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Glossary Submitted by Mullai on Sat, 08/19/2006 - 10:15pm.

Spices / Seasonings / Condiments / Others ENGLIS H Mustard Cumin seeds Fennel seeds Fenugree k seeds Dry Red Chilli Black pepperco rns Coriander seeds Sesame seeds Thymol seeds Poppy seeds Bay leaf TAMIL Kadugu Jeeragam TELUGU Avalu Jilakara KANN ADA Sasuve MALAY ALAM Katuku HINDI Rai Jeera

Jeerigae Jirakam

Perumjeeragam/S Pedha ombu Jilakara/Sopu Vendhayam Kaintha Milagai Menthalu Mirapakayalu

Badesop Perumjeer Moti u agam Saunf Methi Menthae Uluva seeds Kempu Unakka Menasin mulaku Lal michi a kai chuvanna Kari Menasu Kurumulak Kali u mirch Dhania saboot Til

Milagu Thaniya/Malli vidai Ellu Omam Kasa Kasa

Miriyalu Dhaniyalu Nuvvulu Vamu Gasa gasaalu

Kotaamb Malli ari Kalu Chitelu/ Ellu Ellu Ajamoda Ajwain Gase gase Patre Kas Kas

Khus khus

Talishapattiri/Brin Pattaakulu ji elai Dalchina chekka Yelakulu Lavangammu Jajikaya Jajipuvvulu

Karuvaela Tej patta Darchini Elachi

Cinnamo Pattai n Cardamo Yelakkai m Krambu/Lavanga Cloves m Nutmeg Jathikai Mace Jathipoo

Dalachini Patta chakka Yelakki Elakka

Lavanga Kariampo Lavang Jakaya Jathikka Jaiphal Jaiphal/K athal Abab chini

Jati phala Jathipoo Balamen Thippali asu Lakko sompu

Jawa Valmilagu/Thippili pepperco Tokarmiriyalu /Sinamilagu rn Magambhu/Natch Star athira Anaspuvu Anise jeeragam /Anisu

Takkolam Anasphal

ENGLIS H Black Stone flower Asafoetid a Turmeric

TAMIL Kalpasi Perungayam Manjal

TELUGU Rathi puvvulu Inguva Pasupu

KANN ADA Kalahu Ingu

MALAY ALAM Badal poove Kaayam

HINDI Pathar ka phool Hing Haldi Imli Kesar Gur

Tamarind Puli Saffron Jaggery Kungumapoo Vellam

Arishina Manjal Hunase chinthapandu/chi hannu/ Puli nthakaya Huli Kungum Kungumap Kungumapuvvu adha poo oove Bellamu Bella Sarkkara

Herbs / Leaves English Mint Tamil Pudhina Telugu Kanna da Malayal am Hindi Pudina Dhania Kari patta

Miriyala dravakam/Oka chettu/ Pudina Coriande Kotimer/Kotimir/Kustumb Kothamalli r leaves uru Curry Karuveppil Karepeku/ Karivepaku Leaves ai Pasalai Spinach Pala koora Keerai Fennugr Vendhiya eek Menthi Koora Keerai leaves Amarnat Mulla Mulla thotta Koora h spined Keerai Agathi Agathi Avise leaves Keerai Amarnat Thandu Thotta Koora h Keerai Sorrel Pulicha Gongura leaves Keerai Drumstic Murunga Munnakaya koora k leaves elai Basil Tulasi Tulsi-chettu Indian Vegetables

Merugu/ Putiyina Pudina Kottmbar Kottamalli i Karibevu Kareapela Basala cheera Palak

Menthina Uluva ela Soppu Mulla Dhantu Agase Dantu Pandi Kantewali Chaulai Agathi Cheera

Methi sag

Agasti Chaulai Sag Pitwa Murank a bhaji Tulsi

Gongura ela Nuggeka Muringakay yi a ela Tulasiya Sivatulasi

Engli sh Bringal Others Engli sh Bokch oi

Tamil Kathirikk ai

Telu gu

Kanna da

Malayal am

Hin di

Tamil

Telug u

Kannad a

Malayala m

Hind i

Ramba Illai, is known as Rhempey in Singhala and in North India but more commonly known as Daun Pandan or Pandan Leaf in Malaysia,Philipines,Singapore and Indonesia, in Tamil it is known as Thaazhai or Kehtaki, in Hindi and sanskrit also it is known as Ketaki..commercially available throughout india as Kewra Water, botanical name is Pandanus... its rarely bloomed flower used in Serpent Worhip buy Tamilians known as Thaalampoo. Thalai is not Rambai but as Thalai as both comes under same family and used in South East Asia, Tamil and singhala cooking. Rambai is not originally Tamil word it is in fact borrowed from Malay to singhala and it was introduced to Sri Lanka by the Malays who migrated to Sri Lankan from Polynesia (Malaya, Singapore and Indonesian Islands during the colonial times) Daun Rempai (Malay)>Rembei(singhala)>Rambai(tamil). In authentic Tamil it is known as Ketaki and in Malayalam as Kaitha. (small scrub) Pandanus Amaryllifolius or screwpine leaf known as daun pandan or rempei is known as ketaki (taller scrub or tree) Pandanus fascicularis flower or yelowish fern used similarly like daun pandan gives aroma, is known Thalai (Tamil) Tale Hoovu(Kannadam) Kaitha (Malayalam) Kewra (Hindi) both falls under same Pandanus family Rambai is used for chicken curry. Pak Choi or Bak choi-There are number of varieties, the one with yellow flower is known as Kadugu keerai in Tamil. It means Mustard Leaves.

Scallion or Spring onion is known as Venkaaya Thaal (Tamil) Bean sprouts is known as Paithram Mu'lay (Tamil means green bean sprout) The basil (Ocimum Basilicum) is not tulsi, which we commonly used in the mediterranean cuisines, often everyone make the same mistake, instead the English Basil or Holy Basil or Thai Basil in Tamil it is known as Tiruneetrupatchai or Vibhuthi Pathcai or Tirivagadam, in Kannadam it is known as Vibhuthipathiri. Indian Holy Basil (ocimum tenuiflorum)Tulsi is not as same as the Western Holy Basil (Ocimum Sanctum) Some herbs: Tulasi, thiruneetrupatchai (basil seeds which we use in sorbet), maruwu(majarom), marikolunthu(artemisia pallens). Basil is thiruneetrupatchai and is not tulasi, but that is common mistake which the western botanist makes mistake as the Western Holy Basil is the same as Inidan Holy basil(thulasi- which don't grows in western climate) but both belongs to the same family. We don't use tulasi for culinary purpose apart from rasam, kaachaayam for medicine and for prayers purpose but we use vibhuthupatri/thiruneetrupatchai extensively for cooking such as yogurt, bhaji etc. And widely in western cooking. Its seeds are used for pudding and sorbet, cocktails. Tulasi seeds or leaves aren't used in cooking b'coz it has strong karpura smell. Vibhupathri also used in pooja mainly in Vishnu, Siva and Skanda poojas, mainly during patchai sathral festivals. Gonkura pachadi is not made of Hibiscus Cannabinus instead it is Hibiscus Sabdariffa. Hibiscus Cannabinus is a jute tree not Gonkura Hibiscus Sabdariffa or Sorrel leaves (GONGKURA extensively grown in Guntur dist, and favorite of A.P) what is luffa amara

It is type of ridge gourd and using in medicinal use and it is also calling in hindi nanua and kadavi turai. Its called Red
Sorrel. Ramba ilai is called screw pine leaf otherwise called pandan leaf in Malay. what is " Paprika and cayenne" in tamil? 1. paprica, bell pepper, capsicum are same. In tamil it is called as KUDAI MILAGAI. In European countries paprica refers to bell peppers. 2. Paprica is a spice made from grinding of dried sweet red bell peppers. It is used for seasoning , gives additional flavours to the dishes. 4 more information

Moochai-val beans Chukkakura/Chukkakku - a kind of a sour leaf with a light serrated leaf structure.

What is the English name for Chironji seeds (hindi)/Charpappulu(Telugu) which we use for making gravy and also added in payasam? I think Chironji seed is known as Sunflower Seed in English Chironji / Charoli is called Buchanania, Cheraunji nut tree, Chirauli nut, Cuddapa almond. Here is a link to check about this http://www.plantnames.unimelb.edu.au/Sorting/Buchanania.ht ml It has been named as red leaves in Indian Grocery. The leaves are green in colour and in the middle it is red in colour. Its nothing but Amaranth. (Thandu Keerai) But to be on the safe side check with the store owner, bcos here in US, gongura leaves are sometimes called Red Sorrel and will look similar. Check my gongura recipe for the picture. I want to know what red leaves called in tamil. If you were to mean Red Spinach (Red keerai / Amaranth in US) then its called Thandu Keerai in Tamil and Thotta kura in Telugu.

All purpose, is what they call the plain flour which comes in two types, bleached and unbleached. Only difference between them is bleached white flour (Maida) has got less vitamin E when compared to unbleached. When it comes to Self-raising flour, it has baking powder and salt already mixed in it. Is soda bi-carb and baking soda the same? They are the same What is the Hindi & English translation for "kudampuli". Kudampuli (the fish-curry Kudampuli (the fish-curry tamrind) 'Kudampuli' has no direct translation in Hindi or in English. The botanical name is Garcinia cambodge (the latter part means 'Camboja',

which means 'Cambodia', although the Western Ghats seem to be one of the original habits of the cultivar). Kokum is actually Garcinia indica, a slightly different species. Its called Gambooge / Kokam Its called Gambooge / Kokam / Kokum in Englsih. Others names: Kerala Tamarind, Amsool in Hindi and Marathi, Cikiri / Kotukkaypuli in Tamil. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garcinia Seeweed, samphire aka sea asparagus, brocolli, soya, tofu (soya bean curd or soya panner), tempeh (fermented coarse soya curd), green leafy vegetables(siru Keerai/leaf, Peru K, Kuppai K, Pasalai K, Pannai K, venthaya K, Pachai kova K, Ponnangkani K, Karisilangkanni K, Manathakkali K, Thandu K, Tavasimuligai K, agathi K, Murungai K, kadugu K, Vallarai K, mudakathan K, Thothuvalai K, Perandhai ), okra/vendhaikai/bhindi/lady's finger, sesame, almond are rich in calcium and other minerals. Perandhai is normally used during anthiyasti/sraartham/tvasam...aparakaryam. Use to make a paste chutney/tuvayal/tugayal with the grinding stone just after been fried with the common thalikai/thaalipu If you are a vegetarian, try to add milk, yogurt, cheese, butter, dairy products in your diet to compensate the calcium requirements. If u r vegan or allergic to dairy then use the soya products.

Milk and sprat fish have calcium. Vegetables have minerals and vitamins.

What is sodium benzoate Sodium benzoate is a chemical compound. It is a preservative mainly used for pickles, squash, and other fruit preserved items. You can get in any big stores. It isnt called by a different name in Hindi or any other language. It is called just sodium benzoate. zucchini is called TORIE in hindi.. caraway seeds are ajwain/omam .kalajeera/black

kovakai is gherkins Its called Ivy Gourd what is the english name of chittarathai ? http://www.medicinalplants.in/index.php? searchname=Alpinia&plantid=135#view check google for the pictures http://images.google.com/images?sourceid=navclient&ie=UTF8&rls=GGLJ,GGLJ:2006-35,GGLJ:en&q=Alpinia %20officinarum&oe=UTF-8&um=1&sa=N&tab=wi What is the translation for karunjeeraham(in Tamil)? Is it same as Shahi Jeera? Also known as kala Jeera. Kala Jeera and Shahi Jeera Kala Jeera and Shahi Jeera are two different things. Kala Jeera = Black cumin seeds. Shahi Jeera = Caraway seeds. its something like cucumber, they also call it courgette. Spinach in telugu is palakura and tamarind is chinthapandu/chinthakaya. Bachali koora is different kind of leafy vegetable.