Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

U.S. Government Restricted Rights Legend
Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS 252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3. Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Intergraph Corporation P.O. Box 240000 Huntsville, AL 35813 Street address: 170 Graphics Drive, Madison, AL 35758

Terms of Use
Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

Warranties and Liabilities
All warranties given by Intergraph Corporation about equipment or software are set forth in the EULA provided with the software or applicable license for the software product signed by Intergraph Corporation, and nothing stated in, or implied by, this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification or amendment of such warranties. Intergraph believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date. The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document. The software discussed in this document is furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of this license. No responsibility is assumed by Intergraph for the use or reliability of software on equipment that is not supplied by Intergraph or its affiliated companies. THE USER OF THE SOFTWARE IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE FINAL EVALUATION AS TO THE USEFULNESS OF THE SOFTWARE IN HIS OWN ENVIRONMENT. Intergraph is not responsible for the accuracy of delivered data including, but not limited to, catalog, reference and symbol data. Users should verify for themselves that the data is accurate and suitable for their project work.

Trademarks
Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

3

....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .............................................................................. 84 Completing the Error Check Phase ............................................................... 88 Local Graphics Output ......................................... 91 Tank Layout Sketch ........ 110 Settlement Checks ....................... 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.................................................................................................... 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ................................................................................................................................................................................ Material....................... 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 80 Error Checking .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)............................................ 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) ...................................... 112 API-650 Bolting Report ................... 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches ......................................... 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box ... 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) .................................... 102 Solution Module TXT File .......................... 105 Seismic Analysis Results .................................................................................. 85 Analysis/Solution Phase................. 100 Job Title Page ............................................................................................................... 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad ............................................................................... 70 Shell Settlement Data .......... 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams ........................................................................................................................................ 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ............................................. 103 Wind...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box ..................................................................................................................................... 92 Shell Settlement Plots ....................................................................... 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V................. 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box .............................................................................................. 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box ..................................... 100 User Input Data .................................................................................................................. 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box ................................................................................... 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 83 Warning & Error Options ....................... 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box ................................. 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box ................................................... 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)....................................................................... 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) .................................................... 87 Solution Overview ............................................................................ 97 Output Report Generation ............................................................................................................................... 101 Error Checker LOG File .... 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data .............................................................................................................................................................................. Thickness & Weights .................. 103 Roof Evaluation ....................... 99 Output Report Discussions ..................................................................................................... 111 API-2000 Venting Output ..........................................................................................................................................Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ................................) Dialog Box .................. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ............................. 87 TANK Program Files ..........................................................................................................................

.................................................00 Changes (1/99)..................................... 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 .......................... 129 * Unknown For API-653 ................................................................................................. 129 Appendix D ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 115 Examples .................................................................................10 Changes (5/00) ............. 133 Version 3......................................................................................................................... 121 Main Set .........................20 Changes (9/00) ............................................................................................ 134 Version 2................................................55 Changes (10/05) ............................................................ 133 Version 3...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 121 Help & Error Processing Set .......................................40 Changes (9/96) ........................... 133 Version 3.......................Default Configuration Directives ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 128 * ISO 630......40 Changes (7/02) ..................................................................................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem SSC1 ................................................ 122 Examples Data Set ........................................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem SEIS01.................................................... 127 * ASTM Standards ......................................................................................................... 123 Appendix B ....................... 121 English Text Set . 114 API-650 External Pressure Output .................................................................................................................................................30 Changes (2/02) ................................................................................................Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output .......................... 117 Example Problem O_WC ..... 134 Version 2.. 119 Appendix A .............................................. 134 Version 2.......................................10 Changes (9/08) ............................................. 117 Example Problem APP_K .... 117 Example Problem A_WC ........................................................ 135 Version 1.................................30 Changes (9/10) .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 125 Appendix C .......List of Materials ........................................................... 133 Version 2..................... 128 * National Standards .................................................................................................................................................................... 134 Version 2........................................................................................................................................................Revision History ...........................................................................................................................................50 Changes (5/97) ...........................................................................Standard Units Systems..................................................................................50 Changes (3/04) ........................................................................... 133 Version 3...........................60 / 2...................................................... 135 Version 1....................................... 118 Example Problem B&Y ..................................................................................... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ............................ 118 Example Problem TEST1 ......................................................................................................................................... 136 Version 1............................. 122 API Data Set..................................................................................................... 136 Version 1................................................................................................................................ 133 Version 2........ 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) .................................... 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) .................................................. 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ....20 Changes (9/09) ..51 Changes (9/97) ............. 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ............ 127 * CSA Standards .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................00 Changes (11/07) ..... 131 Appendix E ....................................................................................................................Program File List ............................................................................................................ 118 Example Problem APP_P ..................................................................................................................................................

..........................................20 Changes Version 1.....................................................Contents Version 1....................... 138 Appendix F .......................................................................................................................................................................................30 Changes Version 1.................................... 137 (11/94) ............................................. 137 (8/95) ................31 Changes Version 1........................................................Selected References .......................... 139 Index .................................................. 138 (6/94) .....................................................................10 Changes (2/96) .................................................................. 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ......

economical. and expeditious designs. rely on the help system. It is expected.com Web: www.coade. and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution. configuration. To that end. Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible.com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 . Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users. and by mail. e-mail. TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input. input validation to avoid run time errors. which can be launched by pressing F1. TANK support is available by telephone. however. when in doubt. Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade. that questions focus on the current version of the program. and operation of the program. fax. cell specific help for guidance and information. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation. the web site. However.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes.

Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1. Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . After the help system has been activated. These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file. When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific. Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section. the appropriate information displays in an interactive window. which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user.Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system. the help text includes the expected input units in the title line.

The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them.Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system. and finally reports the problem to you. This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 . Upon exit from the diagnostic utility.09375. For example.Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK. The four basic math operations (addition.New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units. the program attempts to trap the error. In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells. there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis.Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file. Even though TANK validates your input data. This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach. multiplication. user control is returned to the Main menu. This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system. A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files. In some instances additional sets may be required. These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch). Reviewing Output .Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program. and division) are supported in the input cells. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files .Standard Units Systems (on page 125). Creating Units Sets . see Appendix B . the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary. After the review of a specific error message is complete. Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module. subtraction. TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation. a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0. For more information on the four standard supplied units systems. The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog. When such a fatal condition occurs. assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database. Selecting a Units File .

2. Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A. These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method. An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. This includes the material data from Table 5. Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes. and digitized data from Appendix P. Seismic computations according to Appendix E. External pressure computations according to Appendix V. Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B. Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M. including the limiting load interaction diagrams.Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices. Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary. Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders. Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M. Minimum metal temperature reporting. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000. TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes.3. Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2. Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young.

the HASP drivers. Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window.Displays a text file discussing the installation steps. which installs TANK. insert the CD into the drive.Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph.Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products.Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD. ReadMe File . CD Content Additional Installations .Displays the TANK License Agreement. Services Training .Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum. and the CD contents.Launches the main installation process.SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK.Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK. Additional Products . The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays. and all associated documentation. Release Notes .Includes options to install the HASP.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page. TANK Information . Support Forum . License Agreement . Browse the CD . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 . Contact Intergraph . the system requirements. The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything.Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products. These options include: Install TANK .

Hardware Requirements minimum of 2.Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System. Installation Instructions . Windows Vista (Ultimate. Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional. If the setup does not start automatically. or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported. 12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . HASP Trouble Shooting .Displays a PDF document containing these instructions. Business.exe in the root CD folder. 1.Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing. 2. or Windows 7 (Ultimate. double-click CDSpawn.Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer. Click Install TANK to begin the installation. The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed. Professional. Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation. or Enterprise).0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs. HASP Licensing Overview . Insert the TANK CD into your computer.

Click Next to continue. 4. If you accept the license agreement. -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement.Installation 3. select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement. You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement. where <product name> reflects the program name and version. The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>. 7. Read the license agreement. To install the software in another location. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 . Click Next on the welcome page. and then click Next. and then click Cancel. click Change. 5. 6. select I accept the terms in the license agreement.

9. You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run. An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation. If you are using SmartPlant License Manager. 14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . If you are using a network ESL key. Select the license type that you have. Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. select the SPLM license option.Installation 8. select the key color.

If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type. After the TANK files have been installed. After successfully installing the HASP device driver. Click OK. the following dialog box displays. Skip to step 11. 10.Installation As the installation progresses. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock. the status displays. If this dialog does not display. you are not prompted to install the HASP driver. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 . installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run.

exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally. Issue the installation command as detailed below. such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging.The path to load the installation files. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD. Because a device driver was loaded. with no interaction from you. perform these steps: 1. Command Cmd= setup. Select Show the readme file to view the readme.doc file. 13. Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs. 2. it is a good idea to restart Windows. Setup. Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary. Click Yes to reboot your computer now. 12. To launch TANK in silent mode. Setup. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Installation 11.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR . Click No to reboot later.exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green. Click Finish.

you can skip the remainder of this section. The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs.This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT . Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 . the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software. you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL. The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server. because the computer is usually always on. The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server).TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions. refer to the documentation files NETHASP. In order for the network to recognize the ESL. The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems.Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs. Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL. a user must then be logged into the network to access the software. The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location. Alternatively. if all of the licenses are on the network ESL. Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software). we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL. The file server is a better location for this ESL.TXT and ESL_RED. Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers. This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations. The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software.The ESL color.Installation ESL_COLOR . A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility. If your computer uses a local ESL. The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder. because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops). If the network ESL is attached to a workstation. Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network.

Build Y contains Build X. its size. archiving. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement. before the next version can be released. The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program. When this occurs. In order to alleviate this problem for our users. but only one build is required at any given time. they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda. In other words. announced.coade.exe. and also displays when you click Help > About. file formats change. However. In addition. Determine which build file you need and download it. additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation. a correction to the currently shipping version is made. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version. This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build. A build is intended for one specific version of the software.x<date>. the build is finalized. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds. This correction is referred to as a Build. The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation. the version indicator. user requests. When this occurs. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu. operational enhancements. Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www. and the build date. After the file has been downloaded and installed. and posted to the Web site. operating system modifications. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date.com). 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and the date it was created. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found. Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software. databases grow. Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released. and corrections. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web. builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated. and distributing the various builds generated between major releases. Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. and so on.Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static.

you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory. Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released. and the software installation will update appropriately. This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. additional usage instructions may be found in this file. Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level. which build is in use. This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version.TXT. From the Utility > Tools menu. This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size. A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. follow any prompts. memory requirements. Simply double-click the build file (the exe). the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level. click COADE EXE Scanner. on the Main Program menu. When necessary. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 . This allows you to see. To see which program modules have been modified.Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD. and build bevel. Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package.

20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. the distribution CD should be installed first. This will allow full use of this version at some later time. Patched Version When a new version of the software is released. Additionally. Then. you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release. the last build should be installed. Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds. To reinstall an older version of the software. any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD. if it becomes necessary.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

21

Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

22

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

23

The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory. the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory. as well as International shape libraries.Select the units file to use. Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .S.Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module. Units File . followed by a scan of the installation directory.Specifies the anchor bolt database.Select the material file to use. This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients. which may be unique. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory. Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U. Each data directory can contain its own configuration file. Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored.Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients. Material File . Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list. If a data directory does not contain a configuration file. You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command. Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database . This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews. Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory. the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used. Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units. structural shapes and materials. A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program. Structural Database .

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 . Upon completion of the analysis. The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive). see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21). For more information. and control is returned to the main menu. analysis is prohibited . and reviewed. After a solution data file is available. From here. After the input has been defined. and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above). The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution. For more information on the error checker. If there are errors in the input data. Warning messages are acceptable to the program . It is assumed. it must be error checked. select Analyze Only to start the analysis module. a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu. an intermediate data file is created for analysis. The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected. see Error Checking (on page 83). analyzed. that the program has been properly installed and configured.SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual.you must correct these errors before proceeding. you can select one of the Output menu options. defined. Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input.you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis. Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon. Assuming that error checking completed successfully.

4. click TANK. Define the input data. Focus then returns to the Main menu. 26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Select a job. 1. The steps outlined above are summarized below. The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu. the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports. Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output. Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports. 5. Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only. 3. 2. either new or old. From the Start menu. quit the output processor. As long as the job input parameters remain fixed.Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session.

analysis. The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched. The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK. the Material Database editor. and help. The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options. The options are arranged in groups. Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition. but also include output review (both text and graphics). and ESL review. output review. launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu. configuration. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 . corresponding to the major topics on the menu. or by double clicking the desktop icon. diagnostics.SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start. utility tools.

Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration.Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening. saving. Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk. and printing the input for a specific job.

Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39). Upon completion of the input. The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 . each accessed from the menu. the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job. Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen.Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job. The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups.

the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data. an analysis file for the job is written. an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description. 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TKE file was generated.TKE file is written by the error checker. This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed. Error Check and Analyze . Error Check .Starts the error checker. Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83). Analyze . The Analyze option is deactivated until the . or the input data contained errors and no .Starts the error checker. TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked. and if the input passes the error checker. Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel. If the input data successfully passes the error checker. the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu. and Error Check and Analyze. For more information on the analysis processor. The analysis module performs the solution step. The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker. If the verified problem data. As each phase is completed. Analyze.Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check. In any event. (grayed out). see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87).TKE suffix. written to the . Steps not required are disabled.TKE file. with a .Starts the solution module. which produces the output file for the job. based on your input parameters. either designing a tank or re-rating a tank. Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text. cannot be located. automatically starts the solution module.

at the end of the last set of reports.Generates a new set of reports. shell settlement graphs.Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers. viewing graphical results. If this data is not specified. Nozzle load interaction diagrams. For more information on output processing. the batch stream processor and a text file review option. This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically. three options are available: overwrite reports. and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner. completely replacing any existing reports. Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 . custom units systems. append reports. Review Latest Reports . and review latest reports. Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created. the current CPU time and date are used.Starts the graphics processor. Local Graphics . Append Reports . in the current units system. see Local Graphics Output (on page 91). For viewing text based reports. in multiple units systems if necessary.Displays the output review control panel. Overwrite Reports .Creates a new set of output reports. in the current units system. the Material Database editor. The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. Time Stamp . and changing the time stamp in the report headers.Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports.

Starts Notepad to review a selected data file. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter.Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data. see Program Configuration (on page 21). File Review . Batch Stream Processor .Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter.Using the Main Menu Configuration . The file is created by a prior analysis. Error Check Log File . Custom Units . Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis. For details of the program configuration. This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed. The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter. the batch log file.Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database. Calculator . There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file.Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis. The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties. and the solution message file. Material Database Editor .Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created.Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives.Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations. Message File . Batch Log File .

The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software. Should a “fatal error” occur. the software attempts to invoke this module automatically. then the file has been corrupted in some manner. Corruption could indicate bad distribution media.Using the Main Menu CRC Check . This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations. This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure. clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column. If the values do not match. Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module . if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 . This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available.Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory. the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation.Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number. This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name. However.Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number. or a virus infection. a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed. However. Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker . If a CRC Check error occurs.

Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu. Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL.Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time. If there is an access problem with the ESL. most of the Main menu items will be disabled. which is required to access the software. The ESL is the External Software Lock. However. all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu).

The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task. reset a date. This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information. These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified.Starts an interactive procedure. Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes. Occasionally. Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a . usually to extend limits. some of this date may require updating in the field. and the time stamp of the last access. Phone Update . suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. date or run limits. as generated by the Intergraph support staff. The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx. to interact with the user on the telephone. Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 . The file will reside in the program’s \system folder. generating data for the user.Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes. or change the client name. and ID number. These updates encompass changes requested by the client.Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes. This information consists of the client name. Generate Fax Codes .TXT”. where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL.TXT file of the information.Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software. versioning information. the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored. and accepting instructions from the user. Receive and Enter Fax Codes . This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel. This option is similar to the phone update option. or by clicking the ESL icon. except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel.

Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options. click OK to enable the changes to the ESL. The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar. When all codes have been entered. Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid. . By default. found in the frame area of the Main menu. all options are selected. Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph.

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

37

Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

38

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

39

The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P. see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). For more information. see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). see API 650 External Pressure (App V. For more information. Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters. fluid specific gravity. This dialog is an optional input. see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71). The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E. This information consists of the diameter.) Dialog Box (on page 70). Section I. depending on the tank. external loads. see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76). For more information. This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. out-breathing.TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. depending on the tank. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis.7. This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. This dialog is an optional input. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell. For more information. see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78). Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. depending on the tank. For more information. This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions. Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog. Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification. and the desired code. This dialog is an optional input. The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters. As mentioned above. temperature. fluid depth. For more information. This dialog is an optional input. Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog. For more information. see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53). depending on the tank. 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This dialog is an optional input. For more information. This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. depending on the tank. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. For more information. see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog. pressure. For more information. course material. Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog. Activates the Grillage Review dialog. This dialog is an optional input. the number of courses. see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). course thickness. depending on the tank. Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog. the course height. and fire. data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed. For more information. This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72). This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing. and in the text by Brownell & Young. see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65).

As with most software programs. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically). the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page.TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad. Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog. We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session.HED. or by clicking the Diskette icon. users can save the input by using the File menu. Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog. If necessary. The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document. The first displays the title page. there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file. The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options. to the General Data dialog. The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar. with the input data. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters. found in the file TITLE. With TANK. this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too. any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes. This serves as a good starting point for a tank design.

the expected units display to the right of the input cell. Where applicable. Wind Details. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. 42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . For each input cell. Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank.TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study. Shell Courses. This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data. and Anchor Bolt Details.

This context menu is shown below. The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material. Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu. used as the default for all individual shell courses. the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below). in which you can select any valid material from the active database. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 .TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field.

Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu. Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below).TANK Input Alternatively. which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank. you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database.

the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height. Therefore. The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output. material design stress. For stainless steels. However. and material test stress can be specified for each shell course. as necessary. Initially. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material. on a course-by-course basis. as specified on the Tank Data tab. as described previously. corrosion allowance. For stainless materials. if necessary. for stainless materials. For carbon steels from Table 3-2. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. thickness. When you right-click the Material cell. the program fills in the Sd and St values. the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time. material name. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 . or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. the software displays the Material context menu. all courses acquire the same material. Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database.TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses. the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog.

if necessary. TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults. The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3). Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs. If these times are not defined.12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank). Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage. but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files.TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. and may result in the design of required anchorage. API-650 Section 5.

Run Objective . If you select D. the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes. If the design temperature exceeds this limit. it can only be used in analysis mode.2 kPa. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only.Enter the design temperature in the indicated units. TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method .5 psi / 17.The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file. Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line. Select the entry from the list. Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks. If you select A. API Design Code . a descriptive comment defines the expected input. ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights. Design Pressure at Top . The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box. The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation. or Analyze mode. limits the design pressure to 2. and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses. then the rules of Appendix M are applied. Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error. but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C. API-650. If the value of the design temperature is changed. Where applicable.Enter the design pressure in the indicated units.TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. seismic. or Design mode.Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements. A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected. This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank. which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. Appendix F.Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4. For each input cell. subsequent calculations for wind girders. API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C. Design Temperature . or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 .

85 0. Tank Shell Height (HTK) . such as for a walk-way.85 0. The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1.6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1.Enter the height of the design liquid level.85 0. API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown.3.Enter the diameter of the tank. so the default of 1.As per Appendix A. If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank. This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st . This value should be the sum of the individual course heights.75 0.TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) .Enter the total height of the tank shell.70 0.0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations. enter the actual distance.00 0. This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device.85 or 0. this value is used only in the Design case.No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .0 for the Hydrotest case. Liquid Specific Gravity (G) . Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder .85 1.Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder. If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell.4.70 0. As per API-650. the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates.3.35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A .85 0. Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] . the joint efficiency should be either 0. No other computations use this value.Enter the specific gravity of the fluid.50 + k/5 0.70 0. and is used in the wind load computations.3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency.Spot RT Appendix A .00 0.70. this value should be entered as zero.50 + k/5 0. Weight Attachments & Structures . Note.Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation.85 0. API-653 Section 2. Design Liquid Level (H) .

Turns on an off wind loads on the roof. Section 5. This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use. Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4. Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 .1a.As per API-653 Section 4. check this checkbox.Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank.3. its allowable stresses.6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height.. This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary. Include Annular Base Plate Details . If the tank will not have an annular base ring.Enter the density of the tank insulation. The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53.As per API-653 Section 4.Enter the number of shell courses in the tank. activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course.7. The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course.2 includes a wind moment term.a.TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded.3.Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5. and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use. which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height. This selection uses equation 4.4.This field displays the material name.1.3. To properly access a valid material name and its properties.If the tank will have an annular base ring. This selection uses equation 4. Insulation Thickness . Insulation Density .3. uncheck this checkbox. internal pressure. Number of Shell Courses .2 Calculations .As of API-650 9th Edition. to display the same context menu.9. A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional.9. grade. wind gust.11 stability. (d) Single lap welded only.3. left-click the . These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment . select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course.11 Wind Pressure .Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5. check this checkbox. this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box.1. uncheck this checkbox. If the material varies over the shell courses.3. the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F.3. which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height. 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment .1. or open-top tanks. After a valid material is selected. To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition). Local Area Shell Only . To include the wind moment term.Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell. The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank. Default Shell Material .. Alternatively. Due consideration should be given to Section 5.b.7. Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form. Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank. Wind Velocity .1. right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen. Entire Shell Course Evaluation . tensile strength. yield strength.3.

since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead. These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value.Represents the allowable design stress. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero. For this reason.Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S. If it is constant. If this cell is left blank.6. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. If it is constant. Table S-2. on a course-by-course basis. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database.6.TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses. 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . if necessary. this value will be displayed as zero. The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously. SSD1 through SSD5 . Corrosion Allowance . the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. referred to as St in the API code.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n.1. Hydro Test Stress . If necessary. the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5. If this cell is left blank for the first course.Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units. these values will be interpolated during the solution phase. If this cell is left blank.Represents the allowable test stress. If this cell is left blank. If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. Thickness .1. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5. If necessary. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. For stainless steels.1. the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. For stainless steels.Enter the thickness for the current shell course. referred to as Sd in the API code. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. Height . If it is constant. Material Design Stress . the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course.1).

the value defaults to 1.7500 0.0. In order to size the anchor bolts. Kd . TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults.0000 2. the value defaults to 0.Enter the wind speed up factor for hills. Threads per Unit Length .5000 2. the value defaults to 1. The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch. If these times are not defined.TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7.04. Gust Factor .6250 0. If left blank.5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 .2500 1. and the anchorage is necessary.0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4. This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0. This is an optional entry. This value should be 1.0000 1. Kz .1250 1. If entered.8750 1. Kzt . it will be evaluated using this data.5 4.12.85. If left blank.5000 1.Enter the wind directionality factor.Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7.Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7. If left blank. API 650 recommends a value of 0.5000 0.Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7.95 (the default) for this parameter.7500 2.7500 3. I .0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments. Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter . the thread pitch is necessary.The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5.3750 1.2500 2. Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units.Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage.

but is maintained for compatibility with older input files. an offset of 0.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value.4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0. API-650. This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank.7500 4.TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3. Bolt Yield Stress .0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress .12.For evaluation of an existing anchorage. the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration. As a result. The software internally multiplies this value by 2.5000 3.Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts.25 inches.7.0 is used.Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle.Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5. Number of Anchor Bolts . As of this addendum. Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance .Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650. the bolt allowable stress was required input.2500 3.12. the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5. Section F. 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage. If the software redesigns the anchorage. If this value is left blank. This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter . this value is no longer used.

Data entered in these fields will not be saved. a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made. the top half of this dialog must be filled out. and Girder Rings. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 . This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof. At this point. and maximum allowed pressure. This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary. or a supported cone roof will be designed. Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below. The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs. such as seismic analysis. wind over turning.TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box. This data is used in further analysis. Supported Cone Roof Data. Note that this is a scratchpad. Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design. and then click Compute. To use this scratchpad. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab. define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k).2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box. The Net Area Scratchpad (F.

The allowed cross sections vary. in the usage of the various structural types. and in the available cross sections.TANK Input If instead. displays the parameters used in the roof design. For the structural and roof plate materials. This tab. the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database. girders. and columns. and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. a supported cone roof is to be designed. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab. depending on the active structural library. the material for the cross sections and roof plate. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . shown below. The help system provides guidance here. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank.

Angle Between Roof & Horizontal . and how many girders make up the ring. alternate positioning is desired. Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs. then the members are sized only.Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction. Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only. General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof. column rings.Defines the roof type of the tank. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters. which are supported by columns. Roof Type . Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. columns and girders. which are supported by girders. If however. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths. the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab. the software can design the rafters. For rafter supported cone roofs. and rafter rings is known.TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young. If this information is specified. Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring. All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell. the software can design the rafters. as the number of girder rings. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 .

Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) . If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented.TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction . this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot. Thickness of Roof Plate .Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course. This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness. The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load. Weight of Roof Framing . This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad.2. it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed).Select the desired cross section. Weight of Snow on Roof . This value will not be used. For supported cone roofs. % of Weights Supported by Shell . If the input value is greater. Thickness of Bar (tb) .Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle.10.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations. Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) .Since the analysis hasn’t been performed. click Compute. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. This value will not be used. if any.Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally. Figure (a-k) . After the data has been defined. Specify this estimate in the tc field. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented.If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar. TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally. the computed roof plate weight is always used. the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations. Roof Live Load . This value should include the corrosion allowance.Enter the area resisting the compressive force.2. the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations. 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . refer to API-650 Figure F-2. If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here. corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F.Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations.Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks. Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved. The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box. or a supported cone roof is being designed. TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally.Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates. TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally. Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) . For details. an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required.1. specify the bar thickness in this field. According to API-650 5. Weight of Roof Plates . After the analysis. This value will not be used.Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates.Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks. Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance .

The specific section types depend on the active structural database. girder. column rafter. DC. and M. Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) . column rafter. DI.Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters. girder. Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type .Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch. girder. valid types for this cell are: W.TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) . For the 1989 AISC library.Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. C. valid types for this cell are: W. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. WT. girder. and P. column rafter. C. S. girder. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 . column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter. The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below.

T. CP. girder.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. column Preferred Girder Type . HP.Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders. valid types for this cell are: IP. column rafter. U. column CT Channels. girder. column rafter. girder. girder. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. column For the 1993 UK library. valid types for this cell are: I. girder. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. and C. column For the 1990 Australian library. UC. and T. girder. column For the 1990 South African library. girder. column For the 1991 German library. girder. column rafter. and CT. column rafter. parallel USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below. girder. column rafter. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. girder. and UC. girder. 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . girder. column rafter. taper rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB.

column rafter. and M. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. girder. DI. column rafter. column rafter. girder. girder. S. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. C. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. girder. girder. WT. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 . T. and C. and P. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. C. valid types for this cell are: W. DC. girder. girder. UC. column rafter. girder. column rafter. column For the 1993 UK library.

column rafter.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns. valid types for this cell are: I. and T. The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: IP. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. and CT. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column For the 1990 South African library. column CT Channels. column For the 1990 Australian library. column rafter. column Preferred Column Type . girder. girder. U. parallel USAGE rafter. girder. girder. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. column rafter. column rafter. girder. and UC. HP. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. column For the 1991 German library. column rafter. girder. girder. CP. valid types for this cell are: UB. taper rafter. girder. girder. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

girder. girder. WT. column rafter. column For the 1993 UK library. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. girder. girder. girder. T. and M. column rafter. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. column rafter. girder. column rafter. C. girder. DC. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. column For the 1991 German library. girder. column rafter. column rafter. column rafter. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. and T. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. S.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. valid types for this cell are: W. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. C. column For the 1990 Australian library. UC. DI. girder. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 . column rafter. girder. and C. and UC. U. girder. valid types for this cell are: I. column rafter. column rafter. and P.

where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.3. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. from the center of the tank.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates. CP. girder. The girders are supported by columns. Maximum Allowed Girder Length . HP. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. and CT.0 feet /7.4. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. Maximum Allowed Rafter Length .Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters. Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress . In the design of the supported cone roof. girder. taper USAGE rafter..3 to 9.Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders.0 feet (6.3 meters). The rafters are oriented along radial lines..This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected. arranged in concentric circles. Structural Member Material . a value of zero will be used. this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa). where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [. This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified.TANK Input For the 1990 South African library.1 meters.] button.. The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. In the design of the supported cone roof. This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring. from the center of the tank. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank.10. girder. girder. The girders are supported by columns. Typical values for this cell are 20. Typical values for this cell are 24. column Roof Plate Material . parallel Channels. Structural Member Allowable Design Stress . column rafter. column rafter.1 to 7. valid types for this cell are: IP. Center Column Cap Plate Diameter . For compliance with API-650 Section 3.0 to 30.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members. 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . column rafter. This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified.] button. If this cell is left blank.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected. arranged in concentric circles. This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings.Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary..0 to 24. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.

Number of Girders in Ring .TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring . If the location of one girder ring is specified. Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input. the number of girders in all rings must be also specified.Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring. These entries are optional. if the number of girders in any one ring is specified. This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary.The number of girders in each ring may also be specified. however. Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 . the distance to all girder rings must be defined.

7.1 for details on the various SUG categories. Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second. Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient . and III). Importance Factor . API recommends that this value not exceed 1. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.Defines Sa0*.Defines the seismic site class according to Section E.0. In this instance.Defines SP.Defines S0. This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0.TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . Friction Factor .4. The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7. API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0. which is the design. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec. which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods.5. the coefficient defaults to 1. If no value is specified.2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods. Unless otherwise specified. design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures. 5% damped.Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations. Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material .Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted). Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods .4. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0.Usually this value is 1.3. Bottom Plate Thickness .Defines Ss. 5% damped. Scaling Factor (Q) .Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. %g. %g. Valid entries for this field are 1. 5% damped.25) only be used for emergency services. See API-650 Section E.5% damping. 2.Defines S1. Site Class . spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0. Earthquake Type .3. where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations.4. %g. Period (S1) . Period (S0) . Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) .Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped. Transitional Period (TL) . and that this value (1. II. unless specified otherwise by the purchaser. the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required. %g. Seismic Use Group .Defines SDS.6. 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7.25.4.2 and E. in seconds. or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I.6. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure). %g.Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material. Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) . 5% damped. Initial Anchorage Type . which is the 5% damped. For more information about earthquake types. refer to API-650 Sections E. the software will design bolting.Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser. Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec.Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion.Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K). Valid choices are A through F. Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) .2s).

If a value is entered here.35mm). Maximum Allowed Spacing . %g. Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage. As stated in API-650 5.25 inches (6. Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate . bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate . If a value is entered. Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate . Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 . you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. This value is optional. the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate.TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) .4.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members). In this case. design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures. This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate. This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered.Defines Sa*.Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness. which is the 5% damped.Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate. If left blank. leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it. this value defaults to zero. Section 7. you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I .1.

The data specification can include external piping loads. the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated. NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650. Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P. Nozzle Designation / Number . This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits. Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed.Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle. Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate . if available from a pipe stress analysis.Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle. TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses. This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks.Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate. Nozzle Outer Diameter . If you check Use PVP-1279.TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles.

6E6 26. 203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 .4 12. if necessary.0E6 27.67E-6 6. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70.25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12. 500.07E-6 7. Instead. 300.1E6 500.2E6 Expansion Coefficient .1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1.Enter the modulus of elasticity.67E-6 6.8E6 28.0 12. 25.4E6 26.8E6 28.7E6 27. If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel.3E6 7. 150.Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature.3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used.07E-6 500 27.87E-6 7. reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29.7 13.5E6 28. 200. 400. 200. Modulus of Elasticity .5E6 28.87E-6 7. Modulus (psi) 28. You can change this value.7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. 260. 300. 29. 200. the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient. 90.TANK Input Delta Temperature .3E6 27. 400.3E6 27.

The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. Use PVP-1279 . If you specify a pad thickness. These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software. Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 .Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located. Applied External Radial Force . Nozzle RePad Thickness . but not actually used in the computations. Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? . API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P.Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle. and Lengsfeld. Bardia. resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses. This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks. by Lengsfeld.A value defined in PVP-1279. This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P. Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness. Hathaitham. it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations. Applied External Circumferential Moment .TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal.Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle. The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter. You can change this value. units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. LaBounty. Applied External Longitudinal Moment . Taagepera. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P.Enter the value of any applied radial force. if necessary. RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 . acting on the nozzle. This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness.Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations. 68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 . English. If reinforcing on the shell is indicated. if any.The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad. Nozzle Weight .Enter the weight of this nozzle. The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell.Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses.Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks.

25 to a maximum of 1.0.TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input. The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld.Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion.0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination. The value of C shall be 0. Factor K . The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing.empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis.Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full .Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank. K = 2. Factor B . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 . Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0.0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C .85 if not specified by the purchaser. Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference . The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade. Temperature Difference .Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature. K = 4.Enter the foundation factor.0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates.0 for tanks on earth foundations 4. This value is: 2.

Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) . Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) .Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency . 70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .000 psi (140 MPa).Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E.6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region.000 psi (103 MPa).Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .JEs.35 for single lap welds JEr = 0. JEr = 0.00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) . Where fc = 0.) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V.Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency .fc. fc need not be less than 15.TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V.Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe.JEr. JEs = 1. JEst = 1. Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) .) dialog box is an optional input.70 for double lap welds JEr = 1. This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank. fc need not be less than 20.70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) . However. Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material .Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) .Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency .JEst.85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0.fc. Where fc = 0.00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0.4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners.00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0. However.

Angle Between Measurements .2.3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank. and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature.1. Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle. The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points.Define the Dish Radius of Roof . the shell plate material.Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress . If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4.3.5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used. Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement . this limit was 30 feet / 9. API-653 Appendix B. Roof Dish Radius (R) . Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) . This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs.TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) . use every other point when generating the input. Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2.Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points. Appendix B.8 m. Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.6m. Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference.f.R. If this value is left blank. a default of 29. The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9. in API-653 Section B. This value must be less than 45-degrees. This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement.1m. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 . of the roof plate material.

This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4.7. each discussed in the following subsections. Hydrocarbon Engineering. Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh. Bottom. Post 3rd Ed.2.7. Pre 3rd Ed. Post 3rd Ed. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom.4.Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank. The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed. Elevation . tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4. Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .1m intervals.3. Above Ground Storage Tanks. and 4. Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9.1.1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom.3.1.3. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed.4. obtained from tank inspections. API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit. May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers. 4.3.

1. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion.4. on a yearly basis. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion.4.0. This value is measured from the original thickness.Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.As per API-653 Section 4. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).As per API-653 Section 2. and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code). If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652).7.7.7. Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) .0.4. Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) .1 of previous editions of API-653. this value should be specified as 0. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) . Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) . enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. on a yearly basis. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate. This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code.4. Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) .1.As per API-653 Section 4. after repairs.As per API-653 Section 2.4.Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 . Pre 3rd Ed. Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) . after repairs.1. enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate.4. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651).7. then this value should be specified as 0. according to Section 2.1.7.1.7. Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) .As per API-653 Section 2. Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined.Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.

7. Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) . This value is measured from the original thickness.1. enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion. StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom.0.7. (GCa).As per API-653 Section 2.7.4. on a yearly basis.4. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).As per API-653 Section 2. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0.4.7. Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) . on a yearly basis.7.1. The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0. This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65).4.As per API-653 Section 2. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate.4. enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area. Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) . Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) .1.Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr). 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) .As per API-653 Section 2.1. Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) .As per API-653 Section 2. enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed.Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates. if specified. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .1.

Lowest Average Thickness . the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities. the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used. Use specified shell "L" values? . the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course.Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion.Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course. If the t1 or t2 values are left blank. Joint Efficiency . If this value is left blank. If this value is left blank.TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L. the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L". Additionally. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. and a joint efficiency for each shell course.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations. In subsequent thickness computations. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 . "L" Location Above Course Bottom . it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis. they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box. Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank.Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region. Similarly.Enter the average thickness in the "L" region. "L" is the critical length. if the L location is left blank. exclusive of pits. Minimum Thickness . the inspection values of t1 and t2. above the bottom of this course.

Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations. Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? . the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2. which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations.1. This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed. Instead.1. When this box is checked.3. Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate. and liquid characteristics. as per API-653 Table 2. Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition. Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed .3.1. Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2.3. The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998). as well as the environmental factors. Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2. Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input. Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L".TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level. Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies. Use specified shell "E" values? . This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank.Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations. The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course.3.3.3.3.

Boiling Point .5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22.15 0.0 0.Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API.075 0.300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 .8 2.075 0.1.Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank. Environmental Factor .0 1.8 2.3. For more information.2. see API-2000 Section 4.2000.2.025 see note C 1.3.1. Liquid Flash Point . see API-2000 Section 4.05 0.Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point.Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point.TANK Input Emptying Rate .0 0.0 0.5 5 10 15 20 25 1. For more information.3 0.03 0.2.50 0.40 0. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4.7 11.375 0.3 0.375 0.300 0.0 2.7 3.1.15 0. Filling Rate .3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2.67 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.4 5.05 0.33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1.

19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0. After exiting the Scratch-pad.03 0. based on the required volume. you have the option of transferring the diameter.0 0. and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations. which consists of the required tank volume.0 1.TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank.025 see note C 1. There is a minimum amount of user-specified data. You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary.0 0. the fluid specific gravity. the unit cost of plate. and the height and diameter ranges. This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved. height. the plate allowable stress.

as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table. as well as the thickness required for each shell course. After the scratchpad calculations have been performed. Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank. The height of the top course is also reported. or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations. The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate. Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad. Alternatively. If necessary. The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. the necessary diameter (or height) is presented. located to the right of the output display. a report can be printed. the input data can be altered. The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range. the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 . When the desired results have been achieved. and four for a height range. you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. all other courses being equal to the specified input value. contains two slider bars.TANK Input After the necessary data is specified. and new estimates obtained. The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition. This sizing tool.

The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. Maximum Tank Height . The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Minimum Tank Height . exclusive of the diameter range. Fluid Specific Gravity . the minimum value for this entry should be 1. The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume. For each height/diameter value.cm. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined.Enter the unit cost of the plate material.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. Cost/Unit Weight of Plate . Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. For consistent application. The height range is independent of the diameter range.cm. Since the tank must be hydrotested. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. For consistent application. The top course may be less than the value specified here. For each height/diameter value.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. Average Course Height . The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. followed by plate weight and cost. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. and lb/cu. or KG and KG/cu.Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes. Required Volume . Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. exclusive of the diameter range. For each height/diameter value.Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter.in. The diameter range is independent of the height range. Minimum Tank Diameter . followed by plate weight and cost.0. and lb/cu. For each height/diameter value. followed by plate weight and cost. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. 80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. followed by plate weight and cost. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. Maximum Tank Diameter . This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells.Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height.in.TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below. Plate Allowable Stress . since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume. or KG and KG/cu. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. exclusive of the height range. The height range is independent of the diameter range.

TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. exclusive of the height range. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 .

TANK Input

82

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

84

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box. the procedure halts until you click Continue. This gives you time to review the message. click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. click File > Exit. Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition. If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 . the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction. The typical response to this prompt is Yes. If the summary report shows that errors were found. Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete. the analysis files will not be created. You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker. Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu.

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module. maintenance. There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase. A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files. After the solution module has been launched. an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress. and which solution steps are required by the current input data. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes. TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation. and enhancement. This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked. the major solution steps to the analysis. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 . the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays. As each solution step is entered. Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. The program files used are listed below.

the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations. or printed to the system printer. All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification. The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details. The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials.This value is checked according to Section 5. Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5. control is returned to the Main menu. this is an iterative process. It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows. A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required. Because there is no TKO file. As important milestones in the analysis are reached.The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user. and the overturning moment.1. Overturning stability . 6. Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module. 7. If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank. The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries. The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors. the analysis module creates the . 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements. their section moduli. 3. 5.1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met. Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation.9. 4. In this instance.TKO file.11. either one-foot. the message file can be very helpful. The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs. Wind effect . and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E. This file contains the solution data in binary format. entry into the output processor is not allowed. These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations. Allowed fluid heights . In this instance. variable point. Shell weight and center of gravity . newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file. the velocity factory. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5. In the case of the variable point method. 2. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section. The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details.6.Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing.The number of girders.This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination. Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22. 1. or Appendix A.The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure. Required shell course thicknesses . Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases . a diagnostic message is presented to the user. some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file. Wind girder requirements . This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set.This thickness is based on the specified design method. and no output (TKO) file exists. The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics.

the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M.These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement. if necessary.Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data . the required number of bolts and the bolt size. the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined. Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E . Grillage computations . The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design. This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5. roof.3 checks are implemented.These computations are based on API-653 Section 2. Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B . Following the roof design.After the actual roof computations are completed. test. the program will now evaluate. Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P . with the corresponding stress for each load case. Service/maintenance computations .4 begins.The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions. Following the cycle life calculations. After the cosine curve is known. and empty.This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads. or design the roof. Section M. API-2000 Venting calculations. Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations. design. required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5. API-650 Appendix F requirements . analyze.These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I. After all sizing. Roof evaluation involves weight summations. A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity. the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated. test. and seismic computations have been completed.10. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 . the Section 5.6.10.10. Section 7.5 or 5. and user input).If the roof data has been specified. the bolting requirements are checked. The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young.12 and determines.

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

both of these items are grayed out. After you enter the local graphics mode. and supported cone roof sketches. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 .Plots the supported cone roof sketch. These options include both text based reports and graphics. A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results. Return to Main Menu .Plots the shell settlement data. or modify the input data. shell settlement plotting. the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls. In addition to the menu options. Plot Cone Roof .Produces the basic tank sketch. The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams.Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram. Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports. Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections. Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch.Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu. Plot Nozzles .SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete. Plot Tank Elevations . nozzle interaction diagrams. A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design. Plot Settlement . the output options are available. This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing. used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P. the following icons are also available. The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics. or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot. If output is not available for the current job.

Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details. Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank. 92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves. The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements. the out-of-plane deflection. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 . The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement. as well as an option to spline the data. The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points. These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization. The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve. Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations.Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. the optimum cosine curve. Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes.

test.either design. 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15). necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded.Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P. or user entered. which interaction diagram to plot . and which thickness to use .either longitudinal or circumferential.

If the piping loads are not specified.Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 . The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads. as an asterisk. the interaction point plots at the origin.

Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P. 96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the interaction point must plot inside the diagram.

lengths. showing cross section sizes is shown below. Besides the basic roof sketch. the resulting design can be shown graphically. and quantities can be noted on the sketch.Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. . A typical roof sketch. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 . These roof sketches are not shown to scale. they are provided for information purposes only. structural cross section sizes. defining the roof nomenclature.

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

This option opens a standard File Open dialog.doc exists in the \tank\system folder. This menu lists the available reports. Open . showing only those jobs that have output. Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report. Print . View Report using Microsoft Word .doc file contains the company logo and address details. The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs. When the analysis phase completes. its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word. Save . if a file named header.Saves the selected reports.SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports. The intent is that the header.Prints the selected reports.Enables switching to the output of a different job. Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click. the Output Report menu displays. The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 .Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word. the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated. by topic. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is. When you send reports to Microsoft Word. (Items can be de-selected in the same manner). After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected.

and program version number.Erases the selected reports.Displays the next report. 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . job name. This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended. Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user. Select Heading Fonts .Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box. page number. Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings. in the following sections. The header contains the user’s name.Turn on or off the page numbering. and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen. Previous Report . major and minor level text. Each page of output begins with a header. From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings. Select Font . Modify the Starting Page Number . From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers.Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports . date.Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box. Each of these reports is discussed.Changes the font when printing reports.Displays the previous report. in general. time. Disable/Enable Page Numbering . Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data. You can also suppress the ending page number. Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here. Next Report .

Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data. Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined. Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 . seismic. This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module. and settlement details were defined. as well as whether or not roof.

Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker. This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data.

The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind.TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module. ENGLISH. The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases. and the wind moment. test allowable stress. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here. The next section of the report reflects the material properties used. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 . The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases. All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified. For each shell course.Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module . It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis. including the wind girder height reduction factor. The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases. Material. Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program. For API-653 analysis. and Appendix M reduction factor are listed. The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system. as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table. the area exposed to the wind. as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1. the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course. consisting of the velocity factor. the material name. design allowable stress.

based on API-650 Section 5. as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell. For each wind girder required. The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components. The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check". the b dimension is also included in the report. the weight of the shell. and the center of gravity of the shell. If Detail e is required. Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width.11. The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations. the geometry detail and angle size are also reported. This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders. Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method.

Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details. the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring. the number of rafters resting on the inner girders. This report is shown below. If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed. and the number and length of the girders in each ring. the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero. and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F.Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 . the spacing on the outer girders. This information begins with the number of girder rings. and the rafter length. the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. and at the shell. the radius to each girder ring. Note that at the center of the tank. The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates. the spacing on the inner girders. and the design roof load.

and the actual section modulus. This information includes the unit load on the member.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters. the required section modulus. This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring. Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the selected cross section. and is shown below.

allowable compressive stress.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 . This information is shown below. the actual compressive stress. This is followed by the selected cross section. This information begins with the column load. and required radius of gyration. and the actual radii of gyration. height.

and the compression ring failure pressure.5. the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction.3. and either 5. These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths. This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight. The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F.10. are the results of the Appendix F computations.6. an API unit.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5.10.5 or 5. All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”.10. This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift. Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Following the roof design/analysis report.

test fluid.Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 . These computations were made for three cases: design fluid. and empty.

Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P. test shell thickness. the flexibilities. These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness. For each case. deflection. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input. and user input thickness. rotation. Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported.

Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B. Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 . the out-of-plane settlement. the optimum cosine curve through these measured points. This table also includes the settlement measurements. This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points. and the out-of-plane deflection.

Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing. outbreathing and fire exposure. The venting report is shown below.3 of API-2000.Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4.

There are two sections to this report. and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases. The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 .12. The second section shows the required number of bolts. the required bolt diameter.Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5.

Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M. The report lists the exclusions and checks made. as well as the number of allowed cycles. Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V.

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

.................... Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations................... In This Section Example Problem APP_K ................................................SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code... as defined by the One Foot method........ 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ..... is located at \examples\a_wc...... 118 Example Problem SEIS01 ...................................... 118 Example Problem B&Y .......tki............................. as defined by Appendix A of API-650.................. 118 Example Problem APP_P ................................. is located at \examples\o_wc.......... Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 ........................... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ........tki.................................................................................................................................................................tki............................ Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations............................................. 117 Example Problem A_WC .................... 118 Example Problem SSC1 ....................... 117 Example Problem O_WC ... 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k....... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ......................................... 118 Example Problem TEST1...........................................

tki.tki. including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M. is located at \examples\sstest1. This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young. Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V. Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p. (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara. for stainless steel tanks.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations.tki. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S.tki. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E. 118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .tki. For more information see the file \examples\b&y. Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1. Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1.tki.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E.

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Input module help data file API02.Main program TKERCK.CRC check program MAKEUNIT.Units generation module MATEDIT.TXT .Input module help pointer file TKER01A.Help file TIPS.EXE .EXE .DLL .Output report review processor TANK.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B.EXE .Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.EXE .EXE .CHM .Error check module OUTWORD.APPENDIX A Appendix A .Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B. Main Set APIOUT. The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.EXE .EXE .Configuration program help data file TKSET02.EXE .EXE .Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A.EXE .EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.EXE .Material database editor OUTPUT.Output preprocessor APISOLV.EXE.EXE .EXE .Solution module COADEXE.EXE file scanner CRCCHK.EXE .EXE .Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.EXE .Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .EXE .EXE .Configuration program help pointer file TANK.

1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.DIG .Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.EXE .MAT .MAT .HED .MAT .2005 API-650 material database A650_08.FIL .Structural database file API650.TXT .TXT .Messages for input processor SCREEN3.MAT .1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.MAT .FIL .Appendix A .DAT .EXE .MAT .1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.ENGLISH units file MM.Data from Table 3-22 XX.Millimeter units file MPH.1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.FIL .Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .1993 API-650 material database A650_94.MAT .2008 API-650 material database AISC89.Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.MAT .MAT .Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.MAT .1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.MAT .1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.CRC .MAT .FIL .Messages for output processing TITLE.Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.MAT .MAT .MAT .1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.SI units file T2A.TXT .2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.MAT .1988 API-650 material database A650_93.1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 .Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA.Appendix A .TKI .Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y. SEIS01.Stainless steel example SSC1.Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.TKI .Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC.Sample input for variable point method APP_P.Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01.TKI .TKI .TKI .TKI .Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1.TKI .TKI .TKI .Example computations for Appendix.Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K.Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1.TKI .TKI .Example seismic computations for Appendix E.

Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix A .

APPENDIX B Appendix B .1 . You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary.Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK. Figure B.English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 .

3 .2 .4 .MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.SI Units File Figure B.Standard Units Systems Figure B.Appendix B .MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

2 A-633.B A-131.APPENDIX C Appendix C .1 A-537.65 A-573.D A-678.C A-633.List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database.55 A-516.C A-537.EH36 A-573.B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 .70 A-662.65 A-516.705 A-516.58 A-573.A A-678. When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.A A-131.60 A-516.B A-662. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.B A-737.CS A-36 A-131.

D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .D E-275.List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.C E-355t.D E-355t.C E-275.250 NS.Appendix C .D E-355.21 G40.235 NS.21 G40.275 * ISO 630 E-275t.21 G40.21 G40.21 G40.21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.C E-275t.C E-355.

Appendix C .List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .

Appendix C .List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

5000000E-02 YES .1 YES A650_94. 1. 1. 1.0000000E+00 .FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1.9.200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES .2835648E+00 YES . 1.4000+E01 Sect.3000000E+00 .Default Configuration Directives Ver. 1. 1. 0. 1.APPENDIX D Appendix D . 2.1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO . 0.MAT ENGLISH. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 . 1.3.7.

Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix D .

Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights.30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2.55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density.653 3 Edition. Added many “text” changes to the output. Version 3. Version 3. BS3643.Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK. South African Bolt.10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition. Added several minor changes as requested by users. Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%.00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API . to provide more information and detail.APPENDIX E Appendix E . rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API . Added a Wind Parameter input dialog. Version 3.20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1. Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric. th Version 2. Added JIS structural steel shape library. Version 3.650 10 Edition. Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 . Implemented API-653 4th Edition.

Version 2. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates. This provides better capability to notify users of software updates. Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses. Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition.6.Revision History Version 2. this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section. Addendum 1.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition. Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition. Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad.50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database.20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Revised documentation. The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E. from PVP-1279. Addendum 3. Incorporated API-650 10th Edition.6. Since bolting data is now a required input. Revised the output processor. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E. for easier usage.Appendix E .4. Version 2. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration. as a result of Addendum 1.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials.1. The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1.2 through E. Version 2.

which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches.2. API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum. Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height).4. Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height.Revision History Version 2.2 has been incorporated.60 / 2. This involved removing both A442 materials.10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition.Appendix E . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 . in accordance with the recent addendum. Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A. Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power. to include the bottom shell course thickness. A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3. Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination.5. Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0. Section 3. Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1.25 inch plate. Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference.00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2.

Addendum 2 changes incorporated. Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated. API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates. permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses. Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included. The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero. Note. this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database.5.50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated.3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress. Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added.Revision History Version 1. Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases). Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory. Version 1.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet. This ability has been added for Version 1. Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added. A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E. Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations. Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations. Version 1. Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added. now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1.Appendix E .40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition. Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports.51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated. Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet. Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added. Previous versions treated zero as a blank. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic. versions prior to 1. First.50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file.50.

31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added.1 added.1. Mouse support has been added to all modules.2. and empty conditions are reported. Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3.11 added. Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3.1.5. Additionally the weights for operating. Bold design procedure for Section 3. API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified. “Variable Point” location reported.8.Appendix E . Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added.9. test. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated. Consideration of Section 17.4. Version 1. A material database editor is provided.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs. The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated. Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module. Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L.1.5. Bolt design references to standard bolt size table. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3.3.Revision History Version 1. the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3.10. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank. API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2.7. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 .10. A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available.8 added.1. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module.e has been added.3 is reported.6. Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment.

The calculator supports the basic four math operations.11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added. For API-653 runs. This units file. Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P. The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations. Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design. MPH. Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E. Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3. The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1. squares. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file. Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles.11.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3. For API-653 analysis. An additional "English" units file is provided.FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case. Version 1. This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives.Revision History Version 1. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes.5 curves. a network hardware lock. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3.6 added. and square roots. and the setting of the default output report generation parameters.11 and Appendix E computations. trigonometric functions. there was no interpolation between curves. Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell. Several new configuration directives have been added. PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports. an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added. and a segregation of program and system files. Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added.0 used one or the other set of curves. A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs. A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu.0 and L/2a=1. Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads. This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections.Appendix E . Version 1.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young.

June 1990. Myers. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules. Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Parikh. PVP Vol 336. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 . October 1996. McGraw-Hill. Vol 12. Bardia and Taagepera. Bardia. Hydrocarbon Processing. PVP Vol 336. A. 118. Journal of Strain Analysis. Philip E. Third Edition. November 1978. FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. Taagepera. PVP Vol 315. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. API-620. API-2000. An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks. Hydrocarbon Processing. ASME 1996. 1977. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks. Marr. No 4. Smith. F. Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks. Ramos. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement. and Horwege. Fifth Edition. Swenson. John Wiley & Sons. Billimoria. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. Hathaitham. Revise Storage Tank Inspections. PVP Vol 315. Lengsfeld.. Eighth Edition. and Lengsfeld. Billimoria and Tam. 1959. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. and Fenton. ASME 1995. Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. ASME 1996. Vol 108. ASME. Transactions of the ASME. Koczwara. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. America Petroleum Institute. Tenth Edition. Bardia. August 1996. 2002. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. 1997. Inc.Selected References API-650. Hendrix & Carucci. Lu. Lengsfeld. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). Vol. PVP-1279. Brownell & Young. and Taagepera. and Hagstrom. and Lambe. August 1980. Morton. American Petroleum Institute. Improve Storage Tank Inspections. Osage. LaBounty. and Ruiz.APPENDIX F Appendix F . American Petroleum Institute. American Petroleum Institute. Malik. Hydrocarbon Processing. ASME 1995. Process Equipment Design. August 1982. Carucci & Ay. Lengsfeld. April 1998. August 1980. January 1995. Above Ground Storage Tanks. November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653.

Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix F .

83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V.) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A .List of Materials • 127 Appendix D . Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 . Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30.Revision History • 133 Appendix F .Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E . 83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9.Program File List • 121 Appendix B .Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C .Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old.

87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87.Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31. 121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

99.10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1.60 / 2.50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2. 125 Units • 9 units files • 24. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 .40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2.20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3.31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1.Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39.20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1. Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42. 76 Version 1.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1.20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2. Material.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind.55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3.40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1.10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3.30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2.10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful