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VOL. 64 NO. 3

St. Paul’s Church

Yuma, Arizona
The Society for Promoting and Encouraging the Arts and Knowledge
of the Church (SPEAK, Inc.).





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Opinions or views expressed in articles & advertisements

do not necessarily represent those of the Board of Trustees.

ISSN 0003-3278 VOL. 64, NO. 3



Reflecting the words and work of the
faithful throughout the Anglican
Communion for more than fifty years.

connecting gathering telling

For sixty-four years, The Anglican Digest (TAD) has been the
leading quarterly publication serving the Anglican Communion.
From its inception, TAD’s mission has been “to reflect the words
and work of the faithful throughout the Anglican Communion.”
At a time when print editions are becoming an endangered
species, TAD remains a familiar presence in the homes and
offices of many Episcopalians.

Founded in 1958 by the Rev’d Howard Lane Foland (1908-

1989), our heritage is “Prayer Book Catholic,” and is open to the
needs and accomplishments of all expressions of Anglicanism:
Anglo-Catholic, Broad, and Evangelical. Thus, TAD does not
cater to any one niche or segment of the Church, but finds its
enduring ethos in serving the Church, including her clergy and
lay leaders, those theologically educated and “babes in Christ.”
Each issue, therefore, is unique.

TAD is sent to anyone who desires to receive it, and is supported

by contributions. To receive your own copy, or to partner with
us in sharing the work of the faithful, visit
subscribe-now/, call 479-253-9701, or write us at 805 County
Road 102, Eureka Springs, AR 72632.

autumn 2022 3
A Letter from the
Chairman of the Board of Trustees
Dear Digest Family:

There is nothing worse than a braggart with a pushy timeshare sales pitch.
I pray what follows comes off as I mean it in my heart and that it doesn’t
sound boastful or arrogant. Here it goes…

Did you know the Digest reaches almost seventy countries with the good
news of Jesus Christ? Did you know the Digest is the most widely circu-
lated publication serving the churches of the Anglican Communion? Did
you know the Digest is growing? Again, fear not, for there is no sales pitch
coming. Just keep reading, please.

My request is actually much harder than selling you something (if only it
were that easy!). My petition involves way more than your checkbook. I am
asking you for spiritual strength.

Your Digest family needs above all else your prayers. Specifically, will you
pray that we glorify God in each and every issue as we have sought to do for
almost seventy years? Will you pray that we remain always anchored to the
“faith once delivered to all the saints?” Will you pray that we have courage,
perseverance, and joy as we serve our communion of churches? Can you
say a little prayer that we discover new ways to reach and serve an even
wider audience? Will you ask God to show us how to support Anglicans in
emerging nations as they spread the good news of the Gospel?

The prayer of faith can indeed move mountains. Please pray, therefore, for
our mighty mission on our little mountain in the Ozarks as we draw others
to the peaks of God’s great goodness and love.

God bless you!

Yours in Jesus,
(The Rev’d) Charleston David Wilson
6 Letter from the Editor
7 A United Church in a Divided Time
10 God so Loved the World
11 Be Still
12 Who Am I?
13 The Holy Angels
17 Michaelmas: A Sonnet
18 On Angel Wings
19 The Eucharist is an Earthly Thing and a
19 Heavenly Thing
28 Sinai
29 Liturgical Rhythms for Life
39 The Seer
39 Thingamajigs and Watchamacallits
41 ECW Crab Casserole
42 Recognizing Grace
46 If
47 Covid Variants
47 Dates from the Past
48 Hapax Legomenon
50 Five Principles of Godly Stewardship
53 Awaiting Our Happy Ending
55 All Souls’ Day/Dia de los Muertos
60 Confusing the MASH Tent with the Mission
63 Necrology

autumn 2022 5

A Letter from the Editor

Dear Readers of TAD,

It is my great privilege to welcome as our newest Parish Partner St.

Paul’s Church, Yuma, Arizona. The congregation was established in
1909 and has been in its current building since 1959. We have pic-
tured the church on the front and back covers, and on the front of
the mailing wrap, of this fall issue. One of her members describes St.
Paul’s as an oasis in the middle of the desert. St. Paul’s is a growing
Parish in Yuma, one of the fastest growing cities in the United States.

Fr. Robert Lewis, the Rector of St. Paul’s, says that his parish is fully
bilingual at every level, including the Vestry. “If it’s offered in English,”
Fr. Lewis reports with obvious pride, “we try to offer it in Spanish
also.” Testimony to this aspect of St. Paul’s is Fr. Lewis’s article on All
Souls’ Day, beginning on page 55. In addition to their worship, which
is at the heart of their common life, they have a food bank ministry to
the needy and their “Prayers-N-Squares” quilts are a tangible sign of
their care for the sick and suffering.

What parish will we feature in our winter issue? If you would like
your parish to be a Parish Partner, contact me at Join our growing
family of Parish Partners as we partner with you to
the glory of God for the building up of his Church.

Faithfully yours,

The Rev’d Dr. Fredrick A. Robinson

gathering telling

A UNITED CHURCH rate ourselves from those who

IN A DIVIDED TIME disagree with us. You will not
find that course of action sup-
The Rt. Rev’d Gregory O. ported by the Gospel.
Brewer, Bishop of the Diocese
of Central Florida Instead, and quite remarkably,
the Gospel calls us not to set
up battle lines against anyone.
We are called to love even our
enemies. The only foes with
which we contend are the su-
pernatural forces of darkness
– not any of our fellow human
beings. We follow Christ, who
invites us to come to him
who is “gentle and humble in
The Rt. Rev’d Gregory O. Brewer heart” and gives rest to our
souls” (Matt. 11:29b).
Recently I found a quote on-
To contend for unity invites
line that I thought fitting for
us into a posture different
this time in our history:
from “cancel culture” and “us
“No church gravitates toward
versus them.” Instead, it calls
unity. We have to contend for
us to take the posture of a cu-
unity against the gravitation-
rious listener and a willing-
al pull toward selfishness and
ness to see the human being
hypocrisy” (Barnabas Piper).
behind the opinion we abhor.
But in our contentious cul- So, instead of disagreeing
ture, such words can be easi- with someone straightaway,
ly misunderstood. Contend- perhaps the better strategy is
ing for unity does not mean to ask a question. Learn more
drawing battle lines to sepa- about what they mean. Ask

autumn 2022 7

what has led them to form are less likely than ever to be
this position. Listen to their friends with people unlike us.
stories. Pray for them. Learn We have thus lost the sense of
with them. the “common good” and have
instead moved to a political
To take that position is not party’s vision for the common
an abdication of your own; good (a vast difference).
it is a way to build bridges
with those with whom you Politics used to be a place
disagree. You won’t find that where we were willing to
strategy on television or in work through differences
much political debate. How- around a democratic process
ever, you may meet people that presumed tolerance, the
who have used their opinions capacity to agree to disagree
to isolate themselves and are and political compromise in
hungry for connections, but the service of a greater good:
the only way they know how the unity of its citizens.
to relate is to declare and de- But today, “the common
fend their positions. good” of society has become
As I see it, various recent individualized to the “pre-
events have caused us to live ferred good” of some of its cit-
more in isolation today than izens at the expense of others.
I can remember. And it’s not So all of us fight for the tri-
just the coronavirus or even umph of our preferred vision,
politics. So many circum- wanting more than anything
stances have divided us along for “our side” to win. This pre-
lines of race, neighborhood, ferred way of doing politics
and economics. And institu- and social order has brought
tions such as the civic town us to the crisis that exists to-
hall and even the Church have day. It’s a crisis of isolation,
waned in influence, so we fear, anger at others, and a

gathering telling

fight to preserve “our way of than a tragedy. It also shares

life.” how the congregants made
the decision as a church to
Jesus gives us a different vi- forgive. In fact, when Dylan
sion. We are called to receive Roof met with the relatives
a unity God is giving us in of those who had died, their
Jesus Christ and find ways to united message was “We for-
live out that unity — in the give you. Repent and believe.”
midst of often-significant dif- Their grace-filled actions af-
ferences. This vision of unity firmed the truth of their mes-
is based on what we have re- sage. The courageous witness
ceived in Jesus: his love, his of those Christians shocked a
forgiveness, and his triumph nation and caused many non-
over sin, disease, poverty, and believers to sit up and take
division. notice. This was the unity of
One of last year’s most im- the Gospel in action.
portant events for me was
attending a screening of the
Such a church, united in the
documentary “Emanuel,”
Gospel, is the only kind of
produced by Viola Davis andchurch that can be a true force
Steph Curry. It tells the story
for good in our society. This is
of the horrific tragedy that
not a self-serving church, but
occurred when Dylan Roof a serving church – a church
opened fire on a prayer meet-
that has something to offer in
ing at Emanuel African Meth-
the face of the deep divisions
odist Episcopal Church in all around us. We will not al-
Charleston, South Carolina,ways agree; but God help us
killing nine precious people.
to be a people who are com-
mitted to the witness of uni-
But the story of Emanu- ty in this hostile and divided
el Church tells about more world.

autumn 2022 9


Douglas Raymond Rose
Member Academy of American Poets

“Let no man pull you so low as to hate him”

—Said Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King
If we focus on these wise words daily
Our whole world will start to “sing.”

Hate not only hurts all others

But ourselves in the process too—
That’s why “Our Father” tells us to do
Unto others, what to us we’d have them do.

Let Peace be our goal for today

Let’s put a pause on prejudice and Hate;
For “God so loved the world he gave his life”
With divine Love— let’s keep that date.

The Franciscan Order of the Divine Compassion

An Anglo-Catholic religious order of Third Order brothers and
sisters striving to proclaim the Good News of Christ through
penance and prayer. Our brothers and sisters minister in the
communities in which they live. For further information please
Br. Peter Stephen, OSF,
4125 River Birch Rd., Fort Worth, TX 76137
or call 817-948-8826

gathering telling

BE STILL Saul turned on him, and his

Mark Pelesh own son, Absalom, rose up in
Chevy Chase, Maryland rebellion against him. Indeed,
psalm after psalm excoriates
Refrain from anger,
his “evildoer” enemies and
leave rage alone;
cries out to the Lord for pro-
Do not fret yourself;
it only leads to evil
Psalm 37:9
I’m hardly the first to notice
how much anger and rage
there is in our public life and
how, sadly, it even creeps into
our personal dealings. Imag-
ine if the counsel of Psalm
37:9 were followed: It would
undermine most campaigns
for public office and destroy
the business model of the ca-
ble news channels! Lest we
dismiss this passage on the Psalm 1 (Beatus Vir)
grounds that the more pasto- King David playing the harp
ral society of the Bible doesn’t Psalter, Germany, c.1260
speak to the circumstances of Free Library of Philadelphia
our time, remember that this
is from what was traditionally Despite all this, the psalm-
known as the Psalter of David. ist realizes that worry, anger,
And David had ample rea- and rage lead only to evil.
sons for fear, anger, and rage. What works instead? Verse 7
Among other things, he had of Psalm 37 has the answer:
to flee into exile when King “Be still before the Lord and

autumn 2022 11

wait patiently for him.” But WHO AM I?

wait a minute – be still? We’re
Americans. We don’t sit back. The Rev’d Canon George Stamm
We must act! If there is a sin Most of my adult life has been
that our society recognizes, it involved with recovering al-
is inaction. Yet, a man of ac- coholics/addicts at several
tion like King David under- treatment facilities. As I got
stood that ultimate safety lay to know the people behind
with God, and it was crucial the addiction I usually found
to salvation to be still and be scared, lonely, sad people who
patient. As we rush about, had come to the conclusion
consumed with anxiety, revel- that they were worthless. To
ing in how swamped we are, these people I would tell them
and full of self-righteous an- who they are: beautiful chil-
ger toward others, we need to dren of God.
stop, “leave rage alone,” and as
verse 3 of Psalm 37 advises, They couldn’t see it, proba-
“Put your trust in the Lord.” bly thought I was some kind
of religious nut. But, if they
O God of peace, who hast
were willing to grapple with
taught us that in returning
my description of them, they
and rest we shall be saved, in
would begin to see a glim-
quietness and confidence shall
mer of hope. Then I could tell
be our strength: By the light
them they were just like me
of thy Spirit lift us, we pray
and I was just like them and,
thee, to thy presence, where
if we could set aside our pre-
we may be still and know that
conceived notions and start
thou art God; through Jesus
acting as if we were beautiful
Christ our Lord. Amen.
children of God, we would be
Book of Common Prayer, Pray- amazed to discover that it is
er for Quiet Confidence, p. 832 true.
gathering telling


The Rev’d Gavin Dunbar
Rector, St. John’s Church,
Savannah, GA and President of
the Prayer Book Society USA

son, that is not what a star is,

but only what it is made of.”

The Rev’d Gavin Dunbar Thus, Lewis neatly disposes of

the narrow materialism of our
In The Voyage of the Dawn age, its assumption we can ac-
Treader, the children meet an count for the whole of reality
old man, a star of the heavens in terms of atoms and mole-
at rest, awaiting his rejuvena- cules, and can explain all hu-
tion to take his “rising again...” man behavior simply in terms
and once more “tread the of evolutionary adaptation.
great dance.” “In our world,” Such reductionist accounts
says a scientifically-minded omit the very things that give
child, “a star is a huge ball of meaning to existence, and
flaming gas.” The old man re- make it bearable: beauty and
plies, “Even in your world, my truth, love and justice. If mo-

autumn 2022 13

rality is simply an evolution-

ary adaptation, then there is
no moral order, and there can
be no ethical obligation. “That
is not what a star is, but only
what it is made of.”
Angels above an Arch
In the Creed we confess God Cathedral of St. Peter
as the creator of “all things Cologne, Germany
visible and invisible”—a quo-
tation of Colossians 1:16–17: angels) from the Greek word
“by (Christ) were all things for “messenger,” because they
created, that are in heaven, impart to men in words what
and that are in earth, visible they know directly of God
and invisible, whether they and of his will. Their existence
be thrones, or dominions, or and activity is taken for grant-
principalities, or powers: all ed in the Bible, and by Jew-
things were created by him, ish and Christian writers of
and for him.” God is Author antiquity. An extended treat-
not only of the material cre- ment of them was the work of
ation, but also of the spiritual, the great angelologists of the
which consists of the living Christian tradition, Diony-
spiritual powers and princi- sius the Areopagite, Augus-
ples by which the created or- tine, Gregory the Great, and
der is governed. These have Thomas Aquinas. Though
various names in Scripture the Reformers sometimes re-
(seraphim, cherubim, and proved the older accounts for
thrones; dominions, virtues, “speculation,” they acknowl-
powers, and principalities)— edged the important role of
but they are most commonly the angels in our redemption.
known as “angels” (or arch- Only in the modern materi-

gathering telling

alistic world have the angels they see that character which
been reduced to saccharine is nowhere but in themselves
sentimentality. and us resembled.”

Scripture testifies that God Having attained “that high

created the angels (Ps. 148), perfection of bliss, (the holy
and that their nature as creat- angels) are without possibili-
ed was unflawed in its good- ty of falling.” Not so the fallen
ness (Gen. 1:31). God moves angels more commonly called
the holy angels by love of his demons (after the pagan word
beauty, as Hooker says in lan- for angels) or devils. They
guage of remarkable intensi- were not by nature evil; they
ty: “for beholding the face of became evil through their
God, in admiration of so great own choice. Scripture testi-
excellency they all adore him; fies to their fall (Rev. 12:7-9;
and being rapt with the love Lk. 10:18). Enraptured by his
of his beauty, they cleave in- own created beauty, and for-
separably forever unto him. getful of his dependence upon
Desire to resemble him in the Creator, Satan sought to
goodness maketh them un- make himself like God, and
weariable and even insatiable drew many others after him
in their longing to do by all into his disobedience. The fall
means all manner good unto of the Angels was pride (Isa-
all the creatures of God, but iah 14:12-15), and in their fall,
especially unto the children and in the awareness of the
of men: in the countenance of eternal chains that await them
whose nature, looking down- in the lake of fire (Rev. 20:17),
ward, they behold themselves their wrath breaks out in mal-
beneath themselves; even ice towards his creatures, and
as upward, in God, beneath especially to the faithful in
whom they themselves are, Christ (Rev. 12:7).

autumn 2022 15

The story of the fall of the an- only as a perversion of the

gels stirs the imagination and good; and in the end it cannot
inspired literature like Mil- prevail. God’s good and per-
ton’s Paradise Lost—but it is fect will shall be done among
not a mere myth. Symbolic men on earth as it is already
elements are there in the lan- done among the holy angels
guage of scripture, but what in heaven. To think otherwise
is to open the door to despair.
May Michael the Archangel
defend us in battle, and be our
protection against the wick-
edness and snares of the devil!

From The Parish Paper of

St. John’s Church, Savannah,
Georgia, October 10, 2021.



Men and Women, married or single,
not living in community. Being in
the world, but not of it. Entrusting
ourselves to the hands of the
they symbolize is the struc- eternal potter, and being molded
ture of spiritual reality. The daily through religious life.
Are You Called?
fall of the angels illuminates
the nature of evil. Evil is no 1-(914)-923-2005
substance, as good is; it is not
an ultimate reality, it exists Advertisement

gathering telling


Malcolm Guite

Michaelmas gales assail the waning year,

And Michael’s scale is true, his blade is bright.
He strips dead leaves; and leaves the living clear
To flourish in the touch and reach of light.
Archangel bring your balance, help me turn
Upon this turning world with you and dance
In the Great Dance. Draw near, help me discern,
And trace the hidden grace in change and chance.
Angel of fire, Love’s fierce radiance,
Drive through the deep until the steep waves part,
Undo the dragon’s sinuous influence
And pierce the clotted darkness in my heart.
Unchain the child you find there, break the spell
And overthrow the tyrannies of Hell.

St. Michael’s Victory

over the Devil,
Sir Jacob Epstein, Sculptor
Coventry Cathedral,
Warwickshire, England

autumn 2022 17

Douglas Raymond Rose
Grand Prairie, Texas

Life is filled with quirky questions

Prone to problems we can’t understand;
So God sends us guardian Angels
To lend to us a helping hand.
When our flesh is packed with pain
And life seems far from grand----
God dispatches His guardian Angels
To “sit a spell” and hold our hand.
When death and grief come to call
And we fail and falter in our stand----
On Angel wings comes divine comfort
Welcoming us to His Promised Land.
2021 by DRR
Member Academy of American Poets

The Virgin and Christ Child

Surrounded by Angels
Woodcut by Albrecht Durer, 1518

gathering telling

THE EUCHARIST AS would not drink from the cup

AN EARTHLY THING because I wasn’t feeling well.
AND A An elderly woman, a lifelong
HEAVENLY THING Episcopalian who regular-
ly attended that service, was
The Venerable Dr. Christopher in the congregation that day;
A. Brown Ph.D.
Rector, Trinity Church let’s call her “Susan.” Some-
Potsdam, New York time after that, I noticed that
Susan refused to speak to me.
She continued to attend, but
she acted as if I weren’t there.
She utterly froze me out, and
I had no idea why. People in
the congregation recognized
that Susan had a rigid and
brittle personality, and I took
her frostiness as having more
to do with her than me; but
I won’t pretend that it didn’t
bother me.

Eventually our relationship

began to thaw. I was visiting
In my first years as a priest, her one day when she asked if
I served in a small church in I knew why she had been an-
suburban Westchester Coun- noyed with me. When I said
ty where, as in many parishes, that I did not, she explained
we had a midweek Eucharist. that she was upset that I had
One morning I had a bad cold. abstained from the conse-
After I said the prayer over the crated wine when I was not
elements, I announced that I feeling well. I should have rec-

autumn 2022 19

resistance to the transmission

of disease is not so different
from the views of some who
were angry with the church
for closing down during the

The Healing Power of

\ - the Eucharist

The Eucharist can certainly

be a vehicle of God’s heal-
ing power. To start with, it is
widely reported that there is
little or no evidence of trans-
mission of disease through the
common cup at communion.
It is said this is largely due to
the high degree of alcohol in
the fortified wine used in the
liturgy. But one wouldn’t want
ognized that if the wine was to exclude the possibility of
truly the Blood of Christ, then divine providence at work as
it would not transmit germs. well.
So far as she was concerned,
my seeming concern for my In the early Church, it was the
congregants betrayed a fal- practice in some places for
tering faith in the Eucharist – communicants, after receiv-
even a lack of orthodoxy. Her ing the consecrated elements
conviction that the Eucharist in the hand, then to touch
possesses a property of divine their ears and eyes so that the

gathering telling

Eucharistic presence of Christ or twice a year – but they can

would heal and elevate their be quite painful. Some years
hearing and seeing. The early ago, as I was processing to the
Christians may have seen this altar at the beginning of the
as a purely spiritual act, rather Sunday Eucharist, I was sud-
than the means of literal res- denly aware of an acute pain
toration of sight or hearing, in my ear. Oddly enough, I
but one can’t help but see an didn’t notice it as I delivered
echo of Jesus’s use of touch to my sermon, but when I re-
heal the deaf and blind. turned to my place for the
Creed it was back with a ven-
geance. During the Peace and
the announcements that fol-
lowed, it was excruciating –
so much so that as I turned to
the altar I was hit with a wave
of pain so intense that I stum-
bled, and members of the
congregation were worried
about me. I resolved to say the
prayer over elements and then
quickly exited the church to
lie down, and let our deacon
Healing the Man Born Blind lead the Lord’s Prayer and dis-
Duccio, 1308-1311 tribute communion.

I can offer an anecdotal ac- One of the key moments

count of the healing power of in the Eucharistic prayer is
the Real Presence of Christ in called the “Epiclesis,” when
the Eucharist. I get earaches. the priest calls down the Holy
Not very often – maybe once Spirit on the bread and wine

autumn 2022 21

“that they may be the Sacra- Putting the Lord to the Test
ment of the Body of Christ
So yes, we must not mini-
and his Blood of the new Cov-
mize the power of God, or
enant.” The Epiclesis points
exclude the possibility that
to the role of the Holy Spirit
God’s healing power can be
as the divine instrument by
available through the sacra-
which Christ becomes pres-
ments. But can I assume – or
ent in the Eucharist. (This is
presume – that God will do
not to exclude the importance
the same thing the next time
of Jesus’s words from the Last
I approach the altar with a
Supper; as Queen Elizabeth I
bad earache? While I know
said, “what Christ’s word doth
that he can and I can pray that
make it, I do believe and take
he will, I cannot expect God
to fulfill my every whim, on
On that fateful Sunday my schedule, according to
my precise specifications. I
morning, as I struggled to
refer to this view of prayer as
get through the Eucharistic
“Amazon.god” – in which we
prayer – periodically press-
put in our order and await the
ing my hand against my ear
expected delivery as ordered.
to lessen the pain – I crossed
But the fact is: God calls us
my hands over the bread and
to conform to his agenda, not
wine, and made the sign of
the other way around.
the cross. I recited the words
of the prayer book, “send Fr. Nigel Mumford, the for-
your Holy Spirit upon these mer Director of the Healing
gifts...” In an instant the pain Center at the Christ the King
was gone! Completely. And it Center, used to say, “Some-
didn’t come back. It was as- thing always happens when
tonishing! we pray.” This is surely true;
God hears prayer. Nigel said

gathering telling

this, however, as a word of en-

couragement for those times
when it may not appear that
God is responding - when
God does not seem to act on
our timetable. Nigel’s point
was that God is at work—
even if we don’t discern how.
All too often, as the Apostle
Paul said, “We walk by faith
and not by sight.”

The point is: we must not ex-

pect or demand God to in-
tervene at every point. The
story of Satan’s Temptation
of Christ in the desert offers Jesus Carried up to a
a cautionary example. After Pinnacle of the Temple
Jesus refuses Satan’s urging James Jacques Joseph Tissot,
that he turn stones into bread, 1886-1894
Satan sweeps Jesus up to the Brooklyn Museum
pinnacle of the Temple and
tells him to jump – since, af- During the difficult months of
ter all, scripture says, “‘he will the Covid pandemic, the in-
command his angels concern- sistence among some Chris-
ing you,” and “‘on their hands tians that protective measures
they will bear you up, lest were unnecessary in worship
you strike your foot against a because of God’s divine pro-
stone.’” Jesus responds, “It is tection could be seen as a
written, ‘You shall not put the real life example of “putting
Lord your God to the test.’” the Lord to the test.” If Jesus

autumn 2022 23

would not put the Lord to the ly into the heavenly, or allow
test, neither should we! the heavenly to cancel out the
earthly, then we “overthrow
“The Nature of a Sacrament” the nature of a sacrament.”

While we recognize that God This is why Lutherans and

can work according to His Anglicans affirm the “real
sovereign will in the sacra- presence” of Christ in the Eu-
ment, we must be careful that charist, but reject the Roman
our understanding of the “real Catholic teaching of Tran-
presence” in the Eucharist substantiation. According to
does not, as the 39 Articles of Thomas Aquinas, in the doc-
Religion says, “overthrow the trine of Transubstantiation
nature of a sacrament.” The “The whole substance of
“nature of a sacrament” lies bread is converted into the
in the fact that, as Irenaeus whole substance of Christ’s
said, it “consists of two things, body, the whole substance of
an earthly and a heavenly.” wine into the whole substance
In confirmation class we all of his blood.” Transubstantia-
learned that “a sacrament is tion is a doctrine of replace-
an outward and visible sign ment – the “heavenly” part re-
of an inward and spiritual places the “earthly” part; and
grace.” The sign is the “earthly the substance of the bread is
thing.” It is something tangi- obliterated. “After the conse-
ble: a physical, even ordinary cration there remaineth no
thing from everyday experi- substance of bread or wine,”
ence — water, bread, wine. said Henry VIII’s Six Articles
The “heavenly thing” is what of 1539. (Henry rejected the
God does in and through Pope, but theologically, he
these earthly things. But if we remained a traditional cath-
entirely assimilate the earth- olic).

gathering telling

The Pattern of the The Church affirmed the two

Incarnation natures of Christ because
there were some who denied
According to the reformers, Jesus’s full humanity. Not long
Transubstantiation not only after the Council of Nicea
“overthroweth the nature of a (325) asserted that Jesus was
sacrament;” it goes against the “one being with the Father,”
way in which God operates in Appolonaris (d. 382) veered in
the history of salvation, and the opposite direction and de-
especially in the Incarnation. nied Jesus’s full humanity. He
In Jesus, the Word made flesh, taught that when the “Word
there is also “an earthly and a became flesh,” the divine Lo-
heavenly part.” Jesus is both gos took the place of a ratio-
truly human and truly divine nal human soul (nous logike).
– neither nature cancels out True, Jesus had a human body,
the other. As the Council of but inwardly, the divine Word
Chalcedon (351) said, “Lord replaced a human soul and
Jesus Christ, at once complete mind. “The Word of God has
in Godhead and complete in not descended upon a holy
manhood, truly God and tru- man,” said Apollinaris, “but
ly man, consisting also of a the Word himself has become
reasonable soul and body; of flesh without having assumed
one substance with the Father a human mind...but existing
as regards his Godhead, and as a divine mind immutable
at the same time of one sub- and heavenly.”
stance with us as regards his
manhood; recognized in two Gregory of Nazianzus offered
natures...the distinction of the decisive response to Apol-
natures being in no way an- linaris: “If anyone has put
nulled by the union.” (Book of his trust in Christ as a Man
Common Prayer, p. 864) without a human mind, he

autumn 2022 25

is really bereft of mind, and consecration, to be Body of

quite unworthy of salvation. Christ and convey the “Real
For that which Christ has not Presence:”
assumed, He has not healed.”
Jesus needs to take on our “What is true in regard to
full humanity if he is to re- Christ is also true in regard to
deem our full humanity. If the the sacrament. It is not nec-
inward humanity of Christ essary for human nature to
must be replaced for God to be transubstantiated before it
be manifest, that would mean can be the corporal habitation
that humanity can never con- of the divine, and before the
vey or manifest God’s pres- divine can be contained un-
ence; it can never bear the der the accidents of human
presence of divinity, but must nature. Both natures are pres-
remain alienated and out of ent in their entirety....Thus in
fellowship. But in Christ all order that the true body and
that has changed, because he the true blood should be in
has assumed our full human- the sacrament, the bread and
ity - like us in every way (but wine have no need to be tran-
sin) that we might share in his substantiated.”
divine sonship. Lancelot Andrewes, perhaps
A Christological View of the greatest Anglican figure of
the Eucharist (Earthly and his day, chaired the committee
Heavenly) that produced the King James
Bible in 1611. He takes the
Martin Luther applies this same Christological approach
principle of the human and to the Eucharist as Luther:
divine natures of Christ to the
Eucharist, insisting that the “There is a recapitulation of
bread does not have to cease all in Christ in the Holy Sac-
to be bread in order, after its rament, in the gathering or

gathering telling

the possibility of transmission

of disease at communion; is it
a denial of the holiness of the
Eucharist and the Real Pres-
ence of Christ? Or like Luther
or Andrewes, can we treat the
“earthly and heavenly” in the
Eucharist as analogous to the
human and divine natures
of Christ? To say that the el-
ements of bread and wine
retain their natural earthly
properties after consecration
Lancelot Andrewes, is not a denial of their heav-
Lancelot Andrewes, enly aspect in the Real Pres-
Bishop of Winchester ence. To reject the possibility
1556-1626 of transmission of germs in
National Portrait Gallery, the Eucharist, to insist that
London God always provides a super-
natural hedge against disease
vintage of [the earthly and at communion, is like saying
heavenly] in the blessed Eu- that Jesus didn’t sweat, or was
charist as a kind of hypostat- not ever hungry, that he didn’t
ical union [a technical term ever grow weary or irritated,
to indicate the two natures that he never suffered, that
of Christ] of the sign and the he didn’t weep at the grave of
thing signified, so united to- Lazarus, or cry out in genuine
gether, as are the two natures despair from the cross.
of Christ.”
And so we return to where we From The Albany Episcopa-
began: to be concerned about lian, Summer, 2021.

autumn 2022 27

Barry Bradshaigh
Lancashire,United Kingdom

In Sinai on Mount Horeb in slim hush,

God of the burning bush stayed fire’s inflame,
And with his finger reign did letters rush,
To frame two stones of tablets in his name.
Then on descent did Moses raise the scene,
With tablets in the deem of God to know,
So at encampments now were sinners seen,
When saw he horror at the calf ’s gold show.
Then did engravings fly at stones unhold,
For tablets bold in pieces showed sins be,
With Israel’s idolatry enrolled,
In sacrifices and great revelry.
Thus er1 with tablets hurled in
Moses rage,
God sought to plague this
people of his page!

Adoration of the Golden Calf

Marc Chagall, 1966

God waited before he sought to plague
Israel. He didn’t plague them when the
distruction of the tablets occured; he Paused.

gathering telling


RHYTHMS FOR LIFE is first and
Why We Worship foremost to
Using A Liturgy worship him.
In Scripture,
Canon Elizabeth Conkle there are only
Fresno, California a few exam-
ples of private
prayer because worship is a
corporate endeavor before
it is a private enterprise. In-
dividuals are produced by
communities, and they learn
to pray by being led in prayer
in the community; then, they
are able to pray aright when
alone with God.

Liturgy is Biblical
Canon Elizabeth Conkle Christian liturgy draws us into
the drama of the God story, in
Why liturgy? This is what is which we are participants. As
often asked. Common is the N.T. Wright says, we are not at
claim that liturgical worship liberty “to muck around with
is just a form of dead ritual,the plot.” The parts that make
and that prayer is what we up the whole “drama” are not
do when we are alone in our random; they originate from
prayer closets. Liturgy comes the events of which Scripture
from the Greek New Testa- testifies.
ment word meaning “work
or service of the people.” To The Church’s worship is root-

autumn 2022 29

ed in the worship of Israel, shipping community of Isra-

who sanctified space (Exodus el, and the Church continued
25:8-10), time (Genesis 2:3; their daily use through the
Leviticus 23), and matter (Ex- centuries. Liturgy is not just
odus 21:23; 28:4), and whose Biblical in a historical sense; it
worship book was the Psalms. is Scripture -- read, sung, re-
Israel’s communal worship cited, prayed.
was a call to be a holy na-
tion and a kingdom of priests The liturgy of the Book of
(Exodus 19:6; Deuteronomy Common Prayer reconnects
26:19), to reveal God’s glory us to the ancient worship of
to the nations. Israel and the worship of the
Church down through the
The first Christians were Jew-
ish; therefore, their commu-
nities maintained the same
kind of worship: “They devot-
ed themselves to the apostles’
teaching, and to the fellowship,
to the breaking of bread, and to
the prayers” (Acts 2:42). Pri-
vate prayer is rarely empha-
sized in the New Testament,
but “everyday they continued
to meet together in the Tem-
ple courts” (Acts 2:46). Their King David playing on the
Scriptures were the Old Tes- Lyre, surrounded by four Mu-
tament, and their liturgical sicians.-Costumes of the Thir-
prayer book was the Psalms. teenth Century (from a Minia-
Psalms are the raw prayers ture in a Manuscript Psalter in
of the ancient, gathered wor- the Imperial Library, Paris).

gathering telling

liturgy of the Book of Com- it, but rather when the pastor
mon Prayer. Its Sunday lec- or the worship leader says,
tionary (a collection of scrip- “Let us pray.” The Church’s
ture readings appointed for liturgy directs our focus away
Christian worship for a given from ourselves onto God,
day or occasion) provides a safeguarding us from making
three-year cycle of four read- worship about us—which re-
ings for each Sunday, and its ally isn’t worship at all. From
Daily Office is designed for start to finish, we participate
reading the Bible in a year. in a worship that proclaims
the truth about God as re-
Liturgy delivers us from the vealed in Scripture, and we
tyranny of self by keeping us find ourselves pulled out of
God-centered the mire of self-centered-
We human beings tend to ness, pride, and fear and into
make everything about our- the narrative of God’s saving
selves, including worship. work.
Commonly heard from peo-
ple exiting modern Western Liturgy is formative
worship services are state- Calvin maintained that our
ments such as, “The worship hearts are idol factories. We
today was boring,” “I didn’t get may not realize it, but con-
anything out of the music,” or sumer culture trains us to
“That worship made me feel hunger and thirst for idols
so inspired.” Statements like that do not satisfy. Liturgy
these reveal a modern church re-forms us as genuine hu-
designed for the consumer man beings who reflect the
and not for the worship of image of God, in whose im-
God. Worship is not about age we were created. The Book
meeting our felt needs. We of Common Prayer invites us
don’t pray when we feel like into daily and weekly rhythms

autumn 2022 31

of worship, confession of sin, Liturgy sanctifies time

Scripture reading, the Lord’s We, as the people of God, are
Supper, thanksgiving, and to live according to a differ-
prayer that, over time, act ent set of priorities. We don’t
on our souls, recalibrate our order our lives according to
habits, our language, and our Black Friday or Cyber Mon-
thoughts, form us into God’s day or any other demands
holy people (1 Peter 2:9, 10). that the culture makes of us.
The cadence, the beauty, the We understand that time is an
story, the poetry, the sym- instrument that God uses to
bols, the images of the liturgy reveal himself and to redeem
capture our imaginations and people. During the first half
shape our hearts for the ul- of the Christian year, from
timate Real and for the True Advent through Pentecost,
Good for which we were de- the prayers, songs, and scrip-
signed. tures of our liturgy invite us
to participate in Jesus’ birth,
life, death, and resurrection.
During the second half of the
church year, all the way to
Christ the King Sunday, we
are in ordinary time, which
tells the story of God’s people.
Time and again, as we partici-
pate in the liturgy, we become
immersed in the God story,
which calls us out of our own
time and reminds us that we
live by a different narrative
John Calvin and “that we belong to eter-
Photo: Patheos nity.”

gathering telling

Liturgy recovers community Liturgy is an invitation into

Prayer is communal before it the Divine conversation
is private. Liturgical worship We never initiate the conver-
draws us out of the world of sation with God. We don’t get
self into the community of a “glimpse of God and devise
God’s people. We join our language to respond to or tell
hearts not just with our local what we have glimpsed.” God
community, but as we pray the addresses us first and reveals
psalms and follow the scrip- himself to us, and we use his
ture readings of the lection- words to respond to what he
ary, we join with the global has said about himself. Lit-
Body of Christ in prayer. The urgy provides those words
psalms are prayers that not -- and the words that we need
only aid us in worship of God, but don’t yet have -- to address
but also they help us pray our the Holy God that he is. Those
joy, our hate, and our lament. words over time form and
If the psalms assigned on a shape our hearts and conform
particular day don’t happen our thinking to His holiness.
to match our state of being,
Lex Orandi, Lex Credendi.
we can still pray with and on
This famous Latin phrase lit-
behalf of other brothers and
erally means, “the law of what
sisters throughout the global
is to be prayed is the law of
Body of Christ, who may be
what is to be believed.” Words
suffering. Bonhoeffer says that
matter because we gradual-
the psalms teach us to pray as
ly come to believe the words
a fellowship, and enable us to
that we pray. Thus, we “belong
participate in the larger prayer
in order to believe.”
of Christ’s Church. As we pray
the psalms, we are lifted above Welcome the holy conversa-
our personal concerns and are tion with the Holy God who
able to pray selflessly. speaks first!

autumn 2022 33

The Anglican Bookstore

Finding a Story to Live By
Samuel Wells
Hardcover, 248 pgs, $23

Is Christianity just a fairy tale for the infantile?

Or worse, a cruel fantasy—the perpetrator of ter-
rible harm and the cause of endless conflict? At
most, one path among many? Such questions
reflect the skepticism of outsiders and the
doubts of insiders—some perennial, some un-
derscored by recent events and movements. The answer to these
objections isn’t a louder faith to shout them down—it’s a humbler
faith that points to a bigger God.


Owen F. Cummings
Paperback, 160 pgs, $23
Owen Cummings explores the traditions
regarding Mary that have developed since
New Testament times, including patristic
themes and other traditions such as Syriac
and Celtic. He includes Islam since their tra-
dition comes from Christian sources such as
the Protoevangelium of James, and more is
written about Mary in the Qu’ran than there
is in the New Testament. He also examines
Vatican II, the relatively recently defined Marian doctrines,
and devotion to Mary.
gathering telling


Melanie K. Hutsell
Paperback, 224 pgs, $18

New from a fresh voice in literary fiction

comes this riveting deep-dive into one wom-
an’s experience with bipolar disorder and
God. Her mind has never failed her—until
an ill-fated dinner party.


Practicing Unity in a Divided Church
Gary B. Agee
Paperback, 165 pgs, $20

Disunity is a reality within churches today.

Left unaddressed, political disagreements
and racial inequities can fester into misun-
derstanding, resentment, and anger. Often
the act of addressing this discord prompts
further animosity, widening fissures into
gaping fault lines between fellow members
of the same community. Gary Agee offers
sage advice gleaned from Scripture and years
of practical experience. At the end of each
chapter, Agee includes exercises, discussion questions, and
suggested practices, providing a concrete path to unity through
dialogue and action.

autumn 2022 35

Ethel Pochocki, Illustrated by Barry Moser
Paperback, 40 pgs, $20

Francesca, a young roach, and Martin, a

skunk, originally met in a trash can awhile
back. As the Celebration of Creatures service
approaches, Francesca yearns to be there, but
Martin warns her against it: “I don’t think
that we are meant to be included, Francesca.
It’s for the respectables, the cute and cuddlies. Can’t you just
hear the humans shrieking as we walk down the aisle? They’d
be fainting left and right.” Kids and adults alike treasure this
story about the value of all creatures and how all of creation has
value, purpose, and God’s blessing.


Maria Luisa Eguez, Illustrated by Silvia Colombo
Ages 3 and up, Paperback, 28 pgs, $14

In this charming, whimsically illustrated book,

Maria Luisa Equez takes a modern spin on who
Our Father really is. Dressed as a modern hu-
man father in jeans and work clothes, even a
chef ’s toque, he is a painter, a musician, a cook.
Our father is patient and takes care of every little
thing. Our Father is King of kings, Lord of lords,
but when we call him, he responds immediately,
“here I am.”

gathering telling

Hillspeak Bargain Books
All Majesty & Power Donald Gray
All the People of the Bible Richard Losch
Anglican Difficulties Edward Norman
Bones of Joseph Gareth Lloyd Jones
Christ & Culture Revisited D A Carson
Consuming Jesus Paul Louis Metzger
Ecstasy & Intimacy Edith Humphrey
Emily Dickinson &
The Art of Belief Roger Lundin
End of Memory Miroslav Volf
Fate of the Communion Radner & Turner
First & the Last, The George R Sumner
Glory Descending Dales & Rowell
Imitating Jesus Richard Burridge
John Donne:
Man of Flesh & Spirit David L Edwards
Lesslie Newbigin:
Missionary Theologian Paul Weston
Men & Women Philip Turner
Not Ashamed of the Gospel Fleming Rutledge
Passionate Steward Michael O’Hurley-Pitts
Rowan’s Rule Rupert Shortt
Shaming the Devil Alan Jacobs
Truth About Jesus, The Donald Armstrong
William Wilberforce Stephen Tomkins

autumn 2022 37
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gathering telling

THE SEER Thus in Yah’s Temple came a

vision’s height,
Barry Bradshaigh
Lancashire England That man’s repentance be in
Seer’s delight!
When in the era King Uzziah
died, v v v
God did abide a prophet
from the crowd, THINGAMAJIGS AND
For came a voice so loud in WATCHAMACALLITS
quiet chide,
“Whom will I shepherd send Jerry Robbins
Falmouth, Virginia
to sinners proud”?
Then said the Seer in meek As we age we lose our brain,
and humble tone, Ideas and thoughts drop
“Here be I in groan unclean through the drain.
before thee,” Like a spigot lets the water
So gaped his lips by embers out
cleansing hone, The years create a mental
And shown was spirit in a drought.
mission’s Be.
Yet in God’s glory winged the
And in His light the
Cherubim did fly,
Where twain did cover o’er
the face of Him,
As sang the Angels holy choir
on high.

autumn 2022 39

Names of people are the first “What is the name of that

to go, sofa or bed on which I sit?
Although their names we You know what I mean, the
well know. whatchamacallit?
“The other day I saw... um.…
you recall We start a repair but soon
He helped fix our basement have to stop,
wall. A tool is missing from the
Next to go are places we’ve shop.
been, “It’s got a thingy on the end
The towns and parks we and a handle real big.
vacationed in. I’m sure you’ve seen it, oh,
“You remember that huge drats, that thingamajig.
totem pole
Was it in Durango or
Jackson’s Hole?”

I run an errand to the store,

But forgot why once out the
My wife says the pills they
Sometimes names of objects are to blame,
we use every day But what does she know,
Vacate our mind, refuse to what’s her name?

gathering telling


The 150th Anniversary Commemorative Cookbook
St. Andrew’s Episcopal Church ~ Tampa, Florida
8 - 12 slices of bread (sandwich crusts off and quartered)
1 lb crab meat
1/2 cup chopped green pepper (optional)
1/3 cup grated onion
1/2 cup chopped celery
1 cup mayonnaise
4 eggs
2 cups milk
2 cans golden mushroom soup
Dash Worcestershire sauce, Tabasco
Salt and pepper
1 cup grated cheese
Grease 3 quart casserole.
Line pan with half the amount of bread. Mix crab, vegetables,
and mayonnaise. Spread over bread. Lay the remainder of
bread over crab mixture. Mix soup, milk, and seasonings and
cover bread. Sprinkle with cheese. Let sit overnight. Bake at
350 degrees for 45 - 60 minutes. Place pan under casserole as it
runs over. Bake until skewer comes out clean.
Serves 10 - 12
Note: This is also a Holy Innocents’, Valrico, Florida recipe. It’s
good and I don’t like crab. A.P.
Submitted by Anne Paige

autumn 2022 41

RECOGNIZING placing two small coins in the

GRACE Temple treasury. These daily
Opening Our Eyes to occurrences went unnoticed
God’s Wonder by the average passerby, and
they were utterly invisible to
The Very Rev. Dr. Douglas F. the political and religious es-
Bishop Coadjutor Elect of the tablishment. Yet Jesus takes
Diocese of Southwest Florida notice. He sees these other-
wise unseen individuals as
recipients of God’s mercy and
examples of God’s grace. Jesus
makes the invisible visible.

I wonder how much of the

spiritual reality that sur-
rounds us remains invisible to
us, simply because our spir-
itual eyes are not yet open.
I wonder how often we go
through our daily lives com-
pletely oblivious to the signs
of God’s grace all around us.
Throughout the biblical ac- How often do we fail to rec-
count of his earthly ministry, ognize grace right in front of
Jesus frequently makes the us? One of my favorite lines
invisible visible. What I mean from the Book of Common
is that Jesus often takes notice Prayer comes from Eucha-
of what others fail to notice: ristic Prayer C, in which we
a divorced woman sitting by ask God to “open our eyes to
a well, a blind man begging see your hand at work in the
for his next meal, a widow world about us” (BCP 372).

gathering telling

This is a prayer that I have not assist God with the cre-
started to include as part of ation of the world, it is pure
my daily routine. I pray that gift! The act of creation is an
God would open my eyes and
make me spiritually awake
and aware of God’s presence
in my life and in the world.
So, in this brief essay, I would
like to share some of the ways
I believe we can recognize
grace in our daily lives.

Have you ever thought about
how the act of creation was an expression of God’s extrav-
act of grace? We did nothing agant love. Whether we are
to deserve or earn life; we did catching a glimpse of the ris-
ing sun or standing in awe of
snowcapped mountains, we
are witnessing grace; we are
experiencing the undeserved
and unearned favor and
blessing of God. Every step
we make and every breath we
take remind us—our very ex-
istence is proof of God’s grace.

The Church may seem total-
ly obvious as a place where
we encounter grace, but I be-

autumn 2022 43

lieve there are times—even in we were formed to be part of

church—when we are spiri- a community of grace. I be-
tually unreceptive. It is easylieve we most clearly recog-
for us to grow so accustomed nize grace in the lives of our
to the patterns of ministry fellow brothers and sisters in
and congregational life that Christ. We see the evidence of
we lose sight of the deeper God’s love in the transformed
spiritual rhythms that un- lives of those around us. We
dergird what we do. Sharing experience God’s mercy most
bread and wine, proclaim- fully in the messiness of real
ing our faith, baptizing in Je-
human relationships. We hurt
sus’ Name, reaching out with each other. We make mis-
God’s love to those in need— takes. We fall short. We miss
these are sacramental actions the mark. But that is precisely
that are ultimately expressions
what makes grace so amazing!
of grace, visible signs of God’s
Despite our failures, there is
boundless mercy. The Church redemption. Despite our divi-
is not simply another civic so-
sions, there is reconciliation.
ciety or social organization; it
Despite our brokenness, there
is an icon of grace, and visible
is the promise of healing. The
signs that God is present and act of forgiveness is one of the
active in the world in order to
most powerful and transfor-
establish justice and renew all
mational expressions of grace.
things. So, where do we find grace? In
community. In the messiness
Community and inconsistencies of our hu-
Creation as the manifesta- man relationships.
tion of God’s love, and the
Church as the visible sign of Calling
that love, remind us that we Finally, I believe we need to
were made for relationship; rediscover grace in relation

gathering telling

to our own sense of calling

as servants of Jesus. In other
words, God has called us to
participate in a mission that
is bigger and more compre-
hensive than anything we
could ask or imagine. We are
not fully equipped for this
task. We are not worthy. We
are not strong enough. And
yet, God calls us anyway. As
the saying goes, “God doesn’t
call the equipped; he equips
the called.” I can think of
no clearer example of grace
than the fact that God works
through us—our weaknesses own calling. These are all ex-
and inadequacies—to accom- pressions of God’s amazing
plish his mission of healing grace—unearned and unde-
and renewal in this world. served. For these and all our
blessings, we give thanks and
Open Our Eyes praise to God, who is the au-
As we continue to push thor of grace and the One who
through these strange and un- makes the invisible visible.
certain times, may our prayer
continually be, “Lord, open
our eyes to see your hand at
work in the world around
us.” Look at creation. Look
at the Church. Look at your
community. Look at your

autumn 2022 45

Ruth Copeland

If capricious chance made a bird, a flower

A white-bright star, a summer shower
A billion snowflakes all unique
The ugly spider’s web technique
Then someone had to program those wheels of chance,
To me, that Someone is God.

If the love light in a mother’s eyes

The loving vigil of a teenager
Holding a retching addict’s hand
The lonely patience of a missionary
Teaching in a strange and foreign land
Are our “upward climb from the slime”
Then the slime is sin
And we are climbing out of it
Via an Old Rugged Cross.

gathering telling


The Rev’d Richard R. Losch PAST
St. James’ Episcopal Church The Rev’d Richard Losch
Livingston, Alabama St. James’ Episcopal Church
Livingston, Alabama
The various mutations of the
COVID-19 virus have been Many may think that histo-
named after the letters of the ry is a lot of dates from the
Greek alphabet. You never past, but in one case they may
heard of most of them because have a point. Dates were a sta-
they never amounted to much. ple food in Judea in ancient
Probably the best known are times, and were valued not
the Delta, Lambda, and Omi- only as a rich and tasty source
cron variants. Between Lamb- of nutrition, but also because
da and Omicron are the letters they can be dried and will
Mu (M, μ), Nu (N, ν), and Xi keep for extremely long peri-
(Ξ, ξ, pronounced ksee). The ods of time. They are to this
Mu variant fizzled, and when day a staple in most Middle
the next variant emerged the Eastern cultures.1
World Health Organization
announced that they would There was one variety of date
skip the letters Nu and Xi and that has been thought to have
call it Omicron. They skipped become extinct about 1800
Nu because they did not want years ago. In the 1960s some
people thinking of it as the seeds of this variety of date
“New” variant. They skipped were found preserved in the
Xi because, even though it is ruins of Jerusalem from its
not pronounced the same, it is destruction in AD 70. A few
the family name of the Presi- years later some similar seeds
dent of China, Xi (She) Jin- were found in the Qumran
ping, and they did not want to excavation (the source of the
offend him. Dead Sea Scrolls). In 2005

autumn 2022 47

some researchers from Israel’s HAPAX LEGOMENON

Arava Institute planted sev- The Rev’d Richard Losch
eral dozens of these seeds at St. James’ Episcopal Church
a kibbutz outside Jerusalem. Livingston, Alabama
Six of them eventually ger- This expression should be in
minated, and to the delight the vocabulary of anyone who
of the researchers, there were (a) wishes to impress people
both male and female plants, at cocktail parties, or (b) is
allowing for cross-pollina- content to be a language nerd.
tion, reproduction, and the Its plural is Hapax Legomena,
production of fruit. The first and it is often shortened to
large harvest of dates was in just Hapax (plural Hapaxes).
2020, and this year’s is even
larger. For the first time in
almost two millennia, people
can again taste what was once
a favorite food. According to
food experts,
these dates
taste much
like the
Medjool dates
that are common
world-wide today,
except that they have a
sweeter, honey-like
During Ramadan, when Muslims break
their daily fast at sundown, the first food
they eat before the evening meal is a few
dates. That allegedly soothes the empty It is a Greek phrase (ἅπαξ
stomach and aids digestion. λεγόμενον) that is translated
gathering telling

“said once.” A hapax legom- other Greek work and thus

enon is a word or expression decipher its meaning. For ex-
that is used only one time in ample, in Romans 16:2, Paul
an entire body of literature. refers to Phoebe as prosta-
For example, in the 256,052 tis (προστάτις). That word is
words in Moby Dick, Melville used nowhere else in the New
uses the word “matrimonial” Testament. Here it is a noun,
only once. It is thus a Hapax but it is found in verb form
Legomenon.* in other Greek literature and
means care for, aid, or preside
This might seem to be a rather over. Most scholars are con-
arcane subject until we realize tent to translate it in Romans
that there are 3465 hapaxes as helper or (financial) bene-
in the New Testament, and factor.
about 1500 in the Old Testa-
ment, of which over 400 are
words found nowhere else in
any ancient Hebrew literature.
This can be a serious problem
when it comes to translation.
We can often figure out the
meaning of the word from
its context or by analyzing
its probable roots, but there
are times when the best we Shakespeare invented over
can do is guess. It is less of a 1700 new words, many of
problem in the New Testa- which are hapaxes. Fortunate-
ment because there is such ly, their meaning is obvious in
a wealth of contemporary almost every case. In English
Greek literature that it is eas- literature he may well be the
ier to find the word in some king of the hapax legomenon.

autumn 2022 49

• God owns everything. Ev-
erything means everything.
The earth is the Lord’s and ev-
erything in it, the world and
all who live in it (Ps. 24:1). sibilities to work for the house
of God. You enter into a con-
tract with God that requires
you to be a steward of your
part of his creation. It is a fur-
ther obligation that although
you are free to make your own
choices, the choices you make
must give God glory.

The Genesis creation record • Stewardship is responsibil-

makes it clear that God is the ity with accountability. God
sovereign Creator who owns did not create a people to be
and reigns over the earth. It is servants but to be relatives,
also clear that God appointed sons from afar and my daugh-
man to manage this creation ters from the ends of the earth
(Gen. 2:15). (Is. 43:6). He receives little
glory from having slaves; he
• The people of God are God’s receives tremendous glory
management company. If from people who willingly
you are a Christian, remem- serve him as a manifestation
ber that being part of God’s of their relationship to him.
household gives you respon- God wants to know if you

gathering telling

to everyone (1 Cor. 9:19) and

always seeking the good of
them. (1 Cor. 10:24, 33). Fur-
ther he told us to look not
only to our own interest, but
also the interests of others
(Phil. 2:4). Your attitude, Paul
wrote, should be the same as
truly love him, and he intends that of Christ Jesus, taking the
to test that love by seeing how very nature of a servant, being
you respond to the tempta- made in human likeness (Phil.
tion of money. 2:5-7). Stewardship is both an
expression of your love for
• Stewardship demands a God and the realization of
commitment to others. It is a that love in your relationships
response to God’s goodness to to others.
you. Stewardship is not doing
something for God with your • Stewardship has eternal
money, but doing something consequences. Underlying
for others with his money. most of Jesus’ instruction is
You act on God’s behalf and the assumption that your life
in his name. The apostle Paul on earth will prepare you for
described himself as a slave your future in heaven. Paul
explained to the Philippian
believers, I am [not] looking
for a gift, but I am looking for
what may be credited to your
[future, heavenly] account
(Phil. 4:17). Stewardship
builds heavenly treasure by
transferring wealth from your
autumn 2022 51

bank account to your heav- run into it and I would turn

enly account. Because God is red in the face.”
“Yes,” the class said.
“Then why is it that when
I’m standing upright in the
ordinary position the blood
doesn’t run into my feet?”
A little fellow shouted, “Cause
your feet ain’t empty.”
eternal, he operates in an eter-
nal time frame. Likewise, the Contributed by William
actions of God’s stewards will Lambrecht, Sarasota, Florida.
have eternal consequences. v v v
From The Evangelist, News- JAMIE by Richard R. Losch
letter of St. Mark’s Cathedral,
Shreveport, Louisiana, No-
vember 2021.

Photos are from Episcopal

Church Foundation. Used with
v v v
A teacher was giving a les-
son on the circulation of the
blood. Trying to make the
matter clearer, she said, “Now, “You shouldn’t tell me to
class, if I stood on my head, use my imagination if
the blood, as you know, would you don’t mean it.”

gathering telling

AWAITING OUR a little better or a little more

HAPPY ENDING consistent, then I’d really feel
The Rev’d Theodore W.
good. I’d be satisfied with my
Edwards, Jr. game. But I never was. It was
always, One of these days I’ll
get it, or One day I’ll get there,
and now here I am. … I never
got there. Did you get there?
Did I? One friend expecting
to retire in a half year from

The Rev’d Theodore W. Edwards, Jr.

Two subjects here – senior

ministry and senior golf. The
inspiration comes from an ar-
ticle in the August 2021 issue
of Golf Digest by Max Adler
asking “What’s Your Happy
Ending,” and the book Ex-
traordinary Golf: The Art of
the Possible (1996) by Fred active ministry set out to ac-
and Peter Shoemaker: complish all the unaccom-
plished goals in the time left
We might think of ministry and, as a result, was exces-
and golf as matching concepts. sively demanding on staff and
“I always felt that if I was just parishioners. That minister
autumn 2022 53

retired with disappointment students, and two priests (or-

and residual anger. dained by other faith groups)
who asked for guidance in
Back to golf: “It’s also been their pilgrimage to ministry
Fred’s experience that nearly in the Episcopal Church. And
all golfers, regardless of hand- today the service continues:
icap, say they would finally be assisting one who is entering
content if they could shave armed services chaplaincy,
three to five strokes.” I have and another who is joining
always said that I would be the Episcopal Church cler-
the happiest golfer if I could gy from another faith group.
consistently play golf at the Being retired does not mean
bogie level — but I realize that being finished with vocation-
I would become dissatisfied al activities, which are both
and greedy for three to five joyous and fun.
strokes more. There is also
my unfulfilled lifetime goal Now, moving to Fred’s last in-
of a hole-in-one. To that con- quiry: “What if going forward
versation, Fred asks, “What’s you made the success of your
your happy ending?” and playing partners, however
“things most people intrinsi- you define their success, your
cally know but get lost along primary objective?” Whether
the way.” we are golfers, ordained min-
isters or both, the role is the
Through both the joys and same. The accomplishments
frustrations of ordained min- of those who look to us for
istry, service and achievement leadership deliver the answer
continue to bring joy and sat- to the question, “What’s Your
isfaction. There were clergy to Happy Ending?” Know that
help form and send to semi- there will be more opportuni-
nary, deacons who were my ties to come.

gathering telling

Now back to that bucket list ALL SOULS’ DAY / DIA

item — a hole-in-one: A play- DE LOS MUERTOS
ing partner had his first hole-
in-one a week after his recent The Rev’d Dr. Robert M. Lewis
90th Birthday. There is hope St. Paul’s Episcopal Church
and time for me yet! Anticipa- Yuma, Arizona
(Diocese of San Diego)
tion of happy endings draws
us forward for each new day,
each new Sunday with a con-
gregation, each round of golf,
and each daily blessing.

v v v

Is God Calling You?

The Sisters of Saint Gregory
welcome inquiries from
women who are seeking a
deepening call of devotion in
their spiritual journey. If you
feel drawn to a religious life
supported by like-minded The Rev’d Robert M. Lewis
women who live in their own
homes and serve in their own Bicultural ministry is a chal-
parishes, and would like
further information please visit
lenging endeavor. There are
our website or email us for a unexpected pitfalls, cultural
brochure at norms that often go unex- pressed, and particular re-
www.sistersof sentments between the two ethnic groups. Being a leader
Advertisement is especially challenging in

autumn 2022 55

these situations; rarely can Faithful Departed and Dia de

that leader equally represent los Muertos, is the shadowy
both groups, even if he or cousin to the more often cel-
she can do so linguistically. ebrated All Saints’ Day. It is
Invariably, the priest in ques- a day when the Church Uni-
tion is largely blind to the versal remembers those who,
complexities of the culture to aside from the remembrances
which he or she does not be- of loved ones, would remain
long. known only to God. The day
provides the Church with a
On occasion, however, the chance to recall those lives
groups mix well and these who have passed from this life
leadership foibles fade away. on their souls’ journey. Cul-
In fact, by an action that alone turally speaking, the celebra-
can be ascribed to the Holy tions vary, but they are united
Spirit, there can be not only in the power Solomon long
tolerance, but a unique bond ago recounted in the Song of
where iron sharpens iron, and Songs: “Love is as strong as
both communities find them- death.”
selves stronger with each oth-
er. Here follows the story of The Reformation in England
one such parish community, eventually suppressed this
St. Paul’s in Yuma, Arizona, lesser-known celebration. In
and a bond over an often-for- the days following the abuses
gotten liturgical celebration— surrounding the sale of indul-
one that provided unity and gences, All Souls’ fell out of fa-
“glue” to solidify two congre- vor. It was an age where grace
gations into one. was seen as quantifiable—the
more Masses said for the dead,
All Souls’ Day, also known as the quicker they would be re-
the Commemoration of All leased from Purgatory and

gathering telling

admitted to heaven. In fact, a for that which lasts. Thus, we

volume published in the Ro- can surmise that “we all shall
man Church, The Raccolta, be changed, in a moment, in
prescribed certain amounts the twinkling of an eye” (1
of time off in Purgatory, in Corinthians 15:51). God will
exchange for devotional ac- prepare those who have died
tivities. As the Church held in his faith and fear to behold
that Christ and the Saints had his glory in a purified state of
stored up a treasury of merit, total grace.
those graces could be applied
to the departed to free them Another feature of All Souls’
from Purgatory. Day that was called into
question at the Reformation
The 39 Articles clearly state was the question, “Why do
that Purgatory, as a place, is we pray for the dead?” First,
not an Anglican doctrine. we must recognize that the
But while Anglicanism, like fate that is supposedly sealed
Eastern Orthodoxy, does not at death is measured in our
envision a Purgatory, scrip- time. God consistently works
ture certainly does speak of in the eternal present or Kai-
the concept of purgation. In ros time. Nothing says that
Romans 14:10, St. Paul notes when we pray now, those
that we will all stand before prayers wouldn’t be effective
the Judgement seat of Christ in the life of the deceased fifty
and, in 1st Corinthians 3:13- years prior. After all, we don’t
15, that what we build on the determine the state of another
foundation of Christ in this person’s soul; that is known
life will be tested with fire, only to God. In the prayers
burning up the inferior things for the Burial of the Dead in
(likened to “wood, hay, and the 1979 Book of Common
stubble”) and being rewarded Prayer, we pray, “Grant that

autumn 2022 57

increasing in knowledge and offerings symbolic of the de-

love of thee, he may go from ceased. I used this celebration
strength to strength in the life to re-introduce elements of a
of perfect service in thy heav- traditional English Requiem
enly kingdom” (p. 481). Thus, Mass, including a catafalque
the prayer book acknowledg- (a mock casket, covered in a
es that death is not the end black funeral pall). This bilin-
of growth, but rather that we gual celebration is now attend-
grow in our spirituality in the ed by Latino and Anglo alike
nearer presence of God. with approximately 50/50
representation. The Latinos
In my own ministry setting, held on to a celebration near
the Latino members who and dear to their culture, and
brought the celebration of the Anglos recovered a fuller
Dia de los Muertos into our sense of the life everlasting
parish helped solidify our that was stolen from them at
own Anglican renaissance. the Reformation.
It began with a simple cele-
bration and brightly colored
display of candles, pictures So where do we go from here?
of loved ones, sugar (often in How can other celebrations
the form of skulls), and other become bonding moments
for both groups? As each year
we celebrate the appearance of
Our Lady of Guadalupe on 12
December in a bilingual ser-
vice, I am planning a recov-
ery of the Anglo celebration
of Our Lady of Walsingham
on 24 September, again, to be
bilingual. Such celebrations

gathering telling

have in common, it is that

we have all lost those we love
and cherish. The opportunity
to pray for their loved ones
as they go “from strength to
strength” may be exactly what
is needed for a stronger par-
ish, an end to factions, and a
greater glimpse of the King-
dom called out of every na-
tion, tribe, people, and lan-
v v v

Our Lady of Guadalupe

have the potential for mutual
understanding and apprecia-
tion, and can prove to be the
glue that solidifies two cul-
tures into one worshipping
You, too, might find yourself
in a parish with two cultures
needing bonding. Perhaps
begin with the commemora-
tion of All Faithful Departed
in a way that is uniquely suit- Jonny Hawkins has recently
published (with Bob Phillips)
ed for your parish. If there is Laughter Therapy, A Clean
one thing that all Christians Collection of Humor.

autumn 2022 59

CONFUSING THE If we are going to use the hos-

MASH TENT WITH pital analogy, it is helpful to
THE MISSION think of MASH tents. They
exist close to the front and
The Rev’d Bollin M. Milner, Jr. are mobile. The purpose is to
heal folks, and return them
to the fight, to the mission of
the Church, as soon as possi-
ble. My experience, however
(having been born in 1954),
is that the MASH tent became
an end in itself. And the cler-
gy functioned as the primary,
if not always, sole caregivers.

The Rev’d Bollin M. Milner, Jr.

Church has been called a hos-

pital for sinners. It is more ac-
curate to say that the Church
has hospitals, just like the The training of clergy to be ef-
Army has hospitals. The main fective one-on-one pastors is
purpose of the Army is not to valuable. Learning how to be
operate hospitals. The same is an “active listener” and work-
true of the Church. ing to empower people to

gathering telling

embrace their own expertise However, when the Church

are good things. The problem achieves a good balance,
is that the clergy often func- when the MASH tent finds
tioned as ersatz therapists. its proper context and doesn’t
They hung out their shingle, depend solely on the clergy,
much like Lucy in the Peanuts then amazing things can hap-
cartoon. pen. What does that look like?
Here is one example from my
Clergy may have been taught
city of Richmond, Virginia.
how to be active listeners, but
A number of congregations
they weren’t therapists. Un-
and also people not associat-
fortunately, very little, if any-
ed with any faith group were
thing, was said about transfer-
concerned about poverty.
ence. There were no checks,
Twenty-five percent of our
no verbatims, no peer re-
views. This led to an epidemic adults and 40% of our chil-
dren live in poverty. Once
of clergy misconduct. Church
you learn this, it is hard to
insurance companies waded
look away.
in to define more clearly the
clergy counseling role. A community conversation
started and eventually the
Beyond misconduct, defining group chose to establish a
the clergy primarily as one- chapter of Circles USA, called
on-one care givers leads to Circles RVA, in Richmond.
burn out. I am reminded of Circles builds community to
the book If You Meet George end poverty. It brings togeth-
Herbert on the Road, Kill Him, er Leaders – those who desire
and the line, “In short, …the to develop and work a plan
clergy…are to be omni-pres- to move to financial security,
ent, omni-competent, and with Allies – those who are
omni-affirming.” willing to dedicate at least 18

autumn 2022 61

world’s greatest need.” This

applies to churches as well as
to individuals. As congrega-
tions look for that intersec-
tion between joy and need,
and then act on it, mission
happens. We will always need
the MASH tent. But the pur-
The pictures with people in them pose of healing is so we can
are from Circles RVA which meets get back to the action as soon
at Grace and Holy Trinity Episcopal
Church in Richmond, Va. as possible. And isn’t it so
often true, being part of the
months to be an intention- mission, together in commu-
al friend of the Leader and a nity, is exactly the healing we
networker. Everybody gets need?
training, and Leaders and Al-
lies, and their families, gath-
er each week over a meal. It
works and is transformative.

The Rev’d Bollin M. Millner,

Jr. was ordained in the Episco-
pal Church USA in 1984, and
served churches in West Point,
Frederick Buechner said, Va., Rocky Mount, N.C., and
“Your vocation in life is where Richmond, Va. prior to retiring
your greatest joy meets the in August 2019.

gathering telling

The Rev’d Jack Isbell, 78, The Rt. Rev’d John Her-
on 22 November 2021 in Ho- bert MacNaughton, 92, on 28
nolulu, HI. February 2022 in San Anto-
nio, TX, was 7th Bishop of the
The Rev’d Canon Alan Diocese of West Texas.
McLeod, 86, on 17 November
2021 in Williams Lake, B C. The Rev’d Floyd William
Finch, Jr., 93, on 2 March 2022
The Rev. George Michael in Charleston, SC, served
Tarsis, 73, on 25 Septem- parishes in North Carolina,
ber 2021 in Barberton, OH, Georgia, and South Carolina.
served as Rector of St. An-
drew’s Church.

The Rev’d Michael

George Sowan, 82, on 19 No-
vember 2021 in Lewis, NY.
Grant them
The Rev’d Dr. Canon continual growth in thy
Jerry Echols Hill, 85, on 20 love and service
January 2022 in Waxahachie,
TX, served parishes in the
Dallas area.

The Rev’d Frederick Rhue

Trumbore, 87, on 23 January
2022 in Winchester, VA.

autumn 2022 63
Christ Window
St. Paul’s Church
Yuma, Arizona

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