Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

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Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS 252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3. Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Intergraph Corporation P.O. Box 240000 Huntsville, AL 35813 Street address: 170 Graphics Drive, Madison, AL 35758

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Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

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All warranties given by Intergraph Corporation about equipment or software are set forth in the EULA provided with the software or applicable license for the software product signed by Intergraph Corporation, and nothing stated in, or implied by, this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification or amendment of such warranties. Intergraph believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date. The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document. The software discussed in this document is furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of this license. No responsibility is assumed by Intergraph for the use or reliability of software on equipment that is not supplied by Intergraph or its affiliated companies. THE USER OF THE SOFTWARE IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE FINAL EVALUATION AS TO THE USEFULNESS OF THE SOFTWARE IN HIS OWN ENVIRONMENT. Intergraph is not responsible for the accuracy of delivered data including, but not limited to, catalog, reference and symbol data. Users should verify for themselves that the data is accurate and suitable for their project work.

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Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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........................................................................................... 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)........................................... Material. 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box .. 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box ............................................................ 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .................................................................................................................................................................Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................) Dialog Box ............................................................................................................................................................. 83 Warning & Error Options ............................................................................ 91 Tank Layout Sketch ...................................................................................................................................................... 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) .... 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box ............................. 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad .............................................................................................................................................. 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .......................................................................................................................................... 88 Local Graphics Output ...... 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box ........................................................................................................................................ Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ............................................. 99 Output Report Discussions ................................................................................................................................................................. 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches ........................ 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V..................... 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ................. 110 Settlement Checks ............................................................................................................................ 80 Error Checking ............................................................... 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed............................................................ 85 Analysis/Solution Phase........................ 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data ........................................................................................................................................................ 100 User Input Data .............. 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results ........................ 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box ............... 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams .. 100 Job Title Page ................................................................................................................................................ 112 API-650 Bolting Report ........................................ 70 Shell Settlement Data ................................... 92 Shell Settlement Plots ..................................... 84 Completing the Error Check Phase ............................................................................................... 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)..................... 102 Solution Module TXT File .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) .......................................... 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ...................... 103 Wind................................................................................................................................................................................................ 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box ............................... 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box ............................... Thickness & Weights . 97 Output Report Generation ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 87 TANK Program Files ........................................................................................................................... 111 API-2000 Venting Output ...................................................... 103 Roof Evaluation .......................................... 101 Error Checker LOG File ...................... 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ......................................................... 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 87 Solution Overview ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 105 Seismic Analysis Results ........................................................................................................

....................................... 118 Example Problem TEST1 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 Examples Data Set ............................................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem APP_P .............................................................................................................. 122 API Data Set........................................................................... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ................................................................................................. 128 * ISO 630.........................................................60 / 2..... 133 Version 3.....................................................00 Changes (1/99).List of Materials .Standard Units Systems................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem SEIS01......................................... 121 Help & Error Processing Set ........................... 117 Example Problem O_WC ...................................00 Changes (11/07) .................................55 Changes (10/05) ............ 128 * National Standards ..50 Changes (5/97) ....................................................20 Changes (9/00) ......................................... 114 API-650 External Pressure Output ................................ 135 Version 1...........................................................................................................Default Configuration Directives ................10 Changes (9/08) .......40 Changes (9/96) .......................................................................... 131 Appendix E ........................................................ 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) ........................ 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 ................. 134 Version 2......................................... 136 Version 1.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 134 Version 2.....................................................10 Changes (5/00) ..........................................................................30 Changes (9/10) .... 127 * ASTM Standards ......................................................... 133 Version 3........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 123 Appendix B ......................................................20 Changes (9/09) .................... 136 Version 1........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................40 Changes (7/02) .................. 117 Example Problem APP_K .....................................................30 Changes (2/02) ......... 134 Version 2................................................Program File List ....................................................................................... 135 Version 1........................ 134 Version 2.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 133 Version 3....... 115 Examples ............................................................................................................................................................. 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) ....................... 119 Appendix A ......................... 121 English Text Set .................................... 118 Example Problem B&Y ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 127 * CSA Standards ............................ 133 Version 2......................................................... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ...............................................................................................................................................................................50 Changes (3/04) ........................................................................................................ 125 Appendix C .... 129 Appendix D .............Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output ........... 117 Example Problem A_WC ...............................................................................................Revision History ..... 121 Main Set ........... 133 Version 2.............................................................................. 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ................................................................................................................ 129 * Unknown For API-653 ................................................................................................................................... 133 Version 3................................................................................ 118 Example Problem SSC1 .....................................................51 Changes (9/97) ..................................................................................................................................................

............................................................. 139 Index ..............................................................Contents Version 1.......................... 138 Appendix F ..................................................................................................................................................... 137 (8/95) ...................................................................................10 Changes (2/96) ..............Selected References .................................................................................... 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ........................................... 138 (6/94) ........... 137 (11/94) ..................................20 Changes Version 1...............................................................30 Changes Version 1...................31 Changes Version 1......................

coade. economical. input validation to avoid run time errors. It is expected. To that end.com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 . cell specific help for guidance and information.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes. when in doubt. Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade. that questions focus on the current version of the program. and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution. and operation of the program.com Web: www. fax. however. Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. the web site. TANK support is available by telephone. TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input. which can be launched by pressing F1. configuration. rely on the help system. and by mail. and expeditious designs. e-mail. However. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation. Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible.

Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file. Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section. Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system.Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. the help text includes the expected input units in the title line. the appropriate information displays in an interactive window. After the help system has been activated. which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user. When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific. Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1.

Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK.Standard Units Systems (on page 125). Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 . Selecting a Units File . and division) are supported in the input cells. and finally reports the problem to you. For example. This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis.09375. see Appendix B . the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary. In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells. The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog.Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file. The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them. there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis. Upon exit from the diagnostic utility. TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation. A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files. The four basic math operations (addition. Reviewing Output . Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module.Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program. When such a fatal condition occurs. For more information on the four standard supplied units systems. Creating Units Sets .New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units. a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0.Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system. In some instances additional sets may be required. user control is returned to the Main menu. subtraction. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files . These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch). assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database. After the review of a specific error message is complete. multiplication. Even though TANK validates your input data. This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach. This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system. the program attempts to trap the error.

Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M. TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. and digitized data from Appendix P. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000. Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A. including the limiting load interaction diagrams. Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S. Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes. External pressure computations according to Appendix V. Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M. Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2. These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method. Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders.2. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. This includes the material data from Table 5. Seismic computations according to Appendix E. Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance. Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary. Minimum metal temperature reporting. Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279.Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices.3.

Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products. insert the CD into the drive. The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything.Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD.Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK. License Agreement . Services Training . the HASP drivers. CD Content Additional Installations .Displays a text file discussing the installation steps. Release Notes . ReadMe File . which installs TANK.Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph. Contact Intergraph .Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page.Includes options to install the HASP. These options include: Install TANK .SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK.Displays the TANK License Agreement. Support Forum . and the CD contents. the system requirements.Launches the main installation process. Additional Products . and all associated documentation. The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays.Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products. Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window. Browse the CD . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 . TANK Information .Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum.

Professional. Click Install TANK to begin the installation. Windows Vista (Ultimate.0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs. 2. Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional.exe in the root CD folder. If the setup does not start automatically. 12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation.Displays a PDF document containing these instructions.Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing. HASP Trouble Shooting . Insert the TANK CD into your computer. HASP Licensing Overview . Installation Instructions . or Enterprise). Business. Hardware Requirements minimum of 2.Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer. or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported.Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System. or Windows 7 (Ultimate. double-click CDSpawn. The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed. 1.

4. Read the license agreement. 7. select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement. The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>. Click Next to continue. If you accept the license agreement. You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement. 5. Click Next on the welcome page. where <product name> reflects the program name and version. click Change. select I accept the terms in the license agreement.Installation 3. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 . -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement. 6. To install the software in another location. and then click Cancel. and then click Next.

If you are using a network ESL key. select the SPLM license option. If you are using SmartPlant License Manager. Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation. You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run. 14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Select the license type that you have. select the key color. 9.Installation 8.

Click OK. the status displays. If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type. 10. After the TANK files have been installed. installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run. you are not prompted to install the HASP driver. the following dialog box displays. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock. If this dialog does not display.Installation As the installation progresses. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 . Skip to step 11. After successfully installing the HASP device driver.

it is a good idea to restart Windows.exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green.Installation 11. Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs. Click Finish. Issue the installation command as detailed below. 2. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Setup. Select Show the readme file to view the readme. 13. Because a device driver was loaded. perform these steps: 1. 12.The path to load the installation files. To launch TANK in silent mode. Click Yes to reboot your computer now.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally. with no interaction from you. Command Cmd= setup. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD.doc file. Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary. Setup. Click No to reboot later. such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR .

refer to the documentation files NETHASP. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 . Alternatively. Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL. Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. If your computer uses a local ESL. a user must then be logged into the network to access the software. The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems.This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT . Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers.Installation ESL_COLOR . In order for the network to recognize the ESL. because the computer is usually always on. The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder. If the network ESL is attached to a workstation.TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions. The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server). A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility. we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL. because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops). you can skip the remainder of this section. This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations. The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server. The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location. you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL.Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs. Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software). The file server is a better location for this ESL. The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network. The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs.TXT and ESL_RED. Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software. The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software. if all of the licenses are on the network ESL.The ESL color.

This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds. operating system modifications. user requests. and corrections. they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda. Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www. The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation.com). When this occurs. Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement. In other words. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains. Determine which build file you need and download it. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking. and also displays when you click Help > About. and the build date. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu. In addition. the version indicator. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date. However. announced. When this occurs.coade. Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released. but only one build is required at any given time. After the file has been downloaded and installed. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation. a correction to the currently shipping version is made. additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files. and distributing the various builds generated between major releases. Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. and so on. A build is intended for one specific version of the software. its size. Build Y contains Build X. This correction is referred to as a Build. The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program. and the date it was created. file formats change.exe. In order to alleviate this problem for our users.x<date>.Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static. 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated. databases grow. before the next version can be released. the build is finalized. and posted to the Web site. archiving. operational enhancements.

This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level. additional usage instructions may be found in this file. To see which program modules have been modified. and the software installation will update appropriately. memory requirements. Simply double-click the build file (the exe). Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package. This allows you to see. click COADE EXE Scanner. A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size. This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version. follow any prompts. the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level. When necessary. which build is in use. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 .Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD. and build bevel. you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory. From the Utility > Tools menu.TXT. Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released. on the Main Program menu.

Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds. 20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . if it becomes necessary. To reinstall an older version of the software. you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release. any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD. Patched Version When a new version of the software is released. This will allow full use of this version at some later time. Additionally. Then. the last build should be installed.Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. the distribution CD should be installed first.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

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followed by a scan of the installation directory.Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients. A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program. This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews. the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory. Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units. Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory. You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory. Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list.Specifies the anchor bolt database.Select the material file to use.S. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory.Select the units file to use. Material File . Each data directory can contain its own configuration file. as well as International shape libraries. Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored.Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module. Units File . which may be unique. Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U. This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients. If a data directory does not contain a configuration file. Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database . the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used. Structural Database . structural shapes and materials.

see Error Checking (on page 83). It is assumed. analyzed. Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input.you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis. For more information. it must be error checked. an intermediate data file is created for analysis. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 . If there are errors in the input data. and control is returned to the main menu. you can select one of the Output menu options. see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21). After the input has been defined. Warning messages are acceptable to the program . The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive). After a solution data file is available. Assuming that error checking completed successfully. Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon. a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu. and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above). select Analyze Only to start the analysis module. The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected. defined. From here.you must correct these errors before proceeding. For more information on the error checker.SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual. that the program has been properly installed and configured. and reviewed. The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution. analysis is prohibited . Upon completion of the analysis.

Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session. 5. The steps outlined above are summarized below. click TANK. 4. From the Start menu. Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output. 2. Define the input data. Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports. either new or old. Select a job. quit the output processor. 3. the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports. Focus then returns to the Main menu. 1. 26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only. The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu. As long as the job input parameters remain fixed.

or by double clicking the desktop icon. configuration. and ESL review. utility tools. but also include output review (both text and graphics). analysis. The options are arranged in groups. the Material Database editor. output review.SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start. launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu. Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 . and help. diagnostics. The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched. The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK. The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options. corresponding to the major topics on the menu.

Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening. Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration. Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk. saving. and printing the input for a specific job.

Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39). Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen. each accessed from the menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 . The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups.Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job. The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon. the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job. Upon completion of the input.

and Error Check and Analyze.TKE file is written by the error checker. TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked. written to the . 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel. As each phase is completed. If the input data successfully passes the error checker.Starts the solution module. In any event. which produces the output file for the job. the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu. (grayed out).TKE file. Steps not required are disabled.TKE suffix. The Analyze option is deactivated until the . and if the input passes the error checker. with a . either designing a tank or re-rating a tank. an analysis file for the job is written. the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data. Error Check .TKE file was generated. If the verified problem data. Analyze.Starts the error checker. an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description. Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83). This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed. The analysis module performs the solution step.Starts the error checker. automatically starts the solution module.Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check. Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text. The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker. cannot be located. Error Check and Analyze . based on your input parameters. see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87). Analyze . or the input data contained errors and no . For more information on the analysis processor.

Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 . Review Latest Reports . in the current units system. and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner. and review latest reports. the batch stream processor and a text file review option. Overwrite Reports . the Material Database editor. Local Graphics . completely replacing any existing reports.Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers. viewing graphical results. Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created. Time Stamp . the current CPU time and date are used. in the current units system. If this data is not specified. The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. in multiple units systems if necessary. Nozzle load interaction diagrams.Starts the graphics processor. append reports. Append Reports .Generates a new set of reports. at the end of the last set of reports. This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically.Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports. three options are available: overwrite reports. and changing the time stamp in the report headers. see Local Graphics Output (on page 91). custom units systems. For viewing text based reports.Displays the output review control panel. For more information on output processing. shell settlement graphs.Creates a new set of output reports.

Starts Notepad to review a selected data file. Message File . The file is created by a prior analysis.Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations.Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis. This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed. Material Database Editor . There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file. Batch Log File . and the solution message file. Custom Units . Batch Stream Processor . Error Check Log File . For details of the program configuration.Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data. The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter. The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties.Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives. File Review . see Program Configuration (on page 21). the batch log file.Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created.Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis.Using the Main Menu Configuration . Calculator .Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase.Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter.

or a virus infection. This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available. Should a “fatal error” occur. Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker . then the file has been corrupted in some manner. Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module .Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number. This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name. If the values do not match.Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number. The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software. However. clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column.Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory. a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed. However. if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 . This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations. Corruption could indicate bad distribution media.Using the Main Menu CRC Check . This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure. If a CRC Check error occurs. the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation. the software attempts to invoke this module automatically.

all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu). The ESL is the External Software Lock. Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time. this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu. which is required to access the software. Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL. If there is an access problem with the ESL. most of the Main menu items will be disabled. However.

TXT”. date or run limits. to interact with the user on the telephone. versioning information. usually to extend limits. This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information. This option is similar to the phone update option. where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL. These updates encompass changes requested by the client. and the time stamp of the last access. Phone Update .Starts an interactive procedure. and accepting instructions from the user. Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 .Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software. Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes. some of this date may require updating in the field. or by clicking the ESL icon. Receive and Enter Fax Codes . Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a . the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored. The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx. This information consists of the client name. These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified. except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel. reset a date. Occasionally.Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes. and ID number. Generate Fax Codes .TXT file of the information.Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes. as generated by the Intergraph support staff. suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. or change the client name. This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel. The file will reside in the program’s \system folder. generating data for the user. The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task.

By default. . Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar. found in the frame area of the Main menu. Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options. all options are selected. click OK to enable the changes to the ESL.Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid. Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph. When all codes have been entered.

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

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Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

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This dialog is an optional input. For more information. depending on the tank. Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog. depending on the tank. 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . out-breathing. see API 650 External Pressure (App V. For more information. This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. course thickness. see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71). see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). pressure. and fire. fluid specific gravity. For more information. For more information. For more information.7. This dialog is an optional input. Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog. Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification. see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78). Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53). This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. depending on the tank. This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions.) Dialog Box (on page 70). the number of courses. This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters. see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). For more information. As mentioned above. Activates the Grillage Review dialog. This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. This dialog is an optional input. data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed. For more information. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis. For more information. Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. depending on the tank. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell. Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog. This information consists of the diameter. see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65). external loads. This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters. For more information. Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog. The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. Section I. temperature. fluid depth. see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. depending on the tank. This dialog is an optional input. Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. For more information. and in the text by Brownell & Young. This dialog is an optional input. This dialog is an optional input. see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72). This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing.TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. and the desired code. see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76). the course height. For more information. depending on the tank. course material. see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E.

or by clicking the Diskette icon. on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters. there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file. The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar.TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad. any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes. The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document. the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page. Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically). Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog. If necessary. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session. to the General Data dialog. With TANK. with the input data. users can save the input by using the File menu.HED. The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options. found in the file TITLE. but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too. As with most software programs. this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. The first displays the title page. This serves as a good starting point for a tank design.

Wind Details. This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data. Shell Courses. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. a descriptive comment defines the expected input.TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study. For each input cell. 42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Where applicable. Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. and Anchor Bolt Details.

Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu. This context menu is shown below. in which you can select any valid material from the active database. used as the default for all individual shell courses. the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below). The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material.TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 .

which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank. you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database. Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu. the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below). Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TANK Input Alternatively.

the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database. on a course-by-course basis. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 . and material test stress can be specified for each shell course. as specified on the Tank Data tab. Initially. thickness. the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time. as described previously. material name. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material. if necessary. For carbon steels from Table 3-2. or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. Therefore. For stainless steels. material design stress. For stainless materials. corrosion allowance. When you right-click the Material cell. the program fills in the Sd and St values. the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height. all courses acquire the same material.TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses. as necessary. the software displays the Material context menu. for stainless materials. The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output. However.

The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3). Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults. if necessary. but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files. and may result in the design of required anchorage. If these times are not defined.12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank). API-650 Section 5. Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage.TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs.

The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation.Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements. Run Objective . subsequent calculations for wind girders.Enter the design temperature in the indicated units. and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses. API Design Code . Design Pressure at Top . If the value of the design temperature is changed. If you select A. but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C. or Analyze mode. The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box. then the rules of Appendix M are applied.Enter the design pressure in the indicated units. a descriptive comment defines the expected input.TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only. API-650. If you select D. Appendix F. or Design mode. limits the design pressure to 2. or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code. Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. Where applicable. TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method . seismic. API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes. Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4. For each input cell.Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input. Select the entry from the list.2 kPa. it can only be used in analysis mode. API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C. This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank. Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 . If the design temperature exceeds this limit. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses.5 psi / 17.The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file. Design Temperature . ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights. the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected. which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table.

85 0.Enter the height of the design liquid level. Design Liquid Level (H) .Enter the diameter of the tank. Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder . This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st .6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1.85 0.As per Appendix A.0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations. this value should be entered as zero. so the default of 1. Weight Attachments & Structures . Note. As per API-650. and is used in the wind load computations.85 1.85 0.0 for the Hydrotest case.Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation. the joint efficiency should be either 0.Enter the total height of the tank shell. If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank.3. The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1.3.75 0. enter the actual distance.70 0.Enter the specific gravity of the fluid.Spot RT Appendix A . This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device.50 + k/5 0.TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) . This value should be the sum of the individual course heights. Liquid Specific Gravity (G) .50 + k/5 0.No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A . If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell. API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown.85 0.85 or 0. Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] .70 0. this value is used only in the Design case.00 0. the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates.85 0.70.Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder.3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency. API-653 Section 2.70 0.4. No other computations use this value. such as for a walk-way. Tank Shell Height (HTK) .00 0.

6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height.Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank. this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box.11 stability. If the material varies over the shell courses.If the tank will have an annular base ring. This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary. These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment .Turns on an off wind loads on the roof. activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course.Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5. the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F.As of API-650 9th Edition. Wind Velocity . grade.7. Number of Shell Courses . check this checkbox.Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5. tensile strength..3. which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height.1.Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell.a. select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course.2 Calculations .1. Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954. or open-top tanks. The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course.4. A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional.7. uncheck this checkbox. The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53. Default Shell Material . right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen. check this checkbox.1. uncheck this checkbox.Enter the number of shell courses in the tank. which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height. Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form. To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition).3. To include the wind moment term.2 includes a wind moment term. Entire Shell Course Evaluation .3. and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use. The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank. Local Area Shell Only . to display the same context menu. Insulation Density .. Section 5. yield strength. Include Annular Base Plate Details . internal pressure. After a valid material is selected.9.11 Wind Pressure .3.1a. (d) Single lap welded only.b.3. Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4. Due consideration should be given to Section 5.As per API-653 Section 4.3.As per API-653 Section 4.Enter the density of the tank insulation. left-click the . Alternatively.3.This field displays the material name. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 .3. its allowable stresses. This selection uses equation 4. To properly access a valid material name and its properties. Insulation Thickness . Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank. 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment . wind gust.9. If the tank will not have an annular base ring. This selection uses equation 4.1.TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded. This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use.

1). referred to as Sd in the API code.6.6. Hydro Test Stress . If necessary. these values will be interpolated during the solution phase. If this cell is left blank. For stainless steels.Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S. For this reason.Represents the allowable design stress. on a course-by-course basis. Table S-2. the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5.Represents the allowable test stress. These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value. this value will be displayed as zero. Material Design Stress . Thickness . the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead. If this cell is left blank for the first course. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. If it is constant. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. SSD1 through SSD5 .Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units.1. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero.Enter the thickness for the current shell course. If it is constant.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n.TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. If necessary. Height . If this cell is left blank. The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously. If it is constant. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database.1. If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness. If this cell is left blank.1. the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. referred to as St in the API code. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. if necessary. For stainless steels. Corrosion Allowance .

Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units.TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7.2500 1. the value defaults to 1. The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch. Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter . If entered.The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5.Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage. Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0.2500 2.0000 1.12. In order to size the anchor bolts. I .5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 .Enter the wind directionality factor.0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments.3750 1. the thread pitch is necessary.95 (the default) for this parameter.0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4.7500 0. This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage.5000 1. the value defaults to 0. Kzt .Enter the wind speed up factor for hills. This is an optional entry.5000 2.1250 1.85. Threads per Unit Length .Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7.6250 0.5000 0.Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7.7500 2.7500 3. the value defaults to 1. TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults. If left blank. Gust Factor .04. and the anchorage is necessary. If these times are not defined.0. it will be evaluated using this data. If left blank.5 4.Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7.8750 1. API 650 recommends a value of 0. Kd . This value should be 1. If left blank. Kz .0000 2.

4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0.Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650.5000 3.TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3. but is maintained for compatibility with older input files. the bolt allowable stress was required input.Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts. As of this addendum.12. If the software redesigns the anchorage. Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter . enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage. This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank. Section F. an offset of 0.For evaluation of an existing anchorage.25 inches.0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress . the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5. The software internally multiplies this value by 2. As a result.2500 3. 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Bolt Yield Stress .7. Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance . API-650. Number of Anchor Bolts .7500 4. If this value is left blank.Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle. the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value.Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5. this value is no longer used.12. This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage.0 is used.

2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box. and maximum allowed pressure. Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design. The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box. Note that this is a scratchpad. or a supported cone roof will be designed. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab. such as seismic analysis.TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. To use this scratchpad. and Girder Rings. and then click Compute. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 . wind over turning. This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary. Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below. Supported Cone Roof Data. define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k). The Net Area Scratchpad (F. The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs. At this point. This data is used in further analysis. Data entered in these fields will not be saved. a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made. This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof. the top half of this dialog must be filled out.

and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. This tab. For the structural and roof plate materials. the material for the cross sections and roof plate. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank. in the usage of the various structural types. and in the available cross sections. The allowed cross sections vary. girders. the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database. a supported cone roof is to be designed. displays the parameters used in the roof design. depending on the active structural library. and columns. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . shown below.TANK Input If instead. The help system provides guidance here. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab.

If however. which are supported by girders. the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab. If this information is specified. For rafter supported cone roofs. Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 . which are supported by columns. the software can design the rafters. Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. and rafter rings is known. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters. then the members are sized only. Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring. Roof Type . and how many girders make up the ring. All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths. as the number of girder rings. columns and girders. column rings. Angle Between Roof & Horizontal .Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction. alternate positioning is desired.Defines the roof type of the tank. Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only. the software can design the rafters.TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young. General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof.

the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations. This value should include the corrosion allowance. Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) . Weight of Roof Framing . refer to API-650 Figure F-2. specify the bar thickness in this field. This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness. For supported cone roofs.Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. Roof Live Load . If the input value is greater. TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally. if any. Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) .Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. This value will not be used. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented.Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . % of Weights Supported by Shell .10. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed). After the data has been defined. the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations. Thickness of Bar (tb) .2. TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally. Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) . or a supported cone roof is being designed.Select the desired cross section. According to API-650 5. If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here. Figure (a-k) .Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks.Since the analysis hasn’t been performed.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations.Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates.Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates.If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar. Weight of Snow on Roof . For details.TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction . The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load. Weight of Roof Plates .Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course.1. Thickness of Roof Plate . an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required. the computed roof plate weight is always used. Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance .Enter the area resisting the compressive force. TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally.2. this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot. This value will not be used.Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. click Compute. This value will not be used. After the analysis. The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box. corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F. Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved. TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally. This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad. Specify this estimate in the tc field.

Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. valid types for this cell are: W. and M. WT. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter. girder. S. column rafter. column rafter. C. Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) . Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type . girder. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. girder. DI. and P. column rafter. DC.TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) .Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch.Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters. girder. The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 . valid types for this cell are: W. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. C. girder. girder. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. column rafter. For the 1989 AISC library.

girder. CP. column CT Channels. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. HP. and UC. girder. column rafter. girder. girder. T. girder. parallel USAGE rafter. girder. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB.Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders. column rafter. girder. taper rafter. girder. and C.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. and T. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. column Preferred Girder Type . The specific section types depend on the active structural database. girder. column For the 1993 UK library. 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and CT. U. valid types for this cell are: I. girder. girder. column rafter. girder. valid types for this cell are: IP. UC. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. column rafter. column For the 1991 German library. column For the 1990 Australian library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below. girder. column rafter. column For the 1990 South African library.

column rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. column rafter. and M. girder. WT. valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. DI. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. girder. column rafter. girder. column For the 1993 UK library. girder. girder. UC. girder. girder. T. valid types for this cell are: W. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. girder. girder. column rafter.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 . DC. column rafter. and P. C. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. C. S. and C.

column For the 1990 Australian library. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column rafter. and UC. girder. girder. column Preferred Column Type . valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. girder. column CT Channels. U. column For the 1990 South African library. girder. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. column rafter. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . valid types for this cell are: I. girder. parallel USAGE rafter.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns. girder. CP. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. valid types for this cell are: IP. and CT. taper rafter. and T. column rafter.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter. HP. girder. girder. column rafter. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. column For the 1991 German library.

These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. girder. column rafter. column rafter. girder. girder. girder. column rafter. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. girder. C. valid types for this cell are: I. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. DC. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. column rafter. and UC. column rafter. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. column For the 1990 Australian library. UC. column rafter. column rafter. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. and T. girder. DI. S. U. girder. and C. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. column For the 1993 UK library.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. C. column rafter. and P. girder. T. column rafter. column For the 1991 German library. girder. girder. and M. valid types for this cell are: UB. WT.

The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [. CP.Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. HP. This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring.Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. girder. taper USAGE rafter.0 feet (6.3. The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [. The girders are supported by columns. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. In the design of the supported cone roof.. For compliance with API-650 Section 3. arranged in concentric circles. girder. column Roof Plate Material . The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders.3 to 9. This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified. girder. Maximum Allowed Girder Length .0 to 30. column rafter.1 meters.. and CT. valid types for this cell are: IP. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. In the design of the supported cone roof. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. column rafter. column rafter.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected. The girders are supported by columns.4. parallel Channels.] button.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates.1 to 7. this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa). where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.0 feet /7.] button.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members. girder. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. Typical values for this cell are 20..Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders. Structural Member Allowable Design Stress . from the center of the tank. Typical values for this cell are 24. This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified. Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress . a value of zero will be used. Center Column Cap Plate Diameter ..10.TANK Input For the 1990 South African library.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. from the center of the tank.0 to 24. If this cell is left blank.3 meters). This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings. 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Structural Member Material . Maximum Allowed Rafter Length . arranged in concentric circles. The rafters are oriented along radial lines.

the number of girders in all rings must be also specified. Number of Girders in Ring .The number of girders in each ring may also be specified. however. the distance to all girder rings must be defined. Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input. Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 . if the number of girders in any one ring is specified. These entries are optional. This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary. If the location of one girder ring is specified.TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring .Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring.

and that this value (1.0. In this instance. API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0. Site Class . The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7.2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material.Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted). 2. refer to API-650 Sections E. Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7. or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I. 5% damped. If no value is specified.7. %g. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure). the software will design bolting.25. Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) . where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations.3. 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Initial Anchorage Type .Defines Sa0*. %g. which is the 5% damped.Defines S1. Period (S1) . II. Friction Factor .The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser. which is the design.5.4.2s). which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. For more information about earthquake types.Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0. Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material . in seconds. %g.6.6. See API-650 Section E. Seismic Use Group .1 for details on the various SUG categories.25) only be used for emergency services. 5% damped. Importance Factor .TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . Unless otherwise specified. which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods. Period (S0) . Bottom Plate Thickness .Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K). Transitional Period (TL) . Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank. %g. API recommends that this value not exceed 1.5% damping. Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec. Scaling Factor (Q) . Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec.Defines the seismic site class according to Section E. 5% damped. design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures. %g.Usually this value is 1.4.3.4.Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E. This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0. and III). Earthquake Type . Valid choices are A through F. Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) .Defines SDS. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) . the coefficient defaults to 1.Defines S0. the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required.Defines SP.Defines Ss. Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods . spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0. 5% damped. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second. Valid entries for this field are 1.Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion.4. Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient . unless specified otherwise by the purchaser.Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations.2 and E.

In this case. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 . which is the 5% damped.Defines Sa*.4.Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.35mm). As stated in API-650 5.25 inches (6. %g. Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate . design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures. you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I . This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate. Section 7. If a value is entered here. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate. Maximum Allowed Spacing .Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members). you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. This value is optional. Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I. bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0.Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) . Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate . this value defaults to zero. Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate . If left blank. If a value is entered. leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it.1. Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage.

TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles.Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle. This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks. NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed.Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle. if available from a pipe stress analysis. the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated. Nozzle Designation / Number . TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses. This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits.Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate. These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650. Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate . Nozzle Outer Diameter . The data specification can include external piping loads. If you check Use PVP-1279. Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P.

If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel. Modulus (psi) 28.1E6 500.TANK Input Delta Temperature .87E-6 7. 200.25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet.87E-6 7.5E6 28.4 12.3E6 27.3E6 27.8E6 28. 260. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1.Enter the modulus of elasticity. 29. 200.4E6 26.5E6 28.3E6 7. 150. 400.67E-6 6.2E6 Expansion Coefficient . Modulus of Elasticity .7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. 200. 300.25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12. 500. then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used.1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20. Instead. if necessary. 203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 .67E-6 6.6E6 26. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70.0E6 27. You can change this value.07E-6 500 27. 90. the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100.Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature. reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29. 25.7 13.0 12.3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient.8E6 28. 300. 400.07E-6 7.7E6 27.

acting on the nozzle. Nozzle RePad Thickness . Bardia. LaBounty.A value defined in PVP-1279.TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal. Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness. 68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Applied External Circumferential Moment . The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness. API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled.Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle.Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle.Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located. These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software.Enter the weight of this nozzle. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? . if necessary.The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad. If reinforcing on the shell is indicated. Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 . and Lengsfeld. The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter. You can change this value. Hathaitham. The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell.Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations. This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P.Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. English. units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. by Lengsfeld. resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses.Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses. Use PVP-1279 .Enter the value of any applied radial force. Applied External Radial Force . If you specify a pad thickness. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks. Nozzle Weight . Taagepera. if any. it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations. Applied External Longitudinal Moment . RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 . but not actually used in the computations. This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 .

0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination.Enter the foundation factor. K = 4.0 for tanks on earth foundations 4.25 to a maximum of 1.empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis.0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C .Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank. The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0. K = 2. The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing. Factor K . The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade. The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld.85 if not specified by the purchaser.TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input. This value is: 2. Temperature Difference .Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature.Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion.0. This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full .0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates.Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld. The value of C shall be 0. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 . Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference . Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . Factor B .

JEst.000 psi (140 MPa). Where fc = 0. Where fc = 0.85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0.35 for single lap welds JEr = 0.JEs.Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency .fc.00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0. Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) . fc need not be less than 20. JEst = 1. 70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .70 for double lap welds JEr = 1.6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region.Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency . However.00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0. Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material . This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank.85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) . JEs = 1.4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners.Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency .Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe.fc.Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E.TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V.Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .JEr. JEr = 0.00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) . fc need not be less than 15. Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) . However.Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .) dialog box is an optional input.70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) .000 psi (103 MPa).) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V. Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) .

The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points. of the roof plate material. If this value is left blank. This value must be less than 45-degrees.3.5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used. a default of 29. in API-653 Section B. This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 . the shell plate material. Angle Between Measurements .Define the Dish Radius of Roof .Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement.3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank. This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs.6m. Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653. The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9.1m.2. and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature.TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) . Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference.1.f. Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement .8 m.Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points. this limit was 30 feet / 9. If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4. Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2.Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress . API-653 Appendix B. use every other point when generating the input. Roof Dish Radius (R) . Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle. Appendix B.R. Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) .Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.

Bottom. obtained from tank inspections. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. Hydrocarbon Engineering. each discussed in the following subsections.7. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed. 4. Pre 3rd Ed. API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data. Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9.3.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed.1. and 4.1. Post 3rd Ed. Post 3rd Ed.2. Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh.3. Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .4.3.7.3.1m intervals. Above Ground Storage Tanks. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom.Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank. Elevation . May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers.4.1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653. This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4. The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs.

tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate.1.As per API-653 Section 4. Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined.1. This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code. after repairs.0. Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) .7.As per API-653 Section 4. on a yearly basis.As per API-653 Section 2. Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) .7. Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 .7. Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) . Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) . enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate.1.Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.1.As per API-653 Section 2.7. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651). on a yearly basis.1 of previous editions of API-653.As per API-653 Section 2. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion. this value should be specified as 0. If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652).Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates. Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom.TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) .4. after repairs. This value is measured from the original thickness. Pre 3rd Ed.0.4.4.4.7.4.Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates. Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) . according to Section 2.1. and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code).4. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion. then this value should be specified as 0.7.

4.1.4.4.Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr).Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates.4. on a yearly basis. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) .7. enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed. Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) . if specified. The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0. Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) . StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom. Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) . enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area.1.TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) .1.4.7. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0.7.As per API-653 Section 2.1. enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion.As per API-653 Section 2. Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) . 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .1. This value is measured from the original thickness.As per API-653 Section 2.0. This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65).As per API-653 Section 2. (GCa).7. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. on a yearly basis.As per API-653 Section 2.7.

If this value is left blank. Lowest Average Thickness . "L" is the critical length. the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L". if the L location is left blank. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 . and a joint efficiency for each shell course. Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank.Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion. the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations. the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities. Similarly. exclusive of pits. Use specified shell "L" values? .Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region. above the bottom of this course. controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis.Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course.Enter the average thickness in the "L" region. the inspection values of t1 and t2. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. Minimum Thickness . they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box. In subsequent thickness computations. If the t1 or t2 values are left blank. Additionally. "L" Location Above Course Bottom .TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L. If this value is left blank. Joint Efficiency .

3.3.3. Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed .TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level. the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2. API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input. which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses.3. as well as the environmental factors. The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course. This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank.1.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations. This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate. This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed. When this box is checked. Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .3. and liquid characteristics. Instead. Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition. the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2.1. Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L". The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998). Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations.1.3.3. Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations. Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies.Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course. as per API-653 Table 2. Use specified shell "E" values? . Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? . Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2.

Filling Rate .1.5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22. see API-2000 Section 4.4 5.1.Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank. Boiling Point .33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1.2000. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4.0 0.15 0.15 0.0 0.03 0.0 0.025 see note C 1. For more information.3.67 0.1.0 0.2.300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 .2.7 11.40 0.3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2.375 0.50 0.075 0.375 0.Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point.Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API.TANK Input Emptying Rate .Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point.05 0.05 0. Liquid Flash Point .3.7 3.0 1.3 0.Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.300 0.0 2. see API-2000 Section 4. For more information.8 2.8 2.0 0.0 1.5 5 10 15 20 25 1. Environmental Factor .2.3 0.075 0.

and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations. which consists of the required tank volume.025 see note C 1.03 0. the plate allowable stress. and the height and diameter ranges. based on the required volume.19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0.TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0.0 1.0 0. There is a minimum amount of user-specified data. height. After exiting the Scratch-pad.5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank. the fluid specific gravity.0 0. You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved. This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses. the unit cost of plate. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . you have the option of transferring the diameter.

you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. as well as the thickness required for each shell course. The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range. Alternatively. and new estimates obtained. The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table. After the scratchpad calculations have been performed. The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 . If necessary. and four for a height range. contains two slider bars. Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad. the necessary diameter (or height) is presented. the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. The height of the top course is also reported. Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated. The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate. a report can be printed. or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition. Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank. the input data can be altered. When the desired results have been achieved. located to the right of the output display. all other courses being equal to the specified input value. This sizing tool.TANK Input After the necessary data is specified.

The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. exclusive of the diameter range. The height range is independent of the diameter range. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. followed by plate weight and cost. since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume. and lb/cu.Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume. For consistent application. For consistent application. and lb/cu. the minimum value for this entry should be 1.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter.in. Cost/Unit Weight of Plate . Fluid Specific Gravity . followed by plate weight and cost.in. or KG and KG/cu. For each height/diameter value. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined.cm.Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. For each height/diameter value. For each height/diameter value. followed by plate weight and cost.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height.cm. exclusive of the height range. The top course may be less than the value specified here.Enter the unit cost of the plate material.0. Maximum Tank Height . Minimum Tank Diameter . Minimum Tank Height . followed by plate weight and cost. The diameter range is independent of the height range. Since the tank must be hydrotested. or KG and KG/cu. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. Plate Allowable Stress . For each height/diameter value. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. Required Volume . The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel.TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. exclusive of the diameter range. Average Course Height . Maximum Tank Diameter . The height range is independent of the diameter range. 80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes.

Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. exclusive of the height range. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 .TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined.

TANK Input

82

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated. the procedure halts until you click Continue. If the summary report shows that errors were found. You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 . the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction. The typical response to this prompt is Yes. This gives you time to review the message. Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu. click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. the analysis files will not be created. Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete. click File > Exit.Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition.

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation. Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 . maintenance. A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section. an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress. and enhancement. As each solution step is entered. There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase. This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes. The program files used are listed below. and which solution steps are required by the current input data. the major solution steps to the analysis. After the solution module has been launched.SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module.

5. In this instance. All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details.1. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section. 6. A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required. If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank. In the case of the variable point method.This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination. 2. Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation. The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs. the velocity factory. 7. The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors. and the overturning moment. This file contains the solution data in binary format. Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module. 1. In this instance. The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu.The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements. 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases. This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set. Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22. Allowed fluid heights . The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics. Required shell course thicknesses . or Appendix A. 4. this is an iterative process. Overturning stability . and no output (TKO) file exists. the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations. As important milestones in the analysis are reached.Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing. their section moduli. and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E.1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met. Wind girder requirements . some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file.The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. Because there is no TKO file.9.This value is checked according to Section 5.TKO file. Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5. or printed to the system printer. 3. variable point. the analysis module creates the . The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries. Wind effect .This thickness is based on the specified design method. either one-foot.6. The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials. the message file can be very helpful. entry into the output processor is not allowed. control is returned to the Main menu. newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file.The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure.11. These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations. and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5.The number of girders. a diagnostic message is presented to the user. Shell weight and center of gravity . It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows. Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases .

After the actual roof computations are completed. A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity. if necessary. API-2000 Venting calculations. analyze.6. design. the bolting requirements are checked. Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E .Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data . or design the roof. This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5. Roof evaluation involves weight summations.12 and determines. test. The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young.These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement. API-650 Appendix F requirements . the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined. After the cosine curve is known.5 or 5. and user input). and seismic computations have been completed. Section 7. Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P .4 begins. the required number of bolts and the bolt size. roof. Service/maintenance computations .This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads. the Section 5. the program will now evaluate. Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations. The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design.The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions. Grillage computations . the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M. and empty. Section M.3 checks are implemented. After all sizing.10. Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B . Following the roof design.10. test.10.These computations are based on API-653 Section 2.These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I. required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 . Following the cycle life calculations. with the corresponding stress for each load case. the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated.If the roof data has been specified.

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

shell settlement plotting. Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports. The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams. Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections. Plot Nozzles .SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete. Plot Tank Elevations . If output is not available for the current job. the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls.Plots the shell settlement data.Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu.Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram. or modify the input data. A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design. Plot Cone Roof . These options include both text based reports and graphics. This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing.Plots the supported cone roof sketch. used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P. the output options are available. Return to Main Menu . A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results. nozzle interaction diagrams. In addition to the menu options. The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 . the following icons are also available. Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch.Produces the basic tank sketch. and supported cone roof sketches. or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot. Plot Settlement . both of these items are grayed out. After you enter the local graphics mode.

92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details. Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank.

These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization. The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves. The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements. the out-of-plane deflection. as well as an option to spline the data. The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement. The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points. Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes. The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve.Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 . the optimum cosine curve.

either longitudinal or circumferential.either design. test. and which thickness to use . necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded. 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P. The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15). which interaction diagram to plot . or user entered.

The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads. as an asterisk.Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point. If the piping loads are not specified. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 . the interaction point plots at the origin.

96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the interaction point must plot inside the diagram.Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P.

defining the roof nomenclature. structural cross section sizes. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 . the resulting design can be shown graphically. These roof sketches are not shown to scale. lengths. . Besides the basic roof sketch. they are provided for information purposes only. A typical roof sketch.Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. showing cross section sizes is shown below. and quantities can be noted on the sketch.

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Print . The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs. This menu lists the available reports.Saves the selected reports. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 . its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is. (Items can be de-selected in the same manner).SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports. After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected. Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report.doc exists in the \tank\system folder. Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click. View Report using Microsoft Word . the Output Report menu displays. showing only those jobs that have output. Open .Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word. if a file named header.doc file contains the company logo and address details. by topic. Save .Prints the selected reports. When you send reports to Microsoft Word. the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated. When the analysis phase completes.Enables switching to the output of a different job. The intent is that the header. This option opens a standard File Open dialog. The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window.

Disable/Enable Page Numbering . Each of these reports is discussed.Displays the next report. Modify the Starting Page Number . From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings. major and minor level text. in general. This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended.Displays the previous report. The header contains the user’s name. Select Heading Fonts .Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box.Turn on or off the page numbering. Each page of output begins with a header.Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box. Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user.Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports . Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data. Next Report . and program version number. Select Font . Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here. job name. You can also suppress the ending page number. From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers. time. and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen.Changes the font when printing reports. in the following sections. date. 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings. page number. Previous Report .Erases the selected reports.

Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined.Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data. as well as whether or not roof. and settlement details were defined. Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 . This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module. seismic.

This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data. Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker.

The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system. The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results. as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 . The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases. The next section of the report reflects the material properties used. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind. ENGLISH. the area exposed to the wind. the material name. The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases.TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module. design allowable stress. and the wind moment. Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program. including the wind girder height reduction factor. All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified. The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases. consisting of the velocity factor. test allowable stress. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here. Material. It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis. For each shell course. the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course.Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module . as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table. For API-653 analysis. and Appendix M reduction factor are listed.

Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and the center of gravity of the shell. the geometry detail and angle size are also reported.Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width.11. the b dimension is also included in the report. Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method. the weight of the shell. If Detail e is required. This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders. The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components. For each wind girder required. based on API-650 Section 5. The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations. The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check". as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell.

and the number and length of the girders in each ring. The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates. If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed. the radius to each girder ring. Note that at the center of the tank. the spacing on the inner girders. This information begins with the number of girder rings. This report is shown below. the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. the number of rafters resting on the inner girders.Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details. the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero. and the design roof load. and at the shell. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring. and the rafter length. the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F. the spacing on the outer girders. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 .

Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This information includes the unit load on the member.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters. This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring. the required section modulus. and the actual section modulus. the selected cross section. and is shown below.

Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. and required radius of gyration. This information begins with the column load. Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 . This information is shown below. allowable compressive stress. and the actual radii of gyration. the actual compressive stress. height. This is followed by the selected cross section.

are the results of the Appendix F computations.6. and the compression ring failure pressure. the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction. All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”.10. and either 5.5 or 5.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5.10. These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths. The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F. Following the roof design/analysis report.3. an API unit. This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight. This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .10.5. Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components.

These computations were made for three cases: design fluid. and empty.Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 . test fluid.

For each case. and user input thickness.Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P. deflection. These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness. rotation. the flexibilities. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input. Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . test shell thickness. and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported.

Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 .Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B. This table also includes the settlement measurements. and the out-of-plane deflection. the optimum cosine curve through these measured points. This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points. the out-of-plane settlement.

3 of API-2000. The venting report is shown below. This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing.Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4. Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . outbreathing and fire exposure.

There are two sections to this report.12. The second section shows the required number of bolts. and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 . The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases.Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5. the required bolt diameter.

The report lists the exclusions and checks made.Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M. Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . as well as the number of allowed cycles.

Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V.

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

................... as defined by the One Foot method.................................................................. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 ..... 118 Example Problem SEIS01 .........SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code........................ 118 Example Problem B&Y ................. 118 Example Problem TEST1....tki................................ is located at \examples\a_wc.................................................................................................tki.................. as defined by Appendix A of API-650.... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA .......... 117 Example Problem O_WC ......................................... Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations................................... 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k.................... In This Section Example Problem APP_K ...................................... Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations.......................... 118 Example Problem SSC1 .............. 117 Example Problem A_WC ................................ 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ................. is located at \examples\o_wc...................tki.................................................................. 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 .............. 118 Example Problem APP_P .......................

Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p.tki.tki.tki.tki. Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V.tki.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations. 118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . for stainless steel tanks.tki. Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1. Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S. For more information see the file \examples\b&y. is located at \examples\sstest1. Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1. including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M. This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E.

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .Configuration program help pointer file TANK.EXE .Material database editor OUTPUT.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.Output preprocessor APISOLV.Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.CRC check program MAKEUNIT.EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.EXE .Input module help pointer file TKER01A.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B.EXE file scanner CRCCHK.EXE .EXE .Output report review processor TANK.Configuration program help data file TKSET02.EXE .EXE .EXE .Units generation module MATEDIT.EXE .EXE . Main Set APIOUT.Error check module OUTWORD.EXE .Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A.Input module help data file API02.EXE .Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.Help file TIPS.EXE .TXT .CHM .EXE .APPENDIX A Appendix A .Solution module COADEXE.EXE .EXE.EXE .EXE .DLL . The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.EXE .EXE .Main program TKERCK.

1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.FIL .MAT .Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.FIL .2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.MAT .EXE .TXT .FIL .2005 API-650 material database A650_08.Data from Table 3-22 XX.SI units file T2A.1988 API-650 material database A650_93.MAT .Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.DAT .MAT .2008 API-650 material database AISC89.ENGLISH units file MM.ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.MAT .Messages for input processor SCREEN3.1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.MAT .Messages for output processing TITLE.MAT .FIL .MAT .DIG .1993 API-650 material database A650_94.CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.MAT .TXT .CRC .MAT .1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.MAT .Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.MAT .1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.Appendix A .MAT .1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.MAT .2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.EXE .MAT .Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.Millimeter units file MPH.HED .MAT .Structural database file API650.TXT .1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.

TKI .Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1.Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y.Stainless steel example SSC1.Example computations for Appendix.Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1. SEIS01.TKI .Appendix A .TKI .Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA.Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01.TKI . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 .Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K.TKI .TKI .TKI .Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.Sample input for variable point method APP_P.TKI .TKI .Example seismic computations for Appendix E.TKI .TKI .Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC.

Appendix A .Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

APPENDIX B Appendix B . Figure B.Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK. You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary.1 .English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 .

4 .SI Units File Figure B.MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .2 .Appendix B .3 .Standard Units Systems Figure B.MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.

When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.65 A-573.B A-131.A A-678.A A-131.D A-678.65 A-516.705 A-516.2 A-633.1 A-537. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.58 A-573.60 A-516.55 A-516.B A-662.B A-737.70 A-662.B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 .C A-537.APPENDIX C Appendix C .EH36 A-573.C A-633.CS A-36 A-131.List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database.

21 G40.D E-355t.Appendix C .C E-275.C E-275t.D E-355.List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.275 * ISO 630 E-275t.D E-275.235 NS.D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .21 G40.C E-355t.21 G40.21 G40.21 G40.C E-355.21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.250 NS.

List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .Appendix C .

Appendix C .List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 .APPENDIX D Appendix D . 2. 1.3000000E+00 . 1.5000000E-02 YES . 1.2835648E+00 YES . 1.1 YES A650_94.FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1.9. 1.7. 0. 0.1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO .200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES .3. 1.0000000E+00 .MAT ENGLISH. 1.4000+E01 Sect.Default Configuration Directives Ver. 1.

Appendix D .Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

650 10 Edition.Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK. Version 3.55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density. Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights. Added many “text” changes to the output.APPENDIX E Appendix E .30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2. Added JIS structural steel shape library. to provide more information and detail. South African Bolt. Version 3. rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API .653 3 Edition. Added several minor changes as requested by users. Version 3. Implemented API-653 4th Edition.10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition. BS3643. Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric.20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1. Version 3. Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 .00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API . Added a Wind Parameter input dialog. Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%. th Version 2.

for easier usage. Version 2.2 through E.6. Addendum 3. Version 2. Revised documentation.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .1. Revised the output processor. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary. Addendum 1.50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M. This provides better capability to notify users of software updates.Revision History Version 2.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials. The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E.4.6. this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section. Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration. from PVP-1279. Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses.Appendix E . Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad. Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition. Since bolting data is now a required input. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates. as a result of Addendum 1.20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E. Version 2. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition. The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1. Incorporated API-650 10th Edition.

4. which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches.2. Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination. API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum.Appendix E . to include the bottom shell course thickness. A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3.25 inch plate.00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2. Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height. in accordance with the recent addendum. Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height). Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0.Revision History Version 2.5. This involved removing both A442 materials. Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power. Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 . Section 3.2 has been incorporated. Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference. Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1.60 / 2.10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition.

A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Revision History Version 1. Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports. Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added. Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added.3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress. Version 1. permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included. First.50. versions prior to 1. Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations.40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition.Appendix E . Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added. this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database.50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file.5. This ability has been added for Version 1. now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet. Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added. API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates. Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations. Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated. Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet.50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated. Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added. Addendum 2 changes incorporated. The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero. Previous versions treated zero as a blank.51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated. Version 1. Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory. Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases). Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic. Note.

4. Bolt design references to standard bolt size table. Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3. Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added.Revision History Version 1.3. “Variable Point” location reported.7. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated. A material database editor is provided.e has been added. Bold design procedure for Section 3. Additionally the weights for operating. Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L.6. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module.1.1.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated.10.10. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 .3 is reported.1 added. Version 1. The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary.5.8 added. API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2. A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available. API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified.1.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization.Appendix E .8. Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3.9.5. Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3.31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added.1. and empty conditions are reported.2. Consideration of Section 17. the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3.11 added. Mouse support has been added to all modules. test. Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment.

This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections. a network hardware lock.11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added. Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles. Version 1. and the setting of the default output report generation parameters. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case. An additional "English" units file is provided.11 and Appendix E computations. MPH. The calculator supports the basic four math operations. there was no interpolation between curves. Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3.5 curves. trigonometric functions. A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3.0 used one or the other set of curves. Several new configuration directives have been added.FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour. Version 1. an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added. Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program. Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design.Revision History Version 1. For API-653 runs. The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations. The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1. squares. This units file.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3.Appendix E . This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives. For API-653 analysis. Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added. Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E. and square roots. Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell. A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs.0 and L/2a=1. which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file.11. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes.6 added. and a segregation of program and system files. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P. Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads.

Malik. ASME 1996. Swenson. McGraw-Hill. PVP Vol 315. American Petroleum Institute. October 1996. An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks. Hydrocarbon Processing. API-2000. PVP Vol 336. Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. PVP Vol 315. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement. 1959. Koczwara. August 1980. Revise Storage Tank Inspections. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653. Taagepera. and Horwege. PVP-1279. Lengsfeld. Hathaitham. Vol 12. Transactions of the ASME. Lengsfeld. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules. 1997. Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks. and Fenton. and Ruiz. Lengsfeld. Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. Smith. ASME 1995. John Wiley & Sons. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. ASME. and Lambe. Hydrocarbon Processing. November 1978. Inc. August 1996. Philip E. Carucci & Ay. Eighth Edition. June 1990.. America Petroleum Institute. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 . Vol. Above Ground Storage Tanks. F. American Petroleum Institute. No 4. Bardia. Hydrocarbon Processing. Fifth Edition. Lu. LaBounty. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. Hendrix & Carucci. April 1998. Vol 108. and Taagepera. Tenth Edition.APPENDIX F Appendix F . Morton. August 1982. Improve Storage Tank Inspections. Marr. Process Equipment Design. ASME 1995. Brownell & Young. API-620. PVP Vol 336. 1977. and Lengsfeld. Bardia and Taagepera. 2002. Bardia. Parikh. Osage. 118. January 1995. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. American Petroleum Institute.Selected References API-650. Journal of Strain Analysis. Billimoria and Tam. and Hagstrom. A. August 1980. Third Edition. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. Myers. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). Billimoria. ASME 1996. Ramos.

Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix F .

Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30.List of Materials • 127 Appendix D . Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 .Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. 83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9.Program File List • 121 Appendix B . 83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A .Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E .Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C .Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V.Revision History • 133 Appendix F .

121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87.Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31.

99.40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 .10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2.20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3.60 / 2.31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1.20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1.10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1.Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39.50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2.20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1. 76 Version 1.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind. 125 Units • 9 units files • 24.55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3.10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3. Material.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1. Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42.30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2.40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3.