Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

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Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS 252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3. Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Intergraph Corporation P.O. Box 240000 Huntsville, AL 35813 Street address: 170 Graphics Drive, Madison, AL 35758

Terms of Use
Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

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All warranties given by Intergraph Corporation about equipment or software are set forth in the EULA provided with the software or applicable license for the software product signed by Intergraph Corporation, and nothing stated in, or implied by, this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification or amendment of such warranties. Intergraph believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date. The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document. The software discussed in this document is furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of this license. No responsibility is assumed by Intergraph for the use or reliability of software on equipment that is not supplied by Intergraph or its affiliated companies. THE USER OF THE SOFTWARE IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE FINAL EVALUATION AS TO THE USEFULNESS OF THE SOFTWARE IN HIS OWN ENVIRONMENT. Intergraph is not responsible for the accuracy of delivered data including, but not limited to, catalog, reference and symbol data. Users should verify for themselves that the data is accurate and suitable for their project work.

Trademarks
Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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.......................... 99 Output Report Discussions .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 70 Shell Settlement Data ........................................................................................................................................................................... 84 Completing the Error Check Phase .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 83 Warning & Error Options ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 112 API-650 Bolting Report ................................. 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)....................................................................... 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .............................................................................................................. 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box .......................................................................... 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .......................................................................................................................................... 80 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................................. 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches ......... 111 API-2000 Venting Output ....................... 101 Error Checker LOG File ........................................................................................................................................... 103 Roof Evaluation ........................ 85 Analysis/Solution Phase................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V............................................................................................................... 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box ............................................................... 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box ............................................................................................................................................................... Material............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data .................... 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams ................................................................................................................................................ 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box ...................................................... 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.............................................. 110 Settlement Checks .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad ............ 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)........................................................................................................................................................................................................Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ......................... 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box ............................................................................................................. 97 Output Report Generation ..........................................) Dialog Box ............................ 87 TANK Program Files .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ... Thickness & Weights ........ 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) .................................... 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ..................................................... 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ................. 105 Seismic Analysis Results .................. 100 User Input Data ............. 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) ......................... 100 Job Title Page ................................................................................................................................... 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ............. 102 Solution Module TXT File ..... 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results ................................................................................. 103 Wind................................................... 92 Shell Settlement Plots ......................................................... 91 Tank Layout Sketch ........................................... 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ... 87 Solution Overview ..................................................... 88 Local Graphics Output ................................................................................................ 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box ........................................................................ 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box ........................................................

............................................................. 127 * CSA Standards .......................................................................................................... 117 Example Problem O_WC ................................................................................... 121 English Text Set ........ 136 Version 1........00 Changes (11/07) ........................... 131 Appendix E ............. 118 Example Problem APP_P .............................................................................................................50 Changes (3/04) .....................................................................................................................................................................40 Changes (7/02) ............................................................................................................................10 Changes (9/08) ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ...................................................Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output .........................................................................40 Changes (9/96) ... 133 Version 2...................................................................................... 133 Version 3............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................50 Changes (5/97) .....List of Materials ........................................................................................................60 / 2.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................55 Changes (10/05) ....... 128 * National Standards ........................................................... 136 Version 1.......... 123 Appendix B ................................20 Changes (9/09) ................................................................................ 118 Example Problem B&Y ............................................................................. 135 Version 1...................Revision History ............................................ 122 API Data Set. 133 Version 2............................................................................................00 Changes (1/99).................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 121 Main Set ......................................... 133 Version 3................................................................... 129 Appendix D ............. 114 API-650 External Pressure Output ................................................................................. 135 Version 1.....................Default Configuration Directives ..................................................................Standard Units Systems.......................................... 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) ......................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem TEST1 .............................. 115 Examples .... 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 ...................................................................... 133 Version 3..................................................................................................30 Changes (9/10) ......................................... 127 * ASTM Standards ...................................................................... 119 Appendix A ...............................Program File List ................................................................................ 118 Example Problem SSC1 .................................................................................................... 125 Appendix C ..................................................10 Changes (5/00) ................................... 117 Example Problem A_WC ................................................. 129 * Unknown For API-653 ...................... 133 Version 3.................................................. 134 Version 2........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) ................................................................................................ 118 Example Problem SEIS01................................................................................. 134 Version 2........................................................... 122 Examples Data Set ................. 134 Version 2..................... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 . 117 Example Problem APP_K ........ 121 Help & Error Processing Set .............................................................................................................................. 134 Version 2..........................................51 Changes (9/97) ................................................................................................................................................................ 128 * ISO 630...................................30 Changes (2/02) ...............................................................................................................20 Changes (9/00) ....................................

..................................................................................................... 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ..... 138 Appendix F ..........................................10 Changes (2/96) .........Contents Version 1..... 137 (11/94) ..................................................................................................................... 139 Index ............................................30 Changes Version 1............................................................................................... 138 (6/94) ...31 Changes Version 1..................................................................................................... 137 (8/95) ......20 Changes Version 1...............................................................................................................Selected References ................................

cell specific help for guidance and information. input validation to avoid run time errors. Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade. and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution. and expeditious designs. and by mail. that questions focus on the current version of the program. rely on the help system. economical.com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 . However.coade. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users. fax. Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible. configuration. Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. and operation of the program.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes. which can be launched by pressing F1. e-mail. To that end. It is expected. TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input.com Web: www. when in doubt. TANK support is available by telephone. the web site. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation. however.

the appropriate information displays in an interactive window.Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system. Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1. Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section. When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific. the help text includes the expected input units in the title line. Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user. After the help system has been activated. These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file.

Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program. The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog. the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary. Even though TANK validates your input data. This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis. and division) are supported in the input cells. a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0.New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units. Reviewing Output . subtraction.Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK. A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files. After the review of a specific error message is complete. Selecting a Units File . and finally reports the problem to you.Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file.Standard Units Systems (on page 125). user control is returned to the Main menu. the program attempts to trap the error. For example. For more information on the four standard supplied units systems. Upon exit from the diagnostic utility. multiplication.Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system. there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis. When such a fatal condition occurs. These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch). This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach. assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database. Creating Units Sets . Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module. see Appendix B . The four basic math operations (addition. This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system. The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them.09375. In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 . In some instances additional sets may be required. TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files .

Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes. Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M.3.2. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000. Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A.Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . External pressure computations according to Appendix V. including the limiting load interaction diagrams. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B. Seismic computations according to Appendix E. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P. TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes. Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders. Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M. Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2. An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279. These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method. and digitized data from Appendix P. Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance. This includes the material data from Table 5. Minimum metal temperature reporting.

These options include: Install TANK .Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products.Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK. The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays.Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph. Contact Intergraph .Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products.Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD. Additional Products . Services Training . Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window. the system requirements. TANK Information . The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything. and the CD contents.Displays the TANK License Agreement.Includes options to install the HASP.Displays a text file discussing the installation steps. Release Notes . insert the CD into the drive. Support Forum . which installs TANK. the HASP drivers.Launches the main installation process. ReadMe File . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 .SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum. Browse the CD .Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page. CD Content Additional Installations . License Agreement . and all associated documentation.

Insert the TANK CD into your computer. 12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . double-click CDSpawn. HASP Trouble Shooting . If the setup does not start automatically. or Enterprise).Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer. Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional. or Windows 7 (Ultimate.Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing. Professional.Displays a PDF document containing these instructions. or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported. Installation Instructions . The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed. Hardware Requirements minimum of 2.Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System. Click Install TANK to begin the installation. Business. Windows Vista (Ultimate. 1.exe in the root CD folder. HASP Licensing Overview . Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation. 2.0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs.

click Change. The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>. 4. 6. 7. Click Next on the welcome page. select I accept the terms in the license agreement. and then click Cancel. select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement. You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement. If you accept the license agreement.Installation 3. and then click Next. To install the software in another location. -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement. Click Next to continue. where <product name> reflects the program name and version. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 . 5. Read the license agreement.

Select the license type that you have. 14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 9. An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation. select the SPLM license option.Installation 8. If you are using SmartPlant License Manager. Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. select the key color. You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run. If you are using a network ESL key.

Skip to step 11.Installation As the installation progresses. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock. you are not prompted to install the HASP driver. the status displays. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 . After the TANK files have been installed. Click OK. the following dialog box displays. If this dialog does not display. If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type. installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run. 10. After successfully installing the HASP device driver.

exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally. such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging.Installation 11. Click Yes to reboot your computer now. with no interaction from you.The path to load the installation files. Issue the installation command as detailed below. Click Finish.doc file. Click No to reboot later. Setup. To launch TANK in silent mode. Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary. Setup. Select Show the readme file to view the readme. 12.exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green. Command Cmd= setup. 2. it is a good idea to restart Windows. perform these steps: 1. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD. 13.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR . Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs. Because a device driver was loaded. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL. The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder. If your computer uses a local ESL. if all of the licenses are on the network ESL. Alternatively.TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 .TXT and ESL_RED. The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server). The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems. Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers. Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software). you can skip the remainder of this section. The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server. In order for the network to recognize the ESL.The ESL color. The file server is a better location for this ESL. Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL. The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software. because the computer is usually always on.Installation ESL_COLOR . because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops). A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility. Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network. a user must then be logged into the network to access the software.Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs. the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software. refer to the documentation files NETHASP. The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs. If the network ESL is attached to a workstation. we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL.This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT . This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations. Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location.

Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software. and the build date. Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released. However. and distributing the various builds generated between major releases. announced. In other words. After the file has been downloaded and installed. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation. the version indicator. This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build. When this occurs. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version. databases grow. and posted to the Web site. operating system modifications. additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains.coade. 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . file formats change. archiving. before the next version can be released.com). and corrections. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available.Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static. a correction to the currently shipping version is made. In order to alleviate this problem for our users. user requests. its size. A build is intended for one specific version of the software. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web. but only one build is required at any given time. operational enhancements. This correction is referred to as a Build. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu. In addition. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking. Determine which build file you need and download it.exe. Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found.x<date>. they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda. The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement. and also displays when you click Help > About. the build is finalized. When this occurs. The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program. and the date it was created. builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated. and so on. Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www. Build Y contains Build X.

This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. follow any prompts. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 .TXT. additional usage instructions may be found in this file.Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD. Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package. Simply double-click the build file (the exe). Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level. and the software installation will update appropriately. memory requirements. click COADE EXE Scanner. To see which program modules have been modified. the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level. and build bevel. When necessary. This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size. This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version. which build is in use. Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released. on the Main Program menu. This allows you to see. you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory. From the Utility > Tools menu.

the last build should be installed. Additionally. To reinstall an older version of the software. if it becomes necessary.Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. This will allow full use of this version at some later time. you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release. Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds. the distribution CD should be installed first. any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD. 20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Patched Version When a new version of the software is released. Then.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

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structural shapes and materials. Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory. Material File .Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module.Select the units file to use. Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list.Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients. followed by a scan of the installation directory. This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews. Structural Database . The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory. Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U. Units File . as well as International shape libraries. the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory. Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored.Specifies the anchor bolt database. You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command. If a data directory does not contain a configuration file. This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients.S. the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used.Select the material file to use. Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database . Each data directory can contain its own configuration file. which may be unique. Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units. Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory. A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program.

a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu. defined. From here. After the input has been defined. see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21). The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution. analysis is prohibited .you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis. and control is returned to the main menu. Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon. Warning messages are acceptable to the program . Upon completion of the analysis.SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual. The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected. It is assumed. For more information on the error checker. After a solution data file is available. an intermediate data file is created for analysis. analyzed. If there are errors in the input data. Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input.you must correct these errors before proceeding. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 . select Analyze Only to start the analysis module. For more information. Assuming that error checking completed successfully. and reviewed. that the program has been properly installed and configured. it must be error checked. The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive). see Error Checking (on page 83). and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above). you can select one of the Output menu options.

26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 2. 3. Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output. Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports. The steps outlined above are summarized below. From the Start menu. The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu. either new or old. Define the input data.Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session. Focus then returns to the Main menu. 5. 1. As long as the job input parameters remain fixed. Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only. Select a job. quit the output processor. the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports. 4. click TANK.

but also include output review (both text and graphics). utility tools.SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start. diagnostics. corresponding to the major topics on the menu. output review. launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu. configuration. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 . and ESL review. The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options. analysis. The options are arranged in groups. and help. or by double clicking the desktop icon. the Material Database editor. The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched. Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition. The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK.

Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening. Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk. saving. and printing the input for a specific job. TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 . the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job.Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job. each accessed from the menu. Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen. The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups. Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39). Upon completion of the input. The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon.

In any event. If the input data successfully passes the error checker. If the verified problem data. The Analyze option is deactivated until the . As each phase is completed. written to the .TKE file. For more information on the analysis processor. cannot be located. The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker. 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Analyze . Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel. Steps not required are disabled.TKE file is written by the error checker.Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check. or the input data contained errors and no . Analyze. the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data. an analysis file for the job is written.TKE file was generated. This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed. an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description. see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87). Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83). (grayed out). Error Check . with a . either designing a tank or re-rating a tank. which produces the output file for the job. and if the input passes the error checker. Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text.Starts the solution module.TKE suffix.Starts the error checker. automatically starts the solution module. The analysis module performs the solution step. and Error Check and Analyze. based on your input parameters.Starts the error checker. TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked. Error Check and Analyze . the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu.

and changing the time stamp in the report headers. For viewing text based reports. and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner. the Material Database editor. Overwrite Reports . Time Stamp . Local Graphics . custom units systems.Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports. and review latest reports.Creates a new set of output reports. in multiple units systems if necessary. completely replacing any existing reports. This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically. Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created. at the end of the last set of reports.Starts the graphics processor. Nozzle load interaction diagrams. three options are available: overwrite reports. the current CPU time and date are used. Append Reports . append reports. For more information on output processing. If this data is not specified. The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. viewing graphical results. see Local Graphics Output (on page 91). shell settlement graphs. Review Latest Reports . Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 .Displays the output review control panel. the batch stream processor and a text file review option. in the current units system. in the current units system.Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers.Generates a new set of reports.

the batch log file. Custom Units . File Review . Calculator . Error Check Log File . The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter.Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis.Starts Notepad to review a selected data file. Batch Log File .Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data. This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. Message File .Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase. see Program Configuration (on page 21).Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis.Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives.Using the Main Menu Configuration .Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created.Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database. The file is created by a prior analysis. and the solution message file. Batch Stream Processor . For details of the program configuration. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. Material Database Editor . Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations. There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file. The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties.

This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure. or a virus infection. The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software. clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column.Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory. if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 .Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number. This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name. If a CRC Check error occurs. a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed.Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number. This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available. Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker . If the values do not match. This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations. the software attempts to invoke this module automatically. then the file has been corrupted in some manner. Corruption could indicate bad distribution media. Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module . However. Should a “fatal error” occur. the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation.Using the Main Menu CRC Check . However.

which is required to access the software. all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu). this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu. If there is an access problem with the ESL. Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . However. The ESL is the External Software Lock. most of the Main menu items will be disabled. Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL.Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time.

suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information. Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes. and the time stamp of the last access. as generated by the Intergraph support staff. Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 .Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes.Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes.Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software. These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified. Occasionally. where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL. and accepting instructions from the user.TXT file of the information.TXT”. and ID number. generating data for the user. usually to extend limits. The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task. This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel. The file will reside in the program’s \system folder. The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx. Receive and Enter Fax Codes . Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a . Phone Update . the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored. Generate Fax Codes . except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel. These updates encompass changes requested by the client. versioning information. This information consists of the client name. some of this date may require updating in the field.Starts an interactive procedure. or by clicking the ESL icon. reset a date. This option is similar to the phone update option. date or run limits. to interact with the user on the telephone. or change the client name.

By default. click OK to enable the changes to the ESL. all options are selected. found in the frame area of the Main menu.Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid. The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar. . When all codes have been entered. Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options. Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph. Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

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Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

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For more information. the course height. For more information. see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71). For more information. data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. For more information. and the desired code. external loads. fluid depth. see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72). depending on the tank. Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog. For more information. Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification. see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). Activates the Grillage Review dialog. This dialog is an optional input. This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing. Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. course material. This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog. depending on the tank. Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog. Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. For more information. pressure. For more information. Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog. This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters. out-breathing. depending on the tank.7. For more information. This dialog is an optional input. This dialog is an optional input. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P. depending on the tank. For more information. see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). see API 650 External Pressure (App V. Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell. This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions. Section I. The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. This dialog is an optional input. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. This information consists of the diameter. This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. depending on the tank. course thickness. temperature. see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78). This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis. fluid specific gravity. depending on the tank. As mentioned above. see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76).) Dialog Box (on page 70). see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53). see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65). Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters. the number of courses.TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. and fire. see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. and in the text by Brownell & Young.

We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session. If necessary. with the input data. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically). the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page. to the General Data dialog. The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar. This serves as a good starting point for a tank design. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file. this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. With TANK. The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document. As with most software programs. Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog. or by clicking the Diskette icon. The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options.HED. on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters. any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes. users can save the input by using the File menu. found in the file TITLE. Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog.TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad. The first displays the title page. but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too.

a descriptive comment defines the expected input. and Anchor Bolt Details. Wind Details. This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data. For each input cell. Shell Courses.TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. Where applicable. Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. 42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

used as the default for all individual shell courses. in which you can select any valid material from the active database. Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu. the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below). The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 . This context menu is shown below.TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field.

TANK Input Alternatively. the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below). which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank. Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu. you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database. Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time. the program fills in the Sd and St values. For stainless steels. material design stress. Therefore. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material. or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. all courses acquire the same material. the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog. Initially. For carbon steels from Table 3-2. corrosion allowance. as necessary. if necessary. the software displays the Material context menu. For stainless materials. When you right-click the Material cell. material name. The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output.TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses. Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 . thickness. as specified on the Tank Data tab. and material test stress can be specified for each shell course. However. as described previously. on a course-by-course basis. for stainless materials.

If these times are not defined. The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3). The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs. if necessary. Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage. TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults. and may result in the design of required anchorage. API-650 Section 5.12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank). Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files.

limits the design pressure to 2.Enter the design pressure in the indicated units. it can only be used in analysis mode.Enter the design temperature in the indicated units. If the design temperature exceeds this limit. For each input cell. TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method . API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C. If you select D. Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line. or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 . the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. Design Pressure at Top . Run Objective .TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error. or Analyze mode. API Design Code . ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights.5 psi / 17. If the value of the design temperature is changed. The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation.Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements. This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank. Where applicable. or Design mode. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4.The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file. Appendix F. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses. which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only. A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. then the rules of Appendix M are applied. but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C. and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses. subsequent calculations for wind girders. Design Temperature . If you select A.Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input. API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes. Select the entry from the list. The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box.2 kPa. API-650. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. seismic.

85 0.70 0.Enter the total height of the tank shell.35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A .As per Appendix A. If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell.75 0.3. API-653 Section 2.85 1. If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank.70. This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st .85 0. Note.00 0. This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device. Tank Shell Height (HTK) . Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder .Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder. No other computations use this value.Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation. Liquid Specific Gravity (G) .50 + k/5 0. this value is used only in the Design case.70 0.Enter the height of the design liquid level.Enter the diameter of the tank. and is used in the wind load computations.85 0.TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) .85 or 0. the joint efficiency should be either 0.6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1.85 0. such as for a walk-way. enter the actual distance.4. API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown. This value should be the sum of the individual course heights.Enter the specific gravity of the fluid.3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency.3. so the default of 1.Spot RT Appendix A . this value should be entered as zero.0 for the Hydrotest case.70 0.0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations. Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] .No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Design Liquid Level (H) . As per API-650. The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1. Weight Attachments & Structures . the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates.50 + k/5 0.85 0.00 0.

Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank.9. Due consideration should be given to Section 5. Number of Shell Courses . A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional. left-click the .3. Section 5.This field displays the material name. These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment . Insulation Density .As of API-650 9th Edition. grade. After a valid material is selected.1. The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank.. Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form. uncheck this checkbox. its allowable stresses. 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment .11 stability.3. (d) Single lap welded only.7. To include the wind moment term. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 .As per API-653 Section 4. Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4. Entire Shell Course Evaluation . Alternatively.b. and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use.3.3. select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course. check this checkbox. To properly access a valid material name and its properties.3.Enter the density of the tank insulation.. Default Shell Material .2 Calculations .TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded. check this checkbox.Turns on an off wind loads on the roof.Enter the number of shell courses in the tank. Insulation Thickness . which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height. This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use. To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition). tensile strength.6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height.1. activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course. Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954.Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell.1a.1. Wind Velocity . or open-top tanks.3.Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5.Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5.1. yield strength.If the tank will have an annular base ring.a.3.As per API-653 Section 4. If the tank will not have an annular base ring. wind gust.7.9. The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53.2 includes a wind moment term. Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank. which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height. internal pressure. Local Area Shell Only . to display the same context menu. right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen. the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F.4. Include Annular Base Plate Details . This selection uses equation 4. The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course. this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box. This selection uses equation 4.11 Wind Pressure .3. This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary. If the material varies over the shell courses. uncheck this checkbox.

TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. Corrosion Allowance .1). the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. If this cell is left blank.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n.1. Material Design Stress . the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5. these values will be interpolated during the solution phase.Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units. Table S-2. If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness. SSD1 through SSD5 .6.Enter the thickness for the current shell course. If this cell is left blank for the first course. If this cell is left blank.1. These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value. If it is constant. For this reason. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. If this cell is left blank. on a course-by-course basis. Hydro Test Stress .Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S. if necessary. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. referred to as Sd in the API code. The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously. If it is constant. For stainless steels. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses.Represents the allowable test stress. the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero. If necessary. For stainless steels.6. If necessary. this value will be displayed as zero. referred to as St in the API code. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses.1. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database.Represents the allowable design stress. the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5. If it is constant. since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead. Height . Thickness .

the value defaults to 1.Enter the wind speed up factor for hills.Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage.Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7. I . In order to size the anchor bolts.The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5.3750 1.04.7500 0.5 4.5000 1.0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments.0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4. Kzt . the value defaults to 1. If entered. This is an optional entry. Kd .95 (the default) for this parameter. the thread pitch is necessary. The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch.8750 1. This value should be 1.7500 2.TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. Threads per Unit Length .5000 2.2500 2. If left blank. Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter .Enter the wind directionality factor.Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7.0000 1. Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0.2500 1. If these times are not defined. and the anchorage is necessary. it will be evaluated using this data. the value defaults to 0. Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units. If left blank. TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults. If left blank. This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. Gust Factor .85.7500 3.5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 .0000 2.6250 0.Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7.5000 0.1250 1. Kz .0. API 650 recommends a value of 0.12.

Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5.12.TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3. As of this addendum. API-650.Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts. If the software redesigns the anchorage. this value is no longer used. Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter .4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0. Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance . the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5.5000 3. The software internally multiplies this value by 2.Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650. As a result. Bolt Yield Stress .7. Section F. 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .2500 3.For evaluation of an existing anchorage. the bolt allowable stress was required input.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value. This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. an offset of 0.Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle. If this value is left blank.0 is used.0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress . the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration. but is maintained for compatibility with older input files.12.25 inches. This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank.7500 4. Number of Anchor Bolts . enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage.

and then click Compute.TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. Data entered in these fields will not be saved. Note that this is a scratchpad. Supported Cone Roof Data. and maximum allowed pressure. The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs.2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 . The Net Area Scratchpad (F. wind over turning. such as seismic analysis. To use this scratchpad. or a supported cone roof will be designed. Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design. define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k). The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box. This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary. This data is used in further analysis. and Girder Rings. This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof. the top half of this dialog must be filled out. Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab. At this point. a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made.

shown below. and in the available cross sections. in the usage of the various structural types. and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank. girders. The help system provides guidance here. The allowed cross sections vary. the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This tab. depending on the active structural library.TANK Input If instead. the material for the cross sections and roof plate. and columns. displays the parameters used in the roof design. a supported cone roof is to be designed. For the structural and roof plate materials.

General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof. the software can design the rafters. as the number of girder rings. the software can design the rafters.TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young. Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths. and rafter rings is known. Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only. columns and girders. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters. Angle Between Roof & Horizontal . which are supported by girders. alternate positioning is desired. the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab.Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction. For rafter supported cone roofs. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 .Defines the roof type of the tank. All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell. and how many girders make up the ring. column rings. If however. Roof Type . Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. If this information is specified. then the members are sized only. which are supported by columns. Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs.

For details.Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations. Figure (a-k) . This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad. Specify this estimate in the tc field.1. If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here. corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F. if any. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. This value should include the corrosion allowance. specify the bar thickness in this field.Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations.Select the desired cross section. Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) . the computed roof plate weight is always used.Since the analysis hasn’t been performed. The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load.2. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance .Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks. Roof Live Load .Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course.Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks. or a supported cone roof is being designed. Weight of Snow on Roof . For supported cone roofs. If the input value is greater. Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) .Enter the area resisting the compressive force. This value will not be used. TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally. This value will not be used. it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed). TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally. After the data has been defined. 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally.TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction . Thickness of Bar (tb) . Thickness of Roof Plate . the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations. According to API-650 5.Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates. After the analysis. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations. This value will not be used. click Compute. an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required.Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. refer to API-650 Figure F-2. TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally. this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot. Weight of Roof Framing . Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved. Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) .2. Weight of Roof Plates . This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness. % of Weights Supported by Shell .If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar.10.Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates.

Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. For the 1989 AISC library.Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. girder. and M.TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) . Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) . C. The specific section types depend on the active structural database.Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch. column rafter. column rafter. C. Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type . WT. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. valid types for this cell are: W. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. S. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 . girder. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. girder. DI. and P. The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below. girder. girder. DC. girder. column rafter.

girder. column rafter. girder.Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . column rafter. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. column Preferred Girder Type . girder. column rafter. girder. and CT. valid types for this cell are: IP. taper rafter. HP. column rafter. parallel USAGE rafter. girder. girder. valid types for this cell are: I. column For the 1990 Australian library. girder. girder. column For the 1993 UK library.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. girder. and T. column For the 1991 German library. valid types for this cell are: UB. UC. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below. CP. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. girder. column rafter. and C. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. girder. and UC. girder. column rafter. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. column CT Channels. T. valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. column For the 1990 South African library. column rafter. U.

column rafter. column rafter. girder. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 . C. DC. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. S. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. and P. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. UC. girder. T. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. column For the 1993 UK library. WT. girder. DI. and M. and C. column rafter. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. girder. girder. girder. C. girder. column rafter. girder.

girder. column CT Channels. and CT. and UC. girder. The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. U. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: I. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. column Preferred Column Type . taper rafter. girder. parallel USAGE rafter. girder. HP. girder. girder. CP. column rafter. column For the 1990 South African library. girder. column For the 1991 German library. column rafter. girder. and T. girder. girder. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. column rafter. The specific section types depend on the active structural database.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter. column For the 1990 Australian library. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: IP.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB.

girder. girder. column For the 1991 German library. DI. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. column rafter. column For the 1993 UK library.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. column rafter. girder. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. T. column rafter. column rafter. girder. girder. girder. column rafter. S. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. and T. C. column rafter. column rafter. and P. valid types for this cell are: UB. column For the 1990 Australian library. and M. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. C. girder. WT. girder. valid types for this cell are: I. girder. girder. and UC. girder. DC. U. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. and C. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. UC. column rafter. girder. column rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter.

where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates.3 meters).. girder. girder. If this cell is left blank. This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified.3. The girders are supported by columns. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa). HP. column rafter.Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary. This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified. The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [. Typical values for this cell are 20.Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders. This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings. column rafter. The rafters are oriented along radial lines.4. Structural Member Material . parallel Channels. from the center of the tank. The girders are supported by columns. In the design of the supported cone roof. 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . girder.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected. a value of zero will be used. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. Typical values for this cell are 24. from the center of the tank.0 to 24. column Roof Plate Material . taper USAGE rafter. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. In the design of the supported cone roof. column rafter. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. CP. Maximum Allowed Rafter Length . and CT.0 to 30.] button.] button. Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress .1 to 7. Maximum Allowed Girder Length . The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected.3 to 9. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring.. arranged in concentric circles.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members. For compliance with API-650 Section 3.0 feet /7. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.TANK Input For the 1990 South African library.Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters. Structural Member Allowable Design Stress . valid types for this cell are: IP..0 feet (6. girder.1 meters. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank.. The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders.10. arranged in concentric circles. Center Column Cap Plate Diameter .

however. the number of girders in all rings must be also specified. Number of Girders in Ring . the distance to all girder rings must be defined.TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring .The number of girders in each ring may also be specified. Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input. This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary. Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 . if the number of girders in any one ring is specified. These entries are optional.Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring. If the location of one girder ring is specified.

2. For more information about earthquake types.4. 5% damped.3. Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank.2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods.Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted).Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material. Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec. Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material . Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) .Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K).5% damping. %g. where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second.0. which is the design.3.4.Usually this value is 1. Period (S0) . Scaling Factor (Q) .4. Valid entries for this field are 1. In this instance.Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion.Defines S1. Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec. which is the 5% damped.25) only be used for emergency services.1 for details on the various SUG categories. 5% damped. Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods . the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure). refer to API-650 Sections E. Seismic Use Group .Defines the seismic site class according to Section E. %g. Transitional Period (TL) . API recommends that this value not exceed 1. in seconds.25. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0. or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I.Defines Sa0*. the software will design bolting.Defines Ss.The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser.6. 5% damped. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient . Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7. Unless otherwise specified. Importance Factor .Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0. The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7. %g. 5% damped. API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0. This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0. If no value is specified. Earthquake Type .5. See API-650 Section E. %g. Valid choices are A through F.Defines S0.6.TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . unless specified otherwise by the purchaser. Initial Anchorage Type .2 and E. 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Period (S1) .2s). Friction Factor . II.Defines SP. Bottom Plate Thickness . Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) .7. Site Class . and III). the coefficient defaults to 1. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.4. Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) . design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures. and that this value (1.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E. which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods.Defines SDS.Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped. %g.

you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I .Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate . Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate . this value defaults to zero.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage. If a value is entered here. Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I. Section 7.Defines Sa*.Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members). If a value is entered. the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate. If left blank. This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate .4. In this case. Maximum Allowed Spacing . leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate. %g.25 inches (6.Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate. you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. which is the 5% damped.35mm). As stated in API-650 5. This value is optional. bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0.1.TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 .Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures. This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered.

NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . if available from a pipe stress analysis. Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate . This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks.Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle. Nozzle Outer Diameter . TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses.Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate. Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed.Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle. The data specification can include external piping loads. This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits. Nozzle Designation / Number . These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650.TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles. If you check Use PVP-1279. the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated. Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P.

0E6 27.0 12.3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.3E6 27.25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet.3E6 27.7E6 27.87E-6 7.4 12.87E-6 7. 200. 90.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient.8E6 28.67E-6 6. 500.5E6 28. You can change this value.TANK Input Delta Temperature .25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12. 300. the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100.Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1.2E6 Expansion Coefficient . Modulus of Elasticity . If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel. 200. 25.07E-6 7.1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20.5E6 28.8E6 28. if necessary.7 13. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70.1E6 500.67E-6 6.3E6 7. 200. 300. 400. 203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 .4E6 26. 400. then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used.07E-6 500 27. reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29. 260.Enter the modulus of elasticity. Modulus (psi) 28.7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.6E6 26. 150. Instead. 29.

Taagepera. RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 . The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 . Use PVP-1279 . it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations. The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter. units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks. and Lengsfeld. You can change this value. LaBounty. by Lengsfeld. If you specify a pad thickness. acting on the nozzle. 68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations.Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. English. These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software. Nozzle Weight . Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? . if any. Nozzle RePad Thickness . The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 . but not actually used in the computations. The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell.Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses.A value defined in PVP-1279. This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness. if necessary. resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses. Applied External Circumferential Moment . Hathaitham.Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle.TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal. If reinforcing on the shell is indicated.Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle. Applied External Radial Force . Bardia. Applied External Longitudinal Moment . This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P.Enter the value of any applied radial force.Enter the weight of this nozzle. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P.The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad. Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness. API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled.Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located.

Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion. This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full . K = 2. Factor B .0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 .85 if not specified by the purchaser.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld. The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0.25 to a maximum of 1. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate .Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank.Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature.Enter the foundation factor.0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C . The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade. Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference . The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing.0 for tanks on earth foundations 4.TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input. The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld. This value is: 2.0. Factor K . Temperature Difference . The value of C shall be 0.0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination.empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis. K = 4.

JEs.Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress . JEs = 1. Where fc = 0.35 for single lap welds JEr = 0.85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0.fc. Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) .Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency .85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) .00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0. Where fc = 0. Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material .00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) . However. However.JEst.) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V.Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E.Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency .) dialog box is an optional input.70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) .JEr.000 psi (140 MPa).000 psi (103 MPa). This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank. Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) .Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency . JEr = 0.fc.TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V. Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) .Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .70 for double lap welds JEr = 1.4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners. 70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region. fc need not be less than 20. fc need not be less than 15.00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0.Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe. JEst = 1.

of the roof plate material.TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) . Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653.Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress . Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement . the shell plate material. Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle.5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used.8 m. a default of 29.3. and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature.R.6m. Appendix B. this limit was 30 feet / 9. Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2. Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) .2. This value must be less than 45-degrees. use every other point when generating the input. The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points. The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.1m. Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference. If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4. API-653 Appendix B.1.Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points.Define the Dish Radius of Roof .f. Roof Dish Radius (R) .3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank. Angle Between Measurements . This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 . in API-653 Section B. If this value is left blank. This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs.

Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank. and 4. May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers.3.4. Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh.7.2. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom.1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653. 4. API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data.3. The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs. obtained from tank inspections.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit.1. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed.1. This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4. Pre 3rd Ed. Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .1m intervals. Bottom. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4.3. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed. Elevation . Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9.7. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. Above Ground Storage Tanks.4. Hydrocarbon Engineering. Post 3rd Ed.3. Post 3rd Ed. each discussed in the following subsections.

7. Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) . Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined.As per API-653 Section 2. and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code). Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 .7.As per API-653 Section 2. Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) . If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651).4.Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.4. after repairs.4. enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate.As per API-653 Section 4. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion.7.1.7. then this value should be specified as 0.1 of previous editions of API-653. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652). Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) . Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) .1. this value should be specified as 0.4.1. This value is measured from the original thickness.7. Pre 3rd Ed.7.Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates. This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code. on a yearly basis. Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) . Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) . on a yearly basis. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion.As per API-653 Section 2.TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) . after repairs.1.0.4.1. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .As per API-653 Section 4.0. Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom.Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.4. according to Section 2.

7.1. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .As per API-653 Section 2.As per API-653 Section 2.1. if specified. enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area. This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65). enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed. The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0.Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates.4.0. on a yearly basis.7. (GCa). This value is measured from the original thickness. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr).1. Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) . Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) . If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0. 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .As per API-653 Section 2.1.4.7.4.1.7. enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion.As per API-653 Section 2.As per API-653 Section 2. Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) .4. Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) . StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom. on a yearly basis. Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) .TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) .4.7.

If the t1 or t2 values are left blank. the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities. If this value is left blank. Joint Efficiency . "L" is the critical length. the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course. Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank. they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box. the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used. exclusive of pits.Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion. if the L location is left blank.Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course. above the bottom of this course. controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis. In subsequent thickness computations. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 .This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations. the inspection values of t1 and t2.Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region. Similarly. the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L". Lowest Average Thickness . and a joint efficiency for each shell course. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. "L" Location Above Course Bottom . Use specified shell "L" values? . it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. Minimum Thickness .TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L. If this value is left blank. Additionally.Enter the average thickness in the "L" region.

Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations.3.1.3. Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies. the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. Instead. Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed . and liquid characteristics. API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input. This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank. the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2. This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate.Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course.1. Use specified shell "E" values? . Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition. This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed.TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level.3.3. Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2. The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998). Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L".1.3. as well as the environmental factors. Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2. Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses.3. as per API-653 Table 2. Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? .3. When this box is checked. Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations.

33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1.7 11.0 0.075 0. Liquid Flash Point .375 0.375 0.1.0 0.3.03 0.TANK Input Emptying Rate .15 0.0 1.8 2.300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 .0 2. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4.40 0.2.3.0 1.7 3.5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22.2.15 0.Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API. For more information.Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point.05 0.1. Environmental Factor .Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point.0 0. Boiling Point .2000.4 5.67 0.0 0.0 0. see API-2000 Section 4.5 5 10 15 20 25 1.Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.8 2.50 0.075 0.3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2.2. see API-2000 Section 4. For more information.3 0.1.025 see note C 1.05 0. Filling Rate .Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.300 0.3 0.

There is a minimum amount of user-specified data. the unit cost of plate. the plate allowable stress. which consists of the required tank volume.5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank. After exiting the Scratch-pad. This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses. and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations. You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary.0 1. based on the required volume. the fluid specific gravity.0 0. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .03 0. you have the option of transferring the diameter. and the height and diameter ranges. height.TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0.19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0.025 see note C 1.0 0.

the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). a report can be printed. The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. located to the right of the output display. When the desired results have been achieved. you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated. Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad. If necessary. as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table. and four for a height range. The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition. you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations. The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate. and new estimates obtained. The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range. The height of the top course is also reported. This sizing tool. the necessary diameter (or height) is presented.TANK Input After the necessary data is specified. contains two slider bars. After the scratchpad calculations have been performed. as well as the thickness required for each shell course. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 . Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank. the input data can be altered. Alternatively. all other courses being equal to the specified input value.

and lb/cu. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined.TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Maximum Tank Height . This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. Cost/Unit Weight of Plate . exclusive of the diameter range. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank.cm. exclusive of the height range. the minimum value for this entry should be 1. followed by plate weight and cost. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Plate Allowable Stress . followed by plate weight and cost. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. Required Volume .0.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. Fluid Specific Gravity .Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume. followed by plate weight and cost.in. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. exclusive of the diameter range. Minimum Tank Height . or KG and KG/cu. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. The top course may be less than the value specified here. Minimum Tank Diameter . Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. or KG and KG/cu. The height range is independent of the diameter range. followed by plate weight and cost. Maximum Tank Diameter .Enter the unit cost of the plate material. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. The height range is independent of the diameter range.Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank. Since the tank must be hydrotested. For each height/diameter value. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. For each height/diameter value. since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. For consistent application. The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume. and lb/cu. 80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . For consistent application. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. For each height/diameter value. Average Course Height .in. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. The diameter range is independent of the height range.cm. For each height/diameter value.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined.Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes.

exclusive of the height range.TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 . Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined.

TANK Input

82

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

This gives you time to review the message. click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 . the procedure halts until you click Continue. If the summary report shows that errors were found.Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box. Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated. Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete. The typical response to this prompt is Yes. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition. click File > Exit. You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker. If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. the analysis files will not be created. the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction.

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

and enhancement. This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked. After the solution module has been launched. the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays. The program files used are listed below. and which solution steps are required by the current input data. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 . As each solution step is entered. maintenance. an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress. TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files. the major solution steps to the analysis. Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase. A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section.SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes.

1. The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu. 4. either one-foot.1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met. Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22. Allowed fluid heights . It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows. or printed to the system printer. Wind effect . 7. The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors. The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases. Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases . 3. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section.The number of girders. and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E. This file contains the solution data in binary format. 6. These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations. Shell weight and center of gravity .This value is checked according to Section 5.TKO file. A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required. newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file. the message file can be very helpful. and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5. All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification. and no output (TKO) file exists. The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details. In the case of the variable point method.9. control is returned to the Main menu. The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials.1.The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure. their section moduli. The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries. 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Required shell course thicknesses . Overturning stability . Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5. Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details. Wind girder requirements . The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics. some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file. and the overturning moment.The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user. If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank.11. the analysis module creates the .The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements. the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations. the velocity factory.6.This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination. entry into the output processor is not allowed. In this instance. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation. or Appendix A.This thickness is based on the specified design method. As important milestones in the analysis are reached. a diagnostic message is presented to the user. Because there is no TKO file. variable point. 5. this is an iterative process. 2. This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set.Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing. In this instance.

These computations are based on API-653 Section 2. After the cosine curve is known.10.The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 .If the roof data has been specified. or design the roof. roof. the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated. API-650 Appendix F requirements . analyze. Service/maintenance computations .3 checks are implemented. Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations. with the corresponding stress for each load case.6. The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Following the roof design. Following the cycle life calculations. the required number of bolts and the bolt size. the Section 5. Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E .10. Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B . the bolting requirements are checked. Roof evaluation involves weight summations.These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement.This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads. and seismic computations have been completed.After the actual roof computations are completed. API-2000 Venting calculations. required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5. A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity. This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5. the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined. the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M.10.Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data . test. Section M. Grillage computations .12 and determines.4 begins. design. the program will now evaluate. and user input). After all sizing.These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I.5 or 5. Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P . test. if necessary. The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design. Section 7. and empty.

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

the following icons are also available. the output options are available. This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing.Plots the supported cone roof sketch. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 . Plot Settlement . used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P.Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu. If output is not available for the current job. The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams. the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls. A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design. or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot. nozzle interaction diagrams. or modify the input data. Plot Nozzles .Plots the shell settlement data. Plot Cone Roof . both of these items are grayed out.Produces the basic tank sketch. In addition to the menu options. These options include both text based reports and graphics. A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results. Return to Main Menu . Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections.SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete. The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics. Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports. and supported cone roof sketches. Plot Tank Elevations . After you enter the local graphics mode. Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch.Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram. shell settlement plotting.

Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details. 92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank.

The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points. The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements. as well as an option to spline the data. Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations. the optimum cosine curve. The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement.Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve. Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes. the out-of-plane deflection. The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves. These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 .

necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded. The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15). or user entered. test. which interaction diagram to plot . 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P.either design. and which thickness to use .either longitudinal or circumferential.

the interaction point plots at the origin. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 .Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point. as an asterisk. The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads. If the piping loads are not specified.

96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the interaction point must plot inside the diagram.Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P.

. the resulting design can be shown graphically. These roof sketches are not shown to scale. defining the roof nomenclature. they are provided for information purposes only. showing cross section sizes is shown below. Besides the basic roof sketch. structural cross section sizes.Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. A typical roof sketch. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 . and quantities can be noted on the sketch. lengths.

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word.Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 . (Items can be de-selected in the same manner).doc file contains the company logo and address details.Enables switching to the output of a different job.doc exists in the \tank\system folder. The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window. The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs. Open . The intent is that the header. showing only those jobs that have output. When the analysis phase completes.Saves the selected reports. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is.SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports. This menu lists the available reports. if a file named header. the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated. When you send reports to Microsoft Word. Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click. After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected. by topic. the Output Report menu displays. Save . Print .Prints the selected reports. This option opens a standard File Open dialog. Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report. View Report using Microsoft Word .

Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box. major and minor level text. in general. Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user. Previous Report . Next Report . From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers. page number.Changes the font when printing reports. Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data. Select Heading Fonts . Disable/Enable Page Numbering . and program version number.Erases the selected reports. Select Font . This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended. From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings.Displays the previous report. in the following sections. date. Each of these reports is discussed.Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports .Turn on or off the page numbering.Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box. You can also suppress the ending page number. job name. 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Modify the Starting Page Number . Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here. and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen. The header contains the user’s name. time. Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings.Displays the next report. Each page of output begins with a header.

and settlement details were defined. seismic.Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data. This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module. Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined. Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 . as well as whether or not roof.

This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data.Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker. Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases. and Appendix M reduction factor are listed. test allowable stress. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind. It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis. the material name. Material. The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system. All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified. For each shell course. ENGLISH. as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table.TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module. consisting of the velocity factor. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here. the area exposed to the wind.Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module . The next section of the report reflects the material properties used. The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results. as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1. the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course. design allowable stress. including the wind girder height reduction factor. and the wind moment. Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 . For API-653 analysis. The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases. The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases.

the b dimension is also included in the report. as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell. and the center of gravity of the shell. If Detail e is required.Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width. Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .11. based on API-650 Section 5. The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components. the weight of the shell. The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check". This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders. the geometry detail and angle size are also reported. The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations. Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method. For each wind girder required.

The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates. the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. Note that at the center of the tank. and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F. and the rafter length. the number of rafters resting on the inner girders. and the number and length of the girders in each ring. the spacing on the inner girders. the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero. This report is shown below. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring.Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. the radius to each girder ring. the spacing on the outer girders. and at the shell. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 . Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details. If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed. This information begins with the number of girder rings. and the design roof load.

This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring. the selected cross section.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters. the required section modulus. and the actual section modulus. and is shown below. Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This information includes the unit load on the member.

and the actual radii of gyration.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. and required radius of gyration. height. This information begins with the column load. the actual compressive stress. This is followed by the selected cross section. Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 . allowable compressive stress. This information is shown below.

5. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and either 5.6. This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift. Following the roof design/analysis report. All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”.5 or 5. This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight.10. The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F.10. the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction. These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths. Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components.3. an API unit.10.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5. and the compression ring failure pressure. are the results of the Appendix F computations.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 . and empty. test fluid.Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E. These computations were made for three cases: design fluid.

the flexibilities. These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness. and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported.Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P. Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . deflection. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input. and user input thickness. For each case. test shell thickness. rotation.

Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B. the out-of-plane settlement. This table also includes the settlement measurements. Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 . and the out-of-plane deflection. the optimum cosine curve through these measured points. This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points.

outbreathing and fire exposure. Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .3 of API-2000. The venting report is shown below. This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing.Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4.

and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases. The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases. There are two sections to this report. The second section shows the required number of bolts.12.Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5. the required bolt diameter. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 .

as well as the number of allowed cycles.Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M. The report lists the exclusions and checks made. Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V.

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

.............................SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code......................................................................... Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations..................... In This Section Example Problem APP_K ....tki.......... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 .............................tki.........tki.................... 117 Example Problem A_WC ..................................... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA .... 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k.................. 118 Example Problem SEIS01 .............................................................................................. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 ....................... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ..................... 117 Example Problem O_WC ............... is located at \examples\a_wc...................................................................... 118 Example Problem SSC1 ...... as defined by Appendix A of API-650............... is located at \examples\o_wc.... 118 Example Problem TEST1....................................................... as defined by the One Foot method............................................. 118 Example Problem B&Y ................................... Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations...... 118 Example Problem APP_P .......

For more information see the file \examples\b&y.tki.tki.tki. Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations. (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara. 118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . for stainless steel tanks. This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young.tki. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E. including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M. Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S. is located at \examples\sstest1.tki.tki. Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1. Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p.

Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.Output preprocessor APISOLV.TXT .EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.EXE .EXE .Main program TKERCK.EXE .EXE .EXE .EXE .APPENDIX A Appendix A .Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B.EXE .Help file TIPS.Error check module OUTWORD.Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A.EXE .DLL .Input module help data file API02.EXE .Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .EXE .CHM .Configuration program help data file TKSET02.Solution module COADEXE.EXE .Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.Output report review processor TANK.Configuration program help pointer file TANK.EXE .Units generation module MATEDIT.EXE file scanner CRCCHK.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B.Material database editor OUTPUT.EXE .EXE .Input module help pointer file TKER01A.EXE.CRC check program MAKEUNIT.EXE .EXE .EXE . The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR. Main Set APIOUT.

FIL .2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.MAT .MAT .MAT .1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.Messages for output processing TITLE.Millimeter units file MPH.2005 API-650 material database A650_08.Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.MAT .MAT .FIL .2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.MAT .Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.2008 API-650 material database AISC89.TXT .HED .Data from Table 3-22 XX.MAT .Appendix A .1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.MAT .ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.CRC .MAT .1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.FIL .TXT .TXT .MAT .FIL .1993 API-650 material database A650_94.1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.EXE .Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .DIG .DAT .MAT .MAT .ENGLISH units file MM.Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.Messages for input processor SCREEN3.1988 API-650 material database A650_93.1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.Structural database file API650.1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.MAT .MAT .MAT .1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.SI units file T2A.MAT .EXE .1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.

Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01.TKI .Appendix A .Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA.TKI .Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.TKI .TKI .Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1.TKI .Stainless steel example SSC1.Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y.Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC.TKI .TKI .Example computations for Appendix.TKI .TKI .TKI .Example seismic computations for Appendix E.Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 .TKI . SEIS01.Sample input for variable point method APP_P.Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1.

Appendix A .Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

APPENDIX B Appendix B .Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK.English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 .1 . You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary. Figure B.

MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix B .Standard Units Systems Figure B.4 .2 .3 .SI Units File Figure B.

65 A-516.A A-678.CS A-36 A-131.C A-537.B A-737.2 A-633.705 A-516.55 A-516.60 A-516.APPENDIX C Appendix C .D A-678.65 A-573.B A-662.List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database.C A-633.EH36 A-573. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.1 A-537.A A-131.70 A-662.B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 .58 A-573.B A-131. When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.

Appendix C .21 G40.C E-275.D E-275.C E-355.21 G40.21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.C E-275t.250 NS.21 G40.D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .21 G40.D E-355.21 G40.275 * ISO 630 E-275t.235 NS.C E-355t.List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.D E-355t.

Appendix C .List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .

List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix C .

MAT ENGLISH. 1.1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO .APPENDIX D Appendix D . 1. 1.4000+E01 Sect.200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES .7. 1.0000000E+00 . 1.1 YES A650_94. 0. 1. 2.2835648E+00 YES . 1.FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1. 1.Default Configuration Directives Ver.9.5000000E-02 YES . 0. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 .3000000E+00 .3.

Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix D .

South African Bolt. th Version 2.30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2. Version 3. BS3643.00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API .10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition.650 10 Edition.Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK. Version 3. Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights. to provide more information and detail.APPENDIX E Appendix E . Version 3. Version 3. rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API . Added many “text” changes to the output. Added several minor changes as requested by users. Added JIS structural steel shape library. Implemented API-653 4th Edition.20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1. Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 . Added a Wind Parameter input dialog. Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%.653 3 Edition. Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric.55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density.

Version 2. The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E. Since bolting data is now a required input.2 through E. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates. This provides better capability to notify users of software updates. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E. from PVP-1279.6. Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition. Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses. this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section.Revision History Version 2. Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary.Appendix E . Addendum 1. Incorporated API-650 10th Edition.1.6. Revised documentation.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1. Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad. as a result of Addendum 1.4. Version 2. Addendum 3.50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M.20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials. Version 2. for easier usage. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database. Revised the output processor.

in accordance with the recent addendum. Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height). Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1. API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum.60 / 2.Revision History Version 2. Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height. A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3.2 has been incorporated.2.10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition. This involved removing both A442 materials. Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0. which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 . Section 3. Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A.00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2.4.Appendix E . to include the bottom shell course thickness.25 inch plate. Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference. Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination.5. Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power.

First. Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated.40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition. this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database. Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added.5. This ability has been added for Version 1. Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet. Addendum 2 changes incorporated.50. Version 1. Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added. Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations. permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses. Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added. API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included. A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E. Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases). Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added. Note. Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports. versions prior to 1.51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated. now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet. Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory.50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated. The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero.Appendix E . Previous versions treated zero as a blank. Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations. Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added.3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress. Version 1. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Revision History Version 1.50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file. Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic.

Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment.3. Bolt design references to standard bolt size table.3 is reported.10.1. API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2.6. and empty conditions are reported. Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3.4. Consideration of Section 17.1 added.7.1. the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3.1.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs. test. A material database editor is provided. Mouse support has been added to all modules. Additionally the weights for operating.5.9. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module.e has been added. Bold design procedure for Section 3.1. Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated.8.Appendix E . A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available. Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank.8 added. Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module.5.10. API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified. The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary.11 added.2. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 . Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated. “Variable Point” location reported.31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3. Version 1.Revision History Version 1.

and the setting of the default output report generation parameters. Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program.FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young.11 and Appendix E computations. Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design. The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations.11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added.0 used one or the other set of curves. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . there was no interpolation between curves. which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case. Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3. trigonometric functions. Version 1. a network hardware lock. This units file.Appendix E . Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles. For API-653 runs. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes. An additional "English" units file is provided.Revision History Version 1. The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1. Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E. For API-653 analysis.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3. A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu. PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports. and square roots. Several new configuration directives have been added. MPH. This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives.11. squares.6 added. Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added. and a segregation of program and system files. Version 1. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P. an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added. This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections. The calculator supports the basic four math operations.0 and L/2a=1. Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads. Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell. A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs.5 curves.

API-620. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. Morton. McGraw-Hill.APPENDIX F Appendix F . Journal of Strain Analysis. John Wiley & Sons. and Hagstrom. April 1998. American Petroleum Institute. Transactions of the ASME. and Horwege. June 1990. Marr. August 1996. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement. Vol 12. Swenson. Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. Osage. 118. ASME 1995. American Petroleum Institute. Bardia. Carucci & Ay. and Lambe. LaBounty. Parikh. 1997. Taagepera. and Lengsfeld. Vol. Ramos. PVP-1279. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 . August 1980. Hendrix & Carucci. Bardia. Hathaitham. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). PVP Vol 336. Hydrocarbon Processing. Smith. ASME 1996. ASME 1995. Myers. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules. November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. Process Equipment Design. Fifth Edition. PVP Vol 336. Improve Storage Tank Inspections. and Ruiz. 1977. and Fenton. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks. August 1982. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Eighth Edition. No 4. and Taagepera. Inc. Vol 108. Philip E. Lengsfeld.Selected References API-650. Lengsfeld. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Billimoria and Tam. America Petroleum Institute. Above Ground Storage Tanks. Revise Storage Tank Inspections. An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks. American Petroleum Institute. Third Edition. Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. Lu. Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks. PVP Vol 315. A. 2002.. 1959. October 1996. Hydrocarbon Processing. January 1995. F. API-2000. PVP Vol 315. Koczwara. Bardia and Taagepera. Lengsfeld. ASME 1996. Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. ASME. FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. November 1978. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. Malik. Hydrocarbon Processing. Tenth Edition. August 1980. Billimoria. Brownell & Young.

Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix F .

Revision History • 133 Appendix F . 83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old.Program File List • 121 Appendix B . Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 . Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30. 83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9.Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C .Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E .) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A .List of Materials • 127 Appendix D .Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V.

121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31. 87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87.

20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3.10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1.Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39.55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3. Material.20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2.31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1.10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 .60 / 2.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1.50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2.40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2. 76 Version 1. Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42.10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind.30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2. 99.40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1.20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1. 125 Units • 9 units files • 24.

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