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Linguistics

for Teacher and Writers


TESC E&W Studies Study guide for week 2: The goals for this week are to: 1) investigate the need for a special system for representing speech sounds; 2) describe the different branches of phonetics and their relevance to clinical applications; 3) examine the articulators of speech and describe their movements; 4) develop a system for describing the different speech sounds. Readings: Language Files: Ch. 2 Pinker: Chapter 6 Exercises from the text: Language Files: File 2.8 Additional exercises: 1. Match the composer with the musical piece.
Composer [beItovn]] [motsrt] [tIkfski] [vIvldi] [putini] [prkfif] [kowplnd] [strws] [strvInski] Music [ faybd] [blu dnjub] [romiow n dulit] [ plnIts] [mdm btflay] [ mdIk flut] [fi sInfni] [ ntkrk] [ fr siznz]

2. Match the NBA team with the city it belongs to.


Team [lekrs] [nd] [blz] [hit] [sltIks] [rpts] [hornIts] [grIzliz] [woris] [snz] [hks] City [tnto] [mmfis] [oklIhom] [goldnsteIt] [tln] [Ikgo] [rlt] [lsndlIs] [finIks] [mImi] [bstn]

3. Match the word with its definition or description.


Word [spli] [tom] [gko] [kot] [slts] [hdfownz] [worthg] [snikz] [blun] [kt] [gto] Definition [ lrd bk] [tu lIsn tu mjusIk wI] [weIr por pipl lIv] [ kynd v u] [ wIld pIg] [ sml tri] [ pleIs tu sIt] [ psn hu lidz tim] [ tIp v lIzd] [ fIzi drInk] [It flots In r]

4. Transcribe the following quotes from IPA to English.


Quotes by Groucho Marx
a. b. c. d. e. f. [I mst konfs i wz born t vri j ed] [wI Id hors wIp ju If I hd hors] [I dont ker tu bil tu klb t kspts pipl lIk mi z mmbs] [Ir hiz dd or mI wtS stpt] [hu r ju goI tu biliv mi or jor own Iz] [utsid v dg bk Iz mnz bst frnd Insid v dg It Iz tu drk tu rId]

Quotes by Woody Allen:


g. h. [nt onli Iz er no gd bt tri fIndI plm n sndeI] [wI r r dez nmbd nd nt seI ltd]

5. Transcribe the following quotes from English to IPA.


Quotes by Albert Einstein:

a. Common sense is the collection of prejudices acquired by age eighteen. b. If the facts dont fit the theory, change the facts. c. If we knew what we were doing, it wouldnt be called research, would it? d. If only I had known, I would have been a locksmith. e. The secret to creativity is knowing how to hide your sources. f. The hardest thing in the world to understand is the income tax.
Anonymous Quotes:

g. The problem with reality is the lack of background music.

h. If it werent for the last minute, nothing would get done. i. Where am I going and why am I in this handbasket?

Essential concepts: a. Phonetic Transcription b. Clinical Phonetics c. Articulatory Phonetics d. Acoustic Phonetics e. Auditory Phonetics f. Linguistic Phonetics g. Dialect h. Idiolect i. Phone (allophone) j. Phoneme k. voiced/voiceless l. vocal tract m. alveolar ridge/alveolar

n. o. p. q. r. s. t. u. v. w. x. y. z.

hard palate soft palate/velum labial/bilabial labiodental dental palato-alveolar/palatal velar oral/nasal stop fricative sibilants approximant lateral affricate