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For exact volume measurement s of liquids. Pipet on the left is a Volumetric pipet.

It has only one graduation for delivering one exact volume. Pipet on the right is a Mohr pipet. It has graduations for delivering any number of exact volumes. Used in conjunction with a vacuum connection to a water faucet to speed up filtration.

Pipet

There are several styles of fillers used to draw liquids into a pipet. HHS chemistry students use a standard pipet bulb, described in lab techniques below. Never draw a liquid into a pipet with your mouth.

Pipet filler

Filter flask

The Erlenmeyer Erlenmeyer flask flask is the most common flask in the HHS chemistry lab. It is used to contain reaction solutions. The volumetric flask is used to make solutions. It Volumetric flask has a precise graduation line in the neck of the flask. A solute is placed into the flask, then the solvent is used to bring the total volume up to the graduation. Used to make Graduated cylinder accurate measurements of liquid

The rounded bottom of the Florence flask florence flask makes it ideal for boiling liquids. It also makes this flask easy to tip over when sitting on the lab table.

Beakers are the most versatile glassware in

Beaker

the lab and can be used for just about anything. The volume graduations on beakers should be used only for "ballpark" estimates. This dish is used to recover dissolved Evaporating dish solids by evaporation. While it can be heated, it should not be used for "strong" heating. When attached to the ring stand, this iron ring is used to support glassware above the lab table. Crucibles are used as a container when something requires "strong" heating. Used as a support for beakers when placed across a support ring.

volumes. The bumper ring on larger cylinders is to prevent breakage if tipped over. Keep it near the top.

A watch glass can be used like an evaporating dish for very small amounts of liquid. It can also be used to cover beakers. When attached to the ring stand, this clamp is used to hold a large test tube or Florance flask above the lab table.

Watch glass

Support ring

Utility clamp

Crucible and cover These tongs are used for picking up crucibles and crucible covers only. Wire gauze

Crucible tongs

Used to light a lab burner. Not a toy noisemaker during lab.

Striker

Used to grind Mortar and Pestle Used to hold Test tube holder solids into test tubes for

powers.

short periods of "gentle" heating.

Wash bottle Filter funnel When lined with filter paper, used to filter suspended solids from a liquid. Used for rinsing solids out of a container when filtering.

Used to transfer solids Chemical spoon from their original container to a scale for weighing.

Used to close hoses by pinching them together.

Hose clamps

Dessicators are used to provide a dry Desiccator environment for a crucible or substance to cool down. This is critical in quantitative work where moisture can affect mass results. A common dessicant is anhydrous calcium chloride. Colored indicator crystals are usually included to tell the user the condition of the dessicant. A gray color in the crystals usually indicates that the dessicant is dry and will absorb moisture. A pink color usually means that the dessicant is "hydrated". When this happens, the water can be removed by heating it in an oven.

part of speech Verb

function or "job" action or state

example words (to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, John a/an, the, 69, some, good, big, red, well, interesting quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really I, you, he, she, some to, at, after, on, but and, but, when

example sentences EnglishClub.com is a web site. Ilike EnglishClub.com. This is my dog. He lives in myhouse. We live in London. My dog is big. I like big dogs.

Noun

thing or person

Adjective

describes a noun

Adverb

describes a verb, adjective or adverb replaces a noun links a noun to another word joins clauses or sentences or words short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence

My dog eats quickly. When he isvery hungry, he eats reallyquickly. Tara is Indian. She is beautiful. We went to school on Monday. I like dogs and I like cats. I like cats and dogs. I like dogs but I don't like cats. Ouch! That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don't know.

Pronoun Prepositi on Conjuncti on Interjecti on

oh!, ouch!, hi!, well

* Some grammar sources categorize English into 9 or 10 parts of speech. At EnglishClub.com, we use the traditional categorization of 8 parts of speech. Examples of other categorizations are:

Verbs may be treated as two different parts of speech: o Lexical Verbs (work, like, run) o Auxiliary Verbs (be, have, must) Determiners may be treated as a separate part of speech, instead of being categorized under Adjectives