This handy, pocket-size mobile transmission detector can sense the presence of an activated mobile phone from a distance of one-and-a-half meters. So it can be used to prevent use of mobile phones in examination halls, confidential rooms, etc. It is also useful for detecting the use of mobile phone for spying and unauthorized video transmission. The circuit can detect both, the incoming and outgoing calls, SMS and video transmission even if the mobile phone is kept

in the silent mode.


The moment the bug detects RF transmission signal from an activated mobile phone, it starts sounding a beep alarm and the LED blinks. The alarm continues until the signal transmission ceases. An ordinary RF detector using tuned LC circuits is not suitable for detecting signals in the GHz frequency band used in mobile phones. The transmission frequency of mobile phones ranges from 0.9 to 3 GHz with a wavelength of 3.3 to 10 cm. So a circuit detecting gigahertz signals is required for a mobile bug

COMPONENTS USED IN THE DESIGN OF THE CIRCUIT: 1. The unit will give the warning indication if someone uses mobile phone within a radius of 1. This triggers monostable timer IC2 through capacitor C7. Assemble the circuit on a general-purpose PCB as compact as possible and enclose in a small box like junk mobile case. Capacitor C6 maintains the base bias of transistor T1 for fast switching action. When the mobile phone signal is detected by C3. The disk capacitor along with the leads acts as a small gigahertz loop antenna to collect the RF signals from the mobile phone. Antenna All the above components are interfaced with each other to get a perfect circuit. Resistor R2 provides the discharge path for capacitor C4. This will upset the balanced input of IC1 and convert the current into the corresponding output voltage. . Microcontroller-8051 3. You may use a short telescopic type antenna. stores energy and transfers the stored energy in the form of minute current to the inputs of IC1. Feedback resistor R3 makes the inverting input high when the output becomes high. Op-amp IC CA3130 (IC1) is used in the circuit as a current-to-voltage converter with capacitor C3 connected between its inverting and non-inverting inputs. Buzzer 6. 4. The low-value timing components R6 and C9 produce very short time delay to avoid audio nuisance. As mentioned earlier. The output CMOS transistor is capable of swinging the output voltage to within 10 mV of either supply voltage terminal. Use the miniature 12V battery of a remote control and a small buzzer to make the gadget pocket-size. capacitor C3 should have a lead length of 18 mm with lead spacing of 8 mm. It is a CMOS version using gate-protected p-channel MOSFET transistors in the input to provide very high input impedance. Capacitor C5 (47pF) is connected across µ strobe¶ (pin 8) and µ null¶ inputs (pin 1) of IC1 for phase compensation and gain control to optimize the frequency response.5 meters. Graphical LCD 2.22µF disk capacitor (C3) to capture the RF signals from the mobile phone. The response can be optimized by trimming the lead length of C3 for the desired frequency. carefully solder the capacitor in standing position with equal spacing of the leads. The lead length of the capacitor is fixed as 18 mm with a spacing of 8 mm between the leads to get the desired frequency. Capacitor C4 along with high-value resistor R1 keeps the non-inverting input stable for easy swing of the output to high state. the output of IC1 becomes high and low alternately according to the frequency of the signal as indicated by LED1. Capacitor C3 in conjunction with the lead inductance acts as a transmission line that intercepts the signals from the mobile phone. This capacitor creates a field. Operational amplifier 5.Here the circuit uses a 0. very low input current and very high speed of performance. 555-timer IC 4.

timers.But it is the most preferred one . For such applications all these functional units can be integrated on one IC.1 INTRODUCTION: There are several applications where the amount of memory and number of input/output ports required are not large. 8051 is one of the most popular micro controllers in use today. This is called microcontroller. This typically includes a CPU. ROM. BLOCK DIAGRAM DESCRIPTION: 5.Resistors and capacitors are also used here. A highly integrated chip that contains all the components comprising a controller is called a microcontroller. RAM. that are based on and compatible with the 8051. The above is the block diagram of the components which are numbered respectively.1 MICROCONTROLLER-8051: 5. Many microcontrollers have been developed. Despite its relatively old age. 5.1. interrupt circuits is a micro controller. I/O ports.

3 PIN AND BLOCK DIAGRAMS: 5. In spite of having great features 8052 is preferred lesser than that of the 8051because of its compatibility and speed.1.5. The pin diagram and block diagram of 8051 are given below respectively.1. 5.they are 8031 and 8052.8031 is known as a ROM-less 8051 microcontroller.4 ARCHITECTURE OF 8051: .1.2 8051 FAMILY: There are 2 other members of 8051 .


clocks.OR Schmitt trigger mode . 3. MONOSTABLE . pulse generation and oscillator applications. 1. 5. etc.2 555 . ASTABLE .2 PIN DIAGRAM: It is mainly used in latches. alarms. 5.5.2. It operates as an oscillator in this mode. PWM.3 OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER: . switches.2.1 MODES: The 555 has three operating modes.It is also called as a free-running mode. BISTABLE . PPM. 5.TIMER IC: It is an integrated chip used in a variety of this mode it operates as a this mode the IC functions as a ³one-shot´ pulse generator 2.

. The ab USES: 1. The figure given below is a piezoelectric buzzer. Microwave ovens and household appliances. Symbol for an op-amp 5.The voltage and current amplifiers are built using transistors. Game shows 2. In fact they can also be used to integrate and differentiate signals.4 BUZZER : It is an audio signaling device. They are called operational amplifiers because they are used to perform arithmetic operations with signals. Fig: a circuit model of an op-amp with gain A and input and output resistances Rin and Rout. It may be mechanical. ETC. Circuits of this kind with properties like high gain and high input impedance (for example) packed as IC¶s are called op-amps. electromechanical or piezoelectric.

The graphical representation of any data presents good understanding than just characters. This article explains the method of displaying image on a 128x64 graphical LCD using AT89C52. Such a visual display can be anything ranging from old Analog meters to new and smart Digital meters. User friendly visual displays are used nowadays to keep track of working of any device.5. LCD¶s are very commonly used. LCDs are easy to program and prove to be a better display unit as compared to other devices like seven segments and LED display units.5 GRAPHICAL LCD: The Graphics LCD as the name suggests is a type of LCD which can display graphics. More user friendly applications can be designed by using the graphical LCDs. In digital world to keep track of devices. The graphics LCDs are preferred over the character LCDs for those applications where both character and graphical representation are required. . The graphical LCD can be used for advertisement boards or information boards and so on.

It covers a radius of 1. In general context .it can be used in confidential rooms. 2. 7. ADVANTAGES: 1. 3. which prevents the use of mobile phones for spying and unauthorized video transmission such as piracy. .APPLICATIONS: 1. Examination halls. 2.5 meters only.etc. Prevents unauthorized transmission of information. 8. . Automatic detecting of the using of mobile phone.6 . DISADVANTAGES: 1. Handy and pocket size.