CCNA 第二学期《Final Examinnation》英文 B 卷 1 A network administrator is in charge of two separate networks that share a single building.

What device will be required to connect the two networks and add a common connection to the Internet that can be shared? hub router access point Ethernet switch 2 Which two router component and operation pair are correctly described? (Choose two.) DRAM - loads the bootstrap RAM - stores the operating system Flash - executes diagnostics at bootup NVRAM - stores the configuration file ROM - stores the backup configuration file POST - runs diagnostics on hardware modules 3 A router boots and enters setup mode. What is the reason for this? The IOS image is corrupt. Cisco IOS is missing from flash memory. The configuration file is missing from NVRAM. The POST process has detected hardware failure. 4

Refer to the exhibit. Packets destined to which two networks will require the router to perform a recursive lookup? (Choose two.) 10.0.0.0/8 64.100.0.0/16 128.107.0.0/16 172.16.40.0/24

30. The packets will travel via R2-R3. and the other path via R2-R1 will be retained as the backup path.30.1.16.1. All devices are properly configured and the destination network is advertised by both protocols.32/30 6 Refer to the exhibit.0/24 192.0/24 via the use of the RIP routing process.168.168.192.30.0.0/16 10.30. Which route will be installed in the routing table after the discovery of all four paths? R 192.0/24 5 Which candidate route has the longest match for a packet with a destination address of 10.16.168. a router has discovered four paths to 192. The traffic will be load-balanced between two paths — via R2-R1 and via R2-R3. Serial0/1/0 .0/24 [120/3] via 192. Routers R1 and R3 use different routing protocols with default administrative distance values. The packets will travel via R2-R3. 00:00:17.32/27 10.30.1.2.0/24 10.1.30.0/23 10. 7 In a complex lab test environment.15. Which path will be used to transmit the data packets from PC1 to PC2? The packets will travel via R2-R1.110.168.16.168.16.48? 10.

1. Serial0/0/1 R 192. Serial0/1/1 8 Refer to the exhibit. Routers use only hop count for routing decisions. 11 Which two statements are true about classless routing protocols? (Choose two. They use only a hop count metric.) Routers that run a link-state protocol can establish a complete topology of the network.168. 00:00:17. Split horizon is used to avoid routing loops.0/24 [120/4] via 192. They do not include the subnet mask in routing updates.79. They cannot implement classful routes in routing tables.168. 10 Which two statements are true for link-state routing protocols? (Choose two. It will forward the packet via the Serial0/0/0 interface. It will forward the packet via the Serial0/0/1 interface. It is beneficial in complex and hierarchically designed networks.5.168. 9 A network administrator uses the RIP routing protocol to implement routing within an autonomous system.100. It offers rapid convergence in large networks. The shortest path first algorithm is used. The router receives a packet that is destined for 192.1.0/24 [120/1] via 192. Routers in a multipoint network that run a link-state protocol can exchange routing tables.200.168. They can forward supernet routes in routing updates.1. 00:00:17. Serial0/0/0 R 192. 00:00:17. It will drop the packet.) It uses the Bellman-Ford algorithm to determine the best path.0/24 [120/2] via 192.168.1.1.R 192.168.1.168. How will the router handle this packet? It will forward the packet via the FastEthernet0/0 interface. It periodically sends complete routing tables to all connected devices. What are two characteristics of this protocol? (Choose two. .) They can be used for discontiguous subnets. It displays an actual map of the network topology.101.

. Router A will load-balance the traffic between A-B-E and A-C-E. A network is converged immediately after a topology change has occurred. Routers compare metrics to determine the best route. Router A is forwarding data to router E. 15 Refer to the exhibit. A network is converged when all routers flush the unreachable networks from their routing tables. 13 Which routing protocol by default uses bandwidth and delay to calculate the metric of a route? RIPv1 RIPv2 OSPF EIGRP 14 You have been asked to explain converged networks to a trainee. All the routers are properly configured to use the RIP routing protocol with default settings. and the network is fully converged. EIGRP uses bandwidth as its only metric. The larger metric generally represents the better path. and update their routing tables. How would you accurately describe a converged network? A network is converged when all routers have formed an adjacency. Router A will send the data through A-D-E and keep A-B-E and A-C-E as the backup paths.12 Which statement is true regarding routing metrics? All routing protocols use the same metrics. calculate best paths. A network is converged after all routers share the same information. Which statement is true about the routing path? Router A will send the data via the A-D-E path that is listed in the routing table. Router A will determine that all paths have equal metric cost.

Only Telnet sessions are encrypted. 20 . Only the enable password and Telnet session are encrypted. Enable and console passwords are encrypted. Only the enable password is encrypted. Which two devices can be used for this? (Choose two.) a CSU/DSU device a modem an Ethernet switch a hub a bridge 17 Which component is typically used to connect the WIC interface of a router to a CSU/DSU? V. What are the effects of the exhibited commands on the router? All passwords are encrypted. A device is required to complete the connection between router R1 and the WAN.16 Refer to the exhibit.35 cable RJ-45 adapter crossover cable straight-through cable 18 Which router mode is accessed by entering the enable command? user EXEC privileged EXEC global configuration interface configuration 19 Refer to the exhibit.

Which two facts can be derived from this output? (Choose two. A technician has configured the interfaces on the Router. The no shutdown command needs to be added to the interface configuration. Router1 and Router3 are directly connected. Six devices are up and running on the network. Layer 3 functionality between routers is configured properly.Refer to the exhibit. 21 Refer to the exhibit.) Three network devices are directly connected to Router2. but upon inspection discovers that interface FastEthernet0/1 is not functioning. An interface description needs to be added to the interface configuration. The serial interface between Router2 and Router3 is up. The subnet mask should be added to the interface configuration. 22 . Which action will most likely correct the problem with FastEthernet0/1? A clock rate should be added to the interface configuration.

1.) The gateway for Host A is missing or improperly configured.1.9.2. Which two facts could be responsible for the output of this command? (Choose two.Refer to the exhibit.2. The gateway for Host B is missing or improperly configured. 24 In which situation would a default static route be recommended? when connecting an edge router to the Internet when variable length subnet masking is in effect .168.168. The entry for 192.0/24 is missing from the routing table of R1.168.0/24 is missing from the routing table of R2.0 23 Refer to the exhibit. The entry for 192.0 192.3.168.168.168.168.11.168.2. All interfaces are addressed and functioning correctly.0 192.0 192.168.0/24 is missing from the routing table of R1.10. The entry for 192. Which route in the routing table of R1 will be discarded by its neighboring router? 192.4.0/24 is missing from the routing table of R2.0 192.168. The network administrator runs the tracert command on host A.0 192. The entry for 192.

which option correctly reflects the routes that will be listed in the R2 routing table? . On the basis of the show running-config output.when there is more than one valid route for a destination network when a destination network has a larger mask than any routes in the routing table 25 What is the advantage of configuring a static route with an exit interface instead of a next-hop address? The router will perform a recursive lookup. This route will automatically be used as the gateway of last resort. The exit interface configuration has an administrative distance value of 1. The exit interface configuration consumes less router processing time. 26 Refer to the exhibit.

0 network cannot communicate with hosts on the 172. What should an administrator do to remove the static route from the routing table? Change the routing metric for that route. However. 28 Refer to the exhibit. Remove the route using the no ip route command.1. .16. The network administrator has run the show ip route command on R1. Nothing.1. Change the administrative distance for that route. The static route will go away on its own. the destination network no longer exists.1 network.答案:D 27 A static route has been configured on a router. What could be the cause of this problem? The FastEthernet interface on R1 is disabled.168. Hosts on the 192.

64. A new default route must be configured on R1 with the R3 serial interface as the next hop.64. The default route on R2 should be configured with the R3 serial interface as the next hop.24. 30 A network administrator needs to assign the very last usable IP address in the 172. The users on the local network 172.254/18 31 .127.0/24 complain that they are unable to connect to the Internet.16.254/18 172.154/18 172.0/18 network range to the router interface that serves this LAN. 29 Refer to the exhibit.1.24. No static route or routing protocol is configured.Autosummarization is enabled on R1.16. What step should be taken to remedy the problem? A new static route must be configured on R1 with the R3 serial interface as the next hop.16.254/18 172.128.24.255. Which IP address should the administrator configure on the interface? 172. The serial interface S0/0/0 of R1 is administratively down. The default route on R2 must be replaced with a new static route and the next hop should be the R1 FastEthernet interface.

1. The default gateway of host A is incorrect.1.0/22 192.0. 33 .0/24 192.0/24 192. Host A is unable to access the Internet.0.168. The subnet mask for the Fa0/0 interface of R1 is incorrect.168.168.168. Which summarization should R1 use to advertise its networks to R2? 192. The Fa0/1 interfaces of the two routers are configured for different subnets. What is the reason for this? The IP address of host A is incorrect.0/22 32 Refer to the exhibit.Refer to the exhibit.

The routing protocol that is configured on both routers is RIPv1.0 goes down. Which statement is true regarding how the routers in this topology will respond to this event? Router4 will learn about the failed route 30 seconds later in the next periodic update.0.Refer to the exhibit.0.0. What does the highlighted entry for network 172. The network is running the RIP routing protocol.0. Network 10.30.0/16 indicate? Automatic summarization is enabled on R1. R2 will reject this update.0. . Split horizon will prevent Router4 from fowarding packets to the 10. Router5 immediately flushes the unreachable route from its routing table. The routing table of R2 contains only classful networks. 34 Which additional piece of information is included in the updates of classless routing protocols to support the use of VLSM and discontiguous networks? metric network mask neighbor router ID administrative distance 35 Refer to the exhibit.0 network until the holddown timer expires.

What is the cause of the problem? An incorrect IP address is configured between the two routers. 39 . No static route is configured on Router2.0. 36 What is the purpose of the TTL field within an IP packet header? clears an unreachable route from the routing table after the invalid timer expires prevents regular update messages from inappropriately reinstating a route that may have gone bad removes an unreachable route from the routing table after the flush timer expires limits the period of time or number of hops a packet can traverse through the network before it should be discarded used to mark the route as unreachable in a routing update that is sent to other routers 37 Which two technologies can be used in distance vector routing protocols to prevent routing loops? (Choose two. A routing loop has occurred.Router5 will send Router4 a triggered update with a metric of 16 for network 10. No routing protocol is configured on either of the two routers.0. PC1 is unable to access the Internet.0.) authentication link-state advertisements hold-down timers Spanning Tree Protocol split horizon 38 Refer to the exhibit.

4.1.0.1.1 and 10.4. but is unable to ping 192.Refer to the exhibit.168. R1 can ping 192. Both routers are using the RIPv2 routing protocol and static routes are undefined.168.2. Which protocol uses this IP address? RIP RIPv2 OSPF EIGRP 41 When would the network administrator use the ip bandwidth-percent eigrp as-number percent command? when there is a low bandwidth connection when the connection is on a shared medium when the connection is serial instead of Ethernet when the link is always busy 42 .0 network is not included in the RIP configuration of R2.10. 40 A sniffer program has captured a packet with a destination IP address of 224.1.0. RIPv1 needs to be configured. What is the reason for the ping failure? The serial interface between two routers is down.2.168. The 192. R2 is not forwarding the routing updates.

The autonomous system numbers are mismatched. An EIGRP neighbor relationship has not been established between RouterA and RouterB. Packets that are destined for 192. what caused these missing routes? The holdtime values are mismatched.0/24 through the FastEthernet0/0 interface fails? The DUAL algorithm will place 192. The 192. Based on the exhibited output.0/24 in an active state.1 link through Serial0/0/0 will be recalculated to see if it is a feasible successor. The feasible successor through Serial0/0/0 will be installed in the routing table.168.168.168.2.Refer to the exhibit.2. The route to 192. 43 Refer to the exhibit.0. What will occur if the link to 192.0/24 will be dropped from the routing table.2.168.2.168. A network technician notes that there are missing EIGRP routes in the routing tables on each router in this network.0/24 will be broadcast through all interfaces until a . The interfaces on the link between RouterC and RouterD are shut down.

Host A is having problems accessing server A. What should be done so that host A can access server A? Add the command no auto-summary on all routers.successor route is determined. Add the command eigrp log-neighbor-changes on all routers. Change the network statements to include a wildcard mask. Adjust the EIGRP hello timers to account for the network delay. All routers have the same EIGRP configuration as router RTR_A. 44 Refer to the exhibit. 45 .

No OSPF router ID was manually configured. 46 Refer to the exhibit.10.16.2.Refer to the exhibit. R1 and R2 are unable to establish an adjacency. Set a lower cost on R2 compared to R1. The IP addresses on all interfaces on router R1 were configured before the OSPF protocol had been enabled on the router. What two configuration changes will correct the problem? (Choose two.1.10. Match the hello and dead timers on both routers.1 172. Which IP address will be selected by the router as an OSPF router ID? 10.) Set a lower priority on R2. Add a backup designated router to the network.1 .16.1 172. Configure the routers in the same area.

100.168. A network administrator has more control over the DR/BDR election by using a loopback interface over a physical interface. A network administrator has configured OSPF using the following command: network 192.) A loopback interface has a much lower OSPF cost value by default.1.0.192.1 192. A loopback interface can be configured with a higher bandwidth value than can a physical interface.1.0. The loopback interface address overrides any physical interface address or configured router-id value.168.1 47 What are two advantages of using a loopback interface on a router with OSPF enabled? (Choose two.168. 48 Refer to the exhibit.31 area 0 Which router interface will participate in OSPF? FastEthernet0/0 FastEthernet0/1 Serial0/0/0 Serial0/0/1 49 . A loopback interface provides a stable ID because the loopback interface cannot be shutdown.32 0.

What does the state "FULL/ -" indicate? The DR/BDR election is currently taking place. The router with router ID 10.0.Refer to the exhibit.112. OSPF has been configured as the routing protocol. What is the cause of the problem? Routers R1 and R2 have incorrect router IDs configured. During troubleshooting. All interfaces are configured with the correct IP addresses and subnet masks. The configuration of router R1 fails to include network A in the OSPF routing process. Routers R1 and R2 have been configured in different OSPF areas. OSPF hello and dead timers between RouterA and the router with router ID 10.34 do not match.112. 50 Refer to the exhibit.112.34 and RouterA are on a point-to-point network. RouterA could not form a neighbor relationship with the router with router ID 10. . Router R1 is unable to form a neighbor relationship with router R2.0.34.0. it is determined that hosts on network B can ping the Lo0 interface on R1 but are unable to reach hosts on network A.

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