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It was here in 1851 that George Townsend put up his needle-making mill, which he named Givry Works. But it wasn’t until his passing away that his son, George Jr. and his half-brother brought into Givry Works one of the first 'boneshakers' – a crude cycle. It had a backbone of iron, with wooden wheels, iron tyres and pedals of triangular pieces of wood! Though the bike was a source of some amusement, George and his team felt they could easily improve on it. The earliest modern safety bicycle with two wheels of equal size had appeared in about 1880. All manufacturers were trying their hand at this new venture. So was George Townsend Jr. By luck, he chanced upon an invention in his neighborhood – a saddle that only used one length of wire in the two springs and in the framework. This was adopted, patented and marketed as the 'Townsend Cyclists Saddle & Spring'. He had entered the bicycle parts trade! From bicycle parts, Townsend slowly moved on to producing bicycles himself. He was also supplying a wide range of parts to other manufacturers - Givry Works was growing rapidly. Over the next three years he developed his own range of over two-dozen machines. Each machine, known locally as the 'Townsend cycle' was reputed for its sturdy frame, a character that all Enfield bikes would follow.
Top of Form
1851 – 1890
EVOLUTION OF ROYAL ENFIELD
1891 – 1900
THE COMING INTO BEING
1910 MOTORCYCLES ○ 1911 .1920 THE ROYAL ENFIELD BIKES ○ 1921 .1930 THE INTERWAR YEARS ○ 1931 .○ 1900 .1940 ESTABLISHING BULLET .
.. THREE! ○ 1971 . NO.1980 ALL THAT ENFIELD'S ISN'T A BULLET .1950 POST WAR BULLETS ○ 1951 .1960 A TALE OF TWO CITIES ○ 1961 .1970 A TALE OF TWO CITIES.○ 1941 .
○ 1981 .2010 ROYAL ENFIELD • THE COMING INTO BEING (1891 – 1900) 1891 A Little Trouble .2000 ENFIELD BECOMES ROYAL ENFIELD ○ 2001 .1990 TOUGH TIMES AHEAD ○ 1991 .
5 hp engine. The following year the firm was re-christened ‘The Eadie Manufacturing Company Limited’. although it had its share of troubles and breakdowns. R. The Enfield vehicle was awarded the silver medal. Enfield 2 speed hub and the well known Eadie Coaster. Albert Eadie got a lucrative contract to supply precision rifle parts to the Royal Small Arms Factory in Enfield. About then. It was available in both tricycle and quadricycle form. powered by a De Dion 1. . Smith. So Townsend parted ways with the financiers leaving the company to them. Smith built himself a quadricycle – a simple bike with four wheels and a French engine placed under the saddle between the rear wheels. Then in 1893 the Royal Enfield trademark ‘Made Like a Gun’ appeared. solid tyres. W. the Enfield bikes were announced to the public. Sports and Racing range. the ‘Enfield’ 1892 Kick Starting Royal Enfield A new company was created to market these new design bicycles called ‘The Enfield Manufacturing Company Limited’. Then came the ‘Riche Model’ with more refined fittings. The financiers then brought in Albert Eadie and R.000-miles road trial of 1900 organised by the Automobile Club of Great Britain and Ireland. producing run-of-the-mill conventional cycles of the Roadster. the Hyde Freewheel. 1897 Quadricycles In 1897. In 1899 the first mechanical vehicle was advertised by Enfield Cycle Company. By October 1892. During the next two years several developments were made. The following year the word Royal (after the Royal Small Arms Company) was added and thus Royal Enfield began. Soon after. Unfortunately. Britain was caught up in a patriotic fervor and the slogan caught the spirit of the time. an Enfield quadricycle completed the 1. Middlesex.W. the cycle industry was still headquartered at Redditch. they didn’t quite see eye to eye. Eadie and Smith decided to call the first new design of bicycle. block chains and heavy cross frames had by then given way to Diamond frames.Townsend got himself into a bit of financial trouble in about 1890 and called in some financiers from Birmingham. To celebrate the contract. They took control of Townsend’s in November 1891. By 1907. The high wheels.
In 2013.com/pqdweb? index=1&did=1507993591&SrchMode=1&sid=8&Fmt=6&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD&R QT=309&VName=PQD&TS=1283232573&clientId=66785 .6% over the 2008–2013 period. with a value of $27.umi. with a CAGR of 11. China is expected to lead the Top 5 emerging nations.com/pqdweb? index=56&did=1231563741&SrchMode=1&sid=5&Fmt=6&VInst=PROD&VType=PQD& RQT=309&VName=PQD&TS=1283232180&clientId=66785 http://proquest.1 billion in 2013 http://proquest.umi. the market is forecast to have a value of $59 billion.