Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

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Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS 252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3. Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Intergraph Corporation P.O. Box 240000 Huntsville, AL 35813 Street address: 170 Graphics Drive, Madison, AL 35758

Terms of Use
Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

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All warranties given by Intergraph Corporation about equipment or software are set forth in the EULA provided with the software or applicable license for the software product signed by Intergraph Corporation, and nothing stated in, or implied by, this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification or amendment of such warranties. Intergraph believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date. The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document. The software discussed in this document is furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of this license. No responsibility is assumed by Intergraph for the use or reliability of software on equipment that is not supplied by Intergraph or its affiliated companies. THE USER OF THE SOFTWARE IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE FINAL EVALUATION AS TO THE USEFULNESS OF THE SOFTWARE IN HIS OWN ENVIRONMENT. Intergraph is not responsible for the accuracy of delivered data including, but not limited to, catalog, reference and symbol data. Users should verify for themselves that the data is accurate and suitable for their project work.

Trademarks
Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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................................................. 87 Solution Overview ................................ 83 Warning & Error Options ....... 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box ............................................. 85 Analysis/Solution Phase............. 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .......................................................................................... 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results ................................................................................................................. 105 Seismic Analysis Results ........................................................... Material.................................................. 100 Job Title Page ................ 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box .................................................. 97 Output Report Generation .................................... 80 Error Checking ............................................................. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ............................................................................................................................................... 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ............................ 110 Settlement Checks ................................................................................................................... 91 Tank Layout Sketch ................................................... 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ................. 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad ........................................................................... 101 Error Checker LOG File ............................................................... 103 Roof Evaluation ...................................................... 111 API-2000 Venting Output . 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)....... 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams ................................................... 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V.............................................. 99 Output Report Discussions ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.................................................................................................................... 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box .......................................Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ........................................................................................ 84 Completing the Error Check Phase ............... 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches ................................................................................................................................................. 88 Local Graphics Output ................................................... 92 Shell Settlement Plots ......................................................... 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 102 Solution Module TXT File ..... 103 Wind............................................................................................................................. 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data ........................................................................................... 87 TANK Program Files ...................................................................................................................................................................... 70 Shell Settlement Data ........ Thickness & Weights ................................................................................................. 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box ..... 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box ............................................................................................. 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) .....................................................................................................................................) Dialog Box ........................ 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ............................................................................... 100 User Input Data .......................................................................... 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box .................................................................................... 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ... 112 API-650 Bolting Report .........................................................................................................................................................................................................

......................................................60 / 2... 118 Example Problem SEIS01...................................................................................................................................................................................................................00 Changes (11/07) .....55 Changes (10/05) ...... 133 Version 3............................................ 114 API-650 External Pressure Output .............. 129 * Unknown For API-653 .......................................................... 115 Examples .10 Changes (9/08) ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 129 Appendix D ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 121 Help & Error Processing Set .................................................................................................................................................. 136 Version 1.51 Changes (9/97) ............ 131 Appendix E .......................... 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 ......Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 134 Version 2................................ 117 Example Problem A_WC .................................................................................... 134 Version 2................................ 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) ........ 121 Main Set ... 123 Appendix B .....Default Configuration Directives ........................................ 117 Example Problem O_WC .........................................20 Changes (9/00) ........................................................................................... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ............................ 135 Version 1............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 122 Examples Data Set ...............................................................................................................................................50 Changes (3/04) ............... 136 Version 1....Program File List ...................... 128 * ISO 630............................................................................................ 133 Version 2............................................................................................................................................Revision History ......................................10 Changes (5/00) ..................Standard Units Systems..........................................................................................................40 Changes (7/02) ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 133 Version 3.............30 Changes (9/10) .................................................................. 125 Appendix C ............................................................................................................................List of Materials ...................... 118 Example Problem APP_P .......................................................... 133 Version 2................................00 Changes (1/99)............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 128 * National Standards .......................................................................................................................................................40 Changes (9/96) ................................... 127 * ASTM Standards ..................................... 134 Version 2............................. 118 Example Problem TEST1 ................................. 127 * CSA Standards .............................................................................................. 134 Version 2..............................................................................................................................................20 Changes (9/09) ........ 118 Example Problem SSC1 ....................................... 122 API Data Set........................ 133 Version 3...................................................... 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) ... 119 Appendix A ................................................ 133 Version 3............................................... 135 Version 1............................................................ 117 Example Problem APP_K ........................................................................................................................................................50 Changes (5/97) ............ 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA .................................. 121 English Text Set ....30 Changes (2/02) ..................... 118 Example Problem B&Y ...................................................................................................................................

.30 Changes Version 1.............. 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .......................... 138 Appendix F .................................................................................................................................................. 139 Index ........10 Changes (2/96) ........ 137 (8/95) ................................. 137 (11/94) .....................................................................................Selected References ...........................................................................................................................................................................................Contents Version 1................................................................................... 138 (6/94) ..20 Changes Version 1.................31 Changes Version 1.............................................................

rely on the help system. fax. which can be launched by pressing F1. input validation to avoid run time errors. and by mail. cell specific help for guidance and information.coade. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users. Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes. However. To that end. when in doubt. however. TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input. and expeditious designs. configuration. that questions focus on the current version of the program.com Web: www. TANK support is available by telephone. Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade. and operation of the program. economical. It is expected. Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation. e-mail. the web site.com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 .

which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user. Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section.Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1. These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file. Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system. When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific. After the help system has been activated. the help text includes the expected input units in the title line. the appropriate information displays in an interactive window. Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

After the review of a specific error message is complete.09375. and finally reports the problem to you. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files . and division) are supported in the input cells. This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis. In some instances additional sets may be required. the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary. This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach. When such a fatal condition occurs.New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units. These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch).Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program. The four basic math operations (addition. Even though TANK validates your input data. For more information on the four standard supplied units systems.Standard Units Systems (on page 125). Reviewing Output . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 . subtraction.Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system. In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells. For example. Selecting a Units File . see Appendix B . user control is returned to the Main menu. The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog. Creating Units Sets . multiplication. This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system. Upon exit from the diagnostic utility. A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files. TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation. Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module. the program attempts to trap the error.Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK. a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0.Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file. there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis. assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database. The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them.

Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices. Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes.2. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2. Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P. TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes. Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M. Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. This includes the material data from Table 5. including the limiting load interaction diagrams. Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method. External pressure computations according to Appendix V. Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders. Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A. Minimum metal temperature reporting. Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance. Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B.3. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000. Seismic computations according to Appendix E. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and digitized data from Appendix P. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279.

These options include: Install TANK .Displays the TANK License Agreement.Includes options to install the HASP. which installs TANK. ReadMe File . and all associated documentation. and the CD contents.Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products. Additional Products . License Agreement . Browse the CD . Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window.Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK.Launches the main installation process. TANK Information . the HASP drivers. Support Forum . the system requirements. The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page.Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph. CD Content Additional Installations . Services Training . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 . insert the CD into the drive.SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK.Displays a text file discussing the installation steps. Contact Intergraph . Release Notes . The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays.Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum.Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD.

Click Install TANK to begin the installation. or Windows 7 (Ultimate. Installation Instructions .Displays a PDF document containing these instructions. 1. 2. or Enterprise). If the setup does not start automatically. Insert the TANK CD into your computer. Business.Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System.exe in the root CD folder. The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed. Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation.0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs. Windows Vista (Ultimate. Professional.Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing. or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported. HASP Licensing Overview . 12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer. double-click CDSpawn. Hardware Requirements minimum of 2. HASP Trouble Shooting . Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional.

5. 7. 4. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 . The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>. Read the license agreement. select I accept the terms in the license agreement. and then click Next. If you accept the license agreement. 6. select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement. click Change. Click Next to continue. To install the software in another location. Click Next on the welcome page. You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement.Installation 3. -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement. and then click Cancel. where <product name> reflects the program name and version.

14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . If you are using SmartPlant License Manager.Installation 8. An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation. 9. Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. Select the license type that you have. If you are using a network ESL key. select the key color. You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run. select the SPLM license option.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 .Installation As the installation progresses. If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type. Skip to step 11. After the TANK files have been installed. installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run. the following dialog box displays. After successfully installing the HASP device driver. If this dialog does not display. Click OK. 10. the status displays. you are not prompted to install the HASP driver. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock.

Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary. 2. Setup. perform these steps: 1. To launch TANK in silent mode. Issue the installation command as detailed below. Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs. Setup. Click Yes to reboot your computer now.doc file. with no interaction from you.The path to load the installation files. Click No to reboot later.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally. such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging. 12. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Click Finish. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD.exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green. Select Show the readme file to view the readme.Installation 11. Because a device driver was loaded. Command Cmd= setup.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR . it is a good idea to restart Windows. 13.

This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations.TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions. you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL. If your computer uses a local ESL. If the network ESL is attached to a workstation. a user must then be logged into the network to access the software. Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . you can skip the remainder of this section.This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT . The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server). Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL. The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder.TXT and ESL_RED. Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server. because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops).Installation ESL_COLOR . In order for the network to recognize the ESL. The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software. The file server is a better location for this ESL. refer to the documentation files NETHASP. the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software. Alternatively. if all of the licenses are on the network ESL.Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs. A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility. Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers. The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 .The ESL color. The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs. Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software). because the computer is usually always on. The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network. The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location. we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL.

builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated.x<date>. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement. a correction to the currently shipping version is made. When this occurs. This correction is referred to as a Build. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu. Determine which build file you need and download it. However.com). the version indicator. and the date it was created. In addition. additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files. and also displays when you click Help > About. Build Y contains Build X. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found. operating system modifications. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version. A build is intended for one specific version of the software. Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software. Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released. and distributing the various builds generated between major releases. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation. Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www. databases grow. before the next version can be released. The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking. and the build date. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available. In other words. and corrections. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date.exe. the build is finalized. archiving. announced. its size. and so on. operational enhancements. they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda. 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . but only one build is required at any given time. The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program.Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static. After the file has been downloaded and installed. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains. and posted to the Web site. Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build. In order to alleviate this problem for our users. file formats change. user requests. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web. When this occurs. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds.coade.

This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version. To see which program modules have been modified. additional usage instructions may be found in this file. Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level. This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released. From the Utility > Tools menu. Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 . and build bevel. When necessary. follow any prompts.TXT. This allows you to see. memory requirements. and the software installation will update appropriately. A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size. the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level.Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD. Simply double-click the build file (the exe). click COADE EXE Scanner. you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory. which build is in use. on the Main Program menu.

Patched Version When a new version of the software is released. the distribution CD should be installed first. Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds.Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. the last build should be installed. any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD. 20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . if it becomes necessary. To reinstall an older version of the software. Additionally. This will allow full use of this version at some later time. Then. you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

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Structural Database . Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Select the units file to use. the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory. Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list. Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored. If a data directory does not contain a configuration file. Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U. Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory.Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module. as well as International shape libraries. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory. Material File . Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units. This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews.Specifies the anchor bolt database.Select the material file to use.S. structural shapes and materials. Units File . Each data directory can contain its own configuration file. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory. the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used. You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command.Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients. A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program. This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients. Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database . which may be unique. followed by a scan of the installation directory.

that the program has been properly installed and configured. and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above). After the input has been defined. For more information on the error checker. For more information. a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu. select Analyze Only to start the analysis module.you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis. The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected. The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive). Upon completion of the analysis. analysis is prohibited . you can select one of the Output menu options. Assuming that error checking completed successfully. analyzed. Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input.SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual. defined. Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon. Warning messages are acceptable to the program . see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21). After a solution data file is available. It is assumed. From here. an intermediate data file is created for analysis. see Error Checking (on page 83). Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 . and reviewed.you must correct these errors before proceeding. it must be error checked. If there are errors in the input data. and control is returned to the main menu. The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution.

Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only.Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session. 26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 2. As long as the job input parameters remain fixed. 5. either new or old. the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports. Define the input data. Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports. quit the output processor. The steps outlined above are summarized below. Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output. Select a job. click TANK. 1. 3. The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu. 4. From the Start menu. Focus then returns to the Main menu.

corresponding to the major topics on the menu. output review. The options are arranged in groups. and ESL review.SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start. The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK. diagnostics. The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options. analysis. or by double clicking the desktop icon. launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 . The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched. utility tools. but also include output review (both text and graphics). the Material Database editor. and help. configuration. Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition.

Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening. Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk. saving. TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration. and printing the input for a specific job.

each accessed from the menu. The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 . The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups.Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job. Upon completion of the input. the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job. Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39). Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen.

Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check. based on your input parameters. 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TKE suffix. or the input data contained errors and no . the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data. written to the . cannot be located. which produces the output file for the job. Error Check and Analyze . an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description. If the verified problem data.Starts the solution module. If the input data successfully passes the error checker. The Analyze option is deactivated until the . Steps not required are disabled. the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu.Starts the error checker. and if the input passes the error checker. automatically starts the solution module.TKE file was generated. Analyze . Analyze. For more information on the analysis processor. and Error Check and Analyze. Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83). As each phase is completed. In any event. Error Check . either designing a tank or re-rating a tank.TKE file. The analysis module performs the solution step. see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87). (grayed out). Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel. The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker. TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked.TKE file is written by the error checker. with a . Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text.Starts the error checker. This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed. an analysis file for the job is written.

and review latest reports. at the end of the last set of reports. in the current units system. and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner. Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 . Nozzle load interaction diagrams. Overwrite Reports . Review Latest Reports . Append Reports . see Local Graphics Output (on page 91). Time Stamp .Generates a new set of reports.Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers. three options are available: overwrite reports. the current CPU time and date are used. append reports. in multiple units systems if necessary. completely replacing any existing reports. Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created. the Material Database editor. The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. in the current units system. shell settlement graphs. viewing graphical results.Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports. This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically. Local Graphics .Displays the output review control panel. the batch stream processor and a text file review option. and changing the time stamp in the report headers. custom units systems.Starts the graphics processor.Creates a new set of output reports. If this data is not specified. For viewing text based reports. For more information on output processing.

Material Database Editor . Batch Log File . The file is created by a prior analysis.Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database. Custom Units . Calculator . This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed.Starts Notepad to review a selected data file. Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations.Using the Main Menu Configuration . Message File .Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase.Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives. Error Check Log File . File Review . The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter.Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data. see Program Configuration (on page 21). There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file. and the solution message file.Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created. the batch log file.Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. For details of the program configuration. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. Batch Stream Processor . The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties.Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis.

The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software. Should a “fatal error” occur. the software attempts to invoke this module automatically. clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column. or a virus infection. if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 . If the values do not match. This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure. the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation. If a CRC Check error occurs. Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module . However. then the file has been corrupted in some manner. a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed. This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name. However. This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available.Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory.Using the Main Menu CRC Check .Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number. Corruption could indicate bad distribution media. Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker .Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number. This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations.

this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu. However. all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu). Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL.Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time. Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . most of the Main menu items will be disabled. If there is an access problem with the ESL. which is required to access the software. The ESL is the External Software Lock.

Phone Update . These updates encompass changes requested by the client. The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx. The file will reside in the program’s \system folder.Starts an interactive procedure.Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes. Generate Fax Codes . Occasionally. and the time stamp of the last access. to interact with the user on the telephone. This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel.TXT file of the information. generating data for the user. some of this date may require updating in the field. and accepting instructions from the user. as generated by the Intergraph support staff. These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified. This option is similar to the phone update option. or change the client name. This information consists of the client name. versioning information. This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information. Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes. or by clicking the ESL icon.Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes. Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 . where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL. the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored.Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software. usually to extend limits. suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel. The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task. Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a . and ID number.TXT”. date or run limits. Receive and Enter Fax Codes . reset a date.

. Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options. Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph. When all codes have been entered. found in the frame area of the Main menu.Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid. click OK to enable the changes to the ESL. all options are selected. The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar. By default.

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

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Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

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Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification. fluid specific gravity. This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters.7. Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog. course material. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell. see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72). For more information. This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions. temperature. see API 650 External Pressure (App V. course thickness. see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76). depending on the tank. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. depending on the tank. see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. out-breathing. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis. Section I. Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog. see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78). This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters. external loads. The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. For more information. This dialog is an optional input.) Dialog Box (on page 70). This dialog is an optional input. For more information. see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65). see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed. see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53). For more information. For more information. This information consists of the diameter. see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71). fluid depth. Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. This dialog is an optional input. Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. This dialog is an optional input. This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing. Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. For more information. Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog. This dialog is an optional input. This dialog is an optional input. and in the text by Brownell & Young. For more information. 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . For more information.TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. pressure. Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog. the course height. and fire. depending on the tank. see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). depending on the tank. For more information. For more information. depending on the tank. the number of courses. This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. Activates the Grillage Review dialog. As mentioned above. For more information. and the desired code. depending on the tank. This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E. Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog.

We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session. to the General Data dialog. As with most software programs.HED. If necessary. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document. The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar. there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file. this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. found in the file TITLE. the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page. With TANK. or by clicking the Diskette icon. The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options.TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad. Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog. This serves as a good starting point for a tank design. Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog. on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters. users can save the input by using the File menu. The first displays the title page. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically). but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too. with the input data. any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes.

42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the expected units display to the right of the input cell. Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. For each input cell. Shell Courses. Where applicable.TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study. Wind Details. This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data. and Anchor Bolt Details.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 . This context menu is shown below. in which you can select any valid material from the active database.TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field. used as the default for all individual shell courses. the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below). Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu. The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material.

the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below). Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu. which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank.TANK Input Alternatively. you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database. Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

as necessary. When you right-click the Material cell. Initially. the program fills in the Sd and St values. as described previously. The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output. the software displays the Material context menu. thickness. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material. as specified on the Tank Data tab. corrosion allowance. For carbon steels from Table 3-2. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height. and material test stress can be specified for each shell course. the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog. material name. the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. material design stress. all courses acquire the same material. For stainless steels. Therefore. the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. However. for stainless materials.TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses. on a course-by-course basis. Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database. if necessary. For stainless materials. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 .

The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs. TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults. Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage. if necessary. but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files. The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3). Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and may result in the design of required anchorage. If these times are not defined.TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7.12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank). API-650 Section 5.

5 psi / 17. Design Pressure at Top . If you select A. Appendix F. the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C.Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input. API-650. or Analyze mode. For each input cell.2 kPa. seismic. Where applicable. If you select D. Design Temperature . limits the design pressure to 2. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks.The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file. it can only be used in analysis mode. This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank. or Design mode. If the design temperature exceeds this limit. API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C.Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements. and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses.Enter the design temperature in the indicated units. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 . The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only. ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights. or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code.TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error. TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method . API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes.Enter the design pressure in the indicated units. Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4. subsequent calculations for wind girders. Select the entry from the list. API Design Code . If the value of the design temperature is changed. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses. which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation. Run Objective . A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected. then the rules of Appendix M are applied.

The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1.Enter the total height of the tank shell.85 0.00 0.85 0. This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st .Enter the specific gravity of the fluid.Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder. enter the actual distance. this value should be entered as zero. such as for a walk-way.6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1. This value should be the sum of the individual course heights.0 for the Hydrotest case.85 1.50 + k/5 0.70 0.Enter the diameter of the tank. If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank.4.Spot RT Appendix A . No other computations use this value.35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A .75 0.70 0.Enter the height of the design liquid level. the joint efficiency should be either 0.70 0. Note. API-653 Section 2. Tank Shell Height (HTK) .50 + k/5 0. Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder .85 0.00 0.As per Appendix A. so the default of 1. Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] . this value is used only in the Design case. This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device.85 0. As per API-650. and is used in the wind load computations.3.70.3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency.TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) . Design Liquid Level (H) . If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell.0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations.85 0.Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation.85 or 0. the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates. API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown.3. Weight Attachments & Structures . Liquid Specific Gravity (G) .No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

11 Wind Pressure . which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height. After a valid material is selected.3. The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53. To properly access a valid material name and its properties.3. 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment . uncheck this checkbox. Section 5. Wind Velocity .3.Enter the number of shell courses in the tank.3.1.9.TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded.3.Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5. These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment . To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition). yield strength..7. This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary. Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4.7. Insulation Density .a. Entire Shell Course Evaluation .If the tank will have an annular base ring.2 Calculations .9.4. Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form.Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell. its allowable stresses. A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional. (d) Single lap welded only. The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank. grade. or open-top tanks. The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course. Default Shell Material .b. and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use. Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954. Number of Shell Courses .6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height.3. tensile strength. If the material varies over the shell courses. check this checkbox.3.As per API-653 Section 4. This selection uses equation 4. Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank. Alternatively. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 .This field displays the material name.11 stability.1.Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5. Insulation Thickness . this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box. which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height. wind gust. uncheck this checkbox. right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen. select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course.Enter the density of the tank insulation. to display the same context menu.Turns on an off wind loads on the roof.Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank. This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use.. If the tank will not have an annular base ring.1. Due consideration should be given to Section 5. activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course. This selection uses equation 4. the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F.As of API-650 9th Edition.As per API-653 Section 4. Local Area Shell Only . left-click the .1a. Include Annular Base Plate Details . check this checkbox.2 includes a wind moment term.1. To include the wind moment term. internal pressure.3.

If this cell is left blank. If it is constant. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. SSD1 through SSD5 . If this cell is left blank. For stainless steels.6.1.Represents the allowable test stress. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5. If necessary. Material Design Stress . the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database.1.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n.1). these values will be interpolated during the solution phase. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. Hydro Test Stress . referred to as Sd in the API code. If it is constant. the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero. For this reason.Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units.Enter the thickness for the current shell course. the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness. 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. this value will be displayed as zero. the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5. Corrosion Allowance . the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. on a course-by-course basis. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database.TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses.Represents the allowable design stress. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. referred to as St in the API code. if necessary.6. since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead. For stainless steels. These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value. If this cell is left blank for the first course.1. If it is constant. Table S-2. Height . the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. If necessary.Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S. Thickness . If this cell is left blank. The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously.

Kz .2500 2.Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7. Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter . If entered.Enter the wind speed up factor for hills.7500 0.0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments.Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7. In order to size the anchor bolts. If these times are not defined. the value defaults to 1. and the anchorage is necessary. The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch.0000 2.8750 1. Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units.3750 1.Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage.0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4. Gust Factor . API 650 recommends a value of 0.5 4.04.12.Enter the wind directionality factor. it will be evaluated using this data. TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults. If left blank.5000 2. If left blank.95 (the default) for this parameter. This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage.TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. Threads per Unit Length .7500 3. Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0. the thread pitch is necessary.0000 1.6250 0. Kd . Kzt .1250 1.Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7. If left blank.2500 1.5000 0. I .5000 1.The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5. the value defaults to 1.0. the value defaults to 0. This is an optional entry.7500 2. This value should be 1.85.5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 .

API-650. this value is no longer used.Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts. Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance .4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0. the bolt allowable stress was required input. 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . but is maintained for compatibility with older input files.0 is used.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value. If the software redesigns the anchorage. Number of Anchor Bolts . the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5. Bolt Yield Stress .TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3.12.12. This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank.5000 3.Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650. If this value is left blank.Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5.Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle. Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter . This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. Section F. As a result. The software internally multiplies this value by 2. an offset of 0.7500 4.7. enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage.0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress .25 inches.2500 3.For evaluation of an existing anchorage. As of this addendum. the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration.

and maximum allowed pressure. The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs. wind over turning. Data entered in these fields will not be saved. Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design. Supported Cone Roof Data. This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary. and then click Compute. define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k). Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab. The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box. The Net Area Scratchpad (F. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 . At this point. To use this scratchpad. such as seismic analysis.2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box. Note that this is a scratchpad. a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made. This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof. the top half of this dialog must be filled out.TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. This data is used in further analysis. and Girder Rings. or a supported cone roof will be designed.

For the structural and roof plate materials. in the usage of the various structural types. and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. and in the available cross sections. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab. This tab. girders. the material for the cross sections and roof plate. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . shown below. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. depending on the active structural library. and columns. the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank. The help system provides guidance here.TANK Input If instead. a supported cone roof is to be designed. The allowed cross sections vary. displays the parameters used in the roof design.

alternate positioning is desired. Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only. and how many girders make up the ring. Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters. Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring. the software can design the rafters. as the number of girder rings. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 . which are supported by columns.Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction. Angle Between Roof & Horizontal . Roof Type . If however. which are supported by girders.TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young. and rafter rings is known. the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab.Defines the roof type of the tank. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths. the software can design the rafters. If this information is specified. columns and girders. Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. column rings. then the members are sized only. General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof. For rafter supported cone roofs. All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell.

According to API-650 5. it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed). TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally. This value will not be used. Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance .Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations. The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load.Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. the computed roof plate weight is always used. This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness.Since the analysis hasn’t been performed. Thickness of Bar (tb) . TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally.Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. or a supported cone roof is being designed. This value will not be used. an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required. Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved. if any. specify the bar thickness in this field. this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot. This value should include the corrosion allowance. Weight of Roof Framing .Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course. For supported cone roofs.10. After the data has been defined. If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here. TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally. Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) .1. refer to API-650 Figure F-2. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . % of Weights Supported by Shell . The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box.Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates. This value will not be used.Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates.TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction . This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad. After the analysis. Weight of Snow on Roof . For details. TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally. Roof Live Load . Weight of Roof Plates . Figure (a-k) . If the input value is greater. click Compute.Select the desired cross section.2.Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations.If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar. corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F.Enter the area resisting the compressive force. Specify this estimate in the tc field. Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) .Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations. the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented.2. Thickness of Roof Plate . Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) .Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks.

Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type . girder. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 . girder. C.TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) . Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) . valid types for this cell are: W. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. column rafter. S. C.Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters. and M. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. DC. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. and P. column rafter. The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below. DI. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter. girder. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. girder. column rafter. girder. For the 1989 AISC library. WT.Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle.Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch.

parallel USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: I. column rafter. HP. 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . CP. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. column rafter. U. girder. UC. column rafter. and CT. column Preferred Girder Type . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. column CT Channels. column For the 1991 German library. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: IP. column rafter. T. column rafter. girder. and C. column rafter. girder. column For the 1990 South African library. valid types for this cell are: UB. column For the 1990 Australian library. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. column For the 1993 UK library. girder.Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. girder. girder. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. and T. girder. girder. and UC. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. girder. girder. taper rafter. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below. girder. girder.

and C. girder. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. and M. and P. C. column For the 1993 UK library. girder. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. girder. column rafter. column rafter. girder. girder. C. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. DI. column rafter. column rafter. column rafter. girder.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. girder. T. DC. WT. S. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. column rafter. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. UC. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder.

and T. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: I. girder. column Preferred Column Type . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. taper rafter. parallel USAGE rafter. column rafter. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. girder. girder. girder. girder. column For the 1990 Australian library. column rafter. column For the 1991 German library. HP.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns. girder. CP. girder. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. U. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: IP. column rafter. column CT Channels. column rafter. and UC. valid types for this cell are: UB. and CT. column For the 1990 South African library. girder. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

and M. column rafter. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. and T. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. girder. column rafter. girder. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. WT. C. girder. and C. girder. column For the 1991 German library. column rafter. column rafter. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. girder. and P. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 .TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. DI. girder. column rafter. column For the 1993 UK library. and UC. C. column rafter. girder. S. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. T. DC. column rafter. girder. U. valid types for this cell are: I. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. UC. girder. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. column For the 1990 Australian library. girder. girder.

Maximum Allowed Rafter Length . This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [. valid types for this cell are: IP.3 meters). Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress . 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . a value of zero will be used. taper USAGE rafter. In the design of the supported cone roof. For compliance with API-650 Section 3. Typical values for this cell are 20.. this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa). from the center of the tank. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary.10. from the center of the tank. girder. girder. girder.1 to 7.1 meters.. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. Structural Member Material . The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. In the design of the supported cone roof. This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified. column rafter. arranged in concentric circles. If this cell is left blank.0 to 30. and CT. column rafter. This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members. Center Column Cap Plate Diameter .4. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. CP.Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified. The girders are supported by columns.0 feet /7. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. Structural Member Allowable Design Stress . HP. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels.Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters.] button. Typical values for this cell are 24. girder.] button. arranged in concentric circles.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected. column Roof Plate Material .TANK Input For the 1990 South African library.3 to 9.3. The girders are supported by columns. column rafter.0 feet (6... Maximum Allowed Girder Length . The rafters are oriented along radial lines.0 to 24. parallel Channels.

Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 .TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring . if the number of girders in any one ring is specified.Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring. however. the number of girders in all rings must be also specified. Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input. Number of Girders in Ring . This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary. If the location of one girder ring is specified.The number of girders in each ring may also be specified. These entries are optional. the distance to all girder rings must be defined.

Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods . %g. Unless otherwise specified. Seismic Use Group . 5% damped.25) only be used for emergency services. Valid entries for this field are 1. in seconds. Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) . Initial Anchorage Type . %g. Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank.2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods.5.1 for details on the various SUG categories. Period (S1) . API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0. which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods. Bottom Plate Thickness . Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec. If no value is specified.3.Defines S1.Usually this value is 1. II. 5% damped. unless specified otherwise by the purchaser. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0. the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required.25. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. For more information about earthquake types. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second. Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material .6.4.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.4.Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted). Earthquake Type . which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K). 2. Importance Factor .Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material. or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I. Transitional Period (TL) . Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) . Site Class .Defines SDS. Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7.Defines Sa0*. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. Valid choices are A through F.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.Defines the seismic site class according to Section E.2 and E. Period (S0) . %g.The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser.Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E. Scaling Factor (Q) . the coefficient defaults to 1. 5% damped.Defines SP. which is the design. See API-650 Section E. 5% damped.5% damping. Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient . design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures. 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0. where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations.4.3. Friction Factor . %g.Defines S0.Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped. refer to API-650 Sections E. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure).7. and III). Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) .2s). In this instance. The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7.0.6.Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations. API recommends that this value not exceed 1.4. This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0.Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion. the software will design bolting. and that this value (1.TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . which is the 5% damped. Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec.Defines Ss. %g.

Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate . As stated in API-650 5. leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it. If left blank. If a value is entered. In this case. you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate. This value is optional. Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate . design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures.4. This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate . which is the 5% damped.Defines Sa*. Section 7.Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate. Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 . %g.TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) . Maximum Allowed Spacing . Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . If a value is entered here.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.1.35mm). bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0.25 inches (6.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness. Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage. This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered.Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members). you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I . this value defaults to zero.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate.

Nozzle Outer Diameter .TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles. This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks. Nozzle Designation / Number .Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle. the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated. Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed. If you check Use PVP-1279. The data specification can include external piping loads. Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate . NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650. TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses. if available from a pipe stress analysis.Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate.Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle. Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P. This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits.

203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 .07E-6 500 27.8E6 28. Instead.67E-6 6. 90. Modulus of Elasticity . 400. 200.Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature. reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29. then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1. 260.5E6 28.4E6 26. 25.Enter the modulus of elasticity.0 12.87E-6 7. 300.4 12.7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.7 13.87E-6 7.0E6 27.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient. If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel. 200.3E6 27. 300.7E6 27.2E6 Expansion Coefficient .3E6 7. if necessary.1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20.3E6 27. 29.3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70.67E-6 6.25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. 150.TANK Input Delta Temperature .25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12. You can change this value. the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100.5E6 28. 500. 400.8E6 28. 200.07E-6 7.1E6 500.6E6 26. Modulus (psi) 28.

This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks. resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses. Applied External Radial Force . Applied External Longitudinal Moment .A value defined in PVP-1279. it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations. Nozzle RePad Thickness . This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P. Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 . LaBounty. Applied External Circumferential Moment . If you specify a pad thickness. Bardia.Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations. The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter. This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness.Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle. and Lengsfeld. Hathaitham. These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software. but not actually used in the computations.Enter the value of any applied radial force. English.Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell. RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 .TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. acting on the nozzle. This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 .Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle. by Lengsfeld.Enter the weight of this nozzle. 68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P.Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses. Taagepera. If reinforcing on the shell is indicated. Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness. You can change this value. if necessary. Use PVP-1279 .Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located. Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? . units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. if any. API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. Nozzle Weight .The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad.

The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0.0 for tanks on earth foundations 4. Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference . Temperature Difference .Enter the foundation factor. This value is: 2.0.0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates.Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. Factor K .Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion. This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full .0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C .85 if not specified by the purchaser.Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank.Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld. The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade. The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld.empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis. The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing. The value of C shall be 0. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 . K = 2.25 to a maximum of 1. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . K = 4. Factor B .0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination.TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input.

6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region.Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency .) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V.70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) . Where fc = 0.4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners. This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank.00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0.Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E. Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) . fc need not be less than 15. Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) .fc.) dialog box is an optional input. JEst = 1.70 for double lap welds JEr = 1.35 for single lap welds JEr = 0.00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0. Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material . However.Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) . JEr = 0. fc need not be less than 20.JEs.TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V.JEst.85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0.Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency .000 psi (103 MPa).Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe.Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress . 70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) .Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency .00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) .fc. Where fc = 0.000 psi (140 MPa). JEs = 1. However.JEr.

TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) .Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement. This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees.1m. Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 .Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress . and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature.6m. in API-653 Section B. the shell plate material. Appendix B.R. The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points.2.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle. API-653 Appendix B. The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9. Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2. Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference. Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement .5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used. This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs.Define the Dish Radius of Roof . this limit was 30 feet / 9. use every other point when generating the input. Angle Between Measurements .3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank.3. Roof Dish Radius (R) . of the roof plate material. If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4. This value must be less than 45-degrees.f.Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points.1. If this value is left blank. a default of 29.8 m. Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653.

Bottom.3. 4. Post 3rd Ed. Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom. May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers. The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs.7.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit. Post 3rd Ed. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom.1. Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh. This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4. API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data.4.4. obtained from tank inspections.1.3. Pre 3rd Ed.7. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed.3.3. and 4. Elevation . Above Ground Storage Tanks.2. each discussed in the following subsections.1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653.1m intervals. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed. Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Hydrocarbon Engineering.Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank.

after repairs.7. Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 . Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) . Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) .1.1 of previous editions of API-653.7. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion.4. then this value should be specified as 0. according to Section 2.7. If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652). Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined. This value is measured from the original thickness. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651).1.4. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion.7.4.0. Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) .Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate.1.0.As per API-653 Section 4.TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) . after repairs.Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates.7. Pre 3rd Ed.4. on a yearly basis. and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code). enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). this value should be specified as 0.4.As per API-653 Section 2. Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) .As per API-653 Section 2. This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code. Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) .1.As per API-653 Section 4. Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) . on a yearly basis.As per API-653 Section 2.1. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .7.4.Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.

As per API-653 Section 2. on a yearly basis.7.As per API-653 Section 2.Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr). 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .7. on a yearly basis.4.0. Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) . if specified. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .4.4. Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) .Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates. enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed. Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) . StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom.7. The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0. This value is measured from the original thickness. This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65).1.As per API-653 Section 2.7.1.1.7. enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area.TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) . Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) . enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion.As per API-653 Section 2. (GCa). Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) .4.1.4. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0.1.As per API-653 Section 2.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 . Similarly. "L" is the critical length. controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis. Minimum Thickness . Joint Efficiency .Enter the average thickness in the "L" region. "L" Location Above Course Bottom . Use specified shell "L" values? . and a joint efficiency for each shell course. if the L location is left blank. Additionally.TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L. they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box. above the bottom of this course.Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course. If the t1 or t2 values are left blank.Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion. the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used. the inspection values of t1 and t2. the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities. the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L".This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations. If this value is left blank. Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank. If this value is left blank. In subsequent thickness computations. exclusive of pits.Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region. Lowest Average Thickness . it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box.

When this box is checked. the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. and liquid characteristics. Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2.3. This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed.TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level. the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2. Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies.3. Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed . The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course.3. This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate. Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2. Use specified shell "E" values? . Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? . Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition. This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank. Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations.3. API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations.3. The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998).1. Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Instead. Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L".1.3. as per API-653 Table 2. which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses. as well as the environmental factors. Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations.3.Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course.1.

2.2000.5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22. see API-2000 Section 4. Filling Rate .300 0.3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2.7 11.1.05 0. see API-2000 Section 4.0 2.075 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.50 0.025 see note C 1.7 3.15 0.33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1. For more information.0 0. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4.67 0.15 0.075 0.8 2.Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.0 1.0 0.40 0.0 0. For more information.Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point. Environmental Factor . Liquid Flash Point .1.2.TANK Input Emptying Rate .3 0.4 5. Boiling Point .1.Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API.3.2.300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 .Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point.Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.03 0.8 2.375 0.05 0.3 0.375 0.3.5 5 10 15 20 25 1.

03 0. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved.025 see note C 1. the plate allowable stress.0 0. and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations. This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses.0 1. and the height and diameter ranges. you have the option of transferring the diameter.0 0. You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary. the fluid specific gravity. the unit cost of plate. which consists of the required tank volume. height. There is a minimum amount of user-specified data.5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank. After exiting the Scratch-pad.TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0. based on the required volume.

you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations. After the scratchpad calculations have been performed. as well as the thickness required for each shell course. Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated. a report can be printed. as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table. and four for a height range. Alternatively. the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. This sizing tool. all other courses being equal to the specified input value. The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition. Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad.TANK Input After the necessary data is specified. Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank. The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate. located to the right of the output display. The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. When the desired results have been achieved. The height of the top course is also reported. and new estimates obtained. the necessary diameter (or height) is presented. contains two slider bars. you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 . The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. If necessary. or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range. the input data can be altered.

Required Volume . exclusive of the height range.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. and lb/cu. For each height/diameter value. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. Average Course Height . followed by plate weight and cost. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. Fluid Specific Gravity .TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. Plate Allowable Stress . The height range is independent of the diameter range. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. the minimum value for this entry should be 1. followed by plate weight and cost. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. followed by plate weight and cost. or KG and KG/cu. For consistent application. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. followed by plate weight and cost. The diameter range is independent of the height range. Cost/Unit Weight of Plate . 80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . exclusive of the diameter range. For each height/diameter value. The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume.Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank. Minimum Tank Height . The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. The height range is independent of the diameter range. Maximum Tank Diameter . For consistent application.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. For each height/diameter value. Maximum Tank Height . exclusive of the diameter range.Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume.in. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. or KG and KG/cu. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. For each height/diameter value. The top course may be less than the value specified here. Minimum Tank Diameter . and lb/cu.in.cm.cm. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. Since the tank must be hydrotested.0. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost.Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes. since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume.Enter the unit cost of the plate material.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 . The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. exclusive of the height range.TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined.

TANK Input

82

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker. the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction. If the summary report shows that errors were found. The typical response to this prompt is Yes. Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete. Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu. the procedure halts until you click Continue. If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. click File > Exit. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition.Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box. This gives you time to review the message. the analysis files will not be created. click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 .

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

and which solution steps are required by the current input data. and enhancement. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files. the major solution steps to the analysis. As each solution step is entered. The program files used are listed below. After the solution module has been launched. Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase. This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked. TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation.SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module. the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays. A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section. maintenance. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 . an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress.

It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows. The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu. or Appendix A. 5.The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details. In this instance. Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation. control is returned to the Main menu. The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors. Required shell course thicknesses . Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22. and the overturning moment. this is an iterative process.The number of girders. 2. variable point.1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met. The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials. or printed to the system printer. 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Shell weight and center of gravity . Overturning stability . entry into the output processor is not allowed. newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file.This value is checked according to Section 5. some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file. If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank.9.This thickness is based on the specified design method. This file contains the solution data in binary format. This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set. 4. the velocity factory. the analysis module creates the . The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs. As important milestones in the analysis are reached.6. In this instance. These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations. 3.11. The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries. Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module. Because there is no TKO file. the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations. The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases. 7. Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5. In the case of the variable point method.1. Wind effect . 6. their section moduli. either one-foot. a diagnostic message is presented to the user. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. the message file can be very helpful. All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification.The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements. and no output (TKO) file exists. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details. A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required. and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section. Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases . Allowed fluid heights . 1.Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing.This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination. Wind girder requirements .TKO file. The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics. and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E.The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure.

Grillage computations . Roof evaluation involves weight summations. the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated. the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined. and empty. Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P . the program will now evaluate. roof. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 .After the actual roof computations are completed.These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement. and seismic computations have been completed. or design the roof. This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5. Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations. Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E .The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions. required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5. if necessary.This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads.Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data .12 and determines. test. with the corresponding stress for each load case. Following the roof design. the bolting requirements are checked. Following the cycle life calculations.3 checks are implemented. After all sizing.6.5 or 5. The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design. analyze. the required number of bolts and the bolt size. API-650 Appendix F requirements . The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. and user input).4 begins. the Section 5. Service/maintenance computations . API-2000 Venting calculations. Section M.If the roof data has been specified. the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M.10.10.These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I. After the cosine curve is known. test. Section 7. design.10. A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity.These computations are based on API-653 Section 2. Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B .

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Plot Tank Elevations . nozzle interaction diagrams.Plots the shell settlement data. or modify the input data.SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete.Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram.Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu. This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 .Plots the supported cone roof sketch. Return to Main Menu . Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch. A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results. Plot Nozzles . Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports. and supported cone roof sketches. The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams. The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics. These options include both text based reports and graphics. shell settlement plotting. the following icons are also available. After you enter the local graphics mode. Plot Settlement . A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design.Produces the basic tank sketch. the output options are available. or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot. If output is not available for the current job. Plot Cone Roof . Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections. the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls. used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P. both of these items are grayed out. In addition to the menu options.

Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank. 92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details.

These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization. The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements. the out-of-plane deflection. The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve. The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves. The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points. the optimum cosine curve. as well as an option to spline the data.Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 . Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes. The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement. Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations.

Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P. or user entered. necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded. which interaction diagram to plot . test.either design.either longitudinal or circumferential. and which thickness to use . 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15).

Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point. If the piping loads are not specified. the interaction point plots at the origin. as an asterisk. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 . The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads.

the interaction point must plot inside the diagram. 96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 . they are provided for information purposes only. showing cross section sizes is shown below. A typical roof sketch. defining the roof nomenclature. and quantities can be noted on the sketch. . lengths. Besides the basic roof sketch. These roof sketches are not shown to scale. the resulting design can be shown graphically.Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. structural cross section sizes.

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

When the analysis phase completes. the Output Report menu displays. the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated.SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports.doc file contains the company logo and address details. Print . showing only those jobs that have output. Open .Enables switching to the output of a different job. The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window.Prints the selected reports. Save . (Items can be de-selected in the same manner).doc exists in the \tank\system folder. by topic. This menu lists the available reports. Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click. This option opens a standard File Open dialog. its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word. When you send reports to Microsoft Word. Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report. After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected.Saves the selected reports. The intent is that the header.Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word. View Report using Microsoft Word . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 . if a file named header. The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is.

From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers. Select Font .Displays the next report.Erases the selected reports. You can also suppress the ending page number.Displays the previous report. page number. 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box. and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen.Changes the font when printing reports.Turn on or off the page numbering. job name. Disable/Enable Page Numbering .Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box. major and minor level text.Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports . in the following sections. Select Heading Fonts . time. This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended. Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings. and program version number. Previous Report . Modify the Starting Page Number . The header contains the user’s name. Each of these reports is discussed. From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings. in general. Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data. date. Each page of output begins with a header. Next Report . Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user. Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here.

Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data. and settlement details were defined. This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module. Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 . seismic. as well as whether or not roof. Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined.

This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data.Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker. Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases. For API-653 analysis. For each shell course. The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results.TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module. The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind. ENGLISH. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here. the material name. the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course. and Appendix M reduction factor are listed. The next section of the report reflects the material properties used. The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 . test allowable stress. design allowable stress. as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table. Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program. It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis.Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module . The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system. Material. and the wind moment. including the wind girder height reduction factor. as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1. consisting of the velocity factor. the area exposed to the wind. All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified.

If Detail e is required.11. The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations. the weight of the shell. based on API-650 Section 5.Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width. For each wind girder required. This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders. the geometry detail and angle size are also reported. and the center of gravity of the shell. The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components. The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check". Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method. as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell. Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the b dimension is also included in the report.

the number of rafters resting on the inner girders. the spacing on the outer girders. and the design roof load. Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details. the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. Note that at the center of the tank. The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates. This information begins with the number of girder rings. and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F. and the number and length of the girders in each ring. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring. and the rafter length. the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero. the spacing on the inner girders. and at the shell. This report is shown below.Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. the radius to each girder ring. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 . If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed.

Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters. This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring. the selected cross section. Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the required section modulus. and is shown below. This information includes the unit load on the member. and the actual section modulus.

Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 . This information begins with the column load. the actual compressive stress. This is followed by the selected cross section. and required radius of gyration. height.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. and the actual radii of gyration. This information is shown below. allowable compressive stress.

All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”. Following the roof design/analysis report. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .3. Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components. the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction. This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift.10.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5.10. This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight.5. an API unit. The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F. These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths. and the compression ring failure pressure.5 or 5.6. and either 5.10. are the results of the Appendix F computations.

and empty. test fluid. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 .Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E. These computations were made for three cases: design fluid.

deflection. rotation. and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported. the flexibilities.Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P. Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . test shell thickness. and user input thickness. These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness. For each case. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input.

and the out-of-plane deflection.Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B. the out-of-plane settlement. This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points. the optimum cosine curve through these measured points. Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 . This table also includes the settlement measurements.

3 of API-2000. outbreathing and fire exposure. This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing. Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4. The venting report is shown below.

There are two sections to this report. The second section shows the required number of bolts. and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 .12. The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases.Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5. the required bolt diameter.

The report lists the exclusions and checks made. as well as the number of allowed cycles. Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M.

Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V.

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

... as defined by Appendix A of API-650....... Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations.......................... 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k................ 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ................................................................... 118 Example Problem APP_P .................................................tki..................... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ..................................................... 118 Example Problem SSC1 ............................SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code........ 117 Example Problem O_WC ...................... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA .................................. 118 Example Problem SEIS01 ................. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 ... In This Section Example Problem APP_K ...... 117 Example Problem A_WC ............... is located at \examples\o_wc......................................................................tki..............................................................tki............................................... Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations....... 118 Example Problem TEST1......... is located at \examples\a_wc.............................................. 118 Example Problem B&Y ..................... as defined by the One Foot method.............

Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1. including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S. for stainless steel tanks. Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1. Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V. Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young.tki. For more information see the file \examples\b&y. This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young. Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p.tki.tki. 118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara. is located at \examples\sstest1.tki.tki.tki. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E.

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

EXE .EXE .EXE .EXE .EXE .EXE .EXE .EXE .Configuration program help data file TKSET02.Units generation module MATEDIT.EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR.EXE file scanner CRCCHK.Configuration program help pointer file TANK.EXE .Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B.Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.EXE .Main program TKERCK.TXT .Input module help data file API02.EXE .Input module help pointer file TKER01A.EXE .Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .CRC check program MAKEUNIT.Output report review processor TANK.EXE .EXE .Help file TIPS.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.CHM .Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.Output preprocessor APISOLV. The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.Solution module COADEXE.EXE .EXE .Material database editor OUTPUT.APPENDIX A Appendix A . Main Set APIOUT.Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.EXE .DLL .EXE.EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B.Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.Error check module OUTWORD.

MAT .ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.ENGLISH units file MM.Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.FIL .FIL .Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.1988 API-650 material database A650_93.Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.FIL .MAT .MAT .Structural database file API650.EXE .2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.Data from Table 3-22 XX.1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.1993 API-650 material database A650_94.Messages for output processing TITLE.TXT .MAT .Millimeter units file MPH.1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.SI units file T2A.MAT .DIG .1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.MAT .CRC .MAT .MAT .2005 API-650 material database A650_08.MAT .1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.MAT .MAT .1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.TXT .Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.MAT .Messages for input processor SCREEN3.2008 API-650 material database AISC89.1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.HED .Appendix A .DAT .MAT .TXT .CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.MAT .FIL .MAT .MAT .EXE .

SEIS01.Sample input for variable point method APP_P.Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y.Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.TKI .TKI .Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC.TKI .TKI .Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1.Appendix A . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 .Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K.TKI .Example computations for Appendix.TKI .Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA.TKI .TKI .Example seismic computations for Appendix E.TKI .Stainless steel example SSC1.Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1.TKI .Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01.TKI .

Appendix A .Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

1 .APPENDIX B Appendix B . You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary.Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK.English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 . Figure B.

3 .Appendix B .MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.4 .SI Units File Figure B.Standard Units Systems Figure B.2 .MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

D A-678.B A-131. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.EH36 A-573.705 A-516.60 A-516.B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 .List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database.1 A-537.C A-537.B A-662.2 A-633.65 A-573. When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.A A-131.55 A-516.B A-737.APPENDIX C Appendix C .A A-678.58 A-573.65 A-516.70 A-662.CS A-36 A-131.C A-633.

List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.D E-355t.C E-275.21 G40.D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .235 NS.21 G40.D E-355.21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.275 * ISO 630 E-275t.21 G40.21 G40.C E-275t.C E-355t.21 G40.250 NS.Appendix C .D E-275.C E-355.

Appendix C .List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .

List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix C .

1.4000+E01 Sect. 0.1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO .1 YES A650_94. 1. 1.MAT ENGLISH. 1.3000000E+00 .0000000E+00 .APPENDIX D Appendix D . 1. 0. 1. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 .7. 2.Default Configuration Directives Ver. 1.2835648E+00 YES .200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES .5000000E-02 YES . 1.FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1.9.3.

Appendix D .Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

650 10 Edition. Version 3. BS3643.APPENDIX E Appendix E . Added many “text” changes to the output. Added several minor changes as requested by users. South African Bolt. Version 3.55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density. Implemented API-653 4th Edition. Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%. Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 .20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1. Added JIS structural steel shape library.00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API . Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric. Added a Wind Parameter input dialog.30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2. Version 3. th Version 2. to provide more information and detail. Version 3.Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK. rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API .653 3 Edition.10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition. Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights.

Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses. from PVP-1279.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Addendum 3. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary.50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M.2 through E. Version 2. Version 2. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration.6. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition.20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E. Addendum 1. Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad. Version 2. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E.1. Revised documentation. Since bolting data is now a required input. Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition. The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E. as a result of Addendum 1. This provides better capability to notify users of software updates. Revised the output processor. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates. Incorporated API-650 10th Edition.Appendix E . this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials. Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition. The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1.Revision History Version 2.6. for easier usage.4.

Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power. Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height. API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum.00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2.60 / 2. Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0.25 inch plate. A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3. Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A. Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination. Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height).4. which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches.2 has been incorporated. Section 3.5. in accordance with the recent addendum.Revision History Version 2. to include the bottom shell course thickness. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 . Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1.10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition. This involved removing both A442 materials.2.Appendix E . Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference.

API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates. Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic. Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations. Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations. Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added. Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated. First. The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero. Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added. Version 1. This ability has been added for Version 1. Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases).5. Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added. Note. now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E.Revision History Version 1. this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database.50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated.50.Appendix E . versions prior to 1. Addendum 2 changes incorporated. permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses.40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition. Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports. Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory.3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress. Previous versions treated zero as a blank. Version 1. Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added.51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included. Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet.50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file. Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet.

31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added. Consideration of Section 17. Additionally the weights for operating.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated.8. Bold design procedure for Section 3.1. test. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 . Version 1. API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2. API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified. Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization. Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L.9.8 added. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module.2.1. Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3.Revision History Version 1. A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available. A material database editor is provided. and empty conditions are reported. Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3.1 added. the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3.11 added.7. Bolt design references to standard bolt size table. Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added.5.6.1.10.e has been added. Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3.4. “Variable Point” location reported. Mouse support has been added to all modules.3 is reported.10.Appendix E . The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary.1.5. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank.3.

A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs. Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell. MPH. The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1. This units file. Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles. A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu. The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations. Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads. For API-653 analysis.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3.11. Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E. Version 1. The calculator supports the basic four math operations.11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added. a network hardware lock. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3. Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program.Appendix E . and square roots. which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file.0 used one or the other set of curves. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P. Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added. an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections.Revision History Version 1. An additional "English" units file is provided. squares.5 curves. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes. This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young. Version 1.11 and Appendix E computations. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case. there was no interpolation between curves.0 and L/2a=1. and a segregation of program and system files. For API-653 runs. and the setting of the default output report generation parameters.6 added. PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports. trigonometric functions. Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design. Several new configuration directives have been added.FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour. Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3.

A. Tenth Edition. and Hagstrom. Vol. PVP Vol 315. Ramos. Third Edition. F. Osage. and Ruiz. August 1980. Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement. August 1996. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. PVP Vol 336. American Petroleum Institute. and Lengsfeld. Hathaitham. Philip E. McGraw-Hill. Hydrocarbon Processing. Lengsfeld. June 1990. Hendrix & Carucci. Improve Storage Tank Inspections.APPENDIX F Appendix F . Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks. and Lambe. Process Equipment Design. ASME 1996. Myers. Fifth Edition. ASME 1996. PVP-1279. 1977. August 1982. API-620. October 1996. 2002. 1997. ASME 1995. Lengsfeld. Above Ground Storage Tanks. Eighth Edition. Smith. No 4. API-2000. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks. Morton. and Horwege. Journal of Strain Analysis. Revise Storage Tank Inspections. Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. America Petroleum Institute. 1959. ASME 1995. and Taagepera. Vol 12. Bardia. April 1998. Bardia and Taagepera. Swenson. FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. LaBounty. November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653. January 1995. Vol 108. Marr. John Wiley & Sons. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Lu. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. PVP Vol 336. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. Lengsfeld. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). November 1978. American Petroleum Institute. An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Brownell & Young. Billimoria.Selected References API-650. 118. August 1980. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules. Koczwara. Parikh. Hydrocarbon Processing. PVP Vol 315. Carucci & Ay. and Fenton. Inc. American Petroleum Institute. Hydrocarbon Processing. Transactions of the ASME. Billimoria and Tam. Bardia. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 .. ASME. Malik. Taagepera.

Appendix F .Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 .Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C . 83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.Program File List • 121 Appendix B .Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E . 83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9.List of Materials • 127 Appendix D .Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V.Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old.) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A . Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30.Revision History • 133 Appendix F .

87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87. 121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31.

55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3.10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2.Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind. 99.50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2.20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1. Material.60 / 2.20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2.10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1.10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3.30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2.31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1.40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1. 76 Version 1.40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2. 125 Units • 9 units files • 24.20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 . Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3.

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