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Tapped Delay Line Channel Model for Link-Level Simulations

Document Number: IEEE S802.16j-06/058 Date Submitted: 2006-07-14 Source: Andrew Nix, Zhenyu Wang Voice: +44 (0) 117 954 5169 University of Bristol Fax: +44 (0) 117 954 5206 Merchant Venturers Building, Woodland Road E-mail: Andy.Nix@bristol.ac.uk, Zhenyu.Wang@bristol.ac.uk Bristol, UK BS8 1UB Venue: IEEE 802.16 Session #44, San Diego, USA Base Document: C80216j-06_058: Tapped Delay Line Channel Model and Parameter Settings for Link-Level 802.16 Simulations Purpose: For approval and submission to IEEE 802.16j for system evaluation methodology
Notice: This document has been prepared to assist IEEE 802.16. It is offered as a basis for discussion and is not binding on the contributing individual(s) or organization(s). The material in this document is subject to change in form and content after further study. The contributor(s) reserve(s) the right to add, amend or withdraw material contained herein. Release: The contributor grants a free, irrevocable license to the IEEE to incorporate material contained in this contribution, and any modifications thereof, in the creation of an IEEE Standards publication; to copyright in the IEEEs name any IEEE Standards publication even though it may include portions of this contribution; and at the IEEEs sole discretion to permit others to reproduce in whole or in part the resulting IEEE Standards publication. The contributor also acknowledges and accepts that this contribution may be made public by IEEE 802.16. IEEE 802.16 Patent Policy: The contributor is familiar with the IEEE 802.16 Patent Policy and Procedures <http://ieee802.org/16/ipr/patents/policy.html>, including the statement "IEEE standards may include the known use of patent(s), including patent applications, provided the IEEE receives assurance from the patent holder or applicant with respect to patents essential for compliance with both mandatory and optional portions of the standard." Early disclosure to the Working Group of patent information that might be relevant to the standard is essential to reduce the possibility for delays in the development process and increase the likelihood that the draft publication will be approved for publication. Please notify the Chair <mailto:chair@wirelessman.org> as early as possible, in written or electronic form, if patented technology (or technology under patent application) might be incorporated into a draft standard being developed within the IEEE 802.16 Working Group. The Chair will disclose this notification via the IEEE 802.16 web site <http://ieee802.org/16/ipr/patents/notices>.

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Introduction
This document provides a Tapped Delay Line (TDL) channel model for link-level 802.16 simulations. The model is optimized for mesh and relay links in an urban scenario. Radio channel parameters are provided for 5MHz and 10MHz bandwidths at 2GHz and 5GHz band for a wide variety of link types. The include: basestation to relay-station, basestation to mobilestation, relay-station to relay-station, relay-station to mobilestation, and mobile-station to mobile-station.

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TDL Model structure


The TDL model is similar in structure to the SUI model. Each tap is defined via its relative delay, mean power, K-factor, RMS Azimuth Spread and activity factor.

RMS Delay Spread

Probability %

TDL

K-factor RMS AS Mean power Time-delay bin width Active probability

50 ns 150 ns

10 30

...

...

Tap1

Tap2

Tap3

Excess time delay

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TDL Model Parameters


The TDL parameters were extracted from over 3 Gbytes of point-to-point channel data (obtained using a validated ray model in the centre of Bristol). Model parameters for 5MHz and 10MHz operating bandwidths at 2GHz and 5GHz band have been generated Data is provided for mobile-to-mobile, mobile-to-relay and relayto-basestation links (plus all other combinations). Similar data is not available in the open literature. The submitted document (C80216j-06_058) provides further information that covers:
The model structure; The method used to derive the operating parameters; The method of implementation; The detailed parameters for a wide range of models
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Example of Time Varying TDL

RS-MS NLoS channel, Fc = 2GHz, Wc = 10MHz


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Path Loss models


To complete the channel modelling process, a range of path loss models are also available. This work was performed as part of the European Union IST Romantik project and is described in the references of C80216j-06_058. Path loss models have been generated for LoS and NLoS urban peer to peer links from the 3Gbyte data set. A distant dependent LoS probability function is provided (a key component of the path loss model). The models are available for mobile-to-mobile, mobile-to-relay and relay-to-basestation (plus all other combinations).

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IEEE S802.16j-06/058

Summary
A TDL channel model for link-level simulation has been proposed for use in the 802.16j standardization process. A range of path loss models have been developed to support the system level modelling process. A Matlab reference model will be produced for distribution at the next group meeting (if sufficient interest exists).