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Federale Overheidsdienst Buitenlandse Buitenlandse Handel en Ontwi k k e l ings sa m enwe r k in 9
Za k e n
ons kenmerk datum
D13/tb/2007 / 3~ :B!)3
De Heer C Michiels Directeur-voorzitter van het Directiecomite van B I C Hoogstraat 147 1000 Brussel
2 6 ,.
Vietnam: Notificatie van de identificatie van het pr'Ogramma "Water' supply and sanitation in Phu Cat and Phu My (Hoc Mon reservoir) and for solid waste in 4 districts (An Nhon, Tay Son, Phu My and Hoai Nhon)"
Hierbij wil ik U de identificatiefiches maken Dit programma goedgekeurd werd gedutende
(zie bijlage 1) van bovenvermeld
het Uitgebreid Partnercornite
van 5 oktober 2007
door beide partijen.
In de bovenvermelde
ting' van 5 oktober
'Agreed Minutes of the Extended Joint Working Team Meejl. (zie bijlage 2) wordt voorgesteld om een algemene forrnulering
de uitvoer:ing zal echter prioriteit gegezal verder de dat in
voor het volledige progr'amma te doen. Iijdens modaliteit nationale./provinciale ptovinciaal niveau gebeurd
yen worden aan 'Water Supply :in Phu Cat and Phu My' De uitvoering De verwijzing naar "National Execution"
uitvoering volgen Het is duidelijk dat de uitvoering op betekent is voor de uitvoering; het verwijst niet naar het ni-
eerste :instantie VN verantwoordelijk veau (centraal ofgedecentraliseerd). Verder werd overeengekomen Consultancy fund"
am de 'basic design> van de verschillende
zover deze nag niet beschikbaar
zijn) uit te voeren op het budget van het 'Study and
.... ,__ .... -,.-._....,,-.-.. -
29 10 2007
EGMONT - Karmelietenstraat 15, 1000 Brussel
Om de uitvoering te bespoedigen, is er ook overeengekomen de ondertekening van de Bijzondere Overeenkomst Ten slotte is er overeengekomen
dat aile 'basic designs'
voor het volledige programma zullen goedgekeurd worden op het gepaste niveau voor
dat het programma design consistent rnoet zijn met en dat de rol van de technische asen uitvoering al in de
het NIP betreffende 'sanitation and environment',
sistent niet verwaarloosd mag worden, zelfs al geldt de modaliteit 'national execution' Beide partijen kwamen overeen dat het aspect van onderhoud formulering moeten worden opgenomen
Andere belangtijke punten die verder opgenomen moeten worden in de formulering zijn:
nagaan op welke wijze het beheer en de exploitatie van de watervoorzieningvuilnis ophaling zal gebeuren, wat de aanwezige capaciteit is, welke bijkomende vorming nodig is;
zoeken naar synergieen met andere programma's in de provincie 0Y/ereld bank); nagaan welke de bijdrage van de provincie/ district zal zijn, rol van provincie/ district bij de realisatie van het programma
Institutionele versterking is zeer belangrijk en de formulering moet zeker onderzoeken wat de capaciteit is en wat nodig is om deze eventueel te versterken Aangezien de 'basic design' en eventueel ook de 'detailed design' op het studiefonds zal gebeuren moet de formulering zich vooral richten op de volgende punten:
Evaluatie van de beschikbare capaciteit voor uitvoe.ting en beheer; Risico analyse voor een "nationale" uitvoering (fiduciair, financieel, capaciteit); Uitvoeringsmodaliteiten en hoe het programma opzetten; betrokkenheid van provinciale en district autoriteiten;
Betalingsmodaliteiten, opvolging, audit, etc,
Ik wens in herinnering te brengen dat zoals vermeld in het ISP, de definitieve verbintenis van de Belgische Staat pas van kracht is na het gunstige advies van de budgettaire instantie en na de ondertekening van de Bijzondere Overeenkomst
Het Belgische maximumbudget voor het gehele progt'amma wordt beperkt tot 5 miljoen Euro en de geschatte dum van de prestatie is drie jaar: Op basis van de identificatie en van wat voorafgaat, verzoek ik U de forrnulering van het volledige programma op te starten en een IFD op te maken:
Met de meeste hoogachting,
Voor de Minister De Ditecteur-generaal
3. ADMINISTRATIVE (PROJ ECTFICHE)
Water supply and sanitation in Phu Cat and Phu My
intervention code BTC
Partner institution Duration Estimated of Specific Agreement starting date of intervention
MPI, MARD, Sinh Dinh PPC, (eventueel An Nhon, Tay son, Phu My en Hoai Nhon DPC's) 36
5.000.000 Euro Watervoorziening (ook drinkwater) en kleinschalige sanering Watervoorziening en -sanering - Afvalverwerking To contribute to poverty reduction, promoting the economic development including agricultural production, enhancing public health and improving living conditions and life quality for the local people in the project areas in Phu Cat, Tuy Phuoc and Phu My Districts, Binh Dinh Province. Ensure sufficient water supply in both flooding and dry seasons, through the Phu Cat piped water supply system, for people living in 5 communes at the level of 80 litters per capita per day and meeting the decision of the Ministry of health on drinking water quality; Ensure sufficient water supply in both flooding and dry seasons, through the piped water supply system using water from the Hoc Mon reservoir at the level of 80 litters per capita per day and meeting the decision of the Ministry of health on drinking water quality; Reduce water-born diseases such as sore eyes, dysentery, diarrhoea, gynaecological diseases, dermatological diseases etc as well as expenditures by the people in the project areas for the diseases examination and cure; Ensure sufficient water from the Hoc Mon reservoir as a gravity irrigation system for 262 ha of agricultural land of My Chau commune; To increase agricultural productivity and yield, and together with the development of aquaculture in the reservoir to contribute to poverty reduction for the commune's people.
BINH DINH PROVINCE PEOPLE'S COMMITTEE
EMBASSY OF THE BELGIAN KINGDOM IN VIETNAM
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN FOUR DISTRICTS OF AN NHON, 'fAY SON, PHU MY AND BOA! NHON BINH DINH PROVINCE
Hanoi, September 2007
1. Subject of the Intended Cooperation
Being advised, in the framework ofthe Cooperation Program between the Government of Vietnam and the Belgium Government, by the BelgiaI Technical Cooperation and the Belgial Embassy in Vietnam, on the current very difficult situation related to water supply and sanitation in Binh Dinh - a coastal province in the central part of Vietnam, the Belgium Government intends to provide some financial supports for improving the situation in some of districts of the Binh Dinh province, The support are planned to be allocated in the following components: (i) Water supply and sanitation in Phu Cat district and rehabilitation of Hoc Man reservoir in Phu My district; and (ii) Solid waste management in 4 distr icts, namely An Nhon, I ay Son, Phu My and Hoai Nhon Given that the implementation would not last fOI a long time, expetedly only several years, including the entire implementation procedure, starting from identification study, through formulation study and investment project preparation to construction of components' items, the component (ii) Solid waste management in 4 districts, namely An Nhon, Tay Son, Phu My al1d Hoai Nhon should be considered as a project, which will strut as a quite new project for the districts, 2. Designated Ministries and Institutions:
F 01 the project preparation and implementation, proposed is participation and cooperation
of the following institutions: a, From the donor 's side: Embassy of the Belgian Kingdom in Vietnam, represented by the Development Cooperation Counsellor; Belgial Technical Cooperation (B TC), represented by the Resident Representative in Vietnam. b. Fromthe Vietnamese side: MPI; Mo_C; Binh Dinh PPC; Binh Dinh DPI; Binh Dinh DoC; An Nhon, Tay Son, Phu My and Hoai Nhon DPCs,. 3. Project Objectives: a. Overall Objective: The overall objective of the Project for solid waste management in 4 districts of An Nhon, Tay Son, Phu My and Hoai Nhon is to reduce environment pollution, improve the life quality for people in the project area, enhance the people's awareness of environment protection through creating a good habit of hygienic collection and treatment of solid waste, improve the image of the towns, promoting thereby economic development in connection with tourism, contributing to poverty reduction, h. Specific Objectives: 2
Specific objectives of the project include the following: 1..Ensure the collection and treatment of the domestic solid waste amount generated by Binh Dinh town, Dap Da town, and Nhon Thanh, Nhon Hung, Nhon Loc, Nhon Hoa, Nhon Tan and Nhon Tho communes in An Nhon district; 2., Ensure the collection and treatment of the domestic solid waste amount generated by Phu Phong town and lay Phu, Tay Xuan and Binh Nghi communes in Tay Son district; 3. Ensure the collection and treatment of the domestic solid waste amount generated by Binh Duong town, Phu My town and the Deo Nhong residential cluster in Phu My district; 4 Ensure the collection and treatment of the domestic solid waste amount generated by Bong Son town and Hoai Due, Hoai My, Hoai Huang, Hoai Tan and Hoai Xuan communes in Hoai Nhon district Due to the development of the towns and in order to optimize the investment effectiveness, the project's investments should be phased. It is proposed that the solid waste management project funded by the Belgium Govemment would be the Phase 1 (12 years, counting from the project completion, expected in 20lO), In Phase 2, the province would manage to seek for funding sources for the landfiels expansion (by constructing more dumping cells), depending on the actual needs, 4. Beneficiaries and the Choice Justification: 4 1. Beneficiaries, Beneficiaries of the solid waste management project in An Nhon, Tay Son, Phu My and Hoai Nhon districts include all the residents of Binh Dinh town, Dap Da town, and Nhon Thanh, Nhon Hung, Nhon Loc, Nhon Hoa, Nhon I an and Nhon Tho communes in An Nhon district; Phu Phong town and Tay Phu, Tay Xuan and Binh Nghi communes in Tay Son district; Binh Duong town, Phu My town and the Deo Nhong residential cluster in Phu My district; and Bong Son town and Hoai Due, Hoai My, Hoai Huong, Hoai I an and Hoai Xuan communes in Hoai Nhon district and institutions in the area, The total number of beneficiaries is 280,000 people now (in 2007) and more than 328,000 people in year 2022 (based on the average population growth rate of LJ % in the province). The. daily generated solid waste amounts in the areas have been canculated based on the existing average amount of 0.2-0.3 kg/person. day at present and estimated as 0.,45 kg/person .day in year 2022, as some of the town will become provincial towns and some of the communes-towns). Specifically: Beneficiary area Population in 2007 Existing solid waste amount (ton/day) 33,7 Population in 2022 Solid waste amount in 2022 (ton/day) 59,6
Binh Dinh town, Dap Da town, and Nhon Thanh, Nhon Hung, Nhon Lac, Nhon Hoa, Nhon Tan and Nbon Tho communes in An Nhon district
Phu Phong town and Tay Phu, Tay Xuan and Binh Nghi communes in Tay Son distr~~~ Binh Duong town, Phu My town and the Deo Nhong residential cluster in Phu My district Bong Son town and Hoai Due, Hoai My, Hoai Huong, Hoai Tan and Hoai Xuan communes in Hoai Nhon district Total 42. Justification for the Choice
20 .. 74 6
The towns and communes proposed to be included in the project have relatively higher population density than other districts in Binh Dinh ..Moreover, like other districts, they lack clean water for uses as well as solid waste there has not been properly managed, yet their concern about solid waste management becomes now more urgent. All the proposed communes locate along the National Highway No 1, so it is convenient for solid waste collection. The solid waste management situation in the communes is alarming. The generated solid waste has not been collected at all but buried in the garden next to the house or arbitrarily thrown, even discharged into surface water SOUI'ces, causing environment pollution and impacting on the people's health .. In the towns, the collection rate is not high as it is some 50-60% in average. According to the province's orientation development planning, some of the towns will become provincial towns in the neal future, e.g ..Sinh Dinh town (2010), Bong Son town (2010- 2015), Phu Phong, Phu My and Binh Duong towns (before 2020), and some of the communes lying along the National Highway No ..l will become towns" The average generated solid waste amount will be then some 0,45 kg! person.day, For that reasons, in order to come up with the urbanization process in the towns and communes, choosing the areas as priority for constructing landfields for solid waste treatment is quite reasonable, which will help improve the living conditions, reduce environment pollution, reducing thereby the IDOl bidity rate and expenditures for medical examination and cure, building up a beautiful image of the new urban centers in the province, contributing to comprehensive economic development. Proposed location of the landfills is presented in the table below: District Landfill location Area of the dumping cells in Phase 11Total planned area of the landfill (ha) 3,7/30 Length of the access mad
Estimated investement (billion VND) 18
Nam Tuong 2 hamlet,
Tay Son PhuMy Hoai Nhon Total
Nhon Tan commune Phu An hamlet, Tay Xuan commune Phu Nhieu hamlet, My Phong commune L~i Due hamlet, Hoai Due commlme ._-----
1,8/12 0,6/30 3,2/25
2,5 1 1,5
11 7 14
The total construction investment cost given in the table above for the landfills has been estimated based on the following: Estimated amount of solid waste generated and accumulative in beneficiary areas in Phase 1 (12 years), counting from year 2010; The solid waste amount has been calculated for the population in the area in 2022 year based on the existing population and average growth late of L 1% in the province; The average solid waste amount for the towns to become Category IV urban centers as of 0,45kg/person. day according to the Binh Dinh province's orientation development planning and solid waste management planning; Collection rate of 80% for beneficiary areas (including both towns and communes nearby); Density of the waste at the dumping cells is 850kg/cubic meter; Average height of the waste layer is assumed to be 9m; Coefficient applied in calculation of the landfill area including surrounding area, fencing, and auxiliary facilities is taken as 12; Formula for calculation of the landfill area as in the Binh Dinh province's Solid Waste Planning; Investment rate of 3 billion VNDlha for the construction of a landfill with similar geological conditions as in the proposed areas; 1..3 billion VNDIkm for concrete access road of a width of 5,5m; and 2..5 billion VND for equipment including 1 compressor/transport vehicle, 1 small bulldozer to operate at the dumping site and some improved carts for colleting solid waste to the transfer points along the road. The choice of the landfills' locations is quite reasonable due to the following: All the landfills are of small scale for towns and some communes nearby; The distance to the nearest residential area is -3km in the major wind direction; They all are located not fin from the National Highway No, 1, thus convenient fOI transporting solid waste; They are located not too fin from the distric centers (less than 8km); Good geological conditions, low absorption; They all have a reserved land area for expanding the dumping site for a long time of use; They all have a wide green zone around. Fat Hoai Nhon, the location of the landfill has been changed in comparison with the first proposal by the district because the previously proposed site to be located in Thiet Dinh
hamlet (Bong Son town) will be used for the construction of an industrial zone following the Decision of the PPC The new location for the landfill has been confirmed by the DPC to be in Lai Due hamlet, Hoai Due commune Ihis is a public land area, handed over in the past to a plantation farm, now will be returned for the landfill construction, However, awaiting the new landfill being constructed, solid waste generated by Bong Son town will still be disposed of to the old dumping site in Thiet Dinh hamlet The total investment for the construction of the landfills for the 4 beneficiary areas that is proposed to be funded by the Belgium Government is about 49 billion VND, 5. Relevance with CPRGS and MDGs: The CPRGS emphasized the objective to reduce poverty, especially in rural areas, narrow the more and more incr easing gap between income levels in urban and rural areas, ensure rural areas can equally benefit from the overall economic development, and ensure comprehensive and sustainable growth, Among the 8 MDGs, the following relatively directly and very much depend on the sanitation improvement in rural areas, including improving the solid waste collection and management: Reduce children's mortality (goal 4); Eradicate HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases (goal 6); Ensure environmental sustainability (goal 7) According to the Binh Dinh PPC and the Dl'Cs, the average collection rate of solid waste in the towns is some 50-60%, with the highest reaching 80-90%, while in rural areas (communes, even the ones next to the towns), solid waste has been arbitrarily discharged without collection. There are a number of reasons for the situation, including a lack of hygienic dumping sites and staff! finance for the collection. Implementation of the solid waste management project in An Nhon, Tay Son, Phu My and Hoai Nhon districts will help improve living conditions.rreduce morbidity tate, especially of children, reducing thereby the expenditures for medical examination and cure. Environment improvement through management of solid waste will contribute to environment sustainability, creating a beautiful image of the new urban centers in the province, contributing to development ofvarious businesses, including trade, services and tourism In addition, it will help reduce the pollution situation of surface waters and agricultural land areas that have been encroached and occupied by solid waste so far, increase the mea for cultivation and aquaculture, increase the productivity and yield, indirectly contributing to increasing the incomes in both rural and urabn areas. This is quite in line with the CPRGS objectives and MDGs as mentioned previously. 6. Coherence Harmonization with other Agenda Bilateral and Multi-lateral Donor's and National
It can be noticed that the Belgium Government, as a donor, is proactive in supporting IUIal and urban sanitation in Binh Dinh province .. This support activities by the Belgium Government, as at national level, is somehow coherent with other bilateral and multi-lateral donors as they also provide supports in sanitation sector, beside water supply, which is also support subject of other donors like Finland, Denmark, Swisszerland etc .. in different localities in Vietnam, The Belgial support for Binh Dinh province will contribute to poverty reduction in the province in particular and together with other donors' projects, contribute to poverty reduction and sustainable development countrywide According to the Pads Declaration, the harmonization aspect in development cooperation is demonstrated in increasing project/program based support and this was once again stated in the Hanoi Core Statement that the donors and GoV will maximize the harmonization based on the project/program approach This aims to make the support correspond with the priorities of Vietnam and its localities, based on the existing systems and capacities that are now being gradually improved through maximum possible cooperation in analysing, planning, colaborating and information sharing and implementation monitoring based on determined indicators, At present, according to the Binh Dinh PPC and PCs of districts proposed to be included in the project, water supply and sanitation issues are of major concern, first priority and actual need, which has got the same view from the donor-Belgium Government- based on the proposal by Sinh Dinh Pl'C. Thus, the support form Belgium Government for the mentioned project are quite in line with the spirit of development cooperation harmonization that has been stated and emphasized in the Paris Declaration and Hanoi Core Statement The project is also coherent with the national agenda on development harmonization, which clearly stated that economic development must be in harmonization with overcoming the biggest social concerns such as hunger elimination and poverty reduction etc .. Sustainable development already become the view point of the Party and integrated in the Go V policy and has been affirmed in the Resolution of the IX Party National Congress which advocated "rapid, effective and sustainable development in parallel with executing social progress and equality and environmen protection" and "socio-economic development closely integrated with proteting and improving the environment, ensuring harmonization between man-made environment and natural environment, preserving biological diversity", In order to implement the set out sustainable development objective as well as international commitment to sustainable development, GoV has issued Decision 15312004/QD-TTg dated August 17, 2004 on the Strategic Orientation for Sustainable Development (Vietnam Agenda 21), which set a basis for implementing the Strategy on Socio-Economic Development, for setting up development strategies and plans for different sectors and localities in order to harmonize economic development with
implementing social progress and equality sustainable development of the country.
With all the above, including the objectives and benefits as mentioned previously, the Project for solid waste management in 4 districts of An Nhon, I ay Son, Phu My and Hoai Nhon is closely coherent with the national agenda on development harmonization, which put stresses on Sustainable rural and agricultural development (Section 2.4), Sustainable development of regions and localities (Section 2.5), Improving sanitation (Section 3..5), Protecting water environment and sustainably using water resources (Section 4.2), and International cooperation for sustainable development (Section 5 J) 7. Maximum schedule: financial support from Belgial side and project implementation
The Belgian side's financial SUppOItfor the solid waste management project in 4 districts of An Nhon, Tay Son, Phu My and Hoai Nhon is proposed to be about 49 billion VND., However, this will need to be more precisely determined in the formulation stage. Due to very urgent need of the localities fOI solid waste management, this support should be disbursed as soon as possible for the project implementation However, to go through all the stages of the project implementation including identification study, project formulation, investment project preparation, it would take, as usual, some 2 -3 years with different stages and approving agencies before the construction works have been completed and handed over to the localities for management and operation Therefore, the anticipated project implementation is 3 years, counting from the end of 2007. 8. Measures to ensure the project integration and sustainability after its closure: In order ensure the integration and sustainability of the project after its closure, comprehensive and synchronous measures should beapplied, including the ol!es related to management institution, human resource development for operation and maintenance of works, as well as ensure local financial sources for sustainable exploitation, operation and management These measures should be clearly determined during the next steps of the project as they me important part ofthe process and should focus on the following: Management institution - in order to clearly identify the institutions to be in charge of vat ious stages of the project: construction phase and particularly operation phase, ensuring cost recovery and sustainable operation of the system; The operation staff should be trained to gain appropriate skills for operating and maintaining the works items to ensure their smooth operation; Local financial sources should be clearly identified - The local government will provide the counterpart financing for the works construction investment, while the beneficiary people will pay for their use of services in the operation phase; DUling the project formulation and investment project report preparation (former FS), finacial mechanism for operation phase should be clearly identified;
Monitoring activities and reporting - appropriate mechanism for monitoring and reporting of exploitation and operation, service provision activities and their effectiveness should be set up with possibility of adjustment for more effective and sustainable system's operation; In construction phase: The Binh Dinh DoC should be the investment owner to organize and manage the proejct implementation through a PMU to be set up; Provincial! district government (PPc/ DPCs) should be the asset owner; In operation phase: the PPc! DPCs could still sign contract with the existing solid waste collecting cooperatives for collecting solid waste and operating the landfields 01 organize bids to select appropriate private enterprises to undertake the activities base on the contract signed with DPCs. This issue should be considered and decided on in the formulation step and investment project preparation (former FS) step ..
GLOSSARY ADB CPRGS CERWASS Danida DONRE DOC DOF DPI DARD GoV HRC Asian Development Bank Comprehensive Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy Center for Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Danish International Development Assistance Department of Natural Resources and Environment (Provincial) Department of Construction (Provincial)
Department of Finance (Provincial) Department of Planning and Investment (Provincial) Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (Provincial) Government of Vietnam Human Resources Development Indicative Cooperation Program Information, Education, Communication Law on Water Resources Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Millennium Development Goals Ministry of Construction Ministry of Finance Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Ministry of Planning and Investment Non-Government organization National Target Programme Official Development Assistance Provincial People Committee Socio-Economic Development Plan 2006-2010 I elms of Reference Vietnamese Development Goals Vietnam Dong
LWR MARD MDG MOC MOF MONRE MPI NGO NTP ODA PPC SEDP TOR VDO VND
Summary report on Water supply project at Phu Cat district, prepared August 2007 Feasibility study report on water supply project at Eastem area of Tuy Phuoc district and South-East area of Phu Cat district, prepared June 2006., Summary report on rehabilitation of Hoc Mon reservoir for agricultural and domestic water supply at Phu My district, prepared July 200T Summary report on solid waste management project at Tay Son district, prepared July 2007., Summary report on solid waste management project at An Nhon district, prepared July 2007" Summary report on solid waste management project at Phu My district, prepared July 2007 Summary report on solid waste management prepared July 200}, project at Hoai Nhon district,
Feasibility study report on solid waste management project at Hoai Nhon district, prepared June 2004, Report on master plan of solid waste management at Binh Dinh province till year 2020, Statistical yearbook 1006 of Binh Dinh province" Statistical yearbook 2004 of Tay Son district. Statistical yearbook 2006 of An Nhon district Statistical yearbook 2006 of Phu Cat district Statistical yearbook 2006 of Phu My district. Statistical yearbook 2006 of Hoai Nhon district Law on Construction No" 16/2003/QHll issued 2611112003 by the XI National Assembly, fourth session and related legal documents Law on Environmental protection, 2005" Law on Water resources, 1998, Government Decree No. 91/2002/NB-CP, 11 November 2002 on the functions, tasks, powers and organizational structure of MoNRE. Government Decree No 36/2003/NB-CP, 4 April 2003 on the functions, tasks, powers and organization structure of MoC Government Decree No 86/2003/NB-CP, 18 July 2003 on the functions, tasks, powers and organization structure of MARD Government Decree No 16/2005/NB-CP 7 February 2005 on the management of investment construction project. Government Decree No. 112/2006/NB-CP 29 September 2006 addition and revision of some articles of Government Decree No. 16/200S/NfJ-CP on the management of investment construction project
ICXD 233: 1999 .~ The parameters in selection of surface water and ground water for domestic water supply purpose .. TCXDVN 33:2006: Water supply - Distribution system and facilities - Design standard The standard 1329/2002IBYIIQ£> for drinking water issued by MOH, 18 April 2002. Vietnam Construction code ~ Volume L Solid waste management strategy fOI urban and industrial areas in Vietnam till 2020. Circular No. 0112001!TTLT-BKHCNMI-BXD, 18 January 200: Guidance of regulations of environmental protection for selection of location, construction and operation of solid waste landfill. TCXDVN 261:2001: Solid waste landfill- Design standard. ICXDVN 320:2004: Hazardous waste landfill- Design standard. Regulations of hazardous waste management issued enclosed with decision No .. 1S5/1999/QH-IIg, 02 December 1999 by the Prime Minister, Regulations of solid waster management hom hospitals issued enclosed with decision No ..257511999/QD-BYI, 27 August 1999 by MOR. Water supply and sanitation project for 9 towns in Binh Dinh province, funded by WB. Red River Delta rural water supply and sanitation project, funded by WB The pilot water supply and sanitation project in Lim town - Bac Ninh province, funded by WE The pilot water supply and sanitation project in Minh Due town - Hai Phong province, funded by WB.. Water supply and sanitation programme fOI small towns in Vietnam, funded by Finland
PROJECT AREAS IN BINH DINH PROVINCE
\ .. 1
I: 500('lOfJ km
CONTEXT ON WASTER SUPPLY, SANITATION AND SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE PROJECT AREAS
1. General context in the Binh Dinh province:
Location and natural conditions: Binh Dinh is a coastal province in South Central region. There are total 10 districts and 1 city. The province terrain is sloped from West to East, mountainous area accounts for 70% with slope above 25°, delta mea accounts for 15%. Binh Dinh is in the climate of mid-central area, the average lowest temperature is not below 22°C, the difference between lowest and highest temperature is about 6 - 7°C The yearly rainfall is about 1..600 - L700 mm in delta area and 2.000 mm in mountainous area. The drought period prolongs from February to August, causing difficulty fOI agriculture and other production Hydrography: Surface Water. There ate 4 rivers running through Binh Dinh including: Lai Giang, Can, La Tinh and Ha Thanh. All these rivers originate from mountainous area in the province, flowing from West to East to the littoral lagoons. All the big rivers are illy in dry season. The water volume in dry season accounts for 12 - 15% of total volume in the year. Underground water .. there hasn't been overall survey on the reserve and master plan on ' underground water in Binh Dinh. The informations about the ground water are collected through hydrography and geology surveys for separate projects ..From the data surveyed by these projects, the underground reserve is not big and directly affected by the rainfall and waterflows of-the livers .. Through the investigation of ground water from the projects which have been being implemented, shows that the bottom of aquifer is depth of 15 35m from ground surface, thickness of 3 - 19m, and the roof of aquifer is depth of 1.,88m from ground surface. Most these areas locate along the livers .. Socio-economic situation:
Ur'ban ana: According to the statistic data in 2006, persons, accounting fOI 26..1% of total been formed and developed along to the urban regions. Qui Nhon city is national the urban population in Binh Dinh is 409,000 provincial population. The urban regions have nation highways No. 1 and No .. 19. There ate 13 urban class II and is province's socio-economic
and cultural centre, Other urban regions in Binh Dinh are provincial level urban and district level urban Except Qui Nhon city with population of 264,800 persons (statistic data in 2006), other urban regions have population from 5,000 and 20,000 All are urban class V, and are mainly towns - centre of districts. Rural areas: According to statistic data in 2006 the population in rural area is 1,157,000 persons, accounting for 73.9% of total provincial population, The populations in rural area are located in 127 communes of 10 districts and 1 city" They are divided into: Agricultural population living on rice, vegetable and aquaculture production.' mainly live in delta regions and coastal sand bank regions, the important economic and main agricultural production regions of the province. The general characteristics of these regions are: high population density, population living on many professions: agricultural, aquacultural production, home craft, trade ....In general, these regions are developed quite . equally In some regions, the infrastructure development projects have been carried out including water supply systems, electricity systems. Some regions are planned to become town centre However, there at e mountainous regions where economy is underdeveloped and water is lacked for agr icultural production. In these regions, the population density is low and the residents mainly concentrate along the banks of river such as An Lao and Kim Son rivers, living on lice and field production. Agricultural and forestry population living on industrial crop and forestry production. mainly live in mountainous regions where there are forests and where the rivers are originated from and play important role on water supply. The characteristics of these regions are: economy is under-developed, there are mainly ethnic minorities, production methods are backward, infrastructures are lacked of, and the life of residents are in difficulties. Population living along highway and near industrial parks' mainly distribute along nation highways No 19, No, 1 and province roads, Theil main activities are trading and agricultural production, In general, in ill ban regions, there are many disadvantages with infrastructures, economic growth is still low. In rural regions, infrastructures are not invested, economy is underdeveloped Population is not distributed evenly, most of residents concentrate along national ways and provincial ways and along the big rivers
Economic development characteristics: Binh Dinh is one of five coastal provinces in the main Central main economic region which have a natural area of 6,024 krrr', population of 1,566,000 people with density 260 persons! kIn2 The provincial GDP in 2006 was 12,314 billion dong, the GDP growth rate from 1995-2006 averaged 9.48%, in which industIy-construction increased by 14.. 6%, agriculture-forestry-fishery increased by 7.. 8%, other industries by 10..24%. 0 0 GDP in 2006 increased by 12% against 2005, reaching 7.8 million dong per capita. Regarding economic structure in 2006: industry-construction accounts for 28.2%, agriculture-forestry-fishery: 366%, other industries: 35.2%. In agriculture-forestryfishery production value, agriculture makes up 71 .83%, forestry: '3.12%, fishery: 25.05%. In industry-construction production, construction occupies 24 .. 4%, industry 75.6% 6 mainly in processed industry. In general, Binh Dinh is an agricultural province Agriculture accounts for 263% oftotal provincial GDP, industry account for 21 2% and other industries are not exceeding 7% each. The industry in the province is at medium and small scale, the facilities for industry are in weakness.
2. General soeio-economie situation of districts in project: In the context of general socio ..economic situation of Binh Dinh province, the districts in the project mainly focus on agriculture-forestry-fishery production However, economic structures are different between districts depending on the geographic locations of districts ..lay Son and An Nhon districts are in the West of the province, concentrating on agricultural and industrial production. However percentage of.agricultural production is higher than industrial production ..Phu Cat, Phu My, Hoai Nhon are coastal districts in the East of province, agriculture and aquaculture are two main industries, however percentage of agricultural production is higher than aquaculture. The economic growth in these provinces is still low. The rate of poor households is 8.8% in An Nhon district and 18.. 8% in Hoai Nhon. The poor households concentrate mainly in the communes, such 9 as Nhon Phong, Nhon Hanh, Nhon Tho and Nhon Tan communes of An Nhon province with the rate of poor households from 10..12% to 13..57%..The rate of poor households in Cat Nho, Cat Ihang, Cat Hung, Cat Chanh, Cat Tien communes of Phu Cat district is from 14.2% to 202%
.3. Situation of water supply, drainage/sewerage and sanitary:
(1) Tay Son district Ihe areas that will get benefit from the project are Phu Phong I own, Tay Phu, I ay Xuyen, Binh Nghi communes with total population of 52 ..195 persons, in which population ofPhu Phong Iown is 24219 persons Water supply: Phu Phong town and surrounding areas have water supply system with total length of water pipeline of 11 km, the percentage of benefit residents is 60% with water consumption unit of 80 liters/person/day. In remaining communes without water supply, the residents use water for life and production from various sources: rain, wells etc. . Drainage/sewerage: Ihere is only drainage system in Phong Phu town .. The system collects rain water, wastewater from households. Ihe water after collected are discharged to ponds 01 Con River .. In communes without drainage/sewerage system, wastewater from households is discharged directly to nearby gardens, ponds or livers. Sanitary facilities: include: septic tanks, pour-flush latrines, double vault latrines, single vault latrines. The septic tanks are mainly concentrated in the towns. The percentage of sanitary facilities in this area is still low. (II)An Nhon district the beneficiaries from the project are Binh Dinh Iown, Dap Da Town, and Nhon Thanh, Nhon Hung, Nhon Loc, Nhon Hoa, Nhon Tan, Nhon Tho communes with total population of 112,336 persons .. Water supply: At present, there is a water supply project for Binh Dinh Town and Dap Da town which ale constructed by finance from World Bank and will be finished by August 2008.. In remaining communes without water supply, the residents use water fox life and production from various sources: rain water, shallow/dug wells etc, . Drainage/sewerage: there is only drainage system in the towns, however this drainage system is not fully completed. Ihe systems collect lain water, wastewater from households. The water after collected are discharged to ponds or liver In communes without drain system, wastewater from households is discharged directly to near by gardens, ponds or rivers, Sanitary facilities: In towns, some households have septic tanks. In communes, households mainly use pour-flush latrines, double vault latrines, single vault latrines and flow forward to the general sullige pit. Ihe percentage of sanitary facilities in this area is still low.
(III) Phu Cat distr ict: beneficiaries from the project are Cat Thang, Cat Chanh, Cat Tien communes of Phu Cat district, Phuong Thang, Phuoc Hoa communes of Tuy Phuoc district. Iotal population in these communes is 52,218 persons,
Water supply: There is no water supply system to in these communes. Most households are using water from rain water tanks and shallow/dug wells for daily life and production activities .. The water from the wells is only enough in rainy season In dry season, as the wells are commonly dried up, the household have to depend 'On rain water, water from ponds and livers These communes locate at downstream of Con river flowing to Thi Nai lagoon, so the level ofterrain is very low and this area is always flooded in rainy season. During flooded time, all the wells are polluted. So most households have to construct simple filtration facilities for filtering water for drinking, cooking and washing ..In dry season, the dry rivers make the ground water level lower and make the wells dry up too ..In some areas of littoral communes the ground water is alunitized and saline, the inhabitants have to go 2-3 km for getting or buying water for cooking and drinking .. Drainage/sewerage: at present no communes have wastewater collection system. Wastewater is discharged directly to household's gardens, ponds, lake Dr channels, then flown into river. Sanitary facilities: the current sanitary facilities include: septic tanks, pour-flush latrines, double vault latrines, single vault latrines. The percentage of sanitary facilities in this area is still low, not exceeding 40%. In rainy season, all the sanitary facilities and husbandry farms are flooded, causing pollution to this area .. At present, some big farming households are supported a part of cost to build biogas tank. The supported fund of 1 million VNDIhDusehDld is taken from (i) loan from clean water and rural sanitary program (ii) biological ail project funded by Holland. (III) Phu My district The benefited areas from the project are My Due and My Chau communes with population 'Of18,162 persons.
Water supply: There is no water supply system to provide water service to inhabitants in these communes. The households in these areas are using water from rain water tanks, shallow wells, drilled wells etc. for domestic and production activities .. The water is only enough in rainy season, in dry season the water is very scarce. In some places the water is unable to use because of being alunitized or turbid in the dry season. The inhabitants have to go to remote areas for getting water.
Drainage/sewerage: There is no wastewater collection system in these areas, the wastewater from domestic and production activities is discharged directly to households' garden, ponds or irrigation channels and rivers. Sanitary facilities: The sanitary facilities include septic tanks, pour-flush latrines, double vault latrines, single vault latrines and flow forward to the general sullige pit Most septic tanks are in the towns only. However, the percentage of hygienic facilities in these areas is quite low. (IV) Hoai Nhon district The benefited areas from project are Bong Son town and Hoai Due, Hoai My, Hoai Huong, Hoai Tan and Hom Xuan communes with total population of 96,457 persons.
Water supply: There is a water supply project for Bong Son town under construction by finance from WB and it is expected to complete in August 2008., Until now, there is no water supply system to provide water service to inhabitants in the communes. In these areas the inhabitants get water from various sources for domestic activities such as rain water, shallow wells, dug wells etc, Drainage/sewerage: There is only drainage system in the Bong Son town, black and grey wastewater hom the households is discharged directly to their gardens, ponds 01 nearby irrigation channels and after that discharged to the livers, In the communes, there is no drainage/wastewater collection system and treatment facilities, the wastewater from households is discharged directly to their garden, ponds 01 nearby irrigation channels and rivers, In some communes there is agricultural processing industry, waste water in these areas is polluted with high organic components Sanitary facilities: There me only some septic tanks in the town Most are pourflush latrines. The latrines in the communes are double vault latrines, single vault latrines, pour-flush latrines and flow forward to the general sullige pit. The percentage of latrines in the district area is quite low, 4. General situation ofsolid waste management: (1) Tay Son distr ict At present, the solid waste in the Phu Phong town and surrounding areas has been collected, The percentage of collected solid waste is 50% in the Phu Phong town, In the other communes in the district, solid waste is not collected, The households dig pits in
their garden [01 grounding solid waste In addition, the solid waste is thrown out to the irrigation channels and river banks. The collected solid waste from the town a day is approximately 6 m3 and a small truck transports it to the landfill once a day. The collection of solid waste is carried out by a team administrated under agricultural cooperative and the households have to pay service fee to the cooperative, The location of landfill is in Tay Xuan commune, the landfill is surrounded by mountains so that it does not affect the residents The distance from landfill to nearest resident area is about 3 km and in the surrounding areas there is no agricultural activities, Everyday, solid waste is gathered here for grounding ..However, grounding of solid waste here does not meet technical requirements, this landfill is served imperative demand of site for solid waste only and has not been constructed completely. The solid waste from hospitals in district areas is transported to Quy Nhon for treating" (II) An Nhon district' In Binh Dinh and Dap Da towns,the solid waste is collected about 12 tons per day, approximately 60% of total solid waste in the towns and accounting for 15% of total solid waste in the whole district. The solid waste in communes is not collected" The solid waste is gathered and grounded in the household's garden or thrown out to nearby irrigation channels or river banks In Binh Dinh and Dap Da towns, there are two teams who are responsible for collecting solid waste. These teams are administrated under the agricultural cooperatives. Everymonth the households have to pay solid waste collection fee to the team with service fee of 10,000 VND/monthlhousehold 111 Dap Da town and 7,000 VND/monthfnousehold in Binh Dinh town The current landfill is located at Phu Son hamlet in the Nhon Hoa commune which is only 300m fill: from nearest resident area. It significantly affect the residents. In order to help the collection team treat solid waste, the district authorities supply treating chemicals, chemicals for killing fly, mosquitocidal chemicals etc..; The landfill is overloaded now and must be closed soon. All the solid waste from the hospitals in the district area is stransported to Quy Nhon for treating
Phu Cat distr ict
The solid waste is collected in the town and surrounding areas only, the percentage of collected solid waste is nearly 80%, The solid waste collection is made by a team under the administration of district office, The households have to pay monthly service fee and the service rate is decided by Provincial People Committee, In the communes the solid waste is not collected" Solid waste is grounded in the household's garden 01 thrown out to nearby irrigation channels OI river banks" The uncollected solid waste in the communes will be swept away by the flood waters and causes pollution to the resident areas (IV) Phu My distr ict
Now the solid waste is collected in areas of the Binh Duong and Phu My towns only, In the communes, waste has not been collected yet There is a collection team in each town and the service fee is 5,000 VNDlhousehold/month 100% of solid waste is collected in these towns, The distance from nearest resident area to current landfill is 500 m. In the future the district authority will move the landfill to new area with distance of 500 m from current lanffill. So the distance from nearest resident area to the new landfill will be more than 1 kill, Now, the solid waste from Binh Duong town is gathered to the landfill with distance of 3 km from the town" In the future this landfill will not be used, Waste will be gathered to new landfill (V) Hoai Nhon district Daily solid waste from production bases, restaurants, markets, schools, households etc.,; in district is quite a lot with the main components of organic substance, nylon bags etc "" At present Nguyen Tin construction limited company is responsible for collecting and transporting the solid waste in the district mea with service fee of 7,000 VND/mont}1Jhousehold - The service fee is decided by District People Committee. The company has a garbage truck type 13 tons and a truck type 7 tons ..Everyday about 12-15 tons of solid waste are collected by the company, the quantity of solid waste is mainly from Bong Son and Tam Quan towns and Hoai Tan, Hoai Due and Hoai Hao communes .. The population in these areas is 85,053 persons ..About 22,500 persons are contracting in the solid waste collection service .. The number of households taking part in the solid waste collection service are highest in Bong Son town with 1,159 households and Tam
Quan town with 1,462 households. The daily collected solid waste accounts for about 26% of total solid waste in the district area. The solid waste is transported and gathered into the temporary site at mountainous area at Thiet Dinh hamlet in Bong Son town and the mountainous area at I ruong Xuan hamlet in Tam Quan Bac commune. This service provides works for 15 local labours with income of 500,000 VJ\1D/capitalmonth (10 working days). The current solid waste landfill is temporary only, because in the future an industrial zone will be built in this area, and till then the landfill will be moved to new site at Lai Due hamlet in Hoai Due commune. In order to raise people's awareness of environmental protection, the local authority has conducted many lEe campaigns for environmental protection and solid waste collection e.. . environmental day, day for making world cleaner etc.. .., the activities are for raising g people's awareness: + All the households in the town have to pay the solid waste collection fee. + The district authority has conducted the lEe campaigns and these programmes have been developing to commune level + The district authority has paid for wastewater treatment technology, then instructing households to construct wastewater treatment tanks, Most of the households process agricultural products and they see the improvement of quality of treated water. + The lEe campaigns have been conducting on the days when there ar'e activities for environmental protection Through the IEe campaigns the people's awareness of environmental protection is improved The households in the difficult areas for collecting solid waste are carrying out gathering and grounding hygienically In the areas where solid waste is easily collected the households request the district authority to provide the truck for collecting solid waste,