# ETR 148

BJT DC Biasing
Equipment Required: 1 1 1 2N3904 Transistor Assorted Resistors Digital Multimeter DC Power Supply

Procedure: Use multiturn potentiometers or combinations of resistors to get as close as possible to the computed values. Save the designs for the circuits in this lab, they will be used in a later lab. 1. Using the characteristic curves from last week’s lab, design a self-biased amplifier as shown below. Record the computed values for the following:

VRB = __________

VRC = ___________

VCE = ___________

VCC

RB

RC

2. Construct the circuit designed in step 1. Measure the following voltages: VRB = __________ VRC = ___________ VCE = ___________

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ETR 148
3. Compute the percent error between the voltages in step 1 and the measured voltages in step 2. Percent error for: VRB = __________ VRC = ___________ VCE = ___________

4. Redesign the circuit from step 1 to include an emitter resistor, as shown. (Assume 10% of V CC is dropped across R E) Record the following computed voltages: VRB = ________________ VRC = ________________ VCE = _______________ VRE = _______________ VCC

RB

RC

RE

5. Construct the circuit designed in step 4. Measure the following voltages: VRB = ________________ VRC = ________________ VCE = _______________ VRE = _______________

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ETR 148
6. Compute the percent error between the computed voltages in step 4 and the measured voltages in step 5. Percent error for: VRB = ________________ VRC = ________________ VCE = _______________ VRE = _______________

7. Design a stiff voltage divider biased amplifier as shown below. (Assume 10% of V CC is dropped across R E) Record the following computed voltages: VRB1 = ___________ VRC = ____________ VRB2 = __________ VRE = ___________ VCC VCE = ____________

RB1

RC

RB2

RE

8. Construct the circuit designed in step 7. Measure the following voltages: VRB1 = ____________ VRB2 = __________ VRC = ____________ VRE = ___________ VCE = ____________

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ETR 148
9. Compute the percent error between the computed voltages from step 7 and the measured voltages from step 8. Percent errors for: VRB1 = ____________ VRB2 = __________ VRC = ____________ VRE = ___________ VCE = ____________

Multisim: Simulate at least one of the designed circuits using Multisim. LabVIEW files: Self-biased.vi Emitter-stabilized biased.vi Voltage Divider biased.vi

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ETR 148
BJT DESIGN HANDOUT
Self Biased
RB = VCC −.7 IB

VCC

V RC = CC 2 (I C )

RB

RC

Self Biased with an Emitter Resistor (Emitter Stabilized Bias) RB = .9(VCC ) −.7 IB .45(VCC ) IC .1(VCC ) IB + IC RE VCC

RC =

RB

RC

RE =

Note: These equations assume 10% of V CC is dropped across R E.

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ETR 148
Voltage Divider Biased

I 1 ≥ 10( I B ) I 1 ≥ 100( I B ) .45(VCC ) RC = IC RE = .1(VCC ) IB + IC

Firm Voltage Divider Stiff Voltage Divider
RB1

VCC

RC

RB2

RE

R B1 =

.9(VCC ) − .7 I1 + I B .1(VCC ) + .7 I1

R B2 =

Note: These equations assume 10% of V CC is dropped across R E.

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