Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

U.S. Government Restricted Rights Legend
Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS 252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3. Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Intergraph Corporation P.O. Box 240000 Huntsville, AL 35813 Street address: 170 Graphics Drive, Madison, AL 35758

Terms of Use
Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

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All warranties given by Intergraph Corporation about equipment or software are set forth in the EULA provided with the software or applicable license for the software product signed by Intergraph Corporation, and nothing stated in, or implied by, this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification or amendment of such warranties. Intergraph believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date. The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document. The software discussed in this document is furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of this license. No responsibility is assumed by Intergraph for the use or reliability of software on equipment that is not supplied by Intergraph or its affiliated companies. THE USER OF THE SOFTWARE IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE FINAL EVALUATION AS TO THE USEFULNESS OF THE SOFTWARE IN HIS OWN ENVIRONMENT. Intergraph is not responsible for the accuracy of delivered data including, but not limited to, catalog, reference and symbol data. Users should verify for themselves that the data is accurate and suitable for their project work.

Trademarks
Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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...................... 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ................................ 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box ........................................................................... 102 Solution Module TXT File .................................................................... 103 Roof Evaluation ................ 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box .............................................................Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) ............................................................................................... 70 Shell Settlement Data .... 99 Output Report Discussions ............ 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ....................... 88 Local Graphics Output .................................................................................................................................. 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ....... 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box).................................................................................... 100 User Input Data ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed................................ 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ........................................................................................................................................ 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)...................................................................................................................................................... Thickness & Weights ................ Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ............. 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams ................................................................................................................................................................... 101 Error Checker LOG File ......................... 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) .................................................................... 92 Shell Settlement Plots .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................) Dialog Box ................................ 83 Warning & Error Options ...................................................................... 87 Solution Overview .................................................................................. 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) .... 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box . 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V......................................................................................... 84 Completing the Error Check Phase .................................................................................................... 87 TANK Program Files .............................................................................................................................................................. 103 Wind.................................................... 110 Settlement Checks ...................................... 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data ........................................................................ 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box . 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches .......................................................................... 80 Error Checking .................... 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .... 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box .................................. 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 112 API-650 Bolting Report .......... 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ............................................................................... Material........................................................................................................................... 85 Analysis/Solution Phase................................................................................................................. 100 Job Title Page ................................................................................................................ 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 105 Seismic Analysis Results .................................................. 111 API-2000 Venting Output ........................................................................................................................................... 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results ....................................................................................... 91 Tank Layout Sketch .......................... 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box .............................................................................................................................................. 97 Output Report Generation .....................................................................................................................................

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 127 * CSA Standards ......50 Changes (5/97) ................................................ 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) ............................................................. 122 API Data Set.......10 Changes (9/08) . 118 Example Problem TEST1 .................................................................. 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) ...................List of Materials ............. 115 Examples ............. 134 Version 2............................... 118 Example Problem B&Y .......................................51 Changes (9/97) ..................... 136 Version 1...................... 133 Version 3........ 131 Appendix E ....................... 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 ........................... 133 Version 3..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................30 Changes (9/10) ..........30 Changes (2/02) ..................................................00 Changes (1/99)........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 129 * Unknown For API-653 ............................................................ 135 Version 1................................................................................................................. 121 English Text Set ...................................................................20 Changes (9/09) ....... 114 API-650 External Pressure Output ......................................................................40 Changes (7/02) ..............................................................................................Standard Units Systems..............................................Default Configuration Directives .....40 Changes (9/96) .... 118 Example Problem APP_P ............................................................................................................................. 134 Version 2............................................................................ 119 Appendix A ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Version 2...................... 134 Version 2............................... 117 Example Problem A_WC .................................... 128 * National Standards .........................................................................................................................60 / 2................. 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ...... 117 Example Problem O_WC ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 133 Version 3............................................................................................................................................................................. 133 Version 2.................... 133 Version 3....... 125 Appendix C ............................................... 134 Version 2..... 122 Examples Data Set ............................................................... 118 Example Problem SSC1 .................................... 127 * ASTM Standards .............................................................. 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ....................................................................... 121 Help & Error Processing Set ..................................................................... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 .20 Changes (9/00) ............................................................................................................................ 129 Appendix D ........................ 123 Appendix B ............................................................................................Program File List ..... 117 Example Problem APP_K ........................................................................................Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output ........ 118 Example Problem SEIS01.....55 Changes (10/05) ........................................ 136 Version 1...............................................................................................................................................................10 Changes (5/00) ........................00 Changes (11/07) ........................50 Changes (3/04) .........................................Revision History ...................................................................................................................................... 121 Main Set ................................................................................... 128 * ISO 630...................................................... 135 Version 1.....................................................

................................................................................................... 138 Appendix F ...................... 139 Index ..................................................................................................................10 Changes (2/96) .......30 Changes Version 1...20 Changes Version 1......................................................................................31 Changes Version 1.................................................................................................... 137 (11/94) ............................................... 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ..Contents Version 1.......................................... 137 (8/95) ................................................................Selected References .... 138 (6/94) .................................................................................

that questions focus on the current version of the program. Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible. rely on the help system. Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade. and by mail. and expeditious designs. However. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users.com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 . input validation to avoid run time errors. configuration. and operation of the program. TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input. when in doubt. economical. cell specific help for guidance and information. the web site. Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. It is expected. fax. which can be launched by pressing F1. and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution. TANK support is available by telephone. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation. To that end.com Web: www. e-mail.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes. however.coade.

which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user. Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section. Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system. Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1. After the help system has been activated. the help text includes the expected input units in the title line.Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific. the appropriate information displays in an interactive window. These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file.

A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files. For more information on the four standard supplied units systems.Standard Units Systems (on page 125). the program attempts to trap the error. These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch). Upon exit from the diagnostic utility. When such a fatal condition occurs.New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units. Creating Units Sets . multiplication. and division) are supported in the input cells. there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis. This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis. a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0. Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module.Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system. user control is returned to the Main menu.Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK.Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program. Even though TANK validates your input data. subtraction. This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system. For example. Reviewing Output . see Appendix B . TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 . The four basic math operations (addition. The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them. In some instances additional sets may be required. After the review of a specific error message is complete.09375. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files . assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database.Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file. Selecting a Units File . and finally reports the problem to you. In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells. This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach. The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog. the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary.

External pressure computations according to Appendix V. TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B. Minimum metal temperature reporting. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000. and digitized data from Appendix P. including the limiting load interaction diagrams. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2. Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .3.Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices. Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary. Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. This includes the material data from Table 5.2. Seismic computations according to Appendix E. An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279. Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M. These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes. Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A. Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M. Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders. Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S.

and all associated documentation. the HASP drivers. TANK Information .SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK. Additional Products . Support Forum . Release Notes . and the CD contents.Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products. insert the CD into the drive. Browse the CD . the system requirements. Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window. ReadMe File . The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum.Includes options to install the HASP.Displays a text file discussing the installation steps.Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page. License Agreement .Displays the TANK License Agreement. Contact Intergraph . Services Training . which installs TANK.Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph. These options include: Install TANK .Launches the main installation process. The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays.Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD. CD Content Additional Installations .Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 .

If the setup does not start automatically. Insert the TANK CD into your computer. or Windows 7 (Ultimate. 12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Displays a PDF document containing these instructions. HASP Licensing Overview . or Enterprise). Installation Instructions . Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional.Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System. Windows Vista (Ultimate.exe in the root CD folder. Hardware Requirements minimum of 2. Click Install TANK to begin the installation. or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported. double-click CDSpawn. Business. Professional.Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing. Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation. The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed. 1.Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer.0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs. HASP Trouble Shooting . 2.

7. select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement. Click Next on the welcome page. and then click Cancel. 6. 5. and then click Next. The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>. select I accept the terms in the license agreement.Installation 3. Click Next to continue. click Change. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 . Read the license agreement. If you accept the license agreement. To install the software in another location. where <product name> reflects the program name and version. You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement. 4. -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement.

If you are using a network ESL key.Installation 8. Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. If you are using SmartPlant License Manager. select the SPLM license option. 9. select the key color. 14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run. Select the license type that you have. An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation.

the status displays. If this dialog does not display. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock. installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run. 10. Skip to step 11. you are not prompted to install the HASP driver. After the TANK files have been installed. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 . If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type. After successfully installing the HASP device driver. Click OK. the following dialog box displays.Installation As the installation progresses.

Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary. 2. Setup. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR . Setup. 13. Because a device driver was loaded. it is a good idea to restart Windows.The path to load the installation files.doc file. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD. To launch TANK in silent mode.exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green. Command Cmd= setup. Select Show the readme file to view the readme. Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs. with no interaction from you.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally. such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging. Click Yes to reboot your computer now.Installation 11. perform these steps: 1. 12. Click No to reboot later. Issue the installation command as detailed below. Click Finish.

In order for the network to recognize the ESL. A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility. The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server). If your computer uses a local ESL. Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL. Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs. Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers. The file server is a better location for this ESL. The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server. Alternatively. refer to the documentation files NETHASP. The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network. The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location. The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software.TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions. the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software.The ESL color. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 . because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops). The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder. If the network ESL is attached to a workstation.This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT . This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations.Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs. The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems. because the computer is usually always on. a user must then be logged into the network to access the software.TXT and ESL_RED. we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL.Installation ESL_COLOR . you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL. if all of the licenses are on the network ESL. Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . you can skip the remainder of this section. Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software).

Build Y contains Build X. In addition. and corrections. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found. and also displays when you click Help > About. and the build date. When this occurs. A build is intended for one specific version of the software. When this occurs. and distributing the various builds generated between major releases. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains. builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated. 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . announced. Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu. Determine which build file you need and download it. operational enhancements. operating system modifications. file formats change. its size. and so on.coade. In other words. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking. In order to alleviate this problem for our users. user requests.x<date>. and posted to the Web site. before the next version can be released.com).Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static. This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build. Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released. This correction is referred to as a Build. the build is finalized. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation. Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. a correction to the currently shipping version is made. Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www. databases grow. the version indicator.exe. However. additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement. and the date it was created. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date. they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds. but only one build is required at any given time. The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation. The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version. After the file has been downloaded and installed. archiving.

you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory. click COADE EXE Scanner. memory requirements. Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level. additional usage instructions may be found in this file. This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size. This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package.Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD. on the Main Program menu. and build bevel. This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version. From the Utility > Tools menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 . which build is in use. Simply double-click the build file (the exe).TXT. When necessary. Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released. This allows you to see. follow any prompts. and the software installation will update appropriately. A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. To see which program modules have been modified. the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level.

This will allow full use of this version at some later time. the last build should be installed. any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD. Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds. Patched Version When a new version of the software is released. if it becomes necessary. 20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release.Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. the distribution CD should be installed first. Then. To reinstall an older version of the software. Additionally.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

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Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

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structural shapes and materials. Structural Database . which may be unique. followed by a scan of the installation directory. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory. Each data directory can contain its own configuration file. Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U. the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory. Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory. Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database . This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews. Material File .S.Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module. This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients. the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory. Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units. You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command.Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients. Units File . Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Select the material file to use. Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored. as well as International shape libraries. A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program. Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list.Specifies the anchor bolt database. If a data directory does not contain a configuration file.Select the units file to use.

defined. Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon. analysis is prohibited . you can select one of the Output menu options. see Error Checking (on page 83). Upon completion of the analysis.you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis.SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual. For more information. The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected. After a solution data file is available. After the input has been defined.you must correct these errors before proceeding. Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input. From here. a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu. The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution. select Analyze Only to start the analysis module. It is assumed. and reviewed. Assuming that error checking completed successfully. that the program has been properly installed and configured. see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21). and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above). If there are errors in the input data. The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive). For more information on the error checker. analyzed. it must be error checked. Warning messages are acceptable to the program . an intermediate data file is created for analysis. and control is returned to the main menu. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 .

quit the output processor. From the Start menu. The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu. Focus then returns to the Main menu. Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output.Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session. Define the input data. 1. Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports. 26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 2. 3. Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only. Select a job. 4. either new or old. The steps outlined above are summarized below. 5. the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports. As long as the job input parameters remain fixed. click TANK.

utility tools. launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu. analysis. and help. output review. diagnostics.SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start. corresponding to the major topics on the menu. The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options. The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK. the Material Database editor. Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition. The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched. or by double clicking the desktop icon. and ESL review. configuration. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 . The options are arranged in groups. but also include output review (both text and graphics).

Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk. Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration. and printing the input for a specific job.Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening. saving.

each accessed from the menu. The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups. Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39). Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen. Upon completion of the input. The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon.Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job. the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 .

Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check. In any event. If the verified problem data.Starts the error checker. Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel. an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description. or the input data contained errors and no . and Error Check and Analyze. an analysis file for the job is written. Error Check . For more information on the analysis processor. based on your input parameters. Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83). the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu. automatically starts the solution module. TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked.Starts the solution module. with a . Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text. The analysis module performs the solution step. 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and if the input passes the error checker. the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data.TKE file is written by the error checker. written to the . As each phase is completed. The Analyze option is deactivated until the . The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker. Error Check and Analyze . either designing a tank or re-rating a tank.TKE file was generated. If the input data successfully passes the error checker.Starts the error checker. Analyze. see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87).TKE file. cannot be located. This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed. Steps not required are disabled. Analyze . (grayed out).TKE suffix. which produces the output file for the job.

The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner. Local Graphics . the batch stream processor and a text file review option. and changing the time stamp in the report headers. the current CPU time and date are used. the Material Database editor. append reports. in the current units system. three options are available: overwrite reports. For viewing text based reports.Displays the output review control panel. at the end of the last set of reports. This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically. see Local Graphics Output (on page 91). For more information on output processing.Starts the graphics processor. Append Reports . Overwrite Reports . Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created.Creates a new set of output reports. Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 .Generates a new set of reports.Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports. Review Latest Reports .Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers. in the current units system. completely replacing any existing reports. shell settlement graphs. Time Stamp . and review latest reports. Nozzle load interaction diagrams. custom units systems. If this data is not specified. viewing graphical results. in multiple units systems if necessary.

Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter.Using the Main Menu Configuration . Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis.Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis. see Program Configuration (on page 21). Calculator .Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase. Custom Units . This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed. Material Database Editor . The file is created by a prior analysis.Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data. and the solution message file. The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties. Error Check Log File . For details of the program configuration. Message File .Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations. The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter.Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database. Batch Stream Processor . The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter. Batch Log File . File Review . the batch log file.Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives.Starts Notepad to review a selected data file. There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file.

clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column. If a CRC Check error occurs. However. if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 . then the file has been corrupted in some manner. This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations. This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure.Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number.Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number.Using the Main Menu CRC Check . or a virus infection.Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory. This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available. Should a “fatal error” occur. This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name. a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed. Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module . However. If the values do not match. the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation. The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software. Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker . Corruption could indicate bad distribution media. the software attempts to invoke this module automatically.

Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time. If there is an access problem with the ESL. Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL. Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . which is required to access the software. all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu). However. this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu. The ESL is the External Software Lock. most of the Main menu items will be disabled.

The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task. the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored. or change the client name. reset a date. date or run limits. and accepting instructions from the user. Generate Fax Codes . This option is similar to the phone update option. Receive and Enter Fax Codes . This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information. where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL. and the time stamp of the last access. This information consists of the client name. These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified. Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 . Occasionally. These updates encompass changes requested by the client. This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel.Starts an interactive procedure.Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software.TXT file of the information. suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. usually to extend limits. some of this date may require updating in the field. Phone Update .Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes. versioning information. and ID number. Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes.Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes. or by clicking the ESL icon. as generated by the Intergraph support staff. to interact with the user on the telephone. except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel.TXT”. The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx. The file will reside in the program’s \system folder. generating data for the user. Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a .

click OK to enable the changes to the ESL. The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar. all options are selected. Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options. Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . found in the frame area of the Main menu. Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph. When all codes have been entered. By default.Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid. .

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

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Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

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This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65). This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis. depending on the tank. Activates the Grillage Review dialog. Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . depending on the tank.7. For more information. and fire. Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. pressure. Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification. This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions. see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). depending on the tank. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters. This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. and in the text by Brownell & Young. For more information. Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. Section I. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. the number of courses. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. see API 650 External Pressure (App V. This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters. depending on the tank. For more information. This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing. For more information. course material. see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78). course thickness. temperature. see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53).TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). For more information. external loads. For more information. This dialog is an optional input. For more information. see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72). out-breathing. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E. Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog.) Dialog Box (on page 70). the course height. This dialog is an optional input. This dialog is an optional input. Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog. Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. As mentioned above. see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76). and the desired code. Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog. fluid specific gravity. depending on the tank. depending on the tank. This information consists of the diameter. For more information. Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog. Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71). see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). fluid depth. see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed.

TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad. the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page. Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically). users can save the input by using the File menu. If necessary.HED. there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file. any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes. With TANK. but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too. Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog. found in the file TITLE. As with most software programs. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document. This serves as a good starting point for a tank design. this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar. or by clicking the Diskette icon. We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session. The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options. The first displays the title page. with the input data. to the General Data dialog. on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters.

For each input cell. 42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and Anchor Bolt Details. This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data. Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. Shell Courses. Where applicable.TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study. Wind Details. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. the expected units display to the right of the input cell.

TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field. Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu. the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below). The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material. in which you can select any valid material from the active database. used as the default for all individual shell courses. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 . This context menu is shown below.

TANK Input Alternatively. which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank. Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu. you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database. Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below).

For carbon steels from Table 3-2. on a course-by-course basis. thickness. Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database. For stainless materials. the program fills in the Sd and St values. material design stress. Therefore. the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time. the software displays the Material context menu. the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog. the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. if necessary. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material. When you right-click the Material cell. for stainless materials. For stainless steels. The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output. material name. corrosion allowance. as described previously. as specified on the Tank Data tab. Initially. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height. or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 .TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses. all courses acquire the same material. as necessary. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. However. and material test stress can be specified for each shell course.

If these times are not defined. Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage. The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3). The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs. TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults.TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7.12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank). if necessary. API-650 Section 5. Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and may result in the design of required anchorage. but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files.

Enter the design pressure in the indicated units. or Analyze mode. API Design Code . Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line. Where applicable. seismic. If you select D. API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes.Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input.5 psi / 17. API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C.2 kPa. For each input cell. Design Temperature . or Design mode. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4. Design Pressure at Top . The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box. Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks. Select the entry from the list. the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected. and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses. This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank. If the design temperature exceeds this limit.Enter the design temperature in the indicated units.The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 . it can only be used in analysis mode. subsequent calculations for wind girders. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses.Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements. limits the design pressure to 2. The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation. Appendix F. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only.TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights. Run Objective . the expected units display to the right of the input cell. If the value of the design temperature is changed. which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. then the rules of Appendix M are applied. Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error. If you select A. TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method . or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code. but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C. API-650.

Enter the total height of the tank shell.0 for the Hydrotest case.00 0. the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates.75 0.0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations.Enter the specific gravity of the fluid. If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank.70 0. the joint efficiency should be either 0.3.3.Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation.As per Appendix A.70 0. No other computations use this value.70 0.Enter the height of the design liquid level. This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device.85 0.70. Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] . This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st .35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A .4. If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell.00 0. and is used in the wind load computations. Design Liquid Level (H) .No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Spot RT Appendix A .85 0.85 1.Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder.50 + k/5 0. Tank Shell Height (HTK) .85 0.TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) . such as for a walk-way. enter the actual distance. The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1. API-653 Section 2. Note. Weight Attachments & Structures .3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency. This value should be the sum of the individual course heights. Liquid Specific Gravity (G) .50 + k/5 0. Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder .85 0. this value should be entered as zero. API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown.85 0. As per API-650. this value is used only in the Design case.6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1. so the default of 1.85 or 0.Enter the diameter of the tank.

To include the wind moment term.Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell. Entire Shell Course Evaluation . the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F.As per API-653 Section 4. To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition).a. tensile strength.3. uncheck this checkbox.11 Wind Pressure . wind gust. Insulation Thickness . internal pressure.If the tank will have an annular base ring. Default Shell Material . This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use.3. this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box. To properly access a valid material name and its properties.3..Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5. This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary. which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height.1. The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course. right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen.7.Enter the number of shell courses in the tank.b. or open-top tanks.3.Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank. (d) Single lap welded only.TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded.7. 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment .Enter the density of the tank insulation. The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53. Wind Velocity . grade. left-click the .9. This selection uses equation 4.1.3. Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4. After a valid material is selected. check this checkbox. check this checkbox.4.3. This selection uses equation 4.Turns on an off wind loads on the roof.Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5. Due consideration should be given to Section 5. Alternatively. to display the same context menu. yield strength. These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment . its allowable stresses.3. uncheck this checkbox. which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height. activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course. and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use.1. The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank.As per API-653 Section 4.As of API-650 9th Edition. Local Area Shell Only .This field displays the material name. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 . If the material varies over the shell courses..6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height. If the tank will not have an annular base ring.1a.3. Section 5.11 stability. Number of Shell Courses . A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional.2 includes a wind moment term.2 Calculations . Insulation Density . Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank. Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form.1.9. Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954. Include Annular Base Plate Details . select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course.

the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero.Enter the thickness for the current shell course. this value will be displayed as zero. For stainless steels. these values will be interpolated during the solution phase. If it is constant. If it is constant. If this cell is left blank. If necessary.6. Height . the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5.1).TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses.Represents the allowable test stress. Hydro Test Stress .Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units. For this reason. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. Table S-2.1. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. if necessary. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. If it is constant.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n.Represents the allowable design stress. If this cell is left blank. the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. on a course-by-course basis. If this cell is left blank for the first course. Corrosion Allowance . referred to as Sd in the API code. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course.6.Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. Thickness . These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. For stainless steels.1. 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . referred to as St in the API code. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5. If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness. The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously.1. SSD1 through SSD5 . since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead. If necessary. If this cell is left blank. Material Design Stress .

Kz . Threads per Unit Length .2500 2.5000 0.0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments.The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5. The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch.95 (the default) for this parameter. it will be evaluated using this data. Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0. API 650 recommends a value of 0.1250 1.3750 1. Gust Factor .5000 1. If left blank.7500 3. the value defaults to 1.0.2500 1.Enter the wind speed up factor for hills.0000 2. the value defaults to 1.Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7.5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 . Kzt .7500 0.Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7. If these times are not defined. This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. This value should be 1. and the anchorage is necessary. Kd .6250 0.Enter the wind directionality factor. In order to size the anchor bolts.5 4.0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4.8750 1.5000 2. If left blank. If left blank. If entered.7500 2. the value defaults to 0.0000 1.TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7.04.Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7.12.Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage. TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults. Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units. I . Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter .85. the thread pitch is necessary. This is an optional entry.

25 inches.TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3. Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter . Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance . This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. As of this addendum.0 is used.7.5000 3. Number of Anchor Bolts .12. the bolt allowable stress was required input. enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage.Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle.2500 3. 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .7500 4.Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value. an offset of 0. Section F. this value is no longer used.Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5. If the software redesigns the anchorage. the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration. API-650.4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0.For evaluation of an existing anchorage. This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank. the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5. Bolt Yield Stress .Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650. but is maintained for compatibility with older input files. As a result.12. If this value is left blank. The software internally multiplies this value by 2.0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress .

wind over turning.TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below. a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made. Data entered in these fields will not be saved. or a supported cone roof will be designed. The Net Area Scratchpad (F. define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k). The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs. Note that this is a scratchpad. and maximum allowed pressure. The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 . the top half of this dialog must be filled out. Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design. such as seismic analysis. To use this scratchpad. and Girder Rings. This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary. and then click Compute. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab. This data is used in further analysis. Supported Cone Roof Data. At this point. This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof.2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box.

depending on the active structural library. and in the available cross sections. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank. This tab. a supported cone roof is to be designed. the material for the cross sections and roof plate. displays the parameters used in the roof design. in the usage of the various structural types. The help system provides guidance here. and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab. and columns. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. For the structural and roof plate materials. The allowed cross sections vary. the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TANK Input If instead. girders. shown below.

the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab. which are supported by columns.Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction. as the number of girder rings. the software can design the rafters. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 . Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. and how many girders make up the ring.TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young. If however. Roof Type . alternate positioning is desired. the software can design the rafters. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters. If this information is specified. and rafter rings is known. then the members are sized only. General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof. Angle Between Roof & Horizontal . column rings. which are supported by girders. All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell. Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths. Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only. columns and girders.Defines the roof type of the tank. Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring. For rafter supported cone roofs.

This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad. Weight of Snow on Roof .Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates.TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction . This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness. Weight of Roof Plates . If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented.Enter the area resisting the compressive force. TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally.10. Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) .Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks.Select the desired cross section. According to API-650 5. corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F. the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations. Weight of Roof Framing . The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box. an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required. this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations. % of Weights Supported by Shell . or a supported cone roof is being designed. specify the bar thickness in this field. refer to API-650 Figure F-2. After the data has been defined.Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance . The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load. TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally. Roof Live Load . the computed roof plate weight is always used.Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. Thickness of Roof Plate . This value will not be used. If the input value is greater.If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar. Figure (a-k) .Since the analysis hasn’t been performed. For supported cone roofs.Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. This value will not be used.Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks. Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved. 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This value will not be used. If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here. TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally. Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) . click Compute. the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented.Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates. Thickness of Bar (tb) . Specify this estimate in the tc field.1. For details. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally.2.2. After the analysis. This value should include the corrosion allowance. it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed). if any. Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) .Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course.

The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter. girder. column rafter. WT. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 . Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. C. Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type . and M.Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch. girder.TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) . column rafter. DI. For the 1989 AISC library. DC. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter.Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters. girder. girder. Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) . C. girder. and P.Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. S. girder.

TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. girder. valid types for this cell are: IP. 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and CT. column For the 1993 UK library. valid types for this cell are: UB. UC. valid types for this cell are: I. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. and UC. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. column rafter. column rafter. column Preferred Girder Type . girder. column rafter. taper rafter. girder. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below. girder. and T. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. girder. column rafter. parallel USAGE rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. U. girder. column For the 1990 Australian library. column rafter. girder. girder. and C. column rafter. column For the 1991 German library. girder. T. girder. column rafter. HP. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. girder.Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders. column For the 1990 South African library. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. CP. column rafter. girder. column CT Channels. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below.

girder. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. and C. WT. girder. UC. DI. column rafter. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. S. valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. column rafter. column rafter. girder. and P. girder. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. girder. and M. column rafter. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 . DC. C. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. T. column For the 1993 UK library. column rafter. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. girder. C.

U. column rafter. HP.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. column rafter. girder. girder. valid types for this cell are: I. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . CP. girder. parallel USAGE rafter. valid types for this cell are: IP. girder. girder. column For the 1990 South African library. girder. girder. column For the 1991 German library. The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. column For the 1990 Australian library. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. column CT Channels. and CT. column rafter. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. column rafter. girder.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter. column Preferred Column Type . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. and T. and UC. taper rafter.

girder. column rafter.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. and C. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. column For the 1991 German library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. and UC. column rafter. DC. girder. girder. column For the 1990 Australian library. girder. column rafter. girder. S. and M. column rafter. girder. column rafter. T. column For the 1993 UK library. C. valid types for this cell are: UB. valid types for this cell are: I. column rafter. and T. and P. column rafter. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 . valid types for this cell are: W. girder. girder. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. U. column rafter. girder. girder. girder. UC. girder. DI. column rafter. column rafter. girder. WT. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. C.

. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. and CT. from the center of the tank.0 feet /7. The girders are supported by columns.] button.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members.Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters. from the center of the tank. arranged in concentric circles. HP.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected.Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary. The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [. a value of zero will be used..10. This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings. column Roof Plate Material .4. column rafter.] button. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. Typical values for this cell are 20.0 feet (6.Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders. 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders.1 to 7. Center Column Cap Plate Diameter .3.TANK Input For the 1990 South African library. girder. arranged in concentric circles. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring. This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders.0 to 30. In the design of the supported cone roof. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates.. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [. parallel Channels.3 to 9.1 meters. valid types for this cell are: IP. girder. If this cell is left blank. taper USAGE rafter. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. girder. Maximum Allowed Girder Length . column rafter.0 to 24.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected. this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa). The girders are supported by columns. CP.. Structural Member Material . The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. Typical values for this cell are 24. In the design of the supported cone roof. Structural Member Allowable Design Stress .3 meters). Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress . For compliance with API-650 Section 3. column rafter. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. Maximum Allowed Rafter Length . girder. The rafters are oriented along radial lines.

These entries are optional.The number of girders in each ring may also be specified.TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring . if the number of girders in any one ring is specified. the number of girders in all rings must be also specified. If the location of one girder ring is specified. This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary. Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input. however. Number of Girders in Ring . the distance to all girder rings must be defined.Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring. Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 .

Defines SDS. 5% damped.Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material. API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0.6. Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec.0. 2. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure). Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient .Defines Ss.7. where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. which is the design. Period (S1) . Unless otherwise specified. the coefficient defaults to 1. the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required. If no value is specified.2 and E. the software will design bolting. Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) .2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods. and III). or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I.5% damping. %g. %g.4.25. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0. design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures.Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted). which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.25) only be used for emergency services. refer to API-650 Sections E.Defines S0. Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) .Defines SP. Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material .Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion.3.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.4. API recommends that this value not exceed 1. in seconds. unless specified otherwise by the purchaser. See API-650 Section E. This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0. II. Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods .1 for details on the various SUG categories. Seismic Use Group .Defines S1. Friction Factor . The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7. Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7. Valid choices are A through F. In this instance. %g. Scaling Factor (Q) .Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0. %g.Usually this value is 1.The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser.Defines Sa0*. Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec.6. Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank.Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped. which is the 5% damped. Period (S0) .3. Bottom Plate Thickness . which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods.5. and that this value (1. Earthquake Type . For more information about earthquake types. 5% damped. 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Initial Anchorage Type . 5% damped.Defines the seismic site class according to Section E. Importance Factor .4.Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K).Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. Valid entries for this field are 1. %g.TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate .Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E.4. Transitional Period (TL) .2s). 5% damped. Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) . Site Class .

As stated in API-650 5. In this case. Maximum Allowed Spacing . you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I .Defines Sa*. Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate . This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate.25 inches (6.Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness. leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it. Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I. If a value is entered here. which is the 5% damped.TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) .35mm). you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage. This value is optional. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 . If left blank. bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0. This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate. Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate .Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members).1. Section 7. If a value is entered. %g.4. Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate . the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures. this value defaults to zero.

Nozzle Designation / Number .Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle. NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle.TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles.Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate. If you check Use PVP-1279. Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate . Nozzle Outer Diameter . Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed. if available from a pipe stress analysis. This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits. Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P. the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated. TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses. This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks. The data specification can include external piping loads. These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650.

7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. 200. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1.67E-6 6.0E6 27.7 13.1E6 500.3E6 27. 300. 25. You can change this value. Modulus of Elasticity .0 12. the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100.8E6 28.5E6 28.2E6 Expansion Coefficient .8E6 28. then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used.6E6 26. 500. If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel. if necessary.25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet.4 12.Enter the modulus of elasticity.87E-6 7. Instead. 200.3E6 7.Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature.7E6 27.1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20. 200. 90. 260.25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12.07E-6 7. reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29. 29. 400.TANK Input Delta Temperature .5E6 28.3E6 27.3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. 300.07E-6 500 27.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70. 150. Modulus (psi) 28.67E-6 6.87E-6 7.4E6 26. 203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 . 400.

If you specify a pad thickness.A value defined in PVP-1279. but not actually used in the computations. Taagepera. 68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. if necessary.Enter the weight of this nozzle. Applied External Radial Force . This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness. Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness. LaBounty. This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks.TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses. Hathaitham.Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle. Nozzle RePad Thickness .Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle. The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell. The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter.Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located.Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations. This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P. it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations. if any. units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 . Applied External Longitudinal Moment . You can change this value. Nozzle Weight . Bardia. and Lengsfeld. API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled.The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad. Applied External Circumferential Moment . RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 .Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses. These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software. Use PVP-1279 . Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? . English. by Lengsfeld. If reinforcing on the shell is indicated. This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 .Enter the value of any applied radial force. acting on the nozzle. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P.

Enter the foundation factor. The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade.empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C . K = 4. The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing. Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference . The value of C shall be 0.TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input.Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld.25 to a maximum of 1. This value is: 2. Temperature Difference .0 for tanks on earth foundations 4. This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full .Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank.0. K = 2. The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0.Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature.Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion. Factor K . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 . Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld.85 if not specified by the purchaser.0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination.0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates. Factor B .

000 psi (140 MPa). fc need not be less than 15.JEs. Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) . 70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) .) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V.6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region.Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E.fc.000 psi (103 MPa).Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency .Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) . Where fc = 0.) dialog box is an optional input.JEr.fc. Where fc = 0. Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) .Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe. However. JEr = 0.Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency . Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) .35 for single lap welds JEr = 0.JEst.Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress .TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V.00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0.Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency . This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank. However.70 for double lap welds JEr = 1.00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) . JEs = 1. Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material . JEst = 1.85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0. fc need not be less than 20.4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners.00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0.

Appendix B.1. This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees. a default of 29. Angle Between Measurements . of the roof plate material. in API-653 Section B. Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2. Roof Dish Radius (R) . Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference. This value must be less than 45-degrees. use every other point when generating the input.Define the Dish Radius of Roof . If this value is left blank.6m.f.R. This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs. The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9. Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement. and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature.TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) .5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used.3. Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement .Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points. the shell plate material.1m.3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank.2.8 m. this limit was 30 feet / 9. If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4. Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. API-653 Appendix B. Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 .Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress . The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points.

Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers.4. Hydrocarbon Engineering.7.1m intervals.2. obtained from tank inspections.1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit.3.1.3. This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4. Post 3rd Ed. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4. Post 3rd Ed.7. Above Ground Storage Tanks.3. 4. Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9. API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data. and 4. Elevation . Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh. Pre 3rd Ed.Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank. each discussed in the following subsections.4.3.1. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed. Bottom. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom. The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs.

As per API-653 Section 2.7.As per API-653 Section 2. after repairs. Pre 3rd Ed. then this value should be specified as 0. enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate. according to Section 2.4. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion.TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) . This value is measured from the original thickness. Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) .7. Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) . this value should be specified as 0.7.7.1.Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.4.7. This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code.Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates. Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) .4.1. and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code).As per API-653 Section 2. on a yearly basis.Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 .1.0.7. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).4.4.0. If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652).4. after repairs. Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) .1. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion. on a yearly basis.As per API-653 Section 4. Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined.As per API-653 Section 4. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) . tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate. Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) .1 of previous editions of API-653.1. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651). Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom.

Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates. This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65). on a yearly basis. (GCa).1.As per API-653 Section 2.As per API-653 Section 2.As per API-653 Section 2. enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area.7.TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) .As per API-653 Section 2. Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) . StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate.4.7. Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) . on a yearly basis. Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) .7.Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr).1.1. Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) . Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) . enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion.4.1. if specified. The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0. If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0.4. This value is measured from the original thickness.4. 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years). Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) .0. enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed.4.7.1.As per API-653 Section 2.7.

the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L". Additionally. they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box.Enter the average thickness in the "L" region.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations. controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis. If the t1 or t2 values are left blank. If this value is left blank. If this value is left blank.Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course. if the L location is left blank. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. Similarly. Minimum Thickness . Lowest Average Thickness . the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 .TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L. "L" is the critical length. and a joint efficiency for each shell course.Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region. above the bottom of this course. In subsequent thickness computations. Use specified shell "L" values? . it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. Joint Efficiency . the inspection values of t1 and t2. exclusive of pits.Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion. the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used. Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank. the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course. "L" Location Above Course Bottom .

3. When this box is checked.3. the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box. the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2. Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed . Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations. Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition.1. Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies. The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998). Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations. Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2. Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? . as well as the environmental factors. The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course. This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate. as per API-653 Table 2. Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .3.1.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations. API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input. This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank. This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed.3.Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course.3. and liquid characteristics.3.TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level. Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2. Use specified shell "E" values? . which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses. Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L".3. Instead.1.

33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1.375 0.TANK Input Emptying Rate . For more information.0 0.1. Environmental Factor .5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22. see API-2000 Section 4.50 0.8 2.3 0. Boiling Point .2.1.7 11. Liquid Flash Point .3.075 0.375 0.Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.0 1.Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point.67 0.300 0.4 5.8 2. Filling Rate .05 0. For more information.5 5 10 15 20 25 1.2.3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4.Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.3 0.300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 .Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API.0 0.03 0.15 0.075 0.2.2000. see API-2000 Section 4.1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 0.40 0.025 see note C 1.3.05 0.15 0.Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point.7 3.

This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses. the plate allowable stress.5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank. There is a minimum amount of user-specified data. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .0 0. which consists of the required tank volume.0 1.19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0. based on the required volume. the unit cost of plate. the fluid specific gravity.TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0. and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations. height.025 see note C 1. and the height and diameter ranges.03 0.0 0. you have the option of transferring the diameter. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved. After exiting the Scratch-pad. You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary.

the input data can be altered. The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. as well as the thickness required for each shell course. or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 . After the scratchpad calculations have been performed. contains two slider bars. you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. Alternatively. a report can be printed. you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations. the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. the necessary diameter (or height) is presented. and four for a height range. This sizing tool. The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition. The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate. all other courses being equal to the specified input value. located to the right of the output display. When the desired results have been achieved. as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table. Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad. The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range.TANK Input After the necessary data is specified. and new estimates obtained. The height of the top course is also reported. Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated. If necessary. Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank.

you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. For each height/diameter value. The top course may be less than the value specified here. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. or KG and KG/cu. Minimum Tank Height .Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. followed by plate weight and cost. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. For each height/diameter value.in. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. The diameter range is independent of the height range.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Fluid Specific Gravity . A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. followed by plate weight and cost.0. Plate Allowable Stress . you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. Maximum Tank Height . Average Course Height . 80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . or KG and KG/cu. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel.in. since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume. Cost/Unit Weight of Plate . For consistent application. Since the tank must be hydrotested. For consistent application. For each height/diameter value. Required Volume .Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank.TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below.Enter the unit cost of the plate material.Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank. followed by plate weight and cost.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume. Maximum Tank Diameter . the minimum value for this entry should be 1.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. and lb/cu.cm. For each height/diameter value. and lb/cu. The height range is independent of the diameter range. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. exclusive of the diameter range. followed by plate weight and cost. The height range is independent of the diameter range. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined.Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. Minimum Tank Diameter . exclusive of the diameter range. exclusive of the height range.cm.

exclusive of the height range. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 . The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined.TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined.

TANK Input

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. If the summary report shows that errors were found. the analysis files will not be created. click File > Exit. Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu. The typical response to this prompt is Yes. the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 . the procedure halts until you click Continue. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition. If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker. Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated.Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box. This gives you time to review the message. Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete.

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

and which solution steps are required by the current input data. maintenance. As each solution step is entered. and enhancement. Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files. The program files used are listed below. TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes. There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 . the major solution steps to the analysis. A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section. After the solution module has been launched. the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays.SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module. This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked.

In this instance. The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries. Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation.This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination. newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file. the analysis module creates the . The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details.6. or printed to the system printer.This thickness is based on the specified design method. this is an iterative process.This value is checked according to Section 5. The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors. Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5. These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section.Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing. and no output (TKO) file exists. 5. Required shell course thicknesses .1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met. Allowed fluid heights . Shell weight and center of gravity . Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22. Because there is no TKO file. This file contains the solution data in binary format. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details.The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements. and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E. Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases . a diagnostic message is presented to the user. 4.9. It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows. 2. either one-foot. entry into the output processor is not allowed.The number of girders.1.TKO file. If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank. control is returned to the Main menu. In this instance. A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required. In the case of the variable point method. their section moduli. The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs. 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module. 3. The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials.The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure. 1. 7. or Appendix A.The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user. 6. some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file.11. This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set. The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu. and the overturning moment. variable point. As important milestones in the analysis are reached. The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases. the velocity factory. Overturning stability . All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification. Wind effect . and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5. the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations. the message file can be very helpful. Wind girder requirements .

Roof evaluation involves weight summations. test.These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement. the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined. Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations. and seismic computations have been completed. Section 7.10.5 or 5. The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young.Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data . Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P .12 and determines.These computations are based on API-653 Section 2. Grillage computations . Following the cycle life calculations.3 checks are implemented. required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5.These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I. Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E . Section M.4 begins. This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5. After all sizing. After the cosine curve is known. API-2000 Venting calculations. and empty.If the roof data has been specified.6. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 . the required number of bolts and the bolt size. Service/maintenance computations . the bolting requirements are checked.After the actual roof computations are completed. test. design. Following the roof design. the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M. the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated.The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions. roof. the program will now evaluate.10. with the corresponding stress for each load case. A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity. if necessary. and user input). The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design. API-650 Appendix F requirements . Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B . the Section 5. or design the roof.This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads. analyze.10.

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics. Plot Cone Roof .SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete. If output is not available for the current job. or modify the input data. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 . Plot Settlement . and supported cone roof sketches. A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design.Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram. Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch.Plots the shell settlement data. Return to Main Menu . In addition to the menu options. The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams. the following icons are also available.Produces the basic tank sketch. These options include both text based reports and graphics. Plot Nozzles . After you enter the local graphics mode. A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results. This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing. the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls. Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections. both of these items are grayed out. shell settlement plotting. the output options are available. nozzle interaction diagrams. Plot Tank Elevations .Plots the supported cone roof sketch. or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot.Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu. Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports. used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P.

92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details. Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank.

The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points. as well as an option to spline the data.Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. the optimum cosine curve. Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations. These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization. The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements. The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves. Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes. The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve. the out-of-plane deflection. The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 .

necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded.Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P.either longitudinal or circumferential. The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15). which interaction diagram to plot . and which thickness to use . or user entered. test.either design. 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point. as an asterisk. If the piping loads are not specified. the interaction point plots at the origin. The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 .

Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P. 96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the interaction point must plot inside the diagram.

Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 . These roof sketches are not shown to scale. lengths. and quantities can be noted on the sketch. . the resulting design can be shown graphically. defining the roof nomenclature. they are provided for information purposes only. structural cross section sizes. Besides the basic roof sketch. A typical roof sketch. showing cross section sizes is shown below.

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is. The intent is that the header. showing only those jobs that have output. The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs. by topic. View Report using Microsoft Word . Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report.Prints the selected reports. When the analysis phase completes. if a file named header.doc file contains the company logo and address details. (Items can be de-selected in the same manner). the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated. Save . Open . its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word. The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 . the Output Report menu displays. When you send reports to Microsoft Word.doc exists in the \tank\system folder.Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word. Print .Enables switching to the output of a different job. Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click. After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected.Saves the selected reports. This menu lists the available reports. This option opens a standard File Open dialog.

Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data. Select Heading Fonts . Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here. This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended. 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . page number.Erases the selected reports.Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box. Previous Report . job name. The header contains the user’s name. date. major and minor level text.Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports . and program version number.Changes the font when printing reports. time. From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers. Disable/Enable Page Numbering .Turn on or off the page numbering. Each page of output begins with a header. Each of these reports is discussed. Modify the Starting Page Number . in the following sections. You can also suppress the ending page number. Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user. Next Report .Displays the previous report.Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box. in general. and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen. Select Font . Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings.Displays the next report. From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings.

Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 . as well as whether or not roof. This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module. Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined. and settlement details were defined.Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data. seismic.

Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data.Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker.

as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1. The next section of the report reflects the material properties used. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 . including the wind girder height reduction factor. as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table.Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module . design allowable stress. For each shell course. consisting of the velocity factor. All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind. test allowable stress. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here. the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course. The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results. The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases. The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases. the area exposed to the wind. and the wind moment. It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis. and Appendix M reduction factor are listed. The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases. Material. The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system.TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module. the material name. For API-653 analysis. ENGLISH. Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program.

The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check". the geometry detail and angle size are also reported.Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width. the weight of the shell. the b dimension is also included in the report. For each wind girder required. Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method. as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell. based on API-650 Section 5.11. and the center of gravity of the shell. The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations. The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components. Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders. If Detail e is required.

This information begins with the number of girder rings. and at the shell. If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed. the spacing on the outer girders. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 . the number of rafters resting on the inner girders. and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F. Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details. and the number and length of the girders in each ring.Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. the radius to each girder ring. and the rafter length. and the design roof load. This report is shown below. the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. Note that at the center of the tank. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring. the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. the spacing on the inner girders. the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero. The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates.

Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters. and is shown below. the selected cross section. This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring. the required section modulus. and the actual section modulus. This information includes the unit load on the member.

and required radius of gyration. allowable compressive stress. This is followed by the selected cross section. height. the actual compressive stress. Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 . and the actual radii of gyration.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. This information begins with the column load. This information is shown below.

are the results of the Appendix F computations. Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components.10. Following the roof design/analysis report. an API unit. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F.3.6. and the compression ring failure pressure. and either 5.5 or 5. All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”. This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight.10. This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5. These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths.5. the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction.10.

and empty. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 . These computations were made for three cases: design fluid. test fluid.Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E.

and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported. deflection. Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness. rotation. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input. For each case. test shell thickness. the flexibilities. and user input thickness.Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P.

Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B. the out-of-plane settlement. This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points. and the out-of-plane deflection. Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 . This table also includes the settlement measurements. the optimum cosine curve through these measured points.

This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing.Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4.3 of API-2000. outbreathing and fire exposure. The venting report is shown below. Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 .12. The second section shows the required number of bolts. the required bolt diameter. The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases. There are two sections to this report.Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5.

Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M. as well as the number of allowed cycles. Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The report lists the exclusions and checks made.

Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V. Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

.......................... is located at \examples\o_wc. 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ............................................ 118 Example Problem TEST1......................................................................... 118 Example Problem SSC1 ............................................................................. 117 Example Problem A_WC ... 118 Example Problem SEIS01 ........................SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code..................... Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 ......tki............................................tki.......................................... 118 Example Problem APP_P ........... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ................. as defined by the One Foot method................................ is located at \examples\a_wc................ Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations.................................. 117 Example Problem O_WC ...... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ........................................tki...... In This Section Example Problem APP_K .... 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k. Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations............................................... 118 Example Problem B&Y ........................................... as defined by Appendix A of API-650................................

is located at \examples\sstest1.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations.tki. This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young.tki. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E. for stainless steel tanks. Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1. For more information see the file \examples\b&y. Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p.tki.tki. Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S.tki.tki. Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1. including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M. Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V. (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara. 118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B.Output preprocessor APISOLV.Units generation module MATEDIT.EXE .EXE .Material database editor OUTPUT.EXE .EXE .Error check module OUTWORD.EXE .Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A.DLL .EXE .CRC check program MAKEUNIT.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.EXE .Main program TKERCK.Output report review processor TANK.EXE .Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B.EXE .EXE .CHM .Help file TIPS.Configuration program help pointer file TANK.Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.Configuration program help data file TKSET02.Input module help data file API02.APPENDIX A Appendix A .EXE .Input module help pointer file TKER01A.EXE.EXE . The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.TXT .EXE .Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.EXE .EXE file scanner CRCCHK.Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.EXE . Main Set APIOUT.EXE .Solution module COADEXE.EXE .EXE .EXE .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR.

TXT .1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.Structural database file API650.MAT .FIL .Messages for input processor SCREEN3.1993 API-650 material database A650_94.Messages for output processing TITLE.Data from Table 3-22 XX.1988 API-650 material database A650_93.CRC .Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.MAT .MAT .ENGLISH units file MM.ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.MAT .Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.MAT .FIL .1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.MAT .MAT .FIL .TXT .MAT .MAT .MAT .1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.MAT .1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .2005 API-650 material database A650_08.Appendix A .Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.FIL .DAT .SI units file T2A.MAT .MAT .EXE .1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.MAT .MAT .TXT .DIG .HED .1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.MAT .Millimeter units file MPH.2008 API-650 material database AISC89.1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.EXE .Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 .TKI .TKI .Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA.Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC.TKI .Example computations for Appendix.TKI .Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1.TKI .Stainless steel example SSC1.TKI .Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1.TKI . SEIS01.Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K.TKI .Sample input for variable point method APP_P.Appendix A .TKI .Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y.Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01.Example seismic computations for Appendix E.TKI .TKI .

Appendix A .Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

1 .APPENDIX B Appendix B . You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary.Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK.English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 . Figure B.

MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .4 .2 .3 .Appendix B .MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.SI Units File Figure B.Standard Units Systems Figure B.

B A-737.B A-131.2 A-633.A A-678.1 A-537.A A-131.B A-662.55 A-516.60 A-516. When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database.65 A-573. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.58 A-573.CS A-36 A-131.70 A-662.705 A-516.D A-678.65 A-516.C A-633.B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 .EH36 A-573.C A-537.APPENDIX C Appendix C .

D E-275.21 G40.List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.C E-355t.C E-355.21 G40.D E-355t.D E-355.235 NS.21 G40.21 G40.21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.275 * ISO 630 E-275t.250 NS.21 G40.Appendix C .D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .C E-275.C E-275t.

List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .Appendix C .

Appendix C .List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

1. 1.3000000E+00 .FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1. 1. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 .4000+E01 Sect. 1.5000000E-02 YES .APPENDIX D Appendix D .0000000E+00 . 1.3. 1.Default Configuration Directives Ver. 0. 1.7.1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO . 2. 1.9.1 YES A650_94. 0.2835648E+00 YES .MAT ENGLISH.200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES .

Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix D .

10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition.APPENDIX E Appendix E . Version 3. Added several minor changes as requested by users. Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 . Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights.30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2.Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK. Implemented API-653 4th Edition. BS3643.20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1. to provide more information and detail. Added JIS structural steel shape library. th Version 2.653 3 Edition. South African Bolt. Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric. Added a Wind Parameter input dialog. Added many “text” changes to the output. Version 3.00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API . Version 3.55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density. Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%. rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API . Version 3.650 10 Edition.

Version 2. Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition. Version 2. this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration.Revision History Version 2. Revised the output processor. as a result of Addendum 1.1. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates.4.50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M. Version 2.6. Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad. Revised documentation.6.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition. Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses. The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1. Since bolting data is now a required input. The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database. Addendum 1. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E. Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary. from PVP-1279. This provides better capability to notify users of software updates. for easier usage.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix E . Incorporated API-650 10th Edition.20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E.2 through E. Addendum 3.

Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1.4. A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3.00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2. Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference.25 inch plate. Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0. Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A.Revision History Version 2. API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum. to include the bottom shell course thickness. This involved removing both A442 materials. which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches. Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power. in accordance with the recent addendum. Section 3.Appendix E .10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition.2 has been incorporated.60 / 2.5.2. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 . Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination. Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height). Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height.

The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero.40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition.50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated. Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory. Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations. Version 1. Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet. Addendum 2 changes incorporated. Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports. Note. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included. Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added. API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates. A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E. Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations. This ability has been added for Version 1. this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database. Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic. Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated. Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress. now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1.Revision History Version 1.5.51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated. First. Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added.50. Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added. Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added.50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file. Version 1. versions prior to 1. Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases). permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses. Previous versions treated zero as a blank.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet.Appendix E .

10. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 .e has been added. Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module.Appendix E .9. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization. Consideration of Section 17.5. Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L.3. The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary.6. Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3. test.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated. Bold design procedure for Section 3. A material database editor is provided.8 added. Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added. API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2.3 is reported. Additionally the weights for operating. Bolt design references to standard bolt size table. the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3.1. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank. and empty conditions are reported.5.7. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3. Version 1. “Variable Point” location reported.10.4.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs.Revision History Version 1. Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3.1.1.1 added. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module.1.8. A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available.2. API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified. Mouse support has been added to all modules.31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added.11 added. Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment.

11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added. Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3.Appendix E . MPH. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3. Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles.0 used one or the other set of curves. Several new configuration directives have been added.0 and L/2a=1. Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E.11 and Appendix E computations. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P. Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3. This units file. Version 1. an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added. and the setting of the default output report generation parameters.Revision History Version 1. A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case. Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell. and a segregation of program and system files. For API-653 analysis.5 curves.11. The calculator supports the basic four math operations. there was no interpolation between curves. Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes. The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1.6 added. squares. This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections. For API-653 runs. A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs.FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour. This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives. The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations. Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added. and square roots. PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports. Version 1. a network hardware lock.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young. An additional "English" units file is provided. trigonometric functions. which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file.

American Petroleum Institute.APPENDIX F Appendix F . An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks. ASME 1995. PVP Vol 315. McGraw-Hill. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. ASME 1996. Lengsfeld. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. ASME 1995. America Petroleum Institute. 1977. April 1998. ASME 1996. November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653. ASME. Koczwara. PVP Vol 336. Vol. Eighth Edition. Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks. Bardia. No 4. and Horwege. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. 118. Improve Storage Tank Inspections. 1997. Lengsfeld. Billimoria. and Fenton. API-2000. and Ruiz. Above Ground Storage Tanks. Tenth Edition. A. Malik. Carucci & Ay. 2002. Transactions of the ASME. Vol 108.. and Lambe.Selected References API-650. June 1990. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. and Hagstrom. Hydrocarbon Processing. Process Equipment Design. PVP Vol 336. LaBounty. 1959. American Petroleum Institute. November 1978. PVP-1279. API-620. Inc. and Taagepera. Hydrocarbon Processing. August 1980. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks. Vol 12. Billimoria and Tam. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules. Lu. Philip E. Swenson. Hendrix & Carucci. August 1982. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. Fifth Edition. Lengsfeld. and Lengsfeld. Smith. FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. John Wiley & Sons. Parikh. Taagepera. American Petroleum Institute. Hydrocarbon Processing. Revise Storage Tank Inspections. Morton. PVP Vol 315. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement. Hathaitham. Journal of Strain Analysis. August 1980. Ramos. Osage. Bardia and Taagepera. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. Bardia. August 1996. Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. October 1996. Myers. Marr. January 1995. Brownell & Young. F. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 . Third Edition.

Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Appendix F .

Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old.Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E . Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 .Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C .Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V.List of Materials • 127 Appendix D . 83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9.Revision History • 133 Appendix F . 83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A .Program File List • 121 Appendix B . Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30.

121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31. 87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87.

99.Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind.10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3.20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3.55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1. Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42. Material.20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1.20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2. 125 Units • 9 units files • 24.50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2. 76 Version 1.31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1.40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 .10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1.30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2.40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1.10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2.60 / 2.

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