Teachers, you might be thinking that it is only beating which hurts your pupils.

Stigma and discrimination equally hurts. Make your school stigma free.
Vol. 9 No. 2 October 2010

Kick stigma out of your school
Make learning and teaching fun
ast year, pupils of Kanyatsi Model PS LKasese went to bury in a parent of one of the pupils in the school. At the burial, it was announced that the parent had died of HIV . Mubatsi Nicholas a teacher in this school wrote to Teacher Talk and said: "When food was served, pupils refused to eat. They thought HIV had remained in those plates. Two weeks later, the orphaned pupil returned to school and all the children in his class refused to sit with him." This pupil faced stigma and discrimination. Stigma is discrediting attitudes towards another person or yourself on the basis of some features that are regarded undesirable. To stigmatize is to label someone inferior or feel inferior because of an attribute they have. Discrimination is when some body is treated less fairly than others because of what situation he or she is in. In a school setting, pupils and teachers may be against religious or tribal lines. "Nobody can be entirely independent. School managers, create a free working environment for pupils, teachers, non teaching staff to work as a team. We are talented differently, if you discriminate others, you will miss other peoples talents.”

Stop stigma and discrimination:

• Increase the number of pupils in your school. • Boost your pupils self esteem. • Enjoy teaching. • Reduce dropout rates and increase retention. • Contribute to good performance and grades.

The LC5 chairperson of Bukedea district, Rev Sam Ebukalin flags of a teachers Bicycle race during an Education fare that was held in the district in June this year. Activities like this help teachers to relate well with each other.
stigmatized because they are from a different ethnic group, have disability or an illness such as HIV or because their family has had someone with HIV .

Sports (MoES) Aggrey Kibenge says:
"The Uganda constitution prohibits any form of discrimination and stigma against people. It gives equal opportunity to all rights like education, medical, employment, belief in any religion and others. Stigma and discrimination is caused by ignorance, myths

and misconceptions about HIV ."

The Principal Assistant Secretary Ministry of Education and

Dr Daniel Nkaada, Commissioner for Primary school education, stresses
the importance of accommodating each others to work efficiently. It is wrong to divide people

Dr Nkaada

QUIZ
Conflict resolution
Share with Teacher Talk the kind of conflicts that happen in your schools. How do you deal with conflict among teachers, between teachers and pupils or teachers and the head-teacher in your school. Send

Teacher Talk supports my counseling work
Joy Niwagaba, 43, is a senior woman teacher at St Paul's Community PS, Kasese. In a letter to Teacher Talk Joy say: "I am so grateful to Teacher Talk for supporting my work as a senior woman teacher with valuable messages. I also got a beautiful TShirt when I sent a letter to Teacher Talk."

counseling work. Young Talk also helps pupils make good decisions and stay safe.

your answers to PO BOX 22366, Kampala

Dear Teachers, Young Talk is also a great tool in supporting guidance and

If your school doesn't get Young Talk and Teacher Talk, Write to PO Box 22366, Kampala or send SMS to 077517458

2 Teacher Talk, October 2010

Set up systems to eliminate stigma
ou can a free school setting Ysystemshaveby stigma up and rules to wipe it out. Beatrice Bainomugisha shares useful tips: • Encourage pupils to talk openly and report stigmatising situations. • Involve pupils in identifying the situations. For instance, you could ask them to draw a map to identify places with high levels of stigma in the community. Display this map on the school notice board. • Encourage pupils to draw, dramatize, use poems to show solutions. • Discourage stigmatising words when you hear them, but do it gently. • Involve the parents/care givers to know how stigma presents itself and how to avoid it. MN MN, a teacher of K Kanyatsi Model PS, Kasese, says: P “We have a child living with HIV. When pupils learnt about it, they stopped sharing eats, play or sit near him, thinking n they th would get HIV. This Thi made him cry. We called a trained counsellor who sensitized the school on HIV. We do this every Friday. Discrimination against him stopped. He is now one of the prefects.” Kureeba Chris, Head teacher Ngoma 1, PS, Ntungamo, says: “We sensitize pupils and fellow teachers about HIV/AIDS. For example HIV is not a taboo and not caused by witch craft. Through drawings, pupils can express stigmatising situations

Effects of Stigma
pupils insecure Stigma makessense offeelinto and have no belonging. Sometimes, stigma results violence just like it happened to Zema Dominic a parent in Moyo He says, “My son got burnt when he was a baby. He developed deep scars. Pupils laugh and call him names. They isolated him and he felt bad. He reported to the teacher, but the children continued. One day, he got annoyed and fought boys who laughed at him. They stopped abusing him. The self esteem of stigmatized children and teachers is low. They become withdrawn, depressed, demotivated and may not work hard at their school work. Other effects include: • School drop out. • Absenteeism from school. • Poor class performance to pupils and teachers. • Isolation and self pity • Self neglect.

Pointing fingers increases HIV
Treat people affected and infected with HIV fairly - MoES policy
is usually due to ignorance. HIV related stigma Get your facts on HIV right and live in harmony with people affected with HIV .

Support the affected
In Masindi Model School, teachers supported a colleague when he was unwell. Okecho Alex, a teacher says: “We had a teacher who was HIV positive. He was always sick and absent. He feared to disclose his status. This affected the pupils’ performance. The head teacher reported him to the District Education Office. The community wanted him sacked. Teachers who knew his status encouraged him to disclose. This helped him. Whenever he fell sick, another teacher would take over his classes. His workload was reduced. He was encouraged to get treatment. The teachers' guide on supporting children in the era of HIV and AIDS is a helpful tool for you. It says: • Talk to the affected children and not about them. • Take note of any abnormal reactions to identify children who are being stigmatised. • Explain to children that not all children who are HIV positive get it from sex. There are other modes of transmission. • Help children to discuss sensitive topics like sexuality and death with ease. Read with your pupils the HIV reader on Stigma and discrimination "Lonely Makina". Organise a role play on stigma and discrimination. Ask the pupils to tell you how they would feel if they were discriminated against.

The Education sector HIV/ AIDS workplace policy says MoEs will ensure that no person with HIV/AIDS is treated unfairly in regard to recruitment, appointment, grading, remuneration, employment, assignments, training and dismissal. If a worker harasses an employee who is HIV positive, he/she shall be subjected to strong disciplinary action, which may result into termination.
Mariam Amile, Yumbe Town Council PS, says: “We had an HIV positive teacher. She did not hide while swallowing her ARVs, However some people pointed fingers at her. When you stigmatize people with HIV and their families, you increase their suffering. This leads to denial, shame, loneliness, depression, anger, self pity and alcoholism

Wh When anyone faces stigma, their performance and efficiency deteriorates. If you are being stigmatized, get help.

Talk to someone

Teachers of Bishop Willis, Demonstration PS, Iganga share views. Such moments help teachers to interact and reduces stigma

Talk to your colleagues. Tell them how you feel. • Use a senior teacher to mediate the discussion. • If this does not help, seek help from the head teacher. • If the problem is caused by pupils, talks and activities that promote free interaction between teachers and learners can be of help.

Advise
A teacher in Kasese is concerned. He says: There is a teacher in the nearby school who came from abroad. He is not married but he asked for a girl of 15 years from a neighbouring home to help him. The sad thing is that he sleeps with her on the same bed and she is acting as a wife. What can we do? Write to Teacher Talk, PO BOX, 22366, Kampala

Increase awareness
Schools like Muni PS and Masindi Model School have made efforts to reduce stigma. Opendu Avento, 36, Muni PS Arua says: “We had a pupil living with HIV. Pupils did not want to play or share eats with him. We talked to the pupils about the effects of stigma. Some pupils are now freely interacting with him.”

Give children as much information as possible on HIV

3 Teacher Talk, October 2010

Watch out, your pupil may be on drugs
short exMany pupilsorare tempted by the offer. Mencitement escape that drugs About 20-30% of admission cases to Butabika tal Hospital are due to drug abuse such as alcohol. Majority of these are young people. Most get into drugs due to peer pressure, having wrong role models, curiosity, exposure to drugs. Aboko Brenda, P6, Lira P7 PS says: My friend started drinking alcohol because some of her friends used to drink it. They convinced her to drink a little until she got used. One day, she got drunk and was raped. She became pregnant, stopped school. She can't look after her child. Naigaga Florence a teacher in Lambala PS, Luuka district says: We had boys who used to drink waragi. They were not listening to teachers and abused other pupils. We talked to them and also called their parents. Drugs harm the body and brain. Drug abusers have trouble at school, at home, with friends, or with the law. The chances that someone will commit a crime, be a victim of a crime, or have an accident are higher when that person is abusing drugs. Drugs increase the risk of engaging in unprotected sex, have multiple partners, defilement, rape and cross generational sex. Dr David Basangwa from Butabika Hospital, says: Some affect your ability to make healthy choices and decisions. Kasirye Rogers, Executive Director of Uganda Youth Development Link says you can tell if your pupil is abusing drugs if: • Performance declines or they are constantly absent. • They withdraw from the activities at school. • Have unusual amounts of energy or increased fatigue. • Suddenly they start using freshner or perfume to hide smoke smell. • They are shabby and do not care about their appearance.

Help pupils stop drugs

• Talk to them when they are sober. • Build a good relationship with them pupil. Give them time. Keep encouraging the pupil to leave drugs. • Do not blame or criticise the pupil. • Help the pupil realize the problem. • Find out how long the pupil has been using drugs. This will help you know the magnitude of the problem. • Get the child to talk about the problem. Show the child by word and action that you are ready to help. • Get help from other professionals.

Contact:

UYDEL: 0414530353, Serenity Centre: 0312 298842 and Mental Health Units in district hospitals. Read with your pupils the HIV reader on risky behavior 'Vumi sees it All'. After reading, organise a debate to help pupils identify the dangers of taking drugs

D During the Natio al Teach During National Teachers Day celebrations, President Museveni disagreed on the teachers proposal to reinstate lunch fees in the Universal Primary Education schools in the country. He strongly opposed the idea of government paying for lunch for pupils in UPE schools. However, many schools already have wonderful lunch options.

Quiz:

A teacher in Bukedea looks at one of the PIASCY trees on display during the Education fare held at the district headquarters in June. You can make one for your class or school

Write to Teacher Talk and share with readers how you are addressing the lunch issue for you pupils. Write to

22366, Kampala. Best practices will win prizes.

Protect pupils from abuse - learn from Amina's story

4 Teacher Talk, October 2010
HIV readers are a Thestories onpublishedseries of HIV/AIDS for primary pupils by the Ministry of Education and Sports. They are distributed to schools to scale up the supply of HIV/AIDS prevention materials in all primary schools in Uganda. The series on the HIV reader are interesting and help children to apply the knowledge they get on their day today experiences. In the last issue of Teacher Talk, we asked you to tell us how you are using the reader in your schools. Twenty of you wrote and told us your stories. Thank you for the beautiful letters. Each of you wins a Teacher Talk diary for 2011. Marahi Yofesi, Lhuhiri PS, Kasese says: Every Thursday between 3:00pm - 4:00pm pupils and staff meet in small groups. The teacher reads the book while the children listen. The children then ask questions and the teachers answer. A discussion then follows on what the book says. Children also borrow the HIV readers, read from home and return after reading. "The HIV readers have helped our children to like and help people living

Using the HIV readers to equip pupils with survival skills
with HIV They have reduced stigma . a n d discrimination among pupils." Nakityo Evelyne, Ngasire PS, Kapchorwa. Wandera Jane, Deputy head teacher Kyanjuki PS in Kilembe says the HIV readers have helped her pupils learn to read and write. She adds: Every Friday, I use these books to pass on messages on HIV/ AIDS. This helps pupils to understand risks that can expose them to HIV. The same message is repeated at the assembly on Monday morning. This helps our pupils to keep alert all the time. In Nakanyonyi PS, Jinja, teacher Mirembe Susan says: The HIV readers are given out by the library teacher to pupils and teachers to read. When the books are read in class, a pupil is called to recall the story and each pupil gives a lesson they have learnt from the story. Pupils with related stories are given the opportunity to tell their stories.

Science corner:
Dr Zainab Akol, Programme Manager, STDs /AIDS Control Programmes, Ministry of Health, says:
"PEP are ARVs given to someone in emergency like rape and accidents, to prevent HIV infection. You need to take PEP within 72 hours, (3 days) of exposure. The earlier, the better. PEP is given to a person who has been raped, a care taker or a

Ministry of Health advises

PEP
health worker who accidentally gets pricked (pierced) by contaminated sharp objects or come into contact with fluids like blood, semen or vaginal fluids of an HIV infected person. It may fail to work if you don't get treatment within 72 hours. The number of weeks one swallows PEP depends on the risk. If a girl is raped

and an HIV test shows that the rapist doesn't have HIV she , will be given PEP for about two months. Dr Akol warns: " Don't simply go for unprotected sex, and say I will use PEP to protect my self. If misused, it may not work for you and other people. The virus will become resistant. It may damage your body organs like the liver and kidney."

News briefs:
President Yoweri Museveni has said that government is willing to gradually increase the teachers salaries and improve their accommodation. But he added that this would depend on circumstances because there were other social services which need the government's attention. Museveni was responding to the teachers' request for a pay rise during the World Teachers’ day celebrations on 5th October, 2010 at Lugogo Cricket ground. The Uganda National Teachers Union (UNATU) has applied to the ministry for ICT for teachers’ laptops. Laptops are a teaching tool, if loaded with electronic books and research topics. To get one: • Register with any UNATU branch near by or UNATU headquarters. • Show proof of membership • show proof of being on government pay roll by producing a pay slip.

Teachers ask for pay rise

Laptops for teachers

Get for your pupils Young Talk
Dear head-teachers and teachers,
we appreciate the wonderful work you do picking Young Talk copies for your pupils. Young Talk helps pupils stay safe. To make your work better: •Make a time table when pupils should read Young Talk. •Reserve at least 2 copies in the file for teacher’s references. •Read and discuss in groups.

Presidential Initiative on AIDS Strategy for Communication to Youth (PIASCY)

PLOT 4 Acacia Avenue, Kololo, P O. Box 22366, Tel: 03122622031 Kampala (U), Fax: 534858, E. mail: strtalk@imul.com, strtalk@straight-talk.or ug, President: C Watson, Executive Director S Ajok Print Director:T. Agutu, Editorial manager: M. Akello Editor: J. Abongowath , Designer: Gb. mukasa, M.eB Kalanzi Printer: The New Vision, Illustrator: S Mulyanga, Teacher Talk is funded by USAID through UNITY/MoES

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