Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

U.S. Government Restricted Rights Legend
Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS 252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3. Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Intergraph Corporation P.O. Box 240000 Huntsville, AL 35813 Street address: 170 Graphics Drive, Madison, AL 35758

Terms of Use
Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

Warranties and Liabilities
All warranties given by Intergraph Corporation about equipment or software are set forth in the EULA provided with the software or applicable license for the software product signed by Intergraph Corporation, and nothing stated in, or implied by, this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification or amendment of such warranties. Intergraph believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date. The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document. The software discussed in this document is furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of this license. No responsibility is assumed by Intergraph for the use or reliability of software on equipment that is not supplied by Intergraph or its affiliated companies. THE USER OF THE SOFTWARE IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE FINAL EVALUATION AS TO THE USEFULNESS OF THE SOFTWARE IN HIS OWN ENVIRONMENT. Intergraph is not responsible for the accuracy of delivered data including, but not limited to, catalog, reference and symbol data. Users should verify for themselves that the data is accurate and suitable for their project work.

Trademarks
Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

3

............... 103 Roof Evaluation ............................................................... 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box ......... 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)................................ 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad .......................................... 103 Wind...................................................................... 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .................................................................................... 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box ..................... 110 Settlement Checks ......................................... 100 Job Title Page ... 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Material.......................................................................... 105 Seismic Analysis Results .............................................................................................................................................................. 100 User Input Data .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 80 Error Checking .................................... 88 Local Graphics Output ........................ 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V........................................................................................................................................................... 91 Tank Layout Sketch ............................................................... 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ...................................... 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ............................................... 102 Solution Module TXT File .................................................................... Thickness & Weights ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ................................ 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box .............................................................................. 84 Completing the Error Check Phase ............................................................................................................................................................................. 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed...........Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ......................................................... 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ............................ 70 Shell Settlement Data .......................................................... 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams .................................. 99 Output Report Discussions ............................................... 112 API-650 Bolting Report .................................................................... 87 Solution Overview ...................................... 92 Shell Settlement Plots .......................... 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box .. 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ........................ 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results ........................................................................................................................................................................... 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box ... 83 Warning & Error Options ......................................................................................................................... Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ............................................................... 97 Output Report Generation ......................................................................... 85 Analysis/Solution Phase............ 101 Error Checker LOG File ...... 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) .................................................................................................................................................) Dialog Box ...................................................................................... 111 API-2000 Venting Output .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box ....................................................... 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)........................................................................ 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches ............................................................................................ 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box ............................................................................................................................................................ 87 TANK Program Files ...............................................................................

.... 114 API-650 External Pressure Output .............................. 129 * Unknown For API-653 ....................................................List of Materials ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 135 Version 1...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................40 Changes (7/02) ............. 134 Version 2.....................................................................................................................................10 Changes (5/00) ............................................................................................................................................................Standard Units Systems................. 134 Version 2........ 122 Examples Data Set ............................................................................ 118 Example Problem APP_P ................................ 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA .......................... 121 Help & Error Processing Set ............................... 118 Example Problem SSC1 ................................................................................................................................................................. 136 Version 1....................................................................................................................................... 133 Version 3............................................................................................... 118 Example Problem B&Y ............................................................................... 129 Appendix D ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................50 Changes (5/97) ........ 125 Appendix C ................................................................................................55 Changes (10/05) ....................................................... 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) .................................................................... 128 * ISO 630... 134 Version 2............30 Changes (2/02) ................................................................................................................... 135 Version 1..................... 134 Version 2.................................................. 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 .........................Revision History ........................................... 133 Version 2........... 127 * ASTM Standards ...................................... 117 Example Problem A_WC ..................................50 Changes (3/04) ....................... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................30 Changes (9/10) ..........................Program File List ................................................................................................................................................................................Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output ............................................ 123 Appendix B ..............................Default Configuration Directives ............... 131 Appendix E ...20 Changes (9/09) ......... 136 Version 1........................................................................................... 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 ................................................. 127 * CSA Standards ............................................... 133 Version 3...............20 Changes (9/00) .................................................................................... 121 Main Set ................................................................................................................................................................................ 122 API Data Set............... 133 Version 3............00 Changes (11/07) ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) ..... 118 Example Problem SEIS01................... 115 Examples ......................................................... 133 Version 2.............................................40 Changes (9/96) ..............................................................................10 Changes (9/08) .........................................................51 Changes (9/97) ......................... 128 * National Standards ......................................................60 / 2................................................................................................ 121 English Text Set ........................................................................................ 117 Example Problem O_WC ............................................................. 118 Example Problem TEST1 .................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Version 3........00 Changes (1/99)...... 117 Example Problem APP_K ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Appendix A .....................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................................... 139 Index ...........20 Changes Version 1.................. 138 Appendix F ........................................................................................................ 137 (11/94) ................................10 Changes (2/96) .....30 Changes Version 1..............................................................................................................Contents Version 1............................ 137 (8/95) .......Selected References .............. 138 (6/94) .................................. 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .....................................................31 Changes Version 1..........................................................................

and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution. input validation to avoid run time errors. and by mail. e-mail. and expeditious designs.coade. and operation of the program. when in doubt. Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade. that questions focus on the current version of the program.com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 . which can be launched by pressing F1. Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible. Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. However. fax. however. TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input. It is expected.com Web: www. economical. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users. configuration. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation. rely on the help system. the web site. cell specific help for guidance and information. To that end. TANK support is available by telephone.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes.

After the help system has been activated. Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section. which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user.Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific. the appropriate information displays in an interactive window. Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1. the help text includes the expected input units in the title line. Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file. Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system.

A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files. These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch). In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells.Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file. the program attempts to trap the error. For more information on the four standard supplied units systems. and finally reports the problem to you. see Appendix B . Creating Units Sets . TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation. Even though TANK validates your input data. subtraction.New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units. Reviewing Output . When such a fatal condition occurs. This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files . multiplication. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 . This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis.Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system. Selecting a Units File . and division) are supported in the input cells. The four basic math operations (addition.09375. The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them. user control is returned to the Main menu. Upon exit from the diagnostic utility.Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program. there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis. the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary.Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK. a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0. Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module. In some instances additional sets may be required. assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database. After the review of a specific error message is complete. This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system.Standard Units Systems (on page 125). For example. The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog.

Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B. Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M. This includes the material data from Table 5.3. and digitized data from Appendix P.2. Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S. External pressure computations according to Appendix V. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2. Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary. including the limiting load interaction diagrams. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000. Seismic computations according to Appendix E. Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A. Minimum metal temperature reporting. TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M.Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices. Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders. These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method.

Support Forum . the HASP drivers.Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products. Contact Intergraph .Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 . Additional Products . TANK Information . These options include: Install TANK .Displays the TANK License Agreement.Launches the main installation process.Displays a text file discussing the installation steps.SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum. which installs TANK. The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything. Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window.Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK.Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph. License Agreement .Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page. and the CD contents. the system requirements. and all associated documentation.Includes options to install the HASP. insert the CD into the drive.Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products. Browse the CD . CD Content Additional Installations . Services Training . The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays. ReadMe File . Release Notes .

Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing. If the setup does not start automatically. Installation Instructions .0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs. 2. Insert the TANK CD into your computer. double-click CDSpawn.exe in the root CD folder.Displays a PDF document containing these instructions. Professional. Click Install TANK to begin the installation.Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System. HASP Licensing Overview . Windows Vista (Ultimate.Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer. 1. or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported. HASP Trouble Shooting . Business. Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation. 12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional. or Enterprise). or Windows 7 (Ultimate. Hardware Requirements minimum of 2. The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed.

If you accept the license agreement. 4. select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement. Click Next to continue.Installation 3. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 . 6. click Change. -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement. select I accept the terms in the license agreement. Read the license agreement. To install the software in another location. The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>. 7. where <product name> reflects the program name and version. and then click Next. and then click Cancel. 5. Click Next on the welcome page. You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement.

Installation 8. select the SPLM license option. You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run. 9. If you are using SmartPlant License Manager. Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. If you are using a network ESL key. Select the license type that you have. 14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation. select the key color.

If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type. After successfully installing the HASP device driver. installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 . 10. the following dialog box displays. If this dialog does not display. Skip to step 11. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock. you are not prompted to install the HASP driver.Installation As the installation progresses. After the TANK files have been installed. the status displays. Click OK.

Select Show the readme file to view the readme. 2. To launch TANK in silent mode. Because a device driver was loaded.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . it is a good idea to restart Windows. Click No to reboot later. 12.Installation 11. Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs. Setup. with no interaction from you. Setup. Issue the installation command as detailed below. such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging.doc file. perform these steps: 1. 13. Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary.The path to load the installation files. Command Cmd= setup.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR . Click Finish. Click Yes to reboot your computer now.exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD.

Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. you can skip the remainder of this section. If your computer uses a local ESL.Installation ESL_COLOR . The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 . a user must then be logged into the network to access the software. if all of the licenses are on the network ESL. The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server). This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations.TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions. The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems. we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL.The ESL color. In order for the network to recognize the ESL. refer to the documentation files NETHASP. Alternatively. The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network.TXT and ESL_RED.Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs. you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL. If the network ESL is attached to a workstation. Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software). Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL. The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder. A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility. because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops). Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location. The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server. The file server is a better location for this ESL. the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software. The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software.This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT . because the computer is usually always on. Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers.

Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. In order to alleviate this problem for our users.exe. operational enhancements. archiving. before the next version can be released. the version indicator. When this occurs. In addition. additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files. its size. The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation. 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .coade. In other words. and also displays when you click Help > About. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available. databases grow. Determine which build file you need and download it. A build is intended for one specific version of the software. a correction to the currently shipping version is made. This correction is referred to as a Build. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement. file formats change. The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program. Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software. and the date it was created. and posted to the Web site. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version. However. they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda. builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated. This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build. Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www. Build Y contains Build X. announced. and distributing the various builds generated between major releases. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds.x<date>. and so on. operating system modifications. Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released.Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static. After the file has been downloaded and installed.com). but only one build is required at any given time. the build is finalized. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains. and corrections. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation. and the build date. When this occurs. user requests. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web.

and build bevel. Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released. on the Main Program menu. Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package. you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory. which build is in use. A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. To see which program modules have been modified. This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size. additional usage instructions may be found in this file. From the Utility > Tools menu. Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level. This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version. follow any prompts. memory requirements. This allows you to see. When necessary.TXT. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 . click COADE EXE Scanner. the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level. Simply double-click the build file (the exe). and the software installation will update appropriately.Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD.

20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the distribution CD should be installed first.Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD. if it becomes necessary. Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds. the last build should be installed. Additionally. This will allow full use of this version at some later time. Patched Version When a new version of the software is released. Then. you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release. To reinstall an older version of the software.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

21

Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

22

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

23

Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored. which may be unique. Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list. Structural Database . Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U. Units File .S. You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command.Specifies the anchor bolt database. structural shapes and materials. Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database . The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory. Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units. This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews. Each data directory can contain its own configuration file. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory. If a data directory does not contain a configuration file. the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used. Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Material File . Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory.Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients.Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module.Select the units file to use. A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program. as well as International shape libraries. followed by a scan of the installation directory.Select the material file to use. the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory. This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients.

SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual. From here. If there are errors in the input data. you can select one of the Output menu options. The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution. and reviewed. select Analyze Only to start the analysis module. For more information on the error checker. For more information.you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis. Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 . After the input has been defined. The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive). The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected. defined. analyzed. and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above). Warning messages are acceptable to the program . see Error Checking (on page 83). that the program has been properly installed and configured. Upon completion of the analysis. It is assumed. After a solution data file is available. a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu. Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon. and control is returned to the main menu. it must be error checked. see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21). Assuming that error checking completed successfully.you must correct these errors before proceeding. analysis is prohibited . an intermediate data file is created for analysis.

Focus then returns to the Main menu. 4. quit the output processor. Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports. From the Start menu. 5. either new or old. Select a job. The steps outlined above are summarized below. 1. the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports. Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output.Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session. As long as the job input parameters remain fixed. click TANK. 3. Define the input data. 2. 26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only. The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu.

the Material Database editor. but also include output review (both text and graphics). The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK. The options are arranged in groups. output review. The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched. Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition. diagnostics.SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start. and ESL review. The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options. and help. corresponding to the major topics on the menu. configuration. launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu. analysis. utility tools. or by double clicking the desktop icon. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 .

and printing the input for a specific job.Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening. Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . saving. TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration. Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk.

The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon.Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job. The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups. Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen. each accessed from the menu. the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job. Upon completion of the input. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 . Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39).

Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text. If the verified problem data. For more information on the analysis processor. the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data. which produces the output file for the job. an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description. or the input data contained errors and no . the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu.Starts the error checker. (grayed out). and Error Check and Analyze. Analyze. Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel. written to the . This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed. cannot be located. If the input data successfully passes the error checker. The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker. see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87). Error Check and Analyze .Starts the error checker. The Analyze option is deactivated until the . The analysis module performs the solution step. with a . based on your input parameters. Steps not required are disabled.TKE file was generated.TKE suffix. Error Check .TKE file is written by the error checker.TKE file. and if the input passes the error checker. As each phase is completed.Starts the solution module. Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83). 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . an analysis file for the job is written. TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked. automatically starts the solution module. either designing a tank or re-rating a tank. In any event.Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check. Analyze .

Displays the output review control panel. and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner. shell settlement graphs. in multiple units systems if necessary.Creates a new set of output reports. three options are available: overwrite reports. in the current units system. Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created. Local Graphics . Review Latest Reports . append reports. This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically. and changing the time stamp in the report headers. the batch stream processor and a text file review option. completely replacing any existing reports. Append Reports . Nozzle load interaction diagrams. The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. Overwrite Reports .Generates a new set of reports.Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports. the current CPU time and date are used. and review latest reports. see Local Graphics Output (on page 91). the Material Database editor. For more information on output processing. viewing graphical results. Time Stamp .Starts the graphics processor. custom units systems. If this data is not specified.Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers. For viewing text based reports. Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 . at the end of the last set of reports. in the current units system.

This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed. For details of the program configuration. Material Database Editor .Using the Main Menu Configuration . There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file.Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis.Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created. Message File . Error Check Log File . the batch log file. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter.Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase. Custom Units . Batch Stream Processor . File Review . Calculator .Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations.Starts Notepad to review a selected data file. Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Batch Log File .Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database.Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. see Program Configuration (on page 21).Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis. The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter. The file is created by a prior analysis.Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data. and the solution message file. The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties.

or a virus infection. Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker . the software attempts to invoke this module automatically.Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory. Should a “fatal error” occur. If a CRC Check error occurs. The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software. clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column. then the file has been corrupted in some manner. This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure. This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations. However. Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module . a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed. If the values do not match. This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name. the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation.Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number. However.Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number. if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 .Using the Main Menu CRC Check . This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available. Corruption could indicate bad distribution media.

Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL. Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . most of the Main menu items will be disabled. However. If there is an access problem with the ESL. which is required to access the software.Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time. all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu). The ESL is the External Software Lock. this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu.

generating data for the user.TXT file of the information. Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a .Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software.Starts an interactive procedure. These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified. and accepting instructions from the user. This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel. the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored. These updates encompass changes requested by the client. Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes. versioning information. and the time stamp of the last access. The file will reside in the program’s \system folder. This information consists of the client name. to interact with the user on the telephone. and ID number. some of this date may require updating in the field. where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL.Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes. The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task. except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel. or by clicking the ESL icon. This option is similar to the phone update option. date or run limits. suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 . Generate Fax Codes . as generated by the Intergraph support staff. usually to extend limits. or change the client name. Phone Update .Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes. The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx. This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information. Receive and Enter Fax Codes . Occasionally. reset a date.TXT”.

Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . click OK to enable the changes to the ESL. Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph. Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options. all options are selected. By default. . When all codes have been entered. found in the frame area of the Main menu.Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid. The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar.

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

37

Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

38

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

39

The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. For more information. For more information. data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed. depending on the tank. out-breathing. and in the text by Brownell & Young. depending on the tank. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E. and the desired code. depending on the tank. Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P. fluid depth. This dialog is an optional input. This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. As mentioned above. Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing. the number of courses. For more information. see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). This dialog is an optional input. Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog. This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. Section I. For more information. fluid specific gravity. Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog. see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. the course height. see API 650 External Pressure (App V. see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53). Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog. Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters. Activates the Grillage Review dialog. This information consists of the diameter. The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71). For more information. see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78). depending on the tank. For more information. depending on the tank. see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). depending on the tank. This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell. course material. This dialog is an optional input.7. see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog.TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. pressure. This dialog is an optional input. This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters. external loads. Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification. Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. This dialog is an optional input.) Dialog Box (on page 70). This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions. course thickness. For more information. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis. and fire. see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65). 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This dialog is an optional input. temperature. see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72). For more information. For more information. Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog. For more information. For more information. see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76).

As with most software programs. the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page. any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically). but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too. The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document. this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file. on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters. We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session.TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad. This serves as a good starting point for a tank design. Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog. The first displays the title page.HED. With TANK. to the General Data dialog. The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar. users can save the input by using the File menu. Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . or by clicking the Diskette icon. with the input data. The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options. found in the file TITLE. If necessary.

Where applicable. and Anchor Bolt Details. This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data. 42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . For each input cell. Wind Details. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. Shell Courses.TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank.

Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu.TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field. The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material. used as the default for all individual shell courses. the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below). in which you can select any valid material from the active database. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 . This context menu is shown below.

you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database. the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below).TANK Input Alternatively. which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank. Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu. Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog. For stainless steels. and material test stress can be specified for each shell course. or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height. For carbon steels from Table 3-2. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material. However. material design stress. on a course-by-course basis. the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time. if necessary. The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output. as described previously. Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database. the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. For stainless materials. the program fills in the Sd and St values. corrosion allowance. as specified on the Tank Data tab.TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses. Therefore. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. material name. as necessary. all courses acquire the same material. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 . thickness. for stainless materials. When you right-click the Material cell. Initially. the software displays the Material context menu.

if necessary. Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank). but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files. The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs. The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3). Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage. TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults. and may result in the design of required anchorage. If these times are not defined.TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. API-650 Section 5.

TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method . or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code. API-650. Run Objective . and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses.Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input. Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4.TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. or Design mode. If the design temperature exceeds this limit. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. limits the design pressure to 2. the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. Design Temperature . Select the entry from the list. This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank. If you select A. Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line. it can only be used in analysis mode. but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only. If the value of the design temperature is changed.Enter the design pressure in the indicated units. For each input cell.Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements. API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes.5 psi / 17. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation.2 kPa. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses. Design Pressure at Top .Enter the design temperature in the indicated units. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 . then the rules of Appendix M are applied. or Analyze mode.The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file. Where applicable. API Design Code . The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box. seismic. subsequent calculations for wind girders. A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected. If you select D. Appendix F. ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights. Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks. which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C.

85 1.As per Appendix A.Enter the height of the design liquid level. If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank.Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder. Weight Attachments & Structures .0 for the Hydrotest case. API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown.85 0. Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] .50 + k/5 0.Spot RT Appendix A .35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A .Enter the total height of the tank shell.3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency.85 0. enter the actual distance.50 + k/5 0. so the default of 1. This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device. the joint efficiency should be either 0.4. Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder .00 0.85 0.3.70 0.Enter the diameter of the tank. Design Liquid Level (H) . this value is used only in the Design case.85 0.No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell.85 0. No other computations use this value.6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1.3. This value should be the sum of the individual course heights. and is used in the wind load computations. the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates.70. such as for a walk-way.0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations. Tank Shell Height (HTK) . Liquid Specific Gravity (G) .TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) .00 0.Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation.70 0. The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1.75 0. API-653 Section 2.70 0.Enter the specific gravity of the fluid. Note.85 or 0. this value should be entered as zero. This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st . As per API-650.

this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box. activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course. Default Shell Material .4. To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition). the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F.Enter the density of the tank insulation.3. Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4. Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954. The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank.1..3..Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5.3. The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course. tensile strength.1a. These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment .As per API-653 Section 4.2 includes a wind moment term. Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank. This selection uses equation 4. Include Annular Base Plate Details . which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height.3.Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell. uncheck this checkbox.1.3. After a valid material is selected. check this checkbox.Turns on an off wind loads on the roof. Insulation Density .This field displays the material name.As of API-650 9th Edition.3. Due consideration should be given to Section 5. internal pressure.Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5.6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height. left-click the . or open-top tanks. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 . right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen. which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height.3. to display the same context menu. yield strength. Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form. (d) Single lap welded only. its allowable stresses. Alternatively. grade. check this checkbox. The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53.a. This selection uses equation 4. Section 5.9.As per API-653 Section 4. This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use.1. Wind Velocity . uncheck this checkbox. Insulation Thickness . A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional.7.3. To properly access a valid material name and its properties.1. select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course.11 Wind Pressure .Enter the number of shell courses in the tank.7. Entire Shell Course Evaluation . 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment . Local Area Shell Only .11 stability.b. If the tank will not have an annular base ring.2 Calculations .If the tank will have an annular base ring. If the material varies over the shell courses.9. This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary.TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded.Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank. To include the wind moment term. Number of Shell Courses . wind gust. and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use.

referred to as St in the API code. since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead. For this reason. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses.6. Corrosion Allowance . the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses.Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. Hydro Test Stress .1. If it is constant. if necessary.Represents the allowable design stress. Material Design Stress .TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. Height . If necessary. this value will be displayed as zero. on a course-by-course basis.1. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5. the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. SSD1 through SSD5 . the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. If necessary. If this cell is left blank. these values will be interpolated during the solution phase. If it is constant. If it is constant. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses.6. If this cell is left blank.1). This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S. These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value.Enter the thickness for the current shell course.Represents the allowable test stress. referred to as Sd in the API code. For stainless steels. For stainless steels. Thickness . If this cell is left blank for the first course. the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously. If this cell is left blank. If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness.1. the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. Table S-2.

0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments.5000 2.Enter the wind speed up factor for hills. If left blank.7500 2.3750 1. it will be evaluated using this data.Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7.5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 . the value defaults to 1. I . the value defaults to 1. Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units. Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0.5000 0. If left blank.04. Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter .0.6250 0. The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch.7500 3. API 650 recommends a value of 0. Kd . If these times are not defined.1250 1.5000 1.0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4.2500 2.12. This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. If left blank.85. In order to size the anchor bolts.0000 1.Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7.The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5. If entered.Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7.0000 2.Enter the wind directionality factor. Gust Factor . Threads per Unit Length . and the anchorage is necessary.Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage.8750 1.5 4. Kz . the thread pitch is necessary.TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7.7500 0. Kzt . This value should be 1. This is an optional entry.2500 1.95 (the default) for this parameter. TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults. the value defaults to 0.

If this value is left blank.2500 3. This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank.4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0. 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . an offset of 0.TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3.7500 4.25 inches.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value. the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5. the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration. the bolt allowable stress was required input. but is maintained for compatibility with older input files. Number of Anchor Bolts . this value is no longer used.7.12. Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance .0 is used.Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle. Bolt Yield Stress . enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage. The software internally multiplies this value by 2. This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage.Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650.Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts.12. If the software redesigns the anchorage. As a result.Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5.0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress .5000 3. As of this addendum. Section F. API-650.For evaluation of an existing anchorage. Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter .

Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design. The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box. or a supported cone roof will be designed. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 . a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made. and then click Compute. This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary. and maximum allowed pressure. The Net Area Scratchpad (F.TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k). such as seismic analysis. Supported Cone Roof Data. Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below. the top half of this dialog must be filled out. At this point. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab. This data is used in further analysis.2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box. To use this scratchpad. Data entered in these fields will not be saved. The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs. wind over turning. This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof. and Girder Rings. Note that this is a scratchpad.

and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The help system provides guidance here. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank.TANK Input If instead. This tab. the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. a supported cone roof is to be designed. girders. depending on the active structural library. in the usage of the various structural types. the material for the cross sections and roof plate. shown below. For the structural and roof plate materials. and in the available cross sections. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab. and columns. The allowed cross sections vary. displays the parameters used in the roof design.

Defines the roof type of the tank. then the members are sized only. and rafter rings is known. Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs. Angle Between Roof & Horizontal . All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell. Roof Type . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 . If this information is specified. columns and girders. alternate positioning is desired. the software can design the rafters. as the number of girder rings. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters.TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young. the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab.Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction. column rings. General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof. which are supported by girders. Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only. If however. which are supported by columns. Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring. For rafter supported cone roofs. the software can design the rafters. Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths. and how many girders make up the ring.

Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. This value will not be used. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented.Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed). Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved. TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally. the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations.If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar. or a supported cone roof is being designed. This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness. Specify this estimate in the tc field.10. Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) . The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box.Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates. refer to API-650 Figure F-2.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations. Weight of Roof Plates . After the analysis. 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load.2.2.1. If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here. if any. This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad. TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally. Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance . this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot. the computed roof plate weight is always used.Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks. Thickness of Roof Plate . This value should include the corrosion allowance. Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) . If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. click Compute.Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks. This value will not be used. Weight of Snow on Roof . Weight of Roof Framing . If the input value is greater. This value will not be used. specify the bar thickness in this field. the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations.Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course. For details. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented.Enter the area resisting the compressive force. Figure (a-k) .Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. Roof Live Load . For supported cone roofs. After the data has been defined. corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F. Thickness of Bar (tb) . TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally.TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction . TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally. % of Weights Supported by Shell . an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required.Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates. Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) .Since the analysis hasn’t been performed.Select the desired cross section. According to API-650 5.

girder. girder. S.Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch. DI.Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. DC. column rafter. and M. and P. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. C. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. column rafter. girder. girder. C. column rafter. WT. column rafter. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) . The specific section types depend on the active structural database. The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below. girder.Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. valid types for this cell are: W.TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter. Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type . column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 . For the 1989 AISC library.

column rafter.Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders. column rafter. girder. girder. parallel USAGE rafter. column rafter. girder. and C. column rafter. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. column rafter. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. HP. column rafter. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below. valid types for this cell are: UB. column For the 1990 South African library. column CT Channels. CP. 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . T. girder. girder. column For the 1991 German library. U. girder. girder.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. column Preferred Girder Type . taper rafter. and UC. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. girder. column For the 1993 UK library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. valid types for this cell are: IP. girder. girder. and CT. girder. girder. girder. valid types for this cell are: I. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. and T. UC. column For the 1990 Australian library.

valid types for this cell are: W. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. column rafter. UC. column rafter. T. DC. and C. C. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. column rafter.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. DI. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. column rafter. S. column For the 1993 UK library. and M. girder. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. girder. girder. girder. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 . girder. girder. girder. column rafter. and P. WT. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. C. girder. column rafter.

CP. column rafter. and CT. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. column rafter. parallel USAGE rafter. girder. column For the 1990 Australian library. taper rafter. column For the 1990 South African library. HP. girder.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. column Preferred Column Type . valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. and UC. and T. girder. girder. girder. girder. valid types for this cell are: IP. The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . column For the 1991 German library. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column CT Channels. girder. valid types for this cell are: I. The specific section types depend on the active structural database.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter. column rafter. column rafter. girder. U.

column rafter. T. column rafter. S. valid types for this cell are: UB. valid types for this cell are: UB. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. and C. girder. column For the 1991 German library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. girder. column rafter. girder. DI. and P. girder. girder. and M. valid types for this cell are: W. U. girder. C. girder.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. girder. girder. girder. girder. DC. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: I. column rafter. column For the 1993 UK library. girder. UC. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. girder. column For the 1990 Australian library. column rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 . and UC. column rafter. column rafter. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. girder. and T. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. WT. C. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. column rafter. column rafter.

The girders are supported by columns. girder.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members. HP. This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified. This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified.. from the center of the tank. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. arranged in concentric circles. from the center of the tank. column rafter. column rafter. Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress . For compliance with API-650 Section 3. In the design of the supported cone roof. 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. If this cell is left blank. The girders are supported by columns. This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings. girder. Structural Member Allowable Design Stress . girder. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. column Roof Plate Material . girder. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring.. parallel Channels.] button. this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa).. Center Column Cap Plate Diameter . arranged in concentric circles. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: IP. In the design of the supported cone roof.0 to 30. a value of zero will be used.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates.3 meters). Typical values for this cell are 24. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. Maximum Allowed Girder Length .3 to 9.TANK Input For the 1990 South African library.Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders.0 feet (6.1 to 7. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. CP.10.Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. Typical values for this cell are 20.] button. Structural Member Material . where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. and CT. taper USAGE rafter.. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. The rafters are oriented along radial lines.3.Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters.4. The rafters are oriented along radial lines.1 meters.0 to 24.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected.0 feet /7. The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected. Maximum Allowed Rafter Length .

Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring. Number of Girders in Ring . however. Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input. This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary.The number of girders in each ring may also be specified. if the number of girders in any one ring is specified.TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring . These entries are optional. the distance to all girder rings must be defined. Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 . the number of girders in all rings must be also specified. If the location of one girder ring is specified.

Earthquake Type . refer to API-650 Sections E. which is the 5% damped. Site Class . %g. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0. For more information about earthquake types.4. Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient . Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material .The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser. Friction Factor . Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods . spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure).4. the software will design bolting. 2.2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods.Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped. which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods. Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) . the coefficient defaults to 1. %g.Usually this value is 1. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations.Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted).TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . and III). in seconds. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I.Defines SP. Initial Anchorage Type . Scaling Factor (Q) . Seismic Use Group . Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec. unless specified otherwise by the purchaser. design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures. Importance Factor . 5% damped. Bottom Plate Thickness .3.25. II. 5% damped.5.Defines the seismic site class according to Section E. Period (S0) . Valid entries for this field are 1. Transitional Period (TL) .Defines SDS.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations.Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion.Defines S0. Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) .Defines S1.3.6. Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) .1 for details on the various SUG categories.Defines Ss.2s).2 and E.Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K). and that this value (1. the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required. 5% damped. API recommends that this value not exceed 1. In this instance. Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec. This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0.7.Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material. API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0.4. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second. If no value is specified. The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7.Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E. Valid choices are A through F. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.4. See API-650 Section E. 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . which is the design. Unless otherwise specified.25) only be used for emergency services. %g.5% damping. 5% damped.6. %g. Period (S1) . %g. Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7.Defines Sa0*. Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank.0.

leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate.Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate.25 inches (6. which is the 5% damped.4. This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered.35mm). Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I.TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) . If a value is entered here.Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. Maximum Allowed Spacing . Section 7.Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members). you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I . Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate .1. This value is optional. design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 . Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate . Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate . Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate . the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate. %g. this value defaults to zero. If left blank. Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage. This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. If a value is entered. As stated in API-650 5. you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. In this case.Defines Sa*.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0.

TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles. the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated.Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate. Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P.Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle. if available from a pipe stress analysis.Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle. This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits. These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650. The data specification can include external piping loads. Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed. If you check Use PVP-1279. TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses. This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks. Nozzle Designation / Number . Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate . NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Nozzle Outer Diameter .

200.6E6 26.3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.3E6 27.2E6 Expansion Coefficient .3E6 7. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70. 300.0 12. 150.07E-6 500 27.7E6 27.0E6 27.5E6 28. Modulus of Elasticity .8E6 28.4E6 26.25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12. 300. 200. 500. 400. the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100. 29.3E6 27.8E6 28.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient. then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used. if necessary.7 13.7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. 200. Instead.Enter the modulus of elasticity. 90.1E6 500.1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20.67E-6 6.Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature. Modulus (psi) 28. reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29.4 12. 260.TANK Input Delta Temperature .87E-6 7. If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel.67E-6 6. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1.5E6 28. You can change this value.25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet.87E-6 7. 203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 . 400.07E-6 7. 25.

This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter. Nozzle Weight . Applied External Circumferential Moment . Bardia. English. Use PVP-1279 .Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. If reinforcing on the shell is indicated. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? .Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located. Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness. Hathaitham. by Lengsfeld.Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses. resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses.TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal. if any.Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle. This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 . You can change this value. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. LaBounty. These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software. This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks. Applied External Radial Force .Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle. RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 . it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations. but not actually used in the computations. If you specify a pad thickness. acting on the nozzle.A value defined in PVP-1279. Nozzle RePad Thickness . units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet.The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad. if necessary.Enter the weight of this nozzle. and Lengsfeld. API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled. Applied External Longitudinal Moment . The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell. This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P.Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations. 68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Taagepera.Enter the value of any applied radial force. Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 .

0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination. The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade. K = 2.Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld.0 for tanks on earth foundations 4.0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates. Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference . This value is: 2. The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing.Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank. Factor K . The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld.0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C .Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature.Enter the foundation factor. This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full . The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 .Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion. Factor B . The value of C shall be 0.85 if not specified by the purchaser.25 to a maximum of 1. K = 4.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.0. Temperature Difference .empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis.TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input.

JEs = 1. Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) .fc. JEst = 1. Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) . Where fc = 0.Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress . However.fc.) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V. 70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0.TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V.00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0.000 psi (140 MPa). Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material .JEs.JEst.35 for single lap welds JEr = 0.Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency .Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe. fc need not be less than 20. fc need not be less than 15.70 for double lap welds JEr = 1.4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners.Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .000 psi (103 MPa).70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) . This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank. JEr = 0.85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) . However.Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency . Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) .Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E.6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region.JEr.) dialog box is an optional input. Where fc = 0.00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) .Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency .00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0.

f.5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used. The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9.1.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees. Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle.Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress . Appendix B. This value must be less than 45-degrees.3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank.Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points. Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference. Angle Between Measurements .R.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement. and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature. use every other point when generating the input. Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2.Define the Dish Radius of Roof . this limit was 30 feet / 9.2. If this value is left blank.TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) .3. If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4. a default of 29. The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points.8 m. in API-653 Section B. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 . the shell plate material. of the roof plate material.6m. Roof Dish Radius (R) . API-653 Appendix B. Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) .1m. This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs. Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653. Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement .

4.3. Bottom. Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9.1. each discussed in the following subsections. The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4.3.4. May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers.1m intervals.1. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom. Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh. and 4. Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Elevation .3. Post 3rd Ed.Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank. Above Ground Storage Tanks.4.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit.7. obtained from tank inspections. Hydrocarbon Engineering.3. Post 3rd Ed. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed.1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653. This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4. API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data.2. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed.7. Pre 3rd Ed. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom.

7. This value is measured from the original thickness.0. Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) .7.4. Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) .4.7.4. on a yearly basis. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 . and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code).As per API-653 Section 4. If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652).7. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate.As per API-653 Section 2. Pre 3rd Ed. Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) .7.4. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . on a yearly basis.1.1.0. after repairs.Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) .1. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651). Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined. according to Section 2.As per API-653 Section 2.Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates. then this value should be specified as 0. after repairs. Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) . enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate. this value should be specified as 0. This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code. Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) . enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).7.1.Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates. Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) .4.As per API-653 Section 4.As per API-653 Section 2.1 of previous editions of API-653. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion.1.4. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion.

As per API-653 Section 2. This value is measured from the original thickness. (GCa).Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr).As per API-653 Section 2.1. if specified. on a yearly basis.4.1.1.7. enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion.7. 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .As per API-653 Section 2. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) .Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates.0.1. This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65).TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) . enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area. enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed.4. Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) .4. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom.7. Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) .1. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0.As per API-653 Section 2.4. on a yearly basis.7. Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) . The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0.As per API-653 Section 2.4.7. Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) .

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 . Similarly. If this value is left blank. the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L". Additionally. Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank. exclusive of pits.Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course. Joint Efficiency . Lowest Average Thickness .TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L. the inspection values of t1 and t2. the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used.Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region. Minimum Thickness . and a joint efficiency for each shell course. the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities. If the t1 or t2 values are left blank. If this value is left blank. if the L location is left blank. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course. above the bottom of this course.Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations. In subsequent thickness computations. Use specified shell "L" values? . "L" Location Above Course Bottom . controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis.Enter the average thickness in the "L" region. they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box. "L" is the critical length.

1.3. The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course. which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations. the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. as per API-653 Table 2.3.TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level.3. Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Use specified shell "E" values? . This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank. Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies. This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed. When this box is checked.1. Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2. Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? . the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2. The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998).This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations. Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations. This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate. Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed .3. as well as the environmental factors.3. Instead.1. Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition.Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course.3. Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. and liquid characteristics. Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2. Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L".3. API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input.

2.2000.33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1.Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API.15 0. Filling Rate .0 1. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4.3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2. For more information. Boiling Point .8 2.67 0.375 0.Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.4 5.0 0.0 0.025 see note C 1.1.2.15 0.300 0.300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 .3.0 0.40 0.075 0.0 1.Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point.375 0.0 0.Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.075 0. Liquid Flash Point .0 0. Environmental Factor .5 5 10 15 20 25 1.Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point.03 0.3 0.5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22.7 3.3 0. For more information. see API-2000 Section 4.1.8 2.2.1.05 0.TANK Input Emptying Rate .05 0. see API-2000 Section 4.50 0.3.7 11.0 2.

and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations.0 0. After exiting the Scratch-pad. you have the option of transferring the diameter.025 see note C 1. You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary. and the height and diameter ranges. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the plate allowable stress. height.0 0.19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0.0 1. which consists of the required tank volume.TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0. the unit cost of plate. This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses. the fluid specific gravity. based on the required volume. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved.03 0.5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank. There is a minimum amount of user-specified data.

you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations. the input data can be altered. the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 . the necessary diameter (or height) is presented. a report can be printed. The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition. The height of the top course is also reported. When the desired results have been achieved. contains two slider bars. as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table. The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank. Alternatively. you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. If necessary. and four for a height range. Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad. This sizing tool. The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range. The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate. After the scratchpad calculations have been performed. as well as the thickness required for each shell course. or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated.TANK Input After the necessary data is specified. and new estimates obtained. located to the right of the output display. all other courses being equal to the specified input value.

the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. exclusive of the diameter range.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. exclusive of the height range. For consistent application. The height range is independent of the diameter range. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. Minimum Tank Height . This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined.cm. followed by plate weight and cost. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. Minimum Tank Diameter . This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume. followed by plate weight and cost. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. The diameter range is independent of the height range. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb.TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. For each height/diameter value.Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume. or KG and KG/cu. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. and lb/cu. Maximum Tank Diameter . A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. The height range is independent of the diameter range. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank.0. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. and lb/cu. Since the tank must be hydrotested. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume. The top course may be less than the value specified here.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. followed by plate weight and cost. exclusive of the diameter range. For each height/diameter value.Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank.Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes. followed by plate weight and cost. the minimum value for this entry should be 1. Maximum Tank Height .Enter the unit cost of the plate material. or KG and KG/cu.cm. Cost/Unit Weight of Plate . Plate Allowable Stress .in. For each height/diameter value.in. Fluid Specific Gravity . Required Volume . Average Course Height .Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. For each height/diameter value. 80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . For consistent application.

TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 . exclusive of the height range. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined.

TANK Input

82

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

84

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated. If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. The typical response to this prompt is Yes. This gives you time to review the message. the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction.Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box. You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker. click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. If the summary report shows that errors were found. click File > Exit. Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 . the analysis files will not be created. the procedure halts until you click Continue. Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu.

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked. the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays. A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section. maintenance.SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module. There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 . Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes. the major solution steps to the analysis. and which solution steps are required by the current input data. After the solution module has been launched. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files. and enhancement. As each solution step is entered. The program files used are listed below. TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation.

the analysis module creates the . the message file can be very helpful. Shell weight and center of gravity . This file contains the solution data in binary format. or Appendix A. 1.The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements. In this instance. These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations. The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics. 2. a diagnostic message is presented to the user. A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section. The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases.This thickness is based on the specified design method. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors. In this instance. 7. Overturning stability . The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials. Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5. variable point.The number of girders. Wind girder requirements .1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met. Wind effect . Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22. and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5.This value is checked according to Section 5.TKO file. In the case of the variable point method. the velocity factory.6.11. Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module. 5.The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure. This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set. some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file.The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user. and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E. or printed to the system printer.This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination.Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details. newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file.1. control is returned to the Main menu. 6. and no output (TKO) file exists. 3. Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases . and the overturning moment. The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries.9. Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation. the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations. this is an iterative process. Because there is no TKO file. 4. entry into the output processor is not allowed. Allowed fluid heights . All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification. 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows. As important milestones in the analysis are reached. The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu. If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank. Required shell course thicknesses . either one-foot. their section moduli. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details. The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs.

10.12 and determines. A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity. Section 7.These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement. Roof evaluation involves weight summations.3 checks are implemented. Grillage computations .These computations are based on API-653 Section 2. roof.6.10.This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads. test. Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations.These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I. and seismic computations have been completed. with the corresponding stress for each load case. Section M.4 begins. Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B . and user input). the program will now evaluate. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 . or design the roof. API-650 Appendix F requirements . and empty. if necessary. After all sizing. The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design. After the cosine curve is known. Service/maintenance computations . design. the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M. the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined. Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P .If the roof data has been specified.The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions.10. the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated. the Section 5. the bolting requirements are checked.After the actual roof computations are completed. Following the cycle life calculations. API-2000 Venting calculations. analyze. Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E . This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5. required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5. the required number of bolts and the bolt size.5 or 5.Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data . Following the roof design. The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. test.

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Plot Settlement .Plots the supported cone roof sketch. shell settlement plotting. the following icons are also available. Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections. both of these items are grayed out. Plot Cone Roof . or modify the input data. Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch. A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design.Produces the basic tank sketch. Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports. If output is not available for the current job. and supported cone roof sketches.Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram. nozzle interaction diagrams. the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls. The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams. the output options are available. In addition to the menu options.Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu. or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot. After you enter the local graphics mode. Plot Nozzles . Plot Tank Elevations . These options include both text based reports and graphics.SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete. A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 . This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing. The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics.Plots the shell settlement data. used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P. Return to Main Menu .

92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details. Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank.

Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes. the optimum cosine curve. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 . The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points. as well as an option to spline the data. The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement. The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements. These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization.Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. the out-of-plane deflection. The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve. Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations. The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves.

either design. The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15). and which thickness to use . necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded. which interaction diagram to plot . or user entered.either longitudinal or circumferential. 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . test.Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P.

The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads. the interaction point plots at the origin. If the piping loads are not specified.Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 . as an asterisk.

96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the interaction point must plot inside the diagram.Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P.

Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. defining the roof nomenclature. showing cross section sizes is shown below. structural cross section sizes. they are provided for information purposes only. . These roof sketches are not shown to scale. lengths. Besides the basic roof sketch. the resulting design can be shown graphically. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 . and quantities can be noted on the sketch. A typical roof sketch.

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

showing only those jobs that have output.Prints the selected reports. View Report using Microsoft Word . Save .doc exists in the \tank\system folder. the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated. When the analysis phase completes. After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 .doc file contains the company logo and address details. This option opens a standard File Open dialog.Enables switching to the output of a different job. if a file named header. This menu lists the available reports. The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window. Open . (Items can be de-selected in the same manner).Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is. Print . When you send reports to Microsoft Word.Saves the selected reports. The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs. The intent is that the header. by topic. the Output Report menu displays. its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word.SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports. Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report. Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click.

and program version number.Displays the next report.Changes the font when printing reports. Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data. and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen. Previous Report . Each of these reports is discussed. Each page of output begins with a header. This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended. The header contains the user’s name. Select Font . Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here. Disable/Enable Page Numbering .Turn on or off the page numbering.Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports . in the following sections. page number. Modify the Starting Page Number . 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . in general. Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user.Erases the selected reports. From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings. time. You can also suppress the ending page number. Select Heading Fonts . date.Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box. major and minor level text.Displays the previous report. From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers. Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings. job name.Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box. Next Report .

Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined. and settlement details were defined. Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 . as well as whether or not roof.Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data. seismic. This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module.

Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker. This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data. Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Material. For each shell course. the area exposed to the wind.TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 . as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table. The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases. The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases. The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results.Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module . the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course. ENGLISH. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind. For API-653 analysis. the material name. design allowable stress. test allowable stress. The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system. All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified. The next section of the report reflects the material properties used. Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program. It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis. including the wind girder height reduction factor. and the wind moment. consisting of the velocity factor. as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1. and Appendix M reduction factor are listed. The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here.

For each wind girder required. The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components. The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check". the geometry detail and angle size are also reported.Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width. If Detail e is required. the weight of the shell. as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell. Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method. This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders. based on API-650 Section 5.11. the b dimension is also included in the report. The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations. and the center of gravity of the shell.

and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F. and at the shell. the number of rafters resting on the inner girders. If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed. Note that at the center of the tank. the spacing on the inner girders. This information begins with the number of girder rings. and the number and length of the girders in each ring. the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. This report is shown below. and the rafter length. The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates.Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring. the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero. and the design roof load. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 . the radius to each girder ring. the spacing on the outer girders.

and is shown below. the selected cross section.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters. and the actual section modulus. the required section modulus. Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring. This information includes the unit load on the member.

allowable compressive stress. and required radius of gyration. This information is shown below. This information begins with the column load.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 . the actual compressive stress. and the actual radii of gyration. This is followed by the selected cross section. height.

Following the roof design/analysis report. This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift. are the results of the Appendix F computations. Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components.10.6. All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .10. The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F. and the compression ring failure pressure.5 or 5.5.10.3. This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight. an API unit. and either 5.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5. These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths. the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction.

and empty. These computations were made for three cases: design fluid.Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E. test fluid. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 .

These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness. the flexibilities. For each case. rotation. deflection. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input.Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P. test shell thickness. and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported. Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and user input thickness.

This table also includes the settlement measurements. Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 . and the out-of-plane deflection. the out-of-plane settlement. the optimum cosine curve through these measured points. This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points.Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B.

This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing.Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4. The venting report is shown below.3 of API-2000. Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . outbreathing and fire exposure.

There are two sections to this report.Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5.12. The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 . The second section shows the required number of bolts. and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases. the required bolt diameter.

as well as the number of allowed cycles.Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M. The report lists the exclusions and checks made. Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V. Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

.................................. 118 Example Problem SSC1 ..SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code...............tki...................tki............. 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ...... 118 Example Problem TEST1............................................................ Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations................. 118 Example Problem SEIS01 ............. is located at \examples\a_wc... as defined by Appendix A of API-650............................. 117 Example Problem O_WC ...... is located at \examples\o_wc....... 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k.................................................................................................................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem APP_P ............................ In This Section Example Problem APP_K ................................. as defined by the One Foot method............. 117 Example Problem A_WC ..... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ..................................... 118 Example Problem B&Y ....tki................... Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 ....................... Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations............................................... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA .....................

tki. Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V.tki.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations. For more information see the file \examples\b&y.tki. including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M.tki. This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young. for stainless steel tanks. Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1. Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1.tki. 118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p.tki. (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E. is located at \examples\sstest1.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E.

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR.Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.Input module help data file API02.Units generation module MATEDIT.EXE file scanner CRCCHK.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B.Material database editor OUTPUT.EXE . Main Set APIOUT.Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.Input module help pointer file TKER01A.EXE .DLL .CHM .EXE .EXE .EXE .EXE .EXE .EXE .EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.EXE.Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A.EXE .EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.Output preprocessor APISOLV.TXT .EXE .Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.EXE .Help file TIPS.APPENDIX A Appendix A .Configuration program help data file TKSET02.EXE .EXE .Solution module COADEXE.EXE .EXE . The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.Main program TKERCK.Error check module OUTWORD.Output report review processor TANK.EXE .Configuration program help pointer file TANK.Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .EXE .CRC check program MAKEUNIT.

2005 API-650 material database A650_08.Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.MAT .Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.MAT .Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.MAT .Millimeter units file MPH.FIL .Appendix A .MAT .1993 API-650 material database A650_94.FIL .MAT .HED .MAT .MAT .1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.MAT .TXT .ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.MAT .Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.Structural database file API650.TXT .1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.CRC .1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.FIL .1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.MAT .Data from Table 3-22 XX.1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.DAT .MAT .DIG .1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.FIL .Messages for input processor SCREEN3.TXT .SI units file T2A.1988 API-650 material database A650_93.MAT .MAT .MAT .CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.EXE .Messages for output processing TITLE.1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.MAT .MAT .2008 API-650 material database AISC89.ENGLISH units file MM.EXE .

TKI .TKI .Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K.Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC.TKI .TKI . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 .Appendix A .TKI .TKI .Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y.Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01.Example computations for Appendix. SEIS01.TKI .Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA.Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1.Stainless steel example SSC1.Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1.TKI .TKI .TKI .Example seismic computations for Appendix E.TKI .Sample input for variable point method APP_P.

Appendix A .Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

1 .APPENDIX B Appendix B . You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary.English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 . Figure B.Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK.

4 .SI Units File Figure B.MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.Standard Units Systems Figure B.MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .2 .3 .Appendix B .

60 A-516.58 A-573.CS A-36 A-131.B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 .B A-737.2 A-633. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.55 A-516.APPENDIX C Appendix C .C A-633.1 A-537.D A-678.70 A-662.B A-131.705 A-516.B A-662.List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database.65 A-516.A A-131.EH36 A-573.A A-678.65 A-573. When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.C A-537.

C E-275t.21 G40.C E-275.List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.21 G40.21 G40.D E-355t.250 NS.D E-355.21 G40.C E-355.21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.D E-275.275 * ISO 630 E-275t.235 NS.21 G40.D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .C E-355t.Appendix C .

List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .Appendix C .

List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix C .

1 YES A650_94. 0. 2.APPENDIX D Appendix D .3. 1. 1.0000000E+00 . 1.4000+E01 Sect.Default Configuration Directives Ver. 1.3000000E+00 . 1.7.2835648E+00 YES . 1. 1. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 .1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO . 1.9.FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1.MAT ENGLISH.200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES . 0.5000000E-02 YES .

Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix D .

Version 3. Added JIS structural steel shape library.Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK. Added many “text” changes to the output.10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition. Version 3.00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API .653 3 Edition.30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2. Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric. Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 . Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights. Version 3. Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%. th Version 2. rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API . to provide more information and detail.650 10 Edition. Implemented API-653 4th Edition. Added several minor changes as requested by users. South African Bolt.55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density.20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1.APPENDIX E Appendix E . Version 3. BS3643. Added a Wind Parameter input dialog.

6.Revision History Version 2. Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition.Appendix E .2 through E. This provides better capability to notify users of software updates. The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1. Version 2. Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses. Addendum 1. Revised documentation. The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E. Addendum 3.4. Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database.20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E. as a result of Addendum 1. Version 2. Revised the output processor. Incorporated API-650 10th Edition. Version 2.50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M.6. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . for easier usage. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates. Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition.1.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials. Since bolting data is now a required input. from PVP-1279. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration. this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section.

Appendix E . Section 3.60 / 2. Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1. Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference. Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0.2 has been incorporated. API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum.00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2. Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power. This involved removing both A442 materials.2. to include the bottom shell course thickness.4.25 inch plate.Revision History Version 2. Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination. Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 . A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3. in accordance with the recent addendum. Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A. which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches.10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition.5. Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height).

The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .50. Addendum 2 changes incorporated. Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added. Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations. now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1. First. Previous versions treated zero as a blank. Note.51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated. Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added. Version 1. This ability has been added for Version 1. Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases). Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory. Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet. A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E. this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database. Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated.50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated. API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates. versions prior to 1. Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports. Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet. Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added. Version 1. Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic. Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations.Appendix E .50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file.5. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included.40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition. Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added.Revision History Version 1.3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress. permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses.

the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3.e has been added. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization. Consideration of Section 17.2.Appendix E .8. Bolt design references to standard bolt size table.6.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs.11 added.1 added.10. Mouse support has been added to all modules. API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated.1.1.9. Additionally the weights for operating. The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary. Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module.31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added.Revision History Version 1.1.7. API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank.3 is reported.3. test.10. Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3. A material database editor is provided.8 added. Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3. Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment. “Variable Point” location reported. Bold design procedure for Section 3. Version 1. A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available.5. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 .1. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3.4. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated. Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added. Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L.5. and empty conditions are reported.

PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P. there was no interpolation between curves. A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs.Appendix E . and the setting of the default output report generation parameters. Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell. This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections. This units file.11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added. a network hardware lock. and square roots. an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added. An additional "English" units file is provided. Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design. The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations. For API-653 runs. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case.FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour. Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads. Version 1.11. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3.Revision History Version 1.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3. trigonometric functions. Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program. Version 1. squares. For API-653 analysis.0 and L/2a=1. Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added. Several new configuration directives have been added. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes.0 used one or the other set of curves. This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives. which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file. The calculator supports the basic four math operations. Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E.5 curves. Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles. Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3. and a segregation of program and system files.6 added.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young. The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1.11 and Appendix E computations. MPH.

Vol 12. Bardia. Lu. Lengsfeld. January 1995. August 1982. Third Edition. 1977. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. ASME 1995. Swenson. and Horwege. Eighth Edition. Fifth Edition. 118. American Petroleum Institute.Selected References API-650. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks. Morton. Parikh. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules. No 4. Process Equipment Design. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. PVP-1279. October 1996. 1959. John Wiley & Sons. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). Journal of Strain Analysis. ASME 1996. America Petroleum Institute. Smith. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 . Above Ground Storage Tanks. Myers. F. and Ruiz. and Lambe. November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653. Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. Carucci & Ay. Hendrix & Carucci. and Fenton. Lengsfeld. and Lengsfeld. 2002. Billimoria. McGraw-Hill. Bardia and Taagepera. Vol. 1997.. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. ASME. Transactions of the ASME. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement. Tenth Edition. Hathaitham. Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. API-2000. LaBounty. April 1998. Taagepera. Revise Storage Tank Inspections. PVP Vol 336. American Petroleum Institute. Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. API-620. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. Marr.APPENDIX F Appendix F . ASME 1995. August 1980. Koczwara. Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks. FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. Malik. Osage. Brownell & Young. PVP Vol 315. A. Ramos. and Taagepera. Hydrocarbon Processing. Hydrocarbon Processing. An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks. Lengsfeld. PVP Vol 315. ASME 1996. Philip E. June 1990. Vol 108. American Petroleum Institute. Improve Storage Tank Inspections. Inc. August 1980. and Hagstrom. Billimoria and Tam. Hydrocarbon Processing. August 1996. PVP Vol 336. November 1978. Bardia.

Appendix F .Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Program File List • 121 Appendix B .List of Materials • 127 Appendix D .Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C . 83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.Revision History • 133 Appendix F .Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old.Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E . 83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9.) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A .Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V. Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 .

Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31. 121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87.

40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind.Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1.20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2.20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3. Material.55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3.30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2. 76 Version 1.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2.50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 .10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3.10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1. 125 Units • 9 units files • 24. 99.10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2. Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42.60 / 2.20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1.40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1.31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful