Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

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Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS 252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3. Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Intergraph Corporation P.O. Box 240000 Huntsville, AL 35813 Street address: 170 Graphics Drive, Madison, AL 35758

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Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

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Trademarks
Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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.... 105 Seismic Analysis Results ............................................................................................................ 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box ................................................................................. 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) .............................................. 110 Settlement Checks ............................................................................................................. 84 Completing the Error Check Phase ....................... 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ........................................................................................ 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ..................... 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .................. 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 70 Shell Settlement Data .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data .................................................................................................................................... 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box ................................. 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box ............................................................................................................... 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results ..................... 103 Wind......... 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches ............................................................................................................................... 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)............................................................................................................ 91 Tank Layout Sketch ................. 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box ........................................... 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams ................................................................ 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ................................................. 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.................................................................. 102 Solution Module TXT File ...................Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) .................................................................... 80 Error Checking ......... 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 97 Output Report Generation ...................................................................................................... Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ........................... 87 Solution Overview ........ 100 Job Title Page ............................... 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad ...................... 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ... 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box ....................................................... 92 Shell Settlement Plots .......................................................................................... 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box .................................................................................... 103 Roof Evaluation .............................................................................................................................................................. 87 TANK Program Files ............................... 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)...................................................................................................................... 88 Local Graphics Output ......... 111 API-2000 Venting Output ...................................................................................................................................................) Dialog Box ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 112 API-650 Bolting Report ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box .............................................................................................................. Material................................................................................ 99 Output Report Discussions .................................................................................... 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 Warning & Error Options ........................................................... 85 Analysis/Solution Phase................................................................................................ 100 User Input Data ............................................................................................. Thickness & Weights ............... 101 Error Checker LOG File ............................................

.......... 127 * ASTM Standards ................................ 121 English Text Set ................................................................. 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) ........ 117 Example Problem A_WC ..................................................................... 117 Example Problem O_WC .........................................................10 Changes (9/08) ..........................................................................................................................................................................30 Changes (2/02) .. 134 Version 2...................................................................................................................................................... 135 Version 1...................................................................................... 122 API Data Set.............................................................................. 121 Help & Error Processing Set .............................................. 134 Version 2............................................................. 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................00 Changes (1/99).......................... 133 Version 3............Default Configuration Directives ............................... 123 Appendix B ..................................................................... 128 * ISO 630.... 128 * National Standards ..................................................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem SSC1 ...............20 Changes (9/00) ........ 118 Example Problem TEST1 .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 125 Appendix C ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 115 Examples ....................................................................................................................................................................... 134 Version 2................................................................................................................................................Program File List ...........................................................................40 Changes (9/96) ...........................................................50 Changes (3/04) .................................................Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output .....................................55 Changes (10/05) ................. 118 Example Problem APP_P ....................40 Changes (7/02) .............................................................................................................................................................................................................00 Changes (11/07) ..................................................... 129 Appendix D .......................................................................................................................................................... 136 Version 1...... 133 Version 2.... 127 * CSA Standards .............................................................................................................................. 114 API-650 External Pressure Output ............................... 133 Version 3....................30 Changes (9/10) ...................................................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem B&Y ..... 121 Main Set ....................................................................................................50 Changes (5/97) .................................60 / 2. 117 Example Problem APP_K ...................................................................................................................... 133 Version 2.............. 134 Version 2........................................................................ 119 Appendix A ........................... 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 .......................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ............................................................ 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ........................................................................10 Changes (5/00) ........................... 122 Examples Data Set ..............Standard Units Systems......................... 118 Example Problem SEIS01....................................51 Changes (9/97) ................................................................................................................................................................................ 135 Version 1................................................. 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) .......List of Materials ......................................................................................................................................Revision History ......20 Changes (9/09) . 136 Version 1........................................................... 133 Version 3...................... 133 Version 3................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 131 Appendix E ............................................................................................................................................... 129 * Unknown For API-653 ................................................................................

................................. 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .................................................Selected References ............................................ 138 (6/94) ............30 Changes Version 1...10 Changes (2/96) ............................................................................................... 139 Index .....................................................................31 Changes Version 1........20 Changes Version 1.............................................. 137 (8/95) ....................................................Contents Version 1.............................................................................................................................. 138 Appendix F ............................. 137 (11/94) .........................................................................................................

Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade. and expeditious designs. rely on the help system.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes. cell specific help for guidance and information. TANK support is available by telephone. configuration. e-mail. that questions focus on the current version of the program. To that end. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation.coade.com Web: www. which can be launched by pressing F1. however. It is expected. TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input. Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. However. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users. the web site. when in doubt. input validation to avoid run time errors.com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 . fax. economical. and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution. Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible. and by mail. and operation of the program.

Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1. the appropriate information displays in an interactive window.Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system. After the help system has been activated. Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section. the help text includes the expected input units in the title line. These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file. which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user. When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific.

Selecting a Units File . This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach. Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files .Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file. For more information on the four standard supplied units systems. the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary.09375. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 .Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK. In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells.Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system. This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system. Upon exit from the diagnostic utility. and finally reports the problem to you. there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis. For example. After the review of a specific error message is complete. multiplication.New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units. In some instances additional sets may be required. TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation. see Appendix B .Standard Units Systems (on page 125). When such a fatal condition occurs. The four basic math operations (addition. and division) are supported in the input cells. The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them. These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch). Creating Units Sets . a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0. the program attempts to trap the error. This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis. user control is returned to the Main menu. assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database.Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program. Reviewing Output . Even though TANK validates your input data. subtraction. A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files. The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog.

An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000. Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M. and digitized data from Appendix P. including the limiting load interaction diagrams. Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A. Minimum metal temperature reporting. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B.Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices. External pressure computations according to Appendix V. These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method.3. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P. Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary. Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance. Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders. Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S.2. This includes the material data from Table 5. Seismic computations according to Appendix E. Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes. TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes. Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M.

Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products.Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph.Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD. the HASP drivers. the system requirements. which installs TANK.Includes options to install the HASP.Displays a text file discussing the installation steps.Launches the main installation process. Services Training . TANK Information . Contact Intergraph .Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products. Release Notes . The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything. Browse the CD . Additional Products . and all associated documentation. License Agreement . insert the CD into the drive.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page. Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum. CD Content Additional Installations . ReadMe File . The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays. Support Forum . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 . and the CD contents. These options include: Install TANK .Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK.Displays the TANK License Agreement.SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK.

Click Install TANK to begin the installation. Insert the TANK CD into your computer. Installation Instructions . 12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 2. 1. Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation.Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System. or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported.Displays a PDF document containing these instructions.Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing. Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional. Professional. HASP Trouble Shooting . double-click CDSpawn.Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer. or Enterprise).exe in the root CD folder. or Windows 7 (Ultimate.0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs. Windows Vista (Ultimate. If the setup does not start automatically. The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed. HASP Licensing Overview . Business. Hardware Requirements minimum of 2.

If you accept the license agreement.Installation 3. select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement. Click Next on the welcome page. -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement. where <product name> reflects the program name and version. and then click Cancel. 6. Read the license agreement. click Change. To install the software in another location. 4. 7. select I accept the terms in the license agreement. Click Next to continue. You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 . The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>. 5. and then click Next.

Installation 8. 14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Select the license type that you have. Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run. If you are using SmartPlant License Manager. select the SPLM license option. An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation. If you are using a network ESL key. 9. select the key color.

Installation As the installation progresses. Click OK. you are not prompted to install the HASP driver. After successfully installing the HASP device driver. If this dialog does not display. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 . Skip to step 11. After the TANK files have been installed. 10. the following dialog box displays. installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run. If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock. the status displays.

12. Click Finish.The path to load the installation files.doc file. Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs. Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary. To launch TANK in silent mode. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Select Show the readme file to view the readme. Setup. 2. 13. it is a good idea to restart Windows. Command Cmd= setup. such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging. Setup. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally.Installation 11.exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green. Issue the installation command as detailed below. Click Yes to reboot your computer now. Because a device driver was loaded. Click No to reboot later. with no interaction from you.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR . perform these steps: 1.

This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT . refer to the documentation files NETHASP. Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL. Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers. the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software. Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility. because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops). Alternatively. If the network ESL is attached to a workstation. The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server. This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 . because the computer is usually always on. Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software). The file server is a better location for this ESL. Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder.The ESL color.Installation ESL_COLOR . The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server). we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL. The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network. you can skip the remainder of this section. The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems. The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location. you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL. if all of the licenses are on the network ESL. In order for the network to recognize the ESL.TXT and ESL_RED. The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs.Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs.TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions. If your computer uses a local ESL. a user must then be logged into the network to access the software. The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software.

a correction to the currently shipping version is made. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement. and also displays when you click Help > About. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains. file formats change. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date. and the build date. In order to alleviate this problem for our users. Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software. In other words.com).Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static. This correction is referred to as a Build. operational enhancements. A build is intended for one specific version of the software. but only one build is required at any given time. before the next version can be released. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found. This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build. and so on. Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www. When this occurs. Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds. and distributing the various builds generated between major releases. The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation. 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and posted to the Web site. operating system modifications. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version. announced. additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files. Determine which build file you need and download it. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available. builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated. databases grow. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web. In addition. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation. the version indicator.x<date>. and corrections. However. Build Y contains Build X. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu. When this occurs.exe. Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. its size. archiving. user requests. The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program. they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking. After the file has been downloaded and installed.coade. the build is finalized. and the date it was created.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 . Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package. which build is in use. This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version. follow any prompts. you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory. This allows you to see. additional usage instructions may be found in this file. Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released. This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. and the software installation will update appropriately. Simply double-click the build file (the exe).Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD.TXT. on the Main Program menu. When necessary. click COADE EXE Scanner. This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size. the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level. To see which program modules have been modified. A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. memory requirements. From the Utility > Tools menu. and build bevel. Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level.

20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds. you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release.Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD. if it becomes necessary. To reinstall an older version of the software. the last build should be installed. This will allow full use of this version at some later time. the distribution CD should be installed first. Then. Patched Version When a new version of the software is released. Additionally.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

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Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

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23

Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units. You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command.Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients. This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews.Specifies the anchor bolt database. Each data directory can contain its own configuration file.Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module. which may be unique. Structural Database .Select the units file to use. If a data directory does not contain a configuration file. structural shapes and materials.S. the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory. This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients. A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory. Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory. Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U.Select the material file to use. as well as International shape libraries. Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list. the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used. Material File . Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored. followed by a scan of the installation directory. Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database . Units File . The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory. Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

and reviewed. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 . that the program has been properly installed and configured. The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected. select Analyze Only to start the analysis module. analyzed. The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive). From here. and control is returned to the main menu. and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above). it must be error checked. After the input has been defined. see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21). you can select one of the Output menu options. Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input. If there are errors in the input data.you must correct these errors before proceeding. Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon. analysis is prohibited . an intermediate data file is created for analysis.SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual. After a solution data file is available. Upon completion of the analysis. see Error Checking (on page 83). Warning messages are acceptable to the program . Assuming that error checking completed successfully. For more information. a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu. For more information on the error checker. It is assumed.you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis. defined. The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution.

click TANK. As long as the job input parameters remain fixed. 26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 3. 4. the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports. Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only. Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports. Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output. The steps outlined above are summarized below. The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu. From the Start menu.Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session. 5. 2. Focus then returns to the Main menu. Select a job. 1. Define the input data. quit the output processor. either new or old.

launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu. analysis.SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start. corresponding to the major topics on the menu. output review. The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options. The options are arranged in groups. and ESL review. configuration. the Material Database editor. The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched. or by double clicking the desktop icon. Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition. The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK. and help. but also include output review (both text and graphics). diagnostics. utility tools. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 .

Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening. Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . saving. and printing the input for a specific job. Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk. TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration.

The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 . The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon. Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen. the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job. each accessed from the menu.Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job. Upon completion of the input. Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39).

The Analyze option is deactivated until the . For more information on the analysis processor. Error Check . Error Check and Analyze . either designing a tank or re-rating a tank. and if the input passes the error checker. Steps not required are disabled. (grayed out). 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . cannot be located. and Error Check and Analyze.Starts the error checker. Analyze.Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check. The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker.TKE file is written by the error checker.TKE suffix. Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83). the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data. If the input data successfully passes the error checker. written to the . with a . Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel. The analysis module performs the solution step. If the verified problem data. based on your input parameters. As each phase is completed.TKE file was generated.Starts the solution module. Analyze . Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text.Starts the error checker. an analysis file for the job is written. which produces the output file for the job.TKE file. This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed. In any event. the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu. TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked. an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description. see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87). or the input data contained errors and no . automatically starts the solution module.

Append Reports . at the end of the last set of reports. see Local Graphics Output (on page 91).Creates a new set of output reports. Overwrite Reports . three options are available: overwrite reports. For viewing text based reports. the batch stream processor and a text file review option. in the current units system. the current CPU time and date are used. Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created. in the current units system. and changing the time stamp in the report headers. Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 . shell settlement graphs. and review latest reports. If this data is not specified. Nozzle load interaction diagrams. and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner.Displays the output review control panel. viewing graphical results. For more information on output processing. in multiple units systems if necessary.Starts the graphics processor. custom units systems.Generates a new set of reports. The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically.Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports.Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers. Review Latest Reports . append reports. Local Graphics . completely replacing any existing reports. the Material Database editor. Time Stamp .

Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created. Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Material Database Editor . the batch log file. The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter.Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives.Using the Main Menu Configuration . Custom Units . The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties. see Program Configuration (on page 21).Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis. Error Check Log File . The file is created by a prior analysis.Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database. For details of the program configuration. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. Batch Log File .Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis. Batch Stream Processor . Message File .Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase. Calculator . This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter.Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations. and the solution message file. There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file.Starts Notepad to review a selected data file.Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data. File Review .

However. or a virus infection. the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation. a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed. if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 . clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column.Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number.Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory. Corruption could indicate bad distribution media. This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure. then the file has been corrupted in some manner. Should a “fatal error” occur. This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations.Using the Main Menu CRC Check . If the values do not match. The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software. Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker . If a CRC Check error occurs. the software attempts to invoke this module automatically. However. This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available.Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number. Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module . This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name.

which is required to access the software. most of the Main menu items will be disabled.Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time. However. all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu). If there is an access problem with the ESL. Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL. Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The ESL is the External Software Lock. this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu.

Generate Fax Codes . usually to extend limits. except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel. generating data for the user.Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes. Receive and Enter Fax Codes . This information consists of the client name. These updates encompass changes requested by the client. date or run limits. The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task. The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx. as generated by the Intergraph support staff.TXT file of the information. some of this date may require updating in the field. Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes.Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes. and the time stamp of the last access. versioning information.Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software. where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL. Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 . This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel. Phone Update . or change the client name. reset a date. This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information.Starts an interactive procedure. and ID number. the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored. suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. to interact with the user on the telephone. Occasionally. or by clicking the ESL icon. The file will reside in the program’s \system folder.TXT”. These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified. This option is similar to the phone update option. and accepting instructions from the user. Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a .

. all options are selected.Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid. The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar. By default. Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph. When all codes have been entered. found in the frame area of the Main menu. Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options. click OK to enable the changes to the ESL. Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

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Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

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temperature. and in the text by Brownell & Young. This dialog is an optional input. Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. course material. see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). depending on the tank. Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog. As mentioned above. For more information. This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters. This information consists of the diameter. see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78). depending on the tank. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification. This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing. the number of courses. data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed. pressure. For more information. This dialog is an optional input. and fire. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P. This dialog is an optional input. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis. Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog. external loads. out-breathing. For more information. depending on the tank. This dialog is an optional input. Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog. For more information.TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E. see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65). Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. For more information. For more information. see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53). This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters. see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72). This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions. For more information. This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). and the desired code. This dialog is an optional input. depending on the tank. This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. fluid depth. course thickness. Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog. For more information. depending on the tank. 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Section I. see API 650 External Pressure (App V. see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71).) Dialog Box (on page 70). Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog. Activates the Grillage Review dialog. the course height. see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). fluid specific gravity. For more information. see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42).7. depending on the tank. see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76). For more information.

on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters. but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too. this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. As with most software programs. any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes. The first displays the title page. The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document. The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options. the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page. Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog. This serves as a good starting point for a tank design. Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog. with the input data.HED. found in the file TITLE. With TANK. there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file. users can save the input by using the File menu. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically). or by clicking the Diskette icon. to the General Data dialog. The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar. We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . If necessary.TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad.

Where applicable. For each input cell. 42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study. Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. Shell Courses. Wind Details. and Anchor Bolt Details.

This context menu is shown below. Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu. The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material.TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field. used as the default for all individual shell courses. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 . in which you can select any valid material from the active database. the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below).

Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database.TANK Input Alternatively. the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below). which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank. Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu.

You can use the options on this tab to change the material. For stainless steels. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material. or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. the program fills in the Sd and St values. Initially. thickness. For carbon steels from Table 3-2. For stainless materials. material name. for stainless materials. on a course-by-course basis. However. all courses acquire the same material. Therefore. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 . When you right-click the Material cell. the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height. Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database. as specified on the Tank Data tab. as necessary. the software displays the Material context menu. the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time. The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output. as described previously. material design stress. if necessary. corrosion allowance.TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses. and material test stress can be specified for each shell course.

The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3). API-650 Section 5. but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files. The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs. if necessary. Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults. If these times are not defined.12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank). and may result in the design of required anchorage. Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage.

a descriptive comment defines the expected input. it can only be used in analysis mode. If the value of the design temperature is changed. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only.Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements. or Analyze mode. Appendix F.Enter the design temperature in the indicated units. API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes. For each input cell.Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 . Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line. API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C. ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights. This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank. If you select D. The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box. If the design temperature exceeds this limit.Enter the design pressure in the indicated units. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4. then the rules of Appendix M are applied.TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. subsequent calculations for wind girders. Design Pressure at Top . The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation. which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. API Design Code . Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks. or Design mode. Select the entry from the list.5 psi / 17. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses. If you select A.2 kPa. API-650. Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error. the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected. or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code. seismic. TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method . Run Objective . Where applicable.The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file. and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses. but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C. limits the design pressure to 2. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. Design Temperature .

0 for the Hydrotest case. This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st . API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown.85 0.Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder. No other computations use this value.85 0.85 0.85 0. enter the actual distance. and is used in the wind load computations.4. the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates.0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations.50 + k/5 0. If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell.No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Note.3.70 0.3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency. As per API-650. such as for a walk-way.6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1.Enter the height of the design liquid level. this value should be entered as zero. Design Liquid Level (H) .70 0.As per Appendix A. This value should be the sum of the individual course heights. This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device.Spot RT Appendix A .TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) . API-653 Section 2.85 or 0.Enter the total height of the tank shell.00 0. so the default of 1. Liquid Specific Gravity (G) .Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation.3. the joint efficiency should be either 0.85 0. The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1. Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] . If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank.50 + k/5 0. this value is used only in the Design case.00 0.75 0. Tank Shell Height (HTK) . Weight Attachments & Structures .Enter the diameter of the tank. Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder .Enter the specific gravity of the fluid.85 1.35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A .70.70 0.

1.7.3. Insulation Thickness .1. its allowable stresses. yield strength. check this checkbox.9.1a.4.1.6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height.Enter the density of the tank insulation.Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank. These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment . this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box. uncheck this checkbox. If the tank will not have an annular base ring. The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53.3.11 stability. Wind Velocity .9.b. which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height.Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell. To include the wind moment term. This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use. Entire Shell Course Evaluation . or open-top tanks.3. Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank.As per API-653 Section 4. check this checkbox.As of API-650 9th Edition.Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5. Due consideration should be given to Section 5. uncheck this checkbox. Section 5. Local Area Shell Only . internal pressure. which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height.3. If the material varies over the shell courses.7. left-click the . A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional. the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F.2 includes a wind moment term. This selection uses equation 4.Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5. Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954.. select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course.3. to display the same context menu. To properly access a valid material name and its properties. Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form.This field displays the material name. activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course. This selection uses equation 4.As per API-653 Section 4.3. right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen. wind gust.. tensile strength. Include Annular Base Plate Details .If the tank will have an annular base ring. grade. Alternatively.1. Number of Shell Courses .Enter the number of shell courses in the tank. After a valid material is selected. To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition).Turns on an off wind loads on the roof. Default Shell Material .3.TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded.3. and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use.11 Wind Pressure . The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course. 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment .2 Calculations . Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4. This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 . (d) Single lap welded only.a. The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank. Insulation Density .

If this cell is left blank.6. If it is constant. since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead.TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses. If it is constant. on a course-by-course basis. the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. this value will be displayed as zero. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. SSD1 through SSD5 . the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses.Enter the thickness for the current shell course.1).1.Represents the allowable test stress. If this cell is left blank. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness.Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S. Table S-2.1. Thickness . Corrosion Allowance . Height . These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. Material Design Stress . For stainless steels. referred to as Sd in the API code. If this cell is left blank.Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units.Represents the allowable design stress. If necessary. these values will be interpolated during the solution phase.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n. if necessary. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. If necessary. the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero. If this cell is left blank for the first course.6. If it is constant. The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously. Hydro Test Stress . the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. referred to as St in the API code. the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field.1. 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5. For this reason. For stainless steels.

API 650 recommends a value of 0.7500 3. the value defaults to 1.04. If these times are not defined. Kd .1250 1. If left blank. the value defaults to 0.0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments.Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7.2500 2. This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units.Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7. the thread pitch is necessary. Gust Factor .The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5. Kzt .0000 2.3750 1. If left blank.Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7.5000 0. If entered.0.12. Kz .TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7.0000 1. it will be evaluated using this data.0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4. If left blank. This is an optional entry.8750 1. TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults.85.7500 2. Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter .Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage. Threads per Unit Length . and the anchorage is necessary.7500 0.Enter the wind directionality factor.5 4.5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 . The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch.95 (the default) for this parameter.Enter the wind speed up factor for hills.2500 1.6250 0.5000 2.5000 1. This value should be 1. Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0. In order to size the anchor bolts. the value defaults to 1. I .

The software internally multiplies this value by 2. This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. If this value is left blank. the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration.7.TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3.12. 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .2500 3. this value is no longer used. Bolt Yield Stress . Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter . the bolt allowable stress was required input.0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress .Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5.Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650. As a result. Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance .12. but is maintained for compatibility with older input files. As of this addendum.Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle. API-650.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value.Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts. the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5. Number of Anchor Bolts .4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0.For evaluation of an existing anchorage.25 inches. enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage. an offset of 0.0 is used.5000 3. This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank. Section F.7500 4. If the software redesigns the anchorage.

and then click Compute. and Girder Rings. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 . a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made. This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary. At this point.2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box. This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof.TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. wind over turning. The Net Area Scratchpad (F. The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box. To use this scratchpad. This data is used in further analysis. The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs. Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design. such as seismic analysis. Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below. Data entered in these fields will not be saved. the top half of this dialog must be filled out. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab. define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k). and maximum allowed pressure. Note that this is a scratchpad. Supported Cone Roof Data. or a supported cone roof will be designed.

in the usage of the various structural types. a supported cone roof is to be designed. displays the parameters used in the roof design. shown below. The allowed cross sections vary. and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. the material for the cross sections and roof plate. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. and in the available cross sections. For the structural and roof plate materials. and columns. This tab.TANK Input If instead. girders. depending on the active structural library. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab. The help system provides guidance here.

Angle Between Roof & Horizontal . column rings. Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only. and rafter rings is known. Roof Type . Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 . If however. For rafter supported cone roofs. All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell. alternate positioning is desired. as the number of girder rings. Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table.Defines the roof type of the tank. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths. Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring. which are supported by columns. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters. the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab. General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof. columns and girders.Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction. and how many girders make up the ring.TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young. If this information is specified. then the members are sized only. the software can design the rafters. which are supported by girders. the software can design the rafters.

the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations. it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed).Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates.Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations.Since the analysis hasn’t been performed. corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F.Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course. Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) . TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally. an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required. If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here.2. This value will not be used. the computed roof plate weight is always used. For supported cone roofs. This value should include the corrosion allowance. Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved. specify the bar thickness in this field. Weight of Roof Plates . TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally. For details.2.Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. refer to API-650 Figure F-2.Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations.Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. Weight of Roof Framing .Enter the area resisting the compressive force. Roof Live Load . the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations. According to API-650 5. After the analysis.Select the desired cross section. TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot. This value will not be used. Thickness of Bar (tb) . Weight of Snow on Roof . This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad. Figure (a-k) . The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box. Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) . If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load. Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) .Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks. Thickness of Roof Plate . This value will not be used.Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates. Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance . TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally. % of Weights Supported by Shell .10. 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar. if any. or a supported cone roof is being designed.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations.TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction . After the data has been defined. click Compute.1. This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness. Specify this estimate in the tc field. If the input value is greater.

valid types for this cell are: W. girder. The specific section types depend on the active structural database.TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) . girder. girder. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. girder.Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. girder. column rafter. Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) . column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 . For the 1989 AISC library. column rafter. Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type . C. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter. C. DI.Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters. The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. and P. girder. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. and M. S. DC.Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. WT.

girder. column rafter. and CT.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: I. HP. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. CP. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. T. column rafter. and T. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. girder. girder. column CT Channels. girder. column For the 1991 German library. column rafter. column rafter. girder. and UC. girder. column For the 1990 South African library. valid types for this cell are: IP. girder. 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . parallel USAGE rafter. column rafter. taper rafter. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below. column For the 1993 UK library. column rafter. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. column For the 1990 Australian library. U. girder. column Preferred Girder Type . column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. girder. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. and C. UC. girder.Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. column rafter.

column rafter. girder. girder.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. column rafter. girder. and C. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. valid types for this cell are: W. S. girder. T. and M. column rafter. DI. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. girder. UC. girder. column rafter. and P. column rafter. column rafter. DC. C. girder. WT. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column For the 1993 UK library. girder. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. C. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 .

column rafter. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. girder.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter. girder. column For the 1990 South African library. girder. column For the 1991 German library. The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. girder. U. girder. taper rafter. column rafter. column rafter. girder. column For the 1990 Australian library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. girder. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. and T. girder. parallel USAGE rafter. HP. valid types for this cell are: IP. valid types for this cell are: I. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. column rafter. CP. column CT Channels. column rafter. column Preferred Column Type . girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and UC. and CT.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns.

These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. column rafter. girder. girder. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. girder. column For the 1990 Australian library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. column For the 1991 German library. column rafter. girder. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. column rafter. column rafter. DI. column rafter. C. girder. girder. girder. column rafter. UC. valid types for this cell are: W. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. T. and M. column rafter. U. column For the 1993 UK library. and T. DC. valid types for this cell are: I. and P. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 . valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. column rafter. girder. girder. S. and C. girder. WT. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. column rafter. C.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. girder. and UC.

this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa). The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. from the center of the tank. In the design of the supported cone roof. This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings. In the design of the supported cone roof. parallel Channels. girder. arranged in concentric circles. The girders are supported by columns. Structural Member Material .Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary.. CP.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates. For compliance with API-650 Section 3. girder.1 to 7. column rafter. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members. column rafter. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. The rafters are oriented along radial lines.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected.0 to 30.Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders. Maximum Allowed Girder Length . The girders are supported by columns. Typical values for this cell are 24.] button. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified. Maximum Allowed Rafter Length .0 feet (6.0 feet /7. valid types for this cell are: IP. Center Column Cap Plate Diameter .Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters. from the center of the tank.] button. girder.1 meters. column rafter. girder.3 meters).. This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring. Structural Member Allowable Design Stress . This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. a value of zero will be used. arranged in concentric circles. If this cell is left blank..10.3. The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [. Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress . Typical values for this cell are 20. HP. taper USAGE rafter. and CT.. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders.3 to 9. column Roof Plate Material .0 to 24.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected.4. The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.TANK Input For the 1990 South African library.

Number of Girders in Ring . however. These entries are optional. the distance to all girder rings must be defined.TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring . If the location of one girder ring is specified. This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary. if the number of girders in any one ring is specified. the number of girders in all rings must be also specified. Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 . Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input.Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring.The number of girders in each ring may also be specified.

Friction Factor . %g. which is the 5% damped. Earthquake Type . Period (S1) .Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material.4. 5% damped.4. %g. Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec. design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.Defines SDS. If no value is specified. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.7. refer to API-650 Sections E. Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7. where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations. Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods .Defines Ss.Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion. unless specified otherwise by the purchaser. Scaling Factor (Q) .Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. the software will design bolting. and that this value (1.6.Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E. Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient . spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0.6. In this instance.Defines Sa0*.4. API recommends that this value not exceed 1.Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped. Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material .2s). 5% damped. which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. Initial Anchorage Type . For more information about earthquake types.3. Valid choices are A through F. Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) . Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) .Defines the seismic site class according to Section E. %g. %g. This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0. Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec. the coefficient defaults to 1.25) only be used for emergency services. Site Class . Unless otherwise specified. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure). 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second. which is the design.TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . 5% damped. 2. in seconds. Seismic Use Group . The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7. API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0.5% damping.3.2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods.Defines S0.1 for details on the various SUG categories.0.5. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. II.The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser. 5% damped.Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations.Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K). Bottom Plate Thickness . the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required. Importance Factor .Defines SP.25.Usually this value is 1. Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank. Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) .4. %g. See API-650 Section E. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0. and III). Period (S0) . Valid entries for this field are 1. Transitional Period (TL) .2 and E.Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted).Defines S1.

Maximum Allowed Spacing .1. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 .Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness.25 inches (6.Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate. If left blank. This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . Section 7. bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate .4. you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I . If a value is entered.35mm). which is the 5% damped. This value is optional. leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it.TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) . In this case. you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate. As stated in API-650 5. design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures. If a value is entered here. Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage. Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I. Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate . Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate . %g.Defines Sa*. This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate. this value defaults to zero.Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members).

The data specification can include external piping loads.TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles. If you check Use PVP-1279. Nozzle Designation / Number . Nozzle Outer Diameter . This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks. Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed.Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle. NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated.Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate. These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650.Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle. if available from a pipe stress analysis. Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P. TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses. Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate . This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits.

1E6 500.5E6 28. 200.07E-6 7.3E6 27. 260.1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20.87E-6 7.3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12.8E6 28. 203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 . 25. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1. the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100.07E-6 500 27.87E-6 7. 400.7 13.4 12.67E-6 6. Instead. 150. Modulus of Elasticity . If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel.7E6 27. 500.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient.Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature. You can change this value. then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used. if necessary. 300. 400.0 12.5E6 28.3E6 7. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70. 200.6E6 26. 29. 90. 300.8E6 28.0E6 27.4E6 26. Modulus (psi) 28.67E-6 6.7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.3E6 27.Enter the modulus of elasticity.2E6 Expansion Coefficient .25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29.TANK Input Delta Temperature . 200.

and Lengsfeld. Nozzle Weight . This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks. This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P. Use PVP-1279 .The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad. but not actually used in the computations.Enter the value of any applied radial force. if any. by Lengsfeld.Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle.Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located. Taagepera. Hathaitham.Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses. These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software. The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell. Applied External Circumferential Moment .A value defined in PVP-1279. English. Nozzle RePad Thickness . If reinforcing on the shell is indicated. if necessary.Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. Applied External Radial Force . This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 .TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal. it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations.Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. Applied External Longitudinal Moment . 68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . You can change this value. units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet.Enter the weight of this nozzle.Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations. LaBounty. Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? . The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness. Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness. RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 . Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 . resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses. Bardia. If you specify a pad thickness. acting on the nozzle. The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter.

empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis.TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input.0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates.Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld.Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion. Factor B .Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature. This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full . Factor K .Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank.0. K = 4. The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade.Enter the foundation factor.25 to a maximum of 1. The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing. Temperature Difference . The value of C shall be 0.0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination. The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0.0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C . Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference . Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate .Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.0 for tanks on earth foundations 4.85 if not specified by the purchaser. K = 2. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 . The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld. This value is: 2.

Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency .35 for single lap welds JEr = 0. Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material .85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) .) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V.000 psi (140 MPa). JEs = 1. 70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region.Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency . Where fc = 0. fc need not be less than 15.Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress . This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank. Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) .00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) .JEst.4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners.70 for double lap welds JEr = 1. JEr = 0. Where fc = 0. Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) .fc.Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe.TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V. JEst = 1.Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress . fc need not be less than 20.85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0.000 psi (103 MPa).JEs.00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0.) dialog box is an optional input.JEr.00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0.Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency .70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) . However. However. Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) .Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E.fc.

Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle.1.5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used.f. of the roof plate material.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement. the shell plate material. This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees.Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress . If this value is left blank. Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2. This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs.3.6m. API-653 Appendix B. The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points.Define the Dish Radius of Roof . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 . this limit was 30 feet / 9.TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) . use every other point when generating the input. Angle Between Measurements . and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature. Roof Dish Radius (R) . Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) . Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653. This value must be less than 45-degrees. a default of 29.8 m. in API-653 Section B. Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement .1m. If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4.R. Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference.2.Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points.3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank. Appendix B. The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9.

2.7. each discussed in the following subsections. 4.3.1. obtained from tank inspections. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4. The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs. Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9.3. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed. Above Ground Storage Tanks. Pre 3rd Ed. Post 3rd Ed. and 4. Elevation . Post 3rd Ed.Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank.7.4.1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653.3.1m intervals. Bottom. API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data. This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4. Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom.1.3. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed.4. Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh. May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit. Hydrocarbon Engineering. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom.

7. If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652).4. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate.7. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion.4.7. on a yearly basis. This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code.4.As per API-653 Section 4. Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. This value is measured from the original thickness. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .1.4.1. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate.As per API-653 Section 2. Pre 3rd Ed. Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) .0.Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined.4. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion.7.Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates. Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) .1. and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code). after repairs. after repairs. on a yearly basis. Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) . then this value should be specified as 0.7.7. this value should be specified as 0. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651).1. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 .4.1 of previous editions of API-653.Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.0. enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate.As per API-653 Section 2. according to Section 2. Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) .1.TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) . Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) .As per API-653 Section 4. Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) .As per API-653 Section 2.

1.7. Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) .7.4.1.As per API-653 Section 2.Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr).As per API-653 Section 2. on a yearly basis.1.As per API-653 Section 2.4. Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) . (GCa). Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) . enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate.7.TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) .As per API-653 Section 2. on a yearly basis.As per API-653 Section 2.7. This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65). Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) . If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0. The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0. StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom.4.1.7. This value is measured from the original thickness. Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) .Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates.4. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).1. 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .0.4. enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed. if specified. enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion. enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area.

exclusive of pits. they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box. If this value is left blank.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations.TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L. the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used. If this value is left blank.Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion. Similarly. If the t1 or t2 values are left blank. the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L". it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. and a joint efficiency for each shell course.Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course.Enter the average thickness in the "L" region. above the bottom of this course. Joint Efficiency . Additionally.Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region. controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis. if the L location is left blank. the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities. In subsequent thickness computations. the inspection values of t1 and t2. "L" is the critical length. Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank. Minimum Thickness . "L" Location Above Course Bottom . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 . Lowest Average Thickness . Use specified shell "L" values? .

When this box is checked.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations. which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses.3. as per API-653 Table 2.TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level.Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course. The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course.3. Instead.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations.1. This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank. Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2. and liquid characteristics. API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input. Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2.3.3. This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed. Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed .1.1. Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L". Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition. Use specified shell "E" values? . This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate. Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies. Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations. Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998).3. Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? .3.3. the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2. as well as the environmental factors.

8 2. Environmental Factor .375 0.0 0.3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2.075 0.075 0.2000.0 0.5 5 10 15 20 25 1.0 0.300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 .TANK Input Emptying Rate .40 0.375 0.3 0.0 2.3.5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22.03 0.2. Filling Rate .8 2. see API-2000 Section 4.3.7 3.67 0.Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank. For more information. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4.0 1.Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point.Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point. Boiling Point .7 11.33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1.0 0.05 0.0 0. For more information.15 0.300 0. Liquid Flash Point .2.50 0.1.1.1.15 0.Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API.2.Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.05 0.0 1. see API-2000 Section 4.025 see note C 1.3 0.4 5.

03 0.0 1.025 see note C 1. based on the required volume. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved.5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank. the unit cost of plate. You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary.TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0. height. the plate allowable stress. which consists of the required tank volume. After exiting the Scratch-pad. you have the option of transferring the diameter. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .0 0. and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations. There is a minimum amount of user-specified data. and the height and diameter ranges.0 0. This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses. the fluid specific gravity.19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0.

the input data can be altered. you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations. and four for a height range. Alternatively. The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition. or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table. the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. as well as the thickness required for each shell course. When the desired results have been achieved. you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad. the necessary diameter (or height) is presented. Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated. The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. If necessary. a report can be printed. This sizing tool. contains two slider bars. located to the right of the output display. and new estimates obtained. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 . The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range.TANK Input After the necessary data is specified. all other courses being equal to the specified input value. The height of the top course is also reported. After the scratchpad calculations have been performed. Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank. The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate.

A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. exclusive of the diameter range. or KG and KG/cu.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. exclusive of the height range. followed by plate weight and cost. Maximum Tank Diameter . For each height/diameter value. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. the minimum value for this entry should be 1.cm. followed by plate weight and cost. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. 80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. Cost/Unit Weight of Plate . The diameter range is independent of the height range.Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes. The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume. Maximum Tank Height . This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Required Volume . followed by plate weight and cost. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. The height range is independent of the diameter range. since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume. or KG and KG/cu.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Fluid Specific Gravity . The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. Minimum Tank Diameter . Since the tank must be hydrotested.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. Average Course Height .in.Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. followed by plate weight and cost. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. For each height/diameter value. The height range is independent of the diameter range. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. For each height/diameter value.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. Plate Allowable Stress .Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. For each height/diameter value.in. and lb/cu. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. For consistent application. exclusive of the diameter range. Minimum Tank Height .Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume. The top course may be less than the value specified here.0. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. For consistent application. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. and lb/cu.TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined.cm.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 . Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. exclusive of the height range.TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range.

TANK Input

82

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 . click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. the procedure halts until you click Continue. If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. If the summary report shows that errors were found. Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated. The typical response to this prompt is Yes. This gives you time to review the message. click File > Exit. You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker. Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition. the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction.Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box. the analysis files will not be created. Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete.

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

As each solution step is entered. and enhancement. and which solution steps are required by the current input data. the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays. This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked.SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module. After the solution module has been launched. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files. There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase. the major solution steps to the analysis. an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 . TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation. A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section. The program files used are listed below. Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. maintenance.

the velocity factory. This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set.The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements. The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries. and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E.This thickness is based on the specified design method. 6. 5. The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs. variable point. The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. In the case of the variable point method. If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank. This file contains the solution data in binary format. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section.1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met. It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows. entry into the output processor is not allowed. In this instance. and the overturning moment.Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing. 2. the message file can be very helpful. 4. The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu. 1. Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module. Overturning stability . The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors. 3. Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases . 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TKO file. or Appendix A.The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure.1. either one-foot. These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations. A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required.This value is checked according to Section 5. In this instance. and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5.11.The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user. As important milestones in the analysis are reached. some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file. or printed to the system printer.6. Shell weight and center of gravity . Wind effect . Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation. The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics. Allowed fluid heights . control is returned to the Main menu. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details. their section moduli. Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22. Required shell course thicknesses .This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination. Because there is no TKO file. the analysis module creates the .9. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details.The number of girders. and no output (TKO) file exists. All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification. newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file. 7. a diagnostic message is presented to the user. The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials. Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5. Wind girder requirements . the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations. this is an iterative process.

Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P . Following the cycle life calculations. roof.5 or 5. or design the roof. the Section 5. A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 . Section 7.10. and empty.The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions.After the actual roof computations are completed.These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I. and user input). design. test. The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young.3 checks are implemented. Following the roof design.This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads. Section M.If the roof data has been specified. After all sizing. with the corresponding stress for each load case. Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations.6. Service/maintenance computations . the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M. This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5. API-650 Appendix F requirements . required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5. the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined. the program will now evaluate. The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design.These computations are based on API-653 Section 2. Roof evaluation involves weight summations.Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data . Grillage computations . test.4 begins. analyze. Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B . the bolting requirements are checked.These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement. and seismic computations have been completed. API-2000 Venting calculations. After the cosine curve is known.10. if necessary. the required number of bolts and the bolt size. the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated.10. Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E .12 and determines.

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot. The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams. A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results.Plots the supported cone roof sketch. This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing. both of these items are grayed out. Return to Main Menu . the output options are available. the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls. or modify the input data. A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design. After you enter the local graphics mode. Plot Settlement . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 .Plots the shell settlement data. Plot Nozzles .Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram.SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete.Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu. Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections. In addition to the menu options. and supported cone roof sketches. Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch. These options include both text based reports and graphics. Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports. used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P. shell settlement plotting. the following icons are also available. nozzle interaction diagrams. Plot Cone Roof . Plot Tank Elevations . If output is not available for the current job.Produces the basic tank sketch. The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics.

92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details. Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank.

The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 . These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization. The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements. The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve. The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves. Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes.Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. the out-of-plane deflection. The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement. as well as an option to spline the data. Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations. the optimum cosine curve.

or user entered. test. necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded. which interaction diagram to plot . 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and which thickness to use . The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15).either longitudinal or circumferential.Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P.either design.

as an asterisk.Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point. If the piping loads are not specified. the interaction point plots at the origin. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 . The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads.

96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P. the interaction point must plot inside the diagram.

and quantities can be noted on the sketch. A typical roof sketch. the resulting design can be shown graphically. lengths. Besides the basic roof sketch. they are provided for information purposes only.Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. These roof sketches are not shown to scale. defining the roof nomenclature. structural cross section sizes. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 . showing cross section sizes is shown below. .

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

doc file contains the company logo and address details. its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 . if a file named header.SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports. This option opens a standard File Open dialog. Save . the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated. Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click. by topic. Print . Open . This menu lists the available reports. When you send reports to Microsoft Word. the Output Report menu displays. (Items can be de-selected in the same manner). showing only those jobs that have output. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is. View Report using Microsoft Word .doc exists in the \tank\system folder.Saves the selected reports.Prints the selected reports. After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected. Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report.Enables switching to the output of a different job.Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word. The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs. The intent is that the header. When the analysis phase completes. The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window.

Turn on or off the page numbering.Displays the next report. and program version number. Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here.Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box.Erases the selected reports.Displays the previous report. You can also suppress the ending page number. and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen.Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box. in the following sections. Next Report . job name. Select Heading Fonts . Previous Report . page number. time. This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended. Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings. Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data. major and minor level text.Changes the font when printing reports. Disable/Enable Page Numbering . date. in general. From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings. Select Font . The header contains the user’s name. 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports . Each of these reports is discussed. From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers. Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user. Each page of output begins with a header. Modify the Starting Page Number .

Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data. Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined. and settlement details were defined. seismic. Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 . as well as whether or not roof. This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module.

Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker. This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data.

and the wind moment. For API-653 analysis. and Appendix M reduction factor are listed.Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module . test allowable stress. For each shell course. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here. the material name. The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 . All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified. The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases. The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system. the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course. including the wind girder height reduction factor. consisting of the velocity factor. Material. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind. The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases. The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results. design allowable stress. the area exposed to the wind.TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module. The next section of the report reflects the material properties used. It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis. as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table. as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1. ENGLISH. Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program.

based on API-650 Section 5. If Detail e is required. the b dimension is also included in the report.Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width. the geometry detail and angle size are also reported. This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders. For each wind girder required. The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations. The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components. Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method. The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check". the weight of the shell. as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell. and the center of gravity of the shell.11.

and the design roof load. If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed. the spacing on the inner girders. This information begins with the number of girder rings. and the rafter length. Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details. the radius to each girder ring. the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. Note that at the center of the tank. the spacing on the outer girders. The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring. the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero.Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. the number of rafters resting on the inner girders. and at the shell. and the number and length of the girders in each ring. This report is shown below. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 . and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F.

This information includes the unit load on the member. and the actual section modulus. the required section modulus. the selected cross section. and is shown below.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters. This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring. Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

and required radius of gyration. height.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. This is followed by the selected cross section. This information begins with the column load. This information is shown below. the actual compressive stress. allowable compressive stress. and the actual radii of gyration. Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 .

and the compression ring failure pressure.5.10. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths. This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift.3.5 or 5. All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”. Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5.10. are the results of the Appendix F computations. the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction.6.10. This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight. and either 5. The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F. Following the roof design/analysis report. an API unit.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 . and empty. test fluid.Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E. These computations were made for three cases: design fluid.

and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported. Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . deflection. and user input thickness. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input. rotation. These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness.Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P. test shell thickness. the flexibilities. For each case.

Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 . and the out-of-plane deflection. the optimum cosine curve through these measured points. This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points.Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B. This table also includes the settlement measurements. the out-of-plane settlement.

This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing. Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .3 of API-2000. The venting report is shown below. outbreathing and fire exposure.Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4.

12. The second section shows the required number of bolts. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 . and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases. the required bolt diameter.Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5. The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases. There are two sections to this report.

as well as the number of allowed cycles. The report lists the exclusions and checks made. Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M.

Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V.

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

........................................................ In This Section Example Problem APP_K ......... is located at \examples\o_wc........................ is located at \examples\a_wc.......... 117 Example Problem O_WC ........................................... 118 Example Problem B&Y .................................. 118 Example Problem SEIS01 ...............tki............ 117 Example Problem A_WC ......................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem APP_P .......................... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 .................................................................... Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations... 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k......tki.................................. as defined by Appendix A of API-650........................................ as defined by the One Foot method.. 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ......... 118 Example Problem TEST1.....................SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code..................................... 118 Example Problem SSC1 ........ Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations.............................................. 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ..............tki............... Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 .............

for stainless steel tanks.tki.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations. Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V.tki. (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara.tki.tki. including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M. Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young.tki. Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p. is located at \examples\sstest1.tki. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E. Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1. 118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young. Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1. For more information see the file \examples\b&y.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E.

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Main program TKERCK.EXE .EXE.EXE .Error check module OUTWORD.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.TXT .EXE . Main Set APIOUT.Output report review processor TANK.Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.CHM .Configuration program help pointer file TANK.DLL .EXE .Units generation module MATEDIT.EXE .Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR.EXE .Configuration program help data file TKSET02.EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.Input module help pointer file TKER01A.EXE .Help file TIPS.EXE .EXE .EXE .APPENDIX A Appendix A .EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B.Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.EXE .Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.EXE file scanner CRCCHK.EXE .EXE .EXE .Output preprocessor APISOLV.EXE .CRC check program MAKEUNIT.EXE .Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B. The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .EXE .Input module help data file API02.Material database editor OUTPUT.Solution module COADEXE.

FIL .TXT .ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.FIL .1993 API-650 material database A650_94.1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.MAT .1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.Messages for output processing TITLE.MAT .SI units file T2A.Structural database file API650.1988 API-650 material database A650_93.2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.MAT .Messages for input processor SCREEN3.MAT .Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.MAT .Millimeter units file MPH.MAT .1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.MAT .Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.MAT .MAT .1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.MAT .MAT .Data from Table 3-22 XX.MAT .MAT .MAT .DAT .CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix A .TXT .TXT .EXE .EXE .ENGLISH units file MM.Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.MAT .CRC .DIG .2005 API-650 material database A650_08.2008 API-650 material database AISC89.HED .1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.FIL .Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.FIL .1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.MAT .

Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y.Sample input for variable point method APP_P.TKI .TKI .TKI . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 . SEIS01.TKI .Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1.Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01.Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA.Stainless steel example SSC1.Example computations for Appendix.TKI .TKI .TKI .Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.Example seismic computations for Appendix E.TKI .Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1.Appendix A .Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC.TKI .Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K.TKI .TKI .

Appendix A .Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK.APPENDIX B Appendix B .1 .English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 . Figure B. You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary.

Standard Units Systems Figure B.MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .2 .4 .MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.3 .SI Units File Figure B.Appendix B .

55 A-516.B A-737.EH36 A-573.D A-678.C A-633.B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 .1 A-537.705 A-516.B A-662.58 A-573.APPENDIX C Appendix C .2 A-633. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.65 A-516. When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.C A-537.65 A-573.CS A-36 A-131.A A-678.70 A-662.B A-131.List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database.60 A-516.A A-131.

21 G40.List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.D E-355t.D E-355.235 NS.C E-275.Appendix C .21 G40.275 * ISO 630 E-275t.21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.C E-275t.D E-275.250 NS.21 G40.C E-355.C E-355t.D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .21 G40.21 G40.

Appendix C .List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .

List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix C .

1 YES A650_94. 1.1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO . 0. 1. 0. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 .2835648E+00 YES .3.3000000E+00 .7. 1.9. 1.Default Configuration Directives Ver. 1.APPENDIX D Appendix D . 1.MAT ENGLISH.200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES .5000000E-02 YES . 1. 2. 1.FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1.4000+E01 Sect.0000000E+00 .

Appendix D .Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Added many “text” changes to the output. Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights. Version 3. Implemented API-653 4th Edition. Version 3. th Version 2. to provide more information and detail. rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API .30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2.Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK. Version 3.653 3 Edition.00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API .10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition. Added several minor changes as requested by users. BS3643. South African Bolt. Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 . Added a Wind Parameter input dialog. Version 3.55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density.650 10 Edition.APPENDIX E Appendix E . Added JIS structural steel shape library.20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1. Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%. Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric.

4. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates.6. this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section.Revision History Version 2.2 through E.50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M.6. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration. Since bolting data is now a required input. Version 2. Version 2. This provides better capability to notify users of software updates.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . from PVP-1279.1. The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1.Appendix E . for easier usage. Incorporated API-650 10th Edition. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database. Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad. as a result of Addendum 1. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary. Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses. Revised the output processor. Addendum 3. The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials. Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition.20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E. Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition. Addendum 1. Version 2. Revised documentation.

Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power. to include the bottom shell course thickness.2.4. Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination. A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3.2 has been incorporated. Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height. Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A. Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference. Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0. Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1.5.00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2.25 inch plate. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 . API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum. which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches.60 / 2. Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height).Appendix E . in accordance with the recent addendum.10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition. Section 3.Revision History Version 2. This involved removing both A442 materials.

Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added. API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates. Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet. Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added. Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added.40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition. Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated. Previous versions treated zero as a blank. permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses. Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases). this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database. Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet. This ability has been added for Version 1. versions prior to 1.Revision History Version 1. Addendum 2 changes incorporated. Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic.5. First. Version 1.51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated. Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations. A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E. Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added.3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress.50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated. Version 1. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero. Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added.Appendix E . Note.50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included. Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory.50. now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1. Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations.

Mouse support has been added to all modules.8. Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated.5.6. the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3. Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L.1.1.10. Consideration of Section 17.4.7. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module. Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module. test.1. A material database editor is provided.11 added.1. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization.31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added. and empty conditions are reported. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated.3 is reported. Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment.10. API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified.Revision History Version 1.9.2.Appendix E . Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3. Bold design procedure for Section 3.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs. Version 1. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 . A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available.e has been added. The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary.1 added.3. Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3. “Variable Point” location reported.5. Additionally the weights for operating. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank. Bolt design references to standard bolt size table. API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2.8 added.

The calculator supports the basic four math operations. Version 1. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes. This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives. Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program.11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added. Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3. For API-653 analysis. Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads. trigonometric functions. A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu.0 and L/2a=1. The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations. and square roots. Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E. An additional "English" units file is provided.FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour. and a segregation of program and system files.Appendix E . Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added. Several new configuration directives have been added. Version 1.6 added. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P. and the setting of the default output report generation parameters. MPH. A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs. The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case. there was no interpolation between curves. Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added. a network hardware lock. Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young. PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports. Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles.0 used one or the other set of curves. squares.11.5 curves.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3. For API-653 runs.11 and Appendix E computations.Revision History Version 1. which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file. This units file. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3. This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections.

Hydrocarbon Processing. Improve Storage Tank Inspections. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement. Swenson. Tenth Edition. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. American Petroleum Institute. and Horwege. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules. Eighth Edition. Revise Storage Tank Inspections. John Wiley & Sons. and Fenton. F. Vol. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. LaBounty. January 1995. ASME 1996. Bardia. Lengsfeld. Hendrix & Carucci. Lu. A. Hydrocarbon Processing. Osage. ASME 1995. Fifth Edition. Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. PVP Vol 336. August 1980. Vol 12. Koczwara. ASME 1996. Billimoria. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). and Ruiz. PVP Vol 315.APPENDIX F Appendix F . Smith. November 1978. Bardia and Taagepera. Marr. Brownell & Young. Process Equipment Design. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. 1997.. Hathaitham. API-2000. August 1980. No 4. America Petroleum Institute.Selected References API-650. August 1982. Journal of Strain Analysis. Bardia. Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. Transactions of the ASME. Parikh. Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Malik. American Petroleum Institute. Hydrocarbon Processing. Myers. Lengsfeld. McGraw-Hill. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. and Taagepera. Vol 108. ASME. April 1998. Inc. Taagepera. Third Edition. Lengsfeld. Ramos. 118. American Petroleum Institute. June 1990. and Lengsfeld. Morton. Billimoria and Tam. FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. and Lambe. and Hagstrom. Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks. API-620. October 1996. August 1996. Above Ground Storage Tanks. PVP Vol 315. 1959. 2002. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 . PVP-1279. An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks. Carucci & Ay. PVP Vol 336. Philip E. November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653. ASME 1995. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks. 1977.

Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix F .

Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E .Program File List • 121 Appendix B .) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A .Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C . Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30.Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 .Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old.Revision History • 133 Appendix F . 83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9. 83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.List of Materials • 127 Appendix D .

Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31. 121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87.

20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2. 76 Version 1.31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2.40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2. Material.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1.10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1. Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42. 125 Units • 9 units files • 24.Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39.20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3.10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3.10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 .40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1.30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2.50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2.60 / 2.20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1.55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3. 99.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1.

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