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CACHAN

E.M.C A few exercises


Exercise #1 : Calculate the value (in Volt) of a 100 dB V and a 20 dBmV voltage What is the value of a 40 dB attenuation between 2 measurements ? Exercise #2 : Draw the linear scale (dBV)

50 dB

0 dB -10 dB
Exercise #3 : In E.M.C., harmonics are the components of the current whom frequency is a multiply of the network frequency (50 Hz in Europe). The others are named interharmonics. The most disturbing harmonics are generally H5 and H7. In Europe, the E.M.C. standards give the maximum level of harmonics up to 2 KHz. What is the corresponding frequency? This table gives the maximum value of the harmonics of current for class A devices (220 Volt single phase, maximum current 16 A)

Explain it. Give an example of a device producing - harmonics - interharmonics

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Exercise #4 : Calculer la rsistance entre 2 points distants de 10 cm sur une piste de circuit imprim de 1 mm de large. Calculate the resistance of a 10 cm length, 1 mm width printed circuit wire. Exercise #5 : Calculate the resistance of a 35 mm2 section, 2 m length ground. Calculate its inductance at 1KHz and 1 MHz. From which frequency is the inductance becomes prominent?

Exercise #6 : The connexion wire is the one studied exercise #4. Calculate its impedance at 10 KHz and 10 MHz. From which frequency is the inductance becomes prominent? The input impedance is very high, so that its possible to neglect ie. The input voltage is sinusoidal with a 10 mV amplitude. Calculate the theoretical value of the output voltage (gain = 1000) If the impdance of the load equals 1 K, does the amplifier work correctly at 10 KHz and at 10 MHz ? Exercise #7 : The length of the connexion wire is 10 cm. Icc1 equals 20 mA at high level and 100 mA at low level. The commutation lasts 1ns. Calculate the over voltage on power supply. Exercise #8 : Analyse how the square wave generator work without and with taking the parasitic capacitor into account. If C = 2 pF, if the rising time from 0 to 5 Volt = 2 ns, calculate the value of the over strength of the current. Exercise #9 : Lightning : a 20 cm x 20 cm printed circuit lays at 2 cm from the ground frame. One of the wire gets 2% of the parasitic current. The board is the victim of a 500 Volt, 5 ns interference. Calculate the value of the total parasitic current and the value of the parasitic current in the mentioned wire.

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Exercise #10 : The electric field emitted by a source may be calculated with :ci-dessous donne la valeur du

From a distance D of the source (distant field) E= Emitter Power P (W) 30 P D

Calculate the electric field (in V/m) - at a distance of 3 m from a mobile phone (2 W) - at a distance of 700 m from an FM emitter (100 kW) Exercise #11 : The tail antenna model : A sinusoidal electric field (amplitude E, frequency f), lighting a conductor (length L), induces a current I = E f L2 / 100 c Calculate the current induced in a 3 m cable, lighted by a 10V/m electric field coming from a 200 KHz radio emitter situated at 1 km (AM emitter). Calculate the current induced in a 3 m cable, lighted by the electric field coming from the FM emitter studied exercise #10. Calculate the current induced in a 3 m cable, lighted by the electric field coming from the mobile phone studied exercise #10 (900 MHz) Exercise #12: From which distance from the source electric and magnetic fields are coupled at 200KHz, 100MHz, 1GHz? Exercise #13 : On a printed board, theres a 100 cm2 current loop. This board lays at 700 m from the FM emitter of exercise #11.

Current loop
Verify that the system is in the condition of far field. Calculate the amplitude of the induced voltage in this loop.

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Exercise #14 : The human body may get a charge up to 10 kV against ground. A 200pF capacitor which discharges itself in 1 kohm resistor. Draw the schematic and give the equation of the discharge. A human can bear a maximum energy of 5 Joule. Is this discharge dangerous? Exercise #15 : Compare the value of the charge of a 10 F capacitor under 100 Volt and the charge of a cloud. Calculate the potential between the cloud and the ground. Exercise #16 : Visit the web site http://computer.howstuffworks.com/surge-protector.htm Exercise #17 : Filtres C et L : 1- Z = Zg = 50 , draw the insertion loss diagram for both models. Give the expression of the cut-off frequency. Calculate L and C to get an insertion loss of 20 dB at 100 KHz 2- Proceed to the same calculus at 100 MHz. 3- Explain the following document (from MURATA 12to16e.pdf )

Exercise #18 : Explain why the inductance must be placed next to the high impedance. Study the following document (from MURATA 19e.pdf).

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Exercise #19 : Study the following document (from MURATA e0119.pdf)

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Exercise #20 : Study the following documents about power lines filters (from MURATA c09e6.pdf)

L1 CL

Common mode choke coil

Suppresses common mode noise. Suppresses differential mode noise.

Across the line capacitor (X-capacitor)

CB1, CB2 Line bypass capacitor (Y-capacitor) Suppresses common mode noise and differential mode noise. Exercise #21 : Study the document emc_e.pdf

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