Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

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Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS 252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3. Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Intergraph Corporation P.O. Box 240000 Huntsville, AL 35813 Street address: 170 Graphics Drive, Madison, AL 35758

Terms of Use
Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

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All warranties given by Intergraph Corporation about equipment or software are set forth in the EULA provided with the software or applicable license for the software product signed by Intergraph Corporation, and nothing stated in, or implied by, this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification or amendment of such warranties. Intergraph believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date. The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document. The software discussed in this document is furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of this license. No responsibility is assumed by Intergraph for the use or reliability of software on equipment that is not supplied by Intergraph or its affiliated companies. THE USER OF THE SOFTWARE IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE FINAL EVALUATION AS TO THE USEFULNESS OF THE SOFTWARE IN HIS OWN ENVIRONMENT. Intergraph is not responsible for the accuracy of delivered data including, but not limited to, catalog, reference and symbol data. Users should verify for themselves that the data is accurate and suitable for their project work.

Trademarks
Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

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................................................................................ 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .............................. 87 Solution Overview ............. Material...................................................................................................... 99 Output Report Discussions ....................... 111 API-2000 Venting Output .......................................... 102 Solution Module TXT File ................................................................. 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches .............................................. 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box ........................................................................................................................... 84 Completing the Error Check Phase ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box ...................................................... 103 Wind........................... 100 User Input Data ........................................................................... 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results ....................................................... 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ........................... 70 Shell Settlement Data ..................................................................Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) .......................................................................... 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ................................. 97 Output Report Generation ............................................................. 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box ....................... 110 Settlement Checks ...................... 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V....................................................................... 85 Analysis/Solution Phase............................................................................................................................................................ Thickness & Weights ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ........ 105 Seismic Analysis Results ................. 80 Error Checking ......................................................................... 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box).............. 87 TANK Program Files .............................. 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .................................................................................................................................................................. 92 Shell Settlement Plots ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 101 Error Checker LOG File ............................................................................................................... 83 Warning & Error Options ......................................................................................................................................................................... 88 Local Graphics Output ............... 91 Tank Layout Sketch .................................................... 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)....................... 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box ................ Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .................................... 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) ..................................................................... 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 112 API-650 Bolting Report ............................................... 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box ......... 100 Job Title Page ............................................................................................... 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed........................................... 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad .........................................................................................................................................) Dialog Box ..................................... 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data . 103 Roof Evaluation .................................................

.....................50 Changes (5/97) ....................................................................................................... 134 Version 2................................................... 117 Example Problem O_WC ......................................................................................... 121 Help & Error Processing Set ............................................ 131 Appendix E ................30 Changes (2/02) ........................................... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ...................... 117 Example Problem APP_K .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 128 * ISO 630............... 133 Version 3...................................... 117 Example Problem A_WC ......................Default Configuration Directives ..........................40 Changes (7/02) ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 134 Version 2.............. 133 Version 2.................................................................................................................................................. 118 Example Problem SEIS01...................... 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 ......................................................................................20 Changes (9/00) ................................................................................................ 128 * National Standards ............................................................................................................................ 127 * ASTM Standards ................................ 133 Version 2.................................................................................................................................Standard Units Systems...............................................................................................................................................................................40 Changes (9/96) .. 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) ........................................................................................................................................................ 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) ................................................ 121 English Text Set .............................................................................................................00 Changes (11/07) ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output ................................50 Changes (3/04) .................................................................................................................................... 129 * Unknown For API-653 ........................... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ........................................................................................................................................ 136 Version 1........................................................................Revision History ....................... 136 Version 1................................................................................................................20 Changes (9/09) ....................................................................................................00 Changes (1/99)................................................................................................ 135 Version 1.............................................................................................................. 118 Example Problem SSC1 .......................................... 134 Version 2........ 133 Version 3....................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem TEST1 ...........................................51 Changes (9/97) ......................................... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ...................................... 133 Version 3................................................................................ 134 Version 2.............................................................List of Materials ......................................................................................................................... 133 Version 3............................................ 118 Example Problem B&Y ..........................................................................................................Program File List ......................... 122 Examples Data Set ............................55 Changes (10/05) ....................................................................... 121 Main Set ....30 Changes (9/10) ................... 119 Appendix A .........60 / 2...................................................... 123 Appendix B ......................................... 135 Version 1................................................................... 125 Appendix C ............................................................ 122 API Data Set................................................ 114 API-650 External Pressure Output .....................................10 Changes (5/00) ...........................................10 Changes (9/08) ....................................................................................................................................................... 127 * CSA Standards .............................................................. 129 Appendix D ..... 115 Examples ................................................................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem APP_P .......................................................

..........Selected References ........................................................................................................................................31 Changes Version 1................ 138 Appendix F ...... 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ............................................................................ 138 (6/94) ............................................................................... 137 (11/94) ............................................30 Changes Version 1.............................. 139 Index ..................................20 Changes Version 1.......................................... 137 (8/95) ............................................................Contents Version 1.......................................................10 Changes (2/96) ...................................................................................

However. fax. and expeditious designs. Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible. and operation of the program.com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 . the web site. and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes. TANK support is available by telephone. configuration. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users. TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input. economical.coade.com Web: www. Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade. Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. To that end. and by mail. It is expected. that questions focus on the current version of the program. cell specific help for guidance and information. which can be launched by pressing F1. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation. input validation to avoid run time errors. when in doubt. e-mail. however. rely on the help system.

which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user. These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file. Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific. the help text includes the expected input units in the title line. Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1. the appropriate information displays in an interactive window. After the help system has been activated. Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system. Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section.

For more information on the four standard supplied units systems. and finally reports the problem to you. These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch). user control is returned to the Main menu. A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files. a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0. The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them. TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation. The four basic math operations (addition. multiplication.Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system.Standard Units Systems (on page 125).New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units. subtraction. there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis.Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file. When such a fatal condition occurs.Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK. The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog. Reviewing Output . Selecting a Units File .Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program. For example. After the review of a specific error message is complete. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 .09375. This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach. In some instances additional sets may be required. the program attempts to trap the error. and division) are supported in the input cells. see Appendix B . Even though TANK validates your input data. In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files . the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary. This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system. assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database. Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module. Creating Units Sets . Upon exit from the diagnostic utility. This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis.

Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance. TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes.Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices. An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B. These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2. Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Seismic computations according to Appendix E. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. Minimum metal temperature reporting.3. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S. Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M. Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A. Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P. Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes. This includes the material data from Table 5. Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders. and digitized data from Appendix P. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000. Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary. External pressure computations according to Appendix V.2. including the limiting load interaction diagrams.

TANK Information . the system requirements.Displays a text file discussing the installation steps.SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK.Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products. Support Forum .Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products. The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything. Additional Products . and the CD contents. Browse the CD . Release Notes .Launches the main installation process. ReadMe File .Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum. Contact Intergraph . License Agreement .Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph. which installs TANK. insert the CD into the drive.Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK.Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD. CD Content Additional Installations .Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page. The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays. and all associated documentation. Services Training . the HASP drivers. These options include: Install TANK . Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window.Displays the TANK License Agreement.Includes options to install the HASP. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 .

or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported.Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer. or Windows 7 (Ultimate. Professional. 12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Business. Installation Instructions . double-click CDSpawn. Hardware Requirements minimum of 2. Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation.Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System. HASP Trouble Shooting .0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs. Insert the TANK CD into your computer. Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional.Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing. The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed. Windows Vista (Ultimate. 2. If the setup does not start automatically. HASP Licensing Overview . or Enterprise). Click Install TANK to begin the installation.Displays a PDF document containing these instructions. 1.exe in the root CD folder.

6. Read the license agreement. The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>. click Change. -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement. where <product name> reflects the program name and version. 4. You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement. and then click Next.Installation 3. select I accept the terms in the license agreement. Click Next on the welcome page. Click Next to continue. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 . If you accept the license agreement. and then click Cancel. To install the software in another location. 5. select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement. 7.

You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run. Select the license type that you have. An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation. If you are using a network ESL key. select the SPLM license option. select the key color. If you are using SmartPlant License Manager. Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. 9. 14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Installation 8.

the status displays.Installation As the installation progresses. 10. After successfully installing the HASP device driver. the following dialog box displays. After the TANK files have been installed. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 . If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type. Skip to step 11. Click OK. If this dialog does not display. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock. you are not prompted to install the HASP driver. installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run.

Because a device driver was loaded.doc file. 13. To launch TANK in silent mode.exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green. Click Finish. it is a good idea to restart Windows.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally. Setup. such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging.The path to load the installation files. Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs. Setup. Select Show the readme file to view the readme.Installation 11. Command Cmd= setup. 12. Click No to reboot later. Issue the installation command as detailed below. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD. Click Yes to reboot your computer now. 2. Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR . with no interaction from you. perform these steps: 1. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs. if all of the licenses are on the network ESL. If your computer uses a local ESL. The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 .The ESL color. In order for the network to recognize the ESL.TXT and ESL_RED. Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs. the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software. you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL. Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software. a user must then be logged into the network to access the software. we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL. because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops). The file server is a better location for this ESL. The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server. If the network ESL is attached to a workstation. you can skip the remainder of this section. because the computer is usually always on. Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers.Installation ESL_COLOR . The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server). The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder. The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network. Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software).TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions. The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location. A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility. Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL. This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations. refer to the documentation files NETHASP. Alternatively.This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT .

archiving. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found. Determine which build file you need and download it. Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement.exe. After the file has been downloaded and installed. the version indicator. announced. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking.x<date>.Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static. A build is intended for one specific version of the software. before the next version can be released. they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web. builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date. and the build date. This correction is referred to as a Build. This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build. but only one build is required at any given time. and also displays when you click Help > About. user requests. and so on. file formats change. the build is finalized. 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and distributing the various builds generated between major releases. its size. Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version.com). In other words. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available. When this occurs. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation. The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program. a correction to the currently shipping version is made. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds. operating system modifications. Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software.coade. and corrections. operational enhancements. When this occurs. In order to alleviate this problem for our users. In addition. Build Y contains Build X. The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation. databases grow. However. Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released. and posted to the Web site. and the date it was created. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains.

When necessary. Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package. This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size. the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level. additional usage instructions may be found in this file. This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version. follow any prompts. This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. Simply double-click the build file (the exe). on the Main Program menu. which build is in use. and the software installation will update appropriately. Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released. memory requirements. you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory. click COADE EXE Scanner. Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level.TXT. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 . A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. From the Utility > Tools menu. This allows you to see.Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD. and build bevel. To see which program modules have been modified.

Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. Additionally. Patched Version When a new version of the software is released. you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release. any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD. Then. the last build should be installed. 20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This will allow full use of this version at some later time. the distribution CD should be installed first. Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds. To reinstall an older version of the software. if it becomes necessary.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

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Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

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This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients. Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used. Material File .Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module.Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients. Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory. Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units.Specifies the anchor bolt database. Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored. followed by a scan of the installation directory. Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list. If a data directory does not contain a configuration file. Each data directory can contain its own configuration file. Units File . Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database . The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory.Select the units file to use. A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program.Select the material file to use. which may be unique.S. Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U. as well as International shape libraries. the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory. You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command. structural shapes and materials. Structural Database . The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory. This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews.

SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual. and reviewed. see Error Checking (on page 83). Upon completion of the analysis. analyzed. and control is returned to the main menu. Assuming that error checking completed successfully. If there are errors in the input data. For more information. Warning messages are acceptable to the program . and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above). Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 .you must correct these errors before proceeding. The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected. For more information on the error checker. an intermediate data file is created for analysis. Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon. a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu. analysis is prohibited . Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input. see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21). After a solution data file is available. From here.you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis. After the input has been defined. defined. that the program has been properly installed and configured. select Analyze Only to start the analysis module. It is assumed. it must be error checked. The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution. you can select one of the Output menu options. The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive).

The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu. 1. 4. 3. 2. The steps outlined above are summarized below. From the Start menu. Define the input data.Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session. quit the output processor. click TANK. As long as the job input parameters remain fixed. either new or old. 26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 5. Focus then returns to the Main menu. the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports. Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only. Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports. Select a job. Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output.

and ESL review. or by double clicking the desktop icon. output review. The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 . The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options. The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK. Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition. configuration. The options are arranged in groups. diagnostics. but also include output review (both text and graphics). corresponding to the major topics on the menu. the Material Database editor. utility tools. launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu. and help. analysis.SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start.

Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk. TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration. Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . saving.Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening. and printing the input for a specific job.

the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job. Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen.Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job. Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39). The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon. each accessed from the menu. Upon completion of the input. The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 .

cannot be located. and if the input passes the error checker. which produces the output file for the job. or the input data contained errors and no .Starts the error checker.TKE file was generated. Error Check . In any event. If the verified problem data. written to the .TKE suffix. an analysis file for the job is written.TKE file is written by the error checker. the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu. Steps not required are disabled. Error Check and Analyze . The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker. and Error Check and Analyze. based on your input parameters.Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check. The analysis module performs the solution step. the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data. Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83).Starts the solution module. Analyze. see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87). The Analyze option is deactivated until the . either designing a tank or re-rating a tank. As each phase is completed. This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed. Analyze .TKE file. TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked. (grayed out). automatically starts the solution module. 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel. an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description. Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text. For more information on the analysis processor.Starts the error checker. with a . If the input data successfully passes the error checker.

Review Latest Reports . Nozzle load interaction diagrams. the Material Database editor. see Local Graphics Output (on page 91). in the current units system. Append Reports . the batch stream processor and a text file review option.Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers. Time Stamp . Local Graphics . For more information on output processing. and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner. custom units systems. completely replacing any existing reports.Starts the graphics processor. in multiple units systems if necessary. append reports. and changing the time stamp in the report headers. three options are available: overwrite reports.Generates a new set of reports. Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 . If this data is not specified. viewing graphical results.Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports. shell settlement graphs. Overwrite Reports .Creates a new set of output reports.Displays the output review control panel. at the end of the last set of reports. Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created. and review latest reports. The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically. in the current units system. the current CPU time and date are used. For viewing text based reports.

File Review . Batch Stream Processor . see Program Configuration (on page 21).Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations. For details of the program configuration.Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created. The file is created by a prior analysis. Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. Batch Log File . Calculator . the batch log file. Custom Units . There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file.Starts Notepad to review a selected data file.Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis.Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data. Material Database Editor .Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis.Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives.Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database. The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties. This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed. Message File . Error Check Log File .Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase.Using the Main Menu Configuration . The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. and the solution message file.

If the values do not match.Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number. or a virus infection. The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software.Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number.Using the Main Menu CRC Check . then the file has been corrupted in some manner. the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation. Should a “fatal error” occur. However. if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 . This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available. If a CRC Check error occurs. Corruption could indicate bad distribution media. This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name. Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker . However.Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory. Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module . a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed. the software attempts to invoke this module automatically. clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column. This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure. This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations.

Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu). The ESL is the External Software Lock. However. most of the Main menu items will be disabled. Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL. this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu. which is required to access the software. If there is an access problem with the ESL.Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time.

Starts an interactive procedure. and accepting instructions from the user. suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL. Occasionally. and ID number. reset a date. as generated by the Intergraph support staff.TXT file of the information.TXT”.Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes. and the time stamp of the last access. Phone Update . or by clicking the ESL icon. Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a . versioning information. usually to extend limits.Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software. The file will reside in the program’s \system folder. This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel. This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information. or change the client name. date or run limits. the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored. These updates encompass changes requested by the client. These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified. except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel. Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes. some of this date may require updating in the field. generating data for the user.Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes. This information consists of the client name. The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task. to interact with the user on the telephone. The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx. Receive and Enter Fax Codes . Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 . This option is similar to the phone update option. Generate Fax Codes .

Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph. Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options. By default. found in the frame area of the Main menu. click OK to enable the changes to the ESL.Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid. all options are selected. . Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar. When all codes have been entered.

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

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Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

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This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters. depending on the tank. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72). depending on the tank. see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76). depending on the tank. This information consists of the diameter. 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . fluid specific gravity. see API 650 External Pressure (App V. Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog.7. This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions. For more information. For more information. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53). pressure. and in the text by Brownell & Young. see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). out-breathing. For more information.) Dialog Box (on page 70). This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. This dialog is an optional input. Activates the Grillage Review dialog. and fire. see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P. see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71).TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. the number of courses. Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog. For more information. This dialog is an optional input. This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters. For more information. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E. Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. course material. depending on the tank. data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. For more information. fluid depth. course thickness. temperature. Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. For more information. depending on the tank. see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis. Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog. As mentioned above. For more information. This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing. the course height. Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog. For more information. see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65). This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell. depending on the tank. Section I. see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78). This dialog is an optional input. and the desired code. This dialog is an optional input. Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification. Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog. Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog. external loads.

Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog. The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document. there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file. Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog. This serves as a good starting point for a tank design. With TANK. We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session. The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options. users can save the input by using the File menu. to the General Data dialog. this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. found in the file TITLE. with the input data. on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . or by clicking the Diskette icon. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically). The first displays the title page. the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page. The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar. but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too.HED.TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad. As with most software programs. any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes. If necessary.

the expected units display to the right of the input cell. 42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . For each input cell. This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data. Where applicable. Wind Details. Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank.TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study. Shell Courses. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. and Anchor Bolt Details.

Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu. the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below). in which you can select any valid material from the active database. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 . The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material.TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field. used as the default for all individual shell courses. This context menu is shown below.

you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database. the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below). Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank.TANK Input Alternatively. Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu.

thickness. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material. The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output. the program fills in the Sd and St values. as specified on the Tank Data tab. material name. all courses acquire the same material. material design stress. the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height. Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database. corrosion allowance. Therefore. the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time. and material test stress can be specified for each shell course. as necessary. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 . For stainless steels. as described previously. For stainless materials. or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. on a course-by-course basis. When you right-click the Material cell. For carbon steels from Table 3-2. However. Initially. for stainless materials. if necessary. the software displays the Material context menu.TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses.

If these times are not defined. if necessary. Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage. API-650 Section 5.TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. and may result in the design of required anchorage. The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3).12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank). The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs. TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults. but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files. Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks. A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected.5 psi / 17. Appendix F. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses. API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C. and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses.Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements. which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code. If the value of the design temperature is changed. This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank.Enter the design pressure in the indicated units. If the design temperature exceeds this limit. TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method . but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C. Design Temperature . Select the entry from the list. API-650. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only. limits the design pressure to 2. subsequent calculations for wind girders. If you select A. ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights. seismic. or Design mode. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 .Enter the design temperature in the indicated units. or Analyze mode. Design Pressure at Top . Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line. Run Objective .Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input.The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file. The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box. then the rules of Appendix M are applied. If you select D. Where applicable. For each input cell. The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation. it can only be used in analysis mode. API Design Code .2 kPa.TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4. API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes. Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error.

Design Liquid Level (H) .TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) .70 0. Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder .85 0.35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A .6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1.85 0. This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device.3. API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown.85 0.85 or 0.70 0. such as for a walk-way. the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates. Tank Shell Height (HTK) .85 0. Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] .As per Appendix A.3. If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank.75 0.Enter the diameter of the tank.Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder. so the default of 1. This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st . This value should be the sum of the individual course heights.00 0. this value is used only in the Design case.3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency.Enter the height of the design liquid level.00 0. If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell. As per API-650. this value should be entered as zero.70. Note.Spot RT Appendix A .Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation. Weight Attachments & Structures .4. API-653 Section 2.Enter the specific gravity of the fluid. No other computations use this value.No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the joint efficiency should be either 0.0 for the Hydrotest case.50 + k/5 0. enter the actual distance. Liquid Specific Gravity (G) .85 0. The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1.85 1.50 + k/5 0. and is used in the wind load computations.70 0.Enter the total height of the tank shell.0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations.

Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5. Entire Shell Course Evaluation . Due consideration should be given to Section 5.This field displays the material name. Alternatively. Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank.Enter the number of shell courses in the tank.1.11 Wind Pressure . the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F.7. select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course. If the tank will not have an annular base ring.3. which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height.As per API-653 Section 4.As per API-653 Section 4. This selection uses equation 4. After a valid material is selected. its allowable stresses. This selection uses equation 4. tensile strength. The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course. this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box.4. These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment . Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954. grade. or open-top tanks.3. Number of Shell Courses . Insulation Thickness . check this checkbox..b.Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell. wind gust. uncheck this checkbox.3.2 Calculations . check this checkbox.3. 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment . uncheck this checkbox. To properly access a valid material name and its properties.2 includes a wind moment term.6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height.3.3.If the tank will have an annular base ring. Default Shell Material . To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition). Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4. Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form. to display the same context menu.Enter the density of the tank insulation.1. Insulation Density .a.Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5. activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course.9. The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank. A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional.As of API-650 9th Edition. Wind Velocity . (d) Single lap welded only.Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank.7. The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53.TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded. yield strength. To include the wind moment term. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 . left-click the . Local Area Shell Only . Section 5.1.3. and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use. right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen.1. This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use. internal pressure.11 stability. If the material varies over the shell courses. This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary. Include Annular Base Plate Details .. which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height.9.1a.3.Turns on an off wind loads on the roof.

since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead. referred to as St in the API code. 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .1). Corrosion Allowance . on a course-by-course basis. The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously. Table S-2. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses.Enter the thickness for the current shell course. If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5.Represents the allowable test stress. the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. If this cell is left blank for the first course. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. If necessary. Thickness . the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses.Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S.TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses. If necessary.1. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value. the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. For stainless steels. referred to as Sd in the API code. If this cell is left blank. if necessary. For this reason.6. these values will be interpolated during the solution phase.1. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. If this cell is left blank. If it is constant. If this cell is left blank. Height . the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n.1. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. If it is constant. For stainless steels. If it is constant. SSD1 through SSD5 . Material Design Stress . the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero.Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units.Represents the allowable design stress. this value will be displayed as zero.6. Hydro Test Stress .

1250 1. If left blank. the thread pitch is necessary.12.85.Enter the wind directionality factor.5000 1. Kz .Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7.3750 1. If these times are not defined.0.95 (the default) for this parameter.8750 1. This is an optional entry.7500 3. Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units.The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5. the value defaults to 0.Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7.2500 1. the value defaults to 1.0000 1.04.0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments. This value should be 1. Threads per Unit Length .0000 2. Kzt . API 650 recommends a value of 0.Enter the wind speed up factor for hills.5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 . Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter .TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7.5000 2.7500 2. it will be evaluated using this data.6250 0. In order to size the anchor bolts.7500 0. The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch. Kd . and the anchorage is necessary. the value defaults to 1.Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage. If left blank. Gust Factor .Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7. I .2500 2.5000 0.5 4. If left blank. This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. If entered. Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0. TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults.0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4.

Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter . this value is no longer used. an offset of 0.12. The software internally multiplies this value by 2. If this value is left blank. the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration. If the software redesigns the anchorage.5000 3.7500 4. Bolt Yield Stress .4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0.Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle.25 inches.2500 3.12. This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance .Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts. Section F.0 is used.TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3.Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5. As a result. the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5. As of this addendum.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value.For evaluation of an existing anchorage.0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress . 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650. API-650. but is maintained for compatibility with older input files. This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank. enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage. the bolt allowable stress was required input.7. Number of Anchor Bolts .

Data entered in these fields will not be saved.2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box. or a supported cone roof will be designed. such as seismic analysis. To use this scratchpad.TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary. The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs. Supported Cone Roof Data. The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box. a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made. and then click Compute. At this point. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab. This data is used in further analysis. This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof. Note that this is a scratchpad. and Girder Rings. the top half of this dialog must be filled out. Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design. Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below. The Net Area Scratchpad (F. wind over turning. define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k). and maximum allowed pressure. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 .

and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank.TANK Input If instead. and in the available cross sections. in the usage of the various structural types. The allowed cross sections vary. shown below. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. For the structural and roof plate materials. This tab. and columns. a supported cone roof is to be designed. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab. The help system provides guidance here. the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database. girders. depending on the active structural library. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . displays the parameters used in the roof design. the material for the cross sections and roof plate.

For rafter supported cone roofs. If this information is specified. as the number of girder rings. alternate positioning is desired. which are supported by columns. columns and girders. and rafter rings is known.Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction. the software can design the rafters. Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. Roof Type . column rings. If however. then the members are sized only. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths. which are supported by girders. Angle Between Roof & Horizontal . Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only. General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof. All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell.TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young.Defines the roof type of the tank. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 . Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring. Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs. the software can design the rafters. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters. and how many girders make up the ring. the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab.

it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed). Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved. For details. The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load. corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F.Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates. Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) . TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally. Thickness of Roof Plate .Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. specify the bar thickness in this field. an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required. or a supported cone roof is being designed.Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. if any.Since the analysis hasn’t been performed.10. 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates. Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) .Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations. This value should include the corrosion allowance. click Compute. Thickness of Bar (tb) . Weight of Snow on Roof . Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) . This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness. This value will not be used.Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks. Weight of Roof Framing . Specify this estimate in the tc field.Select the desired cross section.1. After the analysis.2.Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. Weight of Roof Plates . This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad. TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally.If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar. the computed roof plate weight is always used. This value will not be used. Figure (a-k) . According to API-650 5. the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations.Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. If the input value is greater. Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance .Enter the area resisting the compressive force. TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally. After the data has been defined. the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations.Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course. TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally. This value will not be used. If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here. Roof Live Load . For supported cone roofs. The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot.2. refer to API-650 Figure F-2. % of Weights Supported by Shell .TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction .

C. column rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 . girder. The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter. S. girder. DC. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library.Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters. C. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. WT.TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) . girder. and M. and P.Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. For the 1989 AISC library.Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch. girder. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) . column rafter. girder. Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type . DI.

girder. column rafter. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. girder. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below. girder. UC. girder. column rafter. girder. girder.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter.Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: IP. taper rafter. column For the 1990 South African library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. parallel USAGE rafter. girder. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. valid types for this cell are: I. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. and T. girder. and UC. and C. U. girder. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. and CT. girder. column rafter. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. CP. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . HP. column rafter. column For the 1990 Australian library. column CT Channels. girder. column For the 1991 German library. girder. column For the 1993 UK library. T. column Preferred Girder Type .

valid types for this cell are: W. girder.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. valid types for this cell are: W. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. girder. S. column rafter. column rafter. column rafter. DC. DI. T. girder. girder. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. girder. column For the 1993 UK library. column rafter. and P. girder. column rafter. C. girder. girder. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 . WT. UC. column rafter. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. C. and C. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. and M.

valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. and UC. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. column rafter. column rafter. column rafter. parallel USAGE rafter. girder. girder. girder. and T. valid types for this cell are: I. girder. HP. column Preferred Column Type . girder. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . column rafter. column rafter. taper rafter. column For the 1991 German library. and CT. column For the 1990 Australian library. valid types for this cell are: IP. U. CP. girder. girder. column CT Channels.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns. column For the 1990 South African library. girder. The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. The specific section types depend on the active structural database.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter.

column rafter. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. and UC. valid types for this cell are: W. DC. column For the 1991 German library. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. girder. column rafter. girder. girder. column For the 1990 Australian library. girder. column rafter. column rafter. girder. girder. girder. girder. and P. column rafter. and C. C. U. DI. column rafter. and M. column rafter. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. C. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. girder. girder. S. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: I. column For the 1993 UK library. column rafter. UC. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. WT.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. girder. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 . girder. girder. column rafter. girder. and T. girder. T. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB.

where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected.3. CP. If this cell is left blank.Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. column rafter.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members. girder.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected. The rafters are oriented along radial lines.. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders.4. column rafter. from the center of the tank. Structural Member Allowable Design Stress .0 to 24. The girders are supported by columns. a value of zero will be used.] button.TANK Input For the 1990 South African library. This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring. The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [. For compliance with API-650 Section 3. from the center of the tank. taper USAGE rafter.10. The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified. HP. This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified. this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa). valid types for this cell are: IP. Typical values for this cell are 24. arranged in concentric circles.. arranged in concentric circles. Maximum Allowed Girder Length .Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary. The girders are supported by columns. Typical values for this cell are 20. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters..] button. column Roof Plate Material . In the design of the supported cone roof.1 meters.Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters. This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings. girder. Center Column Cap Plate Diameter .3 meters). Structural Member Material . girder. Maximum Allowed Rafter Length . where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. girder.3 to 9. and CT.0 feet (6. In the design of the supported cone roof.. column rafter. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. parallel Channels.1 to 7.0 to 30. Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress . The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates.0 feet /7. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters.

If the location of one girder ring is specified. the distance to all girder rings must be defined. the number of girders in all rings must be also specified. Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 . Number of Girders in Ring . Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input.The number of girders in each ring may also be specified.TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring . if the number of girders in any one ring is specified.Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring. This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary. however. These entries are optional.

II.2s).7. the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required. where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations. Importance Factor .TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate .Defines S0. 5% damped. the software will design bolting.6.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. Initial Anchorage Type . Unless otherwise specified. refer to API-650 Sections E. Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient . 5% damped. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure). unless specified otherwise by the purchaser. Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7.Defines the seismic site class according to Section E. The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7.Defines SDS.25) only be used for emergency services. or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I.1 for details on the various SUG categories. 2. API recommends that this value not exceed 1.Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K). and III).0.3. Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) . Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods .Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion.Defines S1. 5% damped.Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E. Transitional Period (TL) . which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material. and that this value (1. %g. Valid entries for this field are 1.6. 5% damped.Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted). Period (S1) . Period (S0) . which is the design.4. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0. Scaling Factor (Q) . 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Valid choices are A through F.Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations. If no value is specified. Bottom Plate Thickness . Friction Factor . This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0. See API-650 Section E.4. In this instance.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.4. Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) . which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. in seconds. Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) .2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods.Defines Ss. the coefficient defaults to 1.4. Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. %g.The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second. design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures.Defines SP. Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material .5. %g. For more information about earthquake types. Site Class .3. Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank. API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0.Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped.2 and E.Defines Sa0*. %g.5% damping. %g. Earthquake Type . Seismic Use Group . which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods. which is the 5% damped. Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec.Usually this value is 1.25.

As stated in API-650 5. Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate . Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate .35mm). Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I .25 inches (6.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 .4. If a value is entered here. This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) . which is the 5% damped.Defines Sa*. the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate.Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness. This value is optional.Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members).Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate. Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate . Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I.1. bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0. Section 7. design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures. you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. If left blank. This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. %g. Maximum Allowed Spacing . In this case. this value defaults to zero. If a value is entered.

NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate. These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650. Nozzle Outer Diameter . The data specification can include external piping loads. Nozzle Designation / Number . if available from a pipe stress analysis.Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle. Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed. Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate . This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits. Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P.TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles. If you check Use PVP-1279.Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle. This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks. TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses. the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated.

You can change this value. 300. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1.0E6 27. 300. 400.07E-6 500 27.25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. 150.Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature. 200. Instead.4 12.3E6 27.3E6 27. 90. If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel. if necessary.6E6 26. Modulus of Elasticity . 25.8E6 28. 400. 29.87E-6 7.67E-6 6.5E6 28.7 13.07E-6 7.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient.3E6 7. the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100.67E-6 6.2E6 Expansion Coefficient .1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20.Enter the modulus of elasticity.3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used.0 12.7E6 27.1E6 500.8E6 28. Modulus (psi) 28. 200. 203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 . 500. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70.TANK Input Delta Temperature .25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12. 260.5E6 28.7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. 200. reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29.4E6 26.87E-6 7.

This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness. API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P.Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations. Bardia. This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 . 68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. acting on the nozzle. by Lengsfeld. If you specify a pad thickness. The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell.Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located. if any. These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software.Enter the value of any applied radial force. Nozzle RePad Thickness .A value defined in PVP-1279. Applied External Radial Force . This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P. The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter. This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks. English.Enter the weight of this nozzle. Nozzle Weight . Hathaitham.Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks.Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses. and Lengsfeld. You can change this value.The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad. RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 . The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? . resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses. Taagepera. Applied External Circumferential Moment . LaBounty. Use PVP-1279 . If reinforcing on the shell is indicated. Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 . The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. but not actually used in the computations.TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal. it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations.Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle. Applied External Longitudinal Moment .Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle. Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness. if necessary.

Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference .0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates. This value is: 2.Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.85 if not specified by the purchaser. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate .0 for tanks on earth foundations 4.0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C . Factor B . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 . The value of C shall be 0. K = 4.empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis. The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld. This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full . The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing.Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion. Factor K .0.Enter the foundation factor.25 to a maximum of 1. Temperature Difference .Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank.TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input. The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade. K = 2.Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature.0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination. The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0.

Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency . fc need not be less than 15.70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) .35 for single lap welds JEr = 0.Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .JEr. Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material .00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0.85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0. JEst = 1.TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V.00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) .) dialog box is an optional input.JEst. Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) .Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency . Where fc = 0.Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress . JEr = 0. Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) .JEs. fc need not be less than 20.000 psi (103 MPa).Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency .6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region. Where fc = 0.000 psi (140 MPa). However.70 for double lap welds JEr = 1. This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank.4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners.Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe.) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V.fc. However.00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0. 70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .fc.85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) .Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E. JEs = 1. Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) .

The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9.Define the Dish Radius of Roof . This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees.2. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 . If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4.1m. in API-653 Section B.Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points. and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature.3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank.f. This value must be less than 45-degrees. Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference. Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) . Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2. this limit was 30 feet / 9. Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement . Roof Dish Radius (R) .R. The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points. a default of 29. use every other point when generating the input.6m. API-653 Appendix B. Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle. of the roof plate material. the shell plate material.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) .5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used. Angle Between Measurements .Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement.3. If this value is left blank.1. This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs.8 m.Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress . Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653. Appendix B.

Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit. each discussed in the following subsections. Pre 3rd Ed.1.2.4. Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh.1.3. and 4. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4.1m intervals.1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653. Elevation . Bottom. Post 3rd Ed. This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4. API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data.3.3. Post 3rd Ed.3. Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Above Ground Storage Tanks. Hydrocarbon Engineering.7. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. obtained from tank inspections. May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers. 4. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom. The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed. Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9.7.4.

As per API-653 Section 2. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. This value is measured from the original thickness.7. then this value should be specified as 0. on a yearly basis.1. after repairs.0.As per API-653 Section 2.4.7.Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates. on a yearly basis.7.Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates. Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) .4.7.As per API-653 Section 4. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 . enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion.1. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion. and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code).4.7.1 of previous editions of API-653.4.4. Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) .As per API-653 Section 2.Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.As per API-653 Section 4. Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652). Pre 3rd Ed. Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) . Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) . this value should be specified as 0.TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) .0. Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined. Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) . after repairs. enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate.1.1. This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code.7. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate.1. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651). according to Section 2. Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) . enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).4. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .

1.As per API-653 Section 2.1.As per API-653 Section 2. This value is measured from the original thickness. Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) . Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . on a yearly basis.4.As per API-653 Section 2. enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed.1.4.0.7. Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) .7.As per API-653 Section 2.Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr).1. if specified.Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates. StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom. (GCa). This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65). enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0.4. enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area.7. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0. Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) .7. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).As per API-653 Section 2.4. enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion.7. on a yearly basis. Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) .4. Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) .1.TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) .

Similarly. Joint Efficiency . Additionally. Use specified shell "L" values? . If the t1 or t2 values are left blank. if the L location is left blank. exclusive of pits. "L" Location Above Course Bottom . the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used. controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis.Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region. Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank.TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L. In subsequent thickness computations. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. If this value is left blank. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 . they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations. the inspection values of t1 and t2. the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course. If this value is left blank.Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion. the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L". and a joint efficiency for each shell course.Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course.Enter the average thickness in the "L" region. "L" is the critical length. the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities. Minimum Thickness . it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. Lowest Average Thickness . above the bottom of this course.

API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input.3. which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses.Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course. Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed .3. Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? .TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level. The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998).3.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations. as well as the environmental factors. Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition.1. the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2. Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2. Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2. Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations. Instead. Use specified shell "E" values? . When this box is checked. and liquid characteristics. the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box.1. The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course. Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations. as per API-653 Table 2.1.3.3.3. This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate. Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L".3. Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies. This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank.

375 0.1.0 0. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4.Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API.1. For more information.50 0.2000.2. see API-2000 Section 4.0 1.Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point. Boiling Point .0 1.0 0.3. For more information.8 2.5 5 10 15 20 25 1.1.5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22.15 0.3.Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.0 0.025 see note C 1.2.0 2.300 0. Environmental Factor .Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1.075 0. Liquid Flash Point .2.4 5. Filling Rate .TANK Input Emptying Rate .15 0.8 2.7 11.3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2.05 0.03 0.Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point.300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 .40 0.67 0.7 3.0 0.075 0. see API-2000 Section 4.3 0.0 0.3 0.05 0.375 0.

which consists of the required tank volume. based on the required volume. You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary.0 1. and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations.19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0.03 0. There is a minimum amount of user-specified data.TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0. the unit cost of plate. After exiting the Scratch-pad. the fluid specific gravity.0 0. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses.0 0.025 see note C 1. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved. the plate allowable stress. height. you have the option of transferring the diameter.5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank. and the height and diameter ranges.

or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range. If necessary. located to the right of the output display. The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition. the input data can be altered. This sizing tool.TANK Input After the necessary data is specified. a report can be printed. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 . as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table. contains two slider bars. all other courses being equal to the specified input value. Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank. Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad. The height of the top course is also reported. The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate. you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations. and four for a height range. Alternatively. and new estimates obtained. When the desired results have been achieved. as well as the thickness required for each shell course. After the scratchpad calculations have been performed. The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated. you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. the necessary diameter (or height) is presented.

Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume.in. Minimum Tank Height . followed by plate weight and cost.TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below. For each height/diameter value. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. or KG and KG/cu. Required Volume . followed by plate weight and cost. and lb/cu. the minimum value for this entry should be 1. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank.Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume. exclusive of the diameter range. Plate Allowable Stress .Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes. and lb/cu. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. For each height/diameter value. The height range is independent of the diameter range. The height range is independent of the diameter range. Maximum Tank Height . you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. or KG and KG/cu. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. Since the tank must be hydrotested. The diameter range is independent of the height range. The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume. For consistent application. For each height/diameter value. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. 80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Cost/Unit Weight of Plate . Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells.cm.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. For consistent application. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. followed by plate weight and cost. The top course may be less than the value specified here.0. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. Minimum Tank Diameter . exclusive of the diameter range. Fluid Specific Gravity .Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. exclusive of the height range. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Maximum Tank Diameter . This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. followed by plate weight and cost.cm. Average Course Height .Enter the unit cost of the plate material. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank.in. For each height/diameter value.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 . The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. exclusive of the height range.TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range.

TANK Input

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

the procedure halts until you click Continue. Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu. Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition. click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 .Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box. If the summary report shows that errors were found. Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete. If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. This gives you time to review the message. click File > Exit. The typical response to this prompt is Yes. the analysis files will not be created. You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker.

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

As each solution step is entered. After the solution module has been launched. The program files used are listed below. the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays. This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked.SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module. A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section. Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files. an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress. maintenance. There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase. TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation. and enhancement. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 . and which solution steps are required by the current input data. the major solution steps to the analysis.

This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set. The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu. the message file can be very helpful. Wind girder requirements . The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries. All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification. This file contains the solution data in binary format. In this instance. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details. The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases. or Appendix A. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section. Required shell course thicknesses . Shell weight and center of gravity . variable point. their section moduli.6. Wind effect .This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination. The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials.The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure. the velocity factory.The number of girders. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. control is returned to the Main menu.1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met. this is an iterative process. some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file. the analysis module creates the .9.The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user. A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required. The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs.This thickness is based on the specified design method. or printed to the system printer.1. These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations. Allowed fluid heights . either one-foot. It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows. 3. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details. In the case of the variable point method. Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation. 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 6. 4. The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics.This value is checked according to Section 5. a diagnostic message is presented to the user. Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22. and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5. and no output (TKO) file exists. As important milestones in the analysis are reached.Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing. 7. Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases .The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements.TKO file. Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5. entry into the output processor is not allowed. The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors. the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations. 5. In this instance. and the overturning moment. 1. Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module. Because there is no TKO file. Overturning stability . If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank.11. and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E. 2. newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file.

These computations are based on API-653 Section 2. API-2000 Venting calculations.These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement. Following the roof design. design. test.10. The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design. the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined.3 checks are implemented. with the corresponding stress for each load case.5 or 5.After the actual roof computations are completed. Service/maintenance computations .10. API-650 Appendix F requirements . Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations. the bolting requirements are checked. Section 7. Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B . roof. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 . After all sizing. if necessary. the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated. The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Roof evaluation involves weight summations. A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity. the program will now evaluate. test. and empty. the Section 5. and seismic computations have been completed. or design the roof.12 and determines.If the roof data has been specified.Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data . Grillage computations .This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads. Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P .10. the required number of bolts and the bolt size. required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5.6.The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions.4 begins. Following the cycle life calculations. the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M. Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E . After the cosine curve is known. analyze. This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5. and user input). Section M.These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I.

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams. A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results. the following icons are also available. These options include both text based reports and graphics. Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports. Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections. the output options are available. This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing. Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch. In addition to the menu options. the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls. used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P.Plots the supported cone roof sketch. Return to Main Menu . After you enter the local graphics mode. or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot.Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram. The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics. Plot Cone Roof .Produces the basic tank sketch. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 .Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu. If output is not available for the current job. A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design. shell settlement plotting. both of these items are grayed out.Plots the shell settlement data. or modify the input data.SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete. Plot Settlement . Plot Tank Elevations . Plot Nozzles . and supported cone roof sketches. nozzle interaction diagrams.

Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details. 92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank.

Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. the optimum cosine curve. These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization. Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations. The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements. Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes. The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve. as well as an option to spline the data. The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 . the out-of-plane deflection. The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves. The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points.

test. or user entered. necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded. 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .either design. which interaction diagram to plot .either longitudinal or circumferential. The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15).Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P. and which thickness to use .

The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads.Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point. as an asterisk. If the piping loads are not specified. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 . the interaction point plots at the origin.

the interaction point must plot inside the diagram. 96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P.

Besides the basic roof sketch. and quantities can be noted on the sketch. showing cross section sizes is shown below. the resulting design can be shown graphically. A typical roof sketch. . structural cross section sizes.Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. These roof sketches are not shown to scale. defining the roof nomenclature. they are provided for information purposes only. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 . lengths.

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

This menu lists the available reports. Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click.Saves the selected reports. The intent is that the header. the Output Report menu displays. This option opens a standard File Open dialog. Save . showing only those jobs that have output.doc exists in the \tank\system folder. by topic. When you send reports to Microsoft Word.doc file contains the company logo and address details. the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated.Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word. if a file named header. After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 . (Items can be de-selected in the same manner). View Report using Microsoft Word . The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window.SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports.Prints the selected reports. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is.Enables switching to the output of a different job. Print . its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word. The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs. Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report. When the analysis phase completes. Open .

Select Font . major and minor level text.Turn on or off the page numbering. in the following sections.Erases the selected reports. Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings.Displays the next report.Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports .Displays the previous report. and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen. The header contains the user’s name. date. Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here. Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user. Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data. job name. Each of these reports is discussed. This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended. Next Report . Each page of output begins with a header. in general. Modify the Starting Page Number .Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box.Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box.Changes the font when printing reports. time. and program version number. Previous Report . 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . page number. Select Heading Fonts . From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings. You can also suppress the ending page number. From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers. Disable/Enable Page Numbering .

This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module. seismic. as well as whether or not roof. Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined. Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 . and settlement details were defined.Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data.

This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data. Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker.

as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table. For each shell course. the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course. The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases. test allowable stress. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 . the area exposed to the wind. Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program. The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results. The next section of the report reflects the material properties used.Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module .TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module. consisting of the velocity factor. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind. For API-653 analysis. The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases. The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases. design allowable stress. and Appendix M reduction factor are listed. It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis. Material. including the wind girder height reduction factor. as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1. All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here. The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system. the material name. and the wind moment. ENGLISH.

Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell. The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations. The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check". the weight of the shell. and the center of gravity of the shell. based on API-650 Section 5. This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders.Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width. Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method. The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components. If Detail e is required.11. the geometry detail and angle size are also reported. For each wind girder required. the b dimension is also included in the report.

the number of rafters resting on the inner girders. This report is shown below. the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed.Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. the radius to each girder ring. and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring. The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates. and the rafter length. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 . This information begins with the number of girder rings. and the design roof load. Note that at the center of the tank. and at the shell. and the number and length of the girders in each ring. Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details. the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero. the spacing on the outer girders. the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. the spacing on the inner girders.

the selected cross section. Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This information includes the unit load on the member. the required section modulus. and is shown below.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters. and the actual section modulus. This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring.

This is followed by the selected cross section. This information is shown below. Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 .Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. This information begins with the column load. allowable compressive stress. height. and required radius of gyration. the actual compressive stress. and the actual radii of gyration.

Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components. the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction. and the compression ring failure pressure.3.6.10.10. This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift. All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”. Following the roof design/analysis report. The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5.5 or 5.10. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight. are the results of the Appendix F computations.5. an API unit. and either 5. These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths.

Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E. and empty. These computations were made for three cases: design fluid. test fluid. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 .

test shell thickness. deflection. Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . rotation. the flexibilities. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input.Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P. and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported. For each case. and user input thickness. These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness.

the optimum cosine curve through these measured points. This table also includes the settlement measurements.Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B. This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points. Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 . and the out-of-plane deflection. the out-of-plane settlement.

Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4.3 of API-2000. Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . outbreathing and fire exposure. This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing. The venting report is shown below.

12. There are two sections to this report. and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases.Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5. The second section shows the required number of bolts. the required bolt diameter. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 . The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases.

as well as the number of allowed cycles. Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The report lists the exclusions and checks made.Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M.

Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V.

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

.......................................... as defined by Appendix A of API-650................................ 118 Example Problem APP_P .. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 ... In This Section Example Problem APP_K . 118 Example Problem SEIS01 ..tki....................................................... is located at \examples\a_wc................. 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ..... 118 Example Problem SSC1 ............................................. 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ..................tki..........................................tki....................................................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem TEST1............................................. as defined by the One Foot method..................... is located at \examples\o_wc........ Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations.............................................................. Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations....................... 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k...... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ...................... 118 Example Problem B&Y ................ 117 Example Problem A_WC ............... 117 Example Problem O_WC ...........................SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code......

tki. Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1.tki. This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young. Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V.tki. 118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M. For more information see the file \examples\b&y. (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations. for stainless steel tanks. is located at \examples\sstest1.tki. Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S.tki. Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1.tki. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E.

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

EXE .Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .EXE.EXE .Output report review processor TANK.EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B.APPENDIX A Appendix A .EXE .EXE .EXE .Configuration program help pointer file TANK.CHM .TXT .EXE .CRC check program MAKEUNIT.EXE .Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.Units generation module MATEDIT.EXE .Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B.EXE . The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.Error check module OUTWORD.EXE .Input module help pointer file TKER01A.Solution module COADEXE.Output preprocessor APISOLV.DLL .Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.EXE file scanner CRCCHK.Material database editor OUTPUT.Configuration program help data file TKSET02.EXE .EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR.Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.Help file TIPS.EXE .EXE .Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A.EXE . Main Set APIOUT.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.EXE .Main program TKERCK.EXE .EXE .Input module help data file API02.

Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.MAT .Structural database file API650.MAT .1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.MAT .FIL .1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.TXT .2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.TXT .Messages for input processor SCREEN3.EXE .MAT .FIL .ENGLISH units file MM.ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.DAT .Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.DIG .1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.MAT .2008 API-650 material database AISC89.MAT .2005 API-650 material database A650_08.1993 API-650 material database A650_94.MAT .1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.TXT .HED .FIL .MAT .MAT .Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.Messages for output processing TITLE.MAT .CRC .1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.FIL .CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.MAT .Data from Table 3-22 XX.SI units file T2A.EXE .MAT .1988 API-650 material database A650_93.1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.MAT .MAT .MAT .Appendix A .MAT .Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.Millimeter units file MPH.

Appendix A .Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA.Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y.TKI .Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1.Example computations for Appendix.Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC.TKI .TKI .TKI . SEIS01.TKI .Sample input for variable point method APP_P.TKI .Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01.TKI .TKI .TKI .Example seismic computations for Appendix E.Stainless steel example SSC1.Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K.Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 .TKI .TKI .

Appendix A .Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

APPENDIX B Appendix B . Figure B.Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK. You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary.1 .English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 .

Appendix B .3 .MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Standard Units Systems Figure B.4 .SI Units File Figure B.2 .MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.

B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 .A A-131.70 A-662.C A-633.705 A-516.2 A-633.EH36 A-573. When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.1 A-537.55 A-516.B A-131.D A-678.CS A-36 A-131.B A-662.58 A-573.A A-678. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database.B A-737.C A-537.APPENDIX C Appendix C .65 A-516.65 A-573.60 A-516.

D E-275.List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.21 G40.21 G40.250 NS.C E-275.D E-355.C E-355.D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .D E-355t.C E-355t.235 NS.C E-275t.21 G40.Appendix C .21 G40.275 * ISO 630 E-275t.21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.21 G40.

List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .Appendix C .

List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix C .

Default Configuration Directives Ver. 1.4000+E01 Sect. 1.9.2835648E+00 YES .5000000E-02 YES .3000000E+00 . 1. 0. 1.FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1.1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO . 1. 1.3. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 .200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES . 2.7.APPENDIX D Appendix D .0000000E+00 .1 YES A650_94. 1.MAT ENGLISH. 1. 0.

Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix D .

to provide more information and detail. Version 3. Added a Wind Parameter input dialog. Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric.APPENDIX E Appendix E . Version 3. Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights. Added JIS structural steel shape library.20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1. Implemented API-653 4th Edition.650 10 Edition.00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API . Version 3. Added many “text” changes to the output. Added several minor changes as requested by users. rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API .10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition.30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2. Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 . Version 3. South African Bolt.Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK.55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density. BS3643. th Version 2.653 3 Edition. Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%.

20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration. Version 2. Addendum 3. as a result of Addendum 1. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E. Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses. Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad.50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M. Version 2.6. Revised documentation.2 through E.1.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Addendum 1. Revised the output processor. for easier usage. This provides better capability to notify users of software updates.6.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials. this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section.Revision History Version 2. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary. The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E. Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition.4. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates. Incorporated API-650 10th Edition. Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition. The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1. Version 2. from PVP-1279. Since bolting data is now a required input.Appendix E .

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 . A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3.10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition.60 / 2.25 inch plate. Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination.00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2. Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A. to include the bottom shell course thickness. which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches.5. Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1.2. Section 3. Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power. Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0. API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum. Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference.Revision History Version 2.2 has been incorporated.Appendix E . Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height). Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height. This involved removing both A442 materials. in accordance with the recent addendum.4.

A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E. Version 1. Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet. Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations.50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file. Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases).Revision History Version 1. API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates.5. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included.51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated. Addendum 2 changes incorporated. Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added. Note. Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic. This ability has been added for Version 1. Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet. First.50. Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory. Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations. Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added. Previous versions treated zero as a blank. Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added. versions prior to 1. Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated. The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero. permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses.50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated. this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database. Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added.40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition.3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix E . now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1. Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added. Version 1.

Revision History Version 1. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated. A material database editor is provided.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs. test.1.31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added.3.8 added. API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2.1. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization.9. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank. the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3.11 added. Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L. Bold design procedure for Section 3. Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment.3 is reported.10.5.e has been added. Additionally the weights for operating.6.1.10.2.5.Appendix E .8. Bolt design references to standard bolt size table. Mouse support has been added to all modules. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module. API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified.1 added. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3. and empty conditions are reported.4. Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3. Consideration of Section 17. Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module. The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 .7. Version 1. A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available. Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added.1. Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3. “Variable Point” location reported.

6 added. The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1.Appendix E .5 curves. This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections.11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added. Several new configuration directives have been added.11. squares. trigonometric functions. This units file.11 and Appendix E computations. and square roots. Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E. The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations. Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design. For API-653 runs. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3.0 and L/2a=1. and the setting of the default output report generation parameters. Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3. Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads. This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives.0 used one or the other set of curves.FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour. an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added.Revision History Version 1. An additional "English" units file is provided.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young. MPH. there was no interpolation between curves.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3. and a segregation of program and system files. a network hardware lock. A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs. Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file. Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes. A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu. For API-653 analysis. Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles. Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added. The calculator supports the basic four math operations. Version 1. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case. PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P. Version 1.

Hendrix & Carucci. ASME 1996. FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. F. Billimoria. ASME 1995. and Taagepera. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. Hydrocarbon Processing. Lu. A. Osage. Third Edition. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. Lengsfeld. 1977. Above Ground Storage Tanks. American Petroleum Institute. ASME 1995. Hathaitham. Ramos. and Lengsfeld. August 1980. Swenson. Morton. ASME 1996. 2002. Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. Billimoria and Tam. Bardia and Taagepera. Marr. Lengsfeld. API-620. America Petroleum Institute.. Improve Storage Tank Inspections. PVP Vol 336. Lengsfeld. No 4. June 1990. and Fenton. ASME. November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653.Selected References API-650. January 1995. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules. API-2000. 1997. and Hagstrom. PVP-1279. PVP Vol 315. LaBounty. Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks. Tenth Edition. Revise Storage Tank Inspections. American Petroleum Institute. Smith. Eighth Edition. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 . Vol 12. PVP Vol 336. Taagepera. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks. 1959. August 1982. Vol. McGraw-Hill. An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks. Bardia. Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. Journal of Strain Analysis. April 1998. Myers. and Horwege. August 1980. Carucci & Ay. Brownell & Young. August 1996. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement. Philip E. Inc. and Lambe.APPENDIX F Appendix F . Vol 108. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). American Petroleum Institute. Hydrocarbon Processing. Transactions of the ASME. Hydrocarbon Processing. November 1978. October 1996. Koczwara. Malik. and Ruiz. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 118. Fifth Edition. Parikh. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. PVP Vol 315. Process Equipment Design. Bardia. John Wiley & Sons.

Appendix F .Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A . Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 .Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E .List of Materials • 127 Appendix D .Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V. 83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.Revision History • 133 Appendix F . Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30. 83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9.Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old.Program File List • 121 Appendix B .Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C .

121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31. 87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87.

40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1.10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1.40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2.10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1.20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1.60 / 2.10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 . 125 Units • 9 units files • 24.31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind. Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2.50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3.Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39. 99.20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3.30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2.20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2. Material.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1. 76 Version 1.55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3.

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