. API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled. This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P. The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell.Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations. if any.The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad. it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations. Nozzle Weight . LaBounty. acting on the nozzle. If reinforcing on the shell is indicated. Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? . and Lengsfeld. Nozzle RePad Thickness . The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software. Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness. Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 . The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter. but not actually used in the computations.Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located. Applied External Longitudinal Moment . by Lengsfeld. This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 .A value defined in PVP-1279. If you specify a pad thickness. if necessary. This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness. English. 68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Use PVP-1279 . You can change this value.Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P.

0 for tanks on earth foundations 4. Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference .Enter the foundation factor. K = 4.Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank. The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade.0.empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis.TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.85 if not specified by the purchaser.0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination. Factor K . The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0. This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full . Temperature Difference .Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion.25 to a maximum of 1. The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld. This value is: 2. The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate .Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld.0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 . The value of C shall be 0. K = 2.0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C . Factor B .Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature.

Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0.70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) .Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .000 psi (140 MPa).70 for double lap welds JEr = 1.JEs. Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) .6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region.Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency . JEs = 1.Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E.TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V. fc need not be less than 15. Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) . fc need not be less than 20.Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe. Where fc = 0.fc.fc.JEr. 70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . JEr = 0.000 psi (103 MPa). Where fc = 0. However.Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency . JEst = 1.4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners.) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V.35 for single lap welds JEr = 0.00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) .) dialog box is an optional input.Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency .85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) .JEst. This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank. Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material . Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) . However.00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0.85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0.

API-653 Appendix B. This value must be less than 45-degrees. in API-653 Section B.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. If this value is left blank. The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points. and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature.1.3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank. Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2. Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference. If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4. the shell plate material.Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points. Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement .6m.8 m. of the roof plate material. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 .Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement.f. The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9.TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) . Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) .1m. a default of 29.Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress .3. Roof Dish Radius (R) . Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653.Define the Dish Radius of Roof . Angle Between Measurements .2.R.5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used. Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle. use every other point when generating the input. This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs. Appendix B. this limit was 30 feet / 9. This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees.

Hydrocarbon Engineering. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed. May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers. Bottom.1m intervals. Elevation . Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Post 3rd Ed. obtained from tank inspections.3. and 4.4. Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit. This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4. Above Ground Storage Tanks.7. Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9. each discussed in the following subsections.7.Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4.3. Pre 3rd Ed.3. Post 3rd Ed.4. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom. API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data. 4. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs.2.1.3. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed.1.1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653.

7.Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates. Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) .4. then this value should be specified as 0. Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) .4.0.7. Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) . Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom.As per API-653 Section 2.TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) . after repairs. If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652). enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate.1.1.Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.1.As per API-653 Section 4. according to Section 2. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651). enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate. This value is measured from the original thickness. this value should be specified as 0. on a yearly basis.7. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion.7.7.1.0. and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code). on a yearly basis. Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) .4. Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined. Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) .4.Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.1.1 of previous editions of API-653.As per API-653 Section 4. Pre 3rd Ed.4.7. This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 . after repairs. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).4. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .As per API-653 Section 2. Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) .As per API-653 Section 2.

Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) . Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .4. on a yearly basis. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate.Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr).As per API-653 Section 2.1. Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) . Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) .As per API-653 Section 2.As per API-653 Section 2. on a yearly basis.7.7. Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) . if specified.As per API-653 Section 2.4. 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom. The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0.As per API-653 Section 2. Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) .1.7.4. enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed.1. This value is measured from the original thickness. This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65). enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area.7.4. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0.0.1.1. enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion. (GCa). enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).7.TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) .Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates.4.

If this value is left blank. Joint Efficiency . the inspection values of t1 and t2. If this value is left blank. "L" Location Above Course Bottom . and a joint efficiency for each shell course.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations. Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank.TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L. If the t1 or t2 values are left blank. Additionally. the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities.Enter the average thickness in the "L" region. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box.Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course. they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box. the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L". Lowest Average Thickness . controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis.Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion. above the bottom of this course. exclusive of pits. "L" is the critical length. Minimum Thickness . if the L location is left blank. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used.Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 . Similarly. Use specified shell "L" values? . the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course. In subsequent thickness computations.

Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition. which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations. Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed . Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations. and liquid characteristics.1.3. Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies.3. the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2. This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate. Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input.3.1. Use specified shell "E" values? .3.3. The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course. Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2.3. Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2. The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998).1. Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? . as per API-653 Table 2. This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed.3. This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank.TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level. Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course. When this box is checked. as well as the environmental factors. the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations. Instead. Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L".

0 1.67 0. see API-2000 Section 4.33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1. Filling Rate .075 0.2.0 0.Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.1.05 0.Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank. Liquid Flash Point .8 2.3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2.03 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.025 see note C 1.05 0.1.5 5 10 15 20 25 1.0 0. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4.Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point.0 1.2000.1.375 0.15 0.TANK Input Emptying Rate .375 0.075 0. Environmental Factor .5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22.8 2.Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point.Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API. Boiling Point . For more information. For more information. see API-2000 Section 4.2.0 0.300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 .50 0.7 11.0 2.3.300 0.40 0.7 3.3.0 0.2.15 0.4 5.

You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary. which consists of the required tank volume.0 0.025 see note C 1. the fluid specific gravity. This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses.5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank.0 0.03 0. height. and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations. There is a minimum amount of user-specified data. After exiting the Scratch-pad.19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0. the unit cost of plate. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0.0 1. the plate allowable stress. and the height and diameter ranges. you have the option of transferring the diameter. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved. based on the required volume.

a report can be printed. Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank. If necessary. When the desired results have been achieved. The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition.TANK Input After the necessary data is specified. the input data can be altered. as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table. The height of the top course is also reported. After the scratchpad calculations have been performed. Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated. the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. and new estimates obtained. or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). This sizing tool. located to the right of the output display. the necessary diameter (or height) is presented. you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. Alternatively. The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate. contains two slider bars. and four for a height range. all other courses being equal to the specified input value. The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. as well as the thickness required for each shell course. you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 . Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad. The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range.

Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. 80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . exclusive of the height range. The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume. The height range is independent of the diameter range. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined.in.TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined.Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume.Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes. since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. followed by plate weight and cost.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. exclusive of the diameter range. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. or KG and KG/cu.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. followed by plate weight and cost. For each height/diameter value. Minimum Tank Height .Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined.cm. The diameter range is independent of the height range. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. The top course may be less than the value specified here. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost.in.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. Cost/Unit Weight of Plate . For each height/diameter value. Plate Allowable Stress . Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. followed by plate weight and cost.cm. and lb/cu.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. For consistent application. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. Since the tank must be hydrotested. exclusive of the diameter range. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank.0. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. Maximum Tank Height . Maximum Tank Diameter . Fluid Specific Gravity . The height range is independent of the diameter range. Minimum Tank Diameter . followed by plate weight and cost. For each height/diameter value. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. the minimum value for this entry should be 1. Required Volume . This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. Average Course Height .Enter the unit cost of the plate material. or KG and KG/cu. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. For each height/diameter value. For consistent application. and lb/cu.

exclusive of the height range. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined.TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 .

TANK Input

82

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

This gives you time to review the message. You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 .Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box. the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction. the analysis files will not be created. Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete. If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated. click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. click File > Exit. the procedure halts until you click Continue. If the summary report shows that errors were found. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition. The typical response to this prompt is Yes. Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu.

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation. The program files used are listed below. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes. As each solution step is entered. and enhancement. the major solution steps to the analysis. This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 . A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section. After the solution module has been launched. an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files. There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase. maintenance. and which solution steps are required by the current input data. the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays.SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module.

entry into the output processor is not allowed. Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases . The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs. The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases. some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file. Because there is no TKO file. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details.The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure.1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met. and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E. In the case of the variable point method.The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section. 3. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details. If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank. 4.The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements.TKO file. Allowed fluid heights . The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu. the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations.The number of girders. the message file can be very helpful. A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required. either one-foot. and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5.This value is checked according to Section 5. As important milestones in the analysis are reached. Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5. Shell weight and center of gravity . variable point. a diagnostic message is presented to the user. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22. The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors. 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . or Appendix A. The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials. All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification.6.This thickness is based on the specified design method. Wind effect . Required shell course thicknesses .This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination.Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing. Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation. In this instance. control is returned to the Main menu. 6. 1. Wind girder requirements .11. and the overturning moment. their section moduli. 7. the velocity factory. This file contains the solution data in binary format. 5. newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file.1. In this instance. or printed to the system printer. this is an iterative process. These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations. It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows.9. 2. the analysis module creates the . This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set. Overturning stability . Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module. The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries. and no output (TKO) file exists. The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics.

Following the roof design.After the actual roof computations are completed.12 and determines. analyze.3 checks are implemented. This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5.The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions. roof. and user input). the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M. if necessary. After all sizing. A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity. Section M.Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data . the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined.6. the program will now evaluate. Service/maintenance computations . Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P . Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E . The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 . the Section 5. Roof evaluation involves weight summations.10.10. test. and seismic computations have been completed. Grillage computations .These computations are based on API-653 Section 2.10.4 begins. the required number of bolts and the bolt size. required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5. or design the roof.These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I. Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B .If the roof data has been specified. and empty. Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations.These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement.5 or 5. The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design.This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads. test. the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated. API-650 Appendix F requirements . design. the bolting requirements are checked. with the corresponding stress for each load case. Following the cycle life calculations. Section 7. After the cosine curve is known. API-2000 Venting calculations.

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams. or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot. Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports.Plots the supported cone roof sketch. Plot Nozzles . Plot Cone Roof . In addition to the menu options. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 .Plots the shell settlement data. shell settlement plotting. the output options are available. If output is not available for the current job. the following icons are also available. the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls. Plot Tank Elevations .SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete. After you enter the local graphics mode. used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P. both of these items are grayed out. A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results. These options include both text based reports and graphics.Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu. Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections. nozzle interaction diagrams. and supported cone roof sketches. Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch. or modify the input data. A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design. Plot Settlement . Return to Main Menu .Produces the basic tank sketch.Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram. This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing. The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics.

Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details. 92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 . The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements. Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes. the optimum cosine curve. The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves. the out-of-plane deflection. The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points. The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve. Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations. The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement. as well as an option to spline the data.Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization.

either design. test. 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P. which interaction diagram to plot . necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded.either longitudinal or circumferential. and which thickness to use . The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15). or user entered.

the interaction point plots at the origin.Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point. If the piping loads are not specified. The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 . as an asterisk.

the interaction point must plot inside the diagram. 96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P.

A typical roof sketch. the resulting design can be shown graphically. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 . lengths. showing cross section sizes is shown below. they are provided for information purposes only. These roof sketches are not shown to scale. defining the roof nomenclature. Besides the basic roof sketch.Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. and quantities can be noted on the sketch. . structural cross section sizes.

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs.Prints the selected reports. The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window. if a file named header. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is. Open .doc exists in the \tank\system folder. When the analysis phase completes. showing only those jobs that have output.Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word. the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated. Print . This menu lists the available reports. View Report using Microsoft Word .SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports. Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report. The intent is that the header. (Items can be de-selected in the same manner). the Output Report menu displays.doc file contains the company logo and address details.Saves the selected reports.Enables switching to the output of a different job. When you send reports to Microsoft Word. Save . by topic. its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word. After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected. Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click. This option opens a standard File Open dialog. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 .

and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen.Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box.Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box.Changes the font when printing reports. Select Heading Fonts . You can also suppress the ending page number. Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here. Select Font .Erases the selected reports.Displays the previous report. page number. major and minor level text. Each of these reports is discussed.Displays the next report. job name. Disable/Enable Page Numbering . The header contains the user’s name. in the following sections. in general. Modify the Starting Page Number .Turn on or off the page numbering. Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data. Next Report .Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports . This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended. 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Each page of output begins with a header. time. date. and program version number. From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings. Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user. From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers. Previous Report . Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings.

Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 . This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module. Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined. as well as whether or not roof. seismic. and settlement details were defined.Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data.

Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker. This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data.

The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases. For API-653 analysis. as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table. including the wind girder height reduction factor. Material. the area exposed to the wind. the material name. The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases.Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module . test allowable stress. For each shell course. The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results. the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course. The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases.TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module. The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here. and Appendix M reduction factor are listed. The next section of the report reflects the material properties used. consisting of the velocity factor. ENGLISH. It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 . All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified. design allowable stress. as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1. Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program. and the wind moment. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind.

If Detail e is required. The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check". For each wind girder required. Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method. the weight of the shell. and the center of gravity of the shell. the geometry detail and angle size are also reported.11. This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders. based on API-650 Section 5. Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations. The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components.Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width. as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell. the b dimension is also included in the report.

the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero. and the design roof load. Note that at the center of the tank. the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. and at the shell. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring. the radius to each girder ring.Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details. the spacing on the inner girders. If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed. This information begins with the number of girder rings. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 . This report is shown below. and the rafter length. and the number and length of the girders in each ring. The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates. the number of rafters resting on the inner girders. the spacing on the outer girders. the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F.

This information includes the unit load on the member. This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring. and is shown below. the selected cross section. and the actual section modulus. Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters. the required section modulus.

and the actual radii of gyration. allowable compressive stress. This information begins with the column load.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. and required radius of gyration. the actual compressive stress. This information is shown below. height. This is followed by the selected cross section. Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 .

5 or 5. the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction. This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight. Following the roof design/analysis report. Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components. This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift. All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and either 5.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5. an API unit.10. and the compression ring failure pressure.6.10. These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths.3. are the results of the Appendix F computations.10. The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F.5.

Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E. and empty. These computations were made for three cases: design fluid. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 . test fluid.

deflection. These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness. and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported. the flexibilities. rotation. Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and user input thickness. For each case. test shell thickness.Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input.

the optimum cosine curve through these measured points. This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points. and the out-of-plane deflection. the out-of-plane settlement.Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B. This table also includes the settlement measurements. Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 .

The venting report is shown below. Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4. This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing.3 of API-2000. outbreathing and fire exposure.

and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases.12. The second section shows the required number of bolts. The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases. the required bolt diameter.Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 . There are two sections to this report.

Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M. Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . as well as the number of allowed cycles. The report lists the exclusions and checks made.

Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V. Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

.... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ................... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 .................... 118 Example Problem B&Y ...... is located at \examples\a_wc............. Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations....... 117 Example Problem O_WC ............................ is located at \examples\o_wc................................................................ 118 Example Problem SSC1 ........... 117 Example Problem A_WC ...................................... Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 .................................................... 118 Example Problem SEIS01 ... as defined by the One Foot method......... In This Section Example Problem APP_K ............................ 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 .....................................................................................................tki................................................SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code........................................tki... 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k..tki..................... as defined by Appendix A of API-650........................................................ 118 Example Problem TEST1................................... 118 Example Problem APP_P .................. Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations........................

tki. This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young. Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E. Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V.tki. including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M.tki. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S. Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1. For more information see the file \examples\b&y.tki.tki. 118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . for stainless steel tanks. Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young.tki. (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations. is located at \examples\sstest1. Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E.

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.Configuration program help data file TKSET02.EXE .Output preprocessor APISOLV.Material database editor OUTPUT. Main Set APIOUT.EXE .CRC check program MAKEUNIT.Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A.EXE .EXE .APPENDIX A Appendix A .EXE .DLL .Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.TXT .Input module help pointer file TKER01A.EXE .EXE .Units generation module MATEDIT.Solution module COADEXE.Configuration program help pointer file TANK.Output report review processor TANK.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.EXE .EXE .EXE file scanner CRCCHK.Error check module OUTWORD.EXE .Help file TIPS.Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.EXE .EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR.EXE .Main program TKERCK.Input module help data file API02.EXE .EXE .EXE .EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B. The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.CHM .EXE .EXE .EXE.Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B.

1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.1988 API-650 material database A650_93.1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.MAT .FIL .MAT .1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.TXT .MAT .MAT .SI units file T2A.MAT .Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.TXT .FIL .EXE .MAT .Messages for input processor SCREEN3.2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.DAT .Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.MAT .2005 API-650 material database A650_08.1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .MAT .MAT .CRC .Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.Structural database file API650.FIL .Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.MAT .MAT .MAT .1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.DIG .HED .1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.EXE .Appendix A .2008 API-650 material database AISC89.1993 API-650 material database A650_94.TXT .FIL .Data from Table 3-22 XX.Messages for output processing TITLE.MAT .MAT .Millimeter units file MPH.MAT .1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.ENGLISH units file MM.MAT .ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.

TKI .Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1.TKI .TKI . SEIS01.Example seismic computations for Appendix E.TKI .Example computations for Appendix.TKI .Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 .Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA.Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1.Appendix A .TKI .Stainless steel example SSC1.Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01.Sample input for variable point method APP_P.TKI .Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y.TKI .TKI .TKI .Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K.TKI .

Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix A .

You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary.1 . Figure B.English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 .Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK.APPENDIX B Appendix B .

4 .MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.Standard Units Systems Figure B.2 .3 .SI Units File Figure B.Appendix B .

CS A-36 A-131.55 A-516.60 A-516.C A-633.705 A-516.EH36 A-573.B A-662.B A-131.65 A-516. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.65 A-573. When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.A A-131.D A-678.70 A-662.1 A-537.2 A-633.A A-678.C A-537.APPENDIX C Appendix C .B A-737.58 A-573.B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 .List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database.

List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.275 * ISO 630 E-275t.C E-275.21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.21 G40.D E-355.D E-355t.21 G40.C E-355.D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .D E-275.C E-275t.21 G40.Appendix C .21 G40.235 NS.21 G40.C E-355t.250 NS.

Appendix C .List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .

List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix C .

Default Configuration Directives Ver.APPENDIX D Appendix D .FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1.1 YES A650_94. 1.200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES . 1. 0. 1. 0. 1.5000000E-02 YES . 1.4000+E01 Sect.3000000E+00 .2835648E+00 YES .0000000E+00 .9.7.3. 1. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 . 1.MAT ENGLISH. 1.1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO . 2.

Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix D .

Added a Wind Parameter input dialog. Added many “text” changes to the output. Version 3. South African Bolt.Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK. Implemented API-653 4th Edition. Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%. Version 3. th Version 2.30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2.653 3 Edition. Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights. Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric. Added JIS structural steel shape library.10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition. BS3643. to provide more information and detail.APPENDIX E Appendix E . Version 3.650 10 Edition.20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1.00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API . Version 3. Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 .55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density. Added several minor changes as requested by users. rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API .

Addendum 3. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database. Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses. from PVP-1279.20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E.Revision History Version 2.4.50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M. The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1.6. as a result of Addendum 1.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition. Revised the output processor.1. Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition. Version 2.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .2 through E. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration. Version 2.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials. Since bolting data is now a required input. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates. The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E. this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary. This provides better capability to notify users of software updates. Addendum 1. Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition. Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad.Appendix E . for easier usage. Version 2. Incorporated API-650 10th Edition.6. Revised documentation.

2 has been incorporated.25 inch plate.2.Revision History Version 2. Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1. Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height). Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A.Appendix E . Section 3. Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0. Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height. to include the bottom shell course thickness.4. Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference.00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2. API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum. A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3. Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power.5.60 / 2. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 . which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches. This involved removing both A442 materials.10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition. Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination. in accordance with the recent addendum.

now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1. Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet. The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero. Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added. Addendum 2 changes incorporated. Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports. Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included. Version 1. API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates. Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory.50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file. versions prior to 1. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Revision History Version 1. A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E. Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added. First. Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added.51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated.40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition. This ability has been added for Version 1.3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress. Note. Previous versions treated zero as a blank. this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database. Version 1. Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations.50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated. Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added. permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses.Appendix E .50. Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated. Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet.5. Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic. Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases).

6.7.1.3 is reported.4. API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2. test.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated.Revision History Version 1.10.31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added.1.2.5.11 added.9. Version 1. and empty conditions are reported.5.1. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module. Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment.8 added. Bolt design references to standard bolt size table. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization. A material database editor is provided.3. Bold design procedure for Section 3.1 added. Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L. Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3. Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module.8. “Variable Point” location reported.Appendix E . Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added. Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 . Consideration of Section 17.10. Additionally the weights for operating.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs.1. Mouse support has been added to all modules. A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available.e has been added. the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3. API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated. The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary.

Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E.6 added. This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives. squares. The calculator supports the basic four math operations. This units file. This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections. An additional "English" units file is provided. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations.0 used one or the other set of curves.Appendix E .FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour. which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case. a network hardware lock.Revision History Version 1. Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program. Several new configuration directives have been added. there was no interpolation between curves. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P. For API-653 runs. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes. Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell. A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3. and a segregation of program and system files. and square roots.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3. trigonometric functions. Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads. Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young. an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added. Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design. Version 1.11 and Appendix E computations. Version 1. A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu. Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles.11.11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added.0 and L/2a=1. PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports. The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1. For API-653 analysis. MPH.5 curves. and the setting of the default output report generation parameters. Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3.

Selected References API-650. FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. November 1978. Revise Storage Tank Inspections. ASME 1995. October 1996. Taagepera. John Wiley & Sons. 1997. PVP Vol 336. Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks. Hendrix & Carucci. Billimoria and Tam. Morton. and Horwege. PVP-1279. A. Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. McGraw-Hill. Lu. Lengsfeld. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks. Lengsfeld. and Lengsfeld. Third Edition. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules. April 1998. API-2000. Malik. Smith. ASME 1996. PVP Vol 336. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. 118. No 4. 2002. Improve Storage Tank Inspections. Bardia. America Petroleum Institute. Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. F. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. American Petroleum Institute. Lengsfeld. Hydrocarbon Processing. August 1982. Process Equipment Design. and Taagepera. Above Ground Storage Tanks. Bardia and Taagepera. Marr. Myers. 1977. American Petroleum Institute. and Ruiz. Hydrocarbon Processing. ASME. June 1990. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 . Swenson. Koczwara. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). Tenth Edition. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. ASME 1996. and Fenton. and Lambe. Hathaitham.. August 1996. Eighth Edition. PVP Vol 315. An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks. Vol 108. API-620. Ramos. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. American Petroleum Institute. ASME 1995. Fifth Edition. November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653. Brownell & Young. January 1995. Transactions of the ASME. August 1980. Hydrocarbon Processing. Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. Billimoria. Vol. Carucci & Ay. 1959. August 1980. Journal of Strain Analysis. Osage. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. PVP Vol 315. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement. Parikh. and Hagstrom.APPENDIX F Appendix F . Vol 12. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. LaBounty. Inc. Philip E. Bardia.

Appendix F .Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. 83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.List of Materials • 127 Appendix D .Revision History • 133 Appendix F .Program File List • 121 Appendix B .) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A .Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E .Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V.Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C . Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 . 83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9.

87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87. 121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31.

125 Units • 9 units files • 24.20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2. 99.10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3.10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2.20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1.55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3.31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1. 76 Version 1.40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1.40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2.30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 .60 / 2.20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3.Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1. Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1.10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3.50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2. Material.