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Metis Rights: Questions Regarding Metis Rights (1845)

Governor Christie, in 1844 issued two proclamations, the first, requiring that each settler, before the Hudsons Bay Company would carry any goods for him, should be required to declare that he had not been engaged in the fur trade; the second, that the writer of every letter write his name on the outside of it, in order that, should he be suspected of dealing in furs, it might be opened and examined. This was a direct issue, and they determined to bring the matter to a crisis. Twenty leading Natives (Half-Breeds of Red River settlement), among them a number well known, such as James Sinclair, John Dease, John Vincent, William Bird, and Peter Garrioch, in 1845 approached Alexander Christie, Governor of the settlement, requesting answers to fourteen queries. These questions required satisfaction as to whether HalfBreeds could hunt, buy, sell, or traffic in furs, and also what were the restrictions in this matter upon Europeans, &c. A pacific and soothing reply was made by Governor Christie, but the Company soon began to take steps to repress the free trade in furs, and the Council of Rupert's Land passed certain regulations, among others one placing a duty of twenty per cent upon imports, but exempting from their tax settlers who were free of the charge of trading in furs. This was a vexatious regulation and roused great opposition. Signatories to August 29, 1845 letter to Alexander Christie: Anderson, Jack (John) (1804-1884) the son of James Anderson and Mary (Saulteaux). Bird, William (b. 1803), the son of James Curtis Bird and Elizabeth Curtis. Cook, Henry (b.1817), the son of Joseph Cook and Catherine Sinclair, he married Harriet Garrioch. Dease, John (1823-1885), the son of John Warren Dease and Genevieve Benoit, he married Angelique McMillan then Isabelle Gladu. Desjarlais Sr., Antoine (1794-1872), the son of Joseph Desjarlais and Okimaskwew. Antoine was married first to Marie Alexis and then to Catherine Allary. Farman (Famian), Baptiste Garrioch, Peter (1811-1888), the son of William Garrioch and Nancy Cook. Garrioch married Margaret McKenzie. Garrioch and James Sinclair were partners in the fur trade. Goulet, Alexis (1811-1856), the son of Jacques Goulet and Genevieve Begnet. He married Josphte Siveright. Harman, Edward: Edward is believed to be the son of Daniel Williams Harmon (17781845) and Lisette Duval, the daughter of a Voyageur and a Snare Indian woman. He was

one of the nine Metis leaders selected to represent the Pembina Metis in Treaty negotiations with Governor Ramsey in 1851. Larocque, Baptiste (b. 1802), the son of Jean Baptiste Larocque dit Rocquebrun (b. c 1778) and Louise (Saulteaux). Baptiste married Louise Dease, daughter of Charles and Louise Dease. Laverdure, Pierre (b. 1819), the son of Alexis Laverdure and Angelique Montour. He married Catherine Charette. Letendre dit Batoche, Louis (1790-1867) the son of Jean Baptiste Letendre and Josephte (Cree) Louis married Marguerite Lionais dit Delauney. Logan, Thomas (1812-1892), the son of Robert Logan and Mary (Chippewa) born at Sault Ste. Marie. He married Margaret Cummings then Mary Anne Dease. McDermott, Thomas (1825-1848) the son of Andrew McDermott and Sarah McNab. He married Elizabeth Collin. McMillan, William (1806-1903) the son of James McMillan and Josephte Belisle. He married to John Deases daughter Margaret. Monkman, James (1807-1865) the son of James Monkman Sr. and Mary (Cree). He married Nancy Chaboyer. Monkman, Joseph (1810-1899), the son of James Monkman Sr. and Mary (Cree). He married Isabella Setter. Montour, Robert (1787-1857) He married Josette Spence circa 1818. Robert is shown to be working for Alexander Henry the younger at Pembina in 1808. He was one of the nine Metis leaders selected to represent the Pembina Metis in Treaty negotiations with Governor Ramsey in 1851. Morin, Antoine (1809-1850) the son of Etienne Comtois dit Morin and Margeurite (Sarcee). He was married to Therese Larocque, the daughter of Joseph Larocque and Therese (Assiniboine) Sinclair, James (1811-1856) the son of chief Factor William Sinclair and Nahoway (Margaret) Norton. James married Elizabeth Bird the sister of William Bird noted above. Sinclair and Garrioch were partners in the fur trade. Spence, Jack (b. 1811 ?) Vincent, John (1797-1874) the son of Thomas Vincent and Jane Renton (Metisse).

Wilkie, Jean Baptiste (1803-1886) the son of Alexandre Wilkie and Mezhekamkijkok. He married Amable Azure. He was one of the nine Metis leaders selected to represent the Pembina Metis in Treaty negotiations with Governor Ramsey in 1851.

Compiled by Lawrence Barkwell Coordinator of Metis Heritage and History Research Louis Riel Institute