Impacts & Strategies Group 6 p (Philippines

)
by Vicente Tuddao (Head) Daria Mathew (Facilitator) Isidra D. Penaranda Edgardo C Manda C. Lasaro P. Salvacion Enrico R. Corvera Theresa Audrey Esteban Muhd Azroie Narensh Nair

The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or / f f policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

Sectors Major Sectors: Natural Resources Water Resource and Supply Agriculture and Fisheries

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Sub-Sectors: Sub Sectors: River and Lakes Lands Forestry Coastal Resources and Lands Biodiversity

1. 2. 2

1. 2.

Sub-Sectors: Quality Quantity

3. 3

1.

Sub-Sectors: Production

Impacts On Natural Resources
Rivers and Lakes 1. 2. 3. 4. Siltation and Sedimentation River Surges and Overflow (Precipitation Rate Increases) High Evaporation Lake Water Surface (Increase g p ( Temperature) Increases Pollution

Impacts On Natural Resources
Coastal Resources 1. 2. Reduced Reproductive Capacity of Marine Resources Aggravated Transport of Red-Tide causing elements from the upland.

Impacts On Natural Resources
Forestry 1. 2. Increased Incidence of Forest Fires Increased Mortality of Forest Trees/Other Species due to prolonged water logged condition or extended dry periods.

Impacts On Natural Resources
Lands 1. Inundation of Coastal Areas

Biodiversity 1. 1 Destruction of Habitats

Impacts On Water Resource and Supply
Quality 1. Salination of groundwater 2. Increase pollution by surface water and groundwater Quantity 1. Reduction of water recharges/water availability

Impacts On Agriculture and Fisheries p g • Crop Damage due to Flooding and Drought

Risks on Natural Resources
1. 2. 3. 4. 4 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

Reduction of Available Water for Domestic, Industry, Agriculture, Flooding (d Fl di (damage to life and property) lif d ) Reduction of Available Water for Domestic, Industry, Agriculture for Lake Inhabitants. Adult d I f t M t lit Ad lt and Infant Mortality Reduced Catch of Marine Fisheries. High Incidence of Red-Tide Loss of Land for commercial. Tourism, habitation purposes. L fL df i l T i h bi i Reduce water holding capacity Reduce carbon sequestration Might cause ecological imbalance Reduce forest economic benefits Endanger and Extinction of Flora and Fauna in aquatic and terrestrial h bit t t t i l habitat

Risks on Water Resource and Supply
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Human Health (Water Borne Diseases) High Cost for Water Treatment High Cost of Drinking Water for poor Depletion of freshwater Depletion on groundwater

Adaptation Strategies Ad t ti St t i on Water Resource and Supply :
Strengthen Monitoring ( ) h i i (1) Regulation and Enforcement by Level 1 Sector Upgrading Level 1 to Level 2 or 3 Institutionalization the use of waste water recycling, floodwater recycling, rainwater harvesting, desalinization,...(1, 2, 3) Water conservation through optimum use, reduction water wastage,…(1, 2, 3) Information, Education, and Communication Campaign (IEC) C i ti C i and Advocacy(3) Capacity Building (3)

1. 2. 3.

CODE used : Policy/Law P li /L Institutional Instruments (tools, IEC, capacity building, agreements,…)

Identify groundwater area highly vulnerable to groundwater depletion and area with high risk to groundwater pollution (3) Implement groundwater recharge related projects and program (3) Develop simulation modeling tools to project/predict status on groundwater and surface water quality and quantity, within the river basin (3) ( ) Update status of groundwater assessment/raw water assessment of the major river basin (3)

Proposed Projects for Agusan River Basin
1.

2. 3.

4.

Development of IEC and advocacy plan in relation to climate change adaptation Implementation and Impact Assessment of the IEC Capacity building for stakeholders of river basin in impact assessments, risk screening, and adaptation strategies Development of simulation models on the projection stream flow regimen, and water quality for the Agusan River Basin, as a ec ed eg e , a d wa e qua y o e gusa ve as , affected by climate change.

Proposed Projects Laguna Lake, Philippines
1.

2. 2 3.

4.

5. 6.

Development of IEC and advocacy plan in relation to climate change adaptation Implementation and Impact Assessment of the IEC I l t ti dI tA t f th Capacity building for stakeholders of river basin in impact assessments, risk screening, and adaptation strategies Development of simulation models on the projection stream flow regimen, and water quality for the Laguna Lake, as affected by climate change. Design and Develop of hydrologic monitoring network Design and Development of appropriate sewage and sewerage system for the Laguna Lake River Basin.

Proposed National Policy, Regulation and Institutional Development and other Related Projects on Climate Change Adaptation in the Philippines
1. 1

2.

3.

4. 4

5. 5

Study on the integration of climate change adaptation initiatives, local policies and policy gaps in the Philippines Development of National Communication and Advocacy Plan on climate change adaptation. Study on the establishment of Philippines Centre for climate change adaptation to strengthen Adaptation capacity. Study on Institutional Development (i.e financing mechanism, (i e mechanism institutional arrangement, and policy ) for Climate Change adaptation. Establishment of RBO in other Major river Basins in the country. country

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