Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

U.S. Government Restricted Rights Legend
Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS 252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3. Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Intergraph Corporation P.O. Box 240000 Huntsville, AL 35813 Street address: 170 Graphics Drive, Madison, AL 35758

Terms of Use
Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

Warranties and Liabilities
All warranties given by Intergraph Corporation about equipment or software are set forth in the EULA provided with the software or applicable license for the software product signed by Intergraph Corporation, and nothing stated in, or implied by, this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification or amendment of such warranties. Intergraph believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date. The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document. The software discussed in this document is furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of this license. No responsibility is assumed by Intergraph for the use or reliability of software on equipment that is not supplied by Intergraph or its affiliated companies. THE USER OF THE SOFTWARE IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE FINAL EVALUATION AS TO THE USEFULNESS OF THE SOFTWARE IN HIS OWN ENVIRONMENT. Intergraph is not responsible for the accuracy of delivered data including, but not limited to, catalog, reference and symbol data. Users should verify for themselves that the data is accurate and suitable for their project work.

Trademarks
Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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............................................................................................. 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)....................................................... 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V................................ 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box ....................................................................... 87 Solution Overview ........................................................................................................................... 92 Shell Settlement Plots ...................... 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) .................................................. Thickness & Weights .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 112 API-650 Bolting Report ..................................................................................................................................................... 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box ........................ 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ......................................................................................................... 80 Error Checking ........................................................................................................... Material.... 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed................................................................................................................................... 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results ......................................................................................................................... 84 Completing the Error Check Phase ...................................................................................... 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad .... 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ......... 101 Error Checker LOG File ....................................................................... 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)................. 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box ................................................................................................................................................. 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box ....................................................................................................... 88 Local Graphics Output .. 103 Roof Evaluation ................................... 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box ........................................................................... 110 Settlement Checks .......................................................................................................................... 100 User Input Data ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 103 Wind.........................................................) Dialog Box ... 105 Seismic Analysis Results .......... 70 Shell Settlement Data ..... 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) .................................................................................. 87 TANK Program Files .. 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches ............................................................................................................................. 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data ........................................... 100 Job Title Page .. 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams ..................................................................................................................................................... 83 Warning & Error Options ............................................................................. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) .................... 99 Output Report Discussions .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 102 Solution Module TXT File .......................... 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box .................................................................................................................................................... 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ........................ 85 Analysis/Solution Phase..................................................................................................... 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ................................................................................ 111 API-2000 Venting Output ...................................................................................................... 91 Tank Layout Sketch ................................................................................................... 97 Output Report Generation ..............................Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) .............. 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .............................

............... 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 ....................................................................................................20 Changes (9/09) ... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ...................................... 117 Example Problem A_WC .... 134 Version 2............................ 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) .................................................... 118 Example Problem B&Y ..... 118 Example Problem SSC1 ...................... 134 Version 2...................................................... 127 * CSA Standards .................................................................................................. 127 * ASTM Standards ............................................................................................................................................... 128 * ISO 630........ 133 Version 3................................................................... 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) ........................................................................................................................................................... 133 Version 3............................... 121 English Text Set ...........................................................Program File List ...................... 123 Appendix B .................................................................... 122 API Data Set............................................................................................... 133 Version 2...............................................................................................................................................50 Changes (5/97) ..................................................................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem APP_P .......................................... 115 Examples ......................................................................................................................................................51 Changes (9/97) .................................. 136 Version 1............................ 122 Examples Data Set ...................... 134 Version 2..........................................................................................................................10 Changes (9/08) ................................. 129 Appendix D ...................................30 Changes (9/10) ...............40 Changes (9/96) ................................................................................. 121 Main Set ...........Revision History ............................................................................ 117 Example Problem O_WC ..............................................................................List of Materials ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output ......................10 Changes (5/00) .......................................................................................... 128 * National Standards .............. 118 Example Problem TEST1 ................. 129 * Unknown For API-653 ......... 131 Appendix E ............................ 114 API-650 External Pressure Output ...........Default Configuration Directives ..................................30 Changes (2/02) ........... 121 Help & Error Processing Set ....................................................................................................................................... 133 Version 2.............................................................................................................00 Changes (1/99)....................................................................... 133 Version 3......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 136 Version 1................................... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ............................................................................................................... 117 Example Problem APP_K ..... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ............................................................................................................................................................................................................60 / 2............................................. 119 Appendix A ....................................Standard Units Systems................................... 118 Example Problem SEIS01....................................00 Changes (11/07) .......................... 134 Version 2......................40 Changes (7/02) ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Version 3.............................................20 Changes (9/00) ....... 135 Version 1.............. 125 Appendix C ..................................................................................................................... 135 Version 1...................................................................................................................................................................................................................50 Changes (3/04) ......................................................55 Changes (10/05) .......................................................................................................................

......................................... 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ...........................................20 Changes Version 1................................. 137 (8/95) ............................. 137 (11/94) .Contents Version 1............................................30 Changes Version 1............10 Changes (2/96) ...................................................................................................................................................................Selected References ............ 138 (6/94) ...................31 Changes Version 1.......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 138 Appendix F ................. 139 Index .......................................................

and operation of the program. Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. To that end. and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution. Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade.com Web: www. Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible.com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 . rely on the help system.coade. cell specific help for guidance and information. input validation to avoid run time errors. e-mail. that questions focus on the current version of the program. however.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes. However. TANK support is available by telephone. It is expected. which can be launched by pressing F1. configuration. fax. and expeditious designs. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation. economical. TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users. and by mail. the web site. when in doubt.

After the help system has been activated. which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user. Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section.Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1. When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific. Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system. the appropriate information displays in an interactive window. the help text includes the expected input units in the title line. These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file.

multiplication. the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary.Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK. The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog. This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis. The four basic math operations (addition. Even though TANK validates your input data. TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation. Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module.Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files . Upon exit from the diagnostic utility. Creating Units Sets .Standard Units Systems (on page 125). subtraction. Reviewing Output .Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system.09375. For example. and division) are supported in the input cells. the program attempts to trap the error.New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units.Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program. In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells. assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database. In some instances additional sets may be required. user control is returned to the Main menu. a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 . A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files. Selecting a Units File . When such a fatal condition occurs. and finally reports the problem to you. For more information on the four standard supplied units systems. see Appendix B . there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis. The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them. This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach. After the review of a specific error message is complete. These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch). This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system.

Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance. Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S. TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B. Seismic computations according to Appendix E. Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary.2. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2. Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A.Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices. Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P. and digitized data from Appendix P. This includes the material data from Table 5.3. External pressure computations according to Appendix V. These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method. Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes. Minimum metal temperature reporting. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000. Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M. Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M. including the limiting load interaction diagrams.

Contact Intergraph .Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum. which installs TANK. Browse the CD . and the CD contents. the system requirements. Services Training .Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD. TANK Information . the HASP drivers.Includes options to install the HASP. The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything.Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products. License Agreement . Additional Products . Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window.Displays a text file discussing the installation steps.Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph. CD Content Additional Installations . Release Notes . ReadMe File .Launches the main installation process. The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays. These options include: Install TANK .Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products. insert the CD into the drive. Support Forum . and all associated documentation.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page.Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK.SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK.Displays the TANK License Agreement. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 .

Displays a PDF document containing these instructions.0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs. Professional. Click Install TANK to begin the installation. HASP Licensing Overview . The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed. or Windows 7 (Ultimate. HASP Trouble Shooting .Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing. Business. Hardware Requirements minimum of 2. Insert the TANK CD into your computer. Windows Vista (Ultimate. or Enterprise). or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported. 2.Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer. 12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation. double-click CDSpawn. Installation Instructions . 1.Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System. If the setup does not start automatically. Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional.exe in the root CD folder.

7. and then click Next. To install the software in another location. Click Next on the welcome page. The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>. Click Next to continue. -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement. and then click Cancel.Installation 3. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 . 4. You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement. Read the license agreement. select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement. 5. 6. where <product name> reflects the program name and version. select I accept the terms in the license agreement. click Change. If you accept the license agreement.

Installation 8. If you are using SmartPlant License Manager. Select the license type that you have. An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation. 14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . select the SPLM license option. If you are using a network ESL key. Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. select the key color. 9. You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run.

If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type. If this dialog does not display. Click OK. the status displays. Skip to step 11. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 . you are not prompted to install the HASP driver. installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run. After successfully installing the HASP device driver. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock.Installation As the installation progresses. After the TANK files have been installed. 10. the following dialog box displays.

Click No to reboot later. 12. Click Yes to reboot your computer now. Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally. perform these steps: 1. with no interaction from you. such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging.Installation 11.The path to load the installation files.exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green. Click Finish. Issue the installation command as detailed below. Select Show the readme file to view the readme. Setup. 13. Because a device driver was loaded. Setup.doc file. Command Cmd= setup. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD. To launch TANK in silent mode. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs. it is a good idea to restart Windows.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR . 2.

In order for the network to recognize the ESL. refer to the documentation files NETHASP. Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder. Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software). Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 . Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . Alternatively. A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility. The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server.This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT .The ESL color. The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location.TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions. The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems.Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs. you can skip the remainder of this section. we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL. Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers. you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL. because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops). Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL.TXT and ESL_RED. because the computer is usually always on. The file server is a better location for this ESL. This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations. a user must then be logged into the network to access the software. The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software. The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server).Installation ESL_COLOR . If the network ESL is attached to a workstation. If your computer uses a local ESL. The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs. if all of the licenses are on the network ESL. The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network. the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software.

However. a correction to the currently shipping version is made. Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking. announced. the build is finalized. In addition. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date. Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software.coade. and the build date.exe. and distributing the various builds generated between major releases. builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated. before the next version can be released. Build Y contains Build X. and the date it was created. The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program.Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static. A build is intended for one specific version of the software. Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released. 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda. its size. databases grow. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available. and also displays when you click Help > About. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement. operational enhancements. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version. user requests. archiving. When this occurs. and so on. operating system modifications.x<date>. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds. and posted to the Web site. but only one build is required at any given time. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found. In order to alleviate this problem for our users. This correction is referred to as a Build. the version indicator. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation. additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files. The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation. Determine which build file you need and download it. file formats change. In other words. and corrections. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web. After the file has been downloaded and installed. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains. When this occurs.com). This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build.

This allows you to see. click COADE EXE Scanner. which build is in use. additional usage instructions may be found in this file. Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package. This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version. Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level. From the Utility > Tools menu. the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 . Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released. follow any prompts. A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. Simply double-click the build file (the exe). and build bevel. on the Main Program menu.TXT. This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. and the software installation will update appropriately. When necessary. To see which program modules have been modified. you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory. This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size.Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD. memory requirements.

if it becomes necessary. you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release. Additionally. To reinstall an older version of the software. the distribution CD should be installed first.Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. 20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Patched Version When a new version of the software is released. any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD. the last build should be installed. Then. This will allow full use of this version at some later time. Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

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Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

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Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored. Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Specifies the anchor bolt database. Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U. Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list. which may be unique. Structural Database . The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory. Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units.Select the material file to use. This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients.Select the units file to use. If a data directory does not contain a configuration file. the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used. as well as International shape libraries. Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory. structural shapes and materials. the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory. This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews.Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients.S. Each data directory can contain its own configuration file. Material File . A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program. followed by a scan of the installation directory.Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module. Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database . Units File . The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory. You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command.

After a solution data file is available. see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21).you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis. it must be error checked. and reviewed. Warning messages are acceptable to the program . Upon completion of the analysis. see Error Checking (on page 83). It is assumed. analysis is prohibited . defined. Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input. The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive). Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 . that the program has been properly installed and configured. Assuming that error checking completed successfully. you can select one of the Output menu options. After the input has been defined. select Analyze Only to start the analysis module. The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected. For more information.you must correct these errors before proceeding. an intermediate data file is created for analysis. For more information on the error checker. analyzed. and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above). From here. The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution. a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu. Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon. and control is returned to the main menu. If there are errors in the input data.SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual.

As long as the job input parameters remain fixed. Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports. Focus then returns to the Main menu. The steps outlined above are summarized below. 2. quit the output processor. Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only. 4. Select a job. Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output.Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session. 26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports. click TANK. The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu. either new or old. 5. Define the input data. 3. From the Start menu. 1.

but also include output review (both text and graphics).SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start. or by double clicking the desktop icon. launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu. The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK. The options are arranged in groups. output review. diagnostics. and help. The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options. Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition. utility tools. the Material Database editor. The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 . configuration. analysis. and ESL review. corresponding to the major topics on the menu.

saving. TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration. Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk. Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening. and printing the input for a specific job.

Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen. Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39). the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job. The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon. The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups.Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job. each accessed from the menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 . Upon completion of the input.

Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83). the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data.Starts the error checker. Steps not required are disabled. If the verified problem data. written to the . As each phase is completed. with a . Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text. (grayed out). which produces the output file for the job. The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker. and Error Check and Analyze. Error Check and Analyze .Starts the error checker. and if the input passes the error checker. Error Check . based on your input parameters. either designing a tank or re-rating a tank. the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu. 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Analyze . see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87).Starts the solution module. TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked.Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check. an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description.TKE file was generated. Analyze. This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed. or the input data contained errors and no . an analysis file for the job is written. For more information on the analysis processor.TKE file. The analysis module performs the solution step.TKE suffix. Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel. The Analyze option is deactivated until the . automatically starts the solution module. If the input data successfully passes the error checker.TKE file is written by the error checker. cannot be located. In any event.

Starts the graphics processor. in the current units system. see Local Graphics Output (on page 91). viewing graphical results. Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 .Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers. completely replacing any existing reports. The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. the Material Database editor. the batch stream processor and a text file review option.Creates a new set of output reports. Overwrite Reports . three options are available: overwrite reports. append reports. For viewing text based reports. Append Reports . and review latest reports.Generates a new set of reports. Time Stamp . Nozzle load interaction diagrams. and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner. and changing the time stamp in the report headers. shell settlement graphs. Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created. If this data is not specified.Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports. For more information on output processing. the current CPU time and date are used. in the current units system.Displays the output review control panel. Review Latest Reports . at the end of the last set of reports. in multiple units systems if necessary. This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically. custom units systems. Local Graphics .

Using the Main Menu Configuration . The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties.Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives. Calculator . The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. File Review .Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis. Custom Units . Material Database Editor . and the solution message file. Batch Stream Processor . Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the batch log file. see Program Configuration (on page 21).Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis. Error Check Log File .Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data.Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed. Message File .Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations. For details of the program configuration. There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file.Starts Notepad to review a selected data file. Batch Log File . The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter.Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database.Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase. The file is created by a prior analysis.

Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number. This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations. If the values do not match.Using the Main Menu CRC Check . the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation. Corruption could indicate bad distribution media. Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker . This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name. clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column.Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number. the software attempts to invoke this module automatically. This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure. However.Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory. a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed. The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software. then the file has been corrupted in some manner. Should a “fatal error” occur. However. Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module . This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available. if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 . or a virus infection. If a CRC Check error occurs.

Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time. The ESL is the External Software Lock. all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu). If there is an access problem with the ESL. which is required to access the software. most of the Main menu items will be disabled. Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL. this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu. However.

reset a date. date or run limits. Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes. except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel.Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes. This information consists of the client name. or by clicking the ESL icon.Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software. The file will reside in the program’s \system folder.TXT”. Phone Update . Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a . Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 . Occasionally. versioning information.Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes. as generated by the Intergraph support staff. This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information. suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel. and the time stamp of the last access.Starts an interactive procedure. The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx. generating data for the user. and accepting instructions from the user. where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL. This option is similar to the phone update option. usually to extend limits. the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored. some of this date may require updating in the field. These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified.TXT file of the information. The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task. Generate Fax Codes . These updates encompass changes requested by the client. and ID number. Receive and Enter Fax Codes . to interact with the user on the telephone. or change the client name.

found in the frame area of the Main menu. Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . When all codes have been entered. Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph. The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar. Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options.Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid. all options are selected. By default. click OK to enable the changes to the ESL. .

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

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Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

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data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed. see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72). and fire. fluid specific gravity. depending on the tank. and the desired code. This dialog is an optional input. pressure. This dialog is an optional input. the number of courses. For more information. Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65). For more information. external loads. This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog. For more information. For more information. This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing. and in the text by Brownell & Young. Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog. Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog.TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters. see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71). For more information. course material.) Dialog Box (on page 70). see API 650 External Pressure (App V. out-breathing. Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification. temperature. Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. For more information. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis. Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog. This dialog is an optional input. Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P. This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions. depending on the tank. see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76). see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). For more information. This dialog is an optional input.7. depending on the tank. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell. see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). the course height. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E. As mentioned above. see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78). This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. For more information. Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters. This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. depending on the tank. depending on the tank. This information consists of the diameter. For more information. 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53). depending on the tank. see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. course thickness. For more information. For more information. This dialog is an optional input. Section I. The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. Activates the Grillage Review dialog. fluid depth. This dialog is an optional input.

If necessary. The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar. This serves as a good starting point for a tank design. on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters. or by clicking the Diskette icon. this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. users can save the input by using the File menu. but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too.TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad. there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file. We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document. any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes. With TANK. Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog. found in the file TITLE. Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog. to the General Data dialog. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically). As with most software programs. the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page.HED. The first displays the title page. The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options. with the input data.

Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data. For each input cell. and Anchor Bolt Details.TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study. Wind Details. Shell Courses. 42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Where applicable.

Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu. This context menu is shown below. the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below). The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material. in which you can select any valid material from the active database. used as the default for all individual shell courses.TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 .

Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TANK Input Alternatively. Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu. which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank. the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below). you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database.

Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database. The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output. if necessary. for stainless materials. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height. or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. material design stress. the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog. For stainless steels. all courses acquire the same material. the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time. However. thickness. When you right-click the Material cell. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material. Therefore.TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses. the program fills in the Sd and St values. For stainless materials. the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. as necessary. For carbon steels from Table 3-2. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 . Initially. as specified on the Tank Data tab. as described previously. the software displays the Material context menu. on a course-by-course basis. and material test stress can be specified for each shell course. corrosion allowance. material name.

If these times are not defined.TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files. Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage.12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank). if necessary. The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs. The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3). TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults. API-650 Section 5. and may result in the design of required anchorage.

or Analyze mode. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box. Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks. or Design mode. which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. Appendix F. API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C.Enter the design temperature in the indicated units.Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input. Select the entry from the list. Where applicable.5 psi / 17. subsequent calculations for wind girders. Design Temperature . API Design Code . ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights. TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method . then the rules of Appendix M are applied. limits the design pressure to 2. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses. and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses. The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation. If the design temperature exceeds this limit.Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements. the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. it can only be used in analysis mode.Enter the design pressure in the indicated units. If you select D. Run Objective . A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected. This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank. Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error. seismic.TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank.2 kPa. If you select A.The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 . If the value of the design temperature is changed. Design Pressure at Top . API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C. Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line. or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code. API-650. For each input cell.

and is used in the wind load computations. enter the actual distance.85 or 0.4. This value should be the sum of the individual course heights.50 + k/5 0. Liquid Specific Gravity (G) . this value should be entered as zero.85 0.Enter the diameter of the tank. API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown.0 for the Hydrotest case. API-653 Section 2. Note.50 + k/5 0.Enter the specific gravity of the fluid. If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell.TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) . If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank.As per Appendix A. such as for a walk-way.85 0.Enter the height of the design liquid level. As per API-650.70 0.85 0. so the default of 1.00 0.6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1.70. Weight Attachments & Structures .85 0.Enter the total height of the tank shell. The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1.3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency.0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations. Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] .70 0.85 1. This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device. Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder . Design Liquid Level (H) .70 0. this value is used only in the Design case.Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation. the joint efficiency should be either 0. Tank Shell Height (HTK) .3.Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder. This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st .75 0. No other computations use this value.3.35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A .Spot RT Appendix A . the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates.No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .85 0.00 0.

If the tank will have an annular base ring. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 .4.This field displays the material name.Enter the number of shell courses in the tank.3. Number of Shell Courses .11 stability.As of API-650 9th Edition. uncheck this checkbox.As per API-653 Section 4. (d) Single lap welded only. To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition). This selection uses equation 4. wind gust..3. its allowable stresses. Default Shell Material .Turns on an off wind loads on the roof. Wind Velocity . Local Area Shell Only .3. left-click the . activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course.7.a.2 includes a wind moment term. This selection uses equation 4. Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954.3. The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank.3. and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use. Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4. Insulation Thickness . This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use.3.1. To include the wind moment term.11 Wind Pressure .. or open-top tanks. grade. internal pressure.Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell.As per API-653 Section 4. These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment .3. uncheck this checkbox. this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box. tensile strength. To properly access a valid material name and its properties. Section 5. to display the same context menu. After a valid material is selected. If the material varies over the shell courses.TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded.6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height. 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment .Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5.9. A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional. Insulation Density .Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank. This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary.1. select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course.7.Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5.1. Entire Shell Course Evaluation . The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53. which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height. Alternatively. check this checkbox. right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen. check this checkbox. Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank. yield strength. Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form.9. which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height. If the tank will not have an annular base ring.Enter the density of the tank insulation.1a.2 Calculations . the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F. Include Annular Base Plate Details .3. Due consideration should be given to Section 5.b.1. The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course.

Represents the allowable test stress. For stainless steels. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. referred to as Sd in the API code.6. if necessary. the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero. If necessary. If this cell is left blank for the first course. the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. Thickness . since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead. SSD1 through SSD5 . 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. this value will be displayed as zero. If it is constant. Corrosion Allowance . The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously. on a course-by-course basis. If it is constant. Height .6. For this reason. Table S-2. For stainless steels.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n.Enter the thickness for the current shell course. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. Material Design Stress .1. If this cell is left blank. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5. If this cell is left blank. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. If it is constant. the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course.TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses.Represents the allowable design stress.1). the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. referred to as St in the API code. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database.Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units. If necessary. These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value. these values will be interpolated during the solution phase. Hydro Test Stress . the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses.1. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course.Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S. If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness.1. If this cell is left blank.

7500 3.2500 1. This value should be 1.95 (the default) for this parameter. Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter .The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5. Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0.1250 1. the value defaults to 1.7500 0. If entered. it will be evaluated using this data. The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch.Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7. In order to size the anchor bolts.5000 0.0000 1.04.5000 1.8750 1.85.5 4.Enter the wind speed up factor for hills.Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7.12.5000 2. and the anchorage is necessary.0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4. Gust Factor . Kd . the thread pitch is necessary.0. If left blank. This is an optional entry. TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults. I .2500 2. If these times are not defined. If left blank. If left blank.0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments.5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 . the value defaults to 1.0000 2. API 650 recommends a value of 0.Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7.TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7.7500 2. Kz . Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units.6250 0. Threads per Unit Length . This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage.Enter the wind directionality factor.3750 1. the value defaults to 0.Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage. Kzt .

4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0.7500 4. Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance . the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5. the bolt allowable stress was required input. 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Number of Anchor Bolts . but is maintained for compatibility with older input files. Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter .2500 3. enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage.Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650. As of this addendum. If the software redesigns the anchorage.0 is used.Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5.Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle.0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress . Bolt Yield Stress .TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value. This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. Section F.25 inches. an offset of 0.7. this value is no longer used.For evaluation of an existing anchorage. API-650.12.Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts. The software internally multiplies this value by 2. the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration. This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank. If this value is left blank. As a result.5000 3.12.

This data is used in further analysis. The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box. wind over turning. Note that this is a scratchpad. and Girder Rings. and maximum allowed pressure. This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof.TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. Supported Cone Roof Data. a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made. or a supported cone roof will be designed. This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary. Data entered in these fields will not be saved. The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs.2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box. and then click Compute. At this point. Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design. The Net Area Scratchpad (F. the top half of this dialog must be filled out. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 . To use this scratchpad. define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k). such as seismic analysis. Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab.

a supported cone roof is to be designed. The help system provides guidance here. the material for the cross sections and roof plate. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This tab. depending on the active structural library. For the structural and roof plate materials. and in the available cross sections. and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. The allowed cross sections vary. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank.TANK Input If instead. in the usage of the various structural types. and columns. the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab. shown below. girders. displays the parameters used in the roof design.

Roof Type . the software can design the rafters. Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs. the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab. Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof.Defines the roof type of the tank. which are supported by columns. columns and girders. For rafter supported cone roofs. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters. alternate positioning is desired. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths. the software can design the rafters. and how many girders make up the ring. All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell. column rings. Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring. and rafter rings is known. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 . then the members are sized only. If this information is specified. as the number of girder rings. which are supported by girders.TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young.Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction. If however. Angle Between Roof & Horizontal . Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only.

an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required. or a supported cone roof is being designed.Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks.2.2. refer to API-650 Figure F-2. click Compute. % of Weights Supported by Shell . If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. This value should include the corrosion allowance. Weight of Roof Framing .Since the analysis hasn’t been performed. the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations. After the analysis. This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness. Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved.Enter the area resisting the compressive force. Weight of Snow on Roof . the computed roof plate weight is always used. This value will not be used. TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally. For supported cone roofs.10.TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction . TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. Weight of Roof Plates . if any. If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here. Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) .Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks. corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F. This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad.Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course. Figure (a-k) .If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar.Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. For details.Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations. According to API-650 5. Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance . this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot.Select the desired cross section. Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) . This value will not be used. Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) . This value will not be used. Thickness of Roof Plate . If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. Roof Live Load . the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations. specify the bar thickness in this field.1.Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates.Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates.Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. If the input value is greater. After the data has been defined. Thickness of Bar (tb) . Specify this estimate in the tc field. TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally. it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed). TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally. 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box. The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load.

For the 1989 AISC library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter. girder. column rafter.TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) . column rafter. column rafter. and M. girder. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. DC. valid types for this cell are: W. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 .Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. DI. and P. WT. C. column rafter. girder. S. Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) . The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter.Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch. girder. C. girder. Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type .Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library.

column CT Channels. girder. girder. girder. girder. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below. HP. girder. girder. and CT. girder. taper rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. U. and T. girder. and UC. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. column Preferred Girder Type . column For the 1990 Australian library. column rafter. column For the 1990 South African library. column rafter. column rafter. UC. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. column rafter. girder. T. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. column For the 1993 UK library. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. column rafter. parallel USAGE rafter. girder. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. valid types for this cell are: I. CP. column For the 1991 German library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. and C. 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: IP. girder.

girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. C. column rafter. girder. WT. column rafter. girder. girder. and C. column For the 1993 UK library. girder. column rafter. girder. DI. and M. valid types for this cell are: W. C. S. girder. DC. UC. column rafter. column rafter. girder. girder. T. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: W. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. column rafter.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. and P.

TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter. column rafter.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns. girder. girder. column rafter. and CT. valid types for this cell are: IP. column For the 1990 Australian library. girder. CP. taper rafter. girder. column rafter. column Preferred Column Type . HP. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and UC. girder. column rafter. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. girder. girder. valid types for this cell are: I. valid types for this cell are: UB. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. girder. parallel USAGE rafter. girder. column rafter. The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. U. column For the 1991 German library. and T. girder. column CT Channels. column For the 1990 South African library.

and T. column rafter. T. column For the 1993 UK library. column rafter. column rafter. column For the 1990 Australian library. column rafter. column rafter. girder. girder. column rafter. girder. and P. girder. valid types for this cell are: I. DI. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. girder. WT. UC. U. and M. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 . girder. C. and C. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. DC. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. valid types for this cell are: UB. and UC. girder. column rafter. S. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. C. girder. girder. column For the 1991 German library. column rafter. girder. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. column rafter. girder.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter.

0 feet /7.4. Center Column Cap Plate Diameter .1 to 7. column Roof Plate Material . Structural Member Allowable Design Stress . and CT. In the design of the supported cone roof. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. column rafter. this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa).This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected. girder. Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress . The girders are supported by columns. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. Structural Member Material . column rafter. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank.Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. The girders are supported by columns. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters.10. girder.3 meters). The rafters are oriented along radial lines.] button. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters.. This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings. valid types for this cell are: IP.Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders. Maximum Allowed Rafter Length . taper USAGE rafter. column rafter.0 to 30. a value of zero will be used. from the center of the tank. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank.TANK Input For the 1990 South African library. Typical values for this cell are 24. arranged in concentric circles.0 feet (6. In the design of the supported cone roof. girder. This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified. This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified. HP.] button. The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [. The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [. Maximum Allowed Girder Length . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels.Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters.. CP. 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .0 to 24.1 meters.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. girder. arranged in concentric circles. Typical values for this cell are 20.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members.3 to 9. parallel Channels. If this cell is left blank.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates.3. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.. This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring. from the center of the tank. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.. For compliance with API-650 Section 3. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.

This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary. These entries are optional.The number of girders in each ring may also be specified. the number of girders in all rings must be also specified. Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input.Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring. Number of Girders in Ring . however. the distance to all girder rings must be defined.TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring . if the number of girders in any one ring is specified. If the location of one girder ring is specified. Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 .

2s). %g. Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) .Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. 5% damped.6. Site Class . For more information about earthquake types.Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material. design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) . %g.0.1 for details on the various SUG categories.5. Earthquake Type . 5% damped.Defines Ss. API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0. Seismic Use Group . 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) . the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required.2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods. The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7. If no value is specified.Defines SP.4.6. refer to API-650 Sections E.2 and E. %g. See API-650 Section E. or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I.3. which is the 5% damped.Defines S0. %g. the software will design bolting.Defines S1.Defines Sa0*. 2.3. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0. Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank.Usually this value is 1. where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations. Unless otherwise specified.25. and III). Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods . the coefficient defaults to 1.25) only be used for emergency services.The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec. unless specified otherwise by the purchaser.Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E. Initial Anchorage Type . 5% damped. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure). which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods. This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0.5% damping. API recommends that this value not exceed 1. Scaling Factor (Q) . spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0. Valid choices are A through F. Importance Factor . and that this value (1. Period (S0) .Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations. Period (S1) .7.Defines the seismic site class according to Section E. Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7.Defines SDS.TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . 5% damped. %g. Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec. Bottom Plate Thickness .4. Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material .Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped.Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted). which is the design.4. in seconds.Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion. Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient . In this instance.4. Friction Factor . Transitional Period (TL) . spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second.Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K). Valid entries for this field are 1.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. II.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 . bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0. which is the 5% damped. If left blank.1.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate. This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. Section 7. this value defaults to zero. Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage. This value is optional. you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I . If a value is entered here.TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) . If a value is entered. As stated in API-650 5. Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate .4.Defines Sa*. you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate . In this case.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. %g.Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members).Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered. Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I.Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate.25 inches (6. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate.Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness. Maximum Allowed Spacing . design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures.35mm). Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate . leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it.

Nozzle Outer Diameter . Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P. Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate .Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle.TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles. if available from a pipe stress analysis. This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits.Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle. If you check Use PVP-1279. TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses. This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks. Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed. Nozzle Designation / Number . the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated. NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650. The data specification can include external piping loads.Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate.

3E6 27. Modulus of Elasticity .4 12. 300.1E6 500.Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature.25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1. 200. 300. You can change this value.3E6 7.67E-6 6. 29.3E6 27. 25.67E-6 6. 400.TANK Input Delta Temperature .7 13.4E6 26.07E-6 500 27. reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29. 200.6E6 26.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient. 90. Instead.07E-6 7.8E6 28. the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100.25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12.0E6 27. 150.5E6 28. 400.3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used.87E-6 7. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70. 500. If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel.1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20.2E6 Expansion Coefficient . Modulus (psi) 28.0 12.5E6 28.7E6 27. 200.Enter the modulus of elasticity.87E-6 7.8E6 28.7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. if necessary. 203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 . 260.

You can change this value. Nozzle Weight . and Lengsfeld.TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal. units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. English. Applied External Circumferential Moment . resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses. Taagepera.Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses. This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. by Lengsfeld. but not actually used in the computations. it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations. If you specify a pad thickness. 68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Bardia. Hathaitham. RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 .Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations. This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness.The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter.Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle.Enter the weight of this nozzle. This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks.Enter the value of any applied radial force. if necessary. Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? . LaBounty. acting on the nozzle. This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 . API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled. Nozzle RePad Thickness .Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located. If reinforcing on the shell is indicated.Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle. Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness. Use PVP-1279 . Applied External Radial Force . The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell.Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks.A value defined in PVP-1279. Applied External Longitudinal Moment . Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 . if any. These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software.

The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade.0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination. This value is: 2. The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing. K = 2.0. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate .Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature.empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis. This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full .Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0. K = 4.Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank. Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference .TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input. Factor K . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 . Temperature Difference .Enter the foundation factor.85 if not specified by the purchaser.0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates.Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld.Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion.0 for tanks on earth foundations 4. The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld.25 to a maximum of 1. Factor B . The value of C shall be 0.0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C .

70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Where fc = 0.Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency . JEs = 1.JEs.4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners. This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank. However.85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0.fc.Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress . JEst = 1.70 for double lap welds JEr = 1.) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V. fc need not be less than 20.Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency .Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe. Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) . JEr = 0. Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) .6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region.JEst.TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V.000 psi (103 MPa).Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E.JEr.85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) .000 psi (140 MPa).) dialog box is an optional input.00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) .70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) . Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material .Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency .35 for single lap welds JEr = 0.00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0. fc need not be less than 15.00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0.fc. Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) . However. Where fc = 0.

use every other point when generating the input. This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs.1. Roof Dish Radius (R) .2. the shell plate material. Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle.R. of the roof plate material. API-653 Appendix B. This value must be less than 45-degrees. The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points. Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement .Define the Dish Radius of Roof .5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used. Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) .Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress . this limit was 30 feet / 9.TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 .3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank. Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653. The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9. If this value is left blank. and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature.8 m. Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2. If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4. Angle Between Measurements .6m. Appendix B.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points.1m.f. a default of 29.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement. This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees. Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference. in API-653 Section B.3.

4. Pre 3rd Ed. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom. and 4.1m intervals. Elevation . 4.7. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9.2. Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh.1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653.3. each discussed in the following subsections. The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs. Hydrocarbon Engineering.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit.7.1.4.Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank.3.1. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4. Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Bottom. Above Ground Storage Tanks.3. May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers. API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data. obtained from tank inspections.3. This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4. Post 3rd Ed. Post 3rd Ed. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed.

4. Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined.Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.7. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate.TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) . This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code.As per API-653 Section 2. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion.4.4.1. enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate.1.As per API-653 Section 2. Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) . Pre 3rd Ed. on a yearly basis.As per API-653 Section 2. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 . after repairs. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) .4. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion.0. Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) .7.1.As per API-653 Section 4.7. on a yearly basis.4. according to Section 2.1 of previous editions of API-653. Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) . Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. this value should be specified as 0. Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) .7.Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.1. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651). after repairs. then this value should be specified as 0.0. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . This value is measured from the original thickness.As per API-653 Section 4. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code).1. If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652). Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) .7.4.Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates.7.

As per API-653 Section 2. on a yearly basis.7. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate.1. (GCa). enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65). Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) .As per API-653 Section 2.1. enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion.7.4. This value is measured from the original thickness.7.4. StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr).TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) . Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) .1. enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area.0.Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates.4. The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0.As per API-653 Section 2. 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) . if specified. on a yearly basis.1.7.1. enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed.4. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0.7. Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) .As per API-653 Section 2. Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) .4.As per API-653 Section 2.

This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations. Use specified shell "L" values? . Joint Efficiency . the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course. controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis.TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L.Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course. above the bottom of this course. If the t1 or t2 values are left blank.Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region. the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used. the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L".Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion. If this value is left blank. Lowest Average Thickness . Similarly. In subsequent thickness computations. the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities. they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 . "L" Location Above Course Bottom .Enter the average thickness in the "L" region. Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank. and a joint efficiency for each shell course. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. exclusive of pits. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. if the L location is left blank. "L" is the critical length. Additionally. the inspection values of t1 and t2. Minimum Thickness . If this value is left blank.

Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2. which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations.3.1. as well as the environmental factors. the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? .1.3. This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank. The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course.1. When this box is checked. Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed .3. and liquid characteristics. as per API-653 Table 2.TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level.3. This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate.3. Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations. Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2. Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition. This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed. Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies. The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998).3. API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input. Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Use specified shell "E" values? .3.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations. Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L". Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2.Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course. Instead.

TANK Input Emptying Rate .075 0.375 0.03 0.05 0. Environmental Factor .300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 .1.67 0.0 0.5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22. Filling Rate .7 3.3.375 0.8 2.Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.0 1.1.0 0.40 0.2.3.0 1.Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point.5 5 10 15 20 25 1. For more information.0 0.05 0.1.075 0.025 see note C 1.3 0.8 2.7 11. For more information.4 5.0 2.33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1.3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2.50 0.15 0. Liquid Flash Point .0 0. Boiling Point .3 0.2.Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point.Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API.2.300 0.15 0.2000. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4. see API-2000 Section 4. see API-2000 Section 4.0 0.Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.

You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary. the fluid specific gravity. the unit cost of plate.0 1. based on the required volume. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the plate allowable stress. After exiting the Scratch-pad.025 see note C 1. height. which consists of the required tank volume.19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved. There is a minimum amount of user-specified data.TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0. This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses. and the height and diameter ranges. you have the option of transferring the diameter.0 0.5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank.03 0. and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations.0 0.

as well as the thickness required for each shell course. or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. This sizing tool. Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad. the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range. Alternatively.TANK Input After the necessary data is specified. The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. located to the right of the output display. the necessary diameter (or height) is presented. The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition. When the desired results have been achieved. Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated. you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations. as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table. The height of the top course is also reported. a report can be printed. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 . After the scratchpad calculations have been performed. contains two slider bars. and new estimates obtained. If necessary. the input data can be altered. Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank. and four for a height range. The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate. all other courses being equal to the specified input value.

exclusive of the diameter range.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined.Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume. Maximum Tank Height . 80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. Minimum Tank Diameter . Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined.0. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. Minimum Tank Height . The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter.TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. For each height/diameter value. The height range is independent of the diameter range. or KG and KG/cu. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. or KG and KG/cu. Required Volume . Fluid Specific Gravity . A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. For each height/diameter value. The height range is independent of the diameter range.Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank. Plate Allowable Stress . The top course may be less than the value specified here. For consistent application. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. the minimum value for this entry should be 1. followed by plate weight and cost. For each height/diameter value. The diameter range is independent of the height range.Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes. and lb/cu. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Cost/Unit Weight of Plate . Since the tank must be hydrotested. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. followed by plate weight and cost. For consistent application.Enter the unit cost of the plate material.in. and lb/cu. For each height/diameter value. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. exclusive of the diameter range. followed by plate weight and cost.cm.cm. Maximum Tank Diameter . followed by plate weight and cost. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. exclusive of the height range.in. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. Average Course Height .Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height.

Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined.TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 . exclusive of the height range. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined.

TANK Input

82

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

This gives you time to review the message. click File > Exit. If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu. The typical response to this prompt is Yes. Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated.Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box. You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 . Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete. the analysis files will not be created. click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. the procedure halts until you click Continue. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition. the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction. If the summary report shows that errors were found.

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked. TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation. the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays.SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module. and enhancement. After the solution module has been launched. There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase. The program files used are listed below. and which solution steps are required by the current input data. maintenance. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 . Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. the major solution steps to the analysis. A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes. an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress. As each solution step is entered. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files.

this is an iterative process. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section. These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations. control is returned to the Main menu. Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5. and the overturning moment. the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations. Allowed fluid heights . Required shell course thicknesses . If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank. 5.This thickness is based on the specified design method. 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . or Appendix A. Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation. Wind effect . the analysis module creates the . and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5.9.The number of girders. A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required. The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries. 4. 3. Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22. variable point. 1. The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics. The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu. The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors. some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file.TKO file. the velocity factory.11. The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials. newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file.6. or printed to the system printer. Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases .Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing. This file contains the solution data in binary format. a diagnostic message is presented to the user. Overturning stability . the message file can be very helpful. Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module. and no output (TKO) file exists. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details. Because there is no TKO file. their section moduli. As important milestones in the analysis are reached.The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements.This value is checked according to Section 5. In this instance. The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases. In the case of the variable point method.This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination. This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set. In this instance.1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met. either one-foot. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. Wind girder requirements . entry into the output processor is not allowed. Shell weight and center of gravity .The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure.1.The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user. 6. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details. 7. It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows. 2. All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification. and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E. The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs.

the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated. and user input).6.After the actual roof computations are completed.3 checks are implemented. Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E . API-650 Appendix F requirements . Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P . analyze.This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads.10. the program will now evaluate. Following the cycle life calculations. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 .These computations are based on API-653 Section 2. API-2000 Venting calculations. the required number of bolts and the bolt size. and empty.These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I. the bolting requirements are checked. test.If the roof data has been specified. After the cosine curve is known. roof.10. Section 7. and seismic computations have been completed. Service/maintenance computations .Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data . The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design. The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B . Grillage computations .5 or 5.12 and determines.These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement. Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations.The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions. Roof evaluation involves weight summations. required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5. the Section 5. if necessary.10. A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity. the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M.4 begins. Following the roof design. with the corresponding stress for each load case. Section M. or design the roof. design. test. After all sizing. This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5. the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined.

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Return to Main Menu .SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete. both of these items are grayed out.Produces the basic tank sketch.Plots the supported cone roof sketch. Plot Settlement .Plots the shell settlement data. Plot Nozzles . the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls. used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P. Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch. or modify the input data. The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics. Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections. A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design. After you enter the local graphics mode. the output options are available. the following icons are also available.Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu. or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot. Plot Cone Roof . A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results. and supported cone roof sketches. The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams. Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports. In addition to the menu options. nozzle interaction diagrams. This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing. If output is not available for the current job. shell settlement plotting. Plot Tank Elevations .Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram. These options include both text based reports and graphics. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 .

Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank. 92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details.

as well as an option to spline the data. the out-of-plane deflection. These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 . Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations. The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points.Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves. The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements. the optimum cosine curve. The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve. Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes. The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement.

The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15). or user entered. test.either design. necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded. and which thickness to use .either longitudinal or circumferential. 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P. which interaction diagram to plot .

The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads. If the piping loads are not specified. as an asterisk. the interaction point plots at the origin. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 .Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point.

Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P. the interaction point must plot inside the diagram. 96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

they are provided for information purposes only. the resulting design can be shown graphically. showing cross section sizes is shown below. Besides the basic roof sketch. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 . and quantities can be noted on the sketch. These roof sketches are not shown to scale. defining the roof nomenclature.Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. A typical roof sketch. . lengths. structural cross section sizes.

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

This option opens a standard File Open dialog. Save . by topic. When the analysis phase completes. The intent is that the header. The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window. Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click.Prints the selected reports. This menu lists the available reports. When you send reports to Microsoft Word.Enables switching to the output of a different job. its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word.Saves the selected reports.doc exists in the \tank\system folder.doc file contains the company logo and address details.Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word. the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is. showing only those jobs that have output. if a file named header. Open . Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report. Print . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 . The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs. After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected.SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports. (Items can be de-selected in the same manner). View Report using Microsoft Word . the Output Report menu displays.

Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box.Displays the next report. job name.Turn on or off the page numbering. From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings. Disable/Enable Page Numbering . Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here. major and minor level text.Changes the font when printing reports.Erases the selected reports. Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings. Each of these reports is discussed.Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box. in general.Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports . Next Report . time. and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen. The header contains the user’s name. Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data. Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user. This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended.Displays the previous report. page number. date. 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Select Heading Fonts . in the following sections. Modify the Starting Page Number . and program version number. Select Font . Previous Report . From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers. Each page of output begins with a header. You can also suppress the ending page number.

seismic. This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module. Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 . as well as whether or not roof.Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data. and settlement details were defined. Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined.

This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data. Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker.

as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table. It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis. and Appendix M reduction factor are listed. For each shell course. consisting of the velocity factor. The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results. design allowable stress. test allowable stress. and the wind moment. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here. For API-653 analysis. The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases.Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module . The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system. including the wind girder height reduction factor.TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module. All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified. ENGLISH. the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 . The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases. as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1. Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program. the area exposed to the wind. The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases. the material name. The next section of the report reflects the material properties used. Material.

Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the b dimension is also included in the report. The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components. Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method. If Detail e is required. the geometry detail and angle size are also reported. the weight of the shell. For each wind girder required. as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell. based on API-650 Section 5. The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check".11. This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders. and the center of gravity of the shell.Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width. The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations.

and at the shell. Note that at the center of the tank. This information begins with the number of girder rings. Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details. the number of rafters resting on the inner girders. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 . the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed. This report is shown below. and the design roof load.Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. and the number and length of the girders in each ring. the spacing on the inner girders. and the rafter length. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring. and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F. the radius to each girder ring. the spacing on the outer girders. the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates. the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero.

the required section modulus. This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters. Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This information includes the unit load on the member. the selected cross section. and is shown below. and the actual section modulus.

Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 . height. allowable compressive stress. This information begins with the column load. This information is shown below.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. and required radius of gyration. the actual compressive stress. and the actual radii of gyration. This is followed by the selected cross section.

10. All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”. are the results of the Appendix F computations.10. and the compression ring failure pressure. Following the roof design/analysis report. This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight.5 or 5. an API unit. The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F. and either 5. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5. These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths.3.6. Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components. This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift.10.5.

and empty. These computations were made for three cases: design fluid. test fluid. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 .Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E.

These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness. Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . test shell thickness. deflection. rotation. the flexibilities. and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported. and user input thickness.Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P. For each case. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input.

the out-of-plane settlement. Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 . and the out-of-plane deflection. This table also includes the settlement measurements.Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B. the optimum cosine curve through these measured points. This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points.

This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing.Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4.3 of API-2000. outbreathing and fire exposure. Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The venting report is shown below.

and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases. The second section shows the required number of bolts. There are two sections to this report.12. The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases.Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5. the required bolt diameter. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 .

Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The report lists the exclusions and checks made. as well as the number of allowed cycles.Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M.

Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V.

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

......................................................... as defined by the One Foot method.................tki......... 118 Example Problem SSC1 ........ 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k.......... 118 Example Problem TEST1................................................................................... is located at \examples\o_wc......................... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ............................................................ 118 Example Problem B&Y ..................... is located at \examples\a_wc......... Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations.......................... 117 Example Problem O_WC ......................................... Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 ..... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 .............................tki................SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code............................................tki........ In This Section Example Problem APP_K .................... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ................................... Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations.. as defined by Appendix A of API-650................................................................................................... 118 Example Problem SEIS01 ......... 117 Example Problem A_WC ............. 118 Example Problem APP_P ....

Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1. 118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M. Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations. (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E.tki.tki. Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1.tki. This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young. Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V.tki. For more information see the file \examples\b&y. for stainless steel tanks.tki.tki. Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S. is located at \examples\sstest1.

Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

EXE .Output preprocessor APISOLV.EXE .EXE.APPENDIX A Appendix A . The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B.DLL .Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A.Input module help pointer file TKER01A.EXE .EXE .EXE .EXE .Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .Configuration program help pointer file TANK.EXE . Main Set APIOUT.EXE .Error check module OUTWORD.EXE .Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.EXE .EXE .EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.EXE .Units generation module MATEDIT.EXE .Solution module COADEXE.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR.CRC check program MAKEUNIT.Help file TIPS.Configuration program help data file TKSET02.Output report review processor TANK.EXE .Input module help data file API02.EXE .Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.EXE .EXE .CHM .EXE file scanner CRCCHK.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B.Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.Material database editor OUTPUT.TXT .Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.EXE .Main program TKERCK.

1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.MAT .MAT .TXT .DAT .1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.MAT .MAT .2005 API-650 material database A650_08.2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.Data from Table 3-22 XX.FIL .MAT .2008 API-650 material database AISC89.TXT .MAT .Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.1993 API-650 material database A650_94.MAT .Messages for output processing TITLE.CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.Structural database file API650.MAT .FIL .MAT .1988 API-650 material database A650_93.1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.Millimeter units file MPH.Appendix A .Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.MAT .1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.MAT .1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.MAT .EXE .CRC .FIL .MAT .MAT .HED .1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.FIL .EXE .SI units file T2A.MAT .1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.ENGLISH units file MM.MAT .ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.TXT .Messages for input processor SCREEN3.Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.DIG .

Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA.Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1.Stainless steel example SSC1.Example seismic computations for Appendix E.TKI .Appendix A .Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1.Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01.Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.TKI .TKI .Example computations for Appendix.TKI .Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K.TKI . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 .Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC.TKI .Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y. SEIS01.Sample input for variable point method APP_P.TKI .TKI .TKI .TKI .TKI .

Appendix A .Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK.1 . You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary.English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 . Figure B.APPENDIX B Appendix B .

3 .Appendix B .4 .MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.Standard Units Systems Figure B.2 .MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .SI Units File Figure B.

List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database.65 A-573.C A-633.B A-662.B A-131. When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.CS A-36 A-131.1 A-537.2 A-633.58 A-573.APPENDIX C Appendix C .D A-678.A A-678.705 A-516.65 A-516.C A-537.55 A-516.60 A-516.A A-131.EH36 A-573.B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 .B A-737. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.70 A-662.

C E-355.C E-355t.C E-275t.21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.D E-275.250 NS.D E-355.21 G40.D E-355t.21 G40.C E-275.21 G40.235 NS.21 G40.21 G40.Appendix C .275 * ISO 630 E-275t.D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .Appendix C .

List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix C .

3000000E+00 . 2.APPENDIX D Appendix D .MAT ENGLISH. 1. 1.9.3.1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO .1 YES A650_94. 1.4000+E01 Sect. 1. 1.FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1. 1.7.2835648E+00 YES . 1.Default Configuration Directives Ver. 0. 1.200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES . 0.0000000E+00 .5000000E-02 YES . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 .

Appendix D .Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Added a Wind Parameter input dialog. South African Bolt. Version 3.55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density.30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2. Implemented API-653 4th Edition.653 3 Edition.APPENDIX E Appendix E .00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API . Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights.20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1. Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric. Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 . th Version 2. to provide more information and detail. rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API . Added JIS structural steel shape library.Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK.10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition.650 10 Edition. Version 3. Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%. Version 3. Added several minor changes as requested by users. BS3643. Added many “text” changes to the output. Version 3.

as a result of Addendum 1. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates. Incorporated API-650 10th Edition. Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary. Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition. from PVP-1279.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Version 2.20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E.6. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E. The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E.Appendix E . this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database. for easier usage. Since bolting data is now a required input. The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1. Version 2. This provides better capability to notify users of software updates. Addendum 1. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration.6. Addendum 3.4. Version 2.2 through E.1.Revision History Version 2.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition. Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition. Revised the output processor. Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses. Revised documentation.50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials.

60 / 2. Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power.5. Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference. to include the bottom shell course thickness. Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A.Appendix E .00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2. A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3. which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches. API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum. This involved removing both A442 materials.2 has been incorporated.2. in accordance with the recent addendum. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 . Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height. Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0. Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height).4. Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1.10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition.25 inch plate. Section 3.Revision History Version 2. Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination.

API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates. Addendum 2 changes incorporated. versions prior to 1. Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports. This ability has been added for Version 1. Version 1. Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet. Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added. Previous versions treated zero as a blank.50. Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations. now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet.40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition. Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory. First. Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations.3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress. Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated. permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses. this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database.5.51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated.Appendix E . Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added. Version 1. Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases).50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added. A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E.50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included. Note. Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added.Revision History Version 1. Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added. The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero. Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic.

11 added. Version 1. Additionally the weights for operating. The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary.4.5.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module.Revision History Version 1. Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment. “Variable Point” location reported. Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module.10.2. API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2. Bold design procedure for Section 3. Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added.6. A material database editor is provided.3 is reported. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 .9.8 added. test. Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3.7. the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3. Consideration of Section 17.8.1.1 added. Mouse support has been added to all modules. and empty conditions are reported.e has been added. Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization.3. API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified.1.1. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank. A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available. Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3.31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added.5.10.1. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated.Appendix E . Bolt design references to standard bolt size table.

squares. Version 1. and the setting of the default output report generation parameters. A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young. The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations. Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell. An additional "English" units file is provided. and a segregation of program and system files. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes.0 and L/2a=1. Several new configuration directives have been added.11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added. and square roots. A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu. Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3. trigonometric functions. Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added. This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives.11. which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file. This units file.6 added. Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case. there was no interpolation between curves. Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3.11 and Appendix E computations. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P. For API-653 runs. Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles. an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added.Revision History Version 1. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3.FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour. Version 1.Appendix E . Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program. For API-653 analysis.0 used one or the other set of curves. The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E. PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports. The calculator supports the basic four math operations.5 curves. MPH. This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections. a network hardware lock.

FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. PVP Vol 336. November 1978. Hydrocarbon Processing. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. Revise Storage Tank Inspections. American Petroleum Institute. American Petroleum Institute. and Taagepera. Parikh.. August 1996. ASME. Billimoria and Tam. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). Koczwara. Inc. Malik. Improve Storage Tank Inspections. PVP-1279. November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653. August 1980. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules. Bardia and Taagepera. Bardia. Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. 1977. Vol. API-2000. 1959. Vol 108. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. Hathaitham. Myers. Vol 12. John Wiley & Sons. Ramos. Third Edition. Philip E. Lu. 118. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. PVP Vol 315. August 1982. April 1998. PVP Vol 315. Fifth Edition. Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. and Ruiz. McGraw-Hill. Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. 1997. August 1980. A. October 1996. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement.APPENDIX F Appendix F . Morton. Taagepera. Hydrocarbon Processing. Process Equipment Design. and Lengsfeld. June 1990. Lengsfeld. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 . An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks. API-620. American Petroleum Institute. Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks. Transactions of the ASME. Lengsfeld. LaBounty. No 4. Swenson. January 1995. Hydrocarbon Processing. and Hagstrom. F. Lengsfeld. Above Ground Storage Tanks. Marr. and Fenton. 2002. and Horwege. Journal of Strain Analysis. PVP Vol 336. ASME 1995. ASME 1996. Tenth Edition. Bardia. Eighth Edition. Brownell & Young. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks. American Society of Mechanical Engineers.Selected References API-650. America Petroleum Institute. and Lambe. ASME 1996. Billimoria. Smith. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. ASME 1995. Osage. Hendrix & Carucci. Carucci & Ay.

Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix F .

Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 .) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A .Program File List • 121 Appendix B .Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E .Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C . 83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed. 83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9.Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V.Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old.List of Materials • 127 Appendix D .Revision History • 133 Appendix F .

121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31. 87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87.

Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind.40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1.20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2. 76 Version 1.31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1.10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1.Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1.40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2.20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2.30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3.10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3. 99.50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1.55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3. 125 Units • 9 units files • 24.20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3.60 / 2. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 .10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1. Material.

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