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The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the

views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN ORISSA, INDIA


Sri Suresh Chandra Mohapatra, I.A.S Commissioner-cum-Secretary to Government Department of Water Resources, Orissa

www.orissawater.com

India with major river basins

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ORISSA

NATIONAL WATER MISSON


BROAD FEATURES
Ensure Integrated Water resources Management Conserve water , Minimise wastage Equitable distribution across & within the states Develop framework to optimize water use by increasing water use efficiency by 20% through regulatory mechanisim Sharing water needs by recycling of waste water Desalination technology for meeting water demands of coastal cities

NATIONAL WATER MISSON


contd
Revisiting the National Water Policy in consultation with states
To ensure basin level management strategies to

deal with variability in rainfall & river flows due to climatic change Enhanced storage both above and below ground, rain water harvesting

IWRM in Orissa

RIVER BASINS

BAITARANI

State of Orissa
Area (sq km.) Districts/Blocks Forest Area (sq km.) Population at zero growth Farmed Land Irrigable Land Food Grain Produced 1.55,707 30/314 58,135 (37.3%) 53.370 million (??) 6.5 million ha. 5.9 million ha. (??) 6 million tons/year

Population (2001)/ Density 36.670 million / 236

Orissa: Normal Rainfall


Month January February March April May June Jun-Oct Rainfall (mm) 14.0 25.9 21.4 35.3 70.8 213.2 1268.5 (85.6%) Month July August September October November December Nov-May Rainfall (mm) 351.6 335.6 236.5 131.6 39.9 6.4 213.7 (14.4%)

States Water Resources


Source Amount (BCM)

Surface Water inside 82.841 State Surface Water Outside 37.556 State Ground Water 21.111 Total 141.508

Surface Water storage


Storage Schemes Stored Water Major, medium 44 Minor - 2713 Present - 16.23 BCM Planned- 44 BCM (?) 120 BCM 70 BCM

Available Water Usable Water

Key Issues
Drinking Water/ Domestic Use
Increasing Population

Ecology
Water Quality - Salinity Environmental flow mangroove forest (worlds largest

concentration of saline water crocodiles 1400 nos

Irrigation and related activities


Increasing Demand (Low Efficiency of Use)

Key Issues
Mining Activity & associated problems Industrial Use conflicting with Irrigation
Rapidly Increasing Demand

Hydropower
Increasing State Demand

Recreation and commercial activities


Increasing Demand

More Key Issues


Interstate Issues
Water sharing

Ground water management


Indiscriminate Use

Water Quality Management


Industry Urban Waste Agriculture waste

More Key Issues


Floods and Droughts
Increasing Frequency

River Bank Erosion


Habitation closer to bank

Salinity Management
Water Land

Institutions for IWRM


State Water Resources Board IWRM Directorate (under DoWR) River Basin Organisation (RBO) one pilot RBO in Rushikuya formed Pani Panchayats (WUAs 15000nos) Watershed Commitees (micro)

State Water Policy & IWRM actions


State Water Policy State water Plan Specific IWRM Roadmap Actions Update 2004 State Water Plan /IWRM and Water Efficiency Plan Institutional Institutions at State/Basin level

mechanism
Drinking water Top priority for acceptable quality, &promote demand management. Development of Central IWRM action in basins through multiwater resources sectoral and multi-stakeholder consultations . for irrigation and drainage Contd.

State Water Policy Industrial water supply Ecology and water quality Resettlement & rehabilitation Groundwater development

Specific IWRM Roadmap Actions Most pressing IWRM issue in the State: balancing water use between industry and other users RAMSAR sites, are critically dependent on both the quantity and quality of flow Stakeholder involvement processes at basin level are important to ensure this coastal aquifers, conjunctive surface and groundwater use including consideration of a groundwater legislation and authority. contd...

State Water Policy Flood control and management Management of saline ingress PIM Catchment treatment

Specific IWRM Roadmap Actions Improved flood management and control with climate change consideration may be acute. Both structural and non-structural measures Salinity intrusion is a potential problem for both coastal ecosystems, estuaries and aquifers, hence the focus on groundwater management and environmental flows stakeholder participation at the basin and local level are strongly linked to the PP development In cooperation with local communities

Role of NGOs Engagement of the NGOs and civil society organizations is an important an integral part

TIME LINE FOR IWRM ROAD MAP


IWRM ACTION Revised State Water Plan/ IWRM Plan Development of Water Act Revitalise State Water Resource Board, and possibly a State Water Resource Council Review for possible creation of a State Water Resources Regulatory Authority Develop River Basin Organization (RBO) structure stakeholder participation at basin level and below (district, block, village), starting with selected pilot basins. 2009 2010 2011 - 14

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TIME LINE FOR IWRM ROAD MAP


IWRM ACTION OWPO/IWRM Directorate Institutional & Capacity Development Orissa Water Partnership Develop IWRM awareness Develop Water Allocation/Tariff Develop Hydrologic Information System/Decision Support System Develop system to address environmental flow requirement 2009 2010
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2011 - 14

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INTER STATE RBO


One RBO on river basin of Mahanadi with co basin states as the members will be formed for resolving the issues at the basin level and for integrated development.

RBO STRUCTURE IN ORISSA

River Basin Organisation


It is a 2 tier arrangement consisting of a Board & a Council

The Structure Council Board Cell

The Board

A professional body of experts in water related activities . The board to look after plan & development of water resources of a particular river basin/sub-basin.

The Council
A body of stake holders in the WR sector in the basin. Council to approve action plans & projects put up by the board The council may also require the board to study different aspects and problems relating to the basin and come up with a solution.

River Basin Organisation Council Board Cell


The Council will comprise Maxm 25 stakeholders from the basin area Chairman Minister/Minister of State, Water Resources Members

The Council

MP, MLA, Chairperson of Zilla Parishad of the basin area RDC, Dist. Collector 2 NGOs nominated by DoWR 4 Presidents of Apex Societies/Distributary Committes formed under Pani Panchayat Act (for 2 yrs in rotation) 2 nominated representatives from Industries Deptt. Special invitees District level officers of the Line Department Member Secy. Chief Engineer & Basin Manager of the basin

River Basin Organisation Council Board Cell


The Board will comprise Chairman Principal Secy./Secretary, Water Resources

The Board

Members (in the rank of SE/DD) from each of the following orgns. working in the basin Public Health/RWSS Minor Irrigation/GWSI/Lift Irrigation/Hydrology Agriculture/Water Shed Mission Orissa State Pollution Control Board Industries Fisheries Energy Member Secy. Chief Engineer & Basin Manager of the basin

River Basin Organisation Council Board Cell

The RBO Cell

The Member Secy. will have a RBO Cell to provide technical and other inputs to the board to discharge its functions & powers and to ensure decision on implementation. The RBO Cell will function in the Office of the CE&BM of the basin with required technical staff (a sleek structure)

River Basin Organisation

Functions

To ensure Integrated Water Resources Management in the basin within 1 year of formations, prepare 10 year perspective plan for Conservation, management and optimum utilisation of surface and ground water for multi-sectoral use. catchment treatment prevention of pollution of water mitigation and prevention of drought development of crop plan and any such matter as may be prescribed The prospective plans prepared by the RBO shall be approved by WRB, which in turn, will act as a blue print of development of water resources in the basin.

River Basin Organisation

Functions

MANDATE OF THE RBO


Finalise allocation of water to various stake holders in the basin for approval by the WRB. Redress disputes relating to water use Clearance of Board for taking up WR development project before administrative approval. Any other matter which is supplemental, incidental or consequential to any of the above functions as may be decided by the Govt. from time to time.

River Basin Organisation

Powers

For the purpose of efficiently performing its functions, every RBO may within its area of operation cause to be inspected any works undertaken in the basin by any Deptt. collect such topographical, meteorological, hydrological, agronomical and sub-soil water data as it deems necessary. cause any deptt. to furnish such information as the RBO may require in relation to its functions. Any other matter as may be necessary to perform the functions effectively.

River Basin Organisation

Funding

No separate funding from the Govt. to carry out development works in the basin. The line departments will execute the projects/activities as provided in their budget. The expenses of the RBO will be met from the budget of DoWR.

LOOKING FORWARD FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF THE TA 6470 UNDER ADB ASSISTANCE FOR ADVANCING THE RBO ACTIVITIES IN THE STATE SHARING INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE

SUCCESSFUL INTEGRATEDRIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT WILL ENHANCE QUALITY OF LIFE OF THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE.

Thank You

www.orissawater.com

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