Where slavery is still practiced

Anti-Slavery International was founded in 1839, as the world's first and international human rights organization. They reported in mid-2003 that today: "Millions of men, women and children around the world are forced to lead lives as slaves. Although this exploitation is often not called slavery, the conditions are the same. People are sold like objects, forced to work for little or no pay and are at the mercy of their 'employers'....Women from eastern Europe are bonded into prostitution, children are trafficked between West African countries and men are forced to work as slaves on Brazilian agricultural estates. Contemporary slavery takes various forms and affects people of all ages, sex and race." 1

Laws against slavery and near-slavery:
Slavery is banned by laws and the constitutions of most countries in the world -- even in those countries where it is still practiced. It is also prohibited by the: UN Slavery Convention in 1926

International Labour Organization's Forced Labour Convention of 1930 Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 Protocol amending the Slavery Convention signed at Geneva on 25 September 1926 in 1953 3 UN Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery in 1956. 4 International Labour Organisation's Abolition of Forced Labour Convention in 1959. The U.S. federal "Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000" was enacted to "combat trafficking in persons, especially into the sex trade, slavery and involuntary servitude..."5 The first charge of using forced labor under the law were brought in mid-2002. 6 Eleven workers from Mexico were allegedly brought to northern New York State and kept in nearslavery. Sponsored link:

About 7% of the population -. 7 This occurs even though slavery is prohibited by the constitution and is being fought by stringent new laws.000 people have been abducted since 1983. Many are born into slavery and will remain slaves all of their life. Niger: Anti-Slavery International reported in mid-2003 that slavery is rampant in Niger.some 870. However. Unfortunately. Some western religious groups have attempted to buy freedom for individual slaves.000 individuals are condemned to life-long servitude.Current incidences of large-scale slavery and near-slavery: Sudan: There is considerable evidence that slavery is still practiced in a large scale in Sudan -. It increases the profitability of enslavement as a commercial enterprise. More details. 8 All of the major offending countries cited have large Hindu or Muslim majorities. and results in more slaves being created. mostly in the southwestern Tillaberry region of that country. the existence of slavery is denied by the Sudanese government. Programs of near-slavery: Anti-Slavery International (ASI) presented a paper to the United Nations Working Group on Contemporary Forms of Slavery which met in Geneva. Switzerland. 2003-JUN-16 to 20. this has become counterproductive.an estimated 14. ASI discussed the situation in Sudan and Niger as well as describing .

Laws against the caste system and against bonded labor exist but are not enforced. It is among the fastest growing criminal activities.Millions of men. including 14.situations of near-slavery such as: United Arab Emirates -.000 people. hundreds of boys between four and ten are trafficked from South Asia to the UAE India. mostly women and children. For . Department of State issues a Trafficking in Persons Report on a yearly basis.000 .Child trafficking: Although it is illegal to employ a child under the age of 15. are trafficked across borders worldwide. or are from indigenous or minority groups. Nepal and Pakistan -. "Poverty and lack of opportunity in Indonesia have increased the number of Indonesians seeking work in Asia." 8 US Department of State report for 2005: The U. Most are dalit or from a low caste.Forced labor and exploitation of migrant workers. involving victims who are typically forced. Indonesia -. defrauded or coerced into sexual or labor exploitation. at least 600. Their web site states: Trafficking in persons is a modern-day form of slavery. Annually.800. women and children are used as forced and bonded labor in these countries.S. Indonesia's lack of protection and the Government's existing system for women migrant domestics exposes them to trafficking and slavery. occurring both worldwide and in individual countries.500 17. People are snared into trafficking by various means.500 persons into the United States.

London. USA. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.588. Telephone: +44 (0)20 7501 8920. Fax: 202. E-mail:info@antislavery. The Stableyard. Broomgrove Road. Jamaica.1865. and 202. and physical restraint.example.net Site navigation: Home page > Religious violence > Slavery > here or Home page > Christianity > Slavery > here References used: The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. passport theft. NW. Cambodia. Sudan. UK. Victims suffer physical and emotional abuse. rape.S. Qatar. Non-profit groups working to combat slavery: Anti-Slavery International.FREE. 1326 14th St. Email: info@freetheslaves. Burma. and Venezuela. at: http://www. threats against self and family.588. federal Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) and are not making significant efforts to do so: Bolivia. North Korea.antislavery.866. pornography and other forms of commercial sexual exploitation or slavery-like labor conditions in factories and fields." Anti-Slavery International. SW9 9TL. physical force is used or false promises are made regarding a legitimate job or marriage in a foreign country to entrap victims into prostitution.324. Togo. Washington. 9 The State Department rates most of the countries in the world on a three tier format. They rated 14 countries at Tier 3. These are countries whose governments do not fully comply with the minimum standards of the U. 1.org Free the Slaves.1514. United Arab Emirates. Ecuador. Telephone: 1. "What is modern slavery?.org/ . Cuba. Saudi Arabia. DC 20005. Thomas Clarkson House. Kuwait. Fax: +44 (0)20 7738 4110.

" New York Times.antislavery.gov/g/tip/ 10." Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons. "United Nations meeting reveals slavery's global scale. Department of State." Anti-Slavery International.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2005/466 06.freetheslaves.hri. the Slave Trade. "Rights Watch" section.net/ You need software to read this file. 2002-JUN21. at:http://www.2.htm Copyright © 1999 to 2005 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance Latest update: 2005-JUN-05 Author: B. Action to End Modern-Day Slavery.state.net/ of 2000" at: http://www. 2003-JUN-22. The text of the "Protocol amending the Slavery Convention signed at Geneva on 25 September 1926.S. "Trafficking in Persons Report.ca/ 3. "Migrant-Camp Operators Face Forced Labor Charges. 2005-JUN-03. "Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act 7. Robinson . at: http://www.S. The text of the "Slavery Convention" is at: http://www." is at: http://www.org/ 9.ca/ 5.hri. at:http://www." U. Steven Greenhouse. "Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons. Page F4.hri.freetheslaves." The Toronto Star. Department of State.state. and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery" is at: http://www.A. 8.ca/ 4. U. The text of the "Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery. "Slavery flourishing despite strong laws. It can be obtained free from: 6. at: http://www.

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