Rezmires, D., Monfardini, A., Racocea, C.

Slewing rings for mechanical coupling between articulated vehicle combinations and the adapted dynamic load matrix DV. Balkan Journal of Mechanical Transmissions, Volume 1 (2011), Issue 1, pp. 64-67, ISSN 2069–5497.

Balkan Journal of Mechanical Transmissions
Volume 1 (2011), Issue 1, pp. 64-67
Balkan Association of Power Transmissions (BAPT)

ISSN 2069–5497

ROmanian Association of MEchanical Transmissions (ROAMET)

SLEWING RINGS FOR MECHANICAL COUPLING BETWEEN ARTICULATED VEHICLE COMBINATIONS AND THE ADAPTED DYNAMIC LOAD MATRIX DV
Daniel REZMIRES, Alfredo MONFARDINI, Cezar RACOCEA
ABSTRACT. The standards correlate the dimensional requirements for Road vehicles- semi-trailer fifth wheel coupling pin as function of the theoretical load “D” computed according to the International Standards. This paper presents a mathematical model to choose the correct Sirca-Rima slewing ring dimension according with D value. The slewing ring internal geometry is specially designed to satisfy the external dynamic forces. A matrix code named DV is constructed for the the slewing ring selection. KEYWORDS: slewing ring selection, turntable, quasi-static analyses, agricultural trailer, road vehicles- semi-trailer

1.

INTRODUCTION

converter dolly in road train type (NZS, 2003). The DV cases are presented in Table 1.

A mathematical model to select the Sirca-Rima slewing ring adapted to the mechanical coupling between articulated vehicle combinations were created by introducing an matrix namely DV. In order to select a coupling and design the attachment assembly with an appropriate strength rating, the required “D-Value” for the particular application must be calculated. The “D-Value” is an expression that quantifies the required tow coupling dynamic performance as a function of the separate masses of truck and trailer. Trailer couplings and drawbar eyes must be rated by their manufacturer for a particular “D-Value” and tested in accordance with the requirements of the applicable Standards. Multiplying factors are applied to the “D-Value” to relate it to specific operating applications. The vertical load imposed on the tow coupling by the trailer is a function of a number of variables, and includes braking loads. The vertical up load can be significant in some trailer applications. Vertical load rating cannot be used alone in the selection of a suitably rated coupling, but the maximum vertical load rating of the coupling must not be exceeded. There are many configurations of prime-mover and the towing semi-trailers. According to (AS/NZS 4968.1:2003) the computing parameters are defined: D-value represents the theoretical load for the determination of the theoretical horizontal dynamic force between towing vehicle and steering axle trailer, KN; V- value represents the theoretical load for the determination of the theoretical vertical dynamic force between towing vehicle and central axle trailer of more than 3,5 tons weight, KN; Fax is the axial load, Kg, Frad is the radial load, Kg, and M represents the tilting moment, Kg.m. The slewing rings can be located as in Figure 1. 2. THE DV MATRIX

Fig. 1. The virtual possible slewing ring position Table 1. DV matrix code DV 30 60 80 100 120 160 190 D-value, KN 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 10 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 15 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 20 V-value, KN 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

The model fits also with non-standard semi-trailers as were presented in (Rezmires, 2003). The 35 values correspond to external load presented in Table 2. Tacking into account the fixation system imposed by the semi-trailer and the fifth wheel assembly design (and the slewing-ring configuration) the quasi-static analysis was applied to the slewing ring. 3. APPLICATION

Were identified 35 combinations cases which satisfy almost all combinations of typical coupling applications for single trailer articulated vehicles, B-doubles type and for the first 64

Using Sirca and Rima technical specifications three different bearing configurations were overlapped the DV matrix. In that analysis the following slewing rings were considered: 2C.1048.00, 2DU.100.00 and 2UN.100.00. (see fig. 2 to 4). The quasi-static analysis (Rezmires) with DV matrix as input shows the following results:

Rezmires, D., Monfardini, A., Racocea, C. Slewing rings for mechanical coupling between articulated vehicle combinations and the adapted dynamic load matrix DV. Balkan Journal of Mechanical Transmissions, Volume 1 (2011), Issue 1, pp. 64-67, ISSN 2069–5497. Table 2. External loads corresponding to the 35 cases form DV matrix No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 .. Fax 8800 Frad1 Frad2 6500 2300 4500 6000 7500 9000 M1 2100 4200 5600 D 30 60 80 presented in figs. 12 to 15 as follows:

8800 13000 8800 17000 8800 21600 8800 25900

7000 100 8400 120

8800 34500 12000 11200 160 8800 41000 14300 13300 190 .. …. 6500 …. 2300 4500 6000 7500 9000 …… …. 2100 4200 5600 30 60 80 Fig. 4. 2UN.100.00 schematic view DV 30 60 80 100 120 160 190 5 7 10 15 20 1 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 31 4 11 18 25 32 5 12 19 26 33 6 13 20 27 34 7 14 21 28 35 not recommended DV 30 60 80 100 120 160 190 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 10 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 15 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 20 29 30 31 32 33 34 35

29 35000

30 35000 13000 31 35000 17000 32 35000 21600 33 35000 25900

7000 100 8400 120

34 35000 34500 12000 11200 160 35 35000 41000 14300 13300 190

Table 3. 2C.1048.00 recommended area in DV matrix Fig. 2. 2C.1048.00 schematic view

Table 4. 2DU.100.00 recommended area in DV matrix

Table 5. 2UN.100.00 recommended area in DV matrix DV 30 60 80 100 120 160 190 5 7 10 15 20 1 8 15 22 29 2 9 16 23 30 3 10 17 24 31 4 11 18 25 32 5 12 19 26 33 6 13 20 27 34 7 14 21 28 35 not recommended

Fig. 3. 2DU.100.00 schematic view The 2UN.100.00 load distribution as function of the DV matrix are presented in Figures 5 to 11, in parallel as following 1 versus 29, 2 versus 30…. and 7 versus 35. For light to medium load applications the following turntable type can be selected (Sirca and Rima), according to figs. 8 to 11 with the corresponding maximum axial load 1 29 Fig. 5. 2UN.100.00 – Load distribution, [N], case 1 compare vs. 29 65

Rezmires, D., Monfardini, A., Racocea, C. Slewing rings for mechanical coupling between articulated vehicle combinations and the adapted dynamic load matrix DV. Balkan Journal of Mechanical Transmissions, Volume 1 (2011), Issue 1, pp. 64-67, ISSN 2069–5497. semitrailer vehicle configuration brake system works correct and the acceleration process is in the normal limits.

2

30

Fig. 6. 2UN.100.00 – Load distribution, [N] : compare case 2 vs. 30

Fig. 10. I80, I90 bearing type

7

35

Fig. 7. 2UN.100.00 – Load distribution, [N] : compare case 7 vs. 35

Fig. 11. VA bearing type Fig. 8. L, M, P, TU bearing type

Fig. 12. Vertical load for L, M, P, TU bearing type

Fig. 9. ZN, ZD bearing type The quasi-static analysis is in 5DLL and takes into account the cutting point contact limitations in the ball-raceways contact. The raceway’s elasticity as well as the support tolerances field are also included in the computer code. All these calculations are guaranteed only if the truck66

Fig. 13. Vertical load for ZN, ZD bearing type

Rezmires, D., Monfardini, A., Racocea, C. Slewing rings for mechanical coupling between articulated vehicle combinations and the adapted dynamic load matrix DV. Balkan Journal of Mechanical Transmissions, Volume 1 (2011), Issue 1, pp. 64-67, ISSN 2069–5497.

Fig. 14. Vertical load for I80, I90 bearing type

Fig. 15. Vertical load for VA bearing type 4. CONCLUSIONS

The DV matrix and the quasi-static analysis in 5DLL were applied to study the correct chooses for the trucksemitrailer vehicle configuration tacking into account the slewing ring configuration. A computer code was created at Sirca and Rima companies to help the semi-trailer constructors by using the international specifications regarding the Heavy-road vehicles. The computer code is also developed to usually agricultural trailer. The slewing ring internal geometry optimization process contribute to safety factor coefficient improvement of a mechanical coupling between articulated vehicle according to DV matrix working conditions. REFERENCES NZS 4968.1:2003 Heavy-road vehicles - Mechanical coupling between articulated vehicle combinations - Design criteria and selection requirements for fifth wheel, kingpin and associated equipment SIRCA. www.sirca.com.ro RIMA. www.rimaspa.it REZMIRES, D, (2003), Theoretical and experimental researches regarding the dynamics of spherical roller bearings, PhD Thesis, http://www.scribd.com/drezmir

CORRESPONDENCE Daniel REZMIRES, Dr. Ing. S.C. SIRCA S.A – Piatra Romania drezmir@hotmail.com www.sirca.com.ro

Neamt

Alfredo MONFARDINI, PI. S.C. RIMA SPA - Italy www.rimaspa.it

Cezar RACOCEA, Prof. Dr. UTI Iasi cracocea@netscape.net

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