IRBM IN SELANGOR RIVER BASIN

SELANGOR WATERS MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY (SWMA)/ LEMBAGA URUS AIR SELANGOR (LUAS) PROGRAM ‘REGIONAL WORSHOP ON DEVELOPING PARTNERSHIP FOR WATER & CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION ADAPTATION’ TECHNICAL VISIT TO SELANGOR RIVER BASIN 3 DISEMBER 2008
The views expressed in this paper/presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB official terms.

Area : 7, 955 km2 Population : 4 million Districts : Gombak, Hulu Selangor, Kuala Selangor, Kuala Langat, Hulu Langat, Sabak Bernam, Klang, Petaling, Sepang.

Peninsular of Malaysia

Background of SWMA Awareness Program Issue and challenges The way forward Conclusion

CONTENTS :

IRBM in Selangor River Basin

BACKGROUND OF SWMA
Selangor Waters Management Authority or its acronym, SWMA/LUAS is a one-stop oneagency for the management of water resources, river basin, water bodies, ground water and coastal waters in the State of Selangor. S l Selangor. It was established under the Selangor Waters Management Authority Enactment 1999 pursuant to the approval of the Selangor State Legislative Assembly on 9 April 1999. 1999.

SWMA OBJECTIVES
To ensure the water resources and environmental surrounding is in i i a manageable and sustainable condition bl d t i bl diti To undertake the function of planning, research, facilitator, coordinator, operation, enforcement, coordinator operation enforcement supervision in the development of an the integrated management of water resources and environment To provide an environment that is conducive for public and private sector participation in the development, utilization and management of water resources g To create the public awareness and the participation of the public on the importance of water resources

PERAK SG BERNAM

SG TENGI

PAHANG SG SELANGOR SG BULOH KUALA LUMPUR

SG KLANG

SG LANGAT

PUTRAJAYA NEGERI SEMBILAN SG SEPANG

RIVER BASINS MAP IN SELANGOR , RIVER ACROSS BORDER AND BETWEEN BORDER IN SELANGOR 6 WITH OTHER STATES

PERAK

Empangan Sg Tinggi

Empangan Sg Selangor

Empangan Batu p g Empangan Klang Gates
PAHANG

Empangan Sg Langat
KUALA LUMPUR

Empangan Semenyih
PUTRAJAYA NEGERI SEMBILAN

DAMS IN SELANGOR

7

WATER CYCLE

Discharge to septic tank / drain?

WATER RESOURCES IN SELANGOR
rivers i ground waters lakes and ponds (alternative resources)

10

IWRM builds on river basin management

IWRM

IRBM

- from a water quantity and water quality perspective

DEFINITION
Integrated River Basin Management g g
Defined as : g , “ a framework for the management of the use, development and protection of water y resources in a river basin in a way that prioritizes the sustenance of the resources for future generations, safeguards the life supporting capacity of water and ecosystems and avoids, remedies and mitigates any adverse effects of use and development of the water resources”

IRBM IN SELANGOR RIVER BASIN

SELANGOR RIVER BASIN
Bukit Fraser

PERAK PERAK
HULU SELANGOR Ulu Selangor sb Ulu Selangor sb Kerling sb Kerling sb
Sg Ke rlin g
Kuala Kubu Bahru K b B h

SABAK BERNAM

Sg. Tinggi sb Sg. Tinggi sb
loh Sg Bu

Kuala Kubu sb Kuala Kubu sb
ening Sg R

KUALA SELANGOR Tanjung Karang sb Tanjung Karang sb

Rantau Panjang sb Rantau Panjang sb
Se la ng or

Sg B atan g Ka li
Batang Kali

Hulu Rening sb PAHANG Hulu Rening sb PAHANG

Sg

Batang Kali sb Batang Kali sb

Genting Highland

Sg Sg h bo m Se

Batang Berjuntai Kuala Selangor

Kuala Selangor sb Kuala Selangor sb

Pekan Ijok

Rawang sb Rawang sb
Raw ang

GOMBAK
Kuang

0

5 Kilometres

10

SELANGOR RIVER BASIN
♦ Catchment area – 2,200 km2 (28% of the state) ♦ Third largest river basin after Sungai Langat and Sungai Bernam Basin. ♦ Emerges from the foothill of Frasers’s Hill and traverses the northeast region of Selangor for 110 km until the coast. ♦ 3 districts (Gombak, Hulu Selangor and Kuala Selangor) and 19 mukim. mukim. ♦ Administration : 3 Local Authority (Selayang Municipal (Selayang Council , Kuala Selangor dan Hulu Selangor District Council) ♦ Main tributaries are Sg. Sembah, Sg. Kanching, Sg. Kerling, Sg. Sembah, Sg. Kanching, Sg. Kerling, Sg. Rawang, Sg. Sg. Rawang, Sg. Tinggi etc.

WATER SUPPLY INFRASTRUCTURES
Legend
Small WTP Major WTP Water Intake

PERAK
Reservoir catchments
Sg S l S Selangor D Dam CA = 197 km2

Kuala Kubu Kuala Kubu Bharu WTP Bharu WTP

Sg Kerling K

Sg Tinggi Sg Tinggi Dam Dam

Rasa Intake CA = 321 km2

Sg Selangor Sg Selangor Dam Dam

Pump-refill Scheme

uloh Sg B

Rasa WTP
or ng Sg Ba la tang Kali Se

ing en gR S

PAHANG

Sg. Selangor at Rantau Panjang CA = 1450 km2 Batang Berjuntai Water Intake CA=1554 km2
g Sg

Sg

Batang Kali WTP Batang Kali WTP

Pumping Intake CA=885 km2 Sg Buaya WTP
h bo m Se S

Bkt Badong Bkt Badong WTP WTP

Sg Rangkap WTP Sg Rangkap WTP

0

5 Kilometres

10

POLICY 1 : ENSURE SUFFICIENT WATER POLICY 2 : ENSURE CLEAN WATER O C S C POLICY 3 : PROTECT AGAINST FLOOD POLICY 4 : CONSERVE THE FIREFLIES

17

POLICY 1: Ensure Sufficient Water
STRATEGIES : 1. Increase emphasis on demand management 2. Increase use of groundwater resources 3. 3 Better use of surface water 4. Restore wetlands (esp. peat swamps) 5. Explore additional resources

IMPLEMENTATION :

LICENSING OF WATER ABSTRACTION
• • Charging and Licensing of Water Abstraction started on 1 July 2005 for water supply and commercial users. Parallel to Section 44 (1)a & 59(1)a, LUAS Enactment 1999. The charge rates are RM 0.01/ m3 for water supply and RM 0.05 /m3 for commercial users. The charge will be used to conserve the water resources and environments.

ALTERNATIVE WATER RESOURCES
• ‘Task Force of Alternative Water Resources for Water Supply’ – to identify the suitable lakes, ponds, ex-mining ponds and groundwater to be develop as alternative water resources during water crisis /drought /drought.

WATER CRISIS
1998 drought caused serious water rationing and hardship for 1.8 million residents of Kuala Lumpur & other towns in Klang Valley

Water Crisis

POLICY 2 : ENSURE CLEAN WATER
ISSUES Water quality at the main water intake points to remain at Class II, bu it is underpressure, o e a a C ass II, but s u de p essu e underpressure, e, especially from activities in Rawang area. POLICY Selangor will ensure clean water for water supply and for the environment by : Reduce pollution from existing sources and p g prevent pollution from new sources

Source of Pollutions f i
Domestic Wastewater ie. public sewage treatment plant, individual septic tank and direct discharge Industrial Wastewater Wet Markets Other urban wastewater ie. restaurant & food stalls etc Animal husbandry y Freshwater Aquaculture Solid waste Soil Erosion Sand mining

POLICY 2 : ENSURE CLEAN WATER
STRATEGIES S G S 6. Reduce pollution from industrial wastewater 7. Upgrade sewerage system including sewage pg g y g g treatment plant 8. Reduce pollution from other urban sources 9. Reduce pollution from aquaculture 10. Reduce pollution from animal husbandry 11. Reduce sedimentation and suspended solid d di t ti d d d lid 12. Reduce pollution from landfill 13. Strengthen protection of reservoirs 13 St th t ti f i

THE MECHANISM OF POLLUTION MONITORING PROGRAM IN LUAS
IDENTIFY THE POLLUTION SOURCES/ COMPLAINT State Government Meeting Council (MMKN)

SITE VISIT

State Economic Action Council (MTES)

SELANGOR RIVER POLLUTION CONTROL TASK FORCE MEETING

PREPARING THE PROGRESS REPORT / MTES PAPER / BOARD

INTEGRATED ACTION BY ALL RELEVANT AGENCIES

SELANGOR RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE MEETING

POLLUTION CONTROL TASK FORCE / MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE
Chairman – Exco of Infrastructure & Public Facilities / Director of Lembaga Urus Air Selangor (LUAS) Secretariat - Lembaga Urus Air Selangor (LUAS) MEMBERS : 1. State Economic Planning Unit 2. Land and Mines Office 3. National Water Services Commission 4. Dept. of Solid Waste Management 5. Dept. of Irrigation and Drainage (Selangor, Hulu Selangor, Kuala Selangor & Gombak) 6. Dept. of Environment (Gombak) 7. Dept. of Town & Country Planning 8. Dept. of Agriculture (State, Hulu Selangor, Kuala Selangor & Gombak) 9. 9 Dept. Dept of Fishery (State, Hulu Selangor, Kuala Selangor & Gombak) (State Selangor 10. Dept. of Forestry (State) 11. Dept. of Health (State, Hulu Selangor, Kuala Selangor & Gombak) 12. Dept. of Veterinary Services (Selangor, Hulu Selangor, Kuala Selangor & Gombak) 13. Dept. of Public Works 14. District/Municipal Council - Hulu S l 4 i i / i i lC il l Selangor, Kuala Selangor & Selayang l S l S l 15. Land and District Office Hulu Selangor, Kuala Selangor & Gombak 16. Alam Flora 17. Puncak Niaga 18. Syabas 19. Splash 20. Indah Water Konsortium

WATER QUALITY
WATER QUALITY IN SELANGOR RIVER (%)
100 90 80

CLASS I & II (%) S

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 FEB APRIL JUN OGOS OKTOBER DISEMBER

2006 2007 2008

MONTH

INTEGRATED ENFORCEMENT

Integrated enforcement on sand mining.

Pig farming
Before enforcement f t
12/06/07 / / 21/09/07

After enforcement

EMERGENCY COMMITTEE FOR WATER RESOURCES POLLUTION
Establishment of ‘Emergency Committee for Water Resources Pollution’ on 8 Oct. 2005. Chaired by YB. EXCO of Infrastructure & Public Facilities and LUAS as secretariat. The function is to prompt action in case of any pollution occurrence to water sources based on ERP (Emergency Response Plan). For example the palm oil spillage from the lorry to the nearby river due to an accident at Karak Highway.

POLICY 3 : Protect Against Floods
STRATEGIES : 14. 14 Improve storm water management 15. 15 Improve river corridor management 16. Carry o t orks 16 Carr out works at problems sites

FLOOD PRONE AREA
Legend
Flood Areas (1995)

PERAK
Sg S elango r
ening Sg R

=

Localised Flooding Areas

g S

g lin er K

Kerling sb Kerling sb Kerling sb

= =

= = =
Kuala Kuala = = = = Kubu sb Kubu sb sb = =

Sg. Tinggi sb Sg. Tinggi sb
uloh Sg B

=
Sg B = tan a gK = = = ali =

PAHANG
=

Tanjung Karang sb sb Tanjung Karang sb Rantau Panjang sb Rantau Panjang sb Rantau Panjang

=

=

= =

Kuala Selangor sb Kuala Selangor sb Kuala

=
Sg Sel ang = or

=

= = Batang Kali sb sb = Batang Kali sb

= = =

=

= = = =

g S h bo em S

=

= =

= =
Rawang sb Rawang sb

0

5 Kilometres

10

=

FIREFLIES
Kg.Kuantan and Kg. Bukit Belimbing – home to the firefly ‘Pteroptyx tener Pteroptyx tener’ Attract tourists and income for the local communities Habitat – berembang trees ‘Sonneratia caseolaris caseolaris’ and feeding mainly on a small river snail ‘Cyclotropis carinata’ Important – water quality and fresh water p q y flow

Fireflies synchronous flashing at night

POLICY 4 : CONSERVE THE FIREFLIES
STRATEGIES : 17. Establish firefly park 18. Improve condition for firefly tourism 19. Continue monitoring and research related to the fireflies.

DISCHARGE MONITORING STATION WITH AN ACOUSTIC DOPPLER To monitor river flow that released from the last intake point (SSF1, barrage Bestari Jaya). EIA requirement – residual flow is 300 mld or 3.5 3/ 3 m3/s Purpose : To maintain the ecological flow and requirement for fireflies habitat at Kg. Kuantan (downstream) (downstream).

DISCHARGE MONITORING STATION WITH AN ACOUSTIC DOPPLER

Website- REALWebsite- REAL-TIME FLOW MONITORING WITH AN ACOUSTIC DOPPLER

Demonstration Project
Upgrading an Imhoff tank to modern biological treatment, Rawang, g , Rawang, g Selangor. Ecological treatment of dry weather flow in drains from wet market and restaurants, Bukit Sentosa, Selangor. Sentosa,

Upgrade Imhoff tank to Standard A STP
Many old standard Imhoff tanks almost non-functioning as the stone nonfilters are clogged and bypassed by the sewage Convert the plant to a modern highly efficient activated sludge process Reuse the old structure and install standard component for better treatment Standard capacity is upgraded t St d d A (f St d d it i d d to Standard (from 660 -700 PE)

Imhoff tank before upgrading works

Status : 100 % completed, handed over to IWK (activated sludge, extended aeration)

BUKIT SENTOSA DEMO PROJECT (STATUS : RE (TENDERED) BY DID)

OTHER TASKS :
Licensing for Effluent Discharge (Sec.79) Licensing for River Navigation (Sec 96&97) (Sec.96&97) Licensing for Diversion of River Water for Mini hydro. (Sec hydro (Sec. 42) Written Permission For Alteration Activities (Sec. (Sec 43)

AWARENESS PROGRAMMES
• Qua-Qua Program – Water Quality Monitoring Program Q Q g Q y g g with involvement of students and community (WaquWaqu Program in Japan). • Community Project – River and Coastal Cleaning Program. • Exhibition and Talk about - C hibiti d lk b t Conservation of Water ti f t Resources. • Newsletter Buletin and Brochure about conservation of Newsletter, water resources.

42

ANNUAL REPORT – ‘State-of river Report’
• It describe the current status, trends and effort made to improve the state of the river. • T increase public To i bli awareness. • An opportunity for government agencies and related organizations to highlight their achievements and improve accountability.

QUAQUA-QUA PROGRAM
1. Physical Monitoring 2. Chemical Monitoring i i

3. i l i l 3 Biological Monitoring

ISSUE & CHALLENGES
River b i management; Ri basin t Many parties involved and interested in Unclear responsibility and jurisdiction Sectoral solving approach by following political/administrative boundaries instead of integrated approach Unclear policy

THE WAY FORWARD
To prepare river basin management plan (IRBM) for each of river basin to support the Integrated Water Resource I t t dW t R Management (IWRM). Integration between the IRBM-ICM IRBM-

IWRM OBJECTIVE : RESTORATION & TRANSFORMATION
DEGRADED ENVIRONMENT OF WATER RESOURCES, RIVER BASINS

CONTROLLED PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES THROUGH BEST ENVIRONMENTAL MGMT. PRACTICES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & MGMT OF WATER RESOURCES & RIVER BASINS (IRBM)

CONCLUSION Supported and coordinated through; Organisation setup Legal aspect Political commitment Technical competence

Integrated approach, the way forward………

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