Overview of grid types Balakrishnan Introduction

Introduction

Overview of grid types
N. Balakrishnan
Associate Professor Computational Aerodynamics Laboratory Department of Aerospace Engineering Indian Institute of Science Bangalore–560012, India

Grid types
Grid types

Case studies
Case studies

Outline of presentation
Overview of grid types Balakrishnan Introduction
Introduction

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Grid types
Grid types

Introduction Introduction Grid types Grid types Case studies Case studies

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Case studies

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Outline of presentation
Overview of grid types Balakrishnan Introduction
Introduction

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Grid types
Grid types

Introduction Introduction Grid types Grid types Case studies Case studies

Case studies
Case studies

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Introduction
Overview of grid types Balakrishnan Introduction
Introduction

Importance Grid generation is one of the most important step in a CFD process. The quality of CFD solution greatly depends on grid quality. It is also a major factor contributing to long turn around time for CFD simulations. Type of grids: Structured, Unstructured and Cartesian. Grid free or mesh free methods are also gaining popularity.

Grid types
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Case studies

Grid requirement for turbulent flow
Overview of grid types Balakrishnan Introduction
Introduction

Gridding guidelines First grid point near the body should be placed at a distance to ensure average y + ≤ 1. Viscous grid spacing calculator based on Re∞ and Lref can be used for estimating the normal spacing in a viscous CFD grid. (e.g. http://geolab.larc.nasa.gov/APPS/YPlus/#REN) Typically about 30 layers can be placed in boundary layer padding around the body. The growth rate used in boundary layer padding should be less than or equal to 1.2.

Grid types
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Case studies

Grid requirement continued
Overview of grid types Balakrishnan Introduction
Introduction

Gridding guidelines Sufficient care should taken to ensure smooth transition of the cell size from boundary layer padding around the body to outer region. Grid resolution in the outer region should be dense to capture flow gradients. Placement of farfield boundary should be sufficiently away from the body (usually about 50–150 times the body characteristics length).

Grid types
Grid types

Case studies
Case studies

Outline of presentation
Overview of grid types Balakrishnan Introduction
Introduction

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Grid types
Grid types

Introduction Introduction Grid types Grid types Case studies Case studies

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Structured grid
Overview of grid types Balakrishnan Introduction
Introduction

Very effective for simple geometries. Accurate solutions are obtained even when used in conjunction with unstructured data based flow solvers. Complex geometries: time consuming and laborious.

Grid types
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Case studies

Unstructured grid
Overview of grid types Balakrishnan Introduction
Introduction

Offers ease in grid generation for complex geometries. Hybrid unstructured grid: Structured padding near the body and unstructured mesh elsewhere. Solution based grid refinement for improving accuracy.

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Case studies

Cartesian grid
Overview of grid types Balakrishnan Introduction
Introduction

Offers automation in grid generation. Difficulty: cut cell treatment near the body. Turbulent simulations: Hybrid grid with structured padding near the body and Cartesian grid elsewhere.

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Case studies

Point distribution for meshless solver
Overview of grid types Balakrishnan Introduction
Introduction

Requires merely the point distribution for solution update. Use of generalized finite difference method. Method of least squares for discretizing the spatial derivatives.

Grid types
Grid types

Case studies
Case studies

Outline of presentation
Overview of grid types Balakrishnan Introduction
Introduction

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Grid types
Grid types

Introduction Introduction Grid types Grid types Case studies Case studies

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Fourth Drag Prediction Workshop (DPW4)
Overview of grid types Balakrishnan Introduction
Introduction

DPW4 Focus: Blind drag prediction accuracy Configuration: Common Research Model Typical grid size: 58 million cells Computing platform: IBM Blue Gene, SERC, IISc Number of compute nodes used: 1024

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DPW4: Grid convergence study
Comparison of integrated coefficients
Overview of grid types Balakrishnan Introduction
Introduction

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Drag coefficient

Moment coefficient

First AIAA High Lift Prediction Workshop
HiLiftPW1
Overview of grid types Balakrishnan Introduction
Introduction

Focus of workshop: To evaluate accuracy of RANS codes to predict high lift flows Configuration: NASA Trap Wing Typical grid size: 63 million HPC platform: IBM Bluegene Number of compute nodes used: 1024

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HiLiftPW1: Grid convergence study
Comparison of integrated coefficients
Overview of grid types Balakrishnan Introduction
Introduction

Grid types
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Case studies

Regional Transport Aircraft (RTA) computations
Overview of grid types Balakrishnan Introduction
Introduction

Computational details Typical grid size: 80 million cells Computing platform: SGI Altix system, NAL Number of processors used: 188 Processor hours used ∼ 221108 (approx. 25 years)

Grid types
Grid types

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Case studies

Thank you
Overview of grid types Balakrishnan Introduction
Introduction

Grid types
Grid types

Case studies
Case studies

Thank you

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