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Agri Mains – • 10 Years previous Question papers- Agriculture • Thorough analysis of previous papers for a minimum of 10 times – Note down Qs asked as subject and area/ chapter/ section wise • Identify each & every subheadings and major segments, divide it as per your ease and its inclusiveness. • You will ownself come to know about, which book covers what topic/ section in better way. • Never refer more than ONE standard book for same topic, unlike for last moment revision with some general agriculture books / notes (self- prepared) Paper-I
1. Ecology, Environment including pollution and climate change, Biodiversity and
Conservation (Ecology & Environment by PD Sharma)
2. Cropping pattern and types of cropping system including Agroforestry and
Social forestry. (AK Vyas/ Yellamanda Reddy)
3. Weed and its management including herbicides classification & Biol. control.
4. Soil- properties (physical, chem and biol.), Soil classification, LCC, Soils of
(Textbook of Soil Science by T. Biswas & S. Mukerjee)
5. Nutrients- importance and role in plant growth and dev, def. and remedial
measures, INM, Nutrient losses, P & K fixation, nutrient cycles (Pandey & Sinha/ Any other Plant physiology book)
6. Drland & rainfed farming (Yellamanda Reddy) 7. Water- Imp and availability (world and India), irrigation- scheduling, diff.
systems of irrgns (stress on drip and sprinkler), fertigation, NFTS, hydroponics etc. , Major dams in India (Yellamanda Reddy)
8. Agri Economics (Basics, costs, NABARD, RRBs) and Farm management ,
Farm, planning and budgeting (V.T. Raju/ SS Reddy + Indian economy by Pratiyogita Darpan- Don’t purchase now as comes new every year after budget)
9. Marketing – agri inputs and outputs , price fluctuations, speculation and
hedging, co-operatives; role in agri economy (Agricultural Marketing by Acharya & Agarwal)
10. Extension – Role, Methods, extension programs in India (Pre & post
Independence), program evaluation, land to lab
11. Farm mechanization and role in agri prodn and rural employment
(Attached a status paper on farm mechanisation which covers it well) Paper – II Cytology - Cell, structure, organlles, cell division)- (Essentials of Genetics by Phundan Singh) Genetics; (Essentials of Genetics by Phundan Singh) • Nucleic acids- structure and function, Genes- structure & functions • Laws of heredity and its significance in plant breeding • Chromosome structure and chromosomal aberrations • Linkage and cross-over and significance in recombination breeding • Polyploidy, euploids and an euploids. • Mutation-micro and macro-and their role in crop improvement. • Variation, components of variation. Plant breeding: (Essentials of Plant Breeding by Phundan Singh) • Heritability, sterility and incompatibility; Classification and their application in crop improvement. • Cytoplasmic inheritance, sex-linked, sex-influenced and sex-limited characters • History of plant breeding • Modes of reproduction, selfing and crossing techniques. • Origin and evolution of crop plants, centre of origin, law of homologous series, crop genetic resources-conservation and utilization . • Application of principles of plant breeding to the improvement of major field crops. • Pure-line selection, pedigree, mass and recurrent selections, combining ability, its significance in plant breeding. • Hybrid vigour and its exploitation, backcross method of breeding for disease and pest resistance, role of interspecific and intergeneric hybridization. • Role of biotechnology in plant breeding improved varieties, hybrids, composites of various crop plants Seed Tech: (R. L. Agarwal too bulky, So go with some crisp informative reference like Seed Science & Technology by Sen & Ghosh) • Seed technology, its importance. • Different kinds of seeds and their seed production and processing techniques. • Role of public and private sectors in seed production, processing and marketing in India Physiology: (Plant Physiology by Sinha & Pandey/ AK Srivastava) • Physiology and its significance in agriculture, • lmbibition, surface tension, diffusion and osmosis . • Absorption and translocation of water, transpiration-of water economy • Enzymes and plant pigments;
• • • • •
Photosynthesis-modern concepts and factor affecting the process, Aerobic ad non-aerobic respiration;C3,C4 and CAM mechanisms. Carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism. Growth and development; photoperiodism and vernalization. Auxins, hormones, and other plant regulators and their mechanism of action and importance in agriculture. Physiology of seed development and germination; dormancy
Horticulture: (Introduction to Horticulture by N. Kumar) • Climatic requirements and cultivation of major fruits, vegetable crops and flower plants; their Package of practices and scientific basis. • Handling and marketing problems of fruits and vegetables. • Principle methods of preservation of important fruits and vegetable products, • Processing techniques and equipment. • Role of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition. • Raising of ornamental plants and design and layout of lawns and gardens Entomology (Elements of Entomology by Basantraj & David) & Pathology: (Introductory Plant Pathology by Hriday Chaubey & Ramji Singh/ R.S. Singh – Too much unnecessary information) • Diseases and pests of field crops, vegetables, orchard and plantation crops of India. • Causes and classification of plants pests and diseases. • Principles of control of plant and diseases. • Biological control of pests and diseases. • Integrated pest and disease management. • Epidemiology and forecasting • Pesticides, their formulations and modes of action. Compatibility with rhizoidal inoculants. Microbial toxins • Storage pests and diseases of cereals and pulses, and their control • Food production and consumption trends in India, Policy issues (Will send some IGNOU material for Agri policy and read malnutrition disease- Calorie, Protein, Vitamins etc from X/ XII Biology books) • National and international food policies. • Production, Procurement, distribution and processing constraints. • Relations of food production to national dietary pattern • Major deficiencies of calorie and problem
Principles of Agronomy- Yellamanda Reddi Selective- History of agriculture, Soil and Soil preprn, tillage & tilth, Weed management & Herbicides, Irrigation, and remaining chapters not much needed)
Introduction to Agriculture- AK Vyas Chapters like History & Introduction of Agriculture, Cropping pattern and Farming systems, Seed Science chapter)
Crop production- Chiddha Singh/ SR Reddy Only Major crops- Rice, Wheat, Maize, cotton, sugarcane, Pulses in general (SN., family, growing season, Seed rate, spacing, RDF-NPK kg/ha, Yield, Production constraints, Varieties, Pests & Diseases), Oilseeds & Millets in general (Above said titles);
Textbook of Soil Science - T.K. Biswas & Mukherjee Soil Science – all topics under syllabus well covered Introduction to Horticulture- N. Kumar Basics of Horticulture (Propagation techniques, Nursery Technology, orchard establishment, pruning & training, Phytohormones etc), Selected crops- Mango, Banana & Grapes, Tomato, Potato, Brinjal & Bhendi , Coconut, Tea etc., and for Others, just make note of its Basic taxonomy (S. N., family, fruits type, edible/ part of commerce), famous varieties, propagation techniques, major production pockets, Spl. Cultural practices etc…Preservation and processing techniques for major fruits & vegetables, reasons for PH losses and how to check it, Gardening styles (Mughal, Japanese, English, Persian etc,), Basics of landscaping…
• • •
Essentials of Genetics - Phundan Singh
Mentioned in-detail under Syllabus
Essentials of Plant Breeding- Phundan Singh Physiology- Pandey & Sinha/ Vikas Yadav/ anyone will do
( Mentioned in-detail under Syllabus
Extension communication- GL Ray / Agri Extension in India- Adivi Reddy/ UG Notes of 2 courses also cover the entire syllabus (if having) Historical background, CDP & RD programme, Extension teaching methods, KVKs, Kisan Call Centre, Land to Lab etc.
Economics of farm production & Management - VT Raju & DVS Rao/ Agricultural Economics - SS Reddy/ UG I sem & Final sem courses notes Economics Constants, Theories, Agricultural economy of India, Banks & Co-op. Societies- agri & rural development, Farm management, farm records, Budgeting etc.
Plant Pathology- RS Singh/ Chaubey Study only Basics & Taxonomy of Pathogens, Process/ mode of infection and disease establishment, Infamous diseases- Late Blight of Potato, Brown Spot of
Rice, Wheat – All rusts, Karnal bunt, PM & DM in Grapes & Cucurbits, Apple scab, Viral Complex in Chilli & Tomato, Diseases & vectors, Disease management, Pesticides- classification and major fungicides/ acaricides and nematicides used for control of diff. diseases, IDM, Biological control, Disease forecasting etc.
Elements of Entomology- Vasantraj & David Taxonomy of insects/ Classification of only orders of importance, Basic morphology, anatomy and systems, pest damages to crops, pests of field crops, vegetables and fruit crops, and its management, concepts of management based on ETL, Insecticides- classification, mode of action and chemical constituents of most used ones alongwith trade names, IPM, Biological control, sprayers- types, nozzle and diff. nozzles used for specific cases…
• • •
Fundamentals of Agriculture- Vol. I & II by Arun Katyayan (All chapters but only after Pre) Agriculture Made Easy- Sasikumar (All chapters but after Pre only) Facts & Figures from General Agriculture Book - Ramana Rao
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