Intergraph TANK

API 650/653 Analysis

Version 2011 (3.30) September 2010 DSP3D-PE-200107A

Copyright
Copyright © 1994-2010 Intergraph Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Including software, file formats, and audiovisual displays; may be used pursuant to applicable software license agreement; contains confidential and proprietary information of Intergraph and/or third parties which is protected by copyright law, trade secret law, and international treaty, and may not be provided or otherwise made available without proper authorization from Intergraph Corporation.

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Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth below. For civilian agencies: This was developed at private expense and is "restricted computer software" submitted with restricted rights in accordance with subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights clause at 52.227-19 of the Federal Acquisition Regulations ("FAR") and its successors, and is unpublished and all rights are reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. For units of the Department of Defense ("DoD"): This is "commercial computer software" as defined at DFARS 252.227-7014 and the rights of the Government are as specified at DFARS 227.7202-3. Unpublished - rights reserved under the copyright laws of the United States. Intergraph Corporation P.O. Box 240000 Huntsville, AL 35813 Street address: 170 Graphics Drive, Madison, AL 35758

Terms of Use
Use of this software product is subject to the End User License Agreement ("EULA") delivered with this software product unless the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation. If the licensee has a valid signed license for this software product with Intergraph Corporation, the valid signed license shall take precedence and govern the use of this software product. Subject to the terms contained within the applicable license agreement, Intergraph Corporation gives licensee permission to print a reasonable number of copies of the documentation as defined in the applicable license agreement and delivered with the software product for licensee's internal, non-commercial use. The documentation may not be printed for resale or redistribution.

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All warranties given by Intergraph Corporation about equipment or software are set forth in the EULA provided with the software or applicable license for the software product signed by Intergraph Corporation, and nothing stated in, or implied by, this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification or amendment of such warranties. Intergraph believes the information in this publication is accurate as of its publication date. The information and the software discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are subject to applicable technical product descriptions. Intergraph Corporation is not responsible for any error that may appear in this document. The software discussed in this document is furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of this license. No responsibility is assumed by Intergraph for the use or reliability of software on equipment that is not supplied by Intergraph or its affiliated companies. THE USER OF THE SOFTWARE IS EXPECTED TO MAKE THE FINAL EVALUATION AS TO THE USEFULNESS OF THE SOFTWARE IN HIS OWN ENVIRONMENT. Intergraph is not responsible for the accuracy of delivered data including, but not limited to, catalog, reference and symbol data. Users should verify for themselves that the data is accurate and suitable for their project work.

Trademarks
Intergraph, the Intergraph logo, PDS, SmartPlant, FrameWorks, I-Convert, I-Export, I-Sketch, SmartMarine, IntelliShip, INtools, ISOGEN, MARIAN, SmartSketch, SPOOLGEN, SupportManager, SupportModeler, COADE, CAESAR II, CADWorx, PV Elite, CODECALC, and TANK are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intergraph Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Oracle, JD Edwards, PeopleSoft, and Retek are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other brands and product names are trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 7 Technical Support .............................................................................................................................. 7 Program Interface Generalities .......................................................................................................... 8 Help ............................................................................................................................................ 8 Units ........................................................................................................................................... 9 In-Field Computations ................................................................................................................. 9 Error Checking ............................................................................................................................ 9 Program Capabilities ....................................................................................................................... 10 Installation............................................................................................................................................ 11 Hardware/Software Requirements ................................................................................................... 12 Installing TANK ................................................................................................................................ 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode ......................................................................................................... 16 ESL Installation on a Network .......................................................................................................... 17 Software Revision Procedures ......................................................................................................... 18 Identifying Builds ....................................................................................................................... 18 Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? ..................................................................................... 18 Announcing Builds ..................................................................................................................... 18 Obtaining Builds ........................................................................................................................ 18 What is Contained in a Specific Build? ....................................................................................... 19 Installing Builds ......................................................................................................................... 19 Detecting/Checking Builds ......................................................................................................... 19 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old, Patched Version ................................................................... 20 Program Configuration ........................................................................................................................ 21 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 22 Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) ....................................................................... 24 Quick Start ........................................................................................................................................... 25 Starting TANK ................................................................................................................................. 25 Using the Main Menu ........................................................................................................................... 27 The File Menu ................................................................................................................................. 28 The Input Menu ............................................................................................................................... 29 The Analysis Menu .......................................................................................................................... 30 The Output Menu ............................................................................................................................. 31 The Tools Menu............................................................................................................................... 31 The Diagnostics Menu ..................................................................................................................... 32 The ESL Menu ................................................................................................................................ 34 The View Menu................................................................................................................................ 36 The Help Menu ................................................................................................................................ 36 TANK Input ........................................................................................................................................... 39 The Tank Description Page.............................................................................................................. 41 General Tank Data Dialog Box......................................................................................................... 42

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

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............................ 57 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ....................) Dialog Box ................................................................... 66 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box ........................................... 100 User Input Data ....................................................................................................................................................................... 80 Error Checking ..... 88 Local Graphics Output ............................ 76 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad ..................................................................... 85 Analysis/Solution Phase............................ 50 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)............ 94 Supported Cone Roof Sketches ........................ Thickness & Weights .............................. 93 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams ................................................................................................................. 91 Tank Layout Sketch ............................................ 113 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis ... 55 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ............................................................. 83 Warning & Error Options ............................................................................................................................................ 51 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box)....................................................................................................................................... 110 Settlement Checks ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 75 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box .................................................................................................................. 111 API-2000 Venting Output .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 73 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ........................................................................................................................................... 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ..................................................................................................................................... 92 Shell Settlement Plots ......... Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) ........................................................................................................................................... 99 Output Report Discussions ........................................................................................................................................................... 87 TANK Program Files ................................................................................................Contents Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) .......... 100 Job Title Page ........................................ 65 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box ..................................................................... 72 Bottom Post 3rd Ed................................. 47 Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) .............................. 101 Error Checker LOG File ........................................... 97 Output Report Generation ......................................... 69 API 650 External Pressure (App V............................................... 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box ............................................................................................... 109 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results .................................. 51 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box ........................................................................................................................................... 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 103 Wind..................................................................... 105 Seismic Analysis Results ...................................................................................... 53 General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) ............................................................................ Material............................................................................................ 71 API-653 Service Measurement Data ........................ 87 Solution Overview ....................................................... 84 Completing the Error Check Phase ................ 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 102 Solution Module TXT File ..................................................................... 112 API-650 Bolting Report .................................... 103 Roof Evaluation ....................... 64 Grillage Review Dialog Box .............................................................................................................. 70 Shell Settlement Data ............................

... 118 Example Problem SSC1 . 134 Version 2... 133 Version 3............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 135 Version 1..........................................................................................Default Configuration Directives .. 128 * National Standards .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 133 Version 3...........................................................................20 Changes (9/00) .............. 134 Version 2........................51 Changes (9/97) ...............................................................................................................40 Changes (7/02) ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................Revision History ................................ 133 Version 3........................................................................................................................................................................... 121 English Text Set .......................Program File List ............................................................................................................... 123 Appendix B ................................................................................................................................................................................... 136 Version 1.................................................................00 Changes (11/07) ............ 117 Example Problem O_WC ...... 125 Appendix C .....................................................30 Changes (9/10) .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 129 * Unknown For API-653 .............................. 118 Example Problem TEST1 .............55 Changes (10/05) ........................................................................................................................ 121 Help & Error Processing Set ..............Contents API-650 Cycle Life Output ................................................. 115 Examples .......................................................................... 133 Version 2............................20 Changes (9/09) ............................................................................................................. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 5 ................................. 118 Example Problem SEIS01... 114 API-650 External Pressure Output .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 119 Appendix A ................... 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) ..... 134 Version 2............................................................................ 127 * ASTM Standards ........................................................................ 133 Version 2........ 128 * ISO 630............................................. 133 Version 3....................30 Changes (2/02) .... 117 Example Problem A_WC .....................................00 Changes (1/99)......................................................................... 117 Example Problem APP_K ............................................................................... 118 Example Problem APP_P ......................................................................................................................50 Changes (5/97) ............................................... 118 Example Problem B&Y .............................................................................................. 135 Version 1........................................................50 Changes (3/04) ................... 131 Appendix E .................................................................................................40 Changes (9/96) .................................. 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 .................................List of Materials ................................... 122 Examples Data Set .................................................................. 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) ..........................................................................................................................................................................................60 / 2............................. 122 API Data Set................................................................... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ...................Standard Units Systems...................................................... 127 * CSA Standards ... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ....10 Changes (5/00) ................. 134 Version 2.... 136 Version 1......... 129 Appendix D .................................................10 Changes (9/08) ....... 121 Main Set ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................

.....................................31 Changes Version 1............Selected References ................................................. 137 (11/94) ...................................................................................................................................................... 141 6 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .............................................................. 139 Index ............................................................................................................ 137 (8/95) .........30 Changes Version 1.................. 138 Appendix F ......................................................................................................................................... 138 (6/94) ....Contents Version 1......................................................10 Changes (2/96) .....20 Changes Version 1..........................

coade. It is expected. input validation to avoid run time errors. which can be launched by pressing F1. and extensive diagnostics to assist in problem resolution. Technical Support Intergraph understands the engineer’s need to produce efficient. and expeditious designs. Intergraph has a staff of professionals ready to address questions raised by users.SECTION 1 Introduction TANK is a computer-based software tool for the design and analysis of large storage tanks using the API-650 and API-653 design codes. configuration. that questions focus on the current version of the program.com Web: www. To that end. fax. and operation of the program. the web site. However. TANK support is available by telephone. when in doubt. Technical Support Phone Numbers and Email Phone: 1+(281) 890-4566 Fax: 1+(281) 890-3301 Internet: techsupport@coade. and by mail. TANK incorporates interactive dialogs for user input.com Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 7 . Every effort has been made to create a user interface as obvious as possible. rely on the help system. however. e-mail. This manual provides detailed instructions for the installation. economical. cell specific help for guidance and information.

Help on a particular input box can be obtained by pressing F1. When the help text pertains to an input cell which is units specific. Several of the more important interface characteristics are discussed in this section. Figure 1: Sample Help Screen 8 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Introduction Program Interface Generalities The program interface has been designed to be obvious and easy to use. These unit labels are dynamic and will change to reflect the currently active units file. which is designed to be available anytime input is required from the user. the appropriate information displays in an interactive window. the help text includes the expected input units in the title line. Help One of the most important features of TANK is the help system. After the help system has been activated.

In some instances additional sets may be required.Output reports are always generated at the time of the request using the currently active units file. These conditions can be caused by system problems (full hard disks) or API Code restrictions (Appendix A limits thicknesses to ½ inch). Reviewing Output . This input calculator feature is quite useful for quick conversions when a calculator is out of reach. For more information on the four standard supplied units systems.New and existing input files are always presented using the currently active set of units.Introduction Units The second important feature of the TANK interface is the units system.Intergraph supplies four standard unit sets with TANK. Creating Units Sets . the diagnostic utility allows the review of additional error messages if necessary. A utility program can be launched from the Main Menu to generate additional unit files. user control is returned to the Main menu. The expected units for each data cell are displayed on the dialog. TANK provides the user with the ability to switch units for output generation. subtraction. a corrosion allowance of 3/32 can be entered as 3/32 instead of 0. Selecting a Units File . The four basic math operations (addition.Most users will work in one predominate units system so it is important to select and set this system in the tool\configuration program. When such a fatal condition occurs. see Appendix B . The units system is intended to provide consistent units sets while providing flexibility to switch between them. the program attempts to trap the error. Upon exit from the diagnostic utility. This diagnostic reporting can be launched from any module of the program and utilizes the same interface as the help system. This provides the ability to review the output in several sets of units without re-running the analysis. multiplication. and finally reports the problem to you. For example. The following points detail the characteristics of the units system: Input Files . and division) are supported in the input cells. After the review of a specific error message is complete.Standard Units Systems (on page 125). Error Checking A final point to note about the TANK interface is the error detection and diagnostic reporting module. there is still the potential for abort conditions to arise during the analysis. Even though TANK validates your input data. In-Field Computations The third important feature of the interface is the ability to perform simple computations in the input cells. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 9 . assign it a numeric value which is indexed to a database.09375.

Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to Appendix A. Shell Settlement evaluation according to Appendix B. Every effort is made to insure that TANK is up to date with the current codes. Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix S. Retiring thicknesses and remaining corrosion allowance. including the limiting load interaction diagrams. Internal pressure considerations according to Appendix F. Tank sizing/costing scratch-pad A Material Database editor TANK also incorporates the following considerations from API-653: Material modifications according to Section 2. and digitized data from Appendix P.2. Grillage computations according to Appendix I. These include: Shell course thickness and fluid height computations according to either the variable point method or the one foot method. Corroded hydrotest case Shell thickness evaluations using individual joint efficiencies and “L” locations Bottom Plate minimum thickness determinations Hydrotest heights TANK can also design or analyze a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young.3. TANK also incorporates venting computations from API-2000. Cycle Life computations according to Appendix M. This includes the material data from Table 5. Material modifications due to temperature according to Appendix M. Seismic computations according to Appendix E. TANK relies on a great deal of data specified in the API codes. Nozzle flexibilities and limiting loads according to Appendix P. External pressure computations according to Appendix V. Wind girder computations for the top and up to five intermediate girders.Introduction Program Capabilities TANK incorporates the major considerations of API-650 Section 5 and several of the Appendices. 10 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . An alternate nozzle stiffness calculation routine according to PVP-1279. Minimum metal temperature reporting. Duplex Stainless Steel considerations according to Appendix X. Other data tables have also been incorporated into the program where necessary.

Support Forum .Includes options to install the HASP. License Agreement .Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Information Page.Displays a PDF document detailing the recent changes made to this new version of TANK. CD Content Additional Installations .Displays a web page with the seminar schedule for the various analysis products. Additional documents and content can be reviewed from this window. The main (center) portion of the menu provides options to install TANK or review a number of important documents without installing anything. ReadMe File .Displays contact information for the Analysis Group at Intergraph.Displays a single page describing other Intergraph Analysis products.Displays the TANK License Agreement. and all associated documentation. Contact Intergraph . These options include: Install TANK . and the CD contents. the HASP drivers.SECTION 2 Installation To begin the installation of TANK. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 11 . Browse the CD .Displays Windows Explorer focused on the root of the CD. TANK Information . Additional Products . the system requirements. Release Notes .Launches the main installation process.Displays a text file discussing the installation steps.Displays Internet Explorer focused on the TANK Discussion Forum. Services Training . which installs TANK. The installation routine will start and the following control menu displays. insert the CD into the drive.

or Business) SmartPlant License Manager (optional) Home editions of the Windows operating system are not supported. double-click CDSpawn. If the setup does not start automatically. or Windows 7 (Ultimate. Hardware Requirements minimum of 2. Windows Vista (Ultimate. The installation extracts all the necessary files and optionally installs any prerequisites needed.Displays a document with troubleshooting procedures in the event there are issues with the licensing. or Enterprise). Insert the TANK CD into your computer. 12 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Installation Instructions .Installation The License Agreement file is an RTF document and may not display properly without an RTF viewer.exe in the root CD folder. Professional.0 Ghz processor minimum 1 GB of RAM graphics card with 1024x768 resolution or better 256 MB of video RAM or better Installing TANK We recommend that nothing else be running while the installation program runs. 2. Hardware/Software Requirements Software Requirements Windows XP Professional.Displays a PDF document containing these instructions. Most unsuccessful installation attempts can be attributed to other software running at the same time as the installation. HASP Trouble Shooting . HASP Licensing Overview . Business. Click Install TANK to begin the installation.Displays a summary of the Aladdin (SafeNet) HASP Licensing System. 1.

Click Next on the welcome page. 4. and then click Cancel. and then click Next. select I do not accept the terms in the license agreement. -ORIf you do not accept the license agreement.Installation 3. The default destination folder is C:\Program Files\Intergraph\<product name>. 7. click Change. 6. Click Next to continue. You cannot install the software without first accepting the terms of the license agreement. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 13 . select I accept the terms in the license agreement. If you accept the license agreement. Read the license agreement. To install the software in another location. 5. where <product name> reflects the program name and version.

If you are using SmartPlant License Manager. You must install SmartPlant License Manager on this computer and configure the license server for TANK to run. select the SPLM license option. If you are using a network ESL key.Installation 8. Select the license type that you have. Click Install to install the software using the parameters that you have defined. An additional dialog box displays to allow one last chance to exit the installation. 9. 14 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . select the key color.

After the TANK files have been installed. the status displays. 10. If this dialog does not display. Skip to step 11. the HASP device driver installation starts to install the driver for the hardware lock. installation of the driver was not successful and the software will not run. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 15 . the following dialog box displays. If you selected SmartPlant License Manager as your license type. After successfully installing the HASP device driver. you are not prompted to install the HASP driver.Installation As the installation progresses. Click OK.

Typically the ESL_ON_MACHINE and INSTALL_SILENT options are not necessary. with no interaction from you. Command Cmd= setup.exe /v"/qb PROPERTY_NAME="value" PROPERTY_NAME2="Value"" The /v switch is to pass msi commands The /qb is a silent switch Example: This example installs silently with ESL color green. 2.The path to load the installation files. such as a network installation or a corporate repackaging. 12.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Green"" This example installs silently with ESL color red and ESL install locally. Setup. Click Yes to reboot your computer now. <target_dir> 16 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . it is a good idea to restart Windows.exe /v"/qb INSTALL_SILENT="Yes" ESL_COLOR="Red" ESL_ON_MACHINE="Yes"" Properties INSTALLDIR . Click Finish. perform these steps: 1. Because a device driver was loaded. To launch TANK in silent mode. 13. Navigate to the TANK subfolder on the CD. Select Show the readme file to view the readme.Installation 11. Issue the installation command as detailed below. Setup. Installing TANK in Silent Mode In some instances it may be necessary to install TANK without dealing with the dialogs. Click No to reboot later.doc file.

Because both a network and several local ESLs can be used on the same computer (there is no network-specific version of the software). Both types of ESLs are intended to be attached to the USB ports of the applicable computers.Installation ESL_COLOR . Alternatively. The network ESL must be attached to the USB port of a computer on the network (this can be a workstation or the file server). If your computer uses a local ESL. a user must then be logged into the network to access the software. Red Green ESL_ON_MACHINE . if all of the licenses are on the network ESL.This is only set if ESL color is red which is if the ESL will be on local machine or server) Yes No INSTALL_SILENT . A few local ESLs provide greater flexibility. If the network ESL is attached to a workstation. you must load a utility program must be loaded on the machine controlling the ESL. The file server is a better location for this ESL. Network ESLs Notes There are advantages and disadvantages to using a network ESL. refer to the documentation files NETHASP. The prime advantage is that many users (up to the number of licenses) have access (from a variety of computers) to the software on a single server.Is to tell the install it's silent Yes No ESL Installation on a Network Intergraph ICAS software programs support "local" ESLs and "network" ESLs. Windows Server Installation For a Windows server installation. The main disadvantage is that users cannot transfer the ESL between computers in order to take the software to a remote location.TXT found in the Assidrv subfolder for network specific instructions. The drivers for network ESL usage can be found in the sub-directory ASSIDRV beneath the TANK program folder. In order for the network to recognize the ESL.The ESL color.TXT and ESL_RED. the workstation must be running and/or logged onto the network before anyone can use the software. The local ESLs provide the maximum flexibility in using the software. because the computer is usually always on. The documentation files in this sub-folder contain instructions for a variety of networks and operating systems. The actual utility used depends on whether the ESL is on the file server or a workstation and the type of network. we recommend that only 70 to 80 percent of the licenses be assigned to a network ESL. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 17 . you can skip the remainder of this section. This enables the local ESLs to be moved between computers to run the software at remote locations. The remaining 20 to 30 percent of the licenses should be assigned to local ESLs. because these devices can be moved between computers (such as between desktops and laptops).

they change continually to reflect engineering code addenda. Build Y contains Build X. The builds are arranged in sub-directories by program. The file name format consists of a two character program abbreviation. In addition. Builds have a naming convention that resembles the following format: <TK>7. and the build date.exe. Identifying Builds When posted on the Web. builds are identified with the program identifier and the date the build was generated. Each file contained in the directory includes a description defining what it contains. databases grow. all users who have registered the software are sent an email announcement. before the next version can be released. a correction to the currently shipping version is made. Determine which build file you need and download it. and also displays when you click Help > About. operating system modifications. Announcing Builds When a build becomes available. all maintenance builds for new releases contain all previous builds. operational enhancements.com). In other words. In order to alleviate this problem for our users. the version indicator. However. This correction is referred to as a Build. Changes and corrections are accumulated until an error producing incorrect results is found. archiving. but only one build is required at any given time.x<date>. Obtaining Builds Builds are posted to the website (http://www. After the file has been downloaded and installed.coade. Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? No! As new versions are released. the build is finalized. and the date it was created. announced. This increases the download size and time required to obtain the build. and posted to the Web site. Some Intergraph users have expressed concern over tracking. Using a build on a different version (without specific advice from Intergraph personnel) is a sure way to cripple the software. file formats change. the build date displays at the bottom right side of the Main menu. When this occurs. When this occurs. and distributing the various builds generated between major releases. New versions are planned and targeted for a specific release date. its size. A build is intended for one specific version of the software. 18 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and corrections. and so on. user requests. there may be corrections necessary to the currently shipping version.Installation Software Revision Procedures Intergraph software products are not static. additional input items become necessary and must be stored in the program data files. It is therefore imperative that you register the software following installation.

From the Utility > Tools menu.TXT. you can run a COADE utility program from within the program directory. To see which program modules have been modified. memory requirements.Installation What is Contained in a Specific Build? Each build file contains a file named BUILD. and the software installation will update appropriately. Figure 2: Build Version Dialog Box Reviewing this table shows which modules have been patched and to what level. on the Main Program menu. When necessary. click COADE EXE Scanner. This is an ASCII text file that can be viewed with any text editor or spooled to a printer. This option scans each of the EXE modules in the program directory and lists its size. follow any prompts. the Main menu module is revised to reflect the build level. Installing Builds The Build file is an InstallShield™ update package. Simply double-click the build file (the exe). additional usage instructions may be found in this file. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 19 . Detecting/Checking Builds When a build is ready to be released. and build bevel. A sample display from this utility is shown in the figure below. This allows you to see. This text file contains a description of all corrections and enhancements that have been made to the software since the original release of this specific version. which build is in use.

any builds obtained should also be archived with the original CD.Installation Archiving and Reinstalling an Old. if it becomes necessary. Each build includes the modifications made in all prior builds. the distribution CD should be installed first. Then. Additionally. Patched Version When a new version of the software is released. This will allow full use of this version at some later time. you should still keep the distribution CD from the previous release. To reinstall an older version of the software. 20 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the last build should be installed.

SECTION 3

Program Configuration
Through the configuration program, you can configure program computations and databases. The configuration program can be started directly from the Main menu by selecting Tools > Configuration. The first task of this module is to locate an existing setup file to use as a starting template. The program first looks for an existing configuration file in the current directory. If a configuration file is not found in the current directory, the configuration file from the program installation directory is used. After the template configuration file has been read, the program displays its menu, shown in the Figure below.

Figure 3: Configuration Dialog Box

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 22) Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) (on page 24)

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Program Configuration

Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box)
Modifies the operation of the program. Roof Projection in Wind Moment - By default, the program includes the triangular projection of the roof in the determination of the wind moment. If it is necessary to ignore the roof projection, and only include the tank shell projection, disable this check box. Generate Message File? - Enables the creation of an intermediate data file, containing computation results not presented in the formal output reports. Information contained in this file includes: Iteration data during variable point solutions Interpolation points from API curves and graphs Many other intermediate results The file created by this option will reside in the current data directory and is named {jobname}.TXT. This file can be printed or viewed with any standard text editor. This file can also be viewed from the menu using Tools > File Review > Message File. Corroded Nozzles? - Indicates whether or not the flexibility computations of API-650 Appendix P should consider corrosion. BY DEFAULT CORROSION IS NOT CONSIDERED. If this check box is checked, the corrosion of the first shell course is used to modify the thickness used in the Appendix P computations FOR THE DESIGN CASE ONLY. 653 Corroded Hydrotest Case? - This directive allows the user to consider the HYDROTEST case in a corroded condition - ONLY FOR API-653 RUNS. The default condition is not to corrode the TEST case, which is consistent with API-650. However, it may be desirable for API-653 tanks to consider a future hydrotest, by assuming a corroded TEST case. Cleared - Indicates that the TEST case should not be corroded. This is consistent with API-650 and is the program default. Selected - Indicates that the TEST case should include the corrosion allowance that you have specified. Modify Fluid Height by Pressure? - Considers the effects of internal pressure in the determination of the shell course thicknesses. By default, TANK follows API-650 exactly in computing the required shell course thicknesses (by One- Foot, Variable Point, or the Appendix A methods). However, you may need to account for internal pressure by increasing the fluid head. If this directive is checked, then the methodology of Section F.7.1 is implemented for all three thickness computation methods. Essentially, the Operating Liquid Level will be increased by (P/12G). Full Shell Weight in Appendix F - Specifies whether or not the corroded shell weight should be used in the computations of API-650 Appendix F (for internal pressure considerations). By default, this directive is selected, which instructs TANK to use the full shell weight in Appendix F. Clearing this directive instructs the program to use the corroded shell weight in the computations of Appendix F. Shell Thickness Convergence - Sets the convergence tolerance for the thickness design when the variable point method is used. By default this value is .005 inches (.127mm). Cosine Curve Tolerance - Alters the convergence tolerance for the solution of the optimum cosine curve. This is necessary for API- 653, Appendix B computations. If there are convergence problems with the current data set, the following steps should be taken: 1. Review and verify the shell settlement input data. 2. Adjust this convergence tolerance upward.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Program Configuration
Increasing the convergence tolerance reduces the accuracy of the solution. Alternatively, increase the iteration limit. Cosine Curve Iteration Limit - Specifies the maximum number of iterations performed by the program during the API-653, Appendix B settlement evaluation. If convergence problems exist with the current data set, try increasing the iteration limit to possibly converge. Increasing the iteration limit causes the solution to take longer. Wind Girder Shell Thickness - Indicates which shell course thickness the program uses in the wind girder computations. There are two choices as detailed below: MAX - The wind girder computation routine uses the maximum thickness for the shell courses, obtained from the design and test cases, IGNORING corrosion. The reasoning behind this setting is that the entire shell course will not be completely corroded. DESIGN - The wind girder computation routine uses the DESIGN thickness less any user specified corrosion allowance. Shell Settlement Method - Indicates which method should be used in computing the optimum cosine curve for determining the out- of-plane shell deflection. The available methods are: FOURIER SERIES - Implements the procedure outlined in the paper Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion, by F. A. Koczwara, published in Hydrocarbon Processing, August 1980. LEAST SQUARES - Employs a least squares approach to the solution of the optimum cosine curve. Thickness Roundup to Nearest - Specifies a thickness increment which is used to determine the final value of the shell thicknesses. THE COMPUTED VALUE OF THICKNESS IS ROUNDED UP TO THE NEAREST MULTIPLE OF THE INCREMENT. For example, if this directive is set to 0.125 (1/8 inch) and the computed shell course thickness is 0.2671 inches, the final value reported will be 0.375 inches. Setting this directive to 0.0 disables thickness round up and the computed values of shell thickness are reported unaltered in the output. Plate Material Density - Specifies the value to be used for the density of the plate materials. This value is used to compute the weight of the shell, roof, and bottom plates. Round Anchor Bolts By - Specifies how anchor bolts are selected by the program. By default, the number of bolts will be a multiple of 4. However, by changing this directive any multiple can be selected. The value entered here must be a whole number, such as 2, 3, 4, and so on. Wind Moment in Appendix F - Specifies which wind moment is to be used in the computations of Appendix F. By default the program will use the moment computed from Section 5.9.7.1 in Appendix F computations. However, if necessary, the wind moment computed from Section 5.11 can be used. The wind pressure computed according to Section 5.9.7.1 (based on the wind velocity) is used for the wind girder design; the wind pressure according to Section 5.11 is used for Over Turning Stability. This directive only affects which wind moment is passed into Appendix F for the allowed pressure in Section F.4.2. Reload last file at startup - Enables the program to reload the last data file active during the last TANK session. Clearing this directive causes the program to startup without data. In this condition, the user must create a new input file or browse to open an existing input file. Save to Program Directory - If cleared (the default condition), the configuration file is written to the current data directory. Alternatively, selecting this option causes the configuration file to be written to the program directory. When a job file's input is saved, the current configuration is becomes a part of the input. Subsequent changes to the configuration do not change an existing job unless the input is resaved.

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S. the starting settings are also acquired from the configuration file in the program directory. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the current directory. This box specifies which unit file the software will use to generate all subsequent new input files and all output reviews. Units File .Specifies the structural database for use in the supported cone roof design module. Database files are supplied by Intergraph and support U. You can generate additional custom unit files if necessary by using the Tools > Make Units command. Whenever the configuration module is invoked in a new data directory. A maximum of ten unit files can be manipulated by this program. The possible selections for this box are determined by the program by scanning the installation directory.Select the material file to use. Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) Specifies the data files the program references for units. Each data directory can contain its own configuration file. which may be unique. Duplicate files found in the installation directory are ignored. If a data directory does not contain a configuration file.Program Configuration Different data directories can exist for different projects or clients. This allows the program to behave differently for different projects or clients. Shape libraries are available for the following countries: Australia Germany Korea South Africa United Kingdom United States of America Anchor Bolt Database . as well as International shape libraries. the settings from the configuration file in the program directory are used.Select the units file to use. structural shapes and materials. Structural Database . Available options are: TEMA Imperial for use with Imperial units TEMA Metric for use with SI Units BS-3643 for British Standard bolts SABS-1700 for South African Bolts 24 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Specifies the anchor bolt database. Material File . Only valid Intergraph supplied material files display in this list. followed by a scan of the installation directory.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 25 . you can select one of the Output menu options. The main menu is the control center from which jobs can be selected. If there are errors in the input data. The analysis module displays the program execution screen which monitors the status of the solution. it must be error checked. defined. analyzed. analysis is prohibited . The error checker validates the data for numeric consistency (such as diameters and thicknesses must be positive). select Analyze Only to start the analysis module. After a solution data file is available. and control is returned to the main menu. an intermediate data file is created for analysis. Use the Edit menu or the toolbar icons to specify or update the input. see Error Checking (on page 83). a solution data file is created and control is again returned to the main menu.you should ensure that warning messages are acceptable to the current tank analysis. It is assumed.SECTION 4 Quick Start This section provides instructions on how to get TANK running without reading the entire manual. After the input has been defined. see Installation (on page 11) and Program Configuration (on page 21). For more information on the error checker. From here.you must correct these errors before proceeding. and reviewed. Warning messages are acceptable to the program . For more information. Upon completion of the analysis. that the program has been properly installed and configured. Starting TANK Start TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu or the desktop icon. and to enforce and API code requirements (such as thicknesses cannot be less than the course above). Assuming that error checking completed successfully.

Select a job. Analyze the input data by selecting Analysis > Analyze Only. Figure 4: Output Control Dialog Box When you are finished reviewing the output.Quick Start The analysis does not have to be re-run (unless the input data changes) prior to each output review session. 2. click TANK. 1. 4. 26 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . 5. the output module can be launched as many times as required to interactively review the results or generate reports. quit the output processor. As long as the job input parameters remain fixed. From the Start menu. The steps outlined above are summarized below. The error checker is launched from the Analysis menu. Define the input data. 3. either new or old. Focus then returns to the Main menu. Select an option from the Output menu to review the analysis results and generate output reports.

configuration. the Material Database editor.SECTION 5 Using the Main Menu As discussed in Quick Start. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 27 . diagnostics. The Main menu is the point from which all decisions are made concerning what job is to be analyzed and what program function is to be launched. analysis. The options are arranged in groups. The Main menu contains all of the options available in TANK. and ESL review. utility tools. Figure 5: Main Menu The menu options allow input data definition. output review. launch TANK by selecting TANK from the Start menu. The toolbar buttons are primarily concerned with the input options. or by double clicking the desktop icon. and help. corresponding to the major topics on the menu. but also include output review (both text and graphics).

Using the Main Menu The File Menu The File menu consists of the standard Windows options for opening. and printing the input for a specific job. saving. Recently accessed jobs can be accessed from the most recently used list without the need to browse the hard disk. TANK can automatically start up and read in the data for the last job analyzed by selecting Tools > Configuration. Figure 6: File Menu 28 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Using the Main Menu The Input Menu The Input menu contains all of the input options necessary to define a TANK job. the Analysis Menu should be used to verify and/or analyze the job. The input menu categorizes the data into logical groups. each accessed from the menu. Both the menu and the tool bar produce the same input dialog screen. The icon to the left of the menu text is identical to the tool bar icon. Upon completion of the input. Figure 7: Input Menu The input options are discussed in detail in TANK Input (on page 39). Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 29 .

TKE file. Steps not required are disabled. In any event. and Error Check and Analyze. This usually indicates that either error checking was not performed.Starts the solution module. or the input data contained errors and no . The Analyze option is deactivated until the . and if the input passes the error checker. cannot be located. If the verified problem data. Error Check .TKE file is written by the error checker.TKE suffix. Error Check and Analyze . As each phase is completed. see Analysis/Solution Phase (on page 87). The start-up of the analysis processor is dependent on the data file created by the error checker. TANK will not analyze a job until the input has been successfully error checked. which produces the output file for the job. Figure 8: Solution Phase Status Dialog Box Each solution step required for a particular job is enabled in bold text. automatically starts the solution module.Starts the error checker. based on your input parameters.Starts the error checker. the analysis phase cannot commence without the verified input data. with a . For more information on the analysis processor. The analysis module performs the solution step. written to the . Analyze.TKE file was generated. an asterisk is placed to the left of the task description. the analysis module aborts with a fatal error message and control returns to the Main menu. (grayed out). Analyze . an analysis file for the job is written. 30 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . either designing a tank or re-rating a tank.Using the Main Menu The Analysis Menu The Analysis Menu contains three options: Error Check. Details of the error checker can be found in Error Checking (on page 83). If the input data successfully passes the error checker. Control is returned to the user on the output review control panel.

shell settlement graphs. Review Latest Reports . three options are available: overwrite reports.Generates a new set of reports.Creates a new set of output reports. see Local Graphics Output (on page 91). Figure 10: Tools Menu Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 31 . completely replacing any existing reports. in multiple units systems if necessary. in the current units system. For viewing text based reports. the batch stream processor and a text file review option. Local Graphics . and review latest reports. the current CPU time and date are used. append reports. and changing the time stamp in the report headers. This processor shows the results of the analysis graphically. For more information on output processing. Figure 9: Output Menu These options allow a variety of output reports to be created. Append Reports .Using the Main Menu The Output Menu The Output Menu contains options for viewing text based reports.Displays the output review control panel. Time Stamp . and supported cone roof designs can be viewed in this manner. Nozzle load interaction diagrams. Overwrite Reports . If this data is not specified. in the current units system. viewing graphical results.Starts the graphics processor. custom units systems. The Tools Menu The Tools menu contains miscellaneous options for program configuration. at the end of the last set of reports.Specifies the time / date stamp for report headers. the Material Database editor.

The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. The file is created by a prior analysis. There are three files which can be reviewed in this manner: the error check log file. The Diagnostics Menu The Diagnostics menu provides a number of tools to verify the integrity of the software and determine reasons for possible program difficulties. see Program Configuration (on page 21). Error Check Log File . Custom Units . The use of this processor is discussed later in this chapter. File Review .Starts Notepad to review a selected data file.Displays a calculator that you can use to perform mathematical computations. Material Database Editor .Starts a processor where existing units files can be reviewed or new unit files can be created.Contains a record of the start and stop times of the various processors launched during the solution of all job files selected for a multiple (batch stream) analysis. Calculator . This information is useful in determining how certain values in the output were computed.Starts a processor which can be used to add materials to the current TANK database. Batch Log File . The use of this option is discussed later in this chapter.Using the Main Menu Configuration .Contains a listing of the errors and warning messages generated during the verification of the input data. and the solution message file. Figure 11: Diagnostics Menu 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Message File . the batch log file.Displays a dialog where a number of jobs can be selected for subsequent analysis. For details of the program configuration.Presents a tabbed dialog box which allows the alteration of computation parameters and database directives. Batch Stream Processor .Contains intermediate results and code data produced during the solution phase.

if Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 33 . the offending file must be replaced for successful program operation. If the values do not match. However. This utility is useful in determining if the current installation is up-to-date with any modifications available. Figure 12: CRC Check Dialog Box Build Version Checker .Performs a CRC (cyclic redundancy check) on all of the program modules and data files in the program directory.Using the Main Menu CRC Check . Should a “fatal error” occur. This display is initially presented sorted alphabetically by program/module name. If a CRC Check error occurs. or a virus infection. This option also aids in detecting out of date modules and improper program installations. then the file has been corrupted in some manner. clicking on any of the column titles will re-sort the display according to the selected column.Allows the user to review the explanation for a particular error number. a bad spot on the hard disk where the software was installed. This utility presents the information dialog as shown in the following figure. The computed CRC value for each file is compared against the one computed by Intergraph and provided with the software. the software attempts to invoke this module automatically.Scans each of the program modules and reports its internal version number. Corruption could indicate bad distribution media. Figure 13: Build Version Dialog Box Error Review Module . However.

Using the Main Menu the explanation of a particular error is required at a later time. Figure 15: ESL Menu 34 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . all options on the ESL menu will still be active (as well as those on the Diagnostic menu). which is required to access the software. most of the Main menu items will be disabled. The ESL is the External Software Lock. However. If there is an access problem with the ESL. Figure 14: Error Explanation Dialog Box The ESL Menu The ESL menu provides access to various functions which allow reporting and modification of the data stored on the ESL. this module can be launched manually from the Diagnostic menu.

or change the client name. This interactive procedure requires the assistance of Intergraph personnel. and the time stamp of the last access.Displays a grid on which you can specify each set of four numeric codes. The first two options of the ESL menu facilitate this task. Each needed change to the ESL requires one set of four numeric codes. date or run limits. This information can be viewed by clicking View ESL Information. to interact with the user on the telephone. generating data for the user. Occasionally. Figure 16: ESL Information Display Dialog Box Click Log File to create a . Each set of four codes should be entered on a single Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 35 . suitable for transmission to Intergraph via fax or e-mail. versioning information. and ID number. Receive and Enter Fax Codes . except that it does not require the interaction of Intergraph personnel.Using the Main Menu In addition to allowing basic access to the software. This information consists of the client name. These updates encompass changes requested by the client. usually to extend limits. These codes should be transmitted to Intergraph (either by fax or e-mail) with a request for exactly what ESL data should be modified. some of this date may require updating in the field. reset a date.Displays a dialog box with three numeric codes. and accepting instructions from the user. where “xxxxx” is the ID number of the ESL. The file will reside in the program’s \system folder. This option is similar to the phone update option. the ESL contains a set of memory registers in which your information is stored. or by clicking the ESL icon. Phone Update .Starts an interactive procedure. The actual file name will be “ESLxxxxx.TXT file of the information. Generate Fax Codes .TXT”. as generated by the Intergraph support staff.

Figure 17: View Menu The Help Menu The Help menu contains a number of information options.Using the Main Menu horizontal row in the grid. . Use this option when you receive the reauthorization codes from Intergraph. Figure 18: Help Menu 36 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . When all codes have been entered. By default. all options are selected. found in the frame area of the Main menu. click OK to enable the changes to the ESL. The View Menu The View menu contains standard switches to enable or disable the various toolbars and the status bar.

Using the Main Menu
Help Topics -Starts the HTML help system, and places the user on the main control panel. This HTML help system gives you access to all of the help topics, in a hierarchical structure. In some instances, there may be links from one topic to another, giving the user added information on a topic if all of the links are followed. Additionally, the help system includes tables and graphics where appropriate. In order for the HTML help system to function, Microsoft's Internet Explorer must be installed on the system.

Figure 19: Help Window Typically, the HTML help system will be launched during a data input session, when additional information is required for a particular input item. In this case, pressing F1 displays the help system, with the selected topic displayed in the viewing (right hand) pane. After you have started the HTML help system, you can browse any other topic simply by navigating through the left hand pane. Additionally, the Search tab can be used to scan for a particular word or phrase. The Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis is provided in on-line HTML format. The entire manual can be reviewed from this menu option. Online Documentation - Starts your PDF reader for review of the Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis. This document is maintained in PDF format and is installed with the software. If you want a complete hard copy of this manual should print the PDF, instead of the HTML version. Animated Tutorials - Starts the tutorials that accompany the software. Use these tutorials to assist with understanding how to use the software. Tip of the Day - Displays the next tip, normally shown at program start-up. The Tip of the Day is a collection of informative points about the software, normally presented at program start-up. This display dialog also includes a check box to disable the automatic display of the tips at start-up. Info - Displays a dialog box containing Intergraph contact information. The bottom half of this dialog box contains links to Intergraph’s website and an e-mail activation.

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Using the Main Menu
On-Line Registration - Starts automatically after program installation. This automatic invocation occurs once. After the first time, this menu option must be used to bring up the registration form. After completing this form, click Send to transmit the data on the form to a web-based List Server. Check for Updates - Provides access to the Intergraph web site to determine if there is a newer update to the version of TANK currently in use. This option saves you from navigating through the Intergraph web site to determine if an update is available. This option should be launched at least once a month to ensure the software remains current. (An Internet connection is required to use this option.) About TANK - Displays a dialog box showing the current operating system, its version number, the TANK version number, and the amount of memory installed.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 6

TANK Input
The first step in the design or analysis of a tank is to generate an input file which describes the characteristics of the tank. Each tank requires an input file, with a unique job name, for each configuration to be studied. All of the tank particulars and descriptive information are stored in this input file. The input file name consists of the job name as the prefix, followed by a “.TKI” suffix. The input process can be started by selecting any option from the Input menu, or by clicking the desired toolbar icons.

Figure 20: Input Menu TANK separates the input data into logical categories. Each category addresses a specific code requirement on design task. Of all these various groups, the “General Tank Data” group is required in all cases, for all tanks. Each of these groups is discussed briefly below, then in detail in the remaining sections of this chapter. Title Page - Provides the ability to describe, in words, the tank being studied. This editing buffer is 75 characters in width by 60 lines in length. Details of the TANK Title Page are discussed in Section 6.1. Use of this dialog is optional, but is highly recommended. The tool bar icons associated with this option are: Displays the Title Page dialog. Restores the title page to its default.

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Activates the Appendix M Cycle Life Data specification. see Shell Settlement Data (on page 71). out-breathing. This data is used to determine the external pressure capacity of the tank. depending on the tank. see Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad (on page 78). Activates the Appendix V External Pressure dialog. see Grillage Review Dialog Box (on page 65). see API-653 Service Measurement Data (on page 72).) Dialog Box (on page 70). depending on the tank. This dialog is used to describe the seismic parameters associated with the tank location. Activates the Shell Settlement Data dialog. see API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box (on page 76). depending on the tank. As mentioned above. Activates the Roof Specification Parameters dialog. Activates the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. see Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box (on page 63). This dialog is an optional input. This dialog is an optional input. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-653 Appendix B to determine the maximum and allowed out-of-plane settlement of the tank shell. For more information. see Cycle Life Data Dialog Box (on page 69). and the desired code. Activates the Nozzle Stiffness dialog. This dialog is an optional input. see General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). This option is only active after data has been entered on the Scratch-pad. Launches the computation engine for the Tank Sizing/Costing Scratch-pad dialog. see Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box (on page 53). Activates the API-2000 Venting Data dialog. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix E. fluid specific gravity. This information consists of the diameter. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix F. depending on the tank. see Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box (on page 66). course material. depending on the tank. This dialog is used to specify the grillage parameters. the number of courses. fluid depth. Section I. This dialog allows the specification of up to fifteen low nozzles on the tank. Activates the API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog. depending on the tank. For more information. external loads. This dialog provides for the input of roof descriptive parameters. This dialog is an optional input.TANK Input Activates the General Tank Data dialog. The computations that use this data can be found in API-650 Appendix P. For more information. and in the text by Brownell & Young. This dialog is an optional input. Activates the Grillage Review dialog.7. This data is used to determine the necessary venting for in-breathing. see API 650 External Pressure (App V. This data is used in the procedures outlined in API-650 Appendix M to determine the allowed number of “fill-empty” cycles the tank can undergo without a detailed stress analysis. pressure. For more information. For more information. course thickness. For more information. This dialog is an optional input. 40 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . For more information. The specifics of this computation can be found in API-650 Appendix I. the course height. For more information. For more information. For more information. Activates the Seismic Data Specifications dialog. data must be provided on this dialog for every tank analyzed. temperature. For more information. and fire. This Scratch-pad allows the user to estimate tank sizes and plate costs for a range of tank dimensions.

The Input > Title Page menu option provides two sub-options. with the input data. If necessary. to the General Data dialog. found in the file TITLE. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 41 . any peculiarities of the tank or any special notes.HED. the second replaces the title page contents with a default title page. With TANK. users can save the input by using the File menu. The Tank Description Page The Tank Description Page provides a way to document. The first displays the title page. We suggest that the input be manually saved frequently during any extended editing session. there is an option to save the current state of the input data to a file. this dialog can be scrolled to view any additional lines. This serves as a good starting point for a tank design. As with most software programs. The default title page can also be loaded by clicking on the toolbar. but it is always best to be on the safe side and save the data yourself too. Beginning an analysis will also save the data (automatically).TANK Input Transfers the minimum cost tank (results) from the Scratch-pad. Standard Windows editing functions are available on this dialog. or by clicking the Diskette icon. on the Figure 21: Title Page Dialog Box The buffer to store the data for this page is sized for 60 lines of 75 characters. Select Input > Title Page > Title Page Data or click toolbar to activate the Tank Description Page dialog.

TANK Input General Tank Data Dialog Box The General Tank Data dialog box allows you to specify all of the basic characteristics of the tank that is currently under study. Shell Courses. and Anchor Bolt Details. For each input cell. Wind Details. 42 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Figure 22: Tank Data Tab The options on the Tank Data tab allow you to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. This dialog box consists of four tabs: Tank Data. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. Where applicable.

The […] button to the right of the input cell displays a context menu which allows entry into the active Material Database or the manual modification of the properties for the specified material. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 43 . the software displays the Material Selection dialog box (shown below). Figure 23: Material Context Menu If you click Database on this context menu. in which you can select any valid material from the active database.TANK Input The input for Default Shell Course Material is a general field. This context menu is shown below. used as the default for all individual shell courses.

which you can use to override or modify the properties retrieved from the database for a particular tank. the software displays the Material Properties dialog box (shown below). Figure 24: Material Selection Dialog Box If you click Edit Properties in the context menu.TANK Input Alternatively. you can also click Tools > Configuration to select or change the active database. Figure 25: Material Properties Dialog Box 44 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Initially.TANK Input The material and its properties specified on the Shell Courses tab are used as default values for all of the shell courses. as necessary. if necessary. The actual value used in the calculations is reported in the output. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. For stainless steels. Therefore. material design stress. For stainless materials. Figure 26: Shell Courses Tab The design and test stress values for the specified material are normally acquired from the Material Database. However. the program fills in the Sd and St values. thickness. specific shell courses may be assigned a different material. and material test stress can be specified for each shell course. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 45 . For carbon steels from Table 3-2. the software displays the Material context menu. The Shell Courses tab displays a grid where the height. as described previously. as specified on the Tank Data tab. corrosion allowance. for stainless materials. the value used for Sd is unknown until run-time. or the material for specific courses may be manually modified by the user. When you right-click the Material cell. all courses acquire the same material. the allowable versus temperature table displays in the right-most grid columns of this dialog. the value of Sd (on this dialog) is shown as zero. material name. on a course-by-course basis.

12 defines a number of different cases which must be evaluated (depending on the tank). Figure 28: Anchor Bolt Details Tab 46 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Figure 27: Wind Details Tab The Anchor Bolt Details tab is used to define the data necessary for the program to design anchorage. The Anchor Bolt Diameter and Number of Anchor Bolts fields are optional inputs. but is maintained for compatibility with existing TANK input files. API-650 Section 5.TANK Input The Wind Details tab is used to define detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. The Bolt Allowable Stress option is no longer used (as of API-650 10th Edition Addendum 3). if necessary. and may result in the design of required anchorage. TANK will use the recommended API 650 defaults. If these times are not defined.

and internal pressure will all use the larger of the design or test thicknesses.2 kPa. For each input cell. which corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table. If you select D. The setting of this input field is important because it affects all computations following the shell course thickness evaluation. Appendix F.TANK Input Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options to specify the overall characteristics of the tank. the expected units display to the right of the input cell. A message to this affect is included in the output report when Analyze mode is selected. API-650. Design Temperature . This cell is used to define the roof type of the tank. subsequent calculations for wind girders.Enter the design temperature in the indicated units. subsequent calculations use the user-specified course thicknesses. The value that you enter entered in this cell must be a number from 1 to 4. Because API-653 is intended for the analysis of existing tanks.Enables you to specify whether the software should analyze the tank based on your input. but is less than 500 deg F/ 260 deg C. API Design Code . Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 47 . Use the following table below to the appropriate entry for this line. then the rules of Appendix M are applied.Enables you to specify the preferred method of evaluating the shell course thickness requirements. Where applicable. limits the design pressure to 2. If the design temperature exceeds this limit. it can only be used in analysis mode.The entry on this line indicates whether API-650 or API-653 rules are applied to the current job file. If the value of the design temperature is changed. The resulting values of modulus and expansion coefficient are inserted into the Nozzle dialog box. The computed thicknesses for the design and test cases are reported for information purposes only. Select the entry from the list. ENTRY V O A MEANING The software uses the Variable design method The software uses the One-Foot design method The software uses the Appendix A design method This entry also determines which method is used to compute the allowed fluid heights. the software automatically implements a routine to interpolate the data from API-650 Table P-1. API-650 limits the design temperature to 200 deg F/ 93 deg C.5 psi / 17. or Analyze mode. API-650 is intended for the design of new tanks and can be implemented in either design or analysis modes. TYPE INDICATOR 1 2 3 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 4 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof Design Method .Enter the design pressure in the indicated units. or Design mode. Run Objective . or design the necessary parameters to satisfy the API code. a descriptive comment defines the expected input. Design Pressure at Top . If you select A. Design temperatures in excess of 500 deg F/ 352 deg C cause a fatal error. seismic.

This table is reproduced as follows: Standard API-650 Edition & Year 7th & Later (1980-Present) Joint Type Butt Butt Butt 1st . so the default of 1.00 0. Liquid Specific Gravity (G) . If the top wind girder is below the top of the tank.85 0. this value is used only in the Design case.0 for the Hydrotest case.85 or 0.85 0.85 0.3 also utilizes this value of joint efficiency. API-653 2nd Edition provides Table 2-1 for weld joint efficiencies if the original E value is unknown. This value should be the sum of the individual course heights. The software automatically uses a specific gravity of 1.50 + k/5 0. the joint efficiency should be either 0.50 + k/5 0.85 1.TANK Input Tank Nominal Diameter (D) . and is used in the wind load computations.Enter the diameter of the tank.Enter the distance from the top of the tank shell to the location of the top wind girder. This is the height from the tank bottom to the top of the shell or to the bottom of any overflow device. As per API-650.6th (1961-1978) API-12C 14th & 15th (1957-1958) 3rd-13th (1940-1956) 1st & 2nd (1936-1939) Butt Butt Butt Lap (a) Butt (c) Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Unknown Lap (a) Lap (b) Butt (c) Lap (d) Joint Efficiency E 1. this value should be entered as zero. If the top wind girder is at the top of the shell.No RT Basic Standard Appendices D&G 48 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .00 0.Enter the total weight of the attachments and structures on the roof and shell which should be considered to resist uplift and in the maximum allowed pressure computation.85 0. enter the actual distance.75 0.3.85 0.Enter the height of the design liquid level.Enter the total height of the tank shell.3.As per Appendix A. Joint Efficiency (App A or 653) [E] . Weight Attachments & Structures .70 0.70 0. the software assumes the tank diameter is the centerline diameter of the bottom shell course plates.70 0.Spot RT Appendix A . No other computations use this value.0 can be left alone for variable point and one foot API-650 calculations. Note.Enter the specific gravity of the fluid.35 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 7/16 inch max t 1/4 inch max t 3/8 inch max t Applicability or Limits Basic Standard Appendix A . API-653 Section 2.70. such as for a walk-way.4. Tank Shell Height (HTK) . Design Liquid Level (H) . Distance Down to the Top Wind Girder .

Alternatively. left-click the . Entire Shell Course Evaluation .Enter the density of the tank insulation.9.Which is the basic wind moment definition as per Section 5. This entry is used to check the shell course input and control the shell course generation if necessary.If the tank will have an annular base ring. its allowable stresses.11 stability.Turns on an off wind loads on the roof. the equation for the maximum allowed pressure in Section F. This selection uses equation 4.4. A later code interpretation makes the use of this wind moment term optional. This deduction only occurs if the 1 foot method is in use.1a. Due consideration should be given to Section 5.7. After a valid material is selected.11 Wind Pressure . The data specified here is assumed to pertain to the entire tank. check this checkbox. If the tank will not have an annular base ring.3.1. 10% Plus 5psf in Wind Moment . or open-top tanks.. to display the same context menu.b. The standard is a 120 mile per hour (53. check this checkbox.TANK Input (a) (b) (c) Full double lap welded. Default Shell Material . grade. tensile strength.Enter the number of shell courses in the tank..6 m/sec) wind but may be increased to account for additional tank height. right-click and select Database in the context menu to display the Material Database Selection screen. The insulation is assumed to extend from the bottom of course #1 to the top of the last (top) course.3.As per API-653 Section 4. To ignore the wind moment term (as in the 8th Edition). this data may be specified using the Shell Course Materials dialog box. This selection uses equation 4.3. uncheck this checkbox.2 includes a wind moment term.This field displays the material name. which deducts 1-foot from the fluid height.3.Enter the wind velocity acting on the tank.3. If the material varies over the shell courses. yield strength. Number of Shell Courses . Include Wind Moment in Appendix F 4.1. Several configuration directives control how the wind pressure is computed and applied to the tank. To properly access a valid material name and its properties. Wind Velocity . select this option if the shell thickness calculation is for a local area of the shell course.Defines the wind pressure to be used for Section 5. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 49 .7. Local Area Shell Only . These directives are as follows: Roof Projection in Wind Moment . uncheck this checkbox.a.3.3.Enter the thickness of the insulation on the tank shell. To include the wind moment term. Include Annular Base Plate Details . (d) Single lap welded only.1.2 Calculations .As of API-650 9th Edition.3. which does not deduct 1-foot from the fluid height. wind gust.As per API-653 Section 4. internal pressure.1. Insulation Thickness . Single butt-welded joints with a back-up bar were permitted from the years of 1936 to 1940 and 1948 to 1954. and group are acquired from the database for subsequent software use. activate this button if the shell thickness calculation is for the entire shell course.9. Insulation Density . Full fillet weld with at least 25% intermittent full fillet opposite side: k = percent of intermittent weld expressed in decimal form. Section 5.

if necessary. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. If this cell is left blank for the first course.1). Table S-2. referred to as St in the API code. the value of test allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. For stainless steels. If necessary.1. For stainless steels. Corrosion Allowance . on a course-by-course basis.Represents the allowable stress for a stainless steel according to API-650 Appendix S. Thickness . If it is constant. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database. the value of design allowable stress obtained from the database may be overridden by entering a different value in this input field. For this reason. If this cell is left blank. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. referred to as Sd in the API code.Enter the thickness for the current shell course.TANK Input Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Specifies the default values for all of the shell courses. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. The sum of all shell course heights should equal the tank shell height entered previously. the shell course height does not need to be specified for any course after the first course. This value is automatically registered by the software if the material was selected from the database.Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered in the thickness evaluations for shell course #n.1.Represents the allowable design stress. If this cell is left blank. SSD1 through SSD5 . Material Design Stress . the value of Sd (at the left) is displayed as zero.6.6. Height . this value will be displayed as zero. If it is constant. These values are used during the computation phase of the solution to determine the actual Sd value. If necessary. these values will be interpolated during the solution phase. 50 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Enter the height for the current shell course in the specified units. then enter a good starting value (see API-650 5. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses.Represents the allowable test stress. the software duplicates the shell course height to all required courses. If the purpose of this job is to design the shell course thickness. the software will set the thickness according to API-650 Table 5. If this cell is left blank. You can use the options on this tab to change the material. Hydro Test Stress . If it is constant. since a temperature versus allowable table is used instead.1.

Enter the wind importance factor as defined by ASCE #7. This is an optional entry.95 (the default) for this parameter.0. Kd .Enter the wind directionality factor.TANK Input Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Provides options for defining detailed wind parameters specific to ASCE #7. Threads per Unit Length .0000 Threads per Inch 13 11 10 9 8 7 7 6 6 5 4.0000 1. Gust Factor .5 4.Enter the wind speed up factor for hills.2500 1.The software can either evaluate a user-specified design or design an anchorage according to API-650 Section 5. the value defaults to 1.1250 1. I .7500 3. If left blank. Typical threads per inch for various size UNC bolts are listed in the following table: Basic Major Diameter (in) 0. the thread pitch is necessary.Enter the bolt diameter of an existing anchorage. API 650 recommends a value of 0.5 4 4 4 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 51 .5000 1.12. the value defaults to 0. TANK uses the recommended API 650 defaults.7500 0. Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) Anchor Bolt Diameter . If these times are not defined.6250 0.Enter the velocity pressure coefficient as defined by ASCE #7. This value should be 1. Enter the threads per inch in the appropriate units.5000 0.85. the value defaults to 1. and the anchorage is necessary. In order to size the anchor bolts. Kz .7500 2. The pitch is the reciprocal of the parameter known as threads per inch.2500 2. Kzt . If left blank.0000 2. it will be evaluated using this data. If left blank.04.0 (the default) except for those structures on isolated hills or escarpments.5000 2.8750 1.3750 1.Enter the wind gust factor as defined by ASCE #7. This is a required entry that will be used in the event that the software must design an anchorage. If entered.

For evaluation of an existing anchorage.7.0 before adding it to the tank diameter value. API-650.5000 3. Number of Anchor Bolts .Enter the offset from the mean tank diameter to the anchor bolt circle. Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance . the bolt allowable stress was required input.12.TANK Input Basic Major Diameter (in) 3.Enter the yield stress of the anchor bolts for use in Section 5. If this value is left blank. enter the number of anchor bolts for evaluation of an existing anchorage. but is maintained for compatibility with older input files.12. the bolt allowable is determined for various load cases as specified in Section 5. an offset of 0. This is a required entry that is used in the event that the software must design an anchorage.25 inches. As a result. Bolt Offset from Mean Tank Diameter . 52 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Bolt Yield Stress .7500 4. the number of bolts will be a multiple of the bolt increment specified in the configuration.2500 3. If the software redesigns the anchorage.Enter the value of the corrosion allowance to be considered when sizing the anchor bolts. this value is no longer used. The software internally multiplies this value by 2. Section F.4 requires a corrosion allowance of at least 0.0 is used.0000 Threads per Inch 4 4 4 4 Bolt Allowable Stress . As of this addendum. This value must be greater than zero for bolt circles outside the tank.Prior to Addendum 3 of the 10th edition of API-650.

and Girder Rings. Note that this is a scratchpad.2) can be used to quickly determine the value for the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction on the left side of the dialog box. and maximum allowed pressure. Details of the scratchpad input fields are discussed below. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 53 . The computed area value will be inserted into the Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction box. This dialog box is used to specify the roof parameters when necessary. The Net Area Scratchpad (F.TANK Input Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is an optional input. and then click Compute. define the required data according to the required Figure (a-k). Figure 29: General Roof Specs Tab Whenever a tank has a roof to be design. Data entered in these fields will not be saved. This section of data defines in general terms the overall geometry of the roof. The approximation requires the specification of the remaining data on the General Root Specs tab. such as seismic analysis. The Roof Specification Parameters dialog box is divided into three tabs: General Roof Specs. Supported Cone Roof Data. This data is used in further analysis. a decision must be made as to whether a simple approximation will be made. wind over turning. the top half of this dialog must be filled out. or a supported cone roof will be designed. To use this scratchpad. At this point.

For the structural and roof plate materials. 54 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the […] button may be used to bring up the context menu which allows selection from the Material Database. shown below. girders. and the maximum allowed length for the rafters and girders. depending on the active structural library. The allowed cross sections vary. Figure 30: Supported Cone Roof Data Tab The parameters necessary for the proper design of a supported cone roof include: the desired cross section type for rafters. and in the available cross sections. then the bottom half of General Root Specs tab should be left blank. The help system provides guidance here. in the usage of the various structural types. The data necessary for supported cone roof design should be specified on Supported Cone Root Data tab. the material for the cross sections and roof plate.TANK Input If instead. a supported cone roof is to be designed. and columns. displays the parameters used in the roof design. This tab.

Rafter Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters only. column rings.Enter the angle between the roof and a horizontal plane at the roof-shell junction. For rafter supported cone roofs. If however. TYPE 1 ROOF TYPE Supported Cone Roof This type of roof is supported by rafters. All other roof types are considered solely for their weight effects on shell. as the number of girder rings. columns and girders. the software can design the rafters. General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Defines the overall geometry of the roof. and how many girders make up the ring.TANK Input Providing all of the data shown allows TANK to design a supported cone roof according to the procedures outlined in the text by Brownell & Young.Defines the roof type of the tank. which are supported by girders. Figure 31: Girder Rings Tab This grid is used to specify the location of each girder ring. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 55 . Angle Between Roof & Horizontal . which are supported by columns. and rafter rings is known. This includes positioning the girder rings according to the maximum allowed rafter lengths. Self-Supporting Cone Roof Self-Supporting Dome Roof 2 3 4 5 Self-Supporting Umbrella Roof For supported cone roofs. the design can be forced in a certain direction by specifying data on the Girder Rings tab. then the members are sized only. the software can design the rafters. If this information is specified. alternate positioning is desired. Roof Type . Select a value from the list that corresponds to the roof types listed in the following table.

Enter the total weight of any snow on the roof to be considered in API-650 Appendix E computations for seismic checks. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. specify the bar thickness in this field.Enter the total weight of the roof plates to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. Weight of Snow on Roof .Enter the nominal thickness of the roof plates.Specify the thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes a thickened region of the top shell course. If the supported cone roof design procedures are implemented. This value will not be used. According to API-650 5. this value must be at least 20 pounds per square foot. Thickness of Roof Plate . refer to API-650 Figure F-2. Specify this estimate in the tc field.Enter the percentage of the roof and snow weights that are to be considered as supported by the shell for API-650 Appendix E checks. the computed value will be used in subsequent calculations. an estimate of the thickness of the top shell plate is required. Weight of Roof Plates . it will be used (unless a supported cone roof is being designed).If the selected sketch (a-k) includes a bar. After the analysis.Since the analysis hasn’t been performed.Specify the angle thickness if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. Thickness of Shell Plate (tc) . corresponding sketches “a” through “k” from API-650 Figure F. click Compute. Roof Live Load . TANK will determine the % of weight supported by the shell internally. % of Weights Supported by Shell .10. If the input value is greater. or a supported cone roof is being designed. TANK will determine the load applied to the roof internally.2. The dead load of the roof will be computed by the software and combined with the live load to determine the total roof load. 56 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the computed roof plate weight is always used.Enter the area resisting the compressive force. Roof Plate Corrosion Allowance .Enter the total weight of the roof framing to be considered in API-650 Appendix E and Appendix F computations. Thickness of Angle Leg (ta) . This value will not be used. This value will not be used. This input area of the dialog is a scratchpad. Thickness of thicker Plate (ts) .Enter the corrosion allowance to be considered when determining the weight of the roof plates for Appendix F and overturning computations. For supported cone roofs. if any. Scratchpad The data entered here is not saved.2.1. TANK will determine the weight of the roof plates internally. For details. The TANK input processor uses the specified data and computes the net area at the roof –shell junction and updates this data field on the left-hand side of the dialog box. Figure (a-k) . Weight of Roof Framing . This value should include the corrosion allowance. After the data has been defined. TANK will determine the weight of the roof framing internally. If the computed value is greater than the input value specified here.Enter the value to be used in computing the load supported by the roof plates. the computed top course thickness should replace the estimate specified here so that the correct area can be used in the roof calculations.Select the desired cross section.TANK Input Net Area at Roof/Shell Junction . This value will be subtracted from the nominal roof plate thickness. Thickness of Bar (tb) .

valid types for this cell are: W. girder. and P. The roof rafter locations are shown in the figure below. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. C. girder. WT. girder. and M. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. Minimum Yield Strength (Fy) . Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Preferred Rafter Type . For the 1989 AISC library. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. C.Enter the preferred section type for the roof rafters.TANK Input Unstiffened Angle Length (Le) . column rafter.Specify the minimum yield strength of all of the materials in the selected sketch. girder. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 57 . These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C SHAPE Wide Flange Channel USAGE rafter. DI.Specify the un-stiffened angle leg if the selected sketch (a-k) includes an angle. girder. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. S. column rafter. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. column rafter. column rafter. DC.

parallel USAGE rafter. column rafter. column Preferred Girder Type . and UC. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. column rafter. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. column rafter. and C. girder. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. CP. column rafter. and CT. girder. column rafter. girder. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. girder. column For the 1990 Australian library. UC. column rafter. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: I. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. girder.Enter the preferred section type for the roof girders. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. valid types for this cell are: UB. column rafter. column For the 1990 South African library. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. girder. column For the 1991 German library. HP. girder. 58 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and T. U. girder. valid types for this cell are: IP. column CT Channels. T. column For the 1993 UK library. The roof girder locations are shown in the figure below.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR M SHAPE Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. girder. taper rafter.

valid types for this cell are: W. girder. column rafter. girder. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. DC. C. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee USAGE rafter. and C. S. girder. valid types for this cell are: W. T. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter. girder. girder. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. girder. WT. column rafter. girder. DI. UC. and P. column rafter. column rafter. column rafter.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. girder. C. column For the 1993 UK library. and M. column rafter. girder. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 59 . girder.

These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. HP. CP.TANK Input DESCRIPTOR C SHAPE Channel USAGE rafter. column rafter. girder. girder. and UC. The specific section types depend on the active structural database. taper rafter. column rafter. column For the 1990 South African library. column rafter. Valid types as a function of the database are listed below. girder. U. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: IP. girder. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. girder. girder. column rafter.Enter the preferred section type for the roof columns. The roof column locations are shown in the figure below. girder. and CT. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels. column For the 1990 Australian library. valid types for this cell are: I. valid types for this cell are: UB. column For the 1991 German library. 60 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . column CT Channels. parallel USAGE rafter. and T. column Preferred Column Type . girder.

DC. column rafter. WT. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC T C SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns Structural Tee Channel USAGE rafter. column rafter. and M. girder. C.TANK Input For the 1989 AISC library. girder. column rafter. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. girder. column rafter. UC. valid types for this cell are: I. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR I U T SHAPE I-Beams Channel Structural Tee USAGE rafter. T. column rafter. DI. U. girder. girder. girder. and T. girder. column For the 1991 German library. column rafter. and UC. girder. girder. and P. column Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 61 . and C. girder. girder. column rafter. girder. column For the 1990 Australian library. column rafter. column rafter. valid types for this cell are: UB. C. valid types for this cell are: W. column rafter. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR W C M SHAPE Wide Flange Channel Standard I Beam USAGE rafter. girder. column columns only columns only columns only For the 1990 Korean library. column For the 1993 UK library. valid types for this cell are: W. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR UB UC SHAPE Universal Beams Universal Columns USAGE rafter. girder. girder. S. girder. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections from AISC: DESCRIPTOR W WT S C DC DI P AISC SHAPE Wide Flange Structural Tee Standard I Beam Channel Double Channel Double Wide Flange Pipe USAGE rafter.

girder. column rafter. If this cell is left blank.0 to 30. This value is used to determine how many girders are required for each girder ring. Typical values for this cell are 20. column rafter. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters. where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. CP. from the center of the tank. girder. a value of zero will be used.Enter the diameter of the center column cap plate if necessary. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. valid types for this cell are: IP. arranged in concentric circles. The girders are supported by columns.. 62 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Enter the maximum length allowed for the rafters. girder. and CT.1 meters. Maximum Allowed Girder Length . The ends of the rafters are supported on girders.0 feet (6.3. taper USAGE rafter. This value is automatically filled in when the Structural Member Material is specified. In the design of the supported cone roof. The rafters are oriented along radial lines.0 feet /7. Structural Member Material . Center Column Cap Plate Diameter . girder. Structural Member Allowable Design Stress .] button.. HP. The rafters are arranged in rings around the tank. This value is used to determine the radii to the various girder rings.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the roof plates can be selected. Maximum Allowed Rafter Length . parallel Channels. this value should not exceed 20000 psi (137895 kpa). The girders are supported by columns.TANK Input For the 1990 South African library. For compliance with API-650 Section 3.10.4.Enter the maximum length allowed for the girders. In the design of the supported cone roof. The ends of the rafters are supported on girders. The material database can be entered activated by clicking the [.1 to 7. from the center of the tank.. column Roof Plate Material . Typical values for this cell are 24. The material database can be entered (activated) by clicking the [. The rafters are oriented along radial lines. where the rafter lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value.This cell allows entry into the material database from which a material for the structural members can be selected.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the structural members..3 meters). Roof Plate Allowable Design Stress . where the girder lengths do not exceed the maximum user specified value. column rafter.3 to 9. the roof plates sit on top of the rafters.This cell contains the value used as the allowable design stress for the roof plates. arranged in concentric circles. This value is automatically filled in when the Roof Plate Material is specified.] button.0 to 24. These descriptors correspond to the following cross sections: DESCRIPTOR IP HP CP CT SHAPE I-Beams Wide flange beams Channels.

Number of Girders in Ring . the distance to all girder rings must be defined. however.TANK Input Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) Radius to Girder Ring . This dialog box is used to specify the seismic (earthquake) parameters when necessary. Figure 32: Seismic Data Tab Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 63 . These entries are optional. Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box The Seismic Data Specifications dialog box is an optional input.Enter the radial distance from the center of the tank to each girder ring. if the number of girders in any one ring is specified. If the location of one girder ring is specified. the number of girders in all rings must be also specified.The number of girders in each ring may also be specified.

Defines S1. and that this value (1. Initial Anchorage Type .The Seismic Use Group for the tank should be specified by the purchaser.4.4. 5% damped. 64 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Importance Factor .25) only be used for emergency services. %g. For more information about earthquake types. the requirements of the Code may be such that anchor bolts are required. Bottom Plate Thickness .Enter the minimum yield strength of the weld material.Defines Sa0*. Transitional Period is taken as the mapped value found in ASCE #7.6.Defines SP. Valid choices are A through F. Earthquake Type . See API-650 Section E. %g.2s). Peak Ground Acceleration for Non-ASCE (Sp) .Usually this value is 1.TANK Input Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . refer to API-650 Sections E. Minimum Yield Strength of Weld Material . Period (S1) . %g. Period (S0) . spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (0. II. 5% damped.5. Even if you specify a Self Anchored tank. 5% damped. the software will design bolting. Spectral Acceleration Adjustment Coefficient .0. Transitional Period (TL) .Defines the regional-dependent transition period for longer period ground motion.2 and E. The value of Q is 2/3 for ASCE #7. %g. which is the design level peak ground acceleration parameter for sites not addressed by ASCE methods. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. which is the 5% damped. Scaling Factor (Q) . which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake. Mapped Max Earthquake 0-sec. Seismic Use Group . Mapped Max Earthquake Short Period (Ss) . Unless otherwise specified.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Zero Period (Sa0*) . the coefficient defaults to 1.1 for details on the various SUG categories. If no value is specified. spectral response acceleration parameter at short periods (T = 0.25.Defines the seismic site class according to Section E.7.2 seconds) based on ASCE 7 methods.Defines the scaling factor from the maximum considered earthquake (MCE) to the design level spectral accelerations. This coefficient is used to adjust the spectral acceleration from 5% to 0. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of one second. and III). Friction Factor . 5% damped. where F represents soils that require site-specific evaluations. or 3 (corresponding to SUG groups I. which is the mapped maximum considered earthquake.6. Site Class . which is the design. API recommends that this value not exceed 1.Defines Ss. design spectral response acceleration parameter at zero period based on site-specific procedures.4. In this instance. API limits the maximum value of this friction factor to 0. %g.5% damping.Defines the spectral acceleration adjustment coefficient (K). 2. in seconds. Mapped Max Earthquake 1-sec. Valid entries for this field are 1.3.Defines the earthquake type as either Site Specific or Mapped.Defines S0. Design Acceleration Parameter at Short Periods for ASCE Methods .3.Defines SDS. spectral response acceleration parameter at a period of zero seconds (peak ground acceleration for a rigid structure). unless specified otherwise by the purchaser.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.Specify the friction factor used to determine tank sliding in API-650 Section E.4.Defines the initial anchorage type as either Self Anchored or Mechanically Anchored (bolted).

Enter the maximum allowed spacing (center-to-center between adjacent or radial grillage members).25 inches (6. you must define the necessary values in the Appendix I . Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate . which is the 5% damped. the software computes the required thickness of the bottom plate.Defines Sa*. In this case. bottom plates should have a minimum thickness of 0. As stated in API-650 5.1. This value is may be left blank if the grillage spacing is entered.35mm). If a value is entered. Figure 33: Grillage Review Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog is used in the computations of API-650 Appendix I. If a value is entered here. This value should correspond to the value entered on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. Maximum Allowed Spacing .4. This value is optional. Grillage Review Dialog Box In cases where a tank must rest on a lattice of grillage.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 65 .TANK Input Spectral Acceleration Parameter at Any Period (Sa*) . Modulus of Elasticity of Bottom Plate . Section 7.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate.Grillage Review dialog box to allow the software to compute either the grillage spacing or the required nominal thickness of the bottom plate. leave the bottom plate thickness blank so the software can compute it. %g.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used for the bottom plate. If left blank. design spectral response acceleration parameter at any period based on site-specific procedures. Corrosion Allowance Added to Bottom Plate . this value defaults to zero.Enter the corrosion allowance to be added to the bottom plate thickness. you are prompted to verify whether the same value should also be used on the Seismic Data spreadsheet. Nominal Thickness of Bottom Plate .

This alternate procedure is detailed in PVP-1279 and is valid for smaller tanks. Figure 34: Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box The data acquired from this dialog box is used to implement the rules of API-650 Appendix P. If you check Use PVP-1279. Nozzle Outer Diameter . TANK uses an alternate method to compute the nozzle stiffnesses. the Modulus of Elasticity and Expansion Coefficient values are automatically updated. Whenever the tank temperature value in the General Tank Data dialog box (on page 42) is changed. These values are obtained by interpolating the data provided in Table P-1 of API-650.TANK Input Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box TANK allows you to specify up to fifteen low tank nozzles.Enter the height of the nozzle centerline above the bottom plate. if available from a pipe stress analysis.Enter the outer diameter of the nozzle. The data specification can include external piping loads. NA0A PGLG 66 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This cell is restricted to 4 characters and can contain letters and/or digits.Defines a descriptive tag or number of the current nozzle. Example entries for this cell are listed as follows: NZ1 NZ2 NZ3 Nozzle Height above Bottom Plate . Nozzle Designation / Number .

07E-6 500 27. if necessary. 300. Instead.Enter the difference between the normal operating temperature and the installation temperature. 29.2E6 Expansion Coefficient .3E6 27. 200.5E6 28. 300.1 Design Temp (deg C) Modulus (MPa) 20. 203000 199000 195000 191000 188000 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 67 .3E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6. 25. 150.Enter the modulus of elasticity.67E-6 6.4E6 26.4 12. 400. reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70 200 300 400 29.TANK Input Delta Temperature . then the modulus value for Table P-1 is not used.87E-6 7.1E6 500. 400.6E6 26. Modulus of Elasticity . the modulus value is obtained from Table S-6: : Design Temp (deg F) 100. 90.7E6 27.0E6 27.3E6 27. 200.3E6 7.07E-6 7. 500.0 12.7E6 Thermal Expansion (in/in/deg F) 6.25E-6 The value of elastic modulus is automatically defined by the software when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet. If the bottom shell course is specified as Stainless Steel.87E-6 7. You can change this value. 260. 200.67E-6 6. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1and are reproduced as follows: Design Temp (deg F) Modulus (psi) 70.8E6 28.5E6 28.25E-6 Thermal Expansion (mm/mm/deg C) 12.7 13.8E6 28. Modulus (psi) 28.Enter the value of the thermal expansion coefficient. These values should be taken from API-650 Table P-1.

The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. units) when you change the design temperature on the general spreadsheet.Defines the thickness of the nozzle reinforcing pad if it exists and whether it should be considered in the computations. This value is used to determine the vertical distance from the nozzle centerline to the point where the tank bottom has no influence on nozzle stiffness. 68 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .TANK Input The value of expansion coefficient is automatically defined by the software (using internal. if any.A value defined in PVP-1279. Hathaitham. LaBounty. You can change this value. If you specify a pad thickness. Nozzle Weight . acting on the nozzle. The pad diameter is twice the nozzle diameter. Bardia.Enter the value of any applied external circumferential moment acting on the nozzle. The value you enter will be used in all weight computations involving the shell. These assumptions are implicit in the curves presented in Appendix P and are automatically considered by the software. Appendix P makes the following assumptions: The reinforcing pad thickness is equal to the shell thickness. if necessary. Use PVP-1279 . Nozzle RePad Thickness . This entry is used to interpolate among the charts in API-650 Appendix P. resulting in alternate curves and equations for the determination of tank nozzle stiffnesses. Applied External Radial Force . If reinforcing on the shell is indicated. API-650 Appendix P offers no guidance on how reinforcing pads should be handled. Applied External Circumferential Moment . and Lengsfeld. English. This alternate method is based on PVP (Pressure Vessel and Piping) paper 1279 . Nozzle Thickness for PVP-1279 .The outside diameter of the nozzle reinforcing pad.Enter the value of any applied radial force. by Lengsfeld.Enabling this option allows TANK to utilize an alternate method to compute nozzle stiffnesses. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. Taagepera.Indicates where the nozzle reinforcement is located. but not actually used in the computations. This alternate method is based on the finite element analysis of a number of tanks. it will be used to increase the thickness of the tank shell in all Appendix P computations.Enter the weight of this nozzle. The value you enter will be used in plotting the interaction diagram of Appendix P. Reinforcement on Shell or Nozzle? .Enter the value of any applied external longitudinal moment acting on the nozzle. RePad Outer Diameter for PVP-1279 . Applied External Longitudinal Moment .Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks.

This value is: 2.TANK Input Cycle Life Data Dialog Box The Cycle Life Data dialog box is an optional input. The value of C shall be 0.Enter the minimum yield strength of the bottom plate. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 69 .0 for butt-welded annular plates where the shell-to-bottom fillet welds have been inspected by 100% magnetic particle examination.0.85 if not specified by the purchaser.Enter the difference between the minimum ambient temperature and the tank's maximum operating temperature. Figure 35: Cycle Life Data Dialog Box Fill Height Difference .0 for tanks on earth foundations 4.25 to a maximum of 1.Enter the difference in filling height between the full level of the tank and the low level of the tank. The examination shall be performed before hydrostatic testing. This dialog box is used to specify the data necessary to evaluate the anticipated number of "full .empty" cycles the tank is permitted to cycle through without a detailed stress analysis. K = 2.Enter the stress concentration factor for the bottom plate at the toe of the inside shell-to-bottom fillet weld. The value for C ranges from a minimum of 0.Enter the factor to account for the radial restraint of the tank's shell-to-bottom junction with respect to free thermal expansion. The magnetic particle examination shall be performed on the root pass at every 1/2 inch / 13mm of deposited weld metal while the weld is being made and on the completed weld. The actual design value of C shall be established considering the tank's operating and warm-up procedure and heat transfer to the subgrade. K = 4. Factor K . Factor B .Enter the foundation factor. Minimum Yield Strength of Bottom Plate .0 for shell-to-bottom fillet welds and lap-welded bottom plates.0 for tanks on earth foundations with a concrete ring-wall Factor C . Temperature Difference .

Elastic Modulus of Roof Plate Material .Define the elastic modulus of the roof plate material – E. Allowable Compressive Stress for Top Stiffener (Fc) .Define the Specified External Pressure – Pe.00 for butt welds Joint Efficiency of Shell Plate (JEs) . However.JEs. Where fc = 0. Figure 36: API 650 External Pressure Dialog Box Specified External Pressure (PE) .85 for shells with spot radiography Joint Efficiency of Splice of Stiffener Sections (JEst) .70 for double lap welds JEr = 1. However. This dialog box is used to specify the parameters necessary to evaluate the external pressure capacity of the tank.Define the Shell Plate Joint Efficiency .fc.Define the Stiffener Splice Joint Efficiency .) Dialog Box The API 650 External Pressure (App V.35 for single lap welds JEr = 0.000 psi (103 MPa).70 for no radiography Allowable Compressive Stress for Bottom Stiffener (Fc) .85 for spot radiography of selected splice welds JEst = 0. Where fc = 0. JEst = 1. Joint Efficiency of Roof Plate (JEr) .JEst.00 for 100% radiography of all splice welds JEst = 0. fc need not be less than 20.000 psi (140 MPa).Define the Roof Plate Joint Efficiency .00 for shells with full radiography JEs = 0.4Fy of components considered for the intermediate and bottom stiffeners.) dialog box is an optional input.Define the Bottom Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress . JEr = 0.fc. JEs = 1.6Fy of components considered for the top end stiffener region.Define the Top Stiffener Allowable Compressive Stress . fc need not be less than 15.TANK Input API 650 External Pressure (App V. 70 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .JEr.

Figure 37: Shell Settlement Data Dialog Box The data from this dialog is used to implement the requirements of API-653.f. Additional data points will reduce the magnitude of this angle.5E6 psi / 203000 MPa is used. use every other point when generating the input. The software performs all computations using all of the specified measurement points. If this value is left blank. This limits the entry in this field to a maximum of 45 degrees. The code limits the spacing between these measurement points (around the circumference of the tank) to 32 feet / 9. If the number of measurement points is so great as to cause the spacing to fall below 15 feet / 4.Define the Dish Radius of Roof . the shell plate material.Define the Minimum Allowable Tensile Stress . Shell Settlement Data The Shell Settlement Data dialog box is used to define the measured settlement of up to 40 points around the tank shell circumference.8 m.6m. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 71 . Prior to API-653 2nd Edition Addendum 2. a default of 29. This value is only needed for Dome and Umbrella roofs.3.Enter the thickness of the bottom plate. This value must be less than 45-degrees.1m.TANK Input Bottom Plate Thickness (Tb) . this limit was 30 feet / 9. of the roof plate material. Elastic Modulus for Allowed Settlement .2. API-653 Appendix B. Angle Between Measurements .Enter the distance (in degrees) between adjacent settlement measurement points. Smallest Allowable Tensile Stress (f) .3 requires at least eight points around the circumference of the tank. Roof Dish Radius (R) . Appendix B. and the stiffener ring material at the maximum operating temperature. in API-653 Section B.Enter the value of the elastic modulus to be used in the computation of the allowed shell settlement.R.1.

3. tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate according to Section 4. 4. Post 3rd Ed.1m intervals. Bottom. obtained from tank inspections.3. and 4.1 of the 3rd Edition of API-653. May 1999 and the text by Phil Meyers.4.7.2.3.TANK Input Too many points may lead to an over conservative determination of the out-of-plane deflection limit.3. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 73) Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 75) Bottom Post 3rd Ed.Enter the elevation of the shell bottom at this measurement point on the circumference of the tank. API-653 Service Measurement Data The API-653 Service Measurement Data dialog box allows you to specify additional measurement data. Addendum 3 to the 9th Edition of API-653 suggests computing the deflection limit using points spaced at approximately 30 foot / 9. This measurement data can be used to implement the shell and bottom checks discussed in API-653 Sections 4. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box)" on page 72) Bottom.1. Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. Elevation . each discussed in the following subsections.4. Figure 38: Bottom Post 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) 72 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .7. Hydrocarbon Engineering. Additional details on this subject can be found in Out of Plane Settlement of Cylindrical Tanks by Erdmann and Yeigh. Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) (see "Bottom Post 3rd Ed. Pre 3rd Ed. Post 3rd Ed. The data for the service measurement analysis is presented in a series of tabbed dialogs. Above Ground Storage Tanks.1.

this value should be specified as 0. enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).4. after repairs.4.As per API-653 Section 2. Maximum Undesirable Pitting Rate (UPr) . according to Section 2. Minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion after repairs (RTip) .As per API-653 Section 2. Maximum rate of corrosion not repaired on the top side (StPr) .0.1.As per API-653 Section 4.Enter the average depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates.As per API-653 Section 2.1.4. after repairs. This dialog box is included to maintain backwards compatibility with previous versions of TANK and earlier editions of the code.7.7. Pre 3rd Ed.As per API-653 Section 4.7. on a yearly basis.Enter the average depth of the internal pitting of the bottom plates.1.4. If the tank bottom is internally lined (per API RP 652).Enter the maximum depth of underside pitting of the bottom plates. Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Bottom. This value is measured from the original thickness.4. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . Average Depth of Underside Pitting (UPa) . If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651). enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from the bottom side corrosion. enter the value of the minimum remaining thickness from internal corrosion. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 73 . on a yearly basis.1.0. Figure 39: Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) All values to be entered on this dialog box are defined.4.TANK Input Minimum remaining thickness from bottom side corrosion after repairs (RTbc) . tab is used to define the parameters necessary to evaluate the minimum thickness for the tank bottom plate. Maximum Depth of Underside Pitting (UPm) .7.1 of previous editions of API-653.1. Average Depth of Internal Pitting (StPa) . then this value should be specified as 0. enter the value of the maximum internal pitting rate.7. and include the corresponding code nomenclature (from earlier editions of the code).7.

If the tank bottom is cathodically protected (per API RP 651) this value should be specified as 0.4.4.As per API-653 Section 2.4.As per API-653 Section 2. Max Depth Internal Pitting After Repair (StPm) .1. 74 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This value should correspond to the bottom plate thickness entered on the Seismic Data Specifications dialog box (on page 63) and the Grillage Review dialog box (on page 65).4.1.As per API-653 Section 2.7. enter the value of the maximum underside pitting rate. enter the value of the average depth of the generally corroded area.1.TANK Input Original Plate Thickness (To) . Maximum Internal Pitting Rate ( StPr) . This value is measured from the original thickness.Enter the maximum rate of corrosion not repaired in top side (StPr).7. on a yearly basis.Enter the original thickness of the bottom plates.As per API-653 Section 2.1.1. enter the value of the maximum depth of internal pitting remaining in the bottom plates after repairs are completed. (GCa). enter the value of the anticipated in-service period of operation (normally 10 years).7. Anticipated In-Service Period of Operation (Or) . Maximum Rate of General Corrosion (GCr) . Maximum rate of corrosion on the bottom side (UPr) .4.As per API-653 Section 2.0. if specified. on a yearly basis. enter the value of the maximum rate of general corrosion.7. Average Depth of Generally Corroded Area (GCa) . StPr = 0 for coated areas of the bottom. The expected life of the coating must equal r or exceed O to use StPr = 0.7.

the fluid height to the design liquid level is measured from the bottom of "L".Enter the value of the joint efficiency to be used in the thickness computations of this shell course. and a joint efficiency for each shell course. it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. Additionally. If this value is left blank. "L" is the critical length. Lowest Average Thickness . above the bottom of this course. Use specified shell "L" values? .This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified location L will be used in subsequent thickness calculations. In subsequent thickness computations. exclusive of pits. they default to the user-specified thickness on the General Tank Data dialog box. if the L location is left blank. Minimum Thickness . it will default to the thickness defined in the General Tank Data (see "General Tank Data Dialog Box" on page 42) dialog box. Joint Efficiency . If the t1 or t2 values are left blank. the maximum vertical length over which the hoop stresses are assumed to "average out" around local discontinuities. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 75 .Enter the average thickness in the "L" region. If this value is left blank. "L" Location Above Course Bottom . Figure 40: Manual Shell Course Specification Tab If the joint efficiency is left blank. controls are provided to indicate which of these data entries should be considered in the current analysis.TANK Input Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) The Manual Shell Course Specification tab is used to define the location of the critical length L. Similarly. the fluid height will be determined from the bottom of the course. the inspection values of t1 and t2.Enter the value that locates the bottom of the "L" region.Enter the least thickness in any area of corrosion. the value specified on the General Tank Data dialog box is used.

Enter in this cell the original thickness of the bottom shell course. and liquid characteristics.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course thicknesses of t1 and t2 should be used in subsequent computations. as well as the environmental factors. This may be useful if additional inspections and radiography are performed.This check box is used to indicate whether or not the user specified values of individual course joint efficiencies will be used in subsequent computations.3.3. This dialog is used to specify the flow rates for emptying and filling the tank. The thickness computations use a height value measured from the bottom of each course. which produces more conservative (thicker) thicknesses. the height value is computed according to API-653 Section 2. Values of t1 or t2 left blank will assume the thickness specified on the General Tank Data dialog box.3. This value is used to determine the minimum thickness of the annular base plate.1. Figure 41: API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box 76 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box The API-2000 Venting Requirements dialog box contains optional input.1.3. as per API-653 Table 2.3. The computations performed here are in accordance with API-2000 5th Edition (1998). Instead. Use specified shell "E" values? .TANK Input Enabled Allows the software to use the user-specified values of the location of "L" to be used in determining the height to the maximum design liquid level. Prevents the software from performing the thickness checks of API-653 2. Use specified shel "t1/t2" values? . the computations are made using the joint efficiency specified on the General Tank Data dialog box.3.1. Disabled Bottom Shell Course as Constructed . Disabled Causes subsequent computations to ignore the user input values of the location of "L". When this box is checked. Disabled Causes the software to ignore the specified values of individual course joint efficiencies. Enabled Allows the software to perform the thickness checks per API-653 2. Enabled Allows the software to utilize the individual joint efficiencies for each course in any subsequent computations. Most of the information from this edition can be found in Appendix A of the 2010 Edition.3.

3 0.50 0.2.2.15 0.15 0.5 5 10 15 20 25 1.0 0.8 2.Enter the environmental factor according to Table 4A of API.2.075 0.0 0.4 5. see API-2000 Section 4.0 1.5 Metric Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) --22.0 0.Enter the maximum emptying rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank.TANK Input Emptying Rate .075 0.375 0. For more information.Enter the temperature of the liquid's flash point.1.3. Liquid Flash Point .33 ------------Insulation Thickness (in) 0 1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ------------F Factor 1.7 3.300 0. Filling Rate .3.0 0.0 1.3 F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 0 2.0 0. Boiling Point .3 0.40 0.025 see note C 1.1.03 0.Enter the maximum filling rate (volume per hour) of liquid from the tank. Environmental Factor .05 0.05 0. For more information.8 2.Enter the temperature of the liquid's boiling point. English Units: Configuration Bare metal tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (BTU/hr ft F) --4.7 11.67 0. see API-2000 Section 4.375 0.0 2.2000.300 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 77 .1.

the plate allowable stress. and course thicknesses to the General Tank Data dialog for subsequent computations. and the height and diameter ranges. There is a minimum amount of user-specified data. This scratchpad is a calculation module that implements the API-650 One-Foot method to determine the required shell thicknesses. No other data on the Scratch-pad is saved. After exiting the Scratch-pad.025 see note C 1.TANK Input Configuration Insulated tank Concrete or Fireproofing Water-application facilities Depressuring and emptying Underground Storage Earth-covered storage above Grade Impoundment away from tank Conductance 2 (Watts/m K) 0.03 0. the fluid specific gravity. based on the required volume.0 1. Figure 42: Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box 78 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . You can alter the specification data and re-compute the size and cost estimates as many times as necessary. the unit cost of plate. which consists of the required tank volume.5 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad The Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad dialog Box provides a quick way to both size and price a tank.0 0.19 ------------F Factor Insulation Thickness (cm) 30 ------------0. you have the option of transferring the diameter.0 0. height.

the Dynamic Sizing Tool becomes active. and new estimates obtained. located to the right of the output display. a report can be printed. the necessary diameter (or height) is presented. If necessary. After the scratchpad calculations have been performed. The results of each range are presented in the list box below the input definition. Moving the slider bars with the mouse changes the corresponding dimension of the tank. The scratchpad computes a total of eight tanks: four for a diameter range. you can select Input > Calculate to initiate the computations. The results of the costing are presented last and consist of the shell weight and cost estimate. Alternatively. the input data can be altered. The cost is the product of the unit price and the plate weight. you can also use Scratchpad Calculator on the toolbar. as well as updates the right most column of numerical data in the table. The height of the top course is also reported. all other courses being equal to the specified input value. contains two slider bars. When the desired results have been achieved. Figure 43: Sizing / Costing Results For each tank evaluated. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 79 .TANK Input After the necessary data is specified. or the results for the minimum cost tank transferred to the General Tank Data Dialog Box (on page 42). The shell weight is based on the computed thicknesses and the plate density specified in the configuration file. and four for a height range. as well as the thickness required for each shell course. This sizing tool. Both options are enabled as soon as data is entered on the scratchpad.

exclusive of the height range. you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb.Enter the fluid specific gravity to be used in sizing the tank. The top course may be less than the value specified here. Maximum Tank Diameter . The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. the minimum value for this entry should be 1.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. Fluid Specific Gravity . the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. Since the tank must be hydrotested. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. The height range is independent of the diameter range. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. A total of four (4) diameters between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding heights) to size the tank. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. The diameter range is independent of the height range. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. Minimum Tank Height . you must ensure that the mass conversion and the density conversion use the same unit such as lb.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. 80 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . For each height/diameter value.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. and lb/cu. Four values of height between the minimum and maximum values are determined. For consistent application. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Average Course Height . For consistent application. For each height/diameter value. or KG and KG/cu. followed by plate weight and cost.cm. For each height/diameter value. Maximum Tank Height . This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells.Enter the required volume of the tank for sizing purposes. Minimum Tank Diameter .Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank height. exclusive of the diameter range. Plate Allowable Stress . The necessary diameter to achieve the required volume is then determined. Cost/Unit Weight of Plate . followed by plate weight and cost.Enter the unit cost of the plate material. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Required Volume .in. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. A total of four (4) heights between these limits will be determined (and the corresponding diameters) to size the tank. For each height/diameter value.Enter the minimum and maximum limits for the tank diameter. The height range is independent of the diameter range.0.Specify how many full courses are needed to achieve the desired volume. followed by plate weight and cost.in. The sizing routine will determine diameters and heights necessary to achieve this volume.cm. The mass conversion factor is applied to this value to compute the final tank cost. followed by plate weight and cost. exclusive of the diameter range. or KG and KG/cu. The cost is computed by multiplying this value by the total steel volume in the shell multiplied by the standard weight of steel. since the top course height is used to exactly match the desired volume. This value is used to compute the total material cost of the various tank shells. and lb/cu. the shell plate thicknesses will be determined. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined.TANK Input Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box The Tank Size/Costing Scratchpad dialog box input fields are described below.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 81 .TANK Input The diameter range is independent of the height range. The necessary height to achieve the required volume is then determined. Four values of diameter between the minimum and maximum values are determined. exclusive of the height range.

TANK Input

82

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

SECTION 7

Error Checking
The normal chain of events requires that the Error Checker validate the input data before the analysis phase is allowed to begin. The Error Checker is a separate module that is designed to prevent illegal or illogical data from being passed to the analysis program. The tasks performed involve checking for negative values where only positive values are allowed, ensuring that the corrosion allowance does not drive the thickness to zero, as well as API code restrictions. The Error Checker can produce two types of diagnostic messages, errors and warnings. A warning message indicates that the program discovered something in the input data that the analyst should be made aware of.

Figure 44: Sample Warning Message The program always considers warning messages as acceptable. As long as the analyst agrees with (or is aware of) the warning message, it can be considered acceptable to the analyst also. If the analyst disagrees with or is surprised by the warning message, it should be considered an error and the input modified accordingly.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

83

Error Checking
The second type of diagnostic message that can be produced is an error message. An error message indicates a problem with the input severe enough to prevent the analysis from completing.

Figure 45: Sample Error Message When an error is encountered, the analysis phase is prevented from starting. The user must correct the input to eliminate the error. (Note that the error shown above is an error for API-650 and a warning for API-653.) Whenever a warning or error message displays, the user is given several choices as to the next course of action. These choices are the subject of the next section.

Warning & Error Options
Any time an error or warning displays, you have several options available to direct the next course of action. Use the list below to determine the appropriate action to perform. Prints the last error message displayed in the list box. Error checking will resume when you click Continue. Prints all error messages from this point forward. Restarts the error check process from the beginning. Disables the display of warnings and notes and only displays error messages after this button is activated. After each error message is displayed, error checking will resume only when you click Continue. Disables the further display of the current message. This option is useful when a number of identical errors or warnings are displayed. In this case, it is not necessary to review each message.

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Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis

Click Continue again to exit the Error Checker dialog box and return to the Main menu. the Error Checker produces a summary report and pauses for user interaction. This gives you time to review the message. the procedure halts until you click Continue. Completing the Error Check Phase After all of the input data has been evaluated. The job cannot be analyzed in this condition. The typical response to this prompt is Yes. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 85 . If the summary report shows that errors were found. If it is necessary to abort the error check phase and return to the Main menu. Figure 46: Error Check Summary Without Errors When the review of this summary is complete. the analysis files will not be created. click File > Exit. click Continue to display a dialog requesting authorization to build the necessary analysis files. You must return to the input and correct the problems as reported by the Error Checker.Error Checking Each time a message displays in the list box.

Error Checking 86 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

There is no user interaction or input during the solution phase. the Analysis Monitoring dialog box displays. The analysis/solution phase consists of implementing the rules and equations found in the API-650 and API-653 codes. This module cannot be accessed unless the input data has been successfully error checked. After the solution module has been launched. As each solution step is entered. A brief overview of this phase can be found in the Solution Overview (on page 88) section. The program files used are listed below. Figure 47: Analysis Monitoring Dialog Box This dialog box displays the current job name. maintenance. Communication between the various program modules takes place through disk files. the major solution steps to the analysis. TANK Program Files TANK is modularized to facilitate operation. FILE SUFFIX TKI TKE LOG TKO TXT T80 DESCRIPTION User’s input data Verified input data Error/warning messages Binary output data Intermediate solution data Binary report data GENERATED BY Input Module Error Checker Error Checker Solution Module Solution Module Output Preprocessor Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 87 .SECTION 8 Analysis/Solution Phase The design or analysis of the tank data occurs in the solution module. and which solution steps are required by the current input data. an asterisk displays next to the item to show the current progress. and enhancement.

This procedure involves the use of the same code sections used in the thickness determination. their section moduli. Shell weight and center of gravity . the design and test thicknesses just computed are replaced with the users input thicknesses for subsequent computations. Generation of the message file can be controlled from the Computation Options tab of the configuration module.11.TKO file.1. A note to this effect appears in the output below the thickness table when required. In this instance. The message file is useful in the event that a fatal error is encountered and a program abort occurs. In addition to intermediate and partial solution data. or Appendix A.1 to insure that the minimum thickness requirements of the code are met. the analysis module creates the . Overturning stability . and their locations are determined according to API-650 Section 5. This file contains the solution data in binary format. entry into the output processor is not allowed. Allowable stresses for both the design and test cases . The allowables for each shell course are determined individually based on the specified course materials.The material control routine includes considerations for reductions due to temperature from Appendix M and if necessary Appendix S and API-653 Section 2 requirements. It is important to note that generation of the message file by the solution module only takes place if the current configuration allows. 4. Wind effect . 6. Allowed fluid heights . 88 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . and the overturning moment. 2. Required shell course thicknesses . this is an iterative process. Occasionally you may want to know how an iteration proceeded or the results of an intermediate computation. In this instance. and no output (TKO) file exists. 3. variable point. the message file can be very helpful.The number of girders. The message file (TXT) serves to answer these queries. 5. and selects the maximum of the two for subsequent computations in Appendix E. As important milestones in the analysis are reached. This concludes the general computations performed for each tank input data set. All subsequent computations are optional depending on user specification. Solution Overview The major steps performed in the solution phase are discussed in this section. the velocity factory. 1. The message file is a standard ASCII text file which can be viewed with a variety of editors. a diagnostic message is presented to the user. newly computed data is labeled and written to the message file.This thickness is based on the specified design method. If the input indicates that the program is to operate in analysis mode to rate an existing tank. Wind girder requirements .Analysis/Solution Phase After successfully completing. The TKO file is used by subsequent modules to formulate and generate the various reports and graphics. Refer to the Program Configuration (on page 21) section for additional details. some reasons for program aborts may be found in this file. Refer to codes API-650 and API-653 for additional details. control is returned to the Main menu. The user may also access the message file from the Tools menu. or printed to the system printer.6. Because there is no TKO file.The weight/center of gravity routine compares the computed shell weight with that specified by the user.This value is checked according to Section 5. The appropriate sections of the code are implemented using the material properties to determine the thicknesses for each course for the design and test cases. Each thickness computation is then followed by a check of API-650 Section 5. In the case of the variable point method. 7.9. either one-foot.The specified wind speed is used to determine the applied wind pressure. These values are used later in the computations for the wind girders and Appendix F considerations. Wind girder detail and size is then selected from API-650 Table 5-22.

This appendix also offers guidelines on the maximum allowed nozzle loads. The analysis or design of a supported cone roof applies the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young.5 or 5. API-650 Appendix F requirements .12 and determines. Following the roof design. design. the required number of bolts and the bolt size. The program can determine the flexibilities and limiting loads on up to fifteen nozzles for all three sets of shell course thicknesses (design. with the corresponding stress for each load case. Section 7. and user input).These computations conform to the rules of API-650 Appendix I.10. the out-of-plane settlement and out-of-plane deflection can be determined. test. required thicknesses and net areas according to API-650 Sections 5. the evaluation for the permitted cycle life according to Appendix M.If the roof data has been specified.These computations are based on API-653 Section 2.These computations use an iterative procedure to determine the optimum cosine curve which most closely represents the user's measured values of shell settlement.After the actual roof computations are completed. Roof evaluation involves weight summations. Following the cycle life calculations. Settlement limits as set forth in API-653 Appendix B . the Section 5. Grillage computations . This procedure evaluates each of the load cases defined in Section 5. Section M.3 checks are implemented.10. and empty.10.The guidelines of this appendix are applied to the tank in three conditions. Seismic requirements of API-650 Appendix E .4 begins. if necessary. A second pass is then made to determine the governing condition and to report a single bolt size and quantity. Service/maintenance computations . Nozzle flexibility calculations as outlined in API-650 Appendix P . or design the roof. API-2000 Venting calculations. the bolting requirements are checked. the program will now evaluate.6. After the cosine curve is known. roof. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 89 . the API-650 Appendix F requirements are evaluated. Also note that the roof weights computed from a design are used in subsequent (seismic) computations.Analysis/Solution Phase Roof Data . After all sizing. test. and seismic computations have been completed. analyze.

Analysis/Solution Phase 90 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

The available graphics are: A general tank sketch showing plate layouts and overall dimensions A pair of nozzle interaction diagrams.Produces the basic tank sketch. nozzle interaction diagrams.Plots the shell settlement data. This section describes the graphics produced for subsequent printing or capturing. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 91 . or modify the input data. Plot Tank Elevations . Plot Nozzles . A plot of the shell settlement and optimum cosine curve results. or by selecting the icon representing an XY plot. the following icons are also available.Plots the supported cone roof sketch. Plot Cone Roof . A sketch of the results of the supported cone roof design. the Main Menu changes to reflect the graphics controls. Return to Main Menu . Figure 48: Local Graphics Menu This menu presents options for the tank sketch. The Local Graphics module can be entered by clicking Output > Local Graphics.Plots the first nozzle interaction diagram. Plot Settlement . used to check the conformance of the nozzle to API-650 Appendix P.Exits the graphics processor and return to the text based menu.SECTION 9 Local Graphics Output When an analysis is complete. shell settlement plotting. These options include both text based reports and graphics. If output is not available for the current job. the output options are available. After you enter the local graphics mode. Use of this option is necessary to review text based reports. both of these items are grayed out. In addition to the menu options. Each of these graphics is discussed in the following sections. and supported cone roof sketches.

Figure 49: Tank Sketch The tank sketch is useful to get an overall representation of the size of the tank. 92 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Local Graphics Output Tank Layout Sketch Enables the generation of an overall tank sketch with a number of optional details.

The settlement plot positions the curves on an X axis showing the relative angular position around the tank circumference from the point of maximum settlement. These axes and their associated curves are shown in different colors for better visualization. the out-of-plane deflection. The settlement plot also includes a secondary X axis which shows the location of the actual measurement points. The far left Y axis is for the out-of-plane deflection curve. Figure 50: Settlement Plot The settlement plot uses two Y axes. Splining the data smoothes the curves and makes better presentations. The Settlement menu provides options to plot the settlement measurements.Local Graphics Output Shell Settlement Plots Produces XY type plots detailing the shell settlement evaluation according to API-653 Appendix B. the optimum cosine curve. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 93 . as well as an option to spline the data. The Y axis closest to the curves is for the measured and optimum cosine curves.

test. necessary to determine if a nozzle is overloaded.either longitudinal or circumferential.Local Graphics Output Nozzle Interaction Diagrams The nozzle plots construct the nozzle interaction diagrams of API-650 Appendix P. which interaction diagram to plot .either design. and which thickness to use . or user entered. The Nozzle Plot menu provides options to select which nozzle to plot (out of a possible 15). 94 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

the interaction point plots at the origin. If the piping loads are not specified. Figure 51: Longitudinal Nozzle Interaction Diagram Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 95 . The location of this point is plotted on the interaction diagram using the input values of applied piping loads. as an asterisk.Local Graphics Output The resulting sketches also plot the interaction point.

Local Graphics Output Figure 52: Circumferential Nozzle Interaction Diagram For the nozzle to meet the criteria of API-650 Appendix P. the interaction point must plot inside the diagram. 96 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

defining the roof nomenclature. and quantities can be noted on the sketch. lengths. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 97 . Besides the basic roof sketch. the resulting design can be shown graphically. they are provided for information purposes only. .Local Graphics Output Supported Cone Roof Sketches If a supported cone roof has been designed by the program. A typical roof sketch. structural cross section sizes. showing cross section sizes is shown below. These roof sketches are not shown to scale.

Local Graphics Output 98 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

After a report (or multiple reports) has been selected. its contents will be read and used as a page header when TANK exports the reports to Word. These reports are organized in the same manner as the input data is.doc file contains the company logo and address details. The first report selected will be presented in the viewing pane on the right side of the window. When you send reports to Microsoft Word.Prints the selected reports. Save . the View Report menu option and tool bar icon are activated. (Items can be de-selected in the same manner). Print . showing only those jobs that have output. This menu lists the available reports.SECTION 10 Output Report Generation Most of the time spent reviewing the results of a TANK analysis will be in reviewing tabular reports. by topic. Figure 53: Typical Output Report Menu Each item in the above menu produces a different report. This option opens a standard File Open dialog. The intent is that the header. if a file named header. The tool bar icons on this menu perform the functions defined in the following paragraphs. Open . View Report using Microsoft Word .doc exists in the \tank\system folder. the Output Report menu displays. When the analysis phase completes.Enables switching to the output of a different job. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 99 .Displays the selected reports in Microsoft Word.Saves the selected reports. Multiple reports can be selected using the Ctrl key in combination with a left mouse click.

You can also suppress the ending page number.Displays the Starting and Ending Page Specification dialog box. 100 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . in general.Displays the next report. Next Report . time. page number. Any specified notes or peculiarities should be mentioned here. job name.Displays the Select Major and Minor Fonts dialog box.Changes the font when printing reports.Erases the selected reports. Select Heading Fonts . Select Font . Modify the Starting Page Number . Each page of output begins with a header. Job Title Page The job title page reflects the user-specified description of the tank and its associated data. and program version number. date. Disable/Enable Page Numbering . major and minor level text. The header contains the user’s name. From this dialog box you can select fonts for page headings. From this dialog box you can specify the starting and ending page numbers. This option is useful when a second print session is required it is necessary that page numbers start where the first report ended. Output Report Discussions Examples (on page 117) include several example jobs with complete output report listings.Turn on or off the page numbering. Each of these reports is discussed. Previous Report .Output Report Generation Delete Selected Reports . in the following sections. and the report was requested on the previously discussed control screen.Displays the previous report. Note that a particular report only exists if the corresponding input was defined by the user.

Figure 54: User Input Data Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 101 . This report reflects exactly what was defined in the input module.Output Report Generation User Input Data The next report in sequence contains the user's input data. and settlement details were defined. Note that this report can vary in length depending on the number of shell courses and nozzles defined. seismic. as well as whether or not roof.

Figure 55: Error Checker LOG File 102 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Output Report Generation Error Checker LOG File The next report is the LOG file generated by the error checker. This report will contain a list of every warning message generated during the error check of the input data.

as well as the required fluid height is also shown in the table. The thickness used in implementing this Figure is the maximum of the design and test cases. For each shell course. All other values in all of the other output reports are shown in the units system that you specified.Output Report Generation Solution Module TXT File The Solution Module . For API-653 analysis. including the wind girder height reduction factor. The next section of the report details the final shell course thicknesses for the design and test cases. the next section of the output contains a table showing the retiring thickness and remaining corrosion allowance for each course. and the wind moment. The size of this report will vary depending on which solution routines were needed and how many iterations were necessary to determine the results. It begins with a summary of the wind parameters used during the analysis. the material name. the area exposed to the wind.TXT File report contains the contents of the message file generated by the solution module. Figure 56: Solution Module TXT File Wind. ENGLISH. The next section of the report reflects the material properties used. Material. design allowable stress. as well as the minimum allowed metal temperature as obtained from API-650 Figure 2-1. and Appendix M reduction factor are listed. The user-defined shell course thickness is also reported here. Thickness & Weights This is the first report containing formal output data computed by the program. test allowable stress. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 103 . The next section of the report details the allowed fluid heights for the design and test cases. The values reported in the message file are shown in the program's internal units system. consisting of the velocity factor.

11.Output Report Generation The next section includes the annular base plate thickness and width. the b dimension is also included in the report. Following this information is a table showing the wind girder requirements as a result of the transformed section method. The next section details the results of the "wind overturning stability check". based on API-650 Section 5. For each wind girder required. The next section of this report details the results of the wind girder computations. This includes the required section modulus for both the top and intermediate wind girders. as well as the maximum height of the unstiffened shell. Figure 57: Typical Output Report Menu 104 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The final section of this report presents a weight summary of the various tank components. the weight of the shell. the geometry detail and angle size are also reported. and the center of gravity of the shell. If Detail e is required.

the spacing on the outer girders. the number of rafters resting on the outer girders. and at the shell. This information includes the number of rafters in each rafter ring. Note that at the center of the tank. This information begins with the number of girder rings. the number of rafters per girder is reported as zero. This report is shown below. and the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix F.Output Report Generation Roof Evaluation The roof evaluation report details the results of the design or analysis of supported cone roofs. the spacing on the inner girders. The roof report begins with the required thickness and actual weight of the roof plates. the radius to each girder ring. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 105 . If a supported cone roof was designed or analyzed. the number of rafters resting on the inner girders. and the rafter length. and the number and length of the girders in each ring. Figure 58: Rafter & Girder Layout Details Also shown above are the rafter details. the resulting structural member sizes and loads are reported next. and the design roof load.

and the actual section modulus. the required section modulus. This information includes the unit load on the member.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the rafter and girder sizing parameters. and is shown below. the selected cross section. This information is provided for each rafter and girder ring. Figure 59: Rafter & Girder Sizing Details 106 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

This is followed by the selected cross section.Output Report Generation The next section of the (supported cone roof) report details the column sizing parameters. This information is shown below. and required radius of gyration. allowable compressive stress. the actual compressive stress. Figure 60: Column Sizing Details Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 107 . height. and the actual radii of gyration. This information begins with the column load.

All pressures are reported in the user’s units for pressure and in “inches of water”.5. These checks determine the acceptability of the structural elements based on allowable stresses and unbraced lengths.6.3.10. The last section of the roof report shows the required area of the roof/shell junction as per Section F.10.10. This information begins with the uplift force due to internal pressure and the resisting force due to tank weight. are the results of the Appendix F computations. and the compression ring failure pressure. an API unit. Figure 61: Structural Check Report Following these checks is a weight summary of the supported cone roof components. 108 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . This information is followed by the maximum design pressure limited by uplift. the maximum pressure at the roof/shell junction.Output Report Generation Following the column sizing details is the summary of the checks made according to Section 5.5 or 5. and either 5. Following the roof design/analysis report.

test fluid. and empty. These computations were made for three cases: design fluid. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 109 .Output Report Generation Seismic Analysis Results The seismic report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix E.

and user input thickness.Output Report Generation Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results The nozzle report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-650 Appendix P. rotation. For each case. deflection. and limiting loads on the nozzle are reported. Figure 62: Nozzle Report 110 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . the flexibilities. These computations were made for three cases: design shell thickness. test shell thickness. This information is repeated for each nozzle defined in the input.

Output Report Generation Settlement Checks The settlement check report details the results of the computations made according to the rules of API-653 Appendix B. This table also includes the settlement measurements. the out-of-plane settlement. Figure 63: Shell Settlement Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 111 . the optimum cosine curve through these measured points. and the out-of-plane deflection. This report provides the maximum allowed out-of-plane deflection and a table showing the out-of-plane settlement at each of the measurement points.

Output Report Generation API-2000 Venting Output The venting report details the results of the computations made according to Section 4.3 of API-2000. This report provides the venting requirements for inbreathing. Figure 64: Venting Report 112 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The venting report is shown below. outbreathing and fire exposure.

Output Report Generation API-650 Bolting Report The bolting report details the results of the computations made for Section 5. The second section shows the required number of bolts.12. There are two sections to this report. and the resulting bolt stress for each of the various load cases. The first section contains the uplift and load per bolt for the various load cases. Figure 65: Bolting Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 113 . the required bolt diameter.

Figure 66: Cycle Life Report 114 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . as well as the number of allowed cycles. The report lists the exclusions and checks made.Output Report Generation API-650 Cycle Life Output The cycle life report details the results of the computations made for Appendix M.

Output Report Generation API-650 External Pressure Output The External Pressure report details the result of the computations made for Appendix V. Figure 67: External Pressure Report Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 115 .

Output Report Generation 116 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

.............................................. as defined by Appendix A of API-650................................... 117 Example Problem KOCZWARA ............................................................. 118 Example Problem TEST1.............................................. 118 Example Problem APP_P ...................................... 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 ......................... 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 ............... as defined by the One Foot method............ is located at \examples\o_wc........................................ Example Problem O_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations...... 119 Example Problem APP_K The example problem illustrating the application of the Variable Point design method for shell thickness computations according to Appendix K is located at \examples\app_k.......... 117 Example Problem A_WC ..................... 118 Example Problem B&Y ..................................................tki............ is located at \examples\a_wc............ 117 Example Problem O_WC ..................tki........................................................................ 118 Example Problem SSC1 .......................... Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 117 ................... Example Problem A_WC The example problem illustrating the shell thickness computations................................. 118 Example Problem SEIS01 .. In This Section Example Problem APP_K ....................SECTION 11 Examples This chapter discusses several example jobs that illustrate the proper definition of input data and present solutions to some of the examples found in the code..........tki.....................

tki. Seismic Considerations is located at \examples\ssc1. Example Problem SSTEST1 The example problem illustrating the implementation of the rules in API-650 Appendix S.tki. Example Problem APP_P The example problem illustrating the computations performed for low tank nozzles according to Appendix P is located at \examples\app_p. Example Problem SSC1 The example problem illustrating the computations performed for Appendix E.Examples Example Problem KOCZWARA The example problem illustrating the application of the Fourier Series solution to the optimum cosine curve in the determination of the API-653 Appendix B out-of-plane settlement computations.tki. Example Problem EXTERN01 This example problem illustrates the external pressure performed according to Appendix V. is located at \examples\sstest1. including the necessary modifications for the high temperature sections of Appendix M.tki. For more information see the file \examples\b&y. This particular example is taken from the text Process Equipment Design by Brownell & Young.tki. 118 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . Example Problem TEST1 The example problem illustrating the general computations performed for typical tank is located at \examples\test1.tki. (as defined in a paper by Koczwara) is located at \examples\koczwara. Example Problem B&Y The example problem illustrating the design of supported cone roofs according to the procedures outlined in Brownell & Young. for stainless steel tanks.

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 119 .Examples Example Problem SEIS01 This example problem illustrates the seismic computations performed according to Appendix E.

Examples 120 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Help file TIPS.EXE .EXE .Input module help data file API02.Program File List This section lists the files distributed with TANK.EXE . The lists correspond to the program sets manipulated by the installation program.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01B.Configuration program help pointer file TANK.Diagnostic error message data file TKER01Z.EXE .Input module help pointer file TKER01A.Material database editor OUTPUT.Output report review processor TANK.EXE .CHM .Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02Z.EXE file scanner CRCCHK.Support dll Help & Error Processing Set API01.EXE .Diagnostic error processor TKSET01.EXE .EXE.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKERROR.EXE .Main program TKERCK.EXE .DLL .Output preprocessor APISOLV.Units generation module MATEDIT.Diagnostic error message pointer file TKER02B.Tip of the day file Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 121 .EXE .EXE .EXE .Configuration program help data file TKSET02.EXE . Main Set APIOUT.Solution module COADEXE.CRC check program MAKEUNIT.EXE .EXE .EXE .EXE .Diagnostic error message data file TKER02A.EXE .APPENDIX A Appendix A .TXT .EXE .Error check module OUTWORD.

Program File List English Text Set SCREEN1.SI units file T2A.Data from Table 3-22 XX.TXT .1996 API-650 material database A650_96I.2000 API-650 material database plus A650_05.FIL .MAT .EXE .FIL .MAT .MAT .TXT .MAT .1996 API-650 material database plus A650_97.MAT .1998 API-650 material database plus A650_00.Data from API-2000 Table 2A T322.CRC check data international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials international materials 122 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .FIL .DAT .Messages for input processor SCREEN3.ENGLISH units file with MPH wind speed SI.MAT .MAT .MAT .MAT .MAT .MAT .Millimeter units file MPH.1997 API-650 material database A650_97I.1995 API-650 material database plus A650_96.2000 API-650 material database A650_00I.1994 API-650 material database A650_94I.CRC .2005 API-650 material database A650_08.HED .EXE .MAT .2008 API-650 material database AISC89.MAT .ENGLISH units file MM.MAT .1993 API-650 material database A650_94.TXT .MAT .1994 API-650 material database plus A650_95.MAT .Digitized data from API-650 App P ENGLISH.Structural database file API650.Messages for analysis module SCREEN4.Appendix A .1997 API-650 material database plus A650_98.DIG .1998 API-650 material database A650_98I.1988 API-650 material database A650_93.Title page template file API Data Set A650_88.1995 API-650 material database A650_95I.Messages for output processing TITLE.FIL .

Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 123 .TKI .Example thickness calcs from Appendix K A_WC.TKI .TKI .Sample input for variable point method APP_P.TKI .TKI .TKI .Stainless steel example SSC1.Example seismic computations for Appendix E.Sample input for API-653 Appendix B shell settlement B&Y.TKI .TKI .Example computations for Appendix.Example nozzle flexibility calcs from Appendix P APP_K.TKI .Example roof design from Brownell & Young SSTEST1.Example seismic computations for Appendix E EXTERN01.TKI .Sample input for One-Foot method KOCZWARA.Sample input for Appendix A method O_WC.TKI .Program File List Examples Data Set TEST1. SEIS01.Appendix A .

Appendix A .Program File List 124 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

English Units File Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 125 . Figure B. You can use the units generator to create additional sets if necessary.1 .Standard Units Systems This section discusses the four standard units sets distributed with TANK.APPENDIX B Appendix B .

Appendix B .SI Units File Figure B.Standard Units Systems Figure B.MM Units File 126 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .MPH (miles per hour) Units File Figure B.4 .2 .3 .

58 A-573.APPENDIX C Appendix C .A A-678.C A-633.B A-841 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 127 .B A-737.B A-662. the following properties are returned for each material:allowable design stress: Allowable test stress Minimum yield stress Minimum tensile stress Maximum thickness Grade Group * ASTM Standards A-283 A-285 A-131.70 A-662.60 A-516.List of Materials This section discusses the Material Database.705 A-516.C A-537.B A-131.2 A-633. When the Material Database is accessed from the input module.CS A-36 A-131.D A-678.EH36 A-573.65 A-573.55 A-516.65 A-516.1 A-537.A A-131.

D E-355t.21 G40.21 G40.D E-355.250 NS.D C C D D C C D D * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) SS-304 SS-304L SS-316 SS-316L SS-317 SS-317L SS-201-1 SS-201LN 128 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .21 G40.Appendix C .21 G40.List of Materials * CSA Standards G40.C E-275.D E-275.C E-355t.C E-355.21 38W 38WT 44W 44WT 50W 50WT * National Standards NS.275 * ISO 630 E-275t.C E-275t.21 G40.235 NS.

Appendix C .List of Materials * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) S31803 S32003 S32101 S32205 S32304 S32550 S32520 S32750 S32760 * Unknown For API-653 UNKNOWN Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 129 .

Appendix C .List of Materials 130 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

1000000E+03 MAX FOURIER_SERIES NO NO . 1. 1.0000000E+00 . 1.4000+E01 Sect. 2.200 ROOF_PROJECTION_IN_WIND_MOMENT= SHELL_THICK_CONVERG_TOLERANCE= GENERATE_MESSAGE_FILE= COSINE_CURVE_TOLERANCE= COSINE_CURVE_ITERATION_LIMIT= WIND_GIRDER_SHELL_THICKNESS= SHELL_SETTLEMENT_METHOD= CORRODED_NOZZLES= 653_CORRODED_HYDROTEST_CASE= THICKNESS_ROUNDUP_TO_NEAREST= PLATE_MATERIAL_DENSITY= MODIFY_FLUID_HEIGHT_BY_PRESSURE= ROUND_ANCHOR_BOLTS_BY= WIND_MOMENT_IN_APP_F FULL_SHELL_WEIGHT_IN_APP_F MATERIAL_FILE= UNITS_FILE= YES .1 YES A650_94.APPENDIX D Appendix D .Default Configuration Directives Ver.FIL 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 61 62 1. 1.MAT ENGLISH. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 131 .3. 1.9.5000000E-02 YES . 0. 1. 1.7.3000000E+00 . 1. 0.2835648E+00 YES .

Appendix D .Default Configuration Directives 132 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

650 10 Edition.20 Changes (9/09) Implemented API -650 11th Edition Addendum 1.10 Changes (9/08) Implemented API -650 11th Edition. BS3643. Added a Wind Parameter input dialog. Added additional Bolt Tables TEMA Metric.55 Changes (10/05) Added input fields and associated handling for insulation thickness and insulation density. Version 3. Colorized the Output Report text to denote failures and highlights.00 Changes (11/07) Incorporated changes to address Addendum 4 API .653 3 Edition. to provide more information and detail. th Version 2. Added JIS structural steel shape library. rd Incorporated changes to address Addendum 2 API . Version 3. Version 3. Added many “text” changes to the output. Relocated \System & \Examples to %alluserprofile%. Added several minor changes as requested by users. Upgraded hardware lock to Aladdin’s latest HL key Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 133 .APPENDIX E Appendix E . Implemented API-653 4th Edition.30 Changes (9/10) Implemented the changes for API-650 11th Edition Addendum 2. South African Bolt. Version 3.Revision History This section lists the revision history of TANK.

Version 2. Revised the output processor. Incorporated API-653 3rd Edition.4. as a result of Addendum 1. Addendum 1. for easier usage. This provides better capability to notify users of software updates. Incorporated the ability to check for web site updates. Included an alternate method to determine nozzle stiffnesses. Revised documentation. from PVP-1279. The user material file no longer needs to be manually merged with the COADE supplied material database. Version 2. Added dynamic tank sizing control to the sizing scratch-pad.6. The default configuration has been modified to include uplift due to pressure in the computations of Section E.50 Changes (3/04) Incorporated the computations for Cycle Life from API-650 Appendix M. Version 2.30 Changes (2/02) Added functionality allowing Tank output to be sent to Microsoft Word increasing formatting capabilities Added [D]efault buttons to the Configuration dialog enabling users to reset the directive to its default value with a single click Modified the Error Checker module to notify users of fatal errors when run in batch mode Simplified use of user-defined materials.1.40 Changes (7/02) Updated software to comply with API-650 10th Edition. this dialog has been moved from the Seismic section to the General Tank Data section.Revision History Version 2. Incorporated API-650 10th Edition. Updated software to comply with API-653 3rd Edition.6.20 Changes (9/00) Corrosion is now considered in Section E. Re-digitization of the curves in Figures E.2 through E.Appendix E . Since bolting data is now a required input. Added Animated Tutorials to the Help menu Added on-line Software registration. Addendum 3. This operation is performed in memory by the input processor when necessary.4 134 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The materials of API-650 Table 3-2 have been modified according to Addendum 1.

25 inch plate.10 Changes (5/00) Compliance with API-650 10th Edition Compliance with API-653 2nd Edition. in accordance with the recent addendum. Incorporated a recent Code Interpretation stating that the Appendix M reduction factor should be applied to both terms in the allowable stress determination. which insures that the bottom plate diameter is at least D + 2 inches. Appendix F no longer forces a redesign utilizing Appendix A. Appendix I changed the equation for the maximum deflection by raising a term in the denominator to the 3rd power. Section 3.5.2. Modified the basic thickness equation in accordance with the recent addendum (it no longer subtracts 1 foot from the fluid height). API-653 Changes: The equations for determining the allowable stress have been modified as per the recent addendum. Addendum 3 Incorporated API-2000 venting computations Modified API-620 sloshing wave height in accordance with latest API-620 revision Version 1. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 135 . This involved removing both A442 materials.Revision History Version 2. Modified the allowed settlement measurement points from 30 ft to 32 ft around the circumference.2 has been incorporated.Appendix E . to include the bottom shell course thickness.00 Changes (1/99) Conversion to native Windows application Incorporation of HTML help system On-line documentation API-650 Changes: The material database has been updated to reflect the changes to Table 3-2. Incorporated the new computations for the allowed hydrotest height. Allowances have been made to enable metric jobs to utilize 6 mm plate as the minimum thickness instead of 0.60 / 2. A modification has been made to the implementation of Section 3.4.

51 Changes (9/97) API-653 Addendum 1 updates (December 1996) incorporated. Added multiple structural steel databases (includes five overseas databases). now causes a “warning message” to be generated if the joint efficiency is left as 1. Added roof-plate corrosion allowance and center column cap diameter to roof input spreadsheet. Previous versions treated zero as a blank. API-653 Table 2-3 implemented for annular base plates. Grillage computations per API-650 Appendix I added. Addendum 2 changes incorporated.3 has resulted in an increase in the actual compressive stress and a decrease in the corresponding allowable stress. Activating API-650 Appendix A or API-653 for thickness computations.Appendix E . Version 1. A change made in the determination of the bottom shell course thickness for use in Section E.5. Configuration option for considering corroded shell in Appendix F computations. Configuration option for consideration of internal pressure in the computation of shell course thicknesses added. Version 1. This ability has been added for Version 1. Modifications for the “Year 2000” have been incorporated.50.50 Changes (5/97) API-650 Addendum 3 updates (December 1996) incorporated. this addendum changes the equation used in computing the allowable stress for the thickness design of shell courses 1 and 2! Added Double-I beams to AISC structural database.40 Changes (9/96) API-650 9th Edition. Two modifications were made to the shell course duplication logic. permitting the duplication of the corrosion from lower courses. Configuration option for specifying the multiple to be used in selecting the number of anchor bolts added. versions prior to 1. Plotting of the results of the supported cone roof design added. 136 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The second modification allows the duplication of the corrosion allowance to the upper courses to be stopped by entering a value of zero. API-653 2nd Edition Updates included. Note.50 did not duplicate material properties on new shell courses added to an existing input file.0 on the General Tank Data Spreadsheet. Considerations for Stainless Steels according to the new Appendix S (API-650) have been added. Allowances for “user specified” time/date stamps on output reports. First.Revision History Version 1. Modifications to file management and module communication to allow multiple users in the same working directory.

8. test.7.3 are implemented for the design of Supported Cone roofs. and empty conditions are reported. Theoretical height of sloshing wave (for Seismic events) determined as per API-620 L. A material database editor is provided. Shell course thicknesses on input can be left blank. The weight of the bottom and annular base plates is now determined and included in the weight summary.8 added.1.10.3. API-653 service/maintenance considerations added by allowing individual shell course joint efficiencies and critical length locations to be specified.e has been added. A tank sizing/costing scratch-pad is available. Version 1. Additional tests in the supported cone roof design module. Mouse support has been added to all modules. The maximum area for frangible joints as per API-650 3.1.10. Top angle sizing per API-650 Section 3.1. “Variable Point” location reported.6.31 Changes (2/96) Anchor Bolt Corrosion specification has been added. Wind girder size selection per API-650 Table 3-22 has been added.3 is reported. Bolt design references to standard bolt size table.Revision History Version 1.11 added. the program defaults to the minimum thicknesses of Table 3.9.1. Addition of a User specified thickness round-off increment. Bold design procedure for Section 3. Additionally the weights for operating.4. Input cells highlighted for easier visualization. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 137 . Consideration of Section 17. Structural element checks per API-650 Section 3. New support routines for ESLs (hardware locks) incorporated.5. Additional input data checks incorporated into the Error Check module.30 Changes (8/95) API-650 Addendum 1 updates incorporated.Appendix E .5.1 added.2. API-653 minimum thickness of bottom plate per 2.

Revision History Version 1. trigonometric functions.0 and L/2a=1. Anchorage design/analysis according to API-650 Appendix E Section E.0 used one or the other set of curves. and a segregation of program and system files. there was no interpolation between curves. An additional "English" units file is provided. For API-653 runs. Input also allows the specification of the nozzle weight and external piping loads. a network hardware lock. which enables the program to warn the user when an ESC is attempted without saving the data file. Library of structural shapes provided to facilitate roof design. 138 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis . The nozzle flexibility computations for API-650 Appendix P have been enhanced to interpolate between the L/2a=1. a configuration directive has been added to allow a “corroded” hydrotest case.5 curves. squares.11 for Wind Overturning Stability have been added. and square roots. The configuration program has been modified to track user changes. The input and output modules support a “pop-up” calculator for on-screen computations.11. and the setting of the default output report generation parameters. This library includes the standard AISC shapes as well as double channels and pipe cross sections.6 added. PCX images inverted to facilitate insertion of graphics images into documents and reports.FIL defines the wind speed in units of miles per hour.10 Changes (6/94) Computations according to API-650 Section 3. For API-653 analysis. Expanded nozzle input for up to 15 low tank nozzles.Appendix E . MPH. Specification and incorporation of anchor bolt offsets for API-650 Section 3.11 and Appendix E computations. Nozzle flexibility analysis can optionally consider a reinforcing pad on the tank shell. Several “network specific” enhancements have been made to the program. These new directives allow the specification of the default wind pressure for Section 3. Plotting of the nozzle limiting load interaction diagrams for compliance to API-650 Appendix P. Version 1. The calculator supports the basic four math operations. an additional output table for “Retiring Thicknesses” and “Remaining Corrosion Allowances” has been added. A batch stream processor has been added to enable the processing of multiple jobs. This units file. Version 1. A new loader is available to provide diagnostic capabilities from the Main Menu. Automatic generation of nozzle material modulus and expansion coefficient according to API-650 Appendix Table P-1 added. This includes changes to the file manager to recognize discontiguous disk drives.20 Changes (11/94) Roof design/analysis of Supported Cone roofs according to the procedures set forth in Brownell & Young. Several new configuration directives have been added.

October 1996. and Fenton. American Petroleum Institute. Bardia. Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 139 . Fifth Edition. 2002. August 1996. America Petroleum Institute. API-620. Inc. Philip E.Selected References API-650. Billimoria and Tam. John Wiley & Sons. Improve Storage Tank Inspections. Tenth Edition. API-2000. Journal of Strain Analysis. and Lambe. PVP-1279. 1977. and Horwege. Morton. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Process Equipment Design. PVP Vol 336. Ovalization of Cylindrical Tanks as a Result of Foundation Settlement. Lu. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. ASME 1996. Vol. FDA VS API-650 for Low Tank Nozzles. Marr. Vol 12. Parikh. Recent Developments in API Tankage Standards. Hathaitham. American Petroleum Institute. Taagepera. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division. Above Ground Storage Tanks. Osage. and Ruiz. Carucci & Ay. Smith. Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API-650 Tanks. American Petroleum Institute. ASME 1995. Swenson. Transactions of the ASME. F. January 1995.APPENDIX F Appendix F . November 1978. Koczwara. ASME 1996. Bardia. and Lengsfeld. Hendrix & Carucci. Hydrocarbon Processing. Lengsfeld. 118. No 4. and Taagepera. Hydrocarbon Processing. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. ASME 1995. PVP Vol 315. 1959. August 1980. ASME. April 1998. Revise Storage Tank Inspections. November 2001(Including Addendum 1-4) API-653. Experimental Investigation of Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for a Nozzle in a Flat Bottom Storage Tank. Eighth Edition. Malik. Vol 108. PVP Vol 336. McGraw-Hill. LaBounty. PVP Vol 315. Myers. Nozzle Stresses Resulting from Piping Loads at Low Type Nozzles in API-650 Storage Tanks. Ramos. Brownell & Young. Lengsfeld. Bardia and Taagepera. An Evaluation of Procedures for Determining the Fitness-For-Service of Settled Aboveground Storage Tanks. Stiffness Coefficients and Allowable Loads for Nozzles in Flat-Bottom Storage Tanks.. Billimoria. Criteria for Settlement of Tanks. Third Edition. and Hagstrom. August 1982. A. Frangible Roof Joint Behavior of Cylindrical Oil Storage Tanks Designed to API 650 Rules. Simple Method Calculates Tank Shell Distortion. 1997. Lengsfeld. June 1990. December 2001(Including Addendum 1-2). Hydrocarbon Processing. August 1980.

Appendix F .Selected References 140 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .

Revision History • 133 Appendix F .Index * * ASTM Standards • 127 * CSA Standards • 128 * Duplex Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependent) • 129 * ISO 630 • 128 * National Standards • 128 * Stainless Steels (Temperature Dependant) • 128 * Unknown For API-653 • 129 C Can Builds Be Applied to Any Version? • 18 carbon steels • 42 Completing the Error Check Phase • 85 computation control • 22 Computation Control Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 22 configuration • 21 configuration file • 21 cost • 78 CRC Check • 32 current codes • 10 Cycle Life Data Dialog Box • 69 A allowable stresses • 88 Analysis/Solution Phase • 87 anchor bolt • 63 Anchor Bolt Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 Announcing Builds • 18 API 650 External Pressure (App V. 83 error detection • 9 error message • 83 Error Review Module • 32 ESL fax update • 34 ESL Installation on a Network • 17 ESL Menu • 34 ESL phone update • 34 Example Problem A_WC • 117 Example Problem APP_K • 117 Example Problem APP_P • 118 Example Problem B&Y • 118 Example Problem EXTERN01 • 118 Example Problem KOCZWARA • 118 Example Problem O_WC • 117 Example Problem SEIS01 • 119 Example Problem SSC1 • 118 Example Problem SSTEST1 • 118 B batch stream processor • 31 Bottom Post 3rd Ed.List of Materials • 127 Appendix D . Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 72 Bottom Pre 3rd Edition Tab (653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 73 Build Version Checker • 32 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 141 . 83 Error Checker LOG File • 102 Error Checking • 9.Selected References • 139 Archiving and Reinstalling an Old.Program File List • 121 Appendix B . Patched Version • 20 D Database Definitions Tab (Configuration Dialog Box) • 24 Detecting/Checking Builds • 19 diagnostic message • 87 diagnostics • 9 Diagnostics Menu • 32 DLL files • 32 DLL Version Checker • 32 E earthquake data • 63 English Text Set • 122 Error Checker • 30.Standard Units Systems • 125 Appendix C .) Dialog Box • 70 API Data Set • 122 API-2000 • 39 API-2000 Venting Output • 112 API-2000 Venting Requirements Dialog Box • 76 API-650 Bolting Report • 113 API-650 Cycle Life Output • 114 API-650 External Pressure Output • 115 API-653 Service Measurement Data • 72 Appendix A .Default Configuration Directives • 131 Appendix E .

87 MRU list • 28 F fluid heights • 88 N nozzle flexibility • 88 Nozzle Flexibility & Load Results • 110 nozzle interaction diagrams • 94 Nozzle Interaction Diagrams • 94 Nozzle Stiffness Dialog Box • 66 G General Roof Specs Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 55 General Tank Data Dialog Box • 42 Girder Rings Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 63 grillage • 65 Grillage Review Dialog Box • 65 O Obtaining Builds • 18 optimum cosine curve • 88 Output Report Discussions • 100 Output Report Generation • 99 output reports • 99 H Hardware/Software Requirements • 12 Help • 8 Help & Error Processing Set • 121 help system • 8 HTML help system • 36 P Program Capabilities • 10 Program Configuration • 21 program files • 87. 121 program interface • 8 Program Interface Generalities • 8 Program Support • 18 I Identifying Builds • 18 In-Field Computations • 9 input calculator • 9 input file • 39 Input Menu • 39 Installation • 11 Installing Builds • 19 Installing TANK • 12 Installing TANK in Silent Mode • 16 Introduction • 7 Q Quick Start • 25 R registration • 36 roof • 53 roof data • 53 roof evaluation • 105 Roof Evaluation • 105 roof sketch • 97 Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box • 53 J Job Title Page • 100 L Local Graphics Output • 91 S scratchpad • 78 seismic • 88 Seismic Analysis Results • 109 seismic data • 63 Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box • 63 Seismic Data Tab (Seismic Data Specifications Dialog Box) • 64 settlement • 88 Settlement Checks • 111 settlement dialog • 71 M Main Menu • 27 Main Set • 121 Manual Shell Course Specification Tab (API-653 Service Measurement Data Dialog Box) • 75 material data base editor • 31 material database • 42 142 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis .Index Example Problem TEST1 • 118 Examples • 117 Examples Data Set • 123 material files • 24 message file • 31.

60 / 2. 31 units system • 9 User Input Data • 101 Using the Main Menu • 27 Utilities menu • 87 Intergraph TANK API 650/653 Analysis 143 .50 Changes (3/04) • 134 Version 2.50 Changes (5/97) • 136 Version 1.00 Changes (1/99) • 135 Version 2.40 Changes (9/96) • 136 Version 1.Index Shell Courses Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 50 shell settlement • 93 Shell Settlement Data • 71 Shell Settlement Plots • 93 Software Revision Procedures • 18 Solution Module TXT File • 103 Solution Overview • 88 stainless steels • 42 Starting TANK • 25 supported cone roof • 53 Supported Cone Roof Data Tab (Roof Specification Parameters Dialog Box) • 57 Supported Cone Roof Sketches • 97 V venting calculations • 88 Venting Data • 39.40 Changes (7/02) • 134 Version 2.20 Changes (9/09) • 133 Version 3.20 Changes (11/94) • 138 Version 1.10 Changes (5/00) • 135 Version 2.30 Changes (9/10) • 133 View Menu • 36 T Tank Data Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 47 Tank Description Page • 41 TANK Input • 39 Tank Layout Sketch • 92 tank nozzles • 66 TANK Program Files • 87 Tank Sizing / Costing Scratchpad • 78 Tank Sizing/Costing Scratchpad Dialog Box • 80 tank sketch • 92 technical support • 36 Technical Support • 7 The Analysis Menu • 30 The Diagnostics Menu • 32 The ESL Menu • 34 The File Menu • 28 The Help Menu • 36 The Input Menu • 29 The Output Menu • 31 The Tank Description Page • 41 The Tools Menu • 31 The View Menu • 36 thicknesses • 88 Tip of the Day • 36 tool bar • 29 W Warning & Error Options • 84 warning messages • 83 What is Contained in a Specific Build? • 19 wind • 88 Wind Details Tab (General Tank Data Dialog Box) • 51 wind girder • 88 wind pressure • 22 Wind.30 Changes (8/95) • 137 Version 1.20 Changes (9/00) • 134 Version 2.10 Changes (6/94) • 138 Version 1.00 Changes (11/07) • 133 Version 3. 76 Version 1.30 Changes (2/02) • 134 Version 2.10 Changes (9/08) • 133 Version 3. Thickness & Weights • 103 U units • 42. 125 Units • 9 units files • 24. Material. 99.51 Changes (9/97) • 136 Version 1.31 Changes (2/96) • 137 Version 1.55 Changes (10/05) • 133 Version 3.

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