Impacts & Strategies Group 4 (Malaysia

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GROUP MEMBERS: 1. 2. 2 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. HOR TEK LIP - LEADER FAUZIAH HANIM NORDIN MAZLAN IDRUS THIAN KIM TAI WAN ABDULLAH WAN OMAR FAUZAN HAMZAH ABDUL NAJIB ABDULLAH RUHSELAH ISMAIL

The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

Sectors - Agriculture, Utilities and River Basin Management Entity
Primary Impacts • Flooding • Drought • Sea level rise

Flooding - Impacts g p
• • • • • • • • • Agricultural yield drop Water treatment plant operation disrupted Infrastructure damage Environmental damage Disruption of service (water supply & electricity) Contamination health impacts Ecological damage (corals) Asset damage –sewerage, TNBs, water supply sewerage, Cleaning cost

• • •

Operation revenue loss (water supply &TNB) Conflicting interest (release vs witholding -TNB) Sedimentation of dams eg.Cameron Highlands

Strategies - MADA, BPSP, LUAS
Flooding
• • • • • • Restudy the planting and harvesting schedule Upgrade th existing infrastructure to reduce the U d the i ti i f t t t d th flooding risk Zoning the critical flooding area Reforestation to preserve the environment Gazette catchments and river reserve area Awareness for adaptation and impact climate for agricultural agencies

Strategies
Flooding
TNB
• Review dam spillway capacity under CC scenario. • Increase collaboration and networking with river catchment stakeholders . p p • To seek new development platform level under CC scenario from JPS - review existing building design floor platform level of substations • Review the Standard Operation Procedure under extended flood period • to initiate with awareness at managers’ level

PAAB (Pengurusan Aset Air)
• • • • Create awareness amongst water supply treatment operators p Enforced water operators to move towards adaptation and mitigation plan under CC scenario Review of planning for new treatment plant R i f l i f t t t l t Increase height of control panel

PERBADANAN PUTRAJAYA
• Review the design and plan for additional storage pond for Putrajaya • • • Future planning to include CC impacts Develop ERP for drought for Putrajaya Review Putrajaya Dam Risk Assessment

Drought - Impacts
• • • • • • • • Irrigation affected Water supply affected Pollution increase (dilution decrease) Agriculture and aquaculture production Changing the soil texture Ecosystem affected-will also effect tourism sector (fireflies) Inland navigation affected Saltwater intrusion especially coastal agricultural land

• Decrease dilution in river •Increase operation cost – increase head pumping cost, cost higher purification cost – more chemicals • Affected operation cost if water level in river/ dam too low • User conflict – need to release vs holding water

MADA, BPSP, LUAS– Strategies
Drought
• More small storage pond/reservoir g p • Water recycling • Rain water harvesting • More tidal control gates • Construct more weirs at strategic location • Awareness for adaptation and impact climate for agricultural agencies

Strategies g
Drought
TNB (P (Power supply) l )
• • Improve collaboration with the user. Riparian release of environmental flow

PAAB (Asset management of water supply)
• • • • • • Plan lowering of intake point Make operators aware and understand CC impact Initiate planning by all water operators to accommodate CC impact Initiate collaborative effort on forecasting of drought Interbasin transfer (water supply) Demand side management approach

PPJ
• • • Awareness of user Planting the proper species of plant depend on climate change. Landscape with drought tolerant species wetlands & landscape plants l d l t

Sea level rise - I S l l i Impacts t
• • • • • • • Saltwater intrusion Decrease in existing drainage capacity Height of existing coastal bund inadequate Flooding of lowland area affected coastal community Uplifting effect of underground pipe Corrosion of metal pipes Obstruction of flow from thermal plants p

MADA, LUAS– Strategies MADA LUAS St t i
Sea level rise •Pump drainage system •Bigger tidal gate structure •Raise the height of existing coastal bund •Bund the affected area •Replanting mangrove trees

Strategies
Sea level rise TNB
• • Increase environmental flow for the downstream Redesign of power plant outlet to the sea thermal

PAAB/JPP
• • • • Proper design and proper construction supervision Assessment of inventory treatment plant affected by sea level rise Relocation of treatment plant Replacement with suitable pipe material

JPP (Sewerage Services Dept ) Dept.)
• Create awareness to top management • Plan regional sewerage treatment plant • Relocation of wastewater treatment plan p p g • Seek new flood platform level from JPS ensure planning treatment plant is free from flood • Increase height of control panel.

Agricultural and River Basin
Secondary Impacts • Groundwater table • Erosion and sedimentation • Pollution

Groundwater table
Groundwater table increase: •Lead to more landslide occurrences Groundwater table decrease: •More irrigation water required to saturate the paddy field More during dry season •Rural drinking water supply affected (tube well) •Degradation of peat swamp/soil

LUAS - Strategies
Groundwater table
• • Construct more monitoring well to monitor groundwater fluctuation Control/reduce abstraction of groundwater

Erosion and sedimentation - impacts Erosion
•Embankment slip •River and coastal agricultural/ community affected

Sedimentation
•Silting of canal •Channel capacity flow decreases •Reduce the reservoir/dam storage capacity •Port and harbour

MADA and LUAS– Strategies
Erosion and sedimentation E i d di t ti
Erosion • Bi Bio-engineering in erosion control i i i i t l • Increase public awareness • Control sand mining activities Sedimentation • Desilting canal, dam and port according to g , p g schedule • Install silt trap at strategic location

Pollution - Impacts
Flood
•Water quality affected (turbidity etc) •Spread of water-borne diseases

Drought
•Water dil ti affected W t dilution ff t d •Haze

LUAS– Strategies
Pollution
Flood
• • Install more log boom at strategic location in the river /channel Implement MSMA (Storm water management Manual)

Drought • • • Control pollution at sources (point or non point sources) No open burning activities p g Zero burning practices for agricultural waste

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