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·0 BilXcl# palX. Y'O~ tvO~ eV1COpoV Im7par;a, yevvriihtlCe rn;~ 24 Md.fm1 1897, aro yeppavo - OOlCpaV.ICO rp~pa df~ A rkrrpia~. M'lfP''''' rov yAciJaaa Jf'rav" yeppav.IC'; IC.~ ra 19J8 6 Pa.x e.ie n;v arkrrp.aK'; mu,lCoOarra. HapdAo TWV~.&iXihtIC6 r600 niv Halala 600 lCai n;v Ka.vrj ~.aihi"" dno tnKmlPov.KPj tI7W""" 6 Pa.x ~iv e.ie nOpe. ICCJIl.aBp'1OlCevr."" bara,~evo'l lCai 6iv Jf'rav 1CpOO1C0ll'lpevo~ae Kaveva Bp'1OlCevr.lCon.rne.xo 'if 7WA.nlCo ICOIJl.la. H;;pe ni aro.xelCiJb'l rov tlara,~evo'l (19OJ - 7) pi l~lCJ)f'lCapathipara. He{KlDe, lCarmnv, fI~ t~erciae.~ rov 0' {va adarpo - yeppav.lCo ~'lp60.o axoAeiO Ka, napalCoAovihtae {va yeppav.lCo )'Vpvcio,o. dvdpeaa rnei 1907 lCa, rei 1915, 1CpOerofIJa{opevo~y.a va anovOOae. tpvo'lCe~ tn.~pe~. H;;pe to dnoAvn;p,o rov ara 1915 pi tfp,ara. To Avd'Qf{Jipov roG B,lxcl# Pa.x y.a "' p,oAoy;a lCa; r;~tpVO'lCt~tn.rn;;pe~ ¢51M1C1e noA6 VClJP'~ dn' r~ {eo'; aro narp.Ko dYpOlm7pa, Kovra rn" yeeopy,a xai r~v «tnvotporpia, rn'~ 6noie, aVlJl.lereixe lCaBe lCalolCa'p. xai ani ~'OplCe,a rou Bep.aJJOv. ~ vdpeaa rna 8 lCa, ra 12 x.pOv.a rov. eixe r,; ~'K~ rov ovlloyrj IC. ipya.t1nip.o iKrpotp;;~ neraA.oV&ov, tvropeov lCa; fPvrc.ov. lCareo dn' niv lCa80~"",a'l t~ 1~.eor'lCoG OOalCaA.oV. f tpvo'lCi~ 'eo.O Ki~ Ae.rovpyie~, aVJJneprlapfJavOpe",,~ lCa, nj~ ae~oval",,;~ Ae,rovp",a~. roG Jf'rav ollCeie~, dn' 600 p7WpoiJoe va 8vP'lSei IC.aoro pnopei KcLU..ara va lCo80p'ae. ni perayeviarep'l faXVP" rov ICAia'l, aav Bio'If'Jxiarpov. npO~ n; p.oAoYII"i BepeA,wa'l nj~ aVylC.vtIO.aK;;~ {co;;, r06 dv8pciJ1COV, neo~ tn.'a'l~ lCa" r"~ P'OfJvo'lCi~ rov dvalCalv'P'e., 6 or06~ rope~ r;;~larp.~~ lCa; df~ p.oAoy;a~. lCa8ciJ~lCa; r;;~tlCna;~evo'l~. Meta ro Bavaro rou naripa rov ara 1914. 6 Pa.x. nov ,frav rdrs 17 xpovWv, ~.ev8vve ro dYpOKr"pa ivrclc.o~ pavo, roo ~(xeo~ <5.a-

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KO'lltl tk; onoubi, tou, W\ 6rov ~ noh;pllcri KaraorfKHPr; vd POJ..tl riAo, orr; ~vAtla avrr; Ka{ KaraorpiYlti 6A'I tou rriv ntploooia, ora 1915. :4n' rd 1915 W\ ra 1918 V7r'lpef'lOt uI £hrctia tou orov aoorplaKO orparo (oav v1tOAoXaya.;,dn' rd 1916 W, rd 1918) Kal Ppi9t7Kt eno ira)..Ko JJirCJJ1W ffJOpi,. J Era 1918, d PalX JJ~Kt 1arp.Kr; LxoA,; rou llavtlllorr;JJlov rrj, BltVV11', pydCovra, rd l~o&i rov KaJ n,t'lpaJvovra, ra dibaKrpa rwv onovOOiv tou, JJt va KaVt. oi oVIJfKJ'f1JTi, rov rppovrlorr;plO ncivw oi JJa9tjJJara nov 7rpOanalrovvrav y.a ri, iarpIKi, onovdt,. "'Ovra, ptrtpdvo, rou noAipov, i1ClrpQ7r'lKt va dAOKA'IpcUot. rr;v 6XPOV11 dlc:ipKtla rwv 01tOv&iJv rov oi 4 XPDvla, ntpvWvra, 6Aa rd JJa9PiJJaraotov Ka80ploJJivo XPDvoJJi tIp,ora. Tov "JovA'I 1922 rtAt.wot tk; 01tOvdi, rov Kai nrjpt 1CTvXiorou Ylarpov. Err; d.c:ipKtla rij, rclevraia, JPOVlti, to» on;v '/arpIK'; Exolr;, 0 PalX lKavt JJtra1CTvXlaK'; tpyaaia navw onjv 'EowrtpIK'; lla80AoYla, JJt rov, "'Oprvtp Kai To/kkntK, 0ulV llaVtlllor11JJlaKr; lloAvKA,v,Kr; rrj, BltVV11" EvviXlot rl(; JJtra1CTvXlaxe, tou onovdi, or'; NeoooYlUXlarp.K'; Yla duO lJ)Ovla (J 922 - 1924), cmj NtvpoAoYIKr; xai Y'vXlarpIKr; llavtlllen'lJJlaxr; KA,V,Kr;, Karw dn' u1v ino1C'Ctia rou KalJrrtrrrr; BaylCVtp - FuiptYK KI ipydar11Kt {va x.pOvoKdrw dn' rriv ino1CTtia rou llwA La vrtp, cmjv 1CTepuya rwv dlavo'ITIKa dlarapaYJJivwv. "H JJtra1CTvxlalCr; to» ,u;U:rr, oVJJ7UfJIlQ{Jalvt into 'I': napaKoAov9t70'l rij, tpyaa{W; rij, llOAvICl,V.K;;, navw or'; (Jtpant{a JJi V1CVCJX1'1 KI thropoA,;, cnriv m.a llavtnloT11PlalCr; KA.v.K';, Ka8w, Kat tid.Ka rJJ';JJara Kai dl(zAi~tl' p,oMryla, oro llavtn.orr;JJ'o rij, BIiVV11" 'Enionc, rov 'OKrWPP'l 1920. ivW tlrav dKoJJa or,;v "JarpIK'; ExoA,;, d Pa.x ly.vt JJilo, rij, Y'vxavaAutrKrj, r:ral{Jia, rrj, Blivv,.", 1tOVdltv9vvarav rort dn' EiytqJouvr flpOvvr. ·0 PalX tIpxIOt va i~aoKt; idlwrlKa r,;v YlVXavOJ..OO'l r~v Ka; YlVXlarp.K'; end 1922. Era 192J, of dncurriat., rrj, tpyaa;a, rou or~ P'OfPOO.K';lptvva rov dva)'ICaaav va rtpJJariot. r,;v 1(5.wr.K'; i~doK'I-

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ICOU'lvotttooto» r;jr; BliVV'lr;, dn' ra 1924 cOr;rei 1930, tJ Pei,x l&vat blaA.it!'tlr; naVCIJai ICA.IVllCei Bq.,ara lCai ani plo'IfVXlarpIK~ Btwpia. r:lCavt lpevva naVCIJatk; ICOIVCIJVIlCtr; airitr; n;r; vtvpwa'1r; ar~v IlosuICAIVIIC~dn' rd 1924 lCai ara ICtvrpa trl'1fKHpt5p"a'1r; naVCIJanjv YlVX'IC~ rJYltlvr; arir; bliupOptr; avvoIlCitr; 'rifr; BliVV'lr;. (Tei Kivrpa avra ra ~POOt lCai rd bltv8vvt avvtxtla dn' rei 1928 cUr; rei 1930). Ivvixlat ro lpyo rov 7l(iVCIJ ar~v YlVXIIC~rJYltlvti aro BqJOAivo, dn' rei 1930 cUr; rd 1933, bivovrar; blaA.tt!'trr; aniv 'i'vxavalVTIIC~ KArvrlC~ xai aro "EpyarllCo KolliYlo lCa;, aav dpxiatpor;, ara lCivrpa YlvxlKffr; rJYltlV;;~ blatpOfXJJvnoA,rlarllCwv dpyavcOOtwv aro BtpoAivo lCai a' dA.Atr; 1l0Atlr; tt1r; rtPllaviar;. To xtrpwva rou 1933, 6 XirA.ep lCariAa/Je r~v tt!'oooia ICI 6 PalX dvaYlCaat'1lCt iYlCaraA.tiYltl nj rtppavia. :4 ueoa ara 1934 lCaf rd 1939, 6 PalX lblvt blaA.tt!'tlr; ICI llCave lpF.vva, aro '/vaTlrouro 'i'vXoAoyiar; rou llavt7llan7Plov toii "OoAo, ani NopfJ'lYia, nov 6brirr1at tmiv dvalCciAvYl'l t;jr; dpyOV11r;. Ira 1939, lxovrar; nOptl pia trp6olCA."a'1 dn' rov i1C1CpiJownorffr; :4PtpllCeivIIC'1r; 'i'vxoowparllCffr; '/atpllC;;r;, rov 8riovrop Il. rovArp M. D., 6 BuxcliJ Palx 1rifye otk; ·EVClJptvtr; lloAlrtitr; xai ptrirptpt ro ipyo.ar~plo tou ato tlJoptur - Xrlr;, ani Nia ·Yop"'1. :4 n' ra 1939 cOr; ra 1941, ,frav lCalhri"1r~r; rffr; '/arpllC;jr; 'i'vxoAoyiar; at~ Nia IXoA~ KOIVCIJvllCffr;r:ptvvar;, ar~v noA'1 n;r; Niar; YOpK'1r;. To 'Ivatttoiao 'OpyOV11r;ilJpvtJ"lCt dn' ro BrlxcliJ Palx ara 1942 anj Nia ·YOplC'1 lCa; r~v m,a XfJOVIOdyopaaT11lCt Pia ntploXJ1 800 arptpparwv aro Mi'1v ICI 6vopaar'1lCt .-Vpyovov., ro ptUoVTIICO tmiu rffr; 'OP'Yovol!{ac;, ri\c; •En1cm11!11C;ri\c; ZCl)f1O\C;Evtpy£lQC;. To 7bpvpa • BllXeAJJ Pei,X, ibpvtJ"lCt aro Mi'1v ara 1949, dno tpOlr'1rtr; xai 911AOVr; rov, Ylei 1CpOOrariYltiro dpxtia rou BuxcliJ POIX Ka; bloorpaA.i~ oe: ro pi..U.ov rffr; dvalCciAvYl'ir; too, ttTr; KOO1!11O\C; ·Opyovo£vtpya~. Erei 1954, 6 ''OpoonovblaICOr; ·Opyavlapor; Tporpipwv lCaf tlJappoICWV{lCavt PIa lCatayyciia iveivrla aro BrlxcliJ PeilX «a! to 7bpvpa Bo..xcliJ Pei,X, uui iniBta'1 t!'tlCoBapa lCaf aVYlCt1C(JrptvaaxtbloopiV11 YlCi va boorp'1pfatl r~ PV11PtlrM'1 dvaKcUVYJ11rffr; KoopllC;jr; ZwDdjr; "Evipyelar;, rffr; ·Opyovotvipytlar;. ·0 BrlxcliJ PcilX d1C6pp'Ylt njv lCar'fYOpia ICI it!'riYtlat r~ Bia'1 tOV at Plav .:4 neiVf11C1'1. noV dm:viJvvorav aro bllCo.ar~ KAitpOpvr, ntplrptptlOXo bllCcum; rou ·OpooTCOV~,alCou i1llCaar~plov toii llOptAavr, 'rifr; 1Ct{Jlfpiptlar; Mt'1v. Irir; 19 MOpr'1, ndtJ8rtlCt iprfp"v t06 Pa.X " d7tOrpoo'1 A~YJ11r; fr7CpOOWPlvWVirfXJJv. Avovr{ov fOV, p

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Et,; avvtxt.a, 0 BilXtAp Pd,X Kat1f)'OprjihlKt )'.d i),KA.'1panKrj 1CqJUPpO"'Ia'1 i1Ct,ati aiv V1CcVcOVOt cum; njv d1UXpao" K' OOttpa a' d1CO aiK", to Md'1 1956, cm;v onoia " dpx.Krj tov d';A.wa'1 qrav p,d fld8Wot;.., Kataa'Kciot'1Kt at 2 )'JJOv,a'PVMlK,a". 'E1Cl!JA.';ihlKt i1Cia'1t; 1Cp6at'IJO10.000 cSollapiwv eno 7apvpa Pd,X K' tva, dpyovop,at,;t; }',atp6t; Katad'Kcio"7Kt ai 'PVA.dK,a" irot; XJJOvov xai p,at; pipat;. Itit; 3 Noip/Jp'1 1957, 0 BilXtAp Pd,X nt9av£ atk; ·Opoo1Covb,aKit; 'PvAaKit; to'; A,ou,ap1CqJyK attiv lltvavl/1avia, avO piptt; 1Cpiv d1C' njv d1C~vAdK,a,; tOV.

'O{ paa'Kit; dvaKalUY't't; tOU BilXtAp Pd,X avp1CqJalo,JJaivovv td dKolov8a: t,; 8twpia tou 'Opyaapou Kai njv ttV'Kti ~t; X apaK'r11pavcUva'1t; (1923 - 1934), to dva1CVtOOt"Kop1CAoKtip.apa Kai nj pvl)C,; 8wpcVc,a'1 (1928 - 1934)' nj a t~OO'KOVDp'Ktiootoppu8p,a'1 tWV npootoytvooV 'Pva.Kwv oppwv ai dvri8ta'1 pi ti, &ut£POY~t o\QatPtPAmJ.ltv~ oppit; (1928 - 1934)· to pOA.Oto'; Ippaa.oval,apo'; Kai tqt; dv8pciJ1C''''It; t~oo'Kovopiat; dVcupoP.Kdpi njv Kata)'W}'Pj Kda 8£ POfJfPqt;all«atopiat; (1930 - 1934)· to dvravaKAaanKo to'; dpyaapou (1934)· t,; P.O'lA.tlCTp.Kti'PrJa" ~t; O't~oval'KOt",at; Kal tou ayxovt; (1935 - 1936)' tit; KrJatt't; opyovotvipyt,at;, BIONTA (1936 1939)- ttiv npoiJ.tva'1 tou KapK.V'KOUKurrapov d1CO P,ovr,Kd d1WOVVn8iJ,Jtvovt; 'wl)covt; {atout; Ka; rrjv dpydvwa'1 tWV xpwtO'CJXIJVd1CO P,ovr,Kd d1Coovvr,8f:IJiva Ppoo Kai xopra (1936 - 1939)- njv dvaKdAV'l''1paxillwv T ai atipKClJlJa(1937) - ujv dVaKcUv'l''' tqt; P'Otvip),t.at; (Opyovotvipyt,a) at p,ovra SAPA (1939), an;v dtp60tparpa (1940)- ttiv i'Ptvpta" tou EvaaCJJ(Jtv~ 'Opyovotvipyt,at; (1940) Ka; tOU pttP'1t;; 'Opyovotvqryt,aKou 1Ctaiov (1944)' njv 1CtlfH1lJanKti dpyovo8qxJ.1Ctia "it; P,01Cd8t,at; tou KapKivov (1940 - 1945)· njv 1Ct'palJanKti b'qJtuvt1O'1 rfft; xpwto)'tvout; P,o)'ivta'1t; (lltlfJalJa XX, 1945)- nj pi90cSo to'; 'OPYOVOP'KOUt,tovpy,apou (1945)- nj aV)'K'A "'Ia,aKti 1Cavouda to'; dv8pciJTCOv d b,atapapj ~, P,otvqJyt,ax;;t; a {aopponiat; (1947)' tit; dPYOVDpttP'Ki, i~,aWat., (1949 - 1950)- njv v1Co8w'l nit; KOOp.Kqt; vnipl}ta'1t; (COSMIC SUPERIMPOSITION) avO oPYOVOtvqJyt.cuewv fJ€fJlJdtwv ad fhia'l tWV Kvdwvwv Kai to'; aX'/panapou tWV yaAa¢wv (1951)' r' dTCOtr..U8

n£lpapa ~Opavovp, RpW"I "E1e8£a'1, 1947 - 1951)· rriv dvaleaAv'P'1 rijc; DOR (8avar""opa dpyovo£vtpy£.a) lea, rov lea80p.apo rc.ov ,lJ.onirwv "lC;, avptrepuOJJPavOp£VFfC;lea" Pl(jc; 'lJ,a,rtp'1C; r~'leonrrac; (dppdxn.a DOR) (1951 - 1952)· rov 7CfJOOlJ,op.apo MtAav{r'1, roo roo ·OP""I, 'CoJ Mnpaovv,r'1 lea, r~c; ·Op{VFfC; ti; npciJr£c;7rpO(1nd8£,£c; xai }lui p.d 1CpOOrop'le~ 1J1p£{a (1951 - 1954)· rri xp""rp01Co,.""'1 'Coo wdvr'arpotpOv. dfJ}'Ovop'leoo lJuvap'leOO onfv dJpa.{p£a'1 riic; DOR dn' rriv drpOafPO.lfXJ,em; lJ,ciloo'1 avvviqKuv, leal arov tltno roo lealfJOo (1952 - 1955)· rri 8£wp,a rr1c;lJ'1PIOVpylo.C; ip~pov ar~ fPOO'1 lear'a'Cov dv8(XJJ1Co(~ aVY"'V'ID,alaj lp'1p~ lea, rriv dn0t5£r~'1 rijc; dvaa'Cp£YI'porrrrac; (~ lp'1POC;OROP Ie. 6 'arp.leoc; lJ,alrmjc; DOR) (1954 J 955)· rri 8£wp,a rr1c;dppciJarrac; nov fJo,a,t£ra. ani aooaWpt;oo'1 rijc; DOR crrovc;[aroVe; (1954 - 1955)· r,c; ~~.acix1t;,c;fJapVnrrac; Ie. dvrifJapvnrrac; (1950 - 1957)· rriv dvci1m)~'1 lea, 1CpOJCt.Iaj ~rpappoyrj rijc; Ko.vwv.K'ffc; 'l'vx,arp'Ie~C; (1951 - 1957).

auata rijc; dpyovo£v£py£.ac; leard rr1c;nIJP'fV"d;c; dxnvo/lol,ac;

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~O .Ma{oxJtJT."o~ Xapo.JCTt;pa~ I.prpaviaf11"t y.a TCp<iJr'l rpopa eno ntp.oa."o INTERNATIONALEN ZEITSCHRIFT FOR PSYCHOANALYSE, XVIII (1932 - 1933). iCvr'7rpOOwntvt. n;v d.v.,,~ p~('1 rou BilxcliJ pa.xpi n; fJtwpia TOU tvaT.icrou TOU fJovarou TOU tlJpOuvr.Fui npWf11 rpopa anjv {enopia df~ a$vaJ."al~ na80Ao}'ia~, dnoa£,XihI"t pi POo'l d.v."i~lptuvt~ Or.: 1. Ta rpa•...optva nov XP'IOiptOOVy.a va rtlqJ'Ip,ciJoouv r~v vnofJ£c111;;~ r fJtwp{a~ TOUtwnilCTou rou 9avarou, dvrAouv n;v npoiA£ua~ rou~ dno p.a £itS,,,~POfHP~TOUcfnOV\ dpyatJpou. 2. ~Opar.ox.apo~ 6iv dnorwi p.a p.oAoyr"a "aBop.apiV'l 6pp~· [tvar, pa..Ltov, p.a &ut£poy&vt;C; dpp~ pi at~oo."ovop.~ lVllO.a, 6'1Aa6~, ro dnoriAtapa p.a~ "arat1ToA;Y~rwv f'ua,,,wv at~ouaA."wv p'lxav.apwv. 3. tfiv vnQpxt. "CIIJ.aP,oAoy,1aj rOo'l nov va enpif'£ra. ivavr.a an;v "tSovrj, bwpiWJX;, 6iv vncipx£. "aviva lvar.lCTo rou 9avdrou. Era 1933. atho ro tSo"ip.o ivawpaTcMJ,,"t cmj XapatCTrlpavcU.\XJTI rou BilxcliJ Pa.x· Era XPDvla nov d"oAoUIh7aav rr; 6'1pooitua~ TOU,"o/Jllana adrifc; rti~ d1WC1cup~v.a'l~ npo/JAJfparo~ rou pa(,ox.apoo, v{ofJtn;o""av dno 6.arporou pouv II'vxavaAuric;, 6ixux; va yr'vt. "CIIJ.a dwupopa cmjv mrY'i ro~. Kavtic;. 6pux;. 6i av01rf'1t1t" 6iv najlOuaiCU1t O K£vtPllC6 aTo.Xtw roo npo/JA~paro~, T 6'1AatS~. n;v dS1K"li JlatOllonK"li dV(l(7foA~r;Y~At.roup)lla~ rou dpyaopou, noo i,,6'1Ar.iJ1hJ"taav tp6jJo(; 8avatOU "tp6jJo(; auipP'l1~"~ "'Eral. "Aoo'l TOU npopA~parOt; TOU pa(,ox.a/JOu lXt, napaptiv£I dnolCA£.ar."~ inrC1T11Pov.1aj inir£v('I df~ at(oo."ovaPla~. ~H6'1/JOt1;tua'ladrou TOU tSo"ip.ou af(j 1932. auV0<5tuf11"£ 6paparrdno KG tnQJCoAov8a. ·0 tlJpOuvr. 1WU Ifrav d i,,60f11C; TOO ntp.oa."ou INTERNATIONALEN ZEITSCHRIFT FOR PSYCHOANALYSE, 6iXf11"t va 6'1Poo.ill't. ro 6plJpo a' adro TO ntp.oa."o pova pi n;v npovn68ta'l 6n 8ti auvo&vdrav dM p.a t111Il£,'CJJt1'1 TOri i"&m,. Adnj "a'lpt,c.um, Ihro11

ri8tra. on 8d nJ."potpOpoOOt rov dvayvcUcn-" nw, 6 BilXtAp Pa.x t!xt ypaIIIe. auro ro Gp8po ivavna ani 8twpia rou iwnilCTov rou 8avcirov, ,u1Cr1Ptrwvra,. ro KOJJIlOvv.ar"co Koppa. "Eva, dp.8pOl; B.tviCwv I/IVxavaAurwv dnOpp,"t auro rov napa).oy.a,m xoi tcpOre.ve lJ.a d.atpOpenK~ d.i~odo dn' aur~ r~ dvolCoAia, d"AatSrj, wi d"poa.tlJTei ro Gp8po rou Pa.x navw aro lJa("ox.alJo lJar.j IJt lJ.av 4nuVT110Tl. ArJni " dnaVfJ7t''' yfHitlmllCedn' ro ZiY"fPp.vr Mnipwpuvr IC.ilJtpOviaf17lCearo 13.0 reuxOl; rou ntp.otS.lCou lJi rirM

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·AqK>O 1'1'VUxavaAun1C'l1xapo1CtT)poAoyfa npoOno8ttEl6p\0~~ 4vnAil'l'~ ytQ to lvanrra, lxou~ ~ to ~ru;oXU'tucti IvanlCta npo1C£\~tvou va ~'1'Y1l00U~E MV I8lQ(tspo tUno vtUpo)tucou Xapo1C1'ii pa. ·H npo-'I'UXavaAun1C'l1 o~oAoyfa m<n£u£ paauco 6tt 1'1tdCTll va (lCaV07tol£i'OU\~ titv 4vtoxfl enov novo '" niv ~911C'l1andv(001'h t 4not£A.oikn: to ~ru;OXlo~O, nOll 8£copouVtav eMV ~ d5\lCOc;tvcmlCtOlO\lCoc; enoxoc;. •AqK>u1'11'150"" 4no~ 1(\ 4n' toUt; 500 <nOXOUC;, y£VV1i&J1lCS niv 4pxfl n6~ M ~JIG 4n' yUp<I) 4n' tit ,601'1tOU ~ru;OXlo~OU: nO><; ~nopd' lCon nOll dva\ 5uodplGto (~.t.En. 8Q 8£copoUoaJU m6 561ClJ.l'14vrl aMou ni XP'lO'fl toU 6pou 4VT150VllCOt600 AS& 600 m( 0' 4lla I.liP'l tOU 5odJ,lwu 6nou 8Q tOY ouvavri)oou~s noUb; qK>~, va dva\ tvot\lCtOlO\lCa bn8u~'1to m( va npoocptpa 4lCo~a m( IlCavono('101'1; 'H n~uyfI O'tiJv t£XYl1C'l1 opoAoyfa 8Q cn1~a\vt: 4nA&<; 6tt 4vaP4llou~s titv tm1UOT1tOU npo~).,1i~atOC;·6 6~ eM yoAayvda. dxs 6notdkt 6tt ~'1yd to ytyovOc; 6tt IcOnowc; 4vdd 1tOovil&rav tOY XtU1tc1vt: 't6v ta1tQVcOvouv. ~ MSp\lCO(m.ryypo~ ~ovts'l'av nCi o(l)O'l'b; oxtGaCi &rav 4J1qno~1iTTlouv titv 4vti1'1V11 6tt 6 ~ru;oXlO't'i)Ci8I.Aa npaYJIGnlcO va 't6v XT\)nouv· 6nocm;p~v 6n to xt6m1~a lCa8mU'to ha(e 4nA&<; M J1SOoAa~'1nlCO paM em; ~iw<n1 ~Ci 1'I50vuci\Ci aMo-tandYfD011Ci (K~ - r:,.,.myY1C). napQJl£Y£, M\nOV, nOvtotE, 1'1P<un1C'l15lQnHtco01'1: tWrd 1WUd fHH7wAoyt,,* cf~ p.clJve. ad 6vadpetno, (JeCJr penal d1r' to pa(oxumi adY rJ6oVlICO ~ rOOMlICJ'Tov XJ»1tJIPtVS, aciv 1rPfY'i rJ6ovt'fr;. 'H 'VUxavaAUt\1C'I1&.£p£UVTlO1'1 Aav80vo~ tOU n£pl£Xo~u m( t1lCi5uva~\1ci\t tOU JiGtOZU'JlOU,t600 ~ 1't8\1roAo'Y\lc~600 m( 13

anc; tPWtOYEVEiC; tOU OUvtOtci>o~, ytvvTto£ lvav nAoino vto>v dVttA';'VtwV2. ·0 cz,pOUVt dValCaAu'V£ ~n 6 l-latoXlOI-l~ lCt 6 00&OJ.l~ 5tv £Ivat ttAd~ dvrl9EtOt, ~n 6 lvat; tvonlC'tcOOuc:ae; moxae; Otv ~napX&\ nott 5(X~ t6v dU.o. ·0 J.latoXloJ.l~ lCt () oo6tol-l~ tJ.lq>av{~ovtat oav fvu ~£uyapt dvn9totwv· to Iva J.lnopd' va napa ~acpvt1Ccini J.lopcp'; tOU dU.ou. r:tm, npOIC£1tat yui Iva 8qm SUlA£rnld\c; dvrl9tOl1t; nou m80p(~£'tat dn' ni J.l&tatP01ti1 J.l~ MP"fTItlId\c; otaOTJC; ot na~nri1, tvci> to 1000oJ.ltIC0(~. t.M. no~ 4nott:l.dmt dn6 l~ i\ napatttao~) n£pu:x0J.l£VO nopaJ,ltva to aho) • ·H cppououc,; Ot:wp(a ti1t; AtJ.lntvnld\t; dvant~l1t; 5UlICp(V£l 4ICoJ.lo td tpia ota5ta ti1t; nat5tld\t; o~oooAlIC6n1tat; (tttOI-lOtlICO, npcD1C't\ICo ICa( Y£ven;mo) m(, O1'1iv dpxil, ICatat~ to aa5t0l-l0 OtO npcD1C't\ICo ota5to. •ApyOt£pa dvuICaAUcp&qIC£ ICaOt:tttaSto ti1t; ~oooAllCi\t; ~n dvQnt~l1t; xapa1C't'T1P(t£tat dno J.lui dvtftttOtX11 J.loP«P11 oo6\cmlCi\t; tnt8mICoTTltat;. 'Ep£uv<i>Vt~ nep\ooOt£po o6to to npOpAlllJ.U, 1-l1t~ peen v' dvuICaAu'Vw ot ICaOt:I-lui 4n' a6t~ tit; tpdt; l-loPP4 oo6\cmId\t; tntOt:nlCoTTlt~, I-luiv dvrlSpaOTJ tOU 'llUXlICOUI-lllXOvtOI-lOUmil <nry1C£KptJ.lMl J.lataiwcJrJ ti1t; (mvono(l1OT1t; ti1t; 4vtftttO\X11t; tnqatpo~ ).tJ.lntvnld\t; 6pJ.li\t;. ~Ul-lqKl)VU'J.l' a~ ,",v 4vtU.lllVTJ, 6 006\OJ.l~ ICaOt:ttta5wu y£VVtttat dn' niv 4vaJ.l~11 ti1t; o~ucWlCi\t; 4na(TTlOTJt;ICa9tXllrrilt; ICa( ti1t; mtotttpoqnlCi\t; 6p1-l1lt; no~ tttptcpmat MYna tttO npOoQ)no to 6noio tOOUv£tQ\ yui ni I-lotalo>mi TTlt;·" aro/Jar'Kot aab,apOt (JJ.ataiwcJrJ tOU ~Aaol-loU - m'tQO'tpoq)\ril 0PJ.l'; - OQYKwl-la)' 1Cp(JJICT'KO<; aab,a/Jot (JJ.om(O>011ti1t; npcDICnlCi\t; 1I50vtlt; - OUVtptPil, noOonat1'lJ.lo, xtinnll-la)· qHLU'KOt aab,a~ (JJ.ata(wOTJ ti1t; y£Vmi~ 1I50vtlt; - 5uitP"l0Tl, tpUmll-la). A~ '" dvtiA.ll'Vll OUJ.lqKl)VOUo£4noAUta ~ niv 4pvril SUltUn<OCJ11tOU cz,pOuVt, ~n ta ICatatttpoq)llCa ala81iJ.l0to (tmv mtO(Q)V '" m6 ouzviI alna £Ivut 11 J.lOtoiwcJrJ ~ IvcmlC'tou), ICouu86vovtat 4Pxum MYna OtOV ~Q)t£ptICO ICOoI-lO 6t tttpbpovtat MYna tttov m(

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14

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19.

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ta .bt' ni a6ylcpo\XJTI 4va~60a ernv li>&rt011 ui 4Y01t11ICa( niv ICatay otpo<pl1oi 6p~ ti. ·H 4vtU.TJ¥TI 6n 6 ~atoVOIJ.~ 4notdd lvu &Ut&poyM\ OXTJ~ano~6, tyKataAd~IC& ~py6t&pa Kl 4n' t6v IOlo t6 ~p6Uvt yui XOPTI ,.ndt; 4llTJt;, 6TJAa61;, nit; 4v'riATJ¥TIt; 6n 6 OOOlO~~ ~tav ~ru;ovo~6t; nou ICat£U8uv6tav np6c; t6v ~(a)t&PlIC6 IC60~o. ~' a1}ni til vta otatunwcrr'lt dX& Onotdki' 6n Oni\PX& ~ui 7rpClJfoytvr1\ PlOAoYlloi tOO11 ytQ aMOICataotpocpi1, lvut; 7rpClJfoytvr1\ Ii tpmtoy&v.;C; ~atoXlOtl~6. Atni) ." dno'VTJ toO ~p6Uvt otTIP(XtTllC&nov(a) oniv nl6 pacnwn; napaOoxTl tv~ .tvotiICtOU toO 8avatou., nou tte"ICt 4~l(a)~anICo aciv ." 4vti8EOll toO lpwta. ~tcn dnav 6n 6 np(a)tOY&vitt; ~ru;oxlotl6c; nval ." 4~oPtTItTI h:6liAwoTJ tOU PlOAoytICOPlt(a)).lfvou tvariICtOU toO 8avatoU, nou O'tTIP(t&tal 0"riC;OUlOlICaoi£(;tOU ICataPOA.lO~OU, ol 6no~ otaOpa~atitOvtal ot ICO& lCUt'tapo toO 6pyaVlOtlOO (bt(011t; ICa( .tjXt)toytvrlt; Jlatovo~~.)7. Q( OnOOtTIPlXttc; nic; &(a)pklc; toO tvCTrilCtOUtoO 8avatOU havav ICO& npoono9&uJ yto VO O'tTJP(~ouv tit; Ono8toac; tOUC;,tm06povtac; tilv npoooxti 0"riC;OUlolICaoi£(; nic; q)UOloAoyiac; nit; 4nocrov9£oTJC;. O~(a)t;, nou8&va at ~nopoUo& va PP£8d ~ui naanK'1i t£l(~TJ· P(OOOTI. 'A~{ta va npoo&x8d IOtah&pa Iva npOocpato dp8po, nou tHt&pamdtttal niv 6nap~TJ toO tvO"riICtOUtoO 8avatoU, yulti npo<J£yy{ta t6 np6pA.TJ~a 4n6 ICAtVlKlidno¥TI Kl IXEl q)UOlOAoytICO buxaPit~ata nou, ~t niv nP<irnJ ~an6, ICOVOUVlotaxnKli til OICt¥TI. o ·H T&ptl;a Mntv£Vtac' O'tTJP(ta to tnlxaPit~ato tTlC;nov(a) otilv lp£uvu toO ~p£V~n&py1C. AM~ 6 PlOAOyOt; 4vuIC6l.u'V& 6n Iva aMCHivncpanIC6 npototc; ~nopd va PP£8d 4IC6~a ICa( ot6 406~TJto npwt6two. ·Opl0tl£v&c; Ol£py~ nou oUlOpa~atitOvtal ot6 npo>t6nAao~a ICa80p(touv 6V ~6vo niv 4CPOtlo(000TInit; tpoqrijt;, dAl.i1

6. .' A V dWI mvdc; 6t.at~ va napapu.a Ai'Y'l dwlCplPaa. ~no~~& va nou~& nei)<; fvcmno tOUeavatOu. 7106 t6 AI:ltoupyd cn6v 6pyaVlO~6 - npanoPl'1C6t;oa6lO~6t; - dWI tQut6cn1~o )!t t6 ~o~OXto~6 '0 ~pOuY't cn6 dp8po tOU •• .Oas 6konomllChe Problem des Masochismuu (.T6 ()(lCovo~tIC6np6pl'l~o tou MO~OXto~ou.). 7. ~uY't: Jl!fUl!ltJ tin LustprlnzlpJ, Ges, Schr., 8cl. VI. Zl!ltJChrlfl/ilr PJychoofUllyse. XVII

8•• Todestrieb und AnaSh. l"tl!rfUltlofUlk" (1931).

16

Kl 6oTJYouv tautoxpova at ~ui Ka9it'1OTJ oQmOOv,no\) 1tPO'1you~tva ~tav OlaJ.U~tv~. ·0 npOOto~ Oo~lK~ OX'1~ano~~ tOU KUttapou tlval av£niotp£nto~, ot6 ~ttpo nou ol OtaAU~tv~ o~ ~ttatptnovtm at ~ul OttpE'iJ, aouU.utl"l KateiOtaOTJ. Aut6 nou a<po~olroVttat tlval ~tpo<; tOU tWlKOU npoto£c;· tK£ivo nou 011~loupy£ital an' ttiv a<po~oiwaTl tlval ~lei ~tta~oA"; OtO KUttapo, ~lei avrottp'1 06~'1aTl nou, an6 lva 6P10~tVO OTJ~£lOKa{ nt-pa, OTtAaOt;,6tav xopmpxtt, &tv tlval nlei ~wt;, cUM aavat~. Auto lX£l v6'1~a. (ola{ttpa 6tav OKE<PtOU~tttiv anOtlteivCOO'Tltrov (Otd7\' otti ytpovnK'li ItAuna. •All' auto to rolO t6 tnlxdp'1~a avalp£l ttiv un68tOTJ ~ui<; TaO'll; np6<; to aavato. "EK£lVOnOll lX£l yiVtl ota9tp6 I(l anVT\to, OTtAaOt;. 6tl ano~tvtlniow oeiv un6Aa~~a tOU tWlKOUnpoto£C;, t~n06{~£l ni ~wti ICa{tti ~aOlK'li tl"I<;M:ltOupyia, rnv tvallaYit ,",<; lvtaOTJ<; Ka{ ri1<;XaAO.pCOOTl<;, ~aOlKo pu8~6 tOU ~tta~oAlo~OU vei tKnA'1pWo£l t6 rnv aveiYKTI yul tPQ(Pt; Ka{ yul O&;OuaAlK'li (Kavono{'1OTJ··Autti It Olatapax'l tOU tW£KOUnpoto£C; dval aKpl~Wc; t6 dvti8£tO tKdvou nou fXou~t ~ei9£l 6n anot£A.rl ~aOlK6 XapaKtl"IPIO'nK6 tOU tvotiICtOU. 'H Ota01Kacna ,",<; anOOlCAt;pUvOTJ<; KataOtp#;cptl 6Aotva Ka{ ntpIOOottpo to pu8~o ,",<; lvtaOTJ<; Ka{ ,",<; XaAO.P<OO11<; Stxtou. ." Av ~£ autt<; ti<; OlaOIKaoi£; oeiv tti ~eiOTJtv~ tvOtiKtOU, t6tt aanptnt ~' cUM~ou~t ttiv avtU.'1vT1 ~a<; yul tei lvOnKta . ..Av, tnlnAtov, to liyX~ ~tav It !1ccppaOTJOU .anwu&pci)~tvou t tvOtlKtOU tOU 9aveitou., aa napcl~tvt aK6~a avolXt6 t6 tt;tl"I~a '"'~ t~t;YT1OTJ<; nWc; ~nopouv v' anwu8tpr080uv TOU ol .Ka9r]Am~tv~ Oo~tc;•. 'H rota It MntvtvttK AUt 6n 9£(Opou~t ni Oo~t;, OTtAa&a;, auto nou lXtl 6PIO'nKei anoAI8w8£i, oeiv Kein tx9PIK6 n~ ni trot;, 6tav Kuplapxtt I(l t~n06{t£t ti<; tWIK£C;ol£pyaoi£;. "A v ol ol£pyaoi£; nou 5ta~opcpci>vouv ti<; 00~£C; dval auvrovu~~ ~t to lVO'nKtO tOU 9aveitou· civ, tnlnAtov, c5n~ dvacptp£l It Mntvsvrex, t6 ciyxo<; avnotOlx£i oniv tOWttPIK'li a[o9rtOTJ au,",~ '"'~ Kup{apXl1<;anOOlCAt;pUVaTl<;, TtAa&a;,tOU 9avatOU, t6'tt aa nptn£l O va un08toou~t napantpa 6n t6 liyX~ dnoucnei~£l cnei Xp6VU1'"'~ nQIOuci1<; a{ ,",<; bp'1~IKi1<;ItAl1d~ I(l t~rpav{~ttal 0' lva a~av6~£K vo pa9~o ~t t6 ntpao~a tOU xp6vou. Kt 6~~ au~pa{V£l dKPI~ t6 avrl9tto. Elval aKpl~Wc; at ntpl650u<; 0&;OuaA1Ki1~liv9un1~ nou It Aatoupyia tOU liyxou<; tlval nl6 lvt0VTJ, OTtAa&a;,t;aIM<; ,",<; KataOtaOTJ<; dvaO'toAi;<;. l:u~qKi)va ~' auni niv un6&OTJ, aanptnt tn(OTJ<;v' avaKaJ.u",ou~t t6 cp61X» tOU 9avatou Ka{ O'tei (KavOnOI'l17

J.lEvaav9p<il1Tlva c5vta, ytati 10 a~to ~n6Kavrat O't'i)v IOta ~tOAoyt1C1l OtaOtKama tiie; anooUv9tOTte; 6nooe; 10 t1cdva nou dvat aVlKaVOnO{T'I-

m.
'AKoAou8Q)vra~ J.lEouvEnaa ni <Ppo'U5t1C1l9toop{a t6 .oOOlayto ottK6 dyX~., J.lnOptoa V' dllQ~oo niv 4pxuc"; <p6P~OUAa- t6 dyX~ ytvVlttat an' ni J.lttatpon,; tiie; A{J.lntvro - ~ ~"e;: t6 dyX~ £Ivat fva <patvO~tvO tOU IOtou npotOEe; ottytpa1le; ot6 ayyttovtupoq>unK6 aootllJ.la noo y{vttat afa&rtt6 or6 afa&rttTIptaKO oUatTIJ.la OQ otl;oooAun; itOovi1'. ~ ·H KAtVlrft napaniPT'lOTt J.lae;Ot5ci01Ca 6n, apXlKo, t6 dyX~ Otv dval tinota cillo napa it afa&rt01l tv~ o<pl~{J.latOe;,~ui KatocnaOTt A{J.lvavOTte; (dyX~ = angustiae)· of <p6lWl (cpavraon1Co{ 1Civouvot) y{vovrm oUY"lVllmaKo cpopnOJ.lEVa dyX'l, uovov 6tav oUJ.lp«{va a~ni it aUY"txplJ.lEVll A{J.lvavOTt~"Av ttAlKO otantotoo8d 6n ot KOlVOOVlKO tnl~t~AT'lJ.ltvol nEploplO~O{ tile; otl;oooAl1ci\e; (Kavono{T'lOTte;nltaxUt vouv ni a~oA{J.lvavOTt nou ouvoOtua tie; OtaOtKa~ ota~6pq»WOTle; OoJ.lcOV, tnltaxuvovrae; ftot Ka{ ni OtaOlKacna. tou 9avatOU, a~t6 Ot 9citav an6Ott~T'I 6n to dyX~ 1t11yo~a an' a~ttc; tic; OlQOtKa~, dllQ 6n it itEhrft nou apvtttal ni 0tl;oooAlK6tT1ta, fxa Katac:npoqnKO anOttAtoJ.lata ytQ ni ~ooil. °H voo a~ni OlatUnooOTt tile; ~vvolae; roii J.la~oxtoJ.lo6, KataAilya a~t6~ata OE J.1104U.aYil oniv a(noAoytrft <p6pJ.lOUAatile; vwpoo01le;. T6 ooo.aanK6 v6l1J.la tiie; apXl~e; ntno{a"OTte; tOU cz,p6uvr ~tav 6n it \VUXlrft a vonttX;T'I ow.5paJ.lati~ttal J.lE~Q01l ni o6y1cpouOTt avoJ.ltoa c:n6 fVc:ntKtO Ka{ t6v ~oottptK6 K60J.lo. •AKOAoU9t1oE J.ltQ5tUtEPTl avrlAT'I'VTInou Otv KatQmOt, dval 6.Ailkta, niv np~ m, dllQ J.ldooO£ nopa noAu ni O1lJ.lacna tTlc;. Twpa '" \Vuvrft croyKpoOO118toopouvrav oav t6 anottAtoJ.la tile; oiry1cpoUOTle;4vaJ.l£(JQ erov ~poota (0tl;oooAtK6tT1ta, A{J.lnlvro) Ka{ t6 fvanKtO tou 9avatOU (nap6pJ.lT'lOTt ytft a~totKJ.lT'l5£vt0~6, npootOYEV1ie;J.la~OXtoJ.l~. "H KAlVlrft 13«01lyt' a~nl niv On68tOlh nOll an' niv 4PxT1 yhrv11ee tie; nt6 p«aw; 4J.l<Pt~oAl£c;, tav t6lot6tuno, ~ npay~anKo a(vtYJ.lanK6 y£yov~, 6n 6pto~tvot 408tvdc; cpa{vovral 00 va J.lil 8t.Aouv v' anaUayouv an' niv MUVll tOU<;,dllQ oa VO tmOtWKOuV MuVllpf.(; Katac:nQOae; ~ava Ka{ ~avo. A~t6 tpx6tavt ot 4vrl&c:rrl J.lE nlv
9. B)'. POlX: 'H At,rovpy;a roo 'OfJYOl1poV. K.ualO IV.

18

dpxTt ril~ 1150vil~· "Eten, 8anpEnE va un08tc:JoutJE On U1ri\PXE tJla towtEPUCTJ, KPUtJtJtVTl np08£011 va <JUVEXlOtd 6 n6v~ ~ va ~avaPlC.l)edIO. napQtJEvE, 6tJW<i, dtJcpipolo n~ 8anpEnE va ouWpoutJE ao1'i11'i1 .eUllOTl yui 1'i1v 6OUVTl-,oav npO>tOYEvTJPloloyucit ta011 ~ eM O£UtEPOYEvTJoXTltJanotJ6 tOU 'VUXlKOO 6pyaVlotJoo~ THtav ouvat6 va olanlOtCJ>8£i tJla dvaYKll yta ntJo>pia nou, oUtJcpo>va tJt 1'i1v un68EOTI tOO tvarirtOU tOU 9avatOU, <pQlV6tav va lKavonOU:l, olatJtoou tOO aUtOEnlpEpA.lltJtvou n6vou, rl~ 4nal1'i1o£l~ tv~ douv£io"tou ala911tJat~ tvoxii~. Kr 11 'Vuxavaluntoi cptAoloyia, nou dKOlo6&T1oE 1'i1v fKOoort tOU nipa dno rrjv "ApxP1 'Hbov;;" tJ£ KUPlO~ tKnp60o>no~ tO~ •A~aVTEp, PalK Kai NouvtJnEpYK, rpononotnce, oiXO>~ npaYtJanKa va to OUv£lO"tOnOlTJO£l, 1'i1 cp6PtJouAa Ti1~ vEupo>n1Cil~ CJUYKpoUOTl~II ApXlKa, dn~KE .• 6n 11 VEUpCI)(J"I1npoEPx6tav dn' 1'i1oUYKpoUOTldvatJ£CJa ot6 fVCJnKtO Ka{ t6v ~O>tEPlK6 KOOtJO(A.itJnlVTo - q»Op~ ntJo>pia~). Tci>pa AEyEtal 6n 'fI VEUpcoo1ln"ya~£l 4n' 1'i1oUyJcpoUO"f'ldvatJ£CJa CJt6 fvcmKtO Ka{ 1'i1v dvdl'K11 yui tltJo>p{a (A.{tJnlVtO - tm9utJla yui ntJo>p{a), &.,Aao~, 4KPlP~ t6 dVTi8tto 4n' 6n dXE dnCJ>8£i'nporfyoutJEva12. Aon; 'fI

r~,

10.• A~6

6 nl6 [oxu~ npoJ,laXQ)vac;at6 dp6oc; (croV1i~ o6v&to) tOU ~nolCdJ,l£YOudn' niv dpp<i>otta - at6 d9polOJ,la tOW 5uvaJ,lto>v no6 J,laXOvtal Mvna. oniv dvapP<OO1i tOU ICQ( dpVOUvtal va l:yJcatoA.d¥ouv niv lCatUataOTl ti\c; dp~ roo, 'H 6OuV1'l no6 crovEnaYOvtal of vEUpQMJnc;, dval dlCPlP<i)<; nap!iyovtac; nou rlC;ICdva noA.(m6 J,l~ ytG niv J,l~OXlcmtoi taOTl.· ~p6uvt: .Das 6konomlsche Problem des Masochlsmus •. II. Aun; ni onYJ,lit. " &wpta tOU lvonlCtou tOU 9avatOU 5£Gnot;£t cm;v 'l'UXavaAUtllCTt ptAo).oy{a. '0 lOKW;6 ~p6Uvt. ~pucd xp6VlQ np{v ot J,ltGoutittTJOTI. up{c ypa'l'E ni &wpla tOU lvonnou tou 9avatou oav J,ltG~n68t:m1 nou at£lt'6tav ~ dn' niv d.lvtJCit ndpa. I:t6, flipa dn' oil' rr1~ ·H60Wf~. &aPdtou~ at6 t~: •. va datE lt01J,lOl va l:yJcata.A.d'l'£tE fva 5p6J.aonouq£u dICoA.o1.'l9ftcm.a lCanolo y XpovtIC65uiO'tTlJ,la,&fav Otv cpa[vual va MIlyo at ICdn lCaAO ·Oat6Go. " ~n68t:m1 •. lytVE d.lvtJCit dt.ropla.· ~Xl J,l6vo Otv niv tymttA.a¥Qv - 5tv 65it"fTtCK rlnOtQ at l(aAO. MEplICO{ 'l'uXawAutb; {oXUp~OvtQl dIC61oU1 qouv dfi&OU at01Xda y.a t6 6n lvotllCto tOU 9avatou.

• H hcavono{l'lOTIa.m,c; ri\c; dcrovdOtttTJC;afott,OTIC; tvo~c; dval fo~

nou lxn OTIJ,lama dval " IOta " 6OuV1'l •.

'Am

12. .0 nuP1i~ 6AOd.'1PT1C;i\c; ¥UX~ r rik ~C; nqHtx£tQl onlv np6tacrTl! " tvoX1i ~tA&»Y£tGl J,lt niv nJl(Ol)la, ~ niv 6OuV1'l ·AA.E9kVUP: •.

19

aVtLAT"VTI~plC:nCOtav at ttAaa ciplJ,ovia IJ,t nl VEa 8wpfa tWV tvcnfKtWV, nou ~a01~OtaV Onlv civtiO£OTI avcilJ,ooa erov lpoota ICaf t6 IvOt1ICtO tOU 8avo.tou. PH v£a aun; O£wpia civa~tit11o£ nlv npo~ ,",<; 'l'UX\1C"<; OUyICpoOOTl<;oto. OOWt£P1ICo.Ot01Xeia IC1lnunc(aG£, 6Aotva ICaf n£p1000t£PO, rov untptato pOAo tau ~wt£p\IC06 IC60lJ,oulJ nou anayop£u£l ICai tllJ,Wpa. Enlv apXl1cti 9tmpfa, 6 n6v~ A£y6tav 6n anoppu1 .ano tOV I~w ICOOIJ,O, nlv IC01voov(a•. Toopa A£y6tav On an' anoppu1 .ano nl ~lOAoYl1cti OtATlOTI ui 6OUVll, cin6 t6 IvonICto t06 y 8avCttOU ICat nlv avciYKTtyto. nlJ,wpla •. AUnl1'l VEa 5\QtunOXJ'11lcppa~£ to opOlJ,Onou 6OTlY£i'ernv KOIVWVloAo)'ia ,",<; av8po>7tlVll<; 6OUVll<; 61J.0u, 1'1 apxucti 'l'UXoAoYl1cti tp6p~OUAa yui nlv 'l'UvKti a6y1CpoOOTl, £Ix£ npaYlJ,atOno1tiO£\ OTIlJ,avnKti np6000. 'H 8wpla t06 tvotiICtOU tOU 8avCttOU, OTlAaOi), 1'1 Owpfa tWV aUtOICataotpocp1ICwV ~lOAoytICrovtvOttICtWV, 6OfIY£l at lJ,ui nOA1nOlJ,lKti lPtAooocpfa ,",<; civ8p<i>n1Vll~ 6ouVll<; (~A. ·0 noAI'Cla}Jo, sa of i1varvxie, rov).(E.t.M. T6 ICAaOO1ICOut6 Ipyo tOU 4J)p6UVt IX£\ KUICAocpoP'll0£lOnlv 'EWOa a tow ICai noW XpOVlQ IJ,t tftAo: cO nOA1nOIJ,6<; nTlYli ~UO'tUXla<;.), 'H av9poon1Vll 60UVll O£wp£i'ta1 Ot1 dva1 aV£~ft11ATlt ytati ol ICataOtPOlP1IC~ napoPlJ,tio£l~ 1(1 of napoPlJ,tio£\~ aUtoICataot~<; Otv l4 IJ,nopouv vo. 0alJ,aotouv • 'H apxucti OlatunOXJ'11 ,",<; 'l'uv1Ci1<; cnYyICpoOOTl<;, nlV cillTlIJ,£pui, 6&r)Y£l at IJ,tUICp1nKti t06 ICOlVOOvtICOU an' ooottilJ,ato<;. Mt nllJ,£tatOn10Tl n;<; nTlY1i<;,",<; 6OUVll<;an' t6v ~Wt£P1IC6 IC601J,0, an' nlv IC01vwv(a, Onlv OOO)t£P1IC6IC60lJ,o ICaf IJ,t t6v uno~lpa.Neurosc und GesamlpersOnhchke.b.lnlernallOnalen Zellschrffi flir Psychoanalyse, X II (1926). o. 342. • H VtUP<OOTl, arilv oOOta Paoitual of JltGoiTy1cPOUOTl nou J1E'ta~6tv<m1C't\1d\~ dnalt11011~ Kat dva.)'1C1\~ nJl(J)pta ...• (paIK). yta 13. 'H dV'ttA'1"''1 aUni PP~Kt toUc; nt6 fv8EPJlo~ OnOG"nlPIICttr;Tl~ only dYYAtt KTJ 6J1a6a ~~ 6u:9vo~ 'l'ulavoAunld\~ ·Etal~. 14. T6 Jlolpaio tp<i>tTlJlaytll to dv8pcimlYo d&w; Jloi) cpa(vttal n~ dVUl 4v 01 ot notO Pa8J&o"ltnOAlnonKli rou dva.n~'1. 8Q Katalftpa va. 5aJlaoa n'l6lQtapaxfi ti\~ KOIVO'nId\~tou ~Q)i\~dn' t6 dv8p<ilnlYOlvonlCto ti\~ tnl8mK6-t'r1~ 01 ~ aOtoKataotpocpi\~.. '0 nOArnoJJQ(; Ka; of .dvarvxit\ rov. dYYAun'lJ1E'tUqlpaOTl noO napa8ttQ) dno td ~xavra r;;, Y'VXOAoyIK;;\ 'EfJ)'CUJ"a\ roo L;ylQlOUvr tPpOuvr. TOJi. XXI.

20

OJ,lO TTlC; ot J,lui ~lOAoYlK1i tam" ,~)1tOVOJ,lEua"KEolJapa lJui cin' nc; o dpxl1cte; ICai 9EJ,lEAlaIC~ cipx~ ~e; civaAun""e; 'VuxoAoyiae;, '11cciPxTI ti;c; il50vi;e; - oooaptOlC£lae; •. °H cipxil riie; 'I150viie; - oooaptOlC£lae; dnotd.£r fva IJamIC6 VOJ.lOtoG 'VUXlICOG J,l'1XaVlOJ,lOU,OUJ,l«pcovaJ,lt tOV 6noio ~ ~cSovrj i7rIt'WJK£ral Kl ~ t5voapiaK£la d7roqJ£vj'£ral. l:niv npo'1YOUIJEVT'IcivtO...'1'V'1,'11'I150vft K\ '11oooaptcnct:Ul ~, yui va to tICtppaOOUJ,lESla<POPEtlKei, '11'VUXllC'il ivnopaOT) at 'I150VlICoKa( c ouoapEota tpt6iOJ,lata, ICa96pltav rnv ",UXllC'il civeint~'1 ICa( ne; ",UxlICte; dVtlOpaO£le;. °H .cipxTI ~e; npaYJ,lanK6tT1tae;. Sty ~tav dvri8tr'1 J,lt rnv ciPxTI ~e; 'I150vi;e;' ouvEnaYOtav cinMOe; Ott, oniv nopEia ti;e; civontu~'1e; K\ t~alnae; ~e; tn{opaOT)~ tOU ~COtEPlICOOIC6OJ,lOU,6 ",UXlICOc; ,l'1xaVloJ,l6c; nptn£l va O\)VT'I9(o£lv' civapaAltl np6J OICalp£C;tnlolcil~Ele; 'I150vi;e; ICa( v' ciyvoEi ciAA£A; 6A6tda. At}t~ ol .060 cipX~ ~e; 'VUxl""e; A£ttoup)'lK6tT1tae;., IS J,lnopoikmv va loXoouv J,lOVOot6 J,lttpo nou 6 J,latoXloJ,l6c; 9Ecop£ital oov '11tnl9uJ,lia v' civt£~Ele; t6v n6vo, nou YEVVtttal cino lJui civaOtOAil ~e; tOOT)e; va npo~EVT'I9£i novoc ~ 66uVT'I 0' fva dUo npOOcono - Otav, STJAaoil, 9£(a)p£i'tal oav civnotj)O(p~ oaoloJ,l6e;. Mt ~eiOT) at}ni niv civn;"''1''''1, 6 J,latoXloJ,l6c; ~p(OlCEtal t~ 6AoICAilpou J,ltoa OtO nAa(ma ~e; dpxi;e; tiie; 'I150viie;, nap6Ao nou napaJ,ltv£l t6 n p6pA'1J,la tOO n~ J,lnopEi va val 'I150VlIC6c;6 n6v~. 'An' niv ciPxTI K\6Aae;, at}t6 tpxornv at civti&OT) J,lt ni «P6cnt Ka( t6 v6TJJ,la ~e; A£ttoupyiae; ~e; '1150vile;. "Ev<i) ~tav ouvat6 vei ICataA..ci~OUJ,lE nOOc; ,lnopoooE va J,lEtaJ,lOpJ tpco9Ei ot oooaptOlC£la '11 ciVlKavono('1tT1 ~ civaotaAJ,ltVT'l 'I150vft, ~tav O&ncOAo va ICataMJ30ullE nOOc;11oooaptOlCt:Ul J,lnopoooE vei yi' VEl 'I150vil, KovtoAoyije;, ciIC6J,la K\ '11ciPXllC'il civtO...'1'1fl1~~ YEVlICei napa&ICtiie; dpxile; riie; 'I150viie;, otv fAuvE t6 ~amK6 a(VlYJ,la tOU J,latOXlOJ,lOG,yunt t6 va nOUJ,lEOtl 6 J,latoXloJ,l6e; Elval '11'I150vft nou ciVtAdtal cin' ni oooaptcnct:Ul, otv ~'1yo60E nnota. To d~(coJ,la tv6c; .'VuXavaYKaOJ,loG tnavaA'1'V'1e;. tytVE OtKt6 cin' tOUe; nEplOOOtEPO~ 'VuxavaAUtte; oei J,ltci (ICavOnOl'1nlC'il A6o"r1ot6 np6~A'1J,la tiie; 66uVT'Ie;. Ta(platE ~alpEnKei KaM J,lt n,v ~n09£OT) toG tvOttICtOU toG 8avOtOU Ka( J,lt ni 9Ecop(a tiie; civaY1C'1e; to nJ,lQ)y pia, dllci ~tav ciJ,l«P(~OA'1dno 000 cin0'V£le;. •ApXlICei, civalPOUoE ni oooani, YEVlICc.l, cipxT1 tiie; 'I150viie;, no\) ~tav t600 nOAUnJ,l'1 cinoOaICttKei I(a( ICAlVlKei.Katei 6WtEPO Airyo, d<niyay£ 1J&oa oniv tJ,ln£lPlKO KaM 8qlEAlCOJ,ltVTJbpia ~e; cipxile; ti\e; ~cSov;jc; - t5voapiaK£.ac;, fva civaJ,l«ploPiltTIta J,lEta«pUO'lK6O'tOlXdo, J,110civan66£l-

ea

21

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1S. ~p6Uvt: Formullerungen Geschehens. Ges. Sehr, Bd. V. 16. PluX: .Zur Trieb-Energenks, aber die zwei Prmz;p;en des psychsschen

Zellschrift .fUr Sexuaiwissenchqfi.

X (1923)

22

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11. POll = .StafDcdilrfuLS und neuroti.scher Prozesa, K riusehe Bemerll unaen zu neueren AufTassunaen des Neurosenproblemu. Inlef7UJl;orulie Zellschrift fir PsychoanDlyse, XIII (1921).

23

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24

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26

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28

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29

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I:tt:pdtUl t6 pao\lc6 OtOlXd'O tile; vaplClOOtotlKile; 6o~ile; toU Y€V€t'ilcnou xopalC't'itpa: t'ilv tlCov6ntto va ~€xrop{~€l. '0 ~O~OXlOtllC~ xOpalCt'ilpae;, yui tO~ A6yo~ no6 tKd:e"lCov nopanavro, Otv ~nopd v' dvaAfr.P€l fvav ."YEnICOpOAo, nop6Ao no6 tpbpa ouvil&>C; fv~ 4NIY'tocnci>G€le; 'profotJou. ·H dATl9tvil roo " «PUoTl, to eyciJ roo, €lval Pl~C!)~tV11O1"i)vnofh,nlC6ntto ~olrlae; Tile; nptJllCnKile; 1CQ&t;Ammle;·EnlnAtov, edv dnottA.Eo~o n;e; dvaotoA.ile; ' tile; tnlOn~l~Ov{Oe;, t6 tyro rou fX€l dvont6~ ~la fY'tOV11pon;, n~ t'ilv oUto-tonclvOXJTt. ·H 6o~;, o~t'il toU tyro, Pp{OlCEtOlot 4vri8Eart tJt fva tV€PYlltlICO q»a.lllICO 16aVl1C6 tOU tyro,ll ICl tp.noO{~ t'ilv uAonoiTloTt rou, To dnottA.Eo~o OUtOU dval ~ovu ~la 4vunOq>oPTl mo<,,'It no6 XPTlcn~€6tt ouv ~lU tntnAtov nTlYli YlU t6 oro&.,~o 606V11e;Coi tpcxpoOot£i ftcn t'il ~o~oxlonKti OlOOlICOo{O.H dIC6vo tOU l ' nponopr06~€VOU d~lro~onlCou dVtlICOtOntp{~€l auto t6 16aVl1C0tOU tyro, YlU to 6noio np£n€l lCovt{e; vu Y'tp£nEtOl, t6 6noio np£n€l lCovcle; va ICp6W€l,tn€lM; t6 tyro (tU Otpat€U~Oto) otv dlCoAou&i' Otv ~nopti v' 4ICoAou&1io€1. I:t oxtoTt ~' out6, unuPXEl ICl fvo dUo yvroPlO~O tou XOpalCt'ilpe, nou dvalCaAUnt€tOlnOA.6 ouXva OtO~ ~o~oXlonlCo~ xapalCn;~ lCoi tU nOloui nov retvoov npOe; t6 ~o~oXlo~6: TO vel aia8civeTa, Kavei, 1CW,elva, "li8,o, fl, t6 4VrlOtOlx6 tOU, TO va ivqyyei aav va ~Tav "litho,. Elvol lo{ro~a tile; ~o~oXlonKile; XopalCntpoOotJile; t6 va tlC~€taU.EV€tOl lCu9E 4vaotoA.;', npolC€l~tvou v' aUto-unon~Tl8£i. r:vae; dUoe; da6€vile; €ln€ 1CUnOt€ 6'0 Otv ~nopoUoE v' dVEX9£i tOV fnolVo, Yloti fVlw& oav vu PPl0lC6tov ~npoGtU ot 1C60~o ~t tU novttAOvto ICOtEpoo~tva. M.v nptn€l VU unOtl~iitOl ." ~£ydATl O11~oc:rlo nov fX€l yui t'il Y€V€t'ilcno dvcint~Tl tou nOlolou, ." nproICnKli 1CQ&t;A.CJXJ1'1." ouV€xile; dnoox6A.TlO11 ~t t'il y6~v(a)O'11 nov ICl yAoutrov. "H npro1CnKli Y'tpon;, ~ttO«ptpttOl ot6 Y€VEt'ilcno OtUOlO ICOlto 1CQtOnttz;€l,OTl~lOUpyroY'tOe;~ui IOtait€PTl 5aAio. rlU t6 ~o~ollot'il, m8& dSo~ fnol~ 4vnnpoGrontUa ~tU npOlCA.TlOTl tie; YlU tnlOn~l~OVlolCte; rou tuoae;. "Onou g:xropt~€l ." nopouo{o tOU, ICOtOA.a~paV€tOl 4no fY'tovo 4YXO<;.'Eno~tvO>C;t tOU ElvOl dnapa(ntto va
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22. BA. to I[f.JfCU.aw y14 tlc; "Avttkw; Taurl~. atO PIIWo JlOU .0 napopJI'1nKOc; XapanilpcJA;., Inwmationale P1ychoanalyacher Verlaa. 1925.

44

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ICpU'VE oE~oua.iuni ICat ICO\vrovUC'tl n; alnoA.ayta tWV VEU,xOO£(I)V. ·0 IJatox\ot\IC~ xapaICn;pa~ pa<rltEta\ ot IJui noAu lO\oIJ0pqn] onaanlC'li OtOOllnou UtyX£1. 6V IJOVOt6v 'VuX\IC64AM, ICup\a ICat np<l)tapx\ICci, to YEVEn;m6 roo IJ'lXaVlOIJO. ~ wao.rilltl ~iC1W~ KOBt [vrov" arorn,o" ~tSo~~ Kai r~ JltrQJJof)(IH.iJvtl i ~lJ(JapiOKtla. M' o auto tOV tpOno, "II 60uVTl nou dnotr.A.d n; fWiOll tWV dvnopcio£(l)v tOU IJatoxumICou xaparn;pa, tpoq»oOotata\ 10. aU9iVEta\ OUvtx~. ·000 paM ICat tIJ1tEp\otatroIJtvo 10. 4v dvaA.6GoulJE t6 ven,IJa ICai n;v ytvEOTl tOU IJatoXlonICou xapaICn;pa, Otv IJnopoUIJE va nEtuXOUIJE fvo 8tpanEunICo dnottJ..£olJa, tICt~ 4v ICUtacptpoUIJE va ICatavoliooUIJE ot fWi8oc;n;v npot).£UOTI a\hi\~ ti\~ onaanKi\~ otOOll~. ~la«poPEnICO, Otv 8Q ICatopEkOOoulJE dnoICatac:rt'ilooulJE n;v v' 6pyaonlC'li IICav0tTIta tOU do&vi1, n;v IICavirrrlta 6AoICA'lp<l)nKi\~ napaOoar,~ on; YEVEn;cna tIJ n£1. pta. ru:ni "II 6pyacmlC'li IICav6tT1ta avo\ IICavil dno IJ6VTl tTI~ va ~acpav{o£1. n;v taonEPllC'li n'lY1l tii~ 6vaapioKEla~ ICat tOU 4yxouc; ." A~ ~vaYUP{OOUIJ£ 6IJ~ ntoro OtOV do&vti IJa~. "Omv tn\x£lPllO£ yto nP<im1 «popa va fX£1.IJ\O o~ooo.A\1C'li tnacpli, aXE ot601h aval dAli8aa, 4AM Otv t6~'l0£ va 0\£\0060£1. IJtoa otO alOoio. 9APX\ICOO1C£.-nlICGf.lE aut6 6cpaA6tav ot dIJ'lXavia fI 6n ot v..AnV11 yvci>o"rl~- ntpaoE noA~ ICa\~ yui v' dVOICaAU'V0UIJE n;v npaYIJatun; aIda. ~rav T1jva~"JliVTI ~tSowi. Au-n; o{youpa, ~tav IJW noAu napa9:VTl ouIJn&p\«popa. 9 AvnIJEtronltoulJE novta auto t6 «p6po on; 8tpanM tii~ 6pyaonKi\~ Olatapaxi\~ tWV 'Vuxp<i)v YUVOlICWV.l:toi>c; IJar;Ovot~, OIJ~, fX£1. fvu 10lQhEpo xapaICn;pa. to ICatcWipouIJ£ a-n6, 8j npt1t£1. ~avayup{OOUIJEOtO ~AlIC6 nou IJa~ npoocp£pa "II 'l'uXav6AUOTI. ·A«p6tou 6 do&vti~ IJ~ aXE fp8a ot o~ouaAtlC'li t1ta4lri1ICoIJno0£c; cpopt.;, npaYIJa nou tv{oxuo£ GTJIJavnICon; y£V£nicnci too a-non£no{fhlOll, dnoICaA~ICE On dnoMlJpavt AtyOt£Pll ftOovTJ c:rt'il oWpIC£1.a ri1~ouvouoi~ dn' 6n ouvtpalVE c:rt'il OtOPIC£lO IJatovtOU onICou aUVOVlOIJOU.·OotOoO, IJn6p£CJ£va OX'llJatio£1. IJW tro'lP1i tvtunOOO"1ytei rnv at~Oll tOU YEVEn;mou a(~cnaoIJOU 10. aun; "II tvtunOOO"1dnottJ..£oE fvu 10xup6 ICiVTltpo yui n; 8tpa1tM roo. ·H douvutTI YEVEn;cna dn6A.aUOT1tOU do&vo~ ~tav noAu ICplmlJ'l. yuni "II npoYEvE'tlicna "llOovti IJnop£i momma IJ6vo OlQIJtoou tii~ dnoICatOotaOll~ tii~ cpumOA.oytICO lvtoY1'l~ ytytni~ nul ftOo. vi1~. ·H dnouoia tii~ftOovil~ on; OWPICWl tii~o~ouaAtKi\~ n~'l~,

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0£~ooa.A1Kil~ t'JOovii~, n06 6qJ£f.A£tal OtO VIlnlal(6 ciYXo~, J3pimc£tal ot Ka8E v£6pro011. npaYtlatllCa, o£ tl£P11C£C; n£plntOOO£l~ fXEl xatnOtptW£l 6AoICAllProtlICa nl Y£V£t11mo1T1ta. 'Enotl£v~, aUnl it dvoOtOAt; otv tlnop£i v' anOtdEl tOV 101a{tEpo napclyovta tOU tla~OX10tl0u. rla nOlO A6yo, otv aWl lCa9EaVaOtOAt; til~alCo6cna~ afil;ll011~ til~alo&r,011~ til~itOovii~, n06 6OllY£l Onlv avantU~ll tOU tla~oX10tll(OU tlllxaVl0tl0u; AUnl it dvrippnon tlnOP£l v' avtllCpouottl ro~ ~ii~: ·Ynapxouv ouO OUWtOt11t~ yta tlla tttOla aVaOtOATt til~alo&r,011~ til~itOovii~· I:nlv npoot11, it itOoVlk"lialo&r,011 6tl .A1OOV£1~. J3uoV£tal apX1ICa xwpir; ciYX~· apyot£pa, alCoAou&t to ciYX~ IC\ awOttllil nlv 6AoICAt;PCOOll 0¢,OOOA1Kil~otty£po1l~, aua t'Jt'JOoVli til~ ~al(oAou9£l va J31ooV£taleev t£tOla. I:nl 0£6t£Pll, t'J alo&r,011 til~ itOovr,~ 1C1 alo&r,011 til~booapioKElar; J3aoi~ouv 1tapa.u.'1Aa. Aut6 it loX6£1 yui lCa8£ tlt; tla~OX10tlk"li avaOtOAt; tOU 6pya0tlou. I:t6 tla~oX10tlO, an' nlv dUll tl£pla, to itOoVllCo ato&r,tla 6n A1OOV£l~, n06 6&r1y£i ro~ tOV 6pyaotl6, yfvEtal lCai t6 ~,o avnAllnt6 oav t'Javatl£V0tl£VIl J3MJ3ll. To ciYXo~, n06 J31ooV£talonly np<a>lCnk"li ooVTloav ~ fva anotW0tla til~ tnit£~ll~ til~ nprolCnKi\~ itOovii~, J3Q~£l ta 9£tltAla tltci~ WUX1Ki\~maOll~ n06 lCaV£1nl tl£tay£v£ot£p1'1 Y&V£nlem itOoVli, t'J 6no{a £Ival <pUOllCaOlltlavnlCa n16 fvtOVTl, va yfV£l aVnAllnnl eev to O11tlaOl tOU tpaUtlan0tl0U lCa( til~ ntlropia~. "Erm fXOUtl£ to napclOo~o Y£'Yov6c; 6n, nap6Ao n06 tnlolOOIC£l ouv£XOO<; uAonOlt;O£l tlW t'JOoVl1C'i) va ato&r,011, 6 tla~oXlCmIC6~ xapaICnlpa~ pu9(~£tal ma9£pcl, tl£oa ot ~W ouoapECm'l ato&r,011. ~lltlloupy£ital ftm t'J tvt6nCOOll 6n tn16l(i>IC£lni ouoapmt11 ato&r,011. Auto n06 npaYtlanlCa CJUtll3a{V£l6~~, aWl 6n t6 ciYX~ nap£tlpo.ll£tal avQ~EOa m6 fvanlCto lCa{t6 ot6xo tOU, lCavovt~ nlv tn19utlllni t'JOovft va yfv£tat 4vttAllnni oav 6 4vatl£v6tl&V~ rivouv~. Kovto~~, t6 tEllIC6 4nottka~a ti1~4PXlKi\~ tm6{ro~ll~ £Ival, avrl ti1~ t'JOovr,~, t'J booapioKCla. Aut6 A6v£l tn{011~ t6 np6J3All~a tOU wuXavaY1Cao~06 tnavciAll't'11~ nipa an' niv 4PxTl til~1'I00vr,~. ~lltltoupy£ital 1'1 tvt6nCOO11 6n fva npOorono 9& va ~avaJ3l(OO£l tlW ouoap£Ctt11 lCatamaOll.
S4

'AAM i) aVaAUOTJanOiCaAUntt\ 6n ot OUIJ.P«(V&\Can tttOlO. 'Evrel AW~ to avti9tto: 6 OtoXO~ y(Vttal apxuco VOTlt~ oov "'OoVlIC~. 'H tn\oiro~i) tOU aVQlContEtal dn' nlv lJ.ata(rotn'), t6 qx;~o nlJ.CI)pia~ fi t6 dyxo~, nou lCaAUntOUVtEAdro~ to OtoXO fi tOV ICOVOUV tlJ.cpay(~tvO tat oa ouoapEOtO~. 'EnolJ.£vro<;, IJ.nopoulJ.t va oUlJ.ntpQvoulJ.t 6n otv unuPXt\ fva~ ",uxavaylCaolJ.o~ tnavcU.ll'lV11~ 1Cipa dn' nlv april ~~ i)Oovii~' ta avtloto\Xa cpatvolJ.tva IJ.nopouv vo ~llY'l90uv uiaa OtO rtAnio\a til~ apxil~ til~ i)Oovii~ lCa( tOU qHJ~ou tllJ.rop(a~. eo. np£nEl va ~avayupiooulJ.t only ntp(ntCl>O'illJ.a~ yto IJ.lOd1C6Jla cpopa. •H PllX0t11ta K1. ~ napQtaOTJ tOU aUVaVl0IJ.OUroo, nptn£\ v' anoOo90uv 0' aUnl nl Olatapaxi) tOU 1J.1lxaVlOIJ.OU ~Oo~~. til~ A 1COf/JtVyt Ka8t a';~'70'1 r~r; "tSov'K~r; arafh,a'1r;. "Oruv aut6 dxt y(VEl eovepo, Elnt lCanott: -Elvat aouvato v' dcpito£\ 1Cavd~ aut~ ti~ a{a91ioE\~ v' ava~pi>oouv lJ.ooa roo - dval tVttA<i>c;d<p6P1lto •. Tci>po lCataAa~aivouJlt ytati auva~otav oop~ dttA£tCl)t~· nott Otv fcptaVE ot (lCavonolllOTJ, ytati otv tnttptnt va npaYlJ.atOnOlll8£t ICalJ.tudKooota a6~1ltn') til~ ottytpo11~. 'ElCto~ dn' to qHJ~O, tlJ.nAtlCttal ICl fva~ ~ napQyovta~ 0' aUnl ti)v aVaOtOAi) til~ a6~llOTJ~ til~ aro&r,tn')~. '0 lJ.a~OX\frn1C~ xapalCti)pa~ dval oUVTJ9tOlJ.tv~ only oxt56v tM\)ypalJ.lJ.ll, lJ.it 1CAtlJ.alCronl (IJ.naivtl lCavti~ ot6v n£\paolJ.6 vO n£i exAlapi).) ~Oovil ~~ nprolCtucii~ ~ci>VTJ~. Mttacptptl nlV npCl)lCnKli npalCnKli lCa( tlJ.n£\pia til~ i)Oovii~ Oto YEVtnlmO IJ.llxavl01J.6, nou Aatoupy£i IJ.' lvav 6")..6ttAa o\acpoptttlCo rpono, ·H fvtoVTJ lCa( ypi)yoPll (l6~llOTJ ~~ "'00vii~ Oto ytvtnlmo 1J.1lXaVl0IJ.0 val 6XlIJ.6vo douVli91oTTJ. dllQ tn(d CJl1~ lCai nOAU lCatcillllAll yta vO npOlCaA.£otl tp6IJ.O a' lva np6aCl)no nou tlval ~OllCtlrolJ.tvO 1J.6vo IJ.t nlv npCl)1CnK'i1Oovil - ~ 6noia d~ vat 6tloi)notE dUo tlCt~ an6 OUVtplntlKli. •Av npoott8£i a' aut61'1 avalJ.oVli til~tllJ.rop(a~, rore unapxouv 6~ ol npouno8ta&\~ 'Y1{I nlv dlJ.tOTJIJ.ttalJ.oJ)(p<OOT) ~Oo~~ ot ~vaapiaKt,a. til~ ·EICtrov Omtprov, noW ytyov6ta an6 npor1YoUlJ.tv~ ntplntci>Otl~ 9tpantia~, ~lCa9ap{~ovtal IJ.t ~00ll aut~ ti~ v~ dVa1CaAU",£\~. Auto (OXUtl dOllCOyto t6 lJ.£YaAodPl91J.6 ntplntcOo£<Ov, ati~ 6no~ i) 1J.i) (lCavonolllnKli Ot;OuaAlKli opaatTlPl6tTlta, dlCoAou80uvtav ano IJ.tO lJ.a~oXlonKli ol09ttn') 6OuVTJ~.Toopa ~pouJ1£, On aUnl '" opaOt11Plot'lta otv ~tav (lCavOnOllltlKli ~al~ IJ.td~ ~Iarapariir; aVYK£KPIIJiV'lr; yui ro pa'ox,apo. I:t09qlCt tnitn')~ ouvat6 va cp8QaouIJ.t ot IJ.lei nOAu lCaAUttPll AllJ.nlvto-ol1COV0lJ.lKli ICOt(lvinlOTl to)V 55

(Oxupoov j.latoX\Otllcc:i)v tao&Wv tc:i)v d09£vc'i>v, nou n£p(ypa'Va OtOV napoPP'lfiKO XapaKr,;pa lCal on; A£Irovpyia rou 'Opyaopou, nO><; fxouv 6pyaot\IC£C; o\atapax~. M\a d09£vtic; nou dx£ lla~OXlOTlrri OlO<nj)O(pr, n£plyp<i~tTtlC£ roc;t~iic;: .AuvaVl~oTav ... Ilt n; lla~oX10T1· rri qMlVtaOiOlCJ11t1 ~tav tWlOlC; YUIlvti(!), O£lltVll Kat KAt10lltVll 0' 6 fva ICA.oU~t,6nou n;v Elxav d~r,O£l va AlIlOKTOV£i ·AlCpl~c:i)C; ' •. 0 auto to CJ11Il£1o tllqMlVl~6tav It dvaOTOAr, TOO6pyaolloO. EaCPVlKa fnp£n£ va ouUoyurt£1 YUpOldno lCanota OU01(£U";nou ~tav 0x£olaOIl£Vll va n;v dnaMoo£l aUTOllata dn' ta n£pltTWllata lCal ta oopa, ytati ~tav O£Il£Vll Ka( otv Ilnopooo£ va IClVll9£l..•. I:n;v dVaAUOT), . 6tav It ll£ta~i~aCJ11 au~r,&r,IC£, ~9civovtac; roc; n; O£~OooAlrri olty£pCJ11, ;v lCupi£u£ OUvti90lC; Illa dvt;tUylCtTt napOPIl'lCJ11 ytcl dq>60£u· n CJ11 o()P'lCJ11."Ornv auvaVl~OtaV Ilt n;v (ota 6tl Ouvouola~oTav, lCa( .lla~oXlOtllC£C; qMlVtaOlwo£1C; nap£ll~aUoVtav Aiyo npiv dpXio£l 6 6pyaoIl6c; •. 'Enolltvox;, It Ila~oxlotlrri otaCJ11 1C1t qMlVtac:riOlCJ11 ox£ti~£· I nou tm u' autr" £loOllltv£C; dno O£~OOllCovolllrri tino'lrr" npotpxOVtal dn' n; OOOclpEOtTtdvtiA'l'V'l tiic; at~CJ11C; n;c; 1t00\'ilc; lCa( XP'lmll£60uv OtO OallaollO tiic; bvoapioK£lar; Ilt n;v 'VuXllCaOlatUnOllltVT) otaCJ11: .Elllal roeo OU<nUXlolltvoC; - dyana Il£!. Trepc tllqKIv(~£tal It qMlVTaGi<OOTltOo ~UA.oOaPIlOO, Ylan It dna(tllCJ11 Yl' dyan'l tlln£pltX£l tniCJ11C;y£v£n;~ Ol£ICOllCr,O£lC;, nou dvaylCa~o\Jv t6v d09£vti va ll£ta9to£l n;v tlllOlp(a dn' t6 IlnpootlV6 IltpoC;, OTO n(oOl: .Xtuna us, dUci Ilr, Ilt £uvOUX(O£lC;!. 'EnolltvOlC;, It lla~oxlOt1rri dvtfopaCJ11 • fX£1 Illa dOlKa 0001.aOtlICO-v£upOlnrri24 ~aCJ11. "Eret, ta npo~A";llata TOO lla~oXlolloij oUYIC£VtprovOVtal yUpOl dn' n;v (ol6IloP<P'l Olatapam tiic; Aatoupy{ac; n;c; 1t00\'ilC;. cytv£ ~av£pO 6tl 6 cp6~~ too a(o&tillat~ dnOO'6v9£CJ11C; n;c; 1t00VlK"liC; fj at~CJ11C; .nwc; A,lCOV£1C;., 6011y£1 OT6v 6pyaoll6, dvaylCat£l TO nou lla~oxlOn; vo npomcoll'l9£i on;v oXt:06v £U86ypallll11 ot;oooAlrri Olty£pa1l. Auto Elval dnOT£A.&Ollan;c; npOllCnK"lic;lCa&1iAOlCJ11C; fj n;c; y£v£n;mac; dVaOtOAiic;; XOlp(C;dll~l~oA(a ICl ol 000 napayovt£C; euvttA.ooV 0' aut6, 6nOlC;dICPl~c:i)C; lCa80p(~ouv ICloi 000 n; xp6Vla vsupaa9tVlrri lCatamaO'Tl olty£pa1lC;. 'H npOlICnIC6tTtta lClVT)tonot£i' 6A6ICA'lpo to Il'lXaVlOIlO tiic; AillnlVto, dUci otv Elval (lCavti va npo24. AllJYavmalC'i! - v£upwnlC'i!.

56

acp£p£t tniO"l1e;xni titv 01(1AUO"I1 fvtaO"l1e;. 'H dvacnoA.it tile; Y£Vttile; t'l<Jlot'ltae;, not> otv £Iva\ JlOVOVdnottA£aJla tOU 4yxo~, dnotdd' Kt fJ rOta Jlla OtaotKaaia npoKA.'lO"l1C; cp6~ou, npciYJla nou Stv 1C0va rinorn aUo dn' to va JlSYaAroVtl n;v dvnqK1O"11 voJ,l£Oa O1'ilv fvrad O"I1Kai titv npaYJlat\lC1i t'le; otaA.OOTJ.•AnoJl€va va ~11Y1l8£i Ylan 1'1 cpavtamwO"l1 tOU ~uA.oOaPJlOU npwtotJlcpa.vi~ttal f\ y{vttat 101a{ttpa fvtOVll A.iyo npiv dn' n;v KOPUcpWO"l1 6pyaoJlou. tOU Elvat tvolaq)tpov va napatl1P118£i n~ 6 WUX\K~ Jll1xaV\oJl~ npoona8ti va JltuOOtt n;v dauJlq)wvia dvoJltoa on;v fvtaO"l1lCa{ n;v (Kavonoil1O"11, nroe; ft napaPJll1O"11 Yla XaMpCOCTlldo~Oll£l, nap6Aa auta. Jltoa on; cpa.vtao(COCTIl ~uA.oOaPJlou. '0 da&vtie; Jlae; ~tav tOU dv£vootOe; 0' auto to O"I1Jl£io:.To va at Xtuno.a JlIO yuva{lCa, d'va\ dKpt~roe; to ro\O 00 va auvavi~toa\ KPUlpd napouoia tile; yuva{lCae;. (=Jll1t£pae;). Auto dVtlOt01Xtl q)UOlKO,on;v npaYJlanlC1i tJlnap{a: ecv natoi, Ka8roe; tni01le; Ka{ ecv lq>1l~O<;, da9tvile; Jlae; dxt auva6 VlOtti Jla~OX\OnKO tyro K01JlOtaV cno ro\O ICptJ)Qn Jlt n; Jll1ttpa tOU, Ol1Aaoit, ~ou)..oOOt 1C1. ftpl~e to ntoc; tOU, npootxovtae; va Jlitv tKon£PJlat<ooa (<po~{a dntvavn on;v ttlCvono{l1011). Movo 6tav npOoe£oe n; cpa. tamOl 0"11 6n tOV f&:PVt ft Jll1ttpa tOU, dxe Jl\O v 6vdpw~11. Auto dxt to lilCo)..ou80 vonuu, not> 6 da&vile; 8uJlotav OUVtlOl1tO: .EIXa T'liv tvtunCOO'l'l 6n to ntoe; JlOUf~pat;t. Mt to ntJlnro f\ to lKtO Xtunl1Jla, ~tav ~t~a\o 6n au fOKayt ft ICOOtTl,au fnp£nt va otappaytl Ka{ v' dvo{~u. r:rol, d oxono; nov xtvn'1lultWv

,ftav va 1lfJOKol.tOOvv xol.QpCJJm1 rri nov ~tav 4nayop£vptv'1pt dAlove; tponove;, ~'1la~ri, aVtO£pwtlKa ." Av, oov dnottA£aJla tci>v XtUnl1Jlotwv tile; Jll1ttpae; tOU, ft ICOOtTl oo fonayt· av, yui tOV rotO A6r

yo, to ntoe; tOU Imcayt 1C1. tKto;tuOtav to antpJla, tOtt Stv au ~tav autoe; 6 un£68uvo<; - 6 ~aoaVloT'lie; au ~tav tJC£ivo<;nou to npoKoAtot. ·EnoJltv~, 6 n68oc; tile; ttJlOlp{ae; dxt 8tJltA.\aIC0 oov OKono n;v tn{tt~l1 tile; XcWiPCOCTlle; nMlYlo tp6no lCa~ lCa{va lCataJlt on;oa unt68uvo to nJlOlp6 npOOOlno, 0l1AaO;" v' linaAl.ay£i 6 da&vile; lin' n;v ru86VTJ. '0 Jll1xaV\oJl~ dva\ 6 rotOe;, t600 on;v tn\lpdvac 000 Ka{ cno J)Q8oc; tOU xapalCn;pa. tn;v np<i>tTl,to vOl1Jla dval: c'Ayana Jlt hen &cnt va Jl;' <poJJdJlat!. To vOl1Jla tOU napcinoYOUElval: .Eo\) doo\ unt68uvoc;, 6xl tyro •. 'H Mttoupy{a tile; cpa.vtamCOCTlle;OU ~UA.oOaPJlOUdva\: .Xtuna ue ften &Ott, O{xOle; a y{t v VOl fvoxo<;, va JlnOp£oOl va xaAapc.i>oOlr•. Mv Ilnop£i' va unop~ KaJl\O dJlq)t~oA.la 6n auto dval to ~a86ttpo vOT)Jla tile; na&r1n~e;

S7

(p<l 'tacriClXJT)~ UAoOaptJ.OU V ~ . •A<P6tou ff.p9aaa on;v Katav6TlOll aMi1~ Ti1~ ~a9\)t£PTl~ Aatoupy(a~ rli~ na&t,tlKii~ (p<lV'taai<OOTl~ ~UAoOaptJ.OU, tJ.n6p£aa va napat1lPlloW t6v napanavw tJ.TlXaVl0tJ.0a' fva dP19tJ.o ciUwv d09£vwv, no\) otv £lxav dVantU~£l KatJ.la (p<lV£PllO1OOtpoqtTJ,dlla no\) tJ.dllov Ota&t,Kav Ixnvot va Kpan;OOUV n; tJ.a~ox\onKli taOll at tJ.la A.av9avoooa KataotaOll tJ.t n; f}01l9£la dUay<1>v tOU xapaKn;pa ot6 tyw. Nc tJ.£plKa napaotlYtJ.ata. ~va~ "lUxavaYKaonK~ xapaKn;pa~ dvcintu~£ tJ.la (p<lvtao(wOll auvaVl0tJ.ou, 6nou ~plc:nc6tav dvatJ.£oa at dyp(ou~ no\) t6v dvaYKa~av va eovoootcerei Ka( va oUtJ.n£pl."tp£tal tJ.' fva 6A6ttAa dV£tJ.nOO1(TtO tpOno. r:VQ~ dllo~ d09£v,;~, fVQ~ na&t,nK6~ - &t,Aunp£nll~ xapatcn;pa~, no\) Otv £lx£ KatJ.la (p<lv£Pll OlQotpo<pll, (p<lV'ta~6tav 6tt fcp8av£ on;v bcon£PtJ.at<OOTl tJ.t xtUnlltJ.ata ate) nto~.·AW fnp£n£ va t6v fxouv Ota£l yta va un<>q)tp£l ta XtUnlltJ.ata Ka( va tJ.llv tJ.7top£i va t6 c:ncao£l. ~' aun; n;v Kat1lYopia, dv,;K£l tniOll~ JC\ ." tJ.a~ox\onKli o~ouaA\Kli OtaOll tWV vsupenKwv yuvalKwv, no\) 9£0)P£ital dn6 tJ.£ptKO~ ",uxavaAutt~ oa ."ucnoAoytKli &t,AuKli au tJ.n£pu,opci. •H na&t,nKli qK1 'taaiClXJT)~mV otJ.ou ti1~yuva(Ka~, XPTIGttJ.£Uadn~ yta va n;v dnaW~ dn' ta ala9i)tJ.ata tvoxTl~, &'J1A.a0ll, £A£t v' dnoA.a60£l n; 0~OuaA1Kli npci9 ~Tl O(xw~ tvoxTl. Aut6 £lval ouvat6. uovo KatW dn6 oUv&i1K~ ~\aotJ.ou. 'H tUnlril dvrlotaOllnO\) npopciA.Af:tal dn6 tJ.£puctc;yuvaiK~ on;v npaYtJ.anKli npci~Tl fxa t6 IOto v6t1tJ.a. Auto tJ.a~ MTly£i ot6 np6~ATltJ.a tou ).sy6tJ.£vou ciyxo~ 1I00vi\~, no\) na(~£l K\)ptO p6A.o ot6 tJ.a~ox\0tJ.6 ." A~ dva."tpoutJ.£ Iva napciOtt YtJ.a d n6 tJ. l 4UTl d vQA\XJ1'I. u r:va~ do8£v,;~ 9utJ.6'rav 6tt, 6tav ~tav Ko:nou 4 Xpovwv nalo(, £lx£ n; ouv,;8£w. va npoKaAd ouvaSt,ta vvxr£Pn'Ov~ irpl(:Urt~. rAuOtpooo£ KatW dn' rl~ KOUPtpt~, auvaVl~6'rav, lCataAaJ,lpav6tav dn6 <P6~0 JC\ dnallaa6tav dn' a.n6v, nvatovtac; ~a"'VllCa rl~ KOU~tP't~ dn6 no:vw roo. rt tJ.ui ttt010 nsp(ntWO'Tl, n600 0sA.£a(J·ruc6£lVO\ va un08taouJ,ls 6tt oril pU;a tOU pp(01C£'tat 6 'VuxavoYKaoJ,l~ tnav6ATl'V'l~. ~ri1v dpxTl, £lxs VVxr£pIVO~ q,1a..trs~ lCal twpa, £lVQ\ qK1V&p6 nw~ ~8W; va ~VQpl(bo£\ t6 <P6Po. rt axtoTt Jol' a.n6, £lVO\ dnapa(t11to va ~a9ap(ooutJ.£ 006 9t,.1ata: arrlV npaTJ,lanlC6'rr1ta, bc£ivo n06 ~8W; va ~aVOptWo£l 6tv ~tav 6 cp6~, cU.M t6 ata&J1J,la tOO ala&J1cnaaJ,lou. A.n6 6J,lCDC;, ~tav navtO'ts dvaJ,l\lCto J,lt cp6Po. ·EmnUov, 11 dnalla'Y1i tOU dn' t6 cp6Po ~tav JC\ 11 1010 J,lui m'I'Y1i 58

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25. BA.IJ)pOUvt: Dret Abhandlungen zur Sex&UJI,heor;e. Ga. Sc:hr., &d. V. e. 78

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S9

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60

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oiyoupa Ka60pl~ 0"[(;\ dpKt"[n, dlto "[t;V UlttpI30AUO; ot0l-lanK'1i KafhlA.o>m, Ka{ n;v npo<pavll Aaxtcipa Yln ri]1-lt;tpa. 'H KafhlAO><J1'l XPllOlI-lOltOlt;Otl dxt "[0 9civato tiie; ltpci>ta I-llOT)tiie;1Ca{ori] ouvtxaa Ot0l-lanKa 4ya1tlle tiie; 40£Aqriie;, ltaptxovtae; t6 lttPl£X6l-ltvo n;~ltapa{o&t,OT)~, ori]v 6noia t1Cq»pQotll1Ct~tKa8apa 1'ldl-lq»l8u1-l{a= Elxt .q»tA";Otl ri]v EGa ~. )l£XPl 8avatou •. '11ot60o, 1'lltPO\VUXWtuc";EGa ~. taun~6tav I-lt n;v aO£Aq»t; tlle;. 'H <paVtao"[uC1;at)toKtovia ori]v tlttttlO tou 8avatOU tiie; dO£Aq»iie; tlle;, £Txt OlltAt; OT)I-laoia, ltOU 4VnOtOlxoOOt on;v d)lq»l9ul-lia = ltpcOta, ri]v ~ava8avatwOT) n;~40d.qri\~ Ka( Otuttpo, ri]v at)to1Ctovia t~altiae; tvoxiie; (1(\ 4lto oci>l3ya(vtl Ka{ 1'l61-l0l6tllta I-l£ri]l-ltAayxoAia). 'H tAaq»pa l-laVlaK'1ioui8tmh ltOU 4KOAoU&t,Ot t6 ~£oltaol-la tiie; \VUXWOT)e; I-lltop&tvd 9&WPTJ9&t, 4val-ltoa 0' dUo npay)lata, onv lvae; 9p{al-ll3oc; ltaVW oro ooAoqK>VTll-ltvo 4vnKal-ltVO. At)to ~ae; q»£PVtl ori]v o{1COV0l-lltC'1i OT)I-laoia n;~6ulonaOTl~. npt1t6l va tPl-lllvtutti ecv I-lla ltpoolta9tla yui 4vapP<OO11, I-lt OlCon6 rnv 4ltr.M:u8tpO><J1'l lto t6 tvoolloAlll-ltvo 4vnKal-ltvO, Ii I-lc1llov, 4n6 to 4 tl-lii~a tKtlVO tOU tyw ltOU taurl~£'tal I-la~{ tOU, I-lt n; l3oti9£la n;~ ltapalo&t,cnaKi)e; ooAoqK>v(ae;. -11ot60o, oiyoupa 5tv 9tJ.m va. Y£Vl1COltOl";OW vo"l-la at)t6 n;~OOttpU(i\~ 6uionaOTl~. t6 0ci il9&J..a va XPTJcnI-lOltOlt;OW at)ri] n;v wKalp{a, yui va mptvw ri]v ltpoaox"; ori] OUxv6tllta I-lt ri]v 6no(a ol OOttPlKtc; o\Qonao~, il I-lc1llov ot 1'll-llUltVWtlKtc;Kataotdotl~, ouvO&60vtal I-lt 4cpwvia. rtVlKa <i>mOoo, 1'l OOttPltC'1i 4q»wv(a OTll-la(v&ltn{OTl~ KQ( eovato. "OltWe; yfVttal KQ{ ota 6vtlpa, t6 va doall-lourr~ OTll-la{VQ dool va. VtK~. °Eltl1tAtov, eo ilf'tAa va Ontv9ul-l{ow n;v hcppaOTl= .wnao£ yui ltavta. 4vt( n;e; .nt8avta. Mla dUll 409£V1i~ tU 1'\l-llOuva6r1ttc; KataOtaOtl~, ltOU V61-llCt6tl 01C6twvt ta nalOla t11~ KQ{ tOV taUt'o tlle;, 7 4valttu~t 4PKtttc; q>ciOtl~ 4cpwv(a~· 1'\ ouv~ I-lt ti~ qKlvtacnOOtle; at)tOKtov(ae; tlle; ~tav ltpo<pavll~. I:civ Ka8aP1i 6n68urrJ eo il9tAa va 4vaq»tpw 6n, 1'l 4cpwv(a eo I-lnopooot tmCJ'll~ va. 6d~ ltaAlvOpOl-lllOT) 0"[6 o,,[Ol-latltC'1iq>ci0Tl n;~ 1-l";-6l-ltAlnKi\~ n£plOOou 9r]Aaol-lo6. At)to tlval 4PKttd qKlVtpO on;v ntp{ntW<n'l n;~c'Avva~ 0.• (Mlt6u£p Ka{ cz,pOuV't, Mclirtt; orrjv "Yonpt'a).
7. 'EntO'Tl~ ot lJ.ui nEploX"l OlCEnClOlJ.tVTI IJ.t X16VlClI Elva, 4paYE OUJ&ntOij.lClnlni ClUT"li '" OUXv6n1tCl f\ lJ."n~ ava, tU1t'Ini qNlvtClolmcJ11 ClMOlCtO~;

'H "[nOT)tile; d09tvoue; ltpO~ tOV aO,,[lo~6t axt

87

"'Eten, t6 vinlJ.la Ka{ 6 OtKOVOJ.llK~ mcon~ n,e; OuianaOT)e; (8civat04;, A.UtJKOOTl 4n6 t6 fvoxo tyro), qKI{VE'talJ.lt dpK£n; aaqniv£la. 'H OUvaJ.llK1l rile; OUianaOT)e;, dnalta ~taOT) at J.l£yaAll KA.(J.laKa, n;v 6no{a ea napoAdvoo ytci va ~OlKOVOJ.l";aoo xp6vo, at6 J.lttPO n06 fXOO~o" dvaq>£p&i a' a~t6 t6 9tJ.la at dUo JtAa{eno.'

III
T£A£trovovtae;, ea&Aa va ataoo 6plaJ,ltva tpo>n;J.lata t£xvtK'i\e; q>6m1e;.9IO\Q{t£pc1, J.lui dvamc6,",0T) trov Aa900v n06 J.lnopa va fxoo riv£l, ea J.lOe;P0119i)a£l va ta dnocpuyouJ.l£ at6 J,ltAAov. &tv ea dqn1aoo n;v nl8av6tT1ta va tKJ.lE'tall.£UtOUV n;v dvaqH)pa J.l0U, ytci v' dnoOd;ouv n; .PAap&p6tT1ta n,e; ",uxavaAOO11e;», va tJ.lnoO{a£l n;v npoonoeaa J.lOU a~. npOOt04; 6 ftp6uvt t6vta£ t6 y£yov~ 6n 5ouM:60uJ.l£ J.lt .tKp11KnK6 ~A.1K6».T6 atJ.la dval n~ ea unopsoooJ.l£ va t6 xaplcnoUJ.l£. °H da&vile; lipXla£ ",uxavaAOO11 J.lt liJ.l&a11 J.l£tap(J}aOT) n,e; rpcoJ.lanK'i\e; KatacnaOT)e;. ~APK£t~ qH)~ an; OuipKaa n,e; npWtTle; J.lae; auVEOp{ae; J.lOUPJ.l06pla£ enya, .qH)~J.lal». Ilptv fXOO6notaO";not£ YV<iMrr1 n;v tpauJ.lanK1l tTle; tJ.ln£lp{a. dvayvroplaa 6n ta ax6A.ui ytci tTle; cnlJ.lalvav 6n J,lt qH)p6'tav dvaqH)plKa J.lt J.lui a~ouaA.lK1l axtOT)· °H da&vile; dx£ fp8a at J.ltva, J.l£ta dn6 J.lui 9£panaa J.lt l(an010\l J.l£YaA6t£PO dn6 J.ltva· tKD dX& tKOllAmo£l n;v tpuq>£pt; nA.£upa rile; J.l£tap{J}amie; tTle;. t:vro t&i> ~nay£ 11 atofh,cnaK1l. Ti\e; t6 ~t;YTlaa, dqKIlprovtae; &en n;v dpXlK1l tTle; dv1iGtaOT), Ka{ 11 dVaAOO11 m;p£ n;v KaVOvttcTJtTle; nopda. °H &nK1l J.lE'tap{J}aOT)dx£ y{V£l 4V1icnaOT), J.lt TUnlK6 tpono. 'H np6KA.'1Ol1 l1J.llunvoonKQ)V Kataataa&IDv an; OuipK£la n,e; cruVEOp(ae;, n; 5£Ut&Pll JJOOJ.la5a 9£panaae;, ~tav q>UOlKa,tn{OT)e;fva a6J.lntOOJ.la J.lE'tap(J}aOT)e;.'0 mcon~ n,e; mtocnaOT)e; Yl' a~n;v, an; qKlvta<ria t'le;, ~tav va Plci>cm t6 tpauJ.la J.la~{uoo. "'EXOO ~o" dvaq>tpa n~ fytv£ Ka{ 9uJ.l..;9TlK£n;v ~£xaaJ.ltVl1 OlCTlvil.'nat60o, Otv fyt-

88

VE aVaAUOTl tile; lCataataaTle; ti1e; J,lEta~(~aaTle; civacpopllCa J,l' a~6. M.v Elxa £ulCalpia va tVllJ,l£p<OOOO;v cia&v1; 6n twooOot: 1C'1. tJ,.Ltva n 6Tav tlxE npa.ptpa tie; t~parlC~ Atg;tc; at6 ypaqtEio uoo. Aun; n; qtopc:i, II J,lEta~iJJaaTl Otv dXE y(va ciV'tiOtaaTl, Ot6 J,lttPO nou II cia9Ev.;e; auvOtaE aUVaptJllCa, civan6Alla£ lCal OUJ,lJ,lOPPci>&r1IC£ ttJ,lt UlO tpono yui 060 J,l;;V£C;,J,ltXPl nou dpXlaav v~ civnataatte; auT1i n; cpopci cipVllnlC~ lCaf cinopplnnK~. 'H civaAUOTl auti1e; ti1e; civtiOtaaTle;, 6lhiYTlaE np<i>ta at 0\(11'[''1aT) yui rnv 6EnK'li ataaTl np6c; t6v npo11YouJ,lE:VOcivaAU't"IllCa{ J,ltta at J,l£va. Trope tJt cinopplnt£, ytarl n;v dxa ciPVll8£i lCa( Otv dxa OEXtti' Tie; J,lEtatJcptOOtJtv£c; t11e; npoTaaae;. Ti1e; t6 dna, Ka{ T6 lCataAa~E lCai TO OtXTTtICE, ,lt cinOt£A£aJ,la va lCava nEptaa6t£p11 np6000 J lCal va cptaaa an;v civaAUOTl tile; ciJ,lqtl9utJiaC; t11e; np6<; n; J,ll1ttpa TTte;·Move TOtE 6UJ,l,;EhlIC£6n II J,ll1ttpa t11C;Otv ~6tA£ va n;v cilCOOest J,lEtQ n;v tpauJ,lanrit t11e; tJ,lnapla, lCa6ci><;Ca{ Tie; lCat11Yop~ l nou cinE68uv£ np6<; aun;v t6tE lCa{ T1iv lCatOnlv.; cintx9£Ul np6<; aun;v. "Ettn, II dPVl1aTl TOU civaAuti1 ~tav J,lui J,ltta~{JJaO'11 ti1e; dpVllaTle; np6c; n; tJllttpa. Aun; '" dPVllaTl a~,;EhlIC£ J,lt n;v cinoyo,;tEum; t11e;, npc:iYJ,la non t6 ~aoo voopit£pa. -H J,ll1tptK'li J,l£ta~{JJaen, non ICUptapX11a£ ernv avaAOO1') an6 t6t£ lCa{J,ltta, xapalCt11pll;6rnv cin6 n; opaat11Plono{l1aTl ti1e; MOVlle; taaTle; ti1c; cio&voUc; va lCaVEl tpoon;aae;. or tpoon;aat; t11e;, non ernv ciPxTI ~tav ICOlvirton£c;, yp,;yopa an61Ct11aav aTlJ,lama, 6nooc; dv ~alCoAou80Go£ va dvat cilCoJ,lanap8tva, ICtA. I:n; OuiplCElO ti1c; civaAOO1')~atmle; ti1e; J,l£ta~{~aaTle;, II ao9tv.;e; 6utJilEhlIC£ t6 n£pl£X6J,l£vo tOU orut£pou t6nou IIJ,llaUVaOll tOO lCataataa£oov v (a~vaVlaJ,l6 at6 0ti\8oc;), T1i OlCTIVYl tile; IIAudae; tOOv 060 Xpovci>v lCa{Tie;UntoJ,ltpmc; J,ltde;n£pl600u fvtOVOOV tpcon;a£oov, t6v lCalp6 non y£VVi1EhlIC£ ciO£Mp6<;t11e;. POOtoi>6 aE tniJ,lova n; J,ll1ttpa TTte;, rl ~tav tlC£ivo t6 npciYJ,la noo dx£ 6 ~ t11e; (to Jt~), J,ltXPt nou II J,ll1ttpa t11e;dx£ pa.A£t ~lalO ttAoe; an;v taaTl TTte;va Kava tpoon;aae; Atyovtac;, .ElOOl fva J,lllCp6 naAloIC6pltao •. •AplC£t~ J,ltp£(; dpyirt£pa nt9av£ II dOt:Acvti T11e;lCa{ cilCoAoua"a£ II cicpcovia. Aut6 tmO'11e; m,J,lalV£ 1CUp{ooc; dpVllO'11 ti1e; civaAUOTle;, tJ£ to y£yov~ 6n dx£ 9:xaaa ta y£pJ,laVllCa t11e;. 'H lCataataaTl ~l1'Y1iEhlIC£an;v cio9tv.; tV'trJ.ii>c; lCa{ J,lt lCa8£.ICPUJ,lJ,ltVll ouvtn£la nou J,lnopo6oa va mc£q)'t<O,lCa{nap6Ao non 6vtooc; OtXT11IC£ n;v ~itY11aTl, Otv dx£ lCavtva cinottA&aJ,la. 'H n£p{ntCOOTl a~ civnJ,lttoon{cm'lIC£ J,lt lCA.amK'li, tVtrJ.ii>c;

89

na9r]tlJOi dvaAOOTJ. 'Evtu.roe; npOO<pata, ot «J)EptVt(J\ lCai PaVIC9 a(a)(Jta fO(a)(Jav •.u:yaAUtEPll mU.laoia anlv dvaAOOTJ tile; Kataa'taOl'l<; rile; I.lEtapipaO'Tle;. To vio UAllCOnou npOO<pEpav dva<POpllCa Jl' auto, I.lnopEi va xapalC'tT)platEi euvonnxn we; t~fte;: I:nlV na9r]tlICTJ, ICAacnKlJ dVaAOOTJ, /) dpxllC/)e; lCavovac; dval va dvaAuEle; nll.lEtaP(I3aO'Tl I.l0VO c5tav y(vEtal dvtiataO'Tl.10 • Av'ti6Eta Jl' auto, ot «J)Eptvtcn lCa( Paw (lola(tEpa /) OElhEpo<;)1J tov{~ouv n;v dvaYKaw'tT)ta va dvaAuae; navta tie; I.lEtaplpaaae;, dlCol.la IC1. 4v aUt~ stv fxouv y{va dvtlataaae;, yta napaooYl.la, JlE"taton(~oVtac; nl I.lEtap(I3aOTl dno lCa6E c5vapo, c5nou Elval ouvato. KavoVtac; to a.no, npoona806v va lCatop6ooouv nlv dVaAOOTJ trov tl.lnapuov, ICUp(~ I.ltoa dn' nl I.lEtap(paOTl· nlatEUOO c5n ol ICAaOllCOilCavovtc; tOU «J)p6UVt, dplCouv yta c5~ tie; nEpln'tooEle; i17[\ae; VEUPOXJ'l'le;, dUa ~ dVaAU<Jl1 nov ncpopunnICO>V xapalCn;poov Kai trov 6~doov Xapa1C'tT)POVEup<i>oEoov, fXEl od~ n~ ot to'lCEJll.ltVtc; dapoAtc; ato XapaKnlpa I.lnopouv va y{vouv I.lOvo I.lt nl poit6Ela rile; OUVEXO~ dVaAU<Jl1C;ile; I.lEtap(I3aO'Tle;. I:uYlCat taAtyoo n;v nEp{ntOXJ'l'l a\}nl dval.l&O'a ati~ 7[\0 6q:~ vEupooae; lCa( uno""a~Ol.lal ICltOO>ncile;faooe; ~ lCa9r]Jlt:plvtl dVaAOOTJto>v I.lEtaplpaaEOOvva ~tav dvaYKa(a. 'Qat60o, otv dl.lal oiyoupoe; 4v a\}nl ~ vta XPTJO'TIile; dVaAOOTJe;to>v I.lEtaplJ3Qa£(J)v 9cl dXE dUaq:l to dnottr A£al.la. 'Ynapxa lvae; 4llo<; napayoVt~ nou qKI(vEtal va dval nspiocorspo ooolaanlC~ ." Av 6tAoUI.lt: va KapnOCPOP1ioa ~ 'VuxavaAunJOi OOUA£lO,to tycil 'tou da9Ev11 nptna va Elval np68ul.lo va tnt:;EpyaatEi t{e; aUYKpoOOt:le; nou opaa'tT)plOnolOOVtal CJ't'i)v dVaAU<Jl1, IOlQitEpa tie; nPOllyoUI.lEva dnoo9T)l.ltvtc; tvonKnK~ napoPI.l1iaae; nou tcilpa ~ncivE. rlO va aUI.lPd auto, dval dvaYKato 'to tycil va d9. £nlwichlyngszlele der Psychoanalyse zur Wechselbezlehung von Theone und Praxis (1924) / 'H it vGmu{'I r~r; V'uxavci).vo'lr; (192~).
10. ~pOuvt •• Weltere Ratschllge zur Teehmk» InlerntJ/ionale ZeilSchrffi fUr Psychoanalyse (191 l-tS) / .napantpa I:UOtQO£U; cm;v Ttxvun; ri\c; \f'uxavcUucrTIC;-, '£JtI).oyrj KtrpiVCIJv (1924).

11. Das Trauma der Geburlund seine Bedeulungjiir die Psychoanalyse (1924) / To Tpaiipa rPir;FiWl7O'I' Jea;" Enou&uor'1fo rou yro O;V V'uXava..l.uruo78qJQntia
(1929).

90

vat dPK£tU [OXUpO, roOt£ va dVtt~£l n\ ouvdo'lCTll tOU dUUOtlKa dno)&riJ,1tvou UAlKOU. U fin1£C;;n£p1nt<OO£lC;;daXOAoUJ,1aOt£ dn' n\v dpxTl J,1'fva [oxup6 tyro Ka( otv unapX£l ICav£vac;;A6y~ va .popoJ,1aere fva ~tonaoJ,1a douvd0'ltou UAlKOU. ·Oot60o, unapxouv n£plnt<OO£lC;;dvaJ,1£oa to~ ICl aun\), nou to tyro otv tKOr}Arov£l dn' n\v ( dpxTl n\v 6AoKAt\pO)(J1') nou £Iva1 dnapa(t'lt'l yul J,1tcin£tUX'lJ,1tVll dvaAOOll. Ta tyro auta nptn£l va ouvaJ,10080uv J,1tdvOAOOll tOU tyro, 6nolaot\not£ J,10p<pt\ICl flv napa aun\ II dvaAOOll. Elva1 fiOr}yvo>atO 6tt ol cAav9avovtf:~. OX1~O<PP£VEi'c;; J,1nopouv, J,1£n\v dVclAOOll, va y(vouv l.KO'lAO>J,1tVOl oX1~o<pp£v£ic;;,Ka( auto J,1nopouJ,1£ XroplC;;M~ va to dva~'ln\oouJ,1£ otic;; dt~ toU tyro, fi J,1ill.ov, toU un£P£Yro. l:t tttOl~ n£pl1ttroo£lC;;, £Iva1 dvaYKato va tJ,1noO(oouJ,1£ n\v nOAu n p6O>P'l OUV£lO'ltono('lOTt OUV£lPJ,1rov dvaJ,1vt10WV Kal navo> dn' J 6Aa a(J,10J.llKttKrov ouYKpo60wv, npQYJ,1a nou fytv£ on;v n£p(nto>OTt n;c;; E6a ~. ·0 dvayv<oot'lC;; 8Q fX£l1tapat'lpT)o£l to 1t000 tOl> UA1KOU - taJ,1nou nou tJ,1<paviOt'lK£ atO oUvt0J,10 XPOVlICO otciot'lJ,1a trov rpimiJ,110TtJ,1'lvrov. ·0 KataKAOOJ,10C;; ouv£tOr}t06 J,1td1tO>&t,J,1tvoUA1toU KO, np£n£l va A.tttoupy£i J,1£tOV£1CttKa,1t£lOt; Otv J,11tOPEi' y(V£l II t va tn1tUxTlC;;tn£~£pyao(a rou, To tyw Otv fX£l tOV XpOvo va to d.poJ,101cOO£l (yo - Aiyo. U v£opOlo£lC; 1tOU Otv napoumQ~oov dt~ A tOU tyro, t£tola ooooo>pronICa ~1taaJ,1ato Otv OUJ,1Jk!(vouv nott· dvti9£ta, xapaKt'lp(~oVtal 41t0 J.ltci dm dvaoOO11 t06 d1tO>&t,J,1£voU UA1KOUon\v tnupciv£la. "Oat60o, II 408£vt1c; on;v 1t£p(1ttClX7'f1 J,10C;;, OVto>C;;1tapooo{ao£ ttto~ dt~ t06 tyw, 1tOU tJC<ppQot11JCQv ~£Ka6apa on\ ouionaOTt t06 tyw ICa{Otv d~loAor1l&riICav J,1tDtltUxta tOV Ka1p6 beEi'vo.

91

1) BIAXEAM P AIX: or Pit"~ ~,eout.&Atxi),K«ta.1t£I~. 2) DOPTOrAAIA '75: ~pya.tLX-IJ '~ouo£a. ~ K,a.tL~ Ka.1ttt~).~3) DETPOr KPODOTKIN: np~ toUiD Nio~. 4) MIXAHA MDAKOrNIN: 'H D«pLOtvijKopf1OuVtl L-IJ '16ia. tO~ X Kp4tou,. 0) KAlA D OA1111: -2780 K + TI; 4vtapy'lfciouY't x6fJ,te. 6) AAMDEPT MEAT~: Tb 'AVa.PXL~ K£vrpa. O'tijY I{(va.. 7) POrNTOA~ POOP: 'A'YtlpX~ XLlOAYt&pXOGUv6nw.tap6,. 8) DIEP - ZOZE. DPOrNTON: '16LOXU}0£a. XL'E1ta.~. 9) A. KOMEP - E. rKOANTIIAN: "0 MU8~ 'til, M~tp6njt~. 10) NTANIEA KON - MDENTIT: Tb Mty«lo Dczl;cipt. 11) M. MDOrKT~IN - K. rorgpNT: A08opp.~tL~' ul 'Opycl.vClm).

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