To Whom It May Concern
This is to certify that the Project report entitled “ONLINE RAILWAY RESERVATION SYSTEM” is submitted to IETE in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of the degree of, BACHELOR OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, is an original work carried out by Apu Dey with University roll number 08142001025,Aritra Banerjee with University roll no 08142001030,Jit Saha ,with university roll no 08142001018,Rahul Paul with university roll number 08142001029,Suman Das with University roll no 08142001036 and Subho Sen with University roll no 09142001063,under the guidance of Mainak Basu Roy. The matter in this project is a genuine work done by the student and has not been submitted elsewhere of any course of study.

________________________ Mainak Basu Roy Industry Seal and Signature



Mere going through books and doing some homework is not sufficient. We wish to get a total command over a subject or topic. For this purpose project work is very important. The project web application which we are the developer- are about to propose deals with Online Railway Reservation. The project report contains an overall description of the developed software. The description contains almost all the modules that we the developers have made and also indicates their functionality and how to use them. They are basically so user-friendly that a novice can use it very easily. This project description is described with most of the basic things step by step like what configuration and which software we use to make this project, the necessity of developing the project , the technology it use and also the complete description of the modules along with the screenshots . I owe a great many thanks to many great people who helped and supported me during the project.

5 First. We would be grateful to them if they forgive us for our mistakes and help us to rectify them by filling up the provided feedback form. Without whose guidance and moral support developing such software would have been only a dream with no real existence. He has taken pain to go through the project and make necessary correction as and when needed. Last but not the least we would like to thank the reader for bearing with us. . We are really grateful to you. I express my thanks to the Principal of MEGHNAD SAHA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY. Thank you sir. we would like to give our deepest thanks to our Lecturer or guide Mainak Basu Roy for guiding and correcting various documents of mine with attention and care. Thanking you. Kolkata for extending his support. We believe that the honour of thanks should also be given to WBUT (West Bengal University of Technology) for introducing the concept of project work in our syllabus without which the idea of doing it wouldn’t have come to our mind. Then we would like to thank IETE Campus for allowing us to do this project under their guidance and for providing us with such an excellent teacher.


Proper comments have been given at desired locations to make the project user friendly. Various functions and structures are used to make a complete use of this language. Thos project is well versed with the programming . Railway reservation can easily accompanied with the help of this. This project is developed in ASP.7 INTRODUCTION This project introduces railway reservation system . It explains how reservation is being done in Indian Railways .NET platform . . The step by step procedure is explained . Almost all the header files have been used in this project.

it’s outdated to rationalize your mistake.8 PROPOSED SYSTEM Today one cannot afford to rely on the fallible human beings of be really wants to stand against today’s merciless competition where not to wise saying “to err is human” no longer valid. now it’s an age of computers of and automating such an organization gives the better look. Software has been an ascent in atomization various organizations. Data management initially had to maintain a lot of ledgers and a lot of paper work has to be done but now software product on this organization has made their work faster and easier. This prevents a lot of time and money. Many software products working are now in markets. to keep pace with time. The work becomes fully automated and any information regarding the organization can be obtained by clicking the button. . which have helped in making the organizations work easier and efficiently. Moreover. One has to use the data management software. So. to bring about the best result without malfunctioning and greater efficiency so to replace the unending heaps of flies with a much sophisticated hard disk of the computer. Now only this software has to be loaded on the computer and work can be done.

Segmenting projects allows managers to verify the successful completion of project phases before allocating resources to subsequent phases. the phases may be divided differently depending on the organization involved. or initiation.9 SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE The systems development life cycle is a project management technique that divides complex projects into smaller. requirements-definition. End users of the system under development should be involved in reviewing the output . development. Software development projects typically include initiation. concept-development. and planning phases. and planning phases. implementation. and maintenance phases. initial project activities might be designated as request. more easily managed segments or phases. design. planning. For example. testing. However.

PHASES CYCLE OF SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT LIFE Initiation Phase The Initiation Phase begins when a business sponsor identifies a need or an opportunity. The purpose of the Initiation Phase is to: .10 of each phase to ensure the system is being built to deliver the needed functionality.

or correct a system is identified and formally requested through the presentation of a business case. identify expected benefits. • Identify significant assumptions and constraints on solutions to that need.e. describe a proposal’s purpose. and explain how the proposed system supports one of the organization’s business strategies. The business case should also identify alternative solutions and detail as .11 • Identify and validate an opportunity to improve business accomplishments of the organization or a deficiency related to a business need. at a minimum. Careful oversight is required to ensure projects support strategic business objectives and resources are effectively implemented into an organization's enterprise architecture. The business case should. • Recommend the exploration of alternative concepts and methods to satisfy the need including questioning the need for technology.. i. improve. The Sponsor designates a Project Manager and the business need is documented in a Concept Proposal. The initiation phase begins when an opportunity to add. A successful Concept Proposal results in a Project Management Charter which outlines the authority of the project manager to begin the project. The Concept Proposal includes information about the business process and the relationship to the Agency/Organization Infrastructure and the Strategic Plan. will a change in the business process offer a solution? • Assure executive business and executive technical sponsorship.

System Concept Development Phase The System Concept Development Phase begins after a business need or opportunity is validated by the Agency/Organization Program Leadership and the Agency/Organization CIO. The purpose of the System Concept Development Phase is to: • Determine the feasibility and appropriateness of the alternatives. • Identify basic functional and data requirements to satisfy the business need.12 many informational. • Evaluate costs and benefits of alternative approaches to satisfy the basic functional requirements • Assess project risks • Identify and initiate risk mitigation actions. and a concept of operations. as and network possible. and • Develop high-level technical architecture. • Identify system interfaces. It may include . data models. This phase explores potential technical solutions within the context of the business need. objectives. identify goals. critical success factors. • Establish system boundaries. requirement functional. process models. and performance measures.

Construction of executable prototypes is encouraged to evaluate technology to support the business process. PICTORIAL REPRESENTATION OF SDLC:- . The System Boundary Document serves as an important reference document to support the Information Technology Project Request (ITPR) process. or the decision to use an incremental delivery versus a complete. The ITPR must be approved by the State CIO before the project can move forward. one-time deployment.13 several trade-off decisions such as the decision to use COTS software products as opposed to developing custom software or reusing software components.

14 Planning Phase .

system security. audit. A Project Management Plan is created with components related to acquisition planning. particularly in the early stages of a project. and maintenance projects. Personnel assignments. design. tools. Project plans refine the information gathered during the initiation phase by further identifying the specific activities and resources required to complete a project.15 The planning phase is the most critical step in completing development. and network requirements as possible. . configuration management planning. tasks. Careful planning. and network personnel to identify and document as many functional. and systems engineering management planning. acquisition. is necessary to coordinate activities and manage project risks effectively. verification and validation. quality assurance planning. A critical part of a project manager’s job is to coordinate discussions between user. project schedule. concept of operations. development. project schedules. security. security. During this phase. and target dates are established. The depth and formality of project plans should be commensurate with the characteristics and risks of a given project. costs. resources. a plan is developed that documents the approach to be used and includes a discussion of methods. and user input.

e. . what information is generated. It also delineates the requirements in terms of data. outputs. They need to be measurable. and maintainability requirements for the system. and relate to the business need or opportunity identified in the Initiation Phase. System Concept. where does the information go.16 Requirements Analysis Phase This phase formally defines the detailed functional user requirements using high-level requirements identified in the Initiation. and Planning phases. system performance. testable. who generates it. security. • Complete business process reengineering of the functions to be supported (i.. and who processes it). The requirements that will be used to determine acceptance of the system are captured in the Test and Evaluation Master Plan. verify what information drives the business process. The purposes of this phase are to: • Further define and refine the functional and data requirements and document them in the Requirements Document. The requirements are defined in this phase to a level of detail sufficient for systems design to proceed. and the process. • Develop detailed data and process models (system inputs.

Program designs are constructed in various ways. Using a top-down approach. then expand design layouts as they identify and link larger systems and connections. then expand design layouts as they identify and link smaller subsystems and connections.17 • Develop the test and evaluation requirements that will be used to determine acceptable system performance. designers first identify and link major program components and interfaces. designers first identify and link minor program components and interfaces. and network requirements identified during the initiation and planning phases into unified design specifications that developers use to script programs during the development phase. Contemporary design techniques often use prototyping tools that build mock-up designs of items . functional. Using a bottomup approach. Design Phase The design phase involves converting the informational.

• Defining major subsystems and their inputs and outputs. designers. security. developers. Once these documents have been approved by the Agency CIO and Business Sponsor. • Developing a conversion plan to migrate current data to the new system. a variety of elements are considered in the design to mitigate risk. These include: • Identifying potential risks and defining mitigating design features. the final System . database managers.18 such as application screens. and system architectures. Audit. Since problems in the design phase could be very expensive to solve in the later stage of the software development. Everything requiring user input or approval is documented and reviewed by the user. and quality assurance personnel should be involved in the review and approval process. • Allocating processes to resources. database layouts. • Determining the operating environment. and network administrators should review and refine the prototyped designs in an iterative process until they agree on an acceptable design. The result is a draft System Design Document which captures the preliminary design for the system. the system is designed to satisfy the functional requirements identified in the previous phase. • Preparing detailed logic specifications for each software module. • Performing a security risk assessment. End users. During this phase.

Programmers use various techniques to develop computer programs. Development Phase The development phase involves converting design specifications into executable programs. This document receives a rigorous review by Agency technical and functional representatives to ensure that it satisfies the business requirements.19 Design Document is created to serve as the Critical/Detailed Design for the system. and the Training Plan. the Agency Project Manager begins development of the Implementation Plan. Effective development standards include requirements that programmers and other project participants discuss design specifications before programming begins. Concurrent with the development of the system design. Operations and Maintenance Manual. Procedural programming . The large transaction-oriented programs associated with financial institutions have traditionally been developed using procedural programming techniques. The procedures help ensure programmers clearly understand program designs and functional requirements.

Multiple levels of testing are performed.20 involves the line-by-line scripting of logical instructions that are combined to form a program. with those responsible for quality assurance. The Development phase consists of: • Translating the detailed requirements and design into system components. • Preparing for integration and testing of the IT system. validates that the functional requirements. The user. Effective completion of the previous stages is a key factor in the success of the Development phase. security. system. including: . as defined in the functional requirements document. OIT Security staff assess the system security and issue a security certification and accreditation prior to installation/implementation. • Testing individual elements (units) for usability. Integration Phase and Test Subsystem integration. and user acceptance testing is conducted during the integration and test phase. are satisfied by the developed or modified system.

System performance is compared to performance objectives established during the planning phase. a final Independent Verification & Validation evaluation is performed and all documentation is reviewed and accepted prior to acceptance of the system. the system is installed to support the intended business functions. user training. In this phase. . installation of software onto production computers. and integration of the system into daily work processes. installation of hardware.21 • Testing at the development facility by the contractor and possibly supported by end users • Testing as a deployed system with end users working together with contract personnel • Operational testing by the end user alone performing all functions. Implementation Phase This phase is initiated after the system has been tested and accepted by the user. Implementation includes user notification. Requirements are traced throughout testing.

 Conduct periodic assessments of the system to ensure the functional requirement continue to satisfy.22 This phase continues until the system is operating in production in accordance with the defined user requirements.  Determine when the system needs to be modernized or replaced.  Testing . The system is monitored for continued performance in accordance with user requirements and needed system modifications are incorporated. and enhance the system. The purpose of this phase is to: Operate.  Certify that the system can process sensitive information. the system may reenter the planning phase. maintain. Operations and Maintenance Phase The system operation is ongoing. Operations continue as long as the system can be effectively adapted to respond to the organization’s needs. When modifications or changes are identified.

but are not limited to. Software Testing. can be implemented at any time in the development process. depending on the testing method employed. so that it works as expected and can be implemented with the same characteristics. These two approaches are used to describe the point of view that a test engineer takes when designing test cases. with respect to the context in which it is intended to operate. Black box testing Black box testing treats the software as a "black box." without any knowledge of internal implementation. independent view of the software to allow the business to appreciate and understand the risks at implementation of the software. It can also be stated as the process of validating and verifying that a software program/application/product meets the business and technical requirements that guided its design and development. . Testing methods Software testing methods are traditionally divided into black box testing and white box testing. however the most test effort is employed after the requirements have been defined and coding process has been completed. the process of executing a program or application with the intent of finding software bugs. Software Testing also provides an objective.23 Software Testing is an empirical investigation conducted to provide stakeholders with information about the quality of the product or service under test[1] . Test techniques include.

black box testing has been said to be "like a walk in a dark labyrinth without a flashlight. but it is insufficient to guard against certain risks Advantages and disadvantages The black box tester has no "bonds" with the code." black box testers find bugs where programmers don't. This level of testing usually requires thorough test cases to be provided to the tester. the tester inputs data into. the test object. either "is" or "is not" the same as the expected value specified in the test case. Using the principle. "Ask and you shall receive. and a tester's perception is very simple: a code must have bugs. boundary value analysis. model-based testing. the output value (or behavior). who then can simply verify that for a given input.24 Black box testing methods include: equivalence partitioning. on the other hand. all-pairs testing. Specification-based testing Specification-based testing aims to test the functionality of software according to the applicable requirements. But. traceability matrix. Specification-based testing is necessary." because the tester doesn't know how the . exploratory testing and specification-based testing. fuzz testing.[16] Thus. and only sees the output from.

• static testing . Therefore. • mutation testing methods.creating tests to satisfy some criteria of code coverage. black box testing has the advantage of "an unaffiliated opinion." on the one hand." on the other. and the disadvantage of "blind exploring. the test designer can create tests to cause all statements in the program to be executed at least once. and/or (2) some parts of the back end are not tested at all. • code coverage . • .White box testing includes all static testing.Testing of the application using Public and Private APIs. is when the tester has access to the internal data structures and algorithms (and the code that implement these) Types of white box testing :The following types of white box testing exist: api testing . That's why there are situations when (1) a black box tester writes many test cases to check something that can be tested by only one test case. by contrast to black box testing. • fault injection methods. For example. White box testing White box testing.25 software being tested was actually constructed.

This allows the software team to examine parts of a system that are rarely tested and ensures that the most important function points have been tested.[19] Two common forms of code coverage are: function coverage. which reports on functions executed • and statement coverage. measured as a percentage . • They both return a coverage metric.26 • Code completeness evaluation White box testing methods can also be used to evaluate the completeness of a test suite that was created with black box testing methods. which reports on the number of lines executed to complete the test.


28 LEVEL 1 DIAGRAM train1 .

29 P a ym en t 0 . R ESERVE T IC K E T 0 .2 B o ok LEVEL 2 DIAGRAM tic ket Check tra in d e ta ils Lo g in 0 .4 .4 .3 V Bo o Sum 0.4 .1 .



32 TABLE PASS ---- .

33 TABLE TABLE1 ------ .

34 TABLE TRAIN ---- .

35 TABLE TRAIN1 ---- .


Train enquiry --.this page shows whether the seats in a class of the corresponding train is available or not.37 SEAT AVAILABILITY --. .this page shows the list of trains that ply between two stations as entered by the user.

.New users can sign in using this page. Signup page--.38 LOGIN PAGE--.This page logs on the user to its account for either making a reservation or viewing booking history.

This page enables the user to select either making a reservation or viewing booking history .39 FORGOT PASSWORD --- Detail Page--.

40 Route Page--.This page selects the source and destination station List of trains that ply between two stations--- .

.41 Passenger details page--.This page enables the user to input passenger details.

42 Summary Page---This page summarizes the transaction made by the user Payment details--. .Credit Card Details of the Payment as accorded by the user.

43 Booking History--.Lists the transactions made by the user and its corresponding PNR .

Reservations can be made through the Indian railways site or at the ample reservation centers all over the country. Also now there are authorized agencies which provide reservation facility on behalf of India railways and without . ADVANTAGES OF RAILWAY RESERVATION SYSTEM Now one can easily plan the journey comfortably as the process is efficient and fast with being easy to access.The user queries its booking through the PNR.44 PNR query page--.

This being a big step in terms of improvement in the railway system it is widely accepted across the country. . The booking is done through an ETicket issue which have a PNR number of which one has to take a print and just have to show at the station.45 waiting in long line one can easily book a ticket. It not only provide reservation but cancellation can also be done through this system at ease and one can use a credit card to complete the process.


47 BIBLIOGRAPHY These are the following links which assist me at each and every step in compliting this project .answers. 2. without them i was not be able to finish this important project:1.esnips.com www. 3. 5.askme.scribd.com www. 4.com www.wikipedia.com . www.com www.

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