Kira Anjewierden English 1010 Informative Essay ² Draft 2 13 April 2011 The World·s Columbian Exposition When the

World·s Columbian Exposition, also known as the Chicago World·s Fair, opened in 1893, millions of people were awestruck by the wonderful exhibits it had to share with them. Each day, thousands listened to political lectures andnew ideals from brilliant, previously unknown minds, while others delighted in the exciting, foreign foods and new, fantastic technologies and commodities. Sadly, the widespread wonder and awe that the exhibits brought inevitably had to end, and did, six months from opening. In spite of the closing, however, the fair, which took on the name of the ´White City,µ has had long-lasting effects on the city of Chicago, the United States, and even the world as a whole. Its legacy is not small, but what is it really comprised of? Starting in 1889, Chicago vied against New York, St. Louis, and Washington D.C. for the privilege to host the exposition. The House of Representatives granted them the victory 1890, as long as they promised to raise an extra $5 million.A board of directors was appointed, and a 633 acre location was chosen in Chicago·s Jackson Park and Midway Plaisance. Over the next three years, more than 200 buildings ² most of them purposely temporary, and many of neoclassical style ² were designed and constructed under theDirector of Works, Daniel Burnham, while the grounds themselves were designed and landscaped by Frederick Law Olmsted. The fairgrounds were dedicated on October 21st, 1892, to commemorate Christopher Columbus· landing in the New World in October of 1492; however, due to some structures not being finished, the fairgrounds did not actually open until May 1st, 1893(Chicago Historical Society).

000 subscribers ² a portion of their original contribution(Rose). the fair received more than 27 million visitors. Several of the modern-day roadways and train routes were most likely influenced by this very plan. while enjoying new foods. As the fair had been something of a model for how city leaders hoped Chicago could someday become. many people started to strive for that. the Palace of Fine Arts and the World·s Congress Auxiliary Building. people were able to marvel at the new technology. and continued to do so after the fair was over. America·s large cities and industrial centers felt the effect of the exposition very heavily. He and his assistant. had done a lot of cleaning up for the fair. the Auxiliary Building became the new headquarters of the Art Institute of Chicago. Many of their ideas were implemented. and after the fair. he felt that it was his duty to beautify the city itself. or destroyed in the fire that came in the next years after the fair. The city. a couple of the buildings from the fair. For instance. but also help it to run more smoothly. With over 65. By the time the fair closed on October 31st. and still standtoday. while the Palace became the original Field Museum. 1893. and innovations. Though most of the buildings from the fair were demolished. and other attractions.In the short six months that it was open. The lasting effect that was left in the actual city of Chicago was tremendous.000. were kept up. Edward Bennett.000 exhibits and restaurant seating for 7. made a Plan that would not only beautify Chicago. and was reopened as Chicago·s Museum of Science and Industry in 1933(Rydell). After the fair ended. Burnham is seen as . Daniel Burnham·s hometown was Chicago. inventions. partially because of what came to be known as the City Beautiful Movement. It housed the Field Museum until 1920. though it had looked grey and somewhat rundown in comparison to the gleaming plaster of the White City. lectures. sideshows. all $28 million in operating expenses had been paid back. and $1 million had even been returned to the 30.

It influenced the way that cities were remodeled. Artists. Cream of Wheat. Popular culture around the world was affected as well. exciting things to the world(Rose). The builders of the temporary city had.The White City became a model of what they wanted their cities to become. Even now. and Aunt Jemima syrup as well as carbonated soda. after all. and San Francisco(Hines).· Henry Adams and William Dean Howells saw it as a suggestive model for the planning of actual cities. musicians. and the way that classic books were written. In his book The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. many people were inspired by the exposition. The World·s Columbian Exposition of 1893 changed the world. Many people. There can be no doubt that the exposition introduced many new. and it is through them and their works that the legacy of the Chicago World·s Fair lives on even today. Scott Joplin quietly developed ragtime music while working at the fair. and bridges. people all over the world buy products that were introduced at the fair. entrepreneurs. including Washington DC. hamburgers.µ The fair·s gorgeous architecture and impeccable set up impressed the leaders of several American cities. from the efficacy of streets. transportation. As the Chicago Encyclopedia puts it: ´The journalist Henry Demarest Lloyd thought the White City revealed to its visitors ¶possibilities of social beauty. such as Shredded Wheat. and picture postcards. struggled with the problems posed by actual cities. Juicy Fruit gum. Walt Disney even modeled Disneyland and Disney World after the great White City. waterfronts. and harmony of which they had not been able even to dream. leaders.the father of this movement because of the work that he did for the World·s Columbian Exposition. utility. and sewage. L. sidewalks. Cleveland. to the realities of sustenance. Many of these city leaders acted upon their impressions. . were affected by it. Frank Baum modeled the city of Oz after the World·s Columbian Exposition. writers. whether they attended the fair or not.

Architecture: The City Beautiful Movement.chicagohs. Aftermath. 11 April 2011 <http://xroads. Experience. Chicago Encyclopedia.encyclopedia. 1999. Thomas S. Web. Web. Encyclopedia of Chicago. World's Columbian Exposition: Idea.encyclopedia. Rydell. Chicago Encyclopedia. Chicago Historical Society. 11 April 2011 <http://www. 11 April 2011 <>. Rose.chicagohistory.Works Cited Hines. 2004. The World's Columbian Exposition. 1996.chicagohistory. Julie K. 11 April 2011 <http://www. Robert W. Web. 2005. World's Columbian>.org>. .virginia.>.

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