Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

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Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS 252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3. Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Intergraph Corporation P.O. Box 240000 Huntsville, AL 35813 Street address: 170 Graphics Drive, Madison, AL 35758

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Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

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All warranties given by Intergraph Corporation about equipment or software are set forth in the EULA provided with the software or applicable license for the software product signed by Intergraph Corporation, and nothing stated in, or implied by, this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification or amendment of such warranties. Intergraph believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date. The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document. The software discussed in this document is furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of this license. No responsibility is assumed by Intergraph for the use or reliability of software on equipment that is not supplied by Intergraph or its affiliated companies. THE USER OF THE SOFTWARE IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE FINAL EVALUATION AS TO THE USEFULNESS OF THE SOFTWARE IN HIS OWN ENVIRONMENT. Intergraph is not responsible for the accuracy of delivered data including, but not limited to, catalog, reference and symbol data. Users should verify for themselves that the data is accurate and suitable for their project work.

Trademarks
Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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.............................................................................................................................................) Dialog Box .............................................................................................................................................................. 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ...................................... 110 Settlement Checks ....... 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) ....................................................... 101 Error Checker LOG File ......................... 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box ............................................... 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data .......... 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ................................................................. 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box ................................................................................................................................................... 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box .................................................................... 91 Tank Layout Sketch ............ 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .................................................................................................................................................. 100 Job Title Page ................................. 103 Roof Evaluation ....................................................................................... 97 Output Report Generation ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ................................... 111 API-2000 Venting Output ................................................ Material................................................................................................................................................................................................ 85 Analysis/Solution Phase.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 88 Local Graphics Output .............................Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ................................................... 87 Solution Overview ................................... 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box ..................................... 105 Seismic Analysis Results ...................................................................................... 92 Shell Settlement Plots ...... 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box ........................................................................................................................... Thickness & Weights ................................................................ 80 Error Checking .................................................. 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V....................................................................................................... 84 Completing the Error Check Phase ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches ................................................................................................ 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box ........ 70 Shell Settlement Data .................................................................. 87 TANK Program Files ............................................................. 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results .................................................. 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)................................................... 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .................................................................................... 112 API-650 Bolting Report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams ......... 99 Output Report Discussions ............................................. 103 Wind............ 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.............. 100 User Input Data .................................................................. 102 Solution Module TXT File ...................................................... Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ......................................................... 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box).......................................... 83 Warning & Error Options ...................................................................................................................................... 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ........................................................................................ 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ................

............10 Changes (9/08) ......................................................................................................................................................20 Changes (9/00) ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................51 Changes (9/97) ................................... 127 * ASTM Standards ......................... 134 Version 2................................................................................................... 114 API-650 External Pressure Output .........Revision History ..............................................................................50 Changes (5/97) ................................ 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ............................................... 121 Help & Error Processing Set ...................55 Changes (10/05) ............................................................................30 Changes (9/10) ................................................................................................. 121 English Text Set ....10 Changes (5/00) .......................................................................... 123 Appendix B ...................................................................................................................................................................... 129 * Unknown For API-653 ..................................................................................... 134 Version 2............................ 115 Examples .......................................................................................................................................30 Changes (2/02) ......................................................................................................Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output ................................................................................................. 122 Examples Data Set ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 135 Version 1............................... 133 Version 3............................................................................................................ 129 Appendix D .................................................................................................... 121 Main Set ................. 118 Example Problem APP_P ....................................... 127 * CSA Standards ............................................. 131 Appendix E .........................................................60 / 2....................................................................................................................... 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) ............................................................. 128 * ISO 630........................................................ 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ...........................................................................................................50 Changes (3/04) ...............................................................................................................................................................................00 Changes (1/99)............................................................................................................................................................. 118 Example Problem SSC1 ................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Version 2. 128 * National Standards ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 119 Appendix A .... 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) ................... 133 Version 3..........40 Changes (9/96) ..............................20 Changes (9/09) .................................. 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA .......................................Standard Units Systems.......................... 118 Example Problem B&Y ... 133 Version 3......................................................................................... 136 Version 1...............................Default Configuration Directives ................................... 118 Example Problem SEIS01............................00 Changes (11/07) .................. 118 Example Problem TEST1 ................................................................................... 117 Example Problem O_WC ............................................................................................ 136 Version 1. 125 Appendix C ....Program File List ..... 135 Version 1.............................. 117 Example Problem APP_K ...... 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 .. 133 Version 2........................ 122 API Data Set......... 133 Version 3.................................................................................................................................... 134 Version 2...........................................................................................................................................................................40 Changes (7/02) ........................................................................ 134 Version 2................................................................................................................................List of Materials ................................................................................................................................................................................... 117 Example Problem A_WC .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.... 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ...............................................................30 Changes Version 1.......................................................31 Changes Version 1........................................... 137 (11/94) ..................................... 138 (6/94) .....................................20 Changes Version 1...................................................................................................................................................................................... 139 Index ................................................................Contents Version 1............................................10 Changes (2/96) ........................... 138 Appendix F ................................................ 137 (8/95) ................................Selected References ...................................

com Web: www. fax. configuration. and by mail. however. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation. when in doubt. Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible. economical. that questions focus on the current version of the program. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users. TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input.coade.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes. However. Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade. To that end. the web site.com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 . and operation of the program. It is expected. e-mail. Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. which can be launched by pressing F1. input validation to avoid run time errors. cell specific help for guidance and information. and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution. and expeditious designs. rely on the help system. TANK support is available by telephone.

After the help system has been activated. These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file. Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user. When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific. Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1. the appropriate information displays in an interactive window. Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section.Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. the help text includes the expected input units in the title line. Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system.

TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation. Selecting a Units File . the program attempts to trap the error. the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary. Upon exit from the diagnostic utility. see Appendix B . Reviewing Output . Creating Units Sets . assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database. Even though TANK validates your input data.Standard Units Systems (on page 125). This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach.Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK. For more information on the four standard supplied units systems.Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program.New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units. This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system. a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0. These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch). multiplication. The four basic math operations (addition. Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module.09375.Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file. and division) are supported in the input cells. and finally reports the problem to you. there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis. A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files. subtraction. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 . user control is returned to the Main menu. This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis. The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog. After the review of a specific error message is complete. In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells.Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system. The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them. When such a fatal condition occurs. In some instances additional sets may be required. For example.

Seismic computations according to Appendix E. Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000. Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A. Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. and digitized data from Appendix P. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Minimum metal temperature reporting. This includes the material data from Table 5. including the limiting load interaction diagrams.3. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B. Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M. TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes. Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary. Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2.2. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279. These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method. Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M. External pressure computations according to Appendix V. Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes. Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P. Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders.Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices.

License Agreement .Displays the TANK License Agreement. and the CD contents.Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph. Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window. the HASP drivers.Launches the main installation process.Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products.Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK. Contact Intergraph .Includes options to install the HASP. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 . The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything.SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK. CD Content Additional Installations .Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum.Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD. Services Training . ReadMe File . Release Notes . The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays. Browse the CD . These options include: Install TANK . and all associated documentation. Additional Products .Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page.Displays a text file discussing the installation steps. TANK Information . the system requirements.Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products. insert the CD into the drive. Support Forum . which installs TANK.

The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed. Business. or Enterprise). Hardware Requirements minimum of 2. Installation Instructions .Displays a PDF document containing these instructions. HASP Trouble Shooting . 12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing. Click Install TANK to begin the installation.Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer.0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs. HASP Licensing Overview . Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation. or Windows 7 (Ultimate.exe in the root CD folder. Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional. 2. or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported. Professional. 1. double-click CDSpawn.Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System. Insert the TANK CD into your computer. Windows Vista (Ultimate. If the setup does not start automatically.

6. click Change.Installation 3. and then click Next. 5. If you accept the license agreement. The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 . You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement. -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement. Click Next to continue. and then click Cancel. Read the license agreement. where <product name> reflects the program name and version. 4. select I accept the terms in the license agreement. To install the software in another location. 7. select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement. Click Next on the welcome page.

Select the license type that you have. If you are using SmartPlant License Manager. An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation. select the key color. Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. 14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run.Installation 8. If you are using a network ESL key. 9. select the SPLM license option.

After the TANK files have been installed. Skip to step 11. Click OK. 10. the status displays. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 . the following dialog box displays. If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type. If this dialog does not display. After successfully installing the HASP device driver.Installation As the installation progresses. you are not prompted to install the HASP driver. installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run.

with no interaction from you.doc file. Click Yes to reboot your computer now. To launch TANK in silent mode. Select Show the readme file to view the readme. Click Finish. Click No to reboot later. 12. Issue the installation command as detailed below. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging.The path to load the installation files. Command Cmd= setup. Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs. it is a good idea to restart Windows. Setup. Because a device driver was loaded.exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green. perform these steps: 1. 2.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR .exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally. Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary. 13. Setup.Installation 11. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD.

The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network. if all of the licenses are on the network ESL. The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software. The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs. we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL. a user must then be logged into the network to access the software. Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL.The ESL color. The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location. If your computer uses a local ESL.TXT and ESL_RED. because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops).Installation ESL_COLOR . The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server.Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs. The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder. you can skip the remainder of this section. A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility. Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers. The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems. Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . The file server is a better location for this ESL. Alternatively. the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software. Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software). Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. because the computer is usually always on. In order for the network to recognize the ESL. refer to the documentation files NETHASP.This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT . you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL. The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server). Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 . If the network ESL is attached to a workstation. This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations.TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions.

The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program.coade. the build is finalized. A build is intended for one specific version of the software. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation.x<date>. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found. Build Y contains Build X. archiving. This correction is referred to as a Build. This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build. additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains. and also displays when you click Help > About. and posted to the Web site. and the build date. and the date it was created. and so on.com). they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda. a correction to the currently shipping version is made.Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static. Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released. announced. its size. In addition. 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . user requests. operating system modifications. In other words. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu. When this occurs. Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. In order to alleviate this problem for our users. before the next version can be released. The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation. file formats change.exe. After the file has been downloaded and installed. However. Determine which build file you need and download it. and corrections. the version indicator. Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking. builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement. databases grow. When this occurs. and distributing the various builds generated between major releases. operational enhancements. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds. Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software. but only one build is required at any given time.

From the Utility > Tools menu. Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package. To see which program modules have been modified.TXT. click COADE EXE Scanner. Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level. and the software installation will update appropriately. additional usage instructions may be found in this file. which build is in use. on the Main Program menu. Simply double-click the build file (the exe). This allows you to see. This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version. you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory. memory requirements. When necessary. A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 . This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size. the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level.Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD. Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released. and build bevel. This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. follow any prompts.

Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. To reinstall an older version of the software. any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD. Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds. the last build should be installed. Patched Version When a new version of the software is released. you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release. if it becomes necessary. Additionally. 20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This will allow full use of this version at some later time. Then. the distribution CD should be installed first.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

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Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

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Material File . Structural Database . Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U. Units File . Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory. followed by a scan of the installation directory. This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews.S. which may be unique.Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory.Select the units file to use.Select the material file to use. Each data directory can contain its own configuration file. Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database . If a data directory does not contain a configuration file.Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients. This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients. Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory. the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used. structural shapes and materials. You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command. Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored.Specifies the anchor bolt database. A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program. as well as International shape libraries. Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list. Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory.

The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive). an intermediate data file is created for analysis. It is assumed. that the program has been properly installed and configured. After the input has been defined.you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis. For more information. The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected. Assuming that error checking completed successfully. Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon. The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution. After a solution data file is available. see Error Checking (on page 83). From here. Warning messages are acceptable to the program . and control is returned to the main menu. Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input. you can select one of the Output menu options.you must correct these errors before proceeding. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 . a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu. For more information on the error checker. it must be error checked. select Analyze Only to start the analysis module. analyzed. defined. see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21).SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual. Upon completion of the analysis. analysis is prohibited . If there are errors in the input data. and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above). and reviewed.

2. 1. As long as the job input parameters remain fixed. 5. Select a job. Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports. From the Start menu. quit the output processor. Define the input data.Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session. Focus then returns to the Main menu. 4. The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu. the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports. either new or old. Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only. click TANK. 3. The steps outlined above are summarized below. 26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output.

but also include output review (both text and graphics). configuration. analysis. The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options. the Material Database editor. launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu. The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK. The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched. Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition. corresponding to the major topics on the menu. and ESL review. utility tools. and help. The options are arranged in groups. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 .SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start. or by double clicking the desktop icon. output review. diagnostics.

TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration. saving. Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk.Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening. and printing the input for a specific job.

The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups. the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job. Upon completion of the input. Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen. each accessed from the menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 .Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job. Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39). The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon.

which produces the output file for the job. the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu.TKE suffix. Analyze.Starts the error checker. (grayed out). TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked. The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker. The Analyze option is deactivated until the . As each phase is completed. Error Check and Analyze . If the verified problem data.TKE file is written by the error checker.Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check. Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text.Starts the solution module. and Error Check and Analyze. Steps not required are disabled. either designing a tank or re-rating a tank. the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data. an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description. For more information on the analysis processor. cannot be located. The analysis module performs the solution step. with a . based on your input parameters. This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed. Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel.TKE file was generated. 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . automatically starts the solution module. Error Check . and if the input passes the error checker. or the input data contained errors and no . see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87). Analyze . If the input data successfully passes the error checker.TKE file. In any event. Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83). written to the . an analysis file for the job is written.Starts the error checker.

Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 . Review Latest Reports . and review latest reports. the current CPU time and date are used. viewing graphical results. Append Reports .Displays the output review control panel. in the current units system. in the current units system.Creates a new set of output reports. in multiple units systems if necessary. For viewing text based reports. the Material Database editor.Generates a new set of reports. append reports. For more information on output processing. see Local Graphics Output (on page 91).Starts the graphics processor. Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created. The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. custom units systems. shell settlement graphs. Nozzle load interaction diagrams. the batch stream processor and a text file review option. three options are available: overwrite reports. Time Stamp . Local Graphics . and changing the time stamp in the report headers. This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically. If this data is not specified. completely replacing any existing reports. Overwrite Reports . at the end of the last set of reports.Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers.Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports. and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner.

Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and the solution message file. The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties.Using the Main Menu Configuration .Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data.Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase.Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis.Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations. Material Database Editor . Message File .Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis. Custom Units .Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created.Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database. Error Check Log File . File Review . Batch Log File . Calculator . There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter.Starts Notepad to review a selected data file. This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed. Batch Stream Processor . see Program Configuration (on page 21). The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter. For details of the program configuration. the batch log file. The file is created by a prior analysis.Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter.

This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations.Using the Main Menu CRC Check . Should a “fatal error” occur. If the values do not match. However.Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory. If a CRC Check error occurs. This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available.Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number. The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software. the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation. This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure. Corruption could indicate bad distribution media. the software attempts to invoke this module automatically. This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name. clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column. However.Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number. Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module . if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 . then the file has been corrupted in some manner. or a virus infection. a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed. Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker .

Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time. Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL. Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . which is required to access the software. If there is an access problem with the ESL. most of the Main menu items will be disabled. The ESL is the External Software Lock. all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu). However. this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu.

Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a . The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task. usually to extend limits. The file will reside in the program’s \system folder. or by clicking the ESL icon. Generate Fax Codes . Receive and Enter Fax Codes . This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information. except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel.Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes.Starts an interactive procedure. some of this date may require updating in the field. reset a date. These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified. This information consists of the client name. versioning information. Occasionally.Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software. This option is similar to the phone update option. Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes. and ID number. and accepting instructions from the user. as generated by the Intergraph support staff. to interact with the user on the telephone. where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL. The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx. generating data for the user. the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored. Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 .TXT”. These updates encompass changes requested by the client. Phone Update .TXT file of the information.Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes. This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel. suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. and the time stamp of the last access. or change the client name. date or run limits.

Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid. The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar. . Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options. Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph. Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . click OK to enable the changes to the ESL. found in the frame area of the Main menu. all options are selected. When all codes have been entered. By default.

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

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Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

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depending on the tank. see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71). This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog. Section I. see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E. course material. 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . temperature. depending on the tank. out-breathing. This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. For more information. Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog. depending on the tank. pressure. This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions. This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters. see API 650 External Pressure (App V. For more information. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis. see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65). the course height. For more information. This dialog is an optional input. The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. Activates the Grillage Review dialog. see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72). Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog. see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53). This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing. and the desired code. For more information. fluid specific gravity. For more information. and fire. For more information. see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76).TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. and in the text by Brownell & Young. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P. This dialog is an optional input. see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). This dialog is an optional input. depending on the tank. For more information. see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78). This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. For more information. This information consists of the diameter. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. For more information. depending on the tank. This dialog is an optional input. As mentioned above. external loads. the number of courses. This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters.) Dialog Box (on page 70). Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog. Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. depending on the tank. data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed. course thickness. Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification. For more information. Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog. fluid depth. Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell. Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. This dialog is an optional input.7.

this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . As with most software programs. to the General Data dialog. The first displays the title page. users can save the input by using the File menu. This serves as a good starting point for a tank design.TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad. With TANK. the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page. but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too. any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes. The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document.HED. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically). Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog. If necessary. The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar. found in the file TITLE. The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options. with the input data. on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters. We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session. there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file. or by clicking the Diskette icon. Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog.

For each input cell. Shell Courses. Where applicable. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. and Anchor Bolt Details. This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data. Wind Details. Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. 42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study.

in which you can select any valid material from the active database.TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field. The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material. the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below). Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 . used as the default for all individual shell courses. This context menu is shown below.

TANK Input Alternatively. Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below). you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database. which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank. Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu.

the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time. For stainless steels. the program fills in the Sd and St values. corrosion allowance. all courses acquire the same material. When you right-click the Material cell. as described previously. Initially. thickness. as necessary. However. Therefore. For stainless materials. if necessary. and material test stress can be specified for each shell course.TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height. Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 . The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. material design stress. the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. For carbon steels from Table 3-2. on a course-by-course basis. material name. the software displays the Material context menu. or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. for stainless materials. as specified on the Tank Data tab. the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material.

and may result in the design of required anchorage.12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank). Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage. If these times are not defined. The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3). if necessary. TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults. Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs. but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files. API-650 Section 5.

The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box.The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only. If you select A. Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C. or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code. and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses.5 psi / 17. it can only be used in analysis mode.Enter the design pressure in the indicated units. The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation. but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C.Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements. ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4. For each input cell. If the design temperature exceeds this limit. the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. If you select D.TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. or Analyze mode. This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank. seismic. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. API-650. Design Pressure at Top . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 . Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line. API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes. then the rules of Appendix M are applied. or Design mode.Enter the design temperature in the indicated units. Where applicable. API Design Code . Run Objective . Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses. Appendix F. subsequent calculations for wind girders.Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input. Select the entry from the list. limits the design pressure to 2. Design Temperature . If the value of the design temperature is changed. A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected.2 kPa. TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method . which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table.

85 0. API-653 Section 2.Enter the total height of the tank shell. enter the actual distance. As per API-650.Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder. No other computations use this value.85 0. The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1.70.00 0. This value should be the sum of the individual course heights.50 + k/5 0. Design Liquid Level (H) . Tank Shell Height (HTK) .70 0. Liquid Specific Gravity (G) . This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st .70 0.No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .85 0. API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown.Enter the diameter of the tank.70 0. the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates. and is used in the wind load computations.0 for the Hydrotest case. this value is used only in the Design case. Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] .3.50 + k/5 0.85 1.4. Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder . this value should be entered as zero.Enter the specific gravity of the fluid.Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation. If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell.35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A . so the default of 1.Enter the height of the design liquid level.As per Appendix A. Note. This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device.TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) .3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency.3.00 0.0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations. If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank.85 or 0.6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1. such as for a walk-way.75 0.85 0.Spot RT Appendix A .85 0. the joint efficiency should be either 0. Weight Attachments & Structures .

Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell. which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height.3.Turns on an off wind loads on the roof. This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary. Wind Velocity .Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5.4. Insulation Thickness . Number of Shell Courses .TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded. Entire Shell Course Evaluation . To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition).9. The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course.1.If the tank will have an annular base ring. Alternatively.b. Default Shell Material .9.11 stability.7.a. uncheck this checkbox. wind gust.3.This field displays the material name. This selection uses equation 4. Due consideration should be given to Section 5. If the material varies over the shell courses. To properly access a valid material name and its properties. uncheck this checkbox.2 includes a wind moment term. This selection uses equation 4.1. If the tank will not have an annular base ring. the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F.6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height. tensile strength. its allowable stresses.3.2 Calculations . (d) Single lap welded only.As of API-650 9th Edition.3.Enter the density of the tank insulation.As per API-653 Section 4.1. select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course.Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5. or open-top tanks.7. check this checkbox.1. The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53. Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank. this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box. to display the same context menu. 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment .3. This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use. Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4.3. The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank. yield strength.. These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment . grade. right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen. activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course. which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height. Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form..Enter the number of shell courses in the tank. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 .As per API-653 Section 4. Section 5. Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954.3. internal pressure. left-click the .3. check this checkbox.1a. Insulation Density . Include Annular Base Plate Details . A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional.11 Wind Pressure . Local Area Shell Only . and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use.Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank. To include the wind moment term. After a valid material is selected.

1.6. For stainless steels.Represents the allowable test stress.1. If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. If this cell is left blank for the first course.Enter the thickness for the current shell course. Table S-2.1). If this cell is left blank. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. Hydro Test Stress . Material Design Stress .Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n. If it is constant. these values will be interpolated during the solution phase. the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5.1. SSD1 through SSD5 . If it is constant. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. Thickness .Represents the allowable design stress.Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units. since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead. If necessary. If this cell is left blank. 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value. If necessary. referred to as Sd in the API code. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course.TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses.Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S. if necessary. Height . the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5. The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. If this cell is left blank. referred to as St in the API code. on a course-by-course basis. this value will be displayed as zero. For this reason. Corrosion Allowance .6. For stainless steels. If it is constant. the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses.

Gust Factor . If these times are not defined. Kd .5 4. This is an optional entry.0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments. the value defaults to 0.2500 2.TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7.5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 . the value defaults to 1.6250 0. This value should be 1.Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7. In order to size the anchor bolts.12. API 650 recommends a value of 0.5000 1.5000 0. Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0.The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5.2500 1. the thread pitch is necessary.Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7.95 (the default) for this parameter. Threads per Unit Length .Enter the wind speed up factor for hills.Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage. If left blank.7500 2. Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units.Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7. If left blank.7500 3. Kz . Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter . the value defaults to 1. it will be evaluated using this data.0000 2. If entered. I . Kzt . If left blank.5000 2.7500 0.0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4.0000 1. and the anchorage is necessary.1250 1.8750 1. This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage.0.Enter the wind directionality factor.3750 1.85. TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults. The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch.04.

This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank. enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage.25 inches. This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage.0 is used. the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5.Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650. Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance .12.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value.Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts. API-650.For evaluation of an existing anchorage. The software internally multiplies this value by 2. Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter . Number of Anchor Bolts . this value is no longer used.7. If this value is left blank.5000 3. Bolt Yield Stress .Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5.2500 3. 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration. If the software redesigns the anchorage. As of this addendum. Section F.7500 4. As a result.Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle. but is maintained for compatibility with older input files.4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0.TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3. the bolt allowable stress was required input. an offset of 0.0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress .12.

or a supported cone roof will be designed. The Net Area Scratchpad (F. Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design. define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k). and maximum allowed pressure. Supported Cone Roof Data. Note that this is a scratchpad. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 . wind over turning. Data entered in these fields will not be saved. a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made. and Girder Rings. At this point. such as seismic analysis. and then click Compute. This data is used in further analysis. Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below. This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary.TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs. the top half of this dialog must be filled out. To use this scratchpad. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab. The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box. This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof.2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box.

and in the available cross sections. and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. and columns. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . For the structural and roof plate materials. This tab. The allowed cross sections vary. a supported cone roof is to be designed. girders. depending on the active structural library. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database. displays the parameters used in the roof design. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank. The help system provides guidance here.TANK Input If instead. shown below. the material for the cross sections and roof plate. in the usage of the various structural types.

Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs. the software can design the rafters. Angle Between Roof & Horizontal . and rafter rings is known. column rings. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths. If however. Roof Type . and how many girders make up the ring. alternate positioning is desired. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 . For rafter supported cone roofs. If this information is specified. Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only. Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. which are supported by columns. the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab. General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof.Defines the roof type of the tank. as the number of girder rings.Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction. which are supported by girders. columns and girders.TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young. the software can design the rafters. All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell. Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring. then the members are sized only.

Figure (a-k) .Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks. After the data has been defined. an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required. Weight of Roof Plates . This value will not be used. Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) .Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates. For supported cone roofs. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. refer to API-650 Figure F-2. If the input value is greater. Roof Live Load .Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations. Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) . or a supported cone roof is being designed. Thickness of Roof Plate . the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations. Specify this estimate in the tc field. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented.Since the analysis hasn’t been performed. Weight of Roof Framing .Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks.Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. This value will not be used. According to API-650 5.TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction . This value will not be used.10. this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot. This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad. For details. This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness. The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box. If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here.Select the desired cross section.2. % of Weights Supported by Shell . TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally. click Compute. Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) . TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. the computed roof plate weight is always used. TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally.If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar. corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F.Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course. 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. After the analysis. if any. TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally. This value should include the corrosion allowance.Enter the area resisting the compressive force.Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance . the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations. it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed). The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load. Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved. Thickness of Bar (tb) . specify the bar thickness in this field. Weight of Snow on Roof .1.2.Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates.

The specific section types depend on the active structural database. Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type . girder. and P. column rafter. DI. WT. girder. column rafter. The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter. girder. girder.Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters. C. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. and M. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. girder. girder. valid types for this cell are: W.TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) . column rafter.Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle.Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch. C. Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) . For the 1989 AISC library. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 . S. DC.

column For the 1991 German library. column rafter. girder.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. girder. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below. column For the 1990 South African library. girder. parallel USAGE rafter. girder. CP. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: I. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter.Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders. girder. column rafter. column For the 1993 UK library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. column rafter. girder. and C. and CT. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. and UC. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. and T. girder. column CT Channels. girder. column Preferred Girder Type . 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. T. valid types for this cell are: IP. HP. UC. taper rafter. girder. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. U. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. column rafter. column rafter. column rafter. column For the 1990 Australian library.

column rafter. girder. column For the 1993 UK library. and P. girder. girder. girder.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. and M. and C. girder. girder. column rafter. girder. girder. C. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. T. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. DI. C. column rafter. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. S. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. column rafter. column rafter. DC. valid types for this cell are: UB. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. girder. UC. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 . WT.

column For the 1990 Australian library. valid types for this cell are: UB. HP. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. girder. column rafter. girder. column For the 1991 German library.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns. girder. CP. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. valid types for this cell are: I. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . valid types for this cell are: IP. girder. girder. column CT Channels. column For the 1990 South African library. The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. taper rafter. column rafter. and CT. column rafter. girder. girder. and UC. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. and T. column rafter. column rafter. column Preferred Column Type . parallel USAGE rafter. U. girder.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter. girder. girder.

column For the 1993 UK library. column rafter. girder. U. and C. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 . column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. girder. T. S. girder. and UC. and M. column For the 1991 German library. column For the 1990 Australian library. column rafter. girder. girder. C. girder.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. DC. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. girder. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. girder. girder. UC. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. valid types for this cell are: I. column rafter. WT. valid types for this cell are: W. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. DI. and T. column rafter. column rafter. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. girder. C. column rafter. and P. column rafter. girder. girder.

a value of zero will be used. This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring..1 to 7. Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress . Center Column Cap Plate Diameter . column rafter. column Roof Plate Material . The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. The girders are supported by columns.3.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected.Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders. In the design of the supported cone roof. girder. girder.0 to 24. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.4.] button.3 to 9. Maximum Allowed Girder Length . If this cell is left blank. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [.Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary. This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified. column rafter. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. Maximum Allowed Rafter Length . column rafter. The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [..This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates.. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. Typical values for this cell are 20. from the center of the tank. and CT. In the design of the supported cone roof. 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .10. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank.1 meters. CP.0 feet (6. Typical values for this cell are 24. parallel Channels.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected.] button. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. taper USAGE rafter. from the center of the tank.3 meters). the roof plates sit on top of the rafters.Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters.0 feet /7. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. arranged in concentric circles. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. The girders are supported by columns. Structural Member Allowable Design Stress .TANK Input For the 1990 South African library.0 to 30. This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings. this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa). Structural Member Material .This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members. This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. For compliance with API-650 Section 3. girder. arranged in concentric circles. valid types for this cell are: IP. HP. girder..

the number of girders in all rings must be also specified. if the number of girders in any one ring is specified.TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring . Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input. These entries are optional. If the location of one girder ring is specified. Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 .Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring. This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary. the distance to all girder rings must be defined.The number of girders in each ring may also be specified. however. Number of Girders in Ring .

4. 5% damped.5% damping.5. %g. See API-650 Section E.Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations. Transitional Period (TL) .Defines Sa0*. 2. the coefficient defaults to 1. refer to API-650 Sections E. where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations.TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . the software will design bolting.4. Friction Factor .Defines SDS. Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec. and that this value (1. The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.4.Defines S0.Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material.1 for details on the various SUG categories. unless specified otherwise by the purchaser. which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods.6. which is the design.Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion. Scaling Factor (Q) . Bottom Plate Thickness . Initial Anchorage Type .Defines S1. in seconds. Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) . Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient . %g.Usually this value is 1. For more information about earthquake types.2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods. Seismic Use Group . Importance Factor . and III). Valid entries for this field are 1. Earthquake Type .Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted). Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec.25) only be used for emergency services. Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods . 5% damped.Defines SP. 5% damped. which is the 5% damped.2s).Defines Ss. design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0. %g.Defines the seismic site class according to Section E. %g. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0.25.7. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure). or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I. Period (S1) .4. Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank. the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required. If no value is specified. Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) .2 and E. This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0. API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0. In this instance.Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K). spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second. API recommends that this value not exceed 1. %g. II. Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) . Site Class .0. 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.3. Unless otherwise specified. 5% damped.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.6.Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped.3. Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material . Valid choices are A through F. Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7. Period (S0) .

Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members). If a value is entered. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . Section 7.Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate. the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate. This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered.25 inches (6. Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage. bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0. you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I . Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate .TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) . leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it. Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I. If a value is entered here. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 . you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. %g. Maximum Allowed Spacing . Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate .Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. This value is optional.Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness.1.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate.4. design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures. Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate . In this case. which is the 5% damped.Defines Sa*.35mm). If left blank. this value defaults to zero.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. As stated in API-650 5.

Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed. Nozzle Designation / Number . NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks. if available from a pipe stress analysis. This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits. TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses.Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle. Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate . Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P.TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles. the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated. The data specification can include external piping loads. These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650. If you check Use PVP-1279.Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle.Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate. Nozzle Outer Diameter .

the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100.07E-6 500 27.3E6 27. reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29. 200. Modulus (psi) 28. If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel. 200.Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature.6E6 26.87E-6 7.25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12.1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20.3E6 7. Modulus of Elasticity . 150.4 12.07E-6 7.8E6 28. if necessary. 203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 . 300. 400. 500. You can change this value.Enter the modulus of elasticity. then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used.67E-6 6. 25. 300.TANK Input Delta Temperature .7E6 27.8E6 28.3E6 27.0 12.5E6 28.7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. 29.87E-6 7. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1.4E6 26.3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.2E6 Expansion Coefficient .67E-6 6. 90.5E6 28.25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet.1E6 500. 200. Instead. 260. 400.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient.0E6 27.7 13.

if any.Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle. Use PVP-1279 . The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P.Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located. Nozzle Weight . These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software. The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter. it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations. English.A value defined in PVP-1279.Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses. Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness. The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell. LaBounty. If you specify a pad thickness. if necessary. This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P. If reinforcing on the shell is indicated. and Lengsfeld. Applied External Longitudinal Moment . Nozzle RePad Thickness .The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad. units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses. acting on the nozzle.TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal. Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? . This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness. Applied External Circumferential Moment . The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. Bardia. 68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Applied External Radial Force . by Lengsfeld.Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 . Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 . You can change this value. This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 . This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks. Hathaitham. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P.Enter the weight of this nozzle. API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled.Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle.Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations.Enter the value of any applied radial force. Taagepera. but not actually used in the computations.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 .TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input. Factor K .Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature. Temperature Difference .Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld.0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C .85 if not specified by the purchaser.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . The value of C shall be 0. Factor B . The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0.Enter the foundation factor. K = 4.0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination.0.25 to a maximum of 1.0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates. K = 2.Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion. The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld.Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank. The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing. This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full . The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade. Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference . This value is: 2.0 for tanks on earth foundations 4.empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis.

70 for double lap welds JEr = 1.00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) . JEs = 1. However.) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V.00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0.JEs.JEst. This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank. JEr = 0. Where fc = 0. 70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Where fc = 0.Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe.fc.TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V.000 psi (140 MPa). Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) .85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0.) dialog box is an optional input.fc.70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) .Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E.Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency .Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency .Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0. Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material . However.JEr. JEst = 1.6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region.4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners.Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency . fc need not be less than 15.85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) .35 for single lap welds JEr = 0.000 psi (103 MPa). fc need not be less than 20. Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) . Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) .

use every other point when generating the input.Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points. in API-653 Section B. Angle Between Measurements . Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2. Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) . API-653 Appendix B. of the roof plate material.8 m.f. and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature. a default of 29. This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement.2.TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) . Appendix B. If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4. Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference. Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653.1m.3.5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used.R.Define the Dish Radius of Roof . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 .Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. this limit was 30 feet / 9. This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs. Roof Dish Radius (R) . the shell plate material.6m. Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle.1. If this value is left blank. Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement . The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points. The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9.3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank.Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress . This value must be less than 45-degrees.

1. Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9.4. Above Ground Storage Tanks. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed. API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data.3.1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653.4. May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers. Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh. each discussed in the following subsections. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit. This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4. Pre 3rd Ed. obtained from tank inspections. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed.3. Post 3rd Ed. and 4. Bottom. 4.1m intervals. Post 3rd Ed. Hydrocarbon Engineering.2. Elevation .3.7. The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs.3.1.Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank.7. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4.

Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) .7.Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates.0. enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate. Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) . enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. then this value should be specified as 0.4. and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code).7. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . after repairs. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651). Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) .4.1. If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652). Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) .7.As per API-653 Section 4.4.1. This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code.0. Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) .As per API-653 Section 2. Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined.4. on a yearly basis. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) . Pre 3rd Ed. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 .1. Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom.1.Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.7. This value is measured from the original thickness.TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) .4.1 of previous editions of API-653. according to Section 2.7.1.As per API-653 Section 2. on a yearly basis.4.As per API-653 Section 4. this value should be specified as 0. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion.7.As per API-653 Section 2.Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion. after repairs.

Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) . Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . (GCa).1.As per API-653 Section 2.1.Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates. This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65).1.7.7. Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) .TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) .4.As per API-653 Section 2.1. Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) .0. on a yearly basis.7. Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) .Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr).7.7.4. enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed. StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom. on a yearly basis. enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion. This value is measured from the original thickness. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0. 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .1. Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) .4.4. if specified. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).As per API-653 Section 2.As per API-653 Section 2.As per API-653 Section 2.4. The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0.

controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis. Similarly. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used. they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box.TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L. "L" is the critical length. If the t1 or t2 values are left blank. If this value is left blank.Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region. the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities. Joint Efficiency . and a joint efficiency for each shell course. the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course. the inspection values of t1 and t2.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations. Lowest Average Thickness . If this value is left blank. Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L". Minimum Thickness .Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course. Use specified shell "L" values? .Enter the average thickness in the "L" region. Additionally. above the bottom of this course. In subsequent thickness computations. if the L location is left blank. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 . exclusive of pits. "L" Location Above Course Bottom .Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion.

3. The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998).TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level. This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed. Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box.1. and liquid characteristics.Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course. as per API-653 Table 2. Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .1.3. API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input. the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2.3.3. Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies. Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? . the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. as well as the environmental factors. This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank. This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate. When this box is checked. Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L". Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations. Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2. Use specified shell "E" values? . The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course.3.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations.3.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations.1.3. Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed . which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses. Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition. Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2. Instead.

8 2.Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API.33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1.0 0.0 0. Liquid Flash Point .075 0.15 0.5 5 10 15 20 25 1.Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank. For more information.0 1.7 11.TANK Input Emptying Rate .3 0.8 2.4 5.1.Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.3.15 0.3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2.03 0. Environmental Factor .375 0.025 see note C 1.1.Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point.2000.0 1. see API-2000 Section 4. Boiling Point .05 0. For more information.40 0.2.0 2.0 0.300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 .375 0.075 0.7 3.3 0.0 0.2.Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point.05 0.1.300 0.67 0. Filling Rate .50 0.2. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4.0 0. see API-2000 Section 4.3.5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22.

This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses. which consists of the required tank volume. and the height and diameter ranges. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved. the fluid specific gravity. the unit cost of plate.19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0.0 0.TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0. based on the required volume. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary.025 see note C 1.03 0. There is a minimum amount of user-specified data. After exiting the Scratch-pad. you have the option of transferring the diameter.5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank.0 1. and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations. height.0 0. the plate allowable stress.

The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition. The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range. Alternatively. the necessary diameter (or height) is presented.TANK Input After the necessary data is specified. The height of the top course is also reported. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 . or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table. Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank. all other courses being equal to the specified input value. This sizing tool. and four for a height range. you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations. contains two slider bars. When the desired results have been achieved. The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. After the scratchpad calculations have been performed. and new estimates obtained. The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. the input data can be altered. as well as the thickness required for each shell course. The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate. Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad. Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated. a report can be printed. located to the right of the output display. If necessary.

Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. Since the tank must be hydrotested. The top course may be less than the value specified here. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. and lb/cu. or KG and KG/cu. Cost/Unit Weight of Plate . Average Course Height . The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. followed by plate weight and cost. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. For consistent application.in. For each height/diameter value.TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below. or KG and KG/cu. Maximum Tank Height . Minimum Tank Height . the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. For consistent application.cm. since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume. and lb/cu. Fluid Specific Gravity . Plate Allowable Stress . you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb.in. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. the minimum value for this entry should be 1. exclusive of the diameter range. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. For each height/diameter value. exclusive of the diameter range. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank.Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes. followed by plate weight and cost. exclusive of the height range. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. 80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The diameter range is independent of the height range.0.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. followed by plate weight and cost. The height range is independent of the diameter range.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. Minimum Tank Diameter .Enter the unit cost of the plate material. For each height/diameter value.Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined.Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. Maximum Tank Diameter . The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. For each height/diameter value. Required Volume . A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. followed by plate weight and cost. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined.cm. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. The height range is independent of the diameter range.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 .TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. exclusive of the height range. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined.

TANK Input

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 . the procedure halts until you click Continue. Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated. click File > Exit. If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. The typical response to this prompt is Yes.Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box. If the summary report shows that errors were found. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition. Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete. You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker. This gives you time to review the message. Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu. the analysis files will not be created. the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction.

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes. The program files used are listed below.SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files. an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress. the major solution steps to the analysis. the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays. After the solution module has been launched. A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section. maintenance. As each solution step is entered. and enhancement. There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 . and which solution steps are required by the current input data. Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation.

In this instance. or printed to the system printer. and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E. and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5. Because there is no TKO file. The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics. As important milestones in the analysis are reached.Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details. This file contains the solution data in binary format. Wind girder requirements . Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module. entry into the output processor is not allowed. It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows. the velocity factory. 7. Overturning stability .This value is checked according to Section 5. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details. 1. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section. These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations.The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user. 6. Allowed fluid heights . The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases. The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu. 4. Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation. either one-foot. Shell weight and center of gravity .This thickness is based on the specified design method. All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification. and the overturning moment. The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials. Wind effect . 5. Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22.This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination. 2. This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set. and no output (TKO) file exists. a diagnostic message is presented to the user. their section moduli. Required shell course thicknesses . In the case of the variable point method. control is returned to the Main menu. The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries. or Appendix A. 3. the analysis module creates the . A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required. 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . In this instance. The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors. some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file.The number of girders. Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases .1. variable point.1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met.11.9.The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements. the message file can be very helpful. this is an iterative process.The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure.TKO file. the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations. If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank.6. newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file. Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5.

and seismic computations have been completed. required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 . the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated.After the actual roof computations are completed. API-2000 Venting calculations. Section M.If the roof data has been specified. and user input).These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement.10. Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations.Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data . Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P . Service/maintenance computations . the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined. roof. Following the cycle life calculations. if necessary.The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions. the bolting requirements are checked. test. analyze.12 and determines.This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads. the Section 5. and empty. API-650 Appendix F requirements . A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity. the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M. the program will now evaluate. the required number of bolts and the bolt size. Section 7.5 or 5.6.10. Grillage computations . Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E . After all sizing. with the corresponding stress for each load case.These computations are based on API-653 Section 2.These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I. design.10. or design the roof.3 checks are implemented. Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B . After the cosine curve is known. This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5. The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design. Roof evaluation involves weight summations.4 begins. test. Following the roof design.

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Plots the shell settlement data. the output options are available. A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design. These options include both text based reports and graphics. used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P. Plot Settlement . both of these items are grayed out. the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls. and supported cone roof sketches. Return to Main Menu . In addition to the menu options. A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results. shell settlement plotting.Produces the basic tank sketch. Plot Cone Roof . Plot Nozzles . Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports. If output is not available for the current job. or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot. or modify the input data. Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch. the following icons are also available. The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics. The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams. Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections.Plots the supported cone roof sketch. Plot Tank Elevations . This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing.SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 . nozzle interaction diagrams.Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram.Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu. After you enter the local graphics mode.

Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank. 92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details.

The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement. The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve. Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes.Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations. The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves. the optimum cosine curve. These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization. as well as an option to spline the data. the out-of-plane deflection. The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points. The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 .

and which thickness to use . or user entered. 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P.either design. which interaction diagram to plot . The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15). necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded.either longitudinal or circumferential. test.

as an asterisk. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 .Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point. The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads. the interaction point plots at the origin. If the piping loads are not specified.

the interaction point must plot inside the diagram. 96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P.

defining the roof nomenclature. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 . These roof sketches are not shown to scale. Besides the basic roof sketch. lengths. and quantities can be noted on the sketch. showing cross section sizes is shown below. . the resulting design can be shown graphically.Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. they are provided for information purposes only. structural cross section sizes. A typical roof sketch.

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report. the Output Report menu displays.Enables switching to the output of a different job. The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is. its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word. the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated. The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window.doc file contains the company logo and address details. Save . When you send reports to Microsoft Word. Print . The intent is that the header. After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected. by topic. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 .SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports. if a file named header. Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click. Open .Saves the selected reports. This menu lists the available reports.doc exists in the \tank\system folder.Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word. This option opens a standard File Open dialog. View Report using Microsoft Word .Prints the selected reports. When the analysis phase completes. (Items can be de-selected in the same manner). showing only those jobs that have output.

time.Erases the selected reports. Modify the Starting Page Number . This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended. Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data.Displays the next report. Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here. job name.Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports . in general. 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Each page of output begins with a header. major and minor level text. page number. Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings. Select Font . Disable/Enable Page Numbering . and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen. Each of these reports is discussed. You can also suppress the ending page number. Select Heading Fonts . The header contains the user’s name. and program version number. From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers.Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box.Turn on or off the page numbering. date. From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings.Displays the previous report.Changes the font when printing reports. Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user. Previous Report .Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box. in the following sections. Next Report .

seismic. Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined. Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 .Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data. This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module. and settlement details were defined. as well as whether or not roof.

Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker. This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data. Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

For each shell course. For API-653 analysis. including the wind girder height reduction factor. The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases. Material. the material name. and the wind moment. The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results. The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases. as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table. The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind. test allowable stress. ENGLISH. design allowable stress. consisting of the velocity factor. as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1.Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module . All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 . It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis. the area exposed to the wind.TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module. The next section of the report reflects the material properties used. The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here. the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course. and Appendix M reduction factor are listed. Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program.

as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell. based on API-650 Section 5. Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .11. For each wind girder required.Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width. This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders. and the center of gravity of the shell. If Detail e is required. The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components. The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations. the weight of the shell. the geometry detail and angle size are also reported. The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check". the b dimension is also included in the report. Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method.

and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F. and the number and length of the girders in each ring. the radius to each girder ring. The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates. This information begins with the number of girder rings. and the rafter length. the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero. and at the shell. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 . Note that at the center of the tank. the spacing on the inner girders. and the design roof load.Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring. Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details. the spacing on the outer girders. the number of rafters resting on the inner girders. If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed. the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. This report is shown below.

This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring. This information includes the unit load on the member. Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the required section modulus. and the actual section modulus. the selected cross section. and is shown below.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters.

allowable compressive stress. Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 . the actual compressive stress. This information is shown below. This information begins with the column load. and the actual radii of gyration.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. height. and required radius of gyration. This is followed by the selected cross section.

10. Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components. an API unit. and either 5. All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”.10. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths. are the results of the Appendix F computations.5.6. This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight.10. Following the roof design/analysis report. and the compression ring failure pressure. The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F.5 or 5. the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction.3. This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 . test fluid. and empty.Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E. These computations were made for three cases: design fluid.

For each case. and user input thickness.Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P. Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness. rotation. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input. test shell thickness. and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported. deflection. the flexibilities.

and the out-of-plane deflection. This table also includes the settlement measurements. the optimum cosine curve through these measured points. Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 .Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B. This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points. the out-of-plane settlement.

This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing.3 of API-2000. outbreathing and fire exposure. Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4. The venting report is shown below.

The second section shows the required number of bolts. The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases.12.Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 . and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases. There are two sections to this report. the required bolt diameter.

Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M. Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The report lists the exclusions and checks made. as well as the number of allowed cycles.

Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V. Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

................. is located at \examples\a_wc......................... 118 Example Problem SEIS01 ...... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ............................tki............................................................. 118 Example Problem TEST1...... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ................................................. 118 Example Problem APP_P ....tki................. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 ................SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code.............................................. 118 Example Problem SSC1 ................................................................................................................................................................ is located at \examples\o_wc.............................. as defined by Appendix A of API-650... 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k..... In This Section Example Problem APP_K ... as defined by the One Foot method.... Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations....................... 117 Example Problem A_WC ............... 118 Example Problem B&Y ................... Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations............... 117 Example Problem O_WC .................. 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ...........................................tki.....................................

118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations. Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young.tki. Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1.tki.tki. Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p.tki. including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M. Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1.tki. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E.tki. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S. This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young. is located at \examples\sstest1. for stainless steel tanks. For more information see the file \examples\b&y. (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara.

Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Material database editor OUTPUT.EXE .EXE . Main Set APIOUT.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.EXE .Error check module OUTWORD.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B.Output preprocessor APISOLV.Input module help pointer file TKER01A.Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.DLL .Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A.EXE .EXE .Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .EXE .APPENDIX A Appendix A .EXE .Configuration program help data file TKSET02.Main program TKERCK. The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.EXE file scanner CRCCHK.EXE .EXE .EXE.EXE .Configuration program help pointer file TANK.Help file TIPS.CRC check program MAKEUNIT.EXE .TXT .Output report review processor TANK.Solution module COADEXE.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.EXE .Input module help data file API02.EXE .EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR.Units generation module MATEDIT.EXE .EXE .CHM .EXE .EXE .EXE .Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B.

SI units file T2A.EXE .CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.TXT .MAT .TXT .1988 API-650 material database A650_93.1993 API-650 material database A650_94.FIL .CRC .MAT .MAT .MAT .1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.MAT .2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.Structural database file API650.FIL .MAT .MAT .Messages for output processing TITLE.2005 API-650 material database A650_08.DAT .1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.HED .1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.TXT .Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.MAT .DIG .MAT .EXE .Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.Messages for input processor SCREEN3.1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.MAT .Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.Millimeter units file MPH.MAT .1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.Appendix A .1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.Data from Table 3-22 XX.MAT .1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.2008 API-650 material database AISC89.1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.ENGLISH units file MM.MAT .MAT .Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.MAT .MAT .1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.FIL .FIL .

Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.TKI .TKI .Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC.Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K.TKI .TKI .Appendix A .Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y.Stainless steel example SSC1.Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1.TKI .Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1.TKI .TKI .TKI .Example computations for Appendix. SEIS01.Example seismic computations for Appendix E.TKI .Sample input for variable point method APP_P. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 .Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA.TKI .TKI .Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01.

Appendix A .Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

APPENDIX B Appendix B . Figure B.Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK. You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary.1 .English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 .

4 .Appendix B .SI Units File Figure B.MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .2 .Standard Units Systems Figure B.3 .MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.

70 A-662.C A-537.65 A-573. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.A A-131.705 A-516.B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 .2 A-633. When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.CS A-36 A-131.65 A-516.APPENDIX C Appendix C .1 A-537.55 A-516.B A-131.List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database.A A-678.B A-737.EH36 A-573.D A-678.B A-662.58 A-573.60 A-516.C A-633.

C E-355.21 G40.21 G40.21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.C E-275t.21 G40.D E-355t.List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.21 G40.D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix C .C E-275.21 G40.D E-275.D E-355.275 * ISO 630 E-275t.C E-355t.250 NS.235 NS.

Appendix C .List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .

List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix C .

1. 0.FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 . 1.3. 1.7. 1. 1.MAT ENGLISH. 0.0000000E+00 .4000+E01 Sect.3000000E+00 .2835648E+00 YES .Default Configuration Directives Ver.1 YES A650_94. 1. 2.9. 1.5000000E-02 YES .200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES . 1.1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO .APPENDIX D Appendix D .

Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix D .

BS3643. Version 3. Implemented API-653 4th Edition.650 10 Edition.30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2. th Version 2. Version 3. Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric. Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%. Version 3. South African Bolt. Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 .Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK. to provide more information and detail.00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API .653 3 Edition.APPENDIX E Appendix E . Added a Wind Parameter input dialog.55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density.20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1. Added JIS structural steel shape library. Added many “text” changes to the output.10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition. Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights. Added several minor changes as requested by users. Version 3. rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API .

20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E. Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad. from PVP-1279. as a result of Addendum 1.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . for easier usage.1.6. Addendum 1. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials. This provides better capability to notify users of software updates. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary. Version 2.Revision History Version 2.Appendix E . Version 2.6. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E. Since bolting data is now a required input. Revised the output processor. Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition. The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E.4. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database. Incorporated API-650 10th Edition. Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses. Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition. Version 2. this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section. Revised documentation. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates.50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition. Addendum 3.2 through E. The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1.

5. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 .25 inch plate. Section 3.10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition. which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches. This involved removing both A442 materials. Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1. Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height).2 has been incorporated.4. in accordance with the recent addendum. Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height. Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0.60 / 2. A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3. Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power.Revision History Version 2. API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum. Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference.2.00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2. to include the bottom shell course thickness.Appendix E . Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A. Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination.

Version 1. Addendum 2 changes incorporated. First.51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated.Revision History Version 1.50.Appendix E . Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports. The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero. Version 1. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases). Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added. permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses.50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included.50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file. Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic. Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added. Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added. Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet. API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates. now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1. this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database. Note. versions prior to 1.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet.3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress. Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations. Previous versions treated zero as a blank. Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added. Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated. A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E. Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory. Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations.5. Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added.40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition. This ability has been added for Version 1.

API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated.Appendix E . Mouse support has been added to all modules. “Variable Point” location reported. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module.11 added. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 . API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified.1 added.4.e has been added.10.1.Revision History Version 1. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank. test.5.1.3 is reported.31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added. The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary. and empty conditions are reported. Additionally the weights for operating.8. Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added. Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L.9. Version 1. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization. Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3. Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3. the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3. Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment. Bold design procedure for Section 3. Bolt design references to standard bolt size table. A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available.1.7.6. Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module.10. A material database editor is provided.2.3.1.8 added. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3. Consideration of Section 17.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs.5.

0 used one or the other set of curves.0 and L/2a=1. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3. Version 1. an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young. For API-653 analysis. Several new configuration directives have been added.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3. and a segregation of program and system files.Revision History Version 1. and square roots. there was no interpolation between curves. squares. The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1. Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E. PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports. Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles.11. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design. Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3. The calculator supports the basic four math operations. For API-653 runs. This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives.11 and Appendix E computations. Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell.11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added. This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections. MPH.FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour. a network hardware lock.5 curves.Appendix E . which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file. and the setting of the default output report generation parameters. An additional "English" units file is provided. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P. trigonometric functions. The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations. Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads. Version 1. Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added. A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu. This units file. Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program. A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case.6 added.

Process Equipment Design. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. America Petroleum Institute. Smith. Transactions of the ASME. 118. Hathaitham. American Petroleum Institute. Billimoria and Tam. API-2000. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. and Horwege. Osage. No 4. Vol 108. August 1996. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks. Taagepera. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. API-620. August 1980. Hydrocarbon Processing. Inc. FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. PVP Vol 315. John Wiley & Sons. Malik. McGraw-Hill. Improve Storage Tank Inspections. and Lambe. F. Parikh. Marr. 2002. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. 1997. and Lengsfeld. October 1996. PVP Vol 336. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules. Revise Storage Tank Inspections. ASME 1995. American Petroleum Institute. Ramos. Swenson. Koczwara. Above Ground Storage Tanks. Lengsfeld. Philip E. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 . Morton. Brownell & Young. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. Eighth Edition. January 1995. ASME 1996. Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. American Petroleum Institute.. LaBounty. and Fenton. Tenth Edition. June 1990. Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. Bardia. and Taagepera. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology.Selected References API-650. Lengsfeld. Lu. A.APPENDIX F Appendix F . PVP Vol 315. Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks. April 1998. August 1982. PVP Vol 336. August 1980. Vol. Myers. and Ruiz. Journal of Strain Analysis. Hendrix & Carucci. Carucci & Ay. November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653. ASME. Hydrocarbon Processing. and Hagstrom. ASME 1995. 1977. Bardia and Taagepera. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). Lengsfeld. Fifth Edition. Billimoria. 1959. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement. Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. November 1978. PVP-1279. An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks. Hydrocarbon Processing. Bardia. ASME 1996. Vol 12. Third Edition.

Appendix F .Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

List of Materials • 127 Appendix D . 83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V.Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30.) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A .Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E .Program File List • 121 Appendix B . 83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9.Revision History • 133 Appendix F . Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 .Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C .

87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87.Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31. 121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3.20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2. 99.Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1. Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42. 125 Units • 9 units files • 24.10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2.50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1.55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3.31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1.10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2. Material.40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1. 76 Version 1.60 / 2. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 .40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2.30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind.20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3.20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1.