Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

U.S. Government Restricted Rights Legend
Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS 252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3. Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Intergraph Corporation P.O. Box 240000 Huntsville, AL 35813 Street address: 170 Graphics Drive, Madison, AL 35758

Terms of Use
Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

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All warranties given by Intergraph Corporation about equipment or software are set forth in the EULA provided with the software or applicable license for the software product signed by Intergraph Corporation, and nothing stated in, or implied by, this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification or amendment of such warranties. Intergraph believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date. The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document. The software discussed in this document is furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of this license. No responsibility is assumed by Intergraph for the use or reliability of software on equipment that is not supplied by Intergraph or its affiliated companies. THE USER OF THE SOFTWARE IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE FINAL EVALUATION AS TO THE USEFULNESS OF THE SOFTWARE IN HIS OWN ENVIRONMENT. Intergraph is not responsible for the accuracy of delivered data including, but not limited to, catalog, reference and symbol data. Users should verify for themselves that the data is accurate and suitable for their project work.

Trademarks
Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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........................................ 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .................................................................................................. Thickness & Weights ... 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams ................................................ 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)...................................... 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 100 User Input Data ........................................................................................................ 103 Roof Evaluation ................................................................................................ 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box ............................................................................................ 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ...................................................................................................................................... 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ............................................................................................................ 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed............................................. 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)........................................... Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ..................................... 112 API-650 Bolting Report .....................................................................................................) Dialog Box ..................... 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) .................... 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box ............................................. 88 Local Graphics Output ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data ................ 105 Seismic Analysis Results .................................................................................................................................................................................... 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) ............ 102 Solution Module TXT File ............................................................ 100 Job Title Page ................ 85 Analysis/Solution Phase............................................................................................... 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results ................... 97 Output Report Generation .... 91 Tank Layout Sketch ............................................................. 99 Output Report Discussions ..................................................................... 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box .................................................................................................................................. 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V......................................... 87 TANK Program Files ........................................................................................................ 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box ............................................................... 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box .................................................... 92 Shell Settlement Plots ...................... 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box .................................................................................................................................................................... 80 Error Checking .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 110 Settlement Checks ............................. 87 Solution Overview .................................................... 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 103 Wind............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 101 Error Checker LOG File ...................................................................................................................................... Material................................Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ............................................................................................................................... 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ............................. 83 Warning & Error Options ........... 84 Completing the Error Check Phase ......................................................................................................................................... 70 Shell Settlement Data ......... 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ............................................................................................ 111 API-2000 Venting Output .......................... 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ................................................................

.............................................................................................................................. 117 Example Problem O_WC .................................. 118 Example Problem SSC1 ................................................. 118 Example Problem B&Y .............................................................. 117 Example Problem APP_K ...................Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output ........................................................................... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Revision History .................................................................................................... 128 * ISO 630..................................................... 134 Version 2...................................................................................... 134 Version 2..... 136 Version 1......................................................................................................... 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) .............................................. 123 Appendix B .........................................................................................................................................60 / 2..... 114 API-650 External Pressure Output .......................................... 134 Version 2.................................................................................................. 135 Version 1...........................................40 Changes (7/02) .................................................Default Configuration Directives ....................... 133 Version 3............................................................ 135 Version 1......................................................................................................................................... 122 API Data Set...............................................................................................55 Changes (10/05) ............ 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) ........................................................... 115 Examples .......................................................................................... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ................................................................................................ 122 Examples Data Set ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................50 Changes (3/04) .......................................................................... 133 Version 2....................... 136 Version 1....................................................... 129 * Unknown For API-653 ....................................00 Changes (1/99)................. 133 Version 3...................................................................20 Changes (9/09) ......................... 128 * National Standards ....................................................... 134 Version 2.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................Standard Units Systems............10 Changes (5/00) ............................................................................................................................................... 129 Appendix D ......................................................................................................... 121 Main Set ...........................................................Program File List ..............................................................................................30 Changes (9/10) ..................................................................... 133 Version 3.................................................................................................... 117 Example Problem A_WC .......................................................................20 Changes (9/00) ............................ 131 Appendix E ........................ 133 Version 2....................................................................................................................................................................... 121 English Text Set ........................................................................ 127 * CSA Standards .....................................................................30 Changes (2/02) .......................................... 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 ............................................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem TEST1 ................. 125 Appendix C ...........00 Changes (11/07) ............ 118 Example Problem APP_P ................................51 Changes (9/97) ......................................................................... 127 * ASTM Standards .............................................. 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ................................................ 119 Appendix A ......................List of Materials ....................................... 121 Help & Error Processing Set ................................................................................40 Changes (9/96) ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Version 3..................................................................................................................................50 Changes (5/97) .......................10 Changes (9/08) ............................................................................................................................................................. 118 Example Problem SEIS01........

.........Contents Version 1.... 138 Appendix F ................... 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 138 (6/94) ...................... 137 (8/95) ...................................Selected References ...............30 Changes Version 1...................................................................................20 Changes Version 1............................... 139 Index ......................31 Changes Version 1..................10 Changes (2/96) ............................................... 137 (11/94) ..................................................

com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 . and by mail.com Web: www. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users. and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution. rely on the help system. and operation of the program. Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade.coade. To that end. and expeditious designs. TANK support is available by telephone. however. It is expected. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation. TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes. input validation to avoid run time errors. However. cell specific help for guidance and information. when in doubt. economical. Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. configuration. which can be launched by pressing F1. the web site. fax. that questions focus on the current version of the program. Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible. e-mail.

When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific. the appropriate information displays in an interactive window. These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file.Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section. the help text includes the expected input units in the title line. which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user. After the help system has been activated. Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1. Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system.

Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program. see Appendix B . These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch). After the review of a specific error message is complete. A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files. and division) are supported in the input cells. This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis.09375. multiplication. Selecting a Units File . a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0. This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system. the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary. The four basic math operations (addition. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 . Reviewing Output .Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK. TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation. In some instances additional sets may be required. Upon exit from the diagnostic utility. For example. In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells. The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog. The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them.Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file. For more information on the four standard supplied units systems.Standard Units Systems (on page 125). When such a fatal condition occurs. assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database. Even though TANK validates your input data. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files . the program attempts to trap the error. and finally reports the problem to you.New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units. Creating Units Sets . there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis. Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module. user control is returned to the Main menu. This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach.Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system. subtraction.

TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. including the limiting load interaction diagrams. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. Seismic computations according to Appendix E. An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279. Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A. Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S. Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. This includes the material data from Table 5. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2. Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P.Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices. These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method. Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance.3. Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M. Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M. and digitized data from Appendix P. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B. Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary. Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders.2. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000. Minimum metal temperature reporting. External pressure computations according to Appendix V.

The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything.Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products.Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph. Services Training .Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page. Release Notes .Displays a text file discussing the installation steps. These options include: Install TANK .Displays the TANK License Agreement.Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD. Contact Intergraph .Launches the main installation process.SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK.Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum. CD Content Additional Installations . the HASP drivers. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 . Support Forum . and the CD contents.Includes options to install the HASP. License Agreement . Browse the CD . TANK Information . which installs TANK. insert the CD into the drive.Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK. the system requirements. The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays. Additional Products . and all associated documentation. ReadMe File . Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window.

or Enterprise). 1. HASP Trouble Shooting . Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation. Insert the TANK CD into your computer. 2. Installation Instructions . or Windows 7 (Ultimate. or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported. Hardware Requirements minimum of 2. Click Install TANK to begin the installation. double-click CDSpawn. Professional.0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs. HASP Licensing Overview . Windows Vista (Ultimate.Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System. The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed. 12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional.Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing. If the setup does not start automatically.Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer.exe in the root CD folder.Displays a PDF document containing these instructions. Business.

The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 . select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement. 7. Click Next to continue. -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement. If you accept the license agreement. and then click Next. 5. 6. where <product name> reflects the program name and version. To install the software in another location.Installation 3. click Change. 4. You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement. Click Next on the welcome page. Read the license agreement. select I accept the terms in the license agreement. and then click Cancel.

Select the license type that you have. If you are using SmartPlant License Manager. An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation. If you are using a network ESL key. 9.Installation 8. select the key color. Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run. 14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . select the SPLM license option.

Click OK. After the TANK files have been installed. After successfully installing the HASP device driver. the following dialog box displays. Skip to step 11. If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type. If this dialog does not display. 10. installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 . you are not prompted to install the HASP driver.Installation As the installation progresses. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock. the status displays.

12. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Issue the installation command as detailed below. Click No to reboot later. Click Finish. Select Show the readme file to view the readme.The path to load the installation files. with no interaction from you. it is a good idea to restart Windows. Because a device driver was loaded. such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging.doc file. Setup. Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs.exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green. 13. Click Yes to reboot your computer now.Installation 11. Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary. To launch TANK in silent mode. perform these steps: 1. Setup.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR . 2.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally. Command Cmd= setup. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD.

Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL.TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions. If the network ESL is attached to a workstation.Installation ESL_COLOR . The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software.The ESL color. if all of the licenses are on the network ESL. a user must then be logged into the network to access the software. Alternatively. The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server). Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL. you can skip the remainder of this section. Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers. The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server. In order for the network to recognize the ESL. This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations. Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software).This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT . The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location.TXT and ESL_RED.Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 . The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network. we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL. The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs. because the computer is usually always on. The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems. the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software. The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder. A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility. Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops). If your computer uses a local ESL. The file server is a better location for this ESL. refer to the documentation files NETHASP.

Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www. archiving. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement. and the date it was created. file formats change. additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files.com). and corrections. The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program. This correction is referred to as a Build. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date. Determine which build file you need and download it.exe. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available. they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu. The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation. 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . After the file has been downloaded and installed. However. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version. When this occurs. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web. Build Y contains Build X. a correction to the currently shipping version is made.Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static. This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build. In addition.x<date>. announced. In other words. and distributing the various builds generated between major releases. databases grow. operational enhancements. and so on. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking. and posted to the Web site. operating system modifications. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found. the build is finalized.coade. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation. and also displays when you click Help > About. user requests. before the next version can be released. the version indicator. A build is intended for one specific version of the software. its size. Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. When this occurs. In order to alleviate this problem for our users. Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software. builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated. Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released. but only one build is required at any given time. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains. and the build date.

When necessary. you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory.Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD. Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released. the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level.TXT. From the Utility > Tools menu. This allows you to see. To see which program modules have been modified. Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level. memory requirements. on the Main Program menu. which build is in use. follow any prompts. This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version. Simply double-click the build file (the exe). additional usage instructions may be found in this file. and build bevel. click COADE EXE Scanner. A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 . and the software installation will update appropriately. This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size. Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package.

if it becomes necessary.Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. Patched Version When a new version of the software is released. This will allow full use of this version at some later time. any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD. 20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds. the last build should be installed. the distribution CD should be installed first. you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release. To reinstall an older version of the software. Additionally. Then.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

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Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

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This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients. Structural Database .Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients.Select the units file to use. Material File . Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory. Units File . Each data directory can contain its own configuration file. A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program. Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored. the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory.Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module. which may be unique.Select the material file to use. Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U. This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews.S.Specifies the anchor bolt database. the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used. Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units. Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database . You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command. If a data directory does not contain a configuration file. structural shapes and materials. as well as International shape libraries. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory. followed by a scan of the installation directory. Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list.

a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu. Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input. From here. The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive). and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above). select Analyze Only to start the analysis module. Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 . If there are errors in the input data. and reviewed. It is assumed. After a solution data file is available. see Error Checking (on page 83). defined. Warning messages are acceptable to the program . For more information on the error checker. analysis is prohibited . analyzed.SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual. an intermediate data file is created for analysis. Upon completion of the analysis. that the program has been properly installed and configured. you can select one of the Output menu options. After the input has been defined. Assuming that error checking completed successfully. and control is returned to the main menu.you must correct these errors before proceeding. The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution.you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis. For more information. The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected. it must be error checked. see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21).

Focus then returns to the Main menu. The steps outlined above are summarized below. click TANK. The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu.Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session. 5. Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only. Select a job. quit the output processor. From the Start menu. either new or old. 4. 26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 3. As long as the job input parameters remain fixed. 2. Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports. Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output. Define the input data. 1. the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports.

utility tools. but also include output review (both text and graphics). diagnostics. the Material Database editor. and ESL review. The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options. Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition. corresponding to the major topics on the menu. launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 . The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK. analysis. or by double clicking the desktop icon. configuration. output review. The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched.SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start. The options are arranged in groups. and help.

TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration. saving. Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk. and printing the input for a specific job.Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening.

Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen. The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups. The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon. each accessed from the menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 . Upon completion of the input. Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39). the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job.Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job.

TKE file was generated. In any event. Error Check . As each phase is completed.Starts the error checker. For more information on the analysis processor. Analyze. and Error Check and Analyze. and if the input passes the error checker. Analyze . Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel. 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . (grayed out). If the input data successfully passes the error checker.TKE file is written by the error checker. see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87). cannot be located. The Analyze option is deactivated until the . based on your input parameters. Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83).Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check.Starts the error checker. written to the . an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description. or the input data contained errors and no . which produces the output file for the job. The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker. either designing a tank or re-rating a tank. This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed.Starts the solution module. The analysis module performs the solution step. Error Check and Analyze . with a . the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data. TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked. Steps not required are disabled. automatically starts the solution module. the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu. If the verified problem data.TKE file. Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text.TKE suffix. an analysis file for the job is written.

Overwrite Reports .Displays the output review control panel. in multiple units systems if necessary.Generates a new set of reports. the current CPU time and date are used.Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers. For viewing text based reports. For more information on output processing. Time Stamp . see Local Graphics Output (on page 91). at the end of the last set of reports. completely replacing any existing reports. three options are available: overwrite reports. and review latest reports. Append Reports . append reports.Creates a new set of output reports. and changing the time stamp in the report headers. shell settlement graphs. in the current units system. If this data is not specified. The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. Review Latest Reports . in the current units system. and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner. Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 . the batch stream processor and a text file review option. This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically.Starts the graphics processor. Local Graphics . Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created. Nozzle load interaction diagrams.Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports. custom units systems. the Material Database editor. viewing graphical results.

Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis.Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis.Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. The file is created by a prior analysis.Starts Notepad to review a selected data file.Using the Main Menu Configuration .Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data. Error Check Log File . This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed. File Review . Custom Units .Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase.Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations.Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created. Batch Log File . Material Database Editor . Batch Stream Processor .Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database. the batch log file. The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties. The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. Message File . There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file. For details of the program configuration. see Program Configuration (on page 21). Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and the solution message file. Calculator .

However. This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations. This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available. then the file has been corrupted in some manner. the software attempts to invoke this module automatically. If the values do not match. This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure. Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module . The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software.Using the Main Menu CRC Check . a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed. If a CRC Check error occurs. Should a “fatal error” occur. Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker . if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 .Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number.Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory. This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name. Corruption could indicate bad distribution media. However. clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column.Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number. or a virus infection. the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation.

all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu).Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time. However. If there is an access problem with the ESL. most of the Main menu items will be disabled. this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu. Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL. Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . which is required to access the software. The ESL is the External Software Lock.

except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel. This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information. as generated by the Intergraph support staff.Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes. Occasionally. usually to extend limits. These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified. This option is similar to the phone update option. and accepting instructions from the user.Starts an interactive procedure. where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL. Phone Update . date or run limits. or by clicking the ESL icon.Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes. Generate Fax Codes . The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task. Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 . versioning information. These updates encompass changes requested by the client. The file will reside in the program’s \system folder. and the time stamp of the last access. The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx. suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. generating data for the user. This information consists of the client name.TXT”.Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software. Receive and Enter Fax Codes . to interact with the user on the telephone. or change the client name. the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored. and ID number. Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a .TXT file of the information. some of this date may require updating in the field. reset a date. Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes. This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel.

found in the frame area of the Main menu. Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph. By default. click OK to enable the changes to the ESL. . When all codes have been entered.Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid. The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar. Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options. Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . all options are selected.

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

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Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

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For more information. For more information. For more information. course material. the number of courses. This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. This information consists of the diameter. see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71). For more information. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E. depending on the tank. external loads. This dialog is an optional input. Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog. see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76). depending on the tank. the course height. This dialog is an optional input. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P. As mentioned above. see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65). see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). This dialog is an optional input. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis. and in the text by Brownell & Young. For more information. Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog. see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). fluid specific gravity. Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog.7.) Dialog Box (on page 70). This dialog is an optional input. depending on the tank. This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing. This dialog is an optional input. depending on the tank. and fire. depending on the tank. For more information. Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification. Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog. This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters. see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78). see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions. This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. For more information. Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog. out-breathing. This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. depending on the tank. For more information. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53). This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell. Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. pressure. This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. For more information. For more information. fluid depth. Section I. This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters. 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . temperature. For more information. and the desired code. course thickness. see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72).TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. see API 650 External Pressure (App V. Activates the Grillage Review dialog. data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed. This dialog is an optional input. Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog.

to the General Data dialog. the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page. The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document. With TANK. but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too. We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session. The first displays the title page. Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog. this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options. or by clicking the Diskette icon. If necessary. any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes. Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog. The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar. with the input data. found in the file TITLE. As with most software programs. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically). This serves as a good starting point for a tank design. there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file. users can save the input by using the File menu.HED.TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad. on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters.

42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the expected units display to the right of the input cell. Shell Courses. This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data. Wind Details. and Anchor Bolt Details. Where applicable.TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. For each input cell.

used as the default for all individual shell courses. Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 .TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field. the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below). The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material. This context menu is shown below. in which you can select any valid material from the active database.

you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database. Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank. the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below).TANK Input Alternatively. Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu.

material design stress.TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses. For carbon steels from Table 3-2. or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 . For stainless materials. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material. the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time. if necessary. Therefore. The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output. the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog. for stainless materials. as necessary. as described previously. thickness. as specified on the Tank Data tab. However. all courses acquire the same material. For stainless steels. the program fills in the Sd and St values. material name. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height. corrosion allowance. When you right-click the Material cell. the software displays the Material context menu. Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database. Initially. and material test stress can be specified for each shell course. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. on a course-by-course basis.

The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3).TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs. If these times are not defined. Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank). API-650 Section 5. but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files. and may result in the design of required anchorage. if necessary. TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults. Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage.

If the design temperature exceeds this limit. TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method . and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses. For each input cell.Enter the design pressure in the indicated units. API Design Code . then the rules of Appendix M are applied. or Design mode.5 psi / 17. Run Objective . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 . limits the design pressure to 2. subsequent calculations for wind girders.Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input. The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box. Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line.TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. or Analyze mode. Where applicable. ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights.2 kPa. but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C. API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes. This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank. If you select A. seismic. Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks. Design Temperature . Select the entry from the list. Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error. API-650. the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. it can only be used in analysis mode.Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements.Enter the design temperature in the indicated units. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses. or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only.The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file. If you select D. If the value of the design temperature is changed. Appendix F. Design Pressure at Top . which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation. A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected.

85 0.75 0. Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] .00 0. Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder .85 or 0. If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank. Tank Shell Height (HTK) .Enter the diameter of the tank. This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device.50 + k/5 0.85 0. and is used in the wind load computations. this value is used only in the Design case.70 0.Enter the height of the design liquid level. API-653 Section 2.3.85 0. No other computations use this value.70.70 0. If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell. such as for a walk-way. API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown.6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1.Enter the total height of the tank shell. Design Liquid Level (H) . Weight Attachments & Structures .85 0. This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st . Liquid Specific Gravity (G) . so the default of 1.Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder.00 0.0 for the Hydrotest case. this value should be entered as zero. the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates.0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations.85 1. As per API-650. Note. This value should be the sum of the individual course heights.4. the joint efficiency should be either 0.50 + k/5 0.85 0.3.Spot RT Appendix A .No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A .70 0.As per Appendix A. enter the actual distance.3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency. The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1.TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) .Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation.Enter the specific gravity of the fluid.

activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course. This selection uses equation 4. Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4.6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height. its allowable stresses. To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition).Enter the number of shell courses in the tank. right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen.3. uncheck this checkbox.. To include the wind moment term. Due consideration should be given to Section 5.Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5. This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use. Default Shell Material . The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53.1.11 stability.. grade.9. Number of Shell Courses . If the tank will not have an annular base ring. After a valid material is selected.3. yield strength. Insulation Density .Enter the density of the tank insulation.3. Include Annular Base Plate Details . internal pressure.2 includes a wind moment term. A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional.As per API-653 Section 4.4.As of API-650 9th Edition. If the material varies over the shell courses.3. uncheck this checkbox. or open-top tanks.a. The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank.3. this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box. wind gust.1.b.TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded.3. Entire Shell Course Evaluation . which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height.Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell. These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment .3. To properly access a valid material name and its properties. (d) Single lap welded only.Turns on an off wind loads on the roof. select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course.3. The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course.Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5. This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary. the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F.Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank.2 Calculations .11 Wind Pressure . Alternatively.This field displays the material name.If the tank will have an annular base ring. Local Area Shell Only .1. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 .1. tensile strength. and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use. Wind Velocity . Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form.7. This selection uses equation 4. Section 5.1a. check this checkbox.As per API-653 Section 4. 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment .7. to display the same context menu. check this checkbox. left-click the . Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954. Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank. which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height.9. Insulation Thickness .

For stainless steels. If this cell is left blank.TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses. If it is constant. If it is constant. 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . You can use the options on this tab to change the material.1.Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course.Represents the allowable design stress. if necessary. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. If this cell is left blank for the first course. If necessary.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n. Material Design Stress . Corrosion Allowance . For stainless steels.6. this value will be displayed as zero. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. referred to as Sd in the API code. If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness.1). since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead. If necessary. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. these values will be interpolated during the solution phase. the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. If this cell is left blank. For this reason. on a course-by-course basis.1.Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S. SSD1 through SSD5 . Table S-2. If it is constant. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. If this cell is left blank. Thickness . referred to as St in the API code.1. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value.6. Hydro Test Stress . the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero.Represents the allowable test stress. Height .Enter the thickness for the current shell course.

and the anchorage is necessary. Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter .5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 .85.2500 1. it will be evaluated using this data.Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage.5000 1.8750 1. Gust Factor .5000 0.12.5 4.7500 2.0000 2.The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5.0.0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments.0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4. Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units.1250 1. If left blank. In order to size the anchor bolts. Kd .TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. I . If left blank. This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. If entered.95 (the default) for this parameter.7500 0. TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults. Threads per Unit Length . If left blank.2500 2.7500 3. the thread pitch is necessary.Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7.Enter the wind directionality factor.5000 2.3750 1.Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7.Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7. Kz . Kzt . This is an optional entry. the value defaults to 1.0000 1. the value defaults to 0. Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0. If these times are not defined.04.6250 0. The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch. API 650 recommends a value of 0.Enter the wind speed up factor for hills. This value should be 1. the value defaults to 1.

API-650. If the software redesigns the anchorage.4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0. but is maintained for compatibility with older input files.TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3. As a result.Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5.7.0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress .Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650. As of this addendum. Bolt Yield Stress . Section F. the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration.7500 4. Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter . If this value is left blank. The software internally multiplies this value by 2.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value.5000 3.For evaluation of an existing anchorage.12. this value is no longer used. 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance . the bolt allowable stress was required input.12. enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage. Number of Anchor Bolts .Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle.Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts. This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank.0 is used.2500 3. an offset of 0. the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5. This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage.25 inches.

This data is used in further analysis. wind over turning. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab. The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box. Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below. Data entered in these fields will not be saved. Note that this is a scratchpad. and maximum allowed pressure. Supported Cone Roof Data. a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made. and Girder Rings. such as seismic analysis.2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box. or a supported cone roof will be designed. define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k). The Net Area Scratchpad (F. At this point. the top half of this dialog must be filled out. This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 . This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary. The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs.TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. To use this scratchpad. Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design. and then click Compute.

girders. and in the available cross sections. The help system provides guidance here. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab. The allowed cross sections vary. shown below. in the usage of the various structural types. depending on the active structural library. a supported cone roof is to be designed. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank. For the structural and roof plate materials. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database. and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. the material for the cross sections and roof plate. and columns. This tab. displays the parameters used in the roof design.TANK Input If instead.

Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only. the software can design the rafters. and rafter rings is known. General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof. the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab. Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs. For rafter supported cone roofs. alternate positioning is desired. Angle Between Roof & Horizontal . as the number of girder rings. column rings. If this information is specified.TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young. If however. Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring.Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction. and how many girders make up the ring. All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths. Roof Type . which are supported by girders. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 .Defines the roof type of the tank. which are supported by columns. columns and girders. then the members are sized only. Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. the software can design the rafters. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters.

Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed). or a supported cone roof is being designed.2.Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks.1. specify the bar thickness in this field.Enter the area resisting the compressive force. TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally. This value will not be used. Thickness of Roof Plate . if any. This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness. Specify this estimate in the tc field. this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot.Since the analysis hasn’t been performed.Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations. the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations. If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here.Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks. Roof Live Load .Select the desired cross section. This value will not be used. Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) .TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction .If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar. After the analysis.Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course. refer to API-650 Figure F-2. Weight of Roof Plates .Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. click Compute. Weight of Snow on Roof . The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load. 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Thickness of Bar (tb) . This value will not be used. The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box. Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) . After the data has been defined. % of Weights Supported by Shell . TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. This value should include the corrosion allowance. TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally.2. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally. Weight of Roof Framing . If the input value is greater.10. corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F. According to API-650 5. an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required. Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved. This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad. For supported cone roofs. Figure (a-k) .Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates.Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates. Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance . For details. Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) . the computed roof plate weight is always used.

The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. girder. and M. and P. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. girder. DI. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. C.Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters. C. WT. girder. Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type . For the 1989 AISC library. column rafter. girder.Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter. column rafter. Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) . column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 . S. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. column rafter. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. column rafter.Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch.TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) . DC.

girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: IP. girder. UC. column CT Channels. girder. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. U. column rafter. CP. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. and CT. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. girder. valid types for this cell are: I. girder. column rafter.Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders. taper rafter. column For the 1990 Australian library. T. girder. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. girder. and T. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. column rafter. HP. and C.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. girder. 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and UC. column For the 1991 German library. parallel USAGE rafter. column Preferred Girder Type . girder. column rafter. column For the 1993 UK library. girder. column For the 1990 South African library. girder.

column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 . girder. girder. column rafter. DI. column rafter. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. and P. and C. girder. girder. C. DC. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. girder.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. WT. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column rafter. S. UC. column rafter. girder. column rafter. column rafter. column For the 1993 UK library. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. and M. C. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. T.

taper rafter.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns. and UC. girder. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. and T. column For the 1990 Australian library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column For the 1990 South African library. girder.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter. girder. The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. column rafter. column rafter. column rafter. parallel USAGE rafter. girder. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. column CT Channels. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . HP. valid types for this cell are: I. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. girder. valid types for this cell are: IP. girder. column rafter. column Preferred Column Type . and CT. CP. valid types for this cell are: UB. column For the 1991 German library. U. column rafter. girder. girder. girder. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below.

column rafter. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: I. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. column For the 1993 UK library. girder. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. T. S. C. girder. C. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. and P. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. U. girder. girder. girder. and C. DI. girder. column For the 1991 German library. column rafter. girder. column rafter. column For the 1990 Australian library.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. DC. girder. UC. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 . girder. column rafter. column rafter. column rafter. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. girder. and M. column rafter. WT. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. and T. and UC. column rafter.

where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. Structural Member Material . HP. In the design of the supported cone roof. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified. Structural Member Allowable Design Stress . CP.1 meters. a value of zero will be used.] button. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. arranged in concentric circles. The girders are supported by columns..0 feet (6. girder. column Roof Plate Material . Maximum Allowed Rafter Length . Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress .This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected.Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters.3 meters). column rafter.3.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected.] button. The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [. valid types for this cell are: IP. Center Column Cap Plate Diameter . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels.Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary.1 to 7.4. If this cell is left blank.. girder. In the design of the supported cone roof.TANK Input For the 1990 South African library. The girders are supported by columns. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.10.Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders.0 to 30. Maximum Allowed Girder Length . 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. parallel Channels. The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [. Typical values for this cell are 20. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified. taper USAGE rafter.. girder. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa). the roof plates sit on top of the rafters.3 to 9. from the center of the tank. arranged in concentric circles. For compliance with API-650 Section 3. and CT. This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members. Typical values for this cell are 24. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. girder.0 feet /7.0 to 24.. column rafter. from the center of the tank. This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring. column rafter.

Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring. however. the number of girders in all rings must be also specified. If the location of one girder ring is specified. Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 . This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary.The number of girders in each ring may also be specified. if the number of girders in any one ring is specified.TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring . Number of Girders in Ring . These entries are optional. Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input. the distance to all girder rings must be defined.

5% damped.Defines Ss.Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material . Transitional Period (TL) . 5% damped. the software will design bolting. Valid entries for this field are 1.TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate .3. In this instance. Bottom Plate Thickness .Defines S0.2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods. %g. refer to API-650 Sections E.2s). Period (S1) . design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. If no value is specified.6. %g. Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7. Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec.7. API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0. Initial Anchorage Type . %g. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. which is the design.5% damping. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure). where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations. Unless otherwise specified. which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods. For more information about earthquake types. 2.0.4. Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) . Scaling Factor (Q) . API recommends that this value not exceed 1. Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods .Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E.4. See API-650 Section E. %g. Earthquake Type . Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) . spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0. and III).Defines Sa0*. Valid choices are A through F. 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec.5. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. in seconds.Defines the seismic site class according to Section E. This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0. which is the 5% damped.Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. Friction Factor . II. %g. Importance Factor . Seismic Use Group . Period (S0) . the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required.Defines SDS. Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) . the coefficient defaults to 1. and that this value (1.3.1 for details on the various SUG categories.6.4.Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped. or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0.25) only be used for emergency services.The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser.4. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second. 5% damped.Usually this value is 1.Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K). Site Class .Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted). The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7.25. Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank.Defines S1. unless specified otherwise by the purchaser.2 and E. Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient .Defines SP. 5% damped.Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material.

the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate. If left blank.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.1. As stated in API-650 5. this value defaults to zero.Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness.25 inches (6. which is the 5% damped. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 . leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it. In this case. Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I.4. Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate .Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate.35mm). If a value is entered here. %g. you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. Maximum Allowed Spacing .Defines Sa*.TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) . Section 7. Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate .Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate. This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. If a value is entered. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I . This value is optional. Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate .Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members). design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures. bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0. Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage. This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered.

TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses. Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed. the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated.Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle. These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650. This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks.Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate. The data specification can include external piping loads. if available from a pipe stress analysis. NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle. Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P. If you check Use PVP-1279. Nozzle Designation / Number .TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles. Nozzle Outer Diameter . Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate . This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits.

260.0 12.67E-6 6. reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29.25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet.7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.2E6 Expansion Coefficient .3E6 27. 200.3E6 7.Enter the modulus of elasticity.TANK Input Delta Temperature .3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.1E6 500.87E-6 7. the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100. Modulus of Elasticity .3E6 27. If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1. 500.8E6 28.5E6 28.5E6 28. Modulus (psi) 28. 300.07E-6 7. You can change this value. 200.6E6 26.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient. 200. 150.8E6 28.25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12.1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20.67E-6 6. if necessary. 300. 29.4E6 26.7E6 27.07E-6 500 27. 203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 . These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70.4 12. 400.87E-6 7. 25.Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature. 90.0E6 27. 400. Instead. then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used.7 13.

API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled. Nozzle Weight . 68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P.Enter the weight of this nozzle. if necessary. RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 . You can change this value. Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? . LaBounty. if any. acting on the nozzle. Applied External Circumferential Moment . The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 .A value defined in PVP-1279.Enter the value of any applied radial force.Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle. resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses. Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness. This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 .Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. If reinforcing on the shell is indicated. Use PVP-1279 . This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness. If you specify a pad thickness. units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. English. The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell. Nozzle RePad Thickness . Applied External Radial Force .The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad.Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located. Applied External Longitudinal Moment . Taagepera. These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software. by Lengsfeld.Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations. but not actually used in the computations. and Lengsfeld.TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal. Bardia. Hathaitham. This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter. it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations. This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks.Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle.Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses.

Factor K . K = 4. This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full .Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion.Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld.25 to a maximum of 1.Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature. The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing.TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input. The value of C shall be 0.0.85 if not specified by the purchaser.0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination. Factor B . The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade. The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld.Enter the foundation factor.0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C . K = 2. This value is: 2.0 for tanks on earth foundations 4.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 .Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . Temperature Difference . Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference . The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0.0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates.empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis.

fc need not be less than 20.85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0.000 psi (103 MPa). JEs = 1.00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0.Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .fc. fc need not be less than 15.JEst.4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners. 70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) .00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0. However.70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) .70 for double lap welds JEr = 1. JEr = 0. Where fc = 0.Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe. However.6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region.000 psi (140 MPa).Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency . Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material .Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress . Where fc = 0. This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank.) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V.fc.Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency .35 for single lap welds JEr = 0. JEst = 1.JEs.Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency .Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E.) dialog box is an optional input.JEr. Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) .85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) . Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) .TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V. Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) .

3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank.8 m.Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points. Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2. use every other point when generating the input. This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs. Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) . The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points.5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used. Roof Dish Radius (R) .R.Define the Dish Radius of Roof .Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement.3. Angle Between Measurements . Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653. API-653 Appendix B.Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress .TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) . Appendix B. the shell plate material. Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference. a default of 29. If this value is left blank. The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9. This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees. this limit was 30 feet / 9. Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement . in API-653 Section B.2. If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4.1. This value must be less than 45-degrees. and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature.6m. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 .1m. of the roof plate material.f.

2.3. May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers. 4. Post 3rd Ed.3. obtained from tank inspections.4. Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .4. Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit.Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs.3. API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data. Pre 3rd Ed. Above Ground Storage Tanks. Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh. Bottom.1. each discussed in the following subsections. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed.7. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom. and 4. Elevation . Post 3rd Ed.1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653.1. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4.3.1m intervals.7. This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4. Hydrocarbon Engineering.

0.1. Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) . tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate.7. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651). Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) .7.4. This value is measured from the original thickness.As per API-653 Section 2.1. This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code. after repairs. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.7.7.7.4. Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) .As per API-653 Section 2. Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) . enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion. and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code). after repairs. enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate.TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) .1.As per API-653 Section 2. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion. according to Section 2.7. Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) .1. Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) .4. Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom.4.As per API-653 Section 4. on a yearly basis.1 of previous editions of API-653.Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates.As per API-653 Section 4. on a yearly basis.Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates. Pre 3rd Ed. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 . this value should be specified as 0.1.0. then this value should be specified as 0. If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652).4.4.

As per API-653 Section 2.7. on a yearly basis. Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) . if specified.4. This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65). This value is measured from the original thickness. Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) . If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0.7. Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) .As per API-653 Section 2.1.7. StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom. 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .As per API-653 Section 2. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).As per API-653 Section 2.4. (GCa).4. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr).0.1.As per API-653 Section 2. The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0.1. on a yearly basis.1. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area.1. enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion. Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) . enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed.4.4. Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) .7.7.TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) .Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates.

they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box. above the bottom of this course. the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities.Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region. the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course. and a joint efficiency for each shell course.Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course. exclusive of pits. Use specified shell "L" values? .Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion. the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used. Additionally. If this value is left blank. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. In subsequent thickness computations. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. Similarly.TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L. Joint Efficiency . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 . the inspection values of t1 and t2. the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L". Minimum Thickness . controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis. If the t1 or t2 values are left blank. Lowest Average Thickness . "L" is the critical length. If this value is left blank. Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank. if the L location is left blank.Enter the average thickness in the "L" region.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations. "L" Location Above Course Bottom .

API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input.3. which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses. Use specified shell "E" values? . Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition. This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed. The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998). When this box is checked. The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course.1.1.3. This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate. Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L". Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . as per API-653 Table 2.Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course. Instead. Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box.3.1. Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2. the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2.3. Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies.3. Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? .3. Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed .3. This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank. as well as the environmental factors.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations. the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box.TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level. Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations. Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations. and liquid characteristics.

075 0.1.Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point.2.0 1.03 0.15 0.5 5 10 15 20 25 1.0 2.375 0.33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1.TANK Input Emptying Rate .1.3.300 0. For more information.300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 .3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2.15 0. For more information.4 5.2.3 0.0 0.0 0.025 see note C 1.075 0.67 0.8 2.8 2.375 0. Filling Rate . Environmental Factor .Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.0 0.2.0 0. see API-2000 Section 4.7 11.0 1. see API-2000 Section 4.3 0.05 0.Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank. Liquid Flash Point .2000. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4.40 0.50 0.0 0.7 3.05 0.5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22.Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point.Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API.1. Boiling Point .3.

5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved. the unit cost of plate. You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary. and the height and diameter ranges.0 1.0 0. height.19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0. the fluid specific gravity. After exiting the Scratch-pad.025 see note C 1. based on the required volume. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the plate allowable stress. There is a minimum amount of user-specified data. which consists of the required tank volume. and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations.03 0. you have the option of transferring the diameter.0 0.TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0. This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses.

The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad. and new estimates obtained. located to the right of the output display. as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table. This sizing tool. as well as the thickness required for each shell course. or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated. all other courses being equal to the specified input value. contains two slider bars. After the scratchpad calculations have been performed. the necessary diameter (or height) is presented. Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank. If necessary. a report can be printed. When the desired results have been achieved. you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations. and four for a height range. The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate. The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. Alternatively. the input data can be altered. the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 . The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition. The height of the top course is also reported.TANK Input After the necessary data is specified. The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range.

since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume. and lb/cu. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. followed by plate weight and cost. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined.Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes. Maximum Tank Diameter . The height range is independent of the diameter range.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. Required Volume . A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. For each height/diameter value. For consistent application. or KG and KG/cu. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. Average Course Height . Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. Cost/Unit Weight of Plate . The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. exclusive of the height range. The top course may be less than the value specified here. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. Plate Allowable Stress . the shell plate thicknesses will be determined.in. followed by plate weight and cost. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. 80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. Minimum Tank Height . Maximum Tank Height .TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below. followed by plate weight and cost. For each height/diameter value. and lb/cu. exclusive of the diameter range.Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume. For each height/diameter value.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined.in. Minimum Tank Diameter . Fluid Specific Gravity . For consistent application. The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume.cm. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. Since the tank must be hydrotested. or KG and KG/cu. The diameter range is independent of the height range. For each height/diameter value. exclusive of the diameter range.cm. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. the minimum value for this entry should be 1.Enter the unit cost of the plate material.0.Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank. followed by plate weight and cost. The height range is independent of the diameter range. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel.

The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. exclusive of the height range. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 .TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range.

TANK Input

82

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box. Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete. the procedure halts until you click Continue. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition. This gives you time to review the message. Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu. Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated. You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker. the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction. the analysis files will not be created. click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. If the summary report shows that errors were found. The typical response to this prompt is Yes. click File > Exit. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 .

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

and which solution steps are required by the current input data.SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module. As each solution step is entered. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 . an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress. the major solution steps to the analysis. This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked. maintenance. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes. The program files used are listed below. A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section. the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays. Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase. and enhancement. After the solution module has been launched. TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files.

TKO file.1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met.The number of girders. All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification. Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module. 5. or printed to the system printer. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details.The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements. a diagnostic message is presented to the user. Allowed fluid heights . Overturning stability .11. 3. and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5. In the case of the variable point method. and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E. The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details. Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases . These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations.9. 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . their section moduli. The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors. If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank. the message file can be very helpful. some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file. 6. the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations. 4.This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination. and the overturning moment.The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure.6. this is an iterative process. Shell weight and center of gravity . The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases. The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries. the velocity factory. Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation. As important milestones in the analysis are reached. entry into the output processor is not allowed. the analysis module creates the . 2. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section. either one-foot. The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu. 1.Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing. Wind girder requirements . The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials. The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics. Wind effect . 7. This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22. newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file. Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5.This thickness is based on the specified design method.The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user. A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required. Required shell course thicknesses . Because there is no TKO file.This value is checked according to Section 5.1. and no output (TKO) file exists. control is returned to the Main menu. In this instance. In this instance. variable point. This file contains the solution data in binary format. It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows. or Appendix A.

10. After all sizing. with the corresponding stress for each load case. design. the required number of bolts and the bolt size.If the roof data has been specified.These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement. Roof evaluation involves weight summations. Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E . or design the roof.This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads. Grillage computations .These computations are based on API-653 Section 2. Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P .These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I. This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5.5 or 5. API-2000 Venting calculations. After the cosine curve is known. Section M. the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated.10.4 begins. the program will now evaluate. test.12 and determines.10. Following the roof design. the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 . test. Service/maintenance computations . Following the cycle life calculations. A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity.Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data . API-650 Appendix F requirements . Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B . the Section 5. The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Section 7. roof. The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design. analyze. the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M. if necessary.6. the bolting requirements are checked. and empty. and seismic computations have been completed. and user input).3 checks are implemented.After the actual roof computations are completed. required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5.The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions. Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations.

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design. The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams. In addition to the menu options. Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports. After you enter the local graphics mode. These options include both text based reports and graphics. shell settlement plotting.Produces the basic tank sketch. Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections.Plots the shell settlement data. This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing.Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram. the output options are available. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 . the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls. the following icons are also available. Plot Tank Elevations .Plots the supported cone roof sketch. or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot. both of these items are grayed out.Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu. Plot Cone Roof . A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results. or modify the input data. nozzle interaction diagrams. used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P. and supported cone roof sketches. Return to Main Menu .SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete. The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics. If output is not available for the current job. Plot Nozzles . Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch. Plot Settlement .

92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank.Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details.

as well as an option to spline the data. the optimum cosine curve. The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves. Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations. the out-of-plane deflection. The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 .Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points. The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve. These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization. The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements. Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes.

and which thickness to use .Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P.either longitudinal or circumferential. necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded.either design. or user entered. The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15). 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . which interaction diagram to plot . test.

the interaction point plots at the origin. as an asterisk. If the piping loads are not specified. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 .Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point. The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads.

Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P. the interaction point must plot inside the diagram. 96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

defining the roof nomenclature. the resulting design can be shown graphically. .Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. A typical roof sketch. and quantities can be noted on the sketch. lengths. structural cross section sizes. Besides the basic roof sketch. they are provided for information purposes only. These roof sketches are not shown to scale. showing cross section sizes is shown below. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 .

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Prints the selected reports.doc exists in the \tank\system folder. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 .SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports. by topic. This option opens a standard File Open dialog. (Items can be de-selected in the same manner). The intent is that the header. After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected. The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs. Open . Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report. When the analysis phase completes.Saves the selected reports. the Output Report menu displays. Save . its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word.doc file contains the company logo and address details. the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated. Print . Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click. This menu lists the available reports. View Report using Microsoft Word . When you send reports to Microsoft Word.Enables switching to the output of a different job. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is. The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window.Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word. if a file named header. showing only those jobs that have output.

Previous Report . date. You can also suppress the ending page number.Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box.Displays the next report.Erases the selected reports. This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended. Select Font . major and minor level text. Each of these reports is discussed. Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data. Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here. Disable/Enable Page Numbering . in general. 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Modify the Starting Page Number . in the following sections. Each page of output begins with a header. From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings. Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings.Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box. and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen. From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers. time. and program version number. The header contains the user’s name. Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user. page number. Next Report .Turn on or off the page numbering.Displays the previous report.Changes the font when printing reports. job name. Select Heading Fonts .Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports .

Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data. Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined. Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 . seismic. This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module. and settlement details were defined. as well as whether or not roof.

This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data.Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker. Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results. The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases. The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases. For each shell course. as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table. ENGLISH. Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program. All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified. design allowable stress. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind. the material name. test allowable stress. The next section of the report reflects the material properties used. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 .Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module . the area exposed to the wind. For API-653 analysis.TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module. The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system. consisting of the velocity factor. The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases. including the wind girder height reduction factor. the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course. and Appendix M reduction factor are listed. Material. It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis. and the wind moment. as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here.

Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width. For each wind girder required. Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components. The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations. This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders. as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell. and the center of gravity of the shell. The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check".11. Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method. the weight of the shell. the geometry detail and angle size are also reported. the b dimension is also included in the report. based on API-650 Section 5. If Detail e is required.

the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed. the radius to each girder ring. the spacing on the inner girders. Note that at the center of the tank. and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F. the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. and at the shell. the number of rafters resting on the inner girders. Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details.Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. and the rafter length. and the design roof load. This report is shown below. The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring. the spacing on the outer girders. This information begins with the number of girder rings. the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero. and the number and length of the girders in each ring. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 .

and is shown below. Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters. This information includes the unit load on the member. the required section modulus. the selected cross section. and the actual section modulus. This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring.

the actual compressive stress. height. Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 . This is followed by the selected cross section. This information is shown below. allowable compressive stress.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. and required radius of gyration. This information begins with the column load. and the actual radii of gyration.

5 or 5. This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight.10. The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F. an API unit. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .5.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5. This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift. and the compression ring failure pressure.10.6. These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths.10. are the results of the Appendix F computations. the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction. and either 5. Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components.3. Following the roof design/analysis report. All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”.

These computations were made for three cases: design fluid. and empty. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 . test fluid.Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E.

Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported. These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness. deflection. For each case. test shell thickness. rotation.Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P. the flexibilities. and user input thickness. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input.

This table also includes the settlement measurements. Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 . and the out-of-plane deflection. This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points. the optimum cosine curve through these measured points.Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B. the out-of-plane settlement.

The venting report is shown below.Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4. This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing.3 of API-2000. Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . outbreathing and fire exposure.

Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 . the required bolt diameter. The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases.12. and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases. The second section shows the required number of bolts. There are two sections to this report.

as well as the number of allowed cycles. Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M. The report lists the exclusions and checks made.

Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V. Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

...................................................... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 .... 117 Example Problem A_WC .................tki.............. 118 Example Problem APP_P ........ 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 .......tki... Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 ...............tki............................................. is located at \examples\o_wc....................................... 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k....................................................................................... Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations....... Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations................................................ is located at \examples\a_wc.................................................... 118 Example Problem TEST1............................................ 117 Example Problem O_WC .................................SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code...... 118 Example Problem SSC1 . In This Section Example Problem APP_K ... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ........ 118 Example Problem B&Y ............................. 118 Example Problem SEIS01 ................................ as defined by the One Foot method.................................................................................... as defined by Appendix A of API-650..........

tki.tki.tki. including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M. Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V.tki.tki. Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1. Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p. is located at \examples\sstest1.tki. Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E. This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young. For more information see the file \examples\b&y.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations. 118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1. for stainless steel tanks.

Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.EXE .EXE.Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.Units generation module MATEDIT.EXE .Configuration program help pointer file TANK.EXE .Input module help pointer file TKER01A.EXE .Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .EXE .Error check module OUTWORD.Configuration program help data file TKSET02.Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.CRC check program MAKEUNIT.EXE .EXE file scanner CRCCHK.EXE .Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B.Input module help data file API02.EXE .EXE .APPENDIX A Appendix A .EXE . The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B.Output report review processor TANK.Output preprocessor APISOLV.EXE .EXE .CHM .EXE .EXE .Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.Solution module COADEXE.EXE .TXT .Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.DLL .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR.EXE . Main Set APIOUT.EXE .EXE .Material database editor OUTPUT.Help file TIPS.Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A.EXE .Main program TKERCK.

1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.Structural database file API650.1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.Messages for input processor SCREEN3.Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.CRC .1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.MAT .MAT .FIL .1988 API-650 material database A650_93.EXE .MAT .MAT .MAT .Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.MAT .ENGLISH units file MM.2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.MAT .HED .Millimeter units file MPH.Messages for output processing TITLE.Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.FIL .MAT .EXE .TXT .Data from Table 3-22 XX.DIG .FIL .CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .MAT .TXT .1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.MAT .2005 API-650 material database A650_08.1993 API-650 material database A650_94.1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.MAT .Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.MAT .MAT .1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.MAT .FIL .Appendix A .2008 API-650 material database AISC89.SI units file T2A.MAT .MAT .1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.DAT .1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.TXT .

TKI .Sample input for variable point method APP_P.TKI .Appendix A . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 .TKI .TKI .Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1.TKI .Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K.Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1. SEIS01.Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y.TKI .Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01.TKI .Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA.Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC.Example seismic computations for Appendix E.TKI .TKI .Example computations for Appendix.TKI .Stainless steel example SSC1.TKI .

Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix A .

APPENDIX B Appendix B . You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary.1 .English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 . Figure B.Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK.

Standard Units Systems Figure B.4 .2 .3 .SI Units File Figure B.Appendix B .MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

A A-131.EH36 A-573.65 A-573.B A-737. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database.2 A-633.70 A-662.705 A-516.C A-633.B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 . When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.60 A-516.65 A-516.C A-537.B A-662.58 A-573.A A-678.B A-131.CS A-36 A-131.APPENDIX C Appendix C .55 A-516.1 A-537.D A-678.

C E-355.C E-275t.21 G40.C E-355t.D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .250 NS.21 G40.D E-355.D E-275.D E-355t.21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.C E-275.235 NS.21 G40.21 G40.Appendix C .List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.275 * ISO 630 E-275t.21 G40.

List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .Appendix C .

List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix C .

0. 1.3000000E+00 .200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES . 1.7.Default Configuration Directives Ver. 1. 2. 1.0000000E+00 .1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO . 1. 1.MAT ENGLISH. 0.FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1.1 YES A650_94. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 .9.4000+E01 Sect.APPENDIX D Appendix D . 1.2835648E+00 YES . 1.5000000E-02 YES .3.

Appendix D .Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API .30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2. Version 3. BS3643. Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric.Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK. Added JIS structural steel shape library.55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density. th Version 2.10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition.00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API .APPENDIX E Appendix E . Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%.653 3 Edition. Version 3. Added a Wind Parameter input dialog. South African Bolt.20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1. Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 . Version 3.650 10 Edition. Version 3. Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights. to provide more information and detail. Added many “text” changes to the output. Added several minor changes as requested by users. Implemented API-653 4th Edition.

20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This provides better capability to notify users of software updates. Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition.Appendix E .6. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates. this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section. Incorporated API-650 10th Edition.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition. Since bolting data is now a required input. Revised the output processor.50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M. Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary.4. from PVP-1279. The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E. Addendum 1. Addendum 3. Version 2.6. as a result of Addendum 1. for easier usage. Revised documentation. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database. Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration.1. Version 2. Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses. Version 2. The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials.Revision History Version 2.2 through E.

Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0. This involved removing both A442 materials.60 / 2. Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination. Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height). Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power.5. which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches. in accordance with the recent addendum. Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference. Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1.2 has been incorporated. A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3.4.00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2.10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition. Section 3. Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A. API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum.2. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 .Appendix E .25 inch plate.Revision History Version 2. to include the bottom shell course thickness. Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height.

This ability has been added for Version 1. A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E. versions prior to 1. Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added. Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations.50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file. The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero. this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database.50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated. Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated. First. Addendum 2 changes incorporated. Previous versions treated zero as a blank.5. Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic. Note. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix E . API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates. Version 1. permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses. Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory. now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1.40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition.3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress.50. Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added.Revision History Version 1.51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated. Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations. Version 1.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet. Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added. Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet. Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports. Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added. Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases). Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added.

Additionally the weights for operating.31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added.5.3 is reported. A material database editor is provided. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization.Revision History Version 1. The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary. Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L.3.1 added.8 added.1. Bolt design references to standard bolt size table. API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2. and empty conditions are reported.11 added.8.1. “Variable Point” location reported.5.4. API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified. the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank. Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment.9.1. Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module. A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available. test. Version 1. Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated.7.10.Appendix E .10.2. Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs. Consideration of Section 17. Mouse support has been added to all modules.6. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 . Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3. Bold design procedure for Section 3. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3.e has been added.1.

A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs. The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations. This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives. and the setting of the default output report generation parameters.11 and Appendix E computations. A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu.Revision History Version 1. Several new configuration directives have been added. squares. Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design. Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program. This units file.6 added.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young. An additional "English" units file is provided. an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added. Version 1.0 used one or the other set of curves. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case.Appendix E . Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads. and a segregation of program and system files. This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections. trigonometric functions. For API-653 analysis. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . a network hardware lock. which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P.11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added.11. there was no interpolation between curves.0 and L/2a=1. Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell. The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3. Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles.5 curves. MPH. PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports. Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3. Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added. Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E. and square roots. For API-653 runs.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3. Version 1. The calculator supports the basic four math operations.FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour.

Selected References API-650. Vol. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks. Osage. and Horwege. Myers. Morton. Billimoria and Tam. June 1990. 118. Ramos. Hydrocarbon Processing. Revise Storage Tank Inspections. Malik. November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653. ASME. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. Carucci & Ay.. Philip E. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. Third Edition. A. No 4. Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. Swenson. PVP Vol 315. August 1982. Parikh. Hydrocarbon Processing. LaBounty. American Petroleum Institute. John Wiley & Sons. Lengsfeld. August 1980. August 1996. Hydrocarbon Processing. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Fifth Edition. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement. Process Equipment Design. Hathaitham. McGraw-Hill. and Lengsfeld. Tenth Edition. America Petroleum Institute. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. November 1978. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks. PVP Vol 336. PVP Vol 315. Lengsfeld. Inc. Eighth Edition. and Fenton. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). PVP Vol 336. ASME 1996. January 1995. Lengsfeld. and Lambe. August 1980. and Taagepera. ASME 1995. Hendrix & Carucci. 1977. Bardia and Taagepera. and Ruiz. and Hagstrom. Journal of Strain Analysis. An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks. Bardia. Marr. Transactions of the ASME. Brownell & Young. Bardia. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules. Vol 108. API-620. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Koczwara.APPENDIX F Appendix F . ASME 1996. Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. API-2000. 1997. Improve Storage Tank Inspections. F. 1959. Vol 12. 2002. PVP-1279. Above Ground Storage Tanks. American Petroleum Institute. Lu. American Petroleum Institute. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 . April 1998. October 1996. Billimoria. ASME 1995. Smith. Taagepera.

Appendix F .Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C .Program File List • 121 Appendix B . 83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E . 83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9.Revision History • 133 Appendix F .) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A .List of Materials • 127 Appendix D .Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 .Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30.

87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87. 121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31.

10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1.55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 .20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2.30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1. Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3.50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2.20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1.20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3.Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39.40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2.10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3. 99.10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind. Material. 125 Units • 9 units files • 24.60 / 2.31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1. 76 Version 1.40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1.

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