Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

U.S. Government Restricted Rights Legend
Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS 252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3. Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Intergraph Corporation P.O. Box 240000 Huntsville, AL 35813 Street address: 170 Graphics Drive, Madison, AL 35758

Terms of Use
Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

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All warranties given by Intergraph Corporation about equipment or software are set forth in the EULA provided with the software or applicable license for the software product signed by Intergraph Corporation, and nothing stated in, or implied by, this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification or amendment of such warranties. Intergraph believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date. The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document. The software discussed in this document is furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of this license. No responsibility is assumed by Intergraph for the use or reliability of software on equipment that is not supplied by Intergraph or its affiliated companies. THE USER OF THE SOFTWARE IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE FINAL EVALUATION AS TO THE USEFULNESS OF THE SOFTWARE IN HIS OWN ENVIRONMENT. Intergraph is not responsible for the accuracy of delivered data including, but not limited to, catalog, reference and symbol data. Users should verify for themselves that the data is accurate and suitable for their project work.

Trademarks
Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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........................................................ 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches .......................................................................................................................................................................... 103 Wind................................................................................................................... 100 User Input Data ...................................................................................... 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box ...................................................................................................... 105 Seismic Analysis Results ......................................................... 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box ............................. 99 Output Report Discussions .............................................. 87 Solution Overview .............................................. 92 Shell Settlement Plots ................................................... 88 Local Graphics Output ............ 85 Analysis/Solution Phase.................................................................................................................. 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Material........ 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) .................... 84 Completing the Error Check Phase ............. 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) ................................................................................... 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .................Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ................................................................................................................. 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.................................................................................................................................................. 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box ................... 112 API-650 Bolting Report ......................................................... 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data ........................................... 70 Shell Settlement Data ...................................................... 97 Output Report Generation ...................................................................................................................................... Thickness & Weights ................................. 80 Error Checking .......................... 103 Roof Evaluation ............................................................... 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results ...................) Dialog Box ................................................................... 100 Job Title Page ................................................................................................................................ 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box ..................................................... 87 TANK Program Files ................................................................. 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box .............................................................................................................................. 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V.............................................................................................................................................................................................. 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ................................................................................... 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ............................................................................................ 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ........................................................................ 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ............................................................................................................................. 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .................. 110 Settlement Checks ......... 83 Warning & Error Options .................................... Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) .......................... 101 Error Checker LOG File .................................. 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)............. 91 Tank Layout Sketch .............................. 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box .................................................... 102 Solution Module TXT File ............................................................................................................... 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad . 111 API-2000 Venting Output ............................................................................................................................................................ 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)........................................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................................................................20 Changes (9/00) .................................40 Changes (7/02) ....................................................... 121 Main Set ...........................51 Changes (9/97) .............. 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ...........................................................................................10 Changes (9/08) ............................................ 127 * ASTM Standards ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) ............................................................................... 133 Version 3.........................................................................................Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output .............................................................................30 Changes (2/02) ............................................................ 134 Version 2....................................................................................... 135 Version 1.................................................................................20 Changes (9/09) ..............................40 Changes (9/96) ...........................................................50 Changes (3/04) ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 127 * CSA Standards .............................................................................00 Changes (1/99)................................................................................................................ 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 ........................................................ 118 Example Problem APP_P ...............................................................................................50 Changes (5/97) ............................................................ 136 Version 1.............. 118 Example Problem TEST1 ..................... 125 Appendix C .................................................................................... 129 * Unknown For API-653 ..................................................................................... 121 English Text Set ........................... 131 Appendix E .................................................. 128 * ISO 630............................................................................. 121 Help & Error Processing Set ................................................ 134 Version 2.................................................................... 117 Example Problem A_WC ........................ 118 Example Problem B&Y ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 122 API Data Set................. 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Version 2........................10 Changes (5/00) .................. 119 Appendix A ..................................................................................55 Changes (10/05) .................. 123 Appendix B .................................................. 117 Example Problem APP_K .............................. 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ..................................................................................................................60 / 2.... 134 Version 2..................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Version 3..... 136 Version 1............................................................................................. 117 Example Problem O_WC .................................................................. 133 Version 3...................... 133 Version 2............ 133 Version 3.................................... 135 Version 1..................................................................... 134 Version 2............................................Program File List ........... 115 Examples .............................................................00 Changes (11/07) ........................................... 118 Example Problem SEIS01..............................................................................Default Configuration Directives ......................................... 128 * National Standards ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................List of Materials ....................... 118 Example Problem SSC1 ...................... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 .............................. 122 Examples Data Set ........................................................................................... 114 API-650 External Pressure Output ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................30 Changes (9/10) ................................................................................................................................................................... 129 Appendix D .........................................................................................Standard Units Systems......Revision History .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................

............................................................. 138 Appendix F ..............................................................................................................31 Changes Version 1...................................................................................................................................................30 Changes Version 1...................................................... 138 (6/94) ...........10 Changes (2/96) ...... 139 Index ..20 Changes Version 1.........................Selected References ................. 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ........................................................................................................... 137 (11/94) ............................................. 137 (8/95) ..........................Contents Version 1............................................................

input validation to avoid run time errors. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users. and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution. e-mail. TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input. the web site.coade. TANK support is available by telephone. economical. Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible. and by mail. Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade. when in doubt. To that end. configuration. that questions focus on the current version of the program. However. rely on the help system. which can be launched by pressing F1. and operation of the program. fax.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes. Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation.com Web: www. cell specific help for guidance and information. It is expected. however.com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 . and expeditious designs.

the appropriate information displays in an interactive window. Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user. These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file. After the help system has been activated.Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1. Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system. Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section. the help text includes the expected input units in the title line. When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific.

and division) are supported in the input cells. the program attempts to trap the error. For example.Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file. see Appendix B .New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units. subtraction. For more information on the four standard supplied units systems.Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK. A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files. there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis. This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system. This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach. a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0. Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 .Standard Units Systems (on page 125). These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch). Reviewing Output . In some instances additional sets may be required. Upon exit from the diagnostic utility. Even though TANK validates your input data. the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary.Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program. The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog. assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database. user control is returned to the Main menu. This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis. and finally reports the problem to you. The four basic math operations (addition. multiplication. The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them. TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation.Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system. When such a fatal condition occurs. After the review of a specific error message is complete.09375. Creating Units Sets . Selecting a Units File . In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files .

2. Seismic computations according to Appendix E. Minimum metal temperature reporting.3. Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S. Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance. TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes. and digitized data from Appendix P. An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279. Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M. Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. This includes the material data from Table 5. including the limiting load interaction diagrams. Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P.Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices. Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method. Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . External pressure computations according to Appendix V. Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B. Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M.

Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products. License Agreement .Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum. Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window.Launches the main installation process.Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD.Displays a text file discussing the installation steps.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page.Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK.SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK. TANK Information . Release Notes . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 . The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything. Contact Intergraph . These options include: Install TANK . Support Forum .Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products. which installs TANK. Services Training . ReadMe File . and the CD contents.Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph.Displays the TANK License Agreement. Browse the CD .Includes options to install the HASP. The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays. Additional Products . CD Content Additional Installations . and all associated documentation. the system requirements. insert the CD into the drive. the HASP drivers.

Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional. 1. HASP Trouble Shooting . Insert the TANK CD into your computer. The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed. Business. Professional. Installation Instructions . Windows Vista (Ultimate. Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation. double-click CDSpawn. Click Install TANK to begin the installation.0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs. or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported.Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer. 2.Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System. Hardware Requirements minimum of 2. or Windows 7 (Ultimate. If the setup does not start automatically.exe in the root CD folder. or Enterprise). 12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing. HASP Licensing Overview .Displays a PDF document containing these instructions.

The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>. Click Next on the welcome page. where <product name> reflects the program name and version. 7.Installation 3. click Change. Read the license agreement. and then click Next. Click Next to continue. To install the software in another location. 5. 6. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 . -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement. select I accept the terms in the license agreement. You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement. and then click Cancel. 4. If you accept the license agreement. select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement.

select the SPLM license option. select the key color. Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. Select the license type that you have.Installation 8. 14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run. If you are using a network ESL key. If you are using SmartPlant License Manager. An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation. 9.

Click OK. Skip to step 11. After the TANK files have been installed. you are not prompted to install the HASP driver. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 .Installation As the installation progresses. If this dialog does not display. After successfully installing the HASP device driver. the status displays. If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock. installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run. the following dialog box displays. 10.

2.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR .Installation 11. Setup. Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs. it is a good idea to restart Windows. Click Yes to reboot your computer now. 13. Click No to reboot later. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally. Issue the installation command as detailed below.doc file. Command Cmd= setup. Because a device driver was loaded. Click Finish. with no interaction from you. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD. Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary. 12. such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging. To launch TANK in silent mode. Select Show the readme file to view the readme. perform these steps: 1. Setup.The path to load the installation files.exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green.

the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software. The file server is a better location for this ESL. Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server). Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers. If your computer uses a local ESL. Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. Alternatively.TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions. we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL.This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT .Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs. The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder. A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility. The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network. you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL. refer to the documentation files NETHASP. because the computer is usually always on. because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops). if all of the licenses are on the network ESL. The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server. Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software). a user must then be logged into the network to access the software. The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software. If the network ESL is attached to a workstation. The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs.TXT and ESL_RED. The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems.The ESL color.Installation ESL_COLOR . This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations. The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 . Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL. you can skip the remainder of this section. In order for the network to recognize the ESL.

and the build date. However. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking. Determine which build file you need and download it. user requests. and the date it was created. they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains. When this occurs. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available. and corrections. but only one build is required at any given time. before the next version can be released. additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement. operating system modifications. and also displays when you click Help > About. file formats change. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version. When this occurs. and distributing the various builds generated between major releases. databases grow. its size. operational enhancements. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu.coade. 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and posted to the Web site. In other words. Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software. In addition. This correction is referred to as a Build.exe. Build Y contains Build X. A build is intended for one specific version of the software. archiving.com).Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static. the version indicator. announced.x<date>. After the file has been downloaded and installed. Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program. builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated. Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds. Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www. The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date. In order to alleviate this problem for our users. a correction to the currently shipping version is made. This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web. the build is finalized. and so on. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation.

the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level.TXT. When necessary. which build is in use. Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package. Simply double-click the build file (the exe). click COADE EXE Scanner. This allows you to see. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 . follow any prompts. you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory. This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size. on the Main Program menu. and the software installation will update appropriately. Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released. This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version. Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level. To see which program modules have been modified. and build bevel. memory requirements.Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD. A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. From the Utility > Tools menu. additional usage instructions may be found in this file.

Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD. Additionally. if it becomes necessary. the distribution CD should be installed first. This will allow full use of this version at some later time. the last build should be installed. Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds. To reinstall an older version of the software. 20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release. Then. Patched Version When a new version of the software is released.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

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Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

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Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients. the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used. You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command. Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database . Units File . The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory. Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U. structural shapes and materials.Select the units file to use. the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory. This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients. A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program.Select the material file to use. Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units. Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored. This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews.S. followed by a scan of the installation directory. Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list. Structural Database . If a data directory does not contain a configuration file. as well as International shape libraries. Material File . Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory. Each data directory can contain its own configuration file.Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module.Specifies the anchor bolt database. which may be unique. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory.

it must be error checked. analysis is prohibited . Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input. From here. analyzed. select Analyze Only to start the analysis module. see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21).you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis.you must correct these errors before proceeding. a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu. Assuming that error checking completed successfully. see Error Checking (on page 83). The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected.SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual. The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution. If there are errors in the input data. The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive). you can select one of the Output menu options. and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above). Warning messages are acceptable to the program . and reviewed. defined. After a solution data file is available. and control is returned to the main menu. Upon completion of the analysis. After the input has been defined. Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon. For more information on the error checker. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 . an intermediate data file is created for analysis. It is assumed. that the program has been properly installed and configured. For more information.

As long as the job input parameters remain fixed. 1. quit the output processor. either new or old.Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session. 2. Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports. Define the input data. Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output. 26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 3. 4. From the Start menu. The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu. Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only. Focus then returns to the Main menu. the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports. The steps outlined above are summarized below. click TANK. Select a job. 5.

but also include output review (both text and graphics).SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start. and help. Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition. or by double clicking the desktop icon. launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu. corresponding to the major topics on the menu. analysis. utility tools. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 . output review. The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK. configuration. diagnostics. The options are arranged in groups. and ESL review. The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options. The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched. the Material Database editor.

saving.Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening. Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk. and printing the input for a specific job. TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration. Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

each accessed from the menu. The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 .Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job. Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39). Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen. Upon completion of the input. The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon. the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job.

Analyze. written to the . Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83). and if the input passes the error checker. Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel. TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked. Error Check .TKE file was generated. Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text. with a . The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker.Starts the solution module. see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87).TKE file is written by the error checker. cannot be located. the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data. This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed. an analysis file for the job is written. In any event. For more information on the analysis processor. If the input data successfully passes the error checker.Starts the error checker. Analyze . Error Check and Analyze .Starts the error checker. or the input data contained errors and no . the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu. Steps not required are disabled. The analysis module performs the solution step. As each phase is completed. If the verified problem data. automatically starts the solution module. which produces the output file for the job. based on your input parameters. The Analyze option is deactivated until the . and Error Check and Analyze.TKE suffix. either designing a tank or re-rating a tank. (grayed out). an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description.Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check. 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TKE file.

the Material Database editor. The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. in multiple units systems if necessary. append reports.Creates a new set of output reports. the current CPU time and date are used. For more information on output processing. and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner. see Local Graphics Output (on page 91).Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports. Append Reports . completely replacing any existing reports.Starts the graphics processor. Review Latest Reports . Overwrite Reports .Generates a new set of reports. viewing graphical results. If this data is not specified. Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 .Displays the output review control panel. and review latest reports. Nozzle load interaction diagrams. custom units systems. and changing the time stamp in the report headers. at the end of the last set of reports. shell settlement graphs.Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers. the batch stream processor and a text file review option. in the current units system. Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created. This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically. Time Stamp . three options are available: overwrite reports. in the current units system. For viewing text based reports. Local Graphics .

see Program Configuration (on page 21). Message File . For details of the program configuration.Using the Main Menu Configuration .Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data. Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . File Review . Calculator . The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter. Material Database Editor . Custom Units .Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives.Starts Notepad to review a selected data file.Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis. The file is created by a prior analysis.Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis. Error Check Log File . There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file. the batch log file.Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. Batch Log File .Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter.Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database. and the solution message file. This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed.Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations. Batch Stream Processor . The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties.

However. or a virus infection. However. Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module . Should a “fatal error” occur.Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory.Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number. Corruption could indicate bad distribution media. If the values do not match. a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed. then the file has been corrupted in some manner. the software attempts to invoke this module automatically. This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available. clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column. This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure. This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name.Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number. the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation. If a CRC Check error occurs.Using the Main Menu CRC Check . if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 . The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software. This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations. Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker .

all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu). most of the Main menu items will be disabled. If there is an access problem with the ESL. this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu. Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . However. which is required to access the software. Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL. The ESL is the External Software Lock.Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time.

and the time stamp of the last access. These updates encompass changes requested by the client. or by clicking the ESL icon. Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes. The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task. except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel. This option is similar to the phone update option. Generate Fax Codes .TXT”.Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software. where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL. or change the client name. suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. Phone Update . Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a . The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx.Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes. This information consists of the client name. Receive and Enter Fax Codes .Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes. and accepting instructions from the user. This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel. The file will reside in the program’s \system folder. reset a date. This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information. date or run limits. and ID number. Occasionally. versioning information. generating data for the user. to interact with the user on the telephone.TXT file of the information. the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored.Starts an interactive procedure. Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 . These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified. as generated by the Intergraph support staff. some of this date may require updating in the field. usually to extend limits.

Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid. Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph. . Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options. Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . found in the frame area of the Main menu. The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar. By default. click OK to enable the changes to the ESL. all options are selected. When all codes have been entered.

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

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Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

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For more information. Activates the Grillage Review dialog. Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. and fire. Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog. Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification. course material. For more information. Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. Section I. 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . course thickness. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell.) Dialog Box (on page 70). depending on the tank. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis. see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog. This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters. For more information. This dialog is an optional input. Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. depending on the tank. For more information. For more information. see API 650 External Pressure (App V. depending on the tank. out-breathing. fluid specific gravity. For more information. This information consists of the diameter. see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). the course height. data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78).7. The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. pressure. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P. see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76). This dialog is an optional input. see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing. the number of courses. As mentioned above. For more information. Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog. see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65).TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. depending on the tank. and in the text by Brownell & Young. This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions. This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. and the desired code. For more information. For more information. fluid depth. This dialog is an optional input. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E. Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog. depending on the tank. temperature. This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters. Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. external loads. For more information. depending on the tank. Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog. see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72). This dialog is an optional input. see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53). see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71). The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. This dialog is an optional input.

The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar. If necessary. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog. the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page. As with most software programs. on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters. The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options. any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes. found in the file TITLE.TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad. to the General Data dialog. or by clicking the Diskette icon. this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. This serves as a good starting point for a tank design. but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too. Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog. there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file. The first displays the title page. users can save the input by using the File menu.HED. The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document. with the input data. We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session. With TANK. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically).

42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. Where applicable. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. and Anchor Bolt Details. Shell Courses. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. For each input cell.TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study. Wind Details. This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data.

This context menu is shown below.TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field. Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 . the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below). in which you can select any valid material from the active database. The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material. used as the default for all individual shell courses.

which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank.TANK Input Alternatively. Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu. you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database. the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below). Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog. and material test stress can be specified for each shell course. as described previously. if necessary. as necessary. When you right-click the Material cell. For stainless steels. Therefore. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material. the software displays the Material context menu. For stainless materials. The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output. corrosion allowance. for stainless materials. Initially. the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. thickness. material design stress. all courses acquire the same material. as specified on the Tank Data tab. the program fills in the Sd and St values. on a course-by-course basis. However. material name. Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database. For carbon steels from Table 3-2. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 .TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses.

Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage. and may result in the design of required anchorage. The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs. but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files.12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank). If these times are not defined. TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults. Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. API-650 Section 5. The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3). if necessary.

limits the design pressure to 2. seismic. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4.Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements. API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only. API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes. Appendix F. If the design temperature exceeds this limit. or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code. Run Objective . Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error. subsequent calculations for wind girders. The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation. TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method .2 kPa. If you select A. Design Temperature . which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. it can only be used in analysis mode. Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line. If you select D.Enter the design pressure in the indicated units. API Design Code . and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses. or Analyze mode. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. or Design mode. ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights. Select the entry from the list. Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks. then the rules of Appendix M are applied. API-650. This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank. For each input cell. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 . Where applicable. Design Pressure at Top .Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input.TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box. If the value of the design temperature is changed.The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file.5 psi / 17.Enter the design temperature in the indicated units. the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected.

Liquid Specific Gravity (G) .Enter the height of the design liquid level.85 0. and is used in the wind load computations. This value should be the sum of the individual course heights.00 0.Enter the specific gravity of the fluid.35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A .Enter the total height of the tank shell. Weight Attachments & Structures . Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder . this value is used only in the Design case. Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] .Enter the diameter of the tank.70 0. This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device.75 0.3.85 0.85 1.50 + k/5 0. the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates. If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell. the joint efficiency should be either 0. such as for a walk-way.6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1. so the default of 1.3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency. Tank Shell Height (HTK) .4.85 or 0.As per Appendix A.70 0. enter the actual distance. Design Liquid Level (H) . this value should be entered as zero.70.85 0.00 0. If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank. As per API-650. API-653 Section 2. API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown. This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st .50 + k/5 0. Note.No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .85 0.TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) .Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder.Spot RT Appendix A . The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1.3.0 for the Hydrotest case. No other computations use this value.Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation.70 0.0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations.85 0.

Enter the number of shell courses in the tank.. right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen. activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course. Number of Shell Courses .3.This field displays the material name. This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary. Entire Shell Course Evaluation .1. Include Annular Base Plate Details .Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell.2 includes a wind moment term.1. If the material varies over the shell courses. Due consideration should be given to Section 5. Wind Velocity . The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course. Local Area Shell Only . which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height.3.7. its allowable stresses. internal pressure. Alternatively.3.3. If the tank will not have an annular base ring.. To include the wind moment term. (d) Single lap welded only.9.3. Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form.1a. which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height. After a valid material is selected. grade.11 Wind Pressure . uncheck this checkbox. A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional. check this checkbox. or open-top tanks.7.1. The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53. Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954.TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded.As of API-650 9th Edition. Default Shell Material . Insulation Density . tensile strength. the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F.b.Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank.If the tank will have an annular base ring. uncheck this checkbox.3. select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course. Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4.6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height.4. To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition).a.As per API-653 Section 4.Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5. This selection uses equation 4.11 stability. left-click the . wind gust.Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 . This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use. and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use. this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box. Section 5.3. Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank.1. 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment .9. These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment . Insulation Thickness . The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank. to display the same context menu.2 Calculations . yield strength.3.Turns on an off wind loads on the roof.As per API-653 Section 4.Enter the density of the tank insulation. To properly access a valid material name and its properties. check this checkbox. This selection uses equation 4.

if necessary. Table S-2. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. If necessary. Thickness . SSD1 through SSD5 . Corrosion Allowance .TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses. 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses.Enter the thickness for the current shell course. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead. Height . the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero. If it is constant. If it is constant.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n. If this cell is left blank. referred to as Sd in the API code. For stainless steels.Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5.Represents the allowable design stress. on a course-by-course basis. the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. this value will be displayed as zero.1.6. For this reason. Material Design Stress . the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database.1). If this cell is left blank for the first course. For stainless steels. these values will be interpolated during the solution phase. If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value.1. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. If it is constant. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5.6.Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units. referred to as St in the API code. The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously. If necessary.Represents the allowable test stress. the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. If this cell is left blank.1. Hydro Test Stress . If this cell is left blank.

the thread pitch is necessary.3750 1.6250 0. Kd .0000 1.5000 1.TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. and the anchorage is necessary.1250 1.0000 2.Enter the wind directionality factor.95 (the default) for this parameter.85. Kz .Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage. If these times are not defined.The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5.5000 2. If left blank. I .5 4. TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults.12. This is an optional entry. Gust Factor .7500 3.0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4.0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments.Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7. Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter .5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 . Threads per Unit Length . API 650 recommends a value of 0. This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. In order to size the anchor bolts. the value defaults to 0. If left blank. This value should be 1.2500 1.04. the value defaults to 1.Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7.5000 0.Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7. Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0.0. If entered.7500 2.2500 2. Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units.8750 1.7500 0. the value defaults to 1. it will be evaluated using this data. Kzt .Enter the wind speed up factor for hills. If left blank. The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch.

TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3. API-650. This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank.Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts. This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage.Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle. an offset of 0.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value.0 is used.12. the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5. Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter . this value is no longer used. As a result.12. the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration.2500 3. The software internally multiplies this value by 2. Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance .5000 3. Number of Anchor Bolts .7500 4.25 inches.7. Bolt Yield Stress .Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5. As of this addendum. but is maintained for compatibility with older input files.0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress .Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650.For evaluation of an existing anchorage. Section F. If this value is left blank. enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage.4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0. the bolt allowable stress was required input. 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . If the software redesigns the anchorage.

the top half of this dialog must be filled out. At this point.2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box. Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design. wind over turning. a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made.TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. This data is used in further analysis. and Girder Rings. This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof. define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k). Data entered in these fields will not be saved. Supported Cone Roof Data. To use this scratchpad. Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below. The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box. The Net Area Scratchpad (F. or a supported cone roof will be designed. The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 . and maximum allowed pressure. such as seismic analysis. and then click Compute. This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab. Note that this is a scratchpad.

TANK Input If instead. girders. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. depending on the active structural library. and columns. and in the available cross sections. For the structural and roof plate materials. the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . in the usage of the various structural types. displays the parameters used in the roof design. and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab. a supported cone roof is to be designed. the material for the cross sections and roof plate. shown below. The allowed cross sections vary. The help system provides guidance here. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank. This tab.

Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 .Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction. the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab. alternate positioning is desired. Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs. If however. Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only. the software can design the rafters. General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof. Angle Between Roof & Horizontal . Roof Type . the software can design the rafters. columns and girders. Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. column rings. as the number of girder rings. then the members are sized only. which are supported by columns. For rafter supported cone roofs. All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell.TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young. and how many girders make up the ring. If this information is specified. which are supported by girders. and rafter rings is known. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths.Defines the roof type of the tank. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters.

specify the bar thickness in this field.TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction . This value will not be used.10. If the input value is greater.If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar. 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . For details.Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations.2.2. Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) . After the data has been defined. Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) .Select the desired cross section. Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) . This value will not be used. This value should include the corrosion allowance.Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks. Weight of Snow on Roof . For supported cone roofs. click Compute. if any.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations.Enter the area resisting the compressive force.Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks. refer to API-650 Figure F-2. Figure (a-k) . Thickness of Roof Plate . If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented.Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally. this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved. or a supported cone roof is being designed. Weight of Roof Framing . it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed). This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad. the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations. If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here. Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance . an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required. TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally. This value will not be used. This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness. Weight of Roof Plates .Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations.Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates. corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F.Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course. TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally.1. % of Weights Supported by Shell . Specify this estimate in the tc field.Since the analysis hasn’t been performed. the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations. Roof Live Load .Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates. The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load. the computed roof plate weight is always used. Thickness of Bar (tb) . The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box. According to API-650 5. After the analysis. TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally.

Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter. girder. column rafter.Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters. DI. For the 1989 AISC library. column rafter. Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) . girder. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 .TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) . DC. and P. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. girder. girder. S. column rafter. Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type . Valid types as a function of the database are listed below.Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. WT. girder. C. and M. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below. C.

column For the 1993 UK library. girder. column CT Channels. and CT. parallel USAGE rafter. and UC. girder. CP. column rafter. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. column rafter. girder. column rafter. girder. column rafter.Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. girder.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. girder. girder. and T. column rafter. 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . HP. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. girder. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. column For the 1990 South African library. column rafter. column For the 1990 Australian library. girder. column Preferred Girder Type . T. UC. girder. column rafter. U. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. valid types for this cell are: I. column rafter. column For the 1991 German library. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. taper rafter. girder. and C. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: IP.

girder. column rafter. DI. girder.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. T. column rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 . column rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. and C. girder. S. and M. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. girder. and P. valid types for this cell are: UB. C. column For the 1993 UK library. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. girder. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. girder. girder. girder. DC. WT. C. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. column rafter. column rafter. column rafter. UC. girder.

parallel USAGE rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. column For the 1990 Australian library. column For the 1990 South African library. taper rafter. column CT Channels. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. girder. and UC. column rafter. girder. column rafter. CP. valid types for this cell are: IP. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. column Preferred Column Type . The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. column For the 1991 German library. valid types for this cell are: I. girder. HP. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . girder. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. and T. column rafter. girder. U.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter. girder. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. column rafter. and CT. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. girder. girder.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns. column rafter.

DC. and P. column rafter. girder. column rafter. column rafter. column For the 1990 Australian library. column rafter. DI. U. valid types for this cell are: W. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. WT. column rafter. T. girder. column rafter. girder. C. column rafter. column rafter. girder. girder. C. girder. girder. S. column For the 1993 UK library. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. girder. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. girder. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. and C. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. column rafter. and M. valid types for this cell are: I. column rafter. girder. girder.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. column For the 1991 German library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. and T. column rafter. girder. and UC. UC. girder.

In the design of the supported cone roof. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. The girders are supported by columns. from the center of the tank. Structural Member Material . the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. column rafter. Typical values for this cell are 24. this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa). where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. valid types for this cell are: IP. In the design of the supported cone roof.] button.] button. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank.3 to 9. Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress . where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. CP.0 to 24.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected. parallel Channels.4.1 to 7.3 meters). HP. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders.0 to 30.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members. column rafter. a value of zero will be used. The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [. This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring.Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. For compliance with API-650 Section 3.. Maximum Allowed Girder Length . taper USAGE rafter. The girders are supported by columns. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. Structural Member Allowable Design Stress .. from the center of the tank. This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings.Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary. The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [.10. arranged in concentric circles. The rafters are oriented along radial lines.TANK Input For the 1990 South African library. If this cell is left blank.0 feet /7. Typical values for this cell are 20. girder. 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . girder. The rafters are oriented along radial lines.1 meters. This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified. arranged in concentric circles. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates..3. column rafter. Maximum Allowed Rafter Length .. and CT.Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders. girder.0 feet (6.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected. column Roof Plate Material . This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified. Center Column Cap Plate Diameter . the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. girder.

Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring. These entries are optional. if the number of girders in any one ring is specified. the distance to all girder rings must be defined. If the location of one girder ring is specified. however.The number of girders in each ring may also be specified. Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 .TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring . This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary. the number of girders in all rings must be also specified. Number of Girders in Ring . Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input.

where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations.Defines S1.3.1 for details on the various SUG categories.4. the coefficient defaults to 1.0.2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods. which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec. In this instance.6.Defines S0. Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods . Bottom Plate Thickness .Usually this value is 1. unless specified otherwise by the purchaser.2 and E.Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted). %g. Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0. Transitional Period (TL) . %g.Defines Ss. Initial Anchorage Type . This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0. Period (S1) . Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) . and III).4. Seismic Use Group . which is the design. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0.Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K). Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient . Scaling Factor (Q) .Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.4.5% damping.The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser. Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) . 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I. See API-650 Section E. II. %g.25) only be used for emergency services.Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations. API recommends that this value not exceed 1.25. which is the 5% damped. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. 5% damped.Defines Sa0*.6.5. 5% damped. Valid choices are A through F. and that this value (1.4. the software will design bolting. %g.Defines SDS. in seconds. Earthquake Type .TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . %g. Friction Factor .Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped. Unless otherwise specified. the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required. 5% damped. 5% damped. Valid entries for this field are 1. refer to API-650 Sections E.Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material. Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec.2s). If no value is specified.Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion. The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7. Importance Factor . design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures. Site Class . Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material .3. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure). 2.Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E. Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) .7.Defines the seismic site class according to Section E. API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0.Defines SP. For more information about earthquake types. Period (S0) . which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.

Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . Maximum Allowed Spacing . As stated in API-650 5.Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 . This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. If left blank. Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate .35mm).Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate. which is the 5% damped. this value defaults to zero. Section 7.25 inches (6. This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered.Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members).Defines Sa*. %g. Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate .Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures. In this case. If a value is entered here. Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage. you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I . Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate .Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate. This value is optional. leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it.1.4.TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) . the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate. Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I. bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0. you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. If a value is entered.

Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle. TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses. This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks. Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P. These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650.Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate. if available from a pipe stress analysis. the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated. Nozzle Designation / Number . If you check Use PVP-1279. Nozzle Outer Diameter . Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate . The data specification can include external piping loads. This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits. NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed.Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle.TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles.

3E6 7.67E-6 6.1E6 500.1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20.07E-6 500 27.4E6 26.7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.8E6 28.5E6 28. Modulus of Elasticity .67E-6 6.6E6 26.8E6 28. 200. then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used.87E-6 7. 29.7E6 27.0E6 27.07E-6 7. 260.25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1.87E-6 7.3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient.2E6 Expansion Coefficient . If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel.3E6 27.Enter the modulus of elasticity. Instead.7 13.0 12. 90. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70.5E6 28. reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29. the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100. 200. Modulus (psi) 28.TANK Input Delta Temperature . 203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 . 300. 500. 150. 300. if necessary.Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature. 400.25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. 200. You can change this value. 25. 400.3E6 27.4 12.

68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? . if necessary. if any. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 . but not actually used in the computations. Taagepera. Use PVP-1279 .Enter the value of any applied radial force. it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations. English. You can change this value. by Lengsfeld.Enter the weight of this nozzle. This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 . The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell. Applied External Circumferential Moment . and Lengsfeld. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. Nozzle RePad Thickness .Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations. LaBounty. Applied External Radial Force . Applied External Longitudinal Moment . Nozzle Weight . Bardia. If reinforcing on the shell is indicated. units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. If you specify a pad thickness. This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks.Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle.Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located. This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software.Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses. acting on the nozzle.Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle. API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled. This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P. Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness.A value defined in PVP-1279. Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 . resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses. Hathaitham.TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal. The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter.The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad.Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks.

This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full . K = 4. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 .25 to a maximum of 1. Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference .0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates. The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade.0 for tanks on earth foundations 4.empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. Factor K . The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing.Enter the foundation factor.0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C . K = 2.TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input.Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion. The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0.0.Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld. The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld.0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination. Factor B . Temperature Difference . The value of C shall be 0.Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature.Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank. This value is: 2.85 if not specified by the purchaser.

JEst.Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe. fc need not be less than 20.Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress . This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank. JEst = 1.70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) .000 psi (140 MPa). JEr = 0.TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V. However. Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) . Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) .70 for double lap welds JEr = 1.) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V.Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency .00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) . Where fc = 0.35 for single lap welds JEr = 0.000 psi (103 MPa).00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0. Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) .fc. 70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0.4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners. Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material .fc. Where fc = 0.Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency .6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region.Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E.00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0. fc need not be less than 15.85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) .JEr. JEs = 1.Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency . However.) dialog box is an optional input.JEs.

Angle Between Measurements . If this value is left blank.8 m. use every other point when generating the input. API-653 Appendix B. of the roof plate material.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. this limit was 30 feet / 9.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement.3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank. This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs. Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement .R. in API-653 Section B. This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees. Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653. Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) . Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference.2. and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature.6m. Roof Dish Radius (R) .5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used. a default of 29.TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) .3.f. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 .Define the Dish Radius of Roof .Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points.Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress . This value must be less than 45-degrees. If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4. Appendix B. Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2. Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle.1m. The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9. the shell plate material.1. The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points.

1. Hydrocarbon Engineering. Bottom.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit. Post 3rd Ed. The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs. May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers. Elevation .1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653. obtained from tank inspections. Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh. Post 3rd Ed. Above Ground Storage Tanks. and 4.2.3.3. Pre 3rd Ed.7. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed.4.1.1m intervals.3. Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9.Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank.7. This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4. 4. each discussed in the following subsections.4. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4. API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom.3.

1. this value should be specified as 0.7. enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate.4.1. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion.1. Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) .4. and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code).Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651).As per API-653 Section 2.1 of previous editions of API-653.4.0. Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) .Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 .1.1. after repairs.7.4. Pre 3rd Ed. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate.0. Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom.7. on a yearly basis.Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates.4. Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) . on a yearly basis. then this value should be specified as 0.7.7. This value is measured from the original thickness. If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652).As per API-653 Section 4.As per API-653 Section 2. This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code.7. Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) . according to Section 2.As per API-653 Section 2. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate. Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) .TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) .As per API-653 Section 4. after repairs.4. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion. Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined. Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) .

As per API-653 Section 2. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate.7.Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr).0. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion.4.1.As per API-653 Section 2. The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0.4. This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65). Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) . StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area. Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) . on a yearly basis. enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed.Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates. This value is measured from the original thickness.TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) .1.As per API-653 Section 2. if specified. (GCa). Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) . If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0.7. on a yearly basis. Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) .1.7.As per API-653 Section 2.1.4.1.4. Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) .4.7.As per API-653 Section 2.7. 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

If the t1 or t2 values are left blank.Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations. Minimum Thickness . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 . If this value is left blank.Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion. Additionally. Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank. the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used. and a joint efficiency for each shell course. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. Lowest Average Thickness . the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities.Enter the average thickness in the "L" region. Similarly. they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box. If this value is left blank.Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course. controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis. "L" Location Above Course Bottom . if the L location is left blank. Joint Efficiency . "L" is the critical length. the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L". Use specified shell "L" values? . the inspection values of t1 and t2. the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. above the bottom of this course. In subsequent thickness computations.TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L. exclusive of pits.

1. This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate. The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course. Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2. The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998). Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies. Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? . the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations.3.3.3. Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations.3. Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition. Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2. API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input.3. as per API-653 Table 2. Instead.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations. This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank.TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level.3.Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course. which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses. the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. Use specified shell "E" values? .1. This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed. Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L". Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box.1. When this box is checked. as well as the environmental factors. Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed . and liquid characteristics. Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .3.

1.7 3.8 2.05 0. Boiling Point .2.0 1. Environmental Factor .300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 .2000.5 5 10 15 20 25 1.3 0. see API-2000 Section 4.40 0.075 0.300 0.0 0.33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1.Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point.025 see note C 1.0 0.3.Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API.3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2. Liquid Flash Point . For more information.Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.375 0.Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.TANK Input Emptying Rate .67 0.2. Filling Rate .8 2.1.7 11.1.4 5.50 0.3 0. see API-2000 Section 4.05 0.15 0. For more information. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4.15 0.0 0.0 0.5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22.075 0.0 1.0 0.0 2.3.Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point.2.375 0.03 0.

This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses.19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0. you have the option of transferring the diameter.0 1. There is a minimum amount of user-specified data. and the height and diameter ranges. which consists of the required tank volume.03 0. the unit cost of plate.025 see note C 1. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . height. You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary. and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations. the fluid specific gravity.TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0.5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank.0 0. After exiting the Scratch-pad. the plate allowable stress. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved. based on the required volume.0 0.

as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table. you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 . Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank. a report can be printed. The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range. the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. and new estimates obtained. all other courses being equal to the specified input value. contains two slider bars. Alternatively. and four for a height range. Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad. The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition. or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). When the desired results have been achieved. Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated. If necessary. the necessary diameter (or height) is presented. you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations.TANK Input After the necessary data is specified. the input data can be altered. After the scratchpad calculations have been performed. located to the right of the output display. The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. as well as the thickness required for each shell course. The height of the top course is also reported. The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate. This sizing tool.

Fluid Specific Gravity . For each height/diameter value. The height range is independent of the diameter range. Minimum Tank Diameter . The top course may be less than the value specified here.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter.in. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. The diameter range is independent of the height range. followed by plate weight and cost. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank.Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank.Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. and lb/cu.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. Required Volume . The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. Maximum Tank Diameter . A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank.TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below. The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. exclusive of the height range. For consistent application. or KG and KG/cu. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. For consistent application. For each height/diameter value. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. the minimum value for this entry should be 1. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. Maximum Tank Height .Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. and lb/cu. followed by plate weight and cost. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. 80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . followed by plate weight and cost. exclusive of the diameter range. exclusive of the diameter range.cm.in. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. followed by plate weight and cost. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. For each height/diameter value. The height range is independent of the diameter range. Since the tank must be hydrotested. Plate Allowable Stress .Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb.cm. Minimum Tank Height . since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume. For each height/diameter value.0. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. Cost/Unit Weight of Plate . Average Course Height . the shell plate thicknesses will be determined.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. or KG and KG/cu.

TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 . exclusive of the height range.

TANK Input

82

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 . the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction.Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition. If the summary report shows that errors were found. Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated. The typical response to this prompt is Yes. the procedure halts until you click Continue. the analysis files will not be created. click File > Exit. If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. This gives you time to review the message. You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker. Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete. click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu.

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays. This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked. maintenance. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 . As each solution step is entered. an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress. Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes. and which solution steps are required by the current input data. The program files used are listed below. A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section. TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation.SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module. and enhancement. the major solution steps to the analysis. There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase. After the solution module has been launched.

9. The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries.1. the analysis module creates the . As important milestones in the analysis are reached. Because there is no TKO file. If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank. The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu.This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination.11. All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification. These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations.The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure. The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases. Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases . and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E. and no output (TKO) file exists. control is returned to the Main menu. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section. Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation. Wind effect . Overturning stability . 2. In the case of the variable point method. The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics. the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations.This thickness is based on the specified design method. In this instance. The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials.This value is checked according to Section 5. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. a diagnostic message is presented to the user. This file contains the solution data in binary format.Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing. 7. Allowed fluid heights . Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22. 4. the velocity factory. This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set. some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file. 3. 5.1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met. and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5.TKO file. or Appendix A. 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 1. It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details. newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file. their section moduli. this is an iterative process. The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs. In this instance.The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements. 6. The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors. entry into the output processor is not allowed. A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required. Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details. Shell weight and center of gravity . and the overturning moment. Required shell course thicknesses . Wind girder requirements . the message file can be very helpful. variable point. Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module.6.The number of girders.The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user. either one-foot. or printed to the system printer.

Following the roof design.Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data .5 or 5. the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M. the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated. API-650 Appendix F requirements .10. with the corresponding stress for each load case. Section M.These computations are based on API-653 Section 2.These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement. A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity. design. the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined.If the roof data has been specified. the Section 5. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 . test. Roof evaluation involves weight summations. the program will now evaluate.10.4 begins.The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions. Service/maintenance computations .This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads. the bolting requirements are checked.3 checks are implemented. analyze. or design the roof.10. and seismic computations have been completed.After the actual roof computations are completed.6. Grillage computations . test.12 and determines. roof. Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E . API-2000 Venting calculations. required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5. Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P . After all sizing. if necessary. Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B . Following the cycle life calculations. Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations.These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I. The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design. After the cosine curve is known. and empty. The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5. and user input). the required number of bolts and the bolt size. Section 7.

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

nozzle interaction diagrams. or modify the input data. the output options are available. If output is not available for the current job. Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections. In addition to the menu options.Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu. the following icons are also available. After you enter the local graphics mode.SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete. Return to Main Menu . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 . Plot Tank Elevations . A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design. These options include both text based reports and graphics. and supported cone roof sketches.Produces the basic tank sketch. the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls. A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results. Plot Nozzles .Plots the shell settlement data. The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics. The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams. Plot Settlement . This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing. used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P. Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports. Plot Cone Roof .Plots the supported cone roof sketch. shell settlement plotting. Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch. both of these items are grayed out. or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot.Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram.

Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details. Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank. 92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

as well as an option to spline the data.Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves. The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 . Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations. the out-of-plane deflection. The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement. The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements. These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization. The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve. Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes. the optimum cosine curve.

and which thickness to use . 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . which interaction diagram to plot .Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P. or user entered.either longitudinal or circumferential. necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded.either design. test. The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15).

The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads.Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 . the interaction point plots at the origin. If the piping loads are not specified. as an asterisk.

Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P. 96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the interaction point must plot inside the diagram.

structural cross section sizes. showing cross section sizes is shown below. . the resulting design can be shown graphically. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 . defining the roof nomenclature. Besides the basic roof sketch.Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. they are provided for information purposes only. and quantities can be noted on the sketch. lengths. A typical roof sketch. These roof sketches are not shown to scale.

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated. This option opens a standard File Open dialog.SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports. if a file named header. Open . The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs.doc exists in the \tank\system folder. Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click.Saves the selected reports.doc file contains the company logo and address details. its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word. When you send reports to Microsoft Word. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is. (Items can be de-selected in the same manner).Prints the selected reports. View Report using Microsoft Word . Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report. When the analysis phase completes.Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word. Print . showing only those jobs that have output. the Output Report menu displays. Save . The intent is that the header. After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected. by topic. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 . The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window. This menu lists the available reports.Enables switching to the output of a different job.

and program version number. Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data.Erases the selected reports. Select Font . Each page of output begins with a header. Disable/Enable Page Numbering .Displays the previous report. time. From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings. date. in the following sections.Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box.Turn on or off the page numbering. page number. Modify the Starting Page Number . You can also suppress the ending page number. This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended. 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings. The header contains the user’s name.Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports . Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here. Previous Report . Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user.Displays the next report.Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box. From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers. in general. job name.Changes the font when printing reports. Each of these reports is discussed. Next Report . and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen. major and minor level text. Select Heading Fonts .

Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined. Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 . as well as whether or not roof. This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module. seismic.Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data. and settlement details were defined.

Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker. This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data. Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

including the wind girder height reduction factor. the area exposed to the wind. The next section of the report reflects the material properties used.TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module. the material name. The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases. as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1. ENGLISH.Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module . For API-653 analysis. and the wind moment. as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here. test allowable stress. The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results. The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases. consisting of the velocity factor. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 . Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program. Material. The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system. It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind. All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified. The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases. For each shell course. the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course. design allowable stress. and Appendix M reduction factor are listed.

The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components. Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method. the geometry detail and angle size are also reported. The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations.Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width.11. This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders. and the center of gravity of the shell. The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check". based on API-650 Section 5. If Detail e is required. as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell. the b dimension is also included in the report. the weight of the shell. Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . For each wind girder required.

the number of rafters resting on the inner girders. Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details. This information begins with the number of girder rings. and the number and length of the girders in each ring. If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed. the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 . and the rafter length. the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero. the spacing on the inner girders. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring. the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. the radius to each girder ring. and the design roof load. and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F. and at the shell. Note that at the center of the tank.Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates. the spacing on the outer girders. This report is shown below.

This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters. the selected cross section. This information includes the unit load on the member. and the actual section modulus. the required section modulus. Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and is shown below.

and the actual radii of gyration. the actual compressive stress. Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 . This is followed by the selected cross section.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. This information begins with the column load. height. allowable compressive stress. and required radius of gyration. This information is shown below.

This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . an API unit. and the compression ring failure pressure. Following the roof design/analysis report.10. Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components.10. These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths. All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”. The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F.10.3. are the results of the Appendix F computations. and either 5.5. This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift.5 or 5.6. the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 . and empty.Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E. These computations were made for three cases: design fluid. test fluid.

deflection. test shell thickness.Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P. the flexibilities. For each case. and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input. These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness. and user input thickness. Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . rotation.

Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 .Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B. the out-of-plane settlement. and the out-of-plane deflection. This table also includes the settlement measurements. This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points. the optimum cosine curve through these measured points.

Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .3 of API-2000. outbreathing and fire exposure. This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing. The venting report is shown below.Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4.

the required bolt diameter. There are two sections to this report. The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases. The second section shows the required number of bolts. and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases.Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5.12. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 .

Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M. The report lists the exclusions and checks made. as well as the number of allowed cycles. Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V.

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

................................ 118 Example Problem SEIS01 .............. is located at \examples\o_wc............................................. 117 Example Problem O_WC ...................................tki......................... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ...tki............. 118 Example Problem SSC1 ......... 118 Example Problem APP_P .............................tki............... 117 Example Problem A_WC ............. 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ....... Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations......................................................... as defined by the One Foot method.......................................................................................... is located at \examples\a_wc......................... In This Section Example Problem APP_K ........ 118 Example Problem TEST1...... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ....................... Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 ........................................................................SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code........... Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations.......................................................................... 118 Example Problem B&Y .................... 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k............. as defined by Appendix A of API-650...........

tki.tki. Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V. This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young. 118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1. For more information see the file \examples\b&y.tki.tki. Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E.tki.tki. including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M. Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S. Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. is located at \examples\sstest1. (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations. for stainless steel tanks.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E.

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

EXE .Main program TKERCK.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR.EXE .EXE .Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.APPENDIX A Appendix A .TXT .EXE .Solution module COADEXE.EXE .Units generation module MATEDIT.Material database editor OUTPUT.Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .Help file TIPS.Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A.EXE .EXE . Main Set APIOUT.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B.EXE .Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B.EXE .EXE file scanner CRCCHK.DLL .Output preprocessor APISOLV.CHM .Output report review processor TANK.CRC check program MAKEUNIT. The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.Configuration program help data file TKSET02.EXE .EXE .Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.EXE.Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.EXE .EXE .Configuration program help pointer file TANK.EXE .Error check module OUTWORD.EXE .EXE .EXE .Input module help data file API02.Input module help pointer file TKER01A.EXE .EXE .

Data from Table 3-22 XX.HED .MAT .2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.TXT .Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.TXT .1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.TXT .SI units file T2A.Structural database file API650.Messages for output processing TITLE.MAT .MAT .1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.MAT .1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.Messages for input processor SCREEN3.MAT .Millimeter units file MPH.FIL .MAT .1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.2008 API-650 material database AISC89.1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.CRC .FIL .MAT .Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.ENGLISH units file MM.MAT .CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .DAT .1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.EXE .1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.FIL .Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.Appendix A .MAT .FIL .1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.MAT .2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.DIG .MAT .1993 API-650 material database A650_94.MAT .EXE .MAT .MAT .1988 API-650 material database A650_93.MAT .ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.MAT .2005 API-650 material database A650_08.

TKI .Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA.Sample input for variable point method APP_P.Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01.TKI .Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC.TKI .Example seismic computations for Appendix E.Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1.TKI .Example computations for Appendix.TKI .TKI .TKI .Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1.Appendix A .Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y.Stainless steel example SSC1.TKI .TKI .TKI .Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K. SEIS01. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 .TKI .

Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix A .

You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary.1 .English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 . Figure B.Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK.APPENDIX B Appendix B .

MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .2 .3 .4 .MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.SI Units File Figure B.Appendix B .Standard Units Systems Figure B.

B A-131.B A-662.APPENDIX C Appendix C .60 A-516. When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.2 A-633.B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 .C A-537.65 A-516.A A-678.65 A-573.D A-678.55 A-516.58 A-573.A A-131.B A-737.C A-633.1 A-537.705 A-516. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.70 A-662.EH36 A-573.CS A-36 A-131.List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database.

21 G40.C E-355t.C E-275.D E-355.C E-355.250 NS.D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .21 G40.21 G40.21 G40.21 G40.Appendix C .D E-275.C E-275t.List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.235 NS.275 * ISO 630 E-275t.D E-355t.21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.

Appendix C .List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .

Appendix C .List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 . 1.4000+E01 Sect. 1. 0. 1. 1.5000000E-02 YES .FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1. 1. 0.1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO . 1.7.2835648E+00 YES .Default Configuration Directives Ver.APPENDIX D Appendix D .9. 2.0000000E+00 .MAT ENGLISH.1 YES A650_94.200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES . 1.3000000E+00 .3. 1.

Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix D .

Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%.APPENDIX E Appendix E . Version 3.20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1.653 3 Edition. Added many “text” changes to the output. Version 3. Added JIS structural steel shape library.650 10 Edition. Implemented API-653 4th Edition.00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API . Version 3. Version 3.55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density. rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API . South African Bolt.Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK. Added several minor changes as requested by users. Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights. BS3643. Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 . to provide more information and detail. Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric. Added a Wind Parameter input dialog.30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2.10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition. th Version 2.

Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition. Version 2. Revised documentation. Addendum 1. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition. Version 2.2 through E.4.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials. This provides better capability to notify users of software updates. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates. Incorporated API-650 10th Edition. this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section.Appendix E . as a result of Addendum 1. from PVP-1279. for easier usage.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Revised the output processor. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary. The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E. The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration. Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition.20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E. Version 2.50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M. Since bolting data is now a required input.1.Revision History Version 2.6. Addendum 3.6. Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad. Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses.

API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum.10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 . Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1.4. Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power. in accordance with the recent addendum. Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination. A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3. Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height. Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A. This involved removing both A442 materials. Section 3. Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height).2 has been incorporated.5.Revision History Version 2. Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference.00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2.2.25 inch plate.Appendix E .60 / 2. to include the bottom shell course thickness. which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches. Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0.

Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic. Version 1. permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses. Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory. Version 1. Addendum 2 changes incorporated. First. Previous versions treated zero as a blank.3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress.Appendix E . this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database. API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates. Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added. Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations.50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated. A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E. Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added. Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet.50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file. This ability has been added for Version 1.5. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included. Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet. Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated.50. Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added. Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases). Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added. The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero.Revision History Version 1. now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1.40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition. versions prior to 1. Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports.51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated. Note.

Additionally the weights for operating. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 .31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added. the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3. and empty conditions are reported.11 added.e has been added. A material database editor is provided. API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified. Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added.9. Bolt design references to standard bolt size table.1. A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available.1. Consideration of Section 17. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization. Bold design procedure for Section 3.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs.8.4.1 added. The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary. Mouse support has been added to all modules. Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment.2.6. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated.7.3 is reported. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank.Appendix E .1. Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3. Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3.3.5.10. API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2. Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L. Version 1.5. “Variable Point” location reported. test.1.8 added.Revision History Version 1. Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3.10.

an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added. This units file.5 curves.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young. Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu. which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3. MPH. This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives.0 used one or the other set of curves. Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads. A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs. For API-653 runs. An additional "English" units file is provided. trigonometric functions. Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E.11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added.Appendix E . Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added. squares. and the setting of the default output report generation parameters.11 and Appendix E computations.FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour. Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell. Version 1. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes. Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design. a network hardware lock. Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P. and square roots. and a segregation of program and system files. The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations.0 and L/2a=1. This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections. Version 1. Several new configuration directives have been added.11. Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program.Revision History Version 1. For API-653 analysis.6 added. there was no interpolation between curves. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3. PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports. The calculator supports the basic four math operations. The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1.

API-620. Bardia. American Petroleum Institute. A. Myers. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653. and Taagepera. August 1982. and Lengsfeld. 2002. Hendrix & Carucci. No 4. November 1978. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. October 1996. PVP Vol 315. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 . Ramos. ASME 1996. Lengsfeld. 118. Vol 12. and Lambe. Billimoria. Above Ground Storage Tanks. Lu. 1977. Eighth Edition. API-2000. August 1980. American Petroleum Institute. August 1996. Taagepera. F. PVP Vol 336. and Ruiz. American Petroleum Institute. ASME 1995. FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. Philip E. January 1995. June 1990.. Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. 1959. Parikh. Lengsfeld. Carucci & Ay. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. Transactions of the ASME. Inc. Hydrocarbon Processing. Hathaitham. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement. PVP Vol 315. Process Equipment Design. ASME 1996. Koczwara. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. ASME. Hydrocarbon Processing. and Horwege. Malik. and Hagstrom. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Lengsfeld. Fifth Edition. John Wiley & Sons. Swenson. Osage. Marr.Selected References API-650. Hydrocarbon Processing. Brownell & Young. Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules.APPENDIX F Appendix F . ASME 1995. PVP Vol 336. Revise Storage Tank Inspections. Vol. An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks. April 1998. Tenth Edition. 1997. PVP-1279. Bardia. Journal of Strain Analysis. Morton. McGraw-Hill. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks. August 1980. and Fenton. Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. Improve Storage Tank Inspections. LaBounty. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Third Edition. Vol 108. America Petroleum Institute. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. Smith. Billimoria and Tam. Bardia and Taagepera. Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks.

Appendix F .Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

List of Materials • 127 Appendix D .Program File List • 121 Appendix B . Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 .Revision History • 133 Appendix F .Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V.Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E . 83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9. 83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old.) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A .Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C .

87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87.Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31. 121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3.60 / 2. 76 Version 1.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1.31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 . 125 Units • 9 units files • 24. 99.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1.50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2.10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1.20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2.10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2.40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind.10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3. Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42. Material.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3.40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1.20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1.Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39.30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2.55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3.

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