Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

U.S. Government Restricted Rights Legend
Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS 252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3. Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Intergraph Corporation P.O. Box 240000 Huntsville, AL 35813 Street address: 170 Graphics Drive, Madison, AL 35758

Terms of Use
Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

Warranties and Liabilities
All warranties given by Intergraph Corporation about equipment or software are set forth in the EULA provided with the software or applicable license for the software product signed by Intergraph Corporation, and nothing stated in, or implied by, this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification or amendment of such warranties. Intergraph believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date. The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document. The software discussed in this document is furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of this license. No responsibility is assumed by Intergraph for the use or reliability of software on equipment that is not supplied by Intergraph or its affiliated companies. THE USER OF THE SOFTWARE IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE FINAL EVALUATION AS TO THE USEFULNESS OF THE SOFTWARE IN HIS OWN ENVIRONMENT. Intergraph is not responsible for the accuracy of delivered data including, but not limited to, catalog, reference and symbol data. Users should verify for themselves that the data is accurate and suitable for their project work.

Trademarks
Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 83 Warning & Error Options ......... 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad ................................. 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)......................... 97 Output Report Generation .......................................... 87 TANK Program Files ......... 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box ...................... 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams ............... 103 Roof Evaluation ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data ...................... 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ................................................................................... 105 Seismic Analysis Results .......... 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ..................................................................................................... 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box .................................................................................................................................................................................. 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches ....................... 112 API-650 Bolting Report ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 87 Solution Overview ...................... 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box ............................................................................................................................Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) .............................................................................................. 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box ................................................................... 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box ................. 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed...................................................................................................................................... Material................................................................................................. 100 Job Title Page ................................. 88 Local Graphics Output ............................................................................................................................ 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ............ 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results .................................................................................................................................................. 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) .................................................................. 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ..................... Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ...... 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V.............. 91 Tank Layout Sketch ..................... 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ... 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 99 Output Report Discussions .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ......................................................................................... 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 111 API-2000 Venting Output ........................................................................................................................................................................................ Thickness & Weights ........................ 80 Error Checking .......................................................................... 85 Analysis/Solution Phase......................................................................... 102 Solution Module TXT File ..................................................................... 84 Completing the Error Check Phase ............................................................................. 70 Shell Settlement Data ............... 92 Shell Settlement Plots .................................................................................. 101 Error Checker LOG File .......................................) Dialog Box ............................................ 103 Wind............................................................................................................ 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box ................................................................................................................................................... 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)..................................................................................... 100 User Input Data ........................................................................................................... 110 Settlement Checks ........................

.............................................. 118 Example Problem SSC1 ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 134 Version 2................. 118 Example Problem B&Y ......................................... 121 Help & Error Processing Set ..................... 134 Version 2........... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ...................................................10 Changes (5/00) .....................................................00 Changes (1/99)......................................................................................................30 Changes (2/02) ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................Standard Units Systems...........................................................................................................40 Changes (7/02) ............ 134 Version 2............................55 Changes (10/05) .......................................Program File List .............................................................................20 Changes (9/09) ..........60 / 2.............................. 129 * Unknown For API-653 ........................ 136 Version 1................................................ 136 Version 1................... 131 Appendix E ........................................................................................................................................................51 Changes (9/97) ........... 128 * ISO 630...........................................................................................10 Changes (9/08) ...................................................... 125 Appendix C ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem APP_P ....................................... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 .......................................... 122 Examples Data Set ................................00 Changes (11/07) .......................................................................................... 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Revision History ............................................................................... 122 API Data Set............................................................................................. 117 Example Problem A_WC .................................................................................................List of Materials ....................... 121 English Text Set .................................................... 135 Version 1..... 133 Version 2....................................................... 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 ............................................................................................. 133 Version 3..... 133 Version 3.......................................... 121 Main Set .............................................................. 133 Version 3..................................... 115 Examples ................... 127 * ASTM Standards ...................................................................................................20 Changes (9/00) ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................50 Changes (5/97) ........................................... 123 Appendix B ...................... 114 API-650 External Pressure Output ..................................................................... 117 Example Problem O_WC ...............................................................30 Changes (9/10) ..... 133 Version 3................... 118 Example Problem SEIS01.............................................................................................................................50 Changes (3/04) ...........Default Configuration Directives ............................................................................... 118 Example Problem TEST1 ............................................ 117 Example Problem APP_K ............................................................................................................ 119 Appendix A ........................ 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ...........................................................40 Changes (9/96) ........................................................................................................... 127 * CSA Standards ........................ 129 Appendix D ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 135 Version 1....................................................................................................................... 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) ................................................ 128 * National Standards .............................................................................................. 133 Version 2..............................................................................................................................................................Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output ...................................................... 134 Version 2............................................................................................................................................

........... 138 (6/94) ........................20 Changes Version 1....... 137 (8/95) .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 138 Appendix F ...........................................30 Changes Version 1............................................Contents Version 1..................................... 137 (11/94) .31 Changes Version 1............. 139 Index .......10 Changes (2/96) ...................................................................................................................................................Selected References ...................... 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .................................................................................................

TANK support is available by telephone.com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 . input validation to avoid run time errors. cell specific help for guidance and information. rely on the help system. Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. and expeditious designs. It is expected. TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input. however.com Web: www. Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade. To that end. fax. that questions focus on the current version of the program. economical. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation. e-mail. the web site. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users. which can be launched by pressing F1. configuration. and operation of the program. when in doubt. Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes. and by mail. and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution.coade. However.

Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific. the help text includes the expected input units in the title line. Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system. These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file. Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1. which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user.Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section. After the help system has been activated. the appropriate information displays in an interactive window.

These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch).09375. there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis. A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files. For example. This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 . Upon exit from the diagnostic utility. see Appendix B .New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units. Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module. TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation. The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog. After the review of a specific error message is complete. a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0.Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system. The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them. Selecting a Units File . This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach. multiplication. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files . and division) are supported in the input cells. assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database.Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file. In some instances additional sets may be required.Standard Units Systems (on page 125). The four basic math operations (addition.Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK. Creating Units Sets . Even though TANK validates your input data. and finally reports the problem to you.Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program. the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary. the program attempts to trap the error. For more information on the four standard supplied units systems. Reviewing Output . user control is returned to the Main menu. This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system. In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells. subtraction. When such a fatal condition occurs.

TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes. Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S. including the limiting load interaction diagrams. Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. Minimum metal temperature reporting. Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes. Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P. Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M.Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices. Seismic computations according to Appendix E. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance.2. and digitized data from Appendix P. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B. External pressure computations according to Appendix V. An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279.3. Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M. This includes the material data from Table 5. Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2. These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000.

Services Training . and all associated documentation.Includes options to install the HASP. Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window.Launches the main installation process. These options include: Install TANK .Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products.Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD. Release Notes . The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays. Additional Products . TANK Information . The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page. the HASP drivers. Support Forum . License Agreement . Browse the CD . CD Content Additional Installations . Contact Intergraph .Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 . insert the CD into the drive.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum. ReadMe File .Displays a text file discussing the installation steps.SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK.Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph. which installs TANK. the system requirements. and the CD contents.Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK.Displays the TANK License Agreement.

exe in the root CD folder. HASP Trouble Shooting . Installation Instructions . Business.Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing. 2. The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed. or Enterprise).Displays a PDF document containing these instructions. Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional.Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer. Professional. or Windows 7 (Ultimate. double-click CDSpawn. Click Install TANK to begin the installation. or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported. Hardware Requirements minimum of 2.Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System. 1. Windows Vista (Ultimate. If the setup does not start automatically. Insert the TANK CD into your computer. HASP Licensing Overview . 12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs. Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation.

Click Next on the welcome page. 7. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 . 5.Installation 3. -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement. 4. You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement. and then click Next. To install the software in another location. 6. click Change. Read the license agreement. select I accept the terms in the license agreement. where <product name> reflects the program name and version. If you accept the license agreement. Click Next to continue. and then click Cancel. select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement. The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>.

9. 14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . If you are using SmartPlant License Manager. An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation. You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run.Installation 8. If you are using a network ESL key. Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. select the SPLM license option. Select the license type that you have. select the key color.

installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run. you are not prompted to install the HASP driver. Skip to step 11. 10. If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type. If this dialog does not display. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 . the following dialog box displays.Installation As the installation progresses. After successfully installing the HASP device driver. After the TANK files have been installed. the status displays. Click OK.

13. Click Yes to reboot your computer now. 12.doc file. Setup.The path to load the installation files. Setup. 2. such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging. Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR .exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green. Click No to reboot later.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally. Command Cmd= setup. Click Finish. perform these steps: 1. To launch TANK in silent mode. Issue the installation command as detailed below. it is a good idea to restart Windows. with no interaction from you.Installation 11. Select Show the readme file to view the readme. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary. Because a device driver was loaded.

Alternatively. If the network ESL is attached to a workstation. because the computer is usually always on. The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location. The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder. Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers.TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions. Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software).TXT and ESL_RED. The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network. A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility.Installation ESL_COLOR .The ESL color.This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT . because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops). the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software. The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software. you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 .Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs. refer to the documentation files NETHASP. The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs. The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server. If your computer uses a local ESL. we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL. Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL. The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems. The file server is a better location for this ESL. you can skip the remainder of this section. This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations. Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . a user must then be logged into the network to access the software. The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server). if all of the licenses are on the network ESL. In order for the network to recognize the ESL.

a correction to the currently shipping version is made. After the file has been downloaded and installed. databases grow. In other words. additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files. and corrections. and distributing the various builds generated between major releases. and posted to the Web site. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking. and so on. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds. 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program. Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www. In addition. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available. and the date it was created. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web. they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda.com). user requests. before the next version can be released. In order to alleviate this problem for our users. The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation. announced. When this occurs. Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released. Determine which build file you need and download it. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found.x<date>. When this occurs.exe. Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date.coade. Build Y contains Build X. but only one build is required at any given time. and also displays when you click Help > About. the version indicator. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation. its size. builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version. the build is finalized. file formats change. Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu. This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build. This correction is referred to as a Build.Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static. and the build date. operating system modifications. A build is intended for one specific version of the software. operational enhancements. However. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement. archiving.

click COADE EXE Scanner. This allows you to see. follow any prompts. you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory. on the Main Program menu. Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level. This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size. This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version. which build is in use. additional usage instructions may be found in this file. This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level. A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package. and the software installation will update appropriately. memory requirements. Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 . From the Utility > Tools menu. and build bevel.Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD.TXT. To see which program modules have been modified. Simply double-click the build file (the exe). When necessary.

To reinstall an older version of the software. any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD. you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release. 20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . if it becomes necessary. the last build should be installed. Patched Version When a new version of the software is released. This will allow full use of this version at some later time. Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds. Then. Additionally. the distribution CD should be installed first.Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

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Specifies the anchor bolt database. which may be unique. Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list. This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews. the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory. Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored.Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module. Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U. structural shapes and materials. as well as International shape libraries. Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used. Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units.Select the material file to use.S. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory. Units File . Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory. A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program. followed by a scan of the installation directory. This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients.Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients. Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database . Each data directory can contain its own configuration file. You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command. If a data directory does not contain a configuration file.Select the units file to use. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory. Structural Database . Material File .

and control is returned to the main menu. For more information. select Analyze Only to start the analysis module.you must correct these errors before proceeding. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 . analyzed.SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual. It is assumed. Assuming that error checking completed successfully. Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon. and reviewed. The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive). analysis is prohibited . The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected. that the program has been properly installed and configured. and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above). Warning messages are acceptable to the program .you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis. Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input. it must be error checked. you can select one of the Output menu options. For more information on the error checker. The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution. Upon completion of the analysis. After a solution data file is available. If there are errors in the input data. see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21). After the input has been defined. an intermediate data file is created for analysis. From here. a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu. defined. see Error Checking (on page 83).

Define the input data. 3. Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only. 4. quit the output processor. From the Start menu. Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output. 2. The steps outlined above are summarized below. Focus then returns to the Main menu.Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session. click TANK. 5. 26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Select a job. The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu. 1. the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports. Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports. As long as the job input parameters remain fixed. either new or old.

The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK. The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched. utility tools. configuration. or by double clicking the desktop icon. but also include output review (both text and graphics). The options are arranged in groups. corresponding to the major topics on the menu. analysis.SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start. The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options. output review. and help. diagnostics. launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 . the Material Database editor. and ESL review. Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition.

and printing the input for a specific job. saving. Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk. TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration.Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening. Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen. each accessed from the menu. Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39). Upon completion of the input. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 .Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job. The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups. The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon. the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job.

As each phase is completed. automatically starts the solution module. Analyze.Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check. 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . For more information on the analysis processor. which produces the output file for the job.TKE file is written by the error checker. The analysis module performs the solution step. either designing a tank or re-rating a tank. Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text. or the input data contained errors and no . The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker. cannot be located. TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked. Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel. If the verified problem data. with a . Error Check .Starts the error checker. The Analyze option is deactivated until the . Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83).Starts the error checker.TKE file was generated. the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data. an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description. the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu. see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87). and Error Check and Analyze. and if the input passes the error checker. based on your input parameters.Starts the solution module. (grayed out). Steps not required are disabled. In any event.TKE suffix. This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed. If the input data successfully passes the error checker.TKE file. written to the . Error Check and Analyze . an analysis file for the job is written. Analyze .

in the current units system. Review Latest Reports . The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. Append Reports .Generates a new set of reports. For viewing text based reports. and changing the time stamp in the report headers.Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers. the Material Database editor. append reports. shell settlement graphs. Local Graphics . Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created.Starts the graphics processor. Time Stamp . Nozzle load interaction diagrams. the batch stream processor and a text file review option. For more information on output processing. This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically. in the current units system. and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner. Overwrite Reports .Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports.Creates a new set of output reports. completely replacing any existing reports. see Local Graphics Output (on page 91). If this data is not specified. in multiple units systems if necessary. Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 . three options are available: overwrite reports.Displays the output review control panel. custom units systems. and review latest reports. the current CPU time and date are used. viewing graphical results. at the end of the last set of reports.

File Review . This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed. see Program Configuration (on page 21). Material Database Editor . Message File . The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties. Custom Units .Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase.Starts Notepad to review a selected data file. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter. There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file. the batch log file.Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis.Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created.Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. Calculator .Using the Main Menu Configuration . Batch Log File . The file is created by a prior analysis.Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations. Error Check Log File . and the solution message file. Batch Stream Processor . For details of the program configuration.Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database.Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis.Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data. Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number. a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed.Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory. Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module . However.Using the Main Menu CRC Check . The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software. the software attempts to invoke this module automatically. Should a “fatal error” occur. Corruption could indicate bad distribution media. if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 . then the file has been corrupted in some manner. However. clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column. If the values do not match. This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations. Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker .Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number. This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure. This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name. the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation. This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available. or a virus infection. If a CRC Check error occurs.

Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time. However. this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu. Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL. all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu). which is required to access the software. most of the Main menu items will be disabled. The ESL is the External Software Lock. If there is an access problem with the ESL.

TXT”.TXT file of the information. or change the client name.Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes. generating data for the user. and ID number.Starts an interactive procedure. Occasionally. reset a date.Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software. usually to extend limits. as generated by the Intergraph support staff. Phone Update . or by clicking the ESL icon. some of this date may require updating in the field. Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 . Receive and Enter Fax Codes . the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored. suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a . versioning information. This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information. These updates encompass changes requested by the client. This information consists of the client name. Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes. date or run limits. This option is similar to the phone update option.Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes. except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel. This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel. and the time stamp of the last access. Generate Fax Codes . The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx. and accepting instructions from the user. These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified. The file will reside in the program’s \system folder. where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL. to interact with the user on the telephone. The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task.

. found in the frame area of the Main menu.Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid. click OK to enable the changes to the ESL. When all codes have been entered. all options are selected. Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . By default. The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar. Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph. Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options.

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

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Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

38

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

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see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65). and the desired code.) Dialog Box (on page 70). depending on the tank. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification. This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. the number of courses. For more information. Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog. the course height.TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. depending on the tank. This dialog is an optional input. This dialog is an optional input. This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing. Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. and in the text by Brownell & Young. This dialog is an optional input. This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters. see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). For more information. depending on the tank. see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76). For more information. This dialog is an optional input. Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog. depending on the tank. For more information. Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog. Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. For more information. see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis. course thickness. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. fluid specific gravity. course material. This information consists of the diameter. see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78). see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72). This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. depending on the tank. The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E. out-breathing. see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71). For more information. and fire. fluid depth. see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53). Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog. For more information. temperature. This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P. data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed. For more information. external loads. This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions. As mentioned above. see API 650 External Pressure (App V. see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). Section I. Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. Activates the Grillage Review dialog. pressure. For more information.7. Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. depending on the tank. This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters.

We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session. there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file. to the General Data dialog. this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. With TANK. found in the file TITLE. As with most software programs. any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes. or by clicking the Diskette icon. but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too. The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document. on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters. with the input data. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically). The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options.TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad. The first displays the title page. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . This serves as a good starting point for a tank design. Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog.HED. the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page. Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog. If necessary. The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar. users can save the input by using the File menu.

42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Shell Courses. This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data. Where applicable. For each input cell.TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study. Wind Details. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. and Anchor Bolt Details. Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank.

the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below). Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu.TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field. The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 . in which you can select any valid material from the active database. This context menu is shown below. used as the default for all individual shell courses.

you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database.TANK Input Alternatively. which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank. Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu. Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below).

Initially. as specified on the Tank Data tab. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. Therefore. as described previously. The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output. However.TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses. for stainless materials. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 . on a course-by-course basis. all courses acquire the same material. When you right-click the Material cell. For stainless steels. the program fills in the Sd and St values. thickness. the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time. as necessary. corrosion allowance. and material test stress can be specified for each shell course. the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog. material design stress. Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database. the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material. For stainless materials. if necessary. material name. For carbon steels from Table 3-2. the software displays the Material context menu.

TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults. but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files. and may result in the design of required anchorage. Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage. API-650 Section 5. Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3). The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs.TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7.12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank). If these times are not defined. if necessary.

seismic. subsequent calculations for wind girders. If the value of the design temperature is changed.The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file. API-650. Run Objective . Select the entry from the list. Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 . A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected. the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4.Enter the design temperature in the indicated units. and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses. If you select D.TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses. Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. or Design mode. Where applicable. If the design temperature exceeds this limit. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C. it can only be used in analysis mode. or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code. Design Pressure at Top . API Design Code . then the rules of Appendix M are applied. Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line. If you select A. The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box. or Analyze mode. The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation.2 kPa. For each input cell.Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements. API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes. This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank.Enter the design pressure in the indicated units. Design Temperature . ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights. limits the design pressure to 2. Appendix F.Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input. TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method . which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C.5 psi / 17.

Enter the specific gravity of the fluid.75 0.85 0. If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank.85 0.As per Appendix A. such as for a walk-way.0 for the Hydrotest case.3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency. this value should be entered as zero.No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . this value is used only in the Design case.50 + k/5 0.3.85 1.85 0.70 0.Enter the total height of the tank shell.85 0.70 0. and is used in the wind load computations.Spot RT Appendix A .70. This value should be the sum of the individual course heights.85 0. API-653 Section 2. enter the actual distance. Weight Attachments & Structures . the joint efficiency should be either 0.00 0. This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st .50 + k/5 0.70 0.85 or 0.Enter the diameter of the tank. API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown.TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) . the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates. Design Liquid Level (H) . This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device.Enter the height of the design liquid level.0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations.3.4. Tank Shell Height (HTK) . As per API-650. so the default of 1. The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1. No other computations use this value. Note. If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell. Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] .6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1.Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation.35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A .00 0. Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder . Liquid Specific Gravity (G) .Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder.

a.Enter the number of shell courses in the tank. Section 5. and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use. Include Annular Base Plate Details .2 includes a wind moment term. Number of Shell Courses . activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course. Insulation Thickness . Insulation Density .3. If the material varies over the shell courses. Alternatively.3.TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded.6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height. its allowable stresses.. To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition). This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use.3.1. Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954.3. Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form. check this checkbox. Entire Shell Course Evaluation . To properly access a valid material name and its properties.3.b.1a.Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5. Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4.Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank. Local Area Shell Only . grade. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 .. this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box. This selection uses equation 4. After a valid material is selected. yield strength.Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5.9. The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53.Turns on an off wind loads on the roof.This field displays the material name. uncheck this checkbox. left-click the .4. Default Shell Material .2 Calculations .Enter the density of the tank insulation. The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank.3. Wind Velocity .1. 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment .1.9. wind gust. Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank.7.Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell. (d) Single lap welded only.3. or open-top tanks. To include the wind moment term.11 stability. select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course. uncheck this checkbox.7. This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary.3. The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course. which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height. This selection uses equation 4.As of API-650 9th Edition.As per API-653 Section 4. check this checkbox. to display the same context menu.If the tank will have an annular base ring. right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen.1.As per API-653 Section 4. If the tank will not have an annular base ring. A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional. tensile strength. Due consideration should be given to Section 5. the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F. which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height.11 Wind Pressure . These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment . internal pressure.

1. If necessary. on a course-by-course basis. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course.Represents the allowable test stress. SSD1 through SSD5 . referred to as St in the API code.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n. Thickness . For this reason. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value. If it is constant. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness. If this cell is left blank. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. referred to as Sd in the API code. If necessary. Hydro Test Stress .6. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. Table S-2. For stainless steels. if necessary. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5. these values will be interpolated during the solution phase. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses.Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units. Material Design Stress .6. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. Height .1.Represents the allowable design stress. since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead. Corrosion Allowance . If this cell is left blank. the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field.1). If it is constant. If this cell is left blank. The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously. For stainless steels. If this cell is left blank for the first course. the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero. If it is constant.TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses. the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5.Enter the thickness for the current shell course.1. 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. this value will be displayed as zero.Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S.

Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter . This is an optional entry.5 4. This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. Kzt . I .0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments.6250 0.5000 1.Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7.5000 0. Kz . and the anchorage is necessary. If entered.Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7. This value should be 1.0000 2. it will be evaluated using this data.2500 2.8750 1.5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 .95 (the default) for this parameter. If these times are not defined. Kd . Gust Factor .12. Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0.The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5.0000 1. the value defaults to 0.2500 1.0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4. In order to size the anchor bolts. Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units. If left blank. If left blank. The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch.Enter the wind speed up factor for hills.TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. API 650 recommends a value of 0. If left blank.Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage.1250 1.7500 3.04. the value defaults to 1.85. the thread pitch is necessary.Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7. the value defaults to 1. Threads per Unit Length .5000 2.7500 2.Enter the wind directionality factor.0.3750 1.7500 0. TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults.

0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress . Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance . the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5.Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5. Number of Anchor Bolts .Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle.25 inches.12. As of this addendum.7. This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank. but is maintained for compatibility with older input files.7500 4.TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3. Bolt Yield Stress . 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration. Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter .2500 3. an offset of 0. enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage. the bolt allowable stress was required input.For evaluation of an existing anchorage. As a result. API-650. If the software redesigns the anchorage.Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650. The software internally multiplies this value by 2.5000 3. If this value is left blank.12.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value.4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0.0 is used. This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage.Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts. this value is no longer used. Section F.

At this point.TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k). such as seismic analysis. The Net Area Scratchpad (F. This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary. This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof. To use this scratchpad. The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box. Data entered in these fields will not be saved. Note that this is a scratchpad. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab. and Girder Rings. the top half of this dialog must be filled out. a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made. This data is used in further analysis. Supported Cone Roof Data. The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs. wind over turning. or a supported cone roof will be designed. and maximum allowed pressure. Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below.2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 . Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design. and then click Compute.

For the structural and roof plate materials. and in the available cross sections. The help system provides guidance here. a supported cone roof is to be designed. girders.TANK Input If instead. This tab. the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database. displays the parameters used in the roof design. The allowed cross sections vary. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . depending on the active structural library. and columns. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank. and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. the material for the cross sections and roof plate. shown below. in the usage of the various structural types.

as the number of girder rings. the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab. the software can design the rafters. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 . Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. and rafter rings is known. Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs.Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters. Roof Type . Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring. and how many girders make up the ring. which are supported by girders. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths. General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof. which are supported by columns. the software can design the rafters. column rings. Angle Between Roof & Horizontal . alternate positioning is desired. If however. then the members are sized only.TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young. For rafter supported cone roofs. All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell. If this information is specified. columns and girders.Defines the roof type of the tank. Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only.

corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F.2. Figure (a-k) . Thickness of Bar (tb) . This value should include the corrosion allowance. If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations. Specify this estimate in the tc field. TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally.Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. This value will not be used. Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) . After the data has been defined. This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. Weight of Snow on Roof . this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot. Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance . Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved.If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar.TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction . The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load. TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally.Since the analysis hasn’t been performed.Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates.Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks. This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness.1. TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. Roof Live Load . After the analysis. the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations. or a supported cone roof is being designed. Thickness of Roof Plate . According to API-650 5.Enter the area resisting the compressive force. it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed).Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks. if any. For supported cone roofs. The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box. Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) . For details.Select the desired cross section. click Compute. the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations. 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) . This value will not be used.2.10. refer to API-650 Figure F-2. % of Weights Supported by Shell .Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course. TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. specify the bar thickness in this field.Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates. This value will not be used. Weight of Roof Plates . the computed roof plate weight is always used. If the input value is greater.Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations.Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. Weight of Roof Framing . an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required.

These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. and P.Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. S. girder. Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type . column rafter. C. The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below. girder. girder.Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters. column rafter. column rafter. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. WT. girder. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 . column rafter. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter. C. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) . Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. DI. valid types for this cell are: W.Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch. DC. girder. and M. For the 1989 AISC library.TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) .

column For the 1991 German library. girder. column For the 1993 UK library. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. and CT. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. girder. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. taper rafter. column For the 1990 South African library. girder. column CT Channels. UC.Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders. and T. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. valid types for this cell are: I. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. column For the 1990 Australian library. girder. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below. column Preferred Girder Type . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. T. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. girder. column rafter. parallel USAGE rafter. girder. 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . girder. CP. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. girder. girder. girder. valid types for this cell are: IP. column rafter. column rafter. and C. column rafter. girder. column rafter. and UC. U. HP.

girder. and P. S. column rafter. C. girder. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. column rafter. column rafter. DC. WT. and M. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. and C. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. column rafter. girder. UC.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. girder. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 . column For the 1993 UK library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. DI. T. girder. girder. C. girder. girder. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter.

valid types for this cell are: I.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter. girder. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. column Preferred Column Type . column rafter. The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. and UC. column rafter. HP. girder. column For the 1990 Australian library. column For the 1990 South African library. taper rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. girder. girder. girder. column rafter. parallel USAGE rafter. girder. girder. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. CP. column rafter. and T. girder. valid types for this cell are: IP. U. valid types for this cell are: UB. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and CT. column CT Channels. column rafter. column For the 1991 German library. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below.

valid types for this cell are: I. and T. S. column For the 1991 German library. column rafter. column rafter. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. UC. girder. girder. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. column rafter. girder. and P. and M. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. column rafter. column rafter.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. girder. column rafter. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. C. C. column rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 . girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. and UC. girder. DC. girder. girder. U. girder. and C. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. T. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. girder. DI. column For the 1990 Australian library. girder. column For the 1993 UK library. WT. girder. column rafter. column rafter.

parallel Channels. For compliance with API-650 Section 3. In the design of the supported cone roof. HP. In the design of the supported cone roof.] button. Structural Member Material . 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .0 to 30. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. a value of zero will be used.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected. and CT. column rafter. The rafters are oriented along radial lines.3 to 9. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters.4. column rafter. arranged in concentric circles.3. This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members.Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters.3 meters). Center Column Cap Plate Diameter .TANK Input For the 1990 South African library.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates. arranged in concentric circles. taper USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: IP. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders.0 feet (6.1 meters.. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. If this cell is left blank.. Maximum Allowed Girder Length . Structural Member Allowable Design Stress . The ends of the rafters are supported on girders.. girder. girder. this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa). This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified. girder. The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [. The girders are supported by columns. Typical values for this cell are 20. The girders are supported by columns.10. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank.. Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress . from the center of the tank. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings.0 feet /7. column rafter. This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified.Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders.] button.1 to 7.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected.0 to 24. Typical values for this cell are 24. column Roof Plate Material . girder. Maximum Allowed Rafter Length . where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. from the center of the tank. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. CP. The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [.

This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary. however. Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input. Number of Girders in Ring .TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring . the number of girders in all rings must be also specified. if the number of girders in any one ring is specified.Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring. Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 .The number of girders in each ring may also be specified. the distance to all girder rings must be defined. These entries are optional. If the location of one girder ring is specified.

Defines S1.TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . the software will design bolting.0. unless specified otherwise by the purchaser. Friction Factor .2s).5. See API-650 Section E. 5% damped.4. Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient . spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0. Initial Anchorage Type . where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations.Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations.4.Defines SP.Defines SDS. Site Class .Defines Sa0*. 5% damped. Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) . The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7.1 for details on the various SUG categories.6.Usually this value is 1. design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures.3. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.4.Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material. Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec. the coefficient defaults to 1.2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods. 5% damped.Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped.Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion.Defines Ss. Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank. Transitional Period (TL) . If no value is specified.Defines S0. %g. in seconds. Valid entries for this field are 1. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. Bottom Plate Thickness . API recommends that this value not exceed 1.2 and E. or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I. the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure). %g.6. %g.25) only be used for emergency services. 5% damped.The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser. which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods. %g. Earthquake Type .Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K). 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E. Importance Factor . This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. II.Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted). Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods .5% damping. and that this value (1. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.25. Unless otherwise specified. Period (S1) .7. Period (S0) . refer to API-650 Sections E. API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0. For more information about earthquake types. which is the 5% damped.3. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0. Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7. Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material . and III). Scaling Factor (Q) . which is the design. In this instance. Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) . spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second. Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) . Valid choices are A through F. 2. Seismic Use Group .Defines the seismic site class according to Section E. Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec.4. %g.

This value is optional. This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. If left blank. Section 7.Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members).1. If a value is entered.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet.Defines Sa*.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate. This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet.Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate.35mm). Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate . Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate . %g.TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) . which is the 5% damped. Maximum Allowed Spacing . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 . Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage. leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it. design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures.Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness.4. bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0. As stated in API-650 5. If a value is entered here. In this case. Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I. this value defaults to zero.25 inches (6. the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate. you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I . Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate .

Nozzle Outer Diameter . This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits. Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate .Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle. If you check Use PVP-1279. NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate. Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed. These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650.TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles. if available from a pipe stress analysis. Nozzle Designation / Number . TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses.Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle. This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks. The data specification can include external piping loads. Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P. the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated.

3E6 7.3E6 27. 200.3E6 27.25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12.8E6 28.TANK Input Delta Temperature . 300. 400. 200. reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29.25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet.Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature. Modulus of Elasticity .0E6 27. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1.6E6 26.1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20. 200.67E-6 6. 400. 203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 .07E-6 500 27. then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used.2E6 Expansion Coefficient .67E-6 6. Instead. 90.Enter the modulus of elasticity.3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. 500. the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100.8E6 28.5E6 28. 260.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient. if necessary.87E-6 7.7 13.07E-6 7.4E6 26. Modulus (psi) 28. 29.1E6 500.7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. 25. 150.0 12. 300.5E6 28.4 12.87E-6 7. You can change this value.7E6 27. If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel.

Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? . units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses. Nozzle Weight . RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 .Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle. This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell.Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P.TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal. Nozzle RePad Thickness . Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 . Applied External Longitudinal Moment . Applied External Circumferential Moment . You can change this value.Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations. Taagepera. and Lengsfeld. If reinforcing on the shell is indicated.Enter the value of any applied radial force. This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks. Bardia. if any. it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations. Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness.Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located. If you specify a pad thickness. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. but not actually used in the computations. This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 . if necessary.Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle. LaBounty. by Lengsfeld. English. Applied External Radial Force . These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software. This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness.Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. acting on the nozzle. The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter. 68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad. Use PVP-1279 . API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled.Enter the weight of this nozzle.A value defined in PVP-1279. Hathaitham.

0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C .Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.25 to a maximum of 1. This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full .Enter the foundation factor.0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld. Temperature Difference . Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference .0. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 . K = 4.Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld. Factor K . This value is: 2.TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input. K = 2.85 if not specified by the purchaser. The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade. The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing.0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates.0 for tanks on earth foundations 4.empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis. The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0.Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature.Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank. The value of C shall be 0.Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion. Factor B .

00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0.4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners. JEs = 1.000 psi (140 MPa). 70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) .Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency . However.00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0. Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material .85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) . fc need not be less than 15. fc need not be less than 20.70 for double lap welds JEr = 1.JEst.Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E. Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) . However.fc. JEst = 1.Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress . JEr = 0.) dialog box is an optional input.TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V.Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe.85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0. Where fc = 0.6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region. Where fc = 0.fc.00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) .000 psi (103 MPa). This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank.70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) .JEs.Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency .35 for single lap welds JEr = 0.JEr. Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) .Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency .) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V.

Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement . If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4.R. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 . Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference. the shell plate material. this limit was 30 feet / 9.2. Roof Dish Radius (R) . If this value is left blank.Define the Dish Radius of Roof .5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used. Appendix B. Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2.3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank. This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.1m. Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle.Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress .6m. This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees.Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points. a default of 29. The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points. and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature. of the roof plate material. in API-653 Section B.1.8 m. This value must be less than 45-degrees. The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement.3.f. API-653 Appendix B. Angle Between Measurements . Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) . Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653.TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) . use every other point when generating the input.

1m intervals. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs.7.1.2. 4. Above Ground Storage Tanks.3.Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank. Post 3rd Ed. each discussed in the following subsections. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed. Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh.7.4. obtained from tank inspections. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed. Bottom.4. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom.3. Elevation . Post 3rd Ed.1. Hydrocarbon Engineering.3.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit. API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data.1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653. This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4. and 4. Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .3. May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers. Pre 3rd Ed. Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4.

4.As per API-653 Section 2.7.1. on a yearly basis. Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) . Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) .4. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).4. according to Section 2. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 . Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .As per API-653 Section 2.4.7.0.1.7. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate.1 of previous editions of API-653. Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) . enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion. then this value should be specified as 0.1.4.Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.1.As per API-653 Section 4.7.1. Pre 3rd Ed. Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion.TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) . enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate. Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) . and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code).As per API-653 Section 2.Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates. this value should be specified as 0. Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) .7. This value is measured from the original thickness. Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) . on a yearly basis.4. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. after repairs.As per API-653 Section 4. after repairs. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651).7.0.Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates. This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code. If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652). Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom.

enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed.4. Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) . enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion.As per API-653 Section 2.4.1.4.As per API-653 Section 2. Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) .As per API-653 Section 2.TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) .As per API-653 Section 2. Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) . on a yearly basis.1.1.4. Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) . enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) .0.Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr).7.As per API-653 Section 2. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates. This value is measured from the original thickness. This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65).7.7. StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom.1. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). if specified.7. The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0. (GCa). 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . on a yearly basis.1.4. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0.7. enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area.

the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course.TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L. if the L location is left blank. the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities.Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis.Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course.Enter the average thickness in the "L" region. above the bottom of this course. Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank. If this value is left blank. "L" Location Above Course Bottom .This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations. Joint Efficiency . "L" is the critical length. Lowest Average Thickness . If this value is left blank. Additionally. Similarly. the inspection values of t1 and t2. the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L". the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used. In subsequent thickness computations. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 . it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. exclusive of pits. If the t1 or t2 values are left blank. and a joint efficiency for each shell course.Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region. they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box. Use specified shell "L" values? . Minimum Thickness .

API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input. which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses.1. as well as the environmental factors.1. the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2. Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate. Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies. Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? .3. as per API-653 Table 2. Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed .3.3. Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2. The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course.Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course. and liquid characteristics.3. Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box.1. the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. Instead. Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L". Use specified shell "E" values? . When this box is checked. Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2.3. Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations.3.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations. This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed. Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition. This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations.TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level. The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998).3.

0 0.0 1.1.Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.05 0.TANK Input Emptying Rate .1.15 0.2. Liquid Flash Point .300 0.8 2.67 0.03 0.5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22.15 0.4 5.7 11.025 see note C 1.3 0.0 0.2.075 0.40 0.0 0.7 3.300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 . Boiling Point .075 0.50 0.0 0. see API-2000 Section 4. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4.0 0.3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2. Environmental Factor .0 1. Filling Rate .3. see API-2000 Section 4.1.2.3.0 2.33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1.375 0.3 0.05 0.2000.5 5 10 15 20 25 1. For more information.Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API.Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point. For more information.375 0.Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point.8 2.

the unit cost of plate. and the height and diameter ranges. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved.025 see note C 1. You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary. There is a minimum amount of user-specified data. the fluid specific gravity. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0. which consists of the required tank volume. height.5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank.0 0.0 1.19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0. the plate allowable stress. This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses.03 0. and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations.0 0. based on the required volume. you have the option of transferring the diameter. After exiting the Scratch-pad.

The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate. and new estimates obtained. all other courses being equal to the specified input value. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 . and four for a height range. The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range. This sizing tool. Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad. the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. the input data can be altered.TANK Input After the necessary data is specified. If necessary. you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations. The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. contains two slider bars. as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table. Alternatively. The height of the top course is also reported. Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated. as well as the thickness required for each shell course. Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank. located to the right of the output display. or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. a report can be printed. the necessary diameter (or height) is presented. The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition. When the desired results have been achieved. After the scratchpad calculations have been performed.

For each height/diameter value. Plate Allowable Stress . the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Minimum Tank Diameter .cm. 80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . or KG and KG/cu. Average Course Height . the minimum value for this entry should be 1. Maximum Tank Diameter . Fluid Specific Gravity . Minimum Tank Height . This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. The top course may be less than the value specified here. For consistent application.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. Since the tank must be hydrotested. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. For each height/diameter value.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. or KG and KG/cu. and lb/cu.0.in.Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes. followed by plate weight and cost. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined.TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below. exclusive of the diameter range.cm. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. For each height/diameter value. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel.Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined.in. The height range is independent of the diameter range. Cost/Unit Weight of Plate . The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. exclusive of the height range. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. followed by plate weight and cost. The diameter range is independent of the height range. Maximum Tank Height .Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. exclusive of the diameter range. For consistent application. The height range is independent of the diameter range. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume.Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. For each height/diameter value. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. followed by plate weight and cost. and lb/cu. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume. Required Volume . followed by plate weight and cost.

TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range. exclusive of the height range. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 . Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined.

TANK Input

82

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

The typical response to this prompt is Yes. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 . click File > Exit. If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. the procedure halts until you click Continue. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition. You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker. the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction.Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box. Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu. click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. This gives you time to review the message. the analysis files will not be created. Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete. If the summary report shows that errors were found. Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated.

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress. and enhancement. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files. TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation. A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section. As each solution step is entered. maintenance. and which solution steps are required by the current input data.SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module. After the solution module has been launched. This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 . There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase. the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays. Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. the major solution steps to the analysis. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes. The program files used are listed below.

The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user. This file contains the solution data in binary format. 2. Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5. The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials. the analysis module creates the . their section moduli.6. If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank. The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics.This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination. the velocity factory. The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases. Allowed fluid heights . These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations. 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5. 7. either one-foot. Shell weight and center of gravity . 6. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details. 4.This thickness is based on the specified design method. The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu. a diagnostic message is presented to the user. The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries. the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations.9. It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows.1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met. entry into the output processor is not allowed. and the overturning moment. Overturning stability . Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases . newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file.TKO file. This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set. The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors.The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements. Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. 1.The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure. Wind girder requirements . and no output (TKO) file exists. or Appendix A. A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required.The number of girders. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details. Required shell course thicknesses . In the case of the variable point method. 3. and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E. or printed to the system printer. All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section. this is an iterative process.11. Wind effect . Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module. control is returned to the Main menu. Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22. In this instance.Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing. In this instance. As important milestones in the analysis are reached. The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs. variable point. the message file can be very helpful. some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file.1.This value is checked according to Section 5. Because there is no TKO file. 5.

The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design. and empty.3 checks are implemented.This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads. Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations. Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P . test.4 begins. Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E .After the actual roof computations are completed. with the corresponding stress for each load case. or design the roof.These computations are based on API-653 Section 2. roof. the Section 5.10. After all sizing. Grillage computations . test. Roof evaluation involves weight summations.These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I.10. design. and user input). Service/maintenance computations . and seismic computations have been completed.12 and determines. required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5. if necessary.These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement. API-2000 Venting calculations.Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data . the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M. Following the roof design. Following the cycle life calculations. The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. analyze. Section 7.10. the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated. After the cosine curve is known. the program will now evaluate. the required number of bolts and the bolt size.The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 . API-650 Appendix F requirements . This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5.6. Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B . the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined.If the roof data has been specified. the bolting requirements are checked.5 or 5. A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity. Section M.

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Plot Tank Elevations . In addition to the menu options. The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams. and supported cone roof sketches. Plot Settlement . Plot Cone Roof .SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete. Plot Nozzles . shell settlement plotting. or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot. the following icons are also available.Plots the supported cone roof sketch. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 . Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections. Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch. both of these items are grayed out.Plots the shell settlement data. These options include both text based reports and graphics. A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results. If output is not available for the current job. This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing. Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports.Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram.Produces the basic tank sketch. The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics. After you enter the local graphics mode. Return to Main Menu . the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls. A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design. the output options are available. or modify the input data. nozzle interaction diagrams.Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu. used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P.

Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank.Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details. 92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

the out-of-plane deflection. These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization. The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements. The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 . as well as an option to spline the data. The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves. Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes. the optimum cosine curve. The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points. The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve.Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations.

which interaction diagram to plot . necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded.either longitudinal or circumferential. test. 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and which thickness to use . or user entered.either design.Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P. The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15).

Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point. If the piping loads are not specified. as an asterisk. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 . The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads. the interaction point plots at the origin.

the interaction point must plot inside the diagram.Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P. 96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

A typical roof sketch. .Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. Besides the basic roof sketch. These roof sketches are not shown to scale. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 . the resulting design can be shown graphically. showing cross section sizes is shown below. defining the roof nomenclature. lengths. structural cross section sizes. and quantities can be noted on the sketch. they are provided for information purposes only.

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

the Output Report menu displays.Saves the selected reports. When you send reports to Microsoft Word. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is. its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word.doc file contains the company logo and address details. The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window. showing only those jobs that have output. The intent is that the header. The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs. (Items can be de-selected in the same manner). View Report using Microsoft Word . Print . This option opens a standard File Open dialog. After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected. Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click.doc exists in the \tank\system folder. Open . if a file named header. by topic.Enables switching to the output of a different job. When the analysis phase completes.Prints the selected reports. Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 . the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated.SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports.Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word. This menu lists the available reports. Save .

Each page of output begins with a header.Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box. 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers. Select Heading Fonts .Changes the font when printing reports. You can also suppress the ending page number. Next Report . This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended. Select Font . The header contains the user’s name.Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box. Each of these reports is discussed. in the following sections. date. Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user. Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings.Displays the previous report.Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports . and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen. Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here.Displays the next report.Erases the selected reports. Previous Report . Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data. page number. and program version number. job name. in general. Disable/Enable Page Numbering . time.Turn on or off the page numbering. From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings. Modify the Starting Page Number . major and minor level text.

Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data. Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 . Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined. as well as whether or not roof. This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module. and settlement details were defined. seismic.

Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker. Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data.

For each shell course. the area exposed to the wind. consisting of the velocity factor. Material.TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module. The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases. The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system.Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module . as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table. It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis. design allowable stress. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind. the material name. and Appendix M reduction factor are listed. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 . All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified. Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program. test allowable stress. the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course. as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1. The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases. ENGLISH. including the wind girder height reduction factor. and the wind moment. For API-653 analysis. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here. The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results. The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases. The next section of the report reflects the material properties used.

Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . If Detail e is required. This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders. The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components. the b dimension is also included in the report. the weight of the shell. The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check".Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width. and the center of gravity of the shell. For each wind girder required. The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations. as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell. based on API-650 Section 5.11. the geometry detail and angle size are also reported. Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method.

the spacing on the inner girders. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring. and the design roof load.Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. This information begins with the number of girder rings. and the rafter length. the number of rafters resting on the inner girders. the radius to each girder ring. and the number and length of the girders in each ring. the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero. the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details. the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed. the spacing on the outer girders. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 . Note that at the center of the tank. This report is shown below. and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F. and at the shell. The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates.

This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring. This information includes the unit load on the member. Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and is shown below. the selected cross section. the required section modulus.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters. and the actual section modulus.

Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. This information is shown below. the actual compressive stress. and required radius of gyration. and the actual radii of gyration. allowable compressive stress. This information begins with the column load. Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 . This is followed by the selected cross section. height.

6. and either 5. These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths. are the results of the Appendix F computations. This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift.5 or 5.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5. All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and the compression ring failure pressure.10. Following the roof design/analysis report.10. Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components.10. an API unit.5.3. This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight. the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction. The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F.

These computations were made for three cases: design fluid.Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E. test fluid. and empty. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 .

rotation. and user input thickness. test shell thickness. the flexibilities. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input. and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported. For each case. deflection. Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness.Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P.

This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points. Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 . and the out-of-plane deflection. the optimum cosine curve through these measured points.Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B. This table also includes the settlement measurements. the out-of-plane settlement.

outbreathing and fire exposure.3 of API-2000. This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing. Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4. The venting report is shown below.

12. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 . and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases. the required bolt diameter. The second section shows the required number of bolts. The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases. There are two sections to this report.Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5.

The report lists the exclusions and checks made.Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M. as well as the number of allowed cycles. Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V. Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

............... is located at \examples\o_wc... as defined by Appendix A of API-650......................... 118 Example Problem TEST1................................................................................................. is located at \examples\a_wc...... 118 Example Problem B&Y ................SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code......... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ................ In This Section Example Problem APP_K .............................tki.................. 118 Example Problem SEIS01 .......... 117 Example Problem A_WC .......................... 118 Example Problem SSC1 ..........................tki. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 ............................................................................ 118 Example Problem APP_P ....... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 .................... 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k..... Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations...........................................tki........ as defined by the One Foot method............................ 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ............ 117 Example Problem O_WC ...... Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations....................................................................................................................................................

tki. Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1. (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara.tki. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E. Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V.tki. Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations.tki. is located at \examples\sstest1. For more information see the file \examples\b&y. This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S. Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young.tki. for stainless steel tanks. including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M. Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1. 118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .tki.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E.

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

EXE .EXE .Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .Configuration program help data file TKSET02.EXE.EXE .CRC check program MAKEUNIT. The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR.EXE .Help file TIPS.EXE .APPENDIX A Appendix A .EXE .Output preprocessor APISOLV.EXE .Solution module COADEXE.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B. Main Set APIOUT.TXT .Output report review processor TANK.EXE .Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.Error check module OUTWORD.Input module help data file API02.Main program TKERCK.EXE .EXE .Material database editor OUTPUT.Configuration program help pointer file TANK.Units generation module MATEDIT.EXE .EXE .Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A.CHM .Input module help pointer file TKER01A.EXE .EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.EXE file scanner CRCCHK.EXE .DLL .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.EXE .EXE .EXE .

MAT .MAT .Messages for input processor SCREEN3.EXE .MAT .1988 API-650 material database A650_93.MAT .MAT .FIL .ENGLISH units file MM.1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.TXT .MAT .TXT .Structural database file API650.2005 API-650 material database A650_08.DAT .1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.EXE .MAT .FIL .HED .MAT .Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.MAT .MAT .Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.DIG .1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.MAT .1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.MAT .1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.2008 API-650 material database AISC89.Appendix A .SI units file T2A.1993 API-650 material database A650_94.MAT .Millimeter units file MPH.1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.FIL .CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TXT .1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.FIL .Data from Table 3-22 XX.1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.Messages for output processing TITLE.MAT .MAT .MAT .CRC .

Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA.Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1.TKI . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 . SEIS01.Appendix A .Example seismic computations for Appendix E.TKI .Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K.TKI .Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.Stainless steel example SSC1.TKI .TKI .Sample input for variable point method APP_P.Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC.TKI .Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01.TKI .TKI .Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y.TKI .TKI .TKI .Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1.Example computations for Appendix.

Appendix A .Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

APPENDIX B Appendix B .1 . You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary.Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK. Figure B.English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 .

4 .MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.3 .Appendix B .SI Units File Figure B.2 .MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Standard Units Systems Figure B.

B A-662.2 A-633.D A-678.60 A-516.CS A-36 A-131.70 A-662.55 A-516.B A-131.A A-678.C A-537.A A-131.705 A-516.B A-737.List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database. When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.C A-633.APPENDIX C Appendix C .58 A-573.EH36 A-573.B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 .65 A-573.65 A-516.1 A-537. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.

235 NS.21 G40.21 G40.C E-355.21 G40.List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.C E-275t.21 G40.D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .C E-275.Appendix C .250 NS.D E-355.21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.C E-355t.D E-355t.D E-275.21 G40.275 * ISO 630 E-275t.

Appendix C .List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .

List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix C .

1. 1. 2.200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES .3. 0.9.MAT ENGLISH.FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1. 1.1 YES A650_94.3000000E+00 .Default Configuration Directives Ver. 0.2835648E+00 YES .4000+E01 Sect. 1. 1.5000000E-02 YES .0000000E+00 . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 .7.1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO . 1.APPENDIX D Appendix D . 1. 1.

Appendix D .Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Added several minor changes as requested by users. rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API . Implemented API-653 4th Edition.10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition. to provide more information and detail.653 3 Edition.00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API .Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK. Version 3. Version 3. Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric.20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1. Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 .55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density. Added JIS structural steel shape library. South African Bolt. th Version 2. Version 3. Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights. Added many “text” changes to the output. BS3643.30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2. Version 3. Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%. Added a Wind Parameter input dialog.650 10 Edition.APPENDIX E Appendix E .

The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1.1. Since bolting data is now a required input.50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M. from PVP-1279. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database. Version 2. Revised the output processor. Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition.Appendix E . as a result of Addendum 1. Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses. This provides better capability to notify users of software updates.Revision History Version 2.6. Incorporated API-650 10th Edition. Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad. The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E.4.2 through E. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary. Addendum 1.6.20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration. Revised documentation.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition. this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section. Addendum 3. for easier usage.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Version 2. Version 2. Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates.

Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination. Section 3. Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height).5.00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2.Appendix E . API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum. Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power. in accordance with the recent addendum.2 has been incorporated. which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches.60 / 2. Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference. A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3. Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A.Revision History Version 2. Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1.10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition. This involved removing both A442 materials. Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 .25 inch plate. Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0.2. to include the bottom shell course thickness.4.

50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Version 1.3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress. Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added. Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases).Appendix E . Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added.40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition.Revision History Version 1. Note. Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory. Version 1. Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added. Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic. API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates. Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations. First. permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses. Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports. Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations.51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated. versions prior to 1. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet.50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file. This ability has been added for Version 1. Addendum 2 changes incorporated. Previous versions treated zero as a blank. Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added. A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E. The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero. Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added.5. Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet. this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database. Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated. now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1.50.

Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L.1.1 added. “Variable Point” location reported.5.1.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs.Appendix E . Consideration of Section 17. API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank. Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added.10. and empty conditions are reported.7. Bolt design references to standard bolt size table.11 added.6. A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available. API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated.10.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated.Revision History Version 1. Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3.1. Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3.2. Mouse support has been added to all modules. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization.31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added. Version 1.3 is reported.8. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3. A material database editor is provided.e has been added. Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment.9. The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary.4. Additionally the weights for operating.3. Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 .1. Bold design procedure for Section 3.5. the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3. test.8 added. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module.

and a segregation of program and system files. squares. PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports.FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour. MPH. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes.Revision History Version 1. Several new configuration directives have been added. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3. Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3. The calculator supports the basic four math operations. Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E.0 and L/2a=1. trigonometric functions. The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations. A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs. Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles. Version 1. Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added. which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case. Version 1.6 added. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P. and square roots. For API-653 analysis.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young. This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections.5 curves.11 and Appendix E computations.11. A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu. a network hardware lock.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3. Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program. Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell. Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design. An additional "English" units file is provided. The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1. This units file. and the setting of the default output report generation parameters. an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added.Appendix E . Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads. there was no interpolation between curves.0 used one or the other set of curves. For API-653 runs.11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives.

Myers. Billimoria. Philip E. An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks. Hydrocarbon Processing. Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. LaBounty. Malik. April 1998.Selected References API-650. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement. June 1990. Vol 12. Morton. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. Ramos. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. and Lambe. John Wiley & Sons. 1997. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. Smith. Transactions of the ASME. PVP-1279. PVP Vol 315. Eighth Edition. American Petroleum Institute. Osage. America Petroleum Institute. Marr. Lengsfeld. August 1980.APPENDIX F Appendix F . ASME 1995. Lengsfeld. Fifth Edition. Vol 108. ASME. Improve Storage Tank Inspections. Above Ground Storage Tanks. Taagepera. and Fenton. and Hagstrom. Lu. Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. August 1980. Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. Process Equipment Design. Revise Storage Tank Inspections. and Lengsfeld. A. PVP Vol 315. 118. 1959. API-620. and Horwege. Hendrix & Carucci. ASME 1996. Brownell & Young. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Hathaitham. Koczwara. Inc. Parikh. ASME 1995. October 1996. No 4.. Hydrocarbon Processing. and Taagepera. January 1995. Hydrocarbon Processing. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks. Bardia. Third Edition. Carucci & Ay. F. PVP Vol 336. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. Lengsfeld. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). API-2000. August 1996. Bardia. Vol. Bardia and Taagepera. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules. Journal of Strain Analysis. FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. ASME 1996. November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653. American Petroleum Institute. McGraw-Hill. PVP Vol 336. November 1978. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 . 1977. and Ruiz. 2002. American Petroleum Institute. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks. Swenson. Billimoria and Tam. August 1982. Tenth Edition.

Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix F .

83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9.Program File List • 121 Appendix B .Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C .Revision History • 133 Appendix F . Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30.List of Materials • 127 Appendix D . Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 .Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old.Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V.) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A . 83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E .

87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87. 121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31.

10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2.50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2.30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2.55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2.20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1.60 / 2.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3.40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1. 76 Version 1. Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42.40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2. Material.20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 .20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3.31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1.10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind. 99.10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1. 125 Units • 9 units files • 24.Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1.

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