Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

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Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

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Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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.......... 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box ....................... 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box ........................................................... 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) .......... 105 Seismic Analysis Results .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 112 API-650 Bolting Report ......................................... 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box ............................................................. 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ................................................................................................................................................................ 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 87 Solution Overview ............................................................................... 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .............................................................................................. 85 Analysis/Solution Phase.................................................................................................................................................................... 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results ....... 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box).............................. 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ........................................................................................................................... 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ......................................................... Thickness & Weights ... 91 Tank Layout Sketch .......................................................... 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams .................................................................... 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box .............................................................................................. Material..................................... 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box).. 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box ........................................................................................................................... 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed......................................... 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V............ 103 Wind........................................................................................................................................................................................... 88 Local Graphics Output .................... 84 Completing the Error Check Phase ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad ......Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 100 Job Title Page ...................................................... 111 API-2000 Venting Output ................................................................................. 110 Settlement Checks ................................. 103 Roof Evaluation ..................................................... 97 Output Report Generation ................................... 102 Solution Module TXT File ............................................................................... 87 TANK Program Files ..................... 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ................................................................................................................... 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches ............................................................................. 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .. 92 Shell Settlement Plots ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box ............................................................................... 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ................................................................. 99 Output Report Discussions ............................................................................) Dialog Box ......................................................................................................................... 101 Error Checker LOG File ........ Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ... 83 Warning & Error Options ..................................... 80 Error Checking ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 100 User Input Data .......................................................................... 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box .................................................................. 70 Shell Settlement Data ............

........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 133 Version 3..........................................................................................................30 Changes (2/02) ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 136 Version 1.................................................................................................................................... 133 Version 3............40 Changes (9/96) ...51 Changes (9/97) ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 118 Example Problem APP_P ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 135 Version 1.................................................................................................................................. 133 Version 3..........10 Changes (5/00) ........................ 134 Version 2......... 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 .............................................. 125 Appendix C .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 127 * CSA Standards ................................................................. 122 API Data Set...................30 Changes (9/10) .....................................55 Changes (10/05) ........... 117 Example Problem APP_K .......................................................................................... 121 English Text Set .............. 134 Version 2....................................................40 Changes (7/02) .......................................................................................... 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) ............................................................................................... 129 * Unknown For API-653 .......... 118 Example Problem SSC1 ............ 131 Appendix E ........................................60 / 2.............................................. 117 Example Problem A_WC ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output ................20 Changes (9/09) ........................... 117 Example Problem O_WC .......................................................................................................00 Changes (1/99).............................................................. 115 Examples .............................. 114 API-650 External Pressure Output ...................... 118 Example Problem B&Y ............ 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ................................ 128 * National Standards .................................. 127 * ASTM Standards .............................................................................................................................20 Changes (9/00) ................. 133 Version 2........................... 121 Help & Error Processing Set ..................... 123 Appendix B ............................................................................................. 134 Version 2.................. 122 Examples Data Set .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Version 3....................................................................... 136 Version 1...............Default Configuration Directives ...................................................... 128 * ISO 630............................................................................ 121 Main Set ...................................00 Changes (11/07) .......................... 134 Version 2................................................................................................................................................................................................................................50 Changes (5/97) ................ 119 Appendix A . 129 Appendix D ........Program File List ................................................................................... 118 Example Problem TEST1 .............................................................Standard Units Systems.... 135 Version 1...................................................................................... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 .. 118 Example Problem SEIS01.......................................................................................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Version 2........................................................................10 Changes (9/08) ..List of Materials .......Revision History .50 Changes (3/04) ..

. 137 (11/94) ............................................................................................................ 138 Appendix F .................31 Changes Version 1......30 Changes Version 1.............. 139 Index ...........................................................10 Changes (2/96) ........................20 Changes Version 1........................................................Selected References ......................................................................................................................... 138 (6/94) ......................................................................... 137 (8/95) ............................................ 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ..Contents Version 1..................................................................................................................................................

TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input. and operation of the program. configuration.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes.com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 . input validation to avoid run time errors. To that end. rely on the help system. fax. Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade. cell specific help for guidance and information. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users. and by mail. e-mail. TANK support is available by telephone. when in doubt. It is expected.com Web: www.coade. which can be launched by pressing F1. the web site. Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. economical. Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible. that questions focus on the current version of the program. and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution. and expeditious designs. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation. however. However.

which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user. When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific.Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section. Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1. the appropriate information displays in an interactive window. After the help system has been activated. Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system. Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file. the help text includes the expected input units in the title line.

Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file. Creating Units Sets . In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells. Reviewing Output . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 .09375. After the review of a specific error message is complete. subtraction. assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files . The four basic math operations (addition. TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation. and division) are supported in the input cells. Selecting a Units File .New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units.Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system. Upon exit from the diagnostic utility. This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis. The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog.Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program. see Appendix B . These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch). the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary. there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis. multiplication. This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system. and finally reports the problem to you. the program attempts to trap the error. A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files. This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach.Standard Units Systems (on page 125). For example. For more information on the four standard supplied units systems. Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module. When such a fatal condition occurs. a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0. In some instances additional sets may be required.Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK. Even though TANK validates your input data. user control is returned to the Main menu. The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them.

External pressure computations according to Appendix V. Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance. This includes the material data from Table 5. Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S. TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes. These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method.Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices. An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B. Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2. and digitized data from Appendix P. Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M. Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders. including the limiting load interaction diagrams. Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P. Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary.3. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000. Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. Seismic computations according to Appendix E.2. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes. Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. Minimum metal temperature reporting.

Support Forum . The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays.Displays the TANK License Agreement.Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page.Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products. License Agreement . Additional Products . CD Content Additional Installations . Services Training . and all associated documentation. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 .SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK. the system requirements.Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD. Release Notes . Browse the CD .Displays a text file discussing the installation steps.Includes options to install the HASP. Contact Intergraph . and the CD contents.Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products.Launches the main installation process. Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window. The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything. These options include: Install TANK . TANK Information . ReadMe File . insert the CD into the drive.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum. the HASP drivers.Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph. which installs TANK.

12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . double-click CDSpawn.exe in the root CD folder. HASP Trouble Shooting . Professional. 1. Insert the TANK CD into your computer. Installation Instructions .0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs. Windows Vista (Ultimate. If the setup does not start automatically. HASP Licensing Overview .Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing. Hardware Requirements minimum of 2. or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported. Business. Click Install TANK to begin the installation. or Windows 7 (Ultimate. 2. The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed. Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional.Displays a PDF document containing these instructions. or Enterprise).Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System. Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation.Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer.

where <product name> reflects the program name and version. To install the software in another location. Read the license agreement. Click Next to continue. 7. and then click Cancel. 4. -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement. select I accept the terms in the license agreement.Installation 3. click Change. select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement. The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>. If you accept the license agreement. and then click Next. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 . Click Next on the welcome page. 5. 6. You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement.

Select the license type that you have. An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation.Installation 8. If you are using SmartPlant License Manager. select the SPLM license option. Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. If you are using a network ESL key. select the key color. 14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 9. You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run.

10. the status displays.Installation As the installation progresses. After the TANK files have been installed. If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type. Skip to step 11. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 . Click OK. you are not prompted to install the HASP driver. If this dialog does not display. the following dialog box displays. installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run. After successfully installing the HASP device driver. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock.

such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging. Setup. Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . it is a good idea to restart Windows. Command Cmd= setup. with no interaction from you.exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green.Installation 11. Because a device driver was loaded. To launch TANK in silent mode. Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary. Click Yes to reboot your computer now.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR . perform these steps: 1. Issue the installation command as detailed below. Click Finish. Click No to reboot later.The path to load the installation files. 12. Setup. Select Show the readme file to view the readme. 13.doc file. 2. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally.

In order for the network to recognize the ESL. refer to the documentation files NETHASP. Alternatively. The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network.TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions. Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL. because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops). If your computer uses a local ESL. Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . you can skip the remainder of this section.Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs. The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server. Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software). if all of the licenses are on the network ESL. Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers. the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software. The file server is a better location for this ESL. we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL. This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations.TXT and ESL_RED. Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 . The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems.The ESL color. The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs. The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder. A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility. you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL. The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software. The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location. If the network ESL is attached to a workstation.Installation ESL_COLOR .This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT . because the computer is usually always on. The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server). a user must then be logged into the network to access the software.

a correction to the currently shipping version is made. Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released. Build Y contains Build X. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu. When this occurs. its size. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date. This correction is referred to as a Build. Determine which build file you need and download it. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found. and also displays when you click Help > About. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds. In order to alleviate this problem for our users. The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program. Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www.Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static. and distributing the various builds generated between major releases. After the file has been downloaded and installed. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version. The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation. but only one build is required at any given time. This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build. the build is finalized. operating system modifications. However. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking. and the build date.exe. user requests. Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software. A build is intended for one specific version of the software. and posted to the Web site. before the next version can be released. and the date it was created.x<date>. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains.coade. and so on. In addition.com). additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files. operational enhancements. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web. databases grow. archiving. announced. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available. builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated. the version indicator. file formats change. When this occurs. 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. and corrections. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation. In other words. they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda.

and build bevel. When necessary. click COADE EXE Scanner. A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 . This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. follow any prompts. the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level. To see which program modules have been modified. Simply double-click the build file (the exe). Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level.TXT. From the Utility > Tools menu. This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size. which build is in use. This allows you to see. memory requirements. Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package. and the software installation will update appropriately. This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version. on the Main Program menu. you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory. additional usage instructions may be found in this file.Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD. Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released.

if it becomes necessary. This will allow full use of this version at some later time. To reinstall an older version of the software. the distribution CD should be installed first. Patched Version When a new version of the software is released. 20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the last build should be installed.Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. Then. you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release. Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds. Additionally. any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

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Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

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the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory. which may be unique. Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory. Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database .Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients. A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program. Each data directory can contain its own configuration file. the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used. Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list. Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory. Units File . Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored.Select the material file to use. This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients.S.Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module. as well as International shape libraries. Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U. This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews.Specifies the anchor bolt database. Material File . structural shapes and materials. If a data directory does not contain a configuration file. You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command. Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory.Select the units file to use. followed by a scan of the installation directory. Structural Database .

Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input. The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected. For more information. a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu. The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive). you can select one of the Output menu options. see Error Checking (on page 83).you must correct these errors before proceeding. and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above).you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis. After a solution data file is available. select Analyze Only to start the analysis module. For more information on the error checker. analysis is prohibited . it must be error checked. that the program has been properly installed and configured. and control is returned to the main menu.SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual. From here. see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21). Upon completion of the analysis. an intermediate data file is created for analysis. defined. Warning messages are acceptable to the program . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 . It is assumed. The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution. If there are errors in the input data. Assuming that error checking completed successfully. and reviewed. After the input has been defined. Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon. analyzed.

Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports. Focus then returns to the Main menu. From the Start menu. 4.Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session. click TANK. Define the input data. Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only. 2. The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu. quit the output processor. 5. 1. The steps outlined above are summarized below. the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports. 26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Select a job. Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output. 3. As long as the job input parameters remain fixed. either new or old.

and help. The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 . Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition. The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched. or by double clicking the desktop icon. corresponding to the major topics on the menu. analysis. but also include output review (both text and graphics). configuration. The options are arranged in groups. output review. launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu. utility tools. and ESL review.SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start. The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options. diagnostics. the Material Database editor.

Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening. Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk. TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration. and printing the input for a specific job. saving. Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups. each accessed from the menu. Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39).Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job. the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job. The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon. Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 . Upon completion of the input.

written to the .Starts the error checker. with a . Error Check and Analyze .TKE suffix. The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker. see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87). Analyze . The Analyze option is deactivated until the . If the input data successfully passes the error checker. 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . an analysis file for the job is written. and Error Check and Analyze. (grayed out). TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked.TKE file. based on your input parameters. For more information on the analysis processor. and if the input passes the error checker.TKE file is written by the error checker. As each phase is completed. The analysis module performs the solution step.Starts the error checker. automatically starts the solution module. Analyze. Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text. Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83). the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data. or the input data contained errors and no . an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description. cannot be located.Starts the solution module. In any event. either designing a tank or re-rating a tank. Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel.TKE file was generated. Steps not required are disabled. This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed. If the verified problem data.Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check. which produces the output file for the job. Error Check . the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu.

Review Latest Reports .Generates a new set of reports.Starts the graphics processor.Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports. viewing graphical results. the current CPU time and date are used. Local Graphics . Overwrite Reports . at the end of the last set of reports. Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 . in multiple units systems if necessary. shell settlement graphs. in the current units system. the Material Database editor. Time Stamp . For more information on output processing.Creates a new set of output reports. If this data is not specified. see Local Graphics Output (on page 91). in the current units system.Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers. custom units systems. append reports. For viewing text based reports. The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. the batch stream processor and a text file review option. Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created. and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner. and changing the time stamp in the report headers. Append Reports . This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically. Nozzle load interaction diagrams. and review latest reports.Displays the output review control panel. completely replacing any existing reports. three options are available: overwrite reports.

Message File . The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter.Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis. Calculator . Material Database Editor . File Review . The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. Error Check Log File .Using the Main Menu Configuration . Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis.Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives. Batch Log File .Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase.Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations. This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed. Batch Stream Processor . Custom Units .Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database. The file is created by a prior analysis. There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file.Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data. For details of the program configuration. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter.Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created.Starts Notepad to review a selected data file. the batch log file. The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties. see Program Configuration (on page 21). and the solution message file.

or a virus infection. Corruption could indicate bad distribution media.Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory.Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number. Should a “fatal error” occur. This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations. This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure. If the values do not match. However. the software attempts to invoke this module automatically.Using the Main Menu CRC Check . the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation. This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name. if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 . Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker . This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available. a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed. The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software. then the file has been corrupted in some manner. If a CRC Check error occurs. However. Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module .Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number. clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column.

Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time. Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL. all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu). However. If there is an access problem with the ESL. The ESL is the External Software Lock. which is required to access the software. this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu. Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . most of the Main menu items will be disabled.

These updates encompass changes requested by the client. Receive and Enter Fax Codes . some of this date may require updating in the field. This option is similar to the phone update option. where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL.Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software. or change the client name.TXT file of the information. suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task. and accepting instructions from the user.Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes. Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 . the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored. versioning information. Generate Fax Codes . Occasionally. This information consists of the client name.TXT”. This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel.Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes. date or run limits. except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel. generating data for the user. reset a date. These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified.Starts an interactive procedure. as generated by the Intergraph support staff. Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes. Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a . and the time stamp of the last access. This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information. The file will reside in the program’s \system folder. or by clicking the ESL icon. and ID number. to interact with the user on the telephone. Phone Update . The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx. usually to extend limits.

all options are selected. found in the frame area of the Main menu. The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar. Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . By default. click OK to enable the changes to the ESL. . When all codes have been entered. Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options. Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph.Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid.

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

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Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

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Activates the Grillage Review dialog. Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters. see API 650 External Pressure (App V. course material. and in the text by Brownell & Young. Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65). see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53). course thickness. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis. Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog. Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. For more information. the number of courses. For more information. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell. depending on the tank. pressure. see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78). temperature.TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. fluid specific gravity. This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions. This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification. out-breathing. For more information. see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. As mentioned above. external loads. This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P. This information consists of the diameter. This dialog is an optional input. and fire. This dialog is an optional input. This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. depending on the tank. depending on the tank. 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .7. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E. see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76). see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). and the desired code. the course height. Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. For more information. depending on the tank. see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72). For more information. depending on the tank.) Dialog Box (on page 70). depending on the tank. For more information. For more information. For more information. Section I. For more information. data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed. see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71). Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. This dialog is an optional input. see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters. This dialog is an optional input. fluid depth. Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog. Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . to the General Data dialog. this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically). The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document. The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options. on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters. with the input data. or by clicking the Diskette icon.TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad.HED. users can save the input by using the File menu. any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes. found in the file TITLE. Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog. the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page. We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session. The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar. With TANK. Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog. The first displays the title page. but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too. As with most software programs. there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file. This serves as a good starting point for a tank design. If necessary.

Wind Details. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. For each input cell. Where applicable. the expected units display to the right of the input cell.TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study. This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data. Shell Courses. and Anchor Bolt Details. Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. 42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

This context menu is shown below. in which you can select any valid material from the active database. Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 . used as the default for all individual shell courses. the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below). The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material.TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field.

Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below). which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank. you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database.TANK Input Alternatively. Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu.

the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height.TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material. For stainless materials. as necessary. if necessary. However. for stainless materials. For carbon steels from Table 3-2. all courses acquire the same material. corrosion allowance. Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database. or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. thickness. the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time. as specified on the Tank Data tab. and material test stress can be specified for each shell course. the software displays the Material context menu. on a course-by-course basis. material name. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 . the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog. For stainless steels. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output. as described previously. the program fills in the Sd and St values. When you right-click the Material cell. material design stress. Initially. Therefore.

Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage. The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3). The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs. but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files.TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7.12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank). and may result in the design of required anchorage. TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults. If these times are not defined. Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . API-650 Section 5. if necessary.

subsequent calculations for wind girders. it can only be used in analysis mode. This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank.Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements. seismic. The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation.TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. API Design Code . the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses. If you select A. or Design mode. Where applicable. If the value of the design temperature is changed. API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes. or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code. Appendix F. A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected. Design Pressure at Top . API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C. Run Objective . Select the entry from the list. API-650.Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 .5 psi / 17. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4. Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error. the expected units display to the right of the input cell.Enter the design temperature in the indicated units. The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box.Enter the design pressure in the indicated units.The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file. or Analyze mode. ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights. which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table.2 kPa. but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C. For each input cell. and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses. limits the design pressure to 2. TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method . then the rules of Appendix M are applied. Design Temperature . If you select D. If the design temperature exceeds this limit. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only.

Design Liquid Level (H) . Tank Shell Height (HTK) . this value is used only in the Design case. This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device.50 + k/5 0.As per Appendix A.4.70 0. this value should be entered as zero.70.85 1. and is used in the wind load computations. the joint efficiency should be either 0.TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) . Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] .50 + k/5 0.85 0.85 or 0.85 0.Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder.3. API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown. Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder .Enter the diameter of the tank. The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1.70 0.Enter the height of the design liquid level.6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1. API-653 Section 2. Weight Attachments & Structures .35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A .85 0. the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates.Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation.85 0. If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank. This value should be the sum of the individual course heights. such as for a walk-way.85 0.Enter the total height of the tank shell.70 0.00 0.0 for the Hydrotest case. so the default of 1.Spot RT Appendix A . Liquid Specific Gravity (G) .No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . As per API-650.3. Note.Enter the specific gravity of the fluid. No other computations use this value. enter the actual distance.75 0. This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st .0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations.3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency.00 0. If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell.

to display the same context menu. Default Shell Material . uncheck this checkbox. or open-top tanks. The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53. This selection uses equation 4. 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment .9.Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell.Enter the number of shell courses in the tank.Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 . This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use. select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course.2 includes a wind moment term. After a valid material is selected.As of API-650 9th Edition.11 stability.3.3.3.4. Include Annular Base Plate Details . Insulation Thickness . To properly access a valid material name and its properties.. This selection uses equation 4. Wind Velocity .1. left-click the .Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5. Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4. and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use.6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height. Local Area Shell Only .1. Entire Shell Course Evaluation .As per API-653 Section 4.Turns on an off wind loads on the roof. yield strength.TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded. internal pressure. Due consideration should be given to Section 5. the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F.If the tank will have an annular base ring. Section 5. right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen.3. A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional. uncheck this checkbox. this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box. The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank. The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course.3.This field displays the material name. Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954.2 Calculations .7.7.b. If the tank will not have an annular base ring. check this checkbox.1a..11 Wind Pressure . wind gust.9. If the material varies over the shell courses. This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary. grade. tensile strength. which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height.Enter the density of the tank insulation. Insulation Density .As per API-653 Section 4. (d) Single lap welded only. Number of Shell Courses .1. Alternatively.a. These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment . activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course. its allowable stresses.3. check this checkbox. To include the wind moment term.Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank. Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank. To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition).1. Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form.3.3. which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height.

the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Thickness . You can use the options on this tab to change the material.Represents the allowable test stress.6.Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units. on a course-by-course basis.6. If necessary. SSD1 through SSD5 . For this reason.Enter the thickness for the current shell course. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously. If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness.1. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5. Hydro Test Stress .1). referred to as St in the API code. If this cell is left blank. if necessary. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. For stainless steels.TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses. Material Design Stress . the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. If it is constant.1. the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses.Represents the allowable design stress. since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead. These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value. If this cell is left blank. If necessary. these values will be interpolated during the solution phase. the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5. this value will be displayed as zero.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. If it is constant. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. Table S-2. referred to as Sd in the API code. If it is constant.Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S. If this cell is left blank for the first course. If this cell is left blank. Height . the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero.1. For stainless steels. Corrosion Allowance .

1250 1.2500 2.Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7.0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments.Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7.0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4. Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter . If entered. it will be evaluated using this data.Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7. TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults. I .5000 0.5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 .7500 0. If these times are not defined. Gust Factor . If left blank.0000 2.0. the value defaults to 1.Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage.8750 1.95 (the default) for this parameter.5000 1. the value defaults to 0.5000 2. This value should be 1. the value defaults to 1. Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0.3750 1. Kd . Kz .Enter the wind speed up factor for hills. If left blank.0000 1. If left blank. and the anchorage is necessary.04.7500 2.TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. In order to size the anchor bolts.6250 0.Enter the wind directionality factor.7500 3. This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage.2500 1. API 650 recommends a value of 0. Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units. Threads per Unit Length . Kzt .5 4.12.85. the thread pitch is necessary. This is an optional entry. The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch.The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5.

5000 3.4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0. If the software redesigns the anchorage. Section F. Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance . API-650.12. If this value is left blank. an offset of 0.For evaluation of an existing anchorage. Number of Anchor Bolts . the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5.12.7. but is maintained for compatibility with older input files. The software internally multiplies this value by 2.Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle.TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value. 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . As a result. Bolt Yield Stress . This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank. enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage. this value is no longer used.Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5.Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650.25 inches.2500 3.0 is used. the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration. Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter .Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts. the bolt allowable stress was required input.7500 4. This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. As of this addendum.0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress .

Data entered in these fields will not be saved. and then click Compute. This data is used in further analysis. To use this scratchpad. Supported Cone Roof Data. The Net Area Scratchpad (F. the top half of this dialog must be filled out. This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof. The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs. Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below. Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design. wind over turning. a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made. and Girder Rings. or a supported cone roof will be designed. define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k).TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. such as seismic analysis. Note that this is a scratchpad.2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box. This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 . and maximum allowed pressure. At this point. The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box.

and columns. in the usage of the various structural types. the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database. For the structural and roof plate materials. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. girders. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. and in the available cross sections. This tab.TANK Input If instead. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank. The help system provides guidance here. The allowed cross sections vary. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab. shown below. depending on the active structural library. a supported cone roof is to be designed. displays the parameters used in the roof design. the material for the cross sections and roof plate.

Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters. the software can design the rafters. which are supported by girders. Roof Type .Defines the roof type of the tank. the software can design the rafters. Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs. and rafter rings is known. columns and girders. Angle Between Roof & Horizontal . and how many girders make up the ring. column rings. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths. For rafter supported cone roofs. as the number of girder rings.Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction. alternate positioning is desired. Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only. If however. Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. then the members are sized only. General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof. If this information is specified. which are supported by columns. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 . the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab.TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young. All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell.

Roof Live Load . TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally. Weight of Snow on Roof . For supported cone roofs. Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) . if any.10. TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally. Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance . TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally.Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations.Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates. This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented.Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks.2. refer to API-650 Figure F-2.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations. % of Weights Supported by Shell . This value will not be used. If the input value is greater. Specify this estimate in the tc field. The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load. an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required.TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction .Since the analysis hasn’t been performed. This value will not be used. it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed). After the analysis. According to API-650 5. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. the computed roof plate weight is always used. For details.Select the desired cross section. This value should include the corrosion allowance. The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box. TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally. If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here. 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Weight of Roof Framing . Thickness of Bar (tb) . specify the bar thickness in this field. Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) . this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot. corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F.If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar.Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course.Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates. the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations.Enter the area resisting the compressive force.1. or a supported cone roof is being designed. This value will not be used. Weight of Roof Plates . Figure (a-k) . Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) . Thickness of Roof Plate . After the data has been defined. the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations. click Compute. Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved. This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad.Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks.Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations.Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle.2.

WT. girder.TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) . and M. DI. The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below. girder. column rafter. Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) . girder.Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. DC. C. For the 1989 AISC library. Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. column rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. girder. girder.Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. girder. S.Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch. C. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. column rafter. and P. valid types for this cell are: W.

and C. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. CP. UC. girder. girder. column For the 1991 German library. column rafter. taper rafter. girder. column Preferred Girder Type . girder. column For the 1993 UK library. U. girder. column rafter. column For the 1990 South African library. girder. column rafter. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. column rafter. and UC. column rafter. girder. girder. parallel USAGE rafter.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. and T. and CT. valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: IP. column rafter. girder. column CT Channels. girder. girder. HP.Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. girder. girder. 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . valid types for this cell are: UB. T. column For the 1990 Australian library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. valid types for this cell are: I. girder.

T. girder. and C. S. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. girder.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. column rafter. girder. and P. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. DC. WT. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. C. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. girder. girder. column rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 . column rafter. and M. girder. column For the 1993 UK library. column rafter. C. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. UC. girder. girder. DI. column rafter.

girder. column For the 1991 German library. column rafter. column CT Channels. column For the 1990 South African library. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. girder. girder. girder. U. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. valid types for this cell are: IP. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. and CT. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column For the 1990 Australian library. parallel USAGE rafter. girder. column rafter. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. column Preferred Column Type . girder. column rafter. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . girder. HP. CP.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns. valid types for this cell are: I. and UC. and T.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter. column rafter. girder. taper rafter. girder.

These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. and T. girder. DI. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. girder. U. valid types for this cell are: UB. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. column For the 1990 Australian library. girder. column rafter. girder. column rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 . girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: I. girder. UC. column rafter.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. column For the 1991 German library. and C. girder. and P. column rafter. girder. column For the 1993 UK library. column rafter. and M. DC. and UC. column rafter. column rafter. girder. WT. girder. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. S. T. C. C. girder. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library.

girder. a value of zero will be used. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels.. valid types for this cell are: IP. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. parallel Channels. column rafter. girder.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected.. Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress . CP.3 meters). girder.Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary. Typical values for this cell are 20. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. from the center of the tank. Structural Member Material .0 feet /7. this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa).] button. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. For compliance with API-650 Section 3. Structural Member Allowable Design Stress . column rafter. Center Column Cap Plate Diameter . arranged in concentric circles.] button. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. The girders are supported by columns. This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring.1 meters.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected.10. The girders are supported by columns. arranged in concentric circles.Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. Typical values for this cell are 24.0 feet (6. and CT.TANK Input For the 1990 South African library.3 to 9.Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters. In the design of the supported cone roof.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. In the design of the supported cone roof. The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [. taper USAGE rafter. The rafters are oriented along radial lines.3.. 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified.4. Maximum Allowed Rafter Length .1 to 7. girder.0 to 24. Maximum Allowed Girder Length . The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified. column Roof Plate Material .. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings. The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates. HP.0 to 30. If this cell is left blank. column rafter. from the center of the tank. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders.

These entries are optional.TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring . Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input. if the number of girders in any one ring is specified. however. the number of girders in all rings must be also specified. If the location of one girder ring is specified.Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring. This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary.The number of girders in each ring may also be specified. Number of Girders in Ring . Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 . the distance to all girder rings must be defined.

Earthquake Type .Defines SP. where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations. If no value is specified. Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient . the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required.4.2s). spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure). API recommends that this value not exceed 1. Unless otherwise specified. Bottom Plate Thickness . For more information about earthquake types.7. Friction Factor .2 and E. Scaling Factor (Q) . See API-650 Section E. 5% damped.4. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.6. Period (S1) . Site Class .25) only be used for emergency services. %g. which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods. 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .1 for details on the various SUG categories. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.Defines the seismic site class according to Section E. or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I. Importance Factor .Defines S1. Initial Anchorage Type . In this instance. unless specified otherwise by the purchaser.Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted).Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations.Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K). API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0. Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material . II. and III).25. %g. Valid entries for this field are 1. Seismic Use Group .3. Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) .6. 2. the coefficient defaults to 1.Defines Sa0*. %g. Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) .3. which is the design.5.0. 5% damped. Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods . Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) . %g. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank. 5% damped.Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion. Valid choices are A through F.The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser. and that this value (1. Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec. The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7. 5% damped.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.4.Usually this value is 1. Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second. Period (S0) .Defines S0.Defines SDS.5% damping. design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures.TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate .Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material.4.Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E. This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0. Transitional Period (TL) .Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0.Defines Ss. %g. which is the 5% damped. the software will design bolting. refer to API-650 Sections E. in seconds. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0.2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods.

This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I.25 inches (6. Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate . If left blank. Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage. you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate .Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate.Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness. Maximum Allowed Spacing .Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.1. As stated in API-650 5. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 . which is the 5% damped. leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it. this value defaults to zero. design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures. the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate.4.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate. If a value is entered here. If a value is entered. In this case. bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0. %g. This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered. Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate . you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I .TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) .Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members).35mm). Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate .Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.Defines Sa*. Section 7. This value is optional.

This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits. TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses.Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate.TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles. Nozzle Designation / Number . Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate . if available from a pipe stress analysis. Nozzle Outer Diameter .Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle. Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed. These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650.Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle. Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P. NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . If you check Use PVP-1279. the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated. This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks. The data specification can include external piping loads.

Modulus (psi) 28. Instead.1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20. 500. 400. If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel.8E6 28. then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used. reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29. 203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 . 300.5E6 28.0 12.4 12. 25.8E6 28. 300. Modulus of Elasticity .Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient.7E6 27.3E6 7.3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100. 260. 200. 90.87E-6 7.87E-6 7.7 13. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70. 200.7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.0E6 27.25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12.5E6 28.2E6 Expansion Coefficient .67E-6 6.Enter the modulus of elasticity. 400.07E-6 500 27. 200. 150. You can change this value.67E-6 6.TANK Input Delta Temperature . These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1.6E6 26.4E6 26.1E6 500.3E6 27.3E6 27. 29.07E-6 7.25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. if necessary.

resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses. it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations. The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter. If reinforcing on the shell is indicated. This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P. but not actually used in the computations. and Lengsfeld. Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness.Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located. This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 . Hathaitham. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P.Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. 68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Nozzle RePad Thickness .Enter the weight of this nozzle. if necessary.Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations. Applied External Circumferential Moment . Use PVP-1279 . English. You can change this value.The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad. If you specify a pad thickness. if any. This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. acting on the nozzle.A value defined in PVP-1279.Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle. Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 . Applied External Longitudinal Moment .Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle.TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal. Applied External Radial Force . The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. Bardia. by Lengsfeld. The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell.Enter the value of any applied radial force. API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled. This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness. units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet.Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses. Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? . LaBounty. RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 . Taagepera. These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software. Nozzle Weight .

0 for tanks on earth foundations 4. The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade. This value is: 2.0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates. The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing. The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld. The value of C shall be 0.85 if not specified by the purchaser.Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld.Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature.Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank. Factor B . Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 .0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C .TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input. This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full .0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination.25 to a maximum of 1. K = 4. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate .empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis.Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion. Factor K .Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.0. K = 2. The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0. Temperature Difference .Enter the foundation factor.

fc need not be less than 15.35 for single lap welds JEr = 0.Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency .Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe. JEr = 0.Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E.00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0.Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency . However. fc need not be less than 20.JEst.85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) . Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) .) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V.Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .70 for double lap welds JEr = 1. Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) . Where fc = 0.Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency . JEs = 1. Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material .fc.JEr.00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0. This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank.00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) .000 psi (140 MPa). JEst = 1.TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V. 70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .) dialog box is an optional input.70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) . Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) . Where fc = 0.000 psi (103 MPa).85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0.fc.JEs. However.4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners.6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region.

R.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement. Angle Between Measurements .3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank. If this value is left blank. Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference. the shell plate material. The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points. Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) . The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9.5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used. of the roof plate material.2.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points. Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement .3. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 .1m. Roof Dish Radius (R) .f. a default of 29. this limit was 30 feet / 9.Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress . This value must be less than 45-degrees. If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4. Appendix B. in API-653 Section B. Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653. Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle.1. API-653 Appendix B. and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature.Define the Dish Radius of Roof . Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2. use every other point when generating the input. This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs.8 m. This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees.TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) .6m.

4.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit. The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs.1.3. Elevation .7. Bottom.3. Post 3rd Ed. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9.7. and 4. Hydrocarbon Engineering. Post 3rd Ed. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed.1m intervals.3. Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh.2.Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank. Above Ground Storage Tanks.1. Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . obtained from tank inspections. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom. API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data.3. Pre 3rd Ed. 4. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed. each discussed in the following subsections.4. May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers.1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653. This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4.

1 of previous editions of API-653. after repairs.7. on a yearly basis. Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) . This value is measured from the original thickness.4.0. Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) . according to Section 2.1. Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) .As per API-653 Section 2.7. Pre 3rd Ed.As per API-653 Section 2. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 .4.1.4. Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom.7.1. Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) . enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion.0. and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code).As per API-653 Section 4.TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) .1. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate. Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) .4. then this value should be specified as 0.Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates. after repairs.4. If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652). If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651). Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined. this value should be specified as 0. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion.7. Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) . enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code.1.Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates. enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate.7.4.As per API-653 Section 2. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .As per API-653 Section 4. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate.7. on a yearly basis.Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates.

This value is measured from the original thickness.As per API-653 Section 2. This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65).Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates. Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) .As per API-653 Section 2. if specified. on a yearly basis.As per API-653 Section 2.7.1.7.1.4. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0. Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) . (GCa). Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) . enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed.4.4.1. on a yearly basis.1.7. StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).4.0. enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion.1.7. 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area. Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) . The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0.As per API-653 Section 2.7.4. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr).As per API-653 Section 2.TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) . Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) .

Similarly. If this value is left blank. If this value is left blank. and a joint efficiency for each shell course. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. the inspection values of t1 and t2. Additionally. exclusive of pits. if the L location is left blank. Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank.Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. Minimum Thickness . Joint Efficiency . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 . the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course. If the t1 or t2 values are left blank. the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used. "L" is the critical length. In subsequent thickness computations. Lowest Average Thickness .This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations. "L" Location Above Course Bottom .TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L.Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion. they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box. controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis. the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities. the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L".Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region.Enter the average thickness in the "L" region. Use specified shell "L" values? . above the bottom of this course.

as per API-653 Table 2. Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . as well as the environmental factors.TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level. which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses.3. Use specified shell "E" values? .This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations. The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course. This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank. The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998). Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition. Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies.3. Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? . This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed. Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2.3.3.1. Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L".3.3.1. Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2. Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations. This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate.3.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations. Instead.Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course.1. Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed . API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input. the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. When this box is checked. and liquid characteristics. Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2.

3 0.Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API.05 0.025 see note C 1.15 0.0 1.50 0.075 0. see API-2000 Section 4.3.7 11.300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 . For more information.0 0. Boiling Point . see API-2000 Section 4. Filling Rate .8 2.375 0.33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1.5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22.0 2.05 0.5 5 10 15 20 25 1.1.3 0.0 0.0 0.TANK Input Emptying Rate .Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.1.0 0. Liquid Flash Point . Environmental Factor .3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2.3. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4.2.2000.2.1.0 1.2.4 5.67 0.15 0.300 0.Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point.7 3.8 2.375 0.Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.03 0.Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point.40 0.075 0.0 0. For more information.

This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0. After exiting the Scratch-pad. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved. the fluid specific gravity.0 0.03 0. the plate allowable stress.0 1. You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary. you have the option of transferring the diameter. based on the required volume. and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations.5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank.19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0. which consists of the required tank volume. height.025 see note C 1.0 0. the unit cost of plate. There is a minimum amount of user-specified data. and the height and diameter ranges.

The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. contains two slider bars. and new estimates obtained. or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). the input data can be altered. The height of the top course is also reported. Alternatively. If necessary. The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate. as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table.TANK Input After the necessary data is specified. the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 . a report can be printed. When the desired results have been achieved. Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank. Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad. After the scratchpad calculations have been performed. The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition. and four for a height range. the necessary diameter (or height) is presented. you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. as well as the thickness required for each shell course. The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range. This sizing tool. The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. located to the right of the output display. all other courses being equal to the specified input value. you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations.

80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Minimum Tank Height . Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. Average Course Height . and lb/cu.Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank. exclusive of the height range. The height range is independent of the diameter range. Plate Allowable Stress . A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined.Enter the unit cost of the plate material.TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. followed by plate weight and cost.0. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. or KG and KG/cu. Required Volume . For consistent application. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined.cm.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. Fluid Specific Gravity . This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. the minimum value for this entry should be 1.Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes. or KG and KG/cu. exclusive of the diameter range. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined.in.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. The top course may be less than the value specified here. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. followed by plate weight and cost. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. For each height/diameter value. For consistent application. Maximum Tank Height .Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume. The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume. The diameter range is independent of the height range.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. For each height/diameter value. The height range is independent of the diameter range. For each height/diameter value. Minimum Tank Diameter . followed by plate weight and cost. followed by plate weight and cost. since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume.cm. exclusive of the diameter range. Since the tank must be hydrotested. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel.in. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. Cost/Unit Weight of Plate . For each height/diameter value. Maximum Tank Diameter . and lb/cu. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined.Enter the unit cost of the plate material.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 . Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. exclusive of the height range.TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range.

TANK Input

82

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker. Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated. click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. If the summary report shows that errors were found. Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu. the analysis files will not be created. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 . The typical response to this prompt is Yes. the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction. This gives you time to review the message. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition.Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box. the procedure halts until you click Continue. If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. click File > Exit. Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete.

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

The program files used are listed below. maintenance. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes. an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress. and which solution steps are required by the current input data. and enhancement.SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module. After the solution module has been launched. This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files. the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays. A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section. TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 . Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. the major solution steps to the analysis. As each solution step is entered. There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase.

Allowed fluid heights . The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu. Shell weight and center of gravity . As important milestones in the analysis are reached. 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 6.The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements. this is an iterative process.1. Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section. The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries. a diagnostic message is presented to the user. The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs. Wind effect . The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases. This file contains the solution data in binary format.This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination. newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details.The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure. Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases . 4. variable point. Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation. Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details. and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5. the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations. A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required. It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows.The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user.This value is checked according to Section 5. Required shell course thicknesses . their section moduli. the velocity factory. Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22. 2.1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met. The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors. entry into the output processor is not allowed. In the case of the variable point method. and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E. If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank. the message file can be very helpful. Overturning stability . In this instance. and no output (TKO) file exists. 5. In this instance. the analysis module creates the . The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics. 1.9. These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations. 3.6.This thickness is based on the specified design method. Because there is no TKO file.11.The number of girders. All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification. The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials. or Appendix A. Wind girder requirements . 7. some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file. or printed to the system printer.TKO file.Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing. and the overturning moment. either one-foot. This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. control is returned to the Main menu.

test.10. A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity. with the corresponding stress for each load case.4 begins. This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5. Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P .If the roof data has been specified. the Section 5.5 or 5.This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads. if necessary. Section M.10. Following the roof design. the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined. the program will now evaluate. Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B . roof.6. the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M.10. and seismic computations have been completed. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 .Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data . the required number of bolts and the bolt size.12 and determines. and user input).These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I. Following the cycle life calculations. Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations. Service/maintenance computations . Grillage computations . and empty.The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions.These computations are based on API-653 Section 2. API-2000 Venting calculations. Roof evaluation involves weight summations. API-650 Appendix F requirements . Section 7. the bolting requirements are checked. test. The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design.After the actual roof computations are completed.These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement.3 checks are implemented. analyze. Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E . design. The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5. After all sizing. or design the roof. the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated. After the cosine curve is known.

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Return to Main Menu . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 . Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections.Plots the supported cone roof sketch. or modify the input data.Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu. both of these items are grayed out. Plot Nozzles . used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P.Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram. Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch. This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing. the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls. Plot Settlement .Plots the shell settlement data. A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design. Plot Cone Roof . If output is not available for the current job. Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports. nozzle interaction diagrams. The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics. Plot Tank Elevations . After you enter the local graphics mode.SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete.Produces the basic tank sketch. shell settlement plotting. A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results. The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams. and supported cone roof sketches. or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot. These options include both text based reports and graphics. In addition to the menu options. the output options are available. the following icons are also available.

Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank.Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details. 92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. the optimum cosine curve. The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 . The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements. The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points. The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement. The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve. Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations. the out-of-plane deflection. as well as an option to spline the data. Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes. These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization.

test. or user entered. 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded. The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15).either longitudinal or circumferential. which interaction diagram to plot . and which thickness to use .Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P.either design.

as an asterisk. The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads. the interaction point plots at the origin. If the piping loads are not specified. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 .Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point.

the interaction point must plot inside the diagram. 96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P.

Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. A typical roof sketch. . the resulting design can be shown graphically. showing cross section sizes is shown below. structural cross section sizes. Besides the basic roof sketch. These roof sketches are not shown to scale. defining the roof nomenclature. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 . they are provided for information purposes only. and quantities can be noted on the sketch. lengths.

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

This menu lists the available reports.doc exists in the \tank\system folder.Saves the selected reports. Print . When the analysis phase completes. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is. View Report using Microsoft Word . Open . by topic.Prints the selected reports. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 . This option opens a standard File Open dialog. if a file named header.doc file contains the company logo and address details.Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word. its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word.SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports. Save . Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click. showing only those jobs that have output. the Output Report menu displays. The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs.Enables switching to the output of a different job. When you send reports to Microsoft Word. The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window. After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected. The intent is that the header. (Items can be de-selected in the same manner). the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated. Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report.

page number. and program version number. From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings. in general. Next Report . date. 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Previous Report . Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings. in the following sections. Select Font .Turn on or off the page numbering. Disable/Enable Page Numbering .Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box. job name.Displays the previous report. The header contains the user’s name. Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data. Each page of output begins with a header.Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports . Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here. Modify the Starting Page Number .Displays the next report. and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen.Changes the font when printing reports. Select Heading Fonts . time. This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended.Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box. Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user. You can also suppress the ending page number. From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers. major and minor level text. Each of these reports is discussed.Erases the selected reports.

Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data. as well as whether or not roof. This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module. and settlement details were defined. Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined. Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 . seismic.

This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data. Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker.

the material name. The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases. and Appendix M reduction factor are listed. All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified. test allowable stress. For each shell course. For API-653 analysis. including the wind girder height reduction factor. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here. Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program. The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases. The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases. the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course. consisting of the velocity factor. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 . the area exposed to the wind. The next section of the report reflects the material properties used. The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind.Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module . Material.TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module. as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table. design allowable stress. as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1. and the wind moment. It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis. ENGLISH. The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system.

and the center of gravity of the shell. based on API-650 Section 5. Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method. the weight of the shell.11. This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders. The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations. as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell. The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components. Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . If Detail e is required. the b dimension is also included in the report.Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width. The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check". For each wind girder required. the geometry detail and angle size are also reported.

and the rafter length. Note that at the center of the tank. the spacing on the inner girders. the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. This report is shown below. If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed. the number of rafters resting on the inner girders. the radius to each girder ring. the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. This information begins with the number of girder rings. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 . The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates. and the number and length of the girders in each ring. the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero. the spacing on the outer girders. and the design roof load. Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring.Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F. and at the shell.

This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring. the selected cross section.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters. Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the required section modulus. and is shown below. This information includes the unit load on the member. and the actual section modulus.

This information is shown below. allowable compressive stress. and the actual radii of gyration.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. This information begins with the column load. the actual compressive stress. Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 . and required radius of gyration. height. This is followed by the selected cross section.

10. the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction.5.10.6. and the compression ring failure pressure. and either 5. Following the roof design/analysis report. Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components. an API unit.3.10. All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”. are the results of the Appendix F computations. This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight.5 or 5. These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5. This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift.

Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E. These computations were made for three cases: design fluid. and empty. test fluid. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 .

These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness. For each case. test shell thickness. and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input. deflection. and user input thickness. the flexibilities. Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . rotation.Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P.

Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B. and the out-of-plane deflection. the out-of-plane settlement. Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 . This table also includes the settlement measurements. the optimum cosine curve through these measured points. This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points.

The venting report is shown below. outbreathing and fire exposure. This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing.Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4.3 of API-2000. Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

There are two sections to this report. The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases. the required bolt diameter.12. and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases.Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5. The second section shows the required number of bolts. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 .

The report lists the exclusions and checks made.Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M. as well as the number of allowed cycles. Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V.

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ........... Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations........................................................................tki.................. 118 Example Problem B&Y ..................................... Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 .............................. as defined by Appendix A of API-650.....tki.................................................... is located at \examples\o_wc..... 117 Example Problem A_WC . In This Section Example Problem APP_K ................................ 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ............................................................. 118 Example Problem TEST1....... as defined by the One Foot method............. 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 .................. Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations....................... 118 Example Problem SSC1 .................................................................... 118 Example Problem APP_P .......................... 118 Example Problem SEIS01 ............. 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k.........tki..............................SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code................ 117 Example Problem O_WC ........................................ is located at \examples\a_wc............................................................

This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young. (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara. 118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .tki.tki. For more information see the file \examples\b&y.tki. for stainless steel tanks. Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. is located at \examples\sstest1. including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M.tki. Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1. Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1.tki. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations.tki. Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V. Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E.

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Output preprocessor APISOLV.Output report review processor TANK.CHM .Input module help data file API02.EXE .Material database editor OUTPUT.EXE . Main Set APIOUT.EXE file scanner CRCCHK.EXE .Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .EXE .Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.EXE .EXE .Units generation module MATEDIT.Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A.EXE .EXE .Configuration program help data file TKSET02.EXE .Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B.APPENDIX A Appendix A .Input module help pointer file TKER01A.EXE .Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.Main program TKERCK.Solution module COADEXE.EXE .EXE .EXE .EXE .EXE.EXE .DLL .EXE .EXE .Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR.Error check module OUTWORD.Help file TIPS.EXE .Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.Configuration program help pointer file TANK. The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.EXE .TXT .CRC check program MAKEUNIT.

Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.MAT .Messages for output processing TITLE.Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.MAT .SI units file T2A.1988 API-650 material database A650_93.1993 API-650 material database A650_94.ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.MAT .Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.MAT .1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TXT .EXE .HED .MAT .MAT .1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.MAT .MAT .TXT .1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.Millimeter units file MPH.FIL .1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.MAT .Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.2008 API-650 material database AISC89.TXT .2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.MAT .DIG .ENGLISH units file MM.1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.DAT .FIL .Appendix A .MAT .CRC .MAT .2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.2005 API-650 material database A650_08.MAT .MAT .1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.MAT .FIL .Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.Messages for input processor SCREEN3.1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.Data from Table 3-22 XX.EXE .MAT .1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.FIL .Structural database file API650.

Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y.Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 .Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC.TKI .Example seismic computations for Appendix E.Appendix A .Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.TKI .Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1.TKI .Sample input for variable point method APP_P.TKI .TKI .TKI .Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K. SEIS01.TKI .TKI .Example computations for Appendix.TKI .TKI .Stainless steel example SSC1.TKI .Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01.Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1.

Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix A .

APPENDIX B Appendix B .1 . Figure B. You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary.English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 .Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK.

Appendix B .2 .MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .4 .3 .MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.SI Units File Figure B.Standard Units Systems Figure B.

60 A-516.58 A-573.List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database.D A-678.A A-678.55 A-516.B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 .65 A-573.C A-537.A A-131.B A-737.B A-662. When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.65 A-516.APPENDIX C Appendix C .C A-633.B A-131.1 A-537.70 A-662.705 A-516. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.CS A-36 A-131.2 A-633.EH36 A-573.

Appendix C .C E-355.250 NS.21 G40.C E-275t.21 G40.235 NS.21 G40.21 G40.List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .C E-275.D E-355t.D E-275.21 G40.C E-355t.D E-355.21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.275 * ISO 630 E-275t.

Appendix C .List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .

List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix C .

4000+E01 Sect.200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES . 1.Default Configuration Directives Ver. 2.9. 1. 1.FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1. 0. 1.5000000E-02 YES .APPENDIX D Appendix D . 0. 1.1 YES A650_94. 1.7.MAT ENGLISH.3. 1.0000000E+00 . 1.1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO .3000000E+00 . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 .2835648E+00 YES .

Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix D .

Added JIS structural steel shape library. BS3643. South African Bolt.653 3 Edition.30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2. Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights.10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition. th Version 2.20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1. Added several minor changes as requested by users. Version 3. Added a Wind Parameter input dialog.APPENDIX E Appendix E . to provide more information and detail. Version 3. Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 .55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density. Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%.650 10 Edition. Implemented API-653 4th Edition. Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric. rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API . Version 3. Added many “text” changes to the output. Version 3.Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK.00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API .

2 through E. This provides better capability to notify users of software updates. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration. Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad. Version 2.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E.4. Addendum 1. this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section. as a result of Addendum 1.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Version 2. for easier usage. Incorporated API-650 10th Edition.6.50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M. from PVP-1279. Since bolting data is now a required input.1.Appendix E . Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition. Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses.6. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database. Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition. The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E. Version 2.20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary.Revision History Version 2. Revised the output processor. The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1. Addendum 3. Revised documentation.

25 inch plate. in accordance with the recent addendum. Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A.Appendix E .60 / 2. API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum. Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1.10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition.Revision History Version 2.2. A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3. Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power. to include the bottom shell course thickness.4. Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination. Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0.5.00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2. which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches. Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height).2 has been incorporated. Section 3. Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 . This involved removing both A442 materials. Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference.

Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet. Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic. API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates. permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses.50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file.51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated.40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition. Previous versions treated zero as a blank. Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added. Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added. Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations.Revision History Version 1. Addendum 2 changes incorporated. this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database. This ability has been added for Version 1. Note. Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations. The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero. now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1. Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports. A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E. versions prior to 1. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included. Version 1.50. Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory.Appendix E .3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress. Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added.5. Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated. First. Version 1. Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added. Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases).50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated.

9.1. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization.Appendix E . Bolt design references to standard bolt size table. A material database editor is provided. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module.2. Version 1. The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary.7.31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added.5. Consideration of Section 17.1. “Variable Point” location reported.1 added. Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3.Revision History Version 1. API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified.8 added. Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3. Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment. Bold design procedure for Section 3. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated.10. Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added. A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available. Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3.e has been added.1. test.10.1.5. Additionally the weights for operating.4.3.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs. and empty conditions are reported. Mouse support has been added to all modules.3 is reported.6.11 added. the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3. API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2.8. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 . Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module.

The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations. Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell.Revision History Version 1.FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour. and a segregation of program and system files.Appendix E . and square roots.0 and L/2a=1. For API-653 runs. an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added. Version 1. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes.11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added. Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young. trigonometric functions. there was no interpolation between curves. Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design.11. An additional "English" units file is provided.11 and Appendix E computations. Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads. This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections. PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports. This units file. The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1. Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case. a network hardware lock.5 curves. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P. squares. This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives. Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3. Version 1. For API-653 analysis. Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program. which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file. Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E. and the setting of the default output report generation parameters. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .6 added. A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs. Several new configuration directives have been added. A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu.0 used one or the other set of curves. MPH. The calculator supports the basic four math operations.

1977. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. Bardia. PVP-1279. Bardia. Malik. ASME 1996. November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653. and Hagstrom. Smith. ASME 1995. and Lambe. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules. Hathaitham. Swenson. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks. and Taagepera. August 1980. America Petroleum Institute. Marr. Taagepera. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement. Carucci & Ay. Myers. Lengsfeld. ASME 1995.APPENDIX F Appendix F . Improve Storage Tank Inspections. June 1990. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. November 1978. Hendrix & Carucci. John Wiley & Sons. PVP Vol 315. Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. Vol 12. Fifth Edition. and Fenton. API-620. and Horwege. Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. and Ruiz. August 1996. API-2000. McGraw-Hill. ASME. American Petroleum Institute. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. Morton. January 1995. PVP Vol 315. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology.Selected References API-650. Transactions of the ASME. Eighth Edition. Hydrocarbon Processing. April 1998. Above Ground Storage Tanks. Koczwara. October 1996. Lu. American Petroleum Institute. FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. Brownell & Young. Journal of Strain Analysis. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 . Lengsfeld. and Lengsfeld. No 4. Ramos. An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks.. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. PVP Vol 336. Philip E. Vol 108. 1997. Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. American Petroleum Institute. PVP Vol 336. Tenth Edition. LaBounty. Hydrocarbon Processing. F. August 1980. Hydrocarbon Processing. Vol. Lengsfeld. A. Parikh. Billimoria. 1959. August 1982. Inc. 2002. Bardia and Taagepera. Process Equipment Design. Osage. Third Edition. Billimoria and Tam. 118. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). Revise Storage Tank Inspections. ASME 1996.

Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix F .

Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30. 83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9. 83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V.Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old.List of Materials • 127 Appendix D .) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A .Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C .Revision History • 133 Appendix F . Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 .Program File List • 121 Appendix B .Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E .

87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87.Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31. 121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2.Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1. Material.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1.60 / 2.55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3. 76 Version 1.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2.50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2.20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 .31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1.10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2. 99.20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1.40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2. Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42.10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1.20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2.40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind.10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3. 125 Units • 9 units files • 24.