AMERICAN

OPINION

Essay on Character:

LAWRENCE PATTON McDONALD
(19 35-i 983)
he following is based on extensive first -person interviews with Congressman Lawrence Patton MeDonald 's family, fri ends, and congress ional sta ff, and on firsthand interviews by the author with the Georgia Democrat during his nin e years in Congress. Origina lly in tended as an ap pendix to the book, Day of the Cobra, the essay was omitted from th e Th omas Nelson work because of its length . It is presented here on the occasion of the second anniversary of the KAL 007 mid-air mas sacre and offers an assessment of the forces and i nflue nc es tha t -sh aped Con gressman McDonald's chara cter and career. Becau se L a w rence Pa tt on McDonald was the first elected official in American history to be murdered by a foreign power - one he had sp ent his en tire career warning against - he now occupies a unique pl ace in American history. While he is remem bered for his uncompromising opposition to totalitarian Communism , how and why

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----he came to hold hi s views can only be grasped by understanding the elements that comprised his character. For character, in the final analysis, is the sum total of what we are, as opposed to what we may believe ourselves to be. On Septe mber 12, 1983, the Atlanta Constitution's Wash ingto n corres pondent Bob Dart chose as the lead paragrap h for his story on the memorial service for Congressman Law re nce McDon ald (D-GA ) t he fact t hat Dr . McDona ld's favorite poem, "If," was read to the nearly 4,000 angr y mourners . Dart called one line, "If you can trust yourself

J effrey St. John is the editor of The New American and the author of Day of the Cobra, an exam ination of the Soviet destruction of Korean Ai rlin es Fligh t 007 . He is a veteran pri nt and broadcast jou rnalistlcomm entator, the aut hor of four other books, and the recipient of two Em mys for hi s work in television.
TH ~~ NEW AMERI CAN / SEPTEMBER 30, 1985

whe n a ll m en dou bt yo u ," hauntingly appropriate . "But t he mourners who assembled at Constitution Hall to honor McDona ld were never among his doubt ers," Mr. Dart wrote. "[His doubters I were liberal s who dismissed his archconservative an d anti-Commun ist views a s a nach ro nis ms from the Cold War . The mourners came as America's conservative phalanx, 3,700 strong , filling th e historic hall on a hot aut umn afternoon to remember one of their own. To this gathering, Larry McDona ld , t he Georgia congressma n who was killed along with 268 other persons on a Korean jetliner, has already become a martyr ." Mr. Da rt did not know that the reading of Kipling's "If' was a commentary on Congress ma n McDonald 's cha racter a nd chi ldhood. From the time he was a small boy growing up in Atlanta, the frame d poem was the sole item th at hun g on t he walls in the bedroom he shared with his older brother , Harold. "No one ever sa id a thing about it ," recalled Dr. Harold McDonald , Jr. "We just grew up looking at it." The mother of the boys, Mrs. Harold McDona ld, Sr. , known as "Callie," recalled that she always loved Kipling's poem and had memorized it. Poor in material possessions but rich in matters of the mind an d spir it, she cut the Kipling
35

he would keep a picture of his distant relative in his Washington office." she recalled.C. Callie Patton was one of seven childr en. Lawrence P.1983. Almost 4.. was ju st out of a Georgia medical school. ge ne ral field command ers in twentieth-century history. Paul came from an age when the code of personal conduct held that morality was the respect you paid to self. Dr. Dr." Depression of the '30s Callie Gra ce Patton married Harold McDonald in 1928. in World War II." his grandson Harold recalled. 1985 . Paul McDonald . It always seemed to ha ve mean t a great dea l to him. and Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson. and manners the respect you paid to others. Sr. her fut ure hu sband. Harold McDonald . Dr. McDonald. memorial service for Rep. A stern but highly respected physician known for his integrity and deep dedication to his calling. perh aps as a reminder that in his own lifetime real heroes lived and did gre at things on the stage of hi story. "You never know what influences people. when Larry was elected to Congress. Robert E. "I hung it in a gold fram e in th e boys' bedroom when th ey were little and just kept it th ere.cent ury va lues t hat pl ac ed a premium on loyalty. "So I fed the boys well. and she would pass on to her son Larry her love of both nature and literature. candor and fidelity to religious principl es that time and circumstances did not make un serviceable.. would become one of the most famous U. possessed of eighteen t h. A family cousin ." she sai d. D. a victim of the KAL 007 massacre. lik e Larry's other heroes George Washington. Virginia . But he always loved it. And. While attending Georgia State College for Women in 1925. Patton.000 of his supporters gathered in anger and grief. it was a time when America was about to lose its long isolation from the world and its in- nocence with entry into World War I. 36 THE N EW AMERI CAN / SEPTEM BER 30. was a Christian warrior who repr e s ented t he e m b od i me n t of th e authentic American hero : th e man of action and of mind . About that time.poem out of a volume of English verse because there was not much else the family could afford to hang in the boys' bedroom. "My hu sband got all of $15 a month at Constitution Hall in Washington. He was the son of a hard-work ing and ta lente d Atlanta physician . Lawrence Patton McDonald was only 10 years old when General Patton was killed in a motor vehicle accident in Germany in 1945. I guess that was th e beginning of Larry's reading it. Patton . Callie Patton majored in home economics. I heard him use part of it during his election campaigns. George S." Family Roots Born in 1905 in the rural hills ofGala x.. Thirty years later. as his gra ndson noted.S. Lee. a year before the great stock market crash that would plun ge the nation into the depth s of the worst economic depression in its history. Her family moved t o Atl anta from th eir 30-acre rural farm -general st ore environment when she was 12. Jr. was a colonel in that conflict and later . Paul "pra cticed medicine until he was 87 years old. during the September 11. Dr. Her fath er raised apples and cherries and was a general storekeeper at a time when Henry Ford was still thinking about th e Model-T auto. and specializing in ur ology. an even deeper sta te of economic distress had persisted from th e tim e of th e surrender of th e South to the North in 1865. "He never took off his coat or vest until he went to bed. She grew up loving the outdoors and nature of sout hwest Virginia. In Georgia and Atlan ta.

Dr. 198 5 37 . Mother ironed every shirt.came quite knowledgeable and expert on who made medicine a way of life.ture. Harold McDonald said of his brother Larry." remembered Harold McDonald ern-day Cicero. "He was a relatively non-competitive "I would call Larry McDonald a mod. We had no allowance. McDonald would re.renee in childhood. We loved to have had my children have another one like him in our lifetime. 1935. Dr. both Depression babies.I'd go hunting in the woods with him to lar of Iron." said Thomas Toles." Larry McDonald's love of nature and and then attend medical school. We didn't have a car. going to be a doctor like his father and April 1. close-knit family ties and He was so sensitive and sympathetic "Honor thy Father and Mother" were the bad." well called in one of her books a 'Pil. his mother said. nature things. who low. he was what novelist Taylor Cald. happy ens and other items as substitutes for his aloud to him from The Yearling.Brothers and Boyhood "He liked Fu Manchu novels. but we cut our own grass and mother did all the cooking. was born in 1933 and Law. The story. and 1940s. but with the ~ ur benefit of radio that stimulated an entire iO ::J generation of young Americans to use z ~ their minds to paint pictures in the imag~ ination.wanted to do.erglades .we had a nice home. Larry just who were the good guys and who were burst into tears and cried all night long. snakes and other nature with the little fellow. Paul had lost a child named Law.was nine pounds at birth and big-boned." the subject . adding that. and born into a family of physicians call. Both qual. tough men who took adversity living things was an element of his charas it came and made do with what was acter he inherited from his mother. grandfather. veal that in bad times he accepted chick. of his brother." Callie McDonald added that McDonald as a very small boy made up Harold Jr. he did it.' " collect bugs." Callie McDonald ades of the Great Depression and World related. "and when I got to where the Cultural and Family Influences In the American South of the 1930s War II when everyonein the world knew little yearling was killed. is about a young boy and the was very determined about what he ter-in-law named her second son Law. Paul McDonald's account books re. particularly snakes. who at hand or could be produced by hard also led him to love literature.measles ." things. My father was a pennypincher .with nature. Sherlock Holmes was my favorite because he used a lot of deductive reasoning. Harold was going to play baseball professionally until he was 35 But they had the advantage and influ. "they get quite a dif. "I liked to play games . drew them to scale and won first prize. ling deer. The McDonald boys grew up in the dec"I didn't read ahead. "We didn't have any money. We were very middle class. ~ ginning of the city's suburbs later in the ~ postwar years. and that lost life was set in the wilderness of the Florida Ev. and be. When his mind." rence."he also came to know his birds . . who virtually reincarnated when his daugh. THE NEW AMERICAN I SEPTEMBER 30. "Fu Manchu has for decades been the symbol for a worldwide evil conspiracy against the forces of good. ities came together when he was seven and grew to stand 6 feet 2 inches tall and work. We planted and harvested our own garden." Dr.Pulitzer Prize-winning novel. he'd play baseball with me if his fantastic personality and mind. ence of a father and a grandfather who "Larry was a very determined little felwere hard. and even did our own canning. his mind that he wanted to do. lived in the country near woods. They were without the :Jj distraction of television.a trade off. he Kathryn McDonald: "I would have his press aide. I'm a much easier-going person." Mrs. so it was the benefit of his (Larry's) influence. that he was rence Patton McDonald was born on he was a Cub Scout he did a bird project. Larry always had a fascination Sensitive to the suffering in God's nathe hospital. the 1939 little fellow." The McDonald boys grew up in the ::J area of Atlanta which would be the be:.tender attachment he formed to a year.I guess he got that from his father." his mother related of her son.person . His mother recalled reading "But he was a very interesting. When he got something into fee. Larry ferent sum now.years old and in bed with a bout of the weigh over 200 pounds in his maturity.He had an artistic side. "There will never be liked to collect things. .

a8 THE NEW AMERICAN I SEPTEMBER so. 1985 .

"who knew everyt h i ng in the world . from th e time th ey were old enough to comprehend what was going on around them. If you won one. and literature.' " He was only eight years old. were exposed to an endless st ream of inte nsively focused discussions about medicine. " Dr.and switched him. he just went through three summers and was accepted in medical school at age 17. said after his murd er aboard Korean Airlines Flight 007 on September 1. he was a serious scholar . insists that this accomplishment was not the product of a natural brilliance. Larry's mother maintains that her son's deeplyheld religious convictions were initiall y set when he came under the influence of the Grey Nun s and Mari st Fathers at Christ the King Grade School in Atlanta. in the South still maintained a remnant ofth e classical educational tradition that put a premium on learning and self-discipline. Harold McDonald. "When he got out of high school.S. an older brother of their mother. "His values were cert ainly not humanistic.h e read the Congressi onal Record eve ry da y and lived in the Philippines before World War II. literary-minded mother. He didn't play football. the latter a genera l practitioner who maintained an office in his home. and switched him. "Larry learned his debating skills at th e table with our father. he sta rted to college in June rath er tha n wait until September. He was aware of his own ancestors whom he . Jordan observed. which he would never lose. someone was staying at the house on his way to a medical convention and Dad was forever on th e phone talking about medicine. Kathryn McDonald recalled her husb and's fond memories of th at remarkable man 's visits: "He would take Larry on his lap and tell history stories. Dad would always bring up an argument and sometimes they were contentious and they didn't always sound friendly. Th e McDonald brothers rarely disobeyed th eir stern father and t he ir more a rtistic." Dr.taken as social and religious gospel. urology. When. "His home office had rockers on th e porch and patients waiting. for 25 years a friend of Larry McDonald and a fellow Georgian . and looking me straight in the eye said . 1said. Larry McDonald would be highly conscious of the importance of history. you're next . Dr. They were also influenced by a wide variety of people who were the patients of their father and grandfather . he wasn't big on dat es.C. I'm crying because 1 disobeyed you. values and actions. ta x problems. Later. He would tell him real stories. related. We in the family took our medicine seriously. Frequently. He didn't skip any grades. "He wasn't the type of parent who discusses issues. Korea. he'd claim you were nitpicking.. Mrs." Childhood Brush With History Later during his career as a U. and it fascinated Larry. He couldn't tolerate that.The main body of the KAL 007 memorial. You could respond but you never went head to head with Dad.. including contemporary events." A Classic Southerner Dr. She remembered one instance. particularly urology. instead of fairy tal es. Larry with tears streaming down his face put both hands on my shoulders . But . Larry did too. it was a familiar scene to hear doctors and medical problems. Jr. of real people.." Harold remembered. however . it was the end product of his broth er's serious applicati on to study to the exclusion of almost every oth er activity in his teenage years. and often autocratic-sounding. all right . He was in many ways very similar to Larry because he had thi s incredible talent for retaining a mas sive amount of information and th en reading it back to you in a constant stream. in Seoul. rarely gracious . it was the visits of the president of Texas A&M to th e McDonald household that gave him his first hunger for history. right. and particularly parochial schools. Harold Jr. is composed of 269 pieces of bronze. Rather. another important influ ence that developed in both of th em an early interest in history and th e world at large was the direct result of visits to their home of Everett Patton. 1983. both boys were sent to private and parochial schools because. their father was busy with his medical practice . Long before we knew anything about accounting. he was chief dent ist on Admiral Chester Nimitz's staff. and entered Emory University Medical School when he was only 17. Congressman from Georgia's 7th District. the family took dinner together ." Mrs . according to him. domineering. Larry would attend a non-denominational high school. He finished high school in two year s and pre-medical college in two year s. Although the McDonald family was Methodist . 'Mother. recalled . she was not hesitant to switch th em. Daniel Jordan." he recalled. "When I starte d to summer school." Dr. where he studied under a professor of history who was a classicist. What used to really burn Larry up were people whose main aim in life was two beers and television. During th e war. no matter how authoritarian and rigid such attitudes may appear to today's permissive society." Medicine Molded Their Minds The McDonald broth ers. with a tra ce of steel in her voice: "I got Harold first . Larry was bright but he wasn't scholarship bright. "He was the only person we knew. th e discussion at the table took on the atmosphere of a debating society. THE NEW AMERI CAN / SEPTEMBER 30. one piece in honor of each victim." Accordin g to Larry McDonald's brother . he disowned me for that. but after a while you realized Dad would argue just as st rongly the point you were arguing two weeks before! He was dogmatic. He j ust went to school and was dead serious about studying. "It was a familiar scene to hear about doctors and medical problems. In the years when the boys were growing up. Callie McDonald t hinks that what solidified Larry's passion for history was the year he spent at Davidson College in Charlotte . N. that he believed Larry exemplified the classic South erner in though t. He was tough. Harold McDonald. . But when the y did... in those days . He went hopping up and down and out of the house. private schools. Larry. come here . When I was square dancing in college inste ad ofstudying. leaving home in th e morning sometimes before they were awake and returning after they had gone to bed. 1985 traced back before the American Revolution and still further back to England and Scotland with th e Donald Clan. h e wasn't a history buff. The pedestal has the name ofeach victim engraved on a tablet at the base. I'm not crying because you're whipping me. he'd be telling you what was. "His expres39 . Jr.

which had lost a whole generation of leaders who took seriously the Code of th e Gentl eman. politics came to attract men who more and more held public office as a care er . Daniel J ordan." Atlanta doctors beyond the McDona ld fami ly conservatively estimate that by choosing to serve in Congress . McDonald gave up a min imum of $100." Dr. tal ent a nd merit. in 1957) that he decided tojoin the Nava l Reserve . while he was stationed in Reykjavik." Two yea rs of residency in general sur gery at Gra dy Memorial Hospital in Atlan t a a n d t hree years of uro log ica l training in surgery at the University of Michigan Hospital in Ann Arbor were combined wit h a growing. He was told somet hing that rang in his ears: 'You don't understand the big picture. to obtain public office as a way to assure financial security and in th e process plund er th e commonwealth while pretending to serve it. the idea of manners . Tryggvi Paul .his last year in medical school in Atlanta (he received his M.. his father was horrified and adamant in his opposition. "when he thought th e U. Paul McDonald and Dr. a n d t wo daughters. that a woman was certainly no equal in performance of duty but that she must be protected and honor ed for the functions and duti es that she can and should perform . "Mother supported Larry. that when Larry McDonald announced to his father that he was planning to give up what was clearly a brilliant as well as a financiall y secure medical practice for th e volatile life of elective politics. This awa keni ng to danger began . according to Dr. He believed it was a weapon to fight both the growth of Communism abroad and what he discern ed as the destruc tion of what remain ed of th e American Constituti ona l Republ ic at home. Iceland .sions and descriptions of life and history were not based on the humanistic view that puts a heavy stress on personal pleasures and pursuits. His brother recalls that he had never heard Larry once mention the threat of Communis m prior to going to Iceland. "He went to the commanding officer in Iceland . .' He began to think. Sr . inte nse interest in politics. Ha rold McDona ld. We all were proud that he main tain ed the strong pri nciples that he held to. It was while he was in T HE NEW AM ERI CAN / SEPTE MBER 30. a belief that man may think he disposes but it is God who disposes . The ranks of the ea rly leaders of the American Republic were filled with men who did not need or want to enter politica l life as the means to establish th eir self-estee m or selfworth .' " Opposit ion to a Political Career It was und erstandable. The genera tions of Dr. Harold McDonald.S. were full of ste rn. or. Then afte r Larry won and it looked like he was going to stay there.D. which he might have ea rne d had he pursued his initial career in medicine. Lar ry's marriage to an Icela ndic nationa l who was the dau ghter of a selfmade busine ssman . as has been too often the case in this century. 'Maybe I do. 1985 .exemplified all of my concepts of what I see in the traditional Southerner that go back a hundred yea rs or more. who were very influential in the country. graciousness. Larry believed in savi ng the country from Communism as st rongly as a missionary to Africa in th e nin eteenth cent ury believed in saving the souls of the people. "Dad was dead set again st it. courteousness . Florida. Jr. Dad really liked the idea and publicly supporte d him in political efforts from then on. "He also looked around for anyone else concerned about Communism. Callie Grace and Mary Elizabeth. January 1983. It was during. McDonald (USNR) on active duty as a n urologist at the Bethesd a Naval Hospital. produced three children: a son. a n d t he on ly organi zatio n h e foun d trying to do anyt hing was The J ohn Birch Society. as a flight surgeon to U. Jordan went on. In the shattered and defeated South after the Civil War . naval squadrons and as physician to diplomatic personnel at the Il . 40 Emergence of a Politician "He came back from Iceland afte r discharging his Nava l Reserve act ive duty obligatio ns and began reading political hi st ory a nd book s on forei gn poli cy. principled men and women who watched the politics of their day with disdain.S. . a decision that would cha nge the course of his caree r and life. seeing it become the profession of th e unprinc ipled." Thomas J efferson 's generation argued for aristocracy based not on birth. "not in th e plantation slave-owner stereotype. Rather ." sai d his brother. Dr. but in the code of chivalry . rather than as a callin g of one's duty. Lawrence P . mature per sonality who took his place and assumed his duties in a society with out being conscious of class. J r.. while he was stationed in Iceland . therefore. His medical training taught him to respect evidence and experience. "He . th ey were on a much higher level. Embassy. Capt." observe d Dr. He did have a certain amount of cha uvinism in him when it came to women. In terning as a physician at Bethesda Nava l Hospital ." observed Dr. Lawrence P. sometimes two or three a week. he later took flight surgeon training at the School of Aviat ion Medicine in Pensacola. but on virtue. His marriage foundere d and dissolved in divorce princi pally because of his passionate preoccupation with politics.S. and the general code of th e gentleman. . and it was clear he was running on principle rather than just to be in Congres s. Embassy appeared to be doing things advantageous to the Communists.000 a year. Harold McDonald . Within all this was a fully developed .

His supporters ignored both the Atlanta media's constan t attacks on the Congressman and their attempts to make him out to be a representative of rich. was unreal. were what eventually led to a divorce from his wife. are doomed to defeat. white-collar Atlan ta subur banites . and Lauren Aileen McDona ld.he didn't drink or was seldom even in a bar . McDonald said after Larry's murd er . may I join you?' I sai d.' and th e other two girls could have killed me. my gladiator. I told him I didn 't date poli tician s a nd just as quickly he said: 'Will you make an exception?' "He followed me to the hotel bar . "He took a great deal of abu se in those days. It was in 1975.and she had bra ins. 'No! I am just leaving. that he met Kathryn J ackson. combined with a medical practice with his father and brother. even when he went to Congress. when his powers were developed at their fullest . But he sat down and talked. His enemies and detractors were . She had worked with man y politician s in Californ ia and came to dislike them as a breed because th ey seemed to stand for everything and .after his speech and came right to the tabl e where I was sitting with two other ladies who had come ju st to hear Larry because he was so handsome and single. therefore. "He would be heckled from the audience when giving a speech against the dangers of Communism. he did not respond well to this kind of abu se. he did it. I don't think people realized th e degree of abuse and outright hate he was exposed to beginning as far back as 1962-63. in fact. 'Pa rdon me. he demonstrated an ability to handle whatever came along. th e young couple conferred a certain degr ee of gla mou r on th e 7th Congress ional Distri ct of northern Georgia." Meeting-of-the-Minds Marriage Larry McDonald 's political activities when he returned from Michigan . when he was in California giving a speech a year afte r his election to Congress . for nothing. The abuse he received in most of his career. . and his appearance and genuinely gentleman-like manner were a combination that made him invincible. we t a lked abo ut hi st ory. Jr. th e Ann Arbor City Council. 1985 41 ." Kathryn J ackson was beaut iful . He could just overwhelm anyone with his vast knowledge of a subject. He ta lked also about elected officials who. and lost . when th eir fath er was murd ered. made up of a mixture of rural fundam entali sts and urb an middl e-class. lacking honor and convictions and a willingness to take a stand to save their count ry." observed his close friend . "and he came char ging out to California in November 1975. Initiall y. He came right up to th e tabl e and asked. They were married in June of 1976. "He was definitely my knight . we talk ed about books. two years old and eight mon th s re sp ecti vely. He talked about wha t the ancient Roman Senate did to the empire because its members lacked prin cipIe. siniste r. They had two children. In th e congressional re-election campaigns. Dr. Lawr en ce Patton McDonald . J ordan . a nd he nea rl y missed his plane." related his mother. TH E NEW AM ERI CAN / SE PT E MBE R 30 .Michigan that he first ran for a public office. out -of-state interests who funded and "When Larry got something into his mind that he wanted to do. frustrated by his ability to handle hims elf in any public situation. But in the last decade of his life." Mrs.

Larry McDonald's character most resembles Randolph's as a lonely. Cicero was captured.controlled an equally sinister group . Larry McDonald's mother. Callie Grace Patton. . his intelligence. between 1799 and 1828. Joseph Morecraft III . both Constitutionalists. scholar. He'd go into a factory and find that those people had a kindred feeling for him. Among the qualities that make for greatness. Larry McDonald's religious advisor and close friend . Dr. "His personal magnetism allowed him to swing a number of voters to his side who didn 't always agree with him . and most articulate man in the House of Representatives . who lost both her husband and her son Larry within a six-week period. He never quit. the American War of Independence hero caught spying against the British who before he was hanged uttered the famous words that he regretted he had but one life to lose for his country. thought of him as the most honorable and loyal person he had known. Jordan prefers to think of Larry McDonald as more like Nathan Hale (1755-1776). "joining about 30 to 35 percent of the district that made up his political base that did not agree with him. He was the total gladiator for th e right cause. may and unaccepted. he was honest and a patriot. "because he was totally secure within himself. writer and upholder of republican principles during the civil wars that destroyed the Roman Republic." • THE NEW AMERICAN / SEPTEMBER 30. but to the God whom both believed governs and guides all things.. and he accurately forecast that a civil war would result if the North or South refused to let the evil institution die by the sheer weight of its own deficiencies . not to the god of government. Dr. Jordan noted. "I would call Larry McDonald a modern-day Cicero. "The nearest historical comparison I can make to Larry McDonald .C. his press aide and director of staff affairs in the 7th District. He never gave up. lawyer. Both were Southerners . beheaded and his hands were cut off and nailed to the rostrum of the Roman Senate." he wrote. and both were Christian political warriors who died defending with their last breath the idea that the individual is sovereign and answerable ultimately. like McDonald's. he nevertheless represented for 29 years a congressional district in southwestern Virginia where . were rushing toward their destruction." he added. and those who chose to act out of expediency rather than principle. because no one was supposed to know things as well as they did. He was not a person to exercise caution simply because the newspapers criticized him. "There will never be another one like him in our lifetime. he was what novelist Taylor Caldwell called in one of her books a 'Pillar of Iron.) was a statesman. and his overwhelming knowledge .C. have come closest to finding a historical parallel. The career of John Randolph of Roanoke in the House . Opponents knew that taking on Larry in a head-to-head confrontation meant being destroyed." he observed . like Cicero. Tommy Toles said . Larry MeDonald never had much patience with people whose interests centered on pastimes like football while the country and the world . His political enemies in the news media in Atlanta and in Georgia's regular Democratic organization feared him less for his views than his effectiveness. Less personable and charismatic than Larry McDonald . Although a century and a half separated their two congressional careers." observed his widow Kathryn. and later in the Senate." Cicero (106 B. interestingly." A Charismatic Conservative According to his brother." John Randolph of Roanoke (17731833) sat in the House of Representatives . they could have tolerated him if he had been one of them. McDonald. And when he could overcome their knowledge . He was like Randolph and many early figures in the American Revolution in that they fought for principle against great odds and were willing to lay down their lives for what they believed in . as he thought. . was born and lived until age 12. 1985 . "Larry got along great with people who worked in a factory. He was the most handsome." 42 However . and that didn 't bother him . He could dare to he unpopular A Modern-Day Cicero "He had great personal charisma.-43 B. The John Birch Society. "Larry was a comer. principled defender of personal liberty. Mrs. Randolph was one of the few Southerners who had the courage 35 years before the Civil War to denounce slavery as "a cancer" on the face of the South. a biblical scholar. a veteran Georgia newspaperman. "He was never afraid to do the unpopular thing. His utterance and act of bravery assured him a special spot in the pantheon of American patriots as a young martyr in the cause of liberty." Tommy Toles.' He was the one who stood at the gate and cried forth the warning about the enemy without and within and. said that if she had ever pursued her interest in a literary career she would have taken the pen name Grace Randolph." brother Harold said. He never slowed down. it was infuriating because he was on the other side. the Rev. could say that about few other men in the st a t e's public life. Toles. "All the things which he had said and for which the American press had sneered at him were proving valid. Paradoxically." Dr. he was assassinated. This infuriated the Atlanta media. "and was a very forceful individual." Larry McDonald's foreign affairs advisor. Jordan believes that the analogy is apt only in that both Cicero and McDonald were proven accurate in their warnings and both were murdered. personable. he had the rare gift of inspiring confidence in the hearts of those in his presence and he had an indefinable ring of verity in his voice. may have provided the key to his appeal. "In his district. "is John Randolph of Roanoke [Virginia]. featured a lonely struggle against the majority who refused to face facts . Hilaire du Berrier. One of his greatest assets was his persistence. Above all. his charismatic personality.

THE NEW AMERI CAN / SEPTEMBER 30.hold on when there is nothing in you Except the Will which says to them: "Hold on!" If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue. And yet don't look too good. If you can make one heap of all your winnings And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss. Or being hated don't give way to hating. don't deal in lies. And so . Or. If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you. 1985 43 . And lose. And-which is more-you'll be a Man. nor talk too wise. my son! RUDYARD KIPLING -. being lied about. If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster And treat those two imposters just the same: If you can bear to hear the truth you've spoken Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools. but none too much: If you can fill the unforgiving minute With sixty seconds' worth of distance run. _Or walk with Kings-nor lose the common touch. broken.IF -. If you can think-and not make thoughts your aim. If you can keep your head when all about you Are losing theirs and blaming it on you. If all men count with you. Or watch the things you gave your life to. and start again at your beginnings. And stoop and build'em up with worn-out tools. But make allowance for their doubting too: If you can wait and not be tired by waiting. If you can dream-and not make dreams your master. Yours is the Earth and everything that's in it. If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you. And never breathe a word about your loss: If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew To serve your turn long after they are gone.

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