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Y Young Talk is FREE
• Know your rights • Stay in school • Say No to sex Sex Education for primary schools
Vol 13 No 10 Nov - Dec 2010
iolence is any behavior or act that causes harm to someone. Violence can hurt your body and feelings. Sexual violence can be bad touches which can lead to sex and deﬁlement. Boys too can be sexually abused. If any one does it to you, ask for help. Violence can be lies, threats and not keeping promises. Other forms of violence include beating, kicking, pulling, slapping, burning and hitting someone. Violence is common in our homes and community. It leads to death, injury, unhappy families, shame, fear, school dropout, poverty, disability and spread of HIV/Sexually Transmitted Diseases. For example if you are defiled, you can get HIV.
Pupils of Decorous PS, Kawempe sys, It is cool to live in violent free environment
is never right
Be helpful to your parents. Avoid bad friends, says Kevin Aloyo, 14, P6, Pandwong PS, Kitgum
Young Talk travelled to Kitgum and worked with pupils from Kitgum Public PS, Kitgum Prison PS, Centenary PS, Akworo PS, Opette PS and Pandwong PS to collect stories on violence for this Young Talk.
JOURNALIST FOR A DAY:
Congratulations. You did a great job.
Ochola Richard interviewing Aken Brian from Kitgum Public PS
pupil. Have you seen this happen? “In our school some big boys ﬁght the young ones. Others ﬁght on the way home and they injure their friends. One day a boy beat me and I bled through the nose. I reported to the teacher and he was punished. Mugalu Malcon, 14, Wakitaka PS, Jinja If you or your friend is facing violence, report to an adult. Geoffrey Ongom, Officer in charge of Family and Child
SMILING: Issa Kilama, Mulunzi Huzaifa and Olok Benjamin of Walukuba West PS, Jinja.
Protection Unit, Kitgum Police says: Many children report cases of violence to the police. We help them. You too can report. You deserve to be treated with love and care.
Say NO to violence
Violence can be from adults like teachers, parents/guardian, aunt or uncle. It can also be from a pupil to another
Watch out for
it that there is high rate of females Why isHIV than male? a who get Manga George, Moyo Boys, PS. Dear George, HIV knows no sex or age. It gets anyone, whether young or old, male or female. Females face rape and defilement which put them at a higher risk of HIV infection than males. Polygamy in which females suffer more put them at risk of HIV infection more than males. The female organ (vagina) is created in such away that it has a big surface area where the virus enters easily than males. This exposes them to HIV infection more. Dr. James Ojom, Soroti Regional Hospital
Watch out for people who want to touch you in the wrong places like the private parts, those who want to be with you in lonely places or those who visit when your parents are not around.
Such people may want to sexually abuse you.
2 .Young Talk, Nov/Dec 2010
iolence is real. It happens everywhere. Some young talkers have seen it happen and others have experienced violence
Happy pupils of Centenary PS, Kitgum, say no to bad touches
If anyone mentions anything on their behavior, the parents abuse and fight the person. Innocent O, Centenary PS, Kitgum
shouting and beating her. Clara Peace, 15, Kitgum PS Claudia Auma, Opette PS, Kitgum says: Some parents drink alcohol. They use abusive words and fight when children are present. Children copy this from such parents. This is bad. If you come from a family where parents fight, find a non violent family where you can learn good values from. This will help you to develop good behavior and have a more peaceful family in future.
One day my mother went to the market to buy food. She met my aunt who bought her alcohol. She got drunk, returned home late and started beating us. Stephen Otim, 12, P5 Pandwong PS
I stay with my auntie. She gives me a lot of work to do. But what pains me most is that she does not want me to eat food yet I am the one who prepares it. When it is time to eat, she sends me to the bore hole or anywhere far. By the time I come back, I do not find any food. She says that I prepared little food and it got finished. SL, Kitgum Public PS
a lot and comes home late. He does not provide us with basic needs. KA, Pandwong Muslim PS
Some neighbors are quarrelsome. They do not want anyone to talk about their children’s bad behaviour.
My friend has poor parents who cannot give her everything. When she asks for school requirements, the father gets annoyed and starts
After a serious fight with our father, mummy left home. She left us alone with our father. He drinks
Be well behaved
uring this holiday, you can start a garden. It could be a vegetable garden. It can be exciting to harvest food for a family meal from your own garden. Having a garden keeps you busy to avoid bad habits which can lead to getting HIV/AIDS, STDs and unwanted pregnancies. If you have no land, you can plant vegetables in a flying garden. Learn how to make a flying garden:
• Get a tyre and a wooden board or piece of iron sheet. • Place the wooden board or iron sheet inside the tyre. • Pour soil on the board or iron sheet. • You are now ready to plant your onions,tomatoes and cabbages. • Get ropes and tie the tyre on a tree.
Violence is wrong and you have the right to be protected from it. Do not let your behavior be the cause of violence. Some children behave badly this annoys parents/ guardians and leaders. When you make a mistake, apologize. Be a well behaved child. Choose good friends who give you good advice and help you avoid wrong behaviour like stealing. Kitgum District Chairman, John Komakech Did you know that the Local Council 5 (LC5) is the head of the district? All Districts in Uganda have LC5 chairpersons.
Write to us about your garden. Send your letters to Farm Talk, Box 22366 Kampala.
h Dear teachers, keep children alive, safe and learning. Use positive discipline. Correct pupils in a non violent way like asking them to sweep the classroom, fetch water. You could ask their parents to come to wa school and work ways together of disciplining the pupil. Positive discipline creates a friendly teaching and learning environment. Pupils perform better and are more respectful to teachers and fellow pupils. P Kidega, Akworo PS, Kitgum
Flying garden at Bukomero Junior PS, Kiboga
Young Talk, Nov/dec 2010. 3
You can stop violence
id you know that you can stop violence? Some Young Talkers told us how they have stopped bad things from happening to them and their friends.
A you facing violence?
Talk to someone, don’t keep quiet about it.
Edison Kabangira, 12, P6, Centenary PS: Our neighbour mistreats her children. She beats them using a big stick. She burns their fingers. One day I went and reported to the LC1. She was called and warned. She stopped beating the children. Interviewed by Claudia Auma, Opette PS, Kitgum Kevin Ageno, 13, P7, Pandwong PS: I live with my sister. She gives me a lot of work. One day I told her how I feel and how too much work could not allow me to perform well in class. She listened and started giving me work that I could do and also find some time to do my homework. Interviewed by Patrick Ojala, 14, P6, Akworo PS Brian Akena, 13, P7 Kitgum PS, In our village there was a family that was forcing their young daughter into marriage because she was not performing well in class. The girl
JOURNALISTS from Akworo PS, discussing how to stop violence
was my sister’s friend. She told my sister about what was happening to her. My sister told my father and they were reported. The girl was saved from that marriage.
You can find help by calling the following places: ANPPCANN: 0800111222 (Toll free line) Family Protection Unit: 0800199399 or 0714 66 8030 Raising voices: 0414531186
Well done Young Talkers, you did a great job to stop the Violence. You win
KNOW YOUR BODY Breasts
My breasts are too big, and people say it is because of having sex. I am a virgin. Birra A, Mukole PS, Kasese Having big breasts does not mean you are
having sex. People have different sizes of breasts. Whether they are big or small, feel happy and proud about them. Some girls also feel bad that their breasts are small. Who are those people saying those things? What are their reasons for saying that? Are they trying to tell you to have sex? Be tough. Ignore them. Continue being a virgin and studying hard. Report these people to your parents or teachers. Sr
Iyoga Betty, Senior nursing officer, Lira Hospital
H HIV readers are HIV/AIDS t st y books. Ministry of stor E cation and Sports has Edu give g n primary schools thes t e books. Have you read any of these books? r
Tell us the story of the book you read and what you learnt from it? Write to : PO Box 22366, Kampala
Win Exercise Books.
The words below are hidden in the word puzzle: Gangs, Stress, Poverty, Alcoholism, Weak laws, Drug abuse, Disrespect, Inequality, Poor communication Frustration, peer pressure, media inﬂuence, Family background, education, employment, strong laws, sensitisation, good self esteem Look for these words in the puzzle and circle them as shown in the example. Send your answers to: PO Box 22366, Kampala
Young Talk, Nov/Dec 2010
Young Talk Young Talk g l
P.O.Box 22366 Kampala
W Why is it that two black people can produce an p Alibino Child? Chenga Martin, Bubawaya PS, Manafwa Martin, albinism is a condition affecting genes. A gene is what we get from our parents during our formation. It can occur in any race or tribe. An albino lacks a substance (hormone) that gives normal skin, hair and eyes color. Each child has two genes. One gene from the mother and another from the father. If two black parents, each has one albino gene and the other normal. They can give birth to an albino child though the parents are black. Other children maybe not be albinos. W Why is it not good to eat uncooked cassava and u ground nut? Wayia Jane Patience, Lokwa PS, Moyo When you eat uncooked food like cassava or ground-nuts, you may get a stomach pain. Eating uncooked ground nuts may create a bad gas which causes stomach upset. This can make you sick and unable to go to school. Eat well cooked food to avoid disease causing germs. I Is it true that you can get i infected with HIV if you are bitten by a mosquito that has bitten an HIV positive person? Obeny Dan, P6, Awir PS Dear Dan, it is not true. Mosquitoes do not transmit HIV. When a mosquito bites you, it sucks your blood
pull the labia? Nabbanja Fridah, P7, Kinoni Islamic PS, Kampala Dear Fridah. it is not true. Some tribes in Uganda pull their labia and others don’t. But females in those other tribes produce children. Also, during pulling, germs may be introduced into the vagina or injury may take place. So be careful with that. It is advisable to do the pulling yourself and not have someone else pull for you to avoid infection and HIV. Counsellors: Dr Ojom James, Soroti Regional Hospital and Dr Paul Semugoma International Hospital Kampala
Pupils of Young Talk club in Muto PS in Mpigi f district recite a poem on the signs of STDs.
and injects it’s saliva into you. The saliva does not have HIV. The blood it sucks remains in it and does not get into its saliva. I Is it true that a boy’s breasts can grow big like b for a girl, if he does not squeeze them out? Asinze Nasser, 13, Sheehan Standard PS It is not true, Do not squeeze, the breasts, Don’t worry, breasts in boys normally stay for one- year and go away. This is one of the body changes boys experience. it is controlled by hormones. Hormones tell our bodies when and how to grow. During teenage years, most boys grow breasts. However, the sizes of breasts remain small. But if the boys breast grow big, talk to a medical doctor. I Is it true that a girl cannot produce if she does not p
Home Care PS. They sent in 200 letters to Young Talk in August. You win one football and netball.
Star c school sstarhool is Our
All the 200 pupils win exercise books.
Ad vice to AC
In Young Talk August, AC from St Agnes Girl’s PS, Mukono, asked for advice. She said. My parents are forcing me to get married to our neighbour. They say he is rich and they want to get money. I refused and they sent me away from home. What should I do? Dear AC, do not allow to marry that man. Talk to your teacher about it. He /she may talk to your father and he will understand. Adikini Josephine, 10, Busia Boarder PS AC ,your are too young to get married. It is a crime for parents to force their children into marriage. Report to the Police. Nambuya Alayisa, Wabirongo PS, Kayunga That is very sad. Tell your other relative about it. If they don’t support you. Report to the LC. Esesa Grace, Lambaala PS, Luuka Tell your father how you feel. Let him know the dangers of early marriages. Give him Young Talk to read. Pupil, St Anthony Nyenga Girl’s PS, Buikwe We received over 1000 letters advising AC. Thank you. You all win books and Young Talk newspapers.
Marian Baksh, Lugazi Umea PS, Buikwe There are boys who disturb me a lot on the way when I am sent to the shops. I fear telling my parents. What should I do?
Sabra Nakyewa, 13, P7, Kawempe Decorus PS, Kampala: Avoid receiving gifts that you can’t show to your parents
Send your letters of advice to: 22366. Win exercise books and pads.
Talk Foundation 4 Acacia Avenue, Kololo, PO Box 22366, Kampala, Tel: 031-262030/1, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, President: C. Watson Executive Director: S. Ajok Print Director: T. Agutu, Editorial Manager: M. Akello, Editors: P. Kiwuuwa, F Ouma, J. Abongowath, J. Nafula, A. Nanyonjo Chief Designer: M. Kalanzi, Designers: GB. Mukasa, Allan B. Dentine Funded by Civil Society Fund: DANIDA,
DFID, SIDA, IRISH AID, USAID.
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