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Jablonski October 21st, 2010 University Writing
³Common Symbols Associated with the LGBTQA Community.´ Glacuho.org. Rainbow Resource Centre. N.d. Web. 21 October 2010
This website also describes the history of many symbols of the LGBT movement. This website, however, goes into more detail about each symbol than any other website I have found. The sponsoring organization, The Rainbow Resource Centre, is also a notfor-profit community organization with a mission of service to the LGBT community, opposed to being a commercial organization. Armstrong, Elizabeth A. and Susanna M. Crage. ³Movements and Memory: The Making of the Stonewall Myth.´ American Sociological Review. 71.5 (October, 2006). 724-751. JSTOR. Web. 12 October 2010.
This source directly relates to my topic of collective memory and symbology in the LGBT community as the Stonewall Riot was a watershed moment in the gay liberation movement. Modern LGBT history is often divided up into two seconds: before Stonewall and after Stonewall, so this article directly relates to the topic. It was also found in the American Sociological Review, a well-respected journal in the field of sociology. Donzel, Maxime. ³Meeting the Last Known Pink Triangle.´ Huffpost World. Huffington Post, 20 Oct. 2010. Web. 28 Oct. 2010. This article discusses the author¶s experience meeting the last known gay survivor of the Holocaust. It begins by discussing the importance of the LGBT community knowing it¶s own history, a history that is hardly taught in schools or at home by parents. A major part of that history is the LGBT victims of the Holocaust and how it helped to shape LGBT identity and further the movement for equal rights.
Franklin, Stacey. ³Triangles, lambdas and flags, oh my!´ Q-NOTES. 15:6 (2000). 14-15. Gender Studies Database. Web. 12 October 2010.
This article describes the history of certain symbols and their relevance to the LGBT community. The history and significance of symbols such as the rainbow pride flag and the meaning behind each color is discussed as well as the meanings of other symbols such as the lambda and the pink triangle. Other symbols relating to gender identity and their ties to the LGBT community are also discussed. Hope, Allison. ³Will There Ever Be a Post-Gay Identity?´ Change.org. N.p. 8 September 2010. Web. 21 October 2010.
The article on this website discusses the identity of LGBT people and how it is changing and has changed over the years. It uses Iceland as an example of changing identity since they have recently legalized same-sex marriage. The author, Allison Hope, is a regular contributor to the website Change.org, a not-for-profit organization which writes exclusively about social issues and social change. Jensen, Erik N. ³The Pink Triangle and Political Consciousness: Gays, Lesbians and the Memory of Nazi Persecution.´ Journal of the History of Sexuality. 11.1 (2002). 319-349. JSTOR. Web. 12 October 2010.
In the LGBT community today, many are unaware of the significance of the pink triangle and what the symbol means for the LGBT community and for it¶s collective memory. This article tells of the history behind the symbol and its relevance to the collective memory of the LGBT community. It also tells of the divergence of the meaning in today¶s culture. Lazar, Shira. ³Dan Savage: Gay Teens Need to Know It Gets Better.´ Huffpost Impact. Huffington Post, 15 Oct. 2010. Web. 28 Oct. 2010.
This article deals with the recent viral video campaign, the ³It Gets Better´ Project, started by advice columnist and gay rights activist Dan Savage. This article is relevant because of the recent surge in LGBT youth suicides, which have arisen due to bullying in schools and in communities. The recent suicides highlight the fact that the LGBT struggle is still raging on and the victims of this struggle are getting younger and younger, feeling that their lives will be forever difficult and depressing simply because they are gay.
Mann, Nicole. ³The µIt Gets Better¶ Project.´ Notes by Nicole. R&M Political Group, 28 Oct. 2010. Web. 28 Oct. 2010. This article highlights the recent ³It Gets Better´ project and the influence it has had as a viral video campaign and the size to which it has grown in only a few short weeks. The author also questions the motives of high profile celebrities and politicians who have gotten involved with the movement, especially because many Democratic politicians have posted videos for the campaign so close to midterm elections. Marcus, Eric. Making Gay History:The Half Century Fight for Lesbian and Gay Equal Rights. New York: Perennial, 2002. Print.
This book details the history of the LGBT struggle for equal rights from 1950 until 2002, when it was published. It depicts the liberation movement, the AIDS struggle and more issues and does so in chronological order, starting in 1950 and ending around 2001. The author, Eric Marcus, is a non-fiction writer with a masters degree from Columbia University¶s School of Journalism and has published numerous books on several topics ranging from LGBT rights to the Olympics.
Meem, Deborah T, Jonathan Alexander, Michelle Gibson. Finding Out: An Introduction to LGBT Studies. Los Angeles: Sage, 2010. Print
This book presents an introduction to LGBT history, spanning from antiquity to today. It continues to discuss how an LGBT identity came to form, giving particular emphasis on the Stonewall Riots. The head author, Deborah Meek, is the head of the Women¶s, Gender and Sexuality Studies and an English professor specializing in Victorian literature and lesbian studies at the University of Cincinnati who has had numerous publications in many well-respected journals such as the Journal of the History of Sexuality.
Nardi, Peter M. and Nancy E. Stoller. ³´Fruits,´ ³Fags,´ and ³Dykes´: The Portrayal of Gay/Lesbian Identity in ³Nance´ Jokes of the µ50s and µ60s.´ Journal of Homosexuality. 55:3 (2008). 388-411. Gender Studies Database. Web. 12 October 2010.
This article depicts the perceived identity of gay and lesbian people in the 1950s and 1960s by heterosexual comics telling jokes based on assumptions of LGBT persons. Rarely were these jokes about political issues but rather about the perceived culture of gays and lesbians. This article also depicts the assumptions held by Americans during this time period of gays and lesbians. Panter, Brandi. ³Students Call for Greater Sensitivity to Diversity.´ The Daily Beacon. UT Daily Beacon, 11 Oct. 2010. Web. 28 Oct. 2010.
I chose this article because it was a direct response to the suicide of gay teenager Tyler Clementi at Rutgers University and discusses how students at the university have been calling for greater sensitivity to LGBT issues, especially since October is LGBT History Month and hosts events such as National Coming Out Day. The fact that college students have started to demand greater sensitivity to LGBT issues and to the LGBT community shows the changing attitudes in population and shows how the younger demographic of people are shifting from the views of earlier generations regardless of their sexual orientation. Riffenburg, Charles Edward. ³Symbols of the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Movements.´ Lambda.org. N.p. 26 December 2004. Web. 21 October 2010.
This source discusses the history and meaning of several symbols directly related to the LGBT movement. It describes not only symbols of sexuality but also of gender identification. It is also an Organization website, opposed to a commercial website and includes a lengthy bibliography at the end. Stein, Marc. Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender History in America. New York: Scribner¶s Sons/Thompson/Gale, 2004. Print.
This encyclopedia has been authored by several community-based academics and researchers and contains about 550 articles. These articles range from workplace equality movements to family issues to federal policy and law. The editor in chief, Marc Stein, is a professor of history, women¶s studies and sexuality studies at York University in Toronto who, in addition to this book, has had several other articles and books published on similar topics. Wolf, Sherry. Sexuality and Socialism: History, Politics, and Theory of LGBT Liberation. Chicago: Haymarket, 2009. Print.
This book begins with discussing the roots of LGBT oppression and how through that oppression an LGBT identity began to take root. It continues on to discuss the shaping of the gay liberation movement and its relation to politics, especially Marxism and socialism. The author, Shelly Wolf, is a well known LGBT and socialist activist who has published several well respected journals in the past. Wright, Lionel. ³The Stonewall Riots ± 1969 ± A Turning Point in the Struggle for Gay and Lesbian Liberation.´ SocialistAlternative.org. The Socialist Alternative. 1 July 1991. Web. 21 October 2010.
This website features an article exclusively about the Stonewall Riots of 1969. It discusses not only the history of the riots but also the aftermath and how it launched the LGBT rights movement and was the birth of activism in the gay rights movement. The website is also a non-commercial website that is updated regularly.
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