1–5D December 2008 Selangor, M l i b 2008, S l Malaysia

The Case of the Critical River Basins in the Central Cebu Protected Landscape Cebu, Philippines
Presentation by:
The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

Engr. Lasaro P. Salvacion Head, Water R H d W t Resource Knowledge Center Metro Cebu Water District Cebu Cit Ceb City, Philippines
PO L T I

N A

CEBU WA
*

T R DIS RI TE

O ETR
*

*

*1974 *

C

T

M

Japan Russia China Hong Kong Guam

Thailand Philippines Vietnam Malaysia Indonesia

The Philippines Regional Location in Southeast Asia

Australia A li

Cebu Island in the Philippines
Cebu is located at the geographic center of the archipelago. An elongated island, 250 kms. long. 50 kms. at its widest center Land area of 500,000 has.

The Institution: A quasi-public corporation created on F b February 1, 1975 b the P 1 by h Provincial i i l Water Utilities Act of 1973 (Presidential ) Decree 198) and Resolution No. 1378 by the Cebu City Council dated July 18, 1974 A Government owned and controlled corporation beginning in March 1992 A very large water di t i t i l t district in category The first water district in the Philippines to be ISO 9001- certified

Our Service Areas
Composed of: ~ 8 Local Govt Units/ Govt.
Consolacion, Compostela, Cordova & Liloan Cebu, Lapu-lapu,Mandaue, Talisay LapuCompostela LiloLilo-an Consolacion Cebu City Mandaue City LapuLapu-Lapu City Talisay City Mactan Is. Cordova
MCIAA

~ Population of 1.8 M (2007 Stat, NSCB)

Organizational Structure as of September 30 2007 30, Board of Directors General Manager
GMs Office
• • • • Legal Department Internal Audit Department Corporate Planning Dept. Mgt Info Services Dept. • • • •

Operations Group
Production and Dept. Service Connection & Inst. Dept. Maint. Support Services Dept. Environment & Water Resources Dept.

Finance Group
• Billing Department • Financial Mgt. Dept. • Accounting Dept.

Technical Services Group
• • • Engineering Department Project Mgt. Dept. Construction Dept.

Administration Group
• • • • Human Resources Dept. Public Affairs Dept. Materials Mgt. Dept. Gen. Services Dept.

Pipelines Maintenance Group
• • PMD-N PMD-S

CCNP (11 893 58 (11,893.58 Ha.)

KOTKOT-LUSARAN (14,121 Ha.)

• 64% of its land has a slope of 18% - 30% • 12% with a slope of 30% - 50% or more •Forest Cover – Currently barely 0.8% of the total land area

SNP (696 Ha.)

MANANGA (6,823 ( , Ha.) BUHISAN (630.89 Ha.) Ha )

Average Annual Rainfall for Central Cebu: 1,600 – 1,750 mm/year

WATERSHED

AREA

INPUT Annual Rainfall (mm/year) Upland 1728 mm/yr. / 1706 mm/yr. 1836 mm/yr. Coastal 1438 mm/yr. / 1859 mm/yr.

OUTPUT

Upland Mananga Kotkot 81 km2 70 km2

Coastal 6 km2 11 km2

Evapotranspiration 1179mm/yr. 1179mm/yr

Run-Off 620mm/yr 634mm/yr

Lusaran

65.96 km2
CCNP (11,893. 58 Ha.)

1179 mm/yr

742mm/yr

KOTKOTLUSARAN (14,121 Ha.)

SNP (696 Ha.)

MANANGA (6,823 Ha.) BUHISAN (630.89 Ha.)

26 Hydromet stations & 87 hydrogeo stations 25 yrs.

Our Sources of Water

Groundwater ~ 109 water wells including semi-surface sources ~ 10 Reservoirs for water storage (2,000 cu. m. water ( tower @ Pusok, Lapu-lapu City ~ High level reservoir in Lilo-an, Cebu
The Water Tower High Level Reservoir

Surface Water ~ The only surface water source of MCWD ~ The only dam in Central Visayas (Region 7), Philippines ~ Situated in Buhisan, Cebu City inside y the 630-hectare Buhisan Watershed Forest Reserve (A Protected Area) ~ Built in 1911 with a height of 27 meters and a 45-meter wide floodgate ~G Generates an average of 4 000 cubic t f 4,000 bi meters daily supplying the Tisa Filter Plant

Semi - Surface Water ~ The Manange Phase 1 Project located in Barangay, Jaclupan, Cebu Cit C b City, a 65 h t 65-hectare water channel h i d t h l having deep well ll pumps, settling basin and infiltration basin occupying only one-third of its total land area; it has a 3-hectare seedling g nursery and the remaining 30 hectares is concentrated to its greening project.

Tisa Filter Plant

• T To provide id safe and drinking water water.

adequate, d affordable

• To provide sewerage and sanitation services d it ti i within the Metro Cebu service area

Has

the responsibility and the key role towards securing and ensuring the sustainability of its water g g y resources for optimum utilization backed up with sound environmental management initiatives to address the impacts of an escalating challenges and worsening i t f l ti g h ll g d i g impacts of climate change.

Current Setting in Addressing Climate Issues in Metro Cebu g g
Not been given enough attention or priority Most adaptation activities are reactive in nature Lack of awareness of the climate change impacts Lack of technical people, tools and technology to address climate change impact projections, vulnerability assessments, planning p of coping p g and development measures and evaluation of adaptation strategies

Intensifying the Global Water Cycle: ”According to model predictions the most significant manifestation of According predictions, climate change for humans and the environment is an intensification of the global water cycle, leading to increased global precipitation, faster evaporation, evaporation and a general exacerbation of extreme hydrologic regimes regimes, floods, and droughts” (Asrar et al. 2001, p. 1313). Further, the National Research Council stated that “Water is at the heart of both the causes and the effects of climate change” (NRC 1999) change 1999).

Climatology

Hydrologic Cycle

Main Issues on Water and Climate Change Adaptation in the Kotkot-Lusaran/Mananga River Basins • Climate change projections at local level •Assessing climate change impact and risks •Developing and implementing comprehensive adaptation i i strategies • Implementation of Integrated p f g Water Resources Management (IWRM) • Capacity building technology building, development and transfer •Financial resources provision • Evaluating the effectiveness of adaptation strategies

Vulnerability to Increased Climate Change Impacts

1.

Increasing demand for water due to population growth in Metro Cebu.

6. Lack of climate change research and baseline data

2.

Degradation of the catchments 7. Fragmented water resources management by human incursions, improper cultivation, erosion. Lack of political will to implement rules and regulations. Destruction of natural recharge areas by reclamation and infrastructure construction. Over-pumping of groundwater causing sea-water intrusion.

3.

4.

5.

Dried-up p rivers Polluted waterways

Garbage everywhere... Excessive quarrying
Unfortunately, generations of neglect require generations of recovery…

Ongoing / Planned Water and Climate Change Adaptation Initiatives in Cebu’s Critical River Basins Cebu s

The On-Going Strategies
Reforestation of watershed areas
A. A The MCWD Jaclupan Greening Program ~ Location: Mananga Watershed Forest Reserve (or the Mananga River Basin) The Reforestation Sites And Their Respective Size: Jaclupan Plantation Project Sinsin Plantation Project Buot-Taup Buot Taup Plantation Project Family Park Bonbon Plantation Project - 65 hectares Jaclupan hyperlink.ppt - 20 hectares Sinsin.ppt - 10 hectares - 20 hectares - 4 hectares

Jaclupan Plantation Project – 65 hectares

Sinsin Plantation Project – 20 hectares

Ongoing / Planned Water and Climate Change Adaptation Initiatives in Cebu’s Critical River Basin

The On-Going Strategies
Reforestation of watershed areas
B. Formulation of Watershed Management
Plans e.g. Buhisan River Watershed Integrated Development Program

Ongoing / Planned Water and Climate Change Adaptation Initiatives in Cebu’s Critical River Basin

The On-Going On Going Strategies
Reforestation of watershed areas
C. Reforestation projects in the Three (3) Critical Watersheds & 11 Community Nursery Establishments in the Municipality of Liloan (Part of the Kotkot Watershed Forest R W t h dF t Reserve) )

Reforestation program

Ongoing / Planned Water and Climate Change Adaptation Initiatives in Cebu’s Critical River Basin

The On-Going Strategies
Reforestation of watershed areas
D. Collaboration with DENR (national agency) in the Local Implementation of Watersheds Project by the Water District)

Ongoing / Planned Water and Climate Change Adaptation Initiatives in Cebu’s Critical River Basin
The On-Going Strategies Disaster coordinating/response committee ~ Linkage & Network with Multisectoral Organizations e.g. Cebu City Rivers Management Council, Central Cebu Protected Landscape-Protected Area Management Board, Private Corporations (e.g. San Miguel Corporation) Regular monitoring of water levels and salinity

Fig. 3. Salinity map of ground water situation in 2005 Cebu City Mandaue City
50 0 mg/L isoline

Progressive intrusion occurred for the 50 mg/L isoline, but the 250 mg/L isoline appears stabilized in the last decade. h l d d

Ongoing / Planned Water and Climate Change Adaptation Initiatives in Cebu’s Critical River Basin

The On-Going Strategies
Water pricing for demand management NRW reduction program
Construction of gabion dams on some rivers/ streams

Regular monitoring of water levels and salinity g g y Energy efficiency program Disseminating water conservation tips

Ongoing / Planned Water and Climate Change Adaptation Initiatives in Cebu’s Critical River Basin
Planned 1. 2. 3. Groundwater modelling (Assisted by JICA by b 2009) Metro Cebu Kotkot Dam Project (RSCC80421) – ADB engagement MOA for a Technical Assistance Services for a Pre-Investment Study of a Septage Management Project between Philippine Water Revolving Fund Support Program (PWRF) and MCWD Implementation of IWRM Policy Formulation

4. •

e.g. IWRM and Climate Change Policies is a Collaborative effort with the Multisectoral Organizations (LGUs, NGOs, NGAs, Civil Society)

Ongoing / Planned Water and Climate Change Adaptation Initiatives in Cebu’s Critical River Basin Cebu s

Planned
5. Septage management program 6. Long Term Water Supply Dam Projects (Kotkot d Mananga) P j t (K tk t and M ) 7. Desalination plants / water recycling programs and projects

Ongoing / Planned Water and Climate Change Adaptation Initiatives in Cebu’s Critical River Basin Cebu s

Planned
8. Utilization of renewable energy sources

Promotion of Water Conservation for Energy Use Reduction Objective: Obj ti Promote Water Conservation for Water Use Efficiency to Reduce Energy Cost gy

Our Role in Climate Change Adaptation in Cebu s Cebu’s Critical River Basins 2) Water Program Adaptation to Climate Change
Water Standards and Water Quality MCWD GIS MCWD Knowledge Center l d

Our Role in Climate Change Adaptation in Cebu’s Critical River Basins 2) Water Program Adaptation to Climate Change Water Infrastructure

Extending distribution lines

Rehabilitation of pipes

Road restoration

Expectations from the Regional Knowledge Hub (NAHRIM) and its Network Netwo

Climate Change Projections ~ Capability Building at Localized level ~ Link projections to mitigating measures Impact Assessments ~ Effect on water availability and water quality ~ Risks assessment based on hazards and vulnerability ~ Information needed to perform impact/risk assessment Adaptation Strategies p g p p p ~ Comprehensive to cover mitigation, preparation, and response to extreme events Evaluation of the effectiveness of adaptation strategies

Proposed Collaboration with NAHRIM Training and Assistance in Developing Downscaled Models or Methods for: Climate Change Projections Climate Change Impact and Risk Assessments Evaluating the effectiveness of adaptation strategies/measures

Support Needed in Climate Change Adaptation Main Issues in Kotkot Lusaran/ Mananga River Basins Kotkot-Lusaran/ Cebu, Philippines

1.

Climate Change Projections at Local Level ~ P Proper methodology, tools, models to make climate change h d l l d l k li h projections, preferably at country or even province level is needed. ~ The projections may include rainfall amount and frequency, mean temperatures, sea level, frequency of cyclones, etc. ~ To know the correlation between mitigating measures and climate change projections

Support Needed in Climate Change Adaptation Main Issues in Kotkot-Lusaran/ Mananga River Basins Cebu, Phili i C b Philippines

2. Assessing Climate Change Impacts and Risks ~I f Information obtained f i b i d from climate change projections may b used li h j i be d with the help pf models to assess the impact on water availability and water quality. ~Advice is needed on any additional information that will be used to perform risk assessments, considering the identified hazards and vulnerability in the locality.

Support Needed in Climate Change Adaptation Main Issues in Kotkot-Lusaran/ Mananga River Basins Cebu, Philippines 3. Developing and Implementing Comprehensive Adaptation Strategies ~S Support and advice i needed to d d d i is d d develop and i l l d implement adaptation d i strategies. ~ The strategies should be comprehensive to cover mitigation of, g p g f, preparation for, and response to the occurrence of extreme events.

Support Needed in Climate Change Adaptation Main Issues in Kotkot-Lusaran/ Mananga River Basins Cebu, Philippines 4. Implementation of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) ~ Adaptation strategies and measures are ideally developed and p g y p implemented in the context of IWRM. ~ The participation of various water users and stakeholders in the IWRM approach will help ensure acceptability commitment and acceptability, smoother implementation of adaptation measures. ~ Support and advice is needed in the major challenges in implementing IWRM i the Inter-local government units cooperation i l ti in th I t l l t it ti and conflict resolution.

Support Needed in Climate Change Adaptation Main Issues in Kotkot-Lusaran/ Mananga River Basins Cebu, Philippines 5. Capacity Building, Technology Development and Transfer ~ K technical people must b provided with the appropriate, and Key h i l l be id d i h h i d up-to-date trainings to the relevant developments of a fast evolving climate change adaptation strategies, impact/risk assessments, climate change projections, the knowledge, technology and projections knowledge methodologies.

Support Needed in Climate Change Adaptation Main Issues in Kotkot-Lusaran/ Mananga River Basins Cebu, Philippines 6. Financial resources provision ~ The need to access for adequate, predictable, and sustainable adequate predictable financial resources including the provision of official and congressional funding. 7. Evaluating the effectiveness of adaptation strategies ~ Assessment on the implementation of climate change adaptation strategies to identify barriers and constraints constraints. ~ To evaluate results and economic efficiency outcomes. ~ Evaluation can be useful in improving the strategies ~ Guidance and support is needed in the evaluation process

“You will never miss the water ‘til the well runs dry.”
~ Heraclitus of Ephesus

Thank You.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful